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I. Constructive: A. Introduction i. Good day. ii. Resolution: Increased reliance on technology undermines quality of life in America. iii. Thesis: Increased reliance on technology improves the quality of life because new innovations improve American lifestyle while connecting them with each other and the rest of the world. iv. Values: 1. Progress 2. Technology 3. Family Time B. Terms defined i. Agreed to the terms with opposition. C. Background Information i. Brief History of Relevant Technologies 1. 3500 BC to 2900 BC The Phoenicians develop an alphabet. 2. 1876 Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone. 3. 1983 First cellular phone network started in the United States. 4. 1994 The World Wide Web is born. D. Contentions listed i. First contention: Technology has major health benefits because as treatments get more advanced and cures are discovered, many lives can be saved. ii. Second contention: Progress in technology has bettered the standard of living around the country with the help of appliances, computers, and other helpful gadgets. iii. Third contention: The reliance on technology helps humans stay in contact and communicate with each other. The means of communication has become much easier with the development of the computer, Internet, email, and cell phone. E. First Contention i. Technology has major health benefits. ii. [According to an article by the president a futurist company Marvin Cetron] Medical knowledge is doubling every eight years (Cetron). iii. This means that whatever we know now, by 2014 we will know twice as much. That is an extremely rapid rate of increase of knowledge and it is only made possible by our expansive increase of medical technologies. iv. [According to an article by the president a futurist company Marvin Cetron] In the next 10 years, we expect to see more and better bionic limbs, hearts, and other organs; drugs that prevent
Jeremy Keeshin disease rather than merely treating symptoms; and body monitors that warn of impending trouble (Cetron). v. Technology is making such progress now that we have even made it possible to give people limbs that are not fortunate enough to have them. We are advanced enough now that we can cure and prevent diseases that we knew nothing about fifty years ago. vi. The health benefits that we receive from technology are so great that it directly improves the health and lifestyle of Americans today. F. Second Contention i. Technology helps progress in the standard of living. ii. [According to an article by the president a futurist company Marvin Cetron] All the technological knowledge we work with today will represent only 1% of the knowledge that will be available in 2050. (Cetron) iii. If we learn and acquire knowledge at this rate our society will be extremely more advanced that it is today. This immense growth is spurred by technology and directly makes the standard of living better. iv. Technological progress can be shown in our every day lives. From my point of view, people rely on technology to help them in their every day routine. A person uses their refrigerator to keep their food chilled. People use cars and buses to transport themselves from one place to another. They use cell phones to stay in contact with each other. They use air conditioners and heaters to help maintain temperature. We take the technology that we need for granted. Every aspect of society is dependent on the current technologies to make life easier. That is the purpose of technology. v. The point of technology is to improve the standard of living, and it does that. Inventions are not made to make things more difficult, they are used to help out people. vi. If we learn at the rate we do and continue to make progress in technology, as we undoubtedly will, the progress in the standard of living will continue to improve. What is it that separates us from the cavemen? It is our technology. We have advanced since their time, and will continue to improve in the future. G. Third Contention i. Technology helps communication. ii. [Author Steven Johnson says] Today's kids see the screen as an environment to be explored, inhabited, shared and shaped. They're blogging. They're building their MySpace pages. They're constructing elaborate fan sites for their favorite artists or TV shows (Johnson). iii. The Internet is keeping today’s youth connected. Distance does not become an issue when you can communicate and exchange ideas
Jeremy Keeshin with people around the world. And this is not only for the youth; it is for adults and businesses as well. iv. [Journalist Elizabeth Moore says] The iPod isn't just changing the way students take notes--it's turning college into a realm of perpetual connectivity (Moore). v. The new music gadget called the iPod has not been helping learning. Technology has been used in a positive manner to help educate our country. vi. The Internet, as well as the telephone and cell phone is what keep people together in the current age. Distance is not an issue when communication is available through a phone or computer that is easily at hand. H. Conclusion i. Remember that increased reliance on technology improves the quality of life because new innovations improve American lifestyle while connecting them with each other and the rest of the world. 1. Technology has major health benefits. 2. Technology improves the standard of living. 3. Technology keeps people connected around the country. II. Cross-Examination A. Contention 1: Health Benefits i. Do you like being healthy? ii. Do you think technological advances in medicine have helped us be healthier as Americans? iii. Do you think we would we would discover cures and learn about disease in the same rate we do without the help of technology? B. Contention 2: Standard of Living i. Do you spend time on the computer and watching TV every day? ii. Is technology an intrinsic part of your life? iii. Has technology made your life easier? C. Contention 3: Communication i. Do you stay in contact with people through email and the Internet that you otherwise would not be able to talk to? ii. Do you have easier access to information because of the Internet? iii. Do TV and the Internet help update you of news? D. Opposing Contention 1: Family Time i. Do you spend a considerable amount of time on the computer? ii. Are you able to communicate with your family through the Internet and email? iii. Do you still spend a good amount of time with your family? iv. POINT- it is still possible to use the technology of the day and still stay connected with your family and have family time. E. Opposing Contention 2: Misinformation i. Would you rather have no information whatsoever than bad information sprinkled in amongst good information?
Jeremy Keeshin ii. Are there a lot of good information sources as well as bad ones, available on the Internet and through other media? iii. Do you have the ability to tell a useful site from a bad site on the Internet? iv. POINT- There is a lot of information on the Internet, and the individual has the power to extract the useful information if the technology is harnessed properly. F. Opposing Contention 3: Privacy i. Do you like terrorists? ii. Do you think government investigations with advanced technology can help to stop these attacks? iii. Is the risk of your website history being examined outweighed by the amount of lives that can be saved from the use of technology? iv. POINT- For the sacrifice of a little bit of our online privacy, the government has the ability to obstruct terrorist attacks and help us be safer. III. Rebuttal A. Review i. Thesis: Increased reliance on technology improves the quality of life because new innovations improve American lifestyle while connecting them with each other and the rest of the world. ii. Contentions 1. First contention: Technology has major health benefits because as treatments get more advanced and cures are discovered, many lives can be saved. 2. Second contention: Progress in technology has bettered the standard of living around the country with the help of appliances, computers, and other helpful gadgets. 3. Third contention: The reliance on technology helps humans stay in contact and communicate with each other. The means of communication has become much easier with the development of the computer, Internet, email, and cell phone. B. Defend Contentions i. First contention: Technology has major health benefits because as treatments get more advanced and cures are discovered, many lives can be saved. 1. Opponent Attack: Technology does more harm than good to our health. 2. The Human Genome Project has already begun to yield promising new treatments for genetic disease. Already, this research has yielded possible cures for hemophilia, cystic fibrosis, familial hypercholesterolemia, a variety of cancers, and AIDS (Cetron).
Jeremy Keeshin 3. Reasoning: The Human Genome Project helps us learn about new cures for genetic disease and become more educated on these topics. 4. Connection: New treatments that are found can help cure diseases and improve the quality of life of those who are ill. ii. Second contention: Progress in technology has bettered the standard of living around the country with the help of appliances, computers, and other helpful gadgets. 1. Opponent Attack: Standard of living is not better. 2. In an assisted living home on the outskirts of Portland, Ore., a retired nuclear engineer who suffers from Alzheimer's disease gets out of bed in the middle of the night. His daughter, a night owl in San Diego who monitors her dad's location, vital signs and activities via a secure Web connection, sees in real time that he has left his room and gone to the nearby kitchen (Scharnberg). 3. New innovations allow people to keep track of the elderly and ease out old age. 4. Reliance on technology makes the standard of living for the elderly better. iii. Third contention: The reliance on technology helps humans stay in contact and communicate with each other. The means of communication has become much easier with the development of the computer, Internet, email, and cell phone. 1. Communication through the Internet and phones loses faceto-face contact. 2. [Incoming college student Sharde] Thomas, who uses instant messaging to stay in touch not only with friends but also with her mother while they're apart, said using all this technology really has become second nature for young people now (Walsh). 3. Technology allows people to stay in touch who otherwise would not be able to communicate face to face. 4. Reliance on technology makes it easier for people to stay connected to each other. C. Attack Opponent’s Contentions i. First contention: Reliance on technology leads to a loss of family time. 1. For Thomas, these things aren't just fun gizmos; they are vital to keeping her connected to friends, family and the world around her (Walsh). 2. Instant messaging and the cell phone are what bring together today’s families. 3. The use of cell phones allows long distance communication between families and keeps them connected.
Jeremy Keeshin ii. Second contention: People who rely on technology too much are susceptible to misinformation. 1. It's clear what the web's most important contribution to a well-informed public will be. Web-based schools will enormously expand our educational options, and make it much easier than it is today to circumvent educationally corrupt local schools. Many such web projects are already underway and doing fine (Gelernter). 2. Misinformation is overridden by the amount of positive information and educational options available by technology. 3. New innovations such as the Internet make us more informed and help us more than hurt us. iii. Third Contention: Reliance on technology gives us less privacy. 1. [GPS technology] Rosum, which counts among its investors In-Q-Tel, the investment arm of the Central Intelligence Agency, promises a vast improvement in location-tracking services and gadgets. That could help everyone from the military to dispatchers tracking delivery trucks. (Takahashi). 2. Our safety is more important than our privacy. 3. New technological gadgets have helped us keep track of people and things more easily. D. Conclusion i. Thesis restated: Increased reliance on technology improves the quality of life because new innovations improve American lifestyle while connecting them with each other and the rest of the world. ii. Review main clash points 1. Technology is helping us vs. hurting us 2. Technology is advancing us vs. slowing us 3. Technology is connecting us vs. tearing us apart iii. Technology is here to stay. To return to the candle and cave is unthinkable (Wenk Jr.). IV. Extra evidence A. First Contention: i. By 2025, the first nanotechnology-based medical therapies should reach clinical use. Microscopic machines will monitor our internal processes, remove cholesterol plaques from artery walls, and destroy cancer cells before they have a chance to form a tumor (Cetron). ii. By 2006, 10% of prescriptions will be filled over the Internet, just as prescription drugs have been bought by mail order since the 1970s (Cetron). B. Second Contention:
Jeremy Keeshin i. Medical technology is improving rapidly, too, and by 2020 new babies can expect to live well over 100 years and perhaps to 130 (Pearson). C. Third Contention: i. The biggest technological leap in media over the past century has permitted just about anyone to launch a media enterprise. With the Internet, "the costs of entry are nothing," says Brian Trench, senior lecturer in communications at the Dublin City University (Kohut). ii. The precipitous drop in the costs of international telecommunications is setting in motion an extraordinarily powerful force for increasing the already fast pace of globalization. (Burnham)
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