à 8.

4 POWER AMPLIFIER TYPES
Class A Class B, AB Class C Class D and E ü BACKGROUND Linear Linear* (Complementary) Nonlinear (RF, Tuned) Switching (Linear Audio)

(a) AC Load Line and (b) Equivalent Circuit of A BJT Operating in Large Signal Mode

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8.4 Power Amplifier Types.nb

(a) (b) (a) Input I-V Characteristics and (b) Current Transfer Characteristics of a BJT Operating in Large Sig
VCE i iC = b iB J1 + ÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄ N y Ä z j j VA z j z j z z j iC = bEFF .iB k {

for iB ≥ 0 ,

NPN

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8.4 Power Amplifier Types.nb

Overall Transfer Characteristics of a BJT Operating in Large Signal Mode

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8.4 Power Amplifier Types.nb

Class-A operation in which Q-point is held in the middle of the linear portion of input-output characte Disadvantage: The Class-A amplifier consumes a high and constant DC power, ICQ .VCC irrespe maximum undistorted AC power output and its maximum power conversion efficiency is limited, Therefore, Class-A amplifiers, particularly when they are used to amplify signals of varying amplitud

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8.4 Power Amplifier Types.nb

ü Class-B and Class-C Modes of Operation

Class-B and Class-C Operations of a BJT Amplifier and The Concept of Conduction Angle Class-B Conduction Angle qB = 180° and Class-C Conduction Angle: qC < 180°

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8.4 Power Amplifier Types.nb

ü Class-AB Operation and Linearity

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8.4 Power Amplifier Types.nb

ü Complementary Class-B Operation

Complementary Class-B Operation and Cross-Over Distortion

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8.4 Power Amplifier Types.nb

à Principle of Class-E Operation

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8.4 Power Amplifier Types.nb

Theoretical efficiency Ø 100 %

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8.4 Power Amplifier Types.nb

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