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vkyfief;rsm; vkyfukdif&ef ponf

um;wkdufcH&[efaqmifum tkyfpkzGJY í ajcmufvSefhaiGawmif;cHrI
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aMumif; od&onf/

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wvD? MopaMw;vs? w½kwf? 'def;
rwf? aemfa0? pydef? pifumyl?
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aMumif; od&onf/

14

health & science News

God Particle [kxif&Sm;onh f j'yfwdkYwGif j'yfxk&Sdvmap&ef zefwD;aomtrIefawGY&SdNyD[k,HkMunf&aMumif; ynm&Sifrsm;aMunm
„

God Particles [k x if & S m ;
onhf j'yfwYkdwiG jf 'yfx&k v
dS map &ef
vIHYaqmfzefwD;aom tufwrfwpf
ydkif;trIefwpfrsKd;udkawGY&SdNyD[k
,HkMunf &avmufaomtaxmuf
txm;awGYNyD[k ½lyaA'ynm&Sif
rsm;u Zlvdkifv 4 &ufaeYwGif
xkwfjyefaMunmcJhonf/
,if;trIerf sK;d &So
d nf[k pwif
xkwfazmfcJhaom NAdwdefEkdifiHom;

yDwm[pf*fudktpGJjyKNyD; Higgs
boson trIef[ktrnfay;xm;cJh
onf r S m MumNyD ; jzpf a omf v nf ;
,cifu oufaorjyEkdifcJhay/
,ckawGY&SdcJhonhf tufwrf
wpfydkif;trIefwpfrsKd;(boson) rSm
yDwm[pf*f ajymcJhonhf trIefrsKd;
jzpfEkdifonf[k ,lq&onf [k
xkwjf yefcjhJ cif;jzpf onf/tufwrf
wpfyikd ;f trIeq
f &kd mwGiEf pS rf sKd; &SNd yD;

tdyfcsftdkifAGDydk; udk,fwdkifppfaq;Edkifaom
ud&d,m tar&dueftufzf'Dat twnfjyK

q&m0efnTefMum;csufrvdk
bJ aetdrfwGifyif tdyfcsftdkifAGDydk;
&Sdr&Sd udk,fwdkifppfaq;Ekdifaom
ud&d,mwpfrsKd;udk tar&duef
tpm;taomufESihfaq;0g;uGyfuJ
a&;(tufzf'Dat)u yxrqHk;
tBudrftwnfjyKcJhonf/
OraQuick [k t rnf a y;
xm;onhf ppfaq;a&;ud&d,mrSm
yg;pyftwGif;xnhfNyD; wHawG;rS
wpfqihfppfaq;EkdifNyD; rdepf 20 rS

40twGif; ydk;&Sdr&Sd tajzodEkdif
onf/ rSeu
f efrrI mS tdycf st
f ikd Af &DG o
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rsm;wGif 92 &mcdkifEIef;rSefuefrI
&dS&m ydk;&Sdol 12 OD;vQifwpfOD;EIef;
rSm ,if;ud&,
d mjzihf ppf½jkH zihrf awGY
Edkifonhfoabmjzpfonf/ ydk;r&Sd
aMumif; xkwjf yef&mwGiv
f nf; 99
&mckdifEIef;omrSefuefNyD;&mEIef;
jynhrf rSeu
f efay/okYd&mwGit
f vG,f
wulppfaq;Ekid rf rI mS tm;om;csuf
tjzpf&Sdaeonf/ Ref;AP

aemufwpfrsKd;rSm ausmif;wGif
oifc&hJ aom y½dw
k eG ?f EsLx&Ge?f tD
vufx&Gew
f Ykduo
hJ Ykdaom tufwrf
wpfvHk;wGif wpfae&mwnf;ESpfck
rwnfEkdifonhf trIef (fermion)
rsKd;jzpfNyD; boson rSmrl ,if;odkY
r[kwfay/
Oa&my EsLuvD;,m;okaw
oepifwm (CERN) &Sdtufwrf
cGJpufjzihf tzGJYESpfzGJYu oD;jcm;pD

avhvm&mrS ,ckawGY&Sdcsufudk
xkwfjyefcJhjcif;jzpfonf/ Higgs
boson trIefjzihfwdk;wdkufrdaom
tcg tcsKd Y aomtrI e f r sm;rS m
aES;oGm;NyD; j'yfxjk zpfwnfvmjcif;
jzpfonf/ tvif;\trIerf sm;uJo
h Ykd
aom tcsKdYaomtrIefrsm;rSmrl
Higgs \oufa&mufrIr&Sdaom
aMumihf j'yfx&k rdS vmjcif;jzpfonf/
Ref;AFP,AP

Higgs boson qdkwmbmvJ

tufwrfwpfyikd ;f trIew
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h ;kH "mwfaiG[
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[pf*f trIerf sm;onf tufwrfrsm;tjzpfwnfaqmuf&mwGif yg0ifaomtjcm; tufwrf
wpfyikd ;f trIerf sm;ESihf xdawG hNy;D ,if;wku
Yd kd aES;auG;oGm;apcJo
h nf/ xdaYk Mumifh pMum0VmtwGi;f &Sd
j'yfrsm;wGif j'yfxk &Sv
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dS maomaMumihf tufwrfrsm;wGif tifem;&Sm;jzpfvmNy;D
tvsiftjrefa&GYvsm;jcif;udk wGef;vSefonf/
„ b,fvdkerlemay;rvJ
[pf*fbdkqGefudk xif&Sm;ausmfMum;olrsm;udk 0ef;&HaomvltkyfBuD;ESihfEdIif;,SOfEkdifonf/
tjcm;trIerf sm;udk xif&mS ;ausmMf um;olrsm;tjzpf owfrw
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rSmvltyk t
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kd ;dk cdik ;f olrsm;u 0ef;&Hawmif;qdk
aeaomaMumihf aES;auG;oGm;&onf/ vltyk Bf u;D aMumihx
f if&mS ;olrsm;rSm csucf si;f xGurf oGm;Ekid b
f J
aES;auG;oGm;&ovdk [pf*fbdkqGefaMumihf tjcm;tufwrfwpfydkif;trIefrsm;rSm aES;auG;oGm;&NyD;
tifem;&Sm; jzpfvmaponf/
„ 'DtrIef&Sdw,fvdkY ½lyaA'ynm&SifawGbmhaMumihf ,lqcJhMuovJ
pMu0VmtwGif;&Sdtm; (forces)rsm;taMumif; &Sif;jyEdkif&ef ½lyaA'ynm&Sifrsm;onf
trIefrsm;udkavhvm&onf/ ½lyaA'oDtdk&Drsm;t& vQyfppfoHvkdufvIdif;rsm;ESihfEsLuvd,
tm;rsm;tvkyv
f yk &f ef j'yfx&k adS omtrIerf sm;udk rvdt
k yfay/ od&Yk mwGit
f rIerf sm;rSm j'yfx&k adS e&m
,if;twGuf tajz&Sm&efvdkvmcJhonf/ 1964 wGif paumhwvef tD'ifbm&m wuúodkvfrS
yDwm[pf*fESihf tjcm;ynm&Sifrsm;u ,if;odkh jzpfapaom trIefwpfrsKd;&Sdaejcif;aMumifh[k
oHk;oyfcJhMuonf/ God Particle [kvlNydef;tac:ta0:udkynm&Sifrsm;u rESpfNcdKufovdk
zefqif;rIEiS rfh qkid b
f J j'yfx&k v
dS map&ef tajctaeaphaqmfzefw;D ay;Ekid pf rG ;f &Srd u
I o
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kd nf/
„ b,fvdkawGY&SdcJhovJ
y½dw
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f ufwrfwpfyikd ;f trIef oef;aygi;f rsm;pGmudk uGx
J u
G af p&eftiftm;oH;k vkyaf qmifNy;D
rnfonfht&m xGufvmonfudkavhvm&mrS ,if;trIefwpfrsKd;&Sdaejcif;udk azmfxkwfEkdifcJhonf/
rSm;,Gif;EkdifajcrSm 0 'or 000057 &mcdkifEIef;&SdqJjzpfonf/
Ref;USA Today

wd& pämefrsm;rS ul;pufaoma&m*gaMumihfwpfESpfvQif vl 2 'or 7 oef;cefYaoqHk;ae
wd&pämefrsm;rS vlom;okdY
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wpfavQmuf\tjrifq
h ;kH jzpfvmaeNy;D
wpfESpfvQif ,if;odkYul;pufcH&rI
tBudraf & 2 'or 5 bDvsH&adS eNyD;
wd&pämefrsm;rS ul;pufaoma&m*g
aMumihf aoqHk;olrSm wpfESpfvQif
2 'or 7 oef;rQ&Sdae aMumif;
avhvmrIwpfcku azmfjy onf/
emrusef;rIESihf aoqHk;rIjzpfyGm;
&onfxw
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wpf p d w f r S tjcm;rsKd ; pd w f o d k Y
ul;pufEkdifaom a&m*gydk; 13 rsKd;
jzpfNyD; wDbD? axmihfoef;ESihf
tonf;a&miftom;0g tD; wkdY
tyg t0ifjzpfonf/
urÇmwpf0ef;pm;eyf&du©mvdk
tyfcsuft& wd&pämefarG;jrLa&;
vkyfief;tay:rSDcdk&rI rsm;vmjcif;
ESihftwl wd&pämefrsm;rS ul;puf
onhaf &m*gjzpfymG ;rIvnf; rsm;vm
jcif;jzpfonf/ wpfzufwGifvnf;

wd&pämefarG;jrLa&;onf zGHYNzdK;qJ
EkdifiHrsm;rS jynfolrsm;twGuf
t"du 0ifaiG&ayguf&vrf;wpfck
jzpfaeonf/
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arG;jrLa&;okawoetifpwDusL
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f ,fvt
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jyKvyk af om okawoeu wd&pämef
rsm;rS ul;pufaoma&m*g A[dck suf

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wdYkvnf;yg0ifcho
J nf/ avhvmrIt&
tDoD,dk;yD;,m;? wefZef;eD;,m;?
Ekdif*sD;&D;,m;? tdE´d,wdkYrSm qif;&J
rGJawaomarG;jrLa&;vkyfief; vkyf
udkifolEIef; tjrifhqHk;ESihf wd&pämef

rsm;rSul;pufaoma&m*g 0efxkwf
0efydk; tjrihfqHk;EkdifiHrsm;jzpfae
aMumif;vnf; awGY&SdcJh&onf/
t"durSm qif;&Jaomae&mrsm;ü
wd&pämefrsm;rS a&m*gul;pufrIudk
od&SdrIESifh umuG,frItm;enf;jcif;
jzpfonf[kavhvmrIuazmfjyonf/
Ref:Mother Nature Network

16

regional News

awmifudk&D;,m;-w½kwf vGwfvyfpGmukefoG,fa&;aqG;aEG;rItm; awmifudk&D;,m;tvkyform;rsm;uefYuGufqE´jy tdEd´,u ydkvQHaeaom
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&Jrsm;\ ajymMum;csuft& wGif;xkwfukefrsm;ESifh w½kwfjynf
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cefYyg0ifcJhNyD; ,if;vltkyfonf ypönf;rsm;tMum;rnfonfh ukef
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udk&D;,m;\aygrsm;aom jynf jycJhMuonf/

awmifudk&D;,m;tmPm&SifyufcsKH[D\orD;u
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aeaMumif; od&onf/
tu,fí Zlvdkifv 10 &uf
wGifjyKvkyfrnfh uGefqmaA;wpf
New Frontier(Saenuri) ygwD
ukd,fpm;jyKor®wavmif;a&G;cs,f
aom tBud K a&G ; aumuf y J G w G i f
Geyn-hye u OD;aqmifaeonf/
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jzpfaprnfjzpfonf/
odkYaomf 'DZifbmv a&G;
aumuf yJGwGif tEkdifaocsm&ef
twGufrl vli,frsm;? aus;vuf
aejynfolrsm;\ rJrsm;udk tvGef
trif;vdktyfrnfjzpfNyD; ¤if;wdkY
twGuf tvkyftudkiftajctae
tqifajyacsmarGUa&;rSm t"duus
rnfjzpfonf/
Ref:Reuters

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international & technology NEWS

18

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ykef;uGefysLwmi,frsm;rSmvnf;aps;uGuf&vmcJhonf/ Ref;Bloomberg

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zkef; 401411? 400524? zufpf - 400528

19
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Ref:AFP

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Ref: CNN

Ref: AFP

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21
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Ref:AFP

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Ref: AFP

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Ref: AFP

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Ref;(1)Ethics for Journalists By
Richard Keeble(2) Photojournalism By Carolynne Burkholder
(3)Ethics in Photojournalism:
Past, Present, and Future By
Daniel R. Bersak (4)Photojournalism :An Ethical Approach By
Paul Martin Lester

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34

Ygn & Local

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Photo News

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wpfO;D ESihf (26.6.2012)&ufaeYwiG f
Aef;armfc½dik f a&TuNl rdKUe,ftwGi;f rS
ydik &f iS rf w
hJ &m;r0ifuRe;f ? wrvef;?
cGJom; pkpkaygif; (4 'or 8546)
wef? yDuif;*spf(3)pD;? qdkifu,f
ESpfpD;ESifh 28.6.2012 &ufaeYwGif
Aef;armfc½dkif Aef;armfNrdKUe,ft
wGif;rS ydkif&SifrJhw&m;r0ifuRef;?
wrvef;? opfwdkif? arsm? cGJom;
pkpkaygif; (32 'or 4934)wef
wkefzkef; ,mOfig;pD;tm; zrf;qD;
&rdcJhaMumif; od&onf/
zrf;qD;&rdonfo
h pf?armfawmf
,mOf?qdik u
f ,frsm;udk oufqikd &f m
NrdKYe,fopfawm&kH;rsm;wGif odrf;

qD ; xm;&S d N yD ; zrf ; qD ; &rd a om
w&m;cHtm; jynfolydkifypönf;
umuG,af pmifah &Smufa&;yk'rf 6(1)
jzifh Aef;armf&Jpcef;wGiftrItrSwf
(y.106^2012)t& trIzGifhta&;
,laqmif&Gufvsuf&SdaMumif; od&
onf/
tvm;wl 1.7.2012 &ufaeY
wGif tif;pdefNrdKUe,fapmfbGm;BuD;
uke;f &yfuu
G f eDvmvrf;ray:wGif
vdkifpifrJh,mOfrsm;zrf;qD;a&;pDrH
csufaqmif&u
G af epOf ,mOftrSwf
4*^2673 plygumpwrftm; ppf
aq;&m ¤if;,mOfrmS vdik pf ifr,
hJ mOf
jzpfNyD; ,mOfay:wGif uRef;wHcg;
&Guf(93)csyf(1 'or 0920)wef?
uRe;f wHcg;tydik ;f tp(417)acsmif;
(0 'or 3746)wef pkpkaygif;
(1 'or 4666)weftm; w&m;0if
taxmuftxm;pm&Gupf mwrf;rsm;
ryg&Sb
d o
J ,faqmifvmaMumif;od&dS
&onf/ ,mOftrSwf 4*^2673
,mOf a y:ygw&m;r0if o pf E S i f h
twl w&m;cHtm; tif;pdefNrdKUe,f
&Jpcef;odkYtrIzGifhcJhNyD; jynfolydkif
ypönf;umuG,fapmifha&Smufa&;
Oya'yk'fr 6(1)&Jpcef;trItrSwf
(y^892^2012)jzift
h a&;,laqmif
&Gufvsuf&SdaMumif;od&ygonf/
aejynfawmfowif;tzGJU

Pg-39

rEåav;NrdKYwGif jrefrmEdkifiHul;vufrSwfxkwfay;a&;½Hk; pwifzGifhvSpf
rEÅav;NrdKU atmifajrompH
NrdKUe,f 12 vrf;ESifh 66 vrf;&Sd
rEÅav;wdkif;a'oBuD; &Jowif;
wyfzGJUrSL;½Hk;wGif jrefrmEdkifiHul;
vufrSwfxkwfay;a&;½Hk;udk Zlvdkif
v 4 &ufaeYu pwifzGifhvSpfcJh
aMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/
]]jref r mEd k i f i H u l ; vuf r S w f
xkwfay;a&;½Hk;udk Zlvdkifv 4 &uf
aeYu pNyD;zGifhvSpfwmyg/ EdkifiH
om;pdppfa&;uwfeJY tdrfaxmifpk
Z,m;yg&if b,folrqdkavQmuf
xm;Edkifygw,f/ &efukefrSmvkyfcJh
wJholawGvnf; 'DrSmyJoufwrf;
wdk;Edkifygw,f}}[k jrefrmEdkifiHul;
vuf rSwfxkwfay;a&;½Hk;rSwm0ef
&SdolwpfOD;uajymMum;onf/
tqdkyg jrefrmEdkifiHul;vuf
rSwfxkwfay;a&;½Hk;wGif EdkifiHul;
vufrSwfudk jrefrmEkdifiH&Jowif;
wyfzYJG? vl0ifrBI uD;Muyfa&;ESit
hf rsK;d
om;rSwyf w
kH ifa&;OD;pD;Xme? jrefrmh

topfzGifUvSpfcJUaom rEåav;NrdKYrS jrefrmEdkifiHul;vufrSwfxkwfay;a&;½kH;
pD;yGm;a&;bPfwYkdy;l aygif;íaqmif
½Gufay;aMumif;od&onf/
jrefrmEdik if u
H ;l vufrw
S af vQmuf
xm;&mwGif rev ravQmufzl;yg
[k vdrv
f nfavQmufxm;jcif;?ynm
t&nftcsif;vdrfvnfavQmuf
xm;jcif;? tvkyftudkifvdrfvnf

0gwGif;umvodkYa&muf&Sdaomfvnf; rEÅav;NrdKY
ouFef;aps;uGufwGif ta&mif;t0,fykHrSefom&Sd
,ckEpS 0f gwGi;f umvodYka&muf
&Sdaomfvnf; rEÅav;NrdKU&Sd 0gqdk
ouFe;f aps;uGuw
f iG ef ,f0,fvuf
rsm;oma&mif;csae&NyD; ta&mif;
t0,fykHrSef&SdaMumif; od&onf/
]]'DESpfu0gxyfawmh 0gqdk
ouFef;aps;uGufudk 'kwd,0gqdk
vavmufrS ta&mif;t0,f aumif;
raumif; od&r,f/ ckNrKd Uay:aps;uGuf
uawmh ta&mif;t0,fykHrSefygyJ/
e,f0,fvufyJ t"duxm;a&mif;
ae&w,f}}[kouFe;f qdik w
f pfqikd u
f

qdkygonf/
]]ck0gwGi;f csed u
f 0gqdo
k uFe;f
avmufyJ trsm;qk;H a&mif;&w,f/
oDwif;uRwfeJY wefaqmifrkef;u
xdef&moDawGqdk&ifawmh ouFef;
a&m y&du&© mtpkaH &ma&mif;&w,f}}
[k ouFe;f a&mif;csolwpfOD;uqkd
onf/
rEÅav;NrdKUwGif ouFef;aps;
EIe;f rsm;taejzifh tenf;qkH;usyf
7500 rStrsm;qkH;usyf 35000
xd&SdaMumif; od&onf/

r,fZ,fyifwef;ajrxdef;eH&Hudk tif;a&aemuf
wpfBudrfrwufrD tNyD;wnfaqmufoGm;rnf

OD;ydefwHwm;teD;&dS r,fZ,f
yifwef;ajrxde;f eH&u
H kd awmiforef
tif;a&aemufwpfBudrrf wufrD t
Ny;D wnfaqmufomG ;rnfjzpfaMumif;
pHkprf;od&dS&onf/
]]r,fZ,fyifwef;udk a&wdu
k f
pm;wmuae umuG,fzdkYESifh a&
&SnfwnfwHhzdkYtwGuf ajrxdef;eH&H
awG wnfaqmufaeygw,f/avm
avmq,frSm av;q,f&mcdkifEIef;
avmufNyD;aeygNyD/ awmiforef
tif;a&jrifhwuf&if r,fZ,fyif
awG jrKyfEdkifwJhtwGuf aemufwpf
Budrfa&rwufrD ajrxdef;eH&HawG
udk tNyD;wnfaqmufomG ;rSmyg}}[k
vrf;wHwm;XmerS wm0ef&o
Sd w
l pf
OD;u ajymMum;onf/

]]r,fZ,fyifawGudk ajrxdef;
eH&w
H nfaqmufwm[m oifah vsmf
ygw,f/ tyifawG&UJ oufwrf;u
ESpf 130 ausmf&dSaeNyD; ESpfpOfa&
wdu
k pf m;wJ'h Pfc&H wJt
h wGuf tjrpf
awGay:vmw,f/Mum&iftyifBuD;
awGaooGm;Edik w
f ,f/ 'Dvakd jrxde;f
eH&HawGvkyfwJhtwGuf tyifawG
oufwrf;&SnNf yD;tyifawGatmuf
rSm tyef;ajztem;,lEdkifw,f}}[k
a'ocHwpfOD;uajymygonf/
awmif o ref t if ; apmif ; &d S
r,fZ,fyifwef;udk 1875 ckESpf
cefYu a&csrf;'umOD;BuD;ESifh a':
tdkwdkYu pdkufysKd;cJhNyD; rlvr,fZ,f
yifta&twGufrSm 103 yif&dScJh
aMumif; od&onf/

avQmufxm;jcif;? jypfrIuif;&Sif;
aMumif; vdrv
f nfavQmufxm;jcif;
wdkYudkjyKvkyfygu revavQmuf
xm;jcif;tm; ok;H vqdik ;f iHah Mumif;?
jynfywGif jyóemwpfpHkwpf&m
jzpfyGm;NyD; C of I jzifh jyefvnf0if
a&mufvmjcif;udv
k rd v
f nfavQmuf

xm;ol r sm;ud k a jcmuf v qd k i f ; iH h
aMumif;? jynfywGit
f aMumif;trsK;d
rsK;d aMumifh jypf'PfuscH&NyD;aemuf
C of I jzifh jyefvnf0ifa&mufvm
jcif;udk vdrfvnfavQmufxm;ol
rsm;tm; wpfESpfqdkif;iHhaMumif;od
&onf/oef;Edik pf ;kd ?oufxeG ;f atmif

a&wdkufpm;írwÅ&mESifU pOfUul;NrdKUe,ftwGif;rS
aus;½GmtcsKdUajymif;a&TUaexdkif&vsuf&Sd
a&BuD;umv {&m0wDjrpfa&
wdu
k pf m;rIaMumifh rEÅav;c½dik rf wå&m
NrdKUe,fEiS hf pOfhul;NrdKUe,ftwGif;&Sd
qnfo,f? xD;ukef;? pm;usuf?
[oFmr? eef;awmfuek ;f ? uke;f wef;
av;aus;&Gmrsm;ü vlaetdrfajc
rsm; ajymif;a&TUaexdkif&vsuf&Sd
aMumif; od&Sd&onf/
jrpfa&wdkufpm;rIaMumifh pOfh
ul;NrdKUe,ftwGif;&Sd qnfo,f&Gm
wGif tdrfajcckepfvHk;? xD;ukef;&Gm
wGif tdraf jcok;H vH;k ?pm;usuaf us;&Gm
wGif tdraf jc 15vH;k ? [oFmr&GmwGif
98 vH;k a&TUajymif;cJ&h NyD; rwÅ&mNrdKU
e,ftwGi;f &Sed ef;awmfuek ;f aus;&Gm
wGiv
f nf; tdraf jcok;H vH;k ? uke;f wef;
av;aus;&GmwGif tdrfajcckepfvHk;?
ozef;axmihfaus;&GmwGif tdrfajc
ckepfv;kH a&TUajymif;cJ&h aMumif;od&
onf/ tvm;wlyif rEÅav;wdkif;

a'oBuD;? rwÅ&mNrdKUe,f? oH;k q,f
ay;aus;½Gmü ay 400 cefYtxd
urf;yg;a&wdkufpm;cH&NyD; ½Gmajc
ysuf v k o nf t xd a&muf & S d a e
aMumif; od&Sd&onf/
tqdkygaus;&Gmrsm;rSm ,cif
ESpf {&m0wDjrpfa&wdk;csdefumv
uvnf; a&wdkufpm;rIaMumihf
pOfu
h ;l NrdKUe,f? xD;uke;f &GmwGif tdrf
ajc 40 ? rwå&mNrdKUe,f&Sd ozef;
axmifh&GmwGif tdrfajc 33 vHk;
ajymif;a&TUaexdkifcJhMu&onf/
,if;odYk {&m0wDjrpf a&wdu
k f
pm;cH&onfh aus;&GmtoD;oD;rS
aetdrrf sm;udjk yefvnfwnfaqmuf
í acwåajymif;a&GUaexdkif&ef ajr
ae&m&&Sad &;twGuw
f ikd ;f a'oBuD;
tpdk;&tzGJUESihf NrdKUe,ftaxGaxG
tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;rsm;rS pDpOfaqmif
&Guaf y;vsuf&adS Mumif; od&onf/

Elevenguru\Reporter\CMT \7-40\Page40.pmd

40

commodities prices

wpfywftwGif; &efukefaps;EIef;rsm;
wpfywftwGif;EdkifiHjcm;aiGvJvS,frIEIef;

rD;zdkaqmifoHk; ukefpnfrsm;aps;EIef; (usyf)
qefrsK;d pHak ps;EIe;f rsm;
a&Tbdkay:qef;arT;(&S,f)
1 jynf 1600
ykodrfay:qef;arT;(&S,f)
1 jynf 1200
bdkuav;ay:qef;arT;(&S,f)
1 jynf 1000
rdk;ZD,m(&S,f)
1 jynf 700
awmifysH(&S,f)
1 jynf 1100
a';'&Jay:qef;arT;(&S,f)
1 jynf 1200
ay:qef;arT;(vwf)
1 jynf 800
awmifysH
1 jynf 1000
ay:uRJ(½dk;½dk;)
1 jynf 700
a';'&JawmifysH(opf)
1 jynf 1200
raemokctopf(&S,f)
1 jynf 700
{nfUrx(xl;xl;&S,f)
1 jynff 750
a&T0gxGef;(vwf)
1 jynf 700
uRef;a&T0g(&S,f)
1 jynf 700
ipdef
1 jynf 600
ab;Mum;
1 jynf 1000
{&marT;
1 jynff 1100
qif;oG,v
f wf
1 jynf 800
zsmyHkay:qef;arT;(½dk;½dk;)
1 jynf 1200
&mausmf(½dk;½dk;)
1 jynf 600
aumufnSif;qef(&S,f)
1 jynf 1400
rD;zdkaqmifoHk;ukefypönf;aps;EIef;rsm;
MuufoGefeD
1 ydóm
700-800
MuufoGefjzL-Arm
1 ydóm
4000-5000
MuufoGefjzL-&Srf;
1 ydóm
2500-3000
tmvl;
1 ydóm
1000
tom;? ig;ESifh Oaps;EIef;rsm;
Muufom;(Arm)
1 ydóm
6000
Muufom;(pDyD)
1 ydóm
5000
0ufom;
1 ydóm
6000
qdwo
f m;
1 ydóm
8000
trJom;
1 ydóm
6000
ig;Muif;
1 ydóm
5000
ig;jrpfcsi;f
1 ydóm
4000
bJO
1 vHk;
90-110
MuufO
1 vHk;
90-100
pm;oH;k qDaps;EIe;f rsm;
yJqD&S,f
1 ydóm
4600
yJqD½dk;½dk;
1 ydóm
3100
taMumfcq
H D
1 ydóm
1900
e,fyJqD
1 ydóm
3100
tarxGm;ajryJqDoefY
1 ydómwpfbl; 5200
yGJawmftkyfajryJqDoefY 1 ydómwpfbl; 5000
&efukefyJqDoefY
1 ydómwpfbl; 5200
{&m0wDyJqDoefY
1 ydómwpfbl; 5100
aiGoZifrif;yJqDoefY
1 ydómwpfbl; 5100
jzLpiform"d qHkqD
1 ydómwpfbl; 5800
oajyndK qHkqD
1 ydómwpfbl; 5500
Global yJqDoefY
1 ydómwpfbl; 4650

azmfjyygaps;EIef;rsm;onf Zlvdkifv 6 &ufaehwGif aumuf,lxm;aom
aps;EIef;rsm;jzpfNyD; 5% rS 10% txd aps;EIef;tajymif;tvJ&dSEdkifygonf??
a&Taps;EIef;rsm; (wpfusyfom;? usyf)
&ufpGJ

15yJ&nf

tacguf

2-7-2012

685000

725000

3-7-2012

685000

729000

4-7-2012

693000

730000 ausmf

5-7-2012

693000

730000

6-7-2012

692000

734000

[ef;qufaps;EIef;rsm; (usyf)
GSM
Nokia C 200

1 vHk;

50000

Nokia X 101

1 vHk;

40000

HUAWEI T3061

1 vHk;

50000

ZTE A316

1 vHk;

20000

Ubiquan U200

1 vHk;

45000

Nokia X18

1 vHk;

60000

ZTE CF110

1 vHk;

40000

CDMA450Mhz

&ufpJG
2 .7 .2012
3 .7 .2012
4 .7 .2012
5 .7 .2012
6 .7 .2012
7 .7 .2012

(odrfjzLaps;)
USD
,l½kd
a&mif;aps; 0,faps; a&mif;aps; 0,faps;
878
885 1066 1082
858
867 1069 1085
865
874 1074 1090
873
880 1082 1098
880
890 1185 1103
878
890 1085 1103

pifumyl
a&mif;aps; 0,faps;
665
675
668
678
674
684
680
690
690
702
690
702

(jyifyaps;)
USD
,l½kd
a&mif;aps; 0,faps; a&mif;aps; 0,faps;
861
863 1060
1065
879
881 1075
1080
890
892 1077
1082
878
882 1075
1080
882
884 1070
1080
880
884 1065
1075

pifumyl
a&mif;aps; 0,faps;
667
670
672
677
675
680
670
675
685
690
685
690

rSwfcsuf/ / 0,faps;qdkonfrSm aiGvJaumifwmrS0,f,lonfhaps;jzpfNyD; a&mif;aps;rSm aiGvJaumifwmrS jyefvnfa&mif;csonfhaps;EIef;rsm;jzpfygonf/
yk*¾vdupufoHk;qDta&mif;aps;EIef;rsm; (usyf? Zlvdkifv 6 &ufaehaps;rsm;)
qdkiftrnf
&efukef

ta&twGuf

wpf*gvef
ruf(pf)jrefrm
wpf*gvef
ST Oil
wpf*gvef
KZH
wpf*gvef
NEW DAY
wpf*gvef
2000
wpf*gvef
ol&d,pGrf;tif
wpf*gvef
Green Luck wpf*gvef
rEÅ a v;
ST Oil
wpf*gvef
KZH
wpf*gvef
Green Luck wpf*gvef
Petro K

"mwfqD

'DZ,f

atmufwdef;

3550
3550
3550
3550
3550

3645
3650
3650
3650
3650
3600
3700
3650

3852
3850
3850
3900
3850
3700
3900
3850

3700
3700

3800
3700
3750

4100
4200
4100

tajccHtdrfaqmufypönf;aps;EIef;rsm;(usyf)
uke;f tkwf
a&tkwf
qifwHqdyfbdvyfajr(txdkif)
ausmufp&pf(txdkif)
jrpfoJ(txdkif)
oJMurf;(txdkif)

wpfv;kH
wpfv;kH
wpftdwf
wpfusi;f
wpfusi;f
wpfusi;f

115
110
5100
50000
8000
12000

41

bl;oD;awmifNrdKY e,f cxD;vSaus;&GmwGif a&BuD;a&vQHrIaMumifh aetdrf 31 vHk;ysufpD;
bl;oD;awmifNrdKYwGif;ü um;MuD;rsm;jzifh ajymif;a&TYaepOf

&ckid jf ynfe,f bl;oD;awmif
NrdKUe,f?cxD;vSaus;&GmwGifa&
MuD;a&vQHcJhrIaMumifh aetdrf 31
tdrfysufpD;qkH;&IH;cJh&&m pm;0wf
aea&; tcuftcJrsm;&SdaeqJ
jzpfaMumif;od&Sd&ygonf/
tqkyd gaus;&Gmonfb;l oD;
awmifNrdKUESifh 15 rkdifcefYtuGm?
ukvm;yefZif;acsmif;urf;eHab;rS
tdrfajc 190 ausmf&Sdonfh&Gm
wpfckjzpfNyD; ZGefv 26 &ufaeY
naeykdif;rS 27 &ufaeYnaeykdif;
txdawmifusa& MuD;rm;cJhjcif;
aMumifhaetdrfrsm;ysufpD;qkH;½IH;
cJ&h jcif;jzpfaMumif;?,if;aemufyidk ;f
wGib
f ;l oD;awmifNrKd UrSvrl u
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l aD &;
toif;rsm;uu,fq,fa&;ypön;f

rsm; oGm;a&mufvLS 'gef;cJah Mumif;?
ulnDrlrsm;&SdcJhaomfvnf;
rk;d wGi;f umv jzpfojzihaf exkid af &;
rSmtcuftcJrsm;pGm&SdaeaMumif;?
tvm;wl pm;0wfaea&;rSmvnf;
cufcJaeaMumif;ESifh ulnDrIrsm;
ykdrkdvkdtyfaeqJjzpfaMumif;vnf;
od&Sd&ygonf/
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&Gmw,f/ NyD;awmh awmifusa&
awGtrsm;MuD;usvmw,f/ uRef
awmfwkdYwpfcgrS rMuKHzl;wJhtae
txm;xd a&awG w uf v mwm
aMumifh aetdrfawGarsmygoGm;
wmyg/ omrefa&MuD;a&vQrH x
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ig;ayajcmufayavmufxdwufcJh
w,f / acsmif ; wpf a vQmuf r S m

bl;oD;awmifNrdKY trSwf(4)&yfuGufvrf;ray:jrifuGif;ukd Zlvkdifvqef;uawGY&pOf
&GmawGvnf;&Sdw,f/ 'gayr,fh
tjcm;&GmawGu urf;eJYuGmaewm
aMumifhtysuftpD;enf;ygw,f/
uRefawmfwkdY&Gmu tqkd;qkH;jzpf
oGm;wmyg/ &SpfESpft&G,f uav;
i,fwpfOD;eJY ajcmufESpft&G,f
uav;i,fwpfO;D vnf;a&eJYarsmyg
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qk d a wmh td r f a wG a qmuf z k d Y t
ajctae ray;ao;wJ h t wG u f
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rSmyJjzpfovkdae&w,f/ tvkyf
tukdifuvnf;bmrSvkyfvkdYr&

armifawmjrdKYwGif bPfrsm;yHkrSefzGifUvSpfaeNyDjzpfojzifU
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onf/

Page 47

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48
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49
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Photo: AFP

Institutional Revolution-

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Ref:CNN;AFP

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Ref:AFP

Ref:AFP

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Photo:AFP

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