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Analysis & Design of G+10 buildings using Static & wind loads

Why do we need G+ structures?


Due to the rapid growth in the industrializations there is a tremendous growth in the population. Due to this the land rates are aiming to the sky. Subsequently the living density(prs/sq.mt) is being increased day by day. Hence there is a quick need to construct massive structures in the available area. So design of G+ structures came into existence.

PLAN

Static Loads
1.Self weight= -1kn/m 2.Wall loads: -12kn/m for external walls(9 inch) -6kn/m for internal walls(4 inch) -3kn/m for parapet walls(<3 inch)

3.Slab loads: -5.5kn/m for sunken slabs(toilets) -6 kn/m for floor slabs -7kn/m for corridor slabs 4.Load combinations: 1.5*self wt 1.5*wall load 1.5*slab load

Wind loads
1.Wind load in X +ve direction 2.Wind load in X ve direction 3.Wind load in Z +ve direction 4.Wind load in Z ve direction. Wind load intensity 1.5kn/m upto 40mts.

The first floor is designed using STAAD and later by using the STAAD command MIRROR four flats are generated. After generating the ground floor by using another command TRANSATIONAL REPEAT the structure is copied to desired n number of floors. Later we have to check whether all the loads given have been copied, if not all the have to be assigned to the whole structure. Later stair case, lift case, terrace, water tank must be designed.

Merits of Staad
Easy input concepts. Easy to Customize and Standardize Automatic Detailing and Documentation Wide Variety of Structure Types We can easily find out the beam numbers of any member.

CONCLUSION
Staad is an computer based application where the failure of members is not allowed. Through analysis we can easily find out the bending moment, shear force, axial force and deflection diagrams easily without any calculations. One can easily modify any member during the analysis. Most economical sections can be designed.