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List of Birds

Las Brisas Nature Reserve

Contacts info@lasbrisasreserve.com donaldjc@lasbrisasreserve.com Tel: (506) 2765-1112

C=Common; one or a few are recorded daily U=Uncommon; one or a few are seen at frequent intervals R=Rare; seen or heard regularly at longer intervals in small numbers. Z= Accidental Family Tinamidae Taxa Tinamus major Crypturellus soui Crypturellus boucardi Cairina moschata Ortalis cinereiceps Penelope purpurascens Chamaepetes unicolor Odontophorus melanotis Tachybaptus dominicus Anhinga anhinga Tigrisoma fasciatum Tigrisoma mexicanum Ardea herodias Ardea alba Egretta thula Egretta caerulea Egretta tricolor Bubulcus ibis Butorides virescens Cochlearius cochlearius Eudocimus albus Mesembrinibis cayennensis Coragyps atratus Cathartes aura Sarcoramphus papa Pandion haliaetus Leptodon cayanensis Chondrohierax uncinatus Elanoides forficatus Elanus leucurus Harpagus bidentatus Ictinia mississippiensis Ictinia plumbea Accipiter superciliosus Accipiter striatus Accipiter cooperii Accipiter bicolor Leucopternis princeps Leucopternis semiplumbeus Leucopternis albicollis Buteogallus urubitinga Buteo magnirostris Buteo platypterus Buteo nitidus Buteo brachyurus Buteo swainsoni Buteo albonotatus Spizaetus tyrannus Spizaetus melanoleucus Spizaetus ornatus Micrastur ruficollis Micrastur semitorquatus Caracara cheriway Herpetotheres cachinnans Falco sparverius Falco rufigularis Falco peregrinus Aramides axillaris

TF: Tropical Forest (250 masl) CF: Cloud Forest (600-1000 masl)

MN: Northern Migrant MS: Southern Migrant R: Resident

English Great Tinamou Little Tinamou Slaty-breasted Tinamou Muscovy Duck Gray-headed Chachalaca Crested Guan Black Guan Black-eared Wood-Quail Least Grebe Anhinga Fasciated Tiger-Heron Bare-throated Tiger-Heron Great Blue Heron Great Egret Snowy Egret Little Blue Heron Tricolored Heron Cattle Egret Green Heron Boat-billed Heron White Ibis Green Ibis Black Vulture Turkey Vulture King Vulture Osprey Gray-headed Kite Hook-billed Kite Swallow-tailed Kite White-tailed Kite Double-toothed Kite Mississippi Kite Plumbeous Kite Tiny Hawk Sharp-shinned Hawk Cooper's Hawk Bicolored Hawk Barred Hawk Semiplumbeous Hawk White Hawk Great Black-Hawk Roadside Hawk Broad-winged Hawk Gray Hawk Short-tailed Hawk Swainson's Hawk Zone-tailed Hawk Black Hawk-Eagle Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle Ornate Hawk-Eagle Barred Forest-Falcon Collared Forest-Falcon Crested Caracara Laughing Falcon American Kestrel Bat Falcon Peregrine Falcon Rufous-necked Wood-Rail

TF R C R Z C

CF C C R C C R U C Z R R R R R R R R R R R R MN R, MN R, MN R, MN R, MN R, MN R R R R R R, MN R MN R R R, MN, MS R R MN R R MN MN R R R R R R MN R R, MN MN R, MN R R R R R R R MN R MN R

Anatidae Cracidae

Odontophoridae Podicipedidae Anhingidae Ardeidae

Threskiornithidae Cathartidae

Accipitridae

R Z U Z Z U U C Z C C C Z U C C Z R R R R R R R R

R U Z Z

C C U U U R C U R

R R Z R C R R C C Z C U R R R C R U R R Z

C C U C R R R Z R U R R

Falconidae

Rallidae

Heliornithidae Eurypygidae Charadriidae Recurvirostridae Jacanidae Scolopacidae Columbidae

Psittacidae

Cuculidae

Tytonidae Strigidae

Caprimulgidae

Nyctibiidae Apodidae

Trochilidae

Laterallus albigularis Laterallus exilis Aramides cajanea Amaurolimnas concolor Porphyrio martinica Gallinula chloropus Heliornis fulica Eurypyga helias Charadrius vociferus Himantopus mexicanus Jacana spinosa Actitis macularius Tringa solitaria Patagioenas cayennensis Patagioenas flavirostris Patagioenas fasciata Patagioenas subvinacea Patagioenas nigrirostris Columbina talpacoti Claravis pretiosa Leptotila verreauxi Leptotila cassinii Geotrygon veraguensis Geotrygon chiriquensis Geotrygon lawrencii Geotrygon montana Aratinga finschi Aratinga nana Ara ambiguus Bolborhynchus lineola Brotogeris jugularis Touit costaricensis Pyrilia haematotis Pionus menstruus Pionus senilis Amazona autumnalis Amazona farinosa Piaya cayana Tapera naevia Crotophaga sulcirostris Tyto alba Megascops choliba Megascops guatemalae Lophostrix cristata Pulsatrix perspicillata Glaucidium griseiceps Glaucidium brasilianum Ciccaba virgata Ciccaba nigrolineata Pseudoscops clamator Lurocalis semitorquatus Chordeiles minor Nyctidromus albicollis Caprimulgus carolinensis Nyctibius grandis Nyctibius griseus Cypseloides niger Cypseloides cherriei Streptoprocne rutila Streptoprocne zonaris Chaetura pelagica Chaetura vauxi Chaetura cinereiventris Panyptila cayennensis Glaucis aeneus Threnetes ruckeri

White-throated Crake Gray-breasted Crake Gray-necked Wood-Rail Uniform Crake Purple Gallinule Common Moorhen Sungrebe Sunbittern Killdeer Black-necked Stilt Northern Jacana Spotted Sandpiper Solitary Sandpiper Pale-vented Pigeon Red-billed Pigeon Band-tailed Pigeon Ruddy Pigeon Short-billed Pigeon Ruddy Ground-Dove Blue Ground-Dove White-tipped Dove Gray-chested Dove Olive-backed Quail-Dove Chiriqui Quail-Dove Purplish-backed Quail-Dove Ruddy Quail-Dove Crimson-fronted Parakeet Olive-throated Parakeet Great Green Macaw Barred Parakeet Orange-chinned Parakeet Red-fronted Parrotlet Brown-hooded Parrot Blue-headed Parrot White-crowned Parrot Red-lored Parrot Mealy Parrot Squirrel Cuckoo Striped Cuckoo Groove-billed Ani Barn-Owl Tropical Screech-Owl Vermiculated Screech-Owl Crested Owl Spectacled Owl Central American Pygmy-Owl Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl Mottled Owl Black-and-white Owl Striped Owl Short-tailed Nighthawk Common Nighthawk Common Pauraque Chuck-will's-widow Great Potoo Common Potoo Black Swift Spot-fronted Swift Chestnut-collared Swift White-collared Swift Chimney Swift Vaux's Swift Gray-rumped Swift Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift Bronzy Hermit Band-tailed Barbthroat

C Z C R U Z R U R Z U R R C R

C U U R

R C R C U R

U R R R U U C C R U C R U U C R R R R C C R R C R C R R R U R R R U R R

C C U C R U R C U R C R C R R U

U R R R R C U R

C R

C C U

R R C C R C R C C

R R R R R R, MN R R R, MN R, MN R MN MN R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R, MN R MN R R R, MN R R R MN R R R R R

Trogonidae

Momotidae

Alcedinidae

Bucconidae

Galbulidae Ramphastidae

Picidae

Furnariidae

Phaethornis guy Phaethornis longirostris Phaethornis striigularis Eutoxeres aquila Doryfera ludovicae Florisuga mellivora Colibri delphinae Colibri thalassinus Anthracothorax prevostii Klais guimeti Lophornis helenae Discosura conversii Thalurania colombica Amazilia amabilis Amazilia tzacatl Microchera albocoronata Chalybura urochrysia Lampornis hemileucus Heliodoxa jacula Heliothryx barroti Heliomaster longirostris Archilochus colubris Selasphorus scintilla Trogon clathratus Trogon massena Trogon violaceus Trogon rufus Trogon collaris Trogon aurantiiventris Pharomachrus mocinno Momotus momota Baryphthengus martii Electron platyrhynchum Megaceryle torquatus Megaceryle alcyon Chloroceryle amazona Chloroceryle americana Chloroceryle aenea Notharchus macrorhynchos Notharchus tectus Micromonacha lanceolata Monasa morphoeus Galbula ruficauda Eubucco bourcierii Aulacorhynchus prasinus Pteroglossus torquatus Selenidera spectabilis Ramphastos sulfuratus Ramphastos swainsonii Melanerpes pucherani Melanerpes hoffmannii Veniliornis fumigatus Piculus simplex Colaptes rubiginosus Celeus loricatus Dryocopus lineatus Campephilus guatemalensis Synallaxis brachyura Premnoplex brunnescens Syndactyla subalaris Automolus ochrolaemus Xenops minutus Dendrocincla fuliginosa Sittasomus griseicapillus Glyphorhynchus spirurus Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae

Green Hermit Long-billed Hermit Stripe-throated Hermit White-tipped Sicklebill Green-fronted Lancebill White-necked Jacobin Brown Violet-ear Green Violet-ear Green-breasted Mango Violet-headed Hummingbird Black-crested Coquette Green Thorntail Violet-crowned Woodnymph Blue-chested Hummingbird Rufous-tailed Hummingbird Snowcap Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer White-bellied Mountain-gem Green-crowned Brilliant Purple-crowned Fairy Long-billed Starthroat Ruby-throated Hummingbird Scintillant Hummingbird Lattice-tailed Trogon Slaty-tailed Trogon Violaceous Trogon Black-throated Trogon Collared Trogon Orange-bellied Trogon Resplendent Quetzal Blue-crowned Motmot Rufous Motmot Broad-billed Motmot Ringed Kingfisher Belted Kingfisher Amazon Kingfisher Green Kingfisher American Pygmy Kingfisher White-necked Puffbird Pied Puffbird Lanceolated Monklet White-fronted Nunbird Rufous-tailed Jacamar Red-headed Barbet Emerald Toucanet Collared Aracari Yellow-eared Toucanet Keel-billed Toucan Chestnut-mandibled Toucan Black-cheeked Woodpecker Hoffmann's Woodpecker Smoky-brown Woodpecker Rufous-winged Woodpecker Golden-olive Woodpecker Cinnamon Woodpecker Lineated Woodpecker Pale-billed Woodpecker Slaty Spinetail Spotted Barbtail Lineated Foliage-gleaner Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner Plain Xenops Plain-brown Woodcreeper Olivaceous Woodcreeper Wedge-billed Woodcreeper Northern-barred Woodcreeper

C C

U C R C U C Z C

C U C C R U R R R C U U C C C C R C U R R R U U C C U R Z R C C

C C U

U C U R U C U R U U R

R R R R C R C U C R U C R R U U C R R C C U R C U

C Z C R C R Z

U U U

R R R C C

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R MN R R R R R R R R R R R R MN R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

Thamnophilidae

Formicariidae

Conopophagidae Grallariidae

Tyrannidae

Xiphorhynchus susurrans Xiphorhynchus lachrymosus Xiphorhynchus erythropygius Lepidocolaptes souleyetii Campylorhamphus pusillus Cymbilaimus lineatus Taraba major Thamnophilus doliatus Thamnophilus atrinucha Thamnistes anabatinus Dysithamnus mentalis Dysithamnus striaticeps Myrmotherula axillaris Myrmotherula schisticolor Epinecrophilla fulviventris Microrhopias quixensis Cercomacra tyrannina Myrmeciza exsul Myrmeciza laemosticta Myrmeciza immaculata Hylophylax naevioides Gymnopithys leucaspis Phaenostictus mcleannani Formicarius analis Formicarius nigricapillus Formicarius rufipectus Pittasoma michleri Grallaria guatimalensis Hylopezus perspicillatus Hylopezus dives Ornithion brunneicapillus Capsiempis flaveola Myiopagis viridicata Elaenia flavogaster Serpophaga cinerea Mionectes olivaceus Mionectes oleagineus Leptopogon superciliaris Phylloscartes superciliaris Phyllomyias burmeisteri Zimmerius vilissimus Lophotriccus pileatus Oncostoma cinereigulare Poecilotriccus sylvia Todirostrum cinereum Todirostrum nigriceps Rhynchocyclus brevirostris Tolmomyias sulphurescens Tolmomyias assimilis Platyrinchus mystaceus Onychorhynchus coronatus Terenotriccus erythrurus Myiobius sulphureipygius Aphanotriccus capitalis Contopus cooperi Contopus sordidulus Contopus virens Contopus cinereus Empidonax flaviventris Empidonax virescens Empidonax alnorum Empidonax albigularis Empidonax minimus Colonia colonus Attila spadiceus Rhytipterna holerythra

Cocoa Woodcreeper Black-striped Woodcreeper Spotted Woodcreeper Streak-headed Woodcreeper Brown-billed Scythebill Fasciated Antshrike Great Antshrike Barred Antshrike Western-slaty Antshrike Russet Antshrike Plain Antvireo Streak-crowned Antvireo White-flanked Antwren Slaty Antwren Checker-throated Antwren Dot-winged Antwren Dusky Antbird Chestnut-backed Antbird Dull-mantled Antbird Immaculate Antbird Spotted Antbird Bicolored Antbird Ocellated Antbird Black-faced Antthrush Black-headed Antthrush Rufous-breasted Antthrush Black-crowned Antpitta Scaled Antpitta Streak-chested Antpitta Thicket Antpitta Brown-capped Tyrannulet Yellow Tyrannulet Greenish Elaenia Yellow-bellied Elaenia Torrent Tyrannulet Olive-striped Flycatcher Ochre-bellied Flycatcher Slaty-capped Flycatcher Rufous-browed Tyrannulet Rough-legged Tyrannulet Paltry Tyrannulet Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant Northern Bentbill Slate-headed Tody-Flycatcher Common Tody-Flycatcher Black-headed Tody-Flycatcher Eye-ringed Flatbill Yellow-olive Flycatcher Yellow-margined Flycatcher White-throated Spadebill Royal Flycatcher Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher Tawny-chested Flycatcher Olive-sided Flycatcher Western Wood-Pewee Eastern Wood-Pewee Tropical Pewee Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Acadian Flycatcher Alder Flycatcher White-throated Flycatcher Least Flycatcher Long-tailed Tyrant Bright-rumped Attila Rufous Mourner

U R R C U R U U

R C R

R U U C R R

C R C C U U R U R C C U R C C C C C C U R U R U U R Z R R C R R U R U U C R R C C C C C R C R U U R U U U R U C U R R R R C C

C U R C C U R U

R C C R

R R U

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R MN MN MN R MN MN MN R, MN MN R R R

INCERTAE SEDIS

Cotingidae

Pipridae

Oxyruncidae Vireonidae

Corvidae Hirundinidae

Troglodytidae

Sylviidae

Turdidae

Cinclidae Mimidae

Myiarchus tuberculifer Myiarchus crinitus Pitangus sulphuratus Megarhynchus pitangua Myiozetetes similis Myiozetetes granadensis Conopias albovittatus Myiodynastes luteiventris Legatus leucophaius Tyrannus melancholicus Tyrannus tyrannus Lipaugus unirufus Pachyramphus cinnamomeus Pachyramphus polychopterus Pachyramphus albogriseus Tityra semifasciata Tityra inquisitor Carpodectes nitidus Querula purpurata Procnias tricarunculatus Manacus candei Corapipo altera Pipra pipra Pipra mentalis Oxyruncus cristatus Vireo flavifrons Vireo philadelphicus Vireo olivaceus Vireo flavoviridis Hylophilus ochraceiceps Hylophilus decurtatus Vireolanius pulchellus Cyclarhis gujanensis Cyanocorax morio Progne subis Progne chalybea Tachycineta bicolor Pygochelidon cyanoleuca Stelgidopteryx serripennis Stelgidopteryx ruficollis Riparia riparia Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Hirundo rustica Campylorhynchus zonatus Thryothorus atrogularis Thryothorus nigricapillus Thryothorus thoracicus Thryothorus modestus Troglodytes aedon Henicorhina leucosticta Microcerculus marginatus Cyphorhinus phaeocephalus Microbates cinereiventris Ramphocaenus melanurus Polioptila plumbea Myadestes melanops Catharus fuscater Catharus mexicanus Catharus fuscescens Catharus minimus Catharus ustulatus Hylocichla mustelina Turdus obsoletus Turdus grayi Cinclus mexicanus Dumetella carolinensis

Dusky-capped Flycatcher Great Crested Flycatcher Great Kiskadee Boat-billed Flycatcher Social Flycatcher Gray-capped Flycatcher White-ringed Flycatcher Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher Piratic Flycatcher Tropical Kingbird Eastern Kingbird Rufous Piha Cinnamon Becard White-winged Becard Black-and-white Becard Masked Tityra Black-crowned Tityra Snowy Cotinga Purple-throated Fruitcrow Three-wattled Bellbird White-collared Manakin White-ruffed Manakin White-crowned Manakin Red-capped Manakin Sharpbill Yellow-throated Vireo Philadelphia Vireo Red-eyed Vireo Yellow-green Vireo Tawny-crowned Greenlet Lesser Greenlet Green Shrike-Vireo Rufous-browed Peppershrike Brown Jay Purple Martin Gray-breasted Martin Tree Swallow Blue-and-white Swallow Northern Rough-winged Swallow Southern Rough-winged Swallow Bank Swallow Cliff Swallow Barn Swallow Band-backed Wren Black-throated Wren Bay Wren Stripe-breasted Wren Plain Wren House Wren White-breasted Wood-Wren Scaly-breasted Wren Song Wren Tawny-faced Gnatwren Long-billed Gnatwren Tropical Gnatcather Black-faced Solitaire Slaty-backed Nightingale-Thrush Black-headed Nightingale-Thrush Veery Gray-cheeked Thrush Swainson's Thrush Wood Thrush Pale-vented Thrush Clay-colored Thrush American Dipper Gray Catbird

C U C C C C U U U C U C U C U Z U C U R R C U C

C U C C C C U U C U R C U R C U U R C C U R C U C R C C U Z C U U R R U C U U U C C C C C C C C C C C C U R U R C C C C R U

U R C U U

U R U U U U U U U C C

U C

R R C C C U

R MN R R R R R MS MS R MN R R R R R R R R R R R R R R MN MN MN MS R R R R R MN R MN R, MS R, MN R MN MN MN R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R MN MN MN MN R R R MN

Bombycillidae Ptilogonatidae Parulidae

INCERTAE SEDIS Thraupidae

Bombycilla cedrorum Ptilogonys caudatus Vermivora pinus Vermivora chrysoptera Vermivora peregrina Parula pitiayumi Dendroica petechia Dendroica pensylvanica Dendroica magnolia Dendroica tigrina Dendroica caerulescens Dendroica virens Dendroica fusca Dendroica castanea Dendroica dominica Dendroica cerulea Mniotilta varia Setophaga ruticilla Protonotaria citrea Helmitheros vermivorum Seiurus aurocapilla Seiurus noveboracensis Seiurus motacilla Oporornis formosus Oporornis philadelphia Oporornis tolmiei Geothlypis semiflava Geothlypis poliocephala Wilsonia citrina Wilsonia pusilla Wilsonia canadensis Myioborus miniatus Basileuterus culicivorus Basileuterus rufifrons Phaeothlypis fulvicauda Icteria virens Coereba flaveola Chlorospingus ophthalmicus Chlorospingus canigularis Chrysothlypis chrysomelas Mitrospingus cassinii Chlorothraupis carmioli Tachyphonus luctuosus Tachyphonus delattrii Tachyphonus rufus Ramphocelus sanguinolentus Ramphocelus passerinii Thraupis episcopus Thraupis palmarum Bangsia arcaei Tangara larvata Tangara guttata Tangara dowii Tangara inornata Tangara lavinia Tangara gyrola Tangara florida Tangara icterocephala Dacnis venusta Dacnis cayana Chlorophanes spiza Cyanerpes lucidus Cyanerpes cyaneus Genus INCERTAE SEDIS Saltator coerulescens Saltator maximus

Cedar Waxwing Long-tailed Silky-Flycatcher Blue-winged Warbler Golden-winged Warbler Tennessee Warbler Tropical Parula Yellow Warbler Chestnut-sided Warbler Magnolia Warbler Cape May Warbler Black-throated Blue Warbler Black-throated Green Warbler Blackburnian Warbler Bay-breasted Warbler Yellow-throated Warbler Cerulean Warbler Black-and-white Warbler American Redstart Prothonotary Warbler Worm-eating Warbler Ovenbird Northern Waterthrush Louisiana Waterthrush Kentucky Warbler Mourning Warbler MacGillivray's Warbler Olive-crowned Yellowthroat Gray-crowned Yellowthroat Hooded Warbler Wilson's Warbler Canada Warbler Slate-throated Redstart Golden-crowned Warbler Rufous-capped Warbler Buff-rumped Warbler Yellow-breasted Chat Bananaquit Common Bush-Tanager Ashy-throated Bush-Tanager Black-and-yellow Tanager Dusky-faced Tanager Carmiol's Tanager White-shouldered Tanager Tawny-crested Tanager White-lined Tanager Crimson-collared Tanager Passerini's Tanager Blue-gray Tanager Palm Tanager Blue-and-gold Tanager Golden-hooded Tanager Speckled Tanager Spangle-cheeked Tanager Plain-colored Tanager Rufous-winged Tanager Bay-headed Tanager Emerald Tanager Silver-throated Tanager Scarlet-thighed Dacnis Blue Dacnis Green Honeycreeper Shining Honeycreeper Red-legged Honeycreeper Grayish Saltator Buff-throated Saltator

Z R C C U C R Z R R R U R R R U U R C R R U C C C C R C C U C C R C C R U U C C C U C C R R C C C U R C U R C U Z U C U R U U U U C R C C Z R C C C U C Z

C Z U

R C U U C C C C

U Z U U R U C U Z U C

MN R MN MN MN R MN MN MN MN MN MN MN MN MN MN MN MN MN MN MN MN MN MN MN MN R R MN MN MN R R R R MN R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

U C

Emberizidae

Cardinalidae

Icteridae

Fringillidae

Saltator atriceps Saltator grossus Volatinia jacarina Sporophila americana Sporophila nigricollis Oryzoborus nuttingi Oryzoborus funereus Tiaris olivaceus Atlapetes albinucha Arremon aurantiirostris Arremon brunneinucha Arremonops conirostris Zonotrichia capensis Piranga flava Piranga rubra Piranga olivacea Piranga leucoptera Habia fuscicauda Chlorothraupis carmioli Caryothraustes poliogaster Pheucticus tibialis Pheucticus ludovicianus Cyanocompsa cyanoides Passerina caerulea Passerina cyanea Spiza americana Sturnella magna Dives dives Quiscalus mexicanus Molothrus aeneus Molothrus oryzivorus Icterus prosthemelas Icterus spurius Icterus galbula Amblycercus holosericeus Cacicus uropygialis Psarocolius wagleri Psarocolius montezuma Euphonia luteicapilla Euphonia hirundinacea Euphonia elegantissima Euphonia gouldi Euphonia minuta Euphonia anneae Chlorophonia callophrys

Black-headed Saltator Slate-colored Grosbeak Blue-black Grassquit Variable Seedeater Yellow-bellied Seedeater Nicaraguan Seed-Finch Thick-billed Seed-Finch Yellow-faced Grassquit White-naped Brush-Finch Orange-billed Sparrow Chestnut-capped Brush-Finch Black-striped Sparrow Rufous-collared Sparrow Hepatic Tanager Summer Tanager Scarlet Tanager White-winged Tanager Red-throated Ant-Tanager Carmiol's Tanager Black-faced Grosbeak Black-thighed Grosbeak Rose-breasted Grosbeak Blue-black Grosbeak Blue Grosbeak Indigo Bunting Dickcissel Eastern Meadowlark Melodious Blackbird Great-tailed Grackle Bronzed Cowbird Giant Cowbird Black-cowled Oriole Orchard Oriole Baltimore Oriole Yellow-billed Cacique Scarlet-rumped Cacique Chestnut-headed Oropendola Montezuma Oropendola Yellow-crowned Euphonia Yellow-throated Euphonia Elegant Euphonia Olive-backed Euphonia White-vented Euphonia Tawny-capped Euphonia Golden-browed Chlorophonia

C R C C Z C C U C

C C C C Z C C R C C C R C C U Z C C C U U C R R R

C U U U U U R U

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R R R R R R R R R R R R R R MN MN R R R R R MN R R-MN MN MN R R R R R R MN MN R R R R R R R R R R R