Zlvikd v

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jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

twGJ 10- trSwf 7 Vol 10, No.7 July, 2012

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ES p f a ygif ; rsm;pG m rsuf j rif awG @ cJ h & ol w a,muf t jzpf jref r mjynf o l a wG u d k Derek
Mitchell u E_ w f c G e f ; quf y gw,f ? tar&d u ef jynf a xmif p k r S m &mpk E S p f 2 ck
vufcHusifhoHk;cJhwJh rwluGJjym;wJh vlrsKd;awGqDuae tiftm;udk &,lzdk@vnf; oHtrwf}uD; Derek Mitchell u ajymqdkoGm;ygw,f?
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pmrsuf E S m - 29 od k @ æ
Established
by sinceylAugust,

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

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Zlvikd v
f 2012

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jyvk d u f y gonf ?
*** jynfolrygæ t&m&m æ bmqdkbmrS r+yD;Edkifygæ?

*** jynf o l o nf o mæ tc&mæ t&m&mud k a jymif ; vJ E d k i f o nf æ ?
*** cG e f t m;r#a0æ 'd k @ wawG o nf æ rvG J r aoG / jynf o l a wG t wG u f æ ?

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (2)

Zlvikd v
f 2012

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

oDa&;oD&m = uAsmpmrsufEmS

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pmrsufEmS (3)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Zlvikd v
f 2012

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vl r _ z l v H k a &;&H k ; od k @ csuf c sif ; ta=umif ; =um;+yD ; (15) vtwG i f ; wG i f oG m ;a&muf x k w f , l e k d i f o nf ?
2? ? trsKd ; orD ; tvk y f o rm;rsm;twG u f rD ; zG m ;pOf u mvES i f h tvk y f e m;onf h u mvtwG u f owf r S w f x m;onf h
aiG a =u;yrm%ES i f h aq;uk o p&d w f t wG u f cH p m;cG i f h & &S d r nf j zpf + yD ; / tvk y f o rm;onf v nf ; tenf ; vl r _ z l v H k a &;&H k ; od k @ (7)

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (4)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Zlvikd v
f 2012

vpmxd &H y H k a iG a y;oG i f ; xm;aomol r S o mv#if cH p m;cG i f h & rnf j zpf o nf ? (arG ; zG m ;+yD ; onf h tcsd e f r S p I 15 vtwG i f ; wG i f
cH p m;cG i f h u d k oG m ;a&muf x k w f , l e k d i f y gonf ? )
3? ? ud k , f c E< m xd c k d u f ' %f & m&+yD ; cG J p d w f u k o r_ uk e f u sp&d w f E S i f h tvk y f e m;&onf h u mvtwG u f owf r S w f x m;aom
epf e ma=u;twG u f cH p m;cG i f h r sm;&&S d o nf h t jyif aeaumif ; usef ; rmvmcsd e f x d apmif h q k d i f ; ae&onf h t csd e f t wG u f v nf ;
cH p m;cG i f h & &S d r nf j zpf o nf ? od k @ aomf xd k c H p m;cG i f h r sm;twG u f tvk y f o rm;onf vl r _ z l v H k a &;&H k ; od k @ tenf ; qH k ; 3 vpm
oG i f ; xm;aomol j zpf & rnf h t jyif q&m0ef x H r S axmuf c H p mES i f h w uG 15 vtwG i f ; oG m ;a&muf x k w f , l e k d i f y gonf ?
4? ? vl r _ z l v H k a &;wG i f tzG J @ 0if x m;aom tvk y f o rm;onf aoqH k ; cJ h a omf xk d t vk y f o rm;twG u f tok b p&d w f E S i f h
epf e ma=u;ud k &&S d r nf j zpf o nf ? od k @ aomf xd k c H p m;cG i f h & &S d & ef t wG u f tvk y f o rm;onf vl r _ z l v H k a &;&H k ; od k @ tenf ; qH k ; 12
vpm &H y H k a iG o G i f ; xm;ol j zpf & rnf ? xd k @ aemuf q&m0ef x H r S axmuf c H p m,l + yD ; vl r _ z l v H k a &;&H k ; od k @ ta=umif ; =um;+yD ; 6
vtwG i f ; wG i f aoqH k ; oG m ;ol E S i f h qk d i f a omcH p m;cG i f h oG m ;a&muf x k w f , l e k d i f o nf ?
5? ? oef ; acgif p m&if ; oG i f ; xm;ol E S i f h ouf q k d i f a om om;orD ; rsm;twG u f uav;wpf O D ; v#if wpf v bwf 400
cH p m;cG i f h & &S d r nf j zpf + yD ; / uav;touf 6 ES p f t xd xk w f , l e k d i f y gonf ? od k @ aomf v nf ; om;orD ; 2 a,muf t wG u f o m
cH p m;cG i f h &rnf j zpf o nf ? xd k c H p m;cG i f h t wG u f tvk y f o rm;onf tenf ; qH k ; &H y H k a iG 12 v oG i f ; xm;+yD ; ol j zpf + yD ; arG ; zG m ;
onf h a e@rS p wif I 36 vtwG i f ; oG m ;a&muf xk w f , l e k d i f o nf ?
6? ? touf } uD ; yif p if c H p m;cG i f h t wG u f touf 55 ES p f j ynf h o nf h t csd e f r S pwif c H p m;cG i f h & &S d r nf j zpf + yD ; / rd r d x nf h
0if x m;onf h &H y H k a iG yrm%tay:rl w nf I cH p m;cG i f h & &S d r nf j zpf o nf ?
7? ? vkyfief;rS &yfem;jcif;cH&aom tvkyform;wpfOD;onf rdrd&&Sdaom vpm. 50 &mckdifE_ef;ESifh &ufaygif; 180
twG u f epf e ma=u;cH p m;cG i f h & &S d r nf j zpf o nf ? tvk y f o rm;onf vk y f i ef ; cG i f r S ud k , f w k d i f E _ w f x G u f c J h v #if a omf v nf ; aumif ; /
tvk y f & S i f E S i f h csKyf q d k x m;aom pmcsKyf + yD ; qH k ; oG m ;cJ h v #if a omf v nf ; aumif ; / vk y f i ef ; topf & S m &ef apmif h q k d i f ; ae&onf h umv
twG u f vpmrS 30 &mck d i f E _ e f ; ud k &uf a ygif ; 90 xuf r ausmf o nf h epf e ma=u; cH p m;cG i f h r sm;&&S d r nf j zpf o nf ? xd k c H p m; cG i f h
rsm;&&S d & ef t wG u f tvk y f o rm;onf vl r _ z l v H k a &;Xmeod k @ tenf ; qH k ; 6 vpm &H y H k a iG a y;oG i f ; xm;ol jzpf & rnf j zpf + yD ; cH p m;
cGifhtwGuf tvkyfem;vkdufonfhae@rS pwifI tvkyf&SifxHrS tvkyfem;a=umif; axmufcHpmESifhtwl 15 vtwGif; oGm;a&muf
xk w f , l e k d i f o nf ?
txufyg tcsufrsm;xJrS trSwfpOf 4 xd vkyfief;cGifrS xGuf+yD; &HyHkaiGxnfh&ef ysufuGufcJhonf&Sdaomf xdktcsdefrSpI
6 vtxd cH p m;cG i f h & S d a o;onf ?
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epf e ma=u;tm; zk e f ; rS w qif h a omf v nf ; aumif ; / pmwk d u f r S w qif h aomf v nf ; aumif ; / quf o G , f a r;jref ; ek d i f o nf ? xd k @ jyif
vl r _ z l v H k a &;&H k ; rS cH p m;cG i f h j yKxm;onf h av#muf v $ m ES i f h w uG cH p m;cG i f h r sm;ud k awmif ; qd k e k d i f o nf ?
rS D j id r f ; = ruf p f a zmif a ';&S i f ; vuf u rf ; pmapmif r S ud k ; um;azmf j yonf ?
To Know a bout all Burmese Migrants.
Opportunities From Social Welfare Fund for Entitle People.
Social Welfare fund for Migrants.
Thailand government has been
declare the information for Burmese
Migrants, since early of year (2552).
According that act, the all Migrants
must be applicant Citizenship work
permit and other concern matters.
Thus, this way all Migrant Workers
may get peers with Thai Labours and
they can get advantages of social
welfare.
Social Welfare.
That means the guarantee of
alive. If the Migrant, who refund the
tax of social welfare regularly may be
get the advantages of social welfare
fees when if they had injury or
wounded in work, pregnancy period,
lost body parts and dead. Then they can get advantages while old age, and working less
Temporary supporting by social welfare office.
Refund the Budget.
This system is very fit for Labours. It means Triangle system because of Labours,
Government and employers collaboration. The all employers must be refund Fee, 5 %, out
jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (5)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Zlvikd v
f 2012

of Labours’ salary, 5 %, by employer and another 5 % by Government. Regular refund
fees for Labours are atleast 83 ¨/ month to maximum until 750 ¨/ month.
Citizenship list.
To the member of social welfare must be the Labour, who worked In factory, workshop
or company and other sectors. If the factories or workshops have over one Labour must
be send Labour List to social welfare society. They must about 15 years old and if over 60
years, no need to applicants. One of Labour, who has complete documentaries, must be
get ID card. So, that Labours have entitle after 3 months. That Labours may be choose the
comfortable hospital for him after doing documentaries.
Preparation the documentaries for applicants of social welfare.
1. Application form (Saw paw Saw 1-03)
2. The duplicates of passport and workpermit.
3. Application form (Saw Paw Saw 1- 03- 1)
If the employers and companies who has absent to reporting list of Labours may be
punishedment 6, months in prison or fine 20000 ¨ (or) both punishments. If the employer
has been absent to reporting list must be fine 5000 ¨/ one day.
Advantages for in title persons of social welfare.
1. The Labours, who has been wounded or accident out of work site may be get
treatment their health at the pariety hospital. After refund 3 moths Labours. May be
received their compensation to social welfare office from the start day to during 15
months.
2. For women Labours may be get within bearing period as the treat mat charges.
(within 15 months after bearing)
3. May be get supporting money for operation and compensation including until fit
health and waiting period. But that Labour must be 3 months refund money and may
be take the fund within 15 months.
4. If the member person was dead, may get compensation and funerary allowance. But
that concern Labour must about one year refunded. May get within 6 months and
inform to social welfare office with recommendation of doctor’s.
5. For social welfare concern Labours may be get supporting money for his child 400
¨/ one month, until the child’s age 6 years. But only limit for 2, children not more
than it. Born after 36 months or 3 year are entitle.
6. For pensioner’s may get until age 55 years, according to the his fund.
7. Removed Labour may get 50 % out of his salary and including 180 days or 6 months
may get supporting money 30 % for waiting period not more than 90 days.
That concern Labours of social welfare must atleast 6 months funder.
May take supporting money within 15 months with record mutation of employer’s.
If for the above serial to until 4, has absent the refund may get until 6 months.
The member of social welfare Labour may be get their advantages from wherever they
stay in towns. They can contact with telephone or post office.
Then they can claim that their advantages with application forms.
Ma Har Zaw (JACBA)
xd k i f ; -jref r me,f p yf u wd k @ jref r mjynf o m;awG & J @ &k e f ; uef v _ y f
xd k i f ; ed k i f i H a &muf jref r ma&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;rsm;taeeJ @ atmuf
&S m ;r_ e J @ b0tarmæaomutyl a wG u d k ae@pOf t opf w if a ewJ h jref r mjynf
azmf jyyg rJ a qmuf a 'otajcpd k u f xd k i f ; tzG J @ tpnf ; qD u d k jref r mbmomeJ @
om;bavmh * f r S m wuf z wf y gæ? oif h t wG u f æ vmjyD æ vmjyD æ vmjyD quf o G , f tul t nD awmif ; cH e d k i f ygw,f ?
jrefrmjynfom;bavmh*fæ?
Ph- 083 165 6715
Oya'abmif t wG i f ; t}uH O m%f a wmif ; cH e d k i f y gw,f ? xd k i f ; a&S @ aersm;aumif p D /
Oya'taxmuftuljyKXme ( LLC) (081 7860 925)
Blog jacbaburma.blogspot.com / Ph- 087 308 9680
jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?
pmrsufEmS (6)

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jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

vlxkusef;rma&; (rdcifEkd h&nf. tpGrf;owdœu uav;rsm;tm; attkdif'Dtufpf ul;pufr+rS umuG,fEdkif)
Mother's Milk
**Public Health**
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bef a umuf u
oif w ef ; q&m “ES p f O D ; ”u a&S @ aeaxmuf u l
awG u d k oif w ef ; q&mtjzpf oif w ef ;
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a,muf wpf v S n f h u spD jyae=uw,f ? yxr
q&mu (8;30 em&D)u p+yD; oifwef;ydk@cswm (10;30 em&D)
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tajz a=umif h oif w ef ; wpf c k v H k ; wpf a 0ga0g &,f = u&wJ h
tjzpfu “&Sdw,f Coffee Break”” wJh?
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b,favmuf vJ ” wJh?

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (7)

Zlvikd v
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jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

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pG e f @ pG e f @ pm;pm; cuf c uf c J c J oG m ;ae=u&w,f ?
c&D ; onf t jynf h w if v mwJ h um;wpf p D ; [m awmif j yd K vd k f @
ysuf a ewJ h vrf ; usOf ; wpf a e&mta&muf r S m b,f w d e f ;
nmwd e f ; jzpf u m rarS m uf a tmif txl ; *&k k pk d u f a rmif ;
ae&w,f ? c&D ; onf a wG a =umuf a =umuf e J @ bk & m; bk & m;vd k @
w=uawmh '&d k u f b m pd w f w d k w d k e J @ atmf v k d u f y H k a=umif h
ik d t m;xuf & ,f t m;oef = u&wJ h t jzpf u “bk & m; bk & m;vk d @
wvd k @ b,f b k & m;u vmu,f v d k @ vJ ? cif A sm;wk d @ ud k
u,f a ewm '&d k i f b maemf ” wJ h ?
armif a usmf z k d ; ( JACBA)

rsufpdvnf;zGifh em;vnf;pGifhyg

+yD ; oG m ;awmh v nf ; ted r f h a ps;yJ a y;w,f ? jyif y ayguf a ps;
aps;aumif ; ray;awmh tvk y f o rm;awG u rvk y f ay;csif = u
awmhbl;? oGm;rvkyfay;awmhvnf; udk,fholaX;u rsufESmykwf
vmw,f ? tJ ' D a wmh tvk y f o rm;wcsKd @ u b,f o l w ynf h r S
trnf rcH a wmh y J tcef ;iS m ;ae+yD ; ud k , f }ud K uf wJ h vkyfief; udk
vk y f = ur,f a ygh ? 'gayr,f h &G m xJ &yf u G u f x J r S m tcef ; iS m ;ae
ek d i f z d k @ uawmh rvG , f b l ; As? td r f v cawG aps;}uD ; wJ h t jyif
rdom;pk wpfpkrSm wOD;wa,mufrS 0yfygrwfpf ADZm r&Sdxm;
bl;qdk&if tdrf&SifawGu vufrcH=ubl;qdkawmh? usaemf wdk@vdk
awmif , mv,f v k y f "m;rck w f
orm;awG r S m b,f u b,f v d k
ADZmwdk@ 0yfygrwfpfwdk@ vkyfekdif=u
rS m vJ ? &yf u G u f vl } uD ; qD r S m bJ
{nf h p m&if ; tjzpf wpf a ,muf u d k
bwf 200- 300 tcG e f a qmif + yD ; ae=u&wmaygh ? tJ ' D t
a=umudk odxm;wJh olaX;awGu/ &GmpGef &Gmzsm;awGrSm wef;
vsm; av;awGudk jzpfovdk aqmufvkyfxm;=u+yD; wpfcef;udk
bwf 400 / 500 avmuf e J @ iS m ;pm;=uawmh usaemf w d k @ vd k
usbrf ; tvk y f o rm;awG t wG u f tqif a jywmaygh ? tpG e f
tzsm; qkdawmh vHk+cHKa&;awmh pdwfcsvkd@r&bl;? ukd,fh todkif;
0k d i f ; eJ @ ud k , f y J = unf h ae&wmaygh ? td y f c ef ; uaps;awmf v k d @
rd o m;pk a wG ajymif ; a&G @ aexk d i f r d y gw,f ? rD ; zd k ; rS m 'k u Q a y;
jyefa&m rD;wpf ,lepfukd 8 bwfawmifrS ,lw,f? vukefvkd@
tdrfvc&Sif; awmh tcef;cu bwf 500 rD;zdk;u bwf 800

rJ a qmuf + rd K @ ,mawmajr0ef ; usif & J @ tajctae
owif ; t a=umif ; t&muk d toif ; tyif ; taygif ; ygwk d @ u
}uHKawG@ cHpm; &orSsawGudk &ifzGifhvmwmeJ@ tqifoifhwkef;
pifjrifhxuf ukdwifjyvkduf&ygw,f? wkdif;&if;om; taqGawmf
wdk@&,f usaemfwkd&J@ ,mawmajre,fw0kdufrSm tajcpkdufae
xdkif vkyfukdif pm;aomufae=uwJh rdom;pkawGrSm 'Dvkdtcuf
tcJawGeJ@ &ifqkdif}uHKawG@ae&ygw,f? usaemfwkd@ ,mawmajr
tvk y f o rm;awG [m tvk y f & S i f
wpfOD; wa,muf ukd csOf;uyfae
xd k i f =u&w,f ? tJ h ' D t vk y f & S i f
uvJ ol w nf aqmuf x m;wJ h
wJ t d r f av;rS m aecG i f h j yLygw,f ?
tu,f I rd o m;pk r sm;aevk d @ ae&mrqef @ &if a wmh
ukd,fzmom wJxdk;aecGifhjyKw,f? 'gayr,fh vkyfief; cGifay:
csdef
y:csd
qkd&ifawmh ol@vkyfief;ukdyJ OD;pm;ay;&w,f? 'gvJ obm0us
ygw,f ? ol y k d i f e ,f a jrrS m aevd k @ ol @ vk y f i ef ; uk d OD ; pm; ay;
+yD;vkyfukdifay;&wm vkyfay;Edkif ygw,f? okd@aomfvnf; wcgw
&H r S m tvk y f a wG u wtm;rsm;+yD ; tvk y f o rm;awG rvH k
avmufwJh tcgrsdK;rSm vkyftm;c aps;E_ef;awG wdk;jrifh vm=u
w,f? tJh'DtcgrsdK;eJ@}uHK&if tvkyform;wkdif;[m ykd& wJhqDrSm
vk y f c sif = uw,f ? 'guk d ol a X;awG u cG i f h r jyKbl ; ol @ vk y f i ef ;
r+yD ; ao;vk d @ cG i f h r jyKwmu awmh x m;yg? ol v k y f i ef ; awG

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (8)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

usw,f ? td r f & S i f u'D a vmuf u sw,f qd k a wmh v nf ;
ay;&wmaygh? b,fwwfekdifrvJ? aemufwpfcku usaemfwkd@vdk
usbrf;orm; awGu 'Dvdkae&mrsdK;rSm ae&wmaumif;w,f?
bmjzpf v d k @ vJ q d k a wmh uk d , f h f r d o m;pk u k d uk d , f u cG J w rf ; cs
ae&vk d @ av rd o m;wpk r S m vl b ,f e S a ,muf &S d v J b,f o l u
bmvk y f E k d i f + yD v J awmif , meJ @ wef o l awmif , moG m ;/
v,f , meJ @ wef o l u v,f , m uk d o G m ;/ puf & H k ; tvk y f & H k e J @
wef o l w J h u puf & H k tvk y f &H k o G m ;aygh ? bmrS cd k i f ; r&ao;wJ h
vlrr,fav;awG uawmh wJtdrfapmifh+yD; uav;xdef;a&cyf/
'Dvkdwm0efawGudk ukd,fpD ay;+yD; aexdkif vkyfukdifpm;aomuf
aewJ h rd o m;pk b 0 awG tawmf r sm;w,f av? tJ ' D a wmh
&GmpGef;&Gmzsm;rSm aeawmh vkyfief;cGif tbuf bufeJ@ wckbJ
a=umufp&m&Sdw,f? 'kp&dkuform; vk,ufr_ uawmh r=um
r=umjzpf w ,f ? vk , uf r _ a wG b,f a vmuf rsm;rsm; w&m;
cH u k d a wmh wcgrS z rf ; rrd bl ; ? wm0ef & S d o l a wG u k d wk d i f a wmh
wk d i f = uwmaygh A sm? vk , uf r_ a cwf pm;aewm ES p f a wmf
awmf=um+yD? w&m;cHukd wcgrS rzrf;Edkifawmh 'kp&dkuf orm;
u a,musF m ;awG w if r[k w f awmh b J rd e f ; rawG y g ay:vm
=u+yD ? rd f e f ; rawG u vrf ; rS m apmif h vk w mr[k w f b k l ; ? jref r m
td r f a wG u k d 0if 0 if + yD ; [k d a r;'D a r;eJ @ taygh tyg;
oG m ; csif w ,f bmnmeJ @ ? tcef ; xJ 0 if yk d u f q H
awG @ &if yd k u f q H t d w f / zk e f ; awG @ &if z k e f ; / awG @ wm
ukd,lajy;wm cH&olaygif;rsm;vm awmh 'Drdef;rukd
usaemf w d k @ cG i f r S m awG w J h ol w k d i f ; u rS w f r d a e+yD ?
wm0ef & S d o l a wG u k d vuf n d _ ; xk d ; jyawmh vuf y l ;
vuf u sr rd v k d @ bmrS r vk y f w wf y gbl ; wJ h ? 'D w cg
cH & &if rd a tmif z rf ; xm; ay;ygwJ h ? ol @ Ed k i f i H o m; 'k k p &k d u f
orm;uk d usaemf w k d @ jref r mawG taeeJ @ wpf a ,muf ES p f
a,muf a vmuf e J @ 0d k i f ; zrf ; vk d @ tomw=unf tzrf ; cH r S m
wJhvm;? rawmfwq yËdyuQ jzpfyGg;cJh&if b,folu b,fol@udk
ta&;,l r S m vJ ? b,f o l a jym wmuk d vuf c H twnf j yKrS m
vJaygh? jzpf&yfav; wpfckukd wifjyr,f? rESpfu aEG&moDtcsdef
wk e f ; u ta0;ajy;vrf ; r }uD ; rS m puf b D ; eJ @ c&D ; oG m ; vl i ,f
ESpfa,muf ukd qdkifu,feJ@ xdkif;uav; ESpfa,mufu xkd;}udwf
vk,ufw,f? jrefrmvl i,fESpfa,mufuvnf; ckcHumuG,f
w,f ? tJ ' D t csd e f r S m yk v d y f u m;wpD ; u oG m ;&if ; vm&if ;
}uHKvdk@ av;a,mufvHk;ukd zrf;ac:oGm;w,f? &Hk;a&mufawmh
cd k u f & ef jzpf y G m ;r_ e J @ tr_ z G i f h ppf a q;awmh xd k i f ; uav;awG
ukdawmh rl;,pfaq;0goHk;pGJr_ cdkuf&efjzpfyGg;r_eJ@ ta&;,lw,f
vkd@ ajymwmyJ? jrefrmvl i,fESpfa,mufukdawmh cdkuf&efjzpf
yGg;r_u ckepf&uf bwfr&Sd wJhtwGufu av;q,fig;&ufqkd+yD;
ESpfveD;yg; axmifcsypf vdkufw,f? xdkif;uav; awGvk,ufr_
usL; vG e f w ,f q k d w J h u d p P u ray:bl ; ? +yD ; qH k ; oG m ; wJ h ud p P
awGuawmh xm;ygawmh? 'DESpf 2012 twGif;rSm jzpfyGg;cJhwJh
vk , uf r _ aygif ; rsm;pG m xJ u trS w f w & jzpf & yf a v;awG
ukdajymr,f? 5 vydkif;xJrSm &GmxJrSmyJ aumifav;ESpfa,muf

Zlvikd v
f 2012

puf b D ; eif ; &if ; zk e f ; oD c sif ; zG i f h em;axmif o G m ;w,f ? xd k i f ; r
wpfa,mufu qdkifu,feJ@ vdkufvm+yD; zkef;awmif;qufw,f?
yxrawmh aumif a v; awG r ay;bl ; ? xd k i f ; ruajymw,f ?
ol tck r S o wd & w,f ? ol y d k u f q H t d w f a um zk e f ; aumryg
vmbl ; ? tJ ' gol @ td r f r S m yJ usef w mvm; ol @ ol i ,f c sif ; td r f
rSmyJ usefwmvm;? b,frSm vdkuf&rSef; rodjzpfaevdk@ zkef;c%
avmuf ay;quf ygwJh? wpfa,mufu zkef;xJrSm ydkufqHr&Sdbl;?
wpf a ,muf u tm; em+yD ; ay;quf w ,f ? xd k i f ; ru zk e f ; ud k
[dkESdyf 'DESdyfvkyf+yD; em;axmifae&if; aemufwpfa,mufqDu
zk e f ; ud k vS w ,f v d k @ ajym+yD ; c%awmif ; =unf h w ,f ? +yD ; awmh
zkef;ESpf vHk;pvHk;udk qdkifu,fjcif;xJxnfh+yD; armif;xGufoGm;
w,f? aumifav; awGu qdkifu,fudk qGJxm;w,f? xdkif;ru
tom;ukefatmf vdkufawmh a=umiftrf;trf;jzpf+yD; v$wfay;
vd k u f w ,f ? zk e f ; ES p f v H k ; pvH k ; ygoG m ;w,f ? wm0ef & S d o l a wG
ta=umif ; =um;awmh &,f a rm=uw,f ? wu,f v d k @ om
v$wfray;vkdufyJ twif;qGJvdk@ yËdyuQjzpf=u&if b,fol tJh'D
wm0ef & S d o l a wG u b,f o l ajymwmud k OD ; pm;ay;vuf c H &S i f ;
ay;rvJaygh? 11/ 6/ 2012 &ufae@ nae av;em&DcGJavmuf
uvnf ; zgax;zg'J e f vrf ; cG J u wJ p k a v;rS m qd k i f u ,f e J @
vlwa,mufu aumifav; wa,muf tdyfuyf
xJu ydkufqHudk twif;vkw,f? aumif av;u
vk , uf o l & J @ vuf u d k q k y f u d k i f x m;+yD ; twif ;
atmf a wmh awmif , mwJ p k u vl a wG &k w f & k w f
oJ o J j zpf v mawmh qd k u f u ,f a rmif ; ajy;oG m ;
w,f ? nrd k ; csKyf a wmh vuf e uf u d k i f vl w pk u
um;eJ@ a&muf+yD; wJpkudk 0dkif;xm;+yD; wJawGay:
wuf ar$aESmuf&SmazG olu &SmazGw,f? vlawGudk [dk'Dar;vkyf
ol u vk y f e J @ tawmf u d k a=umuf & G H @ wk e f v _ y f z d k @ aumif ; w,f ?
'D a e&mrS m pOf ; pm;p&m wck j zpf v mwmu vk , uf o l u d k
wJpku vlawGu zrf;r,fqD;r,fvkyfvdk@ vufeufudkifvlawG
vm0d k i f ; wmvm;? 'grS r [k w f vk , uf r _ usL;vG e f o l u yJ
vufeufudkiftzGJ@udk wdk@rD;&_d@rD; vkyfay;vdkufwmvm;qdkwmudk
pOf ; pm;p&myJ ? wu,f v d k @ om vk , uf r _ u sL;vG e f o l u d k
tm%mydkifawGu zrf;r,fqdk&ifawmh cufcufcJcJ &Smaep&m
rvd k awmh b l ; aygh / 'gayr,f h ,ae@ tcsd e f t xd bmowif ; rS
r=um;&wJ h t jyif 26-6-2012 &uf a e@wk e f ; uawmif r S
&Gmt0ifrSm vk,ufr_xyfjzpfyGm;ao; w,f? vl,ufr_cH&olu
ol @ ol a X;ud k o G m ; wd k i f w ,f ? qd k i f u ,f trsd K ;tpm; eH y gwf
vk , uf o l & J @ vl y H k p H j ynf h p H k a tmif ajymjyvd k u f a wmh pH k p rf ; ay;
r,fvdk@awmh ajymw,f? 'DudpPawG&J@ jzpf&yfudk usaemfpOf;pm;
rd w ,f ? 'D ' k p &d k u f o rm;awG 'D a vmuf a wmif &J w if ; qd k ; oG r f ;
aewm[m usaemf w d k @ a&$ @ ajymif ; wd k i f ; &if ; om;awG & J @ aysmh
uGufudk aumif;aumif;od xm;=uvdk@yJ? xdkif;EkdifiH rJaqmuf
wmh ( cf ) c&d k i f wcG i f r S m wif usaemf w d k @ wd k i f ; &if ; om;awG [ m
awm}ud K awmif = um;/ vrf ; }ud K vrf ; =um;ygrusef ae&m
wd k i f ; rS m jref r mjynf o m;awG & S d a eygvsuf e J @ 'k p &d k u f o rm;awG

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (9)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

tEd k i f u sif h usuf p m;aewmud k acgif ; iH k @ cH a e&+yD ; b,f a e
&mawGrSm vk,ufr_jzpfjzpf jrefrmjynf om;awG pkaygif;rzrf;
Ed k i f jcif ; [m usaemf w d k @ wd k i f ; &if ; om;tcsif ; csif ; uG e f , uf
csd w f q uf r _ tm;enf ; vd k @ jzpf a ewmvd k @ usaemf xif y gw,f ?
usaemf w d k @ wd k i f ; &if ; om;awG u yg pnf ; pnf ; vH k ; vH k ; nD n D n $ w f
n$ w f e J @ tcsd w f t quf & S d a e=u r,f q d k & if
usaemfwdk@ jrefrm awGtay: tEdkifusifhapmfum;
ae=uwJh vk,ufr_ 'kp&dkuf orm;awG[m t+idrf;
pm;,l o G m ;avmuf w m =um+yD a ygh ? usaemf w d k @
wd k u f & if ; om;awG nD n $ w f r _ u d p P u vnf ; vG , f
awmh rvG , f a vmuf y gbl ; ? +yD ; cJ h w J h "gwf j ym;
a[mif ; }uD ; awG u d k tomxm;vk d u f a wmh ? 'D a vmuf
wdk;wufvmwJh acwf}uD; rSmawmif vlaygif;2000 ausmf&SdwJh
puf & H k } uD ; wpf & H k u d k 6-6-2012 &uf a e@u vl @ tcG i f h t a&;eJ @
oufqdkifwJh txuftzGJ@tpnf;awGu tvkyform;awG vkyf
oifhwJh tvkyfcsdefxuf tcsdefydkawG vkyfay;ae&wm a=umifh
aemifwpfcgrSm usef;rma&; xdcdkufvmEkdifa=umif; taxmuf
txm;eJ @ ppf a q;a&;0if a wmh vk y f i ef ; &S i f & J @ vS n f h uG u f t
wd k i f ; tvk y f o rm;awG u vd k u f a vsmcJ h w ,f ? vk y f i ef ; &S i f u
ppfaq;a&;tzGJ@udk wifjyw,f? ol[m ol@tvkyform; awGudk
tvkyf csdef 10 em&DyJ tvkyfvkyfap+yD; tpdk;&owfrSwf E_ef;t
wdkif; vkyftm;c ay;aqmifaeygw,fvdk@ wifjyw,f? tvkyf

Zlvikd v
f 2012

orm; awGuvnf; vkyfief;&Sifwifjyxm; wJhtwdkif; [kwfyg
w,f v d k @ axmuf c H = uw,f ? ppf a q;a&;jyef oG m ;+yD ; aemuf
yd k i f ; ,cif t wd k i f ; tvk y f c sd e f u d k wae@ud k 11 em&D r S m 14
em&D = um; yH k r S e f j yef c d k i f ; oG m ;w,f ? tvk y f o rm; 90 &mcd k i f
E_ e f ; [m tvk y f c sd e f e m&D rsm;rsm;vk y f r S yd k u f q H r sm; rsm;&r,f
qdkwmudkyJ od=uw,f? rdrdvkyftm;c&J@ wefzdk;udk
od o d u sus rod = ubl ; ? Oyrm xd k i f ; t vk y f
orm;0ef } uD ; Xmeu rJ a qmuf (wmh c f ) c&d k i f r S m
w&m;0if o wf r S w f w J h aps;E_ e f ; eH e uf 8 em&D r S
nae 5 em&D txd u d k vk y f t m;u bwf 226
td k w D c sd e f 1 em&D u d k 28 bwf q d k a wmh rd r d w d k @ &J @
vk y f tm;cud k rd r d w d k @ wG u f c suf cef @ rS e f ; vd k @ &avmuf + yD a ygh ?
tJ h ' D a wmh ajymcsif w mu usaemf w d k @ a&$ @ ajymif ; tvk y f o rm;
wdkif;&if;om;awG[m zmod zmom rae=ubJ uGef,ufcsdwf
quf = u+yD ; awmh wyd k i f w Ed k i f ud k , f . aqmif r jcif ; / E_ w f .
aqmif r jcif ; awG o m jyKvk y f q uf o G , f oG m ;=ur,f q d k & if
usaemf w d k @ wd k i f ; &if ; om; awG t ay: tzuf zuf r S
zd E S d y f c sKyf c s,f tEd k i f u sif h apmf u m;cH a e &jcif ; rS wajz;
ajz;vG w f u if ; vm=uvd r f h r ,f v d k @ ar#mf v if h x if r S w f r d y g
a=umif; wifjy&if;eJ@ “rsufpdvnf;zGifh em;vnf; pGifh” =uygvdk@
wd k u f w G e f ; Ed _ ; aqmf vd k u f & ygw,f æ ?
uH o mOD ; - (,mawmajr rJ a qmuf )

wlnDwmawG wJGvkyf_yD; rwlnDwmawG ndSEd+if;aqmif&Guf-urnfh jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;²²²
(odkŒr[kwf)tqHk;udkjrifxm;_yD; tpjyKaqmif&Gufjcif;
wlnDwmawG wJGvkyf+yD; rwlnDwmawG ndSEd_if;aqmif
&Guf=urnfh jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;²²² pepfqdk;atmufrSm acwft
quf q uf qif ; &J r J G a wr_ r sm;ES i f h tvd k r wl y J aygif ; zuf a e&
aom wd k i f ; &if ; om; jynf o l vl x k w pf & yf v H k ; tem*wf b 0
om,mvS y ap&ef a':atmif q ef ; pk = unf o nf Ed k i f i H w umrS
&if ; ES D ; jrKyf E S H r _ a wG v k y f z d k Πtvk y f t ud k i f
opfrsm; jynfwGif; rSmzefwD;zdkΠ}udK;pm;
aqmif & G u f & if ; jynf w G i f ; +id r f ; csrf ; a&;/
trsd K ;om; jyef v nf o if h j rwf a &;/ Ed k i f i H
a&;tusOf ; om;rsm; vG w f a jrmuf a &;/
jynf o l Πtay:zd E S d y f a om rw&m;Oya'
awG jyif q if a &;paom ud p P t 00ud k
aqmif&GufzdkΠtylwjyif; vHk;yrf;aewm
awG Π&ygonf ?
jrefrmEkdifiH&JΠ'Drdkua&pD jyKjyif
ajymif ; vJ a &;rS m t&if u ajymcJ h z l ; wJ h
'D r d k u a&pD enf ; vrf ; us &if ; ES D ; jrS K yf E S H r _
qd k w meJ @ tnD wwyf w tm; ul n D a y;
Ek d i f v d r h f r ,f v d k @ arS s mf v if h y gw,f ? 'g[m yG i f h v if ; jrif o mr_
wm0ef c H r _ tvk y f o rm;tcG i f h t a&;eJ @ obm0ywf 0 ef ; usif

xd e f ; od r f ; a&;awG u d k OD ; pm;ay;r_ pwm awG e J @ nD w J h &if ; ES D ;
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jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

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jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

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OD;odef;pdefonf vmrnfh 2015 rSm tem;,lrnf[k aumv
[mvrsm;vnf ; xG u f a y: cJ h y gonf ?

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

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jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

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a&;om;wJh The 7th Habits of Highly Effective people

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jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

atmif c d k i f j rif h
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Zlvikd v
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jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

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jzpf c J h o nf ?
a':atmifqef;pk=unfonf olr. 17 &ufwm um
vtwG i f ; ork d i f ; 0if r d e f @ cG e f ; ES p f &yf t jzpf +Ad w d e f y gvD r ef w G i f
ajymcJ h a om rd e f @ cG e f ; ES i h f +id r f ; csrf ; a&;
Ek d b ,f v f q k jyef v nf v uf cH &,l o nh f
tcrf ; tem;wk d @ wG i f a jym=um;cJ h + yD ; ,if ;
wd k @ ud k urB m h owif ; Xmersm;u xk d r d e f @
cG e f ; ES p f c k u k d wk d u f ¶ k d u f x k w f v $ i h f cJ h o jzih f
urB m h a e&m awmf a wmf r sm;rsm; wG i f
=unhf¶_cGihf&cJh=uonf? xdkrdef@cGef; ESpf&yf
ajym=um;+yD ; csd e f w G i f vef ' ef t ajc pd k u f
oowif ; Xmersm;ES i h f urB m h r D ' D , m rsm;
u a':atmif qef;pk=unfudk urBmhacgif;aqmifwpfOD;/ urBmh
pH j yyk * d ~ K vf t jzpf &nf ! $ e f ; azmf j ycJ h = uonf ? tajc}uD ; aom
+Ad w d e f E d k i f i H u yif ol r ud k aumf a ZmeD c if ; }ud K um Ed k i f i H h a cgif ;
aqmif r sm;ud k o m rd e f @ cG e f ; ajymcG i h f a y;aom 0uf r if pwmcef ;
r}uD ; wG i f +Ad w d e f t xuf / atmuf v $ w f a wmf ES p f & yf v k H ; od k @
rd e f @ cG e f ; ajymcG i h f a y;cJ h o nf [ k +Ad w d e f o wif ; Xme ar;vf tG e f
vd k i f ; u a&;om; azmf j yonf ?
jref r mEk d i f i H . 'D r k d u a&pD jyKjyif a jymif ; vJ a &;twG u f
q,f p k E S p f E S p f c k a usmf = um uk d , f u sd K ;pG e f @ wk d u f y G J 0 if c J h o nh f
a':atmif q ef ; pk = unf u k d urB m h a cgif ; aqmif r sm; jzpf a om
+Ad w d e f 0 ef } uD ; csKyf a';Apf u if r &G e f ; tygt0if aemf a 0 bk & if
rif ; jrwf / +Ad w d e f t d r f a &S Πrif ; om;csm;vf / aemf a 00ef } uD ; csKyf
pol w k d @ tjyif a&muf & mae&mrS Oa&myom;rsm;u av;pm;
cspfcifpGm }udKqkdcJh=uonf? olrynmoif=um;cJhaom atmuf
pzk d @ 'f w uU o k d v f u vnf ; *k % f x l ; aqmif a 'guf w mbG J Œ csD ; jrê i h f
cJh+yD; tkdif,mvefemrnfausmf a&mhcf tqkdawmf bkdEdkyg0ifonhf
Ek d i f i H w um vG w f + id r f ; csrf ; omcG i h f t zG J Œ u csD ; jrê i h f a om vG w f
+id r f ; csrf ; omcG i h f oH w ref q k t ygt0if q,f E S i h f c sD a om qk w H
qd y f r sm;pG m uk d c&D ; pOf t wG i f ; vuf c H & &S d c J h o nf ?

urBmh+idrf;csrf;a&;Edkb,fvfqk&SifESpfOD; awGŒqkHr_tjzpf
wd A uf b k e f ; awmf } uD ; 'vd k i f ; vm;rm;ES i h f v nf ; rd e pf 30 =um
oD ; oef @ awG Πqk H c J h o nf [ k vef ' ef o wif ; Xmersm;u azmf j y
onf ?
ol r . ork d i f ; 0if r d e f @ cG e f ; tjzpf ZG e f v 21 &uf w G i f
wk d i f ; rf r *~ Z if ; u urB m h u d e f ; }uD ; crf ; }uD ; Ek d i f a om y&d o wf [ k
wif p m;a&;om;aom y&d o wf 1400 a&S ΠwG i f ajym=um;cJ h
onh f a':atmif q ef ; pk = unf . rd e f @ cG e f ; wG i f jref r mEk d i f i H .
ygvD r ef ' D r k d u a&pD ul ; ajymif ; a&;vk y f i ef ; pOf r sm;uk d urB m h
0gt&ihfqkH; ygvDref'Drkdua&pDEkdifiHjzpfaom +AdwdefEkdifiH tae
ES i h f ul n D a y;&ef wk d u f w G e f ; cJ h + yD ; orR w OD ; od e f ; pd e f . jyKjyif
ajymif ; vJ a &; vk y f i ef ; rsm;uk d }ud K qk d & ef v nf ; ol r . rd e f @ cG e f ;
wG i f wk d u f w G e f ; ajym=um;cJ h o nf ?
“tcGihfta&;awG ESpfaygif;rsm;pGm qkH;¶_H;aewJh jrefrm
EkdifiH om;awG&JŒb0eJ@ tcGihftvrf;awGtwGuf jyKjyifajymif;
vJ a &; vk y f i ef ; awG u k d ul n D a xmuf y H h z k d @ usrajymvk d y gw,f ?
aumif;rGefjynhfpkHwJh tem*wfukd a&muf
Ed k i f z k d @ tck r S usrwk d @ Ed k i f i H u tpysd K ;
aeqJ y J &S d y gao;w,f ? awmif u k e f ; awG
acsmuf urf;yg;awGvkd tcuftcJawGukd
trsm;}uD; ausmfjzwfzkd@ vkdyg ao;w,f?
tm;vkH;}udK;pm;vkd@ 'Dvkdtajctaetxd
a&muf vmwmyg? +Ad w d e f e J @ urB m wpf
0ef ; u jynf o l a wG 0k d i f ; ul & if 'D x uf y k d
c&D;wGif ygvdrhfr,f”[k olr. +Adwdefyg
vD r ef rd e f @ cG e f ; tpyk d i f ; wG i f ajym=um;cJ h o nf ?
aemuf v wG i f +Ad w d e f o k d @ tvnf t ywf oG m ;a&muf
rnf [ k ajym=um;xm;aom orR w OD ; od e f ; pd e f . c&D ; pOf E S i h f
ywfoufI +Adwdef0ef}uD;csKyfESihf yl;wGJjyKvkyfaom owif;pm
&S i f ; vif ; yG J w G i f xk d c &D ; pOf u k d axmuf c H a jym=um;cJ h o nf ? ,ck
tcsd e f o nf orR w uk d zd w f = um;jcif ; onf rS e f u ef a om vk y f
&yf j zpf a =umif ; ajym=um;cJ h + yD ; ol r . ygvD r ef r d e f @ cG e f ; wG i f
“orR w OD ; od e f ; pd e f u k d csD ; usL;*k % f jyKvk d y gw,f t&if u
ajymcJhovkd EkdifiHa&;uGJjym;jcm;em;r_awGukd awGŒqkHaqG;aEG;+yD;
yl;aygif;vkyfukdif ajz&Sif;EdkifrSmyg? orRw OD;odef;pdef OD;aqmif
wJ h jyKjyif a jymif ; vJ a &; vk y f i ef ; awG u k d }ud K qk d z k d @ wk d u f w G e f ;
vk d y gw,f ” [k v nf ; rS w f c suf j yKajym=um;cJ h o nf ?
xd k @ jyif “ppf r S e f w J h 'D r d k u a&pD u d k jref r mEd k i f i H r S m jyef
vnf w nf a xmif E d k i f r ,h f t cG i h f t a&; &S d v myg+yD ? 'D t cG i h f t
vrf ; ud k tok H ; rcsEd k i f & if 'D v d k t cG i h f t a&;rsd K ;ay:vmatmif
q,fpkESpfeJ@csD+yD; apmihf&Edkifygw,f” [kvnf; a':atmifqef;
pk = unf u owd a y;pum;ajym=um;cJ h o nf ?
q,f p k E S p f t awmf = umaysmuf q k H ; aecJ h a om jref r m
Ed k i f i H . *k % f a &mif * k % f 0 gud k jyef v nf ta&mif w if a y;cJ h + yD ; /

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (13)

Zlvikd v
f 2012

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

tcgvnfom;om &Sdao;onhf jrefrmEdkifiH. 'Drdkua&pDjyKjyif
ajymif ; vJ a&;rsm;ud k a&S Πquf & ef a':atmif q ef ; pk = unf .
Oa&myc&D ; pOf u wG e f ; tm;wpf c k jzpf a pcJ h o nf ?
a':atmif q ef ; pk = unf . Oa&myc&D ; pOf t wG i f ;
+Ad w d e f E d k i f i H o d k @ a&muf & S d c sd e f o nf ol r . 67 ES p f j ynh f o nh f
arG ; ae@&uf E S i h f wd k u f q d k i f a eonf ? ES p f a ygif ; rsm;pG m cG J c G m ae&
aomom;}uD;/ om;i,f udkxdefvif;/ olrESihf wpfcgrS rqkHzl;
aom ajr;rsm;ES i h f oD ; oef @ arG ; ae@yG J j yKvk y f c J h o nf [ k pD t if e f
tif e f vef ' ef o wif ; axmuf 'ef a &Amu owif ; ay;yk d @

oG m ;onf ? od k @ aomf ol r . rd o m;pk E S i h f txl ; ojzih f trsm;
pdwf0ifpm;aeaom om;}uD;ESihfawGŒqkHjzpf/ rjzpfudkrl owif;
Xme rsm;wG i f a&&maomowif ; azmf j yr_ r sm; rawG Π&ay?
rnf o d k @ yif q d k a p twd w f u mvrsm;u jref r mEd k i f i H o d k @ jyef v m
I r&rnf p d k ; ojzih f oG m ;a&muf cJ h j cif ; r&S d a om Oa&myod k @
ES p f a ygif ; 24 ES p f = umt+yD ; yxrqk H ; oG m ;a&muf a om ol r .
c&D ; pOf o nf ord k i f ; 0if c &D ; pOf w pf c k t jzpf ord k i f ; wG i f oG m ;+yD
jzpf o nf ?
a&;om;ol - at;jrausmf

jrefrmrsm; rsufESmyGihf b0tajcwihfrnhf a':atmifqef;pk-unf. Oa&myc&D;
trsdK;om; 'Drkdua&pDtzGJ@csKyf OuUX a':atmifqef;
pk=unf. Oa&my (5) EkdifiHc&D;pOfukd oHa&; wrefa&;/ EkdifiH
wumESihf qufqHa&; c&D;[kyif qkd&ygrnf? oHwref qufqH
a&; qkdonfrSm EkdifiH wEkdifiH. umuG,fa&;wGif a&SΠwef;ppf
rsufESm (First line of defence) jzpfygonf?
1962 ck E S p f u p+yD ; oH w ref quf q H a &; ppf r suf E S m
+yd K vJ I jref r mEk d i f i H o m;rsm;onf tyg,f c H b0/ 'g%f c wf c H
b0/ pD;yGm;a&;ESihf ynma&; ydwfqkd@cHb0 a&mufcJh=u&ygonf?
pma&;ol o nf acwf + yd K if * sme,f w G i f “tyd w f q k d @ cH jref r m
EkdifiH” qkdonhf aqmif;yg;&Snfukd a&;om;cJh+yD; jzpfI tydwf
tqk d @ cH jref r mEk d i f i H o m;rsm;b0uk d txl ; razmf j y vk d a wmh y g?
,ck vuf&Sd orRw OD;odef;pdefutp v$wfawmfukd,fpm;vS,f
rsm;uvnf; tm%m&Sif wygwDpepfatmufwGif jrefrmEkdifiH
om;rsm;twd 'k u Q t}uD ; tus,f a &muf c J h = u&+yD ; / twd ' k u Q
a&muf & S d a eqJ jzpf a eonf u k d 0ef c H = u+yD ; qif ; &J r _ yaysmuf
atmif aqmif & G u f a e=uonf j zpf I acs;ajcmuf u k d a&rEl ;
vk d a wmh y g? oH w ref vk y f i ef ; qk d o nf r S m vnf ; omref
qifjcifwHk w&m;ukd appm;toHk;csonhf vkyfief;twwfynm
yif j zpf ygonf ? jref r mEk d i f i H w G i f a&S ; tpOf t quf u yif
oH w ref quf qH a &; t*F g&yf r sm; &S d + yD ; jzpf y gonf ?
jref r moH w ref t*F g&yf &S p f y g;onf ?
(1) =um;vG , f o nf v nf ; wyg;
(2) ol w yg;uk d =um;vG , f a tmif qk d w wf o nf v nf ; wyg;
(3) tm;xk w f I rS w f o nf v nf ; wyg;
(4) trS w f + rJ o nf v nf ; wyg;
(5) t&d w f t jcnf u k d od w wf o nf v nf ; wyg;
(6) ol w yg;uk d od a pwwf o nf v nf ; wyg;
(7) pD ; yG m ; &S d o nf r&S d o nf Y vd r R m onf v nf ; wyg;
(8) jiif ; cH k ck d u f & ef rjyKwwf o nf v nf ; wyg;/ T &S p f y g;
jzpf y gonf ? uif ; 0ef r if ; }uD ; . vef ' ef c &D ; ES i h f a':atmif q ef ;
pk = unf . vef ' ef c &D ; / rif ; wk e f ; rif ; . jref r mEk d i f i H j cm;a&;0g'
vrf ; pOf w G i f t*F v d y f w k d @ ES i h f &ef p uk d w k d a p/ cspf p uk d &S n f a p
vkdaomrl/ jrefrmh tcsKyftjcmtm%m ykdifr_ukd xdef;odrf;vkd
aom rl 0 g'rsm; yg0if y gonf ? uk d , h f = urR m uk d , f zef w D ; cG i h f E S i h f

uk d , h f v l r sd K ;uk d uk d , f y k d i f j yXmef ; tk y f c sKyf a eonf u k d tod t
rS w f j yKr_ u k d &,l & ef }ud K ;yrf ; &mY rif ; wk e f ; rif ; }uD ; taejzih f
Oa&my/ tar&du ponhfEkdifiHrsm;ESihf qufoG,fI 4if;wkd@.
cspf=unfpGm qufqHjcif;jzihf urBmhrdom;pkwGif jrefrm. ae&m
ukd ckdifrm awmihfwif;ap&ef }udK;yrf;csufrsm; yg0ifyg onf?
,if ; rl 0 g'vrf ; pOf u k d taumif t xnf azmf & ef t wG u f rif ;
wk e f ; rif ; }uD ; u 1872 ck E S p f w G i f uif ; 0ef r if ; }uD ; OD ; aqmif
aom jrefrm oHwreftzGJ@0if (20)cef@ukd Oa&myokd@ apv$wf
cJhygonf? &efukef ta&;ykdif 'D'if tygt0if t*Fvdyf t&m&Sd
wk d @ u uif ; 0ef r if ; }uD ; . oH w ref c &D ; pOf u k d ysuf & mysuf
a=umif; enf;rsdK;pHkjzihf aESmihf,SufcJh=uonf? xkdokd@ taESmihf
t,S u f rsd K ;pH k = um;rS y if xG u f c G m vmcJ h & m tD w vD E k d i f i H o k d @
yxrqHk; a&muf&SdcJh&mwGif tDwvD bk&ifrif;jrwfu uif;0ef
rif;}uD;ESihf tzGJ@tm; tDwmvsH rif;tqihf 0wfpHkESihf qif,if
0wfpm;I t&kdtaoqHk; vufcHonhfenf;jzihf rwfwyf&yfvuf
cH+yD; r[mrdwf vuQ%mESihftnD aumif;pGmE_wfquf }udKqkd
cJ h y gonf ? +Ad w d e f E k d i f i H vef ' ef + rd K @wG i f v nf ; tajrmuf (19)
csuf ypf a zmuf j cif ; ponh f taqmif t a,mif tcrf ; tem;
tjynh f tpH k j zih f rif ; a&m jynf o l u yg aomif ; aomif ; jzjz
}udKqkd {nhf 0wfjyKjcif;ukd cH,lcJh=uygonf? bk&ifr}uD; a&SŒokd@
0ifaom tcgwGifrSom EkdifiHjcm;a&; 0ef}uD;ukd,fwkdifrvkdufyJ
tdEdN, qkdif&m 0ef}uD;om vkdufygjcif;jzihf jrefrmEkdifiH wckvHk;
tm; +AdwdoSstifyg,mxJokd@ oGwfoGif;vkdaom t*Fvdyft&m
&S d wcsd K Œ. oabmxm;vk y f & yf u k d awG @ &S d c J h = u& ygonf ?
trsdK;om; 'Drkdua&pDtzGJŒcsKyf OuUX a':atmifqef;
pk=unf. qGwfZmvef/ aemfa0;/ tkdif,mvefESihf t*FvefEkdifiH
c&D ; wG i f v nf ; Ek d i f i H t }uD ; tuJ r sm;ES i h f jynf o l jynf o m;t
aygif;u }udKqkd{nhfcH apmihfa&Smufjcif;ukd cHcJh&ygonf? jyifopf
EkdifiH c&D;wGifvnf; xkd@twlyif EkdifiHt}uD;tuJrsm;ESihf jynfol
taygif ; u aomif ; aomif ; jzjz }ud K qk d = urnf y if jzpf y gonf ?
pma&;ol vef ' ef + rd K Πjref r moH & H k ; wG i f tr_ x rf ; pOf u jref r mh
qk d & S , f v pf v rf ; pOf y gwD OuU X }uD ; OD ; ae0if ; vef ' ef v monh f
c&D;ESihf }uHKzl;ygonf? +AdwdoSs eef;awmfrS ti,fwef; t&m&Sd
wOD ; om vm}ud K rd w f q uf o nf u k d }uH K zl ; ygonf ? ES p f p Of

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (14)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

OD ; ae0if ; xH r S bk & if r }uD ; tygt0if td r f a &S Πrif ; om;ES i h f
aqG a wmf rsd K ;awmf r sm;xH o k d @ o&uf o D ; rsm; jcif ; }uD ; jcif ;
i,f j zih f vuf a qmif a y;onf u k d v nf ; tvuf Z EN m ; rif ;
orD ; rS w qih f pma&;ol u k d , f w k d i f oG m ;a&muf a y;zl ; ygonf ?
vl r av; acG ; rcef @ onh f yH k p H o m&S d y gonf ? vl x k tpk d ; &u
tm%m&S i f vl w pk tpk d ; &tm; oH c if ; wref c if ; rsuf E S m
pmwGif vlukdcifaomfvnf; rlukdr}udKufI acsmifxkd;xm;onhf
oabmyif jzpf y gonf ?
avS m f w uf rnD a omf v nf ; ausmf w uf y g_yD ?
,ae@ jrefrmEkdifiH. tajctae t&yf&yfukd oHk;oyf
jyp&myif r vk d y g/ uk v m;od / w&k w f o d / trsm;od y if jzpf y g
onf ? wk d i f ; jynf u k d pnf y if o m,m0+zd K ;a&;twG u f wuf n D
vufnD avSmfonhf tcsdef r[kwfao;yg? cwfuGif; jyifonhf
tcsd e f u mvrsm;om &S d a o;ygonf ? tpk d ; &/ Ek d i f i H a &;ygwD
acgif ; aqmif r sm;ES i h f wk d i f ; &if ; om;acgif ; aqmif r sm; wuf n D
avSmfcwf&ef pkdif;jyif;=uqJ umvrSsom &Sdygao;onf? jrefrm
ygvD r ef o nf v nf ; zm;wpf y k d i f ; ig;wpf y k d i f ; rS s om jzpf y gonf ?
qk d v k d o nf r S m tm%m&S i f p epf u k d vuf r v$ w f o l wcsd K Œ/
tm%m&S i f p epf a =umih f wk d i f ; ol j ynf o m;rsm; qif ; &J 'k u Q
a&muf o nf u k d oabmayguf o l ppf A k d v f a [mif ; wcsd K Œ/ Ek d i f i H
a&;orm;rsm;ES i h f wk d i f ; &if ; om;rsm; wuf n D vuf n D avS u k d
avS m f c wf & ef }ud K ;pm;aeqJ tcsd e f y if jzpf y gonf ?
ok d @ aomf v nf ; jref r mrsm; rnH h y g/ tpG r f ; tp &S d y g
onf? zm;wpfykdif; ig;wpfykdif; 'Drkdua&pD w0ufwysuf acwf
rSmyif tmqD,HEkdifiHrsm;ukd jrefrmu ausmfwufoGm;aeyg+yD/
trsd K ;om;'D r k d u a&pD t zG J ΠcsKyf OuU X a':atmif q ef ; pk = unf
onf +Ad w d o S s ygvD r ef E S p f & yf w G i f yxrqH k ; pum;ajymcG i h f &
aom jref r mEk d i f i H o m; urB m h trsd K ;orD ; wOD ; jzpf y gonf ?
T +Ad w d o S s ygvD r ef E S p f & yf w G i f ES p f a ygif ; (300)ausmf t wG i f
jyif o pf o rR w rpP w m csm;vf ' D a *gvf / awmif t mz&d u
orR w rpP w m ref ' J v f v m;/ tar&d u ef o rR w rpP w m bm;
&uftkdbm;rm;ESihf ykyf&[ef;rif;}uD; bife'pf(16) ponfjzifh
av;OD;om rdef@cGef;ajym=um;cGihf &&SdcJhzl;ygonf? jrefrm orRw
OD;odef;pdef tm;vnf; EkdifiHht}uD;tuJwOD; taejzihf +Adwdef
Ek d i f i H o k d @ cspf = unf a &; c&D ; vma&muf & ef zd w f = um;xm;+yD ;
jzpfygonf? jrefrmEkdifiHyg0ifaom tmqD,HEkdifiH b,fEkdifiHu
Ek d i f i H t }uD ; tuJ r sm;uk d zd w f = um;zl ; +yD v J ´ ? yk y f o k d ; aeaom
jrefrmhta&; tcif;tay: rSDpm;aeaom ,ifaumif rsm;u
awmh r}ud K uf & k d ; trS e f y g? +Ad w d o S s 0ef } uD ; csKyf . jref r m
orR w tm; zd w f = um; csuf u k d y if rsuf E S m ajymif a jymif j zih f
vl y H k t vnf w G i f ar;cG e f ; xk w f uef @ uG u f a ejyef y gonf ?
avS m f w uf r nD a omf v nf ; ausmf w uf a eyg+yD ? vG w f
vyf a &; zcif } uD ; Ak d v f c sKyf a tmif q ef ; ajymovk d “yef ; wk d i f
ra&mufcif tavSmf&yf+yD; wufrukd rajrSmufvkduf=uyg&ef”
ukdom yef=um;vkdygonf? wufnDvufnDom avSmfvkduf=u&
rnf qkdygu urBmh tvnfwGif jrefrm(Arm)onf ukvor*~

Zlvikd v
f 2012

twG i f ; 0ef c sKyf OD ; oef @ acwf u uJ h o k d @ xd y f q H k ; ae&mok d @ jyef
vnf & &S d v mrnf r S m {uef r k c syif jzpf y gonf ?
oH a &;wref a &;wG i f jref r mrsm; a&S Πwef ; ok d h
a&muf v k e D ; yg_yD ?
jref r mrsm;onf txuf w G i f azmf j ycJ h o nh f t wk d i f ;
uif;0efrif;}uD;ESihf a':atmifqef;pk=unfwkd@onf jrefrmEkdifiH
om;rsm; urB m h t vnf w G i f xnf x nf 0 g0g &yf w nf E k d i f a &;
twGuf a&S@aqmifvrf;jy oH}uD; wref}uD;rsm;yif jzpfygonf?
jref r mEk d i f i H w G i f jynf o l @ uk d , f p m;vS , f r sm; ay:ayguf v m
jcif ; onf v nf ; oH w ref ppf r suf E S m wG i f pef ; yG i h f v mjcif ; ES i h f
atmif j rif v mjcif ; vnf ; jzpf y gonf ?
jrefrmrsm;onf oHwrefa&;&mwGif xdyfwef;u &SdcJhyg
onf ? tawG ; tjrif vk y f e nf ; vk y f x H k ; oH w ref Oyg,f r sm;
&S d c J h y gonf ? a,mrif ; }uD ; OD ; bk d ; v_ d i f . &mZ"rR o *F [ usrf ;
Oyg,f (7)yg;ukd vufukdifxm;&m &Sif;vif;a&;om;csuf rsm;
vnf; &SdcJhygonf? 0g&ihf tdEdN, oHtrwf}uD; autrf yENdum;
uvnf ; oH w ref a &;&mY Oyg,f a v;yg;uk d azmf j ya&;om;
xm;ygonf ?
oH w ref a &;&mY
(1) omr Oyg,f (nD n $ w f p nf ; &H k ; jcif ; )
(2) 'ge Oyg,f (ay;urf;jcif;/ a=uG;avsmfjcif; Dept Relief))
(3) ab' Oyg,f (pnf ; &H k ; r_ u k d +zd K cG J j cif ; )
(4) '¾ Oyg,f (jypf ' %f c wf j cif ; ) wk d @ jzpf y gonf ?
xk d @ tjyif a,mrif ; }uD ; OD ; bk d ; vd _ i f u
(1) rm,mtol&mrSvmaom vSnhfywfjcif;/ (rm,m Oyg,f)
(2) vspf v sL&_ j cif ; (OayuQ m Oyg,f )
(3) &efolukd xdwfvef@atmifjyKjcif; (uUENZvm Oyg,f) [lI
Oyg,f oHk;yg;ukd umrE WeDwdusrf;ukd ukd;um;I azmfjy xm;cJh
ygonf ?
Ek d i f i H wEk d i f i H w G i f omr Oyg,f E S i h f 'geOyg,f ponh f
enf;vrf;ESpfoG,f ratmif rjrifaom tcgwGif ab'Oyg,fESihf
'¾ Oyg,f ESpfoG,fESihf rvGJraoG &ifqkdif=u&rnfom jzpfyg
onf ? pma&;ol w k d @ . rsuf a rS m uf a cwf w G i f omr Oyg,f nD
nGwfpnf;&Hk;jcif; +ydKuGJcJhonfukd rsuf0g;xifxif jrifawG@ cJh=u
&ygonf ?
,ckavmavmq,fwGif tenf;i,f nDn$wf pnf;&Hk;
vm+yD ; v$ w f a wmf Ek d i f i H a &;xJ 0if v m=u jcif ; tm;jzih f 'ge
Oyg,f (ay;urf ; jcif ; / a=uG ; avsmf j cif ; Dept Relief) cH p m;
vm=u&+yD; jzpfygonf? ab' Oyg,f pnf;&Hk;jcif;ukd +zdKcGJjcif;ukd
rormol tcsdKŒu zefwD;vmaeonfukdvnf; awG@jrifae&yg
onf ? owd } uD ; pG m xm;+yD ; trsd K ;om;jyef v nf oih f jrwf a &;
udk tav;xm; aqmif&Guf&rnhf tcsdefyif jzpfygonf? twk
ta,mif [ef a qmif vl r sd K ;jcm;rsm;u trsd K ;om;[ef a qmif
+yD ; trsd K ;bmom omoemuk d zsuf q D ; vmr_ u k d v nf ; wG e f ;
vS e f =u&ygrnf ? uk d , h f t rsd K ;om;jcif ; nD n G w f v mr_ t ay: rl
wnf+yD; '¾Oyg,f jypf'%fcwfjcif;rsm;vnf; avsmhayghcHvm

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (15)

Zlvikd v
f 2012

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

&ygonf? jypf'%facwfjcif;rsm; tm;vHk; uif;&Sif;oGm;atmif
'Drkdua&pDpepfukd tifwkduf tm;wkduf wnfaqmuf=u&efESihf
w&m;Oya' pkd;rkd;a&;ESihf wef;wlnD rSsa&;paom avmuygv
w&m;rsm; xG e f ; um;vmatmif usih f } uH tm;xk w f = u&rnh f
tcsd e f u mvyif jzpf y gonf ? jref r mrsm; rsuf E S m yG i h f b0
tajcwih f v mrnh f a':atmif q ef ; pk = unh f . Oa&myc&D ; pOf
onfvnf; tvGeftm;& auseyfzG,f &Sdonf[k oHwref 0ef

xrf ; a[mif ; wa,muf taejzih f rS w f w rf ; wif v k d y gonf ?
xk d e nf ; wl t*F v ef E k d i f i H w G i f & S d o nh f jref r mEk d i f i H o m; taygif ;
uvnf; a':atmifqef;pk=unhf c&D; tay: wGif tvGefwpf&m
tm;& auseyf a ysmf & $ i f v S s uf &S d = uygonf ?
pmuk d ;
(1) rS e f e ef ; r[m&mZ0if a wmf } uD ;
(2) oH } uD ; wref } uD ; / oH c if ; wref c if ;

OD ; cif a rmif = unf (ta0;a&muf oH w ref wOD ; )

OD;odef;pdefu 'Dvdkawmh ajymwmbJ
**tvk
tvk y f v uf r J h j ynf o l r sm; tvk y f t ud k i f tcG i f h
tvrf ; rsm; yd k r d k & &S d a &;/ tvk y f o rm;rsm;twG u f ck d i f r maom
vlr_zlvHka&; apmifha&Smufr_rsm;&&Sda&;twGuf Oya'rsm; a&;
qG J j yÏmef ; Ek d i f & ef aqmif & G u f a e/ vl r _ t umtuG , f tapmif h
ta&S m uf w k d ; csJ Πaqmif & G u f & mwG i f Oya'ta=umif ; t&m
tckdiftrmtaxmuftulay;&efvkd/ EdkifiH. tajctaerSefudk
xif [ yf E k d i f a om Oya'jyÏmef ; a&;qk d i f & m t}uH j yKcsuf r sm;
ay:xG u f v m&ef arS s mf v if h [ k OD ; od e f ; pd e f a jym=um;
jym=um;** (266-2012)
jynf a xmif p k orR w jref r m Ed k i f i H a wmf Ed k i f i H a wmf
orR w OD ; od e f ; pd e f onf ,ae@eH e uf 8 em&D c G J w G i f aejynf
awmf [dkw,fZkef&Sd o*F[[dkw,f Grand Ball Room Yusif;
yonfh vlr_a&;umuG,fapmifha&Smufr_qdkif&m
nD v mcH z G i f h y J G tcrf ; tem;od k @ wuf a&muf
tzG i f h trS m pum;ajym=um;onf ? tqd k y g
zG i f h y G J t crf ; tem;od k @ jynf a xmif pk 0 ef } uD ;
rsm;/ v$wfawmf aumfrwD0ifrsm;/ 'kwd,0ef
}uD ; rsm;/ wd k i f ; a'o}uD ; ES i f h jynf e ,f 0 ef } uD ;
rsm;/ Xmeqd k i f & mt}uD ; tuJ r sm;/ UNICEF
(jref r m) rS ud k , f p m;vS , f r sm;/ Ed k i f i H w umrS
uG s rf ; usif o l ynm&S i f r sm;/ tpd k ; &r[k w f
aom tzG J Πtpnf ; rsm;rS ud k , f p m; vS , f r sm;/ txl ; zd w f
=um;xm;onf h {nf h o nf a wmf r sm;ES i f h wm0ef & S d o l r sm;
wuf a &muf = uonf ? a&S ; OD ; pG m jynf a xmif pk o rR w jref r m
Ed k i f i H a wmf Ed k i f i H a wmf o rR w OD ; od e f ; pd e f u tzG i f h t rS m pum;
ajym=um;&mwG i f ,ae@usif ; yonf h vl r _ a &; umuG , f a pmif h
a&Smufr_qkdif&m aqG;aEG;yGJonf trsKd;om; tqifhusif;yaom
nDvmcHwpfckjzpfyga=umif;/ TnDvmcHrS EkdifiHawmf zGHŒ+zdK;wkd;
wuf a &;twG u f jyKjyif a jymif ; vJ a &; r[mAsL[mES i f h wpf
quf w pf f p yf w nf ; quf p yf a qmif & G u f E k d i f r nf h &v'f a umif ;
rsm; xG u f a y:vmrnf [ k arS s mf v if h x m;yga=umif ; / vl r _ a &;
umuG,f apmifha&Smufr_ Social Protection qkdonfh pum;&yf
onf us,fjyef@vS ouJhokd@ tjynfht0 taumiftxnfazmf
aqmif & G u f E k d i f a &;qk d o nf r S m vnf ; rd r d w k d @ uJ h o k d @ zG H Π+zd K ;qJ
Ek d i f i H w pf E k d i f i H t wG u f }uD ; rm;vS o nf h pd e f a c:r_ w pf & yf

vnf;jzpfyga=umif;/ vlr_a&;umuG,f apmifh a&Smufr_qkdif&m
r[mAsL[mrl a bmif (Social Protection Strategy
Framework) ukd a&;qGJaqmif&Gufonfhae&mwGif u¾pkHjzpf
&ef vk d t yf o uJ h o k d @ tm;vk H ; yg0if a qmif & G u f E k d i f &ef v nf ;
ta&;}uD ;yga=umif ;/ xk d @ jyif rd rd w k d @ tpk d ;&tzG J Œu aqmif& Guf
aeaom trsKd ; om; vl r _ p D ; yG m ;zG H Π+zd K ;wk d ; wuf a &; r[mAsL
[mrsm;ES i f h v nf ; tH 0 if c G i f u sjzpf & ef vk d t yf y ga=umif ; /
uav;ol i ,f r sm;/ tm;enf ; ol r sm;/ ouf } uD ; &G , f tk d r sm;/
trsKd ; orD ; rsm;ES i f h roef r pG r f ; ol r sm;twG u f vl r _ tum
tuG,fpDrHudef;rsm;tygt0if tv$mpkH/ u¾pkHvkd tyf csuf
rsm;uk d tajccH + yD ; jref r mh v l r _ a &;umuG , f a pmif h a &S m uf r _ p epf
(Myanmar Social Protection System) ukd azmfxkwf a&;
qGJ=u&rnf jzpfyga=umif;/ ukvor*~tygt0if EkdifiH wum
tzG J Πtpnf ; rsm;/ tpk d ; &r[k w f a om tzG J Πtpnf ; rsm;/ jynf
wG i f ; §jynf y y&[d w tzG J Œ tpnf ; rsm;p
onf h tzG J Πtpnf ; rsm;. axmuf y H h u l n D r _
rsm;onf v nf ; vl r _ t umtuG , f +cKH v $ r f ;
Ek d i f a &;twG u f ta&;ygonf h tcef ; u¾
wG i f &S d a eyga=umif ; / vl w ef ; pm;uG m [csuf
&S d a eao;ouJ h o k d @ 0if a iG j zef @ cG J r _ rnD r rS s &S d
aeqJjzpfaomrdrdwkd@EkdifiHY xkdokd@rnDrSs r_rsm;
a=umif h tm;enf ; ol j ynf o l r sm;twG u f
tcuf t cJ j zpf ae cJ h j cif ; jzpf yga=umif ; /
vl r _ t umtuG , f uG e f & uf j zef @ =uuf Ek d i f & ef aqmif
&G u f = uonf h a e&mwG i f Ek d i f i H t oD ; oD ; taejzif h yuwd
tajctaerSefay: rlwnf+yD;rl0g'csrSwfr_ trsKd;rsKd;uGJ jym;ae
aomf v nf ; OD ; wnf c suf r sm;rS m wl n D = uyga=umif ; / rd r d w d k @
EkdifiHwGif aus;vufa'orsm;ESifh e,fpyfa'orsm;onf zGHŒ+zdK;
r_aemufususefcJhonfhtwGuf vlr_- pD;yGm;a&; tajc tae
rsm;onf v nf ; +rd K Œjya'orsm;ES i f h E _ d i f ; ,S O f v S s if ed r f h u sae
onfukd awGŒ&yga=umif;/ a'ozGHŒ+zdK;r_uGm jcm;csuf rsm;onf
vrf;yef;qufoG,fa&;/ tajccHtaqmuf ttHkrsm; ESifh pD;yGm;
a&;tcG i h f t vrf ; rsm;tay:rl w nf + yD ; ay:ayguf c J h jcif ; jzpf y g
a=umif ; / rd r d w d k @ tpd k ; &tzG J Πtaejzif h Ek d i f i H a wmf w m 0ef u d k
pwif x rf ; aqmif & onf h t csd e f w G i f yxrOD ; qH k ; taejzif h aus;
vuf a 'ozG H Π+zd K ;wd k ; wuf a &;ES i h f qif ; &J EG r f ; yg;r_ a vS s mh csa&;
r[mAsL[ma&;qJ G J c J h + yD ; xd k r [mAsL[mtwk d i f ; taumif t

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (16)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

xnf a zmf a qmif & G u f c J h y ga=umif ; / rd r d w d k @ Ek d i f i H . qif ; &J E G r f ;
yg;r_E_ef;xm;onf a'owGif;EkdifiHrsm;ESifh Ed_if;,SOfvSsif jrihfrm;
aeqJ j zpf + yD ; 0if a iG e nf ; aomjynf o l r sm;. vl r _ - pD ; yG m ;buf
pH k w k d ; wuf vma&;onf rd r d w d k @ tpd k ; &tzG J Π. OD ; pm;ay;vk y f
ief ; wm0ef w pf & yf y if j zpf y ga=umif ; / rd k u f c ¶d k t qif h vl r _ pD ; yG m ;a&;wk d ; wuf j rif h r m;a&;qd k & mwG i f v nf ; rd k u f c ¶d k
pD ; yG m ;a&;wnf + id r f a umif ; rG e f a &;ES i f h quf p yf a eonf h t wG u f
'k w d , OD ; pm;ay; taejzif h rd k u f c ¶d k p D ; yG m ;a&;jyKjyif a jymif ; vJ r _
r[mAsL[mud k quf v uf a zmf a qmif c J h y ga=umif ; / jynf o l
wpf O D ; . tajccH v d k t yf c suf o nf usef ; rma&;apmif h a &S m uf r _
tjynf h t 0&&S d a p&ef j zpf o uJ h o k d @ vH k + cH K pd w f c s&aom 0if a iG /
wpfenf;tm;jzifh tvkyftudkif&&Sd&ef jzpfyga=umif;/ ,if;t
cG i f h t vrf ; &&S d a pa&;twG u f ynmoif = um;cG i h f / vl r _ t apmif h
ta&S m uf t&d y f t m0goud k cd k v _ H E k d i f c G i h f p onf h tcG i h f t a&;
rsm;&&S d & ef vd k t yf r nf j zpf y ga=umif ; / rd r d w d k @ tpd k ; &tzJ G Πvuf
xuf w G i f tvk y f o rm;tcG i h f t a&;rsm;/ awmif o l v,f
orm;tcG i f h t a&;rsm; wk d ; wuf & &S d ap&ef v d k t yf a om Oya'
rsm; topf j yÏmef ; jcif ; / jyif q if c suf j zif h jyÏmef ; jcif ; /acwf
umvES i h f ravsmf n D a om Oya'rsm;ud k ¶k y f o d r f ; jcif ; wd k @ ud k
aqmif & G u f a eouJ h o k d @ aus;vuf a e 0if a iG e nf ; jynf o l rsm;
twG u f ,l e D A mq,f usef ; rma&; tmrcH p epf xl a xmif
Ek d i f & ef v nf ; tvk y f ¶ H k a qG ; aEG ; yG J r sm; usif ; yaqmif & G u f a pcJ h y g
a=umif;/ tvkyform;rsm;twGuf &oihf&xdkufonfh tajccH
vlr_zlvHka&;rsm; &&SdcHpm;Ekdifapa&;ESifh tedrfhqHk; vpm E_ef;xm;
owfrSwfEkdifa&;twGuf udkvnf; Oya'jyÏmef; &ef aqmif&Guf
ae+yD j zpf y ga=umif ; / *sD ' D y D u d e f ; *%ef ; wk d ; wuf r_ o mru
jynfolrsm; &SifoefaexkdifEdkifrnfh vlr_ywf0ef; usifudkyg wkd;
wuf r _ r sm;jzpf a y:vmap&ef rd r d w d k @ . trsKd ; om; zG H Π+zd K ;wk d ;
wuf a &;r[mAsL[mud k jyKjyif a jymif ; vJ r _ r sm; t&S d e f t
[kefjrêihfwif+yD; aqmif&Gufae+yDjzpfyga=umif;/ +yD;cJhonfh &uf
yk d i f ; twG i f ; uyif jyKjyif a jymif ; vJ a &; r[mAsL[m 'k w d ,
tqifh (Second Wave Reform Strategy) udk t aumif
txnf azmf r nf h e nf ; vrf ; rsm; tao;pd w f c sjycJ h + yD ; jzpf y g
a=umif;/ xdkjyKjyifajymif;vJr_rsm; t&Sdeft[kefjrêihfwif aqmif
&G u f onf h a e&mwG i f ,ck u J h o k d @ vl r _ t umtuG , f t
apmih f t a&S m uf r sm;ud k tm;jznf h y H h y d k ; ay;jcif ; tm;jzif h nD ! G w f
rSsw+yD; o[Zmwjzpfonfhjrefrmh vl@abmiftzGJΠtpnf;udk
rd r d w k d @ 0d k i f ; 0ef ; wnf a qmuf E k d i f r nf [ k ,H k = unf x m;a=umif ; /
ok d @ aomf ,if ; wm0ef } uD ; onf rd r d w d k @ uJ h o k d @ zG H Π+zd K ;qJ E k d i f i H
wpf E k d i f i H t wG u f }uD ; av;aom wm0ef } uD ; wpf & yf jzpf a e
onf q d k o nf u d k v nf ; yG i f h y G i f h v if ; vif ; yif ajym=um;vd k y g
a=umif ; / Ek d i f i H w umtzJ G Πtpnf ; rsm;/ tpd k ; &r[k w f a om
tzJ G Πtpnf ; rsm;. ul n D y H h y d k ; r_ trsm;}uD ; vd k t yf y ga=umif ; /
tif E S i f h tm;ES i f h vuf w G J y l ; aygif ; aqmif & G u f o G m ;Ek d i f r S o m
rd r d w d k @ arS s mf r S e f ; aom u¾pH k w G i f tm;vH k ; yg0if E d k i f a om u¾
pH k w G i f tm;vH k ; yg0if E d k i f a om u¾pH k w G i f jref r mh v l r _ a &; um

Zlvikd v
f 2012

uG , f a pmif h a &S m uf r _ p epf

(Integrated and All Inclusive

udk cdkifckdifrmrm xl
axmif w nf a qmuf E k d i f r nf j zpf y ga=umif ; / wuf a &muf v m
=uonfh ynm&Sifrsm;/ ukvor*~tzGJŒtpnf;rsm;ESihf EkdifiHw
umtzJ G Πtpnf ; rsm;ud k v nf ; vd _ u f v d _ u f v S J v S J zd w f a c:yg
a=umif ; / tm;enf ; ol r sm;/ uav;ol i ,f r sm;/ ouf } uD ; &G , f
td k r sm;twG u f vd k t yf a eonf h uG u f v yf r sm; jznf h a y;=uyg/
olwkd@. &Sifoefae xkdifr_ b0t"dy`m,frsm; jynfh0vmatmif/
tvk y f v uf r J h jynf o l r sm;/ 0if a iG e d r f h j ynf o l r sm;twG u f arS s mf
vif h c suf r sm; &S i f o ef v matmif ul n D a y;=uyg[k arwW m
&yfcHvdkyga=umif;/ rdrdwdk@jynfolrsm;onfvnf; urBmhrdom;pk
}uD ; xJ u urB m h j ynf o l r sm;jzpf o uJ h o k d @ ,if ; txJ r S m yg0if
aom roef r pG r f ; ol r sm;/ tm[m&rjynf h 0 onf h uav;ol
i,f r sm;/ aq;0g;vd k t yf c suf & S d a eaom td w f c sf t k d i f A G D §
attd k i f ' D t uf p f a0'em&S i f r sm;ES i f h tvk y f v uf r J h vl i ,f r sm;
onf v nf ; tjcm;Ek d i f i H r S Ed k i f i H o m;rsm;uJ h o k d @ urB m h j ynf o l
rsm;jzpf y ga=umif ; / rd r d w d k @ Ek d i f i H Y vl r _ t umtuG , f vd k t yf
csufrsm; trsm;}uD;&Sdaeyga=umif;/ odk@aomfvnf; ta=umif;
trsKd ; rsKd ; a=umif h Ed k i f i H w um tzJ G J Œ tpnf ; rsm;. vspf v sL¶_
jcif ; ES i f h tcG i h f t a&;rsm; yd w f y if w m;jrpf j cif ; wk d @ ud k cH = u&yg
a=umif;/ rdrdwdk@tpdk;&tzGJŒonf EkdifiHwum todkif;t0kdif;ukd
zd w f a c:urf ; vS r f ; +yD ; wH c g;zG i h f } ud K qk d a eyga=umif ; / rd r d w d k @ .
wHcg;zGifhr_udk tjyKoabmjzifh vufcH}udKqkd+yD; yl;aygif; aqmif
&G u f = u&ef arwW m &yf c H v d k y ga=umif ; / rd r d w d k @ . wH c g;zG i f h v S p f
r_ o nf rd r d w d k @ Ek d i f i H u jynf o l r sm;tm;vH k ; twG u f jzpf y g
a=umif ;/ rd r d w d k @ jynf o l r sm;/ txl ;ojzif h vl r_tumtuG,f
apmif h a &S m uf r _ rsm;ud k ta&;w}uD ; vd k t yf a eaom tm;enf;
ol r sm;twG u f tjref q H k ; tul t nD a y;=u&ef jzpf y ga=umif ; /
rd r d w d k @ tpd k ; &tzG J Πtaejzif h Ed k i f i H h p D ; yG m ;zG H Π+zd K ; wd k ; wuf a tmif
tav;xm; aqmif & G u f a ejcif ; onf v nf ; ,if ; vd k t yf c suf
rsm; jznf h q nf ; ay;&ef t"d u &nf & G , f j cif ; jzpf y ga=umif ; /
rd r d w k d @ Ek d i f i H o m;rsm;twG u f rd r d w d k @ tpd k ; &tzJ G J Πonf wm0ef & S d
onf q k d a omcH , l c suf j zif h aqmif & G u f a eyga=umif ; / vl r _ z l v H k
a&;/ vl r _ t umtuG , f t apmih f t a&S m uf q k d o nf r S m Ek d i f i H
awmftpdk;&. pdwf&if; apwemtjyif vlr_a&;&efyHkaiG (Social
Financing) uJhokd@ b¾ma&;t&if;tjrpfrsm; trsm;}uD;vdkyg
a=umif ; /rd r d w d k @ tpd k ; &tzG J Πtaejzif h tvk y f v uf r J h j ynf o l r sm;
tvk y f t ud k i f t cG i h f t vrf ; rsm;yd k r d k & &S d a &;/ tvk y f o rm; rsm;
twG u f ck d i f r maom vl r _ z l v H k a &;apmif h a &S m uf r _ r sm; &&S d a &;
wd k @ twG u f Oya'rsm;a&;qG J j yÏmef ; Ek d i f & ef aqmif & G u f a e
yga=umif;/ vlr_tumtuG,ftapmifhta&Smuf wkd;csJŒaqmif
&G u f & mwG i f Oya'a=umif ; t& tcd k i f t rmtaxmuf tul
ay;Ek d i f & ef vd k t yf y ga=umif ; / TaqG ; aEG ; yG J r S rd d r d w d k @ Ed k i f i H .
tajctaerS e f u d k xif [ yf E d k i f a om Oya'jyÏmef ; a&; qk d i f & m
t}uH j yKcsuf r sm; ay:xG u f v m&ef u d k v nf ; arS s mf v ih f x m;
yga=umif ; / rd r d w d k @ Ek d i f i H . vl r _ z l v H k a &;aqmif & G u f ay;Ed k i f r _
Myanmar Social Protection System)

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (17)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

ppf w rf ; / wk d ; jrê i h f a zmf a qmif a y;&rnf h v d k t yf c suf / rl 0 g'ES i h f
r[mAsL[ma&;qG J r _ / csrS w f v d k u f a om pD r H u d e f ; umvrsm;t
wG i f ; taumif t xnf a zmf E k d i f r _ qef ; ppf c suf / rl 0 g'qk d i f & m
jyefvnfnêdEd_if; jyifqifcsuf ponfh udpP&yfrsm;tay: a&&Snf
apmif h = unf h a vh v moG m ;Ek d i f & ef t wG u f trsKd ; om;tqih f
tqifhjrifhtzGJŒtpnf;wpf&yf zGJŒpnf;aqmif&Guf&ef vkdtyfrnf
[k t}uH j yKajym=um;vd k y ga=umif ; / ,if ; tzJ G Πtpnf ; rS m
Ed k i f i H w um wwf o d y nm &S i f r sm;/ Ek d i f i H w um tzG J Πtpnf ;
rsm;u uk d , f p m;vS , f r sm;/ jynf w G i f ; jynf y tvS L &S i f § tzG J Œ
tpnf ; rsm;u uk d , f p m;vS , f r sm; yg0if a qmif & G u f E k d i f r nf
jzpf y ga=umif ; / ,if ; tzG J Πtpnf ; u csrS w f v k d u f a om r[m
AsL[mukd avhvmqef;ppf+yD; vufawGΠtaumiftxnfazmf
Ek d i f r _ t ay: awG Π&S d o k H ; oyf c suf r sm;uk d rl 0 g'csrS w f o l r sm;ES i f h
jynf o l v l x k o d & S d a tmif wif j yay;&ef vk d t yf r nf j zpf y g
a=umif ; / ed * k H ; csKyf t aejzif h TnD v mcH r S rd r d w k d @ Ek d i f i H . vl r _
a&;umuG , f apmif h a &S m uf r _ t wG u f a&S Πquf r nf h r[mAsL
[mrsm;/ vk y f i ef ; tpD t pOf r sm;uk d azmf x k w f a y; &ef wk d u f
wG e f ; ajym =um;vk d y ga=umif ; / Tr[mAsL[m vk y f ief ; tpD
tpOfrsm;wGif rdrdwkd@ tpkd;&tzGJ@u aqmif&Gufae aom aus;
vuf a 'ozG H Π+zd K ;wk d ; wuf a &;ES i f h qif ; &J E G r f ; yg;r_ avS s mh c sa&;
vkyfief;pOfrsm;ESifhvnf; [efcsufnDnD csdwfquf aqmif&Guf
Ekdifrnfh tpDtpOfrsm;ukdvnf; t}uHjyKay;=uapvkdyga=umif;/
rd r d w k d @ jynf o l r sm;twG u f r[mAsL[moabm aqmif + yD ;
vuf a wG Πusaom tusKd ; &v'f u k d azmf a qmif a y; =uyg[k
wkdufwGef;ajym=um;&if; ed*kH;csKyfvkdufyga=umif;jzifh ajym=um;
onf ? xd k @ aemuf tvk y f o rm;0ef } uD ; XmeES i f h vl r _ 0 ef x rf ; /
u,f q ,f a &;ES i f h jyef v nf a e&mcsxm;a&; 0ef } uD ; Xme
jynf a xmif p k 0 ef } uD ; OD ; atmif = unf u }ud K qd k E _ w f c G e f ; quf
pum;ajym=um;&mwGif tvkyform;rsm;ESifh vlr_0ef xrf;qdkif
&m rl0g'jyKjyifajymif;vJr_rsm;twGuf pdefac:r_rsm;udk &ifqdkif
+yD ; Ed k i f i H a wmf . pD ; yG m ;a&;ES i f h vl r _ a &; &nf r S e f ; csuf rsm;ud k
taxmuf t ul j yK taumif t xnf a zmf aqmif & G u f o G m ;rnf
jzpf y ga=umif ; / vl r _ z l v H k a &;ud p P & yf r sm;wG i f vk y f o m; xk t

Zlvikd v
f 2012

wGuf ouf}uD;yifpifcHpm;cGifhESifh vlr_zlvHka&; tdrf&mpDrHudef;
wdk@tygt0if xda&mufaom cHpm;cGifhrsm; ydkrdk&&Sda&; aqmif
&Gufay;Edkif&ef vlr_zlvHka&; Oya'topfrl=urf;udk v$wf awmf
odk@ wifjyxm;+yD;vnf;jzpfyga=umif;/ xdk@tjyif jynfol vlxk
twGuf vlr_a&;tumtuG,fay;r_udk ydkrdkjrêifhwifay; Edkif&ef
vl r _ a &;tumtuG , f a y;r_ tpD t pOf o pf w pf & yf csrS w f
xlaxmifEdkifa&;twGufvnf; ,ae@TnDvmcH}uD;udk usif;y
aejcif; jzpfyga=umif;/ TrGefjrwfaom vlr_tum tuG,fay;
a&; tpDtpOfonf jynfolvlxk. toufarG;0rf; ausmif;r_
vk y f i ef ; rsm;twG u f taxmuf t ul j zpf a ponf h tjyif 0 if a iG /
tvk y f t ud k i f / ynma&;/ usef ; rma&;wd k @ twG u f tcG i f h t a&;
rsm; wd k ; yG m ;&&S d v mapEd k i f r nf j zpf y ga=umif ; / uav;ol i ,f
rsm;ud k umuG , f a pmif h a &S m uf j cif ; /roef p G r f ; ol r sm;tm;
umuG , f apmif h a &S m uf j cif ; ES i f h ¶k w f w &uf j zpf a y:vmaom
obm0ab;tEœ & m,f wH k @ jyef j cif ; uJ h o d k @ aom e,f y,f t m;
vH k ; ud k v nf ; v$ r f ; +cH K tusKH ; 0if a prnf jzpf y ga=umif ; / TnD
vmcH r S aqG ; aEG ; r_ r sm;onf jynf o l v l x k t wG u f vl r _ a &;t
umtuG , f a y;a&; ud p P & yf t ay: rd r d w d k @ . pOf ; pm;awG ; ac:r_
ES i f h csOf ; uyf r _ w d k @ ud k &S i f ; vif ; cd k i f r mpG J + rJ a p&ef taxmuf
tul r sm;pG m &&S d a pvd r f h r nf [ k arS s mf v if h y ga=umif ; jzif h ajym
=um;onf ? ,if ; aemuf UNICEF Xmaeud k , f p m;vS , f Dr.
Ramesh Shresha uE_ w f c G e f ; quf p um; quf v uf a jym
=um;+yD ; zG i f h y G J t crf ; tem;ud k ¶k y f o d r f ; vd k u f o nf ?
zG i f h y G J t crf ; tem;t+yD ; wG i f Ed k i f i H a wmf o rR w OD ; od e f ;
pd e f / jynf a xmif p k 0ef } uD ; rsm;ES i f h {nf h o nf a wmf r sm;onf
pk a ygif ; I rS w f w rf ; wif " mwf y H k ¶ d k u f = uonf ? xd k @ aemuf Ed k i f i H
awmforRw OD;odef;pdefESifh {nfhonfawmfrsm;onf zGifhyGJtcrf;
tem;od k @ wuf a &muf v m=uol r sm;tm; &if ; &if ; ES D ; ES D ; E_ w f
qufonf? ,if;aemuf tcrf;tem;udk tpDtpOfrsm;twdkif;
qufvufusif;y+yD; tqdkyg nDvmcH tcrf;tem;udk ZGef 26
&uf t xd quf v uf u sif ; yoG m ;rnf j zpf a =umif ; od & onf ?
(owif ; pOf )

xdkif;EdkifiHa&muf a&$Œajymif;tvkyform;rsm;tm; tvkyform;0ef}uD; OD;atmif-unfu
'Dvdkawmh ajymwmbJ
xd k i f ; Ek d i f i H a &muf tvk y f o rm;rsm;tm; tjynf h t 0 tumtuG , f a y;Ek d i f & ef aqmif & G u f a e ,m,D E k d i f i H u l ; vuf r S w f
xk w f a y;a&;vk y f i ef ; pOf w pf c k w nf ; aqmif & G u f a ejcif ; r[k w f b J tvk y f o rm;rsm;. tcG i f h t a&;ud k v nf ; umuG , f a pmif h
a&S m uf a y;oG m ;&rnf ? ( 21-6-2012) jref r mh t vif ; owif ; pOf )
xd k i f ; Ed k i f i H a &muf a&$ Πajymif ; tvk y f o rm;rsm;tm; Ed k i f i H o m;pd p pf j cif ; ES i f h ,m,D E d k i f i H ul ; vuf r S w f x k w f a y;jcif ; /
tvk y f orm;ouf a ocH u wf x k w f a y;jcif ; vk y f i ef ; rsm; aqmif & G u f a y;&ef t wG u f xd k i f ; Ed k i f i H & S d ,m,D E d k i f i H u l ; vuf r S w f x k w f
ay;a&;¶H k ; rsm;Y oG m ;a&muf w m0ef vJ v S , f x rf ; aqmif = urnf h t&mxrf ; §tr_ x rf ; rsm;ES i f h a wG Œ qH k y G J tcrf ; tem;ud k ,ae@
eH e uf 7 em&D c G J w G i f tvk y f o rm;0ef } uD ; Xme tpnf ; ta0;cef ; rY usif ; y&m jynf y wG i f tvk y f v k y f u d k i f r_ } uD ; =uyf a &;
aumfrwDOuUÏ tvkyform;0ef}uD; XmeESifh vlr_0efxrf;/ u,fq,fa&;ESifh jyefvnfae&mcsxm; a&;0ef}uD;Xme jynfaxmif
pk0ef}uD; OD;atmif=unfu trSmpum;ajym=um;&mwGif ,ckoGm;a&mufwm0efxrf; aqmifrnfhtzGJŒonf EdkifiHawmftpdk;&

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (18)

Zlvikd v
f 2012

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

ud k , f p m;jyK wm0ef x rf ; aqmif j cif ; jzpf a =umif ; / rd r d w d k @ . trl t usih f / pd w f a epd w f x m; wpf p H k w pf & m csKd Π,G i f ; r_ r jzpf & atmif
todw&m; xm;&Sd&ef vdktyfa=umif;/ xdkif;EdkifiHwGif a&muf&Sdaeaom jrefrma&$Œajymif; tvkyform;rsm;. om;orD;rsm;ESifh
rSDcdkolrsm; twGuf Cof I xkwfay;a&;udkvnf; nêdEd_if;aqmif&Guf vsuf&Sdygojzifh Cof I rsm; xkwfay;&ef !$ef=um;vmyguvnf;
pepf w usvG , f u l atmif j rif p G m xk w f a y;&ef jyif q if x m;&ef vd k t yf a =umif ; / xd k i f ; Ed k i f i H w G i f a&muf & S d vk y f u d k i f a eaom
tvk y f o rm;rsm;tm; tjynf h t 0 tumtuG , f a y;Ed k i f & ef aqmif & G u f vsuf & S d & m taxmuf t xm;r&S d I jyef v $ w f a om
tvk y f o rm;rsm;tm; vl u k e f u l ; r_ rcH & apa&;ES i f h pepf w us jyef v nf v uf c H E d k i f a &;twG u f wmcsD v d w f / jr0wD / aumh
aomif ; wd k @ wG i f vuf c H a &;pcef ; (Reception) rsm; xm;&S d a qmif & G u f v suf & S d a =umif ; / ,m,D E d k i f i H ul ; vuf r S w f x k w f ay;a&;
vkyfief;pOf wpfckwnf;aqmif&Guf aejcif;rsKd;
r[k w f b J tvk y f o rm;rsm;. tcG i f h t a&;
ud k v nf ; umuG , f a pmif h a &S m uf ay;oG m ;&
rnf j zpf a =umif ; / vk y f i ef ; aqmif & G u f & mwG i f
xdkif;EdkifiH qdkif&mjrefrmoHtrwf}uD;/ tvkyf
orm;t&m&Sdwdk@ESifh nêdEd_if;+yD; pepfwuswif
jy aqmif & G u f oG m ;&rnf j zpf a =umif ; / ud k , f h
Ed k i f i H ud k , f h v l r sKd ; tusKd ; pD ; yG m ;twG u f av;
ajym=um;onf? xdk@aemuf jynfywGif tvkyf
av; euf e uf aqmif & G u f a y;&ef v d k a =umif ;
vk y f ud k i f r _ } uD ; =uyf a &;aumf r wD 'k w d ,
OuU Ï e,f p yf a &;&m0ef } uD ; XmeES i f h jref r mh
puf r _ z G H Π+zd K ;a&;0ef } uD ; Xme jynf axmif p k
0ef}uD; 'kwd,Adkvf csKyf}uD;odef;aX; u ajym
=um;&mwG i f jynf w G i f ; rS m &S d a om tvk y f
orm;rsm;.
tcG i f h t a&;rsm;omru
jynf y rS m vk y f u d k i f a eaom jref r mEd k i f i H om;
tvk y f o rm;rsm;. w&m;0if t cG i f h ta&;
rsm; tjynf h t 0&&S d E d k i f & ef t wG u f ud k v nf ;
}ud K ;yrf ; aqmif & G u f a y;oG m ; rnf j zpf o nf ?
[l a om Ed k i f i H a wmf o rR w }uD ; . =o0g'ES i f h t nD jynf y wG i f tvk y f v k y f u d k i f r _ }uD ; =uyf a &;aumf r wD u taumif txnf
azmf a qmif & G u f v suf & S d a =umif ; / jynf y od k @ ta=umif ; trsKd ; rsKd ; a=umif h a&muf & S d a eaom tvk y f o rm;rsm; w&m; 0if t cG i f h
ta&;rsm;&&Sd&ef aqmif&Gufay;&ef vdktyfa=umif;/ rdrdwdk@. vkyfief;pOftwGuf Specific Regulation owfrSwf xm;+yD;jzpfI
todw&m;&Sd&Sdjzihf aqmif&Guf&rnf jzpfa=umif;/ xdkif;EdkifiHY EdkifiHom;pdppfa&; vkyfief;pOfaqmif&Gufr_wGif atmifjrifr_rsm;
&&S d a ea=umif ; / xd k i f ; Ed k i f i H w G i f tvk y f o rm; ES p f o ef ; ausmf & S d & m wpf o ef ; ausmf c ef @ taxmuf t xm; rsm;& &S d a tmif aqmif
&Guf+yD; jzpfa=umif;/ taxmuftxm;xkwfay;&ef wpfoef;ausmf usef&Sda=umif;/ rSwfyHkwif xm;aom tvkyform;rsm;onf
2012 ck E S p f 'D Z if b mvtxd ouf w rf ; wd k ; xyf r H & &S d x m;a=umif ; / tqd k y g tvk y f orm;rsm;tm; taxmuf t xm; tcsd e f
rD x k w f a y;&rnf j zpf a =umif ; / taxmuf t xm;rJ h tvk y f o rm;rsm; e,f p yf o d k @ jyef y d k @ onf h jzpf & yf rsm;&S d a =umif ; / Beyond
the Regulation tajctaersm;wG i f rS e f r S e f u ef u ef aqmif & G u f E d k i f a &; tod t jrif & S d a tmif ajym=um; jcif ; jzpf a =umif ; /
aqmif&Gufr_rSeforSsudk trsKd;om;a&;tjrif jzifhaqmif&Guf&rnfjzpfa=umif;/ People Center Strategy ESifh All Inclusive
Strategy ES p f r sKd ; jzif h aqmif & G u f v suf & S d a =umif ; / rd r d w d k @ . vk y f i ef ; aqmif & G u f & mwG i f tm;vH k ; yl ; aygif ; yg0if a qmif
&G u f & rnf j zpf o jzif h rd w f z uf t zG J Πtpnf ; rsm;ES i f h twl w uG y l ; aygif ; aqmif & G u f o G m ;&rnf jzpf a =umif ; / taxmuf t xm;rJ h
tvk y f o rm;rsm;tm; w&m;0if j zpf a pa&;ES i f h t umtuG , f r sm; &&S d E d k i f a &;wd k @ onf tEœ d r &nf r S e f ; csuf j zpf a =umif ; jzif h
ajym=um;onf ? xd k i f ; Ed k i f i H a &muf a&$ Πajymif ; tvk y f o rm;rsm;tm; taxmuf t xm;rsm; xk w f a y; Ed k i f a &;twG u f xd k i f ;
Ed k i f i H o d k @ 2012 ck E S p f azazmf 0 g&D v aemuf q H k ; ywf w G i f yxrt}ud r f apv$ w f c J h a omvk y f i ef ; tzG J Πig;zG J Πonf av;veD ; yg;cef @
wm0ef x rf ; aqmif + yD ; jzpf & mxyf r H I 0ef x rf ; 40 ES i f h vJ v S , f w m0ef ay;tyf o G m ;rnf j zpf o nf ? ,ck 'k w d , t}ud r f a p
v$wfrnfhvkyfief;tzGJŒ ig;zGJŒtwGuf jrefrmEdkifiHul;vufrSwf xkwfay;a&;¶Hk;(&efuif;)Y vnf;aumif;/ tvkyf orm;0ef}uD;Xme
aejynf a wmf w G i f v nf ; aumif ; xd k i f ; Ed k i f i H a &muf jref r mtvk y f o rm;rsm; ul n D a pmif h a &S m uf a&;vk y f ief ; pOf r sm;qd k i f & m
rG r f ; rH o if w ef ; tm; ig;&uf = um zG i f h v S p f a y;cJ h o nf ? tqd k y g oif w ef ; wG i f Ed k i f i H o m;pd p pf j cif ; / ,m,D jref r mEd k i f i H
ul ; vuf r S w f x k w f a y;jcif ; ES i f h jynf y tvk y f t ud k i f tvk y f o rm;rS w f y H k w if u wf j ym; xk w f a y;jcif ; qd k i f & m vk y f i ef ; pOf r sm;/
vk y f x H k ; vk y f e nf ; rsm;/xd k i f ; Ed k i f i H a &muf a&$ Πajymif ; jref r mtvk y f o rm;rsm;qd k i f & m owif ; tcsuf t vuf r sm;/ a&$ Πajymif ;
tvk y f o rm;rsm;tm; umuG , f a pmif h a &S m uf a &;/ vl u k e f u l ; r_ w m;qD ; umuG , f a&;/aiG a =u;pm&if ; &S i f ; wrf ; rsm;/ tvk y f
orm;a&;&mOya'rsm;/ vd k u f e m&rnh f p nf ; rsOf ; pnf ; urf ; rsm;/ vuf a wG Πwm0ef xrf ; aqmif & rnf h tajctaersm;tm;
0ef } uD ; Xmersm;ES i f h wm0ef & S d o l r sm;u oif w ef ; ay;cJ h = ua=umif ; od & d S & onf ?

WE DO, SO WE ARE (JACBA)

jref r mjynf o m; bavmh * f r S ae@pOf w if a om owif ;
tcsuf t vuf r sm;ud k aomif & if ; e*g;azh ( pf ) bk w f
( http:://www.thaungyinnagar.facebook))
wG i f v nf ; aumif ; / e*g;aomif & if ; wG p f w m
( http:://www.nagarthaungyin.twitter))
wG i f v nf ; aumif ; 0if a &muf z wf & _ e k d i f y gonf ?

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (19)

Zlvikd v
f 2012

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

uH{?ftusdK; (odk h) trSwfwrJhrsm;rS trSwfw&rsm;
ud k p d k ; jrif h usaemf h u d k , f a wG @ awG y g? 1988ck E S p f rwd k i f c if x J u
ausmif ; om;ta&;awG a qmif & G u f c J h w ,f ? aemuf y d k i f ; vl @
abmifopfygwDrSm +rKdŒe,fOuUXvkyfaewkef;/ usaemfhxuf eJeJ
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wd k i f ; &if ; aq;q&m/ av;pm;+yD ; vmcif a ew,f ? bG J Πr&ayr,f h
tawG @ }uH K / cH , l @ csuf / Ed k i f i H a &;&yf w nf c suf cd k i f r mw,f ?
&dk;w,f? opPm&Sdw,f? wpf&ufrSm usaemfwdk@ygwDudk c0wu/
zdwfvdk@zGifhyGJwpfckudk oGm;wuf+yD;tjyef? rawG@wm=um+yDjzpf
wJh udkpdk;jrifheJ@ aps;vrf;rrSm jyefawG@w,f? zdeyf ryg/ tusô
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idkygava&m? usaemhf udkaxmifus rcHzdk@/ xGuf
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a&mufukefr,f? +yD;awmh usaemf temcHcJhorSsawG tvum;
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usaemf wef b d k ; xm;cJ h w ,f ? aemuf ajcmuf v avmuf r S m yJ
usaemf h twG u f axmif 0 if p moG m ;&if ,l o G m ;ay;zd k @ wJ h ?
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jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (20)

Zlvikd v
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jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

a,muf vrf;rSm um; Accident jzpf+yD;qHk; oGm;+yDqdkwm/
td r f u ajymjyawmh usaemf p d w f x d c d k u f & w,f ? usaemf p d w f r
aumif ; jzpf r S m pd k ; vd k @ wJ h ? wpf v avmuf = umrS td r f uajym
jyw,f ? tpm;xk d ; r&Ed k i f w J h ol i ,f c sif ; wpf a ,muf usaemh f
twG u f e J @ touf t aocH & J w,f q d k w m yxrOD ; qH k ; awG @ zl ;
wmygyJ? trSwfwrJhulnD r_wpfcku 'Davmufawmif trSwf
w&jzpf c J h z l ; w,f ?

cgvm}uD ;
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ausmif ; qif ; vd k @ td r f j yef a wmh um;rS w f w d k i f r S m
vlawG0dkif;tHk aew,f? bmvJvdk@ 0if=unfhvkduf
awmh tdrfem;u usrRma&; raumif;wJh tzGm;
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rJ a qmuf a q;¶H k u qif ; vmwm/ tm;jywf v m
w,f ? um;ay:u qif ; +yD ; rl ; vJ o G m ;wmwJ h ?
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usaemf v J jyef x G u f v mcJ h w ,f ? tbd k ; }uD ; u usaemf h u d k a wG @
awmh ? tzG m ;}uD ; ud k td r f u d k o ,f csif w ,f ? usaemf h u d k
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Christ yHkpH acgif;avmif;pifeJ@ qGJay;zkd@ajymawmh usaemfqGJay;
vd k u f w ,f ? bwf (- - -) od e f ; ausmf w ef bk & m;ausmif ;
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usaemfvnf; ajcaxmuf axmheif;/ axmheif;eJ@ ausmif;oGm;
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ta=umif ; ar;+yD ; / aemuf a e@rS m usaemf h t wG u f puf b D ;
apmyD w m
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ausmif;om;wpfa,muf? olŒemrnfu apmyDwm? pdwf"mwf uH / uH { ?f t usd K ;vk d @ yJ xif y gw,f ? )
aumif ; wJ h vl a wmf a v;wpf a ,muf y gyJ ? wpf c k c k v k y f a e&if
q&m-apmjrifh

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rD ; zd k c ef ; u ol @ rd e f ; rud k atmf a jymvd k u f w ,f ? yG i h f a ewJ h
aq;yk v if ; tzH k ; ud k yd w f + yD ; AD ' d k x J xnh f v d k u f z k d @ yg? rd e f ; ru
rD;zdkcef;rSm tvkyf&SKyf aeawmh a,musmf;ajymwudk arhoGm;
w,f ? om;av;u aq;yk v if ; ud k ,l + yD ; aqmh u pm; w,f ?
yk v if ; xJ u ta&mif a wmuf a wmuf aq;vH k ; av;awG u d k
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wpfa,muftwGuf awmh tqdyfawGjzpfcJhygw,f? rD;zdkcef;u
xGufvmwJhtcg uav;u acGvsufav; vJaeyg+yD? aq;&Hkudk
ydk@ayr,hf uav; u toufr&Sdawmhygbl;? om;av;udk=unhf
+yD; olr ridkbl;? rsuf&nf usrvmbl;? a,musmf;udk olrb,f
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jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (21)

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f 2012

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

&l;rwwf cHpm; ae&w,f? a,musmf; t&l;wydkif;ajy;vm+yD;
om;av; udk ayG@csDvdkufw,f? bmoHrS xGufrvmbJ rsuf&nf
awG waygufaygufusvmw,f? ol²²² ol@rdef;rudk wcsuf=unhf
+yD ; pum;wcG e f ; ajym vd k u f w ,f ? bmajymvd r h f r ,f v k d @ oif
xif v J ?
“rd e f ; r²²² igeih f u d k cspf w ,f æ ´”
b,f v d k r S xif r xm;wJ h wH k Πjyef r _ w pf c k
[m ol r &J Πrsuf & nf a wG xd e f ; rEk d i f o d r f ; r&
usvmapw,f ? om;av;u toufr&Sd awm
hbl;? olwkd@ om;av;udk vl@b0xJ jyef a&muf
vmatmif rvk y f E k d i f b l ; ? rd e f ; rud k tjypf & S m +yD ;
tjypf wif a evd k @ bmrS jzpf v mrS m r[k w f b l ; ?
a,musmf ; taeeJ Πtcsd e f e nf ; enf ; av;,l + yD ; aq;yk v if ;
tzHk;udk ydwf+yD; tvkyfoGm;cJh&if 'DudpP jzpfvmrSm r[kwfbl;?
wpf a ,muf e J Πwpf a ,muf b,f o l @ rS m tjypf & S d v J q d k w mud k
ajym+yD; jiif; ckefaezdk@ tcsdefr&Sdbl;? rdcif wpfa,muf taeeJŒ
om;wpf a,muf q H k ; &S H K ;cJ h + yD ? 'D t csd e f r S m ol r vd k t yf a ewm
cif y G e f ; qD ES p f o d r h f r _ / pmemr_ ? ol ² ²² tck ol r ud k ajymwJ h ² ²
“igæ eih f u d k cspf w ,f ” qd k w J h pum;wcG e f ; ?

(wcgwav wpf a ,muf e J Πwpf a ,muf quf q H a &;wpf c k r S m
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tjypf & S d w ,f ? b,f o l wm0ef , l o ih f w ,f qd k + yD ; jiif ; ck e f = u
w,f ? atmf [ pf =uw,f ? vl o m; awG & J ΠaEG ;axG; wJh wpfOD;
ay: wpf O D ; ul n D r _ / aEG ; axG ; r_ / az;rr_ a wG ud k
arhavsmhae=uw,f? oihf&JΠxifjrifcsuf wpfck
ay:rSmyJ aumufcsuf csw,f? emusifr_ awGudk
qyGm;+yD;/ aysmf&Gifr_ awGudk azsmufzsuf ypf=u
w,f ? “igom ol @ ae&mrS m qk d & if ” qd k w J h
&S K axmih f w pf c k u ae usaemf w d k @ r=unh f rd b l ; ?
rwl n D w J h &S K axmih f w pf c k u ae usaemf wk d @
=unh f r d & if urB m ay:rS m jy\memawG enf ;
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oih f & J Π&ef v d k w J h p d w f a wG / remvd k r _ a wG / cG i h f v G w f z d k @
rvG,fulwJh pdwf"mwfawG/ wudk,faumif;qefr_awG/ a=umuf
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r&S d a =umif ; oif a wG @ &ygvd r h f r ,f ? oih f b 0 yd k + yD ; vS y vmyg
vd r h f r ,f ? )
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od k ; i,f

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vkyf+yD; r+yHK;zdk@awmh vkdygw,f? pdwfxJrSmudku =unfvif&Sif;
oef @ ae&r,f ? jrif j rif o r# xd p yf q uf E G , f a ewJ h ol rS e f o r#
ud k v nf ; taumif ; jrif p d w f x m;&r,f ? rd r d = unf h r &wJ h o l jzpf
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}ud K ;pm;+yD ; pd w f a rG ; &w,f ? 'D v d k p d w f x J r S m jywf
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aumif ; qH k ; yJ a ygh ? t+yH K ;qd k w m vl E S p f O D ; t=um;
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wwfyg w,f? 'g t+yHK;&J@pGrf;tm; wefckd;owWdawGyg? uav;
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aerSmyg? tJ'Dvdk vlrsKd;udk q&m/ q&mr awGuvnf; cspf=u/
rd b aqG r sKd ; ol i ,f c sif ; tod k i f ; t0d k i f ; uvnf ; cspf = ueJ @ /

b,f a vmuf a useyf z d k @ aumif ; vJ / 'D v d k ywf 0 ef u sif u rd r d u d k
av; pm;cspfcifaerSawmh udk,fhudk,fudk ,Hk=unfr_awG wkd;vm
r,f ? pmud k v nf ; od o xuf o d a tmif }ud K ;pm;csif k p d w f a wG
ay:vmr,f? rdbq&morm;awG&J@ aus; Zl;*k%fawGudkvnf;
rarhr avsmhbJ om;aumif; orD;aumif; wynfhaumif;awG
jzpfatmif }udK;pm;csifpdwfawG &Sdvmr,f? &v'fu trsm;}uD;
yg?
ol i ,f c sif ; tcsif ; csif ; vnf ; wa,muf e J @
wa,muf jiLpl apmif ; ajrmif ; &ef jzpf z d k @ t
a=umif ; vnf ; r&S d e k d i f a wmh b l ; aygh ? t+rJ w rf ;
cspfcspfcifcifeJ@ pnf;vHk;nDnGwfpGm aexkdifoGm;ekdif
r,f ? 'ga=umif h nD - nD r i,f w d k @ vnf ; wwf e k d i f
or# raus eyfpdwfawG/ a'goawG/ 0efwdkremvdk
jcif ; awG u d k avsmh e nf ; atmif v k y f + yD ; rsuf E S m
uav;+yHK;&$ifpGmeJ@ avmu}uD;udk aysmf aysmfjzwf
oef ; =ur,f q d k & if uav;wd k @ rS m vl c spf v l c if r sm;
vm r,f ? ul n D r/ pcsif w J h o l a wG wk d ; vmr,f ? t&m&mud k
&J 0 H h p G m aqmif & G u f v mek d i f r ,f ? rd w f a qG t csif ; csif ; &if ; ES D ;
cspfcifr_awG ydkvmr,f? aemufqHk; rdrd&J@ &nfrSef;csufyef;wkdif
atmif e k d i f z d k @ txd tusKd ; ouf a &muf e k d i f w mrd k @ uJ æ nD /
nD r av;wd k @ a& 'D a e@ 'D t csd e f u p+yD ; [ef a qmif r _ t uif ; qH k ;
t+yH K ;/ tppf t rS e f q H k ; t+yH K ;awG e J @ avmu}uD ; ud k xd a wG @
quf q H = u&atmif vm;æ? tm;vH k ; aysmf & $ i f y gapæ?
rmrm

jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (22)

Zlvikd v
f 2012

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

v+yfv+yf &Sm;&Sm; owif;rsm;
** urB m h 0 if a iG t aumif ; qH k ; tm;upm;orm;rsm; **
(e,l ; a,muf / ZG e f 2)
urB m h 0 if a iG t aumif ; qH k ; tm;upm;orm;rsm;pm&if ; ud k azmbwf p f r *~ Z if ; u pm&if ; jyKpk + yD ; ZG e f
21 &uf w G i f xk w f j yef azmf j yvd k u f & m tar&d u ef vuf a 0S @ orm; ar0J v f o mu tar&d u ef a ':vm 85
oef ; jzif h xd y f q H k ; ae&mY &yf w nf a e cJ h o nf ? urB m ausmf w if ; epf o rm; a&mf * smzuf ' J & m;rS m tar&d
uefa':vm 52²7 oef;jzifh yOPrae&mrSom &yfwnf Edkif+yD; &k&Sm;wif;epfr,f &Sm&mydkAmrSm tar&duef
a':vm 27²9 oef ; jzif h tqif h 26 ae&mY &yf w nf E d k i f c J h o nf ? 'k w d , 0if a iG taumif ; qH k ; tm;upm;
orm;rSm zdvpfydkifvufa0S@or; yufuGdKifatmjzpf+yD; 0ifaiGtar&duefa':vm 62 oef;jzifh 'kwd,ae&mY
&yf w nf E d k i f c J h o nf ? ol o nf r=umrD u tar&d u ef v uf a 0S @ orm; b&uf ' avud k trS w f j zif h &H _ ; cJ h o nf ?
urB m h a *guf o D ; &d k u f upm;orm;wd k u f * g;0k ' f r S m 0if a iG t ar&d u ef a ':vm 59²4 oef ; jzif h wwd , ae&mY &S d a e+yD ; tar&d u ef
bwfpuufabm upm;orm;vDb&Gef;*sdrf;u 0ifaiGtar&duefa': vm 53 oef;jzifh pwkwˆae&mY &Sdaeonf? tar&duef*
vuf p D uvyf Y upm;aeaom a';Apf b uf crf ; rS m tar&d u ef a ':vm 46oef ; ES i f h qÏrae&mY &S d a e+yD ; ref , l u pm;orm;
a[mif ; pD & d k e ,f ' d k u tar&d u ef a ':vm 42²5 oef ; jzif h e0rae&mY &yf w nf v suf & S d o nf ? (tif w meuf )
** wd k i f w ef ; epf = 2 oabF m }uD ; pwif w nf a qmuf a wmh r nf **
(qpf ' eD / ZG e f 20)
vGefcJhaom ESpfaygif; 100 ausmfu epfjrKyfcJhonfh urBmausmf wdkifwef;epf trnf&Sd
taysmfpD;oabFm}uD;ESifh 'DZdkif;wlnDaom wdkifwef;epf-2 trnf&Sd oabFm}uD;udk pwif
wnf aqmuf & ef pD p Of a e+yD j zpf a =umif ; =opa=w; vsEd k i f i H r S ol a X;}uD ; uvpf y gvf r m
u ZGef 20 &ufwGif xkwfazmfajym=um;vdkufonf? tqdkyg oabFm}uD; wnf aqmuf
&ef tpD t pOf &S d a =umif ; uvpf y gvf r mu +yD ; cJ h o nf h {+yD v u pwif owif ; xk w f j yef
cJ h + yD ; aemuf oabF m 'D Zd k i f ; rsm;a&;qG J u m pwif w nf aqmuf a wmh rnf j zpf a =umif ;
ajym=um;jcif ; jzpf o nf ? ,ck tck t cg urB m ausmf a &;a=umif ; tif * sif e D , muk r ` % D r sm;
jzpf o nf h zif v ef tajcpd k u f 'J v f w mrif ; ES i f h bvl ; pwm;oabF m uk r ` % D r sm;u tqd k y g wd k u f w ef ; epf - 2 oabF m }uD ; wnf
aqmuf & ef }ud K ;pm; cJ h = u&m 'J v f w mrif ; uk r ` % D . 'D Zd k i f ; ES i f h wnf a qmuf c G i f h &&S d r nf j zpf o nf ? 'J v f w m rif ; uk r ` % D o nf
tqd k y goabF m }uD ; ud k w&k w f E d k i f i H pD t uf p f p D usif v ef ; oabF m usif ; Y pwif w nf aqmuf & ef jyif q if ae+yD jzpf o nf ?
,ckwnfaqmufrnfh wdkifwef;epf - 2 oabFm}uD;rSm t&SnfrDwm 270 &Sd+yD; tjrifh 53 rDwm&Sdum oabFm tav;csdefwef
3000 cef @ &S d r nf j zpf o nf ? ,if ; oabF m ay:wG i f tcef ; aygif ; 840 yg0if + yD ; c&D ; onf a ygif ; 20000 ausmf pD ; eif ; Ed k i f u m
tar&d u ef E S i f h +Ad w d e f E d k i f i H t =um; a&vrf ; c&D ; ud k armif ; ES i f & ef pD p Of x m;onf ? (tif w meuf )
** 'a&mh b mtm; &S e f [ k d i f ; &S i f [ G m toif ; t_yD ; owf p mcsKyf c sKyf q d k a c:,l **
(&S e f [ k d i f ; ZG e f 20)
w¶k w f p l y gvd * f u vyf &S e f [ k d i f ; &S i f [ G m toif ; onf cs,f v f q D ; toif ; . tm;xm;&onf h
wk d u f p pf r S L ;'a&mh b mtm; t+yD ; owf p mcsKyf c sKyf q d k a c:,l v k d u f + yD j zpf a =umif ; ZG e f 20 &uf
owif;wGif azmfjyonf? Touf (34) ESpft&G,f&Sd wkduf ppfrSL;'a&mhbmonf bkdif,efjrL;
epf t m;tEk d i f , S O f + yd K if u m cs,f v f q D ; toif ; csef y D , H v d * f z vm; &&S d c J h + yD ; aemuf toif ; rS
xGufcGmcJh+yD; w¶kwfplygvd*fuvyf &Sef[kdif;&Sif[Gmtoif;ESifhwpfywfvkyfcvpmaygif 200000
jzifh ESpfESpfcJGoufwrf;&Sd pmcsKyfwpf&yfcsKyfqdk cJhjcif;jzpfonf? +yD;cJhonfhoDwif;ywfu w¶kwf
uvyf &S e f [ k d i f ; &S i f [ G m toif ; . urf ; vS r f ; r_ u k d & &S d c J h + yD ; ,ck & S e f [ k d i f ; &S i f [ G m toif ; .
wkdufppfrSL;tjzpfvufcHum oabmwl nDr_pmcsKyf csKyfqdkcJhjcif; jzpfa=umif; wkdufppfrSL; 'D'D ,m'a&mhbmu xkwfazmfajym
=um;cJ h o nf ? xk d @ jyif 'a&mh b monf w¶k w f . abmvk H ; avmutm; wd k ; jrê i f h a &;ES i f h w¶k w f E S i f h tmz&d u t=um;quf q H a &;
,ck x uf yd k r d k w d k ; wuf & ef v nf ; rd r d a rS s mf vif h a =umif ; ajym=um;cJ h o nf ? 'a&mh b monf 4if ; . cs,f v f q D ; toif ; upm;azmf
eD u k d v uf t e,f u m. &S e f [ k d i f ; &S i f [ G m toif ; od k @ ajymif ; a&$ Πvma&;urf ; vS r f ; r_ u d k v nf ; +yD ; cJ h o nf h Zef e 0g&D v u
&&S d c J h a =umif ; ES i f h 'a&mh b monf taumif ; qk H ; wd k u f p pf r S L ;wpf O D ; jzpf o nf h t wG u f w¶k w f o k d @ a&muf & S d a &; }ud K ;yrf ; r_ u d k
vuf a wG Πtaumif t xnf azmf v k d u f j cif ; yif j zpf a =umif ; &S e f [ k d i f ; &S i f [ G m toif ; wm0ef & S d o l r sm;u qd k o nf ? (tif w meuf )
jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r w
wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (23)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Zlvikd v
f 2012

** a&ES i f h u k e f ; ES p f r sd K ;armif ; ES i f E d k i f o nf h armf a wmf u m; xk w f v k y f _ yD **
(e,l ; a,muf / ZG e f 21)
tar&d u ef E d k i f i H armf a wmf u m;xk w f v k y f a &; uk r ` % D w pf c k j zpf o nf h ruf 0 pf
uk r ` % D u urB m ay:wG i f yxrqH k ; a&ES i f h u k e f ; ES p f r sd K ;pvH k ; armif ; ES i f o G m ; vmEd k i f o nf h
armf a wmf u m;wpf r sd K ;ud k wD x G i f x k w f v k y f v d k u f + yD ; pwif a &mif ; cs ae+yD j zpf a =umif ; ZG e f
21 &uf w G i f owif ; xk w f j yef o nf ? Sea Lion [k trnf a y;xm;aom 4if ; armf a wmf
um;onf um;vrf;ay:wGif wpf em&D uDvdkrDwm 290 E_ef; armif;ESifEdkif+yD; a&jyifY wpfem&D72 uDvdkrDwmE_ef; armif;ESifEdkif
onf ? 4if ; um;rS m +yd K if u m; trsd K ;tpm;jzpf + yD ; wpf p D ; vS s if tar&d u ef a ':vm 295500 jzif h a&mif ; csae+yD j zpf o nf ?
(tif w meuf )
** a';Apf a q;vf A m;tm; pmcsKyf o pf c sKyf q d k & ef r ef p D ; wD ; toif ; toif h & S d a e **
(ref c suf p wm/ ZG e f 24)
44 ESpfwmumvtwGif; y&DrD,mvd*f csefyD,HjzpfvmcJhonfh refpD;wD;toif;onf &D;,Jvf
ruf ' &pf toif ; rS pd w f 0 if p m;vsuf & S d a om ref p D ; wD ; toif ; . tm;xm;&onf h pyd e f u G i f ;
v,f u pm;orm; a';Apf a q;vf A m;tm; aygif 52 oef ; jzif h p mcsKyf o pf w pf & yf c sKyf q k d & ef
toif h & S d a ea=umif ; ajym=um; cJ h o nf ? ,l ¶ k d 2012 +yd K if y J G 0 if pyd e f t oif ; . uG i f ; v,f wG i f
ajcpG r f ; jyvsuf & S d a om touf ( 26)ES p f t &G , f & S d aq;vf A m;onf ajymif ; a&$ Πa=u;aygif oef ;
50 jzif h urf ; vS r f ; vm onf h *sKd Πpf a rmf & if [ k d . &D ; ,J v f r uf ' &pf t oif ; ok d @ ajymif ; a&$ Πvk d o nf q d k o nf h t csuf u d k
jiif ; y,f c J h j cif ; onf ref p D ; wD ; toif ; twG u f t jyKoabmaqmif a om owif ; jzpf v mcJ h o nf ? pyd e f u G i f ; v,f u pm;orm;
a';Apf a q;vf Am;onf pmcsKyf o uf w rf ; ES p f E S p f usef & S d a eao;onf ? ok d @ aomf ref p D ; wD ; toif ; url toif ; .tm;xm;
&onf h uG i f ; v,f u pm;orm;tm; qk H ; ¶H _ ; &ef tvd k r &S d j zpf a ecJ h o nf ? xd k @ a=umif h a';Apf a q;vf A m;ud k ref p D ; wD ; toif ; .
upm;azmf r sm;jzpf o nf h qm*sD ¶ k d t *l ¶ k d / wd A uf Z f E S i f h ,m,mwd k a &;wd k @ uJ h o k d @ aomvk y f c vpmay;um wpf y wf v k y f c aygif
200000 jzif h ig;ES p f ouf w rf ; &S d p mcsKyf w pf & yf csKyf q d k & ef ref p D ; wD ; toif ; jyif q if c J h o nf ? aaq;vf A m;onf 2010 ck E S p f u
ajymif ; a&$ Πa=u; aygif 24 oef ; jzif h Avif p D , m toif ; rS ref p D ; wD ; toif ; od k @ a&muf & S d v mcJ h j cif ; jzpf o nf ? a';Apf a q;vf
Am;onf +ydKif bufupm;orm;rsm;tm; jzwfausmf Ekdifonfh pGrf;&nf&SdcJhjcif;a=umifh refpD;wD;toif;u 4if;tm; “rmvif”
[k trnf a y;xm;a=umif ; vnf ; aq;vf A m;. 0uf b f q d k u f w G i f a&;om;xm;onf ? uG i f ; v,f u pm;orm; a';Apf a q;vf
Am;onf ref p D ; wD ; toif ; ES i f h ouf w rf ; &S n f pmcsKyf c sKyf q k d & ef & S d + yD ; 4if ; . tem*wf E S i f h y wf o uf I twd t usrod & ao;
a=umif ; aq;vf A m;. at;*sif h j zpf o l u qd k c J h o nf ? (tif w meuf )
** b&mZD ; aemuf w ef ; cH p pf r S L ; 'D ' D ² ² ref p D ; wD ; aygif o ef ; 20 jzif h ac:,l r nf **
(&D , d k ' D * sae;&d k ; / ZG e f 26)
touf 23 ES p f t &G , f 'D ' D t m;ac:,l & ef b&mZ
b&mZDD ; Ed k i f i H &D , d k * sae&d k ; +rd K Œod k @ ref p D ; wD ; uvyf r S
ud k , f p m;vS , f r sm; oG m ;a&muf a qG ; aEG ; rnf j zpf + yD ; oabmwl n D r _ & &S d r nf [ k ,H k = unf a eonf ? ref p D ; wD ;
ud k , f p m;vS , f r sm;onf 'D ' D v uf &S d u pm;aeom b&mZ
b&mZDD ; uvyf Awf p ud k ' *g;rm;rS wm0ef & S d o l r sm;ES i f h
aqG ; aEG ; rnf j zpf & m }ud K uf a ps;ay;um ac:,l & ef t wG u f jyif q if a eonf ? Awf p ud k ' *g;rm;uvyf o nf
aiG a =u;tusyf t wnf ; jzpf v suf & S d & m 'D ' D t m; ,ck E S p f abmvH k ; &moD t wG u f vk y f c vpmay;&ef y if
tcuf awG@vsuf&Sdonf? 'D'Donf b&mZ
b&mZDD;pD;&D;atwGif +yD;cJhonfh abmvHk; ESpf&moDY taumif;qHk;A[dkcH
ppf r S L ;wpf O D ; tjzpf a&G ; cs,f c J h & ol j zpf o nf ? (tif w meuf )
** rkdufu,ftkd0if 'lbdkif;odk h ajymif;a&$ hupm;zG,f&Sd **
('l b d k i f ; / ZG e f 27)
ref,lwdkufppfrSL; rkdufu,ftkd0ifonf vkyfcvpm wkd;jrêifhay;r_ay: rlwnfI 'lbkdif;okd@
ajymif ; a&$ Πupm;zG , f & S d a e a=umif ; tm&yf a pmf b G m ;rsm; jynf a xmif p k r S tm;upm;
owif ; wpf & yf u owif ; azmf j yonf ? touf (32) ES p f t&G , f & S d wk d u f p pf r S L ; rk d u f u ,f
tk d 0 if o nf enf ; jyqmtJ v uf p f z m*l q ef ud k i f w G , f o nf h y&D r D , mvd * f t if t m;}uD ; uvyf
ref , l t oif ; wG i f yk H r S e f y J G x G u f c G i f h r &&S d c J h o jzif h toif ; rS x G u f c G m &ef qk H ; jzwf c J h + yD ; aemuf
pwkwfpD;wD;toif;okd@ ajymif;a&$Œ&ef csdwfqufr_rsm; jyKvkyfcJhonf? okd@aomf tm&yfapmf
bG m ;rsm; jynf a xmif p k u vyf t,f v f & S m ;bwf u ref , l w d k u f p pf r S L ; rk d u f u ,f tk d 0 if t m;
ta&SŒtv,fydkif;okd@ a&muf&Sda&; t+yD;owfac:,lpmcsKyf&ef jyifqifaea=umif; ZGef 26 &ufu tckdiftrm ajym=um;cJhonf?
jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

pmrsufEmS (24)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Zlvikd v
f 2012

t,fvf&Sm;bwf uvyfurl tm&yfapmf bGm;rsm; jynfaxmifpk. txuf v$mvlwef;pm;tjzpf tod trSwfjyK&ef rjzpfEkdif[k
toif;. wGpfwmpmrsufESmwGif azmfjyxm;onf? wdkufppfrSL; rkdufu,ftkd0ifurl toif;wm 0ef&Sdolrsm;ESifh aqG;aEG;xm;+yD;
vmrnf h a bmvk H ; &moD w G i f t,f v f & S m ;bwf o k d @ oG m ;a&muf u pm;&ef qk H ; jzwf x m; +yD ; jzpf a =umif ; 4if ; u ajym=um;cJ h o nf ?
t,f v f & S m ;bwf u vyf . ajyma&;qd k c G i f h & S d o l u rl rk d u f u ,f t k d 0 if o nf vmrnf h abmvk H ; &moD w G i f toif ; ok d @ ajymif ; a&$ Œ
vmzG,f&Sda=umif;/ rkdufu,f tkd0ifESifhvnf; aqG;aEG;r_jyKvkyfxm;+yD; jzpfa=umif;/ okd@aomf oabmwlnDr_ r&&Sdao;a=umif;ESifh
rkdufu,ftkd0if t,fvf&Sm;bwfokd@ a&mufra&mufukd r=umrDtcsdefwGif od&rnfjzpfa=umif; ajym=um;cJhonf? (tifwmeuf)
** pyg;toif ; enf ; jytjzpf tef ' &D A D v mbk d t mh p f t m; a&G ; cs,f c ef h t yf & ef oabmwl **
(vef ' ef / ZG e f 27)
[,f&D&ufeuf EkwfxGufoGm;+yD;aemuf enf;jyvufrJh jzpfcJh&aom vef'efajrmuf
ydkif;tajcpkduf awmhwif[rfa[mh pyg;toif;onf toif;. refae*smopftjzpf cs,fvfqD;
toif ; enf ; jya[mif ; AD v mbk d t mh p f t m; a&G ; cs,f c ef @ tyf & ef oabmwl n D c J h a=umif ; ZG e f
27 &uf tm;upm;owif ; wpf & yf u azmf j yonf ? AD v mbk d t mh p f o nf awmh wif [ rf
a[mhpyg; toif;ESifh okH;ESpfoufwrf;&Sd pmcsKyfwpf&yftm; oabmwlnDcJh onf[k qdkonf?
okd@aomf ADvmbkdtmhpf. enf;jycef@tyfa&;qkdif&m pmcsKyftcsuf tvufrsm;tm; twnf
jyK&eftwGuf Zlvkdif yxrywftxd apmifhqkdif;&ef qkH;jzwf xm;onf[k od&onf? xkd@a=umifh
enf ; jyAD v mbk d t mh p f cs,f v f q D ; toif ; enf ; jytjzpf wm0ef , l c J h p Of u ud k i f w G , f y k H nH h
zsif ; cJ h o nf u d k owd x m;rd c J h o nf h pyg;y&d o wf r sm;tm; pyg;toif ; OuU Ï 'ef e D & ,f v D A D . qk H ; jzwf c suf u auseyf r _ a y;
Ek d i f z G , f r &S d a y? ok d @ aomf touf t &G , f E S i f h tawG Πt}uH K t& AD v mbk d t mh p f . pd w f t m;xuf o ef r _ E S i f h enf ; jyES i f h q k d i f a om
tod t jrif t m; pyg;toif ; OuU Ï u xk w f a zmf c sD ; usL;um AD v mbk d t mh p f taejzif h pyg;toif ; tm; ud k i f w G , f & ygu wpf E S p f
aygif 7 oef; vkdcsifonf qkdonfudkvnf; vkdufavsm&ef 'efeD&,fvDADu jyifqifaeonf? cs,fvfqD;toif; enf;jya[mif;
tef ' &D A D v mbk d t mh p f taejzif h v nf ; pyg;toif ; enf ; jytjzpf ud k i f w G , f c G i f h & &S d a &;twG u f oabmwl n D csuf r sm;tm;
vpf v sL¶_ r nf h tae txm;r&S d a=umif ; toif ; wm0ef & S d ol r sm;u ok H ; oyf x m;onf ? (tif w meuf )
** pydefu tDwvDudk 4 *dk;jywfeJ h tekdif&,l_yD; Oa&mycsefyD,Hqk zvm;&,l **
(aomif & if ; e*g;- 2- 7-2012)
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pmrsufEmS (25)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Zlvikd v
f 2012

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Zlvikd v
f 2012

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ajymonf? (Popular News Journal))
(Zl v d k i f v 2 &uf 2012)
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onf tenf;qHk; tca=u;aiG Oya't& qufvuf cHpm;cGifh &Sdonf? ((Popular News Journal))
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(Zlvkdifv 7 &uf 2012- RFA)
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a&;om; ay;&efESifh vlukeful;cH&aom owif;rsm; a&;om;ay; &efvnf; wkdufwGef;cJhonf? (7Day News Journal: Posted
By Richard Aung)
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Zlvikd v
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pmrsufESm (1) jrefrmta&; ulnDvdkolrsm;jym;rS tquf
twG u f tm;wuf p &m jzpf w ,f v d k @ a':atmif q ef ; pk = unf u owif ; pm&S i f ; vif ; yG J r S m jyef + yD ; awmh ajymcJ h y gw,f ?
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pmrsufEmS (28)

Zlvikd v
f 2012

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

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oG m ;r,f h t a=umif ; oH t rwf } uD ; Derek Mitchell u ajymqd k o G m ;ygw,f ? tar&d u ef
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(1) a*satpDbaD t- em,u (2)q&mawmf

100 bwf

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100 bwf
100 bwf

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(083 165 6715/ 087 308 9680)

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E-mailwm0ef
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txl ; xk w f t jzpf xk w f a 0ek d i f & ef pD p Of a eygonf ? )

Ph-

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wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

087 3089 680 (Dtac)

pmrsufEmS (29)

jrefrmjynfom;pmapmif

Zlvikd v
f 2012

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jref r mjynf o m;rsm;ta&; yl ; wG J v _ y f & S m ;r_ a umf r wD ( JACBA)rSrS vpOf x k w f a 0jzef @ csD o nf ?

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