Sheeba 3rd BDS

Contents

Introduction

Classification

Spaced dentition

Primate spacing

Physiologic spacing

Non-spaced dentition

Introduction
Baume in 1950 stated that one has a spaced or a closed dentition.

Primary spacing occurs in the maxilla in 70% of patients and in the mandible in 63%. No spaces exist in the maxillary dentition in 30% of the patients and none in the mandibular in 37%.

According to Baume (1950)
Spacing in decidous dentition

Spaced dentition

Closed dentition

Localized/Primate spaces/Anthropoid/ Simian Spaces

Generalised/ physiologic spacing

Spaced dentition

It is supposed to be good as spaces in between the teeth can be utilized for the adjustment of permanent successors which are always larger in size compared to decidous dentition.

Primate spacing
Present in the primates species and in decidous dentition of human beings. Exist between the upper lateral incisors and the canines. And lower canines and 1st decidous molars. Also known as anthropoid or simian spaces.

Physiologic spaces
These spaces are present in between the primary teeth. It is desirable to accommodate large succeeding permanent teeth. Total space vary from 0-8mm with an average of 4mm in upper arch and 1-7mm with an average of 3mm in lower arch. Absence of spaces in primary dentition is an indication that crowding of teeth may occur in permanent dentition.

Spacing in the lower anterior segment of Probability of crowding in permanent decidous teeth dentition Crowding No crowding but no spaces with tight contact Spacing less than 3mm Spacing in between 3-6mm Spacing more than 6mm 100% 70% 50% 20% Zero percent or no crowding

Non spaced dentition
Primary teeth are present without any spaces in between the teeth.

May be due to narrowness of arch or if teeth are wider than usual.
Usually indicates crowding in developing dentition, but, it is not always the case.

Bibilography
Orthodontics - Current Principles and Techniques – Graber Vanarsdall . Vig

Textbook of PedodonticsArathi Rao

Textbook of Pedodontics - Shobha Tandon

Textbook of Orthodontics - Gowri Shankar

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