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Bachelor Technology in Applied Automotive Engineering Material (BEA 205)

Name : Muhamad Anwar Firdaus Bin Adzhar Metric No. : 121008820 Date : 18 May 2012 Lecturer : Ms. Azma Fatini Binti Abdul Aziz

Content

Introduction Question 1 Question 2 Question 3

3 4 8 9

Introduction

Why do we study materials? The discipline of materials science involves investigating the relationships that exist between the structures and properties of materials. In contrast, materials engineering is, on the basis of these structure-property correlations, designing or engineering the structure of a material to produce a predetermined set of properties. Throughout this text we draw attention to the relationships between material properties and structural elements.

Question 1 A specimen of magnesium having a rectangular cross section of dimensions 3.2 mm x 19.1 mm is deformed in tension. Using the load-elongation data tabulated as follows complete parts (a) through (f)
Load, N

0 1380 2780 5630 7430 8140 9870 12850 14100 14340 13830 12500

LENGTH, l 63.50 63.53 63.56 63.62 63.70 63.75 64.14 65.41 66.68 67.95 69.22 70.49

STRESS, 0 22.58 45.48 92.11 121.56 133.18 161.49 210.24 230.69 234.62 226.28 204.52

STRAIN, 0 0.00047 0.00095 0.00189 0.00315 0.00394 0.01 0.03 0.05 0.07 0.09 0.11

b) Compute the modulus of elasticity. (refer on graph) E= E=( E= E= =


) ( )

c) determine the yield strength at the strain offset of 0.002 approx = 138.5
(refer on graph)

d) Determine the tensile strength of this alloy. (refer on graph) Tensile strength or ultimate tensile strength is the stress at the maximum on stress strain graph it is 234.62 MPa

e) Determine the elongation of the specimen when a tensile stress of 100 MPa is applied
%EL = ( ( ) x 100 )

%EL = 0.002 x 100 = 0.2% After tensile stress of 100 MPA is applied, the elongation is 0.2%

QUESTION 2 A cylindrical rod of steel (E = 207 GPa) having yield strength of 310 GPa is to be subjected to a load of 11100 N. If the length of the rod is 500 mm, what must be the diameter to allow an elongation of 0.38 mm? Given : F : 11100 : 550 mm Solution = A= = = Ex
( )

E : 207 GPa : 0.38 mm

D = D=

( ) (

) )

9.478 x

The diameter to allow an elongation of 0.38 mm is 9.478 x

QUESTION 3 For a 50 wt% cu 50wt% Ag alloy, make schematic sketches of the microstructure that would be observed for conditions of very slow cooling at the following temperature : 1000C0,800C0,and 600C0.Label all phases and indicate their approximate composition. Answer: 1000C0 50 wt% Ag - 50 wt% Cu

800C0 8.2 wt% Ag - 91.8 wt% Cu L 66.7 wt% Ag - 33.3 wt% Cu

600C0 2.9 wt% Ag - 97.1 wt% Cu 96 wt% Ag - 4 wt% Cu