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n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

TRNG H BCH KHOA H NI


Vit Nam
VIN C KH
phc
B mn Gia cng vt liu
&Dng c cng nghip
Nhim v
Ngnh hc
H v tn
Lp

Cng ha x hi ch ngha
c lp-T do-Hnh

: Thit k n tt nghip
: Cng ngh ch to my
: L Vn Hng
H Duyn Hng
Trn nh Trung
:Cng ngh CTM-CH13

I . ti thit k:
Thit k v lp quy trnh cng ngh gia cng u dao ct bnh rng cn rng
cng ngh Gleason
II.Thng s ca cp bnh rng:
S bnh rng nh
:Z1=14
S bnh rng ln :Z2=20
o
Gc xon trung bnh
:s=35 Gc n khp
:o=20o
M un php tuyn trung bnh:mms=2 Chiu rng vnh rng
:b=8 mm
III.Ni dung n:
Thuyt minh:
1.Tng quan v bnh rng cn rng cong v tnh ton thong s hnh hc ca
b truyn.
2.L thuyt tng qut v to hnh b mt bnh rng cn rng cong.
3.Tnh ton thit k u dao ct cp bnh rng cn rng cong.
4.Quy trnh cng ngh gia cng u dao
Bn v:
-Bn v thong s hnh hc cp bnh rng cn rng cong(1 bn A0)
-Bn v ch to bnh rng
(1 bn A0)
-Bn v nguyn l gia cng bnh rng cn rng cong
(1 bn A0)
-Bn v ch to u dao
(1 bn A0)
-Bn v s nguyn cng
(5 bn A0)
H Ni,thng 11-2011
Gio vin hng dn
PGS.TS Trnh Minh T
SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

NHN XT CA GIO VIN HNG DN


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SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

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SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

NHN XT CA GIO VIN DUYT


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SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

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SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

LI NI U
Trong cc ngnh cng nghip,c bit l trong ngnh ch to t my
ko,tu thytruyn ng bnh rng c s dng rt rng ri v cnos c rt
nhiu u im trong ng ch l kh nng ti ln v m bo t s truyn
ng chnh xc,hiu sut truyn ng cao
Truyn ng bnh rng cn vi mc ch truyn ng gia hai trc ct nhau
di mt gc no (thng l 900), cng c y cc u im trn.Tuy nhin
nng cao kh nng ti,gim ting n,gim kch thc ca b truyn vi loi
truyn ng ny ngi ta cn ch to c cc b truyn bnh rng cn vi rng
c dng cong, c bit l vi b truyn bnh rng cn cong Hypoid cn c kh
nng chuyn ng gia hai trc cho nhau,
Tuy theo tng h v phng php gia cng m ta c cch dng rng cn
rng cong khc nhau nh h Gkeason c dang cng trn, h Oerlicon c dng cong
ca rng l ng Epixicloid, h Klingelnberg c dng cong ca rng l ng
thn khai.Mi dng rng u c nguyn l to hnh ring.Cc b truyn bnh rng
cn cong c s dng kh nhiu nc ta, ch yu l trong t,my ko, xe
ray.Cc thit b ny phn ln c nn vic thit k v ch to b truyn mi l
ht sc cn thit.Nhng v iu kin thit b hin nay chng ta ch c th ch to
c cc b truyn bnh rng cn theo cc h khc hin thi vn phi nhp ngoi.
Trong n ny vi nhim v c giao l Thit k u dao gia cng
cp bnh rng cn rng cong trong h Gleason.Trong thi gian 4 thng lm vic
chng em hon thnh c nhng ni dung sau:
-Gii thiu chung v bnh rng cn rng cong, nguyn l gia cng v cc
phng php ct, gii thiu v bnh rng cn rng cong, nguyn l gia cng v
cc phng php ct, gii thiu v b truyn bnh rng h Gleason v mt b
truyn c th thit k u dao.
SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

-Trong qu trnh lm vic chng em c gng tm hiu v nghin cu cc


ti liu cng vi s gip ch bo tn tnh ca thy Trnh Minh T v cc thy
trong khoa cng cc bn ng nghip,n nay chng em hon thnh n Tt
nghip ng thi hn v ng khi lng c giao.
-Tuy nhin,do kh nng cn hn ch nn trong bn n ny khng th
trnh khi nhng thiu st nht nh.Chng em rt mong c s gp ,b sung
ca thy hng dn v cc thy trong b mn cho bn n ca chng em
c hon chnh hn.
-Chng em xin chn thnh cm n thy Trnh Minh T v ton th cc thy
gio khc trong b mn.
H Ni,thng 10-2011

Sinh vin
L Vn Hng

H Duyn Hng

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

CHNG I:
TNG QUAN V BNH RNG CN RNG CONG V TNH
TON CC THNG S HNH HC CA B TRUYN BNH
RNG CN RNG CONG
1.1.

GII THIU CHUNG


Bnh rng cn cong ngy cng c s dng nhiu trong ngnh ch to t,

my ko, my bayHin nay bnh rng cn rng cong c a vo cc ngnh


ch to my cng c, cn cu, t, my nng nghip v cc ngnh cng nghip
khc v n c cc u khuyt im nh sau:
1.1.1.u im
-C kh nng thc hin c t s truyn ln trong mt khng gian tng i
hp (i ti 1:8)
- bn ca bnh rng ln, tui th ca bnh rng cao.Do c bn ln nn
vi cng mt cng sut c th gim c kch thc v trng lng ca b truyn.
- mn ca bnh rng t, s mn ca cp Profil i tip ng u.
-n khp m, gim ting n ngay c khi c s vng quay ln.C kh nng iu
chnh vng n khp.
- nhy i vi sai s khi lp nh.
*V gia cng bnh rng cn rng cong cng c mt s u im:
-Khng b ct chn rng khi s rng nh (Zmin=5 rng).
-Nng sut cao v c chuyn ng ct lin tc.
-Phm vi gia cng rng vi bnh rng c m un t 0,215mm.
-i vi dng rng cung trn c th mi rng
1.1.2.Nhc im

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

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Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

Tuy c nhiu u im nh vy nhng bnh rng cn rng cong cng c mt


s nhc im sau:
-Lc chiu trc ca truyn ng bnh rng cn rng cong ln hn so vi
truyn ng bnh rng cn rng thng do gy mn rng v kh khn cho vic
thit k .
-Tnh ton thit k phc tp hn so vi bnh rng cn rng thng.
-Thit b ch to bnh rng cn rng cong t tin.
-Vic tnh ton iu chnh my phc tp i hi phi c cng nhn v k
thut vin c tay ngh cao.
-Cc bnh rng cn rng cong nhn chung cha thc hin c nguyn cng
mi rng tr bnh rng cn rng cong dng cung trn.
Mc d tn ti mt s nhc im trn song u im ca bnh rng cn rng
cong vn l ch yu.Mt khc s gip ca tin b khoa hc k thut cc nhc
im trn s dn c khc phc.V vy phm vi s dng ca bnh rng cn rng
cong ngy cng rng ri.
1.1.3.Phn loi bnh rng cn rng cong.
Vic phn loi bnh rng cn rng cong c cn c vo dng ng xon
ca rng trong mt phng chia ca bnh dt sinh.
Hin nay bnh rng cn rng cong c ch to theo 3 dng chnh sau:
-Bnh rng c dng cung trn (H Gleason) ca M.Loi ny thng c
chiu cao rng thay i.
-Bnh rng c dng xon theo chiu ng thn khai ko di (H
Klingelnberg) ca Cng ha Lin bang c.
-Bnh rng c dng rng xon theo ng Epicycloid ko di (H Oerlicon)
ca Thy S.Loi ny thng c chiu cao rng khng i.
Ngoi ra cn c h Fiat-Mammano ca Italia v Caraven Brother ca Anh
nhng cc h ny u da trn nguyn l Oerlicon.
SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

Tt c cc dng rng ni trn u c hiu trong mt phng chia ca bnh


rng dt sinh.
Bnh rng cn rng cong mc d l loi chi tit c phc tp cao, tuy
nhin n vn c s dng rng ri trong cc thit b my mc thuc cc lnh vc
khc nhau ca nn kinh t( thit b giao thng vn ti, thit b khai thc m, thit b
cng nghip nh, thit b cng nghip nng, thit b qun s) nguyn nhn l do
bnh rng cn rng cong c nhng u im ni bt sau:
-C kh nng truyn ng ln v h s trng khp ln.
-Tng sc bn un v nn ca rng, tng tui th ca b truyn.
-S n mn ca cp profil i tip ng u.
-Gim ting n ngay c khi s vng quay ln, c kh nng iu chnh vng
n khp.
-Hiu sut s dng ca my gia cng ln.

1.2. CC THNG S C BN CA BNH RNG CN RNG


CONG H GLEASON.
C nhiu ti liu trnh by v vn ny,nhng thng s trnh by di y
ch yu da trn c s ca ti liu [1]
1.2.1.T s truyn i.
T s truyn i ca cp truyn ng c nh ngha l t s gia s rng
bnh b ng (Z2) v bnh ch ng (Z1).
i=Z2/Z1=20/14=1,4286
Kt qu ca my cho php i 8.
1.2.2.S rng Z
S rng nh nht Z=5, cn s rng ln nht c xc nh theo ng
knh ln nht ca phi v m un nh nht ca bnh rng c th ct c trn my
kiu ta c.

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

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Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

Thng xc nh s bnh rng nh Z1 cc ti liu trnh by cch xc nh Z1


bng bng hay th, da vo t s truyn i.

s
o

Sh

1
hp
1
hh

e
Rd

dr1

dh2
dr2

dh1

dp2

dp2
dr2

d h2

dr2
dh2

Hnh 1,1 Thng s hnh hc ca bnh rng cn rng cong


1.2.3.M un
Ty theo dng rng m ngi ta s dng m un php tuyn mn hoc m
un mt u trn vnh ngoi ms.
ms=mn/cos
1.2.4.Chiu di trung bnh ca ng sinh cn ln Le.

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

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Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

Le c xc nh theo cng thc:


Le=0,5ms
1.2.5.Chiu di trung bnh ca ng sinh cn ln L.
L=Le-0,5b (Trong b l chiu rng vnh rng)
1.2.6.ng knh u dao Du.
Cn c vo ms, Le,, hay b chn ng knh u dao ct cp bnh rng
theo bng tra trong cc s tay ch to bnh rng v ch to dng c (thit k dng
c gia cng bnh rng ca cc thy Trnh Minh T, Bnh Tin Long, Trn Th
Lc).
1.2.7.H s chiu cao rng.
H s chiu cao rng c xc nh trong tit din mt u( f s) hoc trong
tit din php tuyn (fn) ty thuc vo dng rng v gc xon ; tr s tra bng.
1.2.8.Khe h hng knh:
Khe h hng knh C c xc nh trong tit din mt u.Gi tr C c
tra trong cc s tay bnh rng ( sch tnh ton thit k bnh chi tit my)
1.2.9.Gc p lc.
Ph bin c cc gi tr = 14030 ; =160; =17030 v =200.
Vic chn ph thuc v t s truyn i.Nm 1992 hng Gleason quyt nh
dung 2 loi gc p lc =14030 trong ly gc 14030 l chnh.S dng gc p
lc nh c cc nhc im sau:
-Tng t l tip xc ca hai bin dng rng dn n tng tnh cn bng trong
truyn ng.
-Gim lc hng trc v hng tm.
-Khi nh v s rng Z nh d sinh hin tng ct chn rng v vy nn
chn ln.
Trong ch to my , t, my bay ph bin l dung =200.

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

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Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

1.2.10.Gc cn ngoi.
tng bn knh ln y rng v tng kh nng chu ti phn u nh
ca rng nn to cho ng sinh cn ngoi ca bnh rng ny song song vi ng
sinh cn trong ca bnh rng kia trong mt cp bnh rng n khp ngha l khe h
hng knh ng u trn c chiu di rng.
Nh vy gc cn ngoi ca hai bnh rng n khp c tnh nh sau:
h1=r1+vp2
h2=r2+vp1
Trong r1 ;r2 l gc cn chia ca bnh rng ch ng v bnh rng b
ng.
vp2; vp1 l gc chn rng ca bnh ch ng v bnh b ng
h1; h2 l gc cn ngoi ca bnh rng ch ng v bnh rng b ng.
1.2.11.Gc xon ca rng
Gc xon ca rng l gc gia tip tuyn vi hng rng v ng ni tm
ca im .Gc xon thay i dc theo ng rng nn ngi ta a ra khi nim
gc xon trung bnh tb y l gc xon c xc nh im gia ca vnh rng.
la chn ng gc xon ca rng phi tnh n nh hng ca cc yu t
n khp.Tr s gc xon lin h vi h s trng khp tng.Vi bnh rng tr rng
thng h s trng khp =1; vi bnh rng nghing >1, vi bnh rng cn rng
cong gc cng ln th cng tng, iu dn n kt qu l b truyn lm vic
m hn.Theo kinh nghim tt nht ta nn chn sao cho =2.
Tuy vy gc cng tng th lc chiu trc tng gy mn dng rng v kh
khn cho vic thit k .Vi quan im m bo bn ca rng v tnh m trong
qu trnh n khp, hp l nht nn chn gc xon sao cho >2 mt cht, lm cho
lun c hai rng n khp.
Trong thi gian gn y hay s dng gc xon trung bnh tb=250400.
1.2.12.Chn hng rng
SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

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Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

Ta xc nh hng rng bng cch nhn vo vnh rng v i t tm vnh


rng i ra, nu hng rng ngc chiu kim ng h l xon tri v ngc li xui
theo chiu kim ng h l xon phi.
Mt cp rng i tip th c hng rng ngc chiu nhau.
Trong t, my ko bnh rng ch ng lun b y ra khi tm nn thng
chn bnh ch ng c hng xon tri, cn bnh b ng xon phi.
1.2.13.Chn chiu rng vnh rng b.
Vi bnh rng tr mun rng kh nng ti ta tng m un m hay tng chiu
rng vnh rng b.Trng hp bnh rng cn rng cong khng ging nh th.Vi
bnh rng cn rng cong chiu rng vnh rng b khng c vt qu tr s ch ra
di y:
bmax1=1,36.R=0,3 Re; bmax2=10ms
Tng chiu rng vnh rng b so vi cc tr s trn khng nhng khng tng
bn v kh nng lm vic ca b truyn m c th h thp nhng ch tiu bi
v khi tng chiu rng vnh rng mt cch qu ng,kch thc rng u ngoi
v u trong khc nhau ng k, nn c s tp trung ti trng u b ca
rng.Hn na tng b qu ng lm cho nh rng ngy cng b, dao vo ct kh
hn.
1.2.14.S dch chnh bnh rng.
Dch chnh bnh rng c tc dng ci thin cht lng n khp.B truyn
bnh rng dch chnh chu ti cao hn b truyn khng dch chnh,sc bn tip xc
c th tng 25%, sc bn un c th tng 100%, kh nng chng mn chng dnh
tng.Ngoi ra khi thit k nhng b truyn c khong cch trc cho trc nhiu khi
phi dng bnh rng dch chnh.
C nhng loi dch chnh sau:
-Dch chnh theo chiu cao
-Dch chnh tip tuyn
SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

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Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

Trong dch chnh theo chiu cao c dch chnh u v dch chnh gi
a)

Dch chnh chiu cao


Bn cht ca dch chnh theo chiu cao l profil ca bnh rng nhn c s

dch chuyn v tr, khi chiu cao u rng mt bnh rng c tng mt lng
m cn chiu cao chn rng gim i vi cng lng .Vi bnh rng th hai s c
s thay i chiu cao u rng v tng chiu cao chn rng.
b)

Dch chuyn gc
Thng t dng dch chuyn gc i vi bnh rng nn v phi gi nguyn

gc gia hai trc nn kh thc hin chnh gc.


Thc hin dch chnh gc (thay i gc n khp ca bnh rng c gia
cng so vi profil ca dng c) bng cch thay i tc tng ng khi bao hnh.
c)

Dch chnh tip tuyn


Thc cht ca dch chnh tip tuyn l s thay i chiu dy rng theo vng

chia, mt bnh rng c chiu dy rng tng them mt lng m. Cn bnh rng n
khp vi n chiu dy rng b gim mt lng m.Mc ch ca vic lm ny l
t c bn u ca rng c hai bnh rng.
Tr s c gi l h s dch chnh tip tuyn.Ta c n= s= .Tc l h s
dch chnh tip tuyn trong tit din php tuyn v tit din mt u l bng
nhau.H s dch chnh tip tuyn c xc nh bng cch so snh sc bn un ca
rng ch ng v bnh b ng.
1.2.15.Cc kch thc profil rng:
Ty theo dng rng (I, II, III) m ta c cch tnh profil khc nhau.
i vi rng dng I ta c:
-Chiu cao ton rng :

h=2fsms+C

-Chiu cao rng mt u:


=ms (fs+ scos)
=2fsms SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

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Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

Trong l h s dch chnh chiu cao rng.


-Chiu cao chn rng mt u.
=
-Gc cn chn rng:
tg1=

; tg2=

-Gc cn chia:
tg1=

; =90

-Gc cn ngoi:

e1= 1 +2
e2= 2 +2
-Gc cn trong :

i1= 1 +2
i2= 2+2
-ng knh vng chia:
D1=msZ1
D2=msZ2
-ng knh ngoi:
De1=D1+2 .cos 1
De2=D2+2 .cos 2
-C ly lp rp (khong cch t nh cn chia n mt ta chun )
A1=Lecos 1

1+K1

A2=Lecos 2

2+K2

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

Trong K l khong cch t giao im ca cn ngoi v cn ph n mt


trc chun.
-Chiu dy rng theo cung vng chia:
S1=ma(1,571+2ntgn+)
S2=ms-S1
Trong l h s dch chnh chiu cao (tra bng)
l h s dch chnh tip tuyn

1.3. XC NH THNG S HNH HC CA CP BNH RNG


CN RNG CONG.
Qua thc t s dng th cp bnh rng ny cha m bo v sc bn
u,bnh ch ng thng b hng trc so vi bnh b ng.Mt vn cn xem
xt l h s dch chnh v cng ngh mi rng, nhit luyn bnh rng ca cp
bnh rng .
CC S LIU BAN U
1.S rng bnh ch ng v b ng Z2:Z1=20:14
2.M un php tuyn trung bnh mms=2
3.Gc xon trung bnh s=350
4.Kiu rng
5.Gc n khp =200
6.Chiu rng vnh rng b=8mm

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Bng kt qu tnh ton

Tn gi

Cng thc

M un mt u trung bnh

mms=

Chiu di cn chia

STT

Rde=
3

M un mt u trn vnh
ngoi

ng knh chia ca bnh ch

mce=

Tnh ton
mms=

Rde=

mce=

Kt qu
2,44
33,78(mm)

2,77(mm)

dr1=mce.Z1

dr1=2,77.14

38,78(mm)

dr2=mce.Z2

dr1=2,77.20

55,4 (mm)

ng
5

ng knh chia ca bnh b


ng

Gc cn chia bnh nh

r1=arctg

r1=arctg

340

Gc cn chia bnh ln

r2=90- r1

r2=900-350

550

H s dch chnh chiu cao

).

0,20

H s dch chnh tip tuyn

(Tra bng 11_42)

=0,03

0,03

10

Chiu cao bnh rng ln v

h=h1,2=1,888.mce

h=h1,2=1,888.2,77

5,23(mm)

=2(1- ).

=2(1-

bnh rng nh
11

Chiu cao lm vic ca rng

ho=1,7.mce

ho=1,7.2,77

4,71(mm)

12

Chiu cao u rng bnh nh

hh1k=0,5ho+ .mce

hhlk=0,5.4,71+0,2.2,77

2,91(mm)

13

Chiu cao u rng bnh ln

hh2k=0,5ho- .mce

hhlk=0,5.4,71-0,2.2,77

1,8(mm)

14

Chiu cao chn rng bnh nh

hplk=h1-hhlk

hplk=5,23-2,91

2,32(mm)

15

Chiu cao chn rng bnh ln

hp2k=h1-hh2k

hp2k=5,23-1,80

3,43(mm)

16

Gc nh rng bnh nh

vh1=arctg

vh1=arctg

405525

17

Gc nh rng bnh ln

vh2=arctg

vh2=arctg

3031

18

Gc chn rng bnh nh

vp1=arctg

vp1=arctg

305544

19

Gc chn rng bnh ln

vp2=arctg

vp2=arctg

504752

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Tn gi

STT

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni


Cng thc

Tnh ton

Kt qu

20

Gc cn nh bnh nh

h1=r1+vh1

h1=350+405525

3905525

21

Gc cn nh bnh ln

h2=r2+vh2

h2=550-504752

310416

22

Gc cn chn bnh nh

p1=r1+vp1

p1=350-305544

310416

23

Gc cn chn bnh ln

p2=r2+vp2

p1=550-504752

490128

24

ng knh nh trn vnh

dh1e=dr1+2hh1kcos r1

dh1e=38,78+2.2,91.cos350

43,55

ngoi bnh nh
25

ng knh nh trn vnh

(mm)
dh2e=dr2+2hh2kcos r2

dh2e=55,4+2.1,8cos550

ngoi bnh ln
26

ng knh nh trn vng

(mm)
dh1i=dh1e-2bsin h1

dh1i=43,55-2.8.sin3905525

trong bnh nh
27

ng knh nh trn vng

Chiu cao nh cn ngoi bnh

dh2i=dh2e-2bsin h2

dh2i=57,46-2.8.sin58031

Chiu cao nh cn ngoi bnh

lh1=dh1e/2tgh1

lh1=43,55/2tg3905525

Hnh chiu rng rng bnh nh

26,02
(mm)

lh2=dh2e/2tgh2

lh2=57,46/2tg58031

ln
30

43,88
(mm)

nh
29

33,28
(mm)

trong bnh ln
28

57,46

17,92
(mm)

lb1=(dh1e- dh1i )/2tgh1

lb1=(43,55-33,28)/2tg3905525

6,14
(mm)

31

Hnh chiu rng rng bnh ln

lb2=(dh2e- dh2i )/2tgh2

lb2=(57,46-43,88)/2tg58031

4,84
(mm)

32

Chiu dy rng theo vng chia


bnh ch ng

33

Chiu dy rng theo vng chia

Sr1ec=mce(/2+2tg+

Sr1ec=2,77.(3,14/2+2.0,2.tg200)

)
Sr2ec=.mce-Sr1ec

bnh b ng

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4,84
(mm)

Sr2ec=3,14.2,77-4,84

3,86
(mm)

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15
1x45
0.01 A

3
0,6

5
1.2

1x45

45

57-0.1

240.1

55

12'8
''
49

58

15+0.02

240.1

500.1

3'1
''

0.32

1x45
R1
R3

R1

125

0.01 A

3.4
3

1.38

20

12

15

15

22

24

3
0,6

3
0.63

5
1.2

2.5

0.63

7.5

''
5'25
395

20

25

25

22

24

320.1
43-0.1
25

3.5

60

35

314
'16''

1.5 x 45

0.63

0.63

3.5
7.5
R0.5

0.01 A

R0.5

R0.5

A
0.01 A

2.32
0.01 A

A-A

3.5

2.91

Hnh 1.2 Cp bnh rng cn rng cong

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CHNG II
L THUYT TNG QUT
V S TO HNH B MT CHI TIT
2.1.NGUYN L TO HNH BNH RNG CN H GLEASON
-Vic gia cng bnh rng cn h Gleason da theo nguyn l n khp cng
bc gia bnh dt sinh tng tng (do chuyn ng ca dao to nn ) v phi
bnh rng gia cng (Hnh 1.2) dng c ct l dao phya mt u, trn c gn li
dao ct.Khi ct rng u dao s thc hin hai chuyn ng to hnh:
Bnh rang gia cng

Lu?i c?t

Tm cn

Bnh d?t sinh

Hnh 2.1: Nguyn l gia cng bnh rng cn rng cong h Gleason
-Chuyn ng quanh trc O (chiu S1)
-Chuyn ng quanh trc u dao Of vi vn tc ct V[m/p] (theo chiu S2)
-Ngoi ra phi cn chuyn ng quay S3 quanh trc ca n to ra profil
rng, bnh dt sinh v phi c ct c mi lin h ng hc vi nhau thong qua
xch bao hnh.Nu bnh dt sinh chuyn ng vi vn tc gc d v bnh rng
c ct vi k mi lin h ng hc gia chng c vit:
ibh=

Trong Zd: S rng ca bnh dt sinh


Zk:S rng ca bnh 1 hoc bnh 2 (Ch ng hoc b ng)
ibh :T s truyn chung ca xch bao hnh
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Trong qa trnh bao hnh bnh dt sinh chuyn ng quay khng ton phn
quanh trc O.
Sau mi ln gia cng song mt rnh xch bao hnh b phn gii, gi lc o
chiu quay v v tr ban u, bnh rng c thc hin phn lin tc v chun b
chu k gia cng mi c nh th cho n khi gia cng ht.
2.2.PHNG TRNH B MT BIN DNG RNG CA BNH RNG CN
RNG CONG H GLEASON:
c c s l lun nghin cu cc tham s nh hng n cht lng ca
bnh rng cn rng cong h Gleason.Chng ta kho st phng trnh b mt bnh
rng cn rng cong h Gleason.
2.2.1.Cc phng php ct:
Trc khi i vo xy dng phng trnh b mt rng chng ta kho st qua
cc phng php ct qua c mt s thong s ban u cho vic xy dng phng
trnh b mt.
C nhiu phng php khc nhau ct bnh rng cn rng cong h
Gleason, vic la chn phng php ny hay phng php kia ph thuc vo c
hnh xc ca bnh rng ct, nng sut ct, s lng dng c.Cc phng php ct
ch yu dng cho ct tinh c hai bnh rng:
Cc phng php gia cng bnh rng cn rng cong h Gleason:
-Phng php mt mt ct:Phng php ny gia cng ring b mt li v b
mt lm cho tng rng cho c bnh nh v bnh ln.
-Phng php hai mt ct n gin: gia cng hai b mt li lm ca mt
bnh rng ln(b ng) bng mt u dao, cn bnh rng nh(ch ng) th dng
hai u dao, mt mt cho mt li v mt mt cho mt lm
-Phng php hai mt kp:Ct mt li v mt lm ca c hai bnh rng
cng ng thi: mt u dao cho bn ch ng, mt u dao cho bnh b ng gi
l phng php dublex (thng dng gia cng th).
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a-Phng php mt mt ct
ct tinh bnh ln v bnh nh.Gia cng mi sn rng cn phi iu
chnh my ring t c gc xon ging nhau trn hai pha.
Dng c ct mt cp bnh rng cn rng cong h Gleason theo phng
php ny cn c bn u dao:
+Mt u dao hai mt ct th bnh ch ng.
+Mt u dao hai mt ct th bnh b ng
+Mt u dao li trong v mt u dao li ngoi ct tinh cho c hai
bnh ch ng v b ng
Phng php ny t c trng n khp tt nht v dng rng ng nht
song nng sut thp l nhc im c bn nn ch dng sn xut n chic loi
nh.
b-phng php hai mt ct gin
Phng php ny cho nng sut cao hn 50% so vi phng php mt mt
ct thng n khp v cht lng b mt rng kh tt, v th n c s dng rng
ri hin nay, c bit l trong sn xut hng lot.
Khi ct bng phng php ny cn 5 u dao:
+Mt u dao th hai mt ct cho bnh nh.
+Mt u dao th hai mt ct cho bnh ln
+Mt u tinh hai mt ct cho bnh ln
+Mt u dao ngoi mt mt ct tinh cho bnh nh
+Mt u dao trong mt mt ct tinh cho bnh nh
c-phng php hai mt kp
Phng php ny ch dng hai u dao:
+Mt u ct th cho c hai bnh ln v bnh nh
+Mt u ct tinh cho c hai bnh.

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Phng php ny thch hp nht, kinh t nht , song chnh xc t c


km nht v thng n khp xu nht.Viv vy phng php ny ch dng .
2.2.2.Phng trnh b mt rng ca bnh rng cn rng cong h Gleason
B mt rng ca bnh rng cn rng cong h Gleason c th m t di
nhiu dng khc nhau, y ch m t b mt rng di hai dng :Gii tch v ten
x.
2.2.2.1.Vit di dng gii tch:
Da vo nguyn l to hnh bnh rng cn rng cong vit ln phng
trnh b mt rng,
Kt cu ca u dao ct gm c cc li ct trong v li ct ngoi (hnh
2.2)
III
2

3
II

iv

I
I

1
Phn d?

?o chi?u

Hnh 2.2

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Theo s ct: Trong qu trnh to b mt rng bnh rng cn rng cong


c hnh thnh theo phng php bapo hnh.Hy xt h ta sau S d v Ss c
lin kt cng vi bnh rng dt sinh, So l h ta c nh (Hnh 2.3)
Khi quay u dao ct trong h trc ta Sd li ct ca dao to nn mt b
mt cn c xc nh bi phng trnh.
{
Trong : re bn knh tnh ton i vi u dai u,v thng s xc nh im N
ca b mt cn.
Xd
O

-a

Od

90

Yd

b
R1

Zd

Od

O2

Zs
R1

?
Yd

Ys

Hnh 2.3
Gi thit v tr gi t ca u dao so vi trc Os ca bnh dt sinh vi gi tr
q, Os ca bnh dt sinh vi gi tr q, Os

Nh vy trong h ta SS th b

mt ca cn li dao c xc nh theo phng trnh:

(
(

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)
)

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Trong h ta c nh So phng trnh xc nh b mt cn ca li ct


hay cn gi l b mt ca bnh rng dt sinh s c xc nh nh sau (hnh 2.4)
Xd

Od

Zo

Yd
OsOo

Xd

Zs

Yo
Ys

Hnh 2.4
{

(
(

)
)

)
(

:Gc quay ca bnh rng dt sinh.


Lc vc t php tuyn n b mt bnh rng dt sinh trong h S0Lc vc
t php tuyn n b mt bnh rng dt sinh trong h So c xc nh bi phng
trnh:
eo=iosin+cos[sin(

)jo+cos(

)ko]

a)S ct rng bnh rng Z1 v bnh rng Z2:c thc hin bi hai b mt rng
ca bnh dt sinh F v P khng trng nhau (Hnh 2.5)

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Gi thit bnh rng Z1 c ct bi phng php mt mt ct,cn bnh Z2


c ct bi hai mt ct.Khi trc quay ca bnh rng dt sinh v trc quay ca
bnh rng gia cng s to vi nhau mt gc 900-k+k
Trong :k=1,2
k:Gc cn chia ca rng ct.
k:Gc chn rng ca bnh rng ct
Nh vy b mt rng ca bnh rng c ct Z1, Z2 khng c s lin h vi
nhau. nng cao cht lng n khp vi nhau ta s a lng hiu chnh my
vo tnh ton khi ct bnh rng nh Z1.
Xn

X1

Xh

Xm

Xa
A
Xd

Zn

db2

d1

db1

d2

OmOn

ZmZf
Z1

Lsind

Zh

dL1

Lcosd-dL1

Od

Xd
OmOn

Xd
Xd

Od

Xd

Zn

O1

q1
Xd

Hnh 2.5
Xt b mt bnh rng dt sinh trong h ta c nh S m,Sn tng t nh
phng trnh (2.3) v (2.4). Thay ch s o thnh ch s m ta c phng trnh ca
bnh dt sinh F.
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( )

( )

( )

( )

)
(

2.6

Phng trnh nhn c vi gi thit dng dao ngoi gia cng mt lm


ca rng bnh rng v F=e; e gc bin dng ct. i vi b mt bnh dt sinh P
chng ta cng c th xc nh tng t ch khc thay ch s F=P v m=n.
b.Tm phng trnh ca s n khp khi ct bnh rng Z1 v bnh rng Z2.
Khi ct bnh Z1, bnh dt sinh F v bnh Z1 s quay quanh trc ca bn thn
n xm v za (hnh 2.2) vi vn tc gc F v 1. Trc xm v za s ct nhau.V tr
ca nh cn chia 01 trong h ta Sm c xc nh nh vc t:
=Lsin1.im-E1.- L1.Km
Trong E1-Lng iu chnh Hypoit
L1-Lng iu chnh dc trc
L-Chiu di mt cn chia
Nh vy vn tc chuyn ng tng i
(

(2.8)
y

:bn knh vc t ca im tip xc


: bn knh vc t dn vo im ty ca ng vc t

+cos

Chiu vc t VmF1 ln h trc ta Sm ta c phng trnh:

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)
(

)
)

Trong
S dng iu kin n khp em(F).vm(F)=0.
Lc ta s c phng trnh n khp gia b mt bnh rng dt sinh F vi bnh
rng ct Z1:
(

)
(

)
(

Tng t vi b mt bnh rng dt sinh P v bnh rng ct Z2 ta c phng trnh


n khp sau:
(

=0

(
(2.11)

Trong iF2= : T s truyn xch bao hnh khi ct bnh rng Z2.

m bo tnh n khp tt ca 2 bnh rng Z1 v Z2 chng ta cn tha mn


cc iu kin.
Bin dng rng ca bnh rng theo gc quay phi bng 0 ti im tnh ton cho
trc, tc

=0. ng thi phn tch hng ca tip tuyn n ng lm vic ti

im tnh s xc nh c vt tip xc trn b mt ca bnh rng.


H s cong ca b mt rng cn loi b kh nng giao thoa ti im tip xc v
m bo t c kch thc ca vt tip xc.
2.2.2.2.ng dng ten-x quay vit phng trnh b mt rng ca bnh rng
cong rng cn h Gleason.

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Khi nghin cu cc tnh cht c trng ca chuyn ng quay bt k trong


khng gian, ngi ta ng dng hnh hc v phn hoc gii tch vc t thit lp
phng trnh ca n.Gn y vic ng dng ten-x quay vit phng trnh b
mt rng.
Phng php ny cho php vit phng trnh n gin v d dng ng dng
trong lp trnh.
2.2.2.2.1. Thit lp cng thc tnh ten x quay.
Gi s b mt F xc nh trong h ta cc Oxyz.Mt im M trn b
mt c xc nh bi vc t c gc trng vi gc ta , mt ca vc t trng
vi im M.Cho im M quay quanh trc O i qua gc ta gc c vc t n v
(Hnh 2.6).

Z
F

90

Xb
Xt
Xk

X0

Hnh 2.6
Vc t sau khi quay i mt gc t ta k hiu . Vc t

c th phn thnh

hai thnh phn, mt thnh phn trn trc O l vc t v thnh phn th hai l

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(o,k,b kaf cc ch s ca vc t). Gi thit vc t nm trong mt phng quay ca


M v ng thi vung gc nh vy c th vit :

Vc t vung gc vi mt phng cha hai vc t v

cng nm trong mt

phng cha vc t v vc t , v vy tch c hng ca hai vc t l vc t


ta c :

Vc t
=

biu din theo ta

|=|

=|

vc t n v = (

||

th :

(2.14)

=R( ).
(2.15)
Trong R( ) l ten x phn xng tha mn iu kin :
aij=-aji
aij=0
T hnh 2.7 ta vit c vc t
=

nh l tng ca hai vc t thnh phn

cos(t) +

c th biu din nh hnh chiu


tc l:
Trong

sin(t)+

(2.16)

ln trc O sau nhn vi vc t n v

(2.17)

l tch det ca vc t n v hay cn gi l ten x ca hai vc

t n v.
T (2.12) ta c th vit :

Trong E l ten x n v c xc nh bi:

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Eij=|
Thay (2.15) , (2.16) , (2.17) vo (2.18) :

( )

( )

( )
( )

( )

.
l ten x quay tc l vc t

( )]
]

(2.19)
(2.20)

mt gc t quanh trc O m khng thay

i ln ca vc t.Vy ton b h ch quay m khng bin dng.


2.2.2.2.2.Thit lp phng trnh b mt ca bnh rng cn rng cong h Gleason.
Ct bnh rng cn rng cong bng phng php bao hnh l phng php
c dng ph bin nng cao cht lng n khp ca cp bnh rng i tip.
to hnh b mt rng ngi ta s dng dao phay mt u m trn lp nhiu li
ct l hm ca ng cong phng z=f(x) . ng cong phng ny c th l ng
trn, ng elip,parabol, epicicloit.Ty thuc vo bin dng li ct m ta c b
mt rng khc nhau.Cc li ct c b tr trn nhng vnh trn ng tm.B mt
rng ca bnh rng cn rng cong l b mt hai thng s v hai ng cong thng
s bin i trong qu trnh to hnh , trn hnh (2.2) ch ra hai v tr ca mt sinh
trn b mt rng trong qu trnh hnh thnh b mt.Trong qu trnh chuyn ng
tng i gia dao v phi, li ct ly i mt phn vt liu trn phi di dng
phoi.Phn b mt gii hn bi phn vt liu khng c ct i. chnh l b mt
sinh dng c trong qu trnh chuyn ng tng i gia phi bnh dt sinh mang
dng c ct.

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N'd

V'd
n1

Nd

m1

Vd

Hnh 2.8 Qu trnh hnh thnh mt hng rng


Ti thi im bt k trn b mt sinh F tip xc vi b mt chi tit theo
ng cong no v d ng cong n-n1 ng ny gi l ng tip xc.Ti
im tip xc bt k nh trn im K.Vn tc ti im K v V d l tip tuyn vi
ng cong ti K.V vy iu kin tip xc ca hai b mt l :

=0 (2.21)

thit lp phng trnh b mt rng cn rng cong h Gleason, ta t nh


cn chia ca bnh rng cn gia cng trng vi tm ca bnh dt sinh, mt phng
nh rng to thnh b mt tip tuyn vi mt cn chn rng ca bnh rng c
ct gc quay ca gi lc cn ln c th rng gia cng cn phi tha mn iu
kin sau :
( )

(2.22)

Trong :
: Vn tc gi lc
:Vn tc gc chi tit gia cng

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:S rng ca bnh dt sinh


:S rng ca bnh rng c ct
k:Gc

chia ca bnh rng c ct

S rng ca bnh dt sinh c xc nh theo cng thc:

(2.23)

Nu chi tit quay c mt gc l

lc phi quay c mt gc :

gia cng ht mt rnh rng th gi

(2.24)

Thit lp phng trnh mt sinh khi li ct quay quanh trc Of trng vi


trc quay ca u dao (Hnh 2.29) . B mt cn l b mt hai thng s, thng s
th nht u1 bin i theo li ct v thng s th hai u 2 l thng s chuyn ng
ca mt cn t v tr bt u n v tr kt thc mt rng, phng trnh b mt cn
vit di dng ten x:

Ten x

(2.25)

c tnh :

()

()

] (2.26)

B mt dng c vi im gc ta c nh gn vi my c phng trnh:

Trong

(2.27)

:Gc quay b mt cn sinh dng c t v tr bt u n v tr kt thc

mt mt rng.
:Vc t t gc ta n nh cn sinh
:Vc t t nh cn sinh n im chn trn li ct.
Profil li ct trong v li ct ngoi.
Gi s trong bnh rng c ct ng yn, gi lc s quay quanh trc ca n
vi ten x quay l
[

()

( )

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

()

(2.28)

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

ng thi n quay quanh trc bnh rng c ct vi ten x quay


[

()

()

(2.29)

im mi B dng c ct l im u tin tham gia ct gia chi tit v dng


c phng trnh im ct ny c th vit di dng ten x:
(

K=

(2.30)

Trong u1 : Thng s chy trn li ca dng c ct v tha mn iu kin :


iu kin mt sinh c bao hnh l :
Det[

]=0

(2.31)

Trong

(2.32)

(2.33)

?k

a1

d?u dao

aE

Ok
OX

Of

B
K0

OZ
OY

Z
Bnh rang
?Z

Hnh 2.9 H vc t xc nh ta im b mt hng rng

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

(
( )+ p

+p
p

(2.34)

)x

) (2.35)

Thay (2.32); (2.33); (2.35) vo (2.31) ta c :


|

(
( )

)
(

|=0 (2.36)

T (2.36) ta c u1 :
u1= u1(u2, )

(2.37)

Thay (2.37) vo phng trnh (2.30) ta c phng trnh biu din b mt


rng ca bnh rng cn rng cong h Gleason:
=

) (2.38)

T phn tch trn cho thy vic thit lp phng trnh b mt rng bng
phng php ten x quay n gin hn so vi phng php gii tch.Vi phng
trnh b mt dng ten x quay thit lp chng trnh m phng cho b mt ny
trn my tnh.

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

Chng III
TNH TON THIT K U DAO GIA CNG BNH RNG
CN RNG CONG H GLEASON.
3.1. NGUYN L GIA CNG BNH RNG CN RNG CONG H
GLEASON.
-Vic gia cng bnh rng cn xon h Gleason da theo nguyn l n khp cng
bc gia bnh rng dt sinh tng tng (do chuyn ng ca dao to nn) v phi
bnh rng gia cng.Dng c ct l dao phay mt u trn c gn li dao
ct.Khi gia ct rng u dao s thc hin hai chuyn ng to hnh:
+)Chuyn ng quay quanh trc O (theo chiu S1)
+)Chuyn ng quay theo trc u dao Of vi vn tc ct V (m/ph) ( theo chiu
S2) .Chuyn ng S2 l chuyn ng to hnh n gin to ra chiu di rng.Ngoi
ra phi cn chuyn ng quay S3 quanh trc ca n.
Bnh dt sinh Zd c thay th bng a g lc l, trn lp u dao 3 c tm
quay nn trn v lch so vi tm ca a g.Trn u dao phay c lp cc dao c
dng hnh thang.Khi iu chnh my gia cng phi sao cho nh nn chia ca
bnh rng gia cng trng vi nh ca bnh dt sinh, mt phng u rng ca dao
tip xc vi mt nn chn rng.
u dao phay 3 quay vi vn tc V, vn tc ny khng c mi lin kt ng hc
vi cc chuyn ng khc ca my.
Gi lc l (trn c gn u dao) cng vi phi quay vi vn tc gc

cc vn tc ny cho trc bng t s truyn n khp ca bnh dt sinh tng tng


(ch s rng Zd) v bnh rng (s rng Z1 hoc Z2)
I1,2=

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

T s truyn c thit lp bng cc bnh rng thay th a 1;b1;c1;d1. V li


dao to thnh rng ca bnh dt sinh tng tng cho nn chng to mt li v
mt lm ca rnh rng ca bnh rng gia cng.
bao hnh ng nh cn chia ca bnh rng gia cng phi trng vi tm
bnh dt sinh Sd. Gc bao hnh phi ln ct ht ton b rnh rng.
ia g l?c lu

Bnh d?t sinh tu?ng tu?ng

Bnh rang gia


cng ( Z1, Z2 )

?u chia
?u dao c?t

D1
C1 B1
A1

Lu?i dao c?t

90

?u dao

Bnh d?t sinh


Bnh rang gia cng

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

Hnh 3.1

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

Trong qu trnh bao hnh bnh dt sinh thc hin chuyn ng quay khng
ton phn xung quanh trc O.Sau mi ln gia cng xong mt rnh rng xch bao
hnh b phn gii gi lc o chiu quay v v tr ban u, bnh rng c ct thc
hin phn lin tc v chun b chu k gia cng mi, c nh th cho n khi gia
cng ht rng.
3.2.C S L THUYT CH TO BNH RNG GLEASON.
L thuyt ch to bnh rng Gleason rt phc tp, v th ta ch a ra mt

b/2

b/2

s khi nim v thng s c bn s dng .

Pi2

Pe2
Pi1

Pe1
Pi2'
Pi1'

Ren'

Ren

Rds

Pe2'
Pe1'

Hnh 3.2
Trn hnh v biu din khai trin mt tit din ca cc cn chia bnh rng
ch ng 1 v b ng 2.Mt bn ca rnh Pi2Pe2 c to ln bng li ct ngoi
ca u dao c bn knh ren. Mt li

c to thnh bng li ct trong

c bn knh rin. Cng mt dng c ct bnh rng c ng 1 m sn rng li

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Pi1Pe1 n khp vi Pi2Pe2 v

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

. Cc profil n khp c cc bn knh cong ca

rng khc nhau v phi n khp ti Ps v Ps . t c s n khp ti u ca


bh rng Gleason phi tha mn hai iu kin :
+)im tip xc ca cc rng phi nm gia chiu rng ti khong cch R ds
ca ng sinh cn chia.
+)Vng tip xc phi tri sut chiu di cn chia ( khng c tip xc
cho) v c phm vi nht nh (1/12-3/4 chiu rng vnh rng b).
Yu cu th nht t c bng vic chn h thng s liu dao phay.Trng
tip xc t c bng vic iu chnh my, dng c v cht gia cng.
Ti im gia (cc profil v chiu di rng) ta c s tip xc chnh ca cc
rng.Cc li ct ca u dao to thnh vin rng ca bnh dt sinh v nm trong
mt phng vung gc vi ng sinh cn chn rng:

S hiu dao c th c chn theo day t 31/2 n 201/2.


3.3.CC LOI U DAO GLEASON.
Ta c th phn bit cc loi u dao Gleason theo ba nhm chnh sau:
-u dao rng lin thn
-u dao c gn cc nhm li dao
-u dao c li dao kp bng c kh
Hin nay loi th 3 c dng nhiu nht.Loi dao rng lin thn c s
dng ct bnh rng c m un nh.
Theo phng php lm vic c 3 loi:
-u dao ct th hai mt ct
-u dao ct tinh hai mt ct v mt mt ct
-u dao c bit (Formate,Cyclex)

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

u dao mt mt ct ch c hoc cc li dao ngoi hoc cc li dao


trong.u dao hai mt ct c c li ct ngoi v li ct trong xen k,hoc cn
c lp thm dao gia ct th (Triplex). Theo chiu quay ca u dao khi lm
vic ta phn ra u dao ct tri v dao ct phi.
3.3.1.u dao phay cn rng cong kp bng c kh
u dao cn xon kp dao bng c kh c dng cho ng knh danh ngha
dn=31/2 n 181/2 (tr phng php bn dao hnh mt mt ct v bn dao hnh n
gin).
3.3.1.1.u dao phay th.
u dao c kt cu nhiu b phn.Thn dao 1 c cc rnh lp li dao 2
bng cc bu long 3.u dao 1 khng cn iu chnh chnh xc theo hng knh v
th khng cn chem..iu chnh nh dao ct tinh.m 4 dng lp t c
kch thc danh ngha dn.Chiu cao ca dao c xc nh bng m 5 gn vi
thn bng bu long 6.Rnh then 8 dng truyn m men.Hai bu long 9 dng
tho u dao ra khi trc cn trn my.Nt 10 ng du k hiu gi tr u dao
theo tng b phn v lng m Shn.
u dao th 2 mt ct c lp xen k dao ngoi E, dao trong I. Dao gia M
c s dng gim ti trng cho dao trong v dao ngoi.u dao ct th c hai
h thng lp li dao.H thng th nht lp theo th t dao gia-trong-gia-ngoi
(Gi l dao Triplex).Tui th ca dao Triplex phi ln gp 3-4 ln u dao thng
thng.Nhng u dao ny ch ct th bnh ln nu gc cn chia $r>580.H
thng th hai ny c s dng lp theo dao gia-trong-ngoi.
3.3.1.2.u dao phay tinh.
u dao phay tinh kp dao bng c kh c kt cu gn going u dao phay
th.Thn dao 1 rnh kp dao 2, cc bu long kp 3 , m 4 chm 5, vt 6. o ca
li dao phay tinh khng c vt qu 0,002mm.Ngoi ra cc b phn 7,8,9,10
u c nhim v nh dao ct th.u dao phay cn xon Gleason khng phi l
SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

dng c vn nng nh dao phay ln.Vic thit k da trn cc thng s nh: M


un cho trc, phm vi chiu di cn nguyn bn Rds, chiu cao rng ho, chiu rng
vnh rng b, s rng Z1,2.
3.4.XC NH KCH THC THIT K CA U DAO.
thit k c u dao trc ht ta phi xc nh nhng thng s c bn
sau y:
1.S liu dao v gc profil li ct
2.ng knh danh ngha ca u dao dn
3.S lng dao ct Zn lng m u dao Sn
4.ng knh lm vic ca u dao de,in
5.Khong cch c bn bhe,i, chiu rng m bpe,i
6.Thng s hnh hc
3.4.1.S hiu dao
Ta dn sut phng trnh s hiu dao ct:
Nn=
Hng Gleason quy nh dy s hiu Nn=41/2, 51/2, 61/2, 71/2, 81/2, 91/2, 101/2,
Sau khi tnh ton xong ta quy trn theo gi tr tiu chun gn nht.
Gc xon trung bnh thc t

s c tnh:

Gc xon ny s c s dng trong sut qu trnh tnh ton thit k u


dao.
-Gc profil ca li ct: Gi tr gc profil ca li ct s khc gc n khp
. m bo gc n khp ging nhau trn b mt rng th profil din ca dao
ngoi s gim v ca li ct trong s tng trong cng mt lng
3.4.2.ng knh danh ngha ca u dao dn

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

ng knh danh ngha dao dn ca u dao, c to bi ng knh ca


vng trn ng tm vi trc dng c v i qua tm rnh rng gia cng.Vic la
chn kch thc ny ph thuc vo chiu di ng sinh cn chia R dc, chiu rng
vnh rng b, chiu cao rng he, m un mn gc xon trung bnh

v iu kin gia

cng.C th xc nh ng knh danh ngha u dao mt cch gn ng nh sau:


Dn=

Cng c th chn ng knh dn gn bng hai ln chiu di cn nguyn bn


ca bnh rng gia cng.
Theo l thuyt th i vi mi mt chiu di cn nguyn bn Rde phi c mt
u dao ring. gim bt s lng ln u dao ta quy nh mt dy gm 10 u
dao sau y :1/2;11/10;11/2; 2;31/2;6;7;9;12 v 18
3.4.3.S lng dao Zn
S lng dao ct ph thuc vo ng knh danh ngha ca u dao v phng
php ct. t nng sut gia cng v tui bn nht, ta c gng chn Z n nhiu
nht.i vi dao mt mt ct v dao ct th th vic chn Zn theo quy lut trn c
th tha mn v trong qu trnh ct phng v ln lc ct khng thay i.i
vi u dao 2 mt ct tinh th c thay i v s hng v ln lc ct, do c
th gy ra rung ng, bin dng, v th s lng dao ct ch chn sao cho khi ct
ch c mt dao vo khp.iu phi tha mn:

3.4.4.Lng m dao ct Sn (Chiu rng lm vic ca dao)


Lng m dao ct c xc nh bng khong cch t mi dao phi n mi
dao tri ca u dao, u dao hai mt ct y l kch thc thc t c iu
chnh bng chiu dy ming m. u dao mt mt ct ta khng k hiu lng

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

m nhng vic tnh ton n phc v cho vic xc nh ng knh lm vic d en ,din
ca dao ngoi v dao trong.Lng m dao ct phi lun ln hn chiu dy nh
dao Shn. u dao ct th th chiu dy nh khng c php nh hn mt na
lng m khng b st trn phn cn chn rng vt liu tha. ln ca lng
m ph thuc vo phng php gia cng, kch thc rnh rng chn. i vi u
dao ct th lng m c tnh theo chiu rng php tuyn ca rnh rng trn
phn u trong ca rng.Nu k hiu Sr2ec l chiu di rng trn vng trn chia
pha mt ngoi ca bnh rng cn th chiu rng php tuyn rnh rng trn chn
rng ca bnh nh s l :
Sp M1e=Srec

-2(hpl+

Trn mt phng ca bnh rng cn ta c:


SpMi=SpMe=
Khi ct th phi lng d

cho gia cng tinh.V vy lng m cho

dao ct tinh c tnh :


Sn=SpMi-2
Vi bnh ch ng:
[

Vi bnh b ng:

Trong hp1 , h2 l chiu cao chn rng ca bnh ch ng v bnh b ng


;

l gi tr tng thm ca chiu cao gim nh ti trng nh dao khi gia cng
tinh.Gi tr ny cho theo m un:
Mn<2,5mm
Mn=2,5-8mm

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

Mn>8mm
Lng d gia cng tinh:
Mn=2-2,75mm

=0,25mm

Mn=3-4mm
Mn=4,25-5,25mm
Mn=5,5-9mm
Vi bnh rng c mn<2 th khng c

.Khi s dng phng php hai mt

ct n gin, bnh ch ng c ct tinh bng dao mt mt ct.Lc lng m


c chn theo kch thc ca ng knh danh ngha.Nu tnh c lng m ca
dao ct tinh th ta tnh c lng m ca dao ct th.
Sn1=

Trong tce = mce l bc trn cung rng vnh ngoi.i vi dao ct tinh
hai mt ct th lng m

:
Sn2=

Lng m u dao ct th cho bnh b ng:


Sn2-2
Khi dng phng php hai mt ct kp ( cho mn>2) th lng m dao ct
tnh cho bnh ch ng v bnh b ng c xc nh theo chiu rng chn rng
trong tit din php tuyn trung bnh:
[
Lng m dao ct th c tnh :
Sn1=
Gi tr Sm1 v Sm2 c tnh nh sau :

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

Trong :

3.4.5.Thng s hnh hc.


Thng s hnh hc ca phn ct u dao cn rng cong ta chia ra ba loi :
Cc gc lm vic ca u dao, cc gc tnh ca u dao, cc gc tnh ca li
dao.Trong mi nhm c gc nh (ch s H) v gc mt bn (ch s B).Khi dao
lm vic ,cc gc trc, gc sau trong tit din ngang rt quan trng.
a)Gc tnh ca u dao:
Khi ch to v mi sc u dao iu cn thit trc ht l phi bit gi tr
gc trc trong tit din ngang( phn bit vi gc tnh ca dao bng ch s t)
180=90+(90-

Trong : -arc
:Gc trong tit din ngang ca dao

arc

Tng t ta c cho li ct trong:

arc

Trong U l mt na chiu rng dao (kch thc ny c tiu chun


ha hoc c xc nh t phn kp dao v phn hnh dng u dao). Gc y khc
nhau i vi dao ngoi v dao trong.
Gc nng ca li ct bn ca u dao bng 0 (

) bi v li ct phi

nm trong mt phng cha trc u dao.Gc trc php tuyn


c ngha n vic phn tch s to phi v s mi mn dao.

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

v nh

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

Li ct ngoi :

cotg
cotg

cotg

Li ct trong :

cotg
Gc nng li ct ca nh dao:

i vi u dao Gleason th chn

cho vt liu c cng

v kh nng gia cng trung bnh.Khi gia cng vt liu do v tng cht lng b
mt rng th nn chn

. Li dao gia c gc trc trong tit

din ngang
. Mt trc c mi sc vi gc trc nh

c th mi sut

ton b profil hoc ch mi mt phn u dao.


Vi dao gia ta c:
cotg

cotg

Gc nng li ct nh
Gc sau nh dao thng chn
ln gc sau nh dao phi m bo sao cho gc sau
Tui bn ca dao phi tha mn 3 iu kin ( c u dao mi v u dao mi
li )
1.m bo thng v s bt bin ca gc profil li trong bt k tit
din chiu trc no.

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

2.Gi c ng knh lm vic khng thay i khi nh hng n


ln v v tr trng n khp.
3.Gc sau khng thay i trong sut tui th ca dao tui bn ca dao
c ng u.
Tha mn 3 iu kin trn ch c mt xon vt acsimet, bc xon c tnh
Hzn=
Bi th vi mt im bt k ca profil phi tha mn

b)Gc tnh ca li dao:


Gc tnh ca li dao c ngha cho vic ch to thnh phm v la chn
thng s hnh hc phn ct ca dao.
Gc sau ca dao trng thi tnh trng vi gc sau ca u dao.Gc sc
nh dao
Gc trc ca dao trong tit din ngang ca li ct ngoi v li ct trong:

Gc trc trn nh dao

v gc nng

Ta c:

Tng t ta c cng thc cho li ct trong.


i vi dao gia:

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

V vy gc trc php tuyn mt ca mt bn dao:

Gc nng ca li ct bn:

c)Cc gc lm vic ca dao:


Cc gc lm vic ( thng s ng hc,thng s cng ngh) ca thng s hnh
hc phn ct c lin quan n cc chuyn ng ct v v tr ca dng c ct i vi
chi tit gia cng.
3.4.6.Chn hng quay ca u dao.
Khi nhn t pha sau th u dao phi c chiu chuyn ng theo hng kim
ng h ,cn u dao quay tri th ngc li.Nu hng quay ca u dao v
hng xon ca chi tit gia cng ging nhau th u dao lun lun ct t vnh
trong ra vnh ngoi.Vi bnh rng c t s truyn i

th chn hng quay

u dao th v u dao tinh cng chiu vi hng xon ca chi tit gia cng.Vi
I=1:1 v 2:1 th chn ngc li.Ni chung khi bnh rng c s rng t th nn s
dng dao quay phi nng cao cht lng bnh rng v tng tui bn ca dao.
3.4.7.Dng mt bn ca dao ct.
Mt bn l mt trong nhng yu t kt cu quan trng ca dao ct, pfrofil
rng ca dao ty thuc vo dng mt bn .N cn tha mn nhng iu kin sau:
-Gi c dng thng ca cnh ct trn dao ngoi v trong tit din bt k
i qua trc u dao, iu quan trng i vi s tip xc im ca profil cp
bnh rng.
-Gi c gc profil

khng thay i tit din hng knh bt k

v gc n khp ca cp bnh rng tng ng vi chng.

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

-Gi c tr s khng thay i ca ng knh nh dao ct ngoi v trong


v chng nh hng n tr s v v tr vng tip xc vi profil.
-Gi c cc gc sau l nhng hng s bt k tit din hng knh no.
Nhng yu cu trn cng cn phi m bo sau mi ln mi sc li, t
c nhng iu mt lm vic bn ca dao ct phi c dng xon Acsimet.Mt
nhn c bng cch ht lng dng mt bn ca dao ct.
BNG XC NH CC THNG S CA U DAO
Tn gi

Cng thc

Kt qu

Tnh ton

ng knh danh

58,59mm

ngha u dao

50,8 mm
Chn dn

Gc xon trung bnh


Tng gc chn rng

=350
vp1+vp2

S hiu dao
Chn N

theo tiu chun

305544+504752

350
904136
16,737

Theo tiu chun

16

Gc xon thc t

3305537

Chiu di trung bnh

29,78 mm

ng sinh con ln
Chiu di ng

25,78 mm

sinh cn chia t nh
cn n u nh ca
bnh rng
Khong nh v

15,60 mm

ngang trn my
Khong nh v
ng trn my

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

21,08 mm

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni


(

Gc xon u

0,6402
3904824

ngoi
(

Gc xon u

0,475
28 2142
0

trong

Chiu rng rnh

1,27 mm

bnh rng nh trn


u hp
Chiu rng rnh

1,21 mm

bnh rng ln trn


u hp
1,12mm
Lng m u dao

Sn1=SM1icos

Sn1=1,27cos2802142

Sn2=SM2icos

Sn1=1,21cos2802142

1,06

Sn min(Sn1,Sn2)

Sn min(1,12:06)

1mm

Den=dn+Sn

Den=50,8+1

51,8mm

Din=dn-Sn

Din=50,8-1

49,8mm

ct bnh rng nh
Lng m u dao
ct bnh rng ln
Lng m chung
cho c hai dao
ng knh ct gt
ca dao ngoi
ng knh ct gt
ca dao trong

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

0.75

354'6''
0.75

20

20

1845'

2025'

2115'

1745'
224'19''

+0.02

57,3

51.80.01
43.5-0.02

0,32

0,32

8+0.1

0.01 A

25.4

0,32

0,32

0,32

0,63

28

0.01 A

8.4
4

0,32

0,63

0,32
25.4-0.02

224'

700.01

11.3+0.02
18

191'

C-C

28

30

28
4

0,

32

Hnh 3.3 u dao phay bnh rng cn rng cong

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28

25.4

8+0.1

12

12

49.8

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Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

Chng IV
QUI TRNH CNG NGH GIA CNG U DAO CT BNH RNG CN
XON H GLEASON
4.1.TNH LNG D GIA CNG
Nguyn cng:Tin th mt tr ngoi
-Phi: Cn-Rn
-Vt liu:Thp gi P18, trng lng 1,207kg
1.nh v v kp cht
*nh v
-Mm cp 3 chu t nh tm hn ch 4 bc t do
-Mt u hn ch 1 bc t do
*Kp cht:
Bng mm cp 3 chu dng nh v trn
2.Tnh ton lng d:
Tra bng 10 STCNCTM ta c :
RZa=150m;Ta=200 m
Sau gia cng:
RZa=50 m;Ta=50 m
a)Sai lch khng gian c tnh nh sau:
-Chi tit dng trc,phi rn:
=
Trong : c, sai s do cong, lch
cm, sai s do lch tm
c=K.L
Theo bng 15:K=1, L=35

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Suy ra c=1.35=35 m=0,035mm


Theo bng 17 (Sch TKDACNCTM): cm=0,7mm (Trng lng phi t
0,63-1,6kg).
Nh vy sai lch khng gian tng cng:
=

Sai lch khng gian cn li:


-Sau tin th; 1=0,06.=0,06.701=42 m
-Sau tin tinh =0
b)Lng d nh nht c xc nh nh sau:
(Theo sch HDTKDACNCTM)

2Zmin=2(Rzai-1+Tai-1+
Khi cp bng mm cp 3 chu :
2Zmin=(2Rzai-1+Tai-1+

Tin th 2Zmin=2(150+200+701)=2102 m
Tin tinh 2Zmin=2(50+50+42)=284 m
ng knh phi nh nht sau khi tin th l :
71,7+0,28=71,98mm
ng knh phi nh nht trc khi tin th l:
71,98+2,1=74,08mm
Kch thc gii hn dung sai khi tin: 600 m
Dung sai phi:2000 m
(sch s tay CNCTM-2000)-vt liu thp gi-phi rn
ng knh ln nht ca chi tit sau tin th l:
71,98+0,6=72,58mm
ng knh ln nht ca phi l:
74,08+2=76,08mm
2Zmax=76,08-72,7=7,2mm
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Ta c 2Zmax-2Zmin=4,2-2,8=1,4mm=1400 m
mtha mn.

M
Bng tnh lng d mt tr ngoi:
Cc

Ta

Rza

250

150
50

dmin

dmax

2000

74.900

76.900

1000

600

72.100

72.700

600

2Zmin

2Zmax

2800

4200

bc
Phi

Tin th 50

4.2.TNH TON CHO NGUYN CNG TIN


1.Ch ct khi tin ng knh ngoi:
D=75(phi) n d=72( chi tit), t=1,5mm
-Tin th mt ln Zb=1,5mm
-Dao T15K6,450-TCVN
-Lng chy dao:S=1,04mm/V
Tc ct: (Theo s tay CNCTM-2000)
(m/ph)
T=120 pht (tui bn ca dao T15K16). S dng mt dao.
m=0,25;Cv=187 (Khi c dung dch bi trn ngui)
xv=0;yv=0,45.
Kv=Kuv.KmvKovKnv
Kv:H s iu chnh vn tc
Kuv:H s tnh n vt liu dng c ct Kuv=1,54
(chn theo bng 5-14-s tay CNCTM-2000)
Kov:H s ph thuc vo dng ca gia cng Kov=1,48
(chn theo bng 5-15-s tay CNCTM-2000)
Kmv:H s tnh n c l vt liu gia cng Kmv=0,75

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(chn theo bng 5-212-s tay CNCTM-2000)


Knv:H s tnh n trng thi b mt phi Knv=0,8
(chn theo bng 5-13-s tay CNCTM-2000)
Thay s ta c:
Kv=1,54.0,75.1,48.0,8=1,368

V=

=70,6(m/ph)

n=(1000V)/(3,14D)=(1000.70,6)/(3,14.72)=315(v/ph)
2.Lc ct
Pz=
(Theo s tay CNCTM-2000)
Cpz=300;Xpz=1;ypz=0,75;npz=-0,15
Kpz=Kmp
Trong :
Kmp:H s k n c l ca vt liu
Kmp=
(Theo s tay CNCTM-2000)
Kpz=1
Pz=300.1,51.1,040,75.47,25-0,15.1=260(kg)
3.Lc hng knh:
Py=
Cpy=243;Xpy=0,6;ypy=0,75;npy=-0,3;Kpy=1
(Theo s tay CNCTM-2000)
Py=243.1,50,6.1,040,75.47,25-0,3.1=100(kg)
4.Lc chy dao
Px=
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Cpx=339;Xpx=1;ypx=0,5;npx=-0,4;Kpx=1
Px=339.1,51.1,040,5.47,25-0,4.1=94,6(kg)
Cng sut hiu dng (Cng sut ct)
N=

(Kw)

Pz=260
(

V=47,25N=

4.3..TRNH T CC NGUYN CNG


Nguyn cng I:Ct phi
1.Kch thc phi:
Gtng=Gf+Gox+Gt
Gf:Trng lng phi.
Gf=V.

Trong :
Trng lng ca thp gi (

L=35mm=0,35dm
Gf=
Gox,Gt:Trng lng ca vt liu b oxi ha v ct b sau khi rn.
Gox+Gf=0,025G1=0,025.1,178(kg)
Trng lng ca phi cn ct l:
Gtng=1,178+0,029=1,207kg.
Ta dng phi cn sau rn-chn lm tng c tnh.
Chn phi thanh c ng knh 65mm,tnh chiu di ca phi cn ct l L:
Theo cng thc:
V=

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Suy ra L=
Mt khc: V=Gtng/
(

L=4.Gtng/(

1.Gi phi
nh v, kp cht vo ng knh ngoi ca phi nh hai kh V v chn 1
bc bng c chn.

651

471

2.Chn my.
S dng my ca ngay-thy lc 812
3.Dao.
Li ct ca my ngang P.18 b dy B=2,5mm
4.Ch ct:
Tra bng X-50 (S tay CNCTM-2000)
Vi
Bc

My

Dao

B(mm)

V(V/ph)

812

P18

2,5

21

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Nguyn cng II:Rn phi


1.Mc ch
Rn phi nhm mc ch ci thin t chc kim loi ca phi thp cn.
Khc phc tnh khng ng u cc bt trong phi thp cn my, khi rn,li cc
bt b tan v, v cc mng tinh th b x lch lm mt cc vt nt ran t vi do s
thm tch v lm mt cc l rng trong phi, t cc t chc kim loi c ci
thin.
Rn phi lm tng c tnh ca vt liu,lm tng tui bn ca dng c sau ch
to ln 25% thi gian phc v.
a)Vi dng sn xut nh
Ta chn phng php rn khun n gin, yu cu thit b n gin
b)Ch rn
Thp gi P18 c nhit rn cao, dn nhit km, trnh rn nt rn nhit
>9000.
+Nhit bt u rn: tbd=1150-12000C
+Nhit kt thc rn :tkt=900-9200C
Kch thc phi sau khi rn:

752

352

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Nguyn cng III: phi


1.Mc ch
Thp gi l loi thp d ti, c th ti ngay trong khng kh.V vy sau khi
).

rn, phi c cng kh cao (

to iu kin d dng cho cc nguyn cng sau, phi tin hnh phi sau
khi rn nhm mc ch gim cng ca thp.
2.Phng php .
-Xp phi trong thng kn, ln cht vo than hay ci kh
-C th dng mui nng chy chng oxi ha v thot cacbon.
*Ch :
Giai on 1:Nung n nhit 8400-8700 v gi trong khong 3-5 gi, sau
ngui cng l.
-)Yu cu:
*Sau khi cng phi cn 217-255HB
*Trc khi gia cng cn phi kim tra li cht lng phi
tC
t ? = 780 - 800
Ngu?i cng l = 30C/h
400C
Ngu?i ngoi khng kh
14(h)

t(gi?)

Nguyn cng IV:Tin mt ngoi v mt mt u


1.nh v v kp cht
+)Chn mt tr ngoi lm chun th nh v 4 bc t do, mt u 1 bc
+)Kp cht trn mm cp 3 chu t nh tm

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2.My :My tin 1K62


Thng s k thut (bng 9-4)
ng knh gia cng ln nht Dmax=400mm
Khong cch gia hai mi tm:1400mm
S cp tc trc chnh 23
Gii hn vng quay trc chnh 25-2000
Cng sut ng c 10Kw
Rz40

Rz40
730.2

Sd
0.2

33.5

Sn
3.Dao ct v ch ct:
Bc 1:Tin th mt u:
-Dao T15K6 16x25x140.450TCVN (bng 4-4)
-Ch ct:t=2mm;S=0,6(mm/v) (bng 5-60)
-Vb=188(m/ph) (bng 5-64)
-H s ph thuc vo chu k bn:K1=0,92
-H s ph thuc vo gc nghing chnh K2=1
-H s ph thuc vo trng thi b mt K3=1
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(m/ph)

Do
n= (

=734(v/ph)

Chn n=800v/ph (tc trong my 1K62)


(m/ph)

Vy

Cng sut ct yu cu N=4,9Kw (bng 5-68)


Bc 2:Tin th ng knh ngoi.
-Dao T15K6 16x25x140.450TCVN (bng 4-4)
-Ch ct:t=1,5mm;S=1,06(mm/v) (bng 5-60)
-Vb=144(m/ph) (bng 5-64)
-H s ph thuc vo chu k bn:K1=0,92
-H s ph thuc vo gc nghing chnh K2=1
-H s ph thuc vo trng thi b mt K3=1
Do

(m/ph)

n= (

=562(v/ph)

Chn n=640v/ph (tc trong my 1K62)


(m/ph)

Vy

Cng sut ct yu cu N=4,1Kw (bng 5-68)


Bc

My

Dao

t(mm)

S(mm/v)

n(v/ph)

V(m/ph)

1K62

T15K6

0,6

800

188,5

1K62

T15K6

0,6

640

150

Nguyn cng V:Tin mt ngoi v mt u cn li


1.nh v v kp cht
+)Chn mt tr ngoi lm chun th nh v 4 bc t do, mt u 1 bc
+)Kp cht trn mm cp 3 chu t nh tm

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2.My :My tin 1K62


Thng s k thut (bng 9-4)
ng knh gia cng ln nht Dmax=400mm
Khong cch gia hai mi tm:1400mm
S cp tc trc chnh 23
Gii hn vng quay trc chnh 25-2000
Cng sut ng c 10Kw

n
Rz20

25-0.1

224'

3.Dao ct v ch ct:
Bc 1:Tin th mt u:
-Dao T15K6 16x25x140.450TCVN (bng 4-4)
-Ch ct:t=2mm;S=0,6(mm/v) (bng 5-60)
-Vb=188(m/ph) (bng 5-64)
-H s ph thuc vo chu k bn:K1=0,92
-H s ph thuc vo gc nghing chnh K2=1
-H s ph thuc vo trng thi b mt K3=1
(m/ph)

Do
n= (

=734(v/ph)

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Chn n=800v/ph (tc trong my 1K62)


(m/ph)

Vy

Cng sut ct yu cu N=4,9Kw (bng 5-68)


Bc 2:Tin th ng knh ngoi.
-Dao T15K6 16x25x140.450TCVN (bng 4-4)
-Ch ct:t=1,5mm;S=1,06(mm/v) (bng 5-60)
-Vb=144(m/ph) (bng 5-64)
-H s ph thuc vo chu k bn:K1=0,92
-H s ph thuc vo gc nghing chnh K2=1
-H s ph thuc vo trng thi b mt K3=1
Do

(m/ph)

n= (

=562(v/ph)

Chn n=640v/ph (tc trong my 1K62)


(m/ph)

Vy

Cng sut ct yu cu N=4,1Kw (bng 5-68)


Bc

My

Dao

t(mm)

S(mm/v)

n(v/ph)

V(m/ph)

1K62

T15K6

0,6

800

188,5

1K62

T15K6

0,6

640

150

Nguyn cng VI:Mi hai mt phng


1.nh v v kp cht:
-nh v bng mt u hn ch 3 bc t do.
-Kp cht bng bn t
2.My:Chn loi my 3740B.
Thng s k thut : (Bng 9-58)

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-ng knh phi 40-400mm


-Chiu cao phi ln nht 160mm
-Tc quay ca 1670(v/ph)
-Tc quay ca bn 15-180(v/ph)
-Cng sut ng c truyn dn chnh 11Kw

nd

nct

3.Chn v ch ct:
- mi 320-40-40 mi profil thng
-Ch ct:
Bc 1:Mi th
Chiu su ct t=0,015 (mm)
Lng chy dao ngang theo vng quay ca bn Sn=25(mm/v)
Tc quay ca bn nct=50(v/ph)
Tc chuyn ng ca chi tit
Vct=

(m/ph)

Lng chy dao ngang theo chiu dy ca Sd=0,5 (mm/v)


Lng chy dao 1 vng quay ca bn Sb=0,033(mm/v)
Tc quay ca bn nd=1670 (v/ph)
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Tc ct chnh:
Vct=

(m/s)

Bc 2:Tnh
Chiu su ct t=0,005(mm)
Lng chy dao ngang theo vng quay ca bn Sn=25(mm/v)
Tc quay ca bn nct=50(v/ph)
Tc chuyn ng ca chi tit
Vct=

(m/ph)

Lng chy dao ngang theo chiu dy ca Sd=0,5(mm/v)


Lng chy dao 1 vng quay ca bn Sb=0,033(mm/v)
Tc quay ca bn nd=1670 (v/ph)
Tc ct chnh:
Vct=

(m/s)

Bc

My

Dao

t(mm)

S(mm/v)

Nct(v/ph)

Nd(v/ph)

V(m/s)

3740B

0,015

0,03

400

1670

28

0,015

0,03

400

1670

28

320
1

3740B

320

Nguyn cng VII:Kh t tnh


Nguyn cng VIII:Khoan l C2
1.nh v v kp cht:
-nh v mt u bng phin t hn ch 3 bc t do, mt tr ngoi bng khi
V2 bc t do
-Kp cht bng n kp
-C cu dn hng dng bc dn hng thay nhanh
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2.My :Chn loi my K125


Thng s k thut : (Bng 9-21)
-ng knh ln nht khoan c 25mm
-S cp tc ca trc chnh 9
-Phm vi tc trc chnh 97-1360 (v/ph)
-Phm vi bc tin 0,1-0,819(mm/v)
-Cng sut ng c truyn dn chnh 97-1360 (v/ph)
-Cng sut ng c truyn dn chnh 2,8Kw

s
n

3.Chn dao v ch ct:


Bc 1:Khoan l nh tm C10
Dao:Mi khoan rut g thp gi P18
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Chiu su ct t=10/2=5mm
Lng chy dao S=0,020mm/vng (bng 5-87)
Tc ct V=17,7m/ph (bng 5-86)
S vng quay ca trc chnh theo tnh ton l :
.
(vng/pht).
Ta chn s vong quay theo my nm=500(v/ph)
Nh vy tc ct thc t s l :
16,7(m/ph)
Cng sut yu cu N=0,8Kw (bng 5-88)
Bc 2:Khoan l C22
Dao:Mi khoan rut g thp gi P18
Chiu su ct t=(22-10)/2=6mm
Lng chy dao S=0,75(mm/vng) (bng 5-99)
Tc ct V=15,7 m/pht (bng 5-100)
S vng quay ca trc chnh theo tnh ton l :
(v/ph)
Ta chn s vng quay theo my nm=250(v/ph)
Nh vy tc ct thc t s l :
17,3(v/ph)
Cng sut yu cu N=2,2Kw (bng 5-102)
Bc

My

Dao

t(mm)

S(mm/v)

n(v/ph)

V(m/ph)

K125

P18C10

0,2

500

16,7

K125

P18C22

0,75

250

17,4

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Nguyn cng IX:Tin l cn


1.nh v v kp cht:
-Mt tr ngoi nh v 4 bc t do, mt u 1 bc
-Kp cht trn mm cp 3 chu t nh tm
2. My :My tin 1K62
Thng s k thut (bng 9-4)
ng knh gia cng ln nht Dmax=400mm
Khong cch gia hai mi tm:1400mm
S cp tc trc chnh 23
Gii hn vng quay trc chnh 25-2000
Cng sut ng c 10Kw
3.Dao ct v ch ct:
-Dao T15K6 16x25x140.600 kiu I (bng 4-13)
Bc 1:Tin l 24,4:
-Chiu su ct t=1,2mm
-Lng chy dao:S=0,5mm/V (bng 5-61)
-Tc ct :Vb=116(m/ph) (bng 5-63)
-H s ph thuc vo chu k bn:K1=1
-H s ph thuc vo gc nghing chnh K2=0,92
-H s ph thuc vo trng thi b mt K3=1
(m/ph)

Do
n= (

=1392(v/ph)

Chn n=1260v/ph (tc trong my 1K62)


Vy
Cng sut ct yu cu N=2,9Kw (bng 5-68)
Bc 2:Tin l 25
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(m/ph)

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

-Chiu su ct:t=0,3mm
-Lng chy dao S=0,25(mm/v) (bng 5-62)
-Tc ct Vb=130(m/ph) (bng 5-63)
-H s ph thuc vo chu k bn:K1=1
-H s ph thuc vo gc nghing chnh K2=0,92
-H s ph thuc vo trng thi b mt K3=1
Do

(m/ph)
n= (

=1560(v/ph)

Chn n=1600v/ph (tc trong my 1K62)


(m/ph)

Vy
Cng sut ct yu cu N=2,4Kw (bng 5-68)
Bc

My

Dao

t(mm)

S(mm/v)

n(v/ph)

Vt(m/ph)

1K62

T15K6

1,2

0,5

1260

96,6

1K62

T15K6

0,3

0,25

1600

125,7

Nguyn cng X:Mi l cn


1.nh v v kp cht.
-Mt u nh v bng phin t hn ch 3 bc t do, cht cn 2 bc t do.
-Kp cht bng n kp

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nd

25.3

224'

0,63

2.My: My mi mn trong 3K227A.


Thng s k thut : (Bng 9-53)
ng knh ln nht ca phi :Dmax=400mm
ng knh ca l mi c :d=5-150mm
Gc quay ln nht ca phi: 450
Tc quay ca :900,12000,18000,22000 (v/ph)
Cng sut ng c truyn dn :4Kw
3.Dao ct v ch ct:
-16-10-4 (Bng 4-170)
Ch ct :
-Chiu su ct :t=0,005mm (bng 5-55)
-Lng chy dao dc : Sd=0,03(mm/v) (Bng 5-207)
-Tc : Vd=15(m/s) (Bng 5-55)

n= (

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=17905(v/ph)

n Tt nghip

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Chn theo my nd=18000(v/ph)

(m/s).

Tc chi tit :Vct=30(m/ph) (bng 5-207)


n= (

=378,9(v/ph)

Chn theo my nct=400 (v/ph)


(m/ph)
-Lng chy dao ngang :Sn=0,0048 (mm/htk) (Bng 5-207)
-Cng sut ct yu cu 1,6Kw
Bc My

Dao

-16 0,005

3K227A

t(mm)

S(mm/v) nct (v/ph)

Nd(v/ph)

V(m/s)

0,03

18000

15

400

Nguyn cng XI:Tin mt tr ngoi


1.nh v v kp cht
-nh v trn trc g mt u nh v 3 bc t do, cht cn 3 bc t do.G
trc g trn 2 mi tm.
-Kp cht bng bu-lng
8.5

2.5

57.2

70.2+0.1

2.5

S
2.My:My tin 1K62.
Thng s k thut (bng 9-4)
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ng knh gia cng ln nht Dmax=400mm


Khong cch gia hai mi tm:1400mm
S cp tc trc chnh 23
Gii hn vng quay trc chnh 25-2000
Cng sut ng c 10Kw
3.Dao ct v ch ct:
Bc 1:Tin th:
-Dao T15K6 16x25x140 (bng 4-4)
-Ch ct:t=1,5mm;S=0,6(mm/v) (bng 5-60)
-Vb=188(m/ph) (bng 5-64)
-H s ph thuc vo chu k bn:K1=0,92
-H s ph thuc vo gc nghing chnh K2=1
-H s ph thuc vo trng thi b mt K3=1
(m/ph)

Do
n= (

=734(v/ph)

Chn n=800v/ph (tc trong my 1K62)


(m/ph)

Vy
Bc 2:Tin th ng knh ngoi.

-Dao T15K6 16x25x140 , bn knh nh dao r=1mm.


-Ch ct:t=0,2mm;S=0,2(mm/v)
-Vb=120(m/ph)
-H s ph thuc vo chu k bn:K1=1
V=120.1=120(m/ph)
n= (

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

=538(v/ph)

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

Chn n=500v/ph
(m/ph)

Vy

Bc 3:Tin tinh tr bc
-Dao T15K6 16x25x140 , bn knh nh dao r=1mm.
-Ch ct:t=0,2mm;S=0,2(mm/v)
-Vb=120(m/ph)
-H s ph thuc vo chu k bn:K1=1
V=120.1=120(m/ph)
n= (

=658(v/ph)

Chn n=640v/ph
(m/ph)

Vy

Bc

My

Dao

t(mm)

S(mm/v)

n(v/ph)

V(m/ph)

1K62

T15K6

1,2

0,6

1260

96,6

1K62

T15K6

0,3

0,3

1600

125,7

Nguyn cng XII:Phay rnh then


1.nh v v kp cht
-Mt phng nh v bng phin t hn ch 3 bc t do, cht cn 2 bc t do.
-Kp cht n kp

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

n
w

S
4

11.3

2.My :My phay ng 6H12.


Thng s k thut : (Bng 9-38)
S cp tc trc chnh :18
Phm vi tc trc chnh :30-1500(v/ph)
S cp bc tin bn my :18
Phm vi bc tin bn my :23,5-1180 (mm/ph)
Cng sut ng c trc chnh :7Kw
Cng sut ng c dao :1,7Kw
3.Dao ct v ch ct
Dao:Dao phay ngn thp gi 11 s rng bng 5
Bc 1:Phay rnh 11:
Ch ct
-t=5,5mm
-Sz=0,03(mm/rng) (Bng 4-153)
-Vb=34(m/ph) (Bng 5-154)

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

-H s ph thuc c tnh thp :K1=0,69


-H s ph thuc chu k bn dao:K2=1
(m/ph)

Do
n= (

=679(v/ph)

Chn n=600v/ph (tc trong my 6H12)


(m/ph)

Vy
S=Sz.Z.n=0,03.5.600=90(m/ph)
Cng sut my yu cu N=0,8Kw
Bc 2:Phay rng rnh 11,3:
Ch ct
-t=0,15mm
-Sz=0,03(mm/rng) (Bng 4-153)
-Vb=34(m/ph) (Bng 5-154)
-H s ph thuc c tnh thp :K1=0,69
-H s ph thuc chu k bn dao:K2=1

(m/ph)

Do
n= (

=679(v/ph)

Chn n=600v/ph (tc trong my 6H12)


(m/ph)

Vy
S=Sz.Z.n=0,03.5.600=90(m/ph)
Cng sut my yu cu N=0,8Kw
Bc

My

Dao

t(mm)

S(mm/v)

n(v/ph)

Vt(m/ph)

1K62

11Z5

5,5

90

600

20,73

1K62

11Z5

0,15

90

600

20,73

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

Nguyn cng XIII:Tin mt tr trong


1.nh v v kp cht
-Mt phng nh v bng phin t hn ch 3 bc t do, cht cn 2 bc t do.
-Kp cht n kp
w

18

40.8

nct

Sd
w

2.My:My tin 1K62.


Thng s k thut (bng 9-4)
ng knh gia cng ln nht Dmax=400mm
Khong cch gia hai mi tm:1400mm
S cp tc trc chnh:23
Gii hn vng quay trc chnh :25-2000
Cng sut ng c :10Kw
3.Dao ct v ch ct:
Bc 1:Tin th:
-Dao T15K6 16x16x140.950 Kiu I (bng 4-14)
-Ch ct:t=1,5mm;S=0,5(mm/v) (bng 5-61)
-Vb=130(m/ph) (bng 5-64)
-H s ph thuc vo chu k bn:K1=1
-H s ph thuc vo gc nghing chnh K2=0,82
-H s ph thuc vo trng thi b mt K3=1
Do
SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

(m/ph)

n Tt nghip

n= (

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

=840(v/ph)

Chn n=800v/ph (tc trong my 1K62)


(m/ph)

Vy

Cng sut ct yu cu N=2,9Kw (bng 5-68)


Bc 2:Tin tinh.
-Dao T15K6 16x16x140.950 Kiu I (bng 4-14)
-Ch ct:t=0,2mm;S=0,25(mm/v) (bng 5-62)
-Vb=165(m/ph) (bng 5-64)
-H s ph thuc vo chu k bn:K1=1
-H s ph thuc vo gc nghing chnh K2=0,82
-H s ph thuc vo trng thi b mt K3=1
Do

(m/ph)

n= (

=1056(v/ph)

Chn n=1000v/ph (tc trong my 1K62)


(m/ph)

Vy

Cng sut ct yu cu N=2,4Kw (bng 5-68)


Bc

My

Dao

t(mm)

S(mm/v)

n(v/ph)

V(m/ph)

1K62

T15K6

1,5

0,5

800

101,5

1K62

T15K6

0,2

0,25

1000

128,2

Nguyn cng XIV:Phay mt trc v mt gy dao


1.nh v v kp cht:
-Mt phng hn ch 3 bc t do, cht cn 2 bc t do.
-Kp cht bu long.

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

-Chi tit v g c gn trn phn bng ai c, phn bng c


cu bi l xo.

n
S
18

-Dao c dn hng nh c cu so dao.V tr ca so dao c xc nh nh


hnh v.Chi tit c g sao cho rnh then nghing 280 so vi g (hnh v
trang bn )
+Vi mt gy dao: So dao c t vung gc vi trc v cch ng
thng i qua tm chi tit mt khong 0,1mm to lng d cho nguyn cng mi
sau nhit luyn.
+Vi mt trc dao trong.Do dao c t nghing so vi mt gc
1801417+340=5201417 v cch ng thng i qua tm mt khong
20,5sin1801417+0,1=6,69(mm)
+Vi dao ngoi:So dao c t nghing so vi phng thng ng mt gc
340-1901=14059 v cch ng thng i qua tm mt khong 28,65sin19010,1=9,24(mm)
2.My :My phay ng 6H12.
SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

Thng s k thut : (Bng 9-38)


S cp tc trc chnh :16
Phm vi tc trc chnh :65-1800(v/ph)
Cng sut ng c chnh :4,5Kw
S cp bc tin bn my :16
Phm vi bc tin bn my :35-980 (mm/ph)
Ch ct
-t=10mm
-Sz=0,02(mm/rng) (Bng 5-153)
-Vb=34(m/ph) (Bng 5-154)
-H s ph thuc c tnh thp :K1=0,69
-H s ph thuc chu k bn dao:K2=1
3.Dao v ch ct
Dao:Dao phay ngn thp gi 10 s rng Z bng 5
(m/ph)

Do
n= (

=747(v/ph)

Chn n=800v/ph (tc trong my 6H12)


Vy
S=Sz.Z.n=0,02.5.800=80(m/ph)
Cng sut my yu cu N=0,8Kw

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

(m/ph)

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

28.65 sin191' - 0.1

34-191'

28
41.sin1844' + 0.1

191'

7''
4'1
84
+1
34

34

1844'17''

34

Hnh v c so giao
Bc

My

Dao

t(mm)

S(m/ph)

n(v/ph)

Vt(m/ph)

6H81

10Z5

10

80

800

25,1

Nguyn cng XV:Phay gc lng dao


1.nh v v kp cht.
-Mt phng hn ch 3 bc t do, cht cn 2 bc t do
-Kp cht bu long

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

-Chi tit v g c gn trn phn bng ai c, phn bng c


cu bi l xo.
Dao c dn hng nh c cu so dao.
w

2.Chn my :My phay ng 6H12.


Thng s k thut : (Bng 9-38)
S cp tc trc chnh :18
Phm vi tc trc chnh :30-1500(v/ph)
S cp bc tin bn my :18
Phm vi bc tin bn my :23,5-1180 (mm/ph)
Cng sut ng c chnh :7Kw
Cng sut ng c chy dao :1,7Kw
3.Dao v ch ct
Dao phay tr lin rng nh Z =10,D=40mm,L=40mm
Ch ct
Bc 1:Phay th
-Chiu su phay t=3(mm)
-Sz=0,1(mm/rng) (Bng 5-131)
-Vb=45(m/ph) (Bng 5-133)
-H s ph thuc c tnh thp :K1=0,69
-H s ph thuc chu k bn dao:K2=1
SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

(m/ph)

Do
n= (

=247(v/ph)

Chn n=240v/ph
(m/ph)

Vy

S=Sz.Z.n=0,1.10.240=240(m/ph)
Chn theo my S=240(mm/ph)
Cng sut my yu cu N=2,2Kw
Bc 2:Phay tinh
-Chiu su phay t=1(mm)
-S0=0,6(mm/rng) (Bng 5-131) => Ss=S0/Z=0,6/10=0,06(mm/rng)
-Vb=58(m/ph) (Bng 5-133)
-H s ph thuc c tnh thp :K1=0,69
-H s ph thuc chu k bn dao:K2=1
(m/ph)

Do
n= (

=318(v/ph)

Chn n=300v/ph
(m/ph)

Vy

S=Sz.Z.n=0,06.10.300=180(m/ph)
Chn theo my S=190(mm/ph)
Cng sut my yu cu N=2,6Kw
Bc

My

Dao

t(mm) S(m/ph)

n(v/ph)

Vt(m/ph)

6H12

Phay tr 40

240

240

30,16

6H12

Phay tr 40

190

300

37,7

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

Nguyn cng XVI:Phay mt gc gy dao


1.nh v v kp cht
-Mt phng hn ch 3 bc t do, cht cn 2 bc t do
-Kp cht bu long
-Chi tit v g c gn trn phn bng ai c, phn bng c
cu bi l xo.
Dao c dn hng nh c cu so dao.
2.Chn my :My phay ngang 6H81.
Thng s k thut : (Bng 9-38)
S cp tc trc chnh :16
Phm vi tc trc chnh :65-1800(v/ph)
Cng sut ng c chnh :4,5Kw
S cp bc tin bn my :16
Phm vi bc tin bn my :35-980 (mm/ph)
w

n
S
w

3.Dao v ch ct
Dao phay ngn 12 hp kim cng s rng Z =10
Ch ct
-Chiu su phay t=3(mm)
-Sz=0,025(mm/rng) (Bng 5-160)

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

-Vb=98(m/ph) (Bng 5-161)


-H s ph thuc c tnh thp :K1=0,89
-H s ph thuc chu k bn dao:K2=1
-H s ph thuc chiu rng phay :K3=1,13
(m/ph)

Do
n= (

=2014(v/ph)

Chn n=1800v/ph
(m/ph)

Vy

S=Sz.Z.n=0,025.6.1800=270(m/ph)
Chn theo my S=300(mm/ph)
Cng sut my yu cu N=0,8Kw
Bc

My

Dao

t(mm)

S(m/ph)

n(v/ph)

Vt(m/ph)

6H81

12T15K6

300

1800

67,9

Nguyn cng XVII:Tin ht lng


1.nh v v kp cht
-Mt phng hn ch 3 bc t do, cht cn 2 bc t do
-Kp cht bng ai c
- g v chi tit c g trn trc my tin bng bu lng

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

2.My:My tin ht lng 1B181.


3.Dao v ch ct:
Dao tin nh hnh gi P18.
Ch ct:
Bc 1:Ht lng th:
-Chiu su ct t=0,03(mm)
-Lng chy dao:S=9,425 (mm/vng)
-S vng quay trc chnh chn theo my :n=16(vng/pht)
Bc 2:Ht lng tinh
-Chiu su ct t=0,01(mm)
-Lng chy dao:S=9,425(mm/vng)
-S vng quay trc chnh chn theo my:n=16(vng/ph)

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

Bc

My

Dao

t(mm)

S(m/ph)

n(n/ph)

1B811

P18

0,03

9,4/55

16

1B811

P18

0,01

9,4/55

16

Nguyn cng XVIII:Khc du


Nguyn cng XIX:Nhit luyn
Tin hnh nhit luyn nhm mc ch:
1-Nng cao cng vng, bn, kh nng chu nhit ca dao nhm tha mn yu
cu s dng.
2-To iu kin cho cc nguyn cng sau khi thc hin c kt qu tt hn.
Nhit luyn gm hai qu trnh:
1.nh v v kp cht
-Do tnh dn nhit ca thp gi P18 khng cao nn phi tin hnh ti bc,
nng nhit ca chi tit ln t t trnh nt , cong, vnh
+Bn cht: Nung chi tit ln nhit chuyn bin pha (qua hai l nung s b
nng nhit ca chi tit ln t t ).Sau lm ngui nhanh trong min chuyn
pecslit.Cng c th lm ngui nhanh chi tit gn nhit chuyn bin t Otenit
sang Mactenxit, gi khong nhit ny trong mt thi gian ngn lm cn bng
nhit trong ton chi tit.Sau lm ngui ngoi khng kh a s t chc kim
loi trong ton chi tit c chuyn thnh Mactenxit y l t chc kim loi m ta
yu cu.
+Qu trnh chuyn bin khi ti: Thp gi sau khi l t chc kim loi l
Ferit+ Cacbon kp (Fe2W2C) (trong cac bt chim 25%)
Kho ti phi nung chi tit ln 13000C phn ln cc bit Vonfram ha tan
trong Otenit lm giu Cacbon thm cc nguyn t hp kim. Mactenxit c nng
cao, bo ha n bng mt lng ln Vonfram khi phi nung chi tit n
nhit 12000C-12900C, khng cho php nung qu nhit ny v khi xy ra
SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

nhit qu nung.Thnh phn Vonfram trong Otenit cao lm cho n b phn ha


nhit 5600C-6000C y l nhit ram ca dao ct gt.
Trinh t nung:
-Nung s b chi tit trong bung t 5000C-6000C gi nhit ny trong 3
gi trong mi trng c bo v kh tr.
-Nung tip n nhit 8000C-8500C gi khong nhit ny trong khong
25 pht, giai on ny xy ra chuyn bin Peclit thnh Otenit.
-Nung phi trong l mui in cc n nhit 12400C-12800C gi nhit
ny t 3-5 pht, nhit ny phn ln w ha tan vo Otenit nhm gii thot
Cacbon cn phi cho cht kh vo l (FeSi, Na2B4O7H2O tnh theo lng mui
hoc 1-2% bonc). Khi t n nhit ti nhng chi tit vo b cha KNO3 v
NaOH nng chy nhit 500C (70% KNO3+30%NaOH) gi nhit ny 5
pht, trnh bin dng sau lm ngui trong khng kh.
-T chc thp sau khi ti gm:
-Mactenxit :55%
-Otenit:30%
-Cacbit d: 15%
cng sau khi ti:HRC=62
Biu ti thp gi :(Trnh by trong bn v)
2.Ram:
-Sau khi ti cn mt lng ln Cacbit (15%) trong chi tit, do cc bit khng
ha tan ht vo Ostenit khi nung.Vic tn ti Cacbit nhiu nh vy lm cho
cng ca dao cha t n cng cc i v to ng sut d trong chi tit.

Ram nhm mc ch :

-Phn ha Ostenit d thnh Mactenxit, nng cao cng.


-Kh ng sut d tn ti do nhit khi nung.
-To ra cacbit nh mn khi ram
SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

Ram 3 ln:

Khi nung n 5600C (Trong l nung dim tiu hoc l nung in, c khng
kh tun hon). Gi ng nhit trong khong thi gian 1 gi, khi xy ra s thot
Cacbit khi Ostenit d.Tip lm ngui trong khng kh n nhit bnh
thng.Ostenit chuyn thnh ram to ra cacbit nh, ram to ra cacbit nh mn nng
cao c tnh
Sauk hi ram cng t 64

HRC.

-Ngoi ra c th dng phng php ram nhanh hai ln vi ch :Gi nhit


5800C trong 30 pht hoc gi nhit 6000C trong 10

pht. Phng php

ram hai ln t kt qu nh ram 3 ln.

tC
60 pht

60 pht

60 pht

560C

pht
Biu ram thp gi P18
Nguyn cng XX:Mi mt tr ngoi
1.nh v v kp cht
-Chi tit c lp trn trc g v kp cht bng bu lng.
-Mt phng y hn ch 3 bc t do, cht cn hn ch 2 bc t do
-G trc gi ln 2 mi tm, truyn lc bng tc kp

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

nd

nct

nd

2.My: My mi 3A130
3.Dao:
mi 300x40x127 (Bng 4-10)
4.Ch ct
-Chiu su t=0,06mm (mi th)
-t=0,04mm (mi tinh)
-Lng chy dao Sd=0,04mm/v
-Tc c hi tit nd=400v/ph
-Tc ca nd=18800v/ph
Bc

My

Dao

t(mm)

3131

300

0,06

0,04

400

18800

137

3131

300

0,04

0,04

400

18800

137

S(mm/v) nd(v/ph) nd(v/ph) V(m/ph)

Nguyn cng XXI:Mi bong mt y


Dng bt mi trn vi du nhn hoc bi trn trn bnh rng nh bng.

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

Nguyn cng XXII:Mi bng l


Dng trc nghin bng gang xm c x rnh iu chnh bng ai c.
Bt nghin cacbit Bo ht 3.
Nguyn cng XXIII:Mi mt tr trong
1.nh v v kp cht
-Kp cht bng n kp
-Mt u hn ch 3 bc t do, cht cn hn ch 2 bc t do.
w

nd
w

2.My: My mi 3A277
3.Dao:
mi 20x10x010 (Bng 4-169)
4.Ch ct:
-Chiu su t=0,07 mm (mi th)
t=0,03 mm (mi tinh)
-Lng chy dao: Sd=0,03 (mm/v)
-Tc chi tit: nct=1600 (v/ph)
-Tc ct :nd=12600(v/ph) =>
-Tc chi tit :V=13,2 (m/ph)=0,22(m/s)

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

(m/s)

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

Bc

My

Dao

T(mm)

S(mm/v)

nd (v/ph) nd (v/ph) V(m/ph)

3A227

-20

0,07

0,03

12600

1600

13,2

3A227

-20

0,03

0,03

12600

1600

13,2

Nguyn cng XXIV:Mi mt gy dao


1.nh v v kp cht
-Kp cht bng bu lng
-Mt u hn ch 3 bc t do, cht cn 2 bc t do.
nd

2.My :My mi 3 722


3.Dao:
mi 20x10x10 (bng 4-169)
4.Ch ct:
-Chiu su ct: t=0,07 (mm) (Mi th)
t=0,03 (mm) (Mi tinh)
-Lng chy dao:Sd=0,03 (mm/v)
-Tc chi tit :nct=12,5 (m/ph)
-Tc ct nd=12600(v/ph)=>
-Tc chi tit :V=13,2 (m/ph)=0,22(m/s)

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

(m/s)

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

Bc My

Dao

3A227

-20 0,07

0,03

12600

12,5

13,19

3A227

-20 0,03

0,03

12600

12,5

13,19

T(mm) S(mm/v) nd (v/ph)

Vph(m/ph) Vph(m/ph)

Nguyn cng XXV:Mi mt gy dao


1.nh v v kp cht
-Kp cht bng bu lng
-Mt u hn ch 3 bc t do, cht cn 2 bc t do.

S
nd

2.My :My mi 3 722


3.Dao:
mi 20x10x10 (bng 4-169)
4.Ch ct:
-Chiu su ct: t=0,07 (mm) (Mi th)
t=0,03 (mm) (Mi tinh)
-Lng chy dao:Sd=0,03 (mm/v)
-Tc chi tit :nct=12,5 (m/ph)
-Tc ct nd=12600(v/ph)=>

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

(m/s)

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

Bc

My

3A227 -20 0,07

0,03

12600

12,5

13,19

3A227 -20 0,03

0,03

12600

12,5

13,19

Dao

T(mm) S(mm/v) nd (v/ph)

Vph(m/ph) Vph(m/ph)

Nguyn cng XXVI:Mi gc lng dao


1.nh v v kp cht
-Kp cht bng bu lng
-Mt u hn ch 3 bc t do, cht cn 2 bc t do.

nd
28.1
2.My :My mi 3 722
3.Dao:
mi 100x25x20 (bng 4-169)
4.Ch ct:
-Chiu su ct: t=0,07 (mm) (Mi th)
t=0,03 (mm) (Mi tinh)
-Lng chy dao:Sd=0,03 (mm/v)
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-Tc chi tit :nct=12,5 (m/ph)


(m/s)

-Tc ct nd=12600(v/ph)=>
Bc My

Dao

3A227

-20 0,07

0,03

12600

12,5

65,95

3A227

-20 0,03

0,03

12600

12,5

65,95

T(mm) S(mm/v) nd (v/ph)

Nguyn cng XXVII:Mi ht lng


1.nh v v kp cht
-Chi tit c g trn trc g
-Trc g c nh v trn hai mi tm

nd

nd

S
2.My:My 1A811
3.Dao:
mi cn nh hnh
4.Ch ct:
-Chiu su ct: t=0,07 (mm) (Mi th)
t=0,03 (mm) (Mi tinh)

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Vph(m/ph) Vph(m/ph)

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

-Lng chy dao:Sd=9,425 (mm/v)


-Tc :nd=14400 (v/ph)
-Vn tc ct V=35(m/ph)
Bc My

Dao

t(mm)

S(mm/v)

n(m/ph)

nd(v/ph)

1B881

Cn

0,01

9,425

35

14400

1B881

Cn

0,005

9,425

35

14400

Nguyn cng XXVIII:Thm xianua


Nguyn cng XXIX:Mi st
1.nh v v kp cht
-Ko cht bng n kp
-Mt u hn ch 3 bc t do, cht cn 2 bc t do

nd
2.My: My mi st 3A666
3. mi: mi 3 -200x20x32 (Bng 19-93)-S tay CNCTM-2000
4.Ch ct:
-Chiu su ct: t=0,02 (mm)
-Vn tc ct V=30(m/ph)
-Lng chy dao:S=0,02 (mm/v)
-Tc :nd=5600 (v/ph)

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Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

Bc

My

Dao

t(mm)

S(mm/v)

V(m/ph)

Nct

3A666

3 -200

0,02

0,02

30

5600

4.4.MI MT TRC DAO CP BNH RNG CN RNG CONG


Vic mi st dao c tc dng quyt nh i vi vn nng cao nhn, b
mt ca bnh rng gia cng v tui bn ca dao. nhn ca b mt chi tit v tui
bn ca dao thp l kt qu ca vic mi v kim tra u dao khng tt.
Dao ct trong u dao c mi theo mt trc.Yu cu gc n khp v
ng knh ct gt ca dao khng khi mi.
mi dao c th s dng mi cn nh hnh a cn c k hiu 3 -20020-32.
Khi mi dng ng sinh trn mt cn ca n mi mt trc ca dao.
Nu mi vi ch ct ng nhn b mt ca dao ( mt trc) c th t
Ga 0,32 m.
Nu mi lng d qu ln dao b t nng do cng ca cnh ct gim
xung, trong mt s trng hp c th sinh ra vt nt.
Nhng vt nt trn mt trc ca dao thng xut hin do vic s dng
qu cng v c ht nh.
Vn to hnh mt trc u dao ct bnh rng cn xon.
Mi sc u dao cn xon bn cht l mi to hnh.Cng vic ny rt quan trng v
n l khu cui cng trong cng ngh ch to mt u dao m li i hi t m v
chnh xc.Trong ngnh sn xut dng c ct, c s ch to u dao cn xon c th
c trang b nhng my chuyn dng mi sc mt trc ca n.Theo mu my
ca Lin X thng c cc kiu sau: 3A665; 3A667;3A669Mi loi my ch cho
php mi u dao vi c ng knh gii hn no .
Khi s dng my mi vi g thch hp phi thc hin iu chnh g
ph thuc vo cc thng s hnh hc v kch thc ca u dao c mi.
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Nguyn l mi mt trc.
Mt trc ca dao nh hng nhiu n iu kin ct gt ca dao khi gia
cng.
Khi mi sc mt trc cn thc hin ng cc yu cu sau y:
1)Cc li ct phi thng v hai li ca dao i din qua tm cn nm
trong mt phng i xng i qua tm u dao.
2)Mt trc ca dao cn phi to gc trc cn thit m bo iu kin
ct gt.
3)Li ct phi sc, b mt lm vic phi t bng khng b chy v
gim cng.
4.5.V TR TIP XC TRN B MT RNG V CC PHNG PHP IU
CHNH VT TIP XC I VI BNH RNG CN RNG CONG H
GLEASON
V tr tip xc ng
Bnh rng cn rng xon trong thc t kim tra bnh rng sau khi gia cng
thng gp cc dng tip xc khng ng di y:
1) S phn b khng ng ca vng tip xc theo chiu di rng dn n
tm ti trng nm nh mt cn trong hoc nh mt cn ngoi ca bnh rng
hnh (e,e) lm gim kh nng ti theo ng sut un, iu c bit quan trng
khi tm ti trng nm nh ngoi.
2) S phn b vng tip xc chn rng (hnh b,b) hoc nh rng (Hnh
c,c) , dn n va p khi vo khp v tng n khi tc cao.ng thi gim
kh nng ti theo ng sut tip xc v ng sut un.
3) Vng tip xc c din tch nh lm tng ng sut tip xc, gim tui th
ca bnh rng.Chiu di vng tip xc ngn dn n gim in tch chu ti, d
dng lm sai v tr lp rp di tc dng ca ti trng.

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4) Vt tip xc khng ng i xng nhau qua ng trung bnh ca ng


rng (Hnh h,h) hoc vt tip xc cho.
5) Vng tip xc ng l vng tip xc c dng hnh elip trn mt cn chia
ca bnh rng t din tch 60-70% din tch b mt rng (Hnh a,a)

a'

b'

c'

d'

h'

e'

Sau khi kim tra bnh rng sau khi ct trn mu bao hnh m khng t dng
vt tip xc yu cu thit th chng ta phi hiu chnh li my. hiu chnh li
hnh dng, v tr v din tch vng tip xc chng ta c th thc hin theo ba cch
sau:
-Thay i gc lch tm

ca my

-Thay i gc tm bao hnh ca gi lc l


-Thay i chiu di dc trc ca bnh rng gia cng,
Trong khi kim tra vt tip xc th vn t ra l s im hoc dng thc
s tip xc v quy lut b tr ca cc im tip xc trc y hu nh khng
c quan tm.Bnh rng sau khi gia cng cho ln my kim tra bao hnh thng
xy ra tnh trng : Tip xc theo cc ng trong cc mng din thch m trc
y ta gi l vt tip xc.iu ny th hin rt r khi s li ct tham gia ct l t
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n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

v tc gi lc nhanh th trn din tch vng tip xc c s lng ng th s


tip xc l rt t.Ngoi ra khong cch ng cng lun thay i.Trc y tng
din tch tip xc thc s thng phi cho chy r li b mt rng san phng cc
ng nhp nh trc khi a bnh rng i nhit luyn.iu ny lm tng chi
ph sn xut.
Khi kim tra vt tip xc di ti trng nh trn cc my kim tra bao
hnh.Trong trng hp ny chiu di vt tip xc cn m bo bng 1/2-3/4 chiu
di rng.Vt tip xc c th gn mt mi nh v c gin on trn chiu cao rng.
Khi kim tra vt tip xc di dng ti trng y trong iu kin lm vic
ca b truyn.Trong trng hp ny vt tip xc ch c php c gin on nh
trn chiu di v chiu cao rng.
V tr tip xc trn b mt rng ca bnh rng ch ng v cc phng php
iu chnh
V tr tip xc

Phng php iu chnh


Mt lm

Mt li

Vt tip xc rng mt mt

Gim gc profil ca dao

Gim gc profil ca

nh, hp mt mt ln

ct ngoi

dao ct trong

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n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

Vt tip xc rng mt mt

Tng gc profil ca dao

Tng gc profil ca dao

ln v hp mt mt nh

ct ngoi

ct trong

Vt tip xc mt mt nh

Gim tr s g t hng

Tng tr s g t

dnh hoc gim gc lch

hng knh hoc gc

tm

lch tm

Tng gc quay ca trc


chnh ca dng c hoc

Gim gc quay ca trc

gc bn lc

chnh ca dng c hoc


gc bn lc

Vt tip xc mt mt ln

Tng tr s g t hng

Gim tr s g t

knh hoc gc lch tm

hng knh hoc gc

Gim gc quay ca trc

lch tm.

chnh, ca dng c hoc

Tng gc quay ca trc

gc bn lc

chnh, ca dng c
hoc gc bn lc

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

Vt tip xc chn rng

Tng nh v dc hoc gim t s truyn bao hnh

Vt tip xc nh rng

Gim nh v dc hoc tng t s truyn bao hnh

Vt tip xc c hng cho

Tng gc hiu chnh ca

Gim gc hiu chnh ca

v pha trong

vic quay phi

vic quay phi

Tng nh v dc

Gim nh v dc

Tng tr s g t hng

Gim tr s g t hng

knh hoc gc lch tm

knh hoc gc lch tm

Tng gc quay ca trc

Gim gc quay ca trc

chnh ca dng c hoc

chnh ca dng c hoc

gc gi lc

gc gi lc

Tng t s truyn bao

Gim t s truyn bao hnh

hnh

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

Vt tip xc c hng cho

Gim gc hiu chnh ca

Tng gc hiu chnh ca

v pha ngoi

vic quay phi

vic quay phi

Gim nh v dc

Tng nh v dc

Gim tr s g t hng

Tng tr s g t hng

knh hoc gc lch tm

knh hoc gc lch tm

Gim gc quay ca trc

Tng gc quay ca trc

chnh ca dng c hoc

chnh ca dng c hoc

gc gi lc

gc gi lc

Gim t s truyn bao

Tng t s truyn bao hnh

hnh

Vt tip xc hp

Tng gc hiu chnh ca

Gim gc hiu chnh ca

vic quay phi tnh bng

vic quay phi tnh bng

pht

pht

Tng tr s g t hng

Gim tr s g t hng

knh hoc gc lch tm

knh hoc gc lch tm

Tng gc quay ca trc

Tng gc quay ca trc

chnh ca dng c hoc

chnh ca dng c hoc

gc gi lc

gc gi lc

Tng t s truyn bao

Tng t s truyn bao hnh

hnh

Vt tip xc rng

Gim gc hiu chnh ca

Tng gc hiu chnh ca vic

vic quay phi tnh bng

quay phi tnh bng pht

pht

Tng tr s g t hng knh

Gim tr s g t hng

hoc gc lch tm

knh hoc gc lch tm

Gim gc quay ca trc

Tng gc quay ca trc

chnh ca dng c hoc gc

chnh ca dng c hoc gc

gi lc

gi lc

Tng t s truyn bao hnh

Gim t s truyn bao hnh

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Vt tip xc ngn

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

Gim ng knh u

Tng ng knh u

dao

dao

Gim tr s g t

Tng tr s g t hng

hng knh hoc gc

knh hoc gc lch tm

lch tm

Gim gc quay ca trc

Tng gc quay ca trc

chnh ca dng c hoc

chnh ca dng c hoc

gc gi lc

gc gi lc
Vt tip xc di

Tng ng knh u

Gim ng knh u

dao

dao

Tng tr s g t

Gim tr s g t hng

hng knh hoc gc

knh hoc gc lch tm

lch tm

Tng gc quay ca trc

Gim gc quay ca trc chnh ca dng c hoc


chnh ca dng c hoc
gc gi lc

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

gc gi lc

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

KT LUN
Hin nay sn xut bnh rng cn rng cong do trong nc ch to ch yu
c gia cng trong mt s c s nghin cu v sn xut chnh sau: Trng i
hc Bch Khoa H Ni, Nh my C kh Z179, Vin thit k nng lng v m,
Nh my c kh H Ni, Nh my c kh trung tm Cm Ph.Cc c s thng
s dng cc th h my c do Lin X, c ch to gia cng bnh rng.Trong
khi vic u t chiu su cho lnh vc nghin cu ch to bnh rng cn rng cong
ca cc c s sn xut vn cha c quan tm ng mc, do vy nng sut cht
lng sn phm thp, gi thnh cao khng p ng c nhu cu th trng i
hi.
Nhn nhim v thit k u dao ct bnh rng cn rng cong h Gleason ,
chng em lun c gng hon thnh nhim v.c s ch dn ca thy hng
dn v cc thy c trong b mn chng em hon thnh n ng thi hn.
Qu trnh thit k chng em gii quyt cc vn sau:
1.Chng I:Tnh ton cc thng s hnh hc cp bnh rng cn rng cong
phn ny chng em gii thiu v bnh rng cn rng cong, s lc qu
trnh gia cng dng rng h Gleason, tip chng em gii thiu v cc thng
s hnh hc ca cp bnh rng cn rng cong h Gleason v cch la chn, tnh
ton cc thng s .Kt thc phn I l bng tnh ton cc thng s hnh hc cho
cp bnh rng.
2.Chng II:L thuyt tng qut s to thnh b mt chi tit bng phng php
gia cng.
Bng vic a ra cc ten x quay khi nghin cu tnh cht ca b mt ta
thit lp ra phng trnh b mt ca chi tit (dng c) khi bit b mt ca dng c
(chi tit) trong trng hp tng qut chuyn ng quay quanh hai trc giao nhau.
3.Chng III:Tnh ton v thit k u dao

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n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

phn ny chng em chn phng php ct hai mt ct kp v tin hnh


tnh ton cc thng s ch to u dao ct bnh rng.
4.Chng IV: Lp quy trnh cng ngh ch to thn dao v li dao.
Trong qu trnh lm n chng em hc tp c nhiu c v l thuyt
v thc t.Chng em thy rng mun c cp bnh rng cn rng cong tt th
phi c b u dao tt c ch to ng cc yu cu k thut ct cp bnh rng
v phi c iu chnh tt.
V thi gian c hn cng vi s hn ch v kin thc nn trong n khng
trnh khi nhng sai st, knh mong cc thy c gio ch bo.
Mt ln na chng em xin chn thnh cm n thy hng dn v cc thy c
trong b mn nhit tnh gip chng em hon thnh nhim v thit k ca
mnh.
H Ni, ngythng nm 2011
Sinh vin

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

TI LIU THAM KHO


I.Thit k dng c gia cng bnh rng-Tp 2
Nh xut bn Khoa hc v k thut-H Ni 1987
Tc gi: Trnh Minh T-Trn Th Lc-Bnh Tin Long
II. Cng ngh ch to my-Tp 1,2
Nh xut bn khoa hc v k thut-H Ni 1987
Tc gi:Nguyn Trng Bnh-Nguyn Th t-Trn Vn ch-Nguyn Vn
Huyn
III.S tay cng ngh ch to my-Tp 1,2,3
Nh xut bn khoa hc v k thut
Tc gi: Nguyn c Lc-L Vn Tin-Ninh c Tn-Trn Xun Vit
IV.Bi ging cng ngh to hnh
Trng i hc Bch Khoa H Ni
Tc gi:Bnh Tin Long-Trn Th Lc-Nguyn Ch Quang
V.Dung sai v lp ghp
Nh xut bn khoa hc v k thut
Tc gi:Ninh c Tn
VI.Tnh ton thit k h dn ng c kh-Tp 1,2
Nh xut bn khoa hc v k thut
Tc gi: Trnh Cht-L Vn Uyn
VII.Nghin cu to hnh b mt bnh rng cn rng cong v ng dng cng ngh
CAD/CAM
Tc gi:L Thanh Sn
VIII.Gio trnh thit k my cng c
Trng i hc Bch Khoa H Ni
Tc gi:Nguyn Phng
IX. g c kh ha v t ng ha
Nh xut bn Khoa hc v K thut
Tc gi:Trn Vn ch

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

MC LC

LI NI U ..................................................................................................................................

CHNG I: ......................................................................................................................................
1.1.

GII THIU CHUNG .........................................................................................................

1.1.1.u im ...................................................................................................................................

1.1.2.Nhc im .............................................................................................................................
1.2.

CC THNG S C BN CA BNH RNG CN RNG CONG H

GLEASON. .......................................................................................................................................
1.3.

XC NH THNG S HNH HC CA CP BNH RNG CN

RNG CONG. ..................................................................................................................................


CHNG II.L THUYT TNG QUT V S TO HNH B MT CHI

TIT ..................................................................................................................................................

2.1.NGUYN L TO HNH BNH RNG CN H GLEASON .............................................


2.2.PHNG TRNH B MT BIN DNG RNG CA BNH RNG CN

RNG CONG H GLEASON: ........................................................................................................

2.2.1.Cc phng php ct:...............................................................................................................

2.2.2.Phng trnh b mt rng ca bnh rng cn rng cong h Gleason ......................................

Chng III .........................................................................................................................................


TNH TON THIT K U DAO GIA CNG BNH RNG CN RNG

CONG H GLEASON. ....................................................................................................................


3.1. NGUYN L GIA CNG BNH RNG CN RNG CONG H

GLEASON. .......................................................................................................................................

3.2.C S L THUYT CH TO BNH RNG GLEASON. ..................................................

3.3.CC LOI U DAO GLEASON. ..........................................................................................

3.4.XC NH KCH THC THIT K CA U DAO. ......................................................

Hnh 3.3 u dao phay bnh rng cn rng cong .............................................................................


SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung

n Tt nghip

Trng i Hc Bch Khoa H Ni

Chng IV.........................................................................................................................................

4.1.TNH LNG D GIA CNG ................................................................................................

4.2.TNH TON CHO NGUYN CNG TIN .............................................................................

4.3..TRNH T CC NGUYN CNG .........................................................................................

4.4.MI MT TRC DAO CP BNH RNG CN RNG CONG ......................................


4.5.V TR TIP XC TRN B MT RNG V CC PHNG PHP IU
CHNH VT TIP XC I VI BNH RNG CN RNG CONG H

GLEASON ........................................................................................................................................

SV:L Vn Hng-H Duyn Hng-Trn nh Trung