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14

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Ref: AFP

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Ref:The Nation

16
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Ref: The Nation

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Ref:Wall Street

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,if;avSum;xpfpdkufcif;
ig;ck t euf ES p f c k w nf & S d o nf h

Ref:AFP

health NEWS

18

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Ref: AFP

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Ref;AFP

ruúqDudkuav;i,f\ 33 aygif&Sd
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ydBk uD;udk ruúqu
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z,f&Sm;rIrSm ruúqDudkwGif yxrqHk;tBudrfvnf;jzpfonf/Ref;AFP,AP

19
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Ref:AP

NyD; 1997 ckEpS ?f Zlvikd v
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Ref: CNN

tdEd´,wGif a&vTrf;rdk;rIrsm;aMumifh vl 30 eD;yg;
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vufzufEiS ahf &eH<u,f0aom tmoHjynfe,f\ 27 c½dkifteuf 21
c½kid w
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ydwfrdaeolrsm;twGuf ,m,DcdkvHIp&m wJ 1500 cefYjyKvkyf ay;xm;
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ajrNydKrIrsm;aMumifhaoqHk;olta&twGufrSm ZGev
f 28 &ufwiG f 100
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k yf sKd;a&;\ 60 &mckid Ef eI ;f rSm rd;k &Gm
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0ef;&Sd v,form; 235 oef;twGuf b@ma&;qkHk;½HI;rIrsm; jzpfay:apcJh
aMumif; od&onf/
Ref: AFP

toufpGefhí uifacgif;aqmifrsm;\ "mwfyHkrsm;rsm;udk
q,f,cl h Jaom trsK;d orD;i,f*P
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f ;l aqmifzUJG cs;D jr§ichf ahJ Mumif;
EdkifiHydkifrD'D,mwpfckwGif aMunm
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aoqH k ; oG m ;cJ h a om Han
Hyong -Gyong trnf&Sd ausmif;
oluav;\ ol&owåt
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ausmif;tm;vnf; olremrnf
ajymif;vJac:qdck ahJ Mumif;od&onf/
[ef\ rdbrsm;? q&mESifh
olr\ vli,ftoif;acgif;aqmif

tygt0if tjcm;[efEiS o
hf ufqikd f
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csyfrsm;tm; vdkufvHq,f,l&mrS
aoqH;k cJjh cif;jzpfaMumif;od&onf/
ajrmufudk&D;,m;EdkifiHpwif
wnfaxmifol uiftDqGef;ESifh
om;jzpfol uif*sHKtDwdkU\ ½kyfyHk
um;csyfrsm;onf EdkifiHwpfvTm;&Sd
tdrfrsm;? ½Hk;cef;rsm;ESifh yk*¾vdu
taqmufttHkrsm;wGif csdwfqGJ
xm;Muonf/
Ref: AFP

21
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aMumif; ZGefv 25 &ufaeYwGif
tDAefpu
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a&;tmrcHay;Edik af &;twGut
f vGef
tvkyfrsm;aeaMumif; ajymMum;
cJhonf/
MI5 ESifh tjcm;tMurf;zuf
rIwdkufzsufa&;tzGJUrsm;onf vl
52 OD;aoqHk;í vl 700 ausmf
'Pf&m&&SdcJhaom 2005 ckESpfu
vef'efajratmuf&xm;vdkif;rsm;
ü jzpfyGm;cJhaom taocHAHk;azmuf
cGJrIjzpfpOfrsm;jyD;aemuf jAdwdefajr
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rsm;onf NyD;cJhonfhESpfrsm;twGif;
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tDAefpfonf NyD;cJhonfhESpf
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Edik if zH mG ; tpövmr®prf sm;onf t,f
au'grsm;\ avhusirhf rI sm;udck ,
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qdrk mvD,m&St
d Murf;zuftzGUJ rsm;xJ
wGif yg0ifaeolrsm;rS 100 cefY&Sd
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,if;NAdwed Ef ikd if zH mG ; tpövmr®pf
rsm;onf tdv
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onf/
Ref: AFP

ESpf 60 Mum xD;eef;pHcJUonfU tvdZbufbk&ifrudk *kPfjyK&eftwGuf
Big Ben acgif;avmif;&Sd&m em&Dpifwm0gudk tvdpfZbufwm0g[k trnfajymif;

ESpf 60 Mum xD;eef;pHcJhonfh NAddwdefbk&ifrtvdZbufudk *kPfjyK
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wm0g [k trnfajymif;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; NAdwdefygvDref\
wm0ef&Sdolrsm;u xkwfjyefaMunmcJhonf/
NAdwdef\vlodtrsm;qHk;txifu&taqmufttHkrsm;xJrS wpfck
jzpfonfh em&Dpif\trnfudk ajymif;vJ&eftwGufygvDreftzGJU0ifrsm;
u tqdkjyKcJhNyD;aemuf wGif trnfajymif;vJrIjzpfay:vmjcif;jzpfonf/
em&Dpifwm0g(Clock Tower)udk trnfajymif;&ef tqdkjyKrIudk
axmufco
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tuf'rf v
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NAdwdefygvDref\ atmufvTwfawmfaumfr&SifESifh vTwfawmfOuú|*Ref
bm;udk;wdkY aqG;aEG;cJhNyD;aemufwGif rD;pdrf;jycJhjcif;jzpfonf/
tvdZbufarQmfpif[k ajymif;vJjcif;onf tvdZbufbk&ifr \
xD;eef;pHouf ESpf (60) jynfhrIudktodtrSwfjyK&efxdkufwefonfh
*kPjf yKrIwpfcjk zpfaMumif; NAdwed 0f efBuD;csKyfa';Apfuifr½Geu
f ajymMum;
cJhonf/ bk&ifudk *kPfjyK&eftwGuf Westminister eef;awmf&Sd tpdwf
tydik ;f wpfcu
k kd trnfajymif;vJro
I nf yxrqH;k tBudrrf [kwaf y/Apfw;kd

*sLvD,eftqef*f tDauGa'gwGifckdvHIcGifhawmif;cHrItay: axmufcHonfh tD;ar;vf 10000 ausmf oH½Hk;rsm;&&Sd
0DuDvdcfwnfaxmifol*sLvD
,eftqef*fonf tDauGa'gwGif
EkdifiHa&;cdkvHIcGifh&&ef awmif;cHrI
tay: axmufcHonfhtD;ar;vf
10000 ausmfudk tar&duefESifh
NAdwdef&Sd tDauGa'goH½Hk;rsm;u
vufc&H &Scd ahJ Mumif; tDauGa'gwm
0ef&Sdolrsm;u ZGefv 26 &ufwGif

ajymMum;cJhonf/
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10000 ausmf &&Sx
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tDauGa'g EdkifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;u
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jyefcJhonf/
tqef*fudk tDauGa'gtpdk;&
u ckdvHIcGifhay;oihfaMumif; vl

axmifaygif;rsm;pGmu wku
d w
f eG ;f cJh
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f kd axmufc&H onfh t
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rsm; awmufavQmufay;ydkYcJhonf
[kvnf; ,if;tpD&ifcpH mwGif azmf
jyxm;onf/
vufrSwfxkd;NyD; toem;cHcJh
olrsm;wGif 'g½du
k w
f mrsm;jzpfaom

rdkufu,frdk&dESifh tdkvDAm pwkef;?
o½kyaf qmif'efe*D vdAk m? 'óedu
aA'ynm&Sif Noam Chomsky wdYk
vnf;yg0ifaMumif; od&onf/
tqef*o
f nf vef'ef&Sd tDauGa'g
oH½;kH wGif ZGev
f 19 &ufü Ekid if aH &;
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Ref: AFP

wl&uD wyfzGJY0ifrsm;ESifU wifUum;rsm;udk qD;&D;,m; e,fpyfwGif wyfjzefhxm;
NyD;cJo
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ESpf&uftMumwGif ¤if;\e,fpyf
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wGif avaMumif;umuG,af &;pepf
rsm;vnf; yg0ifaMumif; EdkifiHydkif
owif;rD'D,mwGif azmfjycJhonf/
wl&uDESifhqD;&D;,m; e,fpyfa'o
wpfavQmuf&dS sanliurfa ESihf Hatay
c½dik rf sm;odYk vufeufwyfqifxm;
onfh,mOfrsm;udk a&TUajymif;xm;
NyD;jzpfaMumif; Anatolia owif;
XmewGif azmfjycJhonf/
Ref:CNN

&D;,m;bk&ifr\ xD;eef;pHoufESpf (60) jynfhpdef&wkusif;ycJhonfh
19 &mpkEpS t
f wGi;f uvnf; King's Tower udk Apfw;kd &D;,m;wm0gtjzpf
trnfajymif;vJcJhzl;onf/
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f iG f aqmufvyk Nf yD;pD;
cJhjcif;jzpfaMumif; ygvDref\ ordkif;taxmuftxm;rsm;wGif azmfjycJh
onf/ rsuEf mS av;zufyg0ifonfh em&Dpif\acgif;avmif;BuD;udk 1859
ckESpf? arv 31 &ufaeYwGif wyfqifcJhjcif;jzpfonf/ 13 wefcGJ av;
onfh acgif;avmif;twGif;buf&Sd Big Ben trnfudktpGJjyKNyD;Big Ben
[k ac:qdkcJhjcif;jzpfonf/ tjrifhay 316 &Sdonfh tqdkygarQmfpifonf
vef'efESifh ,lau&Sd txdrf;trSwfoauFwrsm;pGmxJrS wpfckjzpfonf/
arQmfpifudk trnfajymif;&eftwGuf tqdkjyKrIonf Twitter vlrI
uGef&ufwGif aqG;aEG;jiif;cHkrIrsm;pGmudk jzpfay:apcJhonf/ arQmfpifudk
tvdZbufarQmfpif[k trnfajymif;rnfjzpfaomfvnf; acgif;avmif;
udk rlvod&x
dS m;onfh Big Ben tjzpfom qufvufac:qd&k ef ygvDref
tzGJU0ifrsm;uvufcHcJhonf/ trnfajymif;vJonfhtcrf;tem;udk
rMumrDusif;y&ef arQmfreS ;f xm;aMumifEh iS hf tqdyk g tcrf;tem;udk wuf
a&muf&ef tvdZbufbk&ifrudk zdwfMum;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; tpdk;&
Ref:Daily Mail
owif;&if;jrpfrsm;u ajymMum;cJhonf/

½k&Sm;oef;<u,folaX; y½dkcdka&mUAfu
armfpudkNrdKYawmf0efjzpfvdkonf[k ajymMum;
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wGif 0ifa&muf,SOfNydKifvdkaMumif;
xkwfjyefaMunmcJhonf/
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aexdkifcJhaMumif;od&Sd&onf/
Ref:Bloomberg

22

international News

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Ref: AFP

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Ref: AFP
ajymMum;cJhonf/

24

opinion
( 1 )
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BuD;\ pufacgif;[laompum;udk
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aumif; bHkwlnDcsufwpfck? yef;
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ESifhywfoufí ajymp&mawGu
trsm;BuD;jzpfonf/
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25
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Ref;1.Ethics for Journalist by Richard Keeble
2,DRIVING DEMOCRACY by
Pippa Norris
3.Journalism,A Very Short Introduction by Ian Hargreaves

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rwHk;oGm;bl;aygh/ b0qdkwm tJ'D
up&w,favAsm/ uJ tckb,f
vdkvkyfMurvJ/ ausmif;tyf&moD
ukefawmhr,f/ olrsm;awGausmif;
wufMuNyD/ tJ'u
D av;awGukd oD;
jcm;ausmif;zGifhzdkYuvnf; rvG,f
ao;bl;av/ a&mfbmjcHvkyfom;?
ausmufxkvkyfom;? NrdKUwGif; [dk
Mum;? 'DMum;rSm &&mtvkyu
f v
kd yk f
NyD;aeMu&wJrh o
d m;pkawG&UJ uav;
awG? ausmif;tcsdefrD ynmquf
vufoifMum;Edkifa&;twGuf 0dkif;
0ef;aqmif&GufEkdifrnfhenf;vrf;
aumif;wpfck &SmMuHMu&atmif?
aemiftem*wfwYkdEikd if t
H wGuf wpf
ae&m&mu tusKd;rjyKEdkifbl;vdkY
twdtus b,folajymEkdifrvJ
Asm/
]oaAÁowåm ur®oum} qdk
wm aumif;wmvky&f if aumif;wm
jzpfygw,fAsm/ raumif;wmawmh
qufrvkycf sifawmhwm taumif;
qHk;yg/ aumif;wm? awmfwm?
oifhwmawGrsm; c&D;qufzdkYta&;
avmavmq,f ]pdeyf ef;uH;k uav;
oDEdkifzdkY} BudK;pm;oDMuOD;pdkYvm;
Asm/

32

opinion

q|o*Fg,emwifziG yhf t
JG crf;
tem;ukd 17 ar 1954 (uqkef
vjynfhaeY)wGif &efukefNrdKU? urÇm
at;apwDawmf r[mygomPvdP
k f
*lawmfü usif;ycJhygonf/ ,if;
zGiyhf t
JG BudKumvxif&mS ;aom jzpf
&yfrsm;udk atmufygtwkdif;avh
vmawGU&Sd&ygonf/
awmifijl rwfapmnDaemifb&k m;yGjJ yefvnfpwif
17 {NyD 1954 wGif ESpf
twefMum&yfem;xm;&aom awmif
iljrwfapmnDaemifbk&m;yGJukd oHk;
&ufMum jyefvnfusif;ycJhonf/
jrwfapmnDaemifbk&m;yGJrSm jynf
wGif;aomif;usef;olrsm;aMumifh
&yfem;xm;cJh&jcif; jzpfonf/xkdU
aemuf jyefvnfusif;ycsdew
f iG f oD
&dysHcsDAv
kd rf LS ;BuD;pde0f if;?c½dik 0f efO;D
cif?&mZ0wf0efBuD; OD;jratmifESifh
awmifirl ;D owftzGUJ rS OD;usib
f ed ;f ?
OD;wifhaqGwkdUu BuD;Muyfapmifh
a&Smufay;cJhMuonf/
bk&m;yGJawmftwGif; oHCm
awmfrsm; pDwef;um qGrf;avmif;
yGu
J si;f ycJ&h m Adv
k rf LS ;BuD;pde0f if;ESihf
c½dkif0efOD;cifwkdUudk,fwkdif a&SUqHk;
rS zvm;udkifí vkdufygcJhMuojzifh
NrdKUrdNrdKUzrsm; 0rf;ajrmufyDwdjzpfcJh
Muonf qkdygonf/
w½kwfjrefrmul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;pmcsKyf
22 {NyD 1954 rGef;vGJ 2 em&D
tcsdefwGif &efukefNrdKUtwGif;0ef
½Hk;ü w½kwfjrefrmul;oef;a&mif;
0,fa&;pmcsKyfcsKyfqykd u
JG dk usif;ycJh
onf/w½kwfoHtrwfBuD;,dkcsHK
rif;ESi0hf efBuD;ocifomcifwYkdvuf
rSwaf &;xd;k Mujcif;jzpfonf/ pmcsKyf
vufrw
S x
f ;kd yGt
J crf;tem;wGif 0ef
BuD;ocifomcifEiS w
hf ½kwo
f t
H rwf
BuD;wdkYu ESpfEdkifiHcspfMunf&if;ESD;
a&;pum;rsm;ajymMum;cJMh uonf/
aq;0g;xkwfvkyfa&;puf½Hkopf
23{NyD 1954wGif tif;pdefNrdKU
BudKUukef;&yfü aemifta&SUawmif
tm&SwGif tBuD;qHk;jzpfcJhonfh
aq;0g;xkwfvkyfa&;puf½Hk tkwf
jrpfcsyJG usi;f ycJo
h nf/ ,if;tcrf;
tem;odkY EdkifiHawmf0efBuD;csKyfOD;
EkESifh 0efBuD;rsm;wufa&mufcJhMu
onf/ tcrf;tem;wGif 0efBuD;csKyf
u rdefYcGef;ajymMum;&mü jynfol
vlxkusef;rma&;twGuf EdkifiH
awmfrS aiGusyf 4 uka#ausmf t
ukeftuscHwnfaqmufoGm;rnf
jzpfNyD; aemuf 3 ESpftwGif; þae
&mü jrefrmwpfEdkifiHvHk; wpfESpf
wmtwGuf vdktyfaom aq;0g;
rsm;udk xkwfvkyfay;Edkifawmhrnf

orkdif;0ifrif;vScHwyfwkdufyGJjzpfyGm;pOf NAdwdoQyef;csDq&mwpfOD;a&;qGJrSwfwrf;wifxm;yHk

4C
owif;azmfjyyg&SdcJhonf/ xGef;
armifonf zJom;0dwftav;r
cseyf ,
D AH v
kd v
f yk JG wGif 725 aygifr,
Edkifojzifh tEdkif&&SdoGm;cJhjcif; jzpf
onf/ zdvpfyikd t
f av;rorm;a&mh'f
&D*'kd ,frmS rl 685 aygifjzifh 'kw,
d
ae&mudkom&&SdcJhonfqkd\/
tvm;wl tBuD;wef;[JAD;
0dwt
f av;rNydKiyf w
JG iG v
f nf; jrefrm
jynfrS armifarmifvGifu aygif
710r, Edkifojzifh yxrqkqGwfcl;
&&SdcJhonf/

OD;jrrSm Ekwx
f u
G o
f mG ;ojzifh ol\
ae&mwGif OD;jr&ifukrÜPDrS OD;jr
&iftm; tpm;xkd;cefYtyfcJhonf/
OD;jr&ifrmS ukeo
f nfBuD;rsm;toif;
\ 'kwd,Ouú|jzpfygonf/
vpfvyfoGm;aom 'kwd,
Ouú|ae&mtm; OD;vSpdefukrÜPDrS
OD;vSped u
f t
kd pm;xk;d cefYtyfco
hJ nf/
xkdUjyif EkwfxGufoGm;aom trI
aqmiftzGJU0if OD;armifuav;ae
&mwGif vlxkukrÜPDrS OD;vlarmf
tm; cefYtyfcJhonf/

rif;vScHwyfukd *kda'gifvkyf&eftqdk
1954 ckESpf arvqef;wGif
txufrif;vSNrdKU&Sd orkdif;0if rif;
vScw
H yfBuD;tm; or0g,r*dak 'gif
tjzpf 0g*Grf;odkavSmif&ef o&uf
c½dkifajrmufykdif;ygvDreftrwf

NAdwdoQr[mrif;BuD;csKyf\c&D;pOf
14 ar 1954 wGif ta&SU
tm&Sawmifykdif;qkdif&m NAdwdoQ
r[mrif;BuD;csKyf rpöwmr,fv
uGefrufa'ge,fvf&efukefNrdKUokdU
tvnftywfa&muf&v
dS mcJo
h nf/
Edik if aH wmfor®wBuD;a'gufwmbOD;
\ zdwfMum;csuft& {nfhonf
awmftjzpf vma&mufvnfywf
cJhjcif;jzpfonf/NAdwdoQr[mrif;
BuD;csKyo
f nf arv 17 &ufaeYwiG f
q|o*Fg,em"r®obifoYkd vnf;
wufa&mufMunfndKcJhonf/

ygvDrefacwf rSwfwrf;rsm;

ygvDrefacwfq|o*Fg,em"r®obiftBudKumv xif&Sm;aomjzpf&yfrsm;
wifEikd w
f ;dk
jzpfaMumif;yg&SdcJhonf/
avmydwa&tm;vQyfppfpuf½Hk
26 {NyD 1954 wGif u,m;
jynfe,fvGdKifaumfNrdKUodkU a&muf&Sd
um u,m;wkdif;&if;om;½dk;&m
uvlr*FvmyGJawmfwufa&mufae
onfh or®wa'gufwmbOD;u
avmydwa&tm;vQypf pfpuf½w
kH nf
aqmufa&;twGuf yEéufcstcrf;
tem;odYk wufa&mufco
hJ nf/eHeuf
10 em&DwGif or®wBuD;ESifhtzGJU
a&wHceG pf cef;odYka&muf&v
dS mMuum
avmydwa&tm;vQyfppfpuf½t
kH m;
tkwfjrpfcsay;cJhjcif;jzpfonf/
oGm;a&m*gnDvmcHwufa&mufa&;
26 {NyD 1954 nae 4 em&D
wGif jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEdkifiHawmf
oGm;bufqidk &f mq&m0efrsm;toif;
csKyfOuú|ESihf trIaqmifvBl uD;rsm;
u usef;rma&;0efBuD;Xmeausmif;
om;oli,fuse;f rma&;vufaxmuf
nTefMum;a&;0efa'gufwma&ToGif
tm; vufzuf&nfyGJjzifh wnfcif;
{nfhcHcJhonf/
a'gufwma&ToGifonf EdkifiH
awmftpdk;&ukd,fpm; e,l;ZDvef
EdkifiHoGm;a&m*gESD;aESmzv,fyGJokdU
wufa&muf&ef a&G;cs,fccH &hJ onfh
twGuf ,if;odkY *kPfjyKcsD;usL;yGJ
usi;f ycJjh cif;jzpfonf/tcrf;tem;
okUd use;f rma&;Xme 'kw,
d twGi;f
0efO;D bpde?f oGm;bufqidk &f mq&m
0efrsm;toif;csKyfOuú|OD;a&T&if?

twGif;a&;rSL;ESifh trIaqmifrsm;
wufa&mufcJhMuonf/ oGm;pkduf
q&mtoif;em,u OD;axmifAv
kd f
u EkdifiHawmfrS a'gufwma&ToGif
tm;a&G;cs,fapvTwcf jhJ cif;twGuf
aus;Zl;wif0rf;ajrmufryd gaMumif;
ajymMum;cJhonf/
oGi½f yk &f iS ½f jkH yefvnfziG v
Uf pS f
&ef u k e f N rd K UAd k v f c sKyf a tmif
qef;vrf;&Sd oGi½f yk &f iS ½f u
kH dk 28 {NyD
1954 wGif topfwpfzefjyef
vnfzGifhvSpfcJh&m jynfxJa&;0ef
BuD;Adv
k cf ifarmifuav;? jyefMum;
a&;0efBuD;OD;xGe;f 0if;? NrdKUawmf0ef
OD;bnGefU? ½kyf&SifESifh jyZmwf
tpnf;t½Hk;rS OD;wifEG,fpolwdkY
wufa&mufMuonf/ 0efBuD; Akv
d f
cifarmifuav;u rdefYcGef;ajym
Mum;&mwGif uRefacwftcsdefu
yxrqH;k Armykid ½f t
kH jzpfwnf&v
Sd m
aom oGif½HkwGif½kyf&Sifjyoaom
tcg oHk;a&mifjc,ftvHESifh trsKd;
om;oDcsif;ukd wD;rIwfaMumif;?
þtcgu rdrEd iS v
hf &l ,
G f 5 a,muf
wdkYu rwfwyf&yfí tav;jyKMu
aomtcg tcsdKUvlrsm;u &,farm
NyD; tcsKUd vlrsm;u xkid x
f ikd [
f k ajym
qdkaMumif; ponfjzifh ajymMum;cJh
onf/ oGif½HkrSm rD;avmifcH&NyD;
aemuftopfjyefvnfwnfaqmuf
cJhjcif;jzpfonf/
rl;apUyJapUrsm;&yfpJrnf
jrefrmEdkifiHwGif oHk;pGJvsuf&Sd

aom rl;aph? yJaphrsm;ukd vmrnfh
30 {NyD 1954 wGif &yfpJawmhrnf
jzpf&m arv(1)&ufaeY aemufq;kH
xm;NyD; vJvS,fMu&ef 26 rwf
1954 &ufpGJjzifh oufqkdif&mrS
xkwjf yefaMunmcJo
h nf/ okUd jzpfí
vuf0,f&adS eMuaom rl;aph? yJaph?
rwfaph? ig;rl;aphrsm;? bk&m;ykxdk;
tvSLcHyHk;rsm;rS ta<uaphrsm;tm;
vHk;ukd tvSLaowåmrsm;rS xkwf
,lumtcsdefrDvma&mufvJvS,f
Mu&ef taMumif;Mum;cJhonf/
tm&Stm;upm;yGJü jrefrmtav;rorm;rsm;
Adv
k pf JG
6 ar 1954 wGif zdvpfykdif
EdkifiHreDvmNrdKUü usif;yvsuf&Sd
onfh 'kwd,tBudrfajrmuf tm&S
tm;upm;NydKifyw
JG iG f jrefrmtav;
rorm;xGef;armifu AdkvfpGJtEdkif
&&SdoGm;aMumif; aemufwpfaeU
xkwf Armhacwfowif;pmwGif

OD;xGef;wifu awmif;qdkcJhonfh
twGuf NrdKUrdNrdKUzrsm;u pka0;
uefYuGufcJhMuonf/ 7 ar 1954
wGif NrdKUay:&Sdor0g,rt&m&Sd
rsm;? zqyv trIaqmifrsm;? NrdKUrd
NrdKUzrsm;onf ,if;udpöukd uefU
uGuf&ef c½dkif0efOD;vSazESifhoGm;
a&mufawGUqHkaqG;aEG;cJhMuonf/
a&S;jrefrmwkUd \ cHwyfa[mif;
wpfckjzpfaom rif;vScHwyftm;
txufrif;vSNrdKUe,fjynfaxmifpk
vli,ftzGJUu xdef;odrf;apmifh
a&Smufvsuf&&dS m *kad 'gifrvkyo
f ifh
aMumif;uefYuu
G cf MhJ ujcif;jzpfonf/
ukefonfBuD;rsm;toif;trIaqmiftajymif;
tvJ
8 ar 1954 wGif jynfaxmifpk
jrefrmEdik if u
H ek o
f nfBuD;rsm;toif;
trIaqmiftcsKdUtm; topfa&G;
cs,fwm0efay;tyfcJhonf/ ukef
onfBuD;rsm;toif;Ouú|[oFmw

r[mygomPvkdPf*lodrforkwf
16 ar 1954 wGif q|o*Fg
,emwifyt
JG wGuf wnfaqmufchJ
onfh r[mygomPvdkPf*lawmf
BuD;tm; odrforkwfcJhonf/ ,if;
r[mygomPvkP
d *f al wmftm; wnf
aqmuf&eftBuHay;cJo
h rl mS rD;owf
XmenTefMum;a&;0ef OD;vSausmf
jzpfNyD; 1ESpf2vESifh 10 &ufMum
wnfaqmufcjhJ cif;jzpfonf/ wnf
aqmufa&;vkyif ef;t00udkvnf;
OD;vSausmfuyif wm0ef,lcJhNyD;
wnfaqmufNyD;pD;csed w
f iG f Edik if aH wmf
Ak'¨omoemtzGJUOuú| qmOD;oGif
tm;vTJajymif;ay;tyfcJhygonf/
usrf;ukd;
1/ jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEdkifiHq|r
ESpfywfvnf
2/ jrefrmhtvif;ESifh Armhacwf
owif;pm owif;rSwfwrf;rsm;
(1954 {NyD ar)

34

opinion

jrefrmEdkifiH&Sd AdrmeftaqmufttkHyHkpHyg AdrmefoHk;ckteufwpfckjzpfonfU
[oFmwNrdKY&Sd tmZmenfAdrmefukd ,cifyHkpHtwdkif;jyefvnfjyifqif
jrefrmEdkifiH&SdAdrmeftaqmuf
tODypkH yH gAdrmefo;kH ckteufwpfcjk zpf
onfh [oFmwNrdKU&Sd tmZmenfAd
rmefukd oufqdkif&mu ZGefv 27
aeYrSpí ,cifyHkpHtwdkif;jyefvnf
jyifqifrrI sm;jyKvkyv
f su&f adS Mumif;
od&onf/
]]1948 ckESpfupjyD; 1961
ckESpftxd ESpfpOf rwfv 27 &uf
zufqpf*syefawmfveS af &;aeYa&muf
wdik ;f toif;tzG.J aygif;pHw
k ufa&muf
NyD; tmZmenfAdrmefudkcsDwuf
tav;jyKcJhMuygw,f/ Zlvdkif 19
&ufaeYtcrf;tem;awGudkvnf;
ESpfpOfusif;ycJhMuayr,hf 1988
aemufydkif;rSmawmh jyKvkyfcGifhr&
cJhMuygbl;/ 1989ckESpfZGefvqef;
u [oFmwNrdKY tmZmenfAdrmef
udo
k ufqikd &f mtpd;k &u tmZmenf
yef;jcHtjzpf ajymif;vJowfrSwfcJh
ygw,f/ 2004 ckESpfrSm [oFmw
pnfyifom,ma&;tzGJU t&iftrI
aqmift&m&Sv
d ufxufrmS tmZmenf
Adrmef(atmufvif; "mwfrD;yHk)udk
jrefrmjynfajryHk? yef;tvSyHktrsKd;
rsKd;ajymif;NyD; NrdKYe,fyef;jcHyHkpH jyK
vkyfcJhygw,f/tmZmenfAdrmefudk
ajymif;vJxm;wJh yHkpHrsdK; r[kwfbJ
t&ifyHkpHtwdkif;yJ jzpfapcsifwJh
twGuf t&iftwdik ;f jyefvnf jyif
qifay;zdYk oufqikd &f mudak wmif;qdk
cJyh gw,f/ZGev
f 27 &ufaeYrmS jynf
olawG&UJ qE´twdik ;f oufqikd &f mu
jyKvkyfay;wJhtwGufudkvnf; 0rf;
omauseyfryd gw,f}} [k OD;aqmif

1C
yk*HanmifOD;avqdyfodkh jynfy
avaMumif;vkid ;f tcsKv
Yd ma&mufavhvm
yk*aH nmifO;D avqdyo
f Ydk jynfy
avaMumif;vkdif;tcsKdUrS ,ckESpf
twGif;vma&mufavhvmrIrsm;jyK
vkyfcJhaMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/
jrefrmEkdifiHodkU urÇmvSnfhc&D;
oGm;rsm; vma&mufvnfywf&mü
t"duc&D;pOfa'owpfckjzpfaom
yk*HZkef&Sd yk*HanmifOD;avqdyfudk
ZGefv26&ufaeYu xkdif;EkdifiHbef
aumuf tJ,m;a0;avaMumif;rS
wm0ef&Sdolrsm; vma&mufMunfh½I
avhvmcJhMuaMumif; od&Sd&onf/
]]befaumuftJa0;uwm0ef&Sd
olawG vma&mufavhvmoGm;yg
w,f/ c&D;pOfajy;qGJzkdUtwGuf
jzpfEikd yf gw,fb,fawmhpjzpfrvJ

awmhrod&ao;ygbl;}}[k avqdyf
rS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;
onf/
xkdif;EkdifiH befaumuftJ,m;
a0;ESifh yDbDtJ,m;vkdif;wkdUonf
,cifu yk*HanmifOD;avqdyfESifh
xkid ;f Ekid if w
H Udk tMum;wku
d ½f u
dk t
f xl;
c&D;pOfrsm; ysHoef;cJhzl;aMumif;od
&Sd&ygonf/
rMumao;rDumvuvnf;
tJ,m;at&SavaMumif;vkdif;rS
wm0ef&SdolwcsdKU yckuúLav,mOf
uGi;f ESiyhf *k aH nmifO;D av,mOfuiG ;f
rsm;tm; vma&mufMunf½h aI vhvm
cJhaMumif; owif;&&Sdygonf/
ukdaemf (yk*H)

yJcl;wkdif;a'oBuD;twGif; yxrqHk;,mOfarmif;
ppfaq;a&;uGif; jynfNrdKY ü jyKvkyf
jyKvyk cf o
hJ w
l pfO;D uajymMum;onf/
]]uRefawmfulnDay;EdkifwJh
tcsed ?f vkyyf ikd cf iG v
fh nf;&wJh tcsed f
rSm jynfolawG&JU qE´udk ulnD
aqmif&u
G af y;csiw
f t
hJ wGuf tBuD;
tuJawGuw
kd ifjycJNh yD; tBuD;tuJ
awGuvnf;cGifhjyKay;cJhwJhtwGuf
tmZmenftxdrf;trSwfausmuf
wdik u
f t
kd &ifypkH t
H wdik ;f jyifqifay;
rIawG? &Sif;vif;rIawGudk jyKvkyf
ay;jzpfcJhygw,f}}[k [oFmwNrdK.
pnfyifom,ma&;trIaqmift&m
&SOd ;D cifarmifjrifu
h ajymMum;onf/
zufqpf*syefawmfvSefa&;
umvrwdik cf ifpwifBuKd ;yrf;&efppD Of
aecsdefwGif jrefrmwpfEdkifvHk;rS rsKd;

cspfvIyf&Sm; ol 240 cefYaoqHk;cJh
onft
h euf [oFmwe,futrsm;
qH;k tjzpfrsK;d cspv
f yI &f mS ;ol 90 ao
qHk;cJhonfhtwGuf a'ocHacgif;
aqmifrsm;u txdrf;trSwfae&m
wpfckxm;&Sd&ef vdkvm;aecsdefwGif
tmZmenfacgif;aqmifBuD;Adkvf
csKyfatmifqef;tygt0if tmZm
enfacgif;aqmifrsm;vnf;usq;kH cJNh y;D
onfhaemuf &efukefvTwfawmf
taqmufttkHa&SUwGif tmZmenf
Adrmeftm;wnfcNhJ yD;csed w
f iG f [oFm
wESifh &efukefrS c½dkifacgif;aqmif
rsm;u oufqdkif&mudk &efukefrS
AdrmefyHkpHtwdkif;jyKvkyfcGifhudk wif
jycJNh y;D [oFmwNrKd UwGiw
f nfaqmuf

cJjh cif;jzpfaMumif;od&onf/jrefrm
Ekid if w
H iG f AdrmeftaqmufttkH yHpk H
ygAdrmefo;kH ck&NdS yD;tqdyk gAdrmefrsm;
rSm&efuek v
f w
T af wmfa[mif;a&SUwGif
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f maMumif;ukd yGpJ m;ukeo
f nf
pufykdifrsm;toif;rS od&onf/
w½kwfbufrSt0,fvkdufae
aom ajryJqefaps;EIef;rsm;rSm
*syefvkH;qefwpfydómusyf2325?
tuf0rf;vkH;qef wpfydóm usyf
2200? trfwGJqefwpfydómusyf
2200aps;EIef;&SdaMumif;? &efukef
rSt0,fvkdufaeaom ukvm;yJ
aps;EIe;f rSmok;H wif;0ifwpftw
d v
f Qif
usyf 60000 aps;EIef;&SdNyD; yJpif;ikH
aps;EIef;rSm usyf 49000? yJwDpdrf;

usyf 63000 aps;EIef;&SdNyD; w½kwf
0,fvufrsm;aMumif;od&onf/
ESrf;aps;uGufrSmvnf; 0,f
vufenf;umta&mif;t0,fat;
ae&NyD; ESrf;jzLwpftdwfvQif usyf
80000? ESr;f eufusy7f 7000? ESr;f
ndKusyf 75000aps;EIef;jzpfonf/
]]vuf&Sd yJaps;uGufuawmh
ta&mif;t0,f ykrH eS t
f wkid ;f yJ&adS e
ygw,f/ajryJqefwpfrsdK;yJ w½kwf
bufu t0,fvkdufaeygw,f/
usefwhJ yJ?ESr;f wkYd uawmh ta&mif;
t0,fenf;ygw,f?0,fvufenf;
oGm;wJt
h wGut
f a&mif;t0,fat;
oGm;Ekdifygw,f}} [k yJukefonf
yGJpm;wpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/

Pg-39

0gwGif;umveD;uyfcsdef rEåav;aps;csKdvufum;aps;uGufü
ta&mif;t0,fjrifhwufvmaomfvnf; a&mif;cs&rIavsmhenf;
rEÅav;aps;csKdvufum; aps;
uGufü 0gwGif;umveD;uyfcsdef
ta&mif;t0,fjyefvnfjrifhwuf
vmaomfvnf; ,cifESpfrsm;ESihf
EdiI ;f ,SOyf gua&mif;cs&rIavsmeh nf;
aMumif;aps;csKdawmftwGif;&Sdvuf
um;qdik Bf uD;rsm;rSppkH rf;od&&dS onf/
]]yHkrSef 0g0ifcgeD;&if 0gwGif;
twGufe,fawGu BudKNyD;trSm
rsm;awmh0,fvt
kd m;wufygw,f/
'DwpfESpfywfvHk; oBuFefumveJY
tck0g0ifumeD;tcgyJ ta&mif;
t0,fwufw,f/ 'gawmif t&if
ESpf0,fvdktm;eJY,SOf&ifusoGm;
w,f/ t&ife,ftrSm ig;odef;zdk;
&Sd&if 'DESpfoHk;odef;zdk;avmufyJrSm
wm&Sdawmhw,f/ tckcsdefyJa&mif;
aumif;NyD; 0gwGi;f qd&k ift0,fv;kH
0r&So
d avmufjzpfomG ;NyD; oDwif;
uRwfrS t0,fenf;enf;jyefvdkuf

w,f}}[k aps;csKd&Sd txnfqdkif&Sif
wpfOD;u ajymMum;ygonf/
rEÅav;aps;csKdonf t0wf
txnf? aq;0g;? vlo;kH ukeyf pön;f
rsK;d pHk vufvD? vufum;a&mif;cs
&mae&mwpfckjzpfNyD; jrefrmEdkifiH

EdkifiH0efxrf;rsm;tm; t&pfuspepfjzifU
rdkbdkif;zkef;rsm; a&mif;csay;oGm;rnf[kod&
aejynf a wmf tygt0if
jynfe,fESifh wdkif;a'oBuD;toD;
oD;wGif wm0efxrf;aqmifvsuf&dS
aom EdkifiH0efxrf;rsm;tm; t&pf
uspepfjzifh rdkbdkif;zkef;okH;pGJEdkifa&;
twGuf rdkbdkif;zkef;rsm;udk ,ckESpf
ZGefv 29 &ufaeY? Zlvdkifv 31
aeYwdkYwGif t&pfusaiGacspepfjzifh
a&mif;csomG ;rnfjzpfaMumif;jrefrmh
qufoG,fa&;vkyfief;\xkwfjyef
aMunmcsuft&od&Sd&onf/
aMunmcsut
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jynfe,fESifh wdkif;a'oBuD;toD;
oD;wGif wm0efxrf;aqmifvsuf
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t&pfusaiGacspepfjzifh okH;pGJvdkol

rsm;tm; 2012 ckEpS f ZGev
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wyfqifay;oGm;rnf[o
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f ed ;f weff GSM
rdb
k ikd ;f zke;f wpfv;Hk twGuf wpf&pf
vQif av;aomif;usyfay;oGif;ap
vsuf ig;&pfvpOfay;acsjcif;jzifh
vnf;aumif;? usyf 2 odef; 5
aomif;wef WCDMA rdb
k ikd ;f zke;f
wpfvkH;twGuf wpf&pfvQif usyf
ig;aomif;ay;oGi;f apvsufig;&pf
tm;vpOfay;acsapjcif;jzifhvnf;
aumif; wyfqifay;oGm;rnf[k
od&onf/

ausmufrsufaps; y&[dwvlrIpD;yGm;ulnDa&;aumfrwDrS
&cdkifjynfe,f'ku©onfrsm;tm; oGm;a&mufvSL'gef;rnf

ZGefv 24 &ufaehu ausmuf0dkif;a&SYwGif oD&dtvFumwD;0dkif;jzifU tvSLcHaepOf
rEÅav;NrdKU r[matmifajr
ausmufpdrf;? ausmufrsufy&[d
w vlrIpD;yGm;ulnDa&;aumfrwDrS
&cdkifjynfe,f&Sd 'ku©onfrsm;tm;
oGm;a&mufulnD&ef ZGefv 24
&ufESihf 25 &ufaeYrsm;u oD&d
tvuFmtvSjywD;0dkif;jzifh vSnfh
vnftvSLcHcJhjyD; Zlvdkifvqef;
ydkif;wGif oGm;a&mufvSL'gef;rnf
jzpfaMumif; od&onf/
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jyefMum;a&;wm0efcHwdkYudk,fwdkif
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atmifajrausmufprd ;f ?ausmufrsuf
y&[dwvlrIpD;yGm;ulnDa&;aumf
rwDrSwm0ef&SdolwpfOD;uajymyg
onf/oD&t
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ode;f ausmf&&Scd ahJ Mumif; od&onf/

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rsm;odkY t"duwifydkYa&mif;cs&
aMumif; od&onf/
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awG? plygrm;uwfawG zGihfvSpfvm
Muawmh vufvD0,fwJholawGu

aps;csi;f wl&if tJ'rD mS yJomG ;0,fMu
awmhw,f/ aps;csKdxJu qdkifawG
uawmh e,fvufum;aps;uGuu
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xyfrH&Sif;jyonf/
Nidrf;Nidrf;aomf? ,OfrsKd;oG,f

ZlvdkifvrSpwifí rEåav;NrdKYwGif
EdkifiHul;vufrSwfjyKvkyfEkdif
rEÅav;NrdKU atmifajrompH
NrdKUe,f 12 vrf;ESifh 66 vrf;&Sd
rEÅav;wdkif;a'oBuD; owif;
wyfzGJUrSL;½Hk;wGif EdkifiHul;vuf
rSwfxkwfay;a&;½Hk;udk ZlvdkifvrS
pwifízGifhvSpfawmhrnfjzpf&m
rEÅav;NrdKUüyif EdkifiHul;vufrSwf
jyKvyk Ef ikd af wmhrnfjzpfaMumif; od&dS
&onf/
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a&;½Hk;udk rEÅav;NrdKUrSmzGifhr,fqdk
&if rEÅav;NrdKUteD;0ef;usifu NrdKU
av;awGtwGuf trsm;BuD;tqif
ajyoGm;ygw,f/ t&ifuqdk&if
EdkifiHjcm;xGufzdkY EdkifiHul;vufrSwf
udk &efuek rf mS oGm;vky&f wJt
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tcsdefukef? aiGukefaMu;usrsm;
w,f/ pm&Gufpmwrf;rjynfhpHk&if
Mum;NrdKUjzpfwJhtwGuf trsm;BuD;
tcuftcJjzpfw,f/ rEÅav;rSmzGihf

NyDqdkawmh aeYcsif;jyefawmifoGm;
vkyfvdkY&NyD}}[k rEÅav;NrdKUawmif
buf 48 rdkiftuGm&dSjrpfom;NrdKUrS
OD;pHaomfxGef;u ajymygonf/
tqdkyg EdkifiHul;vufrSwf
xkwfay;a&;½Hk;wGif EdkifiHul;vuf
rSwfudk jrefrmEkdifiHowif;wyfzGJU?
vl0ifrIBuD;Muyfa&;ESifh trsKd;om;
rSwfyHkwifa&;OD;pD;|me? jrefrmhpD;
yGm;a&;bPfwdkY yl;aygif;íaqmif
½Guaf y;rnfjzpfaMumif;? pm½Gupf m
wrf;jynfph ykH gu aiGusyo
f ;kH aomif;
cG0J ef;usiu
f ek u
f saMumif;od&onf/
txufjrefrmEdik if rH ES ikd if Hjcm;
odYk ynmoifomG ;a&mufvo
dk rl sm;?
tvkyfoGm;a&mufvkyfudkifvdkol
rsm;ESifh taMumif;trsKd;rsKd;aMumifh
EdkifiHjcm;odkY oGm;a&mufvdkolrsm;
twGurf sm;pGmoufomoGm;onf[k
oHk;oyfrIrsm;&dSMuonf/

40

commodities prices

wpfywftwGif; &efukefaps;EIef;rsm;

azmfjyygaps;EIef;rsm;onf ZGefv 29 &ufaehwGif aumuf,lxm;aom
aps;EIef;rsm;jzpfNyD; 5% rS 10% txd aps;EIef;tajymif;tvJ&dSEdkifygonf??
wpfywftwGif;a&Taps;EIef;rsm; (wpfusyfom;? usyf)

wpfywftwGif;EdkifiHjcm;aiGvJvS,frIEIef;

rD;zdkaqmifoHk; ukefpnfrsm;aps;EIef; (usyf)
qefrsK;d pHak ps;EIe;f rsm;
a&Tbdkay:qef;arT;(&S,f)
1 jynf 1600
ykodrfay:qef;arT;(&S,f)
1 jynf 1300
bdkuav;ay:qef;arT;(&S,f)
1 jynf 1150
rdk;ZD,m(&S,f)
1 jynf 700
awmifysH(&S,f)
1 jynf 1100
a';'&Jay:qef;arT;(&S,f)
1 jynf 1200
ay:qef;arT;(vwf)
1 jynf 800
awmifysH
1 jynf 1000
ay:uRJ(½dk;½dk;)
1 jynf 700
a';'&JawmifysH(opf)
1 jynf 1200
raemokctopf(&S,f)
1 jynf 700
a&T0gxGef;(vwf)
1 jynf 700
uRef;a&T0g(&S,f)
1 jynf 700
ipdef
1 jynf 600
{&marT;
1 jynff 1100
qif;oG,v
f wf
1 jynf 800
zsmyHkay:qef;arT;(½dk;½dk;)
1 jynf 1200
&mausmf(½dk;½dk;)
1 jynf 600
rD;zdkaqmifoHk;ukefypönf;aps;EIef;rsm;
MuufoGefeD
1 ydóm 700-800
MuufoGefjzL-Arm
1 ydóm 4000-5000
MuufoGefjzL-&Srf;
1 ydóm 2500-3000
tmvl;
1 ydóm 1000
tom;? ig;ESifh Oaps;EIef;rsm;
Muufom;(Arm)
1 ydóm
6000
Muufom;(pDyD)
1 ydóm
5000
0ufom;
1 ydóm
6000
qdwo
f m;
1 ydóm
8000
trJom;
1 ydóm
6000
ig;Muif;
1 ydóm
5000
ig;jrpfcsif;
1 ydóm
4000
bJO
1 vHk;
110
MuufO
1 vHk;
100
pm;oH;k qDaps;EIe;f rsm;
yJqD&S,f
1 ydóm
4500
yJqD½dk;½dk;
1 ydóm
3200
taMumfcHqD
1 ydóm
1900
e,fyJqD
1 ydóm
3100
tarxGm;ajryJqDoefY
1 ydóm
5200
yGJawmftkyfajryJqDoefY 1 ydóm
5000
&efukefyJqDoefY
1 ydóm
5200
{&m0wDyJqDoefY
1 ydóm
5100
aiGoZifrif;yJqDoefY
1 ydóm
5100
jzLpiform"d qHkqD
1 ydóm
5800
oajyndK qHkqD
1 ydóm
5500
Global yJqDoefY
1 ydóm
4650

&ufpGJ
25-6-2012
26-6-2012
27-6-2012
28-6-2012
29-6-2012

(odrfjzLaps;)
&ufpJG
USD
,l½kd
pifumyl
25 .6 .2012 855^864
1066^1082 665^675
26 .6 .2012 858^867
1069^1085 668^678
27 .6 .2012 865^874
1074^1090 674^684
28 .6 .2012 873^880
1082^1098 680^690
29 .6 .2012 875^882
1080^1098 680^690
tajccHtdrfaqmufypönf;aps;EIef;rsm;(usyf)
uke;f tkwf
a&tkwf
qifwHqdyfbdvyfajr(txdkif)
ausmufp&pf(txdkif)
jrpfoJ(txdkif)
oJMurf;(txdkif)

wpfv;kH
wpfv;kH
wpftdwf
wpfusi;f
wpfusi;f
wpfusi;f

115
110
5200
53000
8000
12000

xD;aps;EIef;rsm;(usyf)

(jyifyaps;)
USD
,l½kd
pifumyl
861^863
1060^1065 667^670
879^881
1075^1080 672^677
890^892
1077^1082 675^680
878^882
1075^1080 670^675
875^880
1075^1080 670^675
um;tvSqifypönf;aps;EIef;rsm;(usyf)

'DZ,f

Petro K

wpf*gvef
wpf*gvef
wpf*gvef
wpf*gvef
wpf*gvef
wpf*gvef
wpf*gvef
wpf*gvef

3550
3550
3550
3550
3550
3550

3690
3700
3700
3700
3700
3700
3700
3650

3897
3900
3900
3900
3800
3800
3900
3900

wpf*gvef
wpf*gvef
wpf*gvef

3700
3700

3800
3700
3750

4100
4200
4100

a&arT;(Air-con)

Asahi(oHk;a&mifjc,f)
Asahi(½dk;½dk;)
Asahi(ESpfukdif;)
Asahi UV ajAmif

ajAmif(t&Snf)
½dk;½dk;t&Snf
Asahi yef;yGifh
Nikko UVtuGuf
cdx
k ;D
Asahi UV
Asahi

wpfacsmif;
wpfacsmif;
wpfacsmif;
wpfacsmif;
wpfacsmif;
wpfacsmif;
wpfacsmif;
wpfacsmif;
wpfacsmif;
wpfacsmif;

5100
5600
5000
5400
5500
4000
3000
4000
5500
4000

1 vHk; 60000

ZTE CF110

1 vHk; 40000

Haier C2021

1 vHk; 50000

vHk; 50000

CDMA800Mhz

ZTE A316

1 vHk; 20000

HUAWEI 6200

1 vHk; 80000

ZTE E850

1 vHk; 50000

HUAWEI 5735

1 vHk; 50000

Samsung 319

1 vHk; 35000

Samsung 159

1 vHk; 30000

ol&d,pGrf;tif
Green Luck

rEåav;
ST Oil
KZH
Green Luck

Laptops

aps;EIef;rsm;(usyf)

6500

DELL

7300

Dell Inspiron N5110-ASP(4GB)

1 vHk;

613685

Ambipur (Gel)

wpfAl;

4500

Dell Inspiron N4110-ASP

1 vHk;

618100

Ambipur(set&refresh)

wpfAl;

5300

Dell Inspiron N5110-ASP(8 GB)

1 vHk;

715230

Water-World

wpfAl;

8500

Inspiron N4110(U560413TH)

1 vHk;

741720

um;okwfy0g USA

wpfck

5300

TOSHIBA

wpfck

4500

Satellite L745(i5)

1 vHk;

551875

wpfck

2800

Satellite L745(i5) Nvidia

1 vHk;

643707

Drink holder

wpfck

4500

Satellite L740(i3)

1 vHk;

385000

Area wdkifpGyf Angry Bird

wpfck

6000

Satellite C 640(B960)

1 vHk;

385000

High Cooling Radiator

wpfAl;

8000

Lenovo

Waxy(All Wheel Cleaner)

wpfAl;

10400

ideapad G470(B960)

1 vHk;

405297

Waxy(Engine Cleaner)

wpfAl;

10400

ideapad G470(B940)

1 vHk;

378807

aumfaZmajceif;cGuf

wpfpHk

35000

ideapad S100

1 vHk;

281677

a&arT;(Air-con)

Deluxe um;rdk;um

wpf'gZif
wpf'gZif
wpf'gZif
wpf'gZif
12acsmif;
12acsmif;
12acsmif;
rdk;um ½dk;½dk; (cav;)
1xnf
Nikkocav;xD;(t&Snf) 1acsmif;
Ten rdk;um (cav;)
1xnf
Eleven Pg-80
Unicolor Pg-80
Top ChoicePg-80
Time Pg-80
JIANEEN cJwH
KCK cJwH
Mida cJwH

2000

wpfAl;

Ambipur

ausmif;oHk;ypönf;aps;EIef;rsm; (usyf)

Nokia X18

NEW DAY

atmufwdef;

wpfAl;

Tulip

um;okwv
f uftw
d f
Asahi(ESpfa&mifpyf)

1 vHk; 40000

1 vHk; 45000

"mwfqD

KZH

Nokia X 101

Ubiquan U200

ta&twGuf

ST Oil

1 vHk; 50000

CDMA450Mhz

qdkiftrnf
&efukef
ruf(pf)jrefrm

Nokia C 200

HUAWEI T3061 1

tacguf
719000
729500
720000
725000
720000

yk*¾vdupufoHk;qDta&mif;aps;EIef;rsm; (usyf? ZGefv 29 &ufaehaps;rsm;)

[ef;qufaps;EIef;rsm; (usyf)
GSM

15yJ&nf
678000
685000
685000
683000
680000

2900
2200
2200
2400
900
1650
700
3500
3200
8000

qdk'fBuD;

41
tom;wd;k Muufaps;jyefvnfjrifw
U uf
vmjcif;aMumifU taumifa&wdk;íarG;jrLvm
arvukefutom;wdk;Muuf
wpfydóm usyf 2500jzifh aps;
raumif;cJah omfvnf; vuf&ZdS eG v
f
ukeyf ikd ;f wGif tom;wd;k Muuf wpf
ydóm usyf 3000 xd aps;wuf
vmcJah omaMumift
h aumifa&wd;k í
arG;jrLvmMuaMumif; rEÅav;wdik ;f
a'oBuD; rdw¬DvmNrdKU&Sd MuufarG;
jrLa&;vkyfief;vkyfudkifolrsm;xHrS
od&Sd&onf/
tom;wdk; MuufjcHrsm;wGif
Muufaumifa&tenf;qkH; 500 rS
trsm;qkH; 4000xd arG;jrLavh&Sd
NyD;{NyDvukerf pS wifíaps;raumif;
cJYaomaMumifh MuufjcHtrsm;pk
t½IH;ay:cJYí &yfem;aecJhMu&NyD;
,ckZGefvukefydkif;wGif aps;wuf
vmcJYaomaMumifY MuufjcHrsm;jyef
vnf arG;jrLvmEdkifaMumif; od&Sd
&onf/
Muufpmaps;EIe;f rSm Muufi,f
pm 50yg wpftdwfvQif usyf
29000? Muufaygufaps;EIe;f usyf

550 jzifh twufbufa&muf &Sad e
aMumif; aps;uGuftwGif;rS od&Sd&
onf/
]]oMuFefNyD;xJu Muufaps;
u tusrsm;aew,f/ 'DESpfu
Muufom;aps;twuftus t&rf;
jrefaeawmh vkyf&udkif&wm cuf
w,f/aps;uGucf efYreS ;f &wmvnf;
cufaew,f/ t&ifESpfawGu qdk
&ifawmh rdk;wGif; Muufom;aps;
raumif;bl;/tckvnf;Muufom;
aps;uusyf 3500 uae aps;jyef
usvmwm 3000 avmufyJ &Sd
awmYw,f/ aemufMuufom;aps;
raumif;wm&,f?ylwm&,faMumifh
t&ifvawGu Muufaumifa&
avQmYwmawGMuufjcHydwfwmawG
vkyv
f mawmh aps;uGux
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Ref:CNN

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Ref:CNN

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Zlvdkif 7 (paeaeh)
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Ref:CNN
Photo:AFP

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Ref:CNN;AFP

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Ref:CNN

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