This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

J. Wang E52-435 15.415 C&D Spring 1999

**Solutions to Assignment 6: Portfolio Theory Beta Management Company
**

(a) The standard deviations can be calculated using Excel's STDEV() function.

Stock Cal. REIT Brown Group Vanguard 500 St.Dev (StD) 9 23% 8 17% 4 61%

: : :

The individual stocks have almost double the variability of the Vanguard Index 500. So the individual stocks are riskier. California REIT seems riskier than Brown based on Standard Deviation. (b) The variability of a portfolio with w in asset 1 and 1 w in asset 2 is

2 = w2 1 + 2w(1

p ;

h

w)1 2 + (1

;

2 w)2 2

i

1 2

where 1 ; 2 are StDs, and 1 2 is the covariance between asset 1 and 2. Using Excel function COVAR(), we can calculate the covariance between Vanguard 500 Index and the two stocks.

Stock Cal. REIT Brown Group Cov(Vanguard, Stock) 0 0003 0 0024

: :

=[(:992)(:04612) + 2(:99)(:01)(:0003) + (:012)(:09232)] 2 = 4:57% Variability (StD) of the portfolio (99%Vanguard, 1% Brown Group) 1 =[(:992)(:04612) + 2(:99)(:01)(:0024) + (:012)(:08172)] 2 = 4:61% Comparing these portfolios, we see that the Brown stock adds more variability to the portfolio. Thus, Brown is riskier. This answer diers from that in part (a) because a large part of the portfolio's risk is related to the covariance between the individual stock and Vanguard. Since the covariance between Brown's stock and Vanguard is almost 8 times that between Cal. REIT and Vanguard, the portfolio that includes Brown is riskier. (c) The regression results are obtained using the Excel's LINEST() function. Beta can also be calculated using formula Cov(Stock,Vanguard)/Var(Vanguard).

**Variability (StD) of the portfolio (99%Vanguard, 1% Cal. REIT)
**

1

**Stock Beta Alpha Cal. REIT 0 1474 0 0243 Brown Group 1.1633 -0.0195
**

: :

This is consistent with part (b)'s results because the lower the beta, the less sensitive the stock will be to market movements. The higher beta stock(Brown) is riskier. (d) The Brown Group stock should have a higher expected return. The riskiness of a stock should be measured by its covariance with the market, rather than its own variance. As shown in part (b), when adding a small amount of a new asset to a diversied portfolio, the covariance between the new asset and the portfolio, rather than the variance of the asset, matters more to the total risk of the nal portfolio. In other words, individual risks can be diversied away in a portfolio. But the market risk has to be held by investors. Stock risk premium should be proportional to the market exposure of the stock. Remark: In Excel, COVAR(X; Y ) 1 P(x )(y ) is a biased estimator for Cov(X; Y ). To be precise, we should have used 2 COVAR(X; Y ) to adjust for losing 2 degrees of freedom in calculating the sample means of X and Y . For the purpose of this course, however, we ignore this issue and simply use COVAR() to calculate covariances. (Note that Excel functions VAR(X ) and STDEV(X ) have already adjusted for unbiasedness. Hence, you will get slightly dierent results for Excel function VAR(X ) and COVAR(X; X ). Either one is ne for this course.)

n i x i y n n

2

- Wns-nu Mba Brochure
- Apollo Tyres Ltd
- 071022 Parthasarathy Financial TAPPI Jacksonville
- Media Handbook
- Annual Report
- 2011 Bain China Luxury Market Study
- Annual Report
- Annual Report
- Annual Report
- Annual Report
- Annual Report
- Annual Report
- Annual Report
- Annual Report
- Annual Report
- Annual Report
- 52909774-surf-excel
- 67430288-Liril
- 52263578-liril
- Constitution of India
- MedellinMay3NoA
- BT Meet Me Numbers 1
- BT Meet Me Numbers
- Chemical Composition of Everyday Products (Gnv64)

- Beta Management Company Summary
- Case Analysis_Beta Management
- Portfolio Math CFA Review
- 7-2 zaheer
- Corporate Finance_FM10_7 and 8
- solution to campbell lo mackinlay.pdf
- Mean Variance portfolio theory
- Finc2012 Week 1
- FRM Quant Question Bank
- GLRT Paper Derivation
- Optimal Portfolio Selection
- Hole Effect and Periodicity
- Boc Theory
- Exam_July_2012_EN_solutions20140306122756
- DBCA FACTORIAL.docx
- Expected values and variance
- spasial ketikan
- Beta and Its Values
- Properties of Random Variables
- Sanam Nasim Interpetation of Beta
- Risk
- Statistical Methods in Transport Analysis
- Efficient Portfolios
- Macke 2009 Generating
- Unidad 1 White
- List of AMOS Fit Indices
- Lecture 6 APT
- Hint.ameritrade
- David Wakyiku Testing the Capital Asset Pricing Model
- MANCOVA

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

We've moved you to where you read on your other device.

Get the full title to continue

Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.

scribd