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Business as usual FOR TRansPORT in The ciTy cenTRe
ALSO AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST: City of Sydney: Green Square: A Nationally Significant Urban Renewal Area Opportunities for a Low Carbon Community, April 2011 The Green Loop Public Transport System for the Green Square Urban Renewal Area, Application to Infrastructure Australia for planning, design and feasibility funding and corridor acquisition, December 2010 Affordable Rental Housing Strategy 2009-2014 National Urban Policy Submission, March 2011
City of Sydney:
City of Sydney: City of Sydney:
Capital Cities Lord Mayors: Partnership for Action, National Urban Policy Submission, March 2011 MAKING IT HAPPEN CITYOFSYDNEY.NSW.GOV.AU/2030
• Public transport’s share of work trips is rising. particularly since 2005 (Figure 2). RECENT TRENDS • Public transport and walking have been growing faster in Sydney than car travel since 2001/2 (Figure 1).1 BUSINESS AS USUAL IN THE CITY CENTRE The need For TranSPorT never SToPS growing. SoMeThing haS To Change. • Cycling has increased 2 ½ times since 2003 and growth is accelerating (Figure 3). There was a 49 per cent increase in the number of cyclists measured in the City of Sydney in the twelve months to March 2011 (Figure 4). • These trends need to continue because road capacity to and within the City Centre is limited. buT There iS no More SPaCe beTween buildingS. 1 . both to the City Centre and across the City.
0% 1. 2010 Figure 2 Public Transport % Share of Work Trips: 2001/2 to 2008/9 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 73% 74% 72% 71% 71% 74% 77% 77% 80% 21% 21% 21% 20% 22% 22% 24% 24% 28% 2001/2 2002/3 2003/4 2004/5 2005/6 2006/7 2007/8 2008/9 To CBD (peak hours) Sydney Statistical Division (Metropolitan Strategy) Source: NSW Transport. Transport Data Centre.9% 1. 2010 2016 State Plan Target 2 .6% 0.5% 1.0% Population Total Travel Car Driver Car Passenger Train Bus Walk Only Other Number of Trips by Mode Source: NSW Transport.7% 2.0% 2.4% 1.0% 0. Sydney: 2001/2 to 2008/9 3. Transport Data Centre.7% 0.8% 0.5% 2.9% 0.0% 2.5% 0.Figure 1 Average Annual Percentage Growth.
074 30000 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 25. measured across 100 sites within the local government area 3 .868 49% increase in 12 months March 2010 October 2010 March 2011 Source: City of Sydney.Figure 3 Average Weekday Traffic (AWT) for Bicycle Count Comparison Chart 2000 1800 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Iron Cove Bridge Anzac Bridge Sydney Harbour Bridge Anzac Parade Source: NSW Transport – Roads and Traffic Authority Figure 4 Weekday Peak Period Cycle Counts across City of Sydney 40000 38.614 35000 34.
with the first jobs before 2015.Barangaroo will house 22.000 jobs EMPLOYMENT AND JOBS ARE GROWING • Major projects like Central Park are under construction.000 extra jobs are forecast in barangaroo.000 new apartments in the green Square development area 4 . population in the City of Sydney is targeted to increase by 60 per cent and jobs by 31 per cent.000 new apartments. • by 2036. • green Square development area will house 20. (Figure 7. nSw government Metropolitan Plan 2010). There will be 20. • 22. compared with 2006.
PubliC TranSPorT alTernaTiveS MuST be available For aS Many journeyS aS PoSSible. Transport Data Centre. October 2009 Population Forecasts and Metropolitan Plan for Sydney. 2010 5 .“we CannoT build our way ouT oF CongeSTion.” Figure 7: Future Population and Employment Growth Key Drivers of Travel Demand: % Increase from 2006 to 2036 70% 60% 60% 50% 40% 40% 31% 24% 39% 36% 30% 20% 10% 0% Sydney City Rest of Inner Sydney Total Sydney Region Sydney City Centres Other Nearby Total Sydney Centres Region Population Growth Employment Growth Source: NSW Transport.
The nSw government is examining a cap on any more buses past wynyard. BUS PASSENGERS WILL FACE MAJOR DELAYS if this approach continues there will be no room for construction and commercial vehicles in the city. unless bus routes are restructured.The STaTe addS More buSeS To The neTwork every week.000 buses arriving in the City Centre in the busiest weekday peak hour. and in elizabeth Street. traffic modelling shows that there will be further significant delays around the Queen victoria building. • by 2015. • There are now more than 1.000 extra buses are being delivered and extra bus services being added (nSw government Metropolitan Transport Plan 2010 - Figure 8 shows new metrobus routes). with all those services. so expect a 30 per cent growth by 2036 (1300 buses per hour. it is often quicker to walk from wynyard to Central stations in the peak than catch a bus. • growth in population around green Square and other significant centres will result in even more buses travelling into the City Centre. 7800 per day!) • bus passengers already face serious congestion on york Street. or 2000 extra per day. and 6. but it can’t be opened until at least 2017. This grows in line with jobs. • The north-west rail line will provide relief to bus congestion and improve travel from the north-western suburbs. • Short-term measures to improve the situation around wynyard for buses and traffic have already been exhausted. the City’s roads will not have room for anything except buses in peak hours.000 across an average weekday (Table 1). and even then will struggle to function. will be needed to service the City. buT doeSn’T Plan how To FiT TheM inTo The CiTy CenTre. it will be just a bus parking lot from one end to the other. without change another 300 buses per hour. • 1. 6 . however. george Street and elizabeth Street (major north-south bus routes).
2011 Table 1 Peak Hour Bus Movements into the City Centre by Corridor (2011) FroM north west South-west South South-east South-east South-east east TOTAL Source: bus timetables plus bus counts by City of Sydney enTry PoinT harbour bridge western distributor broadway Chalmers Street Foveaux / Campbell Streets oxford Street eastern distributor / Cahill expressway william Street buS voluMe 371 113 195 72 93 126 54 64 1088 % oF ToTal 33% 10% 18% 7% 9% 12% 5% 6% 100% 7 .1K Bangor Jannali Railway Station N Kirrawee Gymea Mi d Sutherland Sutherland Railway Station Source: department of Transport.Figure 8: Metrobus Routes Hornsby Hornsby Railway Station Waitara Railway Station Castle Hill Cherrybrook Thornleigh Normanhurst Railway Station Wahroonga Railway Station M 60 Warrawee Railway Station M 60 Pennant Hills Thornleigh Railway Station Pennant Hills Railway Station Turramurra Railway Station M 60 M 61 Beecroft Railway Station Cheltenham Railway Station Pymble Railway Station M 61 Baulkham Hills Blacktown Railway Station Gordon Railway Station Killara Railway Station Epping Railway Station M 54 Macquarie University Railway Station Seven Hills Railway Station Carlingford Railway Station Epping Eastwood Railway Station Macquarie Park Macquarie Park Railway Station Lindfield Railway Station Roseville Railway Station Toongabbie Railway Station Old Toongabbie Northmead M 41 North Ryde North Ryde Railway Station Chatswood Chatswood Railway Station M 60 M 54 Oatlands Telopea Railway Station Denistone Railway Station M 40 Pendle Hill Railway Station Wentworthville Railway Station Westmead Railway Station Dundas Railway Station Westmead M 52 Rydalmere Rydalmere Railway Station Camellia Railway Station Rosehill Railway Station M 52 Ermington West Ryde Meadowbank Railway Station West Ryde Railway Station M 61 Ryde M 41 M 52 Gladesville Artarmon Railway Station Lane Cove Parramatta Parramatta Railway Station Gore Hill M 92 M 91 Harris Park Railway Station St Leonards Railway Station M 40 M 61 M 30 North Sydney Rhodes Railway Station Wollstonecraft Railway Station Waverton Railway Station M 20 Mosman Merrylands Railway Station Granville Railway Station Clyde Railway Station Rhodes North Sydney Railway Station Granville Auburn Railway Station Guildford Railway Station Olympic Park Railway Station Concord West Railway Station Drummoyne Concord Milsons Point Railway Station M 91 South Granville Berala Railway Station M 92 Lidcombe Railway Station North Strathfield Railway Station Flemington Railway Station Homebush Railway Station M 41 M 50 M 52 Rozelle Circular Quay Railway Station Wynyard Railway Station Town Hall Railway Station M 52 Sydney Kings Cross Railway Station Yennora Railway Station Strathfield Railway Station Fairfield Railway Station Leightonfield Railway Station Villawood Railway Station Canley Vale Railway Station Carramar Railway Station Chester Hill Railway Station Strathfield M 90 M 41 Burwood Burwood Railway Station St James Railway Station Museum Railway Station Leichhardt Summer Hill Railway Station Petersham Railway Station Lewisham Railway Station Stanmore Railway Station Regents Park Railway Station Sefton Railway Station Croydon Railway Station Ashfield Railway Station Camperdown Edgecliff Railway Station Central Railway Station M 10 Redfern Railway Station Macdonaldtown Railway Station Erskineville Railway Station Green Square Railway Station St Peters Railway Station Sydenham Railway Station M 10 M 40 Bondi Junction Railway Station M 50 Cabramatta Railway Station Chester Hill Sefton Birrong Railway Station M 91 Yagoona M 92 M 90 Greenacre Croydon Park Bondi Jn M 50 Enmore M30 Campsie Railway Station Belmore Railway Station Hurlstone Park Railway Station Canterbury Railway Station Dulwich Hill Railway Station Marrickville Railway Station Newtown Railway Station Yagoona Railway Station M 20 Liverpool Warwick Farm Railway Station Bankstown Bankstown Airport Bankstown Railway Station Punchbowl Railway Station M 41 Campsie Wiley Park Railway Station Lakemba Railway Station Earlwood Kingsgrove Bardwell Park Railway Station Sydenham Wolli Creek Railway Station Turrella Railway Station Arncliffe Railway Station Tempe Railway Station Mascot Railway Station International Airport Railway Station Domestic Airport Railway Station Randwick M 10 Kingsford Liverpool Railway Station M 90 Moorebank Mascot Maroubra Jn M 90 UWS Bankstown M 91 M 92 Padstow Railway Station Narwee Railway Station Kingsgrove Railway Station Bexley North Bexley North Railway Station Banksia Railway Station Casula Railway Station Panania Railway Station East Hills Railway Station Revesby Railway Station Riverwood Railway Station Beverly Hills Railway Station M 41 Rockdale Railway Station Padstow M 92 M 91 Peakhurst Penshurst M 91 Hurstville Railway Station Holsworthy Railway Station Hurstville Allawah Railway Station Kogarah Railway Station Penshurst Railway Station Mortdale Railway Station Carlton Railway Station Glenfield Railway Station Oatley Railway Station Como Railway Station Menai M 92 p1v1.
Bus Congestion in the City Centre 8 .iT iS oFTen QuiCker To walk FroM wynyard To CenTral in The Peak hour Than To CaTCh a buS.
Town Hall Railway Station 9 . THE CITYRAIL SYSTEM WILL BE CLOSE TO CAPACITY “wynyard and Town hall STaTionS will have Four PeoPle Per SQuare MeTre on The PlaTForM in The Peak hour by 2036 iF noThing ChangeS. • Maximum effective capacity is about 124 trains on the existing tracks (11 per cent more than now). • Crush capacity is already reached on afternoon peak trains and this will get worse without change. • a long term strategy is needed to avoid further overcrowding and unsafe conditions.” • There are now 112 trains arriving in the City in the morning peak hour and Town hall and wynyard stations are already crowded. This is likely to be reached by about 2020 (Figure 11).TrainS are Slower now Than They were a deCade ago and will geT even Slower aS overCrowding geTS worSe.
• This will only get worse unless something is done. Population and job growth mean 50 per cent more pedestrians in the City Centre by 2036 (City of Sydney estimates). • 93 per cent of all trips in the city centre are made on foot. • including trips to catch public transport. WALKING IN THE CITY WILL GET MORE DIFFICULT iT would CoST SurPriSingly liTTle To reduCe The enorMouS aMounT oF TiMe waSTed walking in The CiTy (and have negligible iMPaCT on oTher neTwork uSerS SuCh aS vehiCleS and bikeS). • Pedestrians are crowded onto narrow footpaths. • The loss of productive time in waiting to navigate Sydney’s streets as a pedestrian is significant. there are 1 million walking trips daily in the City Centre. while 10 per cent of trips to the City Centre are by walking and cycling (Figure 12). and trips by tourists. Sydney will ConTinue To droP down The world CiTy rankingS – and wiTh ThaT jobS and oPPorTuniTieS will diSaPPear. The City Centre is unattractive for pedestrians compared to other major world cities (Figure 13). 10 .iF noThing ChangeS. particularly in george Street.
000 4% 111.000 10% Weekday Trips within the City Centre Taxi 5. Cycle 408.000 93% Taxi Car Walk/Cycle Train. Bus.Figure 11: Rail Capacity to the City Centre Trains per Hour to the Sydney City Centre in Morning Peak by Line 200 176 152 40 124 18 18 18 18 20 20 12 Possible 2020 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 12 Possible 2036 20 20 20 20 20 20 16 Long Term 150 60% growth 112 100 16 18 14 16 50 19 18 11 0 2010 Sydney Terminal West City Circle Outer Eastern Suburbs North Shore City Circle Inner Illawarra New City Centre and Harbour Crossing Source: Cityrail (2010) plus City of Sydney analysis Figure 12: Trips To and Within the City Centre (24 hour period) Weekday Trips to the City Centre 39.000 3% Walk.000 2% Car 17.000 27% 241. Bus. Ferry Source: NSW Government (Household Travel Survey) 11 .000 1% Train.000 60% 13. Ferry 9.
accounting for around 25 per cent of the country’s economic activity. Heavy bus traffic – George Streets 12 . • efficient transport is crucial to the economy of Sydney. it will reduce economic opportunities for the whole of Sydney. • if the economy of the City declines.” THE ECONOMY OF SYDNEY WILL SUFFER • Sydney is australia’s world city. • 25 per cent of Sydney’s employment.“There haS never been a More iMPorTanT TiMe For inveSTMenT in TranSPorT inFraSTruCTure – iT iS CriTiCal To SeCuring and iMProving Sydney’S ProduCTiviTy. Singapore. • if the City Centre gets too congested. it is also australia’s premier international tourist attraction. high percentages of skilled professionals and 60% of asia-Pacific regional headquarters (Figure 14) are also located in Sydney. hong kong and other cities in our region have highly efficient public transport systems. and across australia. or if amenity in the City is not improved. (Figure 15). Many world cities now have pedestrianised their city centres in conjunction with light rail or rapid bus transit to improve efficiency and amenity. businesses and tourism will shift to other world cities.
Human Resources and Marketing Managers 32% Asia-Pacific Headquarters 60% Property and Business Services Offices 70% Information and Communications Regional Headquarters Source: City of Sydney 75% 13 .Figure 14: Sydney as Australia’s World City Population 20% Gross Domestic Product 25% Arts and Computing Professionals 28% Business.
obtain State government support to build on the City’s existing investment in transport infrastructure – to extend the benefits to surrounding local council areas. rather than have competing modes. taxis. This would extend the travel peak so the existing network could cope better. encourage walking and cycling for short trips. then public transport. Provide more attractions in the City so that people do not feel the need to rush away at the end of the working day. Metrobus routes linking to light rail allows people to bus to the City without the City failing. car share and private car as trip length and complexity increase. use the right solutions to the problem and integrate the result. 14 . For example.2 A pLAN foR TRANSfoRmATIoN – WHAT THE CITY WANTS To Do Provide more sustainable travel options for more people.
convenient and cheap without having to use private cars and taxis.000 jobs in the City to the residential growth areas. high frequency. improve internal city connections on the surface so that moving around the City is quick. Provide safe and clear network connections. Connect the 260.greatly decrease frustration for walkers and riders in the city by reducing traffic signal waiting times. from which people can make short walks. low cost public transport. with high quality. 15 . use frequent north-south light rail on george Street as a spine. both on the fringes of the metropolitan area and in urban renewal areas. and support those trips not made by public transport or the roads freeing up space for those users who must.
TranSForM george STreeT inTo a PedeSTrian. reTail and lighT rail boulevard. 16 .
Light Rail in City Centres overseas – Amsterdam. Zurich and Houston. 17 .
and a network of vibrant laneways. in combination with other key rail projects. walking and cycling and to make the City Centre a vibrant and attractive place to be. • This will also enable further light rail extensions such as along anzac Parade. • a new heavy rail line through the city and across the harbour to Chatswood is also vital. • The City is also building a cycleway and liveable green network to encourage safe cycling. • The City wants to encourage the shift to public transport. linked to major public squares at Circular Quay. The first 10 kilometres of dedicated cycleways are already built and the remaining 45 kilometres are scheduled for completion by 2016. such as the north west and South west rail links and the Parramatta to epping line. • Light rail in George Street will allow the bus system to be simplified and reduce the number of buses in city streets. walking and CyCling and To Make The CiTy CenTre a vibranT and aTTraCTive PlaCe To be. and the complete line by 2025. this will cater for 35 years’ growth in heavy rail demand (Figure 11). eastern and western suburbs. The city streets do not have enough room for more cars. broadway and to green Square to be built. • This could be finished by 2015. retail and light rail boulevard. it will allow a 60 per cent increase in the number of trains into the City and across the rail network. These and other extensions can be progressively added over the next 20 years serving the inner southern. 18 .The CiTy wanTS To enCourage The ShiFT To PubliC TranSPorT. • Building more roads to the City Centre is not a solution. it will just attract more cars. including to other centres such as north Sydney and Macquarie Park. • The first stage of this line is needed by about 2020. Town hall and Central. and more cars will only add to congestion and further reduce the quality of the city for people. • other improvements for pedestrians include: 40km/h speed limits in the City Centre and changes to traffic lights to give pedestrians more priority. • it wants to transform George Street as a pedestrian. as well as walking (shown right).
CITY OF SYDNEY PROPOSED REGIONAL BICYCLE NETWORK STATUS NORTH SYDNEY sydneycycleways.net WALSH BAY DAWES POINT MILLERS POINT THE ROCKS GARDEN ISLAND DARLING HARBOUR CIRCULAR QUAY WYNYARD TOWN HALL POTTS POINT COCKLE BAY PYRMONT WOOLLOOMOOLOO ELIZABETH BAY EAST SYDNEY KINGS CROSS RUSHCUTTERS BAY DARLINGHURST ROZELLE LEICHHARDT CHINATOWN CITY CENTRE ULTIMO FOREST LODGE RAILWAY SQUARE CENTRAL TAYLOR SQUARE CAMPERDOWN BROADWAY EDGECLIFF PADDINGTON CITY SOUTH CHIPPENDALE DARLINGTON REDFERN SURRY HILLS BONDI JUNCTION MOORE PARK WATERLOO NEWTOWN ERSKINEVILLE CENTENNIAL PARK UNSW SYDNEY PARK ST PETERS GREEN SQUARE N ZETLAND ALEXANDRIA Completed BEACONSFIELD Proposed Upgrade Need State Action MASCOT 19 .
20 .a viSion For our CiTy’S FuTure.
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