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C.E 1.1: I have successfully completed my Bachelors degree with Mechanical Engineering as my specialization. During the period of completion, I worked on various individual as well as team projects. During the period of completion, I worked on a project which involved designing a ‘Turning Device’. This project has been described in greater details in the following sections. 2. BACKGROUND C.E 2.1: The term slewing refers to turning a load on spot without changing its place. Many organizations in the past (and some even in the current day setting) use slew rings for this purpose. A slew ring is typically employed in an assembly line where there is a need to turn heavy loads. In addition, slew rings employ an element known as bearing which is a rolling element and supports a load which is exceptionally heavy but has slow turning requirements. Besides being implemented in slew rings, other implementation scenarios include a conventional crane, windmills with a horizontal axis, a swing yarder etc. The slew bearings that are implemented are more often than not thin in section and are at least a meter in diameter. Further, these slew bearings are made with geared teeth that are integrated with either the inner or outer race. Modern day organizations have quit on the usage of slew rings as most of its capacity to tackle heavy loads remains unused. Instead focus has shifted to the invention of new devices which are efficient and cost effective. C.E 2.2: Even in the current day setting, various companies use slew rings in turn tables (mainly of the type E.650.20.C). This poses a problem of improper delivery times as the production capacities of almost all slew ring manufacturers has reached its maximum. A primary reason for this is a sudden increase in the demand for wind mill books. Also, slew rings are typically designed to deal with exceptionally high loads. Full capacity of slew rings is often not required as the load handled is nominal and not exceptionally high. This leads to a capacity as well as cost wastage. Through this project, I have attempted to present a solution to these problems. The turning device although not being capable of handling extremely high loads such as the E.650.20.C is a lot more efficient and cheaper to implement.
In addition to presenting a solution to this problem, I tried estimating project costs and manufacturing possibilities as these factors are extremely critical while determining project success. 3. PERSONAL ENGINEERING ACTIVITY C.E 3.1: After realizing the problem and thinking about the solution, the very first step was to identify the components that will be implemented in the design. While analyzing requirements, I consulted my professors and fellow students in order to make sure that I was following the right track. My primary objective while undertaking this project was to design a turning device which will be both efficient in turning heavy loads and cost effective. For this purpose, I have implemented the usage of various components such as a superior plate which is made of Cast Carbon Steel. This plate aids in moving the conveyor. In addition, the design consists of an inferior plate which is made up of Cast Carbon Steel as well. This plate mainly functions to absorb various forces that come into play in a turning device. Further, other components of the turning device include an axe (used to unite pieces), bearings (used for supporting axial loads); balls spare part, transport balls, nylon support, table plate, strap etc. All these components are readily available at a nominal cost in the market. C.E 3.2: There are several important components which collectively constitute the turning device. These components are important for the successful functioning of the device. The turning device consists of various components such as the superior plate which is made in cast carbon steel. The inner circle of this plate contains various holes that provide it the ability of being united with the upper plate through the usage of screws. The inferior plate is also made up of cast carbon steel and the ball bearing is placed in its center. The false plate is made up of cast carbon steel as well and is designed to be replaced whenever required. This lowers the overall cost of the turning device. The axe of the turning device serves the function of holding rest of the devices together. The bearing implemented in the turning device belongs to INA (reference REMO 40) whereas the transport balls are a commercial element of an organization called STAR. The supporting element is made up of Nylon and is placed exactly between balls spare part and transport balls. Other important components that support construction of the turning device are table plate and strap. C.E 3.3: In order to implement this design, I began with appropriately placing the spare part required for the machine. This was followed by the introduction of transportation balls and nylon support in the spare part. This completed assembly 1 of the design. Assembly 2 of the design consisted of constructing the inferior plate. The arrangement developed in Assembly 1 of the design is correctly placed at appropriate locations. After placing these devices at their correct location, I proceeded to develop Assembly 3. Assembly 3 consists of placing the bearing at the exact center of the inferior
plate with the help of four screws. Next, I assembled the table plate. A table plate plays a vital role in providing stability to the entire mechanism. For assembling this plate, I welded the legs directly. These steps completed assembly of the fixed zone of the turning device. Further, in order to assemble the moving zone of the turning device, the first step was to assemble the false plate. While doing this, three screws are placed at equal distances around the circumference of the plate. This is followed by assembling the superior plate by introducing the axe right at the center with the help of screws. An assembly chain is placed around the circumference of the superior plate. As a final step, the inferior plate, the superior plate and the table plate are clubbed and screwed together in order to deliver the final model of the turning device. Lastly, the project required me to submit properly formatted written reports to my professors on a weekly basis. C.E 3.4: One major problem that I faced while developing the turning device was coming up with the final design of the device. There existed another feasible idea for the development of the turning device. This idea consisted of designing a mechanized plate composing of an exterior gear which would have had the ability to work with one wheel. The plate was supposed to be supported using a single circular bearing. This arrangement was in turn supported using with an inferior table. While undertaking practical considerations, it was found that this design does not do well with load handling and other axial requirements. Hence the design described above was undertaken. C.E 3.5: To conclude my design, I consulted my professor and friends and implemented a corrective course of action. Undertaking the practical considerations, I decided that the design described above in detail was the most appropriate among all the feasible alternatives. Hence, the design was implemented after a thorough comparison. 4. SUMMARY Even in the current day setting, various companies use slew rings in turn tables (mainly of the type E.650.20.C). This poses a problem of improper delivery times as the production capacities of almost all slew ring manufacturers has reached its maximum. Also, slew rings are typically designed to deal with exceptionally high loads. In order to present a cost effective solution to these problems, I attempted to design a turning device which would prove to be more efficient in effectively turning heavy devices despite its inability to lift loads equivalent to the slew rings.
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