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Anandh Subramaniam
FB408, Department of Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur- 208016 Phone: (+91) (512) 259 7215, Fax: (+91) (512) 259 7505 Email:, URL:

Kantesh Balani
Department of Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur- 208016 Phone: (+91) (512) 259 6194, Fax: (+91) (512) 259 7505 Email:, URL:

Basic References
Though the reader can consult the following books; the contents of the e-book course may often differ in the rigour and details from these and other books. Materials Science and Engineering (5th Edition) V. Raghavan Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., 2004.
Callister's Materials Science and Engienering William D Callister (Adapted by R. Balasubramaniam) Wiley Inida (P) Ltd., 2007. The Science and Engineering of Materials Donald. R. Askeland & Pradeep Phul Cengage Learning, 2006.

Click here Slide 6: Jump to Navigator Page

For Contents

Click here Slide 8: Jump to Hyperlink Library

What will you learn?

Introduction to diverse kinds of engineering materials Overview of what determines the properties of materials and how we engineer them Structure of materials and various lengthscales: crystal structure, defect structure, microstructure Stability and metastability of materials: the thermodynamics and kinetics The tools used in materials science: x-ray diffraction, phase diagrams, TTT diagrams Properties of materials: elasticity, plasticity, fracture

Guidelines to Readers
The contents have been developed such that most of the material is in the form of figures, flow charts, video graphics and less is in the form of text. Hence, instead of saying happy reading we wish you happy viewing!

Instruction for viewing

Using Powerpoint files (.ppt). Click on the relevant hyperlink on the Navigator page. In the PowerPoint presentations Right Click on the Menu bar to launch the web toolbar (you can use this to navigate back and forth) Using .pdf (Portable Document Format) files. Adobe Acrobat Reader- freeware ( will be required for this purpose. Using Open Office. Powerpoint (.ppt) and Open Office Presentation (.odp) files can be opened with Open Office (


Start with the PowerPoint files by double clicking on any file. To start PowerPoint (PPT) presentation from the first slide press F5 To start PowerPoint (PPT) presentation from the current slide press Shift + F5 To scroll down slides use Page Down or Text hyperlinks are underlined in blue colour


Text boxes and figures may also be hyperlinked (curser has to be placed on the item to see that it is hyperlinked- arrow will change into a hand()) Some of the hyperlinks may have screen tips place curser on the hyperlink to see tip If you want to open a hyperlink as a separate presentation Click on the hyperlink If you want to open a hyperlink within the current window in the current presentation press Control + Click on the hyperlink (this will work if you have launched the PPT file directly by double clicking) From a 'hyperlinked presentation' to come back to the main presentation press Esc

Note on accompanying videos

At various places in the chapters there are hyperlinks to videos (.mpg) files to view these you will need an appropriate viewer (e.g. windows media player). (.gif graphics will directly play inside .ppt) A listing of these videos is given in the video_library.ppt Though the chapters are complete in themselves with figures, these videos give classroom style explanation of concepts using models.

Since concepts are presented in presentation mode, READ EVERY LINE AND EVERY WORD

A note on the platform chosen for presentation Windows (XP) based applications have been used to develop the course material. These include: Word, Excel and Powerpoint (2003 versions)

Users of Linux and other platforms may use the pdf version of the Word and Powerpoint files. Additionally, students not having access to Microsoft Office may use the OpenOffice freeware to open the MS office files: (download and install:
(there might be some losses in conversion- which is usually not major if Office 2003 is used along with Open Office 3.1)

The following hyperlinks are to file-wise substructure. Content-wise substructure will appear in respective chapters. 1. CHAPTER 1: Introduction 1.1 Introduction to Materials 1.2 Hierarchy of Lengthscales 2. CHAPTER 2: Equilibrium and Kinetics 2.1 Thermodynamics 2.2 Kinetics 3. CHAPTER 3: Crystal Geometry 3.1 Overview, Geometry of Crystals 3.2 Miller Indices 3.3 X-ray Diffraction 4. CHAPTER 4: Structure of Solids 4.1 Metallic Solids 4.2 Ionic and Covalent Solids

5. CHAPTER 5: Crystal Imperfections 5.1 Overview 5.2 Point Defects (0D) 5.3 Dislocations (1D) 5.4 Two Dimensional and Volume Defects (3D)

Hyperlink library
Laue_picture.ppt bonding_and_properties.ppt close_packed_crystals.ppt connection_between_symmetry_and_geometry.ppt constructive_interference.ppt defect_association.ppt models_for_crystal_structures.ppt defect_in_defect.ppt Motifs.ppt dislocation_stress_fields.ppt mystry_missing_lattices.ppt from_L+M_SG.ppt other_signals_xray.ppt Graphene_crystal.ppt ordered_structures.ppt HCP.ppt parallopiped_space_filling.ppt ionicity_of_bond.ppt lattice.ppt magnetic_groups.ppt Making_crystals.ppt


Hyperlink library continued

UC_OR_lattice.ppt peierls_stress.ppt Understanding_stress.ppt

proof_rotations_crystal.ppt Quasicrystals.ppt

unit_cell.ppt reciprocal_lattice.ppt simple_to_complex_crystal_structures.ppt size_factor_compounds.ppt voids_in_crystals.ppt space.ppt weak_interactions.ppt structure_factor_calculations.ppt XRD_lattice_parameter_calculation.ppt symmetry.ppt video_library.ppt