Paul Christian P. Santos U-Pang PEN BSN IV-P18/07-2409/2010 Lesson 7 Leadership Styles 1.

Autocratic/Authoritarian  Manager makes most of the decisions in isolation  Found in bureaucratic organizations that reinforce centrality of authority and reliance upon formal rules  Managers issue orders and expect to be obeyed  Authority derives from position power tied to official hierarchical title  Authoritarian managers will have subordinate support if they are involved in overall goals and process  Strong control is maintained  Others are motivated by coercion  Others are directed with command  Communication is downwards  “I” and “You”  Punitive criticism 1.1 Advantages of Autocratic/Authoritarian  Results to well-defined group actions  Decision making can be done expeditiously  Appropriate when immediate action is needed  Authoritarian managers will have subordinate support if they are involved in overall goals and process 1.2 Disadvantages  Subordinates don’t have stake in achievement/failure of management goals  Employee may subvert goals  Managers issue orders and expect to be obeyed  Authority derives from position power tied to official hierarchical title

Notes in NCM 104 Nursing Management and Leadership Prelims 2.2 Disadvantages of Democratic Management Style ➢ Decision becomes lengthy process ➢ Coworkers not confident in participating in decision making ➢ Employees may think manager is not capable to DM ➢ Employees think they are made to do something they are not paid for ➢ If decision not implemented employees think their time is wasted 3. Laissez-Faire  Permissive management  Least structure and control  Requires coworkers to make own goals, decisions  Managers provide maximum support and freedom for workers  Provision of little or no direction  Communication upward and downward  DM is dispersed throughout group  Criticism withheld 3.1 Advantages of Laissez-Faire  Providing maximum support and freedom  Allows practice of high levels of independence 3.2 Disadvantages of Laissez-Faire  Not possible to let workers arrive at an individual decisions about patient care  Because of multidisciplinary care, decision must be centralized

2. Democratic Management Style ➢ Involves subordinates in decision making ➢ Democratic managers see themselves as coworkers ➢ Stresses importance of communication and consensus ➢ Promotes autonomy and growth ➢ Manager leads by providing information, suggesting direction and being supportive of coworkers ➢ Function best in less centralized and where there is less reliance on formal rules and policies ➢ Emphasis “We” ➢ Constructive criticism 2.1 Advantages of Democratic Management Style ➢ Coworkers are consulted ➢ Coworkers have input on decision making ➢ Employees are involved in all the processes prior to decision making ➢ It is appropriate if decision at hand does not require urgent action

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