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dafm?

{hXw
hn[n hne? pI?
[ ]

[ Malayalam - - ]

aplZv_v\p kzmenlv A
DssYao()

- /

hnh\w :

knZv kAv^ kzmZnJv


:

1432 - 2011

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 1

BapJw
Cmw ]SppbnbncnXv ]
kvXw`fnemWv,AXn \mematXmWv hn
ip dafm\nep t\mv. _pnbpw,{]mb]q
nbpw, BtcmKyhpap apgph apnwI
w dafm\nse t\mv \namWv.hnip
dafm\nse t\mpambn _sv Hmtcm
apnapw Adnncnt hfsc {][m\s
Nne tNmZyfpw adp]SnIfpamWv Cu sNdn
b ]pkvXIn sImSpncnXv. {]ikv
X]nXw, {KImhpw, hmnbpw, k
DuZn Atd_ybpsS DX ]WUnXk`bn
AwKhpambn aplZv_v kzmenlv A
DssYao()bpsS F {Kn
se F `mKns hnh\
amWv CXv.hnh\n Ignhns ]camh
[n kqvaX ]mennpv.
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 2

Fnepw A_fpw, t]mcmbvaIfpw


Itmw. ktlmZc _pym DWWsa
v AdnbnIbmWv. Amlp A{Kln
s.
knZv kAv^ kzmZnJv aZo\n
Pn
sahfarsadik@gmail.com

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 3

DSw
1. t\mv \namnbXnse bpn

10

2. abnse DZbmkvXa\sf ASnm


\amn t\mpw, s]mfpw Xoam\n

12
3. im amkndhn ZinIbpw s]
m DdnIbpw sNbvXXn\p ti
jw bm{X sNbvsXnb \mn amk
ndhn Zinnnsn

18

4. `mctadnbXpw,{]bmkIchpamb tPmen
sNphcpsS t\mv

21

5. Bh kabv t\mjvSnm

22

6. D]Poh\w Ism\mbn dafm\nse


t\msmgnhmnbm

23

7. t\msmgnhmm AhmZap Im
cW

26

8. t\mv t\mWsa DtianmsX


dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 4

Ddn t]mb hyn dafm Bcw`np


shv Adnm

29

9. AhZ\obamb ImcWw ]Ien\nSv


Ahkm\nm Ahtijn kab
s t\mv

31

10. t\mv HgnhmWsav tUm \n


tinm

34

11. bm{Xmcs \akvImchpw,t\mpw

35

12. {]bmksv sImv bm{Xmc t\m


jvSn

41

13. AXym[p\nI bm{XmkuIcyfp


bm{Xmc t\mn

45

14. Dwd \nlnm\mbn t\msmgnhm 48


15. apebqphcpsS t\mv

52

16. t\mpImc ]Ien A[nI kabhpw


hn{ianm
54
17. dafm\ns \nv

55

18. t\mv apdnpsh ZrVamb Dtiap


dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 5

mbm

56

19. adp sImv `Ww Ignm

58

20. kpdpabnS

60

21. ]v tX, kpKw D]tbmKn

62

22.t\mv \njv^eamn Ifbp Imcy 64


23. Clmse D]tbmKnm

81

24. On ImcWm

82

25.tamWbn \nv A]w cw hm 83


26. EXpaXn ^Pvdn\v apv ipnbmhpIbpw,
{]`mtXmZbn\v tijw fnIbpw
sNbvXm
83
27. ]v ]dnm

86

28. ]cntim[nm\mbn cw FSpm

87

29. t\mpImc ssaYp\w \SpXn


s hn[n

89

30. kpKw hmk\n

89

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 6

31. ]pI izknXpw, Xpnav D]


tbmKnXpw Xnep hyXymkw

90

32. sNhn, Iv, aqv FnhbneqsS Xpn


av D]tbmKnXns hn[n
90
33. hrXanncns kz]v\ kvJe\ap
mbm AXns hn[n

93

34. t\mpImc Bizmkn\v thn


icocw Xnm ]mSptm?

94

35. aqn shw IbnNoptmgpw, hmbn


shw sImnIbpw sNptm
AdnbmsX A]w shw hmbbneqsS
Cdn t]mbm
95
36.kpK{Zhyw D]tbmKnXns hn[n 96
37. PetZmitam atm ImcWm aqn
\nv hXpw hm
96
38 \akvImc kab hnhc]nIbn t\m
v ]nSnFv ]dnv kabw F
gpX
96
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 7

39. hnam\mhfn \nv t\mp Xpd


Xn\v tijw hnam\w ]dbtm
kqcys\ ImIbmsWn
99
40. I^w, aqn \nw hh XpSn
bh hngpnbm
100
41. `Ww Nn t\m

102

42. dafm\ns ]Ien \njnamb h


am\w ]db

103

43. t\mpImc\mbncns Ikmyw


]db

106

44. t\mns acymZI FsmamWv?

106

45.t\mpXpdtm sNmt {]m\ 115


46. dafm\nse t\mv homh\v im
ense Bdv t\mns hn[n
117
47. dafm\n acWs tcmKnbpsS t\mv 119
48. dafm hXn\v apv t\mv JfmAv
hom km[nnsn
120
49. imense t\mnhm Ghpw
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

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t{ijvSamb cq]w

122

50. imense Bdv t\mv

123

51. BiqdmAv t\mns hn[n

124

52.iA_m amknse t\mns hn[n 126


53. HnShnv t\mn H hyn
bpsS t\mv shnbmgvN hm
128
54. t\mv Fm

129

55. PpapA:Znhkw {]tXyIambn t\m


nm ]mSnmsbv ]dbphm
ImcWw
131
56. kpv t\mv CSv apdnm

134

57. CAvXnIm^v

136

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 9

1 t\mv \namnbXnse bpnsb


mWv?
Dcw: Xmsg ]dbp Bbv ]mcmb
Ww sNpIbmsWn \apXv t_m[yam
hpw. Amlp ]dbp:


()
kXyhnizmknItf, \nfpsS apphtcm
Sv I]nncpXv t]mses \npw
t\mv \n_ambn I]nsncnpp.
\n tZmj_m[sb kqnphm thn
bs{X AXv.
Amlphns\ kqnI, Ahs\ B
cm[nIsbXmWv {hXw \namnb
XneqsS DtinSpXv. XIzvhm Fm \n
jn Dt]nIbpw,I]\I {]mh
nIamIbpw sNpIsbmWv. dkqep
mlv() ]dbp:
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 10

:
)




. (( )

A_qlpssdd() ]dbp:{]hmNI() ]d
p: hymP kwkmchpw Zpjv{]h\hpw
Hcm Dt]nnsn Abm `W
]m\ob hPPnWsav Amlphn\v
bmsXm Bhiyhpan (_pJmcn)
t\mpImc \namb Imcy
sNepw, \njnfn \nv hnv\nepw
A\nhmcyamsWv lZoYn \nv hyam
bn. GjWn,]cZqjWw,Ifhv Fnhbn \n
v hnv\nI, \njnamb IhSw Dt]
nI, tXIfn \nv AIv \n
I XpSnbh dafm\n ]cn]qWambpw ]m
ensSpIbmsWn ap amkfnepw A
h\Xv ]menhm km[nXmWv.
tJZIcsav ]dbs, t\mns ]cnip
nv \ncm ImcyfmWv ]ew sNbv
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 11

Xp sImncnXv, \n Imcy D
t]nIbpw, btYw \njn sNp
Ibpw sNbvXv sImmWv t\mjvTn
Xv, AXvsImv Xs Nne Imcy sNp
XneqsS t\mns {]Xn^ew dbpIbpw,
ap NneImcy sNptXmsS t\mv X
s \njv^eambn t]mhpIbpw sNpXv I
XnbncntXpv.
***
2 abnse DZbmkvXa\sf ASnm\
amn temImIam\w t\mpw, s]m
fpw Xoam\nI, AXneqsS apnw kap
Zmbs (t\mv s]cpm Fnhbn
) GtIm]nnpIbpw sNm km[n
sa hmZspdnv. XmfpsS A`n
{]mbw FmWv?
Dcw: tKmfimkv{X{]Imcw CXv Akw
`hyamWv, ImcWw ssiJpCmw C_v
ssXan ]dXv t]mse DZbmkvXab
hyXykvX efn hyXykvX kabfn
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 12

embncnw.AXvsImv Xs {]amWfpsS
bpw,A`hnsbpw ]n_en Hmtcm
cmPynw AXntXmb hn[nI Dmbncn
w.
{]amWfnep sXfnhpI: Amlp
]dbp:

(:) ( )
AXp sImv \nfn B B amkw Im
Wppthm Ah B amkw {hXa\pjvTnt
XmWv.
ChnsS `qanbpsS GtXm Znneph
N{ndhn ZinmXncnIbpw,abn am
kw ImIbpw sNbvXm Bbnep A
`nkwt_m[\ Fns\ ]qnbmhpw? AXp
t]mse {]hmNI() ]dbpXv:

( ( ) ...
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 13

aplZv_vknbmZv() ]dbp:A_qlpssd
d()]dbpXmbn Rm tIp,{]hmNI()
]dp:\n amkndhn Imtm t\m
sSpIbpw amkndhn (im) Zinm
t\mv Ahkm\nnIbpw sNpI.
(_pJmcn, apnw)
ta sXfnhns ASnm\n a
bn N{ndhnIm Fns\bmWv ]mIn
kvXm t]msebp cmPys P\ t\m
jvTnI,ImcWw Ahv dafm amkw
DZnnn. {]hmNI()lZokn ]dbpXv
Im FmWv.
A`hw: Bw \ntj[nhmt\m,F
Xncmhmt\m Ignbm hyamb Jnbmkv.
(FmWv Iznbmkv hyIvXampI) AXv `qan
bpsS ]Snmsd `mKv DZnXn\v apv
Xs Ingv `mKv DZbapmsaXv \ap
v AdnhpXmWtm. Ans\sbn Ing
v `mKv DZbapmbXnsbSnm\n
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 14

\mw cm{Xnbnembncns t\mjvSnt


Xptm? AXn Dcw C FmWv.
AXpt]mse Ing {]tZiv kqcy A
kvXanXnsbSnm\n \mw ]Ienem
bncns t\mv Xpdhm ]mSptm? AXn
Dchpw ]mSnmsbmWv. AXpsIm
v Xs N{s hn[n kqcys hn[n t]m
se XsbmWv. Fm N{s kabw am
khpambn _sXpw, kqcys kabw Zn
hkhpambn _sXpamWv. Amlp ]d
bp:





( : )

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 15

t\mns cm{Xnbn \nfpsS `mcyamcpam


bp kwkKw \nv A\phZnsn
cnpp. Ah \nsmcp hkv{XamIp
p.\n Ahpw Hcp hkv{XamIpp.(`m
cymkw \njnambn IcpXnsmv) \n
BXvah\bn AIsSpIbmbncp
pshv Amlp Adnncnpp.Fm
Amlp \nfpsS ]ivNmXm]w kzoIcnp
Ibpw s]mdppIbpw sNbvXncnpp. AXn
\m C\n ta \n Ahcpambn klh
knpIbpw, (sshhmlnI PohnXn) A
mlp \nv \nivNbnXv tXSpIbpw sN
bvXp sImpI.\n XnpIbpw IpSnpI
bpw sNbvXpsImpI; ]pecnbpsS shfp
CgI Idp CgIfn \nv sXfnv Im
WpamdmIpXv hsc.Fnv cm{XnbmIpw hsc
\n {hXw ]qambn A\pjvTnpIbpw
sNpI. Fm \n ]nIfn CAvXn
Im^v (`P\w) Ccnptm Ahcp(`mcyam
cp)ambn klhkncpXv.Amlphns AXn
hcpIfmIpp Ahsbms. \n Ah
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 16

sb AXnewLnphm\SpcpXv. P\ tZm
j _m[sb kqnphm\mbn Amlp A
{]Imcw Ahs ZrjvSm Ahv hy
IvXamn sImSppp.
Amlp ]dbp:


(: )

AXpsImv \nfn B B amkw ImWp


pthm Ah B amkw {hXa\pjvTnt
XmWv.
apIfn \mw hniZoIcn sXfnhnsb
Snm\n Hmtcm cmPynw AhsS D
ZbmkvXabkcnv {]tXyIw {]tXy
Iw hn[nIfmXv.t\mpw s]mfpw A
mlp Ahs JpB\nepw, {]hmNI()
kpnepw hyamnbXv t]mse amkw Z
inIsbXns ASnm\nemWv Xo
am\nI.
(temIv Hcp Znhkw s]cpmfpw t\mpw
BNcnpI F hnjbamWv ChnsS N
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 17

sNpXv Fm CXv IzpB\npw, nc


s {]hmNINcypw, tKmfimkv{X \nba
n\psaXncmIpp. DZbmkvXa\ hyXymka
\pkcnv \akvImcw,t\mv Fnhbnepw k
ab/Znhk hyXymkapmIpsaXv Adnb
s kwKXnbmIpp,, IqSpX Adntbh
amkndhn JpB\nepw imkv{Xnepw
by Da ^mdqIv(F ]pkvXIw t\mpI:
hnh:)
***
3 dafm t\mjvSn Hcm asm \mn
tev bm{X t]mbn, B kabw Xs \m
n (Xm bm{X ]pds) im amkn
dhn ZinIbpw s]m DdnI
bpw sNbvXp.Fm bm{X sNbvsXnb
\mnemIs im ]ndhn Zinnpan,
Cu Ahkcn FmWv sNtXv?
Dcw: Hcm H \mn \nw asm
\mntev bm{X t]mbm Abm GsXmcp
\mnemtWm FnsXv AhcpsS hn[nbm
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 18

Wv CkvemanIm\pjvTm\fn Abm Ah
ew_ntXv.AXmbXv Ah (Fns \mpIm) FtmgmtWm s]m BtLm
jnXv AtmgmWv Abm s]m
BtLmjntXv. ImcWw P\ t\m
ntmgmWv t\mntXv Fv
\_n() ]dncnpp, sNdnb s]mfpw
_en s]mfpw BtLmjntXpw Ah
tcmsSmamWv. AXv Htm ctm Znhkw h
nmepw icn Ans\bmWv sNtXv.A
Xpt]mse Xs bm{X sNbvsXp cmPy
v Htm ctm aWnq sshInbmWv kq
cymkvXabapmsXnepw AhnsSbp
kabw t\mnbmWv t\mv XpdtXv.Nne
efn CXv ctm, aqtm AXne[nI
tam aWnq sshInbmbncnw kqcymkvXa
bw DmhpI, B k`n AhnsS F
tmgmtWm kqcymkvXabw DmhpXv A
tmgmWv t\mv XpdtXv,
(DZm: daZm\n Cybn \nv cmhnse
6 aWnv kpDuZn Atd_ybntev bm{X ]p
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 19

ds Hcm kpDuZn kaba\pkcnv Cy


kabtm ccaWnq sshInbm
Wv t\mp XpdtXv Cybn t\mp
Xpdptm Abm t\mv Ahkm\nn
m ]mSn Fv kmcw )
ImcWw dkqepmlv()]dXv ()
(AXns\ Im) AXmbXv N{s\ Im
t\mv XpdIsbmWv. AXpt]mse t\sc
Xncnpw kw`hnmhpXmWv. AXmbXv Hcm
bm{X sNbvsXnb \mn Htm ctm
Znhkw apv im amkndhn ZinIbm
sWnAh AhtcmsSmw s]m B
tLmjnWw. Ah\v \s Htm ctm
Znhks t\mv im Hn\v tijw t\m
p hopIbpw sNWw.ImcWw dafm C]
sm]tXm,aptXm Bbncnw.H Znhkw
\sm Ah Hv t\mv hopI, cv Zn
hkamWv \ssXn csw t\mpho
pI.ImcWw dafm ASap Fm eqWm
amkfpw C]sm]Xn dbpIbn
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 20

. dafm\n bm{X sNbvsXnb \mn A


bmv C]sm]Xv InpXn\v apv i
m amk]ndhn ImIbmsWn Abm
AhtcmsSmw s]m BtLmjnI,ti
jw \sXv hopIbpw sNpI.Fm H
Znhkw A[nIw t\mntn hm
Ans\ sNWw, ImcWw amkndhn I
memWv s]m BtLmjntXv. H
Znhkn Htm ctm aWnqdpI h
nXv t]mse H Znhkw hnpshv
IWmnbm aXnbmhpXmWv.
***
4 `mctadnbXpw,{]bmkIchpamb tPmen sN
phv t\mnXv {]bmkI
cambncnw. Ans\bphv t\mv
Hgnhmhm AhmZaptm?
Dcw: tPmenbmhiymw t\msmgn
hmXv AhZ\oba FmWv sXfnhn
s ASnm\n Fs A`n{]mbw. tPm
enbpw,t\mpw Hnv sImpt]mhm km
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 21

[yamsbn Ah tPmenbn \nv Ah


[nsbSpv dafm\n t\mnWw. Imc
Ww dafm\n t\mnIsbXv Cm
ans XqIfn s] H XqWmWv, AXn
`wKw hphm ]mSpX.
***
5 AX ImcWw s]n Bh ka
bv t\mjvSnm Ah FmWv
sNtXv?
Dcw: Bh kabv AjvSn
t\mv ]noSv Ah t\mv hotXpv.Im
cWw EXpaXnbpsS t\mv AX ImcW
amsWnepw AkzoImcyamWv.CXpt]mse s]
nv BZyambn Bhapmbn, e
ImcWm Xs hopImsc Adnbnn.A
h t\mnm ]mSn. Ahv F{X
t\mmtWm \sXv A{Xbpw t\mphot
Xpv. H kv{Xov Bhw Bcw`nm
Ahv {]mb]qnsbn.AXvsImv
Xs Ah \s t\mv IzfmAv ho
\n_amIpp.
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 22

***
6 X\nw,Xs Iognephw D]Poh\w
Ism\mbnHcm dafm\nse t\msm
gnhmnbm Ahs hn[nsbmWv?
Dcw: tcmKnv t\msmgnhmm A
hmZapXv t]msesbmWv Ccm
cpsS Imcyhpw FmWv CnjbIambn Nne
]nXam ]dnpXv, t\mn
hm H tcmKnv Xosc km[yasn A
bmv t\msmgnhmmw. tcmKw in^bmb
Xn\v tijw t\mphoWw, Ah Pohnn
m,acnIbmsWn Ah\v ]Icw asm
cm AXv hoWw, Ahs cm[nImcnv
AXv t\mphom km[yasn Hmtcm Znh
knw ]Icambn H AKXnsb `nn
tXmWv.
Fm Chsc tcmKntbmSv Xpe\sSp
m ]nXamsS A`n{]mbw Xmsg
sImSppXv {]ImcamIpp AXmbXv Fm
Bcm[\Ifpw kab _nXamWv, Bscn
epw aXnbmb ImcWanmsX Bcm[\mIa
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 23

v \nivNbns kabn \npw


]nnnpIbmsWnAh\n \nXv kzo
IcnsSpIbn. kIfpw, sFnI I
fpw hnnIbpw, Amlphnt\mSv
]m]tamN\w tXSpIbpw sNpIbmWv ]no
Sv Ah sNtXv. AXn sXfnhv:
))

: ((

/ : . /
.()
\_n() ]dbp: \psS I]\bnm
h {]h\hpw Bscnepw {]hnm
AXv XstSXmWv(_pJmcn, apnw)
Bcm[\I AXv \nlnt kab
n\v apv Bscnepw sNbvXm AXv kzo
ImcyamXv t]mse Xs kabn\v ti
jw sNbvXmepw kzoIcnsSpIbn. Fm

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 24

AX, adhn t]msebp ImcWfp


mbm kzoIcnsSpw.
" :
(
.() / :
\_n() adhnbpsS Imcyn ]dbpIbp
mbn: Bscnepw \akvImc kabv Dd
n t]mhpItbm, Asn adhn kw`hn
Itbm sNbvXm Ah Hmhtm \a
kvIcns, AXmsX ap {]mbvnan
(apnw) AXsb Hgnhv Ignhv hniZoI
cntXmWv, Fm Ctm AXn\hkc
an. X\nw, Xs aap D]Poh\
n\mbn dafm\nse t\mv Hgnhmnb B
hnNmcnXv apIfn \mw hniZamn.
tcmKntbmSv kmaysSpp cq]nemWv
hnNmcnXv. Amlphn\mWv IqSpX A
dnbpI.

***
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 25

7 t\msmgnhmm AhmZap ImcW


GsXmamWv?
Dcw: JpB\n hXv {]Imcw tcm
Kw, bm{X FnhbmWv AhZ\obamb Im
cW. AXpt]mse K`nWn X\ntm X
s DZcnep nt\m A]ISw ]psa
v `bsm Ahv t\msmgnhmmw.
AXpt]mse apebqp kv{Xo X\ntm,Xs
nt\m t\mnXneqsS A]ISw
`bsSpIbmsWn Ahw Hgnhmmw.
\mineIshsc csSpphm\mbn H
cmv t\msmgnhmmhpXmWv. DZmlc
Wambn ISen apnmIm t]mIp Hcm
sf csSppI, An ]Sv ]nSnncn
ev Spnt]mb Hcmsf csSp
m thn Hcmv t\msmgnhmmhp
XmWv. AXpt]mse Cmw ]Tnn Pn
lmZv sNm\mbn Hcmv t\msmgnhmm
hpXmWv. CXv Cmw AhZnXmWv. Imc

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 26

Ww dkqepmlv() ^ Xvlv bp th
fbn ANcamtcmSmbn ]dbpIbpmbn:

(( ))
/ :
.()
\msf \n i{Xpsf A`napJoIcnw,
AXpsImv t\msmgnhmemWv \nv
BtcmKyhpw inbpw Dmhm \Xv, A
XvsImv \n t\msmgnhmI (apnw)
AhZ\obamb ImcWm Hcm
t\msmgnhmn, B ImcWw Ahkm\nm
Ahtijn kabw Ah t\msSpt
Xn. DZm: Hcm shn apnsm
ncn Hcmsf csSpm\mbn t\m
smgnhmnbm csSpnbXn\v tijw
Ahtijn kabw Ah t\mn
tXn. CXmWv Cu hnjbn Ahew
_tbmKyamb A`n{]mbw. ]Ien Hcmv
tcmKia\apmbnsbn Ahtijn
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 27

kabw Ah t\msSptXn,AXp t]m


se bm{Xmc ]Ien Xs tZisn
sbn _mnbp kabw Ah t\ms
SptXn. AXp t]mse BhImcn ]
Ien (aKvcn_n\v apv) ipn ssIhcnmepw
Ah Ahtijn kabw t\msSpt
Xn, ImcWw Chscmw Xs t\msmgn
hmnbXv Cmw AhZn ImcW fm
emWv. AXvsImv Xs Ahsc kw_nn
Stmfw t\mns ]hn{XX _m[Iam
Xv sImv Xs Ahtijn kabw t\m
sSpepw _m[yXbn. Fm dafm am
kndhn ]IenemWv a\knembsXn Ah
tijn kabw t\msSptXpv. C
h cnanSbnep hyXymkw IrXyhpw {]
IShpamWv.t\mmtWm, Atbm F Imcy
n hyX hv Ignm B Znhkw
t\mn \namWv, Fm hy
X hspXn\v apv Ah AX
sb ImcWm Hgnhv IgnhphcmWv.

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 28

CXvsImv Xs C Znhkw dafm\n


s]XmWv Fv a\knemnbhv Ahti
jn kabw t\mn \nam
Wv, Fm \mw BZyw hniZoIcnh t\m
v \namsWv a\knemnbhcmWv,
Fm Cmw AhZn ImcWfm
t\msmgnhmnbhcmWv. CXn\nSbnse hy
Xymkw hyamWv.
***
8 dafm amk]ndhn ZinXn\v apv
t\mv t\mWsa DtianmsX Dd
n t]mb H hyn t\cw shfpXn\v
tijw DWtm dafm Bcw`np
shv Adnm FmWv sNtXv?
B Znhks t\mv ]noSv t\mp hot
Xptm?
Dcw: dafm amkndhn ZinXn
\vapv t\mv t\mWsa DtianmsX
Ddn t]mb H hyn t\cw shfpXn\v
tijw DWtm dafm Bcw`npshv
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 29

Adnv IgnmAv tijnp kabw


t\m\pjvTnpIbpw tijw asmcp Znhkw
t\mv IzfmAv hopIbpw sNpI F A`n
{]mbamIpp `qcn]w ]nXampap
Xv. CXns\Xncn A`n{]mbw {]ISnnncn
Xv ssiJp Cmw C_vXoan:() am
{XamWv. Atlns A`n{]mbw t\m
nWsa Dtiyw amkndhn Zin
hnhcw AdnXv apXemWv thXv, Cu hy
n AXv AdnnnmXvsImv Xs A
tln\v Hgnhv Ignhpv, amkndhn Zi\
apmbnpsv
a\knemnbnsn
Atlw Hcnepw t\mnWsa D
tianmsX Ddnmbn. Abm B Im
cyn A\mWv, AX Hgnhv Ignhn
s]XpamWv, CXns ASnm\n A
tlns t\mv icnbmhpw, Cu A`n{]m
bnsbSnm\n ]noSv t\mp hot
Xn.

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 30

`qcn]w ]nXamsSbpw A`n{]m


bw BZnhkw t\mnIbpw, ]noSv H
Znhkw t\mphopIbpw sNWsamWv.
Fs A`n{]mbn kqvaXv \
Xv B Znhkn\v ]Icambn H Znhkw t\m
p hopIbmWv sNtXv.
ssiJp Ckvemans A`n{]mbamIp
p icnbmbn tXmpXv hnh.
***
9 AhZ\obamb ImcWm Hcm t\m
smgnhmIbpmbn, Fm B Imc
Ww ]Ien\nSv Ahkm\nm Ahti
jn kabw t\mv ]nSntXp
tm?
Dcw: Ahtijn kabw Abm
t\mv ]nSntXn, ImcWw AhZ\ob
amb ImcWmemWv Abm t\msmgnhm
nbXv, AXvsImv Xs B ImcWw Ah
km\nm _mnbp kabw t\msSp
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 31

tXn.DZmlcWambn Hcmv hfsc A


\nhmcyamb av SntXpv, Abm
B av D]tbmKnm Xs Atln
s t\msmgnhmbn, AhZ\obamb ImcW
m t\msmgnhmnbXn\m Ahtijn
kabw t\msSptXn, ]Icw H
Znhkw t\mp honbm aXn. Ahtijn
kabw t\mp ]nSnXn aX]cambn
bmsXm D]Imchpan, AXv icnbmhpIbp
an, AXv sImv D]ImcanmXn\m X
s Ahtijn kabw t\msSp
\n_an.
DZmlcWw:Hcm shn apnm
gpXv Ip,AXv Im hyn ]dbpIbm
Wv A]w shw Snm Atls F
\nv csSpphm Ignhpmw, sh
w Snnsn F\nXn\v km[nIbn
,Ans\ shw SnIbpw Atls
csSppIbpw sNp.Ahtijn
kabw Atln\v `Ww IgnIbpw
shwSnIbpw sNmhpXmWv,ImcWw
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 32

Abm t\msmgnhmnbXv Cmw AhZn


ImcWmemWv,Atls kw_n
nStmfw Ahtijn kabw BZcn
stSX. AXv sImv Xs _mnbp
kabw t\mv ]nSntXpan. H tcmKn
tbmSv \mw ]dbpIbmWv, \n\v hnimem
sX `Ww IgnXv, ZmlnmemsX sh
w SnXv, AXmbXv \o AXymhiyn
\msX shw SnItbm,`Ww Ign
Itbm sNXv Fv \mw tcmKntbmSv ]dbm
dptm, Ctm.ImcWw tcmKnv t\msmgn
hmm Cmw AhmZw \tm.A
Xv sImv Xs Cmw AhZn ImcW
m Bscnepw t\msmgnhmnbm ]
Ien\nSv B ImcWw \ont]mbmepw Ah
tijn kabw t\mv t\mtXn.
Fm AhZ\obamb ImcWw IqSmsX
Bscnepw t\msmgnhmnbm Ahtijn
kabw Ah t\mv ]nSntXpv,
ImcWw Ah\v t\msmgnhmm AhmZ
an. aX]camb AhmZanmsXbmWv Ah
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 33

B Znhkns ]hn{XXsb l\nXv, AXv


sImv Xs Ahtijn kabw Ah
t\mv ]nSnIbpw ]Icw thsd H Znhkw
t\mphopIbpw sNtXpv. Amlphn
\mWv IqSpX AdnbpI.
***
10 ]mLmXw _m[n H kv{XotbmSv t\m
v HgnhmWsav tUm \ntin
Fn FmWv hn[n?
Dcw: Amlp ]dbp:





)


.(:( )
P\v amKZi\ambnsmpw, t\h
gn ImpXpw kXyhpw AkXyhpw thXncn
p ImWnpXpamb kphyIvX sXfnhpIfm
bnsmpw hnip JpB AhXcnn
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 34

s amkamIpp dafm. AXpsImv \n


fn B B amkn knlnXcmtWm
Ah Bamkw {hXa\pjvTntXmWv. B
scnepw tcmKnbmhpItbm, bm{XbnemhpI
tbm sNbvXm ]Icw A{Xbpw Fw (t\m
sSptXmWv.) \nv Bizmkw hcp
m\mWv Amlp DtinpXv. \nv
sRcpw Dmm Ah Dtinpn.
ia\w {]Xonm tcmKnIfmsWn
Hmtcm Znhknw ]Icambn H AKXn
v `Ww \tIXpv, km[mcW \mw
Ign `WamWv AKXnIv \tI
Xv. \cq]nep `Ww Xs \tI
Xpv. icocw gv t]mb tcmK_m[nX
bmb kv{Xo Hmtcm Znhknw ]Icambn
km[phn\v `Ww \IWw.
***
11 bm{Xmcs \akvImchpw, t\mpw F
tmgmWv, Fns\bmWv?
Dcw: bm{Xmc Xs \mn \n
w ]pdsXv apX aSnhXv hsc \m
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 35

ev dIvAp \akvImc cv dIvA


mbnmWv \akvIcntXv.ImcWw Bbn
im() ]dbp:
))
(( )) : ((
/ :
/ : .()
.()
\akvImcw BZyw \namnbnXv c
v dIvAmWv, bm{Xmv AXv ncs
SppIbpw, \mn ncambn Xmakn
hv ]qWamIbpw sNbvXp asm dn
tmnepXv: \mn ncambn Xmakn
hv hnnIbpw sNbvXp Fm
Xv. (_pJmcn, apnw)
)) :-

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 36

/ : ((
: .()
.()

A\kv_vamenIv()hn \nv, R \
_n()tbmsSmw aZo\bn \nv abnte
v ]pdsSpIbpmbn, R aZo\bnte
v aSn hXv hsc Cu cv dIvAm
bnmWv \akvIcnnXv (_pJmcn, apnw)
Fm \mn Xmakn Camans\m
amWv bm{Xmc \akvIcnsXn
\mev dIvAv ]qoIcnv \akvIcnt
Xpv.Camans\mw XpSn XsbmsW
nepw,CSv XpSv \akvIcnmepw icn.Im
cWw dkqepmlv() ]dbp:
)) :

((
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 37

\_n() ]dbp: \n CJmav tIm


\akvImcntev \Sv t]mhpI,kmh[m\
tmsS, Kmw`ocyXtbmsSbmWv t]mtIXv,
\n HmSntmhm ]mSn, \nv e`n
Xv \n \akvIcnI, \nv \s
Xv ]qoIcnIbpw sNpI
\nv e`nXv \n \akvIcn
I, \nv \sXv ]qoIcnIbpw
sNpI FXns ASnm\n bm{X
mc \mev dIvAv \akvIcnhs
]nn \akvIcntm ]qWambn \akv
IcnWsaXv DsImpv. C_v A
mkv()hnt\mSv tNmZnIbpmbn: bm{X
mc \mn Xmaknhs ]nn \n
v \akvIcntm \mev dIvApw, A
m Ahkcn \akvIcntm c
p dIvApw \akvIcnWw CsXv sIm
mWv? Atm ]dbpIbpmbn: AXv {]
hmNI Ncybn s]XmWv.
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 38

bm{Xmc\n \nw PamAv \akv


Imcw HgnhmX, ImcWw bpns A
hkcn t]mepw Amlp ]dXv \mw
ImI:






(: ( )

(\_ntb,) \o AhcpsS Iqnepmbncn
pIbpw,Ahv t\XrXzw \Insmv \
akvImcw \nhlnpIbpamsWn Ahcn
Hcp hn`mKw \ns IqsS \ns. Ah
AhcpsS Bbp[ FSppIbpw sNs.
As\ Ah kpPqZv sNbvXv Ignm
Ah \nfpsS ]nntev amdn\npI
bpw,\akvIcnnnm as hn`mKw hv \n
s IqsS \akvIcnpIbpw sNs.
_mv tIshn bm{Xmc
Ahs \mnesnepw ]nIfnse PamA
v \akvImcn ]sSptXmWv. F
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 39

m ]n hnZqcmsWnepw, Xs Iqp
Imsc \sSpsav `bsSpIbpamsWn
]sSptXn, _mtm, CJmatm tI
h AXn\v Dcw \In ]nIfn
hc \namsW s]mXphmb sXfnhn
sbSnm\nemWv CXv hyamXv.
AXpt]mse Xs fplvdnw, aKvcn_n
w, CimCw appw, tijhpap dhmXn_v
kppI Hgnv hnXvdv, cm{Xn \akvImcw,
fplm \akvImcw, kp_lnv app cv
dIvAv t]msebp kpv \akvImc
sfmw bm{Xmv \akvIcnmhpXmWv.
AXpt]mse fplv, Akz Fo \akv
Imc Hanpw, aKvcn_pw, CimDw Hn
pw \akvIcnmhpXmWv. AXv apntm,
]nntm GXmtWm IqSpX Ffphpw ku
IcyhpapXv AXkcnv \nlnmhp
XmWv.
Fm H ev Xmaknm XpS
nbm PwAv BmXncnemWv \Xv, Pw
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 40

Bnbmepw {]iv\an.cpw dkq()bn


\nv hnpv.
bm{Xm dafm\n t\mnem
Wv \Xv, Hgnhmnbm {]iv\an,F{X Znh
kamtWm HgnhmnbXv A{Xbpw Znhkw ]I
cw t\mp hotXmWv. bm{Xmc\v \Xpw
Ffphpw t\msmgnhmemsWn AXm
Wv Ghpw \Xv. ImcWw Amlphns e
LqIcWw D]tbmKsSppXmWv Am
lphn\v IqSpX CapXv. temI cnXm
hn\mWv kkvXpXnbpw.
***
12 {]bmksvsImv bm{Xmc t\m
jvSnXns hn[nsbmWv?
Dcw: {]bmktmsSbmWv bm{Xm
c t\mnsXn AXv shdps
tSXmWv.
Xmsg sImSp {]hmNI hN\w t\mpI
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 41



)) : (( :
)): : ((
: /
": " ).(
: /
.() ...
Hcmv asmcm XW hncnv sImSpI
bpw, P\ Atln\v Nppw IqSn \n
Ibpw sNpXv Itm \_n() tNm
ZnIbpmbn: FmWXv? Ah ]dp:
Abm (XW hncnsbm) t\mpIm
c\mWv. Atm \_n() ]dbpIbpmbn:
bm{Xbn t\mnXv ]pWyn
)s]X (_pJmcn, apnw

Page 42

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Fm hfscb[nIw {]bmkap k
`nemsWn t\msmgnhm bm{X
mv \namWv. ImcWw {]hmNI
()tbmSv P\ t\mnXv {]bm
kamWv Fdnbntm t\msmgnhmI
bpmbn. NnebmfpI t\mnncn
shv ]dtm dkqepmlv() ]dbpI
bpmbn:
: (( )) :
/
.()
Ah [nmcnIfmWv,Ah [nmcnIfmWv
(apnw)
bm{Xmv bmsXm {]bmkhpans
n t\mnemWv \Xv, ImcWw dkq
epmlv()bm{Xbn t\mnXmbn n
csncnpp.

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 43

)) :


((
: .() / :
.() /
A_qZmAv() ]dbpIbpmbn:dafm\n
iIvXamb NqSp kabv R \_n
tbmsSmw Hcp bm{Xbnembncpp. Rfn
dkqepmlv()bpw, Apmlv C_v dhm
lbpw Hgnv amcpw(Cu bm{Xbn) t\m
nnn.(_pJmcn,apnw) \_n() t\m
\pjvTnXmbn lZoYn hXn\m A{]Im
cw sNepw A\phZ\obamIpp Fv D]cn
kqNnX hN\w hyIvXampp Fm hnj
bw N sNbvXv ]nXam A`n{]mbs
Xp t]mse bm{Xmc\v kzbw Xocpam\saSp
mhpXmWv Fv sXfnhpIfn \nv a\
nemIpp HmtcmcpcptSbpw BtcmKymh
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 44

sbpdnv AhmWsm \mbdnbp


I. hnh.
***
13 ImcWm B[p\nI Imev AXym[p
\nI bm{Xm kuIcyfpXn\m bm{X
mc\v t\mn (]ucmWnI Ime
s At]nv) {]bmkap Imcya,
Cu kmlNcyn bm{Xmc t\m
nXns hn[nsbmWv?
Dcw: bm{Xmc\v t\mnI
bpw, t\msmgnhmIbpw sNmhpXmWv.
Amlp ]dbp:

( :()
Bscnepw tcmKnbmhpItbm, bm{Xbnemhp
Itbm sNbvXm ]Icw A{Xbpw Fw(t\m
sSptXmWv.)

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 45

{]hmNI()tbmsSmw kzlm_m
bm{X sNmdpmbn, Ahcn t\m
nhw, t\msmgnhmnbhw Dm
bn. t\mnhsc Hgnhmnbh B
t]nItbm, t\msmgnhmnbhsc A
nh Bt]nItbm sNbvXnn. \
_n()bm{Xbn t\mnmdpmbn.
)) :


: ((
/ : .() /
.()

A_qZmAv() ]dbpIbpmbn:dafm\n
iIvXamb NqSp kabv R \_n()
tbmsSmw Hcp bm{Xbnembncpp.
Rfn dkqepmlv()bpw, Apm
lv C_v dhmlbpw Hgnv amcpw (Cu bm{X
bn) t\mnnn.(_pJmcn, apnw)
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 46

bm{Xmcs \nbaw Ah\v t\mn


Itbm,HgnhmItbm sNmhpXmWv.F
m bm{Xmc\v {]bmkansn t\m
nemWv \Xv. ImcWw AXn aqv {]
tbmP\ Dv:
1 dkq()bpsS Ncy ]nXpSc
2 kuIcyw: P\tfmsSmw {hXa\p
jvTnemWv Hv t\mjvSnXnt\
m IqSpX kuIcy{]ZambXv.
3 Xs _m[yX s]sv sNbvXv Xo
m km[n.
bm{Xbn t\mnm {]bmkam
sWn AnmXncnemWv Daw Imc
Ww H lZoYv ImI:


: )) (( :
)) (( : :
/ :
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 47

.() "" :
/ :
.() ...
Hcmv XW hncnvsImSpIbpw, P\
Atln\v Nppw IqSn \nIbpw sN
pXv Itm \_n() tNmZnIbpm
bn: FmWXv? Ah ]dp: t\mpImc
\mWv.Atm \_n()]dbpIbpmbn:bm
{Xbn t\mnXv ]pWyn s]
X (_pJmcn, apnw)

***
14 t\mnv bm{Xmc abnsen
bm Dwd \nlnm\mbn t\msmgnhm
m ]mSptm?
Dcw: amhnPb thfbn {]hmNI
() dafm C]Xn\v abn {]thin
tm t\msmgnhmnbn. Xnta\n()
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 48

amscbpw sImv cv dIAv \akvI


cnIbpw, amtcmSv ]qnbmn \akv
Icnhm I]nIbpw sNbvXn. A
XmWv lZoYn ImXv:
(( )) :
.() / :
amtcmSv ]dbpw: Astbm, am
\nhmknIsf \n (\akvImcw) ]qnbm
n \akvIcnI, R bm{XmcmWv
(_pJmcn) Ahtijn Znhkhpw dkqepm
lv() t\msmgnhmnbmWv abn Xma
knsXv Camw _pJmcnbpsS kzloln
ImWmhpXmWv. Dwd sNm abnsen
bm bm{X Ahkm\nn, AXvsImv X
s t\mnIbpw sNtXn. Nne
bmfpI bm{Xbn t\mnXv Im
Wmw, AhcXn\v ImcWw ]dbpXv bm{X h
fsc {]bmkw dXmsWmWv. Fnv h
fscb[nIw oWnIbpw {]bmksSpI
bpw sNpw, Fnv t\mv XpdXn\v tijw
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 49

Dwd sNbvXm aXntbm, AX s]sv t\m


smgnhmn Dwd sNtXptm? Fs
mw tNmZnmdpv.
Cu Ahbn Ans\bphtcmSv
\mw ]dbs, Dwd sNm\mbn BZyw Xs
t\msmgnhmI, Fm BtcmKytm
sSm, DtjtmsS abn {]thinm
km[nXmWv. Dwd sNm Dtinv sIm
v abntev hh s]sv Xs B
Iw sNbvXv ]qoIcntXpv. Imc
Ww \_n() Dwd sNm\mbn abn {]th
inm s]sv B Iw ]qnbmm\m
bn ]nbntev [rXnsSmdpmbncp. X
s arKs t]mepw ]nv kao]amWv X
fnSmdpXv.AXv sImv Xs dafm\n Dw
d Dtinv abn hh t\msmgnhm
n DtjtmsS ]Ien Xs Dwd ]q
oIcnemWv t\mv Xpdv cm{Xnbn Dwd
sNpXnt\m DaambnpXv.

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 50


:



( : /

).(
Xmsg sImSppw {]Imcw
\_n()bn \nv ncsv hncn:
am hnPb thfbnse bm{Xbn {]hm
\NI() t\mpImc\mbn, Atm P
Atln\Spv hv ]dbpIbpm
bn: Hm, {]hmNIsc, P\v t\mv Imc
Wm hfscb[nIw {]bmkapv, Ah
Xm FmWv sNpsXv {]Xonncn
Page 51

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

IbmWv. Cs\ kw`hnXv Akdn\v


tijamWv.Atm \_n() shw sImp
hcm ]dbpIbpw,\_n() bm{XnSbn X
s t\mv apdnIbpw sNbvXp. am{Xa, ]
Iens Ahkm\ `mKmWv t\msmgnhm
nbXv (apnw)
CsXmw dkqepmlv sNbvXXv bm{Xbn
t\msmgnhmmw Fv P\sf ]Tnn
m\mbn.Fm hfsc{]bmksv bm
{Xbn t\msSpIsbXv {]hmNI kp
ns\XncmsW Imcyn kwiban.
AXmWv {]hmNI() hyamnbXv: bm
{Xbn t\mnIsbXv ]pWyn
s]X. F Imcyw.
***
15 apebqphv t\msmgnhmm
tam? Ah FtmgmWXv t\mphotXv?
Ah AKXnIv `Ww \tIXp
tm?
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 52

Dcw: t\mnm nv sImSp


t apem dv t]msatm, ap
h {]bmkhpw nmtam Fv `bs
m Ahv t\msmgnhmmw, ]t, tcm
Knsb t]mse ]noSv t\mp hotXpv.A
Xns\ kw_nv Amlp ]dbp:

)


.( : ( )
AXp sImv \nfn B B amkn
knlnXcmtWm Ah B amkw {hXa\pjv
TntXmWv. Bscnepw tcmKnbmhpItbm,
bm{XbnemhpItbm sNbvXm ]Icw A{X
bpw Fw (t\msSptXmWv.) \n
v Bizmkw hcpm\mWv Amlp Dtin
pXv. \nv sRcpw Dmm A
h Dtinpn.
FtmgmtWm ImcWw \ont]mXv
B kabw t\mp hom\mcw`npIbpw sN
Ww.AXv Acow XIbpw, ]I k
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 53

abw dbpIbpw sNp ssiXy Imetm,


AXsn ASp hjtam t\mp homhp
XmWv.\ont]mhm ImcWtfm,ia\w
{]Xonm tcmKtam DhcmWv Hmtcm
Znhknw ]Icambn Hmtcm AKXnIv
`Ww t\mn\v ]Icambn \tIXv.
***
16 hnipw, Zmlhpw ImcWm t\m
pImc ]Ien A[nI kabhpw hn{ian
IbmsWn AXv t\mns kzoImcyX
sb _m[ntam?
Dcw: t\mns kzoImcyXsb AXv
_m[nIbn.adnv oWw IqSpXn\k
cnv {]Xn^ew hnIbmWv sNpI.Imc
Ww Bbnim()tbmSv dkqepmlv() ]dbp
Xv ImI:
/)) ((
/ : .()
..()() ...
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 54

\nfpsS {]Xn^ew \nfpsS oWn\


kcnm (_pJmcn).Amlphns\ A
kcnm BcmtWm oWnXcmXv B
oWn\kcnv {]Xn^ew IqSpXmWv.
t\mpImc oWntm shw sIm
v icocw XnIbpw, Xp e
v CcnIbpw sNbvXvsImv oWw e
LqIcnm ]cn{iantXmWv.
***
17 dafm\ns Fm Znhkhpw cm{Xnbn
t\mn\v \nv Bhiyaptm? AX
H amkn\v Hnv \nv sNbvXm a
Xntbm?
Dcw: dafm\ns BZyn Hnv
\nv sNbvXm aXnbmhpXmWv,ImcWw
dafm\n t\msSp hyn Hmtcm Znh
khpw \nv sNbvXnsnepw dafm am
kw apgphw t\msSpsa Dtiw
Ahs a\kneptm, AXv Xs aXn. F
m B amkn\nSv bm{X sImtm,tcm
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 55

Kw sImtm B Dtin\v `wKw hIbm


sWn ]ns t\mnm ]pXpXmbn
\nv sNtXpv. ImcWw bm{X aqe
tam, tcmKw aqetam t\msmgnhmnbXv sIm
v Xs.
***
18 `Ww IgnItbm, shw Sn
Itbm sNmsX t\mv apdnpsh ZrV
amb Dtiapmbm t\mv apdnbptam?
Dcw: Xobmbpw t\mv F Bcm
[\ Dtihpw, t\mns\ apdnp Ifbp Im
cyfn \nv hnv \nIbpw sNpI F
nh DsImpXm. t\mneqsS Hcm
DtinXv t\mns\ \njv^eamn I
fbp Imcyfn \nv hnv \nv sImv
Amlphntev IqSpX ASpIsbXm
Wv, AXvsImv Xs Cu Dtiw Hgnhmn
sbv ZrVambn IXnbm Xs t\mv \n
jv^eamXmWv. dafm\nemWv C{]Imcw
sNpsXn Ahtijn kabw A
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 56

h t\mv ]nSntXpv, ImcWw Cmw


AhZn ImcWmemsX t\mv Hgn
hmIbmsWn Ahtijn kabw
t\mv ]nSnIbpw, AXv t\mphopIbpw
sNtXpv.
Fm ZrVamb Xoam\saSpmsX
kwibamsXn ]nXamnSbn
A`n{]mbmcapv. Nne ]nXam ]
dbpXv Ahs t\mv \njv^eamhpw, Imc
Ww kwibw JnXambXns\ \onIfbp
XmWv.
H hn`mKw ]nXam hyIvXam
Xv t\mv \njv^eamhpIbn, ImcWw A
Snm\]cambn Dtiw Ahtijn, J
nXambn DtinmemsX BZys Dt
iw \ont]mhpIbn.Cu A`n{]mbamWv F
sbSpv {]_etbmKyambnpXv.Amlp
hn\mWv IqSpX AdnbpI.
***
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 57

19 t\mpImc adpsImv `Ww


Ignm FmWv hn[n? AXv Imh
FmWv sNtXv?
Dcw: Hcm adpsImv `Ww I
gnItbm, shw SnItbm sNbvXm
Ahs t\mv icnbmhpw, ]t, Ftmgm
tWm Hm hXv Atm Ahkm\nn
tXmWv.Xkabw Xs hmbnepXv H
gnhm \nhpamWv.t\mv icnbmhpw
FXn sXfnhv ImI:



/ : (

/ : .()
.()
A_qlpssdd()hn \nv \nthZ\w: Bsc
nepw ad sImv `Ww IgnItbm
SnItbm sNbvXm Ah t\mv ]qn
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 58

bms.ImcWw AmlphmWv Ahs\ Xop


Ibpw SnnIbpw sNbvXXv (ap^Jp
Asseln) adhn ImcWw Bscnepw \ntcm
[n Imcyw sNbvXm AXn\v inbn. A
mlp ]dbp:

(: ( )

RfpsS \mYm,R adpt]mIpItbm,
Rv sXp]pItbm sNbvXpshn
Rsf \o inncptX.
Fm t\mpImc adpsImv `
Ww IgnXv ImIbmsWn Ah
s\ HmsSp \nam.ImcWw
AXv Xna hntcm[nem.

)) :
: ((
.() /

\_n() ]dbpIbpmbn: \nfn Bsc


nepw Hcm Xna sNpXv ImIbmsW
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 59

n Ahs ssIsImv XSps, AXn\v


km[yasn Ahs \mhvsImv XSbt,
AXnw km[yasn Ahs lrZbw
sImv XSbs (apnw)
t\mpImc\mbncns `Ww Ign
Xpw shw SnXpw hntcm[n Imcy
n s]XmWv, AXv XSbpI Xs thWw,
Fm adhnsb ImcWw sImv hnvhogv
N sNpIbmWv t\mns kzoImcyXbpsS
Imcyn. Fm AXv Iv sImncn
h\v AXv XSbp Imcyn hnvhogvNbn
Xmw.
***
20 t\mpImc kpdpabnSpXns hn
[nsbmWv?
Dcw: t\mpImc\v kpdpabnSmhp
XmWv, AXn\v {]iv\an.AXpt]mse Xs I
pIfnepw, sNhnbnepw Xpnaw D]tbm
KnmhpXmWv. ImcWw AXv `W]m\o
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 60

bw Igne,AXpt]mse Inepw, aqnepw


Xpn av D]tbmKnXn\v `Ww I
gnIbpw, shw SnIbpw sNpIsb
v ]dbn,AXvsImv Xs `Ww Ign
Ibpw shw SnIbpw sNpXmWv hn
enbnpXv. Cu A`n{]mbamWv ssiJp
Cmw C_v Xoan:() A`n{]mbsnp
Xv. Fm aqn av D]tbmKnv a\:]q
w AXv hmbn Fnbm t\mv \njv^
eamXmWv. H lZoYv ImI:
)) :

.() : ((
.() / :
.() / :
.() / :

\_n() ]dbpIbpmbn: \o t\mpImc\


msbn aqn shw IbnNopXv A
[nIcnnI (A_qZmhqZv,\kmC,C_vamP)
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 61

***
21 t\mpImc ]v tXXnsbpw,
kpKw D]tbmKnXnsbpw hn[n F
?mWv
Dcw: t\mvImc ]Iens XpS
]{ ntem, Ahkm\ntem ]v tXXv
hmNI kpn s]XmWv.lZoYv ImI:
)) :

( : /
.
\_n() ]dbpIbpmbn:]v tX hmb
v ipnbpmXpw, cnXmhn\v Xr]vXn
)bpap ImcyamWv (_pJmcn
)) :
((
. : /
).(
Page 62

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

\_n() ]dbpIbpmbn: Fs kapZmb


n\v {]bmkapmambnnsn Hm
tcm \akvImcn\v appw ankvhmv sNm
Rm I]nambn (_pJmcn,apnw)
AXpt]mse t\mpImc\v ]Iens B
Zyntem, Ahkm\ntem FtmgmsWn
epw kpKw D]tbmKnmhpXmWv. AXv
kpKw ]pIcq]ntem,{ZmhI cq]ntem,
ap h cq]nepamsWnepw D]tbmKnm
hpXmWv. Fm kpKw Ie ]pI
aqneqsS ISn hnSXv, ImcWw kpKw
Ie ]pI aqneqsS {]thinv AXv hb
dn {]thinm km[yXbpv. CXv sIm
mWv \_n() epssJXzv_v kz_vdtbmSv
]dXv:
)) :

.() : ((
.() / :
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 63

.() / :
.() / :

\_n() ]dbpIbpmbn: \o t\mpImc\


msbn aqn shw Ibn NopXv
A[nIcnnI (A_qZmhqZv, \kmC, C_v
amP)
***
22 t\mv \njv^eamn Ifbp Imcy
GsXmw?
Dcw: NphsS sImSpp Imcy
t\mv \njv^eamIpw.
1 kwtbmKw sN
2 `Ww Ign
3 ]m\obw Ign
4 hnImctmsS ipw ]pdv hc
5 `W ]m\obn\v ]Icambp
h D]tbmKn
6 a\:]qw On
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 64

sImv (No cw Hgnhmhm


H NnInk) sh
8 Bh, {]kh cw ]pv hc.

`W ]m\obw,kwtbmKw Fnh t\m


pImc\v \njnamsWXn sXfnhv. A
mlp ]dbp:

(:( )

AXn\m C\nta \n Ahcpambn k
lhknpIbpw, (sshhmlnI PohnXn)
Amlp \nv \nivNbnXv tXSpIbpw
sNbvXpsImpI.\n XnpIbpw IpSnp
Ibpw sNbvXpsImpI; ]pecnbpsS shfp
CgI Idp CgIfn \nv sXfnv
ImWpamdmIpXv hsc. Fnv cm{XnbmIpw
hsc \n {hXw ]qambn A\pjvTnp
Ibpw sNpI.
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 65

hnImctmsS a\nv ]pdv hm


t\mv Akm[phmsaXn\v sXfnhv:
JpZvknbmb lZokn \apv ImWmhp
XmWv.
)) ((
: / ).(
Ahs `Whpw, ]m\obhpw, hnImchpw
F\nv thn Ah Dt]n (C_v
)amP
H lZoYv IqSn ImI:
)) :
:
-
(( : /
).(

Page 66

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

\_n() ]dbpIbpmbn: \n `mcyam


ambn kwkKn GsSpXv kzZJbm
Wv, Ah tNmZnIbpmbn: Hm, Amlp
hns XnZqXsc, Rfn Hcm Xs hn
Imcw iannXnepw {]Xn^ew Dtm? ]
dp: AXv \njnamb amKn iann
IbmsWn AXn\v aptm? \nfp
sS A`n{]mbsamWv? A{]Imcw Xs A
Xns\ AhZ\obambXn shIbmsWn
AXn\v {]Xn^ehpapv (apnw)
ChnsS AXns\ shIsbXv sImp
tinXv a\nmWv. AXvsImv Xs {]
_eamb A`n{]mb {]Imcw aZvv (hnImcap
m k`n enwKn \npw ]pd
sSp HXcw {ZmhIw) hnImctmsStbm,
Npw_\w sImtm atm kwtbmKw IqSmsX
]pdsm t\mv apdnbnmsbv ]dbphm
ImcWw.

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 67

`W ]m\obn\v ]Icambn D]tbm


Kn C t]msebpXv D]tbmKn
IbmsWn t\mv \njv^eamXm
Wv. Ah `W ]m\obasnepw B ey
n\vthn D]tbmKnXmbXvsImv A
h D]tbmKnm t\mv \njv^eamhpw.
a\:qw OnXneqsS t\mv A
km[phmsaXn\v sXfnhv:

)) :
/ : ((

/ : .)

.()
A_qlpssdd()hn \nv \_n() ]dbpI
bpmbn: Bscnepw OnIbmsWn
Ah B t\mv t\mphotXn, Fm
Bscnepw a\:]qw OnIbmsWn
Ah AXv t\mphot, Bscnepw a\:]q
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 68

amsX OnIbmsWn Ah\v J


fzmAv C (A_qZmhqZv, XnanZn)
sImv shXneqsS t\mv apdnbpsa
Xn sXfnhv:
(( ))

/ .
/ : .
.()
\_n() ]dbpIbpmbn: sImv shh
w, shnhw t\mv Xpdncn
(_pJmcn XlveoJmbn DcnXv)
FmWv XAveoIv
BhcIvXtam {]kh cIvXtam ]pd
sS: H kv{XotbmSv \_n() ]dbpIbp
mbn:

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 69

:)) ((
: .() /
.() /
Bhapmbm Ah t\mnI
bpw, \akvIcnIbpw sNtXn(_pJm
cn) Bh {]kh caphsS t\mv
icnbmhpIbnmsb Imcyn ]nX
am GtIm]nncn.
aqv D]m[nItfmSv IqSn am{Xta apIfn
sImSp Ggv Imcy sImv t\mv \njv
^eamhpIbpq.
Ah Xmsg sImSp:
1 C Imcyw sNbvXm t\mv \njv
^eambn t]msaXns\dnv Adnhph
\mbncnWw.
2 kzt_m[tmsSbmhWw.
3
BsSsbnepw \nn\v h
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 70

gnbnmIXv. kzw C{]ImcamhWw. H


cm \n_nnv asmcmsf shw IpSnn
m apdnbpIbn.
AdnhnmsXtbm DtiyanmtXtbm ap
p {]kvXmhn Imcyfn GsXnepsam
v sNbvXm t\mp apdnbpIbn. t\mv
km[phmbn XoXmWv. Amlp ]dbp:

( : ( )
)
RfpsS \mYm,R adpt]mIpItbm,
Rv sXp ]pItbm sNbvXpshn
Rsf \o inncptX.


)
(: : ( )
A_him \n sNbvXp t]mbXn
\nv Ipan. ]s \nfpsS lrZb
Adnv sImp sNbvXXv (IpIcam
Ipp.)

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 71

{]hmNI kpn \nv CXn\v sXfn


hmbn \apv ImWmw:
-
-
-






: /


) :

() .( : /

)(

Page 72

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

AZnp_vlmXznw()hn \nv, Atlw


t\mnIbpw, XebnWSnbn cv
Ib shIbpw sNbvXp. B cv Ibdp
I HIs sInbnSm D]tbmKnXm
bn AXn Hv Idppw, asmv shfp
pambn. Ans\ Idpn \nv shfpv
IrXyambn ImXv hsc `Ww IgnI
bpw shw SnIbpw sNbvXp. FnmWv
t\msSpXv.t\cw ]petm dkqepm
lv()bpsS ASpv sNv Imcyw ]dbpIbpw
sNbvXp. Atm \_n() Atln\v hni
ZoIcnv sImSpIbpmbn:Bbn ]cm
ains Idp \qepw, shfp \qepw
sImv DtinXv \psSbSp Idppw
shfppw \qe, adnv shfp \qsImv
DtinXv ]Iens shfppw, Idpv \qev
sImv DtinXv cm{XnbpsS IdppamWv.
Fm AtltmSv \_n() t\mv Ifzm
Av hom I]nn (_pJmcn, apnw) Imc
Ww Atlw hn[nsb kw_nv A\m
bXn\m t\mv \njv^eambn.
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 73

kabs kw_nv AXbmsW


nepw t\mv \njv^eamhn. AXn\v sXfn
hmbn \apv ImWmw:
)) : - -

/ : ((
.()
AkvamAv _nv A_q_()hn \nv;
Ah ]dbpIbpmbn: \_n()bpsS Ime
v taLmhrXamb kabv R t\mv
Xpd, AXn\v tijamWv kqcy\kvXanXv
(_pJmcn) AhtcmSv \_n() B t\mv Jfzm
Av hom ]dn. Cs\bp Ahkc
n JfzmAv \nambnsn Ah
tcmSv I]nambn. AhtcmSv I]nn
sn kapZmbn\mbn AhcXv Dcn
Ibpw sNpambn. ImcWw Amlp
]dbp:
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 74

.(:) ( )
Xobmbpw \mamWv Cu Dt_m[\s
AhXcnnXv, \mw Xs AXns\ kwcn
XmWv (lnPvdv:9)
Bhiyap kmlNcyapmbnpw D
cnsSmXn\m \_n() AhtcmSv A
ns\ I]nnmsbmWv a\knemt
Xv, t\mphom I]nmXvsImv Xs
AXv \namsbw a\knemmhp
XmWv. AXpt]mse Xs Hcm Ddn \n
v FgptIbpw `W]m\ob I
gnIbpw sNbvXp,AXn\v tijamWv Xm `
W]m\obw IgnXv {]`mtXmZbn\v ti
jamsWv a\knembXv, Fn Ah\v B
t\mv JfzmAv hotXn, ImcWw Ah
AdnbmsX sNbvXXmWv.
cmas \n_\: kzt_m[tmsS
bmbncnWw.. adpsImv `Ww Ign
Itbm, ]m\obw SnItbm sNbvXm t\m
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 75

v icnbmw, AXv t\mv hotXn. Am


lp ]dbp:

(
)
RfpsS \mYm,R adpt]mIpItbm,
Rv sXp]pItbm sNbvXpshn R
sf \o inncptX.

)) :
( (( )
A_qlpssdd()hn \nv \nthZ\w: Bsc
nepw ad sImv `Ww IgnItbm
SnItbm sNbvXm Ah t\mv ]qn
bms. ImcWw AmlphmWv Ahs\ Xo
pIbpw SnnIbpw sNbvXXv (ap^Jp
Asseln)
aqmas\n_\: kzta[bm sNp
XmbncnWw. Bscnepw \nnn
Itbm atm sNbvXnmhXv. kzta[b Am
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 76

sXbmWv Cs\bp Imcy sNp


sXn t\mv \njv^eamhn. Amlp ]d
bp:

(: ( )
hnizknXn\v tijw Amlphn Ahniz
knhcmtcm AhcpsS XfpsS lrZbw hn
izmkn kam[m\w ]qXmbncns \n
_nshc; {]XypX, Xpd a\tmsS
Ahnizmkw kzoIcnhcmtcm AhcpsS ta
Amlphn \np tIm]apmbncn
pw. Ahv `bcamb inbpapmbn
cnpw.
\nnnv sImv ^vdns Imcyw
sNpXns\ kw_np hn[n CXmsW
n AXnt\m Kuchw d Imcyn
\mw kwibntXntm.H lZoYv Im
I:
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 77

)) :
: ((
.() /

\_n()]dbp:A_hpw adhnbpw \n_


nnsXpw Fs kapZmbn\v amp
\Isncn (C_vamP, Xz_vdm\n)
CXpt]mse Xs t\mpImcs aqn
eqsS s]mSn]Setam atm {]thinIbpw
AXn\v NnbpmhpIbpw AXv hbdn {]
thinIbpw sNbvXm AXv ImcWm
Ahs t\mv \njv^eamhn, ImcWw Ah
s DtitmsSbtm Ans\ kw`hn
Xv. AXpt]mse XsbmWv Hcmsf \n
nnv shw SnnIbmsWn A
Xv sImpw t\mv apdnbpIbn. AXpt]mse
Xs Ddn kz]v\kvJe\apmbmepw
t\mv \njv^eamhn, ImcWw Ahs Dt
ins ASnm\netm Ans\ kw
`hnXv. AXpt]mse `mhv `mcysb
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 78

t\mv Akm[phmIp Imcyv \n


nnm `mcybpsS t\mn\v `wKw hI
bn, ImcWw Ah kzta[bm sNbvXX,a
dnv `mhns \nns apn hn
t[bambXmWv.
Hcp {]tXyIw ChnsS DWpp AXm
bXv dafm\n t\mv \n_ap Hcp ]p
cpj (Cfhnmh) ]Ien kwtbmKw
sNbvXm Av Imcy AXneqsS Ah\v
hXmWv.
1 Ahtijn kabw Ah t\mv
]nSnWw.
2 Ahs t\mv \njv^eamhpw.
3 JfzmAv hoWw.
4 {]mbnw sNWw.
5 Ah sXp sNbvXp
Cu Imcyn Adnhpht\m, Adnhn
mht\m F hyXymkan,AXmbXv t\m
v \namb H ]pj dafm\ns ]
Ien kwtbmKw sNbvXm Ah\v {]mbn
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 79

w \namsWv, AdnbmsXbmWv sN
bvXsXnepw Ah\v apIfn \mw hniZamn
b hn[nI _m[IamWv. ImcWw t\mns\
apdn Imcyw t_m[]qw sNbvXXmWv.
t\mns\ \njv^eamn Ifbp Imcyw
t_m[]qw sNbvXm AXns hn[nbpw
AXn\v _m[IamWv.lZoYn \apv ImWmw:

(( .... )) : :
.() ... / :
/ :
.() ...
A_qlpssdd()hns lZoYn Hcm \_n
()bpsS ASpv hv ]dbp: {]hmNIsc
Rm \inp, \_n()tNmZnp: FmWv \n
s \innXv (_pJmcn)
Abm ]dp: dafm\ns ]Ien
t\mpImc\mbn Rm `mcybpambn ssewKn
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 80

I thgvNbntesp t]mbn. Atm dkqep


mlv()AbmtfmSv {]mbnw sNm B
hiysp. Abmdnbnmbn Cs\
sNbvXm {]mbnw sNWsaXv. Chn
sS t\mn \naph Fv
]dbm ImcWw `mcybpw `mhpw bm{X
sNbvXv Xncnsn Ah kwkKnte
sm Ahv {]mbnw \nan.
ImcWw bm{XmcmbXn\m Ahv t\m
v \nantm. AXp t]mse bm{Xmc
t\mnm AXv ]qnbm \n
an,Ah Dtinm ]qnbmmw,
Dtinnsn ]qoIcntXpan. ]q
oIcnnsn bm{Xmc\v t\mv \n
anmXv sImv Ah JfzmAv hon
bm aXn.
***
23. (izmtkmzmkw Ffpamhm th
n BkvXva tcmKnI Clmse D]tbm
KnpXv aptJ\ t\mv apdnbptam?

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 81

Dcw: Cs\ Clmse D]tbm


KnpXv sImv hbdntev Hw Fp
ntm, AXv XSnbnm Hcp hkvXphmb
Xn\m AXpaptJ\ t\mv \njv^eamhpI
bpan.
***
24 On ImcWm t\mv \njv^e
amhptam?
Dcw: a\:]qw OnIbmsWn
t\mv \njv^eamhpXmWv.Fm kzm
`mhnIamb On aqew t\mv \njv^eamhn
. lZoYv ImI:

)) :
/ : ((

/ : .)

.()
A_qlpssdd()hn \nv \_n() ]dbpI
bpmbn: Bscnepw OnIbmsWn
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 82

Ah B t\mv t\mphotXn, Fm
Bscnepw a\:]qw OnIbmsWn
Ah AXv t\mp hos, Bscnepw a\:]q
amsX OnIbmsWn Ah\v J
fzmAv C (A_qZmhqZv, XnanZn)
***
25 t\mpImcs tamWbn \ntm a
tm A]w cw hm t\mv \njv^e
amhptam?
Dcw: ]ns `mKfn \nv h
cw ImcWm t\mn\v Hw kw`hn
Ibn. ]t, AXv hbdntev Cdm
]mSn. AXpt]mse PetZmjtam atm Dm
bmepw t\mv Akm[phmIn, Ah\v Jfzm
Dw C.
***
26 EXpaXn ^Pvdn\v apv ipnbmhpI
bpw, {]`mtXmZbn\v tijw fnIbpw
sNbvXm AhfpsS t\mv km[phmtam?
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 83

Dcw: ^Pvdn\v apv (kp_vln\v apv)


ipnbmbnpsn (cIvXw \nm) Ah
fpsS t\mv km[phmw,^Pvdn\v apt ipn
bmbnpsv IrXyambn Ddv htXp
v. Nne kv{XoI hnNmcnw ipnbmbnp
sv, Fm bYmn Ah ipn
bmbnpmhn.AXvsImv Xs Nne kv{Xo
I Bbni()bpsS ASpv hv ipnbp
sS ASbmfambn ]nbpambn hcmdpmbn
. Atm Bbni() AhtcmSv ]dbpam
bn: \n [rXnsSmXncnq, shfp
\ndw ImXv hsc \n ipnbmhn.
(AXmbXv amkapd kabv D]tbmKnp
]mUn shfp \ndw ZinpI Fv hnh
) IrXyambn icnw ipnbmXv hsc
kv{XoI kmhImiw ImWntXpv. A
ns\ ipnbmbm t\mns \nv sh
I, {]`mtXmZbn\v tijw fnmepw a
XnbmhpXmWv. AXp t]mse \akvImcn
s Imcyhpw KuchnseSptXpv, A
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 84

Xv sImv Xs F{Xbpw s]sv Xs


fnv AXns kabv \akvIcntXpv.
Nne kv{XoI {]`mtXmZbn\v aptm,
tijtam ipnbmhpw, ]t, kqcy\pZnXn
\v tijw sshInbmWv fnmdpXv, IrXy
ambn hrnbmmw, fnmw, IqSpX
hrnbpmhmamWv Cs\ sNpsX
v \ymbw ]dbpIbpw sNpw.CXv dafm\nem
hs, Ambhkcnemhs sXmWv. b
Ymn s]sv fnv ipnbmbn \a
kvImcw AXns kabv Xs \nln
tXpv. Ahv \akvImcw \nln
m\mbp \n fn fnm aXnbm
hpXmWv. IqSpX ipnbpw hrnbpsa
mw Dtinshn ]noSv Hcn Iq
Sn fnIbpw sNpXnw gan. AXp
t]mse henb Aipnbp kv{Xo {]`mtXmZ
bn\v tijw fnmepw aXnbmhpw Ah
sS t\mpw icnbmhpXmWv. henb Aip
nbp t\mn ]pj {]`mtXmZb
n\vtijw fnXv t]mse,Ahs t\m
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 85

nw {]iv\an, icnbmhpXmWv. H lZo


Yv ImI:


.() / :
/ :
.()
\_n()bn \nw dntmv sNsncn
: \_n() `mcyamcn \nv henb Aipn
bphcmbn t\mnIbpw, {]`mtXmZ
bn\v tijwfnIbpw sNbvXn(_p
Jmcn, apnw)
***
27 t\mvImc ]v ]dnm t\mv \n
jv^eamhptam?

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 86

Dcw: ]v ]dnItbm, AXpt]mse


bpXv sNpXneqsStbm h cw(Ip
dv cIvXw) ImcWm t\mv \njv^eam
hn,sImv sh t]msebp hn[n AXn
\v _m[Ia.
***
28 ]cntim[nm\mbn A]w cw
FSpm t\mv \njv^eamhptam?
Dcw: ]cntim[\mbn A]w cw
FSpXv sImv t\mv \njv^eamhn.
tcmKnsb ]cntim[nm\mbn tUmamv
cw FSptn hw, AXvsImv Ahs
t\mv \njv^eamhn, AXv sImv shv c
w FSp t]mseb, (sImv shm
t\mv apdnbpsa A`n{]mbamIpp icnbm
bXv ssiJv sXscsSpXpw AXmIpp
CulZokns\ Ahew_nmIpp cIvXw sIm
Spm apdnbpsav ]nXam ]dbp
Xv, sImv shm apdnbn F A`n{]mb
hpapv ^Xvlp_mcn t\mpI.) AXv sIm
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 87

v Xs t\mv \njv^eamhpw FXn\v a


X]cambn sXfnhv thWw. Fm ]cntim[
\mbn A]w cw FSpm t\mv \n
jv^eamhpw FXn\v sXfnhn. asmcmv
cw \Im\mbn [mcmfw cw FSpI
bmsWn Ahs t\mv \njv^eamhp
XmWv. AXv sImv Xs A\nhmcy L
fnemsX \n t\mnh asmcm
v cw sImSpm ]mSn. kqcymkvXa
bw hsc Imv \nm km[yam A
Snbnc kmlNcyn t\mn hy
nv cw \ImhpXmWv,AXneqsS A
hs t\mv apdnbpIbpw sNpw. Ahtijn
kabw Ah\v `W]m\ob D]
tbmKnIbpw sNmw.
A{]Imcw sNbvXh JfzmAv hopI
bpw sNWw.
***

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 88

29 t\mpImc ssaYp\w \SpXn


s hn[nsbmWv? Ah\v {]mbvnap
tm?
Dcw: dafm\n hrXanv Bscn
epw ssaYp\w \Sn a\nv ]pdv hI
bpw sNbvXm Ahs t\mv \njv^eam
XmWv, Ah ]Icw t\mn \n
amWv. Fm Ah\v {]mbvnan,
ImcWw {]mbnapXv kwtbmKw sNp
Xn\mWv. AtXmsSmw Xs Amlphn
t\mSXn\v ]mX]nIbpw sNtXmWv.
***
30 t\mpImc kpKw hmk\nm
]mSptm?
Dcw: hrXanh\v kpKw hmk
\nmhpXmWv.kpKw ]pIXnw {]
iv\an. Fm kpKns ]pI aqn
eqsS AItv {]thinnhm ]mSp
X. ImcWw ]pIv shstmse hbdn
tev Fphm kmlNcyapv.AXvsIm
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 89

v shdpw hmk\nXn\v bmsXm g


hpan.
***
31 ]pI izknXpw, Xpnav D]
tbmKnXpw Xnep hyXymkw Fm
Wv? ]pI izknm t\mv \njv^eamhpI
bpw, Xpnav D]tbmKnm \njv^eam
hmXncnIbpw sNpXv Fv sImmWv?
Dcw: ]pI izknh a\:]qw
Ahs hbdntev {]thinm Dtinv
sImv sNpXmWv, Fm Intem, aq
ntem atm D]tbmKn Xpnav h
bdntev {]thinm Dtinv sIm D
]tbmKnXv.adnv AXv Xcnaqn Fm
thnbmWv D]tbmKnXv. AXmWv C
h cpw Xnep hyXymkw.
***
32 t\mpImc sNhn, Iv, aqv F
nhbneqsS Xpn av D]tbmKnXn
s hn[nsbmWv?
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 90

Dcw: aqneqsSbp Xpnav h


bdntev {]thinIbmsWn t\mv \n
jv^eamhpw ImcWw epIoXzv_v kz_vd
tbmSv dkqepmlv() ]d lZoYv AXmWv
\s ]TnnXv:
)) :

.() : ((
.() / :
.() / :
.() / :
\_n() ]dbpIbpmbn: \o t\mpImc\
msbn aqn shw Ibn NopXv
A[nIcnnI (A_qZmhqZv, \kmC, C_v
amP).

AXv sImv Xs hbdntev Fp


cq]n aqn Xpn av D]tbmKn
Xv t\mvImc\v hntcm[nsncn. F
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 91

m hbdntev Fm cq]n aqn


Xpn av D]tbmKnXn\v gan.
In XpnavD]tbmKnXv kp
dpabnSpXv t]msebmWv, AXpt]mse sNhn
bn Xpnav D]tbmKnXpw. t\mv
\njv^eamn IfbpIbn. Ipw, sNhnbpw
`W ]m\ob Ign Ahbhf
tm, AXvsImv Xs t\mv \njv^eamhn
. Bscnepw Imens shbn Fsn
epw shm AXns Nn Xs sXmbn
A`hsmepw t\mv \njv^eamhn, Imc
Ww AXv `W]m\obw Ign Ahbha
tm F Imcyw ]nXam A`n{]mb
sXmbn \apv ImWmw.In kpdpabnSp
Xv sImtm, Intem, sNhnbntem Xpn
av D]tbmKnXv sImtm t\mv A
km[phmIn, sXmbn AXns Nn Adn
mepw icn. AXpt]mse NnInktm, A
msXtbm Ftbm atm D]tbmKnmepw
t\mv Akm[phmIn.AXpt]mseXs izm
k XSaph D]tbmKn Clme
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 92

sImpw t\mv apdnbn, ImcWw AsXmw


Xs `W ]m\obatm.
***
33 hrXanncns kz]v\ kvJe\
apmbm AXns hn[nsbmWv? Ahs
t\mv icnbmhptam?
Dcw: Ahs t\mv icnbmhpXm
Wv,ImcWw kz]v\kvJe\w t\mns\ Akm
[phmIbn.AXv ajys Xoam\ak
cn kw`hnXv, adnv Ah AdnbmsX
bmWv kw`hnXv. Ddn kw`hn
Xns\ sXmv t]\ Dbsncn, A
h AXn\v mc\mhpIbn. ChnsS H
Imcyw DWphm B{Kln:]ebmfp
Ifpw t\mns ]cnipamb cmhpIfn bm
sXm D]Imchpanm Imcyv thn
Ddsmgn, Fnv \akvImcsamw Hgn
hmnbpw, kabw sXnv AXns\ AhKWn
Ibpw sNbvXv sImv ]Ien DdpI
bpw sNp. AXvsImv Xs hnip da
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 93

fm\ns ]hn{Xamb cmhpIfn sFlnIhpw


]mc{XnIhpamb \av thn D]ImcsSp
JpB ]mcmbWw, ]T\w, ZnIvdpI, Zp
BI, ap Bcm[\I Fnhv thn D
]tbmKsSptXmWv.
***
34 t\mpImc Bizmkn\v thn
icocw Xnm ]mSptm?
Dcw: t\mpImc\v icocw Xnm
hpXmWv, AXn\v gan.t\mpImc\mbn
cns dkqepmlv() NqSv ITn\amhptm
Bizmknw, Zmlw dbphmw thn X
ebneqsS shw Hgnmdpmbn (A_q
ZmhqZv). AXpt]mse C_v Da() NqSns
ImTn\yw IqSptm AXn\v ia\apmhm
\mbn hkv{Xn shw Xfnmdpmbn
. icocnepw, hkv{Xnepw shw S
v sImv X`hnXn\v {]iv\an,
ImcWw AXv hbdntespIbntm.
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 94

***
35 aqn shw IbnNoptmgpw,
hmbn shw sImnIbpw sNptm
AdnbmsX A]w shw hmbbneqsS Cd
nt]mbm Ahs t\mn\v `wKw htam?
Dcw: t\mpImc aqn shw I
bn Noptmgpw, hmbn shw sImn
Ibpw sNptm AdnbmsX A]w sh
w hmbbneqsS Cdnt]mbm AXn\v {]
iv\an, Ahs t\mv icnbmhpw. ImcWw
Ah sNpXv a\:]qatm. Amlp
]dbp:


)
(: ( )
A_him \n sNbvXp t]mbXn
\nv Ipan. ]s \nfpsS lrZb
AdnvsImp sNbvXXv (IpIcamIp
p.)
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 95

***
36 t\mpImc kpK{Zhyw D]tbm
KnXns hn[nsbmWv?
Dcw: kpK{Zhyw dafm\ns ]Ien
D]tbmKnXn\v gan, AXv izkn
Xnw hntcm[an, Fm ]pIXv
izknm ]mSn, AXv hbdntev Fp
XmWv.
***
37 PetZmitam atm ImcWm aq
n \nv hXpw hm t\mv Akm[p
hmtam?
Dcw: aqn \nv New hm t\m
v \njv^eamhn, AXv A[nIw hmepw i
cn, ImcWw a\:]qatm hXv.
***
38 Nne IedpIfn dafm amkn
s \akvImc kab hnhc]nIbn ^Pvdv
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 96

_mn\v

]tm ]Xn\tm an\nv apv


((())t\mv ]nSn) Fv ]dnv k
abw FgpXnbXmbn ImWmw, CXn\v {]hmNI
kpn h tcJbpw Dtm? Zbhv sNbv
Xv Dcw \Inbmepw.
Dcw: CXv _nZvAn (\qX\mNmcw)
s]XmWv, {]hmNI kpn CXn\v bm
sXm ASnm\hpan, kpns\XncmW
Xv. ImcWw Amlp JpB\n ]dbp:




)

. (:( )

\n XnpIbpw IpSnpIbpw sNbvXp
sImpI; ]pecnbpsS shfp CgI Idp
CgIfn \nv sXfnv ImWpamdmIp
Xv hsc.
lZoYv ImI:
)) :

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 97

/ : ((
.() " ... " :
... /
.()
\_n() ]dbpIbpmbn: Xobmbpw _n
em cm{Xnbn _mv hnfnw, Fm C
_v Dpaqw _mv sImSpXv hsc \n
`W ]m\obw Igntmfq, ImcWw A
tlw (C_v Dpaqw) {]`mXw {]ISamhp
Xv hsc _mv hnfnIbn (_pJmcn, ap
nw). Cs\ {]tXyIambn H kabw Cw
kmIv Fv ]dv P\ Dm Im
cyw Amlp \namnbXn \nw h
\hpmIbmWv. AXv Amlphns aX
n AXncv IhnbemWv. Ahscn \_n
() ]dbpIbpmbn:

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 98

" :
/ :
.()
\_n() ]dbpIbpmbn: AXncv Ihnbp
h \inncn, AXncv Ihnbph \in
ncn (apnw)
***
39 Hcm `qanbnembncns kqcy\kvX
anv _mv hnfntm hnam\mhfn
\nv t\mp Xpd,AXn\v tijw hnam\w ]
dbtm kqcys\ ImIbmsWn
Ahtijn kabw t\mv ]nSntXp
tm?
Dcw: tNmZyn ]d cq]nem
sWn Ahtijn kabw t\mv ]nSn
tXn. Ah hnam\mhfnembncn
s t\mv XpdbpsS kabambnpv. Ah

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 99

GsXm embntm B ev kq
cy\kvXann. H lZoYv ImI:
)) :
((
/ :
.()

dkqepmlv() ]dbpIbpmbn: ChnsS \n


v cm{Xn ]pdsSpIbpw, ]I ]nhmpI
bpwkqcy AkvXanIbpw sNbvXm t\m
pImc t\mv XpdIbmbn (_pJmcn)
Fbt]mnembncns kqcy\kvXan
tm t\mp Xpdm Ahs B Znhkw
Ahkm\np.]nov ASp ZnhkamsX A
h\v t\mv \nan.
***
40 I^w, aqn \nw hh XpS
nbh hngpnbm t\mv apdnbptam?

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 100

Dcw: I^w, aqn \nw hh


hmbntespnsn t\mv Akm[p
hmIn,AXn aZvl_pInSbn A`n{]m
b hyXymkan. Fm Ah hmbnsepI
bpw, AXv hngppIbpw sNp Imcyn
]nXam cv A`n{]mbnemWv.
`W ]m\obtmSv tNnsmv
t\mv apdnbpw Fv ]dhcmWv H hn`m
Kw ]nXam.
Fm adphn`mKw ]dbpXv Dan\ocn
t\mSv kmZriysSpn t\mv Akm[phmIn
msbmWv, Dan\ocv hngpnbm t\mv \n
jv^eamImXv t]mse Xs.
]nXam A`n{]mb hyXymknem
bm Ahew_w JpBw kppamWv,
Cu Imcyw sImv Bcm[\ gnemhp
tam, gnemhpIbns F Imcyn
\mw kwibnembm,AXns ASnm\w
gnemhnmsbmWv, CXns ASnm
\n t\mv Akm[phmIn FmWv ]
nXam hyamnbncnXv.
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 101

Fm I^w, AXpt]mse aqn \n


v hh t]msebph hmbn hm
Xs t\mpImc\msWnepw,Asnepw i
cn AXv ]pdtv XpnfbpIbmWvH ap
nw sNtXv. Fm t\mv \njv^eam
hpw Fv ]dbm Amlphns apn
m]nm sXfnhv BhiyamWv.
***
41 `Ww Nn t\mXneqsS t\m
v Akm[phmtam?
Dcw: `Ww Nn t\mXneqsS
t\mv Akm[phmIbn, Fm hXpw
hbdntev Cdnt]mXv {inWw. A
Xpt]mse AXymhiyn\v am{Xsa Ans\
sNmhq. `Wn\v Dptm, apftm
Fv Nn t\mXn\nSbn hXpw Adn
bmsX a\:]qamsX hbdntev Cdn
t]mbm AXn\v {]iv\an,Ahs t\mv i
cnbmhpXmWv.
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 102

***
42 dafm\ns ]Ien \njnamb h
am\w ]dbpIbmsWn t\mv \njv^e
amhptam?
Dcw: Amlphns Cu hmIyw \mw
a\knemIbmsWn:


(: ( )
kXyhnizmknItf, \nfpsS apphtcm
Sv I]nncpXv t]mses \npw
t\mv \n_ambn I]nsncnpp.
\n tZmj_m[sb kqnphm thn
bs{X AXv.
Amlphns\ kqnI, Ahs\ B
cm[nIsbXmWv hrXw \namnb
XneqsS DtinSpXv. XJvhm Fm \n
jn Dt]nIbpw, I]\I {]m

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 103

hnIamIbpw sNpIsbmWv.dkqep
mlv() ]dbp:

:
)






. (( )

A_qlpssdd() ]dbp: {]hmNI() ]
dp: hymP kwkmchpw {]h\hpw A
hnthIw ImWnXpw Hcm Dt]n
nsn Abm `W ]m\ob h
PPnWsav Amlphn\v bmsXm Bh
iyhpan (_mJmcn)
Cu lZoYn \nv IrXyambn \apv a
\knemm km[nXv t\mpImc \n
amb Imcy sNepw,\njnfn
\nv hnv \nepw A\nhmcyamsWv hf
sc hyambn. GjWn, ]cZqjWw, Ifhv F
nhbn \nv hnv \nI, \njnamb I
hSw Dt]nI, tOXIfn \nv AI
v \nI XpSnbh dafm\n ]cn]q
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 104

Wambpw ]mensSpIbmsWn ap amk


fn Ah\Xv ]menhm km[nXm
Wv.
CXns ASnm\n t\mpImc
\njnamb hmIfpw, {]hrnIfpw Hgnhm
Ww, P\fpsS hpw dhpw ]dv \S
Xv, Ifhv ]dbXv, GjWn ]dv \S
Xv, \njnamb IhSw sNXv. An
s\ H amkw apgphw apgph XnaIfn
\nw hnv \nIbmsWn AXneqsS
t\SnsbSp ssNX\ym ap amk
fnepw Ahbn \nv hnv \nm Ignbp
XmWv.
tJZIcsav ]dbs, A[nI t\mpIm
w t\mns ]cnipn a\knemmsX Po
hnXv ImWmw, km[mcW Znhksf
t]mse Xs Ah dafm\nepw Pohn,
Ahv XnaIfpw, No {]h\fpw
H {]iv\tab. AXvsImv t\mns ]cn
ipnbpw t{iXIfpw Imv kqnI
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 105

bpw,AhbneqsS Bob ssNX\yw t\Snsb


SpIbpw,B ssNX\yneqsS ap amk
fn IqSn PohnIbpw sNpI. Fm I
fhv ]dbpXneqsS t\mv \niv^eamhns
nepw t\mns {]Xn^en dhv kw`
hnsaXn kwiban.
***
43 t\mpImc\mbncns Ikmyw
]dbpXneqsS t\mv Akm[phmtam?
Dcw: I kmyw h ]m]n
s]XmWv. Ikmyw ]dbpXv h ]m]
n s]XmWv.AXn \nv H apnw hnv
\n \namWv. Ikmyw ]dbp
XneqsS t\mv Akm[phmIn, Fm
t\mns ssNX\ynw, {]Xn^enw
Imcyamb `wKapmXmWv.
***
44 t\mns acymZI FsmamWv?
Dcw: Amlphns I]\I ]men
Ibpw, hntcm[fn \nv hnv\nI
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 106

bpw sNbvXv ]cn]qWambn XJvhbphcm


bn PohnIsbXmWv t\mns acymZ.
Amlp ]dbp:

(: )
kXyhnizmknItf, \nfpsS apphtcm
Sv I]nncpXv t]mses \npw
t\mv \n_ambn I]nsncnpp.
\n tZmj_m[sb kqnphm thn
bs{X AXv.
1 JpB ]mcmbWw, ZnIvdv sNm
Zm\[P \nln, shdps Im
cyfn \nv \mhns\ \nb{n Fn
h t\mpImc\v kpmWv. H lZokv {i
nI:




dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 107


(

/ :
.()
C_v Amkv()hn \nv \nthZ\w:\
_n() P\fn shv Ghpw Zm\[w
sNbvXn hynbmbn. dafm\nse Hm
tcm cm{Xnbnepw Pn_vco() \_n()v Jp
B HmXntnntmgmWv {]hmNI
() Ghpw IqSpX Zm\ [ \n
lnnXv.Atm ASnp hoip Imnt\
m [w \h\mbn (_pJmcn)

2 Bscnepw Xs Bt]nIbm
sWn Rm t\mvImc\mWv, Fv {]Jym
]nXv \XmWv._pJmcnbpw apnapw D
cn lZokn \apv AXv ImWmhpXmWv.

.( ( )

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 108

A_qlpssdd()hn \nv {]hmNI() ]


dbp: t\mv ]cnNbmWv, Bscnepw t\m
pImc\msWn Ah tO {]h\
sNphmt\m, A{ibnemhmt\m ]m
Sn.Bscnepw Ahs\ D]{ZhnItbm, No
]dbpItbm BsWn AhRm t\m
pImc\msWv ]dbs (_pJmcn, apnw).
3 Amgw IgnXv kpmWv.
{]hmNI() ]dbp:





/ : .() ... /
() ...
A_qlpssdd()hn \nv {]hmNI() ]
dp: \n Amgw IgnI, Xobm
bpw Amgw IgnXn A{Klw Dv
(apnw)
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 109

4 Amgw IgnXv Ahkm\ ka


btv ]nnnXpw t\mp Xpd
Xv BZy kabv Xs thKamXpw kp
mWv.

( )(

: .() / :
.() ... /
A_qZdv()hn \nv: \_n() ]dbp:
Amgw ]nnnIbpw [rXnbn t\mv
XpdIbpw sNp Imetmfw Fs k
apZmbw \bn Xsbmbncnw (AZv)
5 Cugw sImtm Asn Imc
sImtmAXpasn shw sImtm
t\mv XpdI. AXpasn GXp `W
]m\obw sImpw t\mv XpdmhpXmWv.

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 110

( ( )


A\kv_v amenIn() \nv:{]hmNI()
\akvIcnXn\v apv t\mv XpdnXv
dpXz_v (]Xn ]gpXpw, ]Xn ]bmbXp
amb Cugw) sImmbn. Fm dp
Xz_v Innbnsn Imc sImmbn,
AXpw e`nnsn dv shw Snv t\m
v Xpdn (A_q ZmhqZv)
6 Xpd thfbn Xmsg hw {]
Imcw {]mnepw kpmWv.

.( ( )
C_vkmenw A apJ^v^ln() \nv,
{]hmNI() t\mv Xpdthfbn C
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 111

s\ ]dbmdpmbn: Zmlw Xo, A


\mfnI Cud\Wnp, Cim Amlv
(Amlp DtinIbmsWn) {]Xn^ew
ncsp (A_qZmhqZv)
7 ankvhmv sNpXv kpmWv.
Bandp_v d_oA: ]dbp:

:


( )


.(
Bandp_v d_oA:()bn \nv: \_n Xn
ta\n() t\mpImc\mbncns Xs Fn
XnsSpphm km[nmb{X ankvhm
v sNpXv Rm Inpv (A_qZmhq
Zv, XnanZn, C_vamP)
8 t\mpImsc t\mv XpdnXv
kpmWv. lZokv {inI.

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 112

:
)

( ))
.(
sskZv_v JmenZv A PpA\nbn() \n
v dkqepmlv() ]dbp: t\mp Xpdn
h\v B t\mpImcs A{X Xs ]p
Wyw t\Sm\mw. Fm AbmfpsS {]Xn^
en \nv bmsXmw dhv hcnIbpan
(XnanZn, C_vamP,AlvaZv, C_vlnm)
9 dafm\ns Ahkm\s ]n
CAvXnIm^v CcnXv kpmWv. {]hm
NI() Ahkm\s ]n ncambn
CAvXnIm^v Ccnmdpmbnsv lZokp
Ifn ImWm\mhpXmWv.



( ( )


dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 113

ApmC_vDa: ]dbp {]hmNI()


dafm\ns Ahkm\]n CAvXnIm^v C
n (_pJmcn).
10 t\mpImcs Fm kabfn
epw,{]tXyInv dafm\ns Ahkm\ ]n
Fm C_mZpIfpw AjvTnv ]pWyw t\
Sm Pm{KX ImWnXv kpmWv.Xmsg
sImSpncn lZokv ImI.


(( )
BCim() ]dbp: Ahkm\sv IS
v hm Xnta\n() DdsamgnIbpw,
Xs Spw_s DWpIbpw Bcm[\m
jvTm\mbn ITn\]cn{iaw \SpI
bpw sNpambn(ap^Jp Asseln)
***
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 114

45 t\mpXpdtm sNmt n
cs h {]m\bpw Dtm? t\mpImc
_mn\v adp]Sn ]dv ]nXpSIbm
tWm, AX t\mv apdnv `Ww Ign
XvXpSv sImncnIbmtWm sNtXv?
Dcw: t\mv Xpdtmgp kabw
{]m\v Dcw e`nm km[yXbp
k`amWv, ImcWw H Bcm[\bpsS Ah
km\ `mKhpw, t\mp Xpd kabw a
jy Zp_eamhp k`hpamWtm, a
jy Zp_eamhpXn\kcnpw, lrZbw
IqSpX temeamhpXn\kcnpw Amlp
hntev IqSpX ASpv sImncnXm
Wv. AXvsImv Xs {]m\v Dcw e
`nm km[yXbpv.
ncs {]m\:


)

.( ( )
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 115

C_vkmenw A apJ^v^ln() \nv,


{]hmNI() t\mv Xpd thfbn C
s\ ]dbmdpmbn: Zmlw Xo, A
\mfnI Cud\Wnp,CimAv Amlv
(Amlp DtinIbmsWn) Amlphn
s {]Xn^ew ncsp (A_qZmhqZv)
Cu {]m\ sNmmhpXmWv, AXv
t]mse Cl]c t\mbn Amlphn
t\mSv {]mnmhpXmWv.
Fm _mn\v Dcw\Ibpw sN
tXpv. ImcWw dkqepmlv() ]dbpI
bpmbn:
:)) ((
: ( ) /
() /
(\n _mv sImSphs _mv tIm
Atlw ]dbpXv t]mse \nfpw ]dbp
I) (_pJmcn)
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 116

CXv Fm k`fnepw sNt kp


mIpp.
***
46 dafm\nse Nne t\mv homh\v
imense Bdv t\mns hn[nsbmWv?
Dcw: dkqepmlv() ]dbp:

/ : (

.()
A_qAq_p Akmcn()hn \nv {]
hmNI() ]dbp:dafm t\msSpnv
AXns XpSbmbn Bdp Znhkw imen
\nw tNm BbpjvImes apgph
t\mns\ t]mse Bbn
H DZmlcWneqsS CXv \apv a\
knemmw. Hcm dafm\n 24 t\msSpp,
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 117

_mn Ah\v Bdv t\mv hophmv. Cu


hyn dafm\nse hophm Bdv t\mv
homsX imense t\mnm Ah d
afm ]qnbmn, AXnt\mSv imense
Bdv t\mv IqntNpshv Bw ]dbn
. dafm\nse apgph t\mpw t\mmemsX
Ah dafm ]qnbmnsbv ]dbn.
AXv sImv dafm\nse t\mv hommbn
cns AXv homsX imense t\mn\v {]
Xn^ew e`nIbn.
t\mv hommbncns kpsSp
m ]mSptmsbXn ]nXamnS
bn A`n{]mbmcapv. Fm Cu hnj
bn (imense Bdv t\mv t\mm da
Zm\nse \s t\mv hoSpsa Imcyn
) A`n{]mb hyXymkan, ImcWw imen
se Bdv t\mn {]Xn^ew e`nXv d
afm ]qnbmn AXnt\msSmw imen
Bdv t\mv IqSn Iqnth\mWv.
***
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 118

47 dafm\n tcmKn t\msmgnhmn,


\mev Znhkn\v tijw Abm acWsSpI
bpw sNbvXp. Atln\v ]Icw t\msSp
tXptm?
Dcw: s]sv h tcmKamhpIbpw,
acWw hsc B tcmKw XpSIbpw sNbvXm
Atln\v ]Icambn t\msSptXn.
Amlp ]dbp:

(
)
( :)

Bscnepw tcmKnbmhpItbm, bm{Xbnemhp


Itbm sNbvXm ]Icw A{Xbpw Fw(t\m
sSptXmWv.)
Cu hyn tcmKw kpJsn\v ti
jw A{Xbpw t\mv JfmAv hoWw, Fm
AXn kmlNcyw DmXn\v apv
acWsSpIbmsWn Ah\n \nv B
_m[yX HgnhmXmWv.ImcWw Atln
\v t\mv \namhp kabw hsn
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 119

bn,Ah iA_m\n acWs hynsb


t]msebmWv. Fm ia\w {]Xonm
AkpJamsWn Hmtcm Znhknw ]Ic
ambn H km[phn\v `Ww \tIXpv.
***
48 Hcmv dafm\nse H t\mv Jfm
Av homv,Fm ASp dafm h
Xn\v apv AXv hom km[nn, FmWv
sNtXv?
Dcw: Amlp hyambn ]dbp:

AXp sImv \nfn B B amkn


knlnXcmtWm Ah B amkw {hXa\pjv
TntXmWv. Bscnepw tcmKnbmhpItbm,
bm{XbnemhpItbm sNbvXm ]Icw A{Xbpw
Fw (t\msSptXmWv.)
aX]camb ImcWm t\msmgnhm
nb hyn DXw {]mXm]hmamb A
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 120

mlphns I]\ {]Imcw t\mp hot


Xpv. AsX hjw Xs AXv t\mv ho
\nhpamWv. ASp dafm IgnbpXv
hsc AXv \onshm ]mSpX. AXmWv
Bbni()bpsS lZoYv \s IrXyambn ]Tn
nXv:
)) :- -
((
/ : ((
.()
Bbni()bn \nv, Ah ]dbp: F\n
v dafm\nse t\mv JfmAv hophmm
w, {]hmNI()bpsS kmnyw ImcWw
F\nv iA_m\nemsX AXvhophm km
[nnn (_pJmcn)
F\nv iA_m\nemsX hom km
[nnnmsb Bbnim()bpsS hmI
kqNnnXv ASp dafm hXn
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 121

\v apv hoWw FXmWv. Fm ASp


dafm\n\v tijhpw ]nnnIbmsWn
Ah Amlphnt\mSv ]m]tamN\w tXSpI
bpw, Aht\mSv ]mX]nIbpw, ]nnn
Xn tJZnIbpw, JfmAv hopIbpw sNt
Xpv. kabw ]nnnXn\m JfmAv ho
HgnhmIbn. ASp dafm\n\v tij
amsWn Ah\Xv t\mp hotXpv. A
mlphmWv Xu^oJv \h.
***
49 imense Bdv t\mnhm
Ghpw t{ijvSamb cq]w GXmWv?
Dcw: imense Bdv t\mnm
Ghpw t{iamb cq]w s]m Zn\w
Ign DSs\bp Bdv Zn\fm. A
XmWv ]nXam hyamnbnpXv. A
XmWv lZoYn h {]Imcw {]hmNI I]
\ \Snemm IqSpX tbmPnnpXpw,
\bntev [rXnsSpIsb CmanI \nb
afneqsS t{]mkml\w \ Imcyw
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 122

IqSpX \Snemhmw \Xv.AXpt]mse


\msfFmWv kw`hnIsbXv Hcmw
]dbphm km[yatm. AXpsImv Xs
IgnbpXpw Cu cq]n Anm\mWv
{iantXv.
***
50 imense Bdv t\mv GXv cq]n
emWv AntXv? AXn\v {]tXyIw Zn\
\nbnv Xnptm? H hjw i
mense Bdv t\mnIbmsWn h
w hjfn AXv \namhptam?
Dcw: dkqepmlv() ]dbp:

( ( )

A_qAq_p Akmcn()hn \nv {]


hmNI() ]dbp: dafm t\msSpn
v AXns XpSbmbn Bdp Znhkw imen
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 123

\nw tNm BbpjvImes apgph


t\mns\ t]mse Bbn (apnw)
imense Bdv t\mn\v {]tXyIw Zn\
\nbnsnn, Hmtcm hynw
kuIcyap cq]n B amknse BZy
Zn\fntem, AXns a[y Zn\fntem, Ah
km\ Zn\fntem Ans\ imense GsX
nepw Bdv Znhkw t\mm aXn.AXpt]mse
CShn Zn\fnepw t\mmhpXmWv. Cu
Imcyn hfsc hnimeXbpv. Fm \
abntev [rXnsSphm thn s]m
Ign DSs\bp BdvZn\ Xncs
Spv t\mnemWv Ghpw \Xv. CXn
\mWv t{iX IqSpX DXv.AXpt]mse H
hjw imense Bdv t\mnpshv
IXn hw hjfn AXh\v \n
amhn.ImcWw imense Bdv t\mv sFn
IamWv, AXv \na.
***
51 BiqdmAv (apldw ]v) t\mn
s hn[nsbmWv?
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 124

Dcw: \_n() aZo\bn htm


PqXam apldw ]n\v t\mn
Xv ImWm\nSbmbn, Atm \_n() ]dbpI
bpmbn:
)) :
(( : /
) .( : /
).(
Rm\mWv aqkm\_ntbmSv IqSpX A
hImiapXpw, ASpXpw, Ans\ t\m
nIbpw, Av t\mnm I]n
Ibpw sNbvXp(_pJmcn) AXns t{iX
sb kw_nv tNmZntm ]dbpIbpm
bn:
))
(( : /
).(
Page 125

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

\_n() ]dbpIbpmbn: AXn\v app H


hjs ]m]s]mdpsSpsav Rm
Amlphn \nv {]Xon(apnw)
Fm Cu hnjbnepw PqXamtcm
Sv FXncmhm dkqepmlv() I]nIbp
mbn, apldw ]n\v apv H Znhktam,
AXsn tijw H Znhktam AXnt\m
sSmw Iqn tNm \ntinIbpm
bn. Ghpw \Xv apldw H]Xpw, ]pw
t\mem. AXvsImv apnw ktlmZ
cm,apldw H]Xpw,]pw t\mnI.
***
52 iA_m amknse t\mns hn
[nsbmWv?
Dcw: iA_m\n t\mpI A[nI
cnnXv kpn s]XmWv. ImcWw
Bbnim() ]dbp:

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 126


(
.()
Bbnim() ]dbp: iA_m amkne
msX IqSpX t\mnXmbn Rm
Atls ({]hmNIs\) Inn (_p
Jmcn)
]nXam hyamXv iA_m
\nset\mv ^fv \akvImctfmsSmw kp
v \akvImcw \nlnXv t]msebm
Wv. dafm\ns aptmSnbmbn h amkam
Wv iA_m,AXvsImv Xs dafm\n\v ap
p kpmWv iA_m\nse t\mpI
. AXpt]mse dafm\n\v tijw h im
ense Bdv t\mv dafm\n\v tijap kp
pamWv. am{Xa, ktmjtmsS, Dkm
ltmsS dafm\ns\ kzoIcnhm Hp
hm\mWv dkqepmlv() iA_m\n IqSpX
kpv t\mn kpmnb
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 127

Xv. Fm iA_m ]Xn\n\v am{Xambn


_dmAv F t]cn t\mnXv
_nZvAmWv, AXn\v {]amWfn bmsXm
sXfnhpan.
***
53 HnShnv t\mn H hy
nbpsS t\mv shnbmgvN hIbmsWn
Ah\v B Znhkw t\mnm ]mSp
tm?
Dcw: HnShnv t\mn Hcm
v shnbmgvNtbm, Asn i\nbmgvN
tbm, AXpasn RmdmgvNtbm am{Xambn
t\mnmhpXmWv.Fm B Zn\
t\mn \njnamb Zn\fmh
Xv. HnShnv t\mn Hcmv hym
gw t\msSpm ZnhkamWv, Fn Asp
Znhkamb shnbmgvN t\msSp Zn
hkahpambm Ah\v shnbmgvN t\ms
SpmhpXmWv. Fm t\msSp Zn
hkw _en s]m Zn\tam, Amapiv
coJv (Zpln: 11, 12, 13) Zn\tfm, sNdnb
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 128

s]m Zn\tam BsWn B Znhkw


t\msSpm ]mSpX.
***
54 t\mv FXv sImptin
Xv FmWv? AXv Zo\n AhZ\obam
tWm?
Dcw: hnkzm t\mv Fv ]dm
cv Znhkw XpSbmbn t\mv Xpdm
sXbp {hXn\mWv ]dbpXv. (Hcm Xn
fmgvN t\mnp, Abm XnfmgvN aKv
cn_n\v t\mv XpdmsX,cm{Xn Hw Ignm
sX sNmmgvNbpw t\mnv sNmmgvN a
Kvcn_n\v t\mv XpdXmWv. hnh:) CXv \
_n() hnenbncn.lZoYv \mw ImI:
)) ((
.()

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 129

\_n() ]dbpIbpmbn: Bscnepw XpS


m Dtinshn Amgw hsc Xp
Scs (_pJmcn)
Amgw hsc Hw IgnmsX t\m
nIsbXv AhZ\obamWv, \nbaam
nbnn. s]sv t\mv Xpdhm\mWv d
kqepmlv I]nIbpw, \nbaamIbpw
sNbvXncnXv. dkqepmlv() ]dbpIbp
mbn:
(())
t\mp Xpdm [rXnImWntStm
fw P\ \bnembncnw. Fm A
mgw Ign kabw hsc t\mv \on
smv t]mI AhZ\obamWv, B ka
bambm Amgw IgntXpv.
)) : :
/ :((

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 130

/ : . ()
.()
dkqepmlv()tbmSv Xm cv Znhkw Xp
Sbmbn t\mnhtmsbv ]d
tm ]dbpIbpmbn:Xobmbpw,Rm
\nfpsS cq]ne (_pJmcn, apnw)

***
55 PpapA:Znhkw {]tXyIambn t\m
nm ]mSnmsbv ]dbphm Imc
Ww FmWv? AXv t\mv JfmAv hopXn
\v _m[IamtWm?
Dcw: \_n()bn \nv ncsv h
ncn:
)) :
: ((
/

.()
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 131

\_n() ]dbpIbpmbn: PpapA: Zn\s


t\mv sImv {]tXyIamXv, AXns cm
{Xnbn {]tXyIambn \akvIcnpIbpaXv
(apnw)
PpapA: Zn\w {]tXyIambn t\mn
m ]mSnmsbv ]dbphm ImcWw
shnbmgvN BgvNbnse s]mfmWv, A
Xpt]mse Cmw \nivbn aqv BtLmj
fn H BtLmj Zn\hpamWv. AXv _ens]
m, sNdnb s]m, shnbmgvN F
nhbmWv. BgvNbnse BtLmj Zn\amWv
shnbmgvN. AXvsImmWv Av am{Xambn
t\mnm ]mSnmsbv ]dbphm
ImcWw. shnbmgvN ]pjam \n_
ambpw PpapAv t]mhpIbpw, A[nIambn
{]mnIbpw sNt Zn\amWv,AXv lm
Pnamv Ad^mZn\s t]msebmWv, Av
lmPnamv t\mnm ]mSntm.
NnebmfpI ]dbmdpv shnbmgvN
BgvNbnse s]mfmsWn FvsImv
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 132

_en s]mfv t]mse shnbmgvN t\m


nXv \njnamnbn.
AXv ap cv s]mfnt\m hyXy
kvXamWv, ImcWw H amkn \mev {]mh
iyw PpapA Zn\w Bhnv hw, AXvsIm
v XsbmWv \njnammXv. AXpt]m
se thsdbpw ImcW Dmbncnmw. H
Znhkw aptm tijtam t\mnIbm
sWn shnbmgvN t\mnmw, A
tm shnbmgvNsb am{Xw {]tXyIam
ntm.
CXv kpv t\mn\v am{Xsa _m[I
samq, AX, \nt\mn\v _m[Iam
tWmsb tNmZyImhns tNmZyn
Dcw, sXfnhpI kqNnnXv s]m
XphmbpXmWv FXmWv, shnbmgvN am
{Xambn JfmAv t\mpw, kpv t\mpw
]mSnmsbmWv.Fm Hcmv tPmen Im
cWmtem, atm shnbmgvN am{Xsa \n
lnm km[nIbpq Fn Ah\v
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 133

shnbmgvN am{Xambn t\mnXv


shdpsXmWv. Ah\v Ans\ sNt
Xn\memWv hn[n amdpXv.
***
56 kpv t\mv CSv apdnIbm
sWn Ah mc\mtWm? kpv
t\mnv ]I kabw `mcybpambn kw
kKntesSpIbmsWn Ah\v {]mb
naptm?
Dcw: kpv t\mn Hcm `
W ]m\obw Ignv sImtm, kwtbmKw
sImtm t\mv apdnIbmsWn Ah\v
an. kpv t\mv ]qoIcn \n
an. Fm ]qoIcnemWv G
hpw \Xv. Fm lnstbm, DwdbptS
tbm `mKambn {]mbnsa \nebvp
t\mntn hcnIbmsWn AXv ]q
oIcnWw.AXpt]mse kpv t\m
nv `mcybpambn kwkKntesm
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 134

AXn\v {]bvnan. ImcWw AXv ]qo


Icn \nantm.
Fm \n t\mmsWn `mcy
bpambn kwkKntesSphm ]mSn.Im
cWw \n t\mv AhZ\obamb Imc
WmemsX Hgnhmm ]mSn. t\mv \n
amb Hcm t\mns ]Ien `mcy
bpambn _sSpIbmsWn Ah\v {]m
bnapv. ChnsS t\mv \namb H
cm Fv \mw ]dbpXv icnw a\knem
tXpv. Hcm \namb t\mn
p, Fmetlhpw, Xs CWbpw t\m
nv Xs bm{X ]pdsp,bm{XnSbn A
h kwkKntesSpIbmsWn Ah
sS ta an, Ahv {]mbnhpan
, adnv Ah AXn\v ]Icambn H t\mv
t\mp honbm aXnbmhpw. ImcWw bm{X
mv t\mv \nan.
***

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 135

57 CAvXnIm^ns hn[nsbv? CAvXn


Im^ncn Hcmv kzw Bhiy
tm, `Wnt\m, NnInktm ]pdv
t]mIm ]mSptm? CAvXnIm^ns kp
pI Gh? \_n()bpsS CAvXnIm^ns
cq]w Fns\bmWv?
Dcw: DXw, {]Xm]hmamb Am
lphns\ A\pkcnhm\mbn ]nbn X
s Ignv IqpXn\mWv CAvXnIm^v Fv
]dbpXv. sseep JZv Icamm
thnbp H AhkchpamWv AXv. Am
lp CAvXnIm^ns\ kqNnnv sImv Jp
B\n ]dbpXv ImI.

( : ()

)


Fm \n ]nIfn CAvXnIm^v (`P
\w) Ccnptm Ahcp(`mcyamcp)ambn k
lhkncpXv.
\_n() CAvXnIm^n, {]hmNIt\m
sSmw kzlm_nIfpw CAvXnIm^ncnIbp
mbn. CAvXnIm^v Ctmgpw CmanI ico
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 136

Ans `mKamWv, B \nbaw ZpesSp


nbnn,
- - :

:
/ ) .( :
/
).(

Bbnim()bn \nv, Ah ]dbp: dafm


\ns Ahkm\ ]n \_n() CAvXnIm
^ncnmdpmbn, AXv Amlp Atl
s h^mXmXv hsc XpSIbpmbn,
Atln\v tijw Atlns `mcyam
w CAvXnIm^v CcnIbpmbn (_pJmcn,
)apnw


Page 137

dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

)) :
) (
:
/ : ((
.()
A_qkCuZp IzpZvcn()hn \nv,\_n()
dafm\ns BZys ]n CAvXnIm^ncn
Ibpmbn, XpSv a[ynse ]nepw
CAvXnIm^n, Fnv ]dbpIbpmbn:
Rm BZys ]v CAvXnIm^n, Cu
cm{Xn At\zmjnv sImv (AXmbXv ssee
p JZv).]ns a[ynse ]nepw Rm
CAvXnIm^n. ]ns FsbSpv h
p sImv, FtmSv ]dbsp, Xobmbpw
AXv (AXmbXv sseep JZv) Ahkm\
snemWv. BbXn\m BcmtWm CAv
XnIm^ncnm DtinXv Ah CAvXn
Im^ncns (_pJmcn)
dafm {hXw hn[n hnepI

Page 138

P\fpw Xnta\ntbmsSmw CAvXnIm


^v CcnIbpmbn. Camw AlvaZv() ]dbp
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