Time: Three hours PART A – (10 X 2 = 20 marks) Answer ALL questions in about 50 marks 1. Explain measurement 2. Define a test 3. Explain statistics 4. What is validity? 5. State hypothesis 6. Define sampling 7. What are quantitative variables? 8. What are non-parametric tests? 9. Explain normal distribution 10. Explain Likert scaling PART A – (10 X 2 = 20 marks) Answer ALL questions in about 50 marks Maximum: 100 marks

11. (a) Briefly write about measurement in research. (OR) (b) Underline the significance of measurement. 12. (a) Outline the advantages of Likert-type scale. (OR) (b) Explain how one develop test item. 13. (a) Mention the factors influencing reliability. (OR) (b) Explain the importance of measures of Skewness and Kurtosis.

14. (a) Discuss the characteristics of descriptive research. (OR) (b) Bring out the scope of statistics. 15. (a) What are the assumptions underlying the use of statistical tests? (OR) (b) Explain Type I and Type II errors. PART C – (5X10=50 marks) Answer ALL questions. Each answer should not exceed 500 words. 16. (a) Explain clearly the various measurement scales. (OR) (b) Elucidate the steps involved in test construction. 17. (a) What are the methods of estimating validity? (OR) (b) Elucidate the steps involved in planning an experiment. 18. (a) Describe the statistical analysis for a two randomized groups design. (OR) (b) Discuss experimental variables and indicate the techniques of control. 19. (a) How do you calculate the semi-inter quartile range for these scores? Scores: 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 Frequencies: 2 8 6 12 7

Scores: Frequencies:

35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 6 4 3 1 1

20. (a) Discuss the procedure to be followed while testing a hypothesis. (OR) (b) Discuss the steps involved in a two way ANOVA.

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