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StudentName CHEMIISec.

07 Lab1

MeltingPointsandMixtureMeltingPoints

Abstract:Identificationofanunknownsolidwasdeterminedbyusingamixture meltingpointinaThomasHooverapparatus.Themeltingpoint(mp)rangeforthe pureunknown#7(102106C)wasobservedandthencomparedtoasetofknown chemicalswithsimilarmp.Theknownsolids(Phenanthrene,99101C;otoluic acid,103105C)wereeachmixedwiththeunknownandamixturemptaken.The unknownhasbeendeterminedasotoluicacidduetothesimilar103106Cmp observedwhenanunknown/otoluicacidmpsamplewastested. Data: Observedmp(C) Reportedmp(C) Unknown#7 102106 Phenanthrene 8790 99101 otoluicacid 103106 103105 Results:Theabovedatasupportsunknown#7tobeotoluicacid.Whenotoluic acidismixedwiththeunknownthempwas103106C.Thepureunknownhada similar102106Cmp.Bothoftheseresultsareverysimilartotheliterature reportedvalueof103105Cforpureotoluicacid. Theunknown#7couldnotbephenanthreneduetothedisparitywith observedmp.Althoughtheliteraturevalueforphenanthrene(99101C)iscloseto thepureunknownmp(102106C),whentheyaremixedtheobservedmpis significantlylowerat8790C.Thisprovesthesampletobeamixtureandnota puresample. Conclusion:Theunknown#7isotoluicacid.Mixturemeltingpointobservations supportthisstatement.Whenaknowncompoundismixedwiththeexactsame compoundinunknownform,theresultingmpshouldbeexacttotheliteraturevalue asitisinthiscase.Hereitisobservedthatanunknown#7andotoluicacid mixtureresultsinampof103106Cwhichisthesameasotoluicacidsreported 103105Cvalue