AGENDA ØFTP Ø Telnet Ø Secure Shell .

which is Connection Oriented and provides reliable control.20 For Data & 21 for Connection Dialog. . you most likely use FTP all the time Ø FTP depends on TCP(Port No. Whether you know it or not.FTP BASICS Ø FTP stand for File Transfer Protocol Ø FTP is the simplest way to exchange file over the internet.

FTP OBJECTIVES Ø To promote the sharing of files Ø Hide personal user data from other users Ø To transfer data reliability and efficiently .

FTP FEATURES Ø Multiple file transfer Ø Resuming feature Ø Scheduling Utility Ø Synchronizing directory structure .

referred to as an FTP ‘Client’ . Ø They also decide which files to keep locked and which remain public.FTP SITE Ø An FTP site is like a filing cabinet. With a traditional filing cabinet. Ø Example FTP site address: ftp:// ftp. Ø The virtual ‘key’ to get into an FTP site is the UserID and Password Ø To make an FTP connection you can use a standard Web browser or a dedicated FTP software http://www.

This computer may or may not be the same computer that hosts your Website. It is a set of four numbers(4 Bytes) Ø You will also need FTP server software which allows you to serve files over the Internet. An IP (Internet Protocol) address is a numeric Internet address for your computer. . DSL or ISDN(Integrated Services Digital Network) connection). you’ll need a ‘static IP address’. similar to a Web server. Ø There are a number of options when choosing FTP server software. The server that is best for you depends on your computer’s operating system and how many people you expect to access your FTP site. a T1 Cable. will need a constant connection to the Internet (i. This computer will become your FTP server and.FTP SERVER Ø Unless you have your FTP site outsourced you’ll need a computer with adequate storage space for your FTP site. Ø Along with a constant connection. much like a Web server software that allows you to serve Web pages.e.

FTP CLIENTS Ø An FTP client is software designed to transfer files back-and-forth between two computers over the internet. . Ø It needs to be installed on your computer and can only be used with a live connection to the internet. The pane on the left displays the files on your computer and the pane on the right displays the files on the remote computer. Ø The classic FTP Client look is a two-pane design.

Ø It is efficient and reliable ADVANTAGES .Ø FTP support windows xp so there is no need to install additional software Ø FTP is TCP/IP connection so it is mostly access by simple web browser Ø Provide separate space for storing the information other then hard disk.

Ø Most of them are not good so data can be courted. Ø No technical support available. Ø Also insecure because data is in text form. so firewall also restrict user to get his data. Ø In LAN security is basic need so there exits firewall.DISADVANTAGES Ø On FTP server you need to pay for disk space and it is v. Ø NWT ADMIN must know which user is compatible or not with FTP server.coastly & coast per MB. so in such case NWT ADMIN must modify the firewall rules for each user. . So need to backup the data.

TELNET Ø Stand for Telecommunication Network Ø Network protocol used on Internet or lan communication using UDP port Ø Commonly port used by telnet is Port 23 Ø Syntax of telnet is: telnet {Host ID} Port No. .

ØIt was design before 1970 ØAt that time hard drives were very OBJECTIVE costly and having very small space ØAlso internet facility was not available ØSo it was design for communication over small area and for using recourses .

FEATURES ØEasily troubleshooting and configuring remote computer ØHandle also large network easily ØAlso provide communication between different operating system .

ØUsers can access the host through the telnet server from anywhere in the world. ØThe second type of server offered in this section is the WAIS server .TELNET SERVER ØTelnet servers give users the ability to log on to a host computer ØPerform tasks as if they're actually working on the remote computer itself.

a user is given a command prompt Ø Telnet Server supports a maximum of two Telnet clients at a time. only that group's members can log on to Telnet Server. users can use Telnet clients to connect to it from remote computers Ø When a Telnet client connects to a computer running Telnet Server. Ø Once logged on.TELNET CLIENTS Ø When Telnet Server is running on a computer. . However. the administrator can change this value by using the tlntadmn command Ø If a group with that name exists on your server. the remote user is asked to enter a user name and password.

trouble shoot even search each drive without leaving your seat ØIt is fast ØIt is cheap ØRun at all PC .ØThe big advantage is that it save you ADVANTAGES connect to other PC in the world ØSo you can play games.

DISADVANTAGES ØIt also does not support mouse ØDoes not give us security between communication .ØTelnet provide no colors and graphics.

ØMostly used to login to remort machine and execute commands.SSH ØIt is abbreviation of Secure Shell ØMost secure way to communicate with network ØIt is design to replacement of telnet and other insecure remort shell. ØUses standard tcp port no. but also use for secure file transfer protocol(SFTP) and secure copy protocol(SCP) . 22.

. SSH1.SSH ØIt comes in two version. SSH2 ØSsh1 & Ssh 2 work for commercially and publically available clients.

ØIt save user from IP spoofing ØSecure IP Source Routing ØProtect DNS Spoofing ØIn other work ssh never trust on net. hacker can disconnet it’s connetion MERITS .


DSL sends data packets with Ø speeds ranging from 128Kbps – 1. BRI is used mostly for residential homes and comes with three channels.. there is only a single route for carrying voice. DSL is faster than ISDN. These two types of DSL connections differ in their data carrying capacities i. ISDN lines need to be installed and connection charges vary depending upon the connection you choose. ISDN comes in two different speeds i. The main reason is that DSL utilizes wires that are already installed into homes or businesses. and there is no special line installation needed. There are two types of ISDN: Basic Rate Interface (BRI) and Primary Rate Interface (PRI). data and video.e. 64Kbps and 128Kbps. ADSL is a better choice. Ø . On the other hand. so don't do not need to dial up a number..5Mbps. Two types of DSL connections are widely: Symmetric DSL (SDSL) and Asymmetric DSL (ADSL). upload and download. Primary Rate Interface (PRI) ISDN is a business version and comes with 24 channels. ISDN is somewhat more expensive than DSL. On the other hand.e. For more downloading. ISDN is a dial-up service and transmits voice and data through a single line. In DSL. However.DIFFERENCE BETWEEN DSL & ISDN Ø In terms of speed. In terms of price. DSL connections are often referred to as "always on" connections.

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