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PAD FOOTING ANALYSIS AND DESIGN (BS8110-1:1997)


TEDDS calculation version 2.0.03.00

1100

1100

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2500

Pad footing details Length of pad footing; W idth of pad footing; Area of pad footing; Depth of pad footing; Depth of soil over pad footing; Density of concrete; Colum n details Colum n base length; Colum n base width; Colum n eccentricity in x; Colum n eccentricity in y; Soil details Density of soil; Design shear strength; Design base friction; Allowable bearing pressure; Axial loading on column Dead axial load on column; Im posed axial load on column; W ind axial load on colum n; Total axial load on column; Foundation loads Dead surcharge load; Im posed surcharge load; Pad footing self weight; Soil self weight; Total foundation load; F Gsur = 0.000 kN/m 2 F Qsur = 0.000 kN/m 2 F swt = h conc = 9.440 kN/m 2 F soil = h soil soil = 4.000 kN/m 2 F = A (F Gsur + F Qsur + F swt + F soil) = 50.4 kN P GA = 200.0 kN P QA = 165.0 kN P W A = 0.0 kN P A = 365.0 kN soil = 20.0 kN/m 3 = 25.0 deg = 19.3 deg P bearing = 150 kN/m 2 l A = 300 mm b A = 300 mm e PxA = 0 mm e PyA = 0 mm L = 2500 mm B = 1500 m m A = L B = 3.750 m 2 h = 400 mm h soil = 200 mm conc = 23.6 kN/m 3

600

600

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M Moment on column base Dead moment on colum n in x direction; Im posed m om ent on column in x direction; W ind moment on colum n in x direction; Total m om ent on column in x direction; Dead moment on colum n in y direction; Im posed m om ent on column in y direction; W ind moment on colum n in y direction; Total m om ent on column in y direction;

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M GxA = 15.000 kNm M QxA = 10.000 kNm M W xA = 0.000 kNm M xA = 25.000 kNm M GyA = 0.000 kNm M QyA = 0.000 kNm M W yA = 0.000 kNm M yA = 0.000 kNm M xOT = M xA + H xA h = 25.000 kNm M xsur = A (F Gsur + F swt + F soil) L / 2 = 63.000 kNm M xaxial = (P GA) (L / 2 - e PxA ) = 250.000 kNm M xres = M xsur + M xaxial = 313.000 kNm PASS - Restoring moment is greater than overturning moment in x direction

Check stability against overturning in x direction Total overturning moment; Restoring moment in x direction Foundation loading; Axial loading on colum n; Total restoring moment; Calculate pad base reaction Total base reaction; Eccentricity of base reaction in x; Eccentricity of base reaction in y; Check pad base reaction eccentricity abs(e Tx) / L + abs(e Ty) / B = 0.024 Base reaction acts within middle third of base Calculate pad base pressures q 1 = T / A - 6 T e Tx / (L A) - 6 T e Ty / (B A) = 94.773 kN/m 2 q 2 = T / A - 6 T e Tx / (L A) + 6 T e Ty / (B A) = 94.773 kN/m 2 q 3 = T / A + 6 T e Tx / (L A) - 6 T e Ty / (B A) = 126.773 kN/m 2 q 4 = T / A + 6 T e Tx / (L A) + 6 T e Ty / (B A) = 126.773 kN/m 2 Minimum base pressure; Maximum base pressure; q min = min(q 1 , q 2 , q 3 , q 4 ) = 94.773 kN/m 2 q max = max(q 1 , q 2 , q 3 , q 4 ) = 126.773 kN/m 2 PASS - Maxim um base pressure is less than allowable bearing pressure T = F + P A = 415.4 kN e Tx = (P A e PxA + M xA + H xA h) / T = 60 mm e Ty = (P A e PyA + M yA + H yA h) / T = 0 m m

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94.8 kN/m

126.8 kN/m

94.8 kN/m

126.8 kN/m

Partial safety factors for loads Partial safety factor for dead loads; Partial safety factor for im posed loads; Partial safety factor for wind loads; Ultimate axial loading on colum n Ultimate axial load on colum n; Ultimate foundation loads Ultimate foundation load; Ultimate horizontal loading on colum n Ultimate horizontal load in x direction; Ultimate horizontal load in y direction; Ultimate mom ent on colum n Ultimate moment on colum n in x direction; Ultimate moment on colum n in y direction; Calculate ultimate pad base reaction Ultimate base reaction; Eccentricity of ultimate base reaction in x; Eccentricity of ultimate base reaction in y; Calculate ultimate pad base pressures q 1u = T u /A - 6T u e Txu /(LA) - 6T u e Tyu /(BA) = 140.203 kN/m 2 q 2u = T u /A - 6T u e Txu /(LA) + 6T u e Tyu /(BA) = 140.203 kN/m 2 q 3u = T u /A + 6T u e Txu /(LA) - 6T u e Tyu /(BA) = 187.563 kN/m 2 q 4u = T u /A + 6T u e Txu /(LA) + 6T u e Tyu /(BA) = 187.563 kN/m 2 Minimum ultimate base pressure; Maximum ultimate base pressure; q minu = m in(q 1u , q 2u , q 3u , q 4u ) = 140.203 kN/m 2 q maxu = max(q 1u , q 2u , q 3u , q 4u ) = 187.563 kN/m 2 T u = F u + P uA = 614.6 kN e Txu = (P uA e PxA + M xuA + H xuA h) / T u = 60 m m e Tyu = (P uA e PyA + M yuA + H yuA h) / T u = 0 mm M xuA = M GxA fG + M QxA fQ + M W xA fW = 37.000 kNm M yuA = M GyA fG + M QyA fQ + M W yA fW = 0.000 kNm H xuA = H GxA fG + H QxA fQ + H W xA fW = 0.0 kN H yuA = H GyA fG + H QyA fQ + H W yA fW = 0.0 kN F u = A [(F Gsur + F swt + F soil) fG + F Qsur fQ ] = 70.6 kN P uA = P GA fG + P QA fQ + P W A fW = 544.0 kN fG = 1.40 fQ = 1.60 fW = 0.00

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Calculate rate of change of base pressure in x direction Left hand base reaction; Right hand base reaction; Length of base reaction; Rate of change of base pressure; Calculate pad lengths in x direction Left hand length; Right hand length; Calculate ultimate moments in x direction Ultimate moment in x direction; M x = f uL L L 2 /2+C xL L 3 /6-F u L L 2 /(2L)+M xuA = 188.500 kNm f uT = (q 2u + q 4u ) L / 2 = 409.707 kN/m f uB = (q 1u + q 3u ) L / 2 = 409.707 kN/m L y = B = 1500 mm C y = (f uB - f uT) / L y = 0.000 kN/m /m L T = B / 2 - e PyA = 750 mm L B = B / 2 + e PyA = 750 m m M y = fuT L T 2 /2+C yL T3 /6-F u L T 2 /(2B) = 102.000 kNm L L = L / 2 + e PxA = 1250 mm L R = L / 2 - e PxA = 1250 mm f uL = (q 1u + q 2u ) B / 2 = 210.304 kN/m f uR = (q 3u + q 4u ) B / 2 = 281.344 kN/m L x = L = 2500 m m C x = (f uR - f uL ) / L x = 28.416 kN/m/m

Calculate rate of change of base pressure in y direction Top edge base reaction; Bottom edge base reaction; Length of base reaction; Rate of change of base pressure; Calculate pad lengths in y direction Top length; Bottom length; Calculate ultimate moments in y direction Ultimate moment in y direction; Material details Characteristic strength of concrete; Characteristic strength of reinforcem ent; Characteristic strength of shear reinforcem ent; Nominal cover to reinforcem ent; Moment design in x direction Diameter of tension reinforcem ent; Depth of tension reinforcem ent; xB = 12 m m d x = h - c nom - xB / 2 = 364 m m K x = M x / (B d x 2 f cu ) = 0.032 K x = 0.156 K x < K x ' compression reinforcement is not required Lever arm ; Area of tension reinforcement required; Minimum area of tension reinforcement; Tension reinforcem ent provided; Area of tension reinforcement provided; z x = d x m in([0.5 + (0.25 - K x / 0.9)], 0.95) = 346 mm A s_x_req = M x / (0.87 fy z x) = 1253 m m 2 A s_x_min = 0.0013 B h = 780 m m 2 12 No. 12 dia. bars bottom (125 centres) A s_xB_prov = N xB xB2 / 4 = 1357 m m 2 PASS - Tension reinforcem ent provided exceeds tension reinforcement required Moment design in y direction Diameter of tension reinforcem ent; Depth of tension reinforcem ent; yB = 12 mm d y = h - c nom - xB - yB / 2 = 352 m m K y = M y / (L d y2 fcu) = 0.011 K y = 0.156 f cu = 30 N/mm 2 f y = 500 N/mm 2 f yv = 500 N/mm 2 c nom = 30 m m

Design formula for rectangular beams (cl 3.4.4.4)

Design formula for rectangular beams (cl 3.4.4.4)

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6/27/2012 K y < K y ' compression reinforcement is not required

Lever arm ; Area of tension reinforcement required; Minimum area of tension reinforcement; Tension reinforcem ent provided; Area of tension reinforcement provided;

z y = d y m in([0.5 + (0.25 - K y / 0.9)], 0.95) = 334 mm A s_y_req = M y / (0.87 fy z y) = 701 m m 2 A s_y_min = 0.0013 L h = 1300 m m 2 13 No. 12 dia. bars bottom (200 centres) A s_yB_prov = N yB yB2 / 4 = 1470 mm 2 PASS - Tension reinforcem ent provided exceeds tension reinforcement required

Calculate ultimate shear force at d from right face of column Ultimate pressure for shear; Area loaded for shear; Ultimate shear force; q su = (q 1u + C x (L / 2 + e PxA + l A / 2 + d x) / B + q 4u ) / 2 q su = 180.591 kN/m 2 A s = B min(3 (L / 2 - e Tx ), L / 2 - e PxA - l A / 2 - d x) = 1.104 m 2 V su = A s (q su - F u / A) = 178.600 kN v su = V su / (B d x) = 0.327 N/mm 2

Shear stresses at d from right face of colum n (cl 3.5.5.2) Design shear stress; From BS 8110:Part 1:1997 - Table 3.8 Design concrete shear stress; Allowable design shear stress; v c = 0.432 N/m m 2 v max = m in(0.8N/m m 2 (f cu / 1 N/mm 2), 5 N/mm 2) = 4.382 N/mm 2 PASS - v su < v c - No shear reinforcement required Calculate ultimate punching shear force at face of column Ultimate pressure for punching shear; Average effective depth of reinforcement; Area loaded for punching shear at column; Length of punching shear perimeter; Ultimate shear force at shear perimeter; Effective shear force at shear perimeter; q puA = q 1u+[(L/2+e PxA-l A/2)+(l A)/2]C x/B-[(B/2+e PyA-b A/2)+(b A )/2]C y/L q puA = 163.883 kN/m 2 d = (d x + d y) / 2 = 358 mm A pA = (l A)(b A) = 0.090 m 2 u pA = 2(l A)+2(b A) = 1200 m m V puA = P uA + (F u / A - q puA) A pA = 530.944 kN V puAeff = V puA[1+1.5abs(M xuA)/(V puA (b A))] = 715.944 kN v puA = V puAeff / (u pA d) = 1.667 N/mm 2 v max = m in(0.8N/m m 2 (f cu / 1 N/mm 2), 5 N/mm 2) = 4.382 N/mm 2 PASS - Design shear stress is less than allowable design shear stress Calculate ultimate punching shear force at perimeter of 1.5 d from face of colum n Ultimate pressure for punching shear; Average effective depth of reinforcement; Area loaded for punching shear at column; Length of punching shear perimeter; Ultimate shear force at shear perimeter; Effective shear force at shear perimeter; q puA1.5d = q 1u +[(L/2+e PxA-l A /2-1.5d)+(lA +21.5d)/2]C x/B-[B/2]C y/L q puA1.5d = 163.883 kN/m 2 d = (d x + d y) / 2 = 358 mm A pA1.5d = (lA +21.5d)B = 2.061 m 2 u pA1.5d = 2B = 3000 m m V puA1.5d = P uA + (F u / A - q puA1.5d ) A pA1.5d = 245.018 kN V puA1.5deff = V puA1.5d 1.25 = 306.272 kN v puA1.5d = V puA1.5deff / (u pA1.5d d) = 0.285 N/mm 2

Punching shear stresses at face of colum n (cl 3.7.7.2) Design shear stress; Allowable design shear stress;

Punching shear stresses at perimeter of 1.5 d from face of column (cl 3.7.7.2) Design shear stress; From BS 8110:Part 1:1997 - Table 3.8 Design concrete shear stress; Allowable design shear stress; v c = 0.409 N/m m 2 v max = m in(0.8N/m m 2 (f cu / 1 N/mm 2), 5 N/mm 2) = 4.382 N/mm 2 PASS - v puA1.5d < v c - No shear reinforcement required

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13 No. 12 dia. bars btm (200 c/c)

12 No. 12 dia. bars btm (125 c/c) Shear at d from column face Punching shear perimeter at 1.5 d from column face