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Leonardo Da Vinci - BY ALANA BRAUN

Leonardo Da Vinci - BY ALANA BRAUN

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EASY

IR.IEADING

SERIES

LEONARDO DA VINCI

BY
MAURICE WALTER BR'OCKWELL

www.forgottenbooks.org

ISBN 9781606800355

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[origi al title page]

LEONARDO DA VINCI
By

MAURICE W. BROCKWELL

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Republished 2008 by Forgotten

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PUBLISHER'S PREFACE

"le nardo di ser Piero da Vinci (April 15, 1452 - May 2, 1519) wa an Italian polymath; a scientist, mathematician, engineer, inv ntor, anatomist, painter, sculptor, architect, botanist, mu ician and writer. Born as the illegitimate son of a notary, Pie a da Vinci, and a peasant girl, Caterina, at Vinci in the region of Florence, leonardo was educated in the studio of the ren wned Florentine painter, Verrocchio. Much of his earlier wo king life was spent in the service of Ludovico il Moro in Mil n. He later worked in Rome, Bologna and Venice, spending his final years in France at the home given to him by King

(Quote from wikipedia.org)

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CONTE TS

PUBLISHER'S PREFACE PREFACE HIS BIRTH HIS EARLY TRAINING HIS EARLY WORKS FIRST VISIT TO MILAN IN THE EAST BACK IN MILAN THE VIRGIN OF THE ROCKS THE LAST SUPPER THE COURT OF MILAN LEONARDO LEAVES MILAN MONA LISA BATTLE OF ANGHIARI AGAIN IN MILAN IN ROME IN FRANCE HIS DEATH HISART HIS MIND HIS MAXIMS HIS SPELL HIS DESCENDANTS

Vll 1 2 4 7 11 13 14 15 17 22 24 26 29 30 31 32 34 35 36 37 38 39

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Leonardo d VInci

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PREFACE

"leonard ," wrote an English critic as far back as 1721, "was a Man so h ppy in his genius, so consummate in his Profession, so accompli hed in the Arts, so knowing in the Sciences, and withal, s much esteemed by the Age wherein he lived, his Works so highly applauded by the Ages which have succeeded, and his ame and Memory still preserved with so much Venerati n by the present Age-that, if anything could equal the Meri of the Man, it must be the Success he met with, Moreove r 'tis not in Painting alone, but in Philosophy, too, that leonardo surpassed all his Brethren of the 'Pencil,'" This adm rable summary of the great Florentine painter's life's work still olds good to-day,

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HIS BIRTH

EONARDODa Vinci, the many-sided genius of he Italian Renaissance, was born, as his name implies, the little town of Vinci, which is about six miles from E poli and twenty miles west of Florence. Vinci is still very inacce sible, and the only means of conveyance is the cart of a general carrier and postman, who sets out on his journey from mpoli at sunrise and sunset. Outside a house in the middle 0 the main street of Vinci to-day a modern and white-washed b st of the great artist is pointed to with much pride by the inhabitants. leonardo's traditional birthplace on the outskirts of the town still exists, and serves now as the headquarters of a rmer and small wine exporter.

L

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Leonar 0 di Ser Piero d'Antonio di Ser Piero di Ser Guido da Vinci- or that was his full legal name-was the natural and first-b rn son of Ser Piero, a country notary, who, like his father, grandf ther, and great-grandfather, followed that honourable vocati n with distinction and success, and who subsequentlywhen eonardo was a youth-was appointed notary to the Signori of Florence. Leonardo's mother was one Caterina, who afterw rds married Accabriga di Piero del Vaccha of Vinci.

ft 11 ins.

Plate II. Annunciation In the U/flZi Gallery, Florence. No. 1288.3 It 3 ins. By 6 (0.99 x 2.IB)] Although this panel is included in the Ulfizi Catalogue as ing by Leonardo, it is in 011 probabUity by his master, Verrocchio.

The da e of Leonardo's birth is not known with any certainty. His ag is given as five in a taxation return made in 1457 by his grandf ther Antonio, in whose house he was educated; it is theref re concluded that he was born in 1452. Leonardo's father er Piero, who afterwards married four times, had eleven childre by his third and fourth wives. Is it unreasonable to sugges that Leonardo may have had these numbers in mind in 1496-1 98 when he was painting in his famous "Last Supper" the fig res of eleven Apostles and one outcast? Howev r. Ser Piero seems to have legitimised his "love child" who v ry early showed promise of extraordinary talent and untirin energy.

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HIS EARLY TRAINING
RACTICALLY nothing is known about Leonardo's bo hood, but Vasari informs us that Ser Piero, impressed wi h the remarkable character of his son's genius, took so e of his drawings to Andrea del Verrocchio, an intimate frien , and begged him earnestly to express an opinion on them. rrocchio was so astonished at the power they revealed t at he advised Ser Piero to send Leonardo to study unde him. Leonardo thus entered the studio of Andrea del Verr cchio about 1469-1470. In the workshop of that great Flor ntine sculptor, goldsmith, and artist he met other craftsmen, metal workers, and youthful painters, among whom was Bottic Iii, at that moment of his development a jovial habitue of the P etical Supper Club, who had not yet given any premoniti ns of becoming the poet, mystic, and visionary of later times. There also Leonardo came into contact with that unoriginal ainter Lorenzo di Credi, his junior by seven years. He also, no oubt, met Perugino, whom Michelangelo called "that blockh ad in art." The genius and versatility of the Vincian painte however, in no way dulled by intercourse with lesser than himself; on the contrary he vied with each in tur , and readily outstripped his fellow pupils. In 1472, at the ge of twenty, he was admitted into the Guild of Florentine Pain Unfortunately very few of Leonardo's paintings have come down to us. Indeed there do not exist a sufficient num er of finished and absolutely authentic oil pictures from his ow hand to afford illustrations for this short chronological sketch of his life's work. The few that do remain, however, are of so ex uisite a quality-or were until they were "comforted" b the

P

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uninspired restorer-that we can unreservedly accept the enthusiasti records of tradition in respect of all his works. To rightly und rstand the essential characteristics of Leonardo's achieveme ts it is necessary to regard him as a scientist quite as much as an artist, as a philosopher no less than a painter, and as a draughts an rather than a colourist. There is hardly a branch of human I arning to which he did not at one time or another give his ea er attention, and he was engrossed in turn by the study of a chitecture-the foundation-stone of all true artsculpture, athematics, engineering and music. His versatility was unbou ded, and we are apt to regret that this manv-sided genius did ot realise that it is by developing his power within certain lim s that the great master is revealed. Leonardo may be describ d as the most Universal Genius of Christian timesperhaps of IItime.

PlATE III. TH VIRGINOf THEROCKS the Natfonal Gaflery. No.1 tes. en. Y. In in. h. by 3 [t Y. in. w. (1.83 x 1.15)] This pfcture was painted in Milan about 1495 by Am rogfo do Predis under the supervision and guidance a/Leonardo

10 2010 Forgotten Books

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..... *:-. '_

..~_
~ of tbe com
Roc.Der!:F

moo behJg
[,laIN

.r:IUX

borrowed from tfoe In the lowl1!!'_

Plett! reo of the
ict1 .aher being the

repea

n critics ha s .as .1 n early work by

stud 10 of verreccatalogued by the reneo die re d i, It is (No. 1602 A). Surn

half a ce trtLi rv ago

dated wo rk• a penJ" now in the Ufli:z:i, in the top left- ha nd

02(110F~~~
II

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..... *:-. '- ~(0

..

L

ner - reversed, nard '5 h..ndwriti

P roves a rerna rk
-'IIi:!,.

w ed, i has been s e!lted that ne did els@ to read the words wh W@ t pa per by t he aid pe liar.a bb rev,a

th ..t

ne

ic"

work in his mast r's st u io ti II abou of the following, ar, 78. he wa

a n alta r~piece 10 ttl e
Vecth i 0, a,
hOW@V@f.

ha pel of St

ve

he 5 pai twenty·f n !!ver rriad ut the wo rk ars the Sign ia t mrrt! d til

a nd

tee

Gtl irla nda]o,

no

a

0

fa iled

t

teh wa 5 ultimate

,'So

." Parisof April 1

ral at FI

this time a fa il~ d r s pen ~and~ink sket h -n Berna rei 0 8 a"d ini wh 0 sta bbed Giu lia no C~ during High ss. 1419, tne date f Sa

ughtsma n i
In a prtvat

in the Pall

~ draw
djni's

ing i

publ"

ar alse. no ed. unfin I
he u nder-

0

bt. wa"§;pai nted til ea rly

nd. as migh

liSt. Jerome In the Dese

~ now 11'11 th

i ting bei ng in umb r a nd erravene, It au h !!nt i ity is vouch d for not on Iv by the latarn I evid@nee it§:elf. b LIt al 0 by the 5 i mila ritv trea ment seen i
In

the R

Libra

ry at W.l'lld

r. Ca ina I Fe'SCtl.
of ten inete ent

e in the ea rIy pa

pan
.i3

th e picture-t ne torsohop in Ftome. He 10 ng afterwards

i5cOVf!

red in

.d

op a

longed to the d pa el was @VEnt ually p urch ass by PoP!!!! P iu s

a ne loft

ne nead wbteh

the

atitan Collectron.
Glint

an altar-

Donato at Seo va nee was made to him. That h

• for wh id1 int~ nded to eont r ct see ms most proba ble. He, howe\ler, d t h pict\l re, alt hough it ga rise to the
rtoon of the ~ oratlo n of the M:agl ~ Ad 1252). A~ a
rtJ ... nd n(lving

mon

of 5t

'zi (N

e u nde ~painting
rown
ariErry of

rse it is u nfiand the (01ou rin of the flg ures
of co

matter

bee n ~eC\l
the profou

attitude,

d_The myth m d f@~ Ii n.c fo r

an arly.3 pplication of chia ~aJ ro effect der t is; one of h is most d1 ara rlstk prod UC:~

il~ V~rrocch io was paintin eo na rdc to paint in one 0 !it ments- Tnis the pu pil d i e nius ch!arlv ri!!!v@ale:d' ed be ing m ueh better th ex cuted s ma r. Tnis "'Baptis.m of Chrm. in t1e Acca e ia in F ran ee (I nd is in a bad st been .a compar.atively ave bee n pa inted in 1 ut th I yea rs of age.

the

II

B.a ptlsm

th e attenda nt so ad mirably If, ths .a:n&!!1

n the portion wt1ich is; now

of pres.ervaarlv work by -1482. wh en

rtv

perio
II

in
drawl

be: longs tha s uparb he Ma Icolm Collection g may nave been mad e

wing of the the British h lie Leona rdo

10

.....*:-. '- ~-

..

st in freq ue n
1479
WilS;

co

m ISSIO ad to ex!!! ute tha eq astrian statu

Sa rtolom meo Colleon i

completed
po di San Giovanni@

enty ye ars I te
010

in V@ni~

(I-

I

(ll0F~~~

I

BOUT 1

servtce of ludc ~co
future patron a uU
in the

fol fo - ng

ponde red over masters i" th e a
-satisfie d m~1f I Lise, I rna ke so a n opport\J n

bridges wh ich
and
..........,..~r; '
'5.Ca

ling ladd u nl ike th

ne can
fa r

he r engine'S of

build

engi

ar: as

ti e of peace M reover. ne u

attack. w hi private blJ ild i _gs, KeoC ute seu Iptu r I.,

0201
I

I

F~~~
I

I

u ..... *:-. '- ..~l'I\i!y b~. I' In ron z:e equ estna glory and n@ r-ending

ne

rei to pa inti ng.

from

Flo

pOI i nt@d

the

I'

i@rg!! .a UK
ssent la Ily

Rochers,• Florentln
1625, wh
undoubte

1599

l.

It is an

rlier than

Iv

than tI'I~

(Plate III.)
H@ cartai Y @t to work ab ut t his illl@ on the proj ('I Sfor.za. but p bly en ma de \I~ry I of Franc witl1 It. H av also In tha yea rot he ne:.:t nave lost port it of Cecilia G Ilera n l, on e of the mi resses of a, It has, ho n 'SU rrnisad that hat lady"s tudovlco • Lady wit h a easel, by features: e p rese rved to u pi I 80ltraffl I~ now in the zanorysk I Leonardo
II

Collectio

raeew,

nv

re

of Leonardo In Mila n, CI r en 148.3 .a nd 1481 t1 as led crttics

doc I,.Imenta ry evide"te

et a

he 5 pe nt those 'fI!,iI rs in the

I ring I n Armer. la a nd the sa st

ngin er.

14

.....*:-. '- ~-

..

des

I

1487 he was aga N
(lctivit

re Id~ nt

usi n.g that te rm in i

wi est "5
per
0101

a rieus

ies

t he
by Ga I eel
the

n'50 made for t he scenery he constnJ ern aree Be IIi ncio n (lUO wit" lsa bel~ brated "treatise 0 colossa I eq uestrla
nowever, never

I at ed r "II a rad 1.,;0,"wh lch s on t e oc sion of the ma rria e A go n. out 14.S9~1490 h b 1"1.1 t ing!' and re corn I"I'l@n ~ sta ue of ra neesec Sforza,

e cu

t"

t he cat hedra

do btless the greatert of a I t1 is

w.a.
d
0(

myed by the F pa tlo n of Milan a

No

am.
w@

Tn.oJ is all the

a hie as ., 0 ~jngle a

can on Iv judg ngs. and th e enth

of scu Ipt ure has

to. u-s;from teena
er in th is directio
of his contempo

0

1

hand,
m his

an s.

reo.

tllOggiono,

o. It is the sal'Jl@

V1 GINOF THE ROCKS

Mila.,.

Rocks" (Plate III.). now in the at nds e :w:actfywith a pa inting by L on bed by Lo m.ilZZO .iI bout 1584 as ption in the Church of St. Fr.a n s • th on IV oe uvre in th I.."ga llery IN

e co nnected. was breugbt to En
n, and sold by him to the Ma q uently excha nged it for anothe ua

he ea rl of Suffolk at cha rlt it was eventua Ily pu rc based
000. Signor Emilio Mott:il.
!.:ll1O~df" 50

the Stat~ Arch ives: of Milan a i Ambrogio ea pred I~ and leo

Ui

'- ~"-

..;}.._

i:lU::-:

wh i th

t ke

the

pra~ng him to risen etw"ee n the peti the Con ce pf n, w tth regard to art fu m ish for t n@ cha pel of St. Fran ce . Th e .0 n tv logical rom docum e ta ry evidence 1"-' i the teuvre - th e p let ure, pa iI'll ochers' h bl!Wll.tge' 1491 and 1 94 gave rM to t as ultimately old by the .3 rtists n kn own buy r, the National Ga rna lIer price ainly by Am brogi u JH'!:IVIS I , and witn th halp, of tsonard h.3 pelot e Concept ion ha d
;jJ

r the full price ery ve ion was da P d isu I'IId r e to be placed in

earl ier, the mo F orentlne "Vierg@ d the "Vi rgi of the Rock~," t I., the Ian r pid: u re th e ha ide of th e I I'IIt Christ, is ra is.e the little St. 01'1 n the Bap! ist; a nd the th r e pri ncip.a I figLi res have ilt n imb i. o-weV'e r, evl nt Iv .a dd ed mu late. In th e versien ttl left ha nd of th
eta ristica Ily

ne I. taken a a whole, is

@

xt:@

a nd tender

e55,

rate (I ve ry it was t1i;lH

the fresco
indu d in.g thl!! te-iI!t of Mkhela nge 10 rn-T.
H:..:> ..

BOO

for th e wo r1
m in de:e-pil! r

rl!!viwrl the cole U~

eclipse th an before. Mi3IzzjJ, In 1796 N

restored by hi".; el< press;

erde rs, tu rned the ..~
of the- figu ra 5 with store hay, and at on 1820 the fresee Wa".;
WCJS

..

the heads

effuced. In "''Ir~~''''''''

experts, now prese d e~lce s of Lud ovlco

completed e- opinion of ddit ion, the
j

ble amount

~~

I II

light.

ntly the va rious a p heir number, and sh t pass ions, a nd rewa I

of Ch rist is St. J oh n

ated by the impetu

a riot who,

wn ile

a_......,...._· ..
Ii ngs;~he instincti

.a bla to eoncea I his; in ev-bag and in sc do in LI

the s:alt-cellar.

leo Sfo rza, Du ka of M 101 n pa int the fresco and a s onven ie nee. leona rd 0 a e featu res of the imp Th !! in c id@nt h as;

hat L!!o nardo w.as t u s:ing th e Cony~ nt is reve nge by th rea
Prior into the

fa ce

"Pil d re Sa nde Iii, then, 8@cau s;@. forsooth. I h

0

e

upon the SarJiou r's he d: Could wit heut t rou ble pa I

drawn .a Iine rha poi, th en. he that heae d Ivl ne. hat sh ou Id be II iou r' s f.a t:@-

Icr oh Signor 0 ea, Th!! pu re p@rfuction 0 0 WI'I at o:;orrowi ng male At th at dre.ad me ment w
But thin

at noble g raee.
He brake the b rea ,

of pathos 5.aid.
betr.ayed, '_ find

210F~~~

L,e.on.rdo

'\.._tf. ~

~.19

e fitting type sol@lyin th!!! mind. n.lggles to e :w:press ndaur of sue h hoi i t, in ever-seeking p at glorious face wl rer, du lied and dim t!!! p@rf@['1: image th before the !;ou I h as serva nt of 0 U r tho

e sorrow ing g
pati~ nt thoug rive to sh ape t the sou lis mi eets not yet n the h.and do

r.
j
J

by sin,

nd Judas too, t!!! basest face I S!!@ r ill r.ot conta if) is;utte r infa my; mon.g the dreg and offal of mankin in tv I seek an r wretcn to fi nd @whcforthi I is; tord, mu'§;t th e oevil'~ m irade. dre Bandelll t i nks it easy Is find the type hi m who witn a ki rayed his Lor , Well. wh.at I can 1'1 nd if it Plea~e h 5 revere nee .and yo F r J ueas' face I' willing to pai nt hls
I'


II

,.

,.

.. I da re not p.a t II all is orde red a nd mat ured within a nd -work an d e.ild~work have .a n e t wh~n the 5.0 I com ma nd'i I 'iha II n themes like t e'5e I sheu lei ., ot da ith eu r ,good P ior-t"ey to h im w ~r@non'5@nse; @must touch an d t nd facts, he ~3 r a r~ neve r myst lea

and s@'@,

02(110F~~~

II I

20

.....*:-.

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PrAf

W_-THE

f)_

l8fJ.. lIt O-

The
gives but ea and the
t

long in th vla, and, 0
ir effects i ilan. It wa erny on th

acq lJi

also t e origi na
in red
.i3

So ma of thas

!!rved in th

Roya I Libra ry at
taonardo.

5 d rawi ngs

by

Sev@ ral othe r 01 Refectory to Pa

impossible; the
made for tha ultimately passe

b Iy the one in Ie wall of the hat would be n had a copy n, whl!!nt:@ it

The singu larty b
Brera

I,), origi DOl

Goa llery at
he fresc re stor atr wtth D i His d i5.ci on to the

prin ci ea I figu re i ,,-,plte of decay a d S€! riousnes'5 toge h t:t1!! bit hlassnass death, and resig

p..a inti I'll tt ~p

"OW in the e head of the st SLipper: In

"-'''-'5'

i in e G en Ie ness, las, a fu I pre sen i ent of H~ own ill of H 5 Fathe ,

most elevated on (ICC(! unt of

(I- (110F~~
I

I

~

'INW'rN.r~~jJ(I~-II'iI II

n ""Co

..... ... *:-. ~_

TOFM

o wear a
o her by id not lie to Count

came ens ou red of i"g to' the 0 e ness Seat
rhap~ paIn d a ponraj fe IJ res re more lik Iy to be p us I'll ne pertra rt mbro da P red is, in tne ot he fa rl ot Rod h.an in the quit~ un louy (NO. 1600). (PI te i•.. ) now in

na de, a'S COg uc ezia, who

.0

"OW

Ilection

0" J a ua ry 2, 149 spent th ree hou rs in p ch rc of St. Man d 11112Gr zie, .and the me night
In a few hours 5 he was it ch anged

ave birth ssee away. and fro m dai tv to

quite
In

vereome w
Ide r, more beautifu

t

a .ni, asking e inted of he -s;

com pare it wit h lant the picture it no longer rsse

pictu rs by

ovan bly 10

-,a

Bellini. dd in

c i I a graei usly he regret nat

021

I

I

F~~~

I

24

.....*:-. '- ~-

..

John r I' now .1t: Burl i ngtc n

ou

. Tho gh I'

nown to the

gen e ra I pu blic... th Is la rge d ng on one of the greatest of te d 0 's t -s;weepi~ Ii rl1~of LeO" arde' p erfl,ll in the Po mpeo l~on i, Aroo befc re passl ng to the Royal
I"

m

per, k. re als the
ions

149 9 t ne $lonny ti me
e his iving a ad t leave

tudovlco's r!!:ign. In April vi neva rc:I to L.e ona rc:Io; In

Mila n 10 r t he Tyrol to rai same mont" t ne C"rty was
F rench r who occu p i@d it: fro

14t of the

have ha d in min d th e figLIf' when he deda red that ha'&...ever been SiO blat k a October 6th lou i'5. )(11.@nt@ yea r leona rd 0 rea 11-.;1 th ng sent 'So.: h u nd red gold flori to be placed to his credit IN
1

·s.
renee

In ttl e followi ng yeoi! r, tu do

nardo w.a 5 a homeless where he drew .a po rt ralt now in the te UVf'e. le ona
Leo

about Easter 1500. After ap

02(110F~~

second
axacuts

rtee n, sim i lar i
in Mil n two n Umbria,

@n.c.n@~
navig,ab

"'isiting

rvie-to. Pesa roo

acti"g as
planned .a

Noldo Ghera rd n i 149 50 she rna r led Giocondo. It i derives tha na officia ltv know 'Saying that Leo left it unfin is h II and, probably" 0 80 rgla in the completl ng It a er

E

ARLV In work in
now in

a
ne

rardini. In enobj del that she her husb I' La Joco nda, II portrait is; y wkit:h h LoO uvre, vasa ri s probabty ccurate in "loitered eve r It r four vea • and finalty e may have begu it in tf1e s of 1501
to h.i3ving takf! service ar Cescue u Itirnately
j"

he wa.,; back aga I on the ~Ponra (No. 1601). the da ughter

In Flo rene of ~ na L tlsa diAn Ante me lommeo d

M.aria di

y~.a r, put it rking on the

n one 'Sid Ie of Angh

In 1504.

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Vasa ri s e logy of port rait may with advantage "Wno ve snail d@ ir to se@ how fa r art can im itate do 5.(1 0 erfectio i thls head, wherein e-ve ry pee @pi[1@d Y he utmost subt 1@'tV the pen of prcduc The eyes have the Iu'5trou'!t b ' hleh is e n in Ijfe. a nd a rOIJ I'IId them a re lig"t Iv Ii i tircle&, also p roper to naeu re, wit h i b a utiful d d@lic:at@1y rO'5@;ll@ nostrils, mig belie d 0 be all e me LIth, ad mira b Ie in it~ outli ~ int5 of their co 10ur w tth t nose

ni

d:

hose

The
t be

ese, as;ily
the ace,

e, h the

in tt1 e ut ost
pe

pe ion, a nd the ea rnatien of the hesk r to b!! pOI nted, but tru Iy f~h and blco . H r e-rtly at h pit of the th roat ca n not but liev t e beati g the pulses Men a Li-sa was xcee I, an d wI1 il on ardo was pa inti ng her port rt,"

oes

pi ng soma one constantly n !!.ar her t sinG n • or to jest and oth ~lWi se am LI her' Pictu re in ttl e fu II rnatu rity lin I@ 1JlOr@ ttl an .a monoch ro restoratton to which it ha s be ave ere ated a wonderfu I 1m e ea rly yea rs of ttl e sixteenttl d ifficu r ttl!! u p r c.ti5.@d @'I(!!to-dav to form ;iI ny orlg if) I b .auty. le n rdo has he re pa int~d th is worl woma - er port a i is muc h more fa mou s tha I'll @xpre

e ow (::to
n at

ess I id@.a
Iy-m he h

since,
eonce
su bde

as with a m nre 110 us e ha rm an cI suavity, a fi l'IIe io nev@r re ch~d before- .i1I nd ha rd Iy ~ !!q ce trast th e ad of the Ch ntt at Milan, eon t- I'll of d Ivl it expre...,...,ed in pe rfect n uma l'IIit , wi an sp hinx·1 k smil e of th is la ngucreus ereatu ,

The la d cape ba kg ou nd, aga i nst wh lch Mon.a Li-; rs ca II..., t h severe r t he r tha n eKU be rant, lanesea

i~ .................... a I'll the

seen j the n ei,g11 own b h plae , Tne- portra it: w.a s ught d u ri Fran is I, for su m wh icl'1 is to·d V equ al
hE!: way. d O@"S not e@ m to h in d ~\I'idual affection to r any nd Ra phael, never ma ied, S04, Leon.ardo was ne of the rtlsts summoned to d'lli!;.:!the S' ite for the erection Michelan rs of the cr as to the 10''S stat ue of

dim

is. as of

au nta i 1"1

fa nges

m

'5
I

~D.av d

wh ict, had recent tv bee n co pkrted.

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BA

RI

m ura I painti g now ha '5. on the sout h east sta VictOriil and Ib~rt M u eum, It d~picts; he Flore 0; card inal Lud ico Mez arota Scara mpo fighting ag in Mila" e5ie un erN ita- 10 Pictin i" 0, the Ge era I of iii 0

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..;}.._ ~.ILAN
In the servlce of e executed appa re ntfy wit h e Mado n na, t e Infant Chrlst, c mposition this oil- pa inting t e second c rtcen. wh Ich he

the Fren en Kin the nelp of a int An n@" (Plat

EONARDOwa~

s to have been ade 'SOme eigh ars take to france in IS 6.a d ulti

r, and whic
ety lost,

WG$

a pparentiy

II

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I

OME

s In Ro

e. wher

Giovanni gh he

de'

Pope un er the ti e of Leo X. He

for
atica n,
j

the P

e, a Itho

resid ed

his

I'J'l@

bel

'i cpties, ge

OfNJ mi

occupie: in stud ing a to ustles, ra k:. engi ee-ring. d geometryl

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!ill

..... ::" '-

..

fl

A

last in 1516. t I his, native 141 ra I'IIcis. I, a pri"

already unto fa ii, .a of his a option. It I~.

AI\IC S T, AM'if lrt t.fp,e (I PY:llnted betW«il' ~

On 0
.a nd a'i'iistant. of Arason. but
II

anor elZ:ir
d th r@@of his pirtu is r hand w.a~ now earaI r with that ",wee-ttl e'5-S wit h
'5

no longer

the a... d hi h he

It was no d ou
II

in t has im-;e-tf" n re

y!!a eha I
r

ortra it of bably

0"

is lif@th t h@ d r!!w the

p

t he n tv a uth nbc p rtra h: f Im ~n ex- ence,

ow

at T rin. which

is;

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I

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I

ea re, leona rd 0 da Vi nci the same ye:ll r he p:lI'S-sed

informs; us. at Le ny months; a" tI fi ms of !!:d in the the He Sacra m. the 10 nner

., a 0, PI1 ving be come old. lay si ck din hirn e H "lea r death and bei"g his 51!rv ts oil nd Irle nds, d@voutly
He wa.~ the n se i:ted wit h a of d at h, wt1 e n Ki ng Franels I., who -0 I'll ate Iy to vis it him, rose him such .a 55i5u nee .a nd to do In 1 e hope of alleviating his rdo. wh ich was most divine, "0' reater heneu r, de parted in at th t ti me in the '5@V@ nty~fift h u-s;ch ron Ide r, how~loJer. is anc n, Leona rde WiJ'J 0 nfy was in all pro babihty o n

s of the m

f his: age." rawing ta

ied ·'Mr. e er. and a

Vin ,th
th Ki

nob Ie

Mila nese, pal nter,

r Profes'SOr
God Almig and asssta a man who

State Mec hank lanil and uke of Milan. ~

ernal p,=.a

t:e, I'

wrote

his

• ·1::1IJe ry one la me I'rtS th

e

produce a '5€'cond time. t

H SART

R!!:nalss n r:@z

L

E NARDO. whose ,a

a nt~dat that of M 1 helaf'lg d R.a phael by tw nty ttl ree and t1 irty5ipectivelyz wa~ th u in tl1-e fo ront f t ne
bi h

10

his 1i"h2

coln["

in& a III'lOSt

exact y

wit

perlec

f 'rusean paintl ng.

Le ona

tigat-e se
he laws of 1ight .a d sh ade, tic M of pjero della rs ncesca d

rved wit" st rict aeeu
light an
picture

cv t ne su m. not
col a

sh ad@ apart from c lou r; but,
Leonardo was "a to

out h 801ftof cI'I ta roseu ro c st the
th e wh Ie bock of nat ure la It was ot insta bi Iity of cha
(I

ea used him to undertake .,e (lite rds a ba ndon-etlJ

three
and it i

and w

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fl

HIS MIN

leon

roo,

Leonardc anh:ipated ny emine nt seie nt i-s.t t he methods of inve bon wI1 hey ado many p rob Iems with ich the i r n these may be c: Ited Co e La ma rek's da'J"iiificatio t he laws of frictio n, th I @le'Ii.nic n of the co ti ents, the U nduIatory theory of I hand h eat. navigation, ftving c ine~, the ebseu ra, magnetit ra ion, tI1 e 'S)I'5t~m of ca nil I isat ion of fortiflcatio ns, the ci t hIE whee Ibarrow, the rnpnsition of pa dd Ie wheel", thels oke ~ck. t herefore, ea flY to see V t1 e caUed t ke SOences.·

it"

It.

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HISM
The eye is the wind

IMS

Every d Iffic: Ldty ca n

Mioie rable me n, he
money!

u ~MIa e you rs Ive~ t ga In

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$atisfied
tt.

to

repea

"g r!!:y~"D nd

@ye, ~ a nd to rna k

l uereria

rna g thl~ ,Br up of painters may be entloned wI'! perha p pa.nted the ~Pre su ed P rillel it (PI~te 1.1.wh leh is offici ally
rest mast r h im'S!!:H.

Louvre to he

Mont@5:p!:rtoli, .1 d pap ers, wh Ich no
d ei Lince j at Rom ., is eld est sen "t h

S

IGNOR U:zIe II h s §;h

de seenda nt of was a few

that on e 'rommasc - 0 (0ne of le ona rclo' (loa pea sent at Bon h in h ~ possession p 11 of t he a reh lves of th d .a Iso that Tommas

ea V IncI~ a

b rottl erst
the f.a:mi Iv Aeeaee mia
had given acio nea r

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to locnphy

of

e

ad

OF

oftier

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