29 Ayessa T. Chong IV- St. Eugene SDA 2 I. II.

Title: Mirrors and Lenses Introduction

Date Submitted: February 15, 2011

Mirrors are usually used for personal grooming and decoration. Along with lenses, mirrors are also found in scientific devices such as telescope, lasers and cameras. In this activity, we will see how mirrors and lenses work . III. Objectives a) To experience the different kinds of mirrors and lenses b) To compare the image results projected by the mirrors and lenses IV. Materials     V. Meter stick Mirrors (plain, concave, convex) Lens (convex, concave) Candle

Procedures 1) Look at the plain mirror then observe the image projected. Identify the orientation, size, distance, and the kind of image. 2) Repeat the first step except that a concave lens and a convex lens (one at a time) must be held before the plain mirror. 3) Hold a piece of paper on one hand and a concave mirror on the other hand. The paper and the mirror should face each other. Adjust the mirror until a clear image is projected at the paper. 4) Place a lighted candle on the meter stick at any distance. Hold the paper and the convex mirror on each side of the candle. Adjust the mirror until a clear image is projected at the paper.



A. Type Orientation Upright Upright Inverted Size Smaller Smaller Larger Distance Same distance Farther Nearer Image Real Real Real


Plain Concave Convex


Concave Convex

Inverted Upright

Smaller Smaller

Farther Farther

Real Real

Location of C = 57 cm Location of F = 40 cm Location of vertex = 28 cm Location of candle = 50 cm F(length) = 15 cm R = 30 cm VII. Results and Analysis

Mirrors and lenses can produce different images. Among the different types of mirrors, the plain mirror is the most accurate and is the closest to the real thing. Concave and convex mirror are almost opposite except for the kind of image projected. In contrast, concave lens and convex lens are almost similar except for the orientation of the image. VIII. Conclusion

I therefore conclude that, mirrors are reflective surface. With lenses working with it, a variety of image can be formed. IX. Recommendation I recommend that there must be an introduction about the topic. I also suggest that Ray Diagram must first be discussed so that it will be easier to understand and portrait the experiment in mind. X. Diagram

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