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/nomyja;mupfiwfpyj u;uMfe0m&q ku;DOfpwmev moaea;feky f D d l

,wfumuMa /33 f

nogyfpzj nrfyvKyj fiwaYeamuMmoa f f k G nrmv kubot \;DOpSEYdkwo /nocfyv;mpt;fimvat hf d k f l f hJ k ;uMa;kvfpw upD0 kunodq ;neofikdEeamuMmuM H D d f k f ;DyNkdy Jy½ruot ulonr no;DOfpSE Ykw,uukdr hfiSEfeR* I f f f d f f /no&uMwz f f Yoþ ukcfpwmijfmuMa;&ame iwfimpafpwmp;fiwo fwxfevwhmuap dk kd f G k

mijfmuMa;&ame /23

" "

" "

12 
;lbukvdr;muMr f d

hgyam&a;yaot /43 h d

gyYvmyja kdu;vafe0m&q u;metd[ kd k

 

v;mvreafpzj ;msrzatYkw;mo ?;frpnuM;mo ferjferj h[ Ykd d hf G J

;frphnuM;yja /63 f

m&a;DyN

/nomyja ;mtfno;DeZ f ,w;muM f

izjot;w;lrfiscfydt ;DyNukvfydt;fimpa Ykouzfpw no;uBo hf H l f d d f f D l Gwaot YJefy&fyS& fyS&fyS& ?,wfix,wfi0;kdco mSrxfrdt /gy;frpx fi&du H S f f l J k

/no;IE;fiwt f d

uofpzj;msfum,a ;DyNmv;kdE u&wfwk½ ofyv;m,r gctmoafum&a kd l f l k Yo,vhfOn /no;mosumrafydt Ykoufimuaoat mufpzj mrawzwz kd f f G d hJ f f ;nvum,apSE;m,rfiv fiwfesdct nohmwafesur rum,afpwnon{ f f f G hf S f f hf ;kqfumea /noHcn{kkqKuB mSimSiLsyLsy u;m,rfiv ;uBo u;msrnon{ H f hf d d D l kd f hf /nohJcea;munpv fiwfrdt fizjmvpon{ ?eyj;fim[an{ ?prnon{ f f l G h f hf f hf J f fh dwwwyfpw Yofrdt \;uBo /nofwdz ku;vmG&fpw u;m,riv;uBo d f dk D l f d kH f D l m&y;fisu uYeamvF*r umrjafpSE-52 \;m,rfiv;uBo fiwmG&fpwmG& dk f D l G

m&a;DyNfi&fw[rnon{ /53 k f hf

sAfic gymwc;dkc fmwafeRu hJ

uGwardt;mcjw ufmsuau0fux;fnöpy ?msAfic ;b;m&wr hmwag' f kd f l wxfeyjfeut QrodS& uxfydt ?Jxuv;fir ?fimua[a f k k J f h

/norfyuMuv;lyuv ufiS&frdt u;kdco moa;dcmv Yofrdtdrdr f d f f dk l k kd

;b;m&wr /53 l

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i&fw[rnon{ ?v;oafpzjmb v;kdco ?m[gy;frpfydt hfizjmSrfydt f k f fh J J l

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,wea;frzudv ufytv ku;kdco ?;frphnuM mSrd[ rara f f k k l d l f k

"

" "

 

 

 

13 

"  "  

fi&;ra Yvvo& uu,b wamew& T&afedp w;msrumvaD' YJe;vaucv kd J f G Jh f gyhJcmv ;DyN:ca uJ& ;kqferjt g'Jt /DyNuMea;fro kd H d

nouq;kHz ;mt;msfum,a moaeafum&a Yko;Hk½ mumvfux f f d G

ubm&dS& ;fekzv,w norfiS&frdt iwfpvt /nouMeahnx f D f f f G f f Ydkox;vfpmwoa Ykwo;Dp;fruMkEt ku;msrmew&T&afedp few;kdzt fidyfiS&frdt J Hk å d l d k

pagy, fisc, /93 l l

Jyfidkw,kdufmwafeRu /;bfw[r f l k ;mvum,afpw uxwa;kdco f J G l ,wfw[ f k

;mvow[ ?,wuMmyjaYdkv,wYwa f k f f G

r;fedr YJ&;msAfic kufum,afpw;msfum,a Jwea;feky mSrfimtafiwu d h k ,wfw[ f k

o;imuaåwo /83 l f d

Ykvfix YvJyuvhgi d kd f

m[uvD'Jt f,ryag' /,wgyfuvdogi kumwmvum&auv f h f dk d f f m&aHht ;msrmworfiS& mwmvfi0uv kuxfydtfhiS& d f d J ,w;mouIdE fudkEudy;gc kduwdtHqukdy hgi YeaD' f G f f k f f

/noeayjmyja ;mt;DeZ\o u;DuB©umragy ouwhrawo f l l f d

louwhra /73 f

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kq,w;mo;kdc ;fiwfumza wa;kdco ku;fecfrdt YJ&;msAfic d f G G G l d

"

kuGwa;fnöpy QrodS& /,weafum&a wao;Dp;fruBkEt mSrfrdt ?&afimra d f G l

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hw&gi Yvukv;muM;fimuMat kuJ& /;mvoea;l½ ;fir ?r;fedr [a J kd f d d h

" " "

" " "

 

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"  " 

14 
u /vrzjaykvdkv,b;fir J J f f

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gyYkvfumuMa mSrov umwdkq,w&;fiq umva,b gi d d l kd f J f f sAvmw&ea;feky xmwoa Ykvfpzjmb ?;uB;kdzt J J å d D

/no&uMYwa u;uB;kdztfi&frdt fiwxmwoa gctmoa;mGofhiGy f G kd D S G J å

/\uMhfiGz q;fiwt ;moum,a;kHo fizjoeafpzj voHckckcfpw r;fiwt JG f h kd S G gctmoa;mp;KuM fe&fhiGz umwoa /\uMfekuuk[mra ;kvpum,a;ko;kdco d kd å f d H f H l gctmoaum&a Ydom&ea moawyjv fhizjo;vafevt f k f l G /nowx Ykofiyjfrdt u;uBmwoa fhizjYko /sca&Ywar Srmb íGv f f k d dk D å d G J Srcfpw;uBmwoa moa;mxfyv hfizj;mofpo ;nvfmoaGzamS& fumSEaTra k D å k f ku;vkcpwfrdt /nofi0;msr;co Ykdoxfrdt \fr&bmt fiwfesdctn d kH f f dk l J G

YkdvuS& /24 f

m[JympOJweauMfyvgi ö h H k

;mvodS& mrq;fir m&pyj;fimuMat ;fimuMaw[r mwwo;fir S D f k f

/,weafpzj ;fiurmuo Ydkwo Ykdv,wfwo;fir u;fi&*mwöpr f F l f dk

fikdbvt /14 D

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;bdruvfpyr f,ryag' l f kd h

/,wukvl,q ku;Lyj;vfumcjagi /,w&Ywa mwea, kuGwaqukdy f f d JG d Hk f G l d H f uxt ;DyNwkx dkuwdtqukdy uxfimxaydt YJ&hgi m[fuzfpwuv J f f H f J f f hmwaukvhfiGzgi u;Hkvusr /,w;mo;kdE um&fydt YJemw;muMofpwot f d kd f f G H H ;fekweafydtgi /,wcfpzj kcfpw fy&fpzj w;feq;x unYear f hJ Jh l

fy&fpzjw;feq;x /04 Jh l

"

wrt mwwdeq ?,weamS&fuv Gwafydvky ku;fir ?;mvbfmba ?kdv[ f f D f kd d D J

"

ku;fim&abmwöpr m&qm[a;m&w u;fewD'Jt ?hgyamwdS&fyo d k d

" "

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"

 

 

15 

" "   

,r&wzj dkuuvmn ?hm&a:'a ;q;fivkuDe f f f D dk d wk' f

,r&wzj ufumxacja,b ?hm&a:'a ;q;fivkuDe f f dk f D dk d wk' f

/nowz muYfezj f f

dkuuG&mp ufe0m&q /nomvfi0 usvfidku uvfpweqky Ydkwumxauv f f f f f d f f \;fi¤ hfiSEfe0m&qwdpGJc Yo;fect;msrmev /nofpzj fiwHk½;qa f dk l f G

,wfpx ?,wwkc /64 f f f

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fi[;mvyhfimuMau&t J f

JyimuMafu&t /54 hf

,wfix f

,r;fimua i&hnuM;mGo fimta&o mwqJvofpzjmb /;mvfw[r f f f d kd k

JymSr&o fi&suumea /44 d f

gyYvr ;yafwdscfeyj u;o;fey weasu:yarja ?msAficgykvD' dk dk D hJ d

gyYJemewpa /34

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voeafyvmb;fir ;yNuw:yafiyfpo mSrxHcj YJ&;msro ?fwwmsc [a J k D f J l d h

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,w;muM;fir kduoeap[ fekuot ?;DyNq gy, gy,u ?feR*[a f H f H kd l f h

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mpO hJrmvgy mSrxmp;fiwo fezjuer ?uvovm&p;mGomb ö J f G J kd

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m[g*m&a );m,;Dem[( sult YJ&hfmwafeRu ?mwug'a f

"

mSrgcthw;fim&afeyj;mo ;msAfic kduwafwv;fivky ?,wfikdEfpzj J G G G f

" " " " " "

f,r&wzj kufumxacjamn ?hm&axDy feADt f d

"

 

 

 

 

16 
wk' f

"  "  "  "  " 

va;bdrwSrr fyKsu u;frvfeyj ?;bw[r mSrfum&afeyjfrdt l f dk l f k

fimwafyKsu fi&cfudvr fmwafeRu mokduumeaYo ?;mvfw[ ?;lbmvrfeyj hJ k f l k ;mvfw[r ;lbmvfeyjrfimuMa kufrdt k d

f,whJcpy;moJxmwa f G

yj;frvimuMa /94 f

,wmyja f

Ykv,r;mo:caqhgi qfyvyfykpt ;uBo;m&wkd[ Jwea;fieubfpwcja d f G JG D k D l h f ub;fiKdsc;fio uhfie YJemwdkq,wfum&a uscfpwuv f dk f f f /;bfumuMar 0;kv reRu kufhiS& ?;frpukd½ i&J&udk½ urfeRu ?fiS& l H f d f f f kd vYvmyja kv,b u;msAfic uo J kd d f kd l

gymwdrwuB;kx f d d

;DyNJGuugya mSresdcfpw hmwaeaqq kuhmwafeRu uo ;Hkvesdcfpw f f J l d l f ,weafpzj fimtafidE,r YJeeat hmwafeRu mwkdq,wfuEfudk½wuB;kx f k kH f S f d d /no;ra u;uBo;m&w f D l um&auvdx,u ur;edr,u u;Ofpw;fimuav;uBv v;msAfic f f f kd kd f hf kd D l D l kd

,whfiofukd½ /84 f

Yv;fevfpnfwdp mw&mS&wdtcja ;fikdwuer dk G f f YJ&;mo vYkvfpzjmb J d

imtarmS&r /74 f d
wk' f

f,wmyjafyKsu Yvuvmn kd f wk' f

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,wmyjayKsu Ydkvuv f f f

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f,wukvwdy uIrt f d f kd

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uYeapw Yvmyja ur;fedr Ykvfudkvpy;mo ufimuMa ufrdt f kd d f G kd

" "

" "

"

 

 

 

17 

"  "  " 

"

/fnoukvhfiGz kdufydtmp;qrxy f d kH

nofpofiS&fikdy hfizjo&r Yv;fiS&zja /nomvugya:ya kcfpw f kd f f ;DyNcfpw wameóyj Srfum&a uxuv;mo /fnomvfpzj fiS&ikdyPÜru k G f f f dD k &tfOpwSrt dkuwafydtmp fi&hJcmv:ya wameóyj w&r Yv;fiS&zja f G G hJ dk /fno;yakc;ofydtmp mu:cax;fect kH J ofpzj;mo ;yNfev,u ;uB;kdzt DrmuMr /no;muMmSr u;fi¤ [ l D G f G D f k gyfhiGz

;mt;mo nrcuq dkum&tfud½t \drdr no;uB;kdzt fi&fikdyPÜru f H f k f D S D k

mpmSrt /25

,wdr:ya PcPc hmwa´Eq hwfiscwo;DSvnv ku;mGzt f J f f d

fi[;mv;b;lzhJc:yarwdpJhwiscJpwyj ;fiS&mu l f f f G

/no;ra Yoþ u;msr;rja /noy;fisu f kd f

Yw;uB;mGzt iSE;uB;kdzt ;m,;De;ramt kuGJyYeamvF*r umrja 05 fpSE kd D hf D d f

´Eq moahJc:ya /15

gyYkdrmSrfpzj fu,tumSEat fuwt S f G

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/no;ra ;mt;fi¤ udS&m&t f

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,rfpzj;mwtYfe[t /05 f

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Srvafpwgcfpw mwuMhJceaea wt muMmuM umvaD' ;mGzt YJe;kdzt ?;kdzt l f

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Yw;fir f,ryag' ?;b;lz:yar hmwawdpD'Jt /;mvw[ YzJpwyj ;fiS&mu kd h l f f k kd f G

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Srv,b &tfirjtYJ&;fir mSrgcthwmvfpzj fi&fikdy PÜru ;fir ;mpthgi kd f J S D k

" " " " "

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/no&Ywa ;fi¤ kdu;frwmp moa[ f G l

18 
gyYdzfpyjt dkuumxauv \drdr k f f

 

 

/nouvscwRc &;mtmo;fr0 ku;msr;mptw0t f f kd f d f /no;ra kum&qDsc;fey u;ro;Ksdrt moamvfi0 f d D

Yko;fecyjsDc;fey [ ;mvrfikdE;yaq kuwkHy YJ&rfeRufiS& JYeJygyr;mptw0t d k GJ d l f

Jy;vauf,vt /45 G

sAficDyNeafpzj

Ye;mufidky,ku Yefrdtfikdy,ku mSrhmwafeRu kct /,wukdvfyxuv J f d J f d f f f dkuum,afpw;Dro;|ao /,w&;fimuafyvt /,wfiomp f l f k f ;fi&fyvfyvt ;DyNuvea JymrYKdrN fmwafeRu /vaf,wuv;fidkc k k f kd S f kd kuhmwafeRuzat Yvsca,0;mGoyvgya;qa ;DyNuwxYKdrN upSE,q d dk f f d f J f f /nomyja ;DyNmvfumQva ;fi¤ f wJcfev ?;va;wfimra fmwafeRu ?;mv;bdrfwSrr uhmwafeRu ?zat hJ G kd l kd

q;uBv moaeaugya;fix fiwYS&afrdt /nomvuGxum,afpw,iv D D l f G f f f f l moa;mx;mpw0 mGp;me;mo rx;mu mumvukq;kx ;pfpw;mu f S J f d d D ;mp;fimuat YoYS&afrdt \;DOpw;uB;mofyvsuHsy dS&mG&fpwmG&mwa dk f D k

;mohwsuarfe0mw /35 J
/novafpzjí[ f l hmwayafiyj;fir kufydt;ofydtmp d kH

;muno;mx;&a fiGwxt /fno&ukvfhiGz kufydtmp ;kqfumea f J f d d H gyukv;npYJGz v;fimyja ;DyNp u Hccjat ku;feifyv f d f J d k m&ukvhfiGz fhizjYko /nomvfpzj f d d f

fizjYko /nohJcmv;mG&;kq kdrkdy mSreatcjat ;nvfmoafykv ;fiwtþ h d f d f kd ;DyNfwx kuGwaGia moa;mx,zfe&t k d f

eatcjat nr&hfiGz kdufydtmp,wk' /no;momuMewtfesdct hf d f G f

 "

/no&wz ;fi¤ [ f f k

"

;mvomvgyyvhgya;qa hwmSrgi YJeg' ?,&;mo ,wmo;fr0 ;ta f d J f f

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Sr:ya,kdudhrdr mumyja um&qsDc;fey [ f k

 

19 
msAhgyamw,vfyo f G d

 

 

ifikdED' fi&su Yeafpw /vmSr;xmb YvYfecfykvt dkuwa;Ls* Yw;msAfic H J l dk G kd ;mvmwYfecr uhmwafeRu Ykw;msAfic hfimuMawm"wdp ;&aisuYfeq ;Ls* dk d f f f

/nomyja ;frscrsuar f

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Jhruvfyvt /75 f k

,wgyfpzj mpyja YJ&;kdzt Y&;fir;uBv m[mpyja w;yakct /,wgyfpzj f J D l hJ f

kdq,r&sca;ya Jyuwa;rja f G

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mumvfum&a;met;fi¤ u;kxJy;mp fiwfedsc;DyN;mp /nofumoa;mp,mSr d G G f l u;msru&t moadq hya;uB;spa fhiSE;msrmsv;fi[ hya;fimua nofvKd*ky dk f k D f ¾ moamvfum&a ;qrxy &tmijfmuMaþ /nofpzj íl[nrsca;ya kH f f u;msr;rja \Ykw;fi¤ uGiahfiosu fuwt ;msrofimqa;kHoum&auM Yea, d dk G l f G /nonx kcfpmijuMa moa;feq;x ukcfpwfiqfumoa;mp f hf l dk

fuw;kdzt /65 G

vaf,w,0wSruv f f f

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/nokpfyp fyvF*t hfiEnomv;msrruBt /nomvfum&afeyj ;mvt;yjat f d S f f d f T Druxrfeyj;mx& mu;mofux Ydom&eafpw no;mofevwhmuap f G G G k f ;fikwfum&a mwbfpw /nouMmv;p;mx& musux;fecfpw;fecfydt d l f D J Ywfum,afpw ;moevwhmuap iSEum,apw;KdsrvfyvF*t kd f hf f f l d

Ykdvq ,wfikdEoa ;G&arfedsct /55 dk f

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mSr&sca;ya uGwt;kdzt YJ&;ir;uBv m[;fir;uBlv kct ?,wgyfw[ f f D l D f k

" "

" "

 

20 
möpO JymruM;mGoux fidyt;DyNt eau S f G k

 "

 

"   

no;fi¤ /nofeyjukvfwvpa mu;G&a kuum,afpwfumea f f f d T d f f,wukvwx u;fimsua f d f k kuhmwafeRu ;DyNq;bmuor /f,wwkxpwSr kduwamwfio uuer d kd l F f k f G f Jyfydtr vfmwafeRu /,wuMfydt;kvfeut mSrfesdcnuMmp /;b;&arukv J f H k hf l f d vfmwafeRu /;b;&aruv Sro,b mSresdceascYkdy m&q;fewfio J l f kd l f f GuvDyNfeyjfpzjmb J

/nomvfum&afeyj;fi¤ gctmoamuMv;kofumea /nofeyjuvfwvpa f H f f kd T mu;ya ;msrIrfisuva moafytdv kduum,afpwfumea fhizjYko h k f d ,wukvfpywx u;fimsua f f d f k uhmwafeRu ;DyNkq;bmuor /,w;&aukv fmwaeRu /;buM;&ar kd d l F f f d f l kpwSr ;DyNudkv rlo,b uGwauscscYkdy ;fewfio /f,wp;fewfio f f S f kd f /,wuG&fimqa fimta&fiGcuw Dr',ut ?,wfum&a upfmra f f h f f f kd /nouM;ra;fikd0 ;mt;fi¤ [ f k vmwfpzjdkv,b J f

/nomvfum&afeyj ;fi¤ ;fiwtvfpw m&ukvfwvpa kuum,apwKdQvo f G f d T d f f l feud&rat YokcpwDr',utfpp ;uBnrme dS&pfimxanyju,DAkq kd f f D f k f f d

Dr',utfpp /95 f

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r,wd[ m[q kduwoa \drdr ;DyN;mp;fOp ,i;net u;mofevwhmuap S f k JG å f f ,wgysu Jym&fpwfigya f hmwai&kq mSrfyxtröOy ?002 figya mSrfyxtåwwp ?003 figya f d k sAvrsuumva,b c;fect i&,;fecum,afpw J f f f l f /noea;ra ;mofevwhmuap kums*eafer,wd[ f d f k

,wfiscea mSrukdwHsy;kdr /85 f f
;bvr l kd

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"

mSryxt,ww ?004 figya mSrfyxt,wk' ?005 figya mSrfyxtrxy f d d

" "

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21 

 

 

   

hmwamwq;bfw[r r;mGE fmwaeRu f,ryag' ?,wgywk[ hmwafw[ kd l k f h f f k va;bhmwaS&r;mt uwtD' mSr;fir ?vmweaykv Hnnlyly mb l d f G J f H

/nomyja;fiwtgyfumta mumvfyu;met;fi¤ u ;uB;mro,v f kd D f

fhizjoeaum&auombao moa[ }fno;oafikdEuw hmwafyqfpwGJz] f f l f k mSrm&tlrt \;fi¤ /noyj kuIrfyesuar \drdr mufykvHp;Ksdrot /noYS0a f d k H f fizjKsdc u;uBrja no;uBdt;mGE gctmoafirj kuKdsy;mGE /nomv,0 h dk D f D k d f f ;uB;mro,v ufimuafpw;ko;mGE ;Hkwerj;wfeo ,G&,G&f,i,i DrmuMr D f kd d f kH f f f /noudv;mxm&a f f k lwt fiSE;msrr;mGE muuv;ya ;mp;rdijt u;mro,vfiS&fikdy h f dk f f Srfe0mw;ficjfyp;mo u;uB;ko;mGE moapzjDyNmvhfi&;uB ,G&tuot kd D d f D f f

Ykv;kdp mSr;mSrfixt /16 d

;mv;b;war u;&aYS&a YJ&;msAfic /;mv;lbor ;msAfic mwq;bhfior l G kd d kd l

mwea,Hcuv kuGwa,qgy vkct hfiSEeat;DOfpw;moHiikdEu,DAkq l f d f dk f f d gyYv;b;ya;mxuS0 fmwafeRu dkuum,afpw;Ls* u;fiwtfpp kd l f f G

vhfimuMamb J

/no:caiq ubDs*ua kuum,apw;ed&u, f hf D d f f f l

;&aYS&a /06

;bfimtar fmwafeRu /,wuMfimta;v;mt hmwafyv l f Hk k

Jy;ra;mp;frpt /,wfydt vfmwafeRu /f,wydt;vfeut mrfeschnuMmp G f J f kH k S d f /;b;&arudkv vfmwafeRu /;b;&arukvmp rlo,b mSrfedscfiomp l f J l f d S f vYdvfpzjmb /;mv;DyNfeyjmvfeyj ic;DyNr;fewio ;nv;fir J k f f f

/fnomvfum&afeyj fiwmuMtvumcja G f

"

?,weaYkdy wa,qgy feSrkHy kduq;msAfic hmwa;DyNeauHifidE;&aöpt f G f D k

"

,wgy;mxfuS0 kuum,apwwk½w /,wgy;wa f d f f f f G

" "

" "

" "

"

22 
va,r&;mxyj fimtadoo f l

 

 

  " 

Ykdvfisc;fim&a Ye;uB;uB;spa kuwkp;muD' J D D d f vYkvfpzjmb J d

gy;ya;&a Ykv,wmv;fimra fmwafeRu YJe;feIE,qpS&fidkr D&mefpw d f f f

,rfhrvgy&ukd½P' fmwafeRu YJeIr;fimra f d f f

/no;mw;moJ& u;Dpfpwwkp;mu f dk f

,wfiscfpy;fim&a /56 f
,wgyfikdE;mGouq /gyYkvdor fmwafeRu kug'Jt ?Jy;D&mqa f f d d

/nomyja ;DyNfudkvwku kdu;figca J&;fexfOm, f f d ;b;oanyjr fimwaD&mefpw l fh

/fnowx kufyktmpmpyja f k d

/no;mw uJ&;fexfOm, ku;Dro;Ksdrt moamv;Dp f,ufikqfmwafmra f d d d

,q;vafikdr kdu&mefpw /46 f D
möpO Jyr;fedr fyKsu uo l

vmw;fidkcwyr J f

/no;ra mu;ficfy& ku;mu uJ&;fexfOm, f dk d d

fwy wy;gc fi&;Dp;mu /36 f

möpO Jwea&wGvt reRu kduwgyHe ?;bgyvr h f f f l kd

/nomyja u;Dro;Ksdrt o;fimra;mu uJ&;fexfOm, f dk l d

hJrwgyHe /26 f

" "

Jvmw&;fimra bgyrwgyHe;mu Yvfpzjmb ;msAfic J f kd

"

wy;gc;&aKHcjv Ykvfpzjmb fno;D&c Jweafikx u;baYJ&;msAfic f kH d h d

"

"

 

 "

e&ukd½P' mumyja [ f f f k

,w;fimra YJe,q;vafikdr kduD&mefpw;msAfic f f

"

mwmvux ufrdt rfeRu /;mvwk[ ,q;vafikdr D&mefpw f G f f

"

hfizjfedS&t ?,wmv;fimra YJe;feE,qumcjafikdr uD&mefpw m[;msAfic f I f f dk

"

/pa&gyfy&wra hmwakcfpw f,ryag'/Jygyhfiofiqt YbfimqaGiaP' å h kd f

" "

"

 

 

23 

"   "    "  "  "   

/no;ra u;msfum,a f kd

ur;fedr gctmoafesu xfum,afpSE /no;mGouGx ub;fimsua J f f f mul, dkuwdt;fimsua fumeaYkx /fnoukvfpy;mpfimtafeku ;fiwtPc f d f d G kuwKyjfeq hfiEno;muM u;muphzat no,i;mo /nomyja;kw;kw d f S f kd f f f d d ;nvífyu;me;me /nohmsca kdu;vau mufemr kdur;fedr u;msfum,a [ f f k /noukdvugca f f f Jvmw&fykv kdvD' Yvfpzjmb u;vau h[ kd dk J

u;lze \;mofizj;feGZ ;DyNmvkdwwdp ofyvrat /fnoykviwfiwfit kd h f l k f f muq;bfisc;mpr kduwKyjfeq no,i;mo /no;Ruahnx kd l f f f f f ur;fedr uofyv;mfsum,a hfiSE;va,i;mo dkuwKyjfeq mpuer kd l k f f f

gyfumoawKyjfeq feSrfeSrfedsct /86 f

/nouM;mo;kqoa fpe&a ;kvpum,afpSE;mo ;fi&;w;iGw fuwthzat f G H H f l f G /nohJcmSr u;DOfpSE;mo fe&fyKSrj x,vfiy ;mtdrdr Droar ;uB;kdztmscLsc f dk J f D

;mowsuafe0mw /76 hJ

Yv;mxfy&;mu mSrm&eafprj;mw dk vYkvfpzjmb J d

gyfimqa 05 mv:'a GiaP' fi&kqkvD' ?uakdt f d d gymw;mxfy& fmwaeRu fi&&myja,uw f f

/nomyjafeyj ;yNYJG& mumvkwwdp ;moJ& f D d f sAmwmv;fimra

/no;fiij;fiwt u;moJ& uofimra;mu [ f kd l k fmwafeRu Jy;feIE,q;gi fikdr D&mefpw ;q;msrt ?msAmwfikdEfpzjr f kH

;mvgywGvr;yja /66 f

"

/;mvwk[ ,wmv;fimra fmwafeRu YJe;feIEm&fpwfidkr D&mefpw f f

" " " " "

f ,wfix ,wfiscmyja ;msAfic fimwaYkvmw;mxfy& Jy;fimrar u;mu f d kd

" "

;fiscusc ;vau JhwuKuMrwKyjfeq ?vouvmyjamb ku;vau fiS& f f d f J f dk d

  " 

 

 

 

24 

 

"  "  " 

fizjodS&r uMat fiGwxhrat /nomqly k[nr;mofi&fyk½ uofpzj;mo h G H f f G S l /nomvfum&afeyj Yofrdt fizjmGp;gyhgyafuvwdp no;LSr;&a;fiwt f kd h f f G /noudkvnx;fimyja f f fh Ykoxfydtquv \drdr kub;fimba izjo&wo kdunrfum&amv d J GJ f d D hf d f YJzt,v;mpf,du Srwrfmuawgy;fikw /nouvnx xqHt G f S k D D d f f kd hf J GJ Jy;mp ku;msrb;imbaHc;fiGwt noIr;&a;fiGwt umeayN;yawu Yoþ G d D f f f D d kd gyhnuMhm&a f ,rhnuM;GEa;qa fmwafeRu ;DyN:ca kuYo ?DyN;fimua f f G d l

/,whJcmv, kuGwabfimbaHc;iwt ;Dro;Ksdrt YJefpzjt;mxtfumxat f l d D f G Jy;kd½v m[;msfum,a ;msAfic ?msAficmwfikdEfpzjr l

/no;muMikwfum&amv f f d

;fimuMafpzj ;iurmuo k[nofumzamöpo:yatdrdr no;msfum,a \drdr f F f f mumvfum&a ;DOfpw;Dro;Ksdrt Hx;Ir;&a;fiGwt wrfmua pepl,wgy,eYKdrj D f D f

DyNYwafeyj ;nöpy wusya /07 G f hJ f

vo;fimwar J

sAfic,w;mofwKzj uiw;vaficmuMr f G f

/nofpzjfiGw;fecpJ& f

YvfumuMa /96 kd

YkvJcfumoar eSrfeSrwKyjfeq u;few,i,i d f f k f f vmw&ugca uhgi Yvfpzjmb h[ J f kd dk J

/nofudkvugca fizj;eGZ f f h f Ykv;bfw[r d l k

ku;lze \;msfum,a u&wwk½ fumeaYkx /no;mGowa muMfewt r;fedr d f f d f G mSrmv;uB Srhmwa,b m[;va }gyf,i] YJ&;mo i&;mprwKyjfeq;mo ?fmta D f f f

;mvgyukvfpy;mp f d

"

f,wuvmyja f kd

"

uD&mewyuvfmwafeRu ;fekweaumQva;frv mSr:ya;frv uYS&a;fecp dk f f f

"

ntut ;DyNfmta;rv Ydkvfpzjmb msAfic ?Jy;va;De;De YJe;fecpJ& D l f S

"

,w;kdp mSr;mofirj loJhwu,kv u;moT&a ?Ydkv&[rfyp;gy fmwafeRu f G f dk G J

"

" "

" "

 

 

 

25 
/no;fimwa xhzat t;mo f H

"  " 

?;buvfy&r f,ryag' /f,wukdvuS0 vgi /,w;yaYfedrt Yvuvfy& l f kd h f f J f kd f kd /nomyja ku;DeZ \drdr u;mro;kdZ gctmoafum&afeyj Ykofrdt f d d /nouvfmta f f kd

fhizjofirj u;moJ& kunoþ /no;mohgyat fiwm&eafpwfig'a;frv d f f G G h noum,afpw;mro;lru&t moamvuGx Srfiqfumoa;mp f f f f dk

fukd½wyfpw /37 f
fumwa /;bfirjr rumb wa;uB;kHvusr hw;uBumvaD' l S kd G D f J D f

/nofudkvxizjuv f k hf f

u;kvfpSE;DrYS&a mumvuGxmscLsc Srx;mu /nodrukw ufiypwfiyfpo dk H f J f f d kd f m&mv;fimrau;mu moa,0 /fno,0 ;mufmwafmra um,afpw mscLsc kd f f f

f,ryagydpusr /27 h f
;lbearfikx fimwamSrD' fyKsu fi&eamq moo ?Jy;feGc;ra wfytvr d l Jh kd ;mv;bmqr muaGqawdr YJ&;msAfic l f

/nomSr u;dkxJy;mp ufek, [ f kd G k gy;ya;kqferjt H

/nomvfi0 Jxikqfumoa;mp Ywhoacj fiSEfe, f f d kd F h k

hgyaYkdvmqr /17

;kumwea;mGoumQva ;DyNhnx d f f

/nomyja;rv ku;msfum,a fizj&;mtmo;fr0 f f S d h

m&Ywa uYkdwb;fimba c;fiwt /fnoukvhnuM zja izjoYwa G kd D H G f d f hf G kduyxt moa;mxwy hfiSELup /nohfiGz dkuwdtJGquv ofpzjr;fedr f k f ú f f f l fuv;fidkc, urat;fir /,wdS&qukdy mrJxwdtGJquv hzat dk l kd f H f S f f

"

xwdtGJquv ufiS& ?yNdS&u&fpSE mweamS& Ykdvumsyab;fimba Hc;fiwt J f f D f f D G

"

Jyfpw pfyot wgy;nsc uG&;fi[ ;o;fi[ ?,weamqfydo fmwafeRu G kH k hJ f f D f

"

;frpukdvfy& ?;frpukvuS0 u;fnpyh,ku ?lv [a f f d f dk ö f d h

"

?uvuS0 ku;fnpy uo /f,wukvfudk½wyfpw kufyvky YeaD' gi f kd f d ö l f d f d d

"

" "

"

"

 

 

 

26 
J[ [ J

 

 

"  "  "  " 

 

;bdS&r vYeaD' ?;bdS&rHqukdy vuYear ?vahnuM l J l f J f vmwkvdkq dkumb J d

;uBm&p;fisy /57 D

sAmweadS&iohfiqt hf

/nomyja ;va;kw;kw f d d paHcsu

mufhnvubHc;m&w fno;uBo;m&w iw;DyNtfwz dkuuscfi&Dp S f D l f G f vumcja P'fimxa ;mtmeafeADt c;m&w fhizjrwo u;DO;ko r©um,a f f h H I f dk H /no;muMwz kuuscfi&Dp;kqfumea u;uBo;m&w f f d f H D l /no;qafppfiw;kH½ ;mt;fi¤ hfizjrwo u;DO;kHov /noukvfpywo f I f dk l f f d f uYwr©um,a \eaYS&a hfiSEr©um,a \;moJ& ?r©um,a \drdr iSE;lr;lr dk kd hf /noumoadz kduu&t mu;mofusywdpíkdy uxufic, no,G&v f f f G f f f f l ,r;yafyv gyfyKsu f k fimtamsvaP'fpyjt /gy;frp;yawo ;fnwgyw gykur©um,a YJ&fyKsu h f f d

,rfhrvdrwo ur©um,a f d f kd

/no;yja xeaYS&a &;kdpt mufpzjfusyuvusywdp no,G&v f H f f f f f l ,r;yanlufyKsu YbpahmQvahgya f D kd P'fpyj ?gy;frp;yawo ;nwuqw gykur©um,a YJ&fyKsu f f f f d

/nomyjafeyj u;moJ& f

,rhfrvdrwo fmwafeRu f d f

nomyjafmta mumv;yja q;moJ& ;Ofpw,G&v f D D f l

furo YJer©um,a /47

"

ur©um,a hmwafeRu fi&fw[rYkdE /gy;mxfyKsc;frz Pc uhmwafeRu kd k dk

"

hmwafeRu fi&w[rYkdE /gy;frp;mx;fro;fex uhmwafeRu ?msAfic;fireaYS&a f k d d kd

"

Ydb;yawTv wRu;v;fiu ku;msAfic i&hJc;yawo gykur©um,a YJ&fyKsu k f f Hk G d f f d

" " "

f,wmv;fimua m&p;fisy hmwaSd&rvt;fimyjat m[0bYv J l

"

"

 

 

 

27 

 

" "   

fmwaeRu kuubfpwumxacjafumea YJ&Yo ?;fithfi[ f d f f l ;mv;buvmyjar ;mupfiw;Z;sua u;mo l f kd l

,w;ya uvuhmsca f f

u;mo uo hmwaD'Jt /,wgyfey;fimwa ufmwafeRu /,wdr;fieuw kd l f f f /noeayjmyja urat uwdwmsc moamvfum&afeyjfrdt f kd f

,wfiscvfyx uvuhmsca /97 f kd f

mSrD&me;gi ?mSrD&me;ko ?mSrD&mefpw H msAfic Jvr&;IdE mSresdct,b f f

/no;ra uGwkHp ;m,rfiv pmu;mn ufiS&ikdy;fec;c;nw f kd J f kd f

gy;dIE /87

;b&firjr l

/nomyja u;mGz;mGz u;rja f dk

imta&o /77 f d

umSr;Ht;fikdc G k

uhgi gymr;kH½Yo fi&;mGodoo mwkq,wuw;&agympgi ?;bfpzjr hmwag' dk S l l d f f l u;mvgyfikw ;DyN;&amp qGJzt;&a,Gumu ;msrfemäp&w G d D f d

Jymwhmwaea;ikdc fumQvafumwa f

kuhgi xt;fikdyean eauuer ?,weapzjum,apw;mrowkp;oa d d f f f f f f G /nomyja ufimuapw;mcjt ufimuapw;firj f dk f f

0bhw;fiuuscfivfmQra /67 J f h

"

wzjkkHy;figca ,uw Jw& gi ?Jymw;kdqufydo gi f hf h H

"

fmwafeRu mwqvome ;fimscauv,b /gy ;frp;yafhiGz;Dr ;mGz;mGz kd J f f

"

kduumxacja YJ&um,afpwwfet mSr:ya;mufpwb YeaD' rara f f D f

" "

" "

" "

"

 

28 
,wfuv;fieuw f dk f

"    "     

mSr&ea fimtamuM-04 fpSE u,ku ?vrfwv f d l hJ G

;DyNmpa uxh,ku ufi&fimra /, kufiwu u;met;gcHw fi&qkvD'Jt f f d l d k kd d fpSE-52

/no;ra kufpov usufimxa f d l

moafpzj ;DyNfiSEdS& fiwx;fect /nomv:ca kuum,afpwfumea h G J f d f sufimxa Ykox;fecfimxa /nofpzj fiwfimxa;fOsut feud&rat d J f G

;&athfiGct /28

ygymw;DyN J

;bgy;fimuarwdp fuwthJw&wTv JySrkct hJryaeahpau&fwv ;msAfic l f G f f G

/nomyja usufimxa ;uB;LSrfimxa f kd D

gymSr;kHtuMkq /18 H

Jvmw&fpywo f

/no;ra kuHc;m&w u;uBo;m&w /nofpzj iw;½;m&w f d D l f f G kH

;fidwt JwmSr /08 k h

"

;firfimra u;uB;mGzt w;muMr;me Yvmb DrhfiGzr umwoaHc;Dr dk D Jh kd dk å

gyYv;mxfyump mSr:yamwoaHc;Dr Yv }gyfhiGz umwoa Sr;DyNoa fyfkERu] dk å dk kd å

"

u;nwuvpw hwhJcfev hfimuMar;fi[fpv YJ&YwfmwafeRu ?Jy;D&mqa f f J G I kd

"

?fi&;yafuwhmQva kuGwau&D' fi&sugcfpwfumea ?;bgyS&röpu G d f l d d

" " "

vSrea muMmuM umva,b ?vh,ku J f f l f d

 

29 

 

"

 

"  " 

fi[;mvYvr;fimyjayvt ;uB;LSrfimxa ?Jvmb dk f k D

/nomyja u;uB;LSrfimxa f D

fiwfuxt Srfimxa íhpau&wGv um,afpw;kdqv fi0Zm& G G f f f l

,w;oafiscYwa /68 f G

msA;bgyw[r mSrdrfev;Lsu l f k G

fwaeRu uIrt hJwu,kv wolv i&kq,rhJcmyja kuhmwafeRu f kd f f f d f d ,w&hfiGcikdy kq;fimwa f dS f d

/no;ra uHcfe0mwfimxa u;mo;fOsut f kd

nr&Hc;ya;KuB fezjuer k[ vofisc;mpmSr ;msrmb uGwtmpn hf d f J f

hgyam&amyja umpampa /58 h

,w;monS&kdy f G f

v;mSrtkv,b J d f

/nomyja ;yNsc;fiyjuo um,apwsufimxa f D f f f

;mSrtJhw,i;oa /48 f
m&afev mwfudkvn Jvmw;Rua ?;b&fuxr Srdku,b ?Jy;fiwt mSrfrdt G Hh l G f kd ;mvYJ&yjafiqt mw&fikx &eafiS& d

/noYwamvmpfi0fimxa Hxofpzj;msfum,a noD&ra f G l f

Jy;fidwt mSrfrdt /38 k

"

,wfikdEfpzj ;|ao,uM;feo gi fi&Jcdrfykvrgi mokdukcfpw ;vau;mSrt f l f G h

"

mwDrvDr -2 uxLupGia fwx&;kdpt m[wafewm& YJ&hgi D f ú k G

"

ku;v;mt mwfiscumoafisc;mp ;msAfic ?gymyja dumwuKuB ;msAfic d kH f k f d

"

;msAfic ;Ksdr;mup kvD'Jt moufumvav;Hko JhwJcfev ?Jym&p;ne;fr0 d h G f

" "

,wgyivfmQra Ykv;bhmwa&Ywar fruMfpwfumea ?hmwayauM;fiku f hf d l G d G d

" "

 

30 

 

 

"

 

"  " 

m&;ra umS&awe;mb u;DOfpw kd f

;uB;Dro;Ksdrt [;nenr;&amp Yofnr fimtafpzjm&q;&amp fmsuafnrme D k f f dk

;ne;&amp /09 f

va,wfudvmyjao YkvmPuv YJ&m&Z m[QrofeSr g*m&a f k l d © vYkvfuvku dkv,b J d dk f

,wfikdEu fimtafumsya f k

fe0m&q *mt /98

w;Dpt;qfumea g' hmwahnuM;ra /,w;mowdy Jh Hk f f G f

/no;yausc;fiS&zja f f

Yoþ u;fi¤ gctmoaYwa Yeafpwfumea /scamvrfum&a kd G 0;kv mscLsc fmoaYko /nomSr umscLsc lofpscdrdr u;DroKsdrt H d f dk fe&mvfum&at D&meumcja ean mu;Dp ku -831 wgye;mu Yofrdtdrdr f d f H kd

gyimuMag' /88 hf

gyukvfey;fimwascfe0 ufico;m&kb uwt;v;mt f d dk f G kH

/nomyja mumvfum&a f

;gyfpw;uB;feb fem,fp&c x;mro;&a;fixfumza moa&HcsuP'oa D k H G f

;gcw femÁAde /78 H

"

Gwarfpyj YJ&fh,u mSrfesct;kqfumea fimta&earwdy ;gcwfemÁAde ?;mohgi I dk d H f H

"

;mvnv;me ?sA;bdS&r ;gcHw wfikdEhfiGzr fyKsu ?,wmyjamb f l Jh f

"

;fiv;mu mSr;Dptumrja -631 f,ryag' /JymwJchfimpa ;kvfedscfpw u;mu dk f h H kd

"

;iwtpedrfpw ur;fedryKsu ?,w;frGp fewrfit m[fe0m&qD' f G f kd f f

"

" "

 

 

"  " 

 

 

31 
/nofuvzja ;va;kdw;kw umS&a [ f dk d k gy;&a ufubmn eauub,b dk f f

"  " 

/nomyja uYwmsvu ;mo hfiSEmS&mr;DeZ f dk kd dk

u;mfsum,a ;Dp;DOfimxardt oeafOm,;uwdp ;DyNmvf,0wSruvx f l l f f f D

Om,;luwdp /59 f f

/no;yawo uofpzjrat u;mohnrfi0GJyiKdyj;bfup [ f d l kd f f D k

gyYvfrd&;kdp /49 kd

va,w;mofpzj ;uB;mGzt Lzj;figca Yefi&;mp;fOp mwq;mvr&;ko f G D J kd H ;qafim&aKnt ?;mvr&;q ;qa;kq fiyqfim&aT&a ?fmoMa d dk d H ;few Ykv;mp;fOp wamb k d G

o;fev;mp;fOp /39 l G

,wuMeaea YJerara Gwafpw Ywlo ,qmvamva kct ?hgyamwfidEmyja f kd f k vofikdEmyjaKduB fyvkdv,b fic J k f

um,a;ko;vau /29 f H

va,wuMukv;fiij Yb;yaukv uIrt hmwafeRu f f d kd f d kd

;v;mtwaeaYS&a YJemwo;feSrl,r ,uw fmwaeRu ;feo;gi mv:'aD' Hk G d f f vo;mSir eaYS&a Yvfpzjmb ;msAfic J kd

/no;ra dku uHc;m&w u ;uBo;m&w f dk D l

Hc;m&w wdS&r eaYS&a /19 hJ

" " "

,r&fum,a;ko;vau fi&;yNfuxuv Ywfic ?&afimra f H D f kd

" " "

DyNmvKyj pLzj fimwafiyq Ykv;fev;mp;fOp m[r;fedr hmwafeRu H d G

"

fmeaYe;fier ferjferjfyo ;mo J d

" " "

?,r;idkcfikx mSr;bagi ku;fir ?&amS&mr fi&ugya mo;mufmwafmra f f d d f

 

 

 

32 

 

 

"  " 

umwuvmyjaJq ;fiwt sueamyja Ydkvix;fir ugi ;mvfw[ ?[a G f kd kd f k h hw,wukvmx;iw;&aJq uYo u;fewuq;kHz uuerfiS& ?hgyafhiS& J f f d G f kd dk l k f f [avodS&fpyjt lo,b mSröpuD' h J f d

/no;ya;fiwo ;fimuMaq;fimwa fe&;ya;fiS& ucv f dk kd

mumijuMa [nrhmwauGx Srfyvt no;Dro;Ksdrt :zafrdt /nofuq;kHz k f f k f f ofpzj;DeZ x;DOfpw ;uBdS&m&t moaeakwwdp vvt ;DyN;msrfyvt l H D d f dk kd k

:yam&t x;&at /79 J

;bgy;oafum&ar kduuwJc&a vuYwfmwafeRu l f kd J dk m[Jy;oaoar SrfmwafeRu f,ryag' h kduuwJc&a f kd

/no;ra f

umev /nouMmvfiw :ya;fnv;few umev u;msr;mofyvkH½;qa l f S G kd l k

;b;oaoar /69 l

mGuux ux;mu kqg'Jt f G J d msA;bfiscfixr l kd

,r&fidkx ufikx /vmw&iscfixr u;fir Yvfpzjmb u;fir ?;mo f dk d J f dk kd ;bfiscfixr mSr;fecfumea fmwafeRu l kd

,ruMfux ;mpJGyfmsya f G

YJe;mu kp;modrYdw hmwa;DyN ?,r;fidcfikx mr;fecfumea hmwakumsvu;mo k f k d S d dk

" " " "

sAJvmwea;mo:ca,b kuhmwafeRu Yw;msAfic G f d kd

" " "

" " " "

 

33 

 

"  "

sAfic Jvogy ;vfpSE,b ;figca ?m&a;figca Hk f ;vau;nr;mot f v;vamb J DyN;Gra

msAfic mv ;DyN;Gra m,D&mr ;DeZhmwaeRu hJwfiwkH½;qa uYear f ,wfw[ f k

/fnouq;fekz Yo&;qa;mGz;mo izj;uMwfrd&;kdp f kd Hk hf D

noofpzj;msfum,a /no;mz;Dr r;fedrdx gctmoaum&afesdct f l f G k f /nomyja ku;msfum,a \drdr ur;fedr fimqafe0,dku [ f d f k iS&,wuMmyja ,wuwmvgy ;kHvfpSE;figca YdKscw gctJhwmv;Gra hf f f f

YJ&;oagyfmwa /99

/nouMuvmyja wfiKdyj ;kvpfum,afpE;mro;kdZ f f kd l H S

u;fikdympampa /no&uMYwa kdunoeaJv xfikdt&a um,afpw;mro;kdZ f G f J f fiwm&eapw hfizj;fi&mS& ;fi&mS& /nouMuGxmS&t uGcfez fhizjYko G f f f f d fimta&uMmS& uGcfez hfimuMag' f /;buKuMr ;Ksdrmwschmra eau;ivky ufyKsu /,wdS& hmwakcfpw l f d f f

/nomyja f

;DyN;yanzj uqukdy uvkx /fno;frv;fru fe&umoaGJcum,a;ko fh kd H f l d S f f H u;ivky munzjGiav kuum,afpwv moamvumQva;frv kd f hf kd d f l f fhizjoeadkv,i;net fe&hnyj;b ;fivkyfpw /nouMfwx f f f dk f k kuHqukdy moadS&iwYkwdrdr hfizjofiscumoau&t fum,afpE;mro;kdZ d f f G d f f S

DyNeasufrdZ hmwauo /89 l

"

;fewm&uGcfez hmwauYw ?DyNuMea, fimwa;met GwavYKsdcw k S f dk l l

"

Gwa;vau g'Jt / weafpzj HSEtm&ea waIruMåwo ,D'&a f, G G d kd

" " " " " " " " "

;mvgyukH&;qa kdv[ J

"

 

 

"

34 
YJ&;oagyfmwa ?;fit x;kvfpw J H

"      "  "  " 

sAfic vDyNdS& D&mefpE,b kct ?gyfscfpAdkEfibm& fmwafeRu J S f gyu;fecpJ& ?gymyja

/nofudkvikufumua f f d

uJ&sufe0mw /nomvnrj o;fekzvf,wü;fecpJ& /nofpzjfesdctn f f H D f

;yafeyjD&mehgi /301

vo;uwdp J l f

fi&dS&;vfpSE;figca /201 kH

Gumw;mxfyKrj ufum,afpSE kd

/nomyjafeyj f

;iwtgyfumta uum,afpwfesu m&myja izjo&;mt ufum,afpw [ f kd f hf H k ,wmscoa mSrmvfuwuM QrofeSr mwdS& mSrfumta;uMrja f G D ?fi&kq f,r;yamG&fuq;kdr ;fiwtD' mofumva u&;ko ?u&fpSEfumea d kd f H f

/nouMeamyja ;OfpSE;mro,v u;fimuMat nomv;fimua wODom& f D f kd fh k

YJeYfevfumcjar /101 S

möpO J0mboYv m[mwuMfiscl, dumwkHpnyjr mSrdrdr /,wgyo l k hf f d ;mvdo vhfimuMamb ?,r, kduPÓdot hmwaum&q J f l f hgyamSr, kuT&a l d

/no;ra u;mo;fimsua uumragy f dk ©

0mboYv /001 l

" " " "

vrl, dumb;fir fi&kq;G&a ukcfpw mwuKuB uetPÓot hfiSET&a J k d kd f d f f d

"

;fim[ar;fedrhgi mSreóoD' ?muYJeumcjar kuhgi hmwakvD' ?[a f k G f d d h

"

,rfyvmb fi&dkq ,rdS&;kvfpSE;figca mSrq;msAfic moí,ut f k f H D f

"

hgyamruv;yaGJc ;Hkvpw kuo;ra;feGc;ra w&r,Üyd"t kvD' S f dk f d l hJ dS f d

" " "

 

"

  " 

 

 

35 
dwwD&mefpwhfOn d

"  "  "  "  "   

;mvwIr ,weausy vufup wzj;figca hmwa;DyN f f f J f

/,wgy;G&a ku;nehwscGq;KuB fmwafeRu hfimuMag' /f,wgyKyj;ot f d f J J d kH /nomyja Ykoþ u;mS&k½ f d

/nomvfum&a hfnvt \;mS&k½ /no&ukdvwv ;nv;mt;fi¤ /no;G&a f S f f f T f f fe&wo hfizjupwzj;figca ;fi¤ /nomvfum&a hfnvt \ferms* f f f f S /noukv&fesdcmyja ;va;w;kw upofpyj u;mS&k½ f f d dk d f kd hfiEferms* ;fimuMaeausyfupwzj;figca fiw;frvfeyjt /nouv;ya S f f G f f kd hfic;frdijfwv SrP'oa ;mt;fi¤ fhizjYko /no;mGofpzj bwyjr;figca G G f d f J f izjo;fi,YKdscup fmoaYko /no;mo:cafe&wo fizjfupwzj;figca ku;fi¤ hf G f d f G f h f d gyHp;x va";mo;Ksdrt YJ&YkwfmwafeRu kH h d m[g' ?,wgyHcfy&mwra Yzwo YJeupwzj;figca uhmwafeRu f å kd f f f dk

/nomyja ufpofpyj /nomvfwx:ca f f k

fe&fi&p;Hqt u;DO;o Ykw;mS&k½ iSEferms* ?fpofpyj moa&HcsuP'oa D k dk kH d hf f

,r&;fex kuPk*;Ksdrt /401 f d d f

Jhv,mv ku;fecpJ& kct ?hmwa,feyj uD&meiwGJy;mp w;mx;fro YkwfyKsu l d l dk f Jh d d uq;msAfic /;mv;nscv;yauk' dkuyKsu ;msAfic ?fscfpAdkEfibm& [a D f S © f h sAfic JvyNdS&umva,bfesdct /gyfscfpAdkEfibm& fmwaeRu ?;mvu;fecpJ& D f f f

/nofeyjmvnrj ;fekzDv,w /fnoeyj;mGomuM Yfecpedr,q f f f f f f Jy;Z;sua l pedr,q YJeD&mefpw kct ?DyN;fimua f f

vaDyN;mGomuM ;ne;nefesdct f,ryag' ?,wfw[ f f h f k ,w;oauq Jyumpampa ;msAfic f f

/nofeyjmvnrj;fezDv,w gctmoamuMYfecpedr,qfumea f f k f f f

"

Jy;Z;sua l

" " " " "

sAfic vDyNS&fedsct ,b ?gyfscfpAdkEfibm& fmwafeRu J d f

"

Jyu;newscq;KuB fi&Hc;ya P'oa uHp;x YJ&;Ksdrv \YwfmwafeRu kd f hJ JG d f kH l dk

"

" "

 

36 

 

"

 

 

  " 

;b&r Yvfmzawofeyj rkv,b dumwkqvo;mxwSr;&a l kd d S d f k d J f

msAhgya;mxwSr;&a f

YJemp fi&uwhra ?DyNmvpnwdp vfyKsu fimuMahfisut hwuwhra YJ&;msAfic f f f J h J f ,w;mohra fmwafeRu f G

,wfix ;lbmvfiyjr /,wJcmSr f f h

/fno;ra ku;mo;ewfio um&q d f

louwhra /701 f

;b;yarf,0 Sr;mptw0tmb kufikdt v;msfum,a hfidkt l f d h J

Jylwwt /601 l

;b;rar Sro,b kumwdq ;mvowmbao fmwaeRu ?usct,ww l l f d k l f f d wG*;D&b f J

,rmvoDy ;msfum,a fmwafeRu hfizjmt;ficj;frxIrfpp ?usctfpSE f f ,wfeSr f

/noukvwzj;kq fe&zja ;mo;mo;½;kd½ f f d f H kd

u;fi¤ m&;ra kunokq ;fneomvfi0 xfyw hfimuMamb u dS&m&t d f d J u;mofpp moamvfum&a fe&;rxIrfpp &t'ayO;frxIrfpp Gxaxat kd f G

;mofpp hw;mo;kd½ /501 J

" " " " "

,wkvf,umu fmwafeRu kufmwaHifikdE drt ?usctfpw f d G d f

" "

JymwuKuBfyo ufpvpfpvfw0 ;va;msfum,ahfikdt ?&aD&ra f d d dk

"

u;msAfic fmwafeRu Ykbmvfiqfiyj dkuHkyrja wfytkv uwt;fewfio YeaD' dk d hJ d f G

"

mSr,b /;lb&r f,ryag' /,wgyfnuM;mp;KuB fmwafeRu f h f h d

" "

 

 

37 

 

" "  "  " 

/vmwmvfum&a xnyjv ;DyNfyvkdv,b GwafpwYkwlo ;fewdS&r gi J J f l k f d k hgyawa;vau YdwrfeRu ?Jvr& wa;vauYlo,b G k G f

/no;ra ur;fedr iSEnofirj kduum,a;ko;vau fiw;fecfrdt f kd fh f f H G

u;msfum,a moamvfeyj ;yN;rxIrt mGp;msr;figyafpSE fiw;mcjHifidkE D f G

zatfum,a;ko;vau /011 H

fimta&uMmvfeyj

/fnouvmyja u;msfum,a f kd kd msAuMwzj;kq ferjferj f H

bhmwahnS&rwdp ur;fedr fiw;kqfumea /no;yawo u;uMo;m&w [ J f f G H f d D l k /no;mGomuM Yfecu0D&me mSrnouMea;mGy;iijt fevtfeyjt f f f f S /fnouw u'mpa u;msfum,a [ f k /nomyja ur;fedr [ f k ,rl, um,afpSE fmwafeRu ?Jvr&mb f f ,r&;ya um,afpSE urfeRu f f dk

/nouMea;mGy;fiijt ;m,r hfiSEfiv f

iwYS&a ;uBo;m&w ífwowy hfiSEe&,0aGJc kuum,a;ko;Dro;mo f G D l f f l d f H /no;me;muM iw;½;m&w dkupdu fiGc;iS&;mu;m,rfiv f f G Hk ö h f G

,rmv Srgcfpwfumea /901 f

,wfp&esu fpzjtHcGrat ;mpGrat JyfmwafeRu f f

;mvYJ&Kyj

ntut /801 D l

"

utfumxat u;msAfic m[mp;qa hwuv;ya;&a fmwafeRu ueaYd[ l dk J f kd k

"

kct Ykvdrfumoa;mSr ;va;DO hmwafeRu ku;qa /,&mwug'a Jy;Z;sua d d f f l

"

SrmuMpSEfpwfumea gcthJwfpzj um,a;va;vau ?,ruM;mo ?mv f f f G

" " "

vGwa;vau Yo,b uGwa;vauD' m,D&mr ?[a J l f h

"

"

"

"

 

 

 

 

38 
;Hktgy;frp;fiS&

"  " 

 

 

gyYkv&rfwz fmwafeRu u;&auvYo ?m&q ;bgyw[r fpyjt hmwafeRu d kd f l l f k fmeaDyNdS& fruB;gi mweafnuM;kdc;fir kufyktmp zjat YJ&mS&mr ?msvdku [a d h d h

/no;yawo umsvdu ofpzj ;mo;fimsua um&q f d kd k l

GJy;ramp;frpt /311

m[Jbw[r SrruuM ugi ?hgyapayfew lom[Yo f k f G l DyNeafeGw fimwazuuM ?vahmwax ?feR*[a f h

DyNfew imwazuuM /211 G f f

vamwuMea, wzjt;qt Ykwlo kct uöpuD'Jt l f kH d kd d

/no;ra f

u;moJ& mufhnvubwdwmsc /noYwa dkunoeawuB;x fevtfeyjt S f f f G f f d kd S um,apSEv /nomvuGxukdv um,afpw;moJ& wthfiSEwdwmsc f f l f f f f l f ,weafuEfukd½ f S um,afpwv uzat hmwafeRu mSr[ ?;HktgyuMu ?;HtgyuMu f l kd kd l k l

/no;fimwa ntlut ;DyNmvfum&a;yjat Yko;fecpJ& um,afpwwdwmsc f D d f f

feSrzat ?fppzat /111

fiS&pagy;frp ;mpuhmqa lom[Yo h l

?;mvYkvfiscfyv meóyj YJemweakdy um,afpw;vau ufiS& ?Jvmb d k f m&aufimuat ,ww d

mw;Gra ;DyNmvfeyj YJehfiGc umvav2 fiS& ufimuawvt f f

"

?vamw;Gra ;DyNmvnvt reRu qfhiS& u;vau;q;uBt f f D Hk D

" "

vzat;fir uo,b /,rfudkvJc;fiscv uYkdwo kct gi J l f f G l kd l

" "

" "

"

" "

 

 

39 

  "  "   

"  "

gyyjGq J

mSr:yawvtuG&mp kduwa mPuv ;feyHky YJ&o hmwa;DyN ?gyhnzj kuHpHkyD' f G f G © Yl f d msAic,wgyYdy;iwo ;DyNmv umwdkq,wea;qfumsya ;DeZ hmwafeRu f f k f kd f Hk

usc;fru;np /711 f f

;kuo;muM fimwau;fect;msAfic ?fmoMa d ,w;muM YvDyNfuvl, r;fedr ;msAfic f kd dk

/fno;ra uus* Sr;fec;ba ufeR* f dk

,w&;muM /611 f

Jymr;kHtdS& muMmuMfmwat m&pea ?y;Z;sua S J l

/nomyja ufiS&;fect u;mo;fimsua moafixea ;mSi;fect f dk kd

;mSifrdtfiS&frdt /511

yNdS& fimwau&fpSE mwea;Rua;fi[Jy kdufhiS& ?;mvfw[ ?;bfumzar D f k l ;mvfw[ vahgya ;bfumzar mpo Srgcpw kuhgi u;fir ?Jvmb k l ö f d

/no;ra u;msfum,a fizjYko /scaiwr Srhpafpw lrr;fedr f h d f /nofiw:ya Jy;mp uhpa;ohpa;fruMJy f G kd kH

uofpzj;msfum,a /no;momuM Yfecwyfpw /nofpzj fe&fiw:yaJy;mp l f G f f G hpapw;ruMJy uofumza fiQvfumzampo uum,aum,afpw f f l ö f f /nouMKyj w0ud u feSvtfeyjt um,afpSE;m,rfiv p;gc;mn f f w f

möpo /411

"

;bfuxr;ya ux;fect u;fir ;fiscr;yar kduwa;uMat c;fect l G J dk G G

"

fmeaYJeyjr uYo uuG&mpD' mSrgct hwYwamS& kuYlo f,ryag' ?ufw[ dk l kd f J G d h hJ k

" "

" "

" "

 

 

40 

 

 

"  " 

" " 

YvmS&uk' ?hgyaYJefumqar /Jvmw&fiscfumqa Ydkvmb ?;msrYJeb&rHqukdy kd © J dS f YkdvumvarHqukdy f f

Ykvfiscumqanw fpep fpeLrjfeu d f f G vuGwtmb ?;mvfw[ ?T&a J f k T&a

/fno;ra urfiS&frdt

/nouMmvfum&a ;msr;mofyw };&afevfmwa r;fnöpy] Hxp;modr;Ls* f S hJ k

YJefykvr d0 fi&dS&r 0 /021

gymwdrfpzj ;fimuarwdp ;yNdr;wa umSrhmwa& ;½;kq f D G kd IH H

um,afpw;fimuanofumza kvD' /,rhmwafimqamv*rlo fezjuer f f d f F f ?sueaf,0 wa;fey fuwtlofpsc Yo ;kHvwyfpSEfpw mrfidkq ,ufet G G l f S fh m[o /;mvwIr,wYwa ku,iv hw;mofux ufidq fiw;vakct l f f G d f l J G G k vYkvfpzjmb ?;mvgy;fimuar mSEusr h,ufet J d f f

,w;ne;fr0 /911 f f

;mv;byjmyjar uD&ra ;fir umwdkq,wfpzj HcGrat ;mpGrat l kd kd f

moa;nw;DOfpw YJ&Yo m[;fir ?;|aof,uM;feo m[;va;DO JY&;fir f l l G ,wfw[ f k

;mvofw[ ,w&;muM;fiwo k f

DyN&fpot ;va:'a /811

"

Yv,w&;mousy OptDpt h,ryxuv YwD&ra YJe;fir kd f G f f f f f kd

"

hgyamwmvfpzj ;va:'ahgi m[lo hfimuMag' ?va,wyjmyja f

" " "  " " " " "

" "

" "

"  " 

 

 

 

41 

"  " 

"

vfpzjmb hmwaD'Jt J

JvdkviscYdkvmb f

i[vr&fyvuqmb /,w;mxfuw ;uB;msrt wa&a uYlo rfeRu f J k f f dk D G dk

;mo;mpo /421 J

;mvr, mwgyr HcDpt l

/;mvYJeHcDpt YJeg' /;b;fixr;me rfeRu /;lbdvm&pmyjafmta umvaD' fiS& l kd k f gy;fim&a ;lbfpwfpsc;Dr uhmwafeRu dk

/nofpzj fiwfikq;ba;frv f G d

;b;fixr;me /321 l kd

gy;yafyn fywHot bmyjar ;mup S d J

fynfiyq /221 S H

Jvmw&feufumsya k

u:yaidkq waYfeIrmyjfyq fmQvaw0t YJemyjfyq ;kov Yvfpzjmb f G f H l dk

;&afipYfeo /121

"

Yveafyv;&a;fiS&Yfeo wgy kd k D

" "

msAfic vr&;yayn kv,b uGqawdr J f S d f dk f

"

ficmvr Dqm&q /,wdr;mp waJo ;va;morfeRu ?;DOgy,u mwug'a h f G f f

"

wyjrcjausr fimtadr;mpr rjafyvdb ;vau ;msAfic kct f f

" "

 

 

 

"

 

42 
hmwayahnuMhfimpa f

ufe0g* wfix,ruKuMo /;mvwk[r ;lbfiEfudvr fimwa;fir;muMo d hJ f f d l f kd k d kuuKuBtr;fedr ;fiwtJhwo ;fir;uBo;m&w f,ryag' /,wgy;mGo, d f d dk d D l h f l dkunxfpwfe0g* fmwafeRu fuwtr;fedr mSrruBtrxy ?msAfic gykvD' f G f d d Jvmw&;kdcfi0 wwfruB;o Jykduxfikdqfpw Yvfpzjmb ?;firfimra d d d Hk J kd

/no;ra kuHc;m&w u;uBo;m&w f d D l

;kdcofumuMar;fedr /821 l

vDyNeyjmvfyv J f k

wamw w[rwk[rwamb;fir /;frphJcmv kuD' ?mwDy [a G f f G d h ;DyNmvw ;mcjpwYeafpw YJefhiS& m[;mofhiS& l f

/nomyja u;mfsum,a ur;fedr f dk

;molwzat /721

;mv;vau

/fnofpzj iGwyq;u&a yp;fru,vfiy f f d l f f

fyq;u&a /621 d l

i[vr;ya fPÓuMtmb muaumwug'a f J H f

/,wmyja Ykv;mo;fecp ,;met hmwauum,afpwfumea f d G l f /,wmyjauum,apw Ykdvumsva;msr;msr;rv fi&fiscfedy f f f f f ?DyN;yNhJcfum&aDyNhJcfum&a q;uB;msrt Gwafe0m&q rfeRu ?mwug'a D D D f

;qafedy /521

"

;mofumQvafisucja u;fecp,;met G dk l

"

;msAfic mweanx;fimva waJo uGwa;mptw0t YJ&hmwafeRu hf G dk f

"

,weafyc&a YJefyx;OfhiS& u;moYJ&reRu ;fithfi[ f k D f

" "

" "

"

 

"

 

 

43 
gymw&vmv wdwruBfpSE J d f d

 

vrfy& u;fewfy& J

/no;ra mu;mofumQva YkoGJy;mp fnoixm&q nomwDy f G d h f kd f m&q ;bgy&;muMr l

,ruMv fiscm&ea gi YJe;fir fimta&o;muMr ;muM ?YJefrvr kuhgi ?;fir f J d d d

/no;rafyx u;feGc;ra mumvfyu;metmwDy nom&q f kd f m&q ;b&;muMr fmwafeRu l ;frpzja;fir mwDy ?v&umva,b fi&uSrja YJefpS& kufpS& J f f f d

/fno;ra kuYkw;moiomp um&q;fimsua d d f

;lb&;muMr /031

Ykvvo;mpr Ykvfpzjmb gyuYfekrfigya /fmoMa d J d dk vYvfiscmyjamb;fir ?,wukvfumoa gi J dk f f d

/nozja mux Srm&eaikx fno0u0 fiwþ f f d H f G /nomvuGpoog'a f f H

mSrot \fe, /scauMzjar Qronr ;nvfiwgctþ H k l f f G /no;rafyx ;fi¤ /nouMeawqfww;v;mt f f f d d kH

/no;ra ufe, /scahmwadS&r Dzfmua gctmoamvfeyj f k

/no;mofux fe&;qauv ;DyNmSr /nomSruGcfpwDzfmua f G G f f f fiSE;HkvpwYfekrfigya mumvfi0 fimuafpwe, Ykdoxkcfpw;zau h f f k J

H0fu0 yJefe, /921 k

"

vo;mofumoalo,b uDzfmua hmwafeRu J G f kd

"

vo;mofumoa o,b kduuGcDzfmuahmwafeRu J G l f f

"

vo;mofumoafimua,b kduuGc fyKsu ?,wea;rafyKsu J G f f f

"

hmwa,b dkumweamv fmwarfedsct qrat hmwafeRu ?;msAficm&q f D

"

;mvgy&;muMr Srmb Jy,uw ?h[a,wfw[ f f k

" "

" "

" "

 

  " 

44 

 

"     "    "    "    " 

iS&fikdy;fimwa mSrd[ ?fmea;mo hmwaferjferj f,ryag' ?f,wgylwmbao f k G h ,r;mofmwafeRu ;DyNscaGia Jykct fi&lwmbao ?msA,r;ya Jym&fpw f G f gy, l

;mvr;ya YJe 052 gym&;gi ,bl½ f

/noea;fim&a f

ku;fimwa;ficj moa;mxu, izj;g0 um,apwv /nofpzj fiwx;spa d f hf f f l f G J

,ferjferj /231 l

hmwayauMnuM mo;mp;fOp /msA,wmyja Ydv hf f k ,ryjkcfpwHkpfpw f rfeRu u;DO uwtw;ya YkvD'Jt /gy;yamv:'a ;gi kurfeRu ;va;DO dk f G hJ d d ;DyNmvyu ;methmwafeRu f um,afpw,i;Dro;Ksdrt ;fi&eahfimpa mSrfiwfwSr ;mupwb mSrYeafpw f f dk f f Jymwkq Jvoukvwo d f d f /,wmv,qfpS& mev kuYeafpw fe0m&q;mz;mo YJey,;Dr m[fmwafeRu f f l d G f

,wgymv,qfpS& f f

kuYeafpw mev ;ro;Ksdrt uDqhmwafeRu hmwaea;mGofhiGc uum,afpw d l D kd f fe0m&qfumea x;muMD' /f,wmv,q;va mev mSrYeafpw ?fe0m&q J f l wou kuGwag*m&ar;fedr m[fmwafeRu /,wgyeayj;fiS& fmwafeRu hJ k d f gyyjmyja mwkq Jvowo kdv,b ;msAfic ?vofpzjmb g'Jt d f f J

,wgydS&vayjmvf,q;va mev;Dro;Ksdrt kduqhmwafeRu mSrYeafpw f h l D

Yeafpw ?,wgyfpzj fe0m&q;mz;mo YJey,;Dr m[fmwafeRu ?msAficgykvD' f G f d gyyj;fiS& kufmwa;Hkk½ kumwq vowo kdv,b ?;msAfic d d kd J f f

/fno;ra u;uBo;m&w uHc;m&wIrwov D l kd f l

,wfumva;kdqwdp /131 f f

"

v,b ;msAfic dkuooa umwisco YkwfyKsu /vaDyNfw[ kd f l f d d k

" " " " " "

sAv ;spa,b ku;kvfpw J f d H

"

" "

" "

"

 

"  " 

  " 

45 
DyNeamv

 

"  " 

gympHcfumxa Y&;uBfe0m&q,eYKdrj ;fimuMa;l½r fmwafeRu J D f mwDyvogy mb mSrxtD' J J

/no;ya ydtfpwfydtmp ;mtm&q fnoofpzjnyw fiwYeafumea f f l hf G /noLij;Dij ;fiwtgyfumta m&fpzj JyfidkEfmzar f,mÜyd"t f dk

SrYofnr fizjo;mx;&a mGp;xawKS½ /no;qafpp kuno;mxfuw dk h G f f d f G ;msrmpkymsFco Srfyktmp mp;fecfio \ofpzjhnyw norm&qmsFco ö l f f

vo;l½lo,b /531 J f

vmr&fyvuqmb J S k f

o mSrm&ea hwhmwafesur Sriyfpwfurj ?vaDyN;mofux;mGE l J f G G ;mvgyYwar vku;mGE G J d

vayNuv;mp;mGE ?vrYGwa,b D f kd J f ;mvgyYwar uGwaurj G dk f

/noyj;mtfe0m&q kukHymoa;mxGqdrdr umelv Sr&;qaZwdp f d J kH å

,wfidkEo fi&hnuM;feSr /431 f d f

umwukvfikdEfeyj gi kduu0fpw YJ&mpv G f d f

mSrm&;mpu mukdyYJeo uYear ?;lb&r vwfimea uwtD' ?,wfw[ l J f G f k kq,w;yafio ;ne;mpu mukdy;fir ur;fedr ;fir ?feR* ;[a d f f kd

ofikdyuMt /331 l H

"

kuuGwaurj fimuafpwr;mGE mrusu;mp;mGE d f S f

" "

 

""

;mvfwr,wYwa I f G

/,wea;mpuKdcjuKcjfpSEfpSE f f f d

"

,wfix DyN;l½ hmwaum,aum,afpw YJem&q YJe;fir f f f

" "

" " " "

46 

  " 

" "     

ux;fi&mp ufnrme YJ&;fir;uBv YkdwrfeRu fi&kq,r;muM;fimuMat J dk D l d f Drfesdctmou;DeZ YJ&;ir;uBv ?Jegylyrwdp fuwtD' f D l f G sAf,wfiE;mooayKsu ;iwtGwau&D' kd G f f G f

,rgyfiEHcuv f kd f

/nozjafeyj urm&qKyjmeo sue0mw Sr;fec;qa /no;fimwa;esdcu& f l f f f f hfizj;fekzv,w nofeR* uwtfnofiscyjmv xfe0m&q D f f f G h H

ymw;DyN fi&;ya;fiwo /831 J

hgyamSrgct hw;fimwao Ykv;Ht;ya;v;feyfpwfumea J l d k Hk JvmSresdct,b f f ,wgydrfpzj f

;mv;bdrfpzjr Yfeormyjfyv mSrgct hJwukv;fikc;mp l d f d d

/no;ra kuHc;m&w ueaYS&a&;kdpt f d

;bYfeormyjfyv /731 l d

mwfumoa ufeSrkHy Srmwfumoa /m&q,wfumoa kd f

noferj ;ne;neofekcfi& /631 f f f H

" "

;mvofumoa u&t;msAfic /;mvgyw[r ferkHy uokHc;vSE YJ&;msAfic f f k S H Hk

"

kuloyv;msfum,a ;DyNhnx fydqt dkuxfeu;fey Kdsc;fi[ ?fiqfeR* fpöpr d f k f J

"

mwug'a SrmuMwgyfpSEfumea u;ir;uMv ?,wgy;ne;fr0 f f kd f D l f f

" "

" " "

"

 

 

47 
,rgy;ya usz,y f f f

"  "  "  "  "   

,whmwauu;figca Jy;msfum,a rfeRu kct ?;fithfi[ f f dk ;mvo;oauku mua;figca f d Jy;Z;sua ?ufw[ l hJ k

/no;ra ufe0m&q f

m&Ywa kukcfpw;met;frct ku;ro;Ksdrt;i, gctmoamuM fpSEfpwfumea G d d D f /nofuv;yauMt u;Dro;Ksdrt fe&udv,;msfum,a ufe0m&q f kd H kd f k l /noyjmv xfe0m&q fhizjodS&hvauku;figca ;fewJrjt ;DOpw;ro;Ksdrt f H f d f D

g*m&auku;figca /141 f d

f,wukvo;DyNfyx f d d

/no;&amp x;DeZ \drdr Srm&eaux;D&c fhnvf,e um,afpw;uBdS&m&t f H f G S f D

r;fedr ;kq;imuat /041 H f

u ?;mvrmyja J

;msAfic Ydkv,wsu;mt kufyKsu /DyN;mo;fimyja fimwaum,a;giuro f d G f f ;b;oa&r rum,afpwuro l S f f

ykHy weafpzjmor;rscrwdp mw&hnuM;msAfic ?;fim&abmwöpr J hJ f f f

zat hw;kdqu /931 J H

"

f,ryag' /,w;mx;Gra um,a;gi;Dro ?msAmwdS&r Srm&pmo;fr0 h f f

"

qkct /,w;Grafum,afpw;Dro ?fnuM JykduhmwafeRu ?msA;msrg' kd f h

"

uUear kuusctD' /;bdS&r Srum,afpwr;fedr hJwikdEfO, ku;fir ?&afpsct d f l f f S d

" " " "

;mvyNuvKyjfimxafrdt ;msAfic D f dk

 

48 

"    

}msAgy;yauGcfpw ;gc;gcDzfmua kuhmwafeRu ?fi&qvD'Jt] - ;Ls* f d dk kd }m[Jy;fir;muMo ugi ?hgyamwfiE;ya;nqnzj] - ;fir;muMo d kd f hf d ;mvYkvfidkE;ya;nqnzj ,uw ;msAfic kukcfpSE´Eq umpampa] - ;Ls* d f hf f d }gy;ya;qusz ufpep fpqfuz] - ;mS&k½ D f kd }gy;ya;frousz kufpepfpeLrjfeu msr:yamÇruD'] - fyvF*t d f d G d /nomyja [ nr;ya;nqnzj drdr f k hf f hf uDpcfpw´Eq \Ykw;fi¤ /nouMYwa Yw;Ls* ?;mS&k½ ?yvF*t iSE;fir;muMo kd k d f G kd f d hf d ´ ´Eq moakv;imwa /441 d f

gywk[r nreyjfew QrYkdonr :yat;ficj;fimwantut f f f k f D l

izj;mupmomb;mcjt ígyfpzj ;DyNukdvwSrwo fhizjmomb hf f f f /nomijuMa ;iwtgyfumta f f kd

izjupYJscot fiwfikq;u&a fyp;ruf,vfiy ?YKdrjmqu'kdt hf f H G d l f f

fe&pao ;msrofpe&a /341 d l

;mvm&a;mofpzj;mGE G

m[dkc fi&hJc;Gra mSrwufiw;mGE m[imuafpwdkc í,ut ?DyN;fimua f k f f ,wgyfw[ f k

mea,wmyja mrtfidkct f f

/no;ra kuHc;m&w ueaYS&a&;kdpt f d

gy;rpmyja dS&&åw, /241 f dS k

"

;msAfic Ykdv;Ksdrvhmuap hfimuMag' /,w;Gra mSrfevwhmuap m[;msAfic l f

"

fmwaHiikdE dkumomb;fed&u, /;msAfic;msrofpe&a moafyt;mp;va f l l

" "

 

 

49 

fwruv urfeRu kuuscfe0Hcwu wq;bgy&pa;muMugyar S f dk d f d hJ kd l f uscuS0YKQdv fmwaHifikdE hmwa;DyN ?,w:caJGq xm&fydt SrmSrYea;kqfumea f f f J H /,w;fimqapo kduwa;fiwo hwwowy YerfeRu ;kv;kHvu& -32 f k l G J f f J H f f,wfey;fimwa YkvYJegymyjar;fimuMatD' d ?dS&m&t ubsD*ua uo /,wYwa yJefimuafpw Jei w;feq;lx vrfeRu D l f G Jh J

SrkuYo,b ;DyNukdvumearfeRu ;kv;kHvu& -32 fumea d l f f f H f /,w;fioq Jxm&fydt kurfeRu fimuafpwJei uwrfmua fpe,wgy f G GJ d D l D )/nodS&vauM,;met f h l JymSrYeahwfum&a ? mwukv;fimua m&p;fekr uwa;msfum,a wckct J f d G f

muMu& 42 iw;mS&k½( /nouMea ,Svz KuBtYwat ;DOpSE;ro;Ksdrt f f G f f H G f D moamvfeyj Sr;fecp,;met cja;fru ue,vfiy /nofpzj fiGww;mx& l f f f JG

wa;msfum,a*mt /741 G

;kumwukv;fimyja gyfnrme u;msAfic fmoMa d f d ;bfw[r gyaww;DO fmwafeRu l k f k

;mvnscvferj vt;fimyjat /;mvgyeafpzj f S J

;va,Go,ofedyfedy YJeumuafumuafiyq ?firjirjfy&t u;msAfic f f G f H h hf kct ?mweaDz0 ;DyNfimyja ufyx ?,&kykyfyc uy&t;msAfic u;fewfi&t d f f k /;DOgyea YJeg' /msAmwfuv;mo;fr0 mw&Ywafeyj /;mvgygyafww;DO ?m[ kd G k

vt;fimyjat /641 J

,weafpzj;nscfim&a;frdpt f f

myjaim&at hwuKuB /541 f J f d

"

;frofycm&t mSrYS&adpusr YJ&fmwafeRu ?;tgy,u uhmwafeRu ?mwug'a d f kH f kd f

"

vYvfuKuBkdy kdufim&at,b u;msAfic J dk d f

"

"

" "

"

 

"

 

 

50 
m&ahHt /,w;fidc;kx f k d

/sAfic,weafumsya GwauG&mp ;muM 871 eau 051 f f

4 hmwa;DyN ?,wuv&a ku;kv;mtGwaumxacja rxy ?;vaf,vf,v f f kd d H f G G voikdEfuw&a ;DyNykvdkv,b;fir mSr ;iwt;vakwfesdct J f G f f f G d ,wdS& fimua 593 &afimua;mGE f

/nomyja ufum,afpw gctmoafuxfeyj;mu f G

/no&uMudv;mxfy& ku;mu fhizjofmsuafwzj ;uBfykt;mGE f f k d D u;rvm&wu fiwm&eafpw /nouMudvfikx :ya;mu um,afpSEv kd f å G f f k d f l

;vau,vf,v /051 f G G
,rhmwa;mGoo ;fimua;fimua o f d l

hw;bxr hmwakur;edrYlo Jwmvfuv ufumea ?,w;mofeSr J l d d f h kd f G

dkunwfnw;figca Y&feR* YvsufwKyj Jcwkt ufuuMmEusr mSri0tJxukw fh h J kd f S f f f d /noeayjmyja kduno;feGyfic uD&ra f f

;ya;mp;DO dur;fedr /941 k

gyYkvfikdEuwr qukdy fmwafeRu fuwtYkdb;mpmpt fruB;vaYeafpw d f H f G d vYkvfpzjmb J d

msAfic;mv;b&r fi&kqfruBfpSE Yeafpw ?;vfpSEfumoa l d d kH

gcfpw g'Jt ?;mvw[r ,wmyja kuhmwafeRu Ykv,r&fumoa f k f d d f ;kv;va;qa Yeafpw ?Dpsu;vfpw ;fidw;DyN;mpmpt umwug'a ?fmoMa H kH k f sAJvmbao dkv,b f

gy;ya;fimyja;ent;qa /841 f T

" " "

fi[;mv;b&r Yv;ya;fimyja u;fent;qa ?mwug'a l kd dk T f

"

?,wuMmvfeyj um&,0;spa ;m,rfiv YwfeR* ufrdt;ba uYear f f dk

"

mwq ,w&;mxuYS&a ur;fedr ;mo;mGo,b fi&kqfumea ?,w;fimua kd f kd G f d f

" " "

" "

 

51 
,wfuv;mpYJe f dk

 

 

"  "  " 

YJeg' /,weakq YJemwdS&r gyfim&aLzjt muafim&aJrt /;byjarfiqt f H l ;mvY&hJcyjafiqt ?Jvdkv,b J f

/fno;ra u;fisc;Defrdt

/nomvfeyj DrmuMr /no;mGouw kuupfmra mscLsc fe&wkxq f f f d kd f k msA, ufim& Lzjt hmwafi&&r l kd a fim&aJrt /y;qvt m[;mufim&a;nrt mSrx;mu g*v:Aa ?vh,ku J kH S f J f l f d

/no;yaHuMt ku;fi¤ u;fisc;Defrdt f d

/no;muM ku;fisc;Defrdtdrdr ;fimuMaugya;mu /nofpzj ;mufmwafmra f G d f f }g*v:Aa] mSrkqmoaugya /nougyar;frpHu um,afpwmscLsc f f f f J f

,w;uM;&at Ykb;qr;fi&t /971 f D d kH

/fnomta;frv u;ro uofyvrat fiwþ f S kd D l k G ;fi[ hJw,rfydt gct f

/no;mofpzj gcfwqwq í;mGouxog'a ofpzj;DeZ f G f f G l ,rydtfiscfydt f f

/nomyjauq u;msfum,a /no;mGowwot uofpzj;DeZ f f f f d H l /fnoukvx izj;ouv u;msfum,a dkuJy;mp f d k hf D f G ;fi[ ?w;bmv,r hJ l l

/nomyjafyersuar ulopzj;DeZ gctmoa&;muM u;mupþ f f kd /nomijuMa f

u;msfum,a fiyiwfesdc;mp mpn Yearxy /nofudkvwzj;kq fe&fixea f G f f H kd iwfrdtrat \no;DeZ noHSEfimra;DeZ pmu;mn gctmoa;DyN GJymvF*r f G f f

;Dp;DOimxafrdt /871 f

"

;lbmv,r fiscmv,r /f,rmv, gctJwmv,feyjfrdt mpv w& l l l h l hJ

"

fiscmv,r ?f,rmvl, fiscmv,qukdy ?v,gÜyd"tmb u;mupfhiS& l l H f J f

"

v;Dp;DOfimmxafrdt lo,b mSrfrdtD' [a J f h

"

YJer©um,a mSrYeafpwfumea /,rfydt fiscfydt YJer;fedr mSrYeaD' ?hmwa;DyN f

"

Jhwiscfydt YJer©um,a fydt gcthwfiscfydt YJer;fedr ?Jvmwmyja;mupmb fiS& f J

"

v;Dp;Ofimxafrdt lo,b mSrfrdtD' ?;frpeawdwfww ?rfimua h[ J D f f d J

" "

"

 

 

 

"

52 
,wc,;fimwafeyj ku;kbwSrwv f hJ l d d f f

          " 

/nomyja ur;fedr u;msfum,a f dk

;mup;l½t /281
DyNeasufumea

Ybfuw;0at;nptwgy fimwakct /;lbdS&r fesdcmyja;mup YJe;msAfic kd f D ;mvYJ&ea

/no;ra u;firJ&i m&kqfeyj hfiE;fir;muMo gctmoamuMfpSEfpw f H S d ,wea;ya ;fewfio;&aHiikdE ku;v;mt f f d kH

/nomyja u;firJ&i m&uMYwa Ykw;firJ&i iSE;fir;muMo /no;mofum&a f G d hf d f G YoJ&i gctmoafevf,u ) fimqa;figcafu,Akq ( unZu&b dk G G D d f f

;fir;muMdofmbaJ& /181

mpO Jbmw;fimuaqt ö kd

/nomyja kuzuuM f d f

u;vaump /nofiw mvfumQva zfuuM fe&uw;fimsuaiomnywD* f T f f

wSruvYGb /081 f f J

"

fewrfit ;msAfic v;fiwtD' ?sA;bgyvr m&puw;fewfio YJeeat;msAfic J kd l kd f

"

gyYvmyja ;bHcruv fi&dS&r mrkvyD' uGwaruuM dk l f d f

"

/,weafmqaHYIv o umuwv ?msA;frp;mo :ca ;msAfic kduvD' f l kd l G l

"

feGrfeGr;fimua;fimua mnZu&b mrq;msAfic ?;ir;muMdo Jvdkv,b f S D f f

"

?usctfpSE /;fir;muMofmbaJ& /;bfw[r ;fir;muMo m[yKsu ?usctfpw f d l k d f f

"

Jyvr;l½t mwmyja;mup;fir ?[a kd h

"

 

 

  " 

53 
/fnouyfeyj Hcrsu;mt ur;fedr [ f k vamw&myja fimtanv;mefiS& f

   

/no;ra kduHcfrdt unon{ Sr;0afy& f f hf

,w;mxfiGz;fewJrjt /781 f h
mugymwyjwG&gi fimtadrwSr o kuwa;mup hwhfiomyjar G f f l d G J

Defigcamt ;G&awuuM /681 l f

,rhfrvYwa;fir /eahfimpaPc f d G

?y;nscGwav hwuMfisc;Dp ?fpzjfpzjfumvafidkwwSrpw;mufpwb J f l J f f f ;kq;net YJemwYwa dkuwdtqukdy /usuea;mxscgi kukcfpwfwvt H f G f H f G d G wdtqukdy ;DyNiGz ku;gcwfumea;mu mSrfesdct w;nenofumza f H f hf d H Jh f f ;mvgywdtqukdy Srm&ea hwsccja ;fecfumea;mu /Drfis* [a f H f J h

/nomyja umwDy kuDrfis* ;isc,ilo o;fimraDpuw f d f f l ú

;fnemS&nofumza /581 f

iS&;bfw[r mSrmyja;mup hf l k

;DyNykvuzt gyYJerfeRu m&aYefhiS& fi&uwmyja;mup moo ?,wfw[ f f J f l f k f,wix ux;fimua;Ksdrt m[;Gca;msAfic f J

;uBqa;uB;Ksdr /481 D G D

,wJcfivfmQra rfeRu f h

?YvvaJymSrmv;kwPÓotfiS& fi&mv&fedsct f,ryag' ?y;modo rfeRu kd d f d h J ymwhJcpzjfimuat hwhJcJrukdr fewrfit u;fewfyxuv gi ku;fir J f J f k f d

oJrukdr /381 l f

" "

vmw&;yafio wa;muphwq YvfpzjmbfiS& kdu;G&awuuM ufrdt J G J J kd l f

" " " " " " " "

;mv;bdS&r Srmb mwfhiGz Sr;fiyfumeaD&me;ku n uqYw;msAfic l kd d D kd

 

"

 

 

54 
;fecpJ& ?,wgydS& f

  "    "  "  "  " 

;mv;bhmwafesur Srhfimxafpw l sAficDyNfeufeqnsu ?;uBm&q k f D

/noYy;fiwo f kd

uvdAHcm&t u;mofyw /fnofpzj esdceafpzj mGpfex;fiyj GJyudw kd f k f f k

DyNfeufeqnsu /091 k f
msAfic ;b;oaor vfmwafeRu l d J

/fno;ra;moJ&

dkuum,afpwv moamvq ku;kvfpwmwoa fiGwesdct D&me;Hkouer f l JG d H å f f

,wgymyjafi&o /981 f d
,r&fpzj Jy uSi;iG*;fiy mwJcYwa mwafeRu fi&qkvD' f f f G f dk d mscLscku ;bgyfikdEfpzjr d l

msAfic ;mvogyfikdEfpzj

m&amwq;nru0fpw Lzju0fpw m[um,apw;Dro;Ksdrt Y?wGqawdr dk f f f f f dk f mscLscdu ,wgyfikdEfpzj k f

;mvrgyfikdEfpzj m&amwkq,weaLzj;mot h d f

;Hkv,kufpw m[um,apw;Dro;Ksdrt ?YwGqawdr f d f f dk f mscLscdu ,wgyfikdEfpzj k f

;mvofikdEfpzj mwkq,wea;nr;mot d f f

/no;ra f

uYkw;fi¤ mscLsc Yeafpw /nouMc;nw fiwfrdt \um,afpwmscLsc dk d f kd f G f mumvfum&a Yoo'aumrjaYS&at;mS&k½ Yzt;msrfiS&mny 'Aadrb kd f GJ l

;fnrtLzjt /881

"

;Hkv,kufpw m[um,apw;Dro;Ksdrt ?YwGqawdr f d f f dk f

" "

;frpmyja vogymb mSrxmwoa /;frpfy& ?[a J J å h

" " " " " " " " " "

 

 

 

"  " 

" "  "  "  "  "  "  "  "  " 

55 
hmwaJefpyr fi&kqg'Jt Y d sAfic;bfesur l

/nofuq;fekz f

u;mS&k½ gctmoamuMum&afpwfumea /no;yamv, m&p;mp f f l /nofuq;fekz f

;DOfmqaGAa u;fed&u, /no;mGomuMu&;va ?u&fpSE ?u&fpw l f f f f /noukv;mxwdy ;yNhnx hfiEDp;vfpw ;fekzv,w p;fecfpw f f d f D f S kH D f D dkuum,afpw /nouMukvwzj;q fe&fyo;frp kunoq;neoidkEHckdy f f f d f Hk d f kd f f wimpt ofnr uet;O;ko YkwmscLsc fhiSE ;mS&k½ ?;ed&u, f l f D H d f l

,wfisc;mp JvmscLsc /391 f

,wgy&u f k

fiS&,weaq, h f l

/nofpzj fiGwkH½;qaZwdp f å

;firjfiKdyj /291

/nomyja ;DyNhnuMmuMfewt ku;uB;mfsum,a nov,wk' f f d D f l d sA,rmvfpzj kc;gimSEusr f f

/fnoukvwzj;kq f d f H

vrxy e&u½fimuMat ulv,wk' /nomvfumQva um,afpwv l f f kd kd d f f l ;nvSrfiq;iscmSEusr /nomvumQva;rv um,afpw;uB;msfum,a f kd f f f f f f D

lvw;msrmSEusr /191 Jh f

"

fi&qg'Jt ?fimta&fuvfyu mSEusr fmwafeRu YJemSEusr ;msAfic ?lv[a dk dk f h f h

"

;mvodS& xkcfpw mEusr mSr;msAfic Jvmb J S f

"

Ykv;firjiKdyj lo,kuYo ?;Htgy,u ku;msfum,a rfeRu mwug'a d f f d l k f d f

"

;DyNHc sutfeut Jvqukdy QrtfiSEfnomuMfesdct m[;Ksdrg*m&aD' k H f h

"

hfi&DyN;yNfikdE fimwakc;Hko JGyfiKdyj u;msfum,a ?hfi&YJegylyr hmwafuwtHqukdy S D S G f

"

,rhmwagy&oa YdkvmqfmwafeRu ?gyhJc,m&p;mp f l

"

 

 

 

 

56 
msAfic ,rhmwagy&oa fi&&mpr;mpt f

" "  "    " 

/fno;ra hfizjog'a urHcpat u;msfum,a H dk

myja;mxwo /691 d
,wgyuwfpzj ?;mvfw[ f f k

sAfic,wpamouo f f

,wgyuwfpzj /591 f f

;vau fumrjaum,aww m[;momscLsc kct ?Jhwwk½w f d f

JymwfikdEfpzjr

?hwfw½w u;vau ?mscLsc uzat ?;mvoea;½;msAfic ?mscLsc J k l wk½w f

/no;ra u;frxfe0;kH½ /nomvfum&a f f

mscLsc uwtfe&fiwkHywSr kdu;vau \drdr Yko;kH½fiwywSroa;mGz f G f d kH f

;vauwk½w /491 f

/no&Ywa kdunoeamyja;iwtgyfumta f G f f kd

mufikxfumxa;l' YS&a;kHzv,w nomscLsc /nofi0 ;DyNhfiGz u;fect d D f f f dk \mscLsc ;msrofyo;frp mu;wa [;mvDyNeaoa ;msroa ?;oafuqr;kHz l G k mscLsc /no;mGomuM u&-7 fumea /nopzj hfimuMamoa;oafuqr;kHz f f f f mscLsc xfesdctkc, /fnomvKyj plywdp ;msrofyo;frpíuowy d f l f f fiSEmscLsc iGwmuMtYfecwyfpw ;DyN;Ruampt u;mS&k½ h f f kd

"

,wfisc;mp ;uB;mt;firx mscLsc ?&a;zDv,w f D kH f

" " "

Jv;Ksdrlvmb m[;vau

"

m[um,afpw uet;ko;vau hw;Grafumea mSr:yamÇru /b;l½r mscLsc f f H J l

"

;vafmwat dume'0a hmwafeRu mp;qa w;yamwug'a k hJ f

" " "

vo;yaYfedrt o,b ku;fir Yb;mxfiw :yaGJy;mpD' kuGwa;feyD' ?[a J l f d kd d h

"

 

"

57 
fmeaJymwvfydo wa;fey S G fiS&gy;DeZ YJ&,ufet f

 

 

  "  " 

duv;frqn&;msy Y&Ykdwo mSrrdtukwfyp;fru,vfiy fiy;msfum,arxy k f J l f f d f kd YJ&;eZ,wk' ivg' m[Yw;msfum,a ,wk' YJ&rfeRu YJe;DeZ D d hf kd d ,ww YJ&fivg' ?meaJyfeSrt mwq;va;fOsu;Osu m[;uBmÇru ?&afivg' d f dk f D

mÇru moafimrja;fOsu /891

vhwfiscfpzjfe& fi&mv;lr m[;msAfic ?YJeYJSir hmwafuwt;msAfic l J G ;mv;bhmwagyr uwthmwafeRu l f G

puy;fr0 D f

uwtpum,afpwfi0YGJzt;ikd0;w uk[ ?uy;r0upD0 uwtfyKsu f G D f f D d f f D f G vYkvfiscdkvmb J d

/no;ra u;kdxGy;mp /fnomvum&afeyj non{ uYear f J f f hf mwdS&r Srqukdy mrqfyKsu H f S D

iwYeafpwfumea /noukv;kxwdy fhizj;ouv ufnon{ no;dkxJy;mp f G f f d d f D f dk fh f G

/no;mw ;mt;fi¤ f

u;dkxJy;mp /noKyjnrfeyj muxSrm&ea nonohn{ fiw;vaDrwdyr G f f f f f G f Hk½;mpJGyfmsya fmoaYko /noukvl,wSr ;dxGJy;mp [JyfvKd*ky moamxaqukdy d f f d f k k ¾ H f /nomSr fruBfruBt ;fikwtgyuxt unon{ ;veanfpw f d d d f f fh Hk gy;yamv, Dpuy;fr0 fuwtDpum,afpw fi0YJzt;ikd0;wd[ l f G f G f D k hmwa;DyN ?uy;fr0 fuwt;msAfic ?uy;fr0 upD0 uwthmwafeRu f G f D f G

/nomSr;eq;eq;x;x f f f l l

uum,afpwnon{ mu:ca ku;dkxJy;mp /nofpzj fiwkcfpw ;Hk½;mpJGyfmsya f f hf d G f G

YJefumoar fi&uw;lr /791 f

" "

va;Hkt;mosca GwaGiahfiosu G

"

" "

" "

"

 

"

 

"  " 

 

58 
Jydkq ,whJcfevfeu f G k

 

fiSEfidkqumoa;mp nofprp umeaYkx /nouMfnvumQva xYKdrN hfizj;mu h f f f d f f J mo;DOfpSE izjYko /noyjfhrdij;figca ;DyNmraf,& ro /fnoyjGq uyDpuw hf d f l J kd kH ú muwx Srxfydt ufiymba hfiEfyktmpkpwSr nofprpmwpr gctkx f k J kd S f f ö d /noeaKuMuct gcfpzj nvr;meo ;mup,ku f H f f l hf d ?nr;me,u ;mupYlo fhizjoeafpzj ;ro;Ksdrt fpofpyj mSr,i;ro;Ksdrt f f kd D f D fmoaYko /no;mp;KuB fe&Yzwdr m&Ywa u;Ofpw,i;ro;Ksdrt d f d GJ f G kd D f D moaySvmramsca m&wevt fiw;muvafwm" \,wfw[ f G G S f k m&c;nw /nomvuw YoYKdrNfum,a;,e uGwt e&l,,0 ku;msr;fnöpy kd f f f dk l f f f d moafytv fuwt;feifyv \drdr nofprpmwpr fiS&fidyfikq umbad&y dk G k f ö k d

,u;frpyj;fiS& ku;mGzt susu;fneÜHyo ?JvhfimuMamb ?,w&;muM f G d d f

/nomyjaku;rja \drdr ;mo;imsua;fewfpS& uofpzj;mGzt f d f l

,whmwa;fiS& JySrkc /102 f

,wuMmyja f

Ykv,wuo;iq ufumsra m[lv f,ryag' ?;bor hmwasutwt d f f f h l d d ;mvohJcfumzamöpo ufr'mt m[0{ kd

ymwuMmyja /002 J

,w&;mpHc f

/nomyja ur;fedr u;msfum,a f dk

;bwk[r mwwd& fedsct hJwfiowd& /991 l f f h f

"

vo;mo,ifeyj umva-02 uot ;fikdwukvwd& wdqwkr dk G f f f f d f f f

"

vowd&r Ykvfpzjmb ;Degcfi0m&fydtn kqg'Jt J f d d

"

kuo;frdcN;kdr Srfumea ?,wfirj kumwuv ;DpfyQv rxy m[;mGzt d H f d f

"

mSrfumea u;me ?mSrYS&at uGwa;kHvusr YJ&;mGzt ?,&;mGzt Jyva;fiS&;fiS& f f

" "

 

 

59 
fixrimuat ;nvfmoayjfyd&t /202 f f
va,wdS& f

 

fimta;muM;msrt muukviGzJGq u;gcw;fiscusc nohfimpaugyat f d hf dk H f ff f /nouvyjq kuHykdc ;uBfnrme \drdr fiw:ya;gcwfeSr f f kd JG d k D G H fumeaYkx /nomv:yafyd&;KHyjt iGwmSEusr \;uBm&qsDc;fey fmsuamÇru d f f f D gykdqmuDy msAfic vrfiExoauo kv,b kumwdq,wfpzj qmuDy ;ir;uBv J kd l f d f d k f kd f D l

/nomyja kuhfimpaugyat mumvdS&um&adkqmuDy f d f f

Yougyafi0t \r;fec hnoy;isu u&*feu /nouMmvum&auw kd f f f f G f f f ;msrfiS&mnykEt fiSEyamp moa;m&fix Sr;o;otHifikdE h S D D hmÇru m&y;isu ufy&fpwu&*feu m&fidkqnyjfnyjt fiwHifidEfpofpyj f kd f G f G k

;uBfe0Ir;suafO, /402 D

DyNdS& fimwafruBumcja mwea;&afiyjfeyj dump;frwoa d f k

Y&;kdzt hfimuMag' /;b;oauMor Ykwo mwqf,w&;muMfeyj;me;kdzt J l d d l dk meaySruMmo;fr0 Gwafisc;mo;Ksdrqa f J G

;mvyN&;muMfeyj ;fimua;fimua ;me D

hgyamw&okdy hmwa;muMkdy /302 d

/no;mofux f G G

JeuwTv ;feGcpw;mup SrwIE \fprpmwöpr hfiSEfwpoMhHt gctmoafirj f f f d dkuHyþ /noyjGq kdufiwkc ydtfum,afpSE moa;mx;fic m&YGraJz k f J f mu,;fimwa ufyktmp hfiSEfiymba SrHxfprp u;Dro;Ksdrt fiw;kqfumea l kd G H /nouMuGw mGpfiT&fmsya ;mo;DOfpSE fiwr;ecGJyu ;veanfpw f J G f Hk /noyj um&tlrt hnofpzj&;mtmo;fr0 u;Dro;Ksdrt /noyjGq f dk f f J kukHynoeauGwfum,afpSE ;Dro;Ksdrt fiSE;mo;Ksdrt fiw;DyNt;mp d f J h G mpn /nouM;mpwt mpn ;moum,afpSE fhizjown;figca lwmbao f l f f d ro /nouvnzjfyx u;motwSrt ;feGc;ra /noyjJGq u;kvfpwJy;mp l f f kd hf dk f f dk H G

"

hfrvgy;modo dkv,bo mwkdq,wfyv ;feifyv *mbad&y gi d G f l f k k

"

YJ&;dztkct /,w;muMrfeRu Ykv,wudvoufwpGJc u;me YJ&;kdzt ?;kdzt k f d f f k k d kd

" " "

DyN&;muMfeyj ;fimua;fimua ?,wfw[ f k

"

fmwafeRu /,wJcfesuhra mSr,wwk[ fmwaeRu ump;muMwdz f h f f f kd f

"

 

 

60 

 

 

u;uB;wfiz mSr:ya;fekyfio Jt /Jvmw&;mxfiGz kuwbfi& Jyfywr;o,uM dk D kH h d f D f Ykvfpzjmb muau;fir ? mwDy /;mv;uBSvwyfpn mvfmuasÐut d D f /nomyja f YJ&;fir ?Defms*a [a /;mvgyuM;dq fewrfit GwapwYw;fir ?Ydkwnyw ;fiku h k f dk f d

u;uBm&q /nomvfi0 x;fewt Ykw;uBm&qfyt;fimsua fiSErm&q D f J d D k h DrmuMr /no:ca;mo ku;uBm&qfykt;fimsua mu;kdqwdp ;uBrm&q f G d D f D /noyjGq u;vfpw;o;fey fiw:ya;ekyfiofumsua mumyja [ f J kd Hk D G f k f,uJvmb m[HyD'm[a ;fiku G k d /nouMfmta lwiKdyj ;msr;vau [ f f k ;uB;wfiz D kH

/nomvfi0 fruMt;qrxy Yko;fecfiomp fnopugyarm&q f d Hk d f

rm&q JqkHy /502 G

/nouvmijuMa ;nvfimtamuM;v;mt /nofudkvfiGzGq f f kd f kH f h J Jvo,b mwdkq dkqmuDy l f

u;gcw mufey;fimwa fe&wvfhiGc gctmoa;muM u;mupþ kd H f T kd msAfic,wgyyjGq ku;vaukHydkc D'm[a hmwauqmuDy ufiwkc f J d kd vr&yjfyvmb fmwafeRu fimtafnuMk, ;msAfic J k H

msAfic,wgykv Ykbo mrtfikdct fmwafeRu f d d d

;bdrmvr, l l

/nomvdS&fum&a ;uBfe0Ir;suafO, u,Akq fiw;yNt;mofi0 dkqmuDy f D f D d G D G /fnouvmyjafmta f dk

"

msAfic DyNgymvum&auM dkqmuDy dvbgy ;uBm&qDsc;fey f G k D

"

ump;muBwdz f,ryag' /,wgyfpzj ;uBfe0Ir;suafO, u,Akq m[fyKsu kd f h f D f D d

"

;fimuMafpzj ;uBfe0Ir;suafO,fu,DAkq m[;fir;uBv ?msAfic;ir;uBv D d D l f D l

"

msAfic DyNgymvum&auM ;uBfe0Ir;suafO, u,DAkq f G D f d

"

?mea,ruMfiomp GwafpwYkw YJentlut waHkyfyk½ YeauD' ?&aYdw;vau f f d D G k

"

"

" " "

 

 

"

61 
;frpmyja ?vo;mxqo,b J GJ l f

 

 

  "   

fimtafmsyafydt kuYo Jym&q /vmr&;dIE fmwafeRu Ykvfpzjmb d l J S d ;frpukv;dIE kduuefimra u;ba;fir?Defimra f d f

/nomyja kunyw urm&q /nofpzj fiwfedscfiomp f d hf f G

;Ev hwfyo /902 Id l J d

/no&uM;muM kduofmta \rm&qKyjmeo fiwfesdctþ f H l G u,w;fev;msrfimuawmZ f,ryag' /;bgy;qr G f G f h l kd

/nouMeamyja;mup um,apSEmelv fiGwHk½;qaZwdp f f f å

nS&Kw0 /802 f å

sAmwhJcmvl, fmwafeRu uhmoafrdt ?mwfikdEfpzjr dk ,weafimva;Dr frdt ;msAfic ?lv[a f h

/fnomyjamta;frv f S

uGqawdr \drdr mumvfi0;yja x;mbm,Db um,afpwv kd f J f l

;bfikdE,r /702 l kH

fi[;mvDyNum&aGEa ?Jvmb f

/fnomvfum&a;met;fi¤

;DOfpElou,kv fiwfesdctþ /noiyjfe&fi0 x;muvafwm" S f G f f J S mscLsc muw0 kuHk½w0;fimqa moa;mxfyKsc fizj&amo;dko ew;kdzt f d f h f

;mvDyNum&aGEa /602 f

" "

;rpfudkvwRc kdukHpw0 ?[a f f f h

" "

Gu;kHtgymyja dkuuscirjfixYJ&;fir :yatKw0 w;&agi f f å hJ

"

gy;yamvfeyj ?vo;mo, lo,b kufyktmpD&m,fikd' ;fezDv,w J G l f d k f

" "

" "

 "

 

 

"  " 

62 
hmwa;DyNuvfyv f kd k

  " 

    " 

/nomSr f

ulopzjr;fedr ;i&Yyuv Ykomwb ku;msfum,a nr;mGo;fecp ,;met f f kd f kd d ll d fh l

YJe;feKzjrqukdy /312 H f

mwuS& mofi&;lrr ?;bgyuS&r f l f

,wuS& /212 f f

Ykvfix,wdS& frdt,;met mSrqYo ufikdt d f l D l

;mv;byjmyjaro ku;fimuMatD' uicfyxruv Ydkw, l l d f f l ;mvYJ&yjafiqt YJefpot;msfum,aY, l

Jynko 0;kv hmwaYJeeatum,afpw u;msfum,a ?;bgyfiscmyjar H f l

/no;ra ufum,afpw /nouMYwa fum,afpEr;fisc,io f f G S f l

;nöpy moafikdE;imyjaYT&ar /112 f f

muhgyamwuGx PÓuMtkdy G f f H

hmwadS&;kvfpSE ux;kvfpw;figca f,ryag' /hgyamwfpzj hmwafpzj H f H h msAfic mv;bfpzjr fi&gyr;Gca l

/no:ca u&m&tuxt;mt;fi¤ f dS f

gctmoamuM Yfecvfpw /fno;frxIrt fum&afi0 xfywJ& nofeR* J f

;vfpSE;figca /012 kH

" " "

vo;mo:car ku;Gca Yvfpzjmb gctJhwmv;mo &tfe0mw J G d kd G

"

f,ryag' /YJ&gymyja hmwaYdkv,wdS& mSrqYlo cfpw;fnpy hwfikdE;fimyjaYT&ar h f D k ö J

" "

;mv;buS&r mwea;mp;fimwa kvkct ;DyN;lru&t l f d f

"

fmeaYJepafekur qukdy fuwtGwa;fnpy w&;muvt mSrfrdt H f G ö hJ

" "

 

 

 

63 

 

 

" " 

nocfe0mwk½Jr /nowz kdunrt \;fimvawrt moa;nw;DOfpw f H H f f f f f nr;yaJr drdr no;fi¤ ;nvfmoafpzj fe&nx;HkyJr u;myjJrþ fh f f hf kd /no,Hcuv ku;myjwuJr no;DOfpwfiS&EqJr fiwu& GJyfumua;G&a f l f d f f ´ G f

gyYvdr;mxmyja YdkvYJefykvrukv ;ikwfyv;msro ur;fedr dk f d f d k l vmweafy& mSrD' Yvfpzjmb ;msAfic J kd

/nouM;ra;fidk0 f

ku;fi¤ /noeafy& moum,apw;msfum,a fiwYS&a;gcwkx d f f f G H d /no;mxfwdsc kuwb;fikq moal[ };msrofikdE ;kHvuofpw f d f k d k l f ur;fedr] lrfiwugyafpwfumea /noeafpzj ;uBnS&;ewt fiwYS&a;gcwkx dk l G f f D f f G H d /no;mxwdsc kufwb;fikq moa[ };msrofumuMa kur;fedr ;Hkvuofpw] f f d k d l l d f fiwfyx \kcfpwugya ;gcw /nodS&ugyafpSE;gcw fiwfi0tYdkonyNwe G d f H f f H G f f

;uB|uO /612 D ú

Yv;kdp mSruS,umSEa kuYo dk f f d l

vYkvfpzjmb /,w;fiqfez J d f

/no;ra umS&awe;mb ;uBm&q;&amp u;DOpw;ro;Ksdrt f kd f D f D

Ir;wfez moafyvfwv /512 D G

/no;ra;fikdwtgyfumta mu;mGo x;moJ& f H

nomwDy ;mofpSE-4 gctmoaYwarmS& uficdr iGwisu;fe0wy;Det \drdr f G dk f f f

Jvmr,b rara /412 S f

"

msAfic;mv;bYwar uum,afpwr;fedr w;mofumQva bgyrfmwafeRu l G kd f Jh G J

"

kur;fedr Srhmwa;DyN /,w;iqfezfi&t u;mfsum,a ufico;m&b d f f kd k

"

;DyN;ya;Kdsr;KsdrtPÓuMt ur;fedr mSrfesdct wea;iqfezo ku;msfum,a f H hJ f l d

" "

 

64 
/no;ra fizjmrmrot ;mt;fi¤ f h H

GJy;yaJr uS0YKdQv /712 f

 

"    " 

fyvkv,b fmwaeRu kuGwavhwH,r kduhmwafeRu /,wea;eq;x k d f f d l J k f f l fevt fuwthmwafeRu m[;mup wmyja ;fir;uBo;m&w G G hJ D l ,wu&frv Ydkr;msAfic kuGwav hwnuMk, :yat;msAfic f f d d l J f H

/nomyja kuo&HcJp;m&w fizjlrnvfrv u;uBo;m&w f d l G h f d D l

mnvfrvv /022 l d l

fmeaf,r;kHt;mo /;bgy;qr Ykvfiw;Z;sua uwtg'Jt G l kH d l f G

?va,wukv;fro ;msAfic ufipidv mbidk½' YJ&;DeZ hmwafeRu uYear f f d d kd f k f sAvYvc;yauG&fimqa mbfmwafeRu u;msAfic ?kdv,b ?kdv,b J dk hJ f dk f f msAgy;lZ;sua uwtw;yafuG&fimqa Dnu ;msAfic f G hJ l

/nomyja ku;moJ& mufhiGz f d

u;gcw;mu u,G&v Srx;mu muukvfy&;Dppw;mu ;DetJ&;exfO, kd H f l J f d f f d

,wfiw;lZ;sua /912 f

,wgy;fimuam&pl,wt f k

hmwau;newmyjalo f,ryag' ?;bgywk[r ;fiwtJwmyjao f hJ h l f dk h l ;mvJyfeSrt mwqf,wJc;dkc ;msAfic ;fiwtwyjmyja eaYS&a&;kdpt dk h kd hJ

/nofpzj iw;½;m&w f f G kH

m&p;mowSr /812 f

;mv;bor ;msAfic mwqGJy;yarfu0YKdQv m[GJyfumua;G&a kct l d kd J S gyYdkviscdo dkunrt YJ&;fimvawrt ,rnx JrfmwafeRu f f f f hf vmweafykvmb ;msAfic J

" "

" " "

" "

" " "

 

 

"

65 
hgyamSr& Yvfrv Srk, /sAvSrikdEfrv kd d H J f d

  "  "  "  " 

,w&Ydkvyv ;nwfiKdyjw ku;vpkcfpSE ?YJeearmyja wamwSd&rf,gyd"t f f k f d kH G Ü ,wfiscukvoa Jyoa fmwafeRu ;mpt,r&HcfydpGJc ?mwug'a f f d fh f

;nwfiKdyjfpw /422 f

gyu;nwuicfudk½r f f

fmwafeRu hmwaumweafiGcumxacjalo f,ryag' /,wgyHcfe0 f h f ;mvoHcfe0 dumwkq,whJcwuB;Hx ;msAfic ku;figca YJ&v;m&w ?Hc;m&w k d f f d k d kd

u;nwumpampa /322 f

f,wukv;yahnx f d f

fmwaeRu Jywafumxacja,b ku;kHvpubfpSE ?gymSrmv f G f d f ;bfw[r mSrmvfeyj Srhmwa,b vD' dkv,bkdv,b l k f l f f

,w;momyja Ydkv,r;yamv Srfezjuer f G f f

/nomyja dums*eaferikq u;frxfe0 fio;fim&at f k f d

YJelyrwdp /222 f

;bfidEyjenr fimwaku;frv ;q;Det l k f T d Hk

;bfiEmyjar imwa;vag' /122 l kd f

"

hw;mo umwlb f,ryag' ?,wmyja vYdkv,w;Gra mSrYKdrjD' ;msAfic J G kd h f J f

"

gyYdveafpzj;mro puw fmwaeRu ?,wgy;ne;fr0 k D ú f f f

"

dkuqukdy f,ryag' ?,w;mo,0 Y&fpwfyedz uv hw;mouGx fiwkc H f h f G f J l J G f

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66 

 

"  " 

"

Ybeafidx ;vaufwwfww Jymyjar;mup hmwa mSrfumeaD'Jt /,w;yafio kd k d d f /noeayjmyja ku;van uofpzjut ku;fimuMatwabdr f d D l kd d G

mwqbdr /722 dk

[a ?u;mvofiscpa, kuhgi;fir /Ykv,wmuMdww G kH d d f d

D&me-2 mwsuhfrv ku:yarja eaufyxumcja ?;mvfw[ mSrfywumcja d d f k f gymSrfyxumcja f

vYvea mrfyxt,b ?fi&fimra J kd S f

,wgycsufrdv fmwafeRu ufugya;fiwyjfrdt f hJ h ;Htgy;frp;fiv k

vmbaomb J

/noeaq u;mrofyvt ufiS&fyvt f l kd k k

;mv;nscSvmuM /622 f
nogyvpa;yanx uyfwm" fiwm&;muMfeyj uzjat f kd fh kd kH G kd

/nodv fyxuv hfiSE;Dro;Ksdrt moaS&Irfimqaq ;DOfpwloea,udpusr f k f d GJ f G f /no&uMwz f f

Yoþ dumijfmuMa \;DOpw lomS&fimxafrdt iwfimpafpwmp;fiwo kd k f f G

omS&ubfiuM /522 l f

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,G&tf,q;va uot moakHpnyj fiwthfiotGia ;DyN;fimua;&amr;fesu f f hf h

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/,wmvfum&a dkukH½fyvt Sr;DyNsufumeaD&me-2 YeaD' ?fi&fimra f k

" " " " " "

msAfic gyYdvsu fimSra;dr;qHu fmwafeRu YeauD' k k kd

"

Ywlo fimtauwmyja;mup /,wfumQva;frvYkwhgi hmwarxy dk f f d

 

 

"

67 
,wq;fimwa Ydkwo f kd l

 

 

nofpzj fe&feyjfrdt hfiEfe&w0;mptfw0t no;feIEfikdcm& -08 f S f f /noxum&fydt fe&;moYkofyvt;fiqn no;feIEfikdcm& -51 f G d k dk f /noxum&fydt uGwt fe&;mo;gythgyat no;feIEfidkcm& -5 f f G f /no& uf'mv& f kd gyfumta m&fyvKyjeowao fiwHifikdE ud&rat kunodq ;neouMx k k G d f k f um&fydt fmwarfesdctn ;msr;msfum,a imuMa;msr;fimuMathnonr hf f f

gymwmvfumQva;frv lv weafpzj YJehmxacja ufubpw;dk½;npHcj Jh f f

d¥[ay /032

i[;mvr;fimua f

fi&kq;DyNt 0afumQva wamp ;ikdyfuer ufuufy&fidytfmwafeRu d G f dk G k /fi[vr&fumQva mrfedsct,b ?mwug'a ufw[ J S f f hJ k sA,rfrvvYkb;yafumQva hmwa;ne;ne;frv fOpYea f d dk d f f

/nomyja umev ufe0m&q f kd l

;mvr;kHt&fumQva yuxD' /922 kd f

yNuv;yanx ?YJesHyfOm,va rxy D f dk fh JvmSr,b ?m&afyktHk½;qa f

va,wuMea;mpu ;frwfyv fOm,va wvz½Jt f k f k kd JvmwuMeafykvmb Yw;msAfic kd

/no&Ywa dkunoeascfekc f G f

;msrmev mu;Dp dum&YGra íea Sr:ya;r;figca kH½;qa /nomvfum&a l k kd f fe&,;iwofum,afpw umxa;fiwo YkokH½;qa g*m&awdp l f f d f

);imuMavau,DAdkq( fwvzdk½Jt /822 f f k

" "

vo:ca kumb dum&t hwfpzj ukvdS&r ?uvdS& ?ukvdS&r ?ukdvdS&;figca J d k J f d f kd f d f

" "

" " " "

 

 

 

68 
0bYw;msfum,a /132 kd

vo:ca dku vkv,b m[lvJwmyjauq J l d f h f

o;imuamyja;mup /332 l f
noea;frz;gi f

/nomvuGx uG&mpzjat ;fiwtPc ;DyNmv:yafyx ;msrDe;r;frdp;Dr f f f G D /fno;rafyx u;feGc;ra \drdr u,iv dk f l

/nouM;mousy mEusr ;msromijfmuMa dkuup f G f S f l f

gynuMfwz dump;ee;uMa hwfuvYkdy r;LSr;&a;fiwt fh k f J kd G

/nofuv;KHyj f dk

/no&Ywa kduno;mx;&a [ ,wea;frz;gi f G f k f fiw:yauG&mp /nomvfux G f f G

uG&mpzjat ;fiGwt;fiyYfeup ;DyNmv:ya fiw:yaup ;msrDe;r;frdp;Dr f dk ú G f D voeafykvmbkct zat hmwafeRu J /,ruv;frp Jykct mwdkqvosuw xtumva,b upJ&Yw;msAfic f f kd J d d f f f kd

/nomyja f

izjwdpnuM,r uum,afpw,iv fyvF*t /nouMeaHt;fikd0 hf f f Hk f f l d f k ;mpwfi0wdp ;msrtv fiw;ba\kcfpw;uBfup nofidkE;muMzja f l G D fh kqrku;feGc;ranonr noYvdo íwofwy hfiEYdkwpu Qrofpzjfpzj d d fh f f kd f S ö d fiw:yamÇru m&y;isuGJyyj ;msrmwLyjfeu:ya;kqfumea iGwifidEfeys* G f G H f H k

;lb&r Ykvfrv kduup /232 d d f

"

 

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mSrfprjfe'fev zat ;msAfic

"

"

mGpfyesua u,ilv fizjm&tlrt moat[ f h l

;mv;lbmyjargi

"

YJ&zat hmwafeRu /;bmyjar ufeSrt uup ?ygy;fiwt hwfix l kd f J dk J

"

YkoYKdrjrm&a uYear ) zat hmwafeRu g'Jt ( fiGwmbg'hmva d

 

 "

;mvfw[rDyNYwa k G

/hw J

nogy;mofux f G G

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fimta&hnuM;frpfyxfimtamscoa /;bfrvr Srhmwa,b m[up f l d f f

"

voeafykvmb zathmwaeRu ,qmvamva kct J f f

"

mrfprjfe'fev zat;msAfic /no;mGoux Ydorm&a uYear feGwmbhf'mva S f f G k

"

ku;mup fimwamwdS&r Srfum,apwv wfimxa;me kuh,ku ?&aDrfmwa d f l hJ d f d

"

"

 

69 
gym&q;fimsua

 

 

 

"  "  " 

 

vYvfpzjmb /f,wuw;ra fewJrjt J dk f

/no;ra uqawdr \;fi¤ ku;DOfpwfe0m&q feufeud&rat f G f d

,w&uw;imwaGia /732 f f f

Ykvuv;fim&a kufeud&rat u;mupwvmt b;fim&ar dkumuhmuaLsc d f kd d kd f J vuGwtmb J f

,rfez0a ku&;kdpt ufwcafi&kbmZ f d

/no;ra dkuwrt f f

Sr ),enyj m&fixea ;msr;KdsrvmscLsc &;mszumrjaYS&at;mS&k½ ( muhmuaLsc f f kd l dS f moaeafidkx iw;badrdr u;Ofpwwrt /nofpzj fiGw;0at;npt f G D f f f )fmwawTv( u&*Yfeu \;msrf,v;mp,ku Ylonyj ?pfimxanyju,DAkq f f G S f d f k f f d

;bfyesuar /632 l

;mvYvfix ,wdS&lv JhrfnuM ku;fir ?Jvmb kd f h d kduJGyyj

JGyyj /532

JvmwSd&ruv mSrzuuM f f

ruuM hfiEzuuM /432 f S f

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vmw&r;mofi& Yvfpzjmb ?ruuM J dS dk f

" " "

vYdvr;mGo,b J k f

" " " "

vo;mx;luwdp Ydzfez0a ulo,b mSrgcthJw&fhiGc;GEa;qa ;msAfic J f k dk f G

"

;msAfic YvJvo;mpmb mpnvYea ku;fidwmelv wmv q;msAfic ?lv[a kd f d k Jh D h

"

hgyamSrikdE;eSrYfec mwdkqvr&;fimwaumva,b cou uqYkdwo Srg' f f J f f k D l

  " 

 

 

 

70 

 

  " 

"

,weahfimpa kur;LSr;&a;fiGwt fmwafeRu f d vo;&ar Ydkvmb;fir feADt ?[a J h

/noeanuM;iaub f fh f

ugya;fiwyj Jy;&ar moum,afpwfeADt /nouM;&a;mp;KuB f f f d kvkv;v;mt;mo;fimsua /nomyja uYdkwnyw urm&q d d kH f kd fh fe&;&a;umpDpmp izjfOp;figca moa[ }fiQvJcfpzj fiS&ikdyPÜru mofykfERu] kH hf l h f D k

iS&fikdyPÜru /042 f D k
fi[vo,b mweamyja;mupkct YJeg' ?hgyamrfyxuv J l f S f fi[;mvryxuv kuh,ku ?D&ra f f d f d ,wgyfw[ f k

/nofuvscwzj;kq f dk f H

fe&;fimwafiGcfyxuv izj;fekzDv,w fiGwugcatkc, /nofpzj h f hf f f f ;nscnocfeyj fwqfumea mueafpzj YJ&rH0r ;fidkwruBt /nowzj;kq f f hJ k f d f f H ruBfruBt fe&;fimwahficfyxuv ku;Dro;Ksdrt moaeafpscdrdr no,iv f d d G f d f f l

YJGbmwra /932 å
,r&mS& ufimuat f kd

f,rhmwa&fyxuv f

/nomyja hfizjo;Lsu;Dsc mufyu;me,iv f H f l

fno;Drofhi&b /no;mo;u ;qferjt Yko;fruubfpwfprj k f G l Hk d f mu;fiqfekc x&a um,afpw,iv fiwmuMtPc /noeafpzj J f f l G f bJ&;iqr Srlonr /nouMeafy& fiw:yafimba;frufprj ;v;mtv J f f f G kH l /nomijfmuMa u;uBfi&b mupa;0akp u;msr,iv /fnoukvwzj;kq f D k kd f l f d f H u;uBfi&b fe&;yascfimxafrdt u;Dro moa;fnw;DOfpw \drdr D k dk ,r;mp;ya YJe;rohgi kuofidE;uwzj ufprj D'm[a wgya;fimsuadr f D d l k l f dk hJ

JGy;G&a;imvafuro /832 f

"

DrmuMr rfeRu YJefiS& /Jyv hw;fimuaåwo ,uw m[fiS& l J d f

"

hwsc;eGw x&a kuhgi ,qmvamva kct /f,wgyfw[ hmwamwfyxuv J f J d f k f

" " " "

;mvD&ra ?kdv[ J

" " "

 

 

71 

 

" "  "   

,wgyeaxoauo kuusct wea;ne;mt f l f d f Jh f

;m&wkwficjfiq fhizj;mt;icjfnuM kumwkdq,w;G&a kuhmwafeRu H f h d f d no;yauscvfumQva fiw;½;m&w ruBt;qrxy upugya eaYS&a f f J G kH f d kH f

eaYS&a /342

;mxwSr /;b&fekcr e;nwfruBfpw /f,w&fekc ;DyNumxagc;ko f l J f d f H

/noeayj;fiS& kunyw \drdr um&qyj;ne;mpu;mt f d hf f

;fru;np;mpu;mt /242 f

Irt w;mp;G&a Srulv w;mp;mov Jh kd Jh l Jvmb -204 204

/no;ra ufpov /noeafikx f l f d

bYG&ar Srm&ea moum,afpw /nouMq;fimwa kuYwfidymPmtfimxa J f f kd d kd k fe&ya;fimyja;fect uYkwdrdr /nouM;mofpzj JeuJS& ;kv;mt;mo;fOsut kd d f G H vaIrt w;mp;mov Jh l ;b;b;muMr Sro,b wafpwYkw ?;mvfw[ 104 rf'ky l l l f G d k gymwsu YJe 104 rf'ky

/nouM;ra;ikd0 kufpov f f d l

u;msr;fim[av /nomv:ca kuum,afpw;mofimxa Ydkoxfimxa l f d f J

;imua;frGpv ouxYo /142 f l l f l

" " " "

Jvmwsu YJeIrtmb;fir

" " " "

vmwsu YJerf'kymb u;msAfic J

"

umwrumcjah,q /vr&myja gcfpSE,b gi ku;fir ?hm&axDy [a kd D f f J f d h

"

YJefpzjteaYS&a YJ&Yo kunoIrt YJ& hmwafeRu ?;msAfic ;fir;uBo;m&w l d f D l

  "  " 

  " 

72 

"

 

 

u ?vrxoafuoykvdkv,b mwkdq;firj J J l f f

umrdr;frz Ye;vaPc ku;fir ?fi&uvmS&;fikd0 Ykdwo /f,wdS&msuam&;ko G S J d f kd l f H

;mro,v fi0;fiot hmwasumSrm,,v;figyakp /JymSrukvhmQvauvo f f f d f l ;DyNmra ;kqfumea /;bgyfikdEmS&rkdy fuxu&fpEu&fpw u;fir m[fiS&fikdy H l f S f dk /Ydkpgydkq ,wuv;mp;fir ku;firjikdyuv¾*ky /YdkpgyuMkq ?vakvD' f f kd d f d d d vYvfidkqmb J kd

Ydveapzj;firj fidym,,v ;figyakp ugi k f k f vYkvfpzjmb J d

;b&r Yv;mp kuhgi l kd d

/noYwa kufimuafpw;firj JyhfivfmQrar f G d

/nomS&mpt m&p;mp HSEt ;kHvkcfpwmwa no;Gcarja moaeamvamq f f

mp;fecfio /642

};bhmwafiscoaryKsu qg'Jt] - r;fedr l f kd }Jy;iwtD' vgi] - ;msfum,a f kd J },r;fimua i&;mooafyKsu] - r;fedr f f G

;mo YJe mQv /542 G

,wgyeafiv:ya mwkq;bfikdEfpzjr f G d l

lvJrfiEfev;Lsu Irw0Zm& rYJe;nekdv,b m[um,afpwv h kd G f S f f f l w;iviGy;mo;kd½ kvD' hmwaD'Jt /,wgyfpzj ;DyNcHcfe0 YJemGp;fivfiGy;mo;kdk½ hJ f hf d f hJ h ;fimuMahJc;ixfumza dkuukwPb m[fnolrt YJ&fmwafeRu f G f d f

uscvfumQva fmsuamÇru /442 f J

" " " " " "

,r&;mpgi ku;fir ?;firj [a f d h

"

um,,v;figyakp m[;fir f,ryag' /,wgysu0mbo mwmyja;fir f h f

"

mGco wgyydqw m,,v;figyakp mSrumxacjafumea YJ&hgi H hJ f H f f

"

"

 

73 
;mvgynuM /,w;mxudk& fh f f

 

/noHcfy&mwra urlo dkum&qky;fey moax kukHy \ri&kbvtfpfye;DA f å k d f S

rfi&kbvtfpfye;DA /942 S

va,w;ya ulo fmwafeRu f kd vo& u,b qukdy o J f H f l r;fedr hmwafeRu

vo;mxhnxHqukdy ulo,b kuxmwoaHc;Dr J f f f d J å uxmwoaHc;Dr J å

/fno;ra uJ& ku;uB;msfum,a d D

vo& u,b Gia /842 J f
;frpyj /;boa&Ywar l G

/nouMeamyja;mup fiwxfimxa um,afpSEudIEukdy;gc f G J f f f

;frpyj /742

/nomyja;iwtgyfumta f f kd

u;Gcarja gctmoamvnvfeyjwo /no;mofpzj f d f G b&rwo Yfecfper;ko /no;mouGxfiphfiGv ;Gcarja m&ukvfeuugya J d d H f G f f d f u;Gcarja fhiSEhfimeaz u;firj fiwfesdctþ /nonuMHi;Gcarja kd G f hf k

"

Ydkv,w&hnuMkHi ;msrYJeyuwwzr mp ?mwukdr uugi f f J f f f kd

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;mv;DyN;DyNYwa;fir /uJy;mpsHyt uD&mewyuv YJ&;uB;Irfimxa G G f f D

" " " " " "

Jvo, u,b ;msAfic kuHqukdy l f d f

"

  " 

"

 

 

74 
fmeaYJepagyruv f

 

 

va;b&r Ykv;frzukv Srlo,b kuYo ?;lb;oador rlo,b l d f d f d l S f sA;mvYJ&dS&mo&t ?m&au;mot

;mvruuM uHcjYkw;msAfic /;lbDrr fimwamwfukv ;DyNiSrjfedS&t f d d hf

/fno;ra ku;mrofyvt moaYwa mu;fimrafeyj ubHcj;&aLrj;Gra d k G f Sr;met ;DyNukdvmQvauv fhizjYko /scaDrr /noukvfimtaDr f h f d f f d kuruuM mu;fie kumAv;mu umbfikd½' /fnouwfmsua d f d D f

u;mu uruuM fiGwm&eafpw /nomvuv;yja usvfyuSr;ba;mu dk f f f kd f nofimuafpwruuM /nomv;fimra;mu um,afpwv f f f f l

,Dyfesc;yjat /252 H

uv;ya kun&;qa ux;fivkyD' f kd d f J

/noeaoyj kufpotro;fim&at u;frxfe0hfi&g0 rfikq;qa f d S d

;qaumsyag*m&a;gy -69 /152 f

mwdS& fimwaum,afpS& ;figya;v;mtYkw ?fmea;mp;fOp mscmscoaoa f kH d ,wgyfikdE;Rua f

;mvrgyfikdE;Rua ukpfimxafrdt fi&fimra kd ,wgyfw[ f k

;mp;fOpmscmscoaoa /052

" " " " "

meaJyfeSrt mwfiscyxuv ku;DroYJ&;DO ufi&fimra f f f d

"

fi&uwfwzr ump;qa YJ&fe0m&q /;mxwSr ku;uB;fivky;qaD' f dk f d D

"

u;mu /,w;mo;yja ;DyNwzj u;muhmwafeRu fimuafpwruuM ufiwkc kd f G f dk f

" " "

vafpo;KsdruuM ;mp;mot hw;mxfumza uficmuMr /,wfw[ f J f k

 

75 

 

"   "  " 

/no;ra ulodkv,0 /no;mxfiw mSr:ya;figca ufimuafpw f f f dk

;kqfumea mSr:ya;cyubmn ufimuafpwfumea mSr:ya;HcyJ0uv \drdr H kH f kd k f ufimuafpw /noea;fim&a ku;G&a;wuuM um,afpwv fiwx;spa dk f d l f f l G J

;uBm&q /552 D

Jykvoeaum&ax;mufpwb hmwaurfeRu d f J f

wr;ficjusc;mpHc /452 l f

muvamvfi0 ikvuDe [a /,wmv:ca G f d kd h f

kuum,afpw;fisc,ioT&a /YJegyfusyrwdp f,ryag' /;b&r mwisckv d f f l f h l f d /nomyjamta;frv u;nwu mSr0fi0tfrdt nofeADt f f S f f

/nohfimpa dkumvtfeADt /fnoukdvukdy;kvSE m&mq [no;oafmwa f f f H k f Jymw&fumvaD' SrxYkwGqawdr;Ls* moa;msrPÓ ;yNYJe;pafyu H d f f D ,ugycuv ?,wmv&JyYfeIrDzfmua }firoT&a] Ykvkqfimqauv f G H f d d f wfypuq YJeT&a fuwt;fir YJeg' /,Gu,wgy;fimwaqgi hJ f G f f k /nomvfum&a fscfpAkdEfibm& f ,ugyHcuv f G f Yvpagy0nyj ppt´EqfitkvYJ&;fir mSrGJyYea;Gra ?&am&mq kd hf d

?,wmv,0 Ydv& Jyfyvhgya;qa };gF*'T&a] mwmS&umQva fimqauv f f k d f f /nomvfum&a ;kq;DOrxy fr&bmt YkoGJyYea;Gra f H d /nomyja um&mq f

;fimuMadvpaJhc, ukcfpwfimqauv moauowy hfiSET&a gctmoamv k l kd f f f YkoGJyYea;Gra /noukvwdz muugya;wat [;fimuar fi&wdzr d f f d f f G k f ufeADt moafpzjqawdr;mS&k½ /nowdz uUkdwfscfpAEfibm& fhiSEfr&bmt kd G f f f kd kd moauMfpzj ;msrGqawdr;Ks* fe&um&auw YoGJyYea;Gra \drdr nom&mq f f f kd f

;fisc,ioT&a /352 f l

"

uwt;fir /,wgy;fimwa;fimuafeGrq mSrYea;Gra YJ&;fir ?&am&mq f G f k

"

/,w;moYHSEo;kvYKdrNfpw mwmS&fumQvafuwt;fir /,&m&mq ?gymvF*r f G H G f

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,w&;mpHc voeaum&anyjwe mSrgcthJwuzYGyagi ku;fir ?&afpsct f dk f f f f d

" "

vumva,b ;spa;G&awuuM u:ya;kHcy ub,b YJ&;msAfic J f f l f f f

 

 

76 

 

 

  "

/no&Ywa kunoeafydt fiwYS&a;gcw umsvdu lopzj;msfum,a f G d f G H kd k f

m&fhiGz u;gcwro fe&;mo;Hk½uer Yeafpwfumea /fnoukvwzj;kq kd H l G f f d f H ;Dro;Kdsrt fe&hfiGzr u;gcwfrdt izjYko /sca&;muMr Sromb ;nvgcfpwþ dk H hf d H f /no;rafyx ur;fedr /sca&;muMrozjaSrmb Srfiyjfrdt f H /no;ra íea rx;fecfrdt ufno;DeZ f S J ;mvfiS& ?msvku d ;mvfiS& ?msvku d

/nougca u;gcwfrdt /nomvfeyjfrdt ;yN;lrum,afpw;mro;kdZ f f dk H f D f

zjatYJe;rat /652

,wuM:ca f

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va,wuwmyja ;fimua;fimua gydkuwa;mup f f G

ferms* ?yvF*t ?bfw[r mwuw fiw'Aakwm" ?mFsco ufimuaD' f d l k f ;mvnscv;uB;spa f S D fimxa;gi

sAmwnv;me gydkumny f

'Aakwm" YJemsFco fhirjhfiqt /;lbwk[r iwkkH½uwmyja;mup ufimuaD' f f f ;mvnscv;msr f S

" " "

,wgysufimxa;ko f H

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muau:ya;kHcymn

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m&afimuat u:ya;figca fi&qkvD' dk d

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vo;xrfeyj Ykvfpzjmb /Jy;mo;ra rfeRu Ykv;mvfiS& ?msvku J l d d d

"

"

"

77 
,wgyyjfwn;figca gi f d

 

 

 

,ww YJemwmvfumQva;frv fisvcja m[;gi D'Jt f l fhiS&y;gi Jhwmvukd½uw uf,vfiy ?;mvfw[ J f f kd k

;giJhwwvr /952 f

gymweafnuMfpp ;DyNKyjcjat u;feIE;ekc;oa YJ&hmwaeRu mwq;mvYJ&feSr h dk f G f dk

vdkv,b ,w&hJcYwa J f f G

rfeRu kumweafyo;frp ufe0m&q u;eIEfekc;oa YJ&fhiS& mSr;fec;qa uYear d kd f G f,ryag' /,wJcmyja urfeRu Ykv,wgy;fimua fimtanrj fig'afig'a h f h kd d f f /nomyja u;Ofpw;Dro;Ksdrt ku;uBlv ,G&t,qfumcjauot f D d D f f f ;&a;mr;fesu YJ&fhiS& u;few;fimwa hficfyxuv kdurfeRu ;firGia;DO k G f

gymwuwfedsctuD&me /852 f kd

,weafyv ;mrofyp;qa mSrfidq;qa f k k veafyv fyvtmb kct J k k

,w&uvYeGp dumeog0 ;DyNdr;wa mwkq,wfiEum&auk' ;Ksdr;Ksdrt f f kd f k G d f kd f © Gwav u:yambao hfimuMahmwaeRu ?,wuwhrawo fmwafeRu l F f f f d vohJcfyvr Ykvfpzjmb J k d

´ ´Eq moaJcdS& /752

" " "

sAmwJhcfiscfpzj ;momFbao fmwafeRu u;few,i,i k f f

"

SrfeSr mwfyvfyvt D&mefwyuvYo ufe0m&q ?;mvg' fmoMa k k f l

" " "

iS&;bwvr m[;giJhwJhc,0rfeRu ufikdqfhiS& uYear hf l f f

"

" "

 

 

78 

" "  "    "  " 

mrfum,afpw uetum,a,q;Dro;Ksdrt /,wdS&um,a,q S f f f f f f ;Dro;Ksdrt YJeum,a,qf,iv ?nuMmSrqYkwfmwafeRu f f l hf D d /nomyja ;DyNmra,& ufpofpyj f f /,wJ&myja Ykw;msAfic Ydkv,w;fimuaåwo ;msrug' f d f d kd

,wuMYwamvmelv ;DyNmv,Gwa;fnöpym&p;mp f G l

uum,a;kdufesu kuqlo&eauwkH½;qa mSrfumeaD'Jt f d D f /,w;moumSra YkvfiEfyktrwd&b ;pfpw;mu mSrcfpwYua;frv f G f d kd f D k G /,wuM;fimra Ykwlo ;DyNl,p;Dpfpw;mu /;buMor sutwt f d D l d d mwkqv;mu,b f,ryag' /,wuMo;v;mt mwkq,weausywd&b d J f h f d kH d f f f mSr;Dpfpw mr;Dp,q;mu /Ydpgykdq,w&;Dp,q;mu S f k f dS f /nomyjap ufeud&rat /nouMea ;my;fiijt Yw;mS&k½ f f G kd hfiSE um,a,qv mryO ?y;kq;fimuat åwo m[;KdsrlvwhmwafeRu f f l J H d dk

hfiSEpofpyj ?feud&rat kunokq;neo;fimuakdy wo u;Ksrv hnonr f d f d f då d l f f

;Ksdrv hw;imuaåwo /261 l J f d

hwo;mooa J G

;yNfwimpt ;fi&hfimpa umwmv ;mx&fumea /;lbpzjr hmwa;fikdy;fikdyt D kd f hgyamSroawyj;fiy;fikdyt yj;m"D' /;mvnscvupu& f kd f S f f

;kHtgy;frp;fiv vmwsca;mpv* kv,b J Jh d f ,w;muM f

;mpJv*\Ywyj;m" /162 h kd

,wuMeafpzjfe& Gwa;Ksdrt f

/no;mw uwdquG&ky kufiq moamvumQva;frv f f f d f

,w;msr,&åEt /062 f f

"

YkwfyKsu mrd[ /,w;msr,&åEt /YJefumQvar;frv mSrm&eaD' ?fiq[a d S k f f h

"

Ykv,wuMsca;mpJv* dkuum,afpwfi0YGJzt YJ&Ykdwo ukcfpw;Pkd*yj;m" d f h f l f

" " "

wo;mxfiw :ya;rvo;mx&;Dr ;DyNywYJe;KuB kuYo hJ f H f k d d l

"

"

 

 

79 

 

"  " 

 

fmeaJym&p;mpfi0wdp f dkuwa;m,r G

hw;msrumvaD' /,w&;muM Yvf,wS&m&;ku;m,r mSr;uBfi&bfeGrvfmqa J f f kd d d D k

vo;mpmb /462 J

,weafpzj YJefiyq kct fimyjafyx m[Gqawdr f H d f

fppt YJewt /362 k

va,wYwamv mpfi0fimxa f G

/no;ra ;DyNmv;mpfi0wdp uYkdwfpofpyj hfiSEfeud&rat f f ,wuMmyjakHp;Kdsr f

Gwaom[ /;budprk½* f,ryag' ?,wuMo;v;mt mwkq,wfpzjv l f k h f d kH d f l hwscumxauv m[um,afpw uetum,a,q /,wuMumoau&t J f f f f f f f f f ;DyNrkpum,a,qv /;lbwI½r kvmrYw;msAfic hmwamSrqYwfmwafeRu d f f l f d S kd D dk sA;kHtgyyjmyja u;neS&åwo YJ&;Ksdrv Yw;msAfic dk f d d l kd

/no;ra u;m&k½ ufpofpyj hfiSEfeud&rat f kd S ,wuMmv Yb;ya;mt dkuq;ro;Ksdrt f kd D D

YJ&Yo uum,a;ufesu /f,w&iw½;qa ;DyNfpzjg*m&aum,afpw,iv l f kd f kH f f l hmwaSrfumeaD'Jt /,wuMfi0 xm&fydt ;DyN;G&a kduqum,apw;ro;Ksdrt f J D f f D wuofpSE m[um,a,q,iv /;buMorsutwt mwdkqvo,b hJ f f f f l l d d J l f f,ryag' /,wuMo;v;mt mwkq,wdS&;kdy putD'fikdtta h f d kH d f f f

"

sAvofpzjmb fumeaD'Jt J

"

qYdkwo uum,afpw;kqfumea /,wsufimxaum,a;ku ?vr&fpzjmb D l f H f f d J

"

mrJxHyfwm" ?,wgyeafpzjwt m[wSrfuv;luifikdE YJ&Gqawdr S k f k f H f

"

,wgyfpzj wt mofiyHq hmwaeRu /;bgyw[rwtwSruv ;uHifikdE f k f l f k k f f l

" "

 "

mwkqvo;mx;Gra;Rua fyvv,b o d J k kd f l

"

,wiscokdy kumwkqJvoJ0SDrmb o hmwaugi f f d d d l

 

80 

 

"   " 

uM,wt ;v;mt kuUo ?[a ?vwfidE;yjauq l k Hk d l h l hJ k f

/nouMfuv;kw;frv;ko YkoYS&a ;v;mtíJv Srrjfimra ;mofyw f dk d S H d Hk G ;kw;frv;ko d S H ;frvcja kuYS&a fmbaJ& whmwaidE;yjaruq ?Dp;few ?fy& kpfyw S d Jh f k f

/nomvKyjpLij;Dij YKdsct;mofyw f

;fimuMahmwafiE;yjaruqYS&a ?;fimuMafpzj ;DyNSvmra gctmoamvfmsuafikdr kd f -01 /no;fikdc;yja ;D&c -02 fikdr dkupfyw no;uByuMfyw f k f D f

DyNmra /662
va,rhmwa&xoauo gi dumwkq f,wgyea;fimuawdpo f l f k d f l mrfesdc;&frwoa kct ?f,wJhc;mx;&a mSrmp;frwoa ;fimuMa;ya S uhgi ;v;mt Gwa;fnöpyikdyYo mrficfeGvf,ur /,wJc;mofevf,u dk Hk f l S G f G G G ;DyNeaJymSrD'Jt m[:'at ;kv;kvfpSE;gi JhwJcfev /,wc;mxYkdy H H h G f hJ f,wogi mwkq;bhJcuprfukd½* d d l f dk kukH&;qa ug*m&awdp gi ku:'athgi /,wgyfw[ mwmyja;fir d k f d f k

;xtxat Sru;fekw,b;fir mSr:yat:'at ;fir /YYJemyjar l G f kuhgi hmwaYv,weafpzj;fimuarwdp fuwt:'at hw;mofevf,u d kd f f G J G G G /no;ra f /;mvgyea:ya wam&tlrt wsufimuMafrd&;kdp mSr:yamSEusr YJ&;fir G Jh h f

uofpzj;fisc,ilo dku,iv moacvKd*No fiyYea, kduofpzj:'at l f f l hJ f l

vrxoauov,b /562 J l f kd f

"

bum,afpw;fir ?muhgyaSrkdvD' mwq;mofpph,uw ?rjfimra fmbaJ& J f G kd f

"

gyvYS&r;mt fimwaYb;frv;ko;rvcja kuYS&a ?;mvfw[ ?vhwfidE;yjauq dk d dk S H f S d k l J k f

"

"

"

 

"

 

81 
,&;uMyuMfyw f D f

 

;bgydS&r r;fedr mSrqhmwafeRu /JygyfmwafeRu hmwauum,afpw l D f

u;Lr;fi&fyw dk S

;DyNnSvfeyj u&wwk½ gctmoafum&a Ykdo0;gcw /noiyj;frvcja fh f f H f f S e&fux Srx;fect ;DyNudvKyj;vat u;Lr;fi&fyw norfmwa;mofyw f G J f k dk S f D Gu,w;mx;&a f ;fimuMa;fimuaeao Jymr;nwfuqfpw ;yN;mxHcfy&mwra Ykb;mxwdpmemp l S f D å d f ku;msum,aYo mSrJxmp /,w&fimpafpwmp gi uqr;fer;fir fiw;vakct d f l f D d /no;fimwahfiGc u;Lr;fi&fyw f dk S f,ryag' /;bgykv;fiijr dkufiGc hw;fimwa;fir ?Drfmwa ;mofyw h l d h J

u;mofyw fe&gy;yau&,qhfiGc fhizjo;fimuarea lofpzj;DeZ \drdr f f

;mokr /962

/nomyja ku;msr;mo;fewt uDefms*a fe&uM;yja;fimsua wthfiSEdrdr [ f d l k

Irnp;oa /862 f G

,w;ya;muM;fimuMat ;fimuMafikdEmvr f

Ydveadr;uafyw uem|fykvt w[rYko ?;fimsua weauwo fi&q;b;kdEr k G k kd f k d hJ f l dk l Srg'Jt /wgysc;fimva;ta&a umSEusr YJ&oeafydt gctw;DyNnrj hJ dk f l Jh f /,wnrj vHoumSrjat mSrfumeaD'Jt /,w;wfimva;figca f f kd f f D rxy /,wgy;mcj;lx fewrfit uupD' /gyhnuM, /,w;mxfiw:yafikq f f f l f d YkwhmwafeRu JyuYear kuD&meup;dIE :ya;kqfumea ?Jyfmwat d d f H f,wgyfiscv ;kvfpwD&me up;dIE w&scwdp kd H f hJ f

fup;dIE :ya;kHqumea /762 f

"

gy;yafyx;vaferjferj ,r, ?,r, k f l f l

"

vava;fimua;mt ?vava&Irnp;oa ;fisc;fisct dS f G

"

/,wdS&fum,afpSElv wmyja;mokr mSr;fi&fyw YwfmwafeRu f Jh dk

"

" "

 

 

 

 

82 

"  " 

"

gyYveakq;fisc;o ;Hkvesdcfpw ufiwfiezuv ukpfyw kd d D f f

Sd&uvkct f,ryag' ?gyhfiot Ybfpy fmwaeRu fi&dkq,r&fpy ;vYeafpw f h kd f f kH vYkvfpzjmb J d

/nomyja ku;LSrfyw u;mofyw moa&;yanx dkueqnsuumrjat f d fh f f f

,w;Dij;me /272 f
,ruv;mofi0fumQva f f kd G

x;muMyktv ;yNfiuYfezj YJefubpSEuv kufyx;DO J f l D kd f f d k fumeaD'Jt /,rukvfevfeyj;fimyja ufyx;DO hmwafi&q mSrfevwhmuap f f d S kd k dk f,ryag' /;bdor fmwafeRu mwkdqvr&fykvmb mSrfevF*t h l J vrfyvmb ;msAfic fi&mvfytkvYbGJc u;0avkpv J k d kd kd l l

/fno;ra udS&m&tJ& /nofiwmvfumQva f T

um,afpw;mofevwhmuap fe&;frxIrt fiwYJGzfywJ&fe'fev f G

,wfumuMa fi&qHcLvt /172 f kd S

muhgya;Ksdr;KHyjt Jhwmv:ya G

mSr:yamSEusr YJ&rara;fir gctJhwuvmyja Ydkv,rsufumeafeyjfrdt f f kd f zaza hfimuMakcfpwöpu;DuBw;&at mSr;yNtfesdc;fiq;kH½ YeaD' d D fi[vo:ca dkum[kv,b mwkq;KHyjthwfeqd¥[ay ?zaza J d f d J

;KHyjthwfeqd¥[ay /072 J

" " "

msAficgy;ya;fimyja dkupfywumrjat ;mcjw uhmwafeRu k f dk

" "

" "

 

83 

 

"

 

m&p&;muM vu;mup;frr;Dsc YJewa;v;mup;qn;lEt uhfikdt J kd G G Hk kH hH kd ;yNfikx mr;fecn{YS&afrdt fruB;o mSrwyfpw ?;kv;kvfpSE -2 hmwa;DyN D d S fh d Hk f H H D&ra vYkvfpzjmb ?Jy;uB;Ksdrpw u;mupY, J d D f l

;bfw[r mSrhmwa&;muMikdt uHougca;gcwYJeocja l k f kd f H H

mo;fr0;ne;fr0 /672 f

fi&,wSd&;msfum,a mSrrfeRu S f

;bgywrfe0o /572 l kd

gyYkvr;fim&a;mo fypuv' kduvhw;fimuaHu umvaD' ?;lbgyfyvrfe& d G G f D l J f k ,w;kdp mSryvfe&fiS& uYo ?;bmyjar uhfiS& rhmwa,b rfeRu f f k kd l l dk S f vlo,b o J f l

fiS&mweafpsc h

/no;mofpzj f G

vo&rm&;mup Qrwca muhnuM dkuyGpuv no;Dro;Ksdrt /no;yamv kd S å f f f f f ufypuvfyxuv no;mxx;fiGx dkuumuawt fnrme \;ro;Ksdrt dk G f f f k f kd D mumvfum&a x;Dro;Ksdrt moaeafpscwouzfpw drdr no,iv H f f f f l

;bfidEHcr;qt /472 l k kH

;buw;Dpr ;bfup Jvo l f D l

uscthJww /372 f l

" "

vodS&mb mSrfiq mww YJe;G&awfuuM J l l G

"

kuum,afpwfumea urfeRu ?;lbor;feSr&myja dv,b uhfiS& rfeRu d f d k f kd

"

?;bgymwahfior mweaq;&afpsc ;DyNudkv rJroo vkct urfeRu fiS& l f kd f J J J kd dk

"

;bgyuwkwrfe0o fmwafeRu ?;bgyS&röpu l f d l d d

"

sueamv;fieodww D&me-7 ean ;DyNp ufesdctkct l d

" "

" " "

 

 

 

 

84 

"  "  " 

/fno;yaYfedrt um&q;ewfio iwþ /nohmwafesu f f G f

mo;0atmut ,q;ko mwDr ;kqfumea m&pa;wYS&a kuwSrfpy ;fiscrxr G f H H kd d f d /scaxr Qrlonr ;nvfiwgcfpwþ/fno;fikdc;kwYS&a xtmut -008 d f f G d d G mwDr kuwSrfpy um&q fhizjYko /scadS&r ofikdEfpy fimtax fiyku;vkcfpw d f d l d d kH ;uBfidkwwSrfpy momoeaeaYkbx Ydkonwfnw,vt \wSrfpy m&pafpy D f d d fh h f f mu;mx fiwYfecmut mwDrdkvufpw kuwSrfpy /nopafisuvafpyweoa G G D d f f h f mu:ca Yko;fiufpyweoa um&q;fewio ku;msrfpo;mofyw d G f f d

;&atfiGct;kHqumea /872 h f

msAficgywzj;q Jy;DO dkupuD' f Hk ö d

?muaygy;DyNmyja u;OYkvofuwmsvaukv kum&m&t m[fmwafeRu kd D d l f d d vmSruMea Yw;fir YJeGwaGiafi0 dkv,b J kd f

msAficJygy;fidwt w;mxwzj;kq ratY&;DroYkdwo k Jh f H J l ;mvmrfyxuv mSr;fimsua;m&b S f k

,wgy;mx;ya hfiGcwzj;kq Jyu;Dro;kwo f f H dk d

;mv;DyN;DyN;G&a Ykw;fir kufu&mvF*r d d

gyfOpDp kvouKuB /772 d f d

vamSrhmwafyxuv YJeYo ?;fithfi[ f l

,rhmwafudkvpyYKdS&;Dr f f

ku;v;mt mp;mp;n& hwJc;&alo Jyeankct /;bhmwadS&r;fimuMat d kH f J h l

" "

i[;mvmrhmwaGJc;rv YJeYlo , ?Jvmb f S f l

"

?,wkq YkdvyNukvlwmbao Ykbfyxuv JYe;fir u;Drohgi ?DyN;fimua f d D f d d f

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dkupuD' hfimuMag' ?,wgyfpzj ofuwmsvafuv kum&m&t ufmwafeRu ö d f l dk d

"

fuwtYkw;firg' ?;kdxuw kuofe& ?fiyjfiot wafyGpSv G d f d l h G H

" " " "

"

 

85 
Jy;&athfict;kqfumea G H

 

Yv&YHefydv;qa mSrm&fuv;fre uUlo umvaw kd dk dk JvmwhmwaYGwar;fesdc Yvfpzjmb YJeD&ra;fir dk

/nouMq fum,afpE;fisc,io f kH S f l

YHefyv;qa /282 d

,wea;mp;fOp momwqvr&fykvmb f kd J

fi&pzjwrt ?;b;mp;fOpr fmwaeRu mwq vr&ykvmb fi&fpzjwrt f f l f kd J f f vrykvmb ;msAfic fi&&Hc;G&at fpzjtwrt J f f

,wlywdp /182 f f

fi[vr&fykvmb ?,wiscfusz,y rfeRu umw;mxfyphpa J f f f kd

Ybfyxuv YJe;DOfpw;uB;|alo JhwJc;yafimqauv ;mu;D';Dpmr hmwa;DyN dk f D h f /no;ra u;DOfpw;Dro;Kdsrt dkuwembmwug'a f f f

hnofpzj ;msrfiS&mny lofisu;rRu m&fiq;msrmeóyjr;fedr f f kd

;vauf,vt /082 G

;bhJcdor ;feSr&fumuMa l

u;fewficfyxruv ?fnuM JykdufyKsu ?hgyamwfeSrfyo mwfumuMa k f h d ,wuMmvfumuMakdy kumSr&Kyjfimxafrdt m[wa,ivfwcakc f d G f l

;m&wfumuMat /972

"

?kdz;DrfppfyQv ?u,bfedp ?fyGpuvfedp ?kH&fw0 ew;fimoapw;kdzt urfeRu f f f f dk

"

fuv;yafeyj uz;DrfppfyQv dk kd kd

" " " "

" "

" "

 

 

"  "

 

86 
hgyamwmyja ug'Jt vgi kd J bfumoar Srfyv;qa o J d l

"  "    "  " 

uhmwaeRu ;va;DO /,wfuv;yauG&fpw few,bl½,q u;va;DO dk f f dk f f f dk /,wf,0 fmwafeRu YfeIrDzfmua hwsu -07 uydu kdvufpw ?u0dkvu f J f k D f D Jcfed' hwsu -06 uyku kvDufpw ?u0kvufwymxa wsuc,b½fpw J f d d f d D hJ GJ f l kukvufpw ?u0kvu;muMo hwsu )nofpzj Ykou;myj iSEfysu d d D f d D J f d J hf /nomyja kduo;fim&a;spa f l Giamrferj nouyku iSE,bl½ Gia;mS&k½( uyu-61 kukvufpw ;va;DO f f d hf f f kd d d D

mumvfum&a um,afpw;va;mo;fimsua ,G&t;mofpSE 01 YdkoikqkHpfeu f f f d k

,wfiw;Z;sua /582 f l

Yv;dpmSr;mSr YJe;D';Dp;mr kd k

gyimuMag' /482 hf

sAic,wgy& f f

/nomyjauq mu;mp;fOp Qrwca fprp fiw;DyNtmyja Yoþ f f å G kd f,wgy;mx;luwdp Ykv,r;mGo x,y,e f d f J f f

muodA wJcgymeog0 ;frwJrjt fmwafeRu hmwai&kq;byjarfiqt k hJ h f d l mSr;vpkcfpSED'Jt /,wgyfpzj vfi&fyvfi0 mrkckcpwPÜru hmwac&YGb kH f J k S f D k hJ J uvkouw YJemny;fit;fi&mp mSr;nwfesdcfpw /,wgy& i&fyvfeyj f d ú f f f k ;Htgy;frpyjmyja u;msrfi0YJGzt fiS&rfmua ?vo;uwdp Ykv,rfumoa;mp k dk J l f d f fikufykvmb fumea;yN;fiq uHk½;qa ?;lbhmwafixr Ykvg0wo d D d å YwfmwafeRu fimta;fiufumsya 0;Hkv u;msAfic ?fprpmwöpr ;fiku kd dk d eaYS&a hmwaJc;mpfyveaYS&a uficfum&ar xfyw fmwafeRu ?ufw[ k J hJ k

hw;feq;lx ux;msrlo dku,dkufh,du vfikwf,u ;msAfic ?DyNudkv;yaou J f f k J d kd f k /nomyja u|uO fiS&rfmua /no;ferj;ra fruBt;kqfumea f ú f d H

uiS&rfmua;qa ku;msrmelvnrhmwa&;fiq SrHk½;qa ;yN,Hc0tnyjt f d f D l hf kuIrou /nofpzj fiwfimqamelv g*m&awdp \kH½;qafywva d k f G f

;mo;firkHp,Gp /382 f

"

Yvsc;Hot vYJefpzjt mwyhmuaDv,[ kduhmwafeRu fi&q;ew,uw kd k J f kd f f

" "

vowkor fim&a;nrt Ykdvfpzjmb u;mu -006 b J f f kd D

"

"

"

 

 

87 

"      " 

Yv;bhmwau,fimSEarfi0 YJemwYwa mwfikEfykv fimta;Dp;DyNlo u;feifyvYo kd l f S G d dk k l YJe;nwum,apwo m[;mrowolv f,ryag' /gyYkvrufi0 fmwafeRu f f f l f h d l Jvourfi0 Ykvfpzjmb fi&qdvD' l d dk k

;fir;uBlo;m&w ,wgyfeSr D f meaJyfeSrt f

gyYkvvrut /782 d kd l

,rhmwagyukdvfy& kumweafmszahnx f f d f

;bhmwapr YkwfmwafeRu u;msAfic fimeafumea ;DyNp uYeaD' l d kd

fimuMag'Jt ?;b;kqrwdp Srhmwa,b ;msAfic f,pDsu ,psDu Jyumva,b h l d f f f f f /nomyja Yoþ mu;ya;fimua;fimua;qfumba u;dkxJy;mp f kd l kd G

u;msr;fisc,ilo gctmoa;Dp;DyNfumoa;mp Yeafpw /scayjar fe[;qwdp f kd f Qrgcthnonr ;nvu;kdxJy;mp /nouS0 uYkdwnop g0ywouv f f f k G f f kd f f k f ?;fi&c ?;feGZ /nomyja fe[;oa&r&a ;DyNsc;fimva x;dkt;feyüm&f,u f J G \;fi¤ fiQvmv,&a ;kdxJy;mp /fnoSd&vauM,pDsu u;dkxJy;mp l G h f kd G moafpzj ;DyNea;SE;fi& ;nv;fiwgct /nouMdS& vafumoa;mp;0akp feSrkHy D f kd f h fiw;nwkcfpwfiqfumoa;mp nokpfpw,iv moauwumeauwfmsya G f dk f f l f f f

nvtYwt /682 f S kH

;bgydvr fmwafeRu hmwadkuwa;nöpy Jt /,rhmwa,;ufeyj l k G f f l l

fmwafeRu Srsufrdt /sAficmSr&yjuGw fmwaeRu umäpkyD' mSr;fimsua f f kd fezjuer /gyuv;ya kuhmwafeRu mscfumba D'Jt ?;va;DO Jy;Z;sua f f kd d l uyu -25 YJe,bl½ -8 f dk f

/nozjafeyj ;fiscusc uno;spa moa;mx;&afuv Qromyjawdwmsc f f f kd f vr;frtfeyjumva,b J f f

"

YkwhfmwafeRu :yat;msAfic /Jy;kxJy;mp hwdS&;fimuawdp fewrfit m[;msAfic d d G J f

"

;qaukwfyedz JxuGcDzfmua YJ&YkwGqawdr vufmwaeRu ?Jygy;Z;sua f d f d f J f l

"

mwfirj ;msAfic umweawofpnnv uHc;m&w ur©um,a YJ&;msAfic kd f S f dk

" "

" "

 

"

88 
,wgyudvwzj;kq f f k f H

 

 

gylr fmwahfiSrj;Dsc iGyfpwo kuhmwafeRu qkvD' hf J d dk d

,wfwSr Yvf,wS&;z;few Jyfumva fiGyfpwo f dk d kd h J muau;feo )1( mv:'a ,wwSr JyYkv }F*'w] f f d

vogyS&f,mÜyd"t J d

kv,b fuwt;uB;fir;muMo mwq;eofpw;figyafpSE d f G D d kd f vYkdvfiscdkv dkumb ;fir J

/no;ra ;mt;fi¤ fiSEnomv;Dij;me ;fir;muMo f h f d

/no;fimwakq ;kvfesdcfpw mufnwikw u;ir;muMo no;mro;&a;mGy;Dp f H f d kd f d f

gyhfimpa /092
;mvfw[r k

ugywTvfhiGc G f

/no;yahfiGz u;gcw;fecfrdt uofpzj;DeZ /nofwo f dk H l f k

kuYkwb;fimba fhiSEsÐutfwu ?;lze izjuvx fumeaYkx /nowGy d d D k fh f kd d f f izjuzfpSEuv kuH&He moa;mxwkoLzj;qa iw0fi0frdt /nomvfeyj hf f f d f f G f Yofrdt fiwD&me)4( uer ;yNYGwa;fedsc iSE;fim[a;mp;fn& noDrfis* kd G f D hf f

YJefrvr /982 d

hgyamweafey;fimwamv u;msAfic vkct Ykvoar dk kd d ;mv;mooa r©um,a ;msAfic G

,wgydrx f k

/nomyja ;uBwmrat mumvfi0;yja ko;fecpJ&um,afpw,iv f D d f f l

,w;kdp mSr&Hcscat;mphvu /882 f J

"

/msAficgy;ya;mxfyKsc ;iscfusckct mSrx;fecfyKsct uhmwafeRu f J dk

 "

fmwafeRu ku;figcar©um,a YJe;uB;fei wmv,0 d D hJ f

uwtGJywrpfp&c f G f

"

/,wcfpzjikdE;exrwdp gi YvYwa YJe;fim[a;mp;n& uYear ?&ar;fedrd f hJ f f d f kd G f

"

DyNeyjmv;mpuu,vb ;Hvnfpw /YJegyfrdvrmv urfeRu ?gy;frpfmwa f f d d k h S kd

" " " " " " " " "

89 
;mohgi ;kHtuvhfimpa fumva }F*'w] f kd

"

"  "    "     

,wfiE;feSrYfec f kd

Ykv,weafpzjg*m&a w;ne;mt;oa hmwaDyN ?g*m&ahwdr;tatfwqt d f hJ f G J k

fe0m&q hJwudkvfmwa /492 f

msAfic;mvfimta&uMkpKyj kct ku;fi&mpGwa;fnöpy d

w;mofimva /,rgy;yawx YkdwfmwafeRu uGiaHcrmt uwthwfpzj Jh G f f k kd f G J fvKd*ky dS&&aoPk* m[;ir;uBlv f,ryag' /Jym&pfpzj ;iurmuo ¾ f f D h f F mwq,w;mofimva;Dr frdtYJ&;fir;uBv mSrmuMtu& )2( ;DyN;mxHcrmt dk f G D l f

;DrYdKS½ /392

u;mv;bfpzjr G l

f,ryjYwauv /292 G f

;mvgyJhczja fimtafeSr fesurkcfpw

mpfrdt /192

"

dkuwa;fecisuva Jhwuv;ya mSrgcfpwD' /;mvgywk[,w Defms*a G hf h f kd f f

"

gyYv;mouxfiyjt YJeöpufyvt ?zaza kd G f G d k

"

u,tumSEat gctw;mp;firx /;mv;nscvfnS& u;Gra;frcwIE YJ&;fir f S f Jh f S f

"

hgyamSr&Ywa ?vanuM;Ruawdz G fh f

"

fi[;mvr& Ykvhnx x;fi&mp D'Jt ku;fivky )01( qHe&a d f J d D

"

mSrq;msAfic fhizj;mt;ficjnuM u;kvusr YJ&;msAfic D hf dk H f

"

u;kvusrkct /;Ogy;yahnuM kukcfpw;kvusrfumea YJ&rfeRu mwug'a H f D f d H f f

"

 

 

"

 

 

90 
wt;kvusr k H f

/nomyja&;mtmo;fr0 u;mro;kdZ fmoamuMPc /nouMm&lwwt f f S l fimta&uMmS&lwwt l sAmweamS&

/no;ra f

hfiEnoYwa kunoeafyv;frpno;frp[ um,afpw;mrou&t S f G d f k f dk f f fiwkcfpwfikdt&a /nomvfumQva;frv um,afpwv G f f l

mw&fudvmS& /792 k
;mvu;mofumuMat uwa;fimsuadr ku;fer;gi /,wfikdE;u hmwamSrD'Jt G d f l muafi&kq mSrm&ea wfiq;Dp &aprj kdux,vfiy d Jh f J f

sA,wuwmv wa;fimsuadr uJxfprjD' /;bfiscKyjruMt hmwafmwafeRu f f G kd l H fi[;mvr& Ykv;u&a mSrm&eaD' d l

fyq;Kdsc&a /692 d

fi[;mvgy, /f,wgydS& hmwawyfmua;mpo ;mp;fimuat l f H

/noKyjuMt Yoþ u;&fim&at izjYko /scadS&r ;fnöpy f H kd hf d

noiscvo,0 ;nvfiwfimxakd* /no;yja ufimxakd* u;&fim&at hf f kd l f f G f kd ídS&r Lup;Hkomofrdt fiw:yafikq /nomyja ;fimuMaisckv Lup;Homofrdt ú G d f f d ú k mumvfum&a um,apwo,0 fiwmuMtYfecD&mefpwfumea f f l f G nuM;ya;kx;mpt kukckcpw fi&dS&r mSrfimxakd* ?hnuM;mo hf d d f f G mSrxfimxakd* fi&dS&r mSr:yafidq ;fnpy hwfiscdkvo /JyYkdzpa;mofuxr J k ö J l G G /noea;muMmSr kdufpot;&fim&at uiS&fikq f f d

f,rya;kx;mpt /592 d

"

uJxikq fuouo;fnscuv m[o,0 u;kq;uBt;&at f d f f l f H D

"

f,ryag' /msAic,wgyeafeku ,qmvamva hmwa Lup;Hkomofrdt h f f f ú

" " "

vmweafykvmb ;msAfic lv[a J h

" " " " " " "

 

 

" "  "  "    "  "  "      "  " 

91 
DyNYwamS& u;frufprj G kd JvmwYwamb G DyNYwa G

;mvofw[ k ,w;muM f

fwcaJhwuw;kw /103 f d

DyNfumvadS& fumva )08( uot kct fi&umoarfyv;qa moo ?;ta f f d l JyDyNS&fimwa )07( uot f,ryaumoafyv;qa m[;kdz;kdz Yw;mo d f h f d kd fh,u;bfw[r mSrnS&uot fi&kdq,rfumoafyv;qa ;mo G l k f f f d

/nomyja u;mo urat f kd

Yefumoarfyv;qa fi&fiscnS&uot /003 J d f f

/fi[vr&;yawo gi J d

/fnomyjafyersuar ur;fedr u;msfum,a dk

,wfisc;yawo /992 f d

f,wgyeafpzj ;femP*

gy;ya;DzGJc mrhnwnwnvt;figca S f hf f

/nomyja dum&qfynfiyq uloeaHcfynfiyq f k S H S H

gy;yacu0ux /892 GJ f f

"

fimtafpzj sutwt Dpu0fpw fubnoubd[ d f f f k

"

}r] uuwt&atfiyq YJ&Gqawdr /;bgyikdEfpzjr /,wgy;ne;fr0 f G H f l f f f

"

u;fir gcfpSE,b YkvYJemyjar SrYS&a w;vau Ykdvohwsur;ot uhgi [a dk f d G l J kH kd h

"

möpO Jymw& vfi&yjYJem&tlrt fimtanv;megi J f

"

Ykv,rfidkefyv g'fmta hfiqw u;fekzv,w DrmuMr kuwafeufumoa;mp d f k D f d G k

"

iqw u;muMofirjfyk½ dkuwa;fnöpyD' f,ryag' /,wfw[ hf H G h f k

" " "

"

 

 

92 
,r;yafwx f k

 

 

mw;yja, um,afpwv kuwa;mptw0t Ylo Jhwmw;mx mSr:ya;fru l f l d G f Jvmw&ferjumvaD' Yvfpzjmb mSrfeyjt f kd

,wmuM Jyfper;ko hmwasugct wmv;ufeyj /,w;u f d H hJ l f l

H,yfesc;lu&a /403 D

sAfic;b;oalwrmbao l

o Ykb, ku;Dro hmwafeRu u;fewfpyfmwafeRu ?gykvD' l d l d k d sAvmw&fpy Ykvfpzjmb;msAfic kuugcafugcafi&t uroh,ku J d d f f f d

,wdrfpy Yeweoa fmwafeRu f J f

/nomvfum&a qfe0m&q ;DOfpwiKGb;fimua moafpzjDyNmvumxauot f D f d f f

;imvafuro /303 f

;fewhw,r;mSi ;fnöpy k J f

/nofeyjYfekw ;kqfemr;kdqwdp uf,ofimta gctmoa;muM u;mupþ f d f G kd ;mv;lbikdEfpzjr muamw;mx;mSi f Pc uqum,aum,af w ficmvr fmwafeRu dkuwa;nöpyD' D f f p G f

,wfidEmyja msctoat Ykv,wmo;frsc0,uM m[kp;modrD' f k d f f G

fizj;mt;ficjnuM ug' ?Jyfnyj;v;fec wafysc;muDsc;fey ;mp;fimuat h hf kd h Hk G YJemZafmua ;mp;fimuat ?umbad&y ;mp;fimuat f,ryag' /;bgyfidEmyjar h l k /nomyja ;DyNfyu Yo;me;me \,iv uf,ofimta f kd f l G hmwaYv,w;me;fec,su;uB /gyukvfnuM ;yNukdpk½* kufrdt dk f f D f d h D f d

/nomv:ca Ykofrdt;fimva;DroYwo uf,ofimta fno;fimva;moYkwo f d dk G d

f,ofimta /203 G

"

ulo,b u;m,rfivD' hwx;uMa umvaD' ?;mvw[,w;mx;mSi f kd J l G f f k f

"

kuumxacjaYo uYear ?;DOgy,u kuuro hmwafeRu ?mwug'a d f l f d f f

"

YJefpedr;gi,q D&mefpw u;0atmut mwrkdvu -3 m[;va;DO hmwafeRu hf kd G D D

" "

" "

"

"

"

 

93 
Ykvfirj d

 

"     

muaygyJc;ya;kw h d

gi Yvmyja gyya;kwmpv YdrmSr,r;fedr Jy;fir ?kv,b dkv,b kd d k l d f f msAfic ;bgy;oaur fimxafrdt fmwafeRu l s

/no;ra uDris* ufi&fikdyPÜru f kd f S D k

gctmoamuM Yfecvfpw /fnouv;ya;kw mpv ;DyNlwmbao f kd d ufiS&fikdy m&cfy&mwra kufiS&ikdyPÜru uDrfis* fe&;ya;kw umpvSd&uv H å d f D k d kd f \drdr fe&idE;mx ,w,wiwiw kdupfimxafrdt ífpzjnrl,r;fedr f k f f hf hf k hf

oferj;fimyjawdp /703 l f
;boauMfidEfpyr Srumb ;ya;ya;fewfio l k kd

,wfeuugya ;nscGwa;b;mu f k f f D

mSr;ikwfruBt f,ryag' /;bgy;oadxr uGwano;D&c xtfesdctkct f d d h l dk f d sA;mvYJ&xmuax d d

,rmwagyfpzj Srfyv f h k

kckcfpw g'Jt /,wuMeafpy;rv Yeweoa GwafmbaJ& ;fiw;fimrawzj f f S J f kd f /nopzj;ficjuq;fekz udS&m&t ;&ayKscfykt Srem|;&afimqaYdy;frv;feu f f f f k k /nomvfnr o;fezDv,w fiw;fecp;Lr;fi&fyw f H k f G S

;mofywhfimzjauv /603 f
gy,JGq dkuuscfumua l f

moaytdv fiQvugyakHyea;fimuaumSEa;DO ;kvpum,a;ko Ydkwo /gynuM f k f f H f H l fh msctoat dkuum,a;kofesu gctnodrHkq um,a;vav hfimuMaYkx f H hf f l d /nogy&o &tuscKyjeowao \YkdwfiS&mny;qa kunodS&vafpzj f d f k d f h o;fimuar umSEaDO fnoum,apw fiw;fiwfum,a;vav l f f f G kd l

uscfumua /503 f

"

;mufpwb -6 wSrt kuub;msv;fewfpp ?;msAfi;LSr;fi&fyw f f d f

"

Jyumva,b kuGwafimuaD' /;bfidEfpzjr wafimuat hmwaeRu kqg'Jt f f d l k G f d

" " "

[a ;mvwk[r ,wyjafiqt eatcjat ;&afimxafrdt YJ&;fir h f f

" " " "

,wgy;mo;fimyjawdp fmwaeRu fumeahw;DyN& ;dwmpv /,wgyfw[ f G f f J k f k

 

"  " 

 

94 

 

"

/no;yawo u;DOfpw;uB;Dro;Ksdrt no;D&c m&uMmyja;mup f d D f hfiSEnnqlq kppw;mo;fimsua moamvuw:ya;mufpwb H H l f f f

hgyaSr;mxwo /113 d

Ykdvryj mw;mxfy&

u;muYo mSrm&eaw&fy&r;mu ;uBm&qfykt;fimsua YJ&YwfmwafeRu dk l hJ D dk vYkvfpzjmb J d

/nomv;yja x;moJ& um,afpwwdwmsc f H f f

;vaimua hwscfumsca /013 f J

DyNdS&

;b;oa;bKuMr Srgcfpw YJe;Ksdrfpzjt vD' /DyN&fpSE,q mwea;fimra;mu l l H dk dS f

/nomyja u,ilv o;fimra;mu f f l

ku;uBv moa;mofpzj vrhmwadruw u;mu moamv;fimradrdr d D l G dk f kd kd

Jy;nsc YJeKuMtUwat /903 f H G

u ?ylwwt J J l YJemw;yafimqauv gi ku;fir fyktmp ;nemyja;mup ] - ;msfum,a f d f }gy;frp;ya kcfpw mryO,v,v ?;bnvr;me fydo rfeRu ] - r;fedr f G f G l f }Jymbaohwfyv ufykvt JhwS&r;Kdsut ?;mup w;mpfiw] - ;msfum,a J k kd d Jh fi[v,Üyd"tmb m[;mup hwkq },wYkdy Jxmwa uGwa;fix] - r;fedr J f J d f dk

fykvt hJwS&r;Kdsut /803 d

"

fmwafeRu ?mw&fpzj ,rwH½fudwr kct YkvfikdE hJrefmrae ;uB;msAfic f k k d D

"

05 fpSE mweaumQva;frv /vh,du ;lbwk[r uSipfioHsyt vugi f l f k f f J

" " "

gyhJcudkvferjt umeahmwafeRu ;va;DO f f

"

hgyaSruM;mxwo ?;lbw[r;fecfiomp g' ?[a d f k h

 

95 

 

"

  " 

/YJegyear;ne;fr0 /f,wgyogi ?,wgyfw[ f d f k w;blwrmbao wabdr reRu umSrfyxuv rfeRu YJefhiS& hJ l G f kd f ,wgy;feyfiy ;fir ?muYJegyearkdi xtumvaD' f G d f

YJegykdir /513

,wmvusc;frv;ru Jyu;kH½ppfyQv ,eYKdrN ?;fithfi[ f f S f f f hgyamSrmv ;uM;msrt wafusc;frv;fru ?;mvfw[ D G S k

/hwohfnxmijfmuMa J

xmp;fiwo uD&s*mr ;yNkq fnogydS&iot fe&mvfimqal, ufim&a;fivt J D d hf dk

fim&a;fivt fhiSEwm";GEat /413 f
msAfic

yDyN;DyNHcfe0 0thnyjt ;fimuMacfev;Lsu Irufpyjo J f hJ G l

gyk, dkuhmwafeRu /313 H

uhgyamwdo ;DyNhnuM kufpotmu;kdr u:ya,ku;fir G f d f d vodo ykvdkv,b ;fir YJeg' ?,wfw[ J f f f k

/nouMeafikx fiw;ba;frufprj um,afpSE;mrowofpvt f d G f f k

firjcja ;fiscGrjaGrja /213

" " "

,wfix,wc;mp;firx mSrk&;mpGJyfmsya YeaD' ?;fir f f hJ H

"

unoIrt ;msAfic ?gy;KHscwt kufuscvfumQva ?;fireaYS&a ?;fiku f dk d J d

"

;mvmwfiscq Yv,w,kdy fuxhmwaeRu uYo /msAic;fir;uBo;m&w dk kd f Hk f kd l f D l

"

fiSEfwm";GEat Ykdox0b \fio no;DOfpw ;ro;Ksdrt moausuhfi& h J f D f

" " "

" "

 

 

"

 

96 
hgyamrmS&fyxum,afpwumeagi S f f

"  "  "  "  "  "   

YJeg'Jt /,w;mofuxwKyj ;vp;v;ko ;of,uMYS&a YJe;fi&w0q;fiwt f G G f kH Hk H D f GJ /,whmwa;yauk' ub;fimba iwmSrD'Jt /,ww0;fewu;feru f © D f f f ;mptw0t fimtafum&a rfesdct u;Hk½ /,w;mosufumea f D kd f G /nouM;ra;fikd0 kdu;fi&;fimuMat u;msr;mo;k½o;Hk½ /nomvfum&a f H l f xm&fydt uer YeaD' /,ruMk, Srfisck, Ykw;msAfic dkumwyjmyja fmwafeRu f f H H d

Yko;kH½ hfizjm&P' moaJrKdn iGwumta;kHvusr fnoDefmxafetmwöpr d f f f f

Yno;oaKyjrfimxafrdt xkct ;nvfmoafpzj ;DyNeafyu ;me04 uot f d f f

,w&me;mot Yv;mSrfixt /813 f kd
pa&gy;fiq u:ya;mu JvfyKsu ?ywehfimpa,ku YJ&;msAfic m[fyKsu J f f d

/no&fuv;muM ;fnvomyja;mup f dk H

;nwuqfpw /no&;mpHc D&zus* dvoukvwky uum,afpwHkpfpw f f f f k f d f f u;kHcy\drdr DrmuMr /no;fimrauq ku;mu muwG&&a ;nw;DOfpw [ kd f f d f f k JymSr;yaf,umu ;frwJrjt duhgi uwehfimpaf,kkuhgi G k f d /vfpzjmb vgyr Ykdwo /pagy;rpuM;mo ?yGwaJei wfimuMambaJ&o J J l f G J hJ l

/nofeyjuM;iq fhiSEYfevYfevfumuMafumuMa f f

;nvum,afpSEfumea DrmuMr /no;fiq Sr:ya;mu f f f ;yN;fidcfy& ;fiwt u;mu mufpzj few;eyfewfi& um,afpw;fisc,io D k kd k f k f f l íhnuM dku no;fimrahfiSrj fedS&t u;mu iSEJy;oaisu;frRur ;nvfyo f f kd hf f f d /no:cawdz ;mt;DO;ko;isc,io;kqfpsct fe&uM;pfuv;mu wt f f H f f l H D dk l hfiEdrdr noD&zus* moamv&fipikv;fimra;mu umea;DyN;mp;KuBfruMfruMt S f f f d f d d d

wehfimpa,ku /713 f f d

rat fiS&rat ?;mvfw[ zat h k

Ykvor;feSrzatYofiS& urfeRu /Jy;D&mqa ?;mvfw[ d d l k ;DrofyKsu g'Jt

nuM Jydku}Jb] u;med[ /,wuc&;mcjGJc fimwamwq;msfum,a fh k f f kd

m[,b ?r;fedr m[,b /Yvfw0 wa nS&b;fimba ;v;mt YJewawfiyq f f dk G f D kH G kd H

,ivfwca /613 f l

"

/,wvfumeadpusr wm&hnuM uyfi,iq;mpfw0 wa,ilv wckct f S f f dk kH f G f f

"

"

"

" " "

 

 

97 

 

 

/fno;ra ku;uB;kdzt ;uBo;m&w /nofpzj ;DyYNuMdS& 001 uot d D D l f f mSr;uB;mGzt ?fpSE 511 uot mSr;uB;kdzt /noiwmvfumQva Yo;½;m&w D f D f f T dk kH ;fimuMav;fiS&mGuwmbao;DOfpSE um,afpSE;m,rfiv ;DuB;mGzt iSE;uB;kdzt kd l f hf D

gymw&eauvfyscfyx kdvkct YJemwuv;ya uMt Gwa;mrofyvt f kd f kd H k /busvyu YJefrdtqawdr m[frdt Yw;fim&abmwöpr /gyYvr;mo J f f G f kd kd G vYkdvfiscdkvmb J

umwb Ykv;bfikdE;mSrr ?;mofukv moufumeaGqawdr hfimuMag'Jt l d l G d dk f

/nomuja f

;DyNhfnvfeyjfumea mu;Gra kuwo fno,iv fiwm&eafpw /noukv S d då f l G f f d muryscfyx ;nvuvfumea /fno;frSv fimtaferjkdy uxufi&t G f f l f ku;frvcja hfimuMaYkx /nor;mpHc ;fimuMamvuv ;DOfpwHkpfpw d S d f d f kd Srumeadrdr fiSE;fi&eafumQva nof,iv /scaSd&rolv iw;frv ífpzjn f h f l l f G moafimSra fimtawdy;fedy /nofumQva wofwofyc Ykdoubm&dS&frdt f f f k k f \drdr mu;fiq Sr:ya;mx&wyYKdrN no,iv fiwYfec -21 n f f f l G

YJegyfixr;Ksdrfpw /913

msA,wmvfi0 ;mfsum,aYo kux;fect mrfesdc;yawzjuku f l d J S f f d

YJeyp;gy kunscfyt Jweafux ;DyN;yafyw;o,uM /;lbS&r;uMafyu mrDqo f d f h G D f d S l hmwafiscfpzj f,ryag' /,w;yafyw;o,uM Jbfeq;fiijr hfimuMag' h f D f /,wgynv;me uD&ra mwkq,w;fimwa ntut ;mo;mo;½;kd½ f f d f D l kd ;mvfw[r ,wfw[ /f,wuv;wfmvayfmqa k f k f kd D fmwafeRu ?;HtgyuMfimxa;me fimta;q ku;mup hmwafeRu ?;bgyfw[r k kH d l k

ku;msAfic ;DyNq, uD&ra Ydkv,w;mufmpamv kuYo ;yNhnuM kdub;fimba d l f d l D f D ,w;fimwa ntut Yb;yafywfeyj f D l kd

;o,uM uD&ra ufrdt;ba Ye;fev;fewu&;mxfw0 kdub;fimba D f kd J f D

"

JweawKyj;o,uM ?;DyNugyambao YkwfyKsu hmwaYJemyjaruq h f D f f d f

"

uqfyKsu /Jvmweaukv Ykvmb kduumeafyKsu ;msAfic ?lv [a D f d d f h

"

ufrdt Ykw;fim&abmwöpr ufmwafeRu ?;msAfic YJegyhra;fimtar Srdkv,b dk d f

"

 

98 
DyNmuM mwfisc;fiS&mu /023 G

/,w&kHyea;mS&yIvwdp mw&fnuM kuGqawdr Yeau /,wfiscpahfimpa f f f h d f f xtfezuer uöpuD' /pa&gy;yakcfpwuMt fi&q;b;qrwdp Gqawdr d f kd d H dk l dk f f Ykdvfiscfwofpy ku;fisc;Defrdt YJ&fyKsu d

/nomyja fe&;fim&afuvfpw;Lyj;Hkvumcja ;mtdrdr mumvfi0 f f

um,apwv Yko;fiwtfikq hno;fim&a ;msrueuv f,enyjfyquw f f l d G d f f f f ú

gyhfimpa xtfezjfuer /323 d
,wfix Ydkvukdvixfi0 um,aum,afpw /;mvfw[ f f f kd f f k

;DyN;mo;Kdsu;fikdy;fikdyt YeaD' G

/nofpzjiwfikqumbad&y fimxafrdt f f G d

&fidxr ofiqr /223 k l kd
vrfyvh,SE,b fi&;mosufwv uJxuv;fir ?u;mvrhgyfpzj J k f hf G G f G

pa&gyJq Jyuwdt G kd f

hfizjSr;moGu /123 G J

,w;oa&eahfimpa xtJhweuoa wa;Dro;mo f d f k G vomvr umpampa Yvfpzjmb fi&hfizjg' J kd

/no;ra u;kvpfum,afpSE u;uBo;m&w f dk H D l

/,whJrmöpo /,wfpzj fuw;fei;fei fi&firjDrx ;kHvuofpw f f f

/,whJchfisu ®r"t mSrf,G&t;Dro fpSE-51 dkuyKsu m[;uBmeoaD' f f D Jvmw&fisc;fiS&mu Yvfpzjmb ?m&au;mGzt G kd

;lbmvrl, Dzfmua kuJxm&fydt /;bJhcfpscr d l

dkuyKsu ?,whJcfumzamöpo ;kHvuofpw dkuyKsu m[r;Kdsu;mo LzjHq D' f f f f G vmw&fisc;fiS&mu Yvfpzjmb ?;kdzt J G kd

"

w;mxhnx wa;fivky uqhzat ?DyNv;feyfiy mw&Dsc ku;varn ?zat hJ f G D S d D

"

/,w;mof,0 fix;mvkuuvfuy fmwafeRu ufiq Yw;msAfic uYear f G kd f kd kd

"  "  " 

msAficJvmwkv,0 u;Lyj;Hkvumcja qafwdr ;msrYJefusc,G&fn&mb d f kd f G f

"

" "

" "

" "

 

  " 

99 
,wgyfiE;mGov fi&fpyYeau hfimuMag' f kd JG

 

 "

"  " 

  " 

  " 

 

sAvo&eafirjfimta J

fyvkv,b ?;DyNeadS&;feo-1 mv:'a kct /,whJcfyvp k d f f k

;&a;mGy;Dp /623

vamw;Gra mSrfy&tD' fmwafeRu

vaDyNeafpzj

v hw;fimuavA m[fmwafeRu /Jy;fiwt hwYwaGqawdr hmwakct l J kd J G f /f,wJcfpzjS&r;mt fimwaYkb;mo;mw /;bdS&r r;fimscafpw;nv;mo h d d G G l S f G /;bfidEmyjar Sr;feGcfpw;mup m[fmwafeRu u;fekwmv:cakuD' l k d ;q;DOrxy kuhmwafeRu ?fnuM JyuhmwafeRu ?hgyamw;fimuafyo Hk d h dk d msA;mvo;fimua wODom& mSrfy&tD' k

/fno;ra kufum,afpw kduHco'a unon{ moamv Sr;0afy& d f hf

;uimuMag' /523 dk hf

JymöpO

,w;mxwzj;kq f f H

pa&gy;mp;fOp /423

YkbHcwuBt;mx& ,ku fi&ukv;fiij Ykv;bfikdEfpscr dkufh,dkumo;fir ?D&ra d f d f d f d d l

,rmv Srfezuer m[;mx&fumea ?;kHtgy;ya hfic;mp;fOpfyxfumea hf f G

"  " 

;mvyNmuM mwum&a ufy&tD' ;msAfic YJeg' /Jygym&poMHht D f dk

"

;&a;mGy;Dp ;msAfic Sruv-6 wcfev /;mvgym&psu;mt kuh,uw hJ hJ G d f

"

va;feo -2 mv:'a uGianwr fmwafeRu /Jyva;fiS&;fiS& f

"  " 

 

 

100 

" "   

va;b&r hmwaYkvfrv kufimuafi, f,ryag' /;mvgymyjar kvD'gi l d d d h d ;mvmwfiscmyja;fir Ydkv,wHempa;Dsc u,kuhgi ?Jvmb f f f d

;mvgyeafyv k

YJefrdvr kduimuafi, /033 f
;bgyuwscr uscwzj;kq l f f f H

Srhmwa,b YJekH½Ywa gcfpw kuum,afpwv ufyKsu ?mwfw[r f G d f l k ;mvfw[ ?vahgya,wq, Gqawdr YkdvtiHxi uhmwafeRu k f l f k dk

;bgyfixr /923 l

hgyamSrea,iuot ;uB;msrt m[;varfimua f f D

uwt;msAfic /;mvrgyikdEfpzj mwqf,rfyxuv YJe;ro;Ksdrt f G h f dk f D

,rukvhfimpa ;fne;ne /823 f f d f

h,rfrvfpzj mwhfiGz ;fivkyfedyfedS& lo hmwafixt rara f d i[;mvreafpzj ;msrmwoawo kuf,uhf,dku o /,w&uv;muM f f d dk l f f kd kvkvHoweoa uxfrdt mSr;fiqt u:yafrdtrfeRu ?rara d d f J /nomvfeyj xhrat mu;fiq Sr:yafrtr;fedr ;DyN;msr;mup iSE;msfum,a f H d hf

Yv;feGvmo;fr0 /723 dk

"

,G&t -02 uot u;uB;kdzt ,G&t -07 uot v;msAfic f f D f f kd

"

,r;kHtuvhfimpa fumvafpSE-2 fumea fyKsu /f,wwk[mwmyja ;msAfic f f kd f

"

ofp&ofp& ;kvfedscfpw Jyfimuafi,D' mSr;met;fir ?;frphnuM D D H f

" "

" "

 

 

 

101 

"  "  " 

"

bgyYkbuM;yaYkdy DqhmwafeRu hfiqfpw ufudwmp J d k

/nozja Yoþ u;fi¤ m&;ra u;kdxJy;mp moafpzj f kd dk G

DyNmvumxauot [;ne,bt usc;fern&0b ;kHqfirjt \drdr f f k f f f S f h

´Eq moadv0nyj /333 k hf

va,readS& mSrx;fi&mp w;kqfumsya hmwau;Dpfpwfumea /,readS& f J Jh H f mSrYmS&afy0 mp;Dpfpw /,rikdEKyj;ot ;ewJrjt u;pfpwuet;p;koD' f f kH f kd D f D H /nozja f /,wukv&;Dp;ko fmwafeRu ;mpt;pfpw YJeHqudkyD' /Jy;va;fiS&;fiS& f f d H D f

Yoþ u;va;|ao m&;ra izjo;mpfi0wdp ufiS&fidq /nofudkv,0 dk l hf f k f f ku;fip;ko ;mufmwafmra }g'mv] yv;mS&k½ fhiSE myjarmn myjarmb fumeaYkx d H f k d /noeahnuMfyu;Det muMewtfesdct ku;mu;D';Dpmr mumvfum&a f f f d Ydoem|;fim&at ;mufmwafmra um,afpw;|ao ;mS&k½:yawca k f l f

,w&scwdp SrdS&;Dp;Ho;mu /233 f f k

fi[Jvzjamb Ykdwo l ,w;ra f

;mv;oa;ra uYkdwo ;msAfic dk l ,r;fiq ;nvYkdwo f f l

m&auGwav uYS&a;msAfic l ufw[ hJ k

/nofpzj fiw:ya;mufpwb f G f

mSr:ya;mu /133

" " " " " " "

fi[;mvr;fiq mSrfidkwwSrYS&a ;msAfic f

"

dkuqukdy;qfumba ;DyNuM;mp,ku JymSrrdth,du ;v;mt Gwanon{ H f l f d f f k kH f hf

"

 

 

102 

"

 

;mvYkvfrd&;kdp d

/no;ramGpoMHht ur;fedr /fnouS0 kuYKsdctfyktmp f f d

ofpzj;msfum,a Drmvrfum&a ;msrfnon{ moa;mx;muMwdz l fh f

;bfpzjr Yv;moYwa /733 l kd G G

sAfic;mvmw;yag'fmta

ufiuuuM fuwt Ydbuw YJeo fw[rSrg' /;mvYb;mpGqawdr kd f G k JG l k dk f ;mvgyeaw ubfpwcja uuuM wcmv,;msAfic ?fiKdGb [a kd f f Jh hJ l h

uuMwuk' /633 f ©d

hgyamSrmvfum&a ;zja;zjaw kuq;moD'Jt ?gy;frp;mx;ta;tawdp d D G f sAmSr&wIE ku;mo;mcjw ?vmwfyvkdv,b ;msAfic f d G J k f

/nopzjfiw;fecu;mo f f G k G

hgya;zja;zja /533

hgyapayuMo;v;mt mwkq;bfw[r d kH d l k

yNvuS& fimwauS& D S f f

mSr&zja ;yNuq JykvD'Jt ?DyNdS& fimwafpSE -01 mwhJcmvzja YvgyfpSE D f d dk

Yemyjar;fimyja /433 J

"

-03 ku;fiwlo ;fidkwmv;ra Ykvvfumvaf,buot YJ&;fir ?,&fpsct d dk d J f f

"

vwuwmyja ;KsdrfpwYeafpw u;mupm[fiS& ?vodS&m&puS&mb l hJ f dk J f

"

dumSr;mo;dkc Gwanon{ ?vmw&eauS0 uGwafyktmp YvfpzjmbfiS& k G f hf J f kd kd

"

YJ&Ywlo weafumsya fi&;moYwa kuGwafyktmpD' f,ryag' ?;bgyfw[r dk Jh G G d h l k

" "

" "

 

 

 

"

103 
va,wikdE;mGoo mwqGwafyktmp f f d dk

 

"  " 

no;fi¤ fiQvmyja [ f k

fiQvmyja[ k [ k

u;fi¤ í,ut /fno&,mÜyd"t [ f f k

uferwo ?fw[r;mofpp no;fi¤ fiQvmvmyja [ H k f k

/gyyj;mcjGJc &tkHy:ca;wa;mp;fOp \Ykw;fi¤ ?;fimua;nv r;frxfe0o0va;kdr G d f S ?;fimua;nv SrrKsdyt ?;imua;nv rferwo u;mofpp - ;feGc;ra f f f S H kd

,w& Jy;nw;Ksdrfpwzjat f f

zjat /933

fuv;mxwdy udpusr dk f kd f JvmSr&fykvmb

DyNfeu0a k

/nomyja ur;fisc,io moaeaikx fiw;ba /nomvfiSE;fimra f f l f d G f izjmGp;iyjwdS&t u;mufmwafmra no;Ofpw,i;ro;Ksdrt hf f f dk f D f D

fyvvhgi /833 k kd

"

wa;Hkvusrhfidkt /;mv;b&r YkvuvhmQva ;ne;ne kufedS&t , G f l d f kd f f d l

" " "

vayvfudkv vofyvfikdt f k dk k

"

;fewrjt ;fiwmyja rfeRu dkufiS& Ykvgy;ya,0 fpotÐsut J kd h d f

"

u;uJy;fimyjar Sr;fimyja Jvu´Eq YJ&;fir G dk

 

  yes    no 

  yes 

u;mofpp /no&,mÜyd"t [ f f k

fiQvmyja [ k

u;mofpp - zjat

usc;mcjmu /043 f G

no maybe    yes  no

u;mofpp í,ut /noo&f,mÜyd"t fiy[ f f k

  no   no 

no;fi¤ fiQvmyja [ f k

uferwo í,ut /nokvdkq [ H f f d k

  no

/gyugyambao iy[ f f k

iQvmyja[ f k

ur;Ksdrt /w[rferwo f k H

  may be 

  yes 

uroí,ut /no&,gÜyd"t [ l f f f k

fiQvmyja[ k

í,ut f

fiQvmyja

fiQvmyja [ k

yes  yes 

u;frxfe0 o0va;kdr /hmwawk[r fipKsdyt no;fi¤ fiQvmvmyja [ f f k

  no 

  no    may be 

    yes    may be 

  yes 

[ k

fiQvmyjao [ l k

/fno&,gÜyd"t [ f k

104 
/gyfw[r ;mroo0va;kdr k u;fi¤ í,ut /no&,gÜyd"t f f f fiQvmyja [ k

 

 

     

umrjafum,a 11 YJe 6 ? 5 wgyHe umw;mpfi0wdp rfeRu ?;fithfi[ f f ,rgy;yamS& fimtaYwa YkwfmwafeRu ku;kv;mtGwafimuaD' ?YJegylyrwdp f h G d d H f ,wgy;mGofisu®r"t ufum,a -31 v kurfeRu ?iS&;uB;LSrJ& f h l d hf D

/nofpzj fiGw;fecpJ& f

;yamS& JykuYkdwo /343 d l

Jvmwmyjar ;mupfiw;Z;sua Ykvfpzjmb uugcafpwd[ l d f k sAJvmwfudk½ Ykvfpzjmb d

/nou½ ku;figca \;DuBdS&m&t fizj;fimscafww moamv, f f kd d h k l

uoSHErwdp moaYko /no;mxfiyj fe&ikx muql, [JymSr;t;fikcfikx l f f d f f d k kH d d yvugcfpwd[ /nofeyj&Ywa kdunomv;yja q;fi¤ usvfiu;fimscafww J dk k f G f D f dk k um,afpwmev fiy;fiwtufic, /nofuxubHcj;fey ;fiwt f l kd f G f kd uic, gctmoa;Dp;DyN ;msr;LSr;qafpp moafytkv /fnofeyjmvfum&a;fi¤ f d fe&;qafpp kuHk½;qa gyyjfmza fiwmuMt,ifpSEtfumea /fnoukvfidx d G f f d k bmyjarfeyj Srmb fmoaYko /no;mooMhHt ;uBdS&m&t /nomyja [ J d f G D f k }gyfidkx] ?muuv;icYfezj fiwYS&a;uBdS&m&t kufix;mvkuugca nomev f kd f G D d kd f f l /noukvdr;wa ;uBdS&m&t [hmwafe[r eatcjat /no&Ywa f f d G D k f G nomv;yjaI½;S&a q;fi¤ usviku;fimscaww ?;DOfpwoSHErwdp f D f f d f k l f fiwþ /nofux ubHcj;fey &;fi0kH½;qa ? fe&LS& Yfeova;fimuava G f G f dS iw;DyNtmyja;feGcYfedr /noRca;eGcYfedr u;msr;frxfe0kH½;qa mumvfum&a f G f f kd YkokH½;qa ug*m&awdp ;DOpw;uBdS&m&t Srem|;uBfe0;&a;mr;fesu d k f f D D

hgyaSr;mp;va /243

vo& ,wk' lo,b /;mvfw[ J d f k

/nomyja;frv ur;fedr u;msfum,a moamvfeyj ;yNukufesdc&a f S kd D f d

lo&rxy /143

" "

mugyYkvy;fisu GJyfiKdyjumoau&t mSrfyvu YeaD' ?&afivg' G d f f

" " "

" "

 

"

105 
,wgypzj Jywa;msfum,a f f G

 

  " 

;b&firjr uukw ud&zmt ?,w&firj ku;firv ?fi&ukvhnuM YeauD' l f d f d f d f vYkvfpzjmb J d hgya;firv

,w;Dekdy /743 f

,rfhrv;mGoeTr;v;kdr f d f Hk

/nomyja f

ku;msr;vaufe, urfek, ofpzjrat fizjo&Ywa ku;kqkruvJrt d k l h G d d f kd

;mxwdy;me /643 f

;byjarfiqt /,w;oafnuMGJc ;DyNfydt fmwafeRu l f h

/nouM;ra;ikd0 ku;Gcafimra no;uBnrme [;fisyi fiw;HvmG&fpw f f d hf D f k G k

;fisyv /543 l
nogyeamS& ku;fimva;DroYwo nrfidE;ya;kdxuq fimta;DyN f d dk hf k f

mijfmuMa /443

"

dumwf,q;Gra;do puv;x így;mofpy ofpzjr;fedr ;mthmwafeRu k G k f dk G l

" "

uJvmweaGJc;ix ;DyNikx Yvfpzjmb;fir ?fimua [a G f f d dk h

"

Gwaokq ?Hoq YJ&Ylo gctD'Jt ?,rGv ?,rfpylokct ?uM;mxwdy wa;me H d J f J f f G

" " " "

vo;Dekdy YJeYdw um[,b uwud&zmt YJe;firv J k f f kd

 

 

 

106 

"  " 

 

"

,w;lbirj JygcfpwD' f f

/nomyja f

u;uBdS&m&tfpp fhizjofirj ku;mofywhfimpat moaeafy& ;DyNfiGz;x D d h D

;bgyfumuMar /053 l

Jymwnx;fimva fh

Jvmw& JbröOy ufikd0

wxfpSEkc 6591 mSrJGyyj ;msru&tfikd0 ;m,;De;ramt wfykvKyj uDrmuMr f k f hJ

,weaoMhHt vfikw,ku /943 f J d f d

,wmyja u;msfum,a Ykv,w;oa& f d f

/nouM;ra;fikd0 u;Dro;Ksdrt,ww f dk d

JyHk½nuM;mu hwfischnuM ?;bhmwadvm&p;mo hf J f l k G

JyHk½nuM;G&a fOptDpt JhwuKuB hf f d

/nouMeamyja;mup um,a;o r;fisc,io f f kH f l

,w;oafikdE;mo Jxmwao mwav /843 f G l l

"

;DyNfix mSrfrdt /,w;ya,0;kHvfpwGDAwmvmu u;msfum,a kuhgi dk f f D d

"

Sru,b ,w;yaf,0 upk,D'GDA u;msfum,a hmwakuhgi kd f f f d d

"

Jvo;yaf,0mb u;msfum,a;fir m&aku;fir d

"

Yv;mGo uYkwkH½wmZyj ?kH½fiS&fyk½ wtYJegi ?;b;yar,0 Srmb kd dk d f l l f

 "

Ykvfpzjmb u;fikdywxfpSEkc 8491 wmpakdy uxYo ?;DyN&qrxy d f k hJ f l k

"

u;nwcfpwnp /,weaoMhHt vfikw,ku YwfmwafeRu f k f f J d f d dk

"

Ykvkq;mofpp wuwumuMa ku;kdr mSr;kHvumQvafpwuofyv YJ&hgi d d hJ f f d f f k

"

JymweaS&;x ?;bgyfumuMar fmwafeRu d D l

 

107 

 

" "  "   

vmb m[uxmwoaJc&a J J å ;bgyuscr l f

;mvousc;dkcu&t ;msAfic ?gyu;fecpJ& f f vlo,b J f

/fno;w ku;fimva;figca:cav D d l

mumyja ,dkum[hf,dku [Jyr;kHtnuM;frp mwdkqvo&scwdp f k S fh J f xtumva,b /noukvwzj;q fe&;fnq;frdo fiGwxmwoaJc&a d f f f f d f kH J å muql, [&scrwdp Jvxkd½b /nofumoa muYJSi kuu&t YdkoxuGc k f J D f d f J f fimta&nuM;nrj ?;frp;ya hf f gyn&fmsza f

Jvmb mrJxkd'b S D ;bgyuscr l f

;mvousc;dkcu&t ;msAfic ?gyu;fecpJ& f f vlo,b J f

/fnoukvfydSE ;fi¤ ku;fimva;figca:cav f d d l

/noeyjhnuM;frp fe&o ufidErfiEYwa ;msr;moJ& /fnoukvwzj;kq f f f d kd k kd G f d f H fe&uS0 xkd½b ;mptw0t mumvfugya;wat [&scrwdp f J D f G k f fiGx;fecumtarja ;fi&fumoa /nofumoa ;DyNYJSi f,dum[h,ku YdkoxuGc f f k f d J f fimta&nuM;nrj ?;frp;ya hf f gyn&fmsza;ot f D

Jvmb mrx;fivky ux;fecfumtarja S J J ;bgyuscr l f

;mvousc;dkcu&t ;msAfic ?gyu;fecpJ& f f vlo,b J f

/nofydSE ufimva;figca :cav dS&YS&afrdt f kd l

fiydrdr fizjYko /nofudkvwzj;q fe&fyo;frp kunokq;mvofiE;moYwa h d f f Hk d f d kd G G ;msr;moJ& /fnoukv;mxuS0 fiw;fecumtarja f d f G f fumeaYkx /no;mp;fOp kunodq ;fnenr&uS0 mSr,b /nohnx d f d f k f f f f f x;fivky mwv 5 kduu&t /nofuusc;kdcu&t um,afpw;uB;msfum,a J D f f f f f D

DyNgyfeu /153 k

" " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " "

"

 

108 
gyn&fmsza f

 

 

"  "  " 

/nomyja ;yNhnv uo;mGoumQvawzj f D f S l f f ,w&;muM;mupu0 uq;Dxu0 f f D f yru0,uw m[;fir J f fh

wa;Kdsrqa /453 G G

,w;DyN YJe½yjfwx;vau mQv hmwakc ?,w;fidkcwRc f Hk k f f

u;mptfw0t icfyo;frpr ufe0m&q ?i&kqu;ewf,i,i Ykw;mGzt kd f f d f k f d /nomyjakdu;varm&qKyjmeo u;uB;mGzt f l D

mny;qa Jhwuw;kw /353 f d

;bmoorfyo ?,w;fimuakdy umw&fpzj ;uBgyav l d d f D l

v;imuakdy m[,b /253 J f f

msADyNgyfeu ?,whmwafesu k f

yu0fpw;fivky YJemwhnuM;nrj Yw;msAfic ?sAvkv,b m[Yw;msAfic J f f f kd J d f kd fimta&nuM;nrj ?;frp;ya hf f gy;fivky n&fmsza f

Jvmb m[;fivky u:yaJy;mp G ;bgyuscr l f

kq,wusc;dkcu&t ;msAfic ?gyu;fecpJ& d f f f vlo,b J f

/no;w ku;fimva;figca mumvfum&a ,uwfeSrt f D d f

;msr;moJ& fiwfesdctþ /noeadS& fiw:yaGJy;mp no;ivkyu&t G f G f f f /nomvKyj p&fesdc&a /nofumoa muYikufu&t ;fiwtufi&t f f JS d dk fimta&nuM;nrj ?;frp;ya hf f

" "

vo;fimuadky m[,b mw&fpzj ;uBfimyjafyx YJemw&pzj;uBgyav J f D d f D l

"

?;mvugymvuw;dw fimtaumva;fimua,GzoMHht m[mny;qa fwcakc f k f f

" " " " " " " " " " "

vaYJeuMfpzjrfe& hmwa;DyNuMfpzj wa;Ksdrqa m[Yw;msAfic G G kd

 

 

109 

  "    "    "  " 

"

/noeayj;fiS& f

dueatcjat Irmzanxtfimuat ;feuHrDp fpSE;gi ;mt;msr;mofyvkH½up k f f d k f Sr;OfpwfvKd*ky dS&fe0mw Srem|;&adscYfezj'g0 fyKscem|wgy D ¾ D

wz;msr;msr;mp;fiwo /653 f

hJwvmSr,b ;msfum,ahfie r;feu J f

,w;oafikEmyjap f d

Jy;feGcpw;mup hmwanuM;mo mev,ku uYear /DyNeadS& fimwav;va f hf G l f d mSr:yakH½;qa xtkct /Jym&p;meo mrjcYo /,w;mooa;frcjfpw,ku d l f G f d ;DyNevfumuMat msca;mob /f,wuvmyja }fi&fi&fewfew f G f dk k k YvDyNmvfeyj ;msfum,a] ;nvufyp;gy /,wfudkvydSE kufwvc kd f f f d k /fnoyjmyja ku;Dro;Ksdrtrxy d YJemwukvscJv :yam&fydt /,wukvfyvf,du ;fiwtwfyv;isc,io f d S f f d k k dk Jh k f f l

u;ro;Ksdrt ,wk' m&uMkqfeyj fiwmuMtvumcjafumea D d H G f /nouMukvGJc;frv ;DyNuMf,& &;gy&;mt fum,afpEr;fisc,io f f d S f l ;m[ ;m[ /,w;yja;fiqfekc f uugya;fiwyj ;DyNw0fumua ;mptw0t ;fewu;feru mscafmwa,ku f f f f d ?,wfmtaYv }Jygyuk' ?DyNmveyj;msfum,a] YJem&tlrt;muMwYfevfumuMa f dk © f uf,u mSrmvtnr;fimva;figca:cav /,wfudkvydSE kufwvc dk f l f f d k YJemwukvscJv:yam&fydt fum,afpSE Ykw,ku /f,wS&;vaufwvc f d S d f d d k hw;mxuq YJe;fimva;figca :cav u;gcwYS&afrdt mSrfumta J f l H iwuh,du Jt /,wmvfi0 x;ecfydt ;mofum,afpSE /,w;mofeu f k f k f J f f G k or;feSreku wafesdct YJeukvmyja;mup uvfumoa fum,afpSE d f G f d f kd Ydkw,ku /,wmvl, wa;vafimqauv fizjnop uvumsca ?;fey f d f G f h f f ?;fivky u&tikd0 uo /,wuvfwdz Ydzmvfrdt kduum,aum,afpwJei f f l f f kd k f f /nouMf,vz ;iscKuMtYwat0b fum,afpEr;fisc,io f S f H G S f l u;kH½ fi&mvix Ykv,w;fisy /f,wfikdEmyja Yv;lbv;qrfwo 0bh,ku f d f dk S dk d f d

;bsuar Srhmwa,b /553 l f

" "

v;oamyjambo hmwaYwa u;isc,io J l G kd f f l

" " "

fppfyQv mSrYKdrN ;fikdwtusc;mxmsv mSr;eurDpfpSE;gi f f d

 

 

110 

"   

Ykdwo mwdkq ,w;kqwdp ewrfitgi ?,wukvfux l f d f f f f d G x;fect ;DyNwdyhfimqa YJe;mt u;gcHw f,ryag' ?;fithfi[ J f dk h ;mvoukvfpywo kur;fedr;fir ?Jygyuk' f d f d © YkvYwa YJe,ifiv ur;fedrhgi d G f dk

,w;qwdp /853 f kd f

DyN;DyNfiwq uhpauMat YJe;KuB urfeRu ?YJeearmS& GJ kd G d

gyYveamS& kuhpauMat ?DyNeafum&a kduumtagi ?,wfw[ kd d G f f k Jvmw;oamvruw Yvfpzjmb ?;mvmSrfumtafiS& ?wmZDt f kd f

/scamvr:yafwmZDt /no;momuM u0D&me /nofuvscfpy Ykofumta f G f f dk d hgyamvfi0 kuxfrdt i&kqg'Jt d J f d

uhpa;myj,q m&mq /nouGx Srfrdt fr&bmt /nomvfum&a ean kd f f f f /f,rmvnrjot /,rfudvscfpy eauugya;fiwyj uhpa;myj,q f H f k f dk f vro fyvkv,b gi mwqDyN;mGouGxo J d k d f kd f l

/nouq;fekz xwZDt um&mq f f H f

,ww;fiscmwmrjaSE /753 f l
,wfiowz f h f

/nomyja YJemGpkwwdp u;frxfe0wgy f d f D

)nomyja fiyuomyjax u;fikdympampa( f l /nomyjauq u;frxfe0wgy f f D ;bdS&r l

/nomyjax uum,afpw Srxtwowd&y f f J f f

DyN;mo;Dp ;DyNyvfumqa mGpfirjfimta ukcpwk½up;ya;mtfwm" G f k kd f H f

"

Sr&up;ya;mtwm"mb ?,whJcmvfeyj mwafeRu Jyuear YeauYKdrND'Jt kH f f f f

"

,whJcikdEfumqanw kukcfpwkH&up mZoMrjafwm" mSrYKdrj f f f d f

"

;bgyJcYwar fimwamww YJeHk&up ?Jy;moJcfum&a kuYKdrND'Jt uDrmuMr l h G l f h d

"

;msr;msr mp;fiwo ?;mpt ,rea;mGoumQva D'D'd[d[ ?fmbaJ& hf f k k

" " "

fmeahJcmv kufrdt ?,rfrvfux;D&c fr&bmt eanD' d f d G

" " " "

vYkvfpzjmb ?;mvgy;fimuar mSEusr;fir ?[a J d f h

" " "

 

"

 

 

111 
,wgyumvaugyambao f f f

 

 

"  "    "  "  "  "  "  "  "  "   

eaufyvF*t hmwaufimuag0t Jt ?,wmyja Jyu;mupfyvF*t d f dk d ufimuaDet ?,rrv&,0 gykdu;G&awuuM fim&ag0td[ m[Gqawdr f hf d f l f k f vYkdvfpzjmb ?,wfw[ J f k

;mvw[r ;Kdsrlvpofpyj m[Gqawdr f k f f

gy,0;vpimuafpSE /163 f kH f

,wzjafeyj ;frwJrjt Ykv }fmwagy;ficuer moa;fimua] f d f

;fiwgctwmyja Ykv }gy;ficean moa;fimua] uYo Ydkvum&afeyjfrdtgi dk hJ d dk l f ;DOgy;frp;fiv

,wmyjaYfevYfeu f

,wfischfiGzfi& /063 f

fyx;DOYo JvmSr,b kqg'Jt k l f d ,wgyfw[ f k

kq,whJc,u ku;vau wfpe&a mSrfyq;u&a uYear d f f d hJ d l JygyfmwafeRu ?,wgyea f

/nomvnr ;fimva;figca:cav fiw:yakcfpw;fecukw f f l G f d

;yafeyjfyx;DO /953 k

" " " " "

;mvogyea mSr;fectD' ukx;fimuafimra ,ivZwa f d f l

"

;fewJrjt myjamyjambgi ?;mv;kd&ikdEHc;msrr ;mupgi YJer;fedrhgi f

" " " "

gy;fim&a kuhmwafeRu ;G&alwuuM um&aDet d f f

" "

 

 

112 
sAfimuat w;yafeyj umombfpofpyj hJ dk

"

"    "  "  " 

Jvmw&fikufumua ku;fezDv,w ;msAfic Ykvfpzjmb fi&kqg'Jt d d k f d d ;bgyfw[r l k

;mv;nwkcfpwwgyHe m[;fekz ufrdt;msAfic YJe;mbu&t ?Jvmb f f f ,wgyeafum&a kufrdt ?;bgyfw[r;mb f d l k sAmwuq ku;mb ufmwafeRu f,ryag' f d h gy;fecfrdt eav ?;bgyfw[r l l k ;mv;mbu&t f

YJefiur /463 kd

nohmwauM;mGowdwot ;v;mt f f H kH pagymyjafi&t v;kq;uMtuot uxt Ywfie ?;frpuMukvfy&Pc [a l H D f J kd f d h

/nouvmyja hfiSEmGpwfwdp uut;uBt;kH½ fiwþ f f kd dk J D G

/nouMeamyjav hfizjnop fnofeSro nofeSr,ku /scauM;yarhmQvat f k f l f f d Sro,b /nouMea;msr;mup ;fisc;fisct ;msrr;&kH½ l f f

;qafrdiN /363

/uMfeyjYewr Qrofnr ;fikwtufic, f k l d /nouMeawqfww ;kv;mufpw f f d d H /scauMzjarfeyj Qrlonr f

/nomvfudkvuw:ya;mufpwb uum,afpw;mrou&t f f f f f

mea,ruvfpyfyv /263 f f f kd k

"

fmeaJymw;fimuaydo wODom& ?YwGqawdr f k dk f

"

;kuDyNfum&a ugya;DOGEa d f

"

mwukvfhiGy ;nvuea f d f

"

,r;Ofudkv ugyaLS&LS& hmwafumeahwdS&r Srlo,b ?vaDyN;fimua f D f J f

" " " " " " "

"

 

  " 

 

113 

 

"  " 

 

 

" "  " 

u,w;mx;&a Ykvnr hfiSrj;Dsc -001 mv:'a G f d f

Giaq ;mtofikdEiw,q ku;fimvat Yooafpe&a] mSrfumtaYJ&wb;fikq k l f f d l f k d /nomyjafmta u;fiscf,io /nofmta ;muMwYfevfumuMa f l f /no;mo;fiqum,afpw Ykdox&a f G f J vYe,b fu0fpwum,afpw J J f f

[ }gy,u] }gy,u] fhizjofpe ,uweSrt gctmoaum&a;fikdyue&a k f f f f f f uakdt

qukdy w& /,r,q;fiq ku;fir ugi ?fmta Ykv }gy,u] H f hJ f f d d f /nouMiyfidw;mo;DOfpSE fhizjoYwa kduwb;fikq f f k G f k d

moa [ }nrfiSrj;Dsc -05 mv:'a Giaq ;mtof,q,u kduofpe&a] l f h k l f l /nomvfum&a Yofyq;u&a fum,afpE;fisc,io moaeasufikb f kd d l S f l d

hgyamSr, mw;msr /663 l

f,ugyYv;mxmSr u;vau;rja Ykvfumoa G dk d

u;myj;qaD' fi&um&afiwwSr mG&g'ay;DSE ?;lbfw[r mSr;fiq mSrD' ?;mGzt kd f kd f k hmwaya;fiq ?;mGztDyNfum&a ;fiku d ;mGzt ,rfum&a fi&muMPc f

/no;fimraeyj ku;D&c -02 fidkr muhnvfeyj ku;mu nombfidk½' f f d f S d f /norofrdSE f hf d

u;mGzt muqfedsu drrf,udrdr [muafe&fuwhra nombfidk½' dk J d dk k f /no;mGomuM&mefpSE fumeaYkx ?D&mefpw /fnouxp;mu f D d f G ;mGzt gyscwdp f

/nofy&mwra f å

dumbfidk½' /nomvuw:ya;mu;yja;0at um,afpw;uB;mGzt k f f f D

gyYv;mxmSr u;vau;rja /563 kd

" "

fmeamyja u;mGzt fi&fum&a kufikdwwSr mG&g'ay;DSE ?,&;mo kd d f f

"

fi[;mv;b;oafum&ar ikdwwSrmG&g'ay;SDE;mo l f f

"

}gy,u] ;yNfimqafe[fiscfpe /;mo;fiq x&a;fir ?fimta&yvkvD' f D G J f k d

"

/YJeearfmta YJe;uB;kdqot YJemwfpe&a ;firm[;fir ?[a D H h

"

" "

"

 

 

114 

"

 

 

 

 

,wukdv;yahnx kcfpwkHpfpw kduxuvhgi ;yNkq }Ydzfumoafn&uzuv f f f J f D d k f f ;fir hm&a] hmwasugcthwfum&a:yat /m&afevmwukv;va J G f d /;lbor vo;mxnx wamb fi&kq;kHvfpwmwoa /,w&hJc;ya,o d J fh G d å f f /nouMeamyja;mup fum,afpE;mro;frxt fiwYS&a,wd[ f S G f k

;kbn&uzuv /963 d f f f
vanx qkvD' hf dk d

/no;frz ;mt;fi¤ mu;mv;yja J&;fexfOm, fiwþ /no;luwzj;frv f d G f f fiGwm&ea nr&;luwzjr;frv fhizjfikwfikd,wfidk, no,iv hf f d d f f l [nofiEusyGJy fiQvmv;lrkdy uxno /nomv;rkdy ux;msro k f kd f f hf f l f l ;iwt,i;netfedsct no;isc,io moamvfum&asufumea f G f f f f f l fhizjYko /no;idkcfumoa fucfpw ;DyNfucfpw kuu&t mufmta;fidk0 d f f G G d f

fiw;frv feyjtfrdt /noukvfwvfeyj Yofrdt u;fi¤ ufiS&frdt mu;mp;fOp G f f d T dk dk

[ },r&fudk½P' ?,r&ukd½fP'] u;msr;fisc,io moaea hfiSEum&afi&t k f f f f f l f /nomvfum&a Sr;DyNsufumea um,afpw;fisc,io YkdowgyYea;Gra f f f l D

,r&ukd½P' /863 f f f
umweafikx mSrx;mufiw ugi ?Jy;muvtv;mp;KuB;fir G d J h J d

/nomyjafeyj f

;va;tata JyYT&ar Srm&ea ku;figca ulo,Gumu /fnoukdvukd½v;mtw d f f f TJ fizjww u;Ofpw }lo,umu] mufmsuafekc ku;msriy;fey noum,afpw h f k kd D f G d f f f ofiqfpp;kx /nouMmvuw;yja Srm&eafpw mu;yaHomn l d f f [ }uwYS&a] u;msrofiqfpp;kx /nouMl,m&ea fiwfumea ;msrfiy;fey k f l d f G moa;mxukdp iGwuscwubw;frv;molv no;msro,GumuHckc f f f f G f l f /nouMfimqafy½o fpzjt;msrofiqpp;kx u;msroea;l½ ;fruM;ruMwc f k l f d l f f ?of,umuHckc u;msroea;l½ ;vaufO,fO, /nouMea;mpu l G l f ;frwfuwfpp ;msrmelv fiGwxHcj;fey dS&;iwt;fi0;½;qa ug*m&awdp kd J f G kH k f

f,r;mpu ;frwuwfpp /763 f dk

" "

f,r&ukd½P' u;msAfic f f kd

"

xtyx;gi uGwa;fnpy YJ&um,afpw non{ ufevwhmuap uYear d f kd ö f f hf

" " "

vofuv;yamb o ku;fir J dk l d

"

 

115 
Jc;muMo

 

 

DyNeadS& fimwauGc;gi f

mweamrafudkwuq ufiS& kct /Ykdzumoau&t ;yN;fimwaq h f f f D k fuwtYkdz;fimwaq fuwt;&amr;fesu YJ&reRu umwfudkvwdz rfeRu G k G f f ufhiS& /DyNeafpzj ;iwt;muphwkq }f,rsum&fev;firfimta] vfi&feyjmyja kd f kd J d G J

fimta;imua;&amr;fesu /373 f

wf,w&ukdvwz mSrfimpafpw;fiZ¾*r hJ f f

;mp;frdpt /273
va;b:yar l

fisc:yar ?,r:yafisc:ya wdpfiscfumoa&a gi fi&;kdE um&fydt n f f vYkvfpzjmb J d

YehnxrSrmb mSruGcfpwfumea ?mwhnx&afumoa J f f f

/fno;ra durmscLsc ;DeZ\o umscLsc k l

,r,rkvkv /173 f f d d

,wJcsc fpSE,qfimxaJykct kulvJwmyjaom[D' ?;bfpzjr hmwag'Jt f h f d h l sA;kHtgyyjmyja JvuYkwfyKsu qg' dk d kd

/nouM;ra;fikd0 f

u;i&;fimuMat u;msr;uBo;m&w;mcjt m&mvfi0 ;DyNmra,&;DOfpw kd f D l f ;uBo;m&w Yko;fect m&fikx ;msr;uBo;m&w í;yN;qafpp kukcfpwIrt D l d d D l D d

Yemyjar om[ /073 J

" " "

sAYdv& Jc;muM ukcpwom[ w;fimuafewrfit k h kd f Jh

"

mSruGcfpw /;frp;mxsc uGcfpSE uGc&a mSr;bam&fydt fi&sun [a f f f h

"

r;fedr hmwafeRu Ydkv,wdS&;Ksdut fi&;mp;frdpt umpt;mpt f kd

"

;bgyr meog0 wKyjtusct vr;fedr hmwafeRu l f f J

" " " "

gyYkv:yakHyweafpzj ;fimuarfixea fmwat mw&hnuM ku;fir d hJ kd f d

 

 

 

116 

 

" " 

;lb&r kdvnuM uYo mSrgctw;lrr vugi /;lb&r dkvnuM kuhgi fh dk l Jh J hf d

/noeamyja kduuzfiufmzafyv \drdr ufeR* f f kd k

;mSrt /773
,wgyhJcev;Lsu uIrtD' fmwafeRu ] - Hc;m&w f f G kd };mvgyeafisuYeq YJepzjth,uw fesurcw QrofeSr f f f k mwmyja;firfimra mrgctw&fimxa;me dkumwmyja;firfimra] - ;uBo;m&w S hJ D l

ubfisuYfeq /673 f
gysuea;ya -001 figya kuhmwafeRu u;DeZhm&q mr;Ksdrpu kvD' ?f,wgy;ne ?,wgyfw[ d S ö d d f f k

;mvgyeauw f

u'mpa uhgi imwa;DyNdkq,w;ne ?Guvkdv,b m[;fir kd f f f J f ;kHtgy;ya 05 figyafivmwp fyxfumea ?m&q ,wgy;ne f f

/nofuuYfeu uHcpat /no;ya 05 figyafivmwp f G f

mumyja [fiSEpagyor no;DeZ u;fimuMatþ /fnoukv:ca uHcpat k h d f kd f d kd u;mo;fir gctmoamv;De u& nrmvfeyj no;DeZ /nouv& f hf f f f kd kdufiGcea mpfiT&fmsya muMfewtu& mu:ca Yofrdt kuofpsc;fekywwfww h G f kd d l f d d \drdr no;mo;fir mu,;fimuahfiGct dkunoS&r;DeZ /no;momcfux f l f d f G G G fe&,;met YomG&mwa m&S&ficdr no;DeZ\;mo;firiS&fyk½ ;uBfnrme l kd d f f D

,w;ne /573 f f

/nozjafeyj u,iv ;i&I½ fikdEikdEt kuuot [ f f l f f d f k gyYvrmyja Ykv,w;fevferj mwfumQva ;msAfic kd d f G vYvfiscmyjamb ?DyNdS&umvaD&mefpw mweaukv kufumea rfeRu ?fiS& J dk f f d d

/no;ra u,iv u;ro;Ksdrt f f l D /nofpzj fiw:yar;frv f G

fumQva;zja;zja /473

"

ur;fedrhgi gctJhwmv;lr gi /hnuM Jykct /,r;fimua fi&cdrfyxruv gi f f hJ f

"

" "

" "

 

117 

  "    "  " 

"

/noeaea;muM Jyuvr Srub,b um,afpw ;ro;Ksdrt f f kd f f f D /noeafpzj QrtDnt Dpu0ux ;ikwtfnofix /no;ikdcfuw&a f f f f d h f f G u;uBo;m&w íeafpzj dvQrtnt ;msrot \Yw;ro;Ksdrt D l k D H kd D ;bgyfikdE;mcjGJcr l

;mvogyfiE;mcjGJc ku;msum,a;frdpw Ye;msfum,a Jwea;lru&t kd d f J h f

;dumwfix Yv;mfsum,a,ku k kd hf d

/;bukv;fiijr rfeRu hmwaq;fimwao /,weaux;fimxafimxaw l f d kd l f f G uHYefu&t vufyp;gy /,wea&ayawypn ;kv;mtwa;mptw0t J f f f H G f u:ya,ku ?;b;mxwd&r wdqwkr JyYvlo kct ?JyxHpyfpw fi&mv;lr f d l f f f dk J kH m[Gwa;msfum,a /;bhJcfiE;mcjGJcr rfeRu mwkq Jvo,b;msfum,a l kd d l f ,wYwa YJeum,afpw;msfum,afumea f G f hwmvfeyj /,wgyJ&myja ;DyNfesu;frsu reRu ?hfi&;fir;uBo;m&w J f d f S D l

ur;fedr mSr:yam&fydt /f,wmvfeyjfrdt fmwafeRu kd vmw&fisc;fiS&mu ;msAfic hfimuMamb J G

/no;ra f

kukv;m&w u;uBo;m&w /noea;qafpp kuusc;mxumQva ukx;DO d d D l f d f f f d \ofpzj;msfum,a ;fimuMakv;fiSμm,rfiv /nofpzj iw;½;m&w l d G f f G kH

meóyj /973

uwtfimuMa ?;bwk[r uwt;msAfic m[yfeIr;qa f G l f f G vr&;mp kuYo mSresdct,b J d l f f

Jy;q;yat©uk' kuhmwafeRu m[fimuMa kH d

Jweamtamta;vnfpw mSr;meugya;fiwyj fizjo;xt ?;bhmwafikdEfydtr h f f kH f h l l /nomyja uof,0mv;qa uro;fim&at rfikq;qa f l dk S d

g*m&awfmsyarfydt /873 hJ

"

Jyfi&uv;muM dkucfpwot hw;kdwfewrfit ?;b&r kuYkvfydt mSrn n f kd k H J l d d

" " "

,wgyfum&adx fewrfit ?gy;mol, uYfeIr;qaD' f G dk

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118 
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119 

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120 
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122 

 

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123 

 

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124 
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125 

 

 

 

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126 
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127 
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fimta&mscoa /604

"

fi[vodS&umva,b;frxIrt mSrPbYw;msAfic ?;mvuPb kdv[ J f f f dk f J

"

ku;uB;ro;Ksdrt mev hw&hJcu ,fesdct muMfpSE,q zat ?zat d D D l J k l f

"

imuMaYo ?,&;mohgyamwhfiofumsya ;Dro;KsdrtD' hmwaSrfum&afesdctD' hf l f

" " " " "

 

 

128 
fimta&uMfwx mp;fiwo ?DyNdS& Lup k ú

"

 

  "      " 

/nouMeamyja;mup fimuafpSE;Gca f

;bfikdEHcr;no /314 l f
YJ &m&q ;kumwdS& ;nwfimuafpw;GcaD' mrfrdtYwfmwafeRu ?;mvg' fmta d f S dk

;mvgy;nwfyxfpw YJemw;&aDefms*afimra f

,w;mxsc;u /214 f l
y;fewea;fre J k

Ye;figcamSE kduwKyjOuuM ?ugca Ye;feGZ ku;figcareRu ;q;DOrxy mSrfi0t J f f f J d f kH ;mv;DyN;mofumsya G

/no;ra ufe0m&q hfiSEnoYwa mr;frv u;DeZ\mev f f G S kd l

g*m&ahrawo /114 d

,w;mo;ra Ykv;mvrgyfiE&Ykvfwx eauugya;gcwfrdt f G d h kd d k f H

;mv;b;momyjar l G

/no;ra ku;fisc;Defrdt r;fect;ba umev f d S l

;mvrgyfpzj /014 h

"

Srmb u;msAfic fe0m&qhw;mouGx iwkc u;fect hmwafeRu dk J G f f

"

ku;figcat /,w;ra hmwakcfpw Jt /;bgymyjar Srmb d f l

"

g*m&a whrawo YJ&Yo ?;mvw[rYJ&;fimuaea no;feGyfic YJ&;msAfic hJ d l f k f

"

ufimscadz;Dr uer ?mwug'a ;b;oafumsyar hmwa;fimua;fimua dk k f f l

"

ufpt;fir m[;umpDpmp;fimuMat;Gca w;&a;fir ?mwDyfimra ?[a dk kH hJ h

" " " "

;mvow[ ?,w;muM;fiwo Ykvf,wukvfuu;fir uficoYJ&;fir ?[a f k f d f d dk dk h

"

 

"

 

129 
Ydkvywl, o kduyqHwq w&gi f l f d k hJ vYkvfpzjmb J d ,wfw[ f k

 

 

hm&a ?f,wukv;mxudIE hmwadkuwdtqukdyYlo f,ryag' ?;bfuvdrwSrr f d f f H f h l dk f ;mvoaukv;mxwSr;fir kuwgyHeY&,ufidqfmwafmra w;moukw f d f d f J f k hJ G f d

/noukvo u;moJ& f f d d

;fiscYwaYwa ;fimuMafpzj ;mrouEfudy;gc ;uBfnrme fnoo&Hcuwt G G f dI k D l f kd /nomvfum&a kvokq;fiscusc;moJ& Ydom&ea hnofpzj;fict f d d f k f /no;mo;yja;fimra ;DyNdruwfi0 uf,ufikqfmwafmra dkuo;luwzj;frv f G f kd d l f

;lbear umny /614

gyYvmyja urm&q kd

/no;ra ku,i;mo ;mo;ew,wk' uofyvrat [ f d f f d l k k Jvmw;mxfyu

wYvfisco /514 Jh dk d

/nouvmyjafmta izjmGpnS&rwdp u;Dro;Ksdrt [ f f kd hf f f k /nomyjafi0 u;msfum,a [ f k gymwfrvfimAja d ;bgyfw[r l k

/no;ra ur;fedr u;uBo;m&w f D l

/noea;qafpp fiw;Hk½;m&w kuIrkv;fi&mu ;m,rfiv f G d d S G

;msfum,a w;nePÓwSr /414 Jh f f f

" "

;mvow[ ?,w;mxq Ykv,wudk&;gy u;msfum,a;msAfic u;msAfic f k f kd d f f kd

"

;mvYkvfiscvfyx fuscfpwfumea ?;rp;mxwdy kufyp;gy fhiS& d dk f f d

"

YJefmua kukHyfwm"zaza Ykvfpzjmb mSr;kHzt fyktmpDyfmua ?;moh[ d d J

"

Ydvmwfuvfiscfirj umSEusr Y&Hnv w;yazja dkuwampfrdt YJ&;mo k dk kd f J l hJ G

" "

 

 

 

 

130 

 

"  " 

"

,ugyYb;ya fiGcuxfumQva;frv fewfesdct ?;DyN;Rua;firx fewfesdct f G kd h f G vmwvq dkumbfhiS& J kd kd

gyhfisukv;Gca /024 d

mw&uMuvmyja;mup JymSr:ya;frv f kd

uvmweawkz;lvmt G J f

Yv&rfedsct /914 kd

}gyfimtadrudwr kduweoa YJ&v;mcjw] - ;mofpp f k f l }vYvfpzjmb ] - fvdkAk' J kd },wgyfnuM ;kHqfi&t kuwgyHe YJ&weoa ] - ;mofpp f h d f f }vofyvp eaumb mSrm&wRcudw kduweoa] - fvdkAk' J k f f k f

fimta&mscoa /814

/nouvmyja f f kd

;iwtgyfumta mu;mGofyu ;met,ilv noDv,efmuamwöpr f dk f f f gctmoa;DyN 00tpu /nova,kdi fuvuy;ne;fr0 ;Hkvesdcfpw ö d f kd f f f lru,ilv ofpsc ;ekywdwww \;DeZofevf,u fmoaYko /no;mS&fix f l f f f d l G G d f ;fimuMafidE;fedx fikcfichuMhuM kduwdp /scausyr 0;kv m&tlrt k d kd H H f f H noDv,efmuamwöpr iwyscbot /no;mGoevf,u fno;DeZ f f f G GJ k f f G G moayvf,&,i \Dv,efmuamwöpr moapzjDyNi&;uB,G&tuot S G f f f f D f f

,w;oadS&uscfivfmQra /714 f f h

"

ugymSr;kHt, r;fedr gcfpwumeagi /,&v,u YJegyear;ne;fr0 G l f f l f kd f

"

fimtamuMfmsuaD&mefpw JYeo,b;fir mSrYS&a;gcwfi0frdt ?r;fedr [a l f H h

"

Yv&rfesdct Ybfi0 xfrto ?vag'feZuvtfuöpr ufrdt;ba kd kd J d l f

" " "

,u,wfiscpa;mxmbao kv;Gcaufrdt uhfimra ?&afpsct f G f d kd

 

 

 

131 

"  " 

"

/nomyja f

/no;mp;KuB e&fhiGz ku;gcw hfizju&u;Dp f d f d H f

uofpzjfiS&frdt fiwYS&a;fecfrdt /vfiscfidkcrumxacja ;kHvp;DOfpSE l G S f k hfimuMa;kdcewu&t /nouMmvfeyj rJy;lufpofpSE um,apSEGqawdr f f f S G f f f

;mvouvfpyfumoa /424 f kd

va,0;ne;ne uqhgi qkvD' f f f D dk d

u;bhmwafesur eqnsu mSrqhgi G l f f D

/fnomvwkx,u Sr;muM f f

hno;mxH&;ikd0 ;msrofe& u;mopp;mS&k½ ku;mofyw;Ls* moaea&m&P' f f l f d f

;bfikdE;yar ;muvt /324 l

Jyfimua hwsur;ot J kH

/,wukv;fiij Yv;bfidE;yar mwukv;sca fimxafpwGia mrqfeR* uYear f f d dk l k f d S D

JyvYkdwo vgi /224 dk l J

vaYearxy m[YeaD' mwfum&a frdtYdw ;GcaD' ?Jymweafisco vYkw g'Jt k d J d mea;bfudur v u;GcaD' f l k l

/no&ukvfirj ;fi¤ ufimuapw;DuB;Gca;fit gctmoafudkvfhiGz f f d kd f

ku;gcwfrdt /nomvnvt Ykofrdt;fisc,io \lo um,afpwwdwmsc d H f f d f l f f

,wfisco vYkw /124 f d J d

"

?;mvgyea;mS& fumvaodS&r YkvkqfeSr;fiscf,io ?fpp;isc,io mSrfwcakct d d l f f l

"

bfimuat wsur;Hot vgi ?,r&;mx;yawo iwKuBgi ku;fir ?[a J Jh k J f d f d d h

" " "

,wmscoa mwdkq,roagi YJem&fP'D' ?gyukvwofpy kuhgi ?feADt f f f d f d

"

" "

 

 

 

uofpzjfmzat [ l k

Jyu&u;Dp ug' /hgyamSruc fi&fiGz ku;fect YJeg' f f h d

"

;mvodrukvfpyfumoa gi kuhmoa ?;mvfw[ f d d k

 

132 

"   "  "  " 

/noekusJuYfeyj ;msrJufeSr /fnoukdvfpyGJc ufeSr ?;DyNfudkv,Gq f f G f kd l J ;rp;mofux;fiscusckct fimua[a f G G f h

ufix;mvku no;mro;kdZ gctkx /scaYG&ar Srm&ea nofyk&t Sr:yafeSr kd kd f d f ?;mvfw[ ?vahgyamwmv;fir qr;ferhgi ;DyN,;fimuafiGct ;kHwS&rgi k D d l h d

/no&firj f

kukHy \drdr fiw:yafeSr /nofuvfy& fiwYS&afeSr:ya;kHv,ku ;yNhfiz;gcw d G f kd G f d D G H /nomvfum&afeyj Yofrdt ;msfum,a moamvukufmwatfesdc&a f dk f d

,w;kqwdp;uB;mt /724 f d f D

,wfuv;fimyja ;fnvdkuwgyHe;mu f dk f

?;DyNwkopo;qa u;mu ;vnfpw zatYkw ?vamSrxfig'adk*;mu f f kd kH d J ;muD'Jt JvmSr,b f

/noea;muM fiw:ya;frv um,afpwwdwmsc f G G f f

fpo;mu /624

/nouvmyja f f kd ;figca ?,rgy;yafyn fmwafeRu ?gy;frpfikx ?msAgy;mTrt;oat ug' f h S d

/nouvmyja [ f f dk k ,w:yakHyeauku f f d

;fi&ux;frvfiyjfidq /noiyj;frvcja f G S k f f S

e&fuxSrfikq fhizjo&YJeu&t Srx;mrofynfiyq fmoaYko f G d f H S H d /nomvfi0 Ykofiqfynfiyq fhizjusc,G&n& fe&ySniyHq ;DOpw;uBv f d kd S H f f f f f f D l

feSrm&ea /524

"

;ne;nefesdc&a mw&hnuM;msAfic f,ryag' ?JymwmvYkbfynfiyq f f f h d S H

"

"   

 

um&qfynfiyHq [ S k

yjuhmwaeRu momwkq,wdS& mSr,b dk f d f f

" " "

yN&;Dppwfpo;mu ?zatYwgi D f kd

"

;frp;fromv waput ferusr YJ&,ifiv;fir ?r;fedr [a d G GJ S f f h

"

 

133 

 

"

 

/no;ya ;mtm&q;ecJcfwm" ku;fivky;q moagynyjt;fivky f f d D hf mwv;gi fum,afpwlv fuwtfe&;qafpp;ecGJcfwm" u;q D G f kd D

Jy;modrfix /034

fmeaf,wix ,rhmwapywKzjfyv tuvD' f f f f k kd l

?;b;oamvr uu;kdxJy;mp ?;DyN;mofeu fimwaq;Hko qfpsc;Dr ?;bfw[r l G G k H H l k ;mvHp;Hkx va" YJ&Ykw;msAfic hwfyv fic;mprmpt h d J k

/fno;ra kdueys* u;mS&k½ f

mufnuM uno;mofimva xt;qt /fnofeyjpsc kuqt,ww h kd f G d kH f d H d /nofeyj;mofimvadx;qt /noeyjukvfpsc kuqt,wk' f G kH f f f d d H d /no;mofimva xt;qt /fnoukvfpsc kuqfpwHqfpsc;Dr ufeys* f G d kH f d d H /nomvfi0 Ydkoikqfumoa;mp u,DAdq ;DOpSEGqawdrfeys* fiSE;mS&k½ f f d f k f f h

,w;kdp mSrfwKyjfyvt /924 f k

,r;Htukv;mpu;mo f k f d G

JymwhmwadS&r

r;fimscafpw;mo mSrq;mGzt ?,&;rjahgi ;bgyfidkE;mpr vfmoauKuB S G D f l J f d fi[;mvouKuBuvumsca ;mGz;mGz ?;mGz;mGz f d f

/fno;ra ku;mGzt u;rja d

;mxfikuPc /824 d

"

fmwafeRu ?fmea;mx;fro Pc kuwafuvumsca hmwafeRu ?fi&qkvD' d d G dk d

"

mua;kvfpSEmwoa hwgynyjt wa;uBfisu hw;mx;mo;msAfic H å J f G D J G

" "

" "

 

 

/fno;raYJG& um&q;fecGJcwm" [ f k

msA;mv;bgyr ;nwgyfpw l f

"

;nwgyfpw Yv;mx;ferYfeciwKuB mwkq,wfidE;rakvD' f dk S f d d f k d

"

134 
, hm&a /msA,wgymv, l f l

 

 

gy;yafi0fi&t q;uBr;fedr u;fec;ba ;DyNfimqafe[ hw;mSrfrdt Jyfi0rfi&t D D J

/nomyja uro;fim&at Srwu;mrgylp fumeaYkx /noscauGiaiosu f kd f d f dk hf no;Dro;Ksdrt o,0 fumea;yNfnuBw0;frp uk½w0;Gra;dko ew;kdzt f l f D h f dk H f f

Yvfiscyj /434 kd

JvyNuM;mxfumoa xtumva,b Ydkwo D d f f l

/no;ra ;mt,ilv omvumQvamvfyvt ufi&fikdyHk½;mpJGyfmsya [ f f l f k S k

;fisctfn&t /334

hgyahJcmvfeyj hmwa;DyN ?sca;mp;mo;firxfeyjfrdt qkvD'Jt G kd d ufw[ hJ k

/fno;yahfiGz u;gcw uficdr dk H

\fidvkuDe /nomvfum&a Ykofrdt fikvkuDe ;fisc,io \drdr nofeADt k d f d d d f l f

;mvofisc;mp /234

Ydvrya;&qa Ykb,0;qa w;uB;dkzfew ?;bfw[r k d f Jh D l k fi[;mvmSrhmwaoa fmwafeRu ?mwug'a f hmwaya;mxfiyj Ybfiqfi& u;q;qt kd dk kd Hk kd

;kq;qt /134 H kd

" " "

,wix,rfisc;mp;firx v;fir ?YGu,wea;mp;firx fivkuDe f f f J J f dk d

"

vr&umva,b fi&fumSrja YJe;gi ku -03 J f f d

"

rfiwrD' hmwa;DyN ?vo;mpmv mrfedsct,b /vo;mpmv YJewaYGzt,b D kd J S f J G J f

"

DyNfuvYfecfyvt ku;fir ?DyN& dk k d

"

u;ectYJ&rfeRu fum&afrdt /gyYkdymv kufrdtYJ&rfeRu ku;uBkH½w0;GEatD' kd f d d D f

" " "

 

 

 

135 

  "  " 

  " 

 

 

"

hfiEnofum&a :ya;mu /fnoJhcfiw:ca fpzjtKuB;frv mufy&;mu S f H fiSEno;meo ;nvfmoao kunoSd&va;msr;mup ;msrDpyfps* /no&Ywa h f f d d f h f G kunoeayjuv ;DOfpwrDpyps* fiw;frv /nomvfeyj;fimra;mu d f f f G f Ykoupfmra rYKdrN )u&*fieDv( wbpmwDyYfedp nofeADt d kd S f f f

v;oaJcfev;Lsu waIrfpyjmb fumea ;firfimra] - ;uBo;m&w J h G G D l ,wgyvfmza dkumwkq,whJc,u fmwafeRu kuuotYo f kd d f f d f l - Hc;m&w u;fewfpe&a ;DeZYJ&;uBo;m&w ufpSEr ?;msAic;fir;uBo;m&w k D l f D l

/nofpzjiw;½;m&w f f G kH

;mvgynuM;mQr;gi fh

mwfikdEfpzjr

?,w;b;muM Jygcfpw D' mwqf,wuw ;feEfekc;oa Yv;mQr;gi f l kd f I G kd f,wix,rfpzj hfimuMamw;mQr;gi f f ,wea;w;feIEfec;oaYJ&;msAfic f dk k G

/nomyja ufe0m&q [ f k

,w;kw;eIEfekc;oa /634 f d f G

[aYkv;kdp mSr;fidcl,melreHp h d k

msAfic;mvfw[r ;bgyrfydo v;mpu;fimva k l J

iyjthwumoaru&t ?umoarfyv;qa fmwafeRu ;fikwthwo;DO f J f f f d d J d

,w;kdp mSr;fikdcl,wt /534 f k

"

?msAfic JvmwKyjrfiGcfyxuv hfimuMamb JYefmwafeRu ku;DroYJ&;DO h f d

"

;Hkvesdcfpw ur;fedr uhgi Ybea;fiwthfi&fimra ;DyN;kx;KSnuv kdufi&fimra f kd kd kd d d f h

"

Srm&ea w;mxiywdy Yv }&;mQrr;gi] fikdw,dkumwug'a Jh f f dk f f

" "

"

 "

 

 

 

136 
/nomyja urDpyfps* f

;bfeSrr /834 l

Irfpyj /734

uJyq;va;oa;oa G dk

/nomyjauq ufeADt fhizjYko /nofey;fimwa um,D&mr [ f f d f k mu;bhmwamyjar gi u;fir hmwau;m&wfeSrt ,ww G l dk dk d

YJe;mxr YJefiifiiwYfeq kduv ?fmwagymyja mouq YJepuvmyja l f f

/fnofeyjmyjaHcfumxa

;fimuMafeSr ;nvgctmoayjmyja u;m&wfeSrt ,wk' /fnoHcfumxa f kd d k[,wfeSr um,D& r gctmoayjmyja u;m&wfeSrtrxy /noyjmyja f m dk f ;mtm,D&mr u;fimuMat rDpyfps* moaJcYwa fiw;frv nofeADt kd h G G f /fno;yaYJSi fe&umoau&tikd0 fiw;fi0;firx /no;yafiyj fe&;mp f f f G kd f mpnvYea ;yNkqKuB um,D&mr no;DeZ /nomvfum&afeyj Ykofrdt feADt f D d d f f d mwmyja umwfirj rfeRu hmwaurfeRu ?eaisc,r k,fisck, ?JymbaofhiS& kd f kH H H mu;bfiE,r ?;bfikdEfpzjr hmwag' [a G l kd kH l h

woea;myjfumza YefikvkuDe hJ J d d

;uBKdsyv ufrdt;ba m,D&mr r;ferfhiS& hmwau;m&wfeSrt ,ww D l d d Jy;mofeSr vg' ;ta J

w;lbwd&r Srhmwa,b hJ f f

kuwdqwkrfh,u m[;Ksdrt wkdqwq hmwaukcfpw;m&wfeSrtfumea d f f dk hJ f d Jy;mofeSr ?;ta

w;b;yar hmwaufwm";GEat hJ l dk

/noukvKyjhfiGc [ f d k nofeADt f

moafudkvugyambao [fw[rnrea rpyfps* fi&&myjarkckcfpw f k k f D pa&gymyja hmwa;fimuMatc;ko;m&wfeSrt k H f,ryag' ?fmwa;bgyfnuMr ;nvi&fiscpahnuMr h l h f f f

JymSr&ogi d

mSrfimea ;nvkufw*met ?;mo;DyNogi u;fimuMatfwwt ?iSEhnuMr f d d kd d hf f ,r;yanuMfi'Aa uhfiS& fiSEeathwfiw;Z;sua f hf kd h J l

"

yjmyja ;fiku d

"

/,w;ya moufim&a;fivt m[;firv u;m&wfeSrt rxy f kd

"

m[ } ] YJ&fidkvuDe ;uBKdsyv ;fisc;DefrtYkd' hmwau;m&wfeSrt ,ww dk D l d d

" " " " " " " " " " " "

 

 

 

" "  "  "  "  "    " 

137 
fiS&DyN;mSr rDpyfps* hmwag'Jt h

/,wiscq, Ykvf,wgywambaowYsJc;uBkHy ;DyNyuxmwkv f f l d G hJ D kd f d /fnoyjmyja u;uB;dztfeyjfpp D k

moaJc;frxIrt fiwfyw;firjfu,Akq u;fiwtfppmÇru,wk' h G D d G d

m®rv;firj /244 d

hJc, ufusccfumxa YJ&;OfpSE ofw[r fi0wgy l kd H D l k D vr&fyvmb i&fiscfux uwgy J k f G D

fi&fiscfux uwgy /144 G D

/nouvmyja [ f f kd k ;yN;mwuv ;fiscusc ufunZu&b gctkx D f f f d

/nomnuMa ;imuMa;frofyk½ uy;fiv;fiS∓iwo uwthwhmwadS&r f f d kd JG f f G J m&p;r gctmoahmwa;rar rlonr /fno;ra kuYkwumxa;fiwo [ a S f d d f k uofyv;LSr;met;frct fiGw;kqfumea /no;muMzja l k H f ;mvo;oagydS& wa;feGc;ra G

runZu&b ku;fisckcfpw;feGc;ra /nofpzj iGwJy;fiv;fi∓fiwo S f f d f f G S \unZu&b;LSr;&a;fiwt Gxaxat wgyfpeLrjfeuu,DAkq f f G G D G f d

,w;oafisczja /044 f
;mvYkv;mvfum&a fpot;LSr;i&fyw mSrqYkw;fir ?Jvmb d f D d

Jy;KsdrfpwYeafpw ;nvuwaYfedrt /,w&ea;mS&fyKv f G f S

YJeusc;fru;np ?YJesutwtfesdct /,w&eaHc,scfyKsc ;mo;mo m&ea,b f f d f f G G f /nouMeamyja;mup um,afpSEfmbaJ& f f

;LSr;&ayuM;uB /934 f D

"

?;bhmwadS&r mwdkqrfyvwv mSr0b ?DyNeafpnwdp kufmwat hmwagi l I f G f d

"

f,w;oafesu kcfpSEzjat mSrDqfyKsu /vmSr&;rdoyk½ Ykvfpzjmb J f f d

"

m[wa;mupmyja ;fimuMatkHymrdv wa;firj hmwa,uwfeSrt G ® G f

" "

"

"

 

 

138 

 

 

"  "    "    " 

va,wuvmyja fmta;frSvo Ykv };q;fiscoa] YJemwo f f kd l d kd d

/no;rauvSr;met [ f l k

/fnouv& ;mrjtumrjat Giaq f dk f k

fhizjofi0;fey rxy ;kq;fiscoa /nofuv;fimvamtakHy íeaSrfub;firj d f dk dS&nrt };kq;fiscoa] mu;mo YkoGJyfiKyN;firj ulopzj;msfum,a f d G d d f

;q;fiscoa /444 kd

GumweakvGia gi mSrYeaeap wytkct ?;bfpzjrhmwag' m[ d f l gymSrYea;wayomuM wytf,rmv f h JvmSrfiGzDx hmwa,b h f ,wgyfw[ f k

;mvfw[ ? k

/fno;ra u;DOfpwlv kduo;fim&a wSruvx l f f D

,wfiscvkct /344 f kd

umwmv:ca kufe0m&q femäp&w G d d

YJ&;uB;DO hgyamwfiv:ya D G

,wmv:ca kufe0m&q hmwa;DyN ?,w;mofux f d f G G

um&dS&YJGzfyw;qa YeJygyrfyKsu m[;irjY&fyKsu /,w;mGomrjahra kd J f J f ;yNS&&m&P'fyKsu Yeafpw /,ryjmyja ukcpwfy&fpzjYGwa,ku D d f f kd f f d

"

mwkq,wm®rdv fewrfit m[Gwa;firj fhizj;mt;ficjnuM ug' d f hf kd

"

?vYkvfix ,wmv:ca kuYo,b fimuaD' ?vaYJemyjar vpfi&t kvD' J d f d l f kd d

"

hgya,wfidkEugya;feofpwmv:'a i&;kdxgi kduxkct &tmijfmuMafi&hfimra f f d f D

"

sAvoofyvkv,b;msAfic mwkq,rfikdE ;firjD' J d k d f d f

"

mwdkq,r;moGJy;firj fuxtufrdt ?sAmwuv;ya wdrde ur;fedrfyKsu f G G f kd f

" " " "

 

 

139 

 

"

;blwrmbao uo Jvfmoafiscpafpzj &ao Sry,ww Jt l l GJ d

?;b&rfikdEt fyKsu :yatYo mSrGJy,wk' ?;b;H½r vuuzpw kuGJyrxy l l d l I l f f d ;mvDyNfeyj;IH½ f,ufet ?Jvdkv,b f

/no;ra Ykdoþ ;DyNmvfum&a;met f

};DOfpwofeo;mpnsut] iwþ /no;HI½ ukdwuqJy;ko l f f G f f f G H fiwm&;mpu fiSE;Ofpw;mro;mpu fi&wfpp ;uBfnrme Yeafpw /nodS& G h D k D f hva;vafe0 fe&Hcfe0 ;fimuMa;IH½ drdr ;nvfmoavfisu;frRur fiwm&;mpu f S G /nouopSEuKuB fevt ku;ne;mpu fi&wfpp no;DOpw;uBv f f f f d G d f k f f D l

ouwHcrfe0 /844 l f
Ykvhmwa;fimvar GJy;firj ?;bfw[r d l k

;mvYvfikdE Jy;firj /Jvmb ?;mvgyYveafpzj kd G kd

imuMag' /744 hf

va,w;ro ur;fedr f f d

ku;v;mt GiawfikdE hmwafi&fikdE Jt /,w&Hc dkuqtY&r;fedr fi&;I½Jz o d kH Jh f l J H l vYkvfpzjmb J d

YJe;mpurJz fi&dS&r;fedr /644

,w;mxq;fimwa Yb;yafiofi&t f kd dk

;nefrvJz kuGwafi0;fiotesu ?;b;oa&fwxr eaufpzjtfi0;fiot f d d f l k ;mvwk[r ,wudkvpyfwx;iscusc eaufyvu dkuvD'Jt f f f f k f f l

/noyjmyja kukcfpw;fiwo ;mt;DOpwfi0;fiot u|uO f d f ú

\kcfpwfyvu hnoHcuv pzjtfi0;fiot moku;msrv dS&&aoPk* f f f d l f

,r&l,mny /544 f

" " "

sA,wdr;frz yuMuv;lyuv kduum,apwlv Jhwudk&frvJz uYear f f f f f f f d

" " "

;bhfio;mpur 0;kHvJz m[lv JhwS&r;fedr l d

"

;Grafpw;Goafpw ;msAfic Jefimyjafimyjafumwafumwa ;mptw0t Y f

" "

"

 

 

  " 

140 

 

"

w;ne;kdzfew yvD' vYdkwyKsu ?msAYegy;frpfu,fimSEar kuhfimuaD' Jh f J kd J f J S d DyNeauIdE fimuakd[ ug0y uxfimxawdt ;msAfic ?lv[a f dk J f h

/no;yawo f d

;va;w;kw uGqawdr \drdr u;|ao;mcjt moafirj kunoþ dk d kd f l d f /nomv,q ;nzj;nzjw kug0y;kdy Srxwdt \;Ofpw ;|alo,uM;feo f l GJ f f d J f D f G u;mroudIEukdy;gc mu,;fimuahfiGct kdunoeafyuMfyowGyj f f l f d f ;msrno;D&c /nouMmv;Dp ku;mx&umtarja um,afpSE ;|alo,uB;feo f f d f f f G

gy;frp mp;fisc,ku /054 f d

vaem| hJwfwx:za kduwa;|ao kdcfimSra k G l

msAfic Jvem|mb uem| YkwGqawdr ?;Htgyea d f k

,rhpa&& ?uvmyja mo;mpt;Ksdrt hwfisckv ?YJeearme;mt uYwfyKsu f f kd J d kd dk msA;b;oauwmyjar hmwa,qmvamva l f f ;mv;bfiscf,0r sHyfOm,va ?;msAfic l

/no;ra ;DyN:cawdz ;mt;fi¤ ufikw,ku em| gyqt DrmuMr ;msrfumea f f d f d kd /no;momo;fr0 ;nv;xt /no;mGofpzj fimtaumvaikdE,r f G f l f f f kH no;fi¤ hfizjo& luu,Gv,v umwisckv Ykouþ f l f f G kd f d d hJ gy;mol, ;nwgcfpw gy;mu fi&;DyNsca ?gyuvscaGia qkvD' G f f kd dk d ,wgyfw[ f k

/nofeyj;ra mu:cawdz f f

;mt;fi¤ fiyuem|fic, DrmuMr /fnofeyjfnxmijfmuMa };fimuMadkv,0 h f ;Dpfpwfpot;mufmwafmra ] fnovdkx umea;DyN&fpot;fecfrdt l f gyea;fimyja dkupo;fect ;DyNscaGia kct fi&qkvD'Jt f kd d ,wgyfw[ f k

/fno;ra ;fiwtgyfumta ;DyN:cafwdz ukcfpwem| ;mt;fi¤ kd /nofpzj fiwHiikdE;mS&k½ f G f

DrmuMr /nomijfmuMa Jxmp;fiwo };fimuMakv,0 ;fecfrdt] um,afpwv f d f f l

f,r& mwfisckv /944 d

" " "

;mvmwnx ;msAfic ?mijfmuMa hwkv,0;fecfrdt hf J d f

" " "

mwiscv;Dpfpw;mu ;mv;msAfic f kd

" "

" " " " "

 

 

"

141 
mpO Jymw&hJcp YJeGwa;fnöpy ö

"    "  "   

fmwahgyam&aGJpfyGp

f,wfix;DyN;mGo, l

,r&fpzj Jyuscuv YJ&;mo /354 f f f
gymw;mx;fidkcnuM fh

Pc kduwa;mptw0tYlo ;wea;Ksdc;iq&ao uruuM G f kH f l f Jvmwfykvmb uwa;GrafuuMD' fi&hfizjg' G

msA;bgyH0;dkcr ku;fnpy;msro Sr hmwa,b fmwafeRu l dk ö l f

/noukvfpyhfiv f f d T

Ydkoxfikdt&a S&;met kuuuM ;DyNYfezjYfev u&wwk½ no;kdcouuM J d d f f f f l f /no;mofirj u;moJ& moamvumQvawzj ku;fi¤ /fnowIE u;msr;Grat f G f f d f dk fiGwm&ea moawyjv mu;kdc kuimuafpwfuuM moa;mx;Gra Srrdtfpwfrdt f l d f f noum,apw,iv hJreatcjat /nofpzj fiwYKdrNpw ;vauYKdrNmwa f f f f l f G f

;dkclouuM /254 f
sAfic mrfyesua ;DyNkq;b;mSrr mwfixo S d l l

fi&&firj u;kdcoh,uwkct /,w&hJcszfimsza ;ewJrjt ?;DyNqf,&r;fedr dk l f f f kd gy;frpfydt momSrfydt ?;bdS&r Sr;dclomb ufmwafeRu /,wcfixo l k f hJ l ;nscYkv,wfi0;dkclo x;fecfydt ;fidwn;fikwn ;v;HkvpSE,q f d f J k d kH f f /nomyja f /,r;yauqwdr YJer;fedr hmwafeRu u;msAfic /gyhJcukvPc YJehmwafeRu f f f kd f d

momoKsdcKdsc ;iwtgyfumta ;mt;co fnofeR* /nodrfyuMfuv;lyuv f kd dk l f f ku;kdco moa;kdcmv x;fecfrdt \drdr fmwarfesdctn nofeR* d l J f

,wfiscpafyesua /154 f

" " " "

,wfirjgi mwkq,w;kdc kuuuM Jykct;fir ?YJeYT&ar um&ea [a f d f d f h

"

;va,i;mo uHqukdy uxfimxawdt hfimra ?&aD&ra f dk f J f

"

kurfeRu fi&JpfyGp hJrGJpfyGp ?Jvmw&JpfyGp kdu;vau Ykvfpzjmb vufiS& d G G d J

"

fmsuafmsuau0fpw uqukdy ?u;bfidEfpzjr;fir uöpukct f H f G l k d

"

 

"

 

 

142 
f,w;oaeafesu

/no;yawo Yoþ kufuscfpwusct f d dk d f

umeano;DyN;muMmyja ,fesdct ku;msr;fimuMa;fimua \;fimva;moYkwo f fh l d d uf,ofimta /nofyphpafum&amv uf,ofimta fe&;mp;ya G f G hfiE,iv&YGb SrmG&uzpw ku;Dro moa;fnw;DOfpw \;|alomwa S f l J f f d

usc;fi,YKdsc /654 f G

va,weahfisuva wIrt uy;fr&x fyKsu f h f f

;vnfpw ?;bgyfpzjfydtrfyKsu Jvxr YJew Ykwlo fi&&myja;fiwtfeSrt kH l k l d kd msAfic,wgy;mp;fisc,ku ?hgya;b&r Yvfydt ;kvnfpw ?;msAfic f f d l dk H

,weax YJew f l l

;bgyfydtr vkxr YJew /554 l J l

/nozja Ykoþ u;mrowo;Dr ;DyN;mp;fOp,i;net f d f f f

/no;ra um&q;fewfio u;mrowo;Dr moafiwmvmvfumQva f kd f T fe&uw;fewfio /nofpzj fiw;fimsuaiomnywD* f f G f

usc;me;mcj /454 f

"

vo;mcjmu mb ;m&m´Ep YJem&aw J G

"

,wgyfimvamuMmuM ;DyNkdy uxm&aw m[;m&m´Ep f f

"

uH&He ;vnfpw ?;bdor ;kq;euuvt m[;fisc;Defrdt u;fecuzfpw kd Hk l d f f kd f

" " "

,w&usc;fi,YKdsc ykcfpw ;vamwuwfpx mSrqh,ivD' f dS f G J f D f l

" "

 

"  "

143 
gySrgct wmyja;mup ?;bgyfw[r hJ l k ;mvmwuwfpx ;fewJrjt ?Jvmb f

 

  " 

"  "   

i&fux;mu ?va,rukvnsc YJe;KduB kuYo mSrgyfeb ufumeaYJ&;mu f G f f d f d l vrfyvkv,b ku;mGE J k d f d

/no;mw u;muDpuw u;uB;mGzt moamvq kufimuafpwr;mGE f kd ú D JG d

,Dyfesc;0amw /954 H
/nouvmta;frv ;frscrsuar u }fimyjayx;DO] ofpzjzat [ f f kd f S f d l k [aDyNeafpzj h dvr&;mo ;w;Hkv,ku gi fi&q;idwt Jwmyjakct Ykw;fir ?[a k G D f d kd f k h d h iS&,rfw0 fim&adc;Dr hmwaufyKsu hf f k

/nomyja uofyvrat f l k /nomyja u;mo f

/nomyja u;Dro f

/nouMukvlwmbao fe&w0 kuw0t moauzuv fiSEfim&atfiyq f f d f d f f f kd h H umea;DyNuM;GEa;GqakHc;fiij muMfmwat kunodq ;nenr&fw0mb f d f k f f ;mptw0t /nouMeafiyfiw kp;modr fe&;mo GJyHcn{mvF*r f f kd G fh

fw0tmSrv /854 l

sA mSr;mGomouo f

;msAfic fi&qg'Jt ?Yvr;yaHuMt Yvgyukdvwzjfydv;qa ;fiscusc kd kd dk f f f ufyKsu fi&qoumoayv;qa m[;msAfic moí,ut ?Jym&p;ne;fr0 kd l f f d f f sAfic;buwfumoar l f

/no;ra umev ufe0m&q f kd l

,wfuchmwafumoar /754 f

" " "

;mvofumoafyv;qa ;msAfic d

"

,rw0 fim&aJrt rfeRu f f

"

,rfw0 fim&aKnt hmwaufmwafeRu f d

" " " "

"

"

  " 

 

 

"  "  " 

 

 

"

144 
,rhfrvgymvfuv uumeao f d dk f l ,&;mo gydumG&ubd[ f k f k vYkvr;mGo,b ;mGzt J d f

   

Ydkvix,w;mofumsyasu mSr;rv Gwaqukdy ufyKsu ?hgyamw;oafmwa f f G f H f f,wJcfpyfumoa h

;mvocfpyumoau&t ;kvkcfpwmpv w& hJ f f H hJ ,whJcfum&a f

/fno;ra kduiS&fidkyfikq mumvfi0 um,afpwv Yo;iwt;mb f d f l kd f G

hgyamw;oafmwa /264

mpO Jymwf,0 uwt;va;DO weaf,udpusr ?gy;yamomwuKuB ö f G hJ G f f d ;mvrl,Knt ?;mvr,Lzjt Yfekrfigya d l gy;ya;kHvfpwYfekrfigya

/nomvfi0 xfikqYfekrfigya ;DOfpw,iv f J d f l

;yamwuKuB /164 f d

,w&fudkvwzgi mrJxmp;iwo uYear Yvf,wdS&vaoa f f S f kd h

/nomyja uum,afpw /nouMeaumoafu&t ;DO;ko;mrou&t f f f f H f

fum,afpwmSrfum,a;va /064

YJGumwyjusct Ykdvruwfmsuao ku;muYJ&;mo f f l d

/fnouvnuM;frv f kd hf S

ufumea ?hfiqfpw SrfeSr;ba no;mroDpuw /Jqukv mGurfyscfyx -08 dk f ú f d kdvu /fp&fesur fumea r;mGE ?-06 kdvu /nomvukvusvyu hfiSE;mu D D f f d f f nor;mGE /nomvfum&a xt -04 mwDrkdvu /fnouxp u;mu f f d D f G

" "

;mvgyeafykv ukvwdy ukdvfhiGz u;vfusrub,b YJ&r;mGE ?;mGzt f d f f kH f f

"

um,afpw mSrfum,a;vau&t ?;bhmwaumoargi ?muDyNfmwa f f l f G

"

möpO Jyxum,a;ko uYkw ?muafe&fevfr&;kdpt vu;fir J f H d G d J

" " " " "

;mvhJcfum&a kuD' uYear fmwafeRu d

" " "

 

145 

 

"  "  "  "    "  "   

"

ku;lze \;uB;mGzt u;uB;kdzt gcfpwþ /no;momuMYfec -02 fpedr d D D f G Ykv&wo mwJhcusz kun&Ksdyt YJ&rfeRu fikS& d d f d f uJvmw&ugca Ykvfpzjmb [a G f d h

/fnougca izj;feGZ u;lze \;uB;kdzt f hf kd D

u&wwk½ u;uB;mGzt /nouMeafumoa wKyjfeq ;DuB;mGzt iSE;uB;kdzt f f D f f hf D

fipKsdyt /664
,u;b&r Ywzat dump hw;&a;mo Ydz;yakdy fimxa;gi Hqukdy ..;mo f G l kd k J k Y f

/no;&amp f

uofyvzat rYKdrNfpw;vauYKdrNmwa x;mo moafpzjyNum&a,G&t l k S H D f f

mp w;mofumsya /564 Jh G
}mea,rhJcmv:ca kdunhgi] /;Ls* f f D },rhJcmv, mwoafpSE u&tfikd0 hmwaugi] /m,sD*fms*a f l å f },rhJcmvqmwoafpw fu&tmuhmAa gi] /;mS&k½ f JG å /nouMeafiyfikw f d e&y;fisu GJyfumoa;mpficean Yw;DO;o ;Ksrv;Ls* iSEm,sD*fms*a ?;mS&k½ f dk kH d l hf

kdyv /464 l

,r;kHt;mofix Ydkv,wuMeaumoau&t f G f f f

/nomyja Yoþ ur;LSr;&a;fiGwt Dr;mor /noiyj;frvcja f kd G f f S

fe&iGz;mo;gcw muw0fumuaferjt u;mptw0t no;LSr;&afyKscfykt hf G H f kd f f /no&;muM dkuougca;gcw Srfiyjt iGwesdctþ /nouMea;EnuM f H f H f f f l f fiw:yamzkq muwdy u;gcHw noYwr;LSr;&a;fiwt \;fi¤ G d f kd f dk G fiSE;LSr;&ayKscfyktkH½up /nopzjfesdceafmza nxtfimuat iSrjfedS&t h f f f f f hf ku;&auszfuw Ir;mpfumoa mpoafu&t iGwpfimxanyju,DAkq d f dk f k f f d /fpSEkc 6891

;bfikdEHcr ;mSrfixt /364 l

"

fum,afpEYkw muMfmwa ?eaJv ;iwtD' ?YJexr;fir S d S f kd

" "

"

 "

;mvYkdvfppKsdyt m&au;fir /nougca f f

 

146 
fizj;eGZ h f

 

  "    " 

"

kufeSrtuot hfiEno&Ywa kunoearvYfeGw HSEtm&ea ;msr;myjt&at d f S f G d f f d mEusr gctmoaukdvnuM fyu;Det u;DeZ \drdr ífum&afrdt S f f fh dk /noukvfyxuv u;uBr;fedr o;uBuot uxdrdr fum,afpw,G&v f f d f dk D l D f f f f l

YvYJewzj;qr Srhmwa,b Yefirjt;ebfiyjt kduum,afpwv dk f kH f J f f l /;mvugymw,wuc&q&myja kdufewrfit wa,ivfwcakc f f kd G f l iS&,w:ca Yv;uBru0 kurfeRu u;mofhiS& ?ky:'a hf f dk D f d

,wfuckufuc wa,ivfwca /964 f d G f l

gyYv&rGJc0a dxkc mwq;mvGwawgyHe kd kd f

;ekzv,w ?;mv;feIE;spa m[Gwa;feP* w;mxsc mSrYS&a Gwa;fnöpy f D f Jh

hfiSEnoYwa uro;fim&at dkunofpzj JqnuM f G f fh

JvmuMD&mefpSE ?;DyNr JvmuMD&mefpw /fnonuMukdpwk½* ku;msr;fnöpy fh f d moa;mxfiw:yafiq mumvfi0 x;uBfiq;dwp um,afpwv dk J D dk k f l

;b&rGJc0a /864 l

YkvdS&rm&p;frtfeyj d

mrqYo mwuv;ya few;fimoafpw Gia dkuo;fim&a wSruv S D l f kd l f f uJvmw&;Dp fekueapw Ykvugya;luwdpmb G f d f f mGugyYkvJc;Dp w[&;msc fekueafpw d h f

gyfw[rYvfisc;Dp /764 k kd

" " " "

;mvgyeafpzj ;uBfm&aLzjwzLzj mw&hnuM dkumSEusr;fir ?Defms*a [a D f f f h

" "

 

 

/nouv;ra [ f f kd k

Jvmw&eanuM muMmuMumvaD' Ykvfpzjmb fiS& hf f d

" "

147 
feSruot /074 f
;lb&r vmyjafruBfruBt J d d

  "  "   

  " 

;bgydS&r mSrqYkwfmwafeRu l D d

;qaf,umu hwfikdEfeyjYHkw u;qa;oauuM ?,wgy;ne;fr0 G J dk f G f f hwoiscuMfykv dku,u,ku ?;DyN;mp;qafwouuM ur;fedr hmwafeRu J f H f kd hf d f G kd

/fnomvfi0

;mvt;yjat Yofiq;qa um,afpw;mo;Ksdrt moaea;mS&fyvwdp T kd dk f I f

;qawofuuM /274 f G

;frpfyuM;uB fi&fimra fimtawdy ;DrfppyQv mSrkpfyw D f f

mSrdww D&me )11( n ?,ruv;ya kukcfpwfe0mw hwfpzjGxanmsvaukv d f f dk d J D f d YJemny hw;mxuw fuwthfi&fimra ?Jyfmwat kqkvD' J f G d d ,wgyfw[ f k

kqf,whJcyv ;fir;fikv d f k d

/noukv:ca kuum,afpw;moyw u;LSrwdpfyw f f d d f f f

feSrm&eafeSrv /174 l
/fnouvfmta;frSv [ f kd k ;b;z;muMr Srgcpw Ykvf,wuw;mpuuM l l f d f f G u;mq /mweaea DyNdS&fpSE )16( mrnyjYv ?hmwaYJemyjar ;mupm&p,& kd S f l f

u;uBr;fedr iwþ /nouvmyja D f G f f kd

[ },rfuv;mxwdy fimtakv YJew0t fimtafidE;mpr GwauGuM ku;Hy;mq] k f dk f H f k f d k ;mtfno;DeZ ;yNfumQva fub;gcw ?mu, kukcfpwpfw0t no,G&v D H l d f f l hfiSEno&r zjat ;kqfumea /nozjauq sur fiwr mo[;mvfpSE f H f f k )14( ;mv )04( u;uBr;fedr ;nvfmoa;yawo u;msfum,a [ D f d k /nozja mo[ Jy;mvfpSE )14( ;mv )04( /rwSrr usutwtuot f k d f kd d f uno;DeZ /noszhfimzja;Ksdrt;Ksdrt ;mtofpzj;DeZ fe&myja f f l ;mvgy;mx;&a YkvfpSE )73( mSrfyKscmpfyxuv d f

"

mrem|fppfyQv ,eYKdrj uficfum&ar xfywfi&fimra ?feADt ;mofyw S f J

"

mo;qawouuM ?;bfw[r fuwt;qa,Gumu ?mwmvfyKsu f f G l k G f

" "

" "

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148 
gy;frp;fim&aferjferj

 

"   

gymw;&aukv mokufnrme YJ&owmyjaom[ ufmwafeRu f d d l hJ sAvo;&aukv fimtaDr ;DyNfyvkdv,b ;msAfic J f d k f

muhnuMhfizj;kHvusr moa;Lsu;DscoMhHt ;mt;fi¤ uloeafix fiw;me;ba f f kd G uum,afpw fiwþ f G

/noeanlq fizjomra,& ;kv;fecfpw f H h H f H /nouMmyja ;msrom[ ;&aHifikdE fesur;DOpw fiwkcfpwGJyfumoa;mp YJz;fikd0 f f G G

;bfpzjr Yvhra /574 l kd

va,wea;xa YJe;Gwaw u;msfum,a f G H

dkueu;eyKdsc;fi[ ;fiw;Degc;mp mpnvYea kct ?va;bfw[r f f kd f l k Ydkvyv;feqt;xt ;msrg' f k l

hwozja J

u;varfimua Ykv }gyfimta&o lyrly ly;Dr] ?hmwa;rauo YkvJvmwfyvkvD' d d l d k d Yvfpzjmb ?hwowao umwea;Gxa;Gwaw urHcpat uly;Dr uYeafpw kd J G l kd H dk Jvmwkvkq umb , d d kd l

/noeanwfidkw u;DOfpw r;isc,io \drdr uD&ra f f dk f f l

o;mSr;kdcwt /474 l k
h wYkdvukv;ya;fiwo J f d uum,afpwHkpfpw u;fimuMaJhcuw YJe;muvafwm" kuukwfyxumcja f kd f S d f d f vYkvfpzjmb ?;bdr;muMr J d l

;mvy;DyN;muM

uwimwafisvcja /374 f f

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ku;fiwo hwfuvfpyfwx eau;iotuwfimwa fisvcja kduus* ?[a d J dk k f f f h

" " "

DyNeafpzj fimwavkvr;l½ ;msum,afikdt hfimuMaHcpat ufrdtYkw kd d f h d

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149 

 

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150 

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151 
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152 

 

 

 

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153 

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154 

 

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uHky;msAfic ?fimwamwugya ;mufmwafmra lv[a f h

 

155 

 

 

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fimta&fixr;fedr Ydkv,whJcfikdE fmwafeRu ?msA,wgyv;uB;Z;sua f f S D l

156 

 

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157 
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158 
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fimta&f,v /705 G

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fi[;mvJyfeSrt mwkq,wuo;fiq ufumsra m[v rara d f f l

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159 
,rf,v mw&wRc usut f G f dk Ð

 

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fi&fisc;fimyjarm&ea /115

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moaeafidkx o;fim&awSruv /nomvuGx um,afpw,G&v SrkH½fiS&fyk½ l f f f f f f l

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160 
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162 

 

 

 

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  Little Land 

  Little Land 

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   Little Land 

165 

"  "  "   

"  "

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