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Workbook 2004 A

Workbook 2004 A

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Published by: Allan Labad on Jul 06, 2012
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1.Coordinating – connect words, phrases, and clauses of equal rank.
2.Subordinating – used to introduce subordinate clauses.
3.

a. The AND type

AND is used to add something to what has already been said. It should be used only when
the second idea is along the same line of thought as the first idea.
Examples:

1.She is attractive and good-tempered.
2.(The words attractive and good tempered are positive qualities)
3.He went away and never came back.

b. The BUT Type

BUT is used to add something contrary to or different from wha has already been said.
When we use but, the second part of the sentence expresses an idea which is a contrast to the first.
Example:

1.He is stupid but industrious.
2.(Stupid is a negative quality while industrious is a positive quality.)
3.

C.The OR type

OR implies a choice. It connects ideas of equal value – giving one a chance to choose

either idea.
Example:

1.You can come today or tomorrow.
2.I can go or stay as I please.

D. The SO Type

So is used when the second part is a consequence of the first part. The so typediffers from
the and type, which implies the same line of thought. It also differs from the but type which
implies a contrast. So implies that the second part follows as a result of the first part.

Example:

1.He shouted so I had to listen to him.

a.The principal subordinate conjunctions are what, that, because, how, although,
if, unless, where. whether
.
1.The question what is answered by a that clause.
That he is a liar is false. (What is false?)
They claimed that he is a liar. (What did they claim?)
2.Purpose is expressed in the following examples.
They read that they may learn.
They read so that they may learn.
3.Cause and effect is expressed in the following.

29

He failed because he did not study.
He was so lazy that he failed.
4.Manner is expressed by how.
This is how I want you to do it.
5.Concession is expressed by although.
Although I made a few mistakes, I got a very good mark.
6.Condition is expressed by if and unless.
If you go with me, I’ll treat you to a snack.
I’ll not speak to you unless you go with me
7.Place is expressed by where.
I don’t know whether I lost it.
8 Uncertainty is introduced by whether (not if).
don’t know whether I cn go with you.
9 An adjectival subodinate clause may be introduced by who, which, that.
The prize which he won is a book.
The flowers that he sent are orchids.

SOMETHING TO DO

Coordinate Conjunctions : Write either of the coordinating conjunctions AND, SO, BUT and OR
needed in each of the following sentences.

2.He studied hard fr the test ______ he got a good grade.
3.His pen was broken ________ he could write with it.
4.He studied hard for the test _______ he got low grade.
5.I was hungry ________ I didn’t want to eat.
6.It was raining _______ we went out.
7.You will hand in your theme on time _____ I’l give you a deduction.

Subordinate Conjunctions : Underline the subordianting conjunctions needed in each sentence.

1.He turned his face aay (so as, so that) we would not recognize him.
2.We went out (because, although) the rain stopped.
3.She did not know (where, so) she lost her watch.
4.She was not sure (whether, unless) she could go.
5.Let’s hurry (so as, so that) we won’t be late.
6.I don’t know (whether, because) I cn go with you.
7.(Though, Because) she is often neglected by her parents, she still repsects them.
8.They graduated high school (because, unless) they worked for it.
9.(Before, After) passing the rest, he was congratulated.
10.I’ll not come (unless, if) you invited.

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