RENCANA PELAKSANAAN PEMBELAJARAN LISTENING SKILL
Prof. Dr. Joko Nurkamto, M.Pd
Furqon Edi Wibowo
ENGLISH DEPARTMENT SEBELAS MARET UNIVERSITY OF SURAKARTA 2011
RENCANA PELAKSANAAN PEMBELAJARAN ( RPP)
Mata Pelajaran Satuan Pendidikan Kelas/Semester Materi Pokok Siklus Alokasi Waktu I. STANDAR KOMPETENSI Mendengarkan Memahami makna
: Bahasa Inggris : SMA N 3 SURAKARTA :X/2 : Teks Deskriptif (Descriptive Text) : Mendengarkan (Listening) : 2 x 45 menit
dalam teks fungsional pendek dan monolog yang
berbentuk narrative, descriptive, dan news item sederhana dalam konteks kehidupan sehari-hari.
II. KOMPETENSI DASAR Mendengarkan 2.2. Merespon makna dalam teks monolog yang menggunakan ragam bahasa lisan secara akurat, lancar dan berterima dalam konteks kehidupan sehari-hari dalam teks berbentuk: descriptive
a. Menunjukkan gagasan utama (main idea) suatu teks; b. Menentukan tujuan teks; c. Menyebutkan informasi rinci dalam teks, baik yang tersirat maupun tersurat; d. Menjelaskan makna kata atau ungkapan tertentu dalam teks; e. Menunjukkan respons yang tepat sesuai dengan tuntutan dalam teks; f. Memanfaatkan peranti kohesi (cohesive devices) untuk menjelaskan hubungan antar elemen dalam teks.
IV. MATERI PEMBELAJARAN Lampiran 1
V. METODE PEMBELAJARAN Guided Question : Pre Listening, Whilst Listening, Post Listening
VI. KEGIATAN PEMBELAJARAN 1. Kegiatan Awal a. Memberi salam b. Berdoa c. Mengecek kehadiran siswa d. Mereview pelajaran sebelumnya e. Mengetengahkan topik pelajaran f. Menjelaskan tujuan pelajaran g. Menjelaskan manfaat pelajaran h. Mendengarkan audio singkat mengenai contoh teks deskriptif.
2. Kegiatan Inti NO 1 TAHAP Pre-Listening KEGIATAN GURU 1. Guru menjelaskan KEGIATAN SISWA 1. Siswa memperhatikan dan mencatat penting hal-hal mengenai
tentang teks diskriptif dan fitur – fitur yang ada di dalamnya.
teks didkriptif. 2. Guru memberikan 2. Siswa mendengarkan tape recorder yang di
contoh diskriptif teks dengan menggunakan tape recorder.
putar oleh guru.
3. Guru meminta siswa untuk mencatat hal-hal penting mengenai isi dari teks diskriptif
3. Siswa mencatat halhal penting
mengenai isi dari teks diskriptif yang di putar. 1. Siswa menentukan
yang di putar. 2 Whilst-Listening 1. Guru menyuruh siswa untuk menentukan
main idea dari teks diskriptif yg telah di dengar.
main idea dari teks diskriptif yg telah di dengar. 2. Guru menyuruh siswa untuk mengerjakan items question lembaran soal dan mencoba match Short dalam yang
2. Siswa match Short
menjawab items dan
dalam lembaran soal yang disediakan guru. telah oleh
telah disediakan oleh guru. 3. Guru menyuruh siswa untuk mendiskusikannya dengan teman yang ada disampingnya. 4. Guru bersama siswa menjawab pertanyaan bersama-sama.
3. Siswa mendiskusikan jawaban teman dengan yang ada
disampingnya. 4. Siswa bersama guru menjawab pertanyaan bersamasama.
1. Guru membagikan soal 1. Siswa yang berhubungan guru
dengan teks diskriptif yang akan di putar.
membagikannya kepada temannya teman-
memutarkan 2. Siswa mendengarkan audio mengenai sebuah
audio mengenai sebuah teks diskriptif.
teks diskriptif dan mencatat penting. 3. Guru menyuruh siswa 3. Siswa untuk beberapa menjawab soal pada menjawab hal-hal
soal pada lembaran kertas yg telah di sediakan.
lembaran kertas yang sudah di sediakan
3. Kegiatan Akhir a. Meringkas pelajaran b. Melakukan refleksi c. Menyiapkan pelajaran yang akan datang d. Memberi salam penutup VII. ALAT PENILAIAN Lampiran 2
VIII. MEDIA PEMBELAJARAN 1. LCD projector, screen, dan laptop. 2. Gambar natural disaster and the white house 3. Audio yang berkaitan dengan teks yang akan dipelajari
SUMBER BELAJAR 1. Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Republik Indonesia No. 41 Tahun 2007 tentang Standar Proses. 2. Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Republik Indonesia No. 22 Tahun 2006 tentang Standar Isi. 3. Zaida, Nur. 2006. Practice Your English Competence. Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga.
PENILAIAN 1. Jenis Penilaian 2. Teknik Penilaian 3. Kunci jawawan 4. Rubrik Penilaian Exercise 1 Exercise 2 : formatif ( Ulangan harian ) : tertulis : terlampir ( Lampiran 3 ) : : 10 : 10 + 20 x 5 = 100 Score Maximal : 100
Surakarta, 19 Januari 2012 Kepala Sekolah, Guru Mata Pelajaran,
LAMPIRAN 1 Descriptive Text. ( Time Duration: 5.50 Minutes )
Natural disaster by John Russell Natural disasters take many different forms and can happen without warning. Earthquakes, floods, volcanoes, drought, typhoons and hurricanes are all natural disasters. The earthquake of 26 December 2004 resulted in one of the worst natural disasters in living memory. It was a massive underwater quake and occurred in the Indian Ocean. This caused a huge tidal-wave (a tsunami) to cross the Indian Ocean. It destroyed coastlines, communities and brought death and destruction to many people. Thousands of people were killed as the wave travelled miles across the ocean to distant beaches. Whole families were swept out to sea or drowned as the sea invaded the land. The survivors need fresh water, food and shelter as well as medical help. People from all over the world are giving lots of money so that towns and villages can be rebuilt. Why do earthquakes happen? The surface of the earth has not always looked as it does today; it is moving continuously (although very slowly) and has done so for billions of years. This is one cause of earthquakes, when one section the earth (tectonic plate) collides with another. Scientists can predict where (but not when) this might happen and the area between plates is called fault line. On one fault line in Kobe, Japan in 1923 over 200,000 people were killed. However, earthquakes do not always happen on fault lines, which is why they are so dangerous and unpredictable. Where do volcanoes happen? Volcanoes happen where the earth’s crust is thin - lava, dust and gases burst out (erupt) from beneath the earth. They can rise into a massive cone shape like a mountain and erupt, or they can be so violent that they just explode directly from the earth with no warning. There are 1511 ‘active’ volcanoes in
the world. This means that they may still be dangerous. In 1985 the massive Colombian volcano Nevado del Ruiz erupted. The lava melted a glacier and sent tones of mud down the town of Armero below. Twenty thousand people died. Can we predict earthquakes and volcanoes? Natural disasters like volcanoes are often unpredictable. We regularly do not know when they might happen, or even where they will happen. In the future, scientists may be able to watch and predict events before they happen. This could save many lives. In South America, scientists predicted the eruption of Popocatépetl. Tens of thousands of people were safely moved just before the biggest eruption of the volcano for a thousand years. No one was hurt. What is the difference between a Hurricane and a Tornado? Hurricanes are extremely strong storms and often happen in the Caribbean. They cause high winds, huge waves, and heavy flooding and can be hundreds of miles across. In 1998, Hurricane Gilbert produced 160 mile an hour winds. It killed 318 people, and destroyed much of Jamaica. Tornadoes or ‘twisters’ are very strong spinning winds. They can move objects as big as a car and can blow buildings down. These are very common in West Africa and certain areas of the USA. Can too much rain cause problems? Floods happen in many countries after very heavy rainfall. When rain pours for weeks at a time, rivers overflow and people and property can be trapped or simply washed away. Since 1998, more than 30 people have drowned in floods in Britain. Flooding in Bangladesh caused 1300 deaths in 1989, another natural disaster. …..and too little? Another kind of natural disaster is a drought. This happens when there is no water, when it doesn’t rain for a long time and rivers dry up. Plants, animals and even humans die as a result of drought, for we all need water to live. Many countries today suffer from drought. This causes crops to fail, animal to die and sadly, people to starve.
Which is the most dangerous natural disaster? All the disasters mentioned above are very dangerous and continue to kill thousands of people each year, but they are nowhere near the most dangerous disaster to ever happen on earth. One type of event in earth’s history has regularly killed millions of beings; asteroid impacts. About once every million years the earth is hit by a piece of rock and ice from space large enough to cause massive destruction (including earthquakes, volcanoes and ice ages) and sometimes to kill entire species. 65 million years ago more than half the earth’s species were killed by such an impact (including all the dinosaurs). Disasters on the earth may seem dangerous, but the biggest threat to humans is likely to come from space
Exercises 1 Match the terms in column A with the correct definitions in column B! 1. Active 2. Asteroid 3. Cone 4. Drought 5. Fault line 6. Impact 7. Lava 8. Overflow 9. Tectonic plates 10. Tornado A. Sections of the earth’s surface B. Hot liquid that erupts from volcanoes C. A very fast spinning wind D. When it doesn’t rain for a very long time E. Places on the earth where earthquakes are more common F. One type of shape for a volcano G. When there is too much water in a river H. When a comet hits the earth with great force I. When a volcano still has the possibility to erupt J. A large piece of rock and ice floating in space
Exercises 2 Answer the following questions! 1) Mention forms of natural disasters! 2) What is tsunami? 3) Based on the CD you have listened, how many active volcanoes are there in the world? 4) What is the difference between a hurricane and a twister? 5) According to the speaker, what is likely the most dangerous disaster on the earth?
LAMPIRAN 2 Listening Script. ( Time Duration : 3.20 Minutes ) The White House Welcome to THIS IS AMERICA in VOA Special English. Doug Johnson. And I'm Barbara Klein. In the United States, the third Monday in February is a federal holiday. Federal law calls it Washington's Birthday, honoring the nation's first president. But Americans now commonly know it as Presidents Day. And for this Presidents Day, or Washington's Birthday, we tell you about the presidents' home, the White House. (MUSIC) George Washington supervised the building of the White House. Yet he and his wife, Martha, never had the chance to live there. It was completed after he left office in 1797. Since then, America has had 42 other presidents. All of them have lived at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue Northwest, in Washington, D.C. George W. Bush and his wife, Laura, have lived there since 2001. This November, Americans will elect a new president. The new first family will meet with White House employees after the election to plan for the move. Then the family will move in on January 20, 2009 -- Inauguration Day. The White House has an East Wing and a West Wing. The Oval Office, the large round room where the president works, is in the West Wing. The first family lives in the East Wing. The official home of the vice president is on the grounds of the Naval Observatory in Washington. The White House has more than 130 rooms. It also has collections of more than 40,000 objects. Presidential families often find things in storage that they like when they move in. For example, Jimmy Carter's children found a chair that Mary Todd Lincoln, the wife of President Abraham Lincoln, had bought. First ladies have all added to the White House in some way.
Jacqueline Kennedy, for example, created a colorful garden that is named in her honor. Exercises 1 Listen carefully to the descriptive teks. Write T if the statement is true and F if the statement is false. Topic : The White House NO 1 2 STATEMENT The speakers are Doug Johnson and Barbara Klein In the United States, the third Sunday in February is a federal holiday 3 4 5 Washington's Birthday means Presidents Day America has had 43 other presidents George W. Bush and his wife, Laura, have lived there since 2002. 6 7 8 9 10 Americans will elect a new president in November. The White House has an East Wing and a West Wing. The first family lives in the West Wing The White House has 120 rooms Jacqueline Kennedy created a colorful garden that is named in her honor Exercises 2 Answer the following questions! 1. Who are the speakers of the monologue text? 2. What is another name of Washington's Birthday? 3. Based on the CD you have listened, Who is the president of America? 4. When Americans will elect a new president? 5. How many rooms in that house? T F
LAMPIRAN 3 A. Materi Pembelajaran Exercise 1 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. I J F D E 6. H 7. B 8. G 9. A 10. C
1. 2. 3. 4.
Exercise 2 Earthquakes, floods, volcanoes, drought, typhoons and hurricanes. An extremely large wave caused by movement of the Earth under the sea, often caused by an earthquake (= when the Earth shakes) . There are 1511 ‘active’ volcanoes in the world. Hurricanes are extremely strong storms and often happen in the Caribbean. They cause high winds, huge waves, and heavy flooding and can be hundreds of miles across. Tornadoes or ‘twisters’ are very strong spinning winds. They can move objects as big as a car and can blow buildings down. These are very common in West Africa and certain areas of the USA. Asteroid impacts
B. Alat Penilaian Exercise 1 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. T F T F F 6. T 7. T 8. F 9. F 10. T
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Exercise 2 Doug Johnson and Barbara Klein Presidents Day George W Bush November 130 rooms