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1AC Evidence Ocean Thermal

1AC Evidence Ocean Thermal

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Published by: AffNeg.Com on Jan 08, 2009
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06/16/2009

U.S.

News & World Report - November 13, 2006 In response to reducing global warming, I suggest an idea that was proposed years ago regarding energy production. Offshore thermal energy conversion plants were proposed in the 1970s as a means of producing electricity, hydrogen gas, and/or fresh water by making use of the temperature difference between the bottom waters and the surface. Plants could be anchored in the Gulf Stream, and other places, converting heat to electricity. They are expensive to build but cost little to operate. Each plant would remove heat from the ocean, thereby reducing the oceans' temperature without causing pollution. One plant offshore could produce enough electricity and fresh water to supply the needs of a small city and, at the same time, help to reduce global warming. Mariette DeChristina, Popular Science; From the earliest water wheels, humans have sought to tap sea power, expressed in waves, currents, and tides. But a more promising idea extracts that stored heat energy directly: Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion, or OTEC, generates electricity by using the temperature differences between tropical waters drawn from the sun-warmed surface, and those from the chilly 2,500foot depths below. Near lush Kailua-Kona, on an old black-lava bed on Hawaii's west coast, a test plant produces up to 100 kilowatts net. Rather than creating air pollutants or spent radioactive fuel, OTEC's by-product is not only harmless, it's downright useful: 7,000 gallons per day of desalinated ocean water with a crisp taste that rivals the best bottled offerings. Using largely conventional components, OTEC plants built on coasts or moored offshore could provide enough power and water to make tropical areas, including the Hawaiian islands, independent of costly fuel imports, say proponents. National Renewable Energy Laboratory; July 4, 2008 OTEC, or ocean thermal energy conversion, is an energy technology that converts solar radiation to electric power. OTEC systems use the ocean's natural thermal gradient—the fact that the ocean's layers of water have different temperatures—to drive a power-producing cycle. As long as the temperature between the warm surface water and the cold deep water differs by about 20°C (36°F), an OTEC system can produce a significant amount of power. The oceans are thus a vast renewable resource, with the potential to help us produce billions of watts of electric power. This potential is estimated to be about 1013 watts of baseload power generation, according to some experts. The cold, deep seawater used in the OTEC process is also rich in nutrients, and it can be used to culture both marine organisms and plant life near the shore or on land. U.S. Department of Energy; September 12, 1995 OTEC has important benefits other than power production. For example, air conditioning can be a byproduct. Spent cold seawater from an OTEC plant can chill fresh water in a heat exchanger or flow directly into a cooling system. Simple systems of this type have air conditioned buildings at the Natural Energy Laboratory for several years

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