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Hegemony - Scholars

Hegemony - Scholars

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Published by: AffNeg.Com on Jan 08, 2009
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Working within coalitions and with other governments and NGOs is key to preserve US
Zalmay Khalilzad, US Ambassador to the United Nations. “Losing the Moment? The United States and the
World After the Cold War.” The Washington Quarterly, Vol. 18, No. 2. pg. 84 Spring 1995

Overextension is a mistake that some of the big powers have made in the past. Such a development can
occur if the U
nited States is not judicious in its use of force and gets involved in protracted conflicts in
non-critical regions, thereby sapping its energies and undermining support for its global role. And
when the United States uses force in critical regions, its preference should be to have its allies and
friends contribute their fair share.
Having the capability to protect U.S. vital interests unilaterally if
necessary can facilitate getting friends and allies of the United States to participate -- especially on terms
more to its liking. It is quite possible that if the United States cannot protect its interests without
significant participation by allies, it might not be able to protect them at all
. For example, in the run-up
to the Gulf war, several allies did not favor the use of force to evict Iraqi forces from Kuwait. If the military
participation of these allies had been indispensable for military success against Iraq, Saddam Hussein's forces
might still be in Kuwait and Iraq might now possess nuclear weapons. When it comes to lesser interests the
United States should rely on nonmilitary options, especially if the stakes involved do not warrant the
military costs. It has many options: arming and training the victims of aggression; providing technical
assistance and logistic support for peacekeeping by the United Nations, regional organizations, or other
powers; and economic instruments such as sanctions and positive incentives. The effectiveness of these
non-military options can be enhanced by skillful diplomacy.

While Multilateralism is effective, the US must be involved
Serfaty 03
("Studies Renewing the Transatlantic Partnership" Simon Serfaty director of European Studies CSIS
May http://www.nato.int/docu/conf/2003/030718_bxl/serfati-transatlpart.pdf)

Whatever its inspiration, multilateralism served the United States and its allies well. Indifference to
the postwar world was no longer an option for either side of the Atlantic
. In most European countries,
the imperative of U.S. support for reconstruction, protection, and reconciliation limited any debate on
their fading role in the world. Whatever doubts some of these countries harbored were overcome by
U.S. policies that were all the more effective as they showed enough flexibility to respond to and
alleviate these doubts

Gonzaga Debate Institute 2008


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