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QFT-0

QFT-0

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Published by Anna Avetta
relativistic quantum mechanics
relativistic quantum mechanics

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Published by: Anna Avetta on Jul 07, 2012
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06/19/2015

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In spite of the similarity with the case of the real field, we will consider it as a repetition of the

quantization procedure, extending it with the charge operator and the introduction of particle and
antiparticle operators. The field satisfies the Klein-Gordon equation and the density current (U(1)

transformations) and the energy-momentum tensor are

jµ = iφ∗ ↔

∂µ φ,

(7.57)

Θµν = ∂{µφ∗∂ν}φLgµν.

(7.58)

The quantized fields are written as

φ(x) =

d3

k

(2π)3

2Ek

a(k)e−ik·x

+b†(k)eik·x ,

(7.59)

φ†(x) =

d3

k

(2π)3

2Ek

b(k)e−ik·x

+a†(k)eik·x ,

(7.60)

and satisfy the equal time commutation relation (only nonzero ones)

[φ(x),∂0φ†(y)]x0

=y0 = iδ3

(xy),

(7.61)

which is equivalent to the relations (only nonzero ones)

[a(k),a†(k′)] = [b(k),b†(k′)] = (2π)3

2Ek δ3

(kk′).

(7.62)

The hamiltonian is as before given by the normal ordered expression

H =

d3

x : Θ00

(x) :

=

d3

k

(2π)3

2Ek

Ek :

a†(k)a(k) +b(k)b†(k)

:

=

d3

k

(2π)3

2Ek

Ek

a†(k)a(k) +b†(k)b(k)

,

(7.63)

i.e. particles (created by a†) and antiparticles (created by b†) with the same momentum contribute

equally to the energy. Also the charge operator requires normal ordering (in order to give the vacuum

eigenvalue zero),

Q = i

d3

x :

φ†∂0φ∂0φ†φ(x)

:

=

d3

k

(2π)3

2Ek

:

a†(k)a(k)b(k)b†(k)

:

=

d3

k

(2π)3

2Ek

a†(k)a(k)b†(k)b(k)

.

(7.64)

The commutator of φ and φ† is as for the real field given by

[φ(x),φ†(y)] = i∆(xy).

(7.65)

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