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Cultural Action For Freedom

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hU'J Leszek

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1V~

~..::.,..

'jj

'(l

(v

!~H'j au r:nW"
, ,

)1d

')I ,

Jfll'1J 1 nlo-.:l t) "mHo:;:;

....

t1m_h 1rJVj[j -;'I'll 'l'}('1-'Wll


or::;;, ~ ')0'.

it

"j 1ll'lH!'lfij

'.

'IJ E.) 031.'11 'IL'UulZUJ 'H151,;J "11i


~ ~
.

~}i"

,;

l'l~tJ'n 'Il: l~11 'Hl'W~'liut11,rhH~l~ tl~9i1t'l f.l 'Ilr-i


m'l!'ri'HH.J'I'lll::
~ d

I'IUf)Q!flfH'U1~l'f1m'U1

"'-

.",

'J-'

fi~lru'W'i) ~ Hil3Y; n 1'11~ ~B~ 111'11'I'llilFi tl1h~'In'lfu. __ -d 1 .. "I W'l-;}l1111111fJ't1tj 1 "11' .;} d 111'l:: 'lJ,1Jtrnrnil::~fI~llil1l'1'l.IV~f_1 "Ul1EJ~ " !flllVlfl.J
• ~ 'J-'.."

1i"hm en (J'l

"

Lni", hn·n1~crfH~ 11U

44

fJelltt'l 2

CuJturaJ Action and Conscientization

4S

fn)~l'J'H)~l'W

1amrg~nu Inn

(Existence "in" and "with" the World)'

l'jlUl'l1:~l'1i'BI'! flrl~fiulihJ\?Il ,rw11 1'j1'O:11ft 'H;::l1:W 1UlJ~'I11Bm.J1~!f\

"

(concept) lU1~o,:j

'\Iv,:jms tnfl '\Itl,:j~ I'!thil n( conscientization) v £il >lll1 ~l~tI\9I'j>l til'! 'j,:jlJ111rl~fHh>lL1]l.J ::u'UtiYtJriO'l/ 1 'j

'iJ'ilL~lJl'1'l.J'Ufl~nl'j1Lfrn~
Q

11~~ril1'O:: n
1ft n

~fl~fl VI'1':i fl11lJl.ul1 'OL~-.11'Vflfl1J'1 ~~ 'W~1lJl.J1:IVll.J


... q

JJl11~li~ lH tl~
r

"hJ"

L1ft:: "nu"
"

l~fl'W1'U1,1tl,:j~l.Jj;11'11-r'U"fll'Hn!f\'\It1
,.

~;1\91thw n"
,

o~u fl

~Vi'O:::U5'j i:l ff m'W'P1~f1rilTU 'il::: ~'fJ~l1J~j ~m::vh


(conscious

(subjects) n1J ms

~r'W~tJ

l1Jl.Jft -.1ti;iI9lVii:i~l'1thW
lJi.!1:IViifl11lJ ii1n-r'Ui

beings)

flTHnlfl 'lHN ~I'l

~hi1 flomiJVl.J
"

ffmn 'l14U~~';hLlJ 1.J fl'j ~1l1U ms 'UU~

l1'lfl:.IV~lhnl'lJ'~

If'f1J (specifically) Uft:::fl11lJ~lrYn:::

mh~~,:j (exclusively)
I!

l1~U~\9H'lWfl1W\Jl11jl'~tI>l~1')
0'0./ Y ~ ~
d.d.d~

-n)~ "1u" Inn


d
Q Q.I

l'vh't!l.J UI'1L'IJ lir'Cl'lfl~ "n1J" hlfl<f11t1il'UlJl11-JV~h~'l


I

W'l:::lJ'4lltJrJ,:jl9lfl,mJ'lUr-l'Y1lJ9f1\?1'Vl "dJfI'J 'U""ft >l\9l1~'l rmuu 'il~

.J.

e.9

'il::: ft'13J1'H1U'j:::ft'1Jfl11lJftl1'J'i.l L u
0 ~

'1

n11n

')'j ~

ell'll

oi1tl w~ U~ EJ'W Inn , ~h-A'Vi' Vi 'Vi 141fl 1IfltJ m 'J ns ~';11'U fl -mn ,:a u
~li.J'Vll~fI1m~'fff

l'U1\) -3 \)~

rrun s m.ij'11"

tm::;urrfl~nn f1i1,:jfl'JllJliJ'l.J'i1~ ~~m"1ft n :uti tJVft'llJl')


{I

1'1tn'Jtl'Utl~'W1nl'IJ1
t1~ "n'U" 1rl flL'I'I')l::;1 l'W1 flL'U 1

'1'tr:ifli'111111vl.J 1'IJ / 'ff!l1l'1~ ~11iJU ~tlfll'j


~ oq, '"

ftllJ1'j tlU-5'U'J::;fJ::;~liJ'W 'il1fl:W'I'I1:IJ1 fl1'jtl cin1J1 rl n ltJ u

111mJn 1'I''il 1f1f11'jfh11~!1flIilfl1i~l1lJlmff(J t' ~ flU)

Urr'l (4'1hrYiTu M!~I'J1ntA :U111l6~'ffllJlHl11~V\9l1J,:j11lJlrJ~l'J1n1J~1m,:j~'Jml1iJfli.J 'il:::t1 n~l n\9lffm'W'lJtl~flTJvci "1H" <u


'U

1J'.fhl6~
'U

hn

1'W'jl::;'W1m'\l'1'UlflflJl:IJ{I~tl1n1J\9ll.Jw\l lm~'lJ1\9l'fl11:IJf
~

unrumun
,.::1 I

..

~I

3 'U~N'I1W'lJ{J'W'VlnnJIfl'lJV~~lJl tt'l
CI;.I .,.

"

Ii

1l1"l'J 'Olfl

nJ

0'

Conscicnrization

: Cultural Action for


Review ; May

Freedom)

rhlJfl'U'l

'fffl'lri":mirm_j'jln!ltJ~'l'W'n'Jftl'j

Harvard

Educational

1970. 11ft::; '!J 1flfJ Loretta Sloverrl'Uft'Vl1f U ft

(1970) ltl'W'lJfN Center for Study of Development

and Social Change, ]430 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02178


2

Censciernization
V.Q

. '!1 U~t1JW'j'VlrrUJ1'Hl'J
=

nl'Hf1fl'U fl~ \)\9li:hw n


(V

mJ1{Ji1~m::;1J 1'WmJ~,:j:IJi.J1J
(I..P 0,.. ,..

6~1:wh;~-51J
,

(recipients)
Q.I

1Jl /
<JJ

l'j tli.J~ tI'H'U1i.Flrns fl'j ::;l1li m'Ul


d "

li1 "

'P 4

(awareness}

tltll,:jft nou,:j'Vl~'Ufl11:U

"" d

~~~'Vl'Nff-lfllJ-1wn.J 1i'J'JlJ ~~,j1,:m91-l;rlI>HLft~fl11lJffl:Ul'i ().,m,:jt'IJ11l.Jm':iLL1~l'nmUMfl11lJ 'iJ 1 ~ conscience lJ 1 U 1i 'J'i lJ ~tJfll'j f ~ fHWfHU'J~ ~


'j~'H

'h~ NfI'lft1'Ui1~

ltft~ lftV ml ~ n1J~hi ()mi''fJ>l ~

46

ftf.l1

'" ""1' utrnnsn

ih11U~~?J~..j1-YlJll'Hhl1jlJ~lHfJ~l1rfJ~a
flH"l
~ ~ ~ ~ a
(11 .Q_.!::IIo ~

lftn'~ t11P11'~Tj-J;1\9lfJ~1~w'1.l;ij'Ul'ifJfi1ftnftl mil1 tl '1 ~ & tl ~ flflfJ'l'II1f!1I'W'i1lJtlQf1'U<J:I'1f19J'l II fJfnLfVl 'i):: qfl'U'U'Y'I 'i}1<.iWl<J:I1'f1 l'Ufl1Uft::: tift ~'fIfl'Ufl11'lJ
Q

..

.c:!~

QJ'

lU'U '\1'.l~ U'VI1':),1N'lJ11J1I'U'lHJffl1J-11 (WI?)fill'W'f1?J{I'flm"'l unerruns f


<>

'JI

"

..,

'"

[J'Wfll'Ul ~'VIml1'Ul

'"

"

!II

..

Q.,II

'1/

hI.1 • t lJ 011

ff~rh 'j'J:lJm u~ffl.r5d:Ju~.:j~ij;1f.lU'lJU~-W'1

fJciHtl~'VlU hl1'U'11U

1i:1 n

URlJ1'fljih~1ltn:lEIU-H
UUfll'VI
, tI ~
I

111'\9l'imn'lrfi' ~1'j..'ln;1IP1fl~1 Ufffl1'Vi~


)I

..nm'IJlfhl1'Uft 11
". J4
4

1mt1flfI~'i1~allu fl1'ju;lflfl~l
1lI.q

L'm-lU'Um'tf'Jfl'Uf)'lH'VI!l1lJl:mm11V1f1'llJTHILlIfttI"U

...::;(

.d.~

..

I,

i/d

.d

Hft~ i'iI?Jf!"U t'\1 ff'Jl..:1TI''j'J!'l Un:ffVffl'J

"

flfl1EJ

9J 'JJ

1 'lJil1::~~" ~ij;lfltWl 'U


i)1(J 11J'UfJ'U1'lJI<!(domain) 'lJfJoJflTJ~ld

rYifJ'H!fi~ TH:jfifl

BQ l'n fllJU 'hll.'fllJl'j ".


ftl1J
1)

[J bf:

'IIi trw

(reflect)

wuwoJ uft:i ~':r;hA'm}':)fl TH;ll"l tlQ1U 1n n UA1J'41JOm:l'U


;rvuuft::: rrnmc

oft:;ai

fJ1W1WtJfi fl 'IJ f.loJ AU

..

~~'fi1flTlJlntl1f)'lJfl111Ji11J~U

tIvi'vnm'Ulii

hi

(determinism)

"'" Hft~m"jil1'W'llfl'J1J~1JU*
I
.iI::;!,.

'"
iY1J~'U ;!~m~ B Inn ~flnJ'lJ1TYiJ
'-' .0.

l11n'VrJtWlll1~
• ~ .Q I .t:':t

l<l~lfrtll'Jmil flfl111J
.a

l'1Uf!">1'Vl'i'l'Jfl'lHTVfJflI,'U'l

!1HHfl~H'fml~'iI\5IffllJf1 (consciousness)
....... 'IIi

&

1 "'i 'fl"fJ"Wlf1l'IJl 'U'UW::'Vl i'lf'-.Il'UfI11


nnn '1~ 1m:: 1r,uill1'


y,

l~'\lTHl.!l (ad-miration)

1r1Fl1"W~nu:-~l'LJu 1\iHU~n'"BUH,1.;J i111'tHJ~dJ'wrri(l~~~~flf1nl'l1U~


I ~ ~
.G:I.

lnm"lJ1L1J'U '\'fI'l(beings)"U
UfI::'lf:: f'll<Jf~Jg<J1Ufl1

.~

Q)

nrrurn
w 91

t:1fi: m)Ufl11lJ
Q

'P

'\)1'lH"(l~ l'U)~n)'rJ
Q,I'

""., '1 v

(~U'UUjU

.:§

lfl111J1IN) UtlU'VIft:-'W1m'lIl'iN

4"

..
jJ

m~n ~i'In nnTYllJi'l1fl'Yll.:.J "


a
44
I Q,I

tq 91

di

ll:;fl"!1Jl'Joll1;l~l1flt1(1fl'JLt1:j

if!
~

"ffIl11::V;ff~l1'frUmr'lJ'\JfN'''I1m'Ul (reflectiveness) 1~i:hmufil'V;tJ'lf111~1-!~'lm~1'l

hjnVfl~,nllJ1a
Fit) fl11lJ!

!m::l'1 j lih

(vague) uFi L'UU tll'J,J

~li~~ vh n"1"JlUgtlUUUfl-J UciHii n:5~ fl'J:;


~:jJ'_l

l1lJ '\11 'l ~

nT\1''_I'PI~'lFil-J'1 HUft1

(determiningreality)

"il'lihUfl ~m;;m'Jm::'l'11~ikiflfil11lJ~1'J

* 'O::mu

11:V

tPl'll

'\lflUtli'U'ilPl'Yl'UflUtl,;j~lJ!!j'::'J::"nl.;jwn1Jt"lfm~ll·l
QQ

~?t

".

hHlfllrJfl'lJfl~'lh'lftyl'VH'ifel11
11 9 ~ s:f
.::!,

,Q.I

.d ~

'l'.lfW)tJl'J 'VJn<J:f1«lQfJm11U~ rmm


d' • ."
.Q

'1~"

''If'lU'J9fqfl~l'IfJ1111UV1J
..=:;
oiQ,

~ ...JW

Q..oI"

(Existentialism)

~'Iffl tl.H1'Yl1il"ffj.fll"V'l

'\J~oJ:IJ'4'j;jl'J~Elfll'U!lft::::tJnu:r'jjU'UlfilflL'i>l1JflmoJftUl'ti.:!----f~UtJJ;l

"

**
~

"ffi9"

(being) 1l111111i'''Ht)Jl1'YliJu-WtllJh-n.i (Neo+Thomism)


Q,.I'

t~~Y;hfi11lJ'\l~'J
t

lJ1:1fl'j;jru:l1hnf'l

'il1il1Lft~1i9QLlJ'UflUfilJlll'j

~1Ii.<'

(theological) flflff11J1'Joull'.mJfttJU

.d

hJ\rVfll11JltJllft1fJ'Yll'l

i)I" 1~---J;;Jullft

47

~'Hlh.J

Iii D'I11 ~ HI'J 0 'ill f!f)'W

h.i i~l 'Wfl1'J LtJ~ I'J'Wms


J

01:; '11~':I1l'4lJ 6'il~;rnnI'Jlll'W "ff'f1" U11'l

f111lJifJJ~t!1i (beings of'relation)

1~!'Jfl1'Hl:;:vifl:w1'W4f'l1'ltljftnllW~ (characteristic

reflection)
H1'l~

'fl1111i'l1 11lJfl111J~'l1 11Hf:'l~ fjflii'\.l


, r

f1tJ 1ftn

(temporality)
~

H1'l~fIlHlUf1

1tJ1l1'1.flf:'l nil ~I"lt'hu fl


, •

fl1'Jm~Vh'lHN1J'4'j,j6'1

LtJuil'lViH'f1mi1'lmh'lrrt!l;'l'iJ1fll'Jif1Jr:rfl'~DIClflVEil'l~·:u~'L.IV1ft'f11v'W'1 (images)
Ilh~"l~tJ'.i·lf1 ~
'"

ii
Ili B
""-

n~ 'J -l~lnmlw 1 '1.'lilml nil ms fflll~hn9kt.J'.i;;;tn1'l'UB.:j.nT\!i~ flllru il


u'j~ftllfll'Hll
•1
;f....

J; ~ 0'11 ''1 • ~ 'I ",.1 .1 ~.-1 , '" 0' I!J ' 'lJfl~lJ'\..t "I1'lLu'Wmfi'V'l'\l'W 11 t'If'W'I;!'V'l'ilU( t'P1Ul.um U:V1'j L'lftl"ll ffl'11 umurneu

iJi1'H)

iit>l'JllJfffm~D\l~Tw'J'W)

ff'vrl h.i1i'.ilCJft~tVuAh.ulhmJ1£J
~ .
Q)~.

(lm-wvmilfl1l1TH'V'l'.il:,:M1
~

u~
q

1tj'1~fifl11
o
~.Q

'il~

111B::' 'J ll'il' Hi n Bl..'J 'J---NUtJtl) 'I'nmhli1;11"1Bci1 1


W

U'j~~l!~

mJ 1u 'Vlm)£h'1~
. _'"

fll'l1UfI"lfl'f1'tHN'lJ'W

f1-.'J\nn'f'Jf11JU 'j}-.'JEIl1'l(JtlQ~'V'lU'1'YI1'lntll11'U-.'JL'HlfHJ'U t'1'UO.:j'flT),lJ~fl'1 fll'J'Y]l.:J

1jI.II';:;

Q.o'

d:

.d

mml'hutJ.
rns l'li'l 'UQ-'tl~tl1~
':It! un:: f111~ fl'hll'J:; tJ::th~ 'llflt>l1TlHlIt! 'tl~ -'t~f)~1l1

nun n~ 11"l'U 'llil-l

1I1fWl

flTJ

L'Ii'11'Ilfl111J 'il~ -'t1'Ul1'U:: 'llil-l ~tlnf1'J~ ',11 (object)


(objecr) hWflTJ

WJ1lH.ul

1'ilWilUmhfity 'IW-'tfl1 'j


."

In!'rJn1J~Qflm::Yll L~(n

1 <bfll1-dl fll'j tU.l1Jt'f'Utl'1tl~l--l1Jl-mJ1tJ~

f)f11'j~1'j.'11m1!ltHfl1'1

mIh

ri'i<1fl

lJ~ ~ T'Fl~
i11lJljl::l6 .?!
_.q,

'11 m nm:l1tJ 'lJ tI-'tlJ'l-l'tJrJ ~ '0:; ~ V'U'11 ~'tll,f'nrJ'fI ::avtll'l fi 1'1'1 (testify)

t~tl1tijJf1Tl~ld~vd'\lfl~ (objectification)

flTJl't:;1'i'm,w1f'1i'Vilfl'f1h!fl11m11J';'Ui~1i1ftJmjf>itl1nn~v~rll!'J'WVll

't1::'l'lf.l'U\9fl'fl'lllJ!lJU~N

"1

. L'l1;:jLtHl'l1TVlL'.ilffl'lJ
T.!iI.~

~~lJl
"

ifl1
4.

s f{~ VIti)u aVl.:J1i'.i'jlJ'fI1ift.l.'1 (mere


s tlfflJAff
iIl..I'

reflection)

UfiltJU 01 'j

QJll

'iI (material real it)')

111mtJUflTl'U'iI'i'1'h ~s;Hhwn 'hjtrHHn~ Hlfl ~hj}nftn.l]j'1lll1.H.ifrJ'1-11'Ufl~~~"hw 1~ nnil:;


11lUfl11'JJ '\)~.J~ltn'1fU nu-:i 1 to::; llJii 11'1n~.J mi1'J-U~ 1tn'l5'W flU '111mUfJ'I11'UfH
."

"

~~·ali1 bl~ll1u f1:D


""

'Hnflfll'.il'l1.Jfln

tV

til

inmnmtruen

(mechanistic

objectivism)

f1I:J,:j llffl'lJ1"Hlfl'li'Ultn'HN'j11

d<v

i.

<>.

Lfltl1fliJfI'J1lJm'1f)fll.J1:::'HTl-1flTI'lJfI'lJl'IU

Q,.O

"

Q;,I

1i'\Jo'1'jJ~'l:la un::: 1111P-lf.l''\JtI-iJ~1'i11Yl11~t1Ti'J;j lJ9il~ ' If1!'.! Paulo Freire


." d

:I

Q;,II

Q,I

ddd

I'

mu

1'W Educacdo Como Practice Liberdade


4

Transcendence

(n rs nnn

"l"I"l

iu

tn nrrn

• '"

... rr~,1 fI 1"1'tL i-i 1J .,. 11'U11lJ1 tln-·m11'J lJ ) S'1J


&

ffllJ TH1'tl V -1'lJ 'U rrru fI


0

<:Il

"1i'U'l-JElj>Jflt'ri 1 'mJU1 f
~

oI':a

Q,.I.

cf~L:l

. _ t ,d, ~ Q. Vi iOU:l"'fl'S .:J11WI fl::;'j "Cl'l'f1lntl Q


'4

nTll1L9fWtrW
Q. ~

,r:;

.J" . !JI d"~ -'Jl!'U'llV 1 l'ILTTl'l'fl11 "lJh!lH:lflV


D,.I I -~ ~ ~

ff'f1l'l'! e

Q.I

tid

uns Off::

VItI ~!f1TllJ'O~.:J"

;v

''llU'W~

d~

tu ft fl'IHU:::

Q;.I'

t'ff~tJ~;P\9'l1V~mfhl
Q.tQ

(J ---lJ

'41HJ

,j'

1lJ1'l1L1'IfJ~
I

,d

48

rrnu :i.1l1'YfU 11fl'IJ'fitWU)


fl'1'H'5'U 11~
c '" '" "" nms I.'lf~ fl~ 'I rnmnmnunn (mecharusric

(L.1

Q;.I

rI

Q.J'

i9

,
~."",

d;;(J'~f1TV'lft'H'W"l'lJa>lfl'lUJ!tl'U'ill f11'J Ui:'1'l-:J 111f111lJ1,

'lViO~fntrU'tlna'·JIilt!'JtI~1J'4'hl.6(objective reality)
'" ,~.'

objectivism)

H~1 'il~

..s ""

!IlliilUf11'J

'i).1 fllOl
<>

1!~l'l1:;rns ff fill
-,~

A d: d' ~ 1 ~H~'l vuntnnu

l'vi'lUU ihl1 ~11 . 1CIn 'ijg:\l fl !fI1Ht)..:)(solipsism)


OnTJ

<:! ~ mun fH'lJ'W "

fjtUj{Jft~~tllirWrH~~thi1fl~

huCi !1J~vu'.i'lJ'1hn hifl~~1umilh!'i fl TI~thWflse hiffllll'.i


(a priori reality) 'Yl~tHNm
UUll~

fl'fUff';l '.it1f111ll'ill'l uiii Lll'Uft111'miv'U.'i}~'l 01'.i

"

ii1:U'4YVlli 'l,riirilu hi
\1fl rhl1'I-I1'l 'ill nJl1fJ'U
fl

!1J~nuUlhHfl1TlJ 1Jj ~
mYl

~-'l

Lilui1Jiliifiluu~'ijV'lfl1111!4{J
111il

(obfectivism)

91·:u~~)':h~l'1ihUfH'thH~t!"fI1"'1 ~Tnil'l
(solipsismj=>

~{Jili1'\J"o'lfl11lJ !llu~ ..:)~\1 fl 'OJ..:)


~lnl'l
y .~

m::;vh 1~(Jfl11:U'il11 Ufltl1TI'lmmTuAl1lJ'il11 'iJ::L'lf~tltlH1Jn'l~hihmJ.:j6 'Yl'J'JffU!: 'tIV'lfll'J'


:>"1:>'''' "" nTi111fll1:IJt lflun EN'UO'lFlUm'l
flll·lJl,,1J'W '1l1'li\l'll~eJ'Wu'lltl-ll'll
fl ~'lJf1'11l1'.iflU1mW1I'JUtfltr.:J
0 "" "'"

"'" •

rnn: "I U'lJI'1'lJf).:J ~ ...


<0>

. L5 rH'1fTU'lJU')U
;) -l nci

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forces)

" 111,1'IJ~~f.I>l
tn'il"lf'":W

11 n ft

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iticaI
of

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t:a;o I

rLAfJ'l 'ff1 (naive illusion) ~,,1u n'n~l'lci'


~

"LVfI" 1i'l1'W1m'Ul
ideology

oJ

Jd \ d.d.. ~ 'i.1::: 951 fJ'U VI ~.:ti11:::'jj"1~t1Jflt:Jtlfilt!'VlL'}·HmtlL"UllJl


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91

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development)

lw 'l~ ~U'1fl~

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~rJlJ1.hlflUfl T)ru~lh~'lfl'lfW Ofwolil/1 t1~i'Jl1lJL1(IU Vft:Hffl91e5 (Althusser)


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~,nl1u

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ff¥'1'"lih-i (Stalin)

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a1JffU

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hH:ue~

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r4fhuAt)n!:1~A11lJifllft'tli1---NmJft

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(ideology) ~a'lm)'YI~'Vin

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I

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of

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of

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of silence)

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(Cultural Action and Cultural Revolution)

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67
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21

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and

Its Opposite

1m::

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(rrrs tl1j,:)unn)

~hUl1J

68

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23

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23

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Htl~ Necrophilia

~'J1t1{j::;tflrJ'fl

1tlu

TIle Heart of Man l~I'J'U l~HJ

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69

(directive)

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""6J

f-.llJ Afl';j:;:'Y11 tLft: f.i'.i11Jf1 sms <u ~


<V

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,. ,;;

tJ 'IUD fl'W1f1t'tlTh

lr1·nj',-t~L.jj'l'ii"':H

'111

mt:; 1m
I

~liJU

iJ1tJl'I'n.ul'l..l

iX,:jlJ(lmi'!~'HjtHfl1V~'I1lJlmlHhwfl11J~

\l~\nfllm,:jf11"jft'ilm';jlJ~l.:l<l

'¥im''W(I

hw

n1J1;mm,:jn~1Jm~::::
'" 11tJtl:amWUll(J "I

lflfl::

!.ftflt1n '\Itl~

1ft S 'lfffl'l tl~n:: n'ilm'J1J


..=

''f '" '" ~I l'W1JV~LLf;1f1:;lfl'J.:}fl1'ln1l1~(,!1Jj::::f1'1fl

11i rrrr

'I1sfllm :Jfl1'.io'lt-1l1 v . '" "'" l "'''' 1JUill"tl'U UfI::::LVlfltAi'! ~fl':i'lf11':rVl1J

~ft:u,.hrfinu

ftfl'hlru:;-!rt-ltl~1~'iI! llf.lflY1il.;j 'Olfl lfill enrs 'IIfl.:! fl1)1ifl~l'Ul'il'Jfl'1~'HJ'lJ'Jl

hil'vhJ'1 u~llH~ ~Hl


1ft)·m l':i

1f1fpJl ::t'ofi

1l~lu~:nnWft111J'il~

'I J.:l 'l11JfI (total reality)

~')I'J

=Ji fll'Jvtl'1Y1umitl!
~tJfI"lllJl'W1Ull1~'il::.yh

hi

rrurnn 'il:: Lt"ff'fl'l111d1ufl111JUI>I


'lJfl..'1lJU L'Ifw 1TImj~L1Jt.!flm.:!

flY11'l 'illfUt~n:: 1 (dichotomized) ~ H(l:: nTJ 111'fl11lJi~lfiqj 1J


,

'illmd' (llJl tLf1:: 11>1 fllh:

ff.;jf1

(neutral)

hifl'u lJi
~

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,

(concept) ~':tnril'J

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''If ~m'H'Uftl11Jt~t)'YI1'J'iJ~'\.W1J
Lffutmu:;l'11'ftfIJ~m'.im,;'i1 1f1'.i ~fll'j!;~tl

gJ

'I1'nHJfl1Jf\~UtJ1J
!>'

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(idealism) flVl'l t'.it~t'J.:jftl


UTI:':Ut.!1'Y11.:l UUU11J

l.li "

d.

"l1>3~'YI~11'Ul..!fll'HH'lt

&

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Q

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ion) (oppression
~I

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• Y

...."

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'r

•I •

fll'HJfl1JflfI'I1I'Jf)'U

tI '.i:':U·u-S:':'U61J ... I , .
'j.II

lA"l flU ~nA;jUlj[ifl 1A'hdh.l rm m::vhvh1UI'I'.i

lm!'fl::!1:It.!·~"'fJmnmitluNu

ilUt! B1~U'U un
lIl.fhlUfJl\1lJ

tJ5-1~
l'1'l1lJ

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Qfl1tJ

coherence)

;,jm'f,n~1fi'UfI::'}'CI m'lflV

1~ i11Jmru.:yf~~8 \I Q n Hf1rnu
C

111m'u 1

iii tnlJ T1n m::l'll ~J !"lfk.l


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t)

umJ fi1~t'lJlnili
ff fl11'f

n'1Jfl1'.i t~tlf1"'lnN'.h

umJfi';;~

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rrn [lhn~t!J::1~ f1'l1:'1'l-rf ~ 1(1 Ie mU'iJlf1Ull11'lfl11lJlllt.!

\11"~ 11lU £JQ

lJ'YIlJ 1'Y1'U£J.:!')It '\11 1m l11LfI

fia f11'.i1JV~1111Tif11'J~1itl'J:;ff'VIim~uft:;;dJulU'~~t!fl1

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70

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l'Wl 0
,:

l1~V'J::~'U
"

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I ,. ...,

11 (critical consciousness)
d

fil11'lJ~JiIijlflJ~limfJ1,j ;
Q,w,.r'Q, ~

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1J~ l'HlJ
1i:iJ

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r,..

&; m.ll"! ~ ~
~

ill

une ffi'ns 1ft ,Hi msrl fi u;l flU d'hnl n Ai iffJ


UIliU-nU

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1t.! mjlJfiltu::~B'lUntlil'J~'il:;,ih lM''ltl'1

1118 tlTJl"iltiltlfrl'.l

'U \'1>1 mjll

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11

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fl1111~1~;hlJt.!fl':i"''l.null':i~~ fl;jU m '!i.~ 'i)l'n:u lUi:'!: ''i'rifl'j1ty~Lln?1 f
L1i:l1

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dJ.u1 'VI en f11tl¥l 1


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\11flfl'Wlm:nu
n'Uutl'lJ~1J

'"

'"

1.'Ul'IllJflftl.:J •

,., 4 .d nl'Jrr:l'IE1UIn'Vilflff)fllll'lfl'l'l!1Ttllfll1

un:: fI 11'1.H11'U(reflection)
.. ,d ..I ~ 4i LlIl'I(J'WLllJf1~~'flU 'j).:J 'il~'I'Il

tl'l.uihHlJl'illf1mH"~~V1.J.fl11'Hm~R111Hlftl~-Wl 111~flfh5~Qml1~(J'UlLtI"~LtI
'iJ:;L-tJ'U#<l~l~t1lJ lU1 (mediator)
.., ~ ..

'iJ~~'11" fl1l-!Jl11:;~nlil,mJ~(llmtlfl~ ':i!'I111'llJ lfhlU


fl1Jlh'UtI.:jfl111l5-J~
• '" 4.., A

f11'JU;lTWlti~tJ 1file:;~t1f1
U~ ue fl~l'Wi1'U'l
Y

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ns 11.H'Vitl m';i'i~ll 0t
,

d:

""

1II

'1 ""

ill

&

llJ'wnn~

.:lI

(revolutionary leadership)

111m~tlU

''Ul~;j1fllrlh~ff'lf1I-Ut8mhu1fJhrLfifl
'U E1'l'f111~Jl1Ul'J'wutlll'l 'UD;j l

ms Lff1'1.l1l'l1V lfilV:; ft~n fll1:;fl11m'''1;j{)


1'lf rrrm (Che Guevara)
t

~ (existence)

hi m!u n
"

1'\t)1fl1fltll4111J4'Ufl4Jl11: fll'J'tJl'Uf.I~
~ II "'...

-4

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<:I", '"

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{.FHJl !~l'I'flfJl-:)l"W'11[}'l 111LjlfllJ.:Jl1'Y'W

fl11'j,H~fl'Ufl'lfil'W'1
ml'lJfiflUft~'f1TllJrftn

ri ,htTl) n~llJ~i>l'fl'lfll'j'il::Li1utimJiJl~~m1'\ll-,tfi'il~~B'l
~fl-mrW)':m'jij11lJ

m1U lLmml1gau

'li1 'ilUft~R11lJfn~i'i~D1.h::"l1"1'l5l-! 1"11hift-1 rftloomul1'il:


~6 ~~t..tnlHlJ'Ufln'l1'i.J"J l1J,jl-!Vifl'Ufl~L'Ul

i'ntl'J:'lfl"lfU 1 'WjTlJ:lidhH~tlll
fil111J~lJm"1~fl:fml

'1:i

'ti"lTlrl 'lu rns

'1'tI~l'I~ m~rJ{j hi 'l~'lItl·:n:rmj~1~ U,r11!'111i!;ft~lmUl":lJurin ..


t<?h~llJfl'IJfl1'J
"
~ hjii';V'fl1TlJ1~~,j,nJ6ni.i;jfl11lJ

(A~!'JflnU11 "Bolivian Diary")"

"h.h'jvl\1't1E1'l1't11 1't11 ~lulfilrJ

11'lJf1111:f~fJ fl1~H.ullJ1iiri1t.l ;,'''JlJ'UfJ'lll'J:: 'tfl'lfU

(communion)

'fi lfJ'ti 0 'I t'lf t'thU91fJ ~Vl'ti t>J;j1J huif'lYI q II il (theoretical ~U'l'l

1 ms uafJnJ~ nu n f1rU' i."1''Ufil111JRfllm:; fl11 lJ:ffffl u "


context)

..

<l1'l ~'Ullbft: ~

i1lJm::'lJ1'Ufl111~unTJ~tfil:ll:'I1

m~mJftrUf1:11;jW"'UrJ'I'I1iffTcrY'rn'Wm'J~11i1lJ'l11J ,

'*

!'If f11l'jl (Che Guevara)

d'hJ'ti"l1fllL'ilU~hjl

111P1 hJi1lJ'llUt/

B1';)fi1111'iJlJJ;hl~'iHl~

1 'tltI~n

iJuurt::imhfl11uB1';,t

H":;\lnih~lfJ1u 111i1'~fJBolivia) ~~mJi.'I ( ..,

71
~t ".. ]<I

L9$fl11~1
'\J U -l fll'JV)l-llU

1:U'~fffl.,'j

';J1U'I1-1fl1T1Hl,1'l mWfl~UJ: 1'JL~tJ::jv::i

'I1114TI f1l'HUt:l'l11 um,~il"l Qlhg; ff..:tfl


fJriil'UJ!U1Lm::i'H 1JllfJ'I L'tIlflll1J

'UfJ-l,l'Y1

u:U";h 'if: l1J'lJfl

fl;1" ~ 'tIfJ 'l~~

1J1,'1 hI

..a

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..

.&

~".II

'iI.

QJ'

odd I _'" tlTlUI'lt'lf-lfl'UlJ l'lf!'Y'I'll::::f1Tl1J


4~ I 'II

~U'ifUi'U~'i\lh:;-fl1S 'U L'll" fl'nn


~ J Q ~

l'i\ '¥l1m'tllllUtl'l~flUvhn'i\
d

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d, ",

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0

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'.

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1 '.is ft'u:: UVi


g,.t
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"hhL'V~fI(Prophet)"
,~

**

tta'lhtty'i\U'H'H'tI5.:.Jfl"'l'lJtlU.'rI"'lJtJQlu!'n11Jl.,'j(llJ'tI'fl~

..,.,;.

Vi f.u fl'lJ f) -.1fl 'WL'I11:hu'U


fl1"jfl~110'l1'lf

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"If

fJ~ji)LLl'l'UfI'Un'I,hu'U'1
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lf1flnrflU

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'U

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'h 'I.rmJ51~1tJl1t'Ubju~~fJ\lt!fi,j~tJcil~1~£l1nu

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!i'UL~tl1nU~ n'lJtlJ~'l11'lfU
Q"I

1'l1
&

nl1il vb vbmh,u)'i\VlUUtl:: 'ilitn tl':i1~ 'i}:Vil nTHmmtl~rrufl'n:ufffflu OAf'!


()
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l)Jcl

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'Ym'VI'OHmJ1EJf)~ f11'iblOtlln::lrJ1'l1J1f1W
It'

"

f1'U'YIlJ1ftO'Ylfl'UutI'lJO

.d.:;;i.e:..

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..

lmnv
Q

VI L~fltl11fl:JHCl1
01'5 L1rl

iii '3/t

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Q.I

mtf:th:J'l.Jf111lJf«ni1 OAt:!
by the world)
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a~.n~fl Ltlurns nse vh (praxis)


,J
0

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""1

~.d

104 (mediated. '


0 d

vhf] hi n'il1FIn,hnJ f1 ~,uffm1i·ltiJ:fltlh1.t1 ~ 'Ul'l"U fJ-.'l t11'j t


JI

• I cO 'J/.~ .".. .,. U"tlfHurltJ'Uf1111Jlummflfil"lf.:.JVll

1" "" 'l'Hflfilnn1I1Ufll:it1''i

H "'iJAffTI.,w"

""

d ' "Irw'i t1J':i:1111,mlHll

n~mJlI~":l1ltitJ m::u:J'UfI1'jLn'fl'tlU~~~Hhi1fl 11lUf-If)'tIu.:jfl-I'J'jlhn'ilfIJ}lJl11Jfiuhm~~"'h

ilu

"'* hhn~~(Prophet)
1JUf)UOlJ1tllll!'tW
, ~

fiB~~fI'1lJl'JfJilIFl~Un1Jl'n:;'~l
<;If. .,; '"
"'i

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Q

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'j/

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l1J1.!'f11ftm'UB.:JfflffUlm.J.tJOtl 'u'}n:::t'ill (God) ---I'j~tlJfI

AI

***

til'O:F1j-lntl
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"#~11J (i11Jftfl
Q.d,dc~

j-;ninu
J9

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1.Q.c:l.a

~mtJtJ 1flO L'H1J1

~'iitJ ~N

1 'W]1'W~V1l1JUflf111ifltJ-I,I

nJOTJ~D

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(~f11J'Hlff'tnl)
N~.:.JUft'fl~Fll.rh

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11Sl4 il~ fl11'.11·J1J 1 tw~ hi 1 tJ'lJffUflll1'fiHltWl U'J


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4 ~ ~

u-uoU Ofttl ~~r '~'Ul fl'tnRCI


f;!utlft
:!lJ

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(f:I!:J.

l1'lUlJ!'JlJjiii'J l1UVI'ijj"-.'l'UtJ-3f1'l"Ul -

d,..

72
5j} .....,.. l'..::I. d.

t.IJ ,.,

lt1t1n'ilfln:u m:rhn1J

'I11fllli1li~fllJ'\JB'l1'1'Jm'\J1Vl'l'1lJf1

un~ ltll'JflTH:l~'1f.J'W (reflection)

fI'-3'Yl~1m'tl1 t~

lrlfl ~':l'lf'WlJJ.rM6~vhm~H'f1'1'\.,!1'1i'V l'flf.J:gvfl

'i-J:lJn'lJ'I1flltf"l flU ~'1ffTlJTHl1l111:lP'l


~'l

Lffl11:::Pll111H~lliYl

hlll'j~
11t1fl1'1

ffl'Vlfll11.Jlfffl

(perceptive clarity)

Ut(.}iou lmw\U'jJ'\.n1
(maximum J'.,,,,.;.,,,, of

(Lucien

Goldmann] 969)
consciousness)"
'\I'iHiWlff1Uf)

dh.! "~vni1i!fl~ijftntlill'Vfq~~~
,",0,,"

...

. ""

d! v q)'ltrH'JVtl'tlB'l "l'IVlUl'UfH!l1 (real

censcfousness)" 'VU nJfJf1 Uft::UUf'lBflTHf1~

potential ""

m::
~U

11111f1,.Hn A'tItl 'I

;lmhwn ~lIulJ1nfl':hnTwm: ~'!Ji9'l~hi!f1f (prise

de conscience)
~'1

'hJ~lW"lu18tj1mhT:h~j'LlmJ1tJo~

nTHV1'l1t!;!"~g>lthunmJ'Ufl~~ (false consciousness)"

'I1lJ1t1f1'l

~~ihu fJU1I'U~'l 'I! lfh LLft:::U'lJU 1 ~l~tI'l1;1'


hi~.ij'lritlfl ...
."

l'Jlfj',mUlfJ 'lf11:HH)f1',j f),un:! 1riflfl11:i: L~~

1,..nmr'UtJ'If\'I.,!~li~fli;hi1r1

TJ::'U tJ-.3fl11lJllj

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~ di

;~lthw n

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..

'1~1fm'W'l11t'J1

(demythologized

reality)

lfltJ1i 'J'nJ"lfl~hw.:rrnnnn

't'Ilnihl'J~11'bJftl'JJ1':i

"

1!'1'hjff1~Jl'l fl~I'lJU1!1JUllt1'IJtJ
qo4

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rn
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,

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d I _

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1 U rT'lJlh :<trl<tfU '1y.) 111fl 'tl11 rHIl fl


'91

"

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Yl11lJl1J'UlJ'l{lW
G

denunciation)
,'jJ ~

flU l'f1Hftfl'1IliVl'l
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,

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81

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85

AFRICATODAY,'The Role of Poetry in the Mozambican 1969.


AsHTON' WARNER, SYLYEA (1966),

Revolution', \'01. 16, No.2, April-May,

Teacher, Penguin.
Penguin

ALTHUSSER, _______

LOUI.<;(1970),F01'JvI8.1'X, trans. B. Brewster, Allen Lane, The


and BALlBAR, ETIENE

Press.

(1962),Para Leer e1 Capital Siglio XXI, Mexico.

BELOFF, JOHN (1964), The Existence


BERGSON,

oflvIind, iVlacGihbolJ & Kee.


r

HENm(]954), The Two SOUJ'Ces of ]IIfOJ'ality and Religion

trans R.

Audra and

C. Brereton, Doubleday.
HENRlqUE CAHDOSO, FERNANDO

(1968), 'Hegernonia burguesa e independencia ecocomica Cill:ilzaciio Brasileira,

raizes estruturias January. DE


CHAHDlN.

da crise politica brasilsira' , Reviata

no. 17,

P1EUHE TEll~H.<\RTJ (1965),

The Appearance of Man .. trans. J. M. Cohen,

Co1Jins. CHOMSKY,NOAi'I](966), FANON, FRANTZ (1968),


FREfRE, PAUU)(1970),

Cartesian Linguistics, Harper & Row. The Wretched oith» Earth, Penguin. 'Cultural freedom in
Latin

America', in Human Rights and the of Notre

Liberstioa

of Men in the Americes, edited by Louis M. Colonese, University

Dame Press, Indiana.


______ (1969),

'La alfabetizacion

de adultos,

critica

de su vision ingenue,

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ala Accioa Oulturel, I C I R A Santiago,

(1972), Pedagogy of the Oppressed, Sheed & Ward: Penguin _ (1969), Annual Report: Activities Ior 196~ ICIRA Santiago, Chile. Trans. Center for Study of Development and Social Change, Cambridge,

Massach usetts (mimeo).


______
FRQr,fl\-1, ERIC GQLDMANN,

(1917), Educscso como Prdtica


cia Liberdsde, Paz e Terra, Rio de Janeiro.

(1965), The Heart oEM an Routledge & Kegan Paul.


LUCfEN

(1969),
(1967),

The Human Science and Philosophy, Cultura y Literature,

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(1969), '1'0 wards a Marxist H umenism,

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: The opiate of intellectuals'

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,New York Review of

Books, vol, 13, no. 2, July. MARCEL,GABRIEL (1962), Man Against Mass Society, trans. G. S. Fraser, Regnery Gate.
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______
trans.

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}/,{a.l'X,

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IL<;

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Orion Press & Regan Paul.


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Enemies, Routledge

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A Reduceo Sociologies,

Brasileiros,

Rio de Janeiro.
'Algumas experiencias
O1V

SALAS,. D.llJUO(196a),

vivdadas

na Supervisao by Paulo Freire,

de Educacao

basics',

in A Alisbetisao 0, November.

Functional

Chile, introduction

report, to U N ESC

SARTRE,JEAN-PAUL (1947), Situations _______ (1968), Search


f01"

1,Librairie Gallimard, Paris


a .. fethor4 trans. Hazel E. Barnes, 4 Vmtage

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UN ESC

0(1960) La Sitrscion Educetivs en America Lstine, cuardo no. 20, Paris

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