INFORMATION BOOKLET

(Telugu M. Phil. Dissertations and
Ph.D. Theses. 1978 – 2011)
For the circulation among Faculty and
Researchers only
Editor
Prof. N.S. Raju
Head, Department of Telugu
ISBN 978-81-909639-1-6
May, 2012
Copies: 500
Published by
Department of Telugu
School of Humanities
University of Hyderabad
Prof. C.R. Rao Road.,
HYDERABAD - 500 046
University Website: http://www.uohyd.ernet.in/
Department of Telugu Blog: http://uohydtelugu.blogspot.in/
Printed at:
Om Sai Graphics, Hyderabad. A.P.
Ph : 040 - 27564141
May 9, 2012.
Dear Prof. Raju,
I am happy to note that the Department of Telugu is bringing out an
Information Booklet containing lists of M.Phil. dissertations and Ph.D. the-
ses produced from 1978 to 2011. It has academic information like the details
of courses, syllabi, national seminars held so far, tenure of previous Heads
inculding the retired faculty. I hope that this booklet gives a complete picture
about the growth of the Department and I have no doubt that this will be a
historical document of value.
I congratulate you for the efforts in bringing out this booklet which will
be useful to the students and researchers who pursue studies in Telugu.
With warm regards,
Yours sincerely,
Prof. N.S. Raju
Head of the Department
Department of Telugu
University of Hyderabad.
Prof. Ramakrishna Ramaswamy
FNA. FASc. FTWAS
Vice-Chancellor
Dr. Mohan G. Ramanan May 8, 2012
Professor of English & Dean,
School of Humanities
It is with immense pleasure that I welcome the publication
of this small information booklet brought out by the Department
of Telugu, School of Humanities. For a long time it has been a
felt need, particularly, in the field of Indian Languages for
systematic Handbooks, Bibliographies and Abstracts to be
published. Many years ago, Prof. S. Nagarajan initiated this
process in the Telugu department. Then the Department of Telugu
brought out ‘Alokana’ a year-wise compilation of articles on Telugu
literature by different scholars in the country under the editorship
of Professor G.V.Subrahmanyam. Now the department has
brought out this booklet of M.Phil./Ph.D. dissertations done in
the Department of Telugu since 1978 when the first research
scholar was admitted into this department. This was a task earlier
attempted by Prof. R. Srihari, former Head, Telugu
Department.This booklet has information on the Department of
Telugu which is one of the oldest departments in our University,
having been established in 1985 after its earlier avatar as part of
the Centre for Regional Studies in the School of Social Sciences.
It also gives information on academic programmes of the
department, lists seminars organized and gives a directory of
the Heads of the Department and the former and current faculty.
Such a publication, I believe, will go a long way in giving visibility
to the work of the department. I commend it as an activity which
other departments in the School should take up. This information
Booklet will be a reference book for prospective research
scholars. I congratulate the Department of Telugu for its initiative.
Mohan G. Ramanan
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CONTENTS
Introduction 7
Former Faculty 10
National Seminars held so for 11
Heads List 12
Programmes 13
Syllabus 16
Present Faculty 55
Non-Teaching 67
M.hil., Details 68
Ph.D. Details 101
7
Introduction:
The Department of Telugu in the School of Humanities,
one of the oldest departments of our University, has been
established in 1985 separating the subject Telugu from the
Centre of Regional Studies, School of Social Sciences.
Telugu as a subject was there in Centre of Regional studies
since 1978, starting with Ph.D. programme and then M.A.
was started in 1979. The M.phil. was started in 1980 and
very recently in 2006 integrated M.A. was introduced.
The main objective of the Department of Telugu is to
promote studies in Telugu Language and Literature. The
Department undertakes teaching and research in Telugu with
emphasis on various aspects of his torical and comparative
studies in language and literature. The syllabus for various
courses is drawn keeping in view of the changing needs of
the society in relation to language use, and the role of literature
in the society. An equal importance is also given for studies
in Classical literature and Sanskrit, along with interdisciplinary
approach.
The Department has so far produced 111 Ph.Ds. and
388 M.Phils., apart from a large number of M.As. Our
Department is rich in terms of rare specializations at M.A.
level like Aesthetics, Paninian Studies, Prakrit language,
Epigraphy and Manuscriptology, Computing Telugu and
Machine Translation, which are rarely, available in other
University departments of Telugu.
DEPARTMENT OF TELUGU
UNIVERSITY OF HYDERABAD
8
Programmes of Study: The Department offers M.A., M.Phil.
and Ph.D. programmes in Telugu.
The M.A. programme in Telugu is of four semester
duration with all the important areas of study. There are 3
Core and 2 Optional courses in each semester totaling 20
courses. All the courses are 4 credits each and the students
of M.A. have to earn 80 credits to get the Degree. The courses
are designed with an emphasis on the all round development
of the personality of the students with an adequate importance
to job opportunities. The courses provide a wide range of
specializations such as classical, modern and folk literatures,
literary criticism and aesthetics, traditional grammar, Telugu
linguistics, computer application to Telugu language, and
mass media.
The M.Phil. Programme is of two semester duration
which includes course work of 16 credits and dissertation.
The Ph.D. programme is entirely a research programme
towards studies in classical and modern Telugu literature,
comparative literature and Language studies. This
programme will normally extend over a minimum of two years
from the date of confirmation of admission. The nature of the
programme is individually designed for each candidate but
invariably includes course work of 12 credits and a thesis on
the approved topic under faculty guidance.
Entrance Examinations
M.A. entrance examination consists of 100 multiple
choice objective type questions of one mark each to be
answered in OMR sheet in the areas of classical and modern
works and authors, grammar, chandas, alankaras, Andhra
9
culture and some related general knowledge based on
graduate level. There is no negative mark.
M.Phil. entrance examination consists of 75 objective
type questions at post graduation level of one mark each to
be answered in OMR sheet. The questions will be in the areas
of classical and modern literature,linguistics and history of
Telugu Language and Literature, grammar, chandas,
alankaras, literary criticism, folk literature, dramaturgy,
aesthetics, literary works, authors, basic Sanskrit knowledge,
General Knowledge etc. There is no negative mark. The
candidates who qualified in the written test have to attend
oral test for 25 marks.
Part ‘A’ Ph.D. entrance examination consists of 25
objective type questions of one mark each in the areas of
classical and modern literature, linguistics and history of
Telugu Language and Literature, grammar, chandas,
alankaras,literary criticism,folk literature, dramaturgy,
aesthetics, literary works, authors, basic Sanskrit knowledge,
General Knowledge etc. There is no negative mark.
Part ‘B’ consists of a) problems concerning the particular
area of research like classical literature, modern literature,
grammar, literary criticism, language and folk literature (15
marks); b) preparation of research design, detailed synopsis
of a given topic (15 marks) and c) literary appreciation or
linguistic analysis of one literary piece out of two (one from
classical and one from modern age) (20 marks) (Total 50
marks). The candidates who qualified in the written test have
to attend oral test for 25 marks.
10
Former Faculty of the Department
Late Prof. K.Veerabhadra Rao
Late Prof. G.V.Subrahmanyam
Prof. K.K. Ranganadhacharyulu
Prof. R. Srihari Prof. C. Ananda Lakshmi
Prof. M. Veerabhadraiah Prof. P. Ramanarasimham
11
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NATIONAL SEMINARS HELD SO FAR
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12
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13
PROGRAMMES
M.A.TELUGU
Each semester contains 5 Courses and all courses
are 4 credits each
I SEMESTER
Core Courses:
TL 401 Classical Literature (Poetry) –I
TL 402 Introduction to General Linguistics
TL 403 Classical Telugu Grammar- I
Two optionals to be Chosen from among the following
Optionals:
TL 421 Indian Poetics
TL 422 Introduction to Indian literature
TL 423 Comparative Dravidian
TL 424 Cultural History of Andhras
TL 425 Telugu Prosody
TL 426 Stylistics
M.A. II Semester.
Core Courses :
TL451 Classical Literature - II
TL452 Evolution of Telugu Language
TL453 Classical Telugu Grammar- II
Two optionals to be Chosen from among the following
Optionals:
TL471 Folk Literature
TL472 Introduction to Comparative literature
TL473Telugu & Mass media
14
TL474Advanced St udi es i n Cl assi cal Tel ugu
Grammar
TL475 Lexicographic tools & Applications
TL476 Telugu Drama
TL477 Comparative Aesthetics
TL478 Evolution of modern Telugu Literature
M.A. III Semester
Core Courses:
TL 501 Structure of Modern Telugu
TL 502 Principles of Literary Criticism.
TL 503 Sanskrit – I
Two optionals to be Chosen from among the following
Optionals:
TL 521 Special poet (Classical/ Modern)
TL 522 Modern Literature (Fiction)
TL 523 Inscriptional Studies
TL 524 Computing Telugu
TL 525 Desi Literature
TL 526 Studies in Feminist Literature.
TL 527 Dialectology
TL 528 Telugu Diaspora Literature (Syllabus is yet
to be approved)
M.A. IV Semester
Core Courses:
TL 551 Modern Poetry
TL 552 Evolution of Telugu Literature (Upto Modern
age)
TL 553 Sanskrit - II
Two optionals to be Chosen from among the following
15
Optionals:
TL571 Modern Padya Kavyas
TL572 Dalit Literature
TL573 Machine Translation .
TL574 Epigraphy & Manuscriptology
TL575 Lexicography
TL576 Translations Studies.
TL577 Introduction to Prakrit Studies.
TL578 Advanced Studies in Sanskrit Poetics (Text)
M.Phil. Telugu
I Semester
TL 601 Research Methodology
TL 602 History of Telugu Research
TL 603 Studies in Specialised Area
TL 604 Broad Field
II Semester
Preparation for Dissertation
Ph.D. TELUGU
16
UNIT -1
Nannayya - Dhusyantha Charithram-Andhra Mahabharatamu-
Aadiparvamu: 4
th
Aaswaasamloo padya Sankhya 5-107.
UNIT -2
Tikkana-Sri Krishnuni rayabharam - Andhra Mahabharatamu
– Udyoga parvamu, 3
rd
Aswasamloo padya Sankhya 1-118.
UNIT - 3
Nachana Somanathudu - Narakasura vadha - uttara
Harivamsam-1
st
Chapter padya samkhya 110- 191.
Reference books
1. Nannayagari Prasannakathakavithardhayukthi -
Viswanadha Satyanarayana
2. Mahabharathopanyasamulu - Andhra Saraswatha
parishath Prachurana
3. Nannaya Bharathamu - Venkatavadhani Divakarla
4. Tikkana - Ramakrishmacharyulu Nanduri
5. Nacana somanathudu - Kameswara Rao, Vedula
6. Teluguloo harivamshaalu - Yashodaa Reddy P.
SYLLABUS
M.A. I Semester: / IMA VII Semester
New Stream (w.e.f. the academic year 2012-13)
(Courses: 5; Credits: 4 each)
Core Courses:TL 401 Classical Literature ( Poetry) –I
17
TL - 402 INTRODUCTION TO GENERAL
LINGUISTICS
UNIT - 1
Language definition and Characteristics of language- what
is Linguistics? - Schools of Linguistics - Branches of
Linguistics -Relationship between Linguistics and other
Sciences - phone, phoneme, morpheme, syntax and
semantics.
UNIT - 2
Phonology: Production and classification of Speech &
sounds- articulation of vowels- consonants- IPA - phone-
phoneme- allophone - syllable - history of half nasal and nasal-
Types of distribution of phonemes and phonemic transcription
– Its relationship with practical orthography.
UNIT - 3
Morphology and Syntax: Definition of Morpheme - Principles
of morphemic analysis - Types of morphemes and Classes
- Morpho phonemics - Construction of compounds -
Grammatical elements -Syntax - Karaka Theory - Introduction
of Transformational grammar.
UNIT- 4
Semantics - Relationship of word and it’s meaning;
Referential Meaning Lexical meaning- Grammatical
meaning-Connotative Meaning - Collocation Meaning -
Polisemy - Homonymy - Synonymy - Antonymy. Semantic
ambiguity
18
Reference books
1. A course in modern linguistics - F.Hockett
2. An introduction to descriptive linguistics - H.Gleeson
3. Outlines of linguistic analysis - B.Block and Tragger
4. Language and its nature development origin –
J.Jesperson
5. Language - Bloomfield
6. Aadhunika bhaashaashaastra siddhaantaalu -
Subrahmanyam P.S.
7. Telugu vaakyam - Rama rao Cekuri
8. Bhasha- Samajam - Samskhriti - Krishnamurthy Bh.
TL - 403 CLASSICAL TELUGU GRAMMAR- I
Chinnayasuri : Bala Vyakaranam: sanjna- sandhi- Tatsama-
Achika- karaka -samasa- taddhita- kriya- khridanta,
prakiirnaka Parichhedas
Reference books
1. Balavyakaranodhyotham - . Chinaseetaramaswamy
Sastri Vajjhala
2. Ramaneeyamu- Venkataramana Sastri Duvvuri
3. Vyakaranadeepika - Korada Mahadeva Sastry
4. Guptarthaprekaasika - kalluri Venkata Rama sastry
5. Telugu vyakarana Vikasamu - B.Purushotham
6. Andhra Vyakarana Vikasamu - A.Rajeswara Rao
19
Two optionals to be Chosen from among the following
Optionals:
TL - 421 INDIAN POETICS
UNIT -1
Definition of kavya – Indian aestheticians Bhamah, Dandin,
Vaman, Mammuta, Anandavardhan, Viswanatha, Jaganatha
Panditaraya, etc..,
UNIT- 2
Kavya Hetu – pratibha, vyupatti, and abhyasa,-Various
views.Kavya prayojana – Various views - . Kavya bhedas.
UNIT– 3
A survey of schools of Alankara, Guna, Reethi Vakrokti,
Ouchitya, - Rasa theory – bharata’s rasa sutra and its
interpretations – Number of Rasas and Rasa Sameekarana.
Theory - Sabda vrittis – Definitions of Dwani - Dhwnyahbava
vadins and defense against them. Gunibhuta vyangya kavyas.
Reference Books
1. Kavyalankara samgraham. Commentary by Sannidanam
Suryanarayana Sastry
2. Sahityadarshanam- Kakarla Venkata Rama
Narasimham
3. Alamkara Sastra Charitra–Pullela Srirama Chandrudu
4. Cultural Leaders of India: Aestheticians - Ministry of
Information and Broad Casting, Government of India,
1983)
5. Indian Poetics - Translated by N.Balasubrahmanyam
6. Indian Literary Theories – K.Krishna moorthy
20
TL - 422 INTRODUCTION TO INDIAN
LITERATURE
UNIT - 1
Introduction to Indian Literature - a brief survey on Indian
literature
UNIT - 2
Brief Introduction to Hindi, Urdu, Marathi, Odiya, Bengali,
Punjabi, Gujarati and Kashmiri literatures
UNIT- 3
Common features of different trends in Indian literature
UNIT- 4
Aesthetic approch in Indian literature
Reference books
1. Literature in Modern Indian Languages: Gokak V.K.
2. Telugu vijnana sarvaswam (Vol- VI): Telugu University
3. Samakalika Bharatiya Sahityam: Central Sahitya
Akademy
4. Samakaaliina bharatiiya saahityaalu – Telugu Akademy
5. Vishwa saahiti – Telugu Bhashaasamiti
6. Bharata Bharati – Telugu University
7. Comparative Indian Literature – George K.M.
8. Contemporary Indian literature – Indhranath Chowdary
9. Book lets on Indian Literature – Central Sahitya Academy.
21
TL - 423 COMPARATIVE DRAVIDIAN
UNIT -1
History of comparative study on Dravidian languages-
researchers and their research on Dravidian languages -
mutual relationships between Aryan and Dravidian languages
– general features of Dravidian languages - ClassIfication of
Dravidian language family - South Dravidian -I - South
Dravidian II - Central Dravidian and North Dravidian - tree
diagram of Dravidian language family
UNIT -2
Phonology: proto Dravidian phonemes- phonemic changes
in Dravidian languages from proto Dravidian phonemes
UNIT - 3
Nouns- stem: numerals- pronouns- kin terms: suffixes-
prepositional -person - number - gender suffixes
Verbs-root: types of verbs- tense markers in Dravidian-
negative suffixes.
UNIT - 4
Syntax in Dravidian languages - simple sentences –
interrogative sentences.
Reference books
1. Comparative Dravidian Linguistics- Krishnamurti Bh.
2. The Dravidian Languages, Krishnamurthy Bh.
3. The Dravidian Languages,(Ed) Steever B.Sanford
4. Genesis and Growth of Dravidian, Heremath
5. Dravida bhashalu, subrahmanyam P.S.
6. Dravida bhasha parishilanam, Cinasitarama Shastri
Vajjala
22
TL - 424 CULTURAL HISTORY OF ANDHRAS
UNIT -1
History of heritage and and culture of Andhras- geographical
influence: Origin and brought up of Andhras, aryans, anaryas,
mixed racism, -Definitions and features of society- group-
culture
UNIT -2
Evolution of Andhra culture- services of kings and kingdoms-
literature, music, painting, architecture - Temples are center
for culture: influence of vaidhika- jaina- bawddha- shaiva-
vaishnava- and etc.
UNIT - 3
Culture of Andhras - festivals -women: definition and features
of customs- practices- beliefs- practices of women- women
dress code, songs, festivals in culture and women practices
UNIT - 4
Influence of foreign culture on Andhras culture: socio,
economic and religious conditions in ruine of Islam,
portuguise, dacchi, and British - Enlish education-renaissance
- influences of Christianity, bramha samajam, divya jnana
samaja prabhavaalu
Reference books
1. Andhrula samskruti vol. I-&II - Satyanarayana
kambhampati
2. Andhrula samghika caritra - Shastri B.N.
3. Andhrula samghika caritra -Pratapareddy Suravaram
4. Andhra desha bhugola caritra sarvaswalu - Andhra Bhasha
Samiti
23
5. Andhravangmayamlo samghikajivanam - Ramarao
N.V.S
6. Andhrula samskhruti sahitya charitra –Telugu Akademy
TL - 425 TELUGU PROSODY
UNIT - 1
Chandasshastram : Avirbhava-vikasalu, chandassu –
prayojanalu, chandassu- kavitwam, maarga deesi
chandassulu- paraspara prabhavalu.
UNIT -2
vhrittaalu - jaatulu- upajaatulu- shatpratyayaalu-
dashadoshaalu from anantuni chandhoodarpanam.
UNIT - 3
yatiprasalu-nirvacanalu ,prayoojanaalu, swara yatulu (III cont.in
Appakaviiyam)
UNIT - 4
vyanjana yatulu - ubhaya vaLulu - praasalu (III cont.in
Appakaviiyam)
Reference books
1. Chandoodarpanam - Anantamatyudu
2. Appakaveeyamu- Appakavi
3. Telugu Chandovikasamu- Sampatkumacharya Kovela
4. Telugulo Desichandassu- Narasayya Sanganabatlla
5. Telugulo Chandovisesamulu- Raju, N.S.
6. Chandovyasavali- Raju, N.S.
7. Telugulo Chandoreetulu-Doraswami sarma Ravuri
8. Telugu Chandoreetulu-Seetapati Gidugu
24
TL - 426 STYLISTICS
UNIT - 1
Language, Literature and Linguistics: Language as tool of
Communication: Language and literature; Linguistics and
literature; Form Meaning and style
UNIT -2
Stylistics: Western and Indian concepts : Style as deviation
from norm; Deciding the norms; standard language and poetic
language , foregrouding and parallelism - Style as recurrence
or convergence of Texual patterns, Cohesion, Exploration of
meaning, etc.- Style as partiular exploitation of a grammer of
possibilities - Alankaras - Reeti - Vakrata -Dhvani- pancha
sandhulu
UNIT -3
Application aspects: Poetry, fiction and Drama - Study of Style
with reference to form, meaning and prosody.
Reference books
1. Linguistics and literature: 1973 London: Edward Arnold.
2. Linguistic and literary style:1970, Freeman,
C.Donald.Newyork.
3. A Linguistic Guide to English Poetry: 1969, Leech,
N.Geoffrey , New York
4. Morphology of the Folktale :1968,Propp. V.J.University
of Texas Press.
5. A Stylistic analysis of Vijayavilasam: Ramanarasimham
P, Ph.D.Theses, University of Mysore.
25
6. Kinnerasaani Paatalu-vaakya prayoga vaicitri: 1990,
Lakshmi G.S. Yuvabharati, Hyderabad:
7. Aadhunika sahityamloo duuta kaavyaalu (Ruupa
nirmana Parishiilana) 1987, Meenaakshi .Y. M.Phil.
Dissertation, University of Hyderabad.
8. Sri pada Subrahmanya sastry kathana reetulu:1993,
Radha Krishna.B. M.Phil.,Theses, University of
Hyderabad.
9. Andhra mahabharata sailii parisiilanam:1996
Ramanarasimham.P.,Paraavaak pracuranalu,
Hyderabad.
10. Sailii shastram: oka samaaloocanam : 2004
Ramanarasimham P., in Adhunika saahityam vimarshana
reetulu, : A.V.College, Hyderabad.
11. Ceraatalu-Sahitya vimarsha-paraamarsha : 2003,
Ramarao Cekuri, saahiti shravanti, Khammam.
12. Ruupavaada vimarsha by Ramarao Cekuri : 2004, in
Adhunika saahityam vimarshana reetulu, : A.V.College,
Hyderabad.
13. Tilak amrutham kurisina raatri : sailii parisiilanam:
Sharada,A. 1990, M.Phil Dissertation, University of
Hyderabad.
14. Mullapudi venkataramana rachanalu-Hasya
parikaramgaa bhaasha Sudha rani P : 1991M.Phil
Dissertation, University of Hyderabad.
15. Madhuranthakam rajaram kathalu-Oka anusiilana
(Sailii parisiilana) : Subhadra, B. 1987 : M.Phil
Dissertation, University of Hyderabad.
26
16. Kavyalankara sangrahamu , Suryanarayana shastry
sannidhanam:1976, Seshachalam&Co (Vth Edition)
Machilipatnam.
17. Telugu dinapatrikalalooni siirshikalu- alankaarikata,
Vasumati.P. 1993: M.Phil Dissertation, University of
Hyderabad.
18. Saahitya darsanam Venkata Ramanarasimham
Kakarla: 1985, Gangahara publications, Vijayawada.
M.A. II SEMESTER./IMA VIII SEMESTER
(Courses: 5; Credits: 4)
Core Courses :TL451 Classical Literature - II
UNIT -1
The critical theory of Prabandha in Telugu and various
experiments by 16th century poets.
UNIT - 2 & 3 Text Prescribed:
Sri Krishna Devarayalu: Amuktamalyada IInd canto- Stanzas
1-51 Dhurjati: Sri Kalahasteeswara satakamu
Ramaraja Bhushana: Vasucharitramu, IIIrd Canto Stanzas 1
to 78.
Reference books
1. Sahityacharitralo Charchaneeyamsalu-
Subramanyam G.V.
2. Aamuktamalyada Soundaryamu-Koteswara Rao, T
3. Telugu sahityam: Marochupu (ed) :
Ranganadhacharyulu K.K.
4. Prabhandha Vangmaya Vikasamu: Durgaiah P
27
5. Vasucharitra Vimarsanam: China Sitharam Swami Sastri
Vajjala
6. Vasucharitram - sahiti samaloochanam:
Narayanacharyulu, Puttaparthi.
TL - 452 EVOLUTION OF TELUGU LANGUAGE
UNIT - 1
A brief survey of the language families of India - the indo Aryan,
Dravidian, Astro Asiatic, and Sino-Tibetan and their
distribution.
UNIT -2
Enumeration and geographical distribution of Dravidian
languages - place of Telugu among them - History of the words
Andhramu, Telugu and Tenugu.
UNIT -3
Evolution of Telugu language: From the earliest to 11th century
A.D. - middle Telugu period from 1100- 1600 A.D. later Telugu
period from 1600-1900 A.D. - modern Telugu 1900 A.D. and
onwards.
UNIT - 4
Language movements in Telugu - Loan Words in Telugu -
Dialects in Telugu - Telugu semantics
Reference books
1. Telugu Bhasa Charitra (Ed.) - Krishnamurti Bh.
2. Telugu semantics - Reddy G.N.
3. Telugupai Urdu paarashikamula prabhavamu - Gopala
Krishnarao K.
4. Maandalika vritti pada kosham - vyavasayam –
Khrishnamurthi Bh.
28
5. Telugulo velugulu - Ramarao chekuri
6. Bhashantarangam - Ramarao chekuri
7. Bhashanuvartanam - Ramarao chekuri
8. English loan words in Telugu, Akki Reddy S.
9. Dipika - Appakaviya Varna Pariccheda Vivarana, Raju,
N.S
TL - 453 CLASSICAL TELUGU GRAMMAR- II
(PROUDHA VYAKARANAM)
Sitaramacharyulu: Proudha Vyakaranam, Sanjna, Sandhi-
Sabda- karaka- samasa- taddhita- kriya- khridanta- vakya-
mukta lakshana viveka Parichchedas.
Reference books
1. Balavyakaranodhyotham - Chinaseetaramaswamy
Sastri Vajjhala
2. Ramaneeyamu- Venkataramana Sastri Duvvuri
3. Bala prodha Vyakarana Sarwaswalu Vol. 1&2 –
Sphoorthi Sri.
4. Balavyakaranamu and Proudhavyakaranamu:
Ghantapatha Vyakhya-V.Ramakrishna rao
5. Bala Vyakarana kalpadrumamu- Sriramachandra
Murthy M.G.P.
6. Adhunikapramanikandhravyakaranam-
Venkateswarlu Vajjhala
29
Two optionals to be Chosen from among the following
Optionals:
TL - 471 FOLK LITERATURE
UNIT - 1
Introduction to Folk lore and folk literature -Research and
researchers in Folkloristic study
UNIT -2
Folk literature: Folk Songs: narrative Folk Songs and Folk
Narratives - Folk Tales - Folk motifs in Folk literature
UNIT - 3
Folk Arts: literature in Folk performing arts - reflections of
Village dieties in Folk arts literature: Fairs and festivals
Reference books
1. Janapada geya sahityamu: Ramaraju, Biruduraju
2. Minneeru, Munneeru: Gangadharam Nedunuri
3. Janapada geya gadhalu: Krishnakumari Nayani
4. Janapada vijnana vyasavali: Mohan G.S.
5. Telugu viiragatha kavitwam: venkata subbarao Tangirala
6. Andhra yakshagana vaanjmaya charitra: Jogarao S.V.
TL - 472 INTRODUCTION TO COMPARATIVE
LITERATURE
UNIT - 1
Introduction to Comparative literature -comparative literature:
a multy diciplinary study
30
UNIT - 2
A comparative study of South Indian Literature ie. Telugu,
Tamil, KannaDa, Malayalam
UNIT -3
Impact on Telugu and other language literatures with Spl.
reference to Ithihasas: texts, meter, metaphor
UNIT - 4
Saiva Vaishnava traditions in south Indian literature -
Comparative study of Thiruvalluvar, Sarvajna and Vemana
Reference books
1. Malayala vaanmaya charitra: Parameswaran Nair P.K.
2. Kannada sahitya charitra: Sumdaram. R.V.R
3. Tamila sahitya charitra: Varadaraajan, Mu
4. Andhra karnata saaraswatamulu paraspara
prabhavamu: Venkata Rao Nidudavolu
5. Samakaalika bharatiiya sahityam: Keendra Saahitya
Akadamy
6. Telugu vijnana sarvaswam (vol. VI): Telugu
viswavidyalayam
7. Bharatiiya tulanaatmaka saahityam - Jayaprakash.S
TL - 473 TELUGU & MASS MEDIA
(PRINT & ELECTRONIC)
UNIT - 1
What is Media? - Types of Media - Press - Organizational
setup of a Press - Indian Press - Telugu Press-History &
Evolution - News Agencies - The impact of press on Society.
31
UNIT - 2
What is NEWS? - The lead - Characteristics of News Item -
News Story - Feature - Article - Review - Column - Editorial -
Interview etc.
UNIT - 3
Electronic Media - Difference between Print & Electronic
Media - Radio - Television - Cinema.
UNIT-4
Use of Telugu Language in Print and Electronic Media -
Different Styles.
Reference books
1. Journalism charitra – vyavastha- Ananda bhaskar, R.
2 Content Analysis- Bernart berelson
3. Mass Communication an Introduction - Bitter, John, R
4. Language in the news- Fowler Roger
5. Mass Communication and journalism in India- Mehta,
D. S.
TL - 474 ADVANCED STUDIES IN CLASSICAL
TELUGU GRAMMAR
UNIT - 1
Evolution of Telugu grammar -Practices in TeluguGrammar-
and its influence
UNIT - 2
Andhra shabdha cintamani - methods of construction, vikhriti
vivekam - methods of construction
UNIT - 3
The first Telugu grammar - Andhra bhashaa bhuushanam -
Commentaries on Telugu grammars
32
UNIT - 4
Shabdha lakshana samgrahamu - formula oriented, grammar
in verse - construcional methods of Bala Praudha vyakaranalu
Reference books
1. Telugu Vyakarana Vikasamu-Purushotham Boddupalli
2. Andhra Vyakarana Vikasamu- Rajeswara Sharma
3. Telugu Vyakaranalapai samskruta Prakruta
Vyakaranala prabhavam- Rambramham Betavolu
4. Vyakarana Parijatamu- Seetarama sastri V
TL - 475 LEXICOGRAPHIC
TOOLS & APPLICATIONS
UNIT-1
Lexicology - Lexicography - Linguistics - Classification of
Dictionaries - Mono-bi-tri-multilingual Dictionaries -
Pedagogical Dictionaries - The Relationship between word
and it’s meaning - Kinds of Meaning.
UNIT-2
Head word - Pronunciation - Grammatical information -
Meaning - The arrangement of Head words in a Dictionary -
Preparation of a Dictionary.
UNIT-3
Use of Anusaraka / Toolbox in the preparation of a Dictionary.
UNIT-4
Lab based Assignment / Project.
Reference books:
1. Making Dictionaries: Aguide to Lexicography- David F.
Coward Charles E Grimes.
33
2. Lexicography - Principles and Practice- Hatmoun, RRK.
3. Semantics (I & II)- Lyons, J.
4. Lexicography- Katre, S. M.
5. A Process Relegation Model for Pedagogical
Dictionaries- Ramanarasimham, P.
6. An Introduction to Lexicography- Singh, Ram Adhar.
7. Telugu Nighantuvula Parisilana- Usharani, T.
8. Theory and Practice in Lexicography:Western and
Non-Western perspectives-Zugusta,Ladislov
TL - 476 TELUGU DRAMA
UNIT - 1
Differences in dasarupakas by dhanamjaya - definition and
features of drama- influence of English drama by Telugu Drama
UNIT - 2
Definition and classification of free drama - importance of
dharwada Drama Company and surabhi Drama Company
UNIT - 3
Evolutional periods in Telugu drama (1880-1960) - definition
and feature of tragedy - Social Drama - independent Dramas,
Prescibed books
1. N.G.O.Natakam- Atreya
2. Kanyasulkham - Apparao Gurajada
Reference books:
Telugu Nataka Vikasam Apparao P.S
Adhunika Telugu Nataka Rangam (Essays), Acharya Atreya,
(Tel), Hyderabad: Telugu Viswa Vidyalayam, 1986.
Telugu sanghika natakam by P.V. Ramana
Telugu natakam by S. Gangappa
34
TL - 477 COMPARATIVE AESTHETICS
UNIT -1
The Concepts of the Aesthetics - Aesthetics in Literature
UNIT – 2
The concept of beauty and the role of beauty in Literature -
The aesthetic concept of visible and audible..... — The
combination of music and Literature -The beauty of subline-
Immanuel Kant- Art for Art’s sake
UNIT - 3
Art as the concept of usefulness - Rasa, dhwani, vakrokti
(deaviation)
Reference books
1. Aesthetics, The classic readings - Peter Lambarque,
rispin Sartwell
2. The Continental Aesthetic Reader (Ed.) - Clive Cazeaux,
Routledge
3. Philosophy of the Arts-An introduction to Aesthetics-
Corden Graham-Routledge
4. The Indian Literary Criticism Ed. - G.N. Devy- Orient
Longman
5. Kaavyalankara sangraham- Sannidhanam -Emeskso
TL - 478 EVOLUTION OF MODERN
TELUGU LITERATURE
UNIT -1
Free verse poetry
UNIT -2
Short story - Drama - Novel
UNIT -3
News papers - biography - Auto Biography - travel literature
35
UNIT -4
Essays and reviews
Reference books:
1. Ushah kiranaalu: Satyanarayana yandamuri
2. Kavitaa viplavaala swarupam: Narayana Rao Velcheru
3. Telugu saayityamloo vibhinna dhooranulu: Ranganatha
charyulu, K.K.
4. Aadhunikaandhra sahitya darshanam:
Venkataraamanarasimham Kaakarla
5. Samagraandhra saahityam: Aarudra
6. Aa d h u n i k a s a a h i t y a m- s a mp r a d a a y a mu l u -
prayoogamulu; Narayana Reddy.C
M.A. III SEMESTER / IMA IX SEMESTER
(Courses: 5; Credits: 4)
Core Courses:TL 501 Structure of Modern Telugu
UNIT - 1
phonology: Telugu sounds and their organization into
phonemes -The variation of Telugu phonemes in different
distribution of consonants and vowels-lexical items -
classification of any adesyamulu and Desyamulu and their
formation.
UNIT -2
Morphology: Nouns and their classes - Different adjectives -
Nominal and verbal pronouns and their usage -Morphology
of verb - Finite verb- verb stem formation -
Transitive - intransitive - causative and reflexive stems
Different tense categories: Nonfinite verbs - Present, past
conditional and relative participles
36
UNIT - 3
Morpho phonemic changes, sandhi rules in modern Telugu
vowel harmony in Telugu phonetic and semantic changes
UNIT - 4
Syntax- general characteristic features of telugu sentence pre
nominal position of attributes - Subordinate clauses
proceeding the main clause- word order - Verblessness of
some sentences types of sentence: Imperative, interrogative
affirmative, negative and passive - The simple, complex and
compound sentences- sentences ending in noun Phrases with
adi ani- ata- o-in finite action dubitative - Intensive expression
-Direct and indirect speeches
Reference books
1. Telugu vakyamu- C.Rama Rao
2. A course in modern linguistics- Hocket G.F.
3. An introduction to descriptive linguistics- Gleason H
4. Vaduka basha- Konni niyamalu - Kameswara Rao T
5. Vyavaharika basha vyakaranamu-
Gopalakrishnaiah V
6. Andhra university report- on the use of modern standard
Telugu
TL - 502 PRINCIPLES OF LITERARY CRITICISM.
UNIT – 1
Nature and limits of Criticism -Definition of Criticism – Art
and Literature- Relations between Poet and Critic – Value of
Criticism -Qualities of Good Critic and Types of critics -Basic
Principles of literary Criticism: a) Analysis. b) Interpretation.
c) Comparison. d) Judgment.
37
UNIT – 2
An outline of Classical Telugu Criticism: Distinguished
features in kavyavatarika’s (Prefaces) Lakshana-
grandha’s (Poetics), Chatuva’s (Figurative Verses or
Couplets), Theeka’s (Commentaries) and others.
UNIT – 3
Origin and Evolution of Telugu Literary Criticism – Influence
of Western Literature- Biographical Sketches of Deccan
Poets- Early age Telugu Critics – Kasibhatta Brahmaiah
Sastry – Kandukuri Veeresa Lingam – Venneti Ramachandra
Rao-C.R.Reddy- Rallapalli Anantakrishna Sarma-Viswanatha
Satyanarayana.
UNIT – 4
Types of Literary Criticism
a)Textual Criticism, b) Biographical Criticism,
c) Psychological Criticism, d) Historical Criticism,
e) Marxist Criticism, f) Stylistic Criticism,
g) Comparative Criticism and other methods.
Reference books:
1. Telugulo Sahitya Vimarsa – S.V.Rama Rao
2. Adhunika Telugu Sahitya Vimarsa: Saampraadayika Reeti
-Kovela Sampathkumaracharya
3. Vimarsa Moulika LakshaNaalu-Mudigonda
Veerabhadraiah
M.A. III SEMESTER / IMA IX SEMESTER
(Courses: 5; Credits: 4)
Core Courses:TL 501 Structure of Modern Telugu
38
4. Anuvartita Vimarsa Bhashaa saastra drukkonaalu -
Parimi Ramanarasimham
5. 20th Century Literary Criticism - (Ed) David Lodge
6. Principles of literary criticism- Richards, I.A.
TL - 503 SANSKRIT – I
(SANSKRIT GRAMMAR & LITERATURE)
UNIT - 1
Sabdas: Rama, Hari, Guru, Dhaatr, Pitr, go: Ramaa, Gourii,
Vadhuu, Jnana, Vaari, Madhu Marut, Rajan, Vidvas, Giir,
Div, Dis, Manas.
UNIT - 2
Verbs: Bhuu, adh, Pac, As, Hu, Div, Tud, Kr, Sru, Kree, Rudh,
Cur(Lat, Lang, Lrt, Lot, Vidhiling of above)
UNIT - 3
Samasas: Avyayeebhava, Tatpurusha, Karmadharaya, Dvigu,
Naintatpurusha, Bahurveehi, Dvandva, Pradi
UNIT – 4
Introduction to Sanskrit Literature
Reference books
1. Samskrta Vyakarana Sangraham- Venkatavadhani
Divakarla
2. Samskrta Vyakaranamu- R.V.R. Krishna sastri
3. Bhandarkar Book 1&2.
4. Samskrta sahitya charitra – Dr.Mudiganti Gopal
Reddy& Dr.Mudiganti Sujata Reddy.
39
Two optionals to be Chosen from among the following
Optionals:
TL - 521 SPECIAL POET
(CLASSICAL / MODERN)
WORKS OF SRINATHA
Srimgara Naishadham – I
st
canto 46 to 112
Haravilasamu - V
th
Canto 1 to 70
Kasi khamdam - VII
th
Canto 129 to 200
Bhimeswara puranam - IV
th
Canto 47 to 95
Chatuvulu
Palnaati viira charitra
Reference books
1. Srinathudu – Sriramamurthy Korlapati
2. Eswaraarcana kalaa shiiludu – Sriramamurthy Korlapati
3. Bhimeswara puranam – Laksminarayana Gudavarapu
4. A poem at the right moment – Narayana rao Velcheru
& David Shulman
5. Kasikhandam with Commentary – Sharabhiah Sharma
TL - 522 MODERN LITERATURE (FICTION)
UNIT - 1
Fiction-meaning-description-definition-different opinions and
its origin and developments. Main features and socio cultural
and literacy background.
40
UNIT - 2
Brief introduction of Prose Generes: Navala, kathanika,
natakam, vyasam, vimarsha, sweeyacharitra, yatra charitralu
UNIT - 3
Theam and structure- characters- seen creations-incidents-
time and space-writers views
UNIT - 4
Origin and development of short story and its features-plot-
characters-unity of time and space, incidents.
Text Prescribed:
Novels : 1. Rajasekhara charitra, 2. Malapalli,
3. Civaraku migiledi.
Short story : 1. Diddubatu, 2. Kalupu mokkalu,
3. O puvvu pusindi, 4. Gali vana,
5. Dharmavaddi, 6. Empu,
7. Agnatavasam, 8. Aarthi, 9. Maya,
10. Nammukunnanela,
11. Manisilopali vidvamsam,
12. Illalakagane....
Reference books:
1. Katanika swarupa bavalu-Dakshinamurthi Poranki.
2. Telugu navala vikasam - Nagabhushana sharma Modali
3. Kathakathanam- Ramarao Kalipatnam.
4. Kathasilpam-Venkatasubbaya Vallampati.
5. Navalasilpam- Venkatasubbaya Vallampati
6. Andala Telugu katha-Sarvari/Vihari.
41
TL - 523 INSCRIPTIONAL STUDIES
UNIT -1
Ancient Telugu Inscriptions and study - researchers, research
and methods of analysis
UNIT - 2
Telugu Inscriptions, and its period- kings, kingdoms and
historical events - script, period, an appreciation of
inscriptional study ex. Vishnu kundinulu.
UNIT -3
Telugu Inscriptions: Language History: Words, usage of
vocabulary, and sentences -Evolution of scripts
UNIT - 4
Telugu inscriptions: socio-cultural study
Reference books
1. Shasana shabda kosham - Eswara dutt kumduri
2. Telugu shashanalu (12
th
century AD)-Radhakrishna B
3. Pracinandhra shashanalu (upto 1100 A.D.) -
Radhakrishna B
4. Shasana samputi (Vol 1 and 2) - shastri B.N.
5. Andhra bhasha vikasam - Somayaji Ghantijogi
6. Telugu bhasha charitra(Ed) - Krishnamurti Bh.
7. Manalipi puttu purvottaralu - Ramachandra Tirumala
8. Historical Grammer of Inscriptional Telugu (1401 to
1900A.D.)- Ranganathacharyulu K.K.
TL - 524 COMPUTING TELUGU
UNIT - 1
Introduction to Computers - Operating Systems - The Role of
Computer in Natural Language Processing & Applications -
42
The nature of data in natural languages - Encoding Standards-
Indian Scripts - Transliteration Schemes in Indian Languages.
UNIT - 2
Multilingual Multi-script text processing - Study of software
available in Indian Languages-i-leap etc. - MS-Word etc. Text
editors/formatters.
UNIT - 3
Study and analysis of Indian Language Corpora - Linguistic
Analysis - Generation and Analysis of word forms - Using
Computer based Linguistic tools in the study of Morphology
and Syntax.
UNIT - 4
Corpus Linguistics – Corpora Creation – Types of Corpora
– Corpus analysis - techniques and tools – Corpus processing
and annotation.
UNIT - 5
Lab based assignment / Project.
Reference books:
1. Natural Language Understanding- Allen, J. F.
2. Natural Language Processing: A Paninian Perspective-
Bharati, A.V.Chaitanya R.Sangal.
3. Computers in Linguistics- Butler, Christopher, S.
4. Telugu Design Guide (Telugu Script )-
Umamaheswararao, G.
TL - 525 DESI LITERATURE
UNIT – 1
The concept of Marga and Desi in Telugu. The references of
Desi in classical literature
43
UNIT – 2
The concept of the Desi in grammar - The concept of the
Desi in Music
UNIT - 3
The writings and experiments of Palkuriki Somanatha – The
writings of Annamayya as meter of his experiments in the
literature and music. Kshetrayya–Vemana - Tyagaraya
Reference books
1. Palkuri Somanatha kavi – Tammayya Bandaru
2. Pandidharathya Charithra - Narayana rao. C
3. Basavapuranam – Subramaniyam G.V.
4. Veturi vaari Peetikalu – PrabhakaraSastry .V
5. Vaishnavendhra Vangmayam – Anandamurthy .V
6. Kshetrayya Pada Sahityam – Gangappa.S
7. Swamy Sri Veerabrahmendhra – V.V.L. Narasimha Rao
8. Telugulo Bhakthi kavitvam Samajika vishleshana –
Ramulu Pillalamarri
TL - 526 STUDIES IN FEMINIST LITERATURE
UNIT -1
Introduction to Feminist literature: Origin and development,
definition, different opinions, socio cultural backgrounds of
feminism
UNIT - 2
Features and aims of feminist writings: Father hood- Gender
differences- extrait- reproduction – harrasment – countless
hardship - right on child- welth right – economic freedom
44
UNIT -3
Feminist literature - poetry: introduction and analysis of
Gurichusi pade pata, hrudayaniki bahuvacanam, cuupulu,
sowmdaryatmaka himsa, bandi pootlu, sprshanuraganni
alapistu, anuraga dagda Samadhi jugal bandi, sarpa
pariswamgam, vantillu, lebar room nirikshana, amma aligimdi,
a kal garls monolog, mehindi striila vijnapti, prati strii oka
nirmala kavali.
UNIT - 4
Feminist literature – Novel: Sweccha by Olga
Short stories: illalakaganee by
P. Satyavati Akasambunumdi, govu,
tayilam, illalakagane, imdira, musugu, cima,
bhadrata, ganitam, devudu, gandhariragam,
Aruna, samdhya, venkateswarlu vellipoyaru,
pelli prayanam, badali.
Reference books:
1. Kathora shadjamalu – Vasanta Kannabhiram
2. Gurichusi pade pata (Com) Tripuraneni Srinivas
3. Pitruswamyam – Oka paricayam by Kamala Bhimsen Tr.
By Olga
4. Stri vimukti udyamalu (Tr): Phatima
5. Bhava kavitwamlo stri: Jayaprabha
6. Purusha ahamkaraniki saval Telugu CCL Jayaprada:
Hyderabad Book Trust
7. Mahila samajavada sahitya vyasalu by K ramakoti Shastry
(Ed) Katyayani Vidmahe
45
TL - 527 DIALECTOLOGY
UNIT - 1
Dialectology: definition- features- reasons for arising dialect
- mutual Intelligibility
UNIT - 2
Types of Telugu dialects: historical, regional, social dialects,
and idiolect
UNIT - 3
Dialect Atlas: phonetic atlas, word atlas, gramatical atlas -
isoglosses - Focal Area, relic area, Transitionalzone
UNIT - 4
Advantages of study on dialectology: sub-Standard, local -
standard, standard, place of dialectical study on the decision
of Standard language: Need of Standard language in
Administration, jurisdiction, education, media, creative writing
- position of Dialects in the same
Reference books
1. Adhunika bhasha shastra siddhamtalu - Subrahmanyam
P.S.
2. Bhasha- samajam- samskhriti - Krishnamurthy Bh.
3. Maandalika vhritti padakosham: vyavasayam –
Krishnamurthy Bh.
4. Jilla maandalikalu - Telugu akademy
5. A course in Modern Linguistics, Hockett. F charless
6. Dialectology An introduction, W N Francis
7. Dialects, Peter Trudgill
46
TL - 528 TELUGU DIASPORA LITERATURE
(Syllabus is yet to be approved)
M.A. IV SEMESTER / IMA X SEMESTER
(Courses: 5; Credits: 4)
Core Courses:TL 551 Modern Poetry
UNIT - 1
Modernity and modernism in Telugu literature - A general survey
of trends and movements in Telugu poetry
UNIT - 2
Poetry of reformation - Romantic poetry - patriotic poetry -
progressive poetry - free verse etc.
UNIT - 3
Text prescribed:
1. Devulapalli Krishna sastri - Krishna prakasham
2. Gurram Jashuwa - Gabbilam
3. Sri Sri - Mahaprasthanam
4. Balagangadhara Tilak - Amrutam kurisina ratri
Reference books
1. Adhunikandhra kavitwam sampradayamu- prayogamulu
- Narayanareddy C.
2. Telugu sahitya vikasam -Ranganathacharyulu K.K.
3. Telugu kavitwam vikasam - Ramamohana Rao Kadiyala
4. Adhunika Telugu Sahityamlo vibhinnadhoranulu-
Ranganathacharyulu K.K.
5. Telugulo kavita viplavala swarupam - Narayana rao
Velcheru
6. Swatantryanantara Telugu kavita: Vastuvu, Rupam,
shilpam – Sarat jyosthsna Rani S
47
TL - 552 EVOLUTION OF TELUGU LITERATURE
(UPTO MODERN AGE)
UNIT - 1
The concept of Literary History and its classification - History
of Literature-Methods and Experiments in Telugu-
Chronological, historical, Sociological, culture wise and
Aesthetic appoaches-evalution of Telugu Literature and its
implication. Age of Itihasas and Puranas-Oral and written
Traditions. Marga and desi movements in Telugu -
Contribution of kavitraya to Telugu Literature-The major
characteristics of kavya Itihasa, Desi Purana, Maha Purana,
Katha kavya, Sataka, Udaharana kavya etc., and their
evolution.
UNIT -2
Age of Kavyas: New Experiments of Srinatha & Pillala Marri
Pinaveerabhadra and their impact on the age-
Pothanna’s.Andhra Maha Bhagavatam and its poetic
excellence- A general survey of Bhakti Literature of the age
with special reference to Potana, Krishnamacharya and other
Tallapaka poets- Experiments in katha kavya-Jathi, Katha,
Vartha and Chamatkara-Experiment in purana kavyas etc.
UNIT -3
Age of Prabandhas-Major Characteristics of Prabandhas and
experiments in plot, Style, Characteristics and Rasa
concepts. The influence of Alankara Prasthana-Dvyarthi
kavyas, Slesha kavyas, Kalpitha kavyas and kshetra Puranas.
UNIT - 4
Age of Dakshinadhra kavitvam-four types of Poetry -Major
forms of literature -Prabandhas, Yakshaganas, Pada kavitha,
Social reformer-Ksheena Yugam- modern period
48
Reference books
1. Andhra Sahitya Charitra - Pingali Lakshmikantam
2. Aru Yugala Andhra Kavitha-Indraganti Hanumant Shastri
3. Samagra Andhra Shahityam-Arudra
4. Andhra satakh sahitya vikasamu-K.Gopalakrishna rao
5. Andhra Kavithvam-Sampradayam-Prayogam: Naraya
Reddy.C
6. Saraswatha Vyasamulu- G.V. Subrahmanyam(Ed.)
7. Telugusahityam-Marochupu: Ranganadhacharyulu K.
(Ed.)
TL - 553 SANSKRIT - II (SANSKRIT TEXTS)
Text: Abhijnana Sakuntalam of Kalidasa
Reference Books
1. Abhijnana Sakuntalam of kalidasa with the commentary
of Srinivasacharya & raghava Bhatta
2. Abhijnana Sakuntalam of kalidasa with the commentary
of M.R.Kale
3. Abhijnana Sakuntalam of kalidasa with the commentary
of Bhogeswaea Sharma Nori
4. Abhijnana Sakuntalam of kalidasa with the commentary
of Vemabhupala
Two optionals to be Chosen from among the following
Optionals:
TL - 571 MODERN PADYA KAVYAS
UNIT - 1 Agnidhara by Daasharadhi
49
UNIT - 2 Khanda kaavyam I by Jashuva
UNIT - 3 Ramayana kalpa vhrksham - Avatarika and Ishti
Khandam: Viswanatha Satyanarayana
Reference books
1. Kavitalahari- Dasaradhi-G.V.Subrahmanyam
2. Kavitalahari- Gurram Jashuva- Narayana Reddy C.
3. Jashuva- G.Bhaskar chowdary
4. Jashuvasahityam, Drikpadham, Parinamam – Sudhakar
Endluuri
5. Naa raamudu – Viswanatha Satyanarayana
6. Kalpavriksha rahasyamulu- Viswanatha Satyanarayana
TL - 572 DALIT LITERATURE
UNIT- 1
Dalits, Harijans, Sudra, Anaryas, Dasya, Chandalas,
Untouchables, Panchamas etc words meaning and
explanation – The Historical Background of Dalit Literature.
Ideology of Dalit Literature: Vedas – Charvakam – Jainam –
Bouddham – Ambedkarism – Marxism – and impact of other
theories.
UNIT- 2
Principles of Dalit Literature – Untouchablity – Religious
Approach – Aesthetic Approach – Concepts of Satyam,
Sivam, Sundaram – Different opinions about concepts of
Karma, Rebirth etc- Dalit Language – Dalit Culture.Dalit
Literary Genres, Metrical Poetry- Songs- Story – Drama –
Free Verse Poetry- Dalit Literary Criticism- Caste Identity
Movements- Sub-Cast Consciousness.
50
UNIT – 3
Poetry: Dalitakavitwam-Part I&II( Edited by
Dr.G.Laksminarayana), Nalla draksha pandiri ( Yendluri
Sudhakar), Madiga Chaitanyam (Edited by Nagappagari
Sunder Raju),Chikkanavutunna pata (Edited by:
G.lakshminarasaiah, Tripuraneni Srinivas),
1. Novel : Panchamam ( Chilukuri Devaputra)
2. Drama: Paleru ( Boyi Bheemanna)
3. Short Stories: Ilanti tavvayi vaste(Sreepada
Subrahmanya Sastry), Polaiah (karunakumara), takattu
(Kolakaluri Enock), Ventadina Avamanam (kasula Pratap
Reddy),
4. Long Poems: Kotta gabbilam (Yendluri Sudhakar),
Nippukanika( Banna Ilaiah)
Reference Books
1. Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar rachanalu – Prasangalu:
Govt.of A.P Publications
2. Dalita Sahitya Charitra: Pilli Samson
3. Dalita Vadavivadalu: Edited by S.V.Satyanarayana
4. Nallapoddu: Edited by Gogu Syamala
5. Towards an Aesthetic of Dalit Literature: Sarankumar
Limbale
TL - 573 MACHINE TRANSLATION
UNIT-1
Machine Translation (MT) - History and Evolution - Difference
between Human Translation (HT) - & Machine Translation
(MT) - Machine Translation Problems- Machine Translation
Process - Machine Translation Approaches - Current Status.
51
UNIT-2
Anusaraka - Anusaraka Language Accessor - Structure of
Anusarka System
UNIT-3
M. T. Problems - English - Telugu Machine Translation.
UNIT-4
Machine Translation: Architecture – MT efforts in India.
UNIT-5
Lab based Assignment / Project.
Reference books
1. On Translation - Brower, Reuben (ed.)
2. Introduction to Natural Language Processing- Dee
harris, Mary.
3. Machine Translation An Introductory- Guide- Douglar
Arnold, Lorna Balkan and others
4. Machine Translation: Past, Present, Future- Hutchins,
W. J.
5. Machine Translation- Nirenburg, Sergeit.
TL - 574 EPIGRAPHY & MANUSCRIPTO LOGY
UNIT - 1
Inscriptions – purpose - Indian epigraphy, origin and evolution
- Epigraphical sources its significance and development
UNIT - 2
South north Indian epigraphy - Bramhi – Devanagaai –
Epigraphy to Telugu lipi focus on Satavana to vijaya nagaram.
UNIT - 3
Paleography, Origin of scripts, styles, scribes - Historical
survey of paleography, Evolution of the script.
52
UNIT - 4
Manuscriptology. Conservations and preservation -
Manuscriptology- critical editions.
Reference books
1. Pracheena Andhra shasanalu. B.Radhakrishna
2. Andhra desa charitra - samputalu- . B.N.Sastry
3. Epigraphical volumes - Parabramhaiah Sastry
4. T elangana Sasanalu - Tirumala Rao.
5. Vijayanagara Sasanalu – k.Vidyawathi
6. Indian Epigraphical Glossary - DC sirear,
7. Indian paleography from Bc 350 _ 1380 AD - Buhler
8. Paleography of Brahmi Script in Andhra 300 BC to 300
AD - Ramesh Chandhra, B.
9. Telugu vignana Sarvaswam. Vol.1, Seshagiri Rao.
10 The Script of Harrappa and Mohanjodaro and its
connection with other scripts- Henter ,G.R.
TL - 575 LEXICOGRAPHY
UNIT -1
Lexicology - Lexicography - The relationship between
Linguistics and lexicography - History of Lexicography in
general and particular to Telugu
UNIT -2
Clssification of Dictionaries: Monolingual - Bilingual -
Multilingual - Special Dictionaries -
UNIT - 3
Relationship between word and meaning: Form - Lexeme
Meaning: Denotatve meaning - Connotative meaning
Collocative meaning - Gramatical meaning Polysemy
53
Homonymy - Synonymy - Antonymy - Hyponymy - Hypernomy
-Componencial Analysis - Selectional Restrictions
UNIT - 4
Preparation of Dictionary: material collection - head word -
Pronunciation -Gramaticality- Meaning - Usage- Foot notes-
Cross references - Etymology - Arrangement - Finalisation
of print copy – Place of Computers in preparing Dictionaries
- Machine Readable Dictionary.
Reference books
1. Telugu Nighamtuvula Charitra: Usharani
2. Nighamtu Vikasam: Venkatappaiah Velaga
3. Lexicigraphy; Singh, Ram Adhar
4. Mannual of Lexicography: Zgusta, Ladislov
5. Lexicography: Katre, S.M.
6. Lexicography: Hartmann R.R.K.
TL - 576 TRANSLATIONS STUDIES
UNIT -1
Translation - definitions - types of translations - methods of
Translations
UNIT -2
Literary translation, scientific translation, and Technical
translation
UNIT - 3
Linguistic problems on Translation: phonetic, morphemic and
syntactic levels - special vocobulary
UNIT - 4
Cultural problems in Translation: customs, practices, beliefs
etc.
Reference books
1. Anuvada samasyalu- Ramachandhra reddy, Rachamallu
2. Anuvada sastram-Bhem sen Nirmal
54
3. Anuvadinchadam ela?-Govindha Raju Chakradar
4. Translation and Multilingualism- Shantha Ramakrishna
5. The art of Translation-Theodore savory
6. The theory and practice of Translation -Nida& Charles
R Taber Liedan
TL - 577 INTRODUCTION TO PRAKRIT STUDIES
UNIT - 1
Brief Introduction to Prakrit Language and literature.
UNIT - 2
Text 1, Prakhrita Chandrika of Krishna misra
UNIT - 3
Text 2, Selected 25 kathas from Gathasaptasati
Reference books
1. Prakrita Bhasha vikasamu – Venkata Rangacharyulu
Medipally
2. A Study of Prakrit Grammar – Micheal
3. Prakrit Grammarians – Nitty Dolchi
4. Gatha sapta sati(Telugu) – Anantakrishna Sharma; A.U.
publications
TL - 578 ADVANCED STUDIES IN SANSKRIT
POETICS ( TEXT)
Kaavya miimaamsa of Rajasekhara with Telugu Commentary
of Prof. Pullela Ramachandrudu
Reference books
1. Sanskrit poetics: Kane P.V.
2. History of Sanskrit poetics: Ramachandrudu, pullela
55
Formerly member of the Executive Council and Academic
Senate, Potti Sriramulu Telugu University (2005-2009)
Formerly member of the Committee constituted to prepare the
Action Plan for Classical Telugu Language by the Government of
Andhra Pradesh.
M.A. (Osmania), Ph.D.(Andhra),P.G. Diploma in Applied
Linguistics (Osmania)
Specialisations: Classical Telugu Literature, Grammar, Prosody,
Poetics, Sociological approach to Literature, Linguistic approach
to traditional Telugu grammar and Preparation of text books.
Major Publications:
1. Chando Vyasavali.1983
2. Telugulo Chando Viseshamulu. 1985 (Ph.D. thesis).
3. Sukti Vychitri .1985. Erranna Peetham.award-1984
4. Sivakavula Rachanalu–Samajam.1991.Telugu University award
1989
5. Telugunu Kapadukondam – Adi Manalni Kapadutundi.1996
6. Deepika –Appakaviya Varna Pariccheda Vivarana. 1996
7. Akshara Viswanadha.1997 Sri Viswanatha Peetham award -
1987.
8. (Ed.) Gidugu Lekhalu (letters of Gidugu Ramamurthy). 2001
9. (Ed.) Vachana Kavitha – Roopa Pariseelana. 2006
10. (Ed.) Marosari Gidugu Ramamurti : Vyasalu Lekhalu.2009
11. Nadupalli Pathasala Nighantuvu (Telugu-Telugu) 2009
Writer State Govt. School Level and Intermediate Text Books.
Editor, Telugu Dialectical Lexicon Project, P.S.Telugu University
Prof. N. S. Raju
Head of the Department
e-mail: ramamnadupalli@yahoo.co.in
Mobile:09440790882
56
Specialisations: Telugu Modern Poetry; Folk Literature Telugu
Drama and Cultural History of Andhras,Literary Criticism.
Publications:
1. Ellora Rachanalu Samagra Pariseelana (1992), 2.Dr.
Gnanananda Kavi Jeevitam – Vangmaya Suchi (1994), 3.Sahithi
Sourabham (Vyasa Samputi, 1995) 4.Kotta Pata (Kavitha
Samputi,1996,) 5.Sahiti Murthula Prasasthi (1997), 6.Neeku
Naku Naduma ( Short Stories, 2000).
7.Kavana Mandakini (Kavitha Samputi, 2001), 8.Rangareddy
and Hyderabad Jilla Bathukamma Patalu – Samajikamsalu
Pariseelana (2001), 9.Vyasa Jyothsna (Vyasa Samputi, 2002),
10.Swatantryanantara Kavitvam –Vasthuvu, Rupam, Silpam
(2002), 11.Vendi Kireetam (Kathalu, 2004), 12.Kavana Mandakini
(Kavitha Samputi,Translated into Hindi. 2004), 13.Akshara
Vasantham (Kavitha Samputi, 2006), 14.Sub. Edi.: Parisodhana
Vivaralu, 15.Telugu Katha Sahityam – Adhunika Drukpathalu (Ed.
2007), 16.Kathajhari (Ed. 2008), 17.Valasa Kokila – Poetry
(Kavitha Samputi, 2010), 18.Saradrushna (Vyasa Samputi, 2011)
Academic distinctions and Awards:
1. Bharat Basha Bhushan National Award (1999), 2. P. S,
Telugu University – Best Book Award (2000), 3.A.P. Film Circle
Ugadi Puraskaram (2001), 4.A.P. Government Ugadi
Puraskaram (2002), 5.Chaitanya Arts Sahithi Puraskaram (2003),
6.Rasamayee Sahithi Puraskaram (2003), 7.All India Poetess
Conference (fifth) SulabhaSahithi Academy (Telugu) Award (2004),
8.Potti Sreeramulu Telugu University BestWomenWriterAward
(2005), 9.Andhra Saraswatha Samithi Ugadi Puraskaram 2008,
10. Andal Saman Sahi thya Award, New Del hi (2009),
11.Gruhalakshmi Swarna kankanam (2010).12. B.N. Literary Award
(2010), 13.Vi swasahi tya Puraskaram (2010), 14.Vi sesha
Puraskaram, Telugu University (2010) etc awards received.
Prof. S. Saratjyothsna Rani
Mobile: 09866592115
M.A.(Nagarajuna),
M.Phil.(Hyderabad), Ph.D. (Osmania)
57
Specialisations: Sanskrit, Prakrit and Telugu Grammars; Prosody;
Poetics; Classical Literature; Applied Criticism; Translation.
Publications:
1.The Influence of Sanskrit and Prakrit Grammars on Telugu
Grammar (1982), 2.Sringara Srikanthamu , (1982), 3.Svarna
Kamala (1983), 4.Shodasee (1987), 5.Veni Samharam (1988),
6.Aadhunika Vemana Satakamu (1990), 7.Krotta Godavary (1991),
8.Anargha Raghavam (1992). 9.Srimadramayanam – Telugu prose
(1993), 10.Adhunika Gathavali (1994), 11.Gurudatta Lahary
(1995), 12.Paluku Chiluka – (1996), 13.Yasodhara (1997),
14.Padyakavita Parichayam – 1 (1997), 15.Sri Devibhagavatam
(1999), 16.Naganandam (2000), 17.Sri Dattaatreya Guru Charitra
(2000),
18.Andhra Mahabharata Vyakya. Santi – Canto – 6 (2005),
19.Vyasa Gowtami – Tel ugu Li terary Cri ti ci sm (2004),
20.Padyaramam – Essays on Contemporary Classical Poetry.
(2004), 21.Srimadramayanam – Sundara kanda – Telugu Prose
(2004), 22.Sakunthalam & Soundaranandam – Dance Dramas –
(2004), 23.Mritchakatikam (2005), 24.Vyasa Peethika (2007),
25.Uttara Ramacharitam (2010), 26.Reader Friendly Commentary
to Sri Venkata Nagaadhipa Satakam (2012).
Academic distinctions and Awards:
1.Pratibha Vyjayantika Award (1995), 2. A.P. Government
Best Teacher Award (1995), 3.Sri Sarvaraya Sahitya Purskaram,
Kapileswarapuram (1988), 4.K. Rajamannar Awarde, from P.S.
Telugu University, Hydeabad (2001), 5.Aasthan Kavi Puraskaram
from Sri Datta Peetham, Mysore (2002), 6.Kendra Sahitya Acad-
emy Award for Sri Devi Bhagavatam (2003), 7.Rajeev Prathibha
Puraskaram from the Government of A.P, (2008).
Prof. B. Ramabrahamam
email: bethavolush@uohyd.ernet.in
Mobile: 09848169769
Bhashapraveena (Andhra) M.A. Telugu (Andhra),
M.A. Sanskrit (Andhra), Ph.D. (Nagarjuna)
58
Specialisations: Modern Literature, Poetry and Literature,
Creative writing (Fiction), Text Book Preparation.
Publications:
1.Baaristar Parvateesam – Oka Pariseelana - (199),
2.Pari chayam (Modern Tel ugu Li terary Essays (2004),
3. Mattipoyyi (Telugu Short stories (2004), 4.Sameekshalu,
Prasangalu (Modern Telugu Literary essays (2006), 5.Palle
Mangali Kathalu (Short Stories,1996), 6.Faction Kathalu (Short
Stories (1997), 7.Katha Samayam (Short Stories (2001), 8.Handri
Kathalu (Short Stories, 2003), 9. Bahumukham (Modern Telugu
Essays (2009).
10. Short Stories (30) published in different Telugu Maga-
zines, 11. Ten Stories Translated from Telugu to Kannada ,
Malayalam, English, Urdu and Hindi Languages. 12.Telugu Katha
– Prantheeyatha , Rajitotsava Sanchika, P.S. Telugu University,
Hyderabad (2010), 13. Telugulo Hasya Navalalu (Telugu Vani) 6
th Akhila Bharatha Telugu Mahasabhala Pratyeka Sanchika,
(2011), 14.Vruthi Jeevana Chitrana Kathallo Kalikithurayi –
Thalalenodu Acharya Kolakaluri Inoch Sahithi Samalochana
(2011).
Academic distinctions and Awards:
1. B.R. Ambedkar Gold Medal from Dalitha Sahithya Vedika,
Central University. (1998).
Prof. T. Ramakrishna
e-mail: ramakrishna_tummala@yahoo.co.in
Mobile: 09949055015
M.A., M.Phil., Ph.D., (Sri Venkateswara)
59
Specialisations: Modern Literature, Classical Literature, Sanskrit
and Logic.
Publications
1.Rigvedha Rahashyam (Vol- I), 2.Rigvedha Rahashyam,
3.Sri Aurovindula Sahityam Prateekalu(U.G.C Project), 4.Puspalu
Sandesham, 5.Vyasa Madhulitha, 6.Swathantranantara Telugu
Kavulapy Sri Auravindula Tatwa Darshana Prabhavam, 7.Adunika
Telugu Kavithvamlo Manavatha vadam Vibhinna Doranulu ,
8.Adunika Telugu Kavithvam - Bavishya Darshanam , 9. Bharathiya
Samskruthi Varasatvam ,Vol- I, 10. Bharathiya Samskruthi
Varasatvam, Vol- II, 11. Indian Culture and Heritage , 12. 220 newly
coined words were accepted by Telugu Academy 13.Assisted
Telugu University in Preparing Medak District Dictionary, 14.Deva
Sangham (Editor).
Research Papers
1.Sri Aravindula Kavitvamlo Soundarya Aradhana, 2.Divya
Deepika, 3.Dabbu Dani Viluva, Sri Aravinda Karmadhara, 4.Sri
Aravindula Manavatavadam, Sri Aravinda Karmadhara, 5.Pranika
Shakti Aki l a, 6.Raj a Rushul a Raj ya Pal ana Vyavasta,
7.Ushodayam nandi Atimanasa Varaku -An Analysis, 8. Sri
Aravindula Sahityam, 9. Anuvadha Sahityam four Articles,
10.Samajika Rugmatalu, 11.Palu Ekavachanam, 12.Chidambara
Rashasyam, 13.Chevi l o Puvvu, 14.Kal l al l o Vathul u,
15.Mukupachalaratam, 16.Madapati Hanumantha Rao-Sahityam
Vyakthithvam- Amruthotsavam, 17.Shree Lekha, 18.Kavya Naayika
Godaa, 19.Chaduvula Yagnam, Short Story. 20. Alwarula
Madhurabhakti. etc papers.
Prof. G. Aruna Kumari,
e-mail: gak_uoh@ymail.com
Mobile: 09396503944
website: www.telugubhavitha.org
M.A. Telugu (Madras), M.A. Sanskrit (Osmania),
M.A. Philosophy (Osmania), M.Phil. (Hyderabad)
Ph.D. (Hyderabad), D. Litt. (Berhampur)
60
Vyakarana Vidya Praveena, Bhasha Praveena, M.A. Sanskrit,
M.A. Telugu (Andhra), Ph.D. Sanskrit, Ph.D. Telugu (Andhra), M.A.
Jyothisha (P.S. Telugu University), CIC (IGNOU)
Specializations : Telugu Classical Grammar and Literature, Sanskrit
Grammar and Literature, Indian Poetics,and Criticism
Publications :
1. Raghava Satakam ( Poetry,1990)
2. KavyaChandrika (A Critical Analysis on The definition of
Poetry,1991)
3. Svapna Vasava Dattam (with Telugu Commentary,1993)
4. Sanskrita Vyakaranam, (1994/ 97)
5. Panineeya Siksha , (2001)
6. Vedanga Chandas (2006)
7. Vedanga Jyotisham (2007)
8. Karaka And The Case (2008)
9. Telugu Vyakaranalu – Punssameeksha (Editor, 2009)
10. Uttaraharivamsamu – Srihari Vaibhavamu (2010)
11. Nrisimhapuranamu with Telugu commentary
12. Niruktam (with telugu commentary)
Papers Published -20
Prof. R.V. Rama Krishna Sastry
e-mail: sastryrvrk@yahoo..in
Mobile: 09247250953
61
Specialisations:Classical and Modern Literatures, Literary
Criticism, Aesthetics and Literary Theories.
Publications:
1. Telugulo Bhakti Kavitvam – Samajika Visleshana,1999
2. Telugu Sahityamlo Marxist Vimarsa, 2009
3. Sahitya Soundaryam
4. Janapada Sahityam : Adhyayana Padhathulu (Ed.)
5. 16
th
and 17
th
Centuries Literatures (Ed.)
6. Telugu Parisodhana (Associate Editor)
7. (Vimarsakudiga RaRa, Article in Telugu Parisodhana
8. Joshua and his Religion, 9Research paper, 2009.
9. God on the Hills (Review article on the text of Professor
Narayana Rao and David Shulman)
Awards :
Palkuriki Somanatha Award -2007
Papers Presented in National Seminars: About 40.
Dr. Pillalamarri Ramulu, Reader
e- mails: psrmarri@yahoo.co.in
Ph: 040-23133559 ( Office),
Mobile: 92465 26627
M.A. (Osmania), M.Phil., Ph.D., (Hyderabad)
P.G. Diploma in Sanskrit (Osmania)
62
Specialisations: Classical and Modern Telugu Grammar, Applied
Linguistics, Natural Language Processing (NLP), Preparation of
Text books and Writing for Mass Media.
Publications : (Books)
1. Sahitya Vimarsa: Siddhantam, Sutram, Anuvartana :
(Criticism, 2001), 2. Telugu-Kannada Dictionary, (Co-ed, (2004),
3.Journalism, (Co-author,(2004), 4,5&6. Arohan -1, 2, and
Bodhakula Deepika:2006, Co-author, 7.Prasara Madhyamalu
– Pradhamika Amsalu : 2007, 8.Nivedana paddhatulu : Bhasha
2007, 9.Anuvada vidhanalu : 2007, Co-ed.CDE, Univ.of Hyd,
10.Project (A Monograph) : 2007, Author, Text for PGDMC&TTT
Programme, 11. Telugu Vachakam (Prakasam – 1) 2008, Co-
authored, An Adult Literacy Primer (level -1) for those who are
residing in the USA. Published by Silikanandhra- Organization,
USA.
12.Concordance of Uttara Harivamsa of Nachana
Somanat ha, 2008, Techni cal Edi t or, 13. Concor danceof
Parijatapaharana of Nandi Timmana, 2008, Associate Editor,
Published by the Department of Telugu, University of Hyderabad.
14.Telugu Vachakam (Prakasam – 3) 2008, Co-authored, An
Adult Literacy Primer (level -3) for those who are residing in the
USA. Published by Silikanandhra -Organization, USA.15.Telugu
Vachakam (Prakasam – 2) 16. Bhasha Bhushanam (Collection
of papers on Telugu Language)2009. Author, University of
Hyderabad.
Dr. Pammi Pavan Kumar,
Assistant Professor
e-mails: ppksh@uohyd.ernet.in,
pavankpammi@gmail.com,
Ph: 040 2313 3562 (Office),
Mobile: 9949358500
M.A. Telugu (Hyderabad), M.A. Linguistics
(Annamalai), M.Phil., Ph.D., (Hyderabad),
63
Specialisations: Literary Criticism, Comparative Aesthetics,
Modern Literature, Dalit Literature, Diaspora Literature.
Publications: (Books)
1.Madiga Chaitanyam, (Sub –Editor, Poetry, 1997).
2. Sahitimurtula Prasasthi. - (Sub –Editor, Poetry, 1997),
3. Ganananda Kavi Amrapali Pariseelana (Research,1999),
4. Dalita Tatwikudu - ( Poetry, 2004), 5.Srujanatmaka rachanalu
Cheyadam Elaa? (Criticism, 2005), 6. Sahitee Sulochanam
(Criticism, 2006), 7.Oka Madiga Smruti: Nagappagari
SunderRaju, (Criticism, 2007), 8.Dalita Sahityam: Madiga
Drukpatham,(Criticism, 2008), 9.Veechika,(Criticism,2009),
10.Punarmulyankanam (Criticism, 2010), 11.Bahujana Sahitya
Drukpatham (Criticism,2012)
Research Papers : 49 ( Details in : www.vrdarla.blogspot.com )
Academic distinctions and Awards:
1. kandukuri Veeresalingam, Rajyalakshmi award (1995)
2. Bharatiya Sahitya Paishat award ( 1996)
3. Dr.B.R.Ambedkar National Fellowship
Bharatiya Sahitya Akademy, NewDelhi ( 2007)
Dr. Darla Venkateswara Rao
Assistant Professor
e-mails: darlash@uohyd.ernet.in,
vrdarla@gmail.com,
Ph: 040 2313 3556 (Office)
Mobile: 9989628049
M. A., Telugu (Hyderabad), M.A., (Sociology), (Dr.B.R.A.O.U),
M.Phil.,Telugu, Ph.D.Telugu (Hyderabad), PGDLLT (P.S.T.U)
Dip.in.Sanskrit (Osmania
64
Specialisations:
Socio lingiistic studies on Telugu Language and Comparative
Dravidian.
Publications: (Books)
1.Dictionary of Telugu jaatiiyaalu (Co), 2.proficiency test
materials : Telugu language (Team) (CIIL), 3.Lullabies in Telugu
and Tamil – a socio linguistic study,4.AROHAN: Telugu primers I,
II, and Teacher’s Mannual, 5.Tamilanaduloo Telugu janapada kala
ruupaalu.
Articles:
1.jaatiiyaalu arthaparishiilana: (1998), 2.aksharamadanulu
pari mi vaaru i n superannuati on vol ume of Prof.P.
Ramanarasimham, ( 2006). 3.jaanapada geeyaalu–santaanam,
noomulu, vrataalu, (2007) 4.pallekalala parasa a special issue
on Telugu Folk performing arts in Krishnagiri district of Tamilnadu.
Telugu bhaashoodhyama samakhya, Tamilnadu. 5.aksharaasyataa
pempu–bhaasha sul abhi i karana(2007) 6.Tel ugu Tami l a
laalipaatalloo uyyaala, (2008) Sahitya Prasthaanam’ 7.Aacaarya
G.N.Reddy (2008).
8.Maandalika padakosham nirmaanam- paddhatulu , (2009),
9.Tamilanaadulooni Krishnagiri jillaa – Telugu maandalikam, (2010)
10.Leepaakshi Ramaayanam Naati Sthiti : Neeti Gati, 11. On
Telugu Culture in the superannuation souvenir of Madapati
Hanumantharao, Hyderabad, (2011), 12.Shasanaallo Sthriila
Peerlu, Special Issue, Centre for classical Telugu, CIIL, Mysore,
2012.
Dr. D. Vijaya Lakshmi
Assistant Professor
e- mail: dvl1961@gmail.com
Mobile: 09949058611
M.A. Telugu.,M.Phil., (Madras); M.A. Linguistics (Annamalai); Ph.D.
(Sri Padmavati) Diploma in Tamil (Madras), P.G. Diploma in Telugu
Translation (Sri Padmavati)
65
Specialisations: Literary Criticism, Literary Translation, Telugu
Grammar and Linguistics.
Publications:
1. “iTivali kavitwamloo striivaada dhooraNulu”, in striivaada
dhooraNulu: samakaaliina saahityam. (1994)
2. “kavitvaanuvaadam” (Translating Poetry) in Paraavaangmayi.
(2006)
3. Co- edi tor for paraavaangmayi (Acharya Pari mi
Ramanarasimham Shastipurti Abhinandana Sanchika, (2006)
4. “vyaapaaraprakaTanala anuvaadam”(Translating Commercial
Advertisements) in anuvaada vidhaanaalu. (Text book for
PGDTTT) (2007)
5. “Sound systems of English and Telugu- A Comparative Study”
in Murali Manohar (Ed). 2012. Phonetics and Spoken English.
New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers
6. “kaaloojii kavitvam- bhaashaa prayoogam” in Ganta Jalandhar
Reddy. (Ed). kaaloojii saahityam- samaaloochana. Hyderabad:
A.V.College and Telangana Sanskritika Mandali.
7. “vaartaamshaala anuvaadam”(Translating News items) in
anuvaada vidhaanaalu. (Text book for PGDTTT) 2007
Awards: M.A.Ramaiah Gold Medal in M.A. Applied Linguistics
No. of papers presented in National Seminars : 16
Dr. B. Bhujanga Reddy
Assistant Professor
e-mail : bbreddy65@gmail.com;
Mobile: 09493976813
M.A. Telugu., M.Phil Telugu (Hyderabad), M.A. Applied Linguistics
(P.S.T.U.), Ph.D Linguisitcs (P.S.T.U.), P.G. Diploma in Translation
Studies (Hyderabad), M.A. Sanskrit (Kakatiya).
66
Specialisations: Folk Literature and Desi Literature.
M.Phil. Topic: Kaatamaraju Kathalu, Pradhana Patralu :
Pariseelana
Ph.D. Topic: Jaanapada Sahityamlo Sthree ( Geyaalu,
Kathageyalu)
Publications:
1. Janapada Sahityamlo Pouranika Sthreelu-1 to 6 respectively,
In. Sahithi Kiranam, June, July, August, September, October
and November, 2010
2. Janapada Sahityamlo Charitrika Sthree-1 to 8 respectively, In.
Chetana, January, February, March, April, May, June, July,
August, 2011
3. Janapada Sahityamlo Saamaajika Sthreelu-1 to 5 respectively,
In. Sahithi Kiranam, November, December, 2011, January,
February, March, 2012.
Papers presented:
1. Participated in National Seminar on Drama and presented a
paper on ‘Rythu Vijayam’ Veedhi Naatakam, held at the De-
partment of Telugu, University of Hyderabad on February 25-
26, 2011.
2. Participated in National Seminar on ‘Janapada Sahityam’ and
presented a paper on ‘Yaksha Gaanalu Vasthu Vyvidyam’, held
at the Department of Telugu, Andhra University, Viskhapatnam
on July 28-30, 2011.
Dr. D. Vijayakumari
Assistant Professor
Mobile: 09491877705
M.A.(Andhra), M.Phil., Ph.D. (Hyderabad)
67
NON-TEACHING STAFF
K. Bhavanisankara Rao
( Personnal Assistant)
B.Rambabu
(Data Entry Operator)
K. Kishan
(Multi purpose worker )
6
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7
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7
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c¡ . . ¸. .·. .·≥. -.·. ¸ ¸. ¬ -∑ . ’ ∫¸‹ -
ˇ. . .·.. :....¸ . .·......≤. ¡¡s
c. ‘ .∑ .·. ≤‘ ¸ .·¸. . - . ‰. ¸. . ..¬ .. ¸ .. ¸. ≤. +¡
cs .≤..·¸... ¸.¬-...˚¸..- .≤.·-·¸.
. .·.. ... .·.·¬ . .. . .·......≤. ¡¡s
c+ .·. ≤‘ ¸.˝ .√≥. Œ... - ˇ. . .·.. . ¸. . ≤. . .·.⁄ . .... .. ¸ ss
7
7
cs . •¸.√.·.. :˝≤ .ı.. .·≥.
.≤.. . ..≤„ .. . . . .≤.·.⁄ . .... .. ¸ ¡+
cc ¸.≤. ≤¸..·. ≤. . .·¸- ..¸. -
‘ ..·‘ ¸. .. ¸¬ .. : . .·¸.‹ . .... .. ¸ s.
c: .. .. .·. ≤‘ ¸ ... ¡-.. . ∫ . √. . .. .·∑ .·~ :. .¸..≤¸.¸. :¡
cs .-. .·: . ≤...‘ .·.⁄ - :.‘ . . . .. ..÷. ¬ . .... .. ¸ s
cs ‘ .∑ ˝ ¯‘·..c ...·.·.- ˇ. . .·.. . . ˙. . .·......≤. ¡¡¡s
:c . ≤. . .‘· ¸. .· ..˝ .- ¸.·. - ˇ. . .·.. . -·. . :. .¸..≤¸.¸. +¡c
:¡ ‘ .∑ .·. ≤‘ ¸ ... ¡˝ .-.¸‡.. - . √. .. . .·.. .. ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. :+
¡sss ¡sss ¡sss ¡sss ¡sss
:. .¸. . .∏ . - .·.-:. . Œ¸. ≤ . ’ . c. . . ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. ¡.
:s .≤...‘¸..’ ...¸.. ¸..≤.. . . -. ¸.¸‹ :. .¸..≤¸.¸. +¡c
:+ ‹. ¸. . . .˝ .. ∑ .≤. ¸.·. ·.¸. -
ˇ. . .·.. ÷.√¸∑ . . ¸.· .. . ¸.. ≤¸.¸ - . ¸ . .·......≤. ¡¡¡:
:s . . ... .·~ .... - ˇ. . .·.. . ...¬ ¸ .. ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. c+
:c · ≈ .fi fl .. ¸‘ .·.⁄ :.‘ . ....-
ˇ. . .·.. : -. ≤.‘ .. ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. s
:: .-..‘ ¸. ⁄ .... - ¸ . ‘ ¸.·. .·. ≤‘ ¸. : .·. ·.-. . :. .¸..≤¸.¸. +s
:s ..¸.¬ ..‘· ...≤..˝ .¸.≤¬.. . ..¬ .. ¸ . . ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. +¡c
7
8
:s .·∞. ≥¸. .·.-.·.⁄ . .∏ . - .·.-:. .-‚ . . : .. ¸. .·. . .... .. ¸ ss
sc ‘ .∑ ˝ ¸. ‹ ... ¡ - . .·.. ¡ . .≤. .. . .. ¸‘ - . ¸ :. .¸..≤¸.¸. :s
s¡ ..¸. √. ¸. . .‘ - .·.¸‘ . .-‚ . . . ‘·¬ -. .¸ .. ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. +.
s. .≤..·¸. . ..˝ . .: - . ≤.·-·¸. . .·.. .. . .. · - ¸. .·.⁄ .. ¸. ≤. ¡¡¡c
ss ..¸¬ . . ¸. . . - .› ∑ .≤. ¸.·.,¸. -
ˇ. . .·.. :.. .. -·¸. :. .¸..≤¸.¸. sc
s+ .·¬ . . ¸. ≈ .-. . .‘ . - . .·.. . . .“.. ¸ . .... .. ¸ +¡c
ss ... ¡≈ .· ¸¸ : .’.··.·¸.. .. .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ s
sc ¸. .·- . :˝≤ .≤.. . . . ..·≥. - . .·.. : ..· . .·.⁄ .. ¸. ≤. ¡+
s: .. .. ‘ .∑ .·. ≤‘ ¸.˝ . . ¸.
- .·.√. .·.·. . ¸..·.·.·. ¸. .. ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. +¡c
ss π .- . .. ..¸ .. .˝Ÿ ·. . - ¸·.. :.‘ ∫¸‘ . : ..¸.·˝≤.˚. .. ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. +¡.
ss ..·¸.˝Ÿ . .‘ . - .˝. .. :. . .·¸.‹ .. .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ +¡c
sc .·.-·¸. . .∏ . - ¸. . ‘ ¸ ¬ .¸‘·.∑ . .. .-. . .. .. .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ ss
s¡ ¸¸ π .. ¬ - .·: . . - ¸. ¬ -·‘ ¸. . √. .. . •... ¸ . .... .. ¸ sc
s. ‘ .∑ ˝ .·. ≤‘ ¸ . .¸‘ . .. . . -. ¸ ≈ .-. :. .¸..≤¸.¸. ¡s
ss . .∑ .·¬ . .¸ ·. .≤.. ... - ˇ. . .·.. . ’ .. .˝Ÿ .·.˚ - ¸. . .... .. ¸ c+
7
9
¡ssc ¡ssc ¡ssc ¡ssc ¡ssc
s+ ∑ . .≤. ¸.” .·¸‘ . : . -. ¸.∑ .√¸. ≤..·.⁄ .. ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. +¡.
ss ‘ . ∫.·~ ... - . Œ. ¡ . .·Δ .‘ . - . .·.. . . .. · - ¸. :. .¸..≤¸.¸.
sc ‘ .∑ ˝ .. ·¸‹¸. .. . .·.·¸. : .≤. ¸..·. .-. .. .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ +s
s: .≤. ..· . .‘ ¸.˝ .. ·¸‹¸. .‘ . -.. .
- ¸. . . .¸‘ . .‘ ¬ ¸ .. .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ +¡s
ss . .· .. :˝≤ .≤.. . π ¬ -. - .. :... : ¸..·. . . .... .. ¸ ¡:
ss ¬ ¬ -‹ . .¸‘ ˝ ‘ ‘ ‡. ‘ . “ .·. . .·.. . ˙. . .. ¸. ≤. ¡¡¡
¡cc ‹..˘ ..¸‘ . ≈ .. . .·¸‹ - - ’ c . .·.. . -·. . . .·......≤. +¡+
¡ss¡ ¡ss¡ ¡ss¡ ¡ss¡ ¡ss¡
¡c¡ . ..·c. ‘ .∑ .·. ≤‘ ¸.˝
¸.” .·.. ¡ssc-¡ssc· . . ..∑ .. :. .¸..≤¸.¸. +¡.
¡c. ...π.‹.‰..· .-¸... ..≤. -‚....¸. . .... .. ¸ +¡c
¡cs ¸¸ . ¸.·c - . .·.. .. ..¬.≤.¸... .. ¸. ≤. +¡c
¡c+ ¬-.–.∑≥ .... ¸·..·.-.
- .·.¸‘ . . ≤.· . .·.. .. . . ¬ ¸ . .·......≤. ¡¡+
¡cs .- ¸.·.∏ . .¸. . ⁄ :.“ - . .·.. .. . .. · - ¸. . .... .. ¸ +¡c
¡cc .˚ .. . ∑ .- ¸.: . .·.. ¸¸‹.
.·¸.-.¸.·. ..’ ¸. ‹. ≥. . .≤. . . ¸. .. .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ +¡¡
8
0
¡c: .˚ ≥-. ¸. . ≤. . -·¸. .. . ¸‘ . - . .·.. . .·. ·.·. .. ¸. ≤. +¡c
¡cs ‘ ..·. .˛.·≥ . .∏ . - . .·.. .. .·∑ .˝ - ¸. .·.⁄ .. ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. s+
¡cs .fi fl. ·. . .. ≥. .. . . .. -
. ‰. ¸ . .. . .· . ≤. . . . ·.·. . .·......≤. ¡¡¡.
¡¡c . ¸.· :˝≤ ‘ .∑ .·¸. . ..˝ . . ¸.·.-.
. ≤.· .·.-:. . .·.. . . .≤“.·.⁄ . .·......≤. ¡¡¡s
¡¡¡ .. . ÷.ıŒ.–. .·¸‹ - .·.. ¬
.·.-:. .-‚ . . .. .·‘·¸¬ . .. ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. +¡¡
¡ss. ¡ss. ¡ss. ¡ss. ¡ss.
¡¡. •..·∑ . ÷. ¸.. . ..≤.. μ - . .·.. . .·..·. .. ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. +¡c
¡¡s .˝≤ .... - ¸.” .·. . ¸. Œ.∏ . . . .·. .. ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. cc
¡¡+ ...≤ ~ .˚ .. ≥ .. ¸..·.⁄ . ≤.· .·¸.·.
- . .·.. . .≤. ..¬ ≈ .-. . . ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. ¡¡¡.
¡¡s .·.·. . . .·¸. .¸:‘ . ’ :. - . .·.. . .≤. ÷.-.·. .. ¸. ≤. +¡c
¡¡c .·.. . . .. - . .·.. : ..¬¸ .. .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ s
¡¡: . -. .. . .∏ . - . .·.. : . .·¸ .. . .... .. ¸ s+
¡¡s ¸.·. . ¸.. ≤¸.¸ -·¸. . .∏ . - . .. . .. ¸. . . .·~ .. .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ sc
¡¡s ‘ .∑ ˝ .·.·¸. .” .ƒ . .- ... ¡ .·..·.-·. . -‚ ,. .. .. .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ :s
¡.c ·˝≤ .¸.·~ . .∏ . - . .·.. . ..¬ .. ¸ .. .. .·~ s+
8
1
¡.¡ ¸¸ . . .. · . fi≤‘ ‘ ¸ -·¸. . ¸. Œ.∏ . . .π .. .≤. .. .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ +¡s
¡sss ¡sss ¡sss ¡sss ¡sss
¡.. .·. .. .” ‘·.˚ . ... - ·. . μ . .·.. . .·∑ .. .. ¸ . .... .. ¸ +¡c
¡.s .. .. ‘ .∑ .·. ≤‘ ¸.˝ ÷. ¸• . ≤.. . .¬ ¸ :. .¸..≤¸.¸. +¡.
¡.+ .˚ . . . ∑ . - . . ¸. ¸. .. .. ¸. ‘ .. .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ cs
¡.s . ¸. -·¸. . ¸. . . . - - .› - . . .·.. . - .. ¸ . .... .. ¸
¡.c .¬ -¸·. . ˝Ÿ ¸. : . .. .. ‘ .∑ .. . ,≤˙‡.·. .. .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ :c
¡.: ‹. ¸. . .‘ - .·≥¸-·¸. ..·¸. .
..·≥ ÷.√¸∑ . .·¸.· .. .¸. . :. .¸..≤¸.¸. ss
¡.s ¸. . .. . . . .·.-:. .·.. ¬
.·. ≤‘ ¸ .˚ . . ¸. : ¯‘·.·. . .... .. ¸ +¡¡
¡.s . .. ..·. . .·≥.·. - . .·.. . .·.≤.·.⁄ .. .. .·~ s¡
¡sc . ..·c. . .‘ ¸.˝ .. .⁄ - ......˝Ÿ
...¸. ¡ssc-sc· .. . .. ‰.·.⁄ . . ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. +¡c
¡s¡ ¸.·. . ¸.. ≤¸.¸-·¸. . .∏ . - . .∏ .:‘ . . .·. ·. ¸. . .·......≤. ss
¡s. ..-“. . ·¬ -.˚ . . .∏ . - . .·.. .. ..¬ .. - . ‘ .¸‘·‡¸.·. s+
¡ss ..∏ . ¸.. ¸‹c.∑ - .≤› .-·. .. -
ˇ. . .·.. . ª.≤..‘ .. ¸. ≤. ¡¡¡.
8
2
¡s+ ‘ -. Œ√.·.. :˝≤ ¸.” . .·≥. - . .·.. .. ¸. .·- .·.⁄ .. -.‘.¸‘·‡¸.·. ¡+
¡ss . ≤.· . .. . ‡.˝ –. ∑ .” ‘·. ‹ . ¸. . .. ¸ .·.‘ .¸ .. .. .·~ ¡c.
¡sc .. .. ‘ .∑ . .‘ ¸.˝ ¸. . .… ..a.˚. .. ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. +¡s
¡s: .: π . .·‘ ¸. ...· . .·› . .. Œ.¸ . ’ .c .·. . . .... .. ¸ c+
¡ss . ¸.· :˝≤ ¸-·.. π ¬ -. .. .,≤˙‡.·. .. -.‘.¸‘·‡¸.·. ¡+
¡ss ‘ .∑ :.. ¸‹. .˝. ·.¸. . - ....·.. ‘ . .. .‹ . .·......≤. ¡s
¡+c . . Œ∑ .‘ . .c .·. ..·.⁄ . .∏ . -
.·.. ¸¸‹.·.-·. - . .·.. . .·.˚ - ¸:.˚ . .. .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ sc
¡+¡ ..¸ . .¸. .·¬ . .‘ ¸. - .≤a¬ ‘ ... .·..·.·.¸. :. .¸..≤¸.¸. +¡c
¡+. ¸.‘ √.·.. - . .·.. . .·.. ¸. .. .. .·~ +¡s
¡+s ‹. . ‹ .˚ .. ≥ . .⁄. .. Δ . .¸‘ . - . .·.. .. .·.˚-¸.-.¸ . .·......≤. +¡c
¡++ . .·... -·. . . .∏ . - . .·.. . . .. · - ¸. . .·......≤. s+
¡ss+ ¡ss+ ¡ss+ ¡ss+ ¡ss+
¡+s . ⁄≥ . . .·.·¬ .≤.·. ¸. :.‘ . -
.·.¸¬ . -∫ : . . .¸ .. - . ‘ .¸‘·‡¸.·. ¡.+
¡+c .·≥..·~ . .∏ . - ¸. . ·. ¸.” .·¸‘ . . .·.. . ..¬ ≈ .-. .. .. .·~ ¡c
¡+: ..¸¬ ¸ . ≤. ‘ .˝ .·≥. ¬ ‘ .… . ≤.‹ :. .¸..≤¸.¸. ss
8
3
¡+s ‹. ¸. .. . ¸. ¬ -∑ . .·..
..·≥ ÷.√¸∑ . .·¸.· . ’ .¬ . .¸. .. ¸. ≤. ss
¡+s .˚ ≥-. ¸. . ≤. . -·¸. .·¸.·. - . .·.. .. . ‘ ¸¸. . .. .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ s
¡sc . ¸‹. .˝ .·¸.·. ¸. . ≥.. -
...·. . .. ¸. . ’ ..¬-....·~ .. .. .·~ ¡¡¡s
¡s¡ . ⁄c. .: . ¸.· .. . .∏ . - ˇ. . .·.. .. . .. . .·~ . .... .. ¸ s+
¡s. .˚ ∑ .≥ . -. ≤. ¸. .·. . .‘ ¸. - .: .·. .. ‘ : ¸..·. .·.⁄ .. ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. +¡+
¡ss .·.·. . ¸. .-. . .∏ . .·.-:. . Œ¸. ≤ . .≤. . .˛. .. - . ‘ .¸‘·‡¸.·. s¡s
¡s+ .˚ .⁄.. c .·.-...·.⁄ ·. :.‘ .- . . .. . .·.·¬ ..·.⁄ .. ¸. ≤. s
¡ss .fi≤‘·‹¸≈.· .∫¸.≤.
∫.. ≈ .–˝ :... .. ·. .· . .·..· .. .¬ . ..~˝≤.˚ . .. .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ :.
¡sc ... . ¸..’ . .:. .˚ . .. ¸.·¬ . .·.. ˇ . ≤. ¸. .. .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ :.
¡s: .˛‘ . . ≤∑ .‘ .- - ’ - . .≤.¸ .. .. . ... . . ¸. .. ¸. ≤. s¡
¡sss ¡sss ¡sss ¡sss ¡sss
¡ss .˚ .⁄.. c . ¸. -·¸. .. . .·. ≤‘ ¸.- . .·.. . . .-.˚ . :. .¸..≤¸.¸. +¡c
¡ss ‘ .∑ ˝ ..≤„ . . . ¸.·¸. - . .·.. . c˝≤≈ .-. .. .. .·~ ¡s
¡cc ..≤.-.≤. :˝≤ . . ≤. . .·≥. - . .·.. . ∑ .·. . .. - . ‘ .¸‘·‡¸.·. ¡+
¡c¡ ∑ . › . .·≥. - . .·.. . . π .. ≈ .-. .. ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. s
8
4
¡c. .c..c.·. .‘¸.≤.-¸.¸:¬. -
.·≥. .-. .·.. .. ...·-¸..·.⁄ :. .¸..≤¸.¸. s¡
¡cs . .. . . .˝ . fi≤‘·‹ ¸.·.-·. . .·.. .¸..·..·.⁄ .. ...¸.¬¸ :.
¡c+ ÷‘ . ... .. ..-. .·.. .. :- .. . .. ¸. ≤. sc
¡cs ‘ .∑ ˝ ‘c .·¸. . .. ...- . ≤‘ . -∫. . . .. · -¸..·.⁄ .. ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. +¡¡
¡cc . .. .-¸:. ‡ - - ’ c . .·.. . ¸.˚ . . .·... . .. ≤. ¡¡s
¡c: ¸.·.∏.. .·Δ. .·.ƒ¸¸∑..·.˝
‘ .∑ . .·. .. ¸¬ .. s. ‘ . ∑ ‹ .. ≈ · . .≤..¸. . .·......≤. ¡¡:
¡cs ¸.” .·. . .‘ ¸.˝ ....·.. ‘ . . ‘ ¸.·.·¬ . .. .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ +¡
¡cs .. ¸.·. . ¸. .-.·. ¸. ·. . . ..
- . ¸. ‘ ‘ ¸. .. ..¬ .. ¸ :. .¸..≤¸.¸. s
¡ssc ¡ssc ¡ssc ¡ssc ¡ssc
¡:c ... .-. ..√.≤. :.⁄.˝
‘ .∑ .·. ≤‘ ¸. .. ¸¸‘ . .. ¸¬ .. .. ... ¬ ¸ . .·......≤. +¡¡
¡:¡ .˚ . . - ≈ .‘ . . .∏ . - . .·.. . ¸..·. .·.⁄ .. - . ‘ .¸‘·‡¸.·. s+
¡:. ∫.¸¬ . -. .≤..·¸. . . ‘ .
.·¸. . .≤. - . .·.. . .≤. ... .. ¸.. ≤¸¬ ¸.. ¸. ≤. ¡c¡
¡:s ¸.·.∏ . •..·¸‹ .. ‰‘ ¸¸..’ .≤..
.·. ... ¸. . ≤.. . . ¸. ·¬ ¸‹ .. ¸. ≤. s+
8
5
¡:+ . .· . .. . .≤.-.·.⁄ .. ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. s
¡:s .·. ≤‘ ¸•.Œ. - .- ¸.·.∏ . ¸. Œ.∏ . - ... ¡ . .- ¸¸. .·. .. .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ +¡+
¡:c ¸. .·- . :˝≤ .: .·≥.·. - . .·.. . - .. . .·.⁄ .. - . ‘ .¸‘·‡¸.·. ¡.
¡:: . .¸. ∑ . ⁄ . . .. ≤. ¸. ¸. - . .·.. . ’ . ≤∑ ¸¸ .. - . ‘ .¸‘·‡¸.·. c¡¡
¡:s ¸.·. . ¸.. ≤¸.¸ -·¸. . .∏ .- . .·.. . .π .. .·.⁄ .. .. .·~ s+
¡:s ... ˝… .·~ . .∏ . -
.-.. . .... ·. . .·.. : ¸..¸ .. ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. ss
¡sc .˚ .· .·.¸¬ . -∫ . -‚,. .. .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ ¡.s
¡ss: ¡ss: ¡ss: ¡ss: ¡ss:
¡s¡ ¸‘˚ ‘·–¸ ... - ˇ. . .·.. . ¸- ’ .. .. - . ‘ .¸‘·‡¸.·. c+
¡s. ‘ .∑ .¸. .˝ . . . ¸. -. . . ... .. .. .·~ +¡+
¡ss . .. ..˚ . .- . .‘ . ’ ‘ .¸. . . . ·.. . .·......≤. cs
¡s+ .. .∑ . :˝≤ ‘ .∑ .-.. c. . . .≤.¬ ¸ . .·......≤. ¡¡c
¡ss .·. ≤‘ ¸ ... ¡≈ . · .. .: ∑ .: - ... ¡ .. . .≈ .-. . . ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. s
¡sc .-..c .·.. ¸. . . .” .ƒ . . .·¸.·.- . .·.. . ¸. . ≤. . .. ¸. ≤. s
¡s: .. . ..≤.·.⁄ . .∏ . - ≈ ≥.. :.‘ ∫¸‘ . . .·..≤.·. .. .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ ss
¡ss ‘ .∑ .. .≥.⁄ - .·.¸¬ . -∫ . .¬ .·˝Ÿ . .·......≤. ¡.c
¡ss .. . .¸‘ .·¸,≤¸.·. - . .·.. .. ¸..·. .·.⁄ .. ¸. ≤. :s
8
6
¡sc .- ¸.·.∏ .·. ..¸. .·.¸¬ . .¸‘ -
- . -. .·.- . .·.. . .. .‘ ≈ .-. .. .. .·~ ¡s
¡s¡ ¸.·.∏ . .·.·¸. - . .-. . .∏ · . :≤ . . .≤.. ¸. .˚ . .. .. .·~ sc
¡s. ∑ . .≤. .·. ≤‘ ¸ .·.-:. . ¸. Œ.∏ . ..˝Ÿ.. ¸.˚ . .. ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. +¡¡
¡ss ‘ .∑ ˝ . .‘ . .‘ ¸. · . -. .- .. .⁄ . .c .·. . .. ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. +¡+
¡sss ¡sss ¡sss ¡sss ¡sss
¡s+ ..¸¬ . ≤. ‘ .˝ ‘ ‘ ‡. . .·.
- .. .. ..≤. . .·.. . . ‘ ¸.·.·¬ . .. ¸. ≤. ¡¡¡:
¡ss ¸.” .·. . .∏ .- . .·.. : . .≈ .-. .. - . ‘ .¸‘·‡¸.·. s+
¡sc π .‘ . . - ≈ .-. . .¸‘ - .·.-:. ∫¸‘ . .… ¸.. ≤¸. .. .. .·~ s:
¡s: .≤„ .·... . . .¸..·c- . .·.. .·. ...·-¸..·.⁄ .. - . ‘ .¸‘·‡¸.·. +¡s
¡ss ..–. ·. . .. ≥- . ¸ :.‘ . - . . .. . . . .¸ . . ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. s
¡ss ... .: .·.. ¸. .·.·¸. ¸¬ .. .. .˝Ÿ . .. .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ sc
¸. . .. ’ . ..- .·‘ ‡.¸∑ .∑ · ÷.-.ª.≤- ¸. .·.⁄
.cc .. .. :˝≤ ¬ . ·.·.- ˇ. . .·.. . ... ¬ ¸ .. - . ‘ .¸‘·‡¸.·. ..
.c¡ .. .. ‘ .∑ .·. ≤‘ ¸ ... ¡ -
.·.. ≤. . . . .√- . ... .≤‘ ¸. .· .. .. ... .. .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ ¡s
.c. ‘ .∑ ˝ .∫¸. .·.. ≤. . . . .√-·.-
. .·.. . -·.‘ ¬ ¸ . .·......≤. ¡s
8
7
.cs ..- . .” ‘·.·..·~ .‹.¸‘ .·≥.·.
- . .·.. .. . .¸. . . . .. .. .·~ s¡
.c+ ‘ .∑ ˝ .. .·¸. . .≤.- ˇ. . .·.. . ’ . . ¸. .. ¸. ≤. ¡c¡
.cs . . .¬ -– .˝≤. .- .•.· . ’ ¸‘ ‘ ‘ ¸. . .≤. .. ¸. . ¸. .. .. ¸. ≤. ss
¡sss ¡sss ¡sss ¡sss ¡sss
.cc ¸.·. .√. ‡ . .∏ · . .. ...· . .. .√·-¸..·.⁄ .. .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ s+
.c: . ∑ .·~ .·.·¬ . .-. ..¸. .·¸. .
...· . .·.. . . . : .. .≈ .-. c+
.cs .. ¸. . .∏ ·.. . - . .·.. .. . .¯‘ .·.⁄ : .. .≈ .-. s+
.cs .≤‘ . ...- . .¸∑ . .·.. .. ¸.·.. .. - . ‘ .¸‘·‡¸.·. c+
.¡c .. › . ¸. . .∏ .- ˇ. . .·.. .. ¸. .·. .. - . ‘ .¸‘·‡¸.·. s+
.¡¡ ∫¸‘:.·.- ..¸¬.. : ¸..·. .·.⁄ .. .. .·~ c+
.¡. ,≤. ¸.‘ ≈ . ... - . .¸∑ . .·.. . .. ... . .. ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. c¡¡
.¡s . .·≥ . .. · - ¸. ·. .·. ≤‘ ¸. ..·. . ¬ -.
- . .·.. . .≤. . .˚ . .. - . ‘ .¸‘·‡¸.·. ¡s
.¡+ .. .·.· . .∏ .- . .‘·¸. .¸≈ . .. ¸¬ .. : . .≤“.·.⁄ .. .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ ss
.¡s ..·. .-. .·≥.- . .¸∑ . .·.. . . -. ≤..·.⁄ .. ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. ++
.¡c .. . .. - ˙cπ .. . .. . ... ·.·. .. ¸¬ .. : . .·¸.·.⁄ .. .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ s¡¡
.¡: ‘ .∑ :. . ¸‹. .˝ .·.· . . .-.-‚ .·. .¸. . . .. ≈ .-. .. .. .·~ ¡¡s
8
8
.ccc .ccc .ccc .ccc .ccc
.¡s .. . .·~ .·..·~ .·.¸¬ . -∫ . . . ·. . .. ¸. ≤. ¡.:
.¡s ... .. .-.·c ... - . .·.. : ‹. .. .. - . ‘ .¸‘·‡¸.·. c+
..c .. ... . .∏ .- . .·.. . . .≈ .-. .. - . ‘ .¸‘·‡¸.·. s+
..¡ . ..·c. ‘ .∑ . .‘ ¸.- ..·¸. .·¸. ‰. . . . ‘ ¸.·.·¬ . .. ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. +¡+
... .≤.•. .- ˇ. ..·.. : . ¸. .‘ .. .. .·~ s
..s ¸‹. ⁄. .˚ . ¸..·. -Hoi’ . .·.. . ..¸. .. ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. s¡.
..+ ...≤.· π ¬ -.- ˇ. . .·.. . ..·¸.‹.≤. .. - . ‘ .¸‘·‡¸.·. ¡s
..s . ‘ π .¸. .·. . - ¸∑ ..∏ . .. ¸. . : . . .‘ ‡.. .. ¸. ≤. ¡s
..c ∑ .≥-. :˝≤ .·. ‘ .- .. .·.·. . .·.. ... . . ¸. .. . .·......≤. ¡¡¡s
..: . .‘ .·. ≤‘ ¸. - . ≤.· . ¸. Œ.∏ . . -·¸.. .. . .·.⁄ . .·......≤. ¡¡¡.
..s sc: ‘ . ∑ ‘ . ..≤„ .-·¸. .·.ƒ ¸ ¸∑ ..∏ ·.-
. ≤.· . .·.. .. ¸..·. . .·......≤. ¡¡:
..s . .· .≥ . .∏ .- ˇ. . .·.. .… . . .. : .. .≈ .-. s+
.sc .√.. ...‘¸.-.·.·.¸ .·.¸¬.-∫ .’ .·.‘ .¸ .. .. .·~ ¡.s
.cc¡ .cc¡ .cc¡ .cc¡ .cc¡
.s¡ ‘ .∑ ˝ . -. .·‘ ¸. . .∏ ·.. . .. .·.-¸..¸ .. .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ ss
.s. ∑ :˝ . .¸. .μ - . .· . . .‘·‘ ‘ ¸. .…...˝Ÿ ..¸..·. : .. .≈ .-. +s
8
9
.ss .˚ .⁄.· ˙≈ : .¸.. :μ .·: . . .·.. ..≤. ...≥.·.⁄ .. - . ‘ .¸‘·‡¸.·. s¡
.s+ .·..-. :˝≤ ...‘. : .:‘ ¸ .. ¸. ≤. ¡s
.ss ..≥.·. .. .‘ .μ - ... ¡.·‘ ¸. . .·.. . .·.-.¸ .. ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. c.
.sc ..‘ .‘ . -. .μ ...- ‘·‹¸. . ¸. Œ.∏ . .. - .. . .. - . ‘ .¸‘·‡¸.·. c¡
.s: .. .·: .∑ .¸ ¸. ... . ‘·¸. . .- . .·.. . ..¬ ≈ .-. .. ¸. ≤. sc
.ss ... .: .˚ .. ≥. . . ¸. ·. .¸‘ μ . .·.. .. . ≤..≤. .. ¸. ≤. +¡c
.ss ... .¸‘ ˝ . . .. ¬ -. .. ¸¬ .. . .·..∑.·. .. .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ :.
.+c . ≤.. .· .√. .. . .. ≤-·¸. .. . .·.. ¸. .. .. .·~ s
.+¡ ...˚ . ·. .. ¸. - ‘ ¸. Œ. ¡μ - ˇ. . .·.. . .¸‹ .. .. .·~ +¡.
.+. .√.·. ... . ¸·..·.-. - . .·.. : ¸..·. . .·......≤. ¡¡+
.cc. .cc. .cc. .cc. .cc.
.+s ..· . .∑ fi .. . .¸‘ :¸. . .·.¸.· . ˙. . .. .. .·~ ¡¡
.++ ... .·.-.·.⁄ . .∏ .- . .·.. ◊. . .“.. ¸ .. -.‘.¸‘·‡¸.·. ++
.+s .. .. ‘ .∑ . .‘ ¸.˝ . ≤∑ ¸.∑ . . .. . ‘ ¸.·.·¬ . . .·.. +¡c
.+c ‘·fi fl.·. ‹.¸. ¸ . . ¸.· . fi≤¸..μ
.˚ .≈ -. .˚ .. ≥. . ..¬ .˝≤. .μ -
ˇ. . .·.. . .·.¸.. ¸ : .. . ≈ .-. s+
.+: .·¸.-.¸.·. ¸. . .:. . . .¸‹π .. . .‘ ¸. .·•. . .·.. +s
.+s –... :.‘ π .,≤∫¸‘·.- ... . ·.∏ . . . . . .·.. ¡s
9
0
.+s .≈ .. .˝≤. . - ˇ. . .·.. . .·.. ¸. .. .. .·~ sc
.sc . .. . ¸. .” ‘·.·.-·¸. . ˙¯‘·.
.. .¸. . .·.. . .·. .¸. .. .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ +¡c
.s¡ ‘ .∑ ...˝ ...≤. . :.‘ ∫¸‘ . : . .. ≥˝≤˝Ÿ . .·... . .. ≤. c:
.ccs .ccs .ccs .ccs .ccs
.s. ‘.∑ .·.¸¬.˝ .·π¬ ¸.¸.¬-
-·¸.-·¸. . ¸‘ . .. ¸¬ .. . -·.‹¸ .. .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ .¡
.ss . .·.˚ - ¸. . .∏ ˝ ¸.” .·¸‘ ∫¸‘ . . ¸- ’ .. .. - . ‘ .¸‘·‡¸.·. s:
.s+ π .∑ . .‘ . ...- ˇ. .. ¸¬ .. . ¸.‘ : .. . ≈ .-. c+
.ss ‘ .∑ ˝ ˙‹ - ‘ .·.-
≈ .-. ≈ .-: - ‘ .·. ¸. ‘˚ ¸. .. ¸¬ .. . .. ≥¬ ¸ .. .. .·~ sc
.sc . ≤.. -. ⁄. . ‘ .∑ .-.. c. . .’
. .¸. . ≤.· ¸. . ≤.. .≤. ∑.∑.·~ . .·......≤. c¡¡
.s: . ≤.· .·. ≤‘ ¸ ... ¡≈ . · ∑ . .≤. : . . . .≤. . . ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. s
.ss ...·. ‘ .¸¬ ¸ - - ’ ..·.¸¬ . ¸. . .·∑ .·~ .. .. .·~ sc
.ss .·.. .. ¬ ¸ . .∏ . - ˇ. .. ¸¬ .. ¸..·. .. .. -.‘.¸‘·‡¸.·. s+
.cc . .‘ . .‘ ¸.˝ . ⁄.·. ¸. a. . . . .≈ .-. : .. . ≈ .-. +c
.cc+ .cc+ .cc+ .cc+ .cc+
.c¡ ‘ .∑ ˝ .: . ≤∑ .‘·. - ˇ. . .·.. .… .. .. .-. . .·.. ¡.
9
1
.c. ‘ .∑ ˝ ..≤„ . -·¸. .·˝Œ.. . .∏ .-
. ... ¡. . .·.. : . fi≤¸. ≈ .-. . .·.. ss
.cs ‘ .∑ ˝ .≤.. π ¬ .·. ≤‘ ¸.-
. .·.. ¡ssc-.cc.· . . ‘ ¸-‚ ,. . .·.. +¡c
.c+ ‘ .∑ ˝ .·. .-‚ . .≤.- . .·..
..¯ . ‘ .∑ ¬ .¸‘·..·. . .. . “ .˝· . √.·.. ¸. . .·......≤. ¡¡c
.cs ‘ .∑ ˝ ¸. ¬ -.-‚ . .≤.-. .·..
..¯ . ‘ .∑ ¬ .¸‘·..·. . .. . “ .˝· .. .≤: .. .. .·~ ¡¡c
.cc .. .. ‘ .∑ . .‘ ¸.˝ .-÷. μμ . ≤.. -
. .·.. .… . .≤“.·.⁄ . .·.. +¡¡
.c: .··. ≥ .˚ .√.·˝Ÿ .˚ .-·:. : μμ ... . .·.. : ¸. .·- .·.⁄ : .. .≈ .-. c+
.cs ∫.≈ -. .˚ .. ⁄¸‘ . .. ..μ . .‘ :.. ∫¸‘ . . .≤„ .·... . . .·.. c.
.ccs .ccs .ccs .ccs .ccs
.cs ∫.≈ -. .˚ .. ⁄¸‘ ... :. : . ·.μ
.·.-:.·.-·. ..·.. : ..˝Ÿ≈ .-. .. -.‘.¸‘·‡¸.·. cs
.:c ... .. . .‘ ¸. - .-..‘·.·. . : ¸..·. .·.⁄ .. -.‘.¸‘·‡¸.·. +s
.:¡ ¸. . .:. . . . .∏ .- ... ¡.·‘ ¸. . .·.. : . .. ¸:≤.¬ ¸ : .. .≈ .-. s+
.:. ...≤. . ≤.· .·. ≤‘ ¸..’ ‘ .∑ . ≤.· ¸. . ≤.. . ‹. . ‹ . .·.. ¡¡¡s
9
2
.:s ..¯ . . - ‘ .∑ . ≤. .˝ ..˚ . . ¸. ¬ .-
¬ .¸‘·. .·. .. ¸¬ .. . . ‘ ¸¸. .·. .. .. .·~ ¡¡¡c
.:+ ..¯ . .- ‘ .∑ ¬ .¸‘·. .·. .˝
.¸‘·π..·.Δ.·. ...¸. ...·¸.·. . ..‘ . .·......≤. ¡¡¡c
.:s ..¯ . . - ‘ .∑ ¬ .¸‘·. .·. . .. . “ .·
. .¸. ¬ . . ‘· . .: . . . . ..¸ . .·......≤. ¡¡¡c
.:c ..¯ . .-‘ .∑ ¬ .¸‘·. .·. . .. . “ .˝
.·.·. ≤. .. . ¸. ‘·¸¬ -. . .·.. : π ..‹ .. .. .·~ ¡¡¡c
.:: ..¯ . .-‘ .∑ ¬ .¸‘·. .·. .˝
.·..-‚ . .≤.- . .·.. . •:. .. .. .·~ ¡¡¡c
.:s .-¸:.˘ .¬ c..- . .¸. -‚ ,. .·.⁄ . .∏ . . ..¬ ≈ .-. : .. .≈ .-. ss
.:s .” ‘·.∫¸.μ ...˝. ¸·.. :.. ∫¸‘ . ¬ . . .˙≈ .-. .. - . ‘ .¸‘·‡¸.·. cs
.sc √.” .·˙.- .. . -. ..˚ . . : . π .-Ÿ .. - . ‘ .¸‘·‡¸.·. +¡s
.s¡ .≤..˝≤.. •..·¸‹ ..‰‘·¸¸.˝
..·. . .-..·.-·. . .·.. ¬ . . ¸. ¬ ¸ . .·.. s+
.s. . . .: ·c .·≥. . - ˇ. . .·.. .. .·..¸.¸..·. .. - . ‘ .¸‘·‡¸.·. s¡
.ss ..¯ . . - ‘ .∑ ¬ .¸‘·. .·. . .. . “ .·
‘ .∑ . .·. . ≤.· . ≤∑ .. ¬ . : ¬ . ∑ . . . .·... . .. ≤. ¡¡¡c
.s+ . .‘ . .‘ ¸.˝ ¸.” - . .·.. . c ÷.·.·. : .. .≈ .-. +¡.
9
3
.ccc .ccc .ccc .ccc .ccc
.ss . . . .- ¬ ..˚ ¸ . .- . ... ¡. . .·.. . -·¸.˝≤.. . .·..¸. ≤¸. ¡c.
.sc .·¬ ..” . . .∏ ≈ .- . . .⁄ ∫¸‘ . . ¸. .≤. ‹ : .·.. ¸. ss
.s: .√. .. . .. ≤-·¸. ¸.˚ . . ≤∑ .‘ .μ -
..¸: . . .. ... -. ..√. ≤. .. . .·..¸. ≤¸. ¡¡¡s
.ss ..¯ . . - ‘ .∑ ¬ .¸‘·. .·. .˝ ∑ ¸. ≤
∑¸.·....≤.≈ ....:.∫. ..·. ..¸¬.. .. .·.‹. . . . .·......≤. ¡¡c
.ss ... ¡≈ . · .. . .·.-.·.⁄ ¬ . . .≈ .-. . .·.. s
.sc ..·¸..˚.⁄. ª.≤.-..·..· .¸¬....-
. .·.. .. . . . ¸a .˚ . : .. .≈ .-. ..
.s¡ ..¯ . . - ‘ .∑ ¬ .¸‘·..·. .˝
. .∑ .≈ . ...: .∫. . .·. .. ¸¬ .. ¬ . . . . ‹ . .·... . .. ≤. ¡¡¡c
.s. ... . .∏ . - .. •.Œ ..˚ . . . ..¬ ≈ .-. .. - . ‘ .¸‘·‡¸.·. ss
.ss ... ¡≈ .· ≈ .. . μμ : .ª.≤.. . : .. .≈ .-. s
.s+ . . ≤. . ≤.· . .¸. ..˝ . .: ..˚ ¸ . . : ¸. . ≤. . .. .. .·~ ¡¡¡c
.ss .≤. ¸.. .·¸. . .≤.˝. .ª.. . -¸‘·.-
. .·.. .-..¸.·.⁄ ...-. .. .. .·~ ¡c¡
.sc ¸. . .:. . . .˚ . . ¸.˝ ‘ .∑ .·. ≤‘ ¸ ... ¡-
ˇ. . .·.. . . .-. . ... . . .·.. :s
9
4
.s: .√..·. .. . ¸‘ .- . ... ¡. . .·.. . . ¸. ¸. . .·..¸. ≤¸. +¡c
.ss ‘ ..·. ‘c‘ . . . .∏ . . .≤. . .≤“.·.⁄ .. - . ‘ .¸‘·‡¸.·. s+
.cc: .cc: .cc: .cc: .cc:
.ss ¸.·. . ¸.. ≤¸.¸-·¸. . .∏ . . ≤.·
... .·¸.·.. ...-. ..√.„ . .·..¸.≤¸. s¡
scc . ≤.- ¸.¸. .˝.·,≤¸..- -‚ . .·. .· .. ·.·. ...· .. .·∑ . . .·..¸. ≤¸. s¡
sc¡ ‘ .∑ ‘ .fi . ≤. ˝ ..¸. . . .·.
...·. . .·.. . ≤∑ ¸.. ¸ . .≤. . ..¬ .. ¸ ¡¡¡s
sc. ..¬ ·.. ..¸. .‘ - .·.-:. ..˚ . .
∫: . .·. ≤‘ ¸.· . -·¸. . .. . .. - . ‘ .¸‘·‡¸.·. +¡.
scs ‘ ..- .≤.. . .∏ . - .. ..˚ . . ¬. ..-.˚. .. -.‘.¸‘·‡¸.·. ss
sc+ . .‘ .·. ≤‘ ¸.˝ .·. ¸. ‹.·. ... ¡ : .-. ..·.⁄ . . .. · - ¸. .·.⁄ :s
scs . ⁄.·.. . -.-·¸. ·. . fi≤ ... ¡ . ¸. Œ.∏ . ¬. ..·.·.⁄ . . .. · - ¸. .·.⁄ :s
scc ... ¡≈ . · .. ..·: μ . . . ·≈ .-. . .·.. s
sc: . ≤∑ .‘ . .¸. .·¬ .˝. . ¸. . .‘ .·.·¸.
ˇ. . .·.. . ¸..·. .. . .·.. s+c
scs -·.‹ .·.·¬ . ·.¸. .-
...‘ . ⁄. . . ≤.· . .·.. . ’ . ¸. -. .·. .. . .·.. ¸. -·¸. ¡¡¡.
scs -‚ . . Œ ¸‹- ‹ - . .·.. : ¸.‘ .. . .·.. ¸. -·¸. sc
9
5
s¡c ‘ .∑ :. . ¸‹. .˝ ..·.. .·. .. ¸¬ .. . ..¬ . ≤. . . .. ≈ .≤. ¡¡s
s¡¡ .·¬ ..” . ..ƒ ·. . . . .∏ . . .·.. . . ≤..·¬ .˘ : .·.. ¸. ss
s¡. ¸.” . .. ‘ ¸ ∫¸‘ . . .∏ .- . .-˝. . ÷. . . ,≤˙‡ : .·.. ¸. s:
s¡s ‘ .∑ ˝ . .‘ . ¸‹. . - . .·.. . :- ¸. .·.⁄ .. .. .·~ ¡s
s¡+ ∑ .≥-. :˝≤ .≤.. . . ’ . ¸ .. ·.·. : . ≤..≤. : .. .≈ .-. ¡s
s¡s . .‘ . .‘ ¸.˝ - ....·.. ‘ ... ∑... .. .. .·~ +¡
.ccs .ccs .ccs .ccs .ccs
s¡c .. .˝ . . ¸. –... .˛.·≥ . .∏ .·
. .¸∑ . .·.. . .˚ . .. . ⁄. : .·.. ¸. s+
s¡: ..¯ . . - ‘ .∑ ¬ .¸‘·. .·. .˝
- .≤› . .. ¬ . : ¬ . ¸. ‹. . ..¬ .. ¸ ¡¡¡c
s¡s :.. . .. . ... - ¸·.. :.. ∫¸‘ . ˇ ¸..·. .. -.‘.¸‘·‡¸.·. cs
s¡s . .‹ . ≤. ¸. - ‘ .·. - . .. ¸¸‘·.. . .≤. .. ¸-..≈.-. . .·..¸. ≤¸. ¡¡¡s
s.c ..¬--¸ ..¸‘.- ¸....... ...¸¬. . •.≈ .-. .. .. .·~ sc
s.¡ π ..·.√.·,≤¸.. - . .·.. : .·¬ .Ÿ. . -˝Ÿ .. .. .·~ sc
s.. . .‘ . .∏ . - + .·.. . .. .
.·..¬ .-‚.. ¡s¡c-¡sss· : ˙.. ..ƒ .≤. : .·.. ¸. ss
s.s ...≤. ‘ .∑ .≤a¬ -. ‘ ..·‘ ¸. . .·.. ¬ . .·..≤. . . ..∑ .. ¡¡¡+
s.+ ¸. fi ¬ .·.˚ . . .∏ .- . .- . :˝≤ .-.. c. . . ¸. . ≤.‹ . ..¬ .. ¸ ¡¡c
9
6
s.s .‘ ∑ .“.. - ... ¡.·‘ ¸. . .·.. ◊ .’ . . . .·.. +¡c
s.c . .·¸. ... ¡.· .¸. ‘ ¸. . ∑ .·.·.⁄ . .·.. s
s.: .·.·¸...·. . .¸∑ . ≤.- .. . . .·..
¡. .-·¸.·. . -‚ . . fi . .·..¸. ≤¸. ¡cs
s.s . ¸‹.· . ≤. - ¸. ¬ -. -.·. .. ¸¬ .. ¬˝Ÿ .·:..≤. . . .. ≈ .-. ¡¡s
s.s .¸.. ‰. ...≤.· . ≤. ˝ ∑ ¸. ≤ . ....
.. . .. ¬ .·.-. .. ¸¬ .. . . ∑ . . .. ≈ .-. ¡¡¡.
ssc . c. . .∏ .- .. ..˚ . . ¬ . .·∑ .·~ .. - . ‘ .¸‘·‡¸.·. ss
ss¡ ¬. √. ..¯‘.μ·.-..¬ ..‰.·.¸. . .≈...·.⁄ .. . .·.. ¸. -·¸. +¡
ss. ... ..·. .- .‘ .·.-:. ∫¸‘ . . .·.. . .c .·. . . .·.. s:
.ccs .ccs .ccs .ccs .ccs
sss ... .. ¸.¸. .. ≤. . ¸. . ‘ .·. . ¸‘ ¸‹c.∑
- .≤› .-·. .. - . . .· .-‚ .·. .‘¸·¬¸‹ ....∫ .. . .·.. ¸. -·¸. ¡c¡
ss+ . .. .√≥ ¸.. ‰¸:.·.⁄ ¸-·.. - . ≥.μ-
.·.¸. ..:.. ∫¸‘ . . .. ¸.. ¸ . . ..∑ .. cs
sss ..‘ ..¸..⁄.- ...’..¸. .:›.·. . .·Δ . Δ . . .. · - ¸. .·.⁄ +¡+
ssc .... ..·. › . . .∏ .- . ... ¡. . .·.. : ....˚ ¬ . . .·.. s+
ss: . ⁄.·.≤.- . .. ¸. › . ¡.. . .≤. .∑ .·.. : .. .≈ .-. ss
9
7
sss ‘ .∑ ¸. ... ·.˝ .·..· .·¬ ≈ .
. . ‰¬ . .·¸‘ . - ... ¡.·‘ ¸. .. ¸¬ .. ˇ ..¸.¸ . . .. · - ¸. .·.⁄ sc
sss . .·.: . .∏ · .·. ≤‘ ¸. - ¸.” . :.‘ ∫¸‘ . . c. .≤.· . .. ” : .·.. ¸. s:
s+c .·..·: ∑ . .-. -·¸. ‘ .∑ .·¸. . ..
....¡. ..·.. . ....¸..·.⁄ . .·..¸. ≤¸. ¡c¡
s+¡ ∫.. . ≤∑ .‘ .- .. .⁄ ¸. . . ¡. :‘ .
.. ¸¬ .. : . -. ≤..·.⁄ : .. .≈ .-. ¡.
s+. :.. ·. μ - .·.-:.·.-·. .. ¸¬ .. . . .˚ . .. - . ‘ .¸‘·‡¸.·. cs
s+s ... .. π ¬ .·. ≤‘ ¸.- . ≤.· .·.-:.
. .·.. ¸. π .‘·.‘ . ..¬ .. ¸ ¡¡¡s
s++ .-. ¬ ¸·. .. . .·.-‚ ,. . .¸‘ . -
.. ¸.¬-∑.√-. .¸‹ ∫:.fifl .. . .·.. ¸. -·¸. ¡¡.c
s+s .·..-. √. - . .·.. . .ª.≤- ¸. . . . ..∑ .. +¡c
s+c . .. ≈ -. ¸.·.. .¸. .-. ·. . ‘√¸. .‘ . -
. .·.. .⁄..·. ¸..≤.... . .·..¸. ≤¸. s¡
s+: ..¸..¸‹ .:.·.. ...... ..∏.-
. ..·c.‘ :¬.. ¸..·..·.⁄ . ..¬ .. ¸ ss
s+s . .. .·≥.·.- ..√ .-‚ . . ˇ. .¸ ¸. ≤. .. - . ‘ .¸‘·‡¸.·. ss
s+s ..·¸-..¸.-.. ¸.¬-∑ .’∫¸‹ : ...≥... : .·.. ¸. ¡¡.c
ssc ...-.. . -.¬ ¸ ·. .–¸ .¸. .μμ-
. .·.. ¬ . .·..·¸. . .·.. +¡c
9
8
.c¡c .c¡c .c¡c .c¡c .c¡c
ss¡ ¸.·≈ fi≤.¸. .. ‰.. . .⁄ .·. ≤‘ ¸. .·.¸‘ .
..·.. . ..˝Ÿ≈ .-. . ..¬ .. ¸ s.
ss. ¬ ‹ ¸.·. . .. ∑ . .˝ . .. ¸¸‘·.¸.
.·¸. . .≤. .·¸‘ . ¸..·. .. . .·.. ¸. -·¸. ¡c.
sss . ’ .≤„ .. ... .. ≤.∑ ¬ -..μ . .·.. . .≤. .-.a.˚ . . .·..¸. ≤¸. c+
ss+ . .. ≤. › .·√ ...˝ –... :.‘ ∫¸‘ . ..¬ : .·.‘ : .·.. ¸. c:
sss .≈ .. .-. .·.·¸.. .∫¸. ...·.·.
. .·.. .≤.: .‘ .. . .·.. ¸. -·¸. ¡¡¡s
ssc π .- . .. ...˝ –... :.. ∫¸‘ . . √.” .·.∏ .·.∏ √. . . .. · - ¸. .·.⁄ c:
ss: ‘·‹¸. . .∏ ·.. . - . .·.. .˚ ..≤. ..¸. : .·.. ¸. s.
sss ..¸. .. ‰. ≤. ‘√.·,≤¸.·. -
.. . ¡ .·.. ‘ ¸ ∫¸‘ . ¬ . ..¬ ≈ .-. . .·..¸. ≤¸. s:
sss ‘.∑˝ .‘·¸.... ....‡-
¸. ¬ -∑ . .·.. ¸.. ¸ π .. . .. .. .·~ ¡c.
scc .π . . . ≤. ‹ . .∏ .- .. .-‚ . . ˇ .·¬ c.∑ .. .. .·~ ss
sc¡ ,.¸. :˝≤ . ’ .· ... .. .√˝≤≥. .·≥.-
. .·.. ◊ . . . ≈ .-. : .. .≈ .-. ¡.
sc. .˚ . . ..√~ . Œ. ¡μ . .∏ · . .. ⁄: · - . .·.. .·.-‚ ,. .·∫.≥ . .·.. s+
scs ¸.” . ¬ -¸‘· . .¸‘ .- . .·.. ÷.·¸ ..¸.¸‹ : .. .≈ .-. ¡s
9
9
sc+ .≤.. . .·. ≤‘ ¸. - .·..¸ . .∏ . –..≤. . ..¬ .. ¸ ¡¡
scs ‘ .∑ :. . ¸‹. .˝ .-‘ . . .
. . ... ·. .. ¸¬ .. . ...≥..“¬¸ . . .. ≈ .-. ¡¡s
scc ..‘ . . -. ¸.·.·¬ . .·~ . ‰. ¸ .·≥. .-
. .·.. .·. . .. . . .. · - ¸. .·.⁄ s¡
sc: .˝….-.μ .¸...⁄.·..- ..·.. .. ¸. .ª.≤. . . ..∑ .. +¡c
scs ‘ .∑ :. . ¸‹. ˝ .. .·.·.
.·. ‘ . ¸. ¬ -∑ . : .. ∞. ¸. . . ..∑ .. ¡¡¡s
scs . ‘ ..c . -. ⁄.¸ .·≥ . .∏ · . .. ...-
. .·.. .·¬ .. .. ‹.·¬ .. .. .·~ s+
.c¡¡ .c¡¡ .c¡¡ .c¡¡ .c¡¡
s:c ˇ. .·¸‹- ... . ¸.·¸. - . .∏ · . .. ⁄: -
. .·.. . . ¸fi ...·. . . ..∑ .. s+
s:¡ .·..-. :˝≤ . .∏ · .·. ≤‘ ¸. - . . .⁄
... ∫¸‘ . .. .·.˚ - ¸. : .·.. ¸. ss
s:. . .¸. ⁄ .. .·. μμ ...- .’ ‘ :.‘ ∫¸‘ . ◊ .¬ ≈ .-. : .·.. ¸. cs
s:s .√.· .¸. . .‘ ¸.˝ ¸.·.a¬ . ’ ‘ .¸. .c‡ .·π - ¸. .·.⁄ . . .. · - ¸. .·.⁄ +:
s:+ . .·. .·..- .-‘ .. . . -. . . . .· . ’ •. ¸. .-. .∑ .·¸.∏ . .. .. .·~ sc
s:s . .·¸. .·.. ¸.· .·.⁄ . ¸‘ .- ..·.. .. ¸.‘ . .·..¸. ≤¸. sc
s:c .·.¸.. .˛.. . . ..˝ ¸.” .·¸‘ .- . .·.. . .·.. . .·.. s¡s
1
0
0
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1
0
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1
0
2
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sc ..·¸. . . Δ ‘ . - :s ss
s. .:.
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1
0
3
:.. .. ..·∆.‘ _.∑..∏. . :-·. . ..¸.˚.- :: . . -
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s ..¸. ¸. ... ..-- ¸.·. .-¸. ¬ -∑ .. . .¬.·.. :. .¸..≤¸.¸. ¡cs
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¡c .. .. ‘ .∑ . . .¸‘ . .... -
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1
0
4
¡. .. .. ‘ .∑ . .‘ ¸.˝ .˚ .μ . ’ .·.˚-¸. :. .¸..≤¸.¸. +:
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.. .-¸.·.∏ ....-.-.. .....·. . . .. · - ¸. ¬ . .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ cs
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1
0
5
.+ . ≤.. .‘· ¬ ∑ .˝ π ¬ .·.·¸. -
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¡ss:
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.....’‘.¸. . .·~ .. .. .·~ cs
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.s ∫. .:. . . ..-. .·.. . ’ .c .·. . . .... .. ¸ s
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s. √.”.·.∏ .˚..≥.. ....-..¸∑ ..·.. . .¬ ¸ :. .¸..≤¸.¸. s
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s+ ¸.·≈fi. :˝≤ ¸·..·.-.-
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ss ..¸..˚- ...·.·.-..¯‘ .·.¸¬. . ..¬ .. ¸ ¬ . .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ .+
1
0
6
sc ... .·..˝ .. ¸-.. .. ‘ .∑
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¡sss
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¡sss
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1
0
7
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ss ‘ .∑ .·. ≤‘ ¸.˝ .. ·¸. ¸. . .. ¸.·.‘ .¸ .. .. .·~ ¡c.
zee¡
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ss ... ¡≈ . · .. . ..≤ .. . . .. · -¸..·.⁄ .. ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. s
zeez
ss . fi≤‘ ‘ ¸ -·¸. . .. ¸.‘ .∑ . fi≤‘·‹ ¸≈ ...˚ . . . ¸..·. .·.⁄ ¬ . .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ :.
cc .. .. ‘ .∑ . .‘ ¸.˝ . .¸. .μ . . . .¸ . . ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. +:
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1
0
8
c+ ..-.≈.· ..¸. .·. ...·-¸..·.⁄ .. -.‘.¸‘·‡¸.·. s
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¸...¡. .·.≤‘·¸.-·.-..·.. . - .. . .·.⁄ .. .. .·~ ¡.
zee1
cc .:≤....·~ :¸.. .·.-¬..-
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cs .·¸‘ .¸‘·¸..‘ . ‘ .∑ .·. ≤‘ ¸.-..·¸... ¡ . .c .·. . .. ..∑.·.∏·.·.¸. +s
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:¡ .... ... :.¸¸.a..·.·¸.-..¸¬.. .. . ‘ ¸.·.·¬ . : .. .≈ .-. +:
zees
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:+ .˛˝≤¸. ∑ . . ‘ ¸.·.·¬ . .-. . . ..-
. .¸∑ . .·.. . . ‘√: . .¯‘ .·.⁄ : .. .≈ .-. s
zees
:s ... .-. ..·.˘ . . ..-. .·.. . ...¸..≤. .. .. .·~ s
:c .√.· :˝≤ . .·. ‘ . .. .·.·.-. .·.. ... . . ¸. .. . .·......≤. ¡:
1
0
9
zee:
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:s . ..·c. . .·Δ .‘·. ‘ .∑ . .‘ ¸.-.. ¸¬ .. :.. . ¸..·. . .·.. :s
sc √.‹ c.∑.. ..¸....⁄.·.. .·.ƒ...¸..
...¸. ..¸¬.. : . . .‘ ‡.. . .·......≤. ¡+
s¡ . .¸. .·¬ . ⁄.·.≤.-‘ .∑ ˝
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s. ‘ .∑ ...˝ .·¸‘ ∫¸‘ . .. ·.·. ◊. . .“.. ¸ .. -.‘.¸‘·‡¸.·. cs
ss .·. ≤‘ ¸ ... ¡≈ . · .. .. . . . ¡.. : . . . .≤. .. -.‘.¸‘·‡¸.·. s
s+ -’. .·.¸¬.-÷.¸-‚. ..·. ..¸¬.. . ˙. . .. .. .·~ s+
ss ¸.·.∏ . .·.·¸.˝ ..·. . .-..·.-·.
. .·.. .. . ¸. ¬ ¸ . .·.¸.. ≤¸. s.
sc . .∏ -‘ ..·. ¸.·.a¬ ‘·.·. . . ‹. . ‹ . .·.. s¡
s: .. .. :˝≤ ¸·. .·... -
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ss ‘ .∑ .·..·. .·. . ‘· . .: . . .
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ss ..¯ . . ˝. . . ... ¸. ¬ . - . .·..
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1
1
0
sc .. ‰. ≤. ‘ . .∏ · . ...: .... -
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ss .. .. ‘ .∑ .. . .‘ . ..·¸..
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s+ . ..·c. ‘ .∑ . .‘ ¸.˝ .-..‘·.·. .
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ss ‘ .∑ . .∏ · ..·¸. •.Œ. . ..¬ ≈ .-. : .. .≈ .-. sc
sc ..¯ . . - ‘ .∑ ¬ .¸‘·..·. . .. . “ .˝
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ze¡¡
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¡cc .. ≈ . . ≤.· .·. ≤‘·¸.-‘ .∑ ¸. . ≤.. : . ≤..≤. : .. .≈ .-. ¡¡s
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1
1
1
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¡¡¡ ..¯ . . ‘ .∑ ¬ .¸‘·..·. . .. . “ .˝
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