# MATH 103/GRACEY PRACTICE EXAM/CHAPTERS 1-3

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MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Use common sense to determine whether the given event is impossible; possible, but very unlikely; or possible and likely. 1) Andrew rolled a die five times and got a six every time. 1) A) Possible and likely B) Possible, but very unlikely C) Impossible 2) Lori rolled three dice and got a total of 2. A) Possible, but very unlikely B) Possible and likely C) Impossible 3) When Amina took a four-day Thanksgiving vacation in Seattle, it rained every day. A) Possible, but very unlikely B) Impossible C) Possible and likely SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question. Provide an appropriate response. 4) Use the data in the table to answer the question. The x-values are amounts of saturated fat (in grams) in various regular two-ounce muffins. The y-values are amounts of saturated fat (in grams) in various "low fat" two-ounce muffins. Amounts of Saturated Fat in Regular and Low-Fat Muffins x 5.8 6.5 4.2 5.7 5.2 3.8 y 1.2 2.1 2.1 0.7 2.2 0.9 Is each x-value matched with a corresponding y-value? That is, is each x-value associated with the corresponding y-value in some meaningful way? If the x- and y-values are not matched, does it make sense to use the difference between each x-value and the y-value that is in the same column? 5) The table shows the weights, in pounds, of seven subjects before and after following a particular diet for two months. Assume that the x-values are the weights before the diet and the y-values are the weights after the diet. Subject A B C D E F G Before 195 159 167 169 162 166 174 After 188 150 165 174 148 168 162 Are the x-values matched with the corresponding y-values? That is, is each x-value associated with the corresponding y-value in some meaningful way? If the x- and y-values are matched, does it make sense to use the difference between each x-value and the y-value that is in the same column? Why or why not? 2)

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Form a conclusion about statistical significance. Do not make any formal calculations. Either use the results provided or make subjective judgments about the results. 6) Charlie's teacher claims that he does not study and just guesses on exams. On an exam 6) with 201 true-false questions, Charlie answered 53.7% of the questions correctly. Calculations using these results show that if he were really just guessing, there would be roughly 1 chance in 7 that he would do this well. Is there statistically significant evidence against the teacher's claim that Charlie is just guessing? Why or why not? Provide an appropriate response. 7) An article stated that last year 807 people taking a certain medication suffered from serious side effects while this year, after the medication had been modified, only 391 suffered serious side effects. What information is missing? Why would it be important to include this information?

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MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Determine whether the given value is a statistic or a parameter. 8) A sample of 120 employees of a company is selected, and the average age is found to be 37 years. A) Statistic B) Parameter 9) After taking the first exam, 15 of the students dropped the class. A) Parameter B) Statistic 10) A health and fitness club surveys 40 randomly selected members and found that the average weight of those questioned is 157 lb. A) Statistic B) Parameter Determine whether the given value is from a discrete or continuous data set. 11) The number of freshmen entering college in a certain year is 621. A) Discrete B) Continuous 12) The temperature of a cup of coffee is 67.3°F. A) Discrete 13) The number of limbs on a 2-year-old oak tree is 21. A) Continuous

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12) B) Continuous 13) B) Discrete 14)

14) The weight of Bill's pack as he sets off on a backpacking trip is 48.3 lb. A) Discrete B) Continuous Determine which of the four levels of measurement (nominal, ordinal, interval, ratio) is most appropriate. 15) The temperatures of eight different plastic spheres. A) Ordinal B) Ratio C) Nominal D) Interval 16) The sample of spheres categorized from softest to hardest. A) Ratio B) Nominal C) Interval 17) Salaries of college professors. A) Ordinal B) Nominal

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16) D) Ordinal 17)

C) Ratio

D) Interval

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" What is the flaw in this argument? 20) 21) 22) 23) 24) MULTIPLE CHOICE. determine whether the sample is likely to be representative of the population. The plan is to talk to every 10th person coming out of the school library. 250% 2 26) Convert 0.200 listeners responded by calling in.444.96% 125 125 125 28) Convert 2. Use critical thinking to address the key issue.5 to an equivalent fraction and percent. Also. Conclusion: Desk jobs cause people to gain weight.444. Round decimals to the nearest thousandth and percents to the nearest tenth of a percent. 4 25) Convert the fraction to an equivalent decimal and percentage.96% 125 28) C) 2.296 to an equivalent fraction and percent. Perform the requested conversions. The survey question was announced on a national radio show and 1. 250% 1 D) 2 .4% B) 0.18) Temperatures of the ocean at various depths. What is wrong with this survey? 24) A company accused of downsizing workers defended itself with the following statement: "Yes.6% B) . 56. 36 37 36 A) .44% D) 0. 1 A) 2 . if necessary. A) Nominal B) Ratio 18) C) Interval D) Ordinal SHORT ANSWER. Use critical thinking to develop an alternative conclusion. 4. we were forced to lay off 20% of our workforce last year. Is there a problem with your plan? 23) A researcher published this survey result: "74% of people would be willing to spend 10 percent more for energy from a non-polluting source". 2 3 2 A) .6% C) . 60% C) . 22) You plan to make a survey of 200 people. 25% B) 2. and we therefore now have the same number of employees as before the layoff. but this year we increased our workforce by 20%. 25) 9 A) 0. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question. 20) A study shows that adults who work at their desk all day weigh more than those who do not. 2. 19) An employee at the local ice cream parlor asks three customers if they like chocolate ice 19) cream. 60% 5 5 5 27) Convert 0. 29. 44.6 to an equivalent fraction and percentage. 564% 26) 3 D) .564. 29.4% C) 0. 2. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 6% B) . 25% 2 3 .564. 21) An airline company advertises that 100% of their flights are on time after checking 5 randomly selected flights and finding that these 5 were on time. Identify the sample and population. 6% 5 27) 37 D) .

and 48 students are selected from the Sophomore. A) Observational study B) Experiment 34) A clinic gives a drug to a group of ten patients and a placebo to another group of ten patients to find out if the drug has an effect on the patients' illness. 32) A bus company claims that in the past year it has reduced the number of late departures of buses by 100%. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. What is wrong with this statement? 29) 30) 31) 32) MULTIPLE CHOICE. Provide an appropriate response. A) Cluster B) Random C) Systematic D) Stratified E) Convenience 38) A sample consists of every 49th student from a group of 496 students. 86% of the questions are answered correctly. Junior. 37) 49. A) 8 clients B) 10 clients C) 76 clients D) 70 clients 30) Alex and Juana went on a 116-mile canoe trip with their class. systematic. Determine whether the given description corresponds to an observational study or an experiment. cluster. A) Convenience B) Random C) Stratified D) Cluster E) Systematic 33) 34) 35) 36) 37) 38) 4 . how many questions are on the test? A) 250 B) 86 C) 43 D) 40 SHORT ANSWER. convenience. Find the number of business clients. A) Observational study B) Experiment 35) A political pollster reports that his candidate has a 10% lead in the polls with 10% undecided. On the first day they traveled 29 miles. 34. A) Observational study B) Experiment 36) A doctor performs several diagnostic tests to determine the reason for a patient's illness.Solve the problem. 10% of whom are businesses. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question. 29) A gardener has 78 clients. and Senior classes with 496. stratified. and 481 students respectively.25% B) 400% C) 25% D) 4% 31) On a test. fifteen said they use the product. 33) A marketing firm does a survey to find out how many people use a product. Of the one hundred people contacted. A) Observational study B) Experiment Identify which of these types of sampling is used: random. 348. If 215 questions are correct. What percent of the total distance did they canoe? A) 0.

C) Yes. The sample is random because all teachers have the same chance of being selected. no. yes. It is a simple random sample because all samples have the same chance of being selected. A) Random B) Cluster C) Convenience D) Stratified E) Systematic 40) An education researcher randomly selects 48 middle schools and interviews all the teachers at each school. then interviews the voters corresponding to those numbers. It is not a simple random sample because some samples are not possible. A) Systematic B) Random C) Convenience D) Stratified E) Cluster 41) A researcher interviews 19 work colleagues who work in his building. It is not a simple random sample because some samples are not possible. The sample is not random because teachers in small schools are more likely to be selected than teachers in larger schools. The sample is not random because teachers in small schools are more likely to be selected than teachers in larger schools. Does this sampling plan result in a random sample? Simple random sample? Explain. A) Stratified B) Convenience C) Systematic D) Cluster E) Random Provide an appropriate response. such as a sample that includes teachers from schools that were not selected. yes.39) A pollster uses a computer to generate 500 random numbers. 39) 40) 41) 42) 5 . A) No. B) Yes. such as a sample that includes teachers from schools that were not selected. no. The sample is random because all teachers have the same chance of being selected. It is a simple random sample because all samples have the same chance of being selected. D) No. 42) An education expert is researching teaching methods and wishes to interview teachers from a particular school district. She randomly selects ten schools from the district and interviews all of the teachers at the selected schools.

such as a sample containing the the first 50 students on the list. Does this sampling plan result in a random sample? Simple random sample? Explain. Provide an appropriate response.43) A researcher obtains an alphabetical list of the 2560 students at a college. retrospective. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. no. The sample is random because all students have the same chance of being selected. It is a simple random sample because all samples of 50 students have the same chance of being selected. participants are randomly assigned to a treatment group or a placebo group. However the doctors administering the medication and evaluating the results do know which participants are receiving the medication. It is a simple random sample because all samples of 50 students have the same chance of being selected. Years of service Frequency 1-5 5 6-10 20 11-15 25 16-20 10 21-25 5 26-30 3 A) 10 B) 6 6 C) 5 D) 4 48) . D) Yes. It is not a simple random sample because some samples are not possible. such as a sample containing the first 50 students on the list. The sample is not random because not all students have the same chance of being selected.000 of its citizens this month. She uses a random number generator to obtain 50 numbers between 1 and 2560. A) Prospective B) Cross-sectional C) Retrospective D) None of these 46) A town obtains current employment data by polling 10. 47) In a clinical trial for a new headache medication. 48) The frequency distribution below summarizes employee years of service for Alpha Corporation. 43) 44) 45) 46) 47) MULTIPLE CHOICE. The sample is not random because not all students have the same chance of being selected. yes. A) No. She chooses the 50 students corresponding to those numbers. Determine the width of each class. A) Prospective B) Cross-sectional C) Retrospective D) None of these SHORT ANSWER. prospective). 44) A statistical analyst obtains data about ankle injuries by examining a hospital's records from the past 3 years. no. It is not a simple random sample because some samples are not possible. C) No. They do not know whether they are receiving the medication or a placebo. yes. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question. B) Yes. A) Cross-sectional B) Prospective C) Retrospective D) None of these 45) A researcher plans to obtain data by following those in cancer remission since January of 2005. Explain what this means and why the absence of double blinding could cause a problem. Identify the type of observational study (cross-sectional. This experiment is blind but not double blind. The sample is random because all students have the same chance of being selected.

20 0.SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question. Solve the problem. 50) Number Speed of cars 0-29 4 30-59 16 60-89 60 90-119 20 A) Speed Less than 30 Less than 60 Less than 90 Less than120 C) Cumulative Speed Frequency 0-29 4 30-59 20 60-89 80 90-119 100 Cumulative Frequency 4 20 80 100 D) Speed Less than 30 Less than 60 Less than 90 Less than120 Cumulative Frequency 100 80 82 4 B) Speed Less than 30 Less than 60 Less than 90 Less than120 Cumulative Frequency 0. 49) Using a strict interpretation of the relevant criteria characterizing a normal distribution. Construct the cumulative frequency distribution that corresponds to the given frequency distribution.does the frequency distribution below appear to have a normal distribution? Does the distribution appear to be normal if the criteria are interpreted very loosely? Closing Share Price Frequency 0-5 2 6-10 5 11-15 16 16-20 28 MULTIPLE CHOICE.80 1. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.04 0.00 49) 50) 7 .

Income (\$) Frequency 200-300 68 301-400 69 401-500 79 501-600 87 More than 600 11 A) Relative Income (\$) Frequency 201-300 15. Use the given data to construct a frequency distribution.Provide an appropriate response.1% 401-500 37.84% D) Income (\$) 200-300 301-400 401-500 501-600 More than 600 Relative Frequency 21.1% 401-500 31. Construct the corresponding relative frequency distribution.9% C) Relative Income (\$) Frequency 200-300 12. Age Frequency 8 . 29 30 36 41 45 50 57 61 28 50 36 58 60 38 36 47 40 32 58 46 61 40 55 32 61 56 45 46 62 36 38 40 50 27 Construct a frequency distribution for these ages. Use 8 classes beginning with a lower class limit of 25.97% 401-500 3. 51) The frequency distribution for the weekly incomes of students with part-time jobs is given below. The 52) ages of 34 patients who suffered stress strokes were as follows.5% 301-400 20.76% 301-400 27.53% 501-600 21.71% 3.2% More than 600 14.2% More than600 14.97% 25.50% SHORT ANSWER.3% 501-600 16.9% 51) B) Relative Income (\$) Frequency 200-300 24.66% 21.3% 501-600 15.38% More than 600 24. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question. Round relative frequencies to the nearest hundredth of a percent if necessary.16% 27. 52) A medical research team studied the ages of patients who had strokes caused by stress.5% 301-400 22.

How many households are included in the histogram? 50 40 30 20 10 Frequency 1 2 3 4 5 Number of TV Sets A) 110 B) 95 C) 90 D) 100 9 .S. The blood pressure readings were given to the nearest whole number. Following is a relative-frequency histogram for the systolic blood pressure readings for those people aged between 25 and 40. 53) A nurse measured the blood pressure of each person who visited her clinic. Approximately what percentage of the people aged 25-40 had a systolic blood pressure reading between 110 and 139 inclusive? 53) A) 59% B) 39% C) 75% D) 89% 54) 54) The histogram below represents the number of television sets per household for a sample of U. Provide an appropriate response. households.MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

SHORT ANSWER. What is the approximate age at the center? 43 56 28 63 67 66 52 48 37 51 40 60 62 66 45 21 35 49 32 53 61 53 69 31 48 59 55) 56) Suppose that you construct a histogram and a relative frequency histogram corresponding to a particular frequency table. Construct a histogram to represent the data (with 5 classes beginning with a lower class limit of 19. 57) The frequency table below shows the amount of weight loss during the first month of a diet program for both males and females. 55) In a survey. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question.5 and a class width of 10). and determine whether there appears to be a significant difference between the two genders. The results are shown below. In what ways will the two histograms be similar? In what ways will they differ? Solve the problem. Weight (lb) 5-7 8-10 11-13 14-16 17-19 20-22 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 5 10 15 20 25 56) 57) Frequency (males) 2 9 18 13 4 1 Weight (lb) 5-7 8-10 11-13 14-16 17-19 20-22 Frequency (females) 4 3 19 5 15 1 10 . 26 voters were asked their ages. Compare the results by constructing two frequency polygons on the same axes.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. The days absent for each student were as follows. 0 2 3 4 2 3 4 6 7 2 3 4 6 9 8 58) A) B) C) D) Use the data to create a stemplot. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 227 239 215 219 221 233 229 233 235 228 245 231 A) B) 21 5 9 21 5 7 9 22 1 7 8 9 22 1 8 9 23 1 3 3 5 9 23 1 3 3 5 9 24 5 24 5 59) 11 . Construct the dotplot for the given data. 59) The attendance counts for this season's basketball games are listed below. 58) Attendance records at a school show the number of days each student was absent during the year.

61) Stem Leaves 6 5 8 7 1 8 8 5 5 A) 61. 85 D) 65.60) The following data consists of the weights (in pounds) of 15 randomly selected women and the weights of 15 randomly selected men. 85 Provide an appropriate response. 61.5 45.20 14 46-60 18 0. 71. 62) The table contains data from a study of daily study time for 40 students from Statistics 101.10 40 . 68. 71.5 Homework Time (minutes) 62) 12 Cumulative Frequency Cumulative Minutes on Number of Relative homework students frequency frequency 0-15 2 0. 71.5 60. 85. 85 C) 65.05 2 16-30 4 0. 78. Women: 128 122 145 Men: 140 136 173 Men 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 150 137 126 153 176 190 Women 0 1 2 6 8 7 9 2 5 0 2 4 6 0 5 118 110 139 199 162 141 166 175 111 186 196 166 142 152 170 169 155 153 Men 11 12 6 13 0 14 3 15 2 16 3 17 6 18 0 19 Women 0 1 8 2 6 8 7 9 2 5 0 2 6 0 5 60) A) 1 5 3 9 6 6 9 9 6 0 3 2 3 6 6 B) 1 5 3 9 6 6 9 6 Find the original data from the stemplot. 68.5 75. 50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 15. Construct a back-to-back stemplot for the data. 81.5 90. 78. 85 61) B) 65. 61. Construct an ogive from the data. 71. 85. 65. 68.10 36 76-90 4 0.45 32 61-75 4 0.5 30.10 6 31-45 8 0. 88.

5 30.5 60. The rest were not sure what they played the most.5 90. 36 said they played craps.5 30.5 Homework Time (minutes) Relative Frequency Solve the problem.5 30. 12 said roulette. 72 of them said they spent most of the time playing the slots.5 60. 63) 240 casino patrons.5 75. Frequency Relative Frequency 63) 13 .5 45.5 45. were interviewed as they left the casino.5 60.5 75. 12 said poker. Choose the vertical scale so that the relative frequencies are represented. 72 of them said they played blackjack.5 75. Construct a Pareto chart to depict the gaming practices of the group of casino goers.5 Homework Time (minutes) D) 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 15.5 45.5 90.5 90.5 Homework Time (minutes) C) B) 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 15.A) 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 15.

Choose the vertical scale so that the relative frequencies are represented.A) B) C) D) 64) A car dealer is deciding what kinds of vehicles he should order from the factory.5 Family 59. He looks at his sales report for the preceding period. 14 .5 Luxury 17 Truck 51 Construct a Pareto chart to help him decide. 64) Vehicle Sales Economy 34 Sports 8.

65) The following figures give the distribution of land (in acres) for a county containing 66.A) B) C) D) Construct a pie chart representing the given data set.000 acres. Forest Farm Urban 9900 6600 49.500 65) A) B) 15 .

67) x -2 -8 -5 -1 -8 2 -6 6 -4 -2 y -6 -1 -8 2 4 3 -10 4 -2 -6 y 10 C) 160% D) 8% 67) -10 10 x -10 A) y 10 B) y 10 -10 10 x -10 10 x -10 -10 16 . 66) A survey of the 4571 vehicles on the campus of State University yielded the following pie chart. 66) 9% 16% 35% 8% 4% 28% What percent of the vehicles are hatchbacks? A) 35% B) 28% Use the given paired data to construct a scatterplot.Use the pie chart to solve the problem.

y 68) Year High Year High 1990 42 1996 47 1991 40 1997 60 1992 31 1998 61 1993 42 1999 57 1994 44 2000 54 1995 47 2001 30 x 17 .) Identify a trend. Provide an appropriate response.C) y 10 D) y 10 -10 10 x -10 10 x -10 -10 SHORT ANSWER.2001 to construct a time-series graph. stock from the years 1990 . Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question. (Let x = 0 represent 1990 and so on. 68) Use the high closing values of Naristar Inc.

The television on the right is three times as tall and three times as wide as the television on the left. Construct a multiple bar graph of the data. 2000 and 2005. Why is this graph misleading? What visual impression is created by the graph? 70) 18 . To illustrate this fact.69) An annual survey sent to retail store managers contained the question "Did your store suffer any losses due to employee theft?" The responses are summarized in the table for two years. the manufacturer draws a graph as shown below. then describe any trends. 69) Employee Percentage Percentage Theft in 2000 in 2005 Yes 49 32 No 51 68 Totals 100 100 70) A television manufacturer sold three times as many televisions in 2005 as it did in 1995.

May June July Aug Sept Central \$32 \$64 \$80 \$90 \$65 Window \$15 \$84 \$99 \$120 \$40 74) 75) MULTIPLE CHOICE. Find the mean of the data summarized in the given frequency distribution. 6 4 25 19 26 49 36 33 Find the median age. 71) 13 21 75 21 134 60 A) 54 lb B) 53. 75) A comparison is made between summer electric bills of those who have central air and those who have window units. then compare the two sets of results.25 19 .5 lb C) 64. round your answer to one more decimal place than is present in the original data values. Find the mean weight. Find the mean salary.000 18 A) \$16.001-15. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question.5 days C) 98 days D) 117 days SHORT ANSWER.75 B) \$17.731. Find the midrange.000 17 25.50 D) \$19.5 lb Find the median for the given sample data. 73) 77 52 32 52 29 77 A) 77 B) 53.500 76) C) \$17. Unless indicated otherwise.5 yr 73) C) 52 D) 77. 72) The ages (in years) of the eight passengers on a bus are listed below.8 lb D) 54. 74) A meteorologist records the number of clear days in a given year in each of 21 different U.5 yr C) 26 yr Find the mode(s) for the given sample data.000 16 10. Find the mean and median for each of the two samples. Salary (\$) Employees 5. 52 Find the midrange for the given sample data.MULTIPLE CHOICE.001-20.2 72) D) 24. The results are shown below.001-30.001-10.001-25.000 14 15. cities. 76) A company had 80 employees whose salaries are summarized in the frequency distribution below. 72 143 52 84 100 98 101 120 99 121 86 60 59 71 125 130 104 74 83 55 169 A) 112 days B) 110.000 15 20. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.S. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. A) 25 yr B) 25. 71) The weights (in pounds) of six dogs are listed below.937. Find the mean for the given sample data.143.

80) 37.6% There is substantially more variation in the weights than in the heights of the girls.6 63. The four regular tests count for 40% of the final grade.9 77) 78) 79) Find the standard deviation for the given sample data. She earned a grade of 79 on the final exam and 85 on her class projects. and homework counts for 20%.7 66. 78) Rich Borne teaches Chemistry 101.1 Weights (pounds): 86 94 92 119 96 90 123 98 139 A) Heights: 4. C) Heights: 11. then compare the variation.0 C) 5. Round your answer to one more decimal place than the original data. 80) The top nine scores on the organic chemistry midterm are as follows.6% Weights: 18. 30 A) 13. the final exam counts for 30%.4 64.9 B) 13.0 D) 18. Round your answer to one more decimal place than is present in the original data.1% Weights: 16. 77) A student earned grades of 91.2 C) 49. 49.4 Find the range for the given sample data. Heights (inches): 59. Her combined homework grade was 87. Round results to one decimal place.2 61.3 64. 20 . 24.0 B) 15. 22 31 47 29 31 12 48 41 50 56 37 22 A) 44 B) 9 C) 12 D) 56 Find the variance for the given data.Solve the problem.5% Weights: 6. 92.4 62. 63. 53. Their scores are listed below.1 C) 82. A) 84.7% There is substantially more variation in the weights than in the heights of the girls. the project counts for 10%. What is her weighted mean grade? Round to one decimal place.3 Find the coefficient of variation for each of the two sets of data.2 D) 12. 49. 79) 19 11 12 7 11 A) 19.4 D) 83. 81) Compare the variation in heights to the variation in weights of thirteen-year old girls.1 58. 76.6% There is substantially more variation in the heights than in the weights of the girls.7 60. The heights 81) (in inches) and weights (in pounds) of nine randomly selected thirteen-year old girls are listed below. 28.4% Weights: 17.2 B) 84.4% There is substantially more variation in the weights than in the heights of the girls. 44. Last week he gave his students a quiz. D) Heights: 4. B) Heights: 4. and 79 on her four regular tests.

2 5.9 C) \$7317.23 sec Restaurant B: 70 sec.7% Solve the problem.001-25.23 sec Restaurant B: 77 sec.23 sec Restaurant B: 56 sec.89 sec There is more variation in the times for restaurant B.6% B) The percentage is approximately 33. D) Restaurant A: 57 sec.98 sec2 .2 B) 0.0 Use the range rule of thumb to estimate the standard deviation. 22. 493.0 5.000 18 20.8 5.98 sec2 .8 D) \$7736.98 sec2 . 727. What percentage of 18-year-old women have a systolic blood pressure between 96 mmHg and 144 mmHg? A) 68% B) 99. then compare the two sets of results. Find the standard deviation.5 5.18 sec Restaurant B: 77 sec. 793.98 sec There is more variation in the times for restaurant B. 85) The systolic blood pressure of 18-year-old women is normally distributed with a mean of 120 mmHg and a standard deviation of 12 mmHg.001-20. Find the standard deviation of the data summarized in the given frequency distribution. 727. C) Restaurant A: 75 sec.98 sec2 .5 Use the empirical rule to solve the problem. 28. 493.6 5.98 sec There is more variation in the times for restaurant B.98 sec2 .3% C) The percentage is at least 33.000 18 25. 83) A company had 80 employees whose salaries are summarized in the frequency distribution below.98 sec There is more variation in the times for restaurant A. What can you conclude from Chebyshev's theorem about the percentage of gym members aged between 32 and 62? A) The percentage is at most 55.98 sec2 .6% 83) 84) 85) 86) 21 .98 sec2 . variance. 32. 26. Restaurant A 120 67 89 97 124 68 72 96 Restaurant B 115 126 49 56 98 76 78 95 A) Restaurant A: 57 sec.98 sec2 .6 5. 82) When investigating times required for drive-through service.3% D) The percentage is at least 55. 727.7 6. 84) The heights in feet of people who work in an office are as follows.Find the range. 6. 493.001-15.001-10. and standard deviation for each of the two samples. 727.2 C) 0.001-30.6 A) 1. 26. 26. B) Restaurant A: 57 sec.4 B) \$7526. 22. the following results (in seconds) 82) were obtained.000 14 10.9 5. Round results to the nearest tenth. 86) The ages of the members of a gym have a mean of 47 years and a standard deviation of 10 years. Salary (dollars) Employees 5.1 D) 0.99% C) 95% D) 99.000 17 A) \$6969.000 13 15. 22.4 5.

20° F and a 90) standard deviation of 0.8.5° F given that human body temperatures have a mean of 98. Round your answer to two decimal places. Round the z-score to the nearest tenth if necessary.0 91) 92) C) 43 D) 57 93) 22 .52.Solve the problem. unusual B) -1. data value: 53 A) 20 B) 50 Find the indicated measure. 49 52 52 52 74 67 55 55 A) 6.199. not unusual D) 2. On Tuesday. no D) 4. 93) Use the given sample data to find Q3 . yes C) 5.06. not usual C) -2.62°. 91) Which is better. 89) The test scores on the Chapter 7 mathematics test have a mean of 66 and a standard deviation of 13.17. A) -9 B) -1 C) 9 D) 1 88) A department store. no Find the number of standard deviations from the mean. unusual Determine which score corresponds to the higher relative position.86 worth of goods.0 B) 67. Michelle has a score of 84. The standard deviation of sales is \$ 1000.77 standard deviations below the mean C) 0.60 standard deviations above the mean 87) 88) 89) Find the z-score corresponding to the given value and use the z-score to determine whether the value is unusual.0 C) 61. Convert Michelle's score to a z-score.00. How many standard deviations from the mean is that? A) 1. a score of 92 on a test with a mean of 71 and a standard deviation of 15. 87) Scores on a test have a mean of 75 and a standard deviation of 9. the store sold \$34. Round results to the nearest hundredth.77 standard deviations above the mean B) 1.993.8.8.47. yes B) 5. Consider a score to be unusual if its z-score is less than -2. 92) Data set: 53 45 39 69 66 72 44. Andrea scored 89 on the test. has daily sales of \$28. Find Tuesday's z score.0 D) 55.60 standard deviations below the mean D) 0.00 or greater than 2. or a score of 688 on a test with a mean of 493 and a standard deviation of 150? A) Both scores have the same relative position. on average. Was Tuesday an unusually good day? A) 5.21. 90) A body temperature of 96.7. B) A score of 688 C) A score of 92 Find the percentile for the data value. A) -2.

8 2. Construct a boxplot for the data set.2 2.7 oz. 4.6 oz.2 A) Outliers: 1.7 2.4 2.2 oz 23 .5 2.7 2.0 2.2 oz C) No outliers D) Outliers: 1.7 2.9 2.2 oz 95) B) Outlier: 4.7 oz. 1.6 2.6 4.9 2. 4.2 2.7 2. 95) The weights (in ounces) of 27 tomatoes are listed below. 94) The weekly salaries (in dollars) of 24 randomly selected employees of a company are shown below.5 2. Identify any outliers.8 2. 310 320 450 460 470 500 520 540 580 600 650 700 710 840 870 900 1000 1200 1250 1300 1400 1720 2500 3700 A) B) 94) C) D) Construct a modified boxplot for the data.0 3.9 3.5 2. 3.6 2. Include values of the 5-number summary in all boxplots.1 3.6 2.Construct a boxplot for the given data.0 3.8 2.3 3.1 3.

the shape of the distribution of the z-scores will be bell-shaped regardless of the distribution of the original data. P90 is greater than P80 B: In any data set. 96) For data which are heavily skewed to the right. A : In any data set.Provide an appropriate response. P10 + P90 2 is equal to Q2 D) All of the above C: In a set of 20 test scores. the percentile of the second highest score is 95 A) B B) A C) C 24 . 100 97) 98) B) True 99) 99) Which of the following statements regarding percentiles is true? (More than one statement may be true). True or false? A) True B) False 96) 97) If all the values in a data set are converted to z-scores. P10 is likely to be closer to the median than P90. the 67th percentile can be found as follows: P67 = True or false? A) False 67 · n. True or false? A) True B) False 98) In a data set containing n values.

he could easily do this well just by chance.Answer Key Testname: PRACTICE EXAM 1 B C C The x-values are not matched with the y-values. Although fewer people suffered side effects this year. not representative 20) Desk job workers are confined to their chairs for most of their work day. 24) Answers will vary. 7) There is no context to the data. The survey is based on voluntary. More important than the number suffering serious side effects is the percentage of those taking the medication that suffer side effects. so it does not make sense to use the differences between each x-value and the y-value that is in the same column. The company therefore did not hire as many new workers as it originally laid off. The article should include the number of people taking the medication last year and this. Avoid causality altogether by saying lack of walking and exercise is associated with higher weights. population: all customers. 33) A 34) B 35) A 25 1) 2) 3) 4) . Possible answer: This is a misleading use of percentages. 5) The x-values are matched with the corresponding y-values. Even if Charlie were just guessing. The exam result of 53. it is possible (if fewer people are taking the medication this year) that the percentage suffering side effects has actually increased. 25) A 26) B 27) B 28) D 29) A 30) C 31) A 32) A reduction of 100% would mean that the company had reduced the number of late departures to zero which is not plausible. The difference represents the amount of weight lost (or gained) by that person. as 20% of the reduced workforce is smaller than 20% of the original workforce. 23) This is a voluntary response sample. The size of the current workforce is therefore smaller than the size of the workforce before the layoffs. Other jobs require standing or walking around which burns calories. 22) People who don't go to the library are excluded. It makes sense to use the difference between each x-value and the y-value that is in the same column. self-selected responses and therefore has serious potential for bias.7% is not substantially greater than 50%. 6) No. 21) The sample was too small. Both represent weights measured in pounds and both are associated with the same person. not the desk job itself. It is probably the lack of exercise that causes higher weights. 8) A 9) A 10) A 11) A 12) B 13) B 14) B 15) D 16) D 17) C 18) C 19) Sample: the 3 selected customers. The x-value is the weight of a person before the diet and the y-value in the same column is the weight of the same person after the diet.

26 . The frequencies do not increase. However. 56) The two histograms will have the same shape. 48) C 49) No. and then decrease. no. They will also have the same scale on the horizontal axis. They will differ only in the scales on the vertical axis: the histogram will show frequencies on the vertical axis while the relative frequency histogram will show relative frequencies. 50) A 51) D 52) Age Frequency 25-29 3 30-34 3 35-39 6 40-44 4 45-49 5 50-54 3 55-59 5 60-64 5 53) C 54) D 55) The approximate age at the center is 50. the experiment is not double blind because the doctors administering the medication and evaluating the results know which participants are receiving the medication. The doctors may not be impartial and their evaluation and analysis of results could be influenced by their knowledge of which participants are receiving the treatment.Answer Key Testname: PRACTICE EXAM 1 36) B 37) D 38) E 39) A 40) E 41) B 42) C 43) B 44) C 45) A 46) B 47) This experiment is blind because participants do not know whether they are receiving the treatment or a placebo. reach a maximum. This will allows investigators to determine whether the treatment effect is significantly different from the placebo effect.

20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 5 10 15 20 25 weight freq 58) B 59) A 60) B 61) D 62) C 63) C 64) A 65) B 66) A 67) D 68) Trend: Answers will vary. Another decrease occurred in 1999 and continued through 2001. after which the value of the stock rose through 1998.Answer Key Testname: PRACTICE EXAM 1 57) There does not appear to be a significant difference. y 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 x 27 . Possible answer: High closing stock values show a decrease from 1990 through 1992.

20. 76) C 77) D 78) A 79) A 80) B 81) A 82) B 83) A 84) B 85) C 86) D 87) D 88) B 89) A 90) A 91) C 92) C 93) C 94) D 95) D 96) A 97) B 98) A 99) B 28 . 70) The area of the television on the right is nine times (not three times) the area of the television on the left. 71) A 72) B 73) D 74) B 75) Central air: mean = \$66. The graph gives the visual impression that sales in 2005 were nine times the sales in 1995.60. median = \$84 Window units appear to be significantly more expensive. median = \$65 Window unit: mean = \$71.Answer Key Testname: PRACTICE EXAM 1 69) Losses due to employee theft have decreased from 2000 to 2005.