CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA - VERBUL/ CUPRINS

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CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA - VERBUL
Asist uni. Georgeta Obilisteanu Lect.univ. Marioara Patesan 1. CUVÂNT INAINTE 2. LECTIA I - TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV 3. LECTIA II - CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR 4. LECTIA III - MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRAZELE CONDITIONALE 5. LECTIA IV - VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRECTA 6. LECTIA V - DIATEZA PASIVA 7. LECTIA VI - VERBELE MODALE 8. LECTIA VII - MODUL SUBJONCTIV 9. LECTIA VIII - MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI CONSTRUCTIILE VERBALE 10. LECTIA IX - CHEIA EXERCITIILOR 10.1 Timpurile modului 10.2. Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor 10.3. Exercitii cu fraze conditionale 10.4. Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si indirecta 10.5. Exercitii cu diateza pasiva 10.6. Exercitii cu verbe modale 10.7. Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv 10.8. Exercitii cu constructii verbale 11. LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE

CUVÂNT INAINTE

Verbul constituie coloana vertebrala a unei limbi. Cartea „Curs practic de limba engleza – verbul" (cu exercitii si cheie) cuprinde o parte teoretica – prezentarea clara si sistematica a modurilor, timpurilor, concordantei timpurilor, verbelor modale si a altor probleme legate de verbul englez (cu exemple si traducere), precum si o parte practica cu exercitii la fiecare capitol si la sfârsitul cartii au fost incluse cheia exercitiilor si lista verbelor neregulate intâlnite in cadrul exemplelor si exercitiilor. Prezentarea teoretica a problemelor este facuta in limba româna. Cursul se adreseaza studentilor incepatori si intermediari din anii I si II de studiu, precum si cursantilor adulti, cu conditia ca acestia sa aiba cunostinte anterioare, chiar sumare, de limba engleza.

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Negativ I am not working. You are not (aren’t) working. He/she/it is not (isn’t) working. We are not (aren’t) working. You are not (aren’t) working. They are not (aren’t) working. Interogativ Am I working? Are we working? Are you working? Are you working? Is he/she/it working? Are they working? Present Tense Simple se foloseste pentru a arata o actiune in plina desfasurare in momentul prezent. Ex. Where are you going? I am going to school. De asemenea poate arata o actiune care se desfasoara pe timp limitat in perioada prezenta. Ex.: I go to school by bus this week. My father is taking me in his car. Uneori se poate folosi timpul Present Tense Continuous cu adverbul always, pentru a arata o actiune repetata. In acest caz, exista o conotatie afectiva (nemultumire) sau actiunea respectiva este caracteristica pentru acea persoana. Ex. You are always losing your things. You are always grumbling when I ask you to help me in the kitchen. Exercitii cu Present Simple si Present Continuous 1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii (Present Simple) la interogativ si negativ: Nota: Verbul „to have", atunci când nu inseamna „a avea, a poseda", ci este parte dintr-o expresie (to have breakfast, to have a shower, to have a party), formeaza negativul si interogativul cu ajutorul auxiliarului „to do". I love my brother. She talks too much. I understand you. You play the piano very well. I always believe you. He remembers my phone number. They live in Bucharest. He has a hot bath every day. I trust my friend. I have lunch at one o’clock.

LECTIA I TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV Exista doua aspecte in limba engleza: simplu si continuu. In general, timpurile simple se folosesc atunci când accentul se pune pe actiunea propriu-zisa, iar timpurile continue se folosesc atunci când accentul se pune pe durata actiunii, pe perioada de timp in care aceasta are loc. In explicarea intrebuintarii timpurilor continue se va intâlni formularea „actiune in plina desfasurare". Aceasta inseamna ca actiunea a inceput inainte de momentul la care se face referire si va continua dupa acel moment. Exista un numar de verbe in limba engleza care nu se folosesc la forma continua, deoarece ideea de durata e inclusa in continutul lor semantic. Ex. to want, to like, to dislike, to understand, to owe, to matter, to love, to hate, to belong, to believe, to remember, to know. A. Present Tense Simple Afirmativ Negativ I work I do not (don’t) work You work You do not (don’t) work He/she/it works He/she/it does not (doesn’t) work We work We do not (don’t) work You work You do not (don’t) work They work They do not (don’t) work Interogativ Do I work? Do we work? Do you work? Do you work? Does he/she/it work? Do they work? Present Tense Simple se foloseste pentru a arata o actiune regulata, obisnuita, in perioada prezenta. Ex. What do you do? (Cu ce te ocupi?) I am a student. What time do you usually have breakfast? Present Tense Continuous Se conjuga verbul „to be" la timpul prezent si se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. Afirmativ I am working We are working. You are working You are working He/she/it is working They are working

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

2. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii (Present Continuous) la negativ si interogativ:

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CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 3 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 4 of 18 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. It is raining. I am having a walk. He is telling the truth. You are typing a letter. They are swimming in the river. My friend is wearing a new dress. My mother is resting. We are studying English. Ann is knitting. The child is learning to play the piano.

I (think) of my mother just now. 7. You (know) what time is it? 4. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. Iarna ninge. Duminica el nu se scoala devreme. Eu nu studiez seara. Ce faci? Citesti sau privesti la televizor? Secretara tocmai bate la masina un referat. Ea merge la cumparaturi sâmbata. Acum imi fac temele la engleza. Nu-mi place cafeaua. Ce carte citesti? La ce ora se scoala John dimineata? Ce faci tu in zilele libere? Cui ii telefonezi? El nu merge la scoala cu metroul, merge pe jos. De ce deschizi fereastra? Adesea citesc carti englezesti. Ea isi face bagajul. Cât de des le scrii parintilor tai? Când merg la mare imi place sa inot mult. Clientul tocmai isi alege o pereche de pantofi. B. Past Tense Simple Past Tense Simple se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei – ed in cazul verbelor regulate. Ex. to work – worked Daca verbul este neregulat, Past Tense trebuie invatat din tabelul de verbe neregulate care indica cele trei forme de baza ale verbului: forma I – infinitiv, forma II- Paste Tense, forma III – participiul trecut. Ex. to speak – spoke – spoken Afirmativ

3. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Present Simple sau la Present Continuous: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. I (not go) shopping because it (rain). What you (do) on Sundays? He usually (drink) coffee but now he (drink) tea. In England it often (rain). I (not like) that boy. He usually (speak) so quickly that I (not understand) him. You (like) this book? You (dream) at night?

Yes, I (dream) every night. 1. I can’t answer the phone now because I (cook). 2. How you usually (get) to work? I usually (go) by bus, but now I (take) a taxi because I am late. 1. The manager can’t receive you now as he (have) an interview. 2. You (write) to John now? Yes, I (be). I always (write) to him on his birthday. 1. Where you (hurry)? To the theatre, as I (not want) to miss the first act. 1. She always (borrow) books from me and never (remember) to give them back. 2. You (go) to work every day? Yes, of course, except Saturdays and Sundays. 3. Why you (smoke) so much? 4. Who you (wait) for? I (wait) for John, but he is late, as usual. 5. I always (have) a rest after lunch. 6. What you (think) of?

worked I/you/he/she/it/we/they spoke Negativ work I/you/he/she/it/we/they did not speak

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CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 5 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 6 of 18 Interogativ work? Did I/you/he/she/it/we/they speak? Forma prescurtata a lui did not este didn’t (I didn’t work). Past Tense Simple arata o actiune trecuta, terminata, efectuata intr-o perioada de timp trecuta, terminata. Este timpul de naratiune. Se traduce, de obicei, cu perfectul compus. Ex. Yesterday I went for a walk. (Ieri am mers al plimbare.) Last year I travelled to England. (Anul trecut am calatorit in Anglia.) Past Tense Continuous Se formeaza prin conjugarea verbului „to be" la trecut (Past Tense) si adaugarea formei ing a verbului de conjugat. Afirmativ I was working We were working You were working You were working He/she/it was working They were working Negativ I was not working We were not working You were not working You were not working He/she/it was not working They were not working Formele prescurtate sunt: was not – wasn’t I wasn’t working. were not – weren’t They weren’t working. Interogativ Was I working? Were we working? Were you working? Were you working? Was he/she/it working? Were they working? Arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intr-un moment din trecut. Se traduce, de obicei, cu imperfectul. Ex. This time yesterday, I was watching TV. (Ieri pe vremea asta priveam la televizor.) Adesea, in aceeasi fraza, este posibil sa apara un verb folosit la Past Continuous si un verb folosit la Past Simple. In acest caz, verbul la Past Continuous (tradus cu imperfectul), reprezinta fundalul de timp pe care se petrece actiunea exprimata de Past Simple (tradus cu perfectul compus). Ex. While I was crossing the street, I met John. Este, de asemenea, posibil sa apara intr-o fraza timpul Past Continuous in mod repetat. In aceasta situatie, ambele verbe se traduc cu imperfectul, ele aratând actiuni paralele, in plina desfasurare, intr-un moment trecut. Ex. While John was reading, his sister was watching TV. (In timp ce John citea, sora lui privea la televizor.) Exercitii cu Past Tense Simple si Continuous 1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii la Past Tense Simple: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. I sleep until 9 o’clock every day. He meets John on Sundays. You speak English well. You drink too much. You ask too many questions. I play football. I own two umbrellas. I like to have a coffee in the morning. That sounds interesting. I always make cakes on Sundays.

1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii la negativ si interogativ: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. He thought about you. They drank all the wine. I hated him. He changed his library book every day. I sold my car. We worked very hard. He came home late. I enjoyed travelling. He translated the text. He forbade her to do this.

1. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Tense Simple sau Continuous: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. When you (come in), I talk on the phone. When I first (meet) him, he (work) in a bank. While he (learn) to drive, he (have) an accident. As I (write), someone (ring up). Where you (go) when I (meet) you? What you (do) this time yesterday? When I (enter) the classroom, the teacher (write) on the blackboard. When I (arrive), she (have) dinner. This time last Sunday, I (watch) a film on TV. He suddenly (realize) that he (not wear) his glasses.

1. Traduceti in limba engleza:

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When did you see Hamlet? I saw it last week. nu se poate folosi timpul Present Perfect. always. Se foloseste cu adverbe de timp neprecizat care leaga trecutul de prezent. Timpul Present Perfect nu poate fi folosit cu un adverb de timp precizat in trecut.. Ex. Ex. arata o actiune inceputa in trecut care continua pâna in prezent. 7.. (Mi-am pierdut umbrela. Ei au ascuns imediat cartile si si-au scos manualele de scoala. incepând din) si for (de. Page 7 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA. daca aceasta este in cursul diminetii (pâna la ora 12) sau dupa amiaza. Traducerea celor doua propozitii in limba româna este identica.) I haven’t seen John since September.html 5 of 42 12/15/04 . In acest caz. In acest caz. Ex. I haven’t got up early this morning. 9.m. 2.) Daca adverbul de timp este „this morning". http://quintet. Baietii jucau carti când l-au auzit pe tatal lor intrând in casa. Când te-ai intors de la munte? Când ai cumparat acest televizor? Ieri mi-am pierdut manusile. Unde ti-ai petrecut concediul vara trecuta? Ieri m-am sculat devreme. never. this month. Acum doua zile am cazut si mi-am rupt piciorul. Ieri pe vremea asta ploua. I haven’t seen John for two months. Afirmativ I have worked We have worked You have worked You have worked He/she/it has worked They have worked Negativ I have not (haven’t) worked. El arata o legatura intre trecut si momentul prezent. se foloseste Past Simple. terminata. 14. care are rezultate in prezent sau care. Adverbe de timp neprecizat care se aseaza intre auxiliar si verb: often. He/she/it has not (hasn’t) worked. folosirea lui este insotita de adverbe precum: today.) I have known John since 1990. 12. 13. I must buy a new one. just. I didn’t get up early this morning.m. De asemenea. 8. (Il cunosc pe John de doi ani. timp de).) Trebuie precizat faptul ca. ora 2 p. intereseaza in prezent. ora 10 a. ever. 5.. Page 8 of 18 1. 11. Saptamâna trecuta am fost bolnav si nu am mers la scoala.actrus.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1.) I have known John for two years. (Il cunosc pe John din 1990. seldom. Trebuie sa-mi cumpar una noua. 21.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA. 16. I lost my umbrella yesterday. 6.) l arata o actiune trecuta. 20. intrucât „when" reprezinta un moment precizat in trecut. I must buy a new one. daca se mentioneaza momentul trecut in care a avut loc actiunea care intereseaza in prezent sau care are rezultate in prezent. this week.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Ex. 4. Soarele nu a apus la ora 8 aseara.actrus. 18. 15. Ai dormit bine noaptea trecuta? Ieri nu am mers la bazinul de inot. efectuata intr-o perioada de timp neterminata. 3. Batea un vânt puternic când am iesit din casa. (Nu l-am vazut pe John de doua luni. Timpul Present Perfect Simple se foloseste in urmatoarele situatii: l l Ex. I have seen two films this week. Cu acest sens se folosesc de obicei prepozitiile since (din. arata o actiune trecuta. mi-am luat micul dejun si apoi am plecat la scola. Interogativ Have I worked? Has he/she/it worked? Timpul Present Perfect este un timp de relatie. Ce faceai martea trecuta la ora 7 dimineata? Ma pregateam sa merg la facultate. Cine a câstigat meciul alaltaieri? In timp ce ploua. Duminica trecuta prietenii mei au jucat sah. C. 19. eu conduceam masina spre Sinaia. Nu m-am sculat devreme azi dimineata. folosirea timpului verbal este conditionata de momentul in care se face afirmatia. already. El a dat primul examen saptamâna trecuta. Present Perfect Simple Timpul Present Perfect Simple se formeaza prin conjugarea verbului „to have" la prezent. M-am sculat târziu ieri dimineata. (Am vazut doua filme saptamâna aceasta. 22. Have you seen Hamlet? (Ai vazut Hamlet?) I have lost my umbrella . Ex. dintr-un motiv sau altul.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. nu mai poate fi folosit timpul Present Perfect. 17. In timp ce imi cautam pasaportul am gasit aceasta fotografie veche. 10.. (Nu l-am vazut pe John din septembrie. this year. daca se pune o intrebate referitoare la trecut care incepe cu „when". la care se adauga forma a treia (participiul trecut) a verbului de conjugat.

I (lend) him some money today. We (know) each other for several years. If it doesn’t stop soon. 8. I’m tired of it. You (water) the flowers? He just (leave) home. I just (have) one. 6. There isn’t any train service because the engine – drivers (go) on strike. 6. 5. thank you. I (not be) to the seaside this year.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. He (not come) home yet. I (try) last year but I (not succeed). 2.actrus. How long you (live) here? I (live) here for one year. The radio (play) since 7 a. Present Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Present Perfect Simple al verbului „to be". 6. 16. 12.) Ca si Present Perfect Simple. I am tired because I have been working all day. I (get) a job last month.) De asemene. He (sleep) for 10 hours now. I (lose) my pen. I (wear) my hair long since I (be) a little girl. Daca nu se opreste in curând. yet (in propozitii negative).. 14. Where you (be)? I (be) to the market. It (not rain) since December. You ever (drive) a car? He always (rely on) his friend. 15. How long you (wear) glasses? I (cook) all the morning. care continua in prezent. He (fish) for two hours but he (catch) nothing yet. Adverbe de timp neprecizat care stau la sfârsitul propozitiei: lately. 4. Ex. she (try) to make trouble. 8. He hasn’t returned home yet. 22. in functie de context. (Sunt obosit pentru ca am muncit toata ziua. 13. (El nu s-a intors inca acasa. When are you going to do it? Ever since that woman came to work here. 18. I have often been to England. You must come and see it. poate arata probabilitatea ca actiunea inceputa in trecut. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat.. You (read) Sorescu’s last book? You (pay) the telephone bill? He (not go) to bed yet. I haven’t. cu accent pe durata. It has been raining for three hours.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. 10. we shall have floods. I have never been to England. Your ever (try) to give up smoking? Yes. You (see) your mother this week? No. 7. I (do) a lot of work since I (get up) in the morning.actrus. 10. 8. Afirmativ I have been working We have been working You have been working You have been working He/she/it has been working They have been working Negativ I have not (haven’t) been working. 7. Have you ever been to England? (Ai fost vreodata in Anglia?) No. How many dishes you (cook)? Why you (be) in the garden so long? I (water) the flowers. 1. 11. timpul Present Perfect Simple se traduce in româneste fie cu prezentul. When you (use) it last? 2. 4.. I (buy) a new house. Yes. 9. He has not (hasn’t) been working. Exercitii cu Present Perfect Simple si Continuous 1. she (leave) for Brasov a week ago. se poate traduce cu prezentul sau cu perfectul compus din limba româna. 7. I (shop) all day and I want to have a rest now. It’s time we woke him up. 3. She (change) a lot since I (see) her last. fie cu perfectul compus. You (be) out of work long? 5.html 6 of 42 . 11. (Ploua de trei ore. 4. sa continue si in viitor.. 20. Folositi Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous in locul infinitivelor din paranteze: 1. I am not out of work now. 1. 2.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. You (visit) the Village Museum? You ever (eat) caviar? I (not write) to my friend for three months.m. 5. I (ask) you to clean your room for two days. 21. 9. Page 10 of 18 Ex. intre un moment trecut si prezent. I already (see) this film. Would you like a cake? No. (Nu l-am vazut in ultimul timp. Page 9 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. 3. Folositi Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau Past Tense Simple in locul infinitivelor: 1. 17. Ex.) Dupa cum se poate observa. 3. 19. Folositi Present Perfect Simple in locul infinitivelor din paranteze: 1. Ex.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA. Interogativ Have I been working? Has he been working? Timpul Present Perfect Continuous arata o actiune in plina desfasurare. 12. vom avea inundatii. 12/15/04 http://quintet. You (not see) it anywhere? No.) I haven’t seen him lately.

5. 17. After they (finish) dinner. 10.) He said it had been raining for three days. a plecat acum o ora. 1. s-a plictisit. (El a spus ca ploua de trei zile.. they drank some coffee. she had been typing for one hour. 24. De când mi-am cumparat masina. l-am luat la ora 8. la care se adauga forma III (past participle) a verbului de conjugat. Negativ I had not (hadn’t) been working. 7. He (be) very ill since the holidays (begin). este vorba de o relatie intre doua momente trecute. terminasem de scris temele. Cu cine ai votat la ultimele alegeri? Nu am mers la vot.. It (rain) since we (leave) Bucharest. Am mers pe jos 10 km pâna acum. 2. (Ieri la ora 9 luasem micul dejun. 19.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Exercitii cu Past Simple si Continuous 1. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. 2. I had finished writing my homework. Este. Negativ I had not (hadn’t) worked. perfectul compus sau imperfectul din limba româna. in acest caz. Ex. 15. acum doi ani. Timpul Past Perfect Continuous arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intre doua momente trecute. 14. 18. Ninge de doua ore.) After John had been watching TV for 10 minutes. When he entered the room. 11. De cât timp inveti engleza? Vremea s-a incalzit in ultimul timp. 16. http://quintet. 22. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind Past Tense Simple sau Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous: 1. De asemenea. Arata o actiune trecuta care a avut loc inaintea unei alte actiuni sau a unui moment din trecut. 3. Ai mai fost in acest oras? Da. Afirmativ I had worked.) Dupa cum se observa. Interogativ Had I been working? Aceste forme se pastreaza la toate persoanele. 10. Mergem pe jos de la ora 3. (Când mi-ai telefonat. 23. Yesterday at 9 o’clock I had had breakfast. ea batea la masina de o ora. (Când el a intrat in camera. echivalentul in limba româna al acestui timp este mai mult ca perfectul. 4. El a scris numai doua scrisori de când a plecat in strainatate. 20. Ti-ai luat deja micul dejun? Da.. am mers arareori pe jos la slujba. Ei lucreaza la aceasta casa de un an si nu au terminat-o inca. ca si Present Perfect. Traduc un text de doua ore si nu l-am terminat inca. Un copil a spart geamul. 13. dar. când in aceeasi fraza in propozitia principala se afla un verb la Past Tense. El este ministru de doi ani. Past Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Past Perfect Simple al verbului „to be". 25.) When you rang me up. 8. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Perfect Simple: 1. Page 12 of 18 9.html 7 of 42 12/15/04 . un verb de relatie. Trebuie sa-l inlocuim. She said she already (be) to England. Am stat acasa si nu am regretat nici o clipa. am petrecut o luna aici. (Dupa ce John privise (a privit) la televizor 10 minute.) Ca sens. Cine te-a invatat sa vorbesti engleza atât de bine? Unde ti-ai petrecut vacanta anul acesta? M-am gândit adesea sa-mi iau carnet de conducere. 21. 11. Page 11 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. La ce te-ai uitat? A fost un accident. The child (play) the piano since I (return) from school. 9. Afirmativ I had been working.actrus. Interogativ Had I worked? Acest timp are aceeasi forma la toate persoanele.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. D. he got bored. 6. 12. acest timp se poate traduce cu mai mult ca perfectul.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC.actrus. Past Perfect Continuous poate prelua functiile lui Present Perfect Cotinuous in propozitia secundara. Ex..ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Ai vazut ziarul de azi? A plecat John? Da. Past Perfect Simple Se formeaza cu verbul „to have" la Past Tense Simple. Se poate traduce cu mai mult ca perfectul sau perfectul compus.

7.actrus. http://quintet. will la persoana II si III.actrus. When she decided to have a rest. They will be going.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. 10. 10. I (shall) will meet him next week. We (ask) him what countries he (visit). After John (leave). 3. 6. 7. 4. We were shocked to hear she (not pass) the exam. When we arrived at Sinaia. it (rain) for one hour. When we met them. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. mother (cook) for two hours. 7. he (go) downstairs to have dinner. 10. 5. 8. After we (walked) for an hour. 9. You will be going. a inmânat-o profesorului. He/she/it will not be going. 7. At 3 o’clock on Friday. Nu ti-am telefonat pentru ca am crezut ca plecasesi in strainatate. 10. 5. The fire (spread) to the next building when the firemen arrived. We (shall) will be going. He (tell) me he (be) to the theatre the day before. The house was much smaller then he (think) at first. 6. Mi-a parut rau ca il jignisem. mi-am dat seama ca imi lasasem poseta acasa. Ei au calatorit in multe tari dupa ce s-au casatorit. Când am ajuns la statia de autobuz. am mers la culcare. 5. El nu facuse nimic inainte de a-mi cere mie sfatul. You will be going. De indata ce a terminat de scris lucrarea. Ex. 2. 8. He asked me whether I (meet) John before.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. 5. 9. Page 13 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC.. Afirmativ I (shall) will go We (shall) will go You will go You will go He/she/it will go They will go Negativ I (shall) will not go We (shall) will not go You will not go You will not go He/she/it will not go They will not go Forma scurta pentru „shall not" este shan’t. 1. she (study) the subject for a week. we (realize) we (lose) our way. He told me he (catch) some fish on that day. We (shall) will not be going. Negativ I (shall) will not be going. E. 3. iar pentru „will not" este won’t. After Jane (swim) for half an hour. they (wait) for the bus for half an hour. 4. Secretara mi-a spus ca directorul vorbea la telefon de o jumatate de ora. 9. somebody told us it (rain) for hours.. El mi-a multumit pentru ceea ce facusem pentru el. When I left home. After John (listen to) the news bulletin.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. 12/15/04 http://quintet. Acest timp arata o actiune viitoare obisnuita. I (ring up) him and (congratulate) him. 1. 4. When I rang her up. Interogativ Shall I go? Shall we go? Will you go? Will you go? Will he/she/it/ go? Will they go? Trebuie remarcat faptul ca la interogativ persoana I.html 12/15/04 1. se foloseste numai „shall". Afirmativ I (shall) will be going. 4. (Il voi intâlni saptamâna viitoare. When I called on her unexpectedly. When we reached the top. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Perfect Continuous: 1. She just (go) out when I (call at) her house.. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau Past Tense Simple: 1. la care se adauga infinitivul verbului de conjugat. Ei mi-au spus ca locuiau in Franta din 1980. she felt chilly. 8. 2. De indata ce au plecat musafirii. You will not be going. She discovered her child (not tell) the truth. He/she/it will be going. He (learn) English for two years before he (go) to England for the first time. she (tell) me they (be) friends for five years. When I (find out) he (get married). The river became deeper after it (rain) heavily for a few hours.html 8 of 42 . she (clean) and (dust) for 5 hours. 8. Page 14 of 18 3. When she sat for the exam. she (write) letters for one hour. 6. The professor (speak) for 10 minutes when I (enter) the hall. 9. Puneti verbele din paranteza la Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau la Past Tense Simple: 1. we (climb) for 7 hours. I (return) from school.) Future Continuous Se formeaza cu viitorul simplu al verbului „to be". 2. Se traduce cu viitorul din limba româna. 3.. The child (eat) all the cakes before his mother became aware of it. Future Tense Simple Se formeaza cu shall sau will la persoana I. When I arrived home. I realized she (have) a party. 6.

Afirmativ I (should) would go We (should) would go You would go You would go He/she/it would go They would go Negativ I (should) would not go We (should) would not go You would not go You would not go He/she/it would not go They would not go Forma scurta de la „should not" este shouldn’t. He/she/it will have gone. nu se pune problema folosirii lui a interogativ decât in intrebari disjunctive. Acest timp este folosit in concordanta timpurilor pentru a arata o actiune posterioara unui moment sau unei actiuni din trecut. Interogativ Shall I be going? Shall we be going? Will you be going? Will you be going? Will he/she/it be going? Will they be going? Acest timp arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intr-un moment viitor. he would be travelling to England. (El a spus ca va intârzia. He/she/it will not have gone.) Future Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Future Perfect al verbului „to be".. la ora 3. Future-in-the-Past Continuous Se formeaza cu Future-in-the-Past Simple al verbului „to be". He said he would be late. Se traduce cu timpul viitor anterior din limba româna. Ex. You will have gone. By three o’clock tomorrow. Arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intre doua momente viitoare.actrus. voi studia (voi fi studiat) de trei ore. atunci când in principala se afla un verb la trecut. Ex. (Mâine pâna la ora trei voi fi ajuns la Predeal. Page 16 of 18 You will not be going.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. Ex. Preia functiile lui Future Tense Continuous intr-o propozitie secundara. I will have been studying for three hours. They will not have gone.. You will not have gone.) Alte mijloace de exprimare a viitorului http://quintet.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1.) Se traduce cu viitorul din limba româna. (have + forma III). Future-in-the-Past Simple Se formeaza cu should (persoana I) sau would (toate persoanele). I will have reached Predeal. the next day.html 9 of 42 12/15/04 . I (shall) will have been going. Ex. Interogativ Shall I have gone? Shall we have gone? Will you have gone? Will you have gone? Will he/she/it have gone? Will they have gone? Acest timp arata o actiune anterioara unei alte actiuni sau unui moment viitor. He said that at 3 o’clock. You will not have gone. I will be travelling to England. Este un timp sestul de rar folosit. When you come home. They will have gone. la care se adauga forma ing a verbului de conjugat. We (shall) will have gone. At three o’clock.) Intrucât nu poate fi intâlnit decât in propozitii secundare (dupa un verb la timpul trecut in propozitia principala). iar cea de la „would not" este wouldn’t. (Mâine la ora trei voi calatori spre Anglia. They will not be going. I should (would) be going. You will have gone. la care se adauga infinitivul trecut al verbului de conjugat. We (shall) will not have gone. Este un timp rar folosit. Când vei veni tu acasa. Se traduce cu viitorul simplu sau cu viitorul anterior din limba româna. Future Perfect Simple Se formeaza cu shall sau will. la care se adauga infinitivul verbului de conjugat.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1.actrus.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.. Afirmativ I (shall) will have gone. Ex. (El a spus ca in ziua urmatoare. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat.. Page 15 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. Negativ I (shall) will not have gone. va calatori spre Anglia.

ea va fi terminat curatenia in casa. 9. 9. I (finish) reading the newspapers by lunch time. I (pay off) all my debts. Arata o intentie. 2. one hundred thousand people (spend) their holidays at the seaside. I (work) at the office till late at night. they (be married) for 25 years. the sun (rise) before we reach the beach. When I take the exam. 6. arata un program precis. 10. You (not find) a solution if you don’t know the whole truth.) l Present Continuous + adverb de timp viitor. 4. 3. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind unul din tipurile de viitor: 1. 8. El va studia in biblioteca luni de la ora 1 la 5.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. 6. 7. I leave for London tomorrow. we (take) our exam. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Continuous: 1. vor fi economisit 5 milioane. I am going to read this book. 12. 4. She (watch) TV. By the beginning of next week. (Voi citi/am de gând sa citesc aceasta carte. By the end of the season. 1. 5. In a week’s time. 3. it probably (rain). 9. He (study) all day tomorrow. Unde il vei pune? Ex.actrus. Ce faci mâine dimineata la ora 11? Voi vizita târgul international.) l Expresia „to be going to" + infinitiv. 7. 4. I (have) breakfast. 6. http://quintet. mâine. Vineri. 6.. 7. Din cauza grevei soferilor de autobuze multa lume va merge pe jos la slujba. 8. You (be) in London tomorrow. Next year. the baby (cry). Exercitii cu timpurile „Future" 1. Trenul va fi plecat inainte de a ajunge noi la gara. I (know) the results in three days’ time. I (swim) in the sea. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Simple: 1. By the time you come home. If we don’t hurry. 3. (Il intâlnesc/il voi intâlni pe John in dimineata aceasta.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. By 5 o’clock. Page 17 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. Pâna la ora 1. Intr-un astfel de context. Am cumparat o masina de scris si voi invata sa bat. 3. The sun (rise) in 10 minutes. 4. Uite ce am cumparat la o licitatie! E un obiect frumos. When you reach Sinaia. This time next day. I am sure you (like) this book. 5. I am meeting John this morning. 5.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. un aranjament prealabil pentru viitorul apropiat. 3. Pâna la sfârsitul lunii.actrus. Tomorrow morning at 8 o’clock. You (need) the vacuum cleaner tomorrow or may I borrow it? I am sure when I arrive home.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 2. Arata de asemenea o intentie sau o probabilitate.. ei vor avea ultima ora de engleza. This time next month.html 10 of 42 12/15/04 . Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Perfect Simple sau Continuous: 1. You (remember) to post my letter? I hope I (pass) the exam. 11.m. 10. 8. 10. I (cook) for two hours. (Plec/voi pleca la Londra mâine. 10. Page 18 of 18 l Present Simple + adverb de timp viitor.. Don’t expect me home for dinner. Let’s hurry to the beach. 2. I (read) all the books on the bibliography list. we (climb) the mountain. 4. 7. Pâna anul viitor pe vremea aceasta. He (be) pleased if you invite him. you (see) all the exhibits in the museum. voi fi vazut acest film de 5 ori. You (recognize) him when you see him? I (remember) this day all my life. 2.. bine stabilit. 8. I am sure I (succeed). intre orele 12 si 1. 5. Don’t ring her up at 8 o’clock p. I (work) on this paper for a month. Ex. 9. Ex. By the end of the month.) It is going to rain.

(El a spus ca va veni sa ma vada dupa ce va termina lucrul. (El a spus ca se intorsese acasa cu o saptamâna inainte. Ex. The teacher told the pupils water boils at 100 oC.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Page 2 of 5 LECTIA II CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Concordanta timpurilor se aplica. un timp „past" Past Tense Simple. Present Tense Continuous. Profesorul le-a spus elevilor ca apa fierbe la 100 oC.) b) Past Tense – actiune anterioara – Past Perfect He said he had returned home a week before. Future-in-the-Past se poate folosi numai o singura data.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. (El a spus ca va pleca a doua zi. Nota: In limba engleza contemporana. dintre care una este temporala sau conditionala. un timp „present" Present Tense Simple. Present Perfect Simple. Last year I worked more than I have done this year. Future – actiune simultana – Present 2. (Voi citi aceasta carte când voi avea timp.actrus.) He said he was going to school. când propozitia secundara exprima un adevar general valabil. Ce inseamna „un timp adecvat" se va vedea in continuare. Past Perfect Simple. când propozitia secundara este atributiva. Future – actiune anterioara – Present Perfect I will go to England after I have received a visa. Anul trecut am muncit mai mult decât anul acesta. cu exceptia propozitii temporale sau conditionale. Present Perfect Continuous Orice timp cerut de sens Propozitia secundara Propozitia principala actiune posterioara celei din principala. (Am ajuns acasa dupa ce incetase ploaia. 2. Propozitia principala 1. She said she had forgotten where she had put her glasses. nu in propozitii. The book I am reading now was given to me by my brother. o formulare 12/15/04 http://quintet. Past Perfect Continuous Propozitia secundara Orice alt timp „past" Ex.html 11 of 42 . 3. Ex. dupa care (in temporala sau conditionala) se intrebuinteaza Past Tense (pentru simultaneitate) sau Past Perfect (pentru anterioritate).) b. Situatiile cel mai des intâlnite sunt urmatoarele: a. (El a spus ca va veni sa ma vada când va avea timp.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.) Exceptii de la concordanta timpurilor 1. Când propozitia secundara este comparativa.) c) Past Tense – actiunea posterioara – Future-in-the-Past He said he would leave the next day. ci in fraze. (Ea i-a promis mamei sale ca o va ajuta. (El a spus ca merge la scola.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. Cartea pe care o citesc acum mi-a fost data de fratele meu. (El a spus ca este bolnav. (Voi fi terminat de studiat când vei veni tu acasa. Ex. un timp „future" Teoretic se poate folosi orice timp cerut de sens.) 1.) He said he would buy a car if he had money.) Nota 2: Daca intr-o fraza exista doua propozitii secundare cu I will read this book when I have time. desigur.) Nota 1: Daca intr-o fraza exista doua propozitii secundara cu actiunea anterioara celei din principala. (Voi merge in Anglia dupa ce voi obtine viza. He said he would come to see me when he had time. se poate folosi Past Perfect in mod repetat. se poate observa uneori o oarecare tendinta de a nu se respecta concordanta timpurilor atunci când verbul din propozitia principala este la trecut.) I arrived home after it had stopped raining.) I will have finished studying when you come home. Ea consta in aceea ca folosirea unui anumit timp in propozitia principala obliga la folosirea unui timp adecvat in propozitia secundara. Se poate intâlni. Ex.) He said he would come to see me after he had finished work. (Ea a spus ca uitase unde si-a pus ochelarii. (El a spus ca va cumpara o masina daca va avea bani. Past Tense Continuous.actrus. care nu pot include un verb la viitor. a) Past Tense – actiune simultana – Past Tense He said he was ill.) She promised her mother she would help her. Ex. de exemplu.

When we (go) to see them last night. 2. 10. You won’t be able to speak about this book till you (read) it. 12. având in vedere faptul ca propozitia secundara exprima o actiune posterioara celei din principala: 1. 7. After he (repair) the car.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. 3. When it started to rain. Last year I earned more money than I (earn) in the next five years. He was in a hurry because he (want) to catch the train. we supposed prices (go up). cu timpul. we (dig) in the garden for an hour. they said they (listen to) music since 5 o’clock. I was sue the performance (be cancelled). the concert already (begin).actrus. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect (Past Tense Simple sau Continuous). 6. she saw the sun (shine) brightly. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect (Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous). 3. I will lend it to you. 8. they will have been married for five years. 4. He asked me if I usually (read) that newspaper. When I heard the main actor was ill. 9. 8. They (know) each other for a long time before they finally got married. When I (finish) the book. I shall have typed all the letters. you will feel better. Last night I (read) the book which you (read) now. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. 4. precum si exceptiile: 1. He didn’t admit that he (steal) the book. 7. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future-in-the-Past. 4. not before. It is said that one Englishman will not speak to another before they (be) introduced. 5.actrus. 2. I hoped it (not rain) when I (arrive) at the beach. 7. You will be surprised when you (see) how well she (look). Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. the Romanians travelled less than they (do) this year. 14. 7. I wasn’t aware German (be) such a difficult language. I will come as soon as I (finish) my work. 16. Looking out of the window.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR de tipul: „He said he loves me". 5. When their first baby (be born). We shall start dinner as soon as the guests (arrive). 15. Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor Page 3 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR 10. 10.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. 5. He believed the strike (end) very soon. As soon as the holidays (begin). 6. After she (learn) to type. Page 4 of 5 1. After I (hear) the news. tinând seama de exceptiile de la concordanta timpurilor: 1. By the time you (finish) translating the text. she will take a job as a secretary. He promised he (drive) me home. he was tired because he (travel) for three days. sa ajunga regula. 2. When you asked me where I (spend) my holidays. 3. this beach will become very crowded. 5. When I arrived. He told me hibernating animal (not eat) in winter. Yesterday I bought a new umbrella because I (lose) my old one. It was clear they (talk) business again. He hoped he (finish) reading the book in two days. 3. sfatuim pe vorbitorii români de limba engleza sa respecte regulile de concordanta a timpurilor asa cum sunt prezentate mai sus. 9. având in vedere simultaneitatea actiunilor din propozitia principala si cea secundara: 1. The train will have left before we (reach) the station. 1. I was not sure I (remain) at home that evening. 1. 18. 12/15/04 http://quintet. He told me he never (see) the sea. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Present Simple sau Present Perfect Simple: 1. 2. Last night I met the couple who soon (move) next door to me. She told me his name after he (leave). In 1998. 13. You will be surprised when you (see) how much she (change). 9. When he finally reached London. Este posibil ca ceea ce apare acum ca tendinta. 3. I will buy a car when I (have) enough money. The teacher told the pupils what the capital of Mexico (be). You didn’t tell me you (have to) type this report. 4. Pentru moment insa. As wages had gone up. They said they (remain) at the seaside for another week. You will get a shock when you (see) the mess in that room. 20. 7. Last year you spoke English less fluently than you (do) now. 10. He was sure he (pass) the exam and he promised he (give) a party afterwards. 11. 4.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. They didn’t know that I (play) football. 2. 5. I thought you soon (have) a holiday. they were listening to music. 19. She didn’t even say thank you after all I (do) for her. We all believed he (win) the competition. respectând toate regulile de concordanta a timpurilor. 17.html 12 of 42 . 5. I will pay my debts after I (receive) my salary. 6. I understood you (be) a painter. He realized he (not remember) John’s phone number. I believed you (be) at the seaside. After you (drink) a coffee. 10. 4. 1. I will do it when I (want) to. I congratulated him. 3. 9. I found out that yoga (be) a very useful practice. I was not sure if you (speak) English. He just (leave) home when he came across John. I will go on playing the piano till he (tell) me to stop. he will drive to Sinaia. 6. He will write to me after he (arrive) in England. 6. 5. 8. tinând seama de relatia de anterioritate exprimata de verbul din propozitia principala sau din cea secundara: 1. I (not decide) yet. too. 8. I didn’t think that book to be a nice birthday present for you because I (read) it and I (not enjoy) it. The book I (read) in the last few days was lent to me by John. 6. I will never forget what you just (tell ) me. 2. Your mother will be upset when she (notice) you (break) the vase. 8. I didn’t know at what temperature this metal (melt). 7. 6. 8. 9.

Past Conditional (conditional trecut) Se traduce cu should/would la care se adauga infinitivul trecut (have + forma III a verbului de conjugat). 18. He said he (have to) write down my address as he (not remember) it otherwise. 4. Interogativ Should I go? Should we go? Would you go? Would you go? Would he/she/it go? Would they go? Se traduce cu conditionalul prezent din limba româna (as merge. Era foarte suparat ca isi pierduse dictionarul si nu era sigur ca va gasi unul nou in librarii. 7. ai merge. Afirmativ I should/would go We should/would go You would go You would go He/she/it would go They would not go Negativ I should/would not go We should/would not go You would not go You would not go He/she/it would not go They would not go Forme prescurtate: shouldn’t. He discovered to his horror that he (eat) the worms in the cherries. 6. A week ago. 9. wouldn’t. Masina pe cae o voi cumpara va fi importata din Germania. 7. Tata imi va da un cadou dupa ce voi lua examenul. Page 1 of 5 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri 9. 19.actrus. When I finally arrived home. 11. I was surprised that his son (fail) the exam.html 13 of 42 12/15/04 . 2. 12. 16.. 17. Politistul ma va intreba ce am vazut in timpul accidentul. He was very upset because I (be) late. I hoped the company where I (work) (not go) bankrupt. After we have finished dinner. Stiam ca esti in Bucuresti. Secretara mi-a spus ca directorul este ocupat. 20. my friends told me there (be) many small houses and narrow streets in Padua.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Page 5 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. I (be) very hungry because I (not eat) anything all day. Nu mi-am amintit ca ne cunoscusem cu un an inainte.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. I-am promis ca ii voi scrie când voi ajunge la Londra. he decided he (change) his job.). Hotul nu si-a dat seama ca politia il urmarea de o saptamâna. 10. He was very tired and he (hope) he (have) time to rest that afternoon. Iti voi spune adevarul dupa ce il voi afla eu insami. 14. 11. Afirmativ I should/would have gone You would have gone He/she/it would have gone We should/would have gone You would have gone They would have gone Negativ I should/would not have gone You would not have gone http://quintet.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. ar merge etc. 12.. 5. 13. 15. 10.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. I did not know that you (wear) glasses since childhood. we (drink) coffee and brandy. After having visited Italy. la care se adauga infinitivul prezent al verbului de conjugat. he (trust) his son and he (not expect) such a thing to happen. Nu am stat acasa sa te astept pentru ca nu stiam când vei veni. 3. You will never know how much I (suffer). LECTIA III MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRAZELE CONDITIONALE Present Conditional (conditional prezent) Se formeaza cu should si would la persoana I si would la persoanele II si III.actrus. 8. M-a intrebat câte litere sunt in alfabetul chinez si nu am putut sa-I raspund.

you (promise) to keep it a secret? Unless you study more.) Nota 1: Trebuie sa se tina seama ca subjonctivul folosit in propozitia secundara are forma lui Past Tense Simple la toate verbele. (Voi sta acasa daca va ploua.) I would have stayed at home if it had rained. You (buy) this house if you had money? http://quintet. atunci când actiunea din secundara este posibila. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 2: 1. supposing. I would ring him up.) Nota 4: Atunci când if este urmat de un verb auxiliar (ex. you (be) late. I (buy) it.html 14 of 42 12/15/04 . Ex. If the police should find out the truth. 8. 1. If I (move) to the country-side. should se traduce cu: in caz ca. suppose. If she finds out what has happened. Page 3 of 5 He/she/it would not have gone We should/would not have gone You would not have gone They would not have gone Interogativ Should I have gone? Should we have gone? Would you have gone? Would you have gone? Would he/she/it have gone? Would they have gone? Se traduce cu conditionalul trecut din limba româna (as fi mers. we would be fined. (As sta acasa daca ar ploua. Frazele conditionale (If-Clauses) Exista trei tipuri de fraze conditionale: Tipul 1 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Future Present I will go to the seaside if the weather is fine. 4. dar improbabila. If it (go on) raining. este posibila omiterea lui if. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. 5. In caz ca telefoneaza. noi am fi amendati. Tipul 3 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Past Conditional Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Perfect I would have gone to the seaside if the weather had been fine. If I like the dress. 6. If she should ring up. unde se intâlneste forma „were" la toate persoanele. spune-I ca nu sunt acasa.actrus.. daca sar intâmpla ca. 2. If I see him.actrus. (As merge la mare daca vremea ar fi buna. you will have to look after it... (In caz ca politia ar afla adevarul/ Daca s-ar intâmpla ca politia sa afle adevarul. Ex.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. Page 2 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. had. 7. you (not pass) the exam.. 9. should poate fi folosit in secundara la tipul 2 de fraza conditionala. (As fi mers la mare daca vremea ar fi fost buna. in case. If you (take) a dog.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. cu exceptia verbului „to be". I (lend) you the book if you promise to return it in time. 2.) Tipul 2 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Present Conditional Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Tense I would go to the seaside if the weather were fine. I (greet) him.) Nota 2: – if poate fi inlocuit de provided (that). Ex. you (not find) me at home.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. would you visit me? 3.) I will stay at home if it rains. ar fi mers etc. What shall we do. If I (know) his phone-number. I won’t go shopping if you don’t come with me. we shall have floods. De asemenea. If you don’t hurry. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 1: 1. were. – if he were here – were he here – if it had rained – had it rained – if he should come – should he come Exercitii cu fraze conditionale 1.). tell her I am out. In acest caz. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. 10. (As fi stat acasa daca ar fi plouat. she (be) very angry. 3. si in acest caz se inverseaza ordinea subiect – auxiliar. Nota 3: should + infinitiv poate fi folosit la tipul 1. should). ai fi mers. in loc de Present Simple. providing. supposing he is late? (Ce vom face presupunând ca el intârzie?) ¡ if not poate fi inlocuit cu unless I won’t go shopping unless you come with me. Unless you come at 6. Acest tip de secundara este adesea combinat cu imperativul. If I tell you something. (Voi merge la mare daca vremea va fi buna.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.) I would stay at home if it rained.

5. I would speak to him. 6. 7. I (answer) the phone. 1. Mamaia ar fi un loc ideal pentru o vacanta daca n-ar fi atât de multi oameni acolo. 4. Mi-ar placea mai mult piesa daca ar fi mai scurta. you (read) Shakespeare in the original. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. I-ai da? Ce s-ar fi intâmplat daca ai fi condus cu viteza mare? Nu vom merge la plimbare daca nu va sta ploaia. Had I learned English grammar. It (be) better if you had waited. Daca un cersetor ti-ar cere bani. he would have gone home. 1. strazile vor fi ude. 8. 9. 2. 3. Had I been at home. If he (realize) it was so late. If you (drive) more carefully. If you had taken my advice. Daca ar ploua.actrus. 9. 7. If I (see) him. If I (work) harder. 8. 10.. strazile ar fi fost ude. 5. he (take) a pill. I (answer) it.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. 2. Voi fi dezamagit daca nu voi afla adevarul. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. 7. I wouldn’t have come unless you (invite) me. 4. 9. he (get) a bar of chocolate. 6. I (not make) so many mistakes in my translation. you (not get) into trouble. 12. Dacaar fi plouat. you wouldn’t have an accident.html 15 of 42 12/15/04 . If the child is good.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. As mai croseta un pulover daca as mai avea lâna. 7. Were I in your place. 3. 3. If I won the lottery. 8..actrus. 8. 5. he (not make) so many mistakes. 2. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. What would you do if you (be) Prime Minister? If I (give up) smoking. If you had known English. 4.. If he had written a letter to me. Where you (go) if you had a holiday? 1. Ai fi prins trenul daca ai fi luat un taxi. I would be nervous. strazile ar fi ude. Daca n-ai fi inchis fereastra. If he were more careful. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. Daca cina nu va fi gata la timp. 11. I wouldn’t have come with you in your car. If I (be) you. 6. He will be at the airport in time if he (leave) now. 5. 6. 9. I (not do) this. If I (know) you had no driving licence. I (answer) your question if I can. Vei prinde trenul daca vei lua un taxi.. 2. I would have succeeded. Page 5 of 5 4. 9. Should he have a headache. 6. voi mânca la un restaurant. 4. 5. 7. 1.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. 10. he would never have known. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 3: 1. Daca va ploua. 10. I (buy) a car. 10. He (tell) you if you had asked him. I would go home immediately. Te vei supara daca iti voi lua creionul? Te-ai supara daca ti-as lua creionul? Te-ai fi suparat daca ti-as fi luat creionul? Ce vei face daca il vei intâlni pe John? Ce-ai face daca l-ai intâlni pe John? Ce-ai fi facut daca l-ai fi intâlnit pe John? http://quintet. mi-ar fi fost frig. 10. 8. He would have been arrested if he (try) to leave the country.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. Il vei vedea daca il vei astepta. You (be) sick if you eat so much. 3. Page 4 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. Ai prinde trenul daca ai lua un taxi. tinând seama ca se poate intâlni oricare dintre cele 3 tipuri de fraze conditionale: 1. If I (not tell) him.

Se schimba o serie de cuvinte in functie de sens. He said she had given him a book. Modalitati de introducere a propozitiilor secundare in vorbirea indirecta 1.. ceea ce se intâmpla in majoritatea cazurilor. Verbele modale would. 1. I would stay at home. 1.actrus. Frazele conditionale sunt trecute la vorbirea indirecta in modul urmator: ¡ LECTIA IV VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRECTA Vorbirea directa: John said: „She is not at home" Vorbirea indirecta: John said she was not at home.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. I would have stayed at home. He said: „I might be late" He said he might be late.html 16 of 42 12/15/04 . Se schimba pronumele.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. ought to.actrus. might ramân neschimbate la vorbirea indirecta. Ex. Page 1 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. today that day yesterday the day before/the previous day http://quintet. in functie de sens. He said: „I’ll be at home today"." 1. 3." Ex. should. à He said he would be at home on that day. Page 2 of 5 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri the day before yesterday two days before tomorrow the next day/the following day the day after tomorrow in two days’ time next week the next/the following week two years ago two years before now then this that these those here there Ex.. could. – He said „I am ill". ¡ tipurile 2 si 3 nu se schimba: "If it rained. Pentru a trece o propozitie de la vorbirea directa la vorbirea indirecta. He said: „She gave me a book".. He said he had been working hard. ¡ ¡ ¡ He said „I have been working hard." He said if it had rained he would have stayed at home. Afirmatii: cu that (care se poate omite) Ex. Atunci când verbul din propozitia principala este la trecut. in propozitia secundara se schimba timpurile dupa cum urmeaza: Present past Present perfect past perfect Past past perfect Future future-in-the-past tipul 1 devine tipul 2: "If it rains. Ex. à He said he was going to do that translation the next day.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. "If it had rained. He said „I will do the exercise". 2.. He said if itrained he would stay at home. He said if it rained he would stay at home. trebuie respectate o serie de reguli. He said he had been ill. He said „I was ill". I will stay at home.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. He said: „I am going to do this traslation tomorrow". He said he was ill. He said he would do the exercise.

1. 10. Treceti urmatoarele comenzi la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la http://quintet.. 12. I don’t remember where I have bought this dictionary. If I had been at home. The weather was fine yesterday. Treceti urmatoarele intrebari speciale la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: He said: „When did you come back?" He asked me when I had come back. 5. 10. Page 3 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. please? 4. 3. 8. 9.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 2. I think it’s going to rain tomorrow. 6. In cazul intrebarilor speciale trecute la vorbirea indirecta. 10. 11. He said (that) he would leave for London the next day. on holiday. I will go shopping right now. 2. 12. ordered) me to come in. Treceti urmatoarele afirmatii de la vorbirea directa la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: He said „I will leave for London tomorrow". Ex. Page 4 of 5 trecut) Model: He said: „Come in!" He told (asked. 7. 7.. Don’t drive so fast! Open the door. à He said (that) he was ill. 1. ceea ce este o greseala.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. Where have you been? I’ve been away. 4. 2. iar raspunsul poate fi da sau nu. 5. 3. trebuie acordata atentie ordinei cuvintelor din propozitia secundara. 3. How long have you been learning English? What are you going to do tomorrow? How long does it take you to reach your office? When will you be back? Ex. He asked me where I had been. Comenzi: cu infinitivul (afirmativ sau negativ) Ex. Intrebarile generale se introduc cu if sau whether (daca). 2. 9. 8. exista tentatia de a folosi ordinea cuvintelor din propozitiile interogative. 4. I saw this film a week ago. 1. If I have enough money. 5. please? Can you come to tea this afternoon? Has the train left? Do you know what this word means? Was your mother at home? Did you buy this book yesterday? Did you drink coffee every day? Were you at the library yesterday? Do you live in London for a long time? Can you speak English? Would you like a cake? Could you lend me a book. John left for Sinaia two days ago. I am going to have a nap this afternoon. Intrebari Exista doua tipuri de intrebari: generale si speciale. He said: „I am ill".actrus. 2. Incorect: He asked me what was the time. Ex.. please! Read the text. I will buy a car next year. 4. 9. Intrucât aceasta propozitie incepe cu un cuvânt interogativ. Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si vorbirea indirecta 1. Ex. 11. 6. à He told me to go out. 8.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. 6. He asked me: „What is the time?" Corect: He asked me what the time was. 7.actrus.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. Intrebarile generale sunt cele care incep cu un verb. Ex. Last year I spent my holiday at the seaside. Treceti urmatoarele intrebari generale la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: „Will you be at home tomorrow?" He asked me if I would be at home the next day. please! Write me a letter when you get to England! Don’t cross the street on a red light! Be careful with my books! Don’t smoke so much! Take this pill! Don’t interrupt me when I am speaking! Ring me up when you arrive home! 3. He said „Don’t go out" à He told me not to go out. 3. Intrebarile speciale se introduc cu cuvântul interogativ respectiv. 4. I would have answered the phone..html 17 of 42 12/15/04 . 1. I went to England two years ago. He said „Go out". I am very busy today. 2. He asked me if I liked music. Will you help me. 3.

10. Exercitii cu diateza pasiva 1. complementul indirect si. 12/15/04 http://quintet. In aceste situatii. Nota: Se poate folosit aspectul continuu al diatezei pasive numai la Present Tense si Past Tense. Un alt exemplu de complement prepozitional care poate deveni subiect. 6. trecerea de la diateza activa la diateza pasiva se face prin transformarea complementului direct in subiect. (by me) In propozitia: In this office they insist on punctuality. (by me) Complement indirect à Subiect He was given a book. Ex.html 18 of 42 . my flat was being painted. In multe cazuri.actrus.. poate deveni subiect in cazul folosirii diatezei pasive: In this office punctuality is insisted on (by them). la care se adauga forma III (participiul trecut) a verbului de conjugat. my flat is being painted. de asemenea. Ex. 8. pasivul se foloseste atunci când nu este important cine face actiunea. Someone has found the missing child.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. iar complementul indirect este him. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva: 1. Unde complementul direct este a book. Page 5 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/DIATEZA PASIVA 5. While I was in hospital. Complement direct à Subiect A book was given to him. in unele cazuri. 2. complementul prepozitional. He has found your bag. punctuality este un complement prepozitional. 5. subiectul va fi trecut la cazul nominativ. Pasiv: The child was looked after (by her). Activ: She looked after the child. Pasiv: Eu am fost chemat de director. se omite formularea by. 9. Activ: I gave him a book. I will invite my friend to a party. 3.actrus. care.. In this office punctuality is insisted on. I have been asked.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. Ambele complemente pot deveni subiecte in cazul trecerii la pasiv. I had been asked. I was asked. Activ: Directorul m-a chemat pe mine. Where will you spend your weekend? Who is this man? Why is it so dark in this room? When did the rain stop? Which of these cakes do you prefer? How did you travel? Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 3 LECTIA V Pasivul se formeaza conjugând verbul to be la timpul cerut de sens.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_5. Desigur. While I am in hospital. 4. In limba engleza. A specialist will repair my TV set. I will be asked. In limba româna. Ex.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. de la sfârsitul propozitiei. exista trei tipuri de complemente care pot deveni subiect in transformarea de la activ la pasiv: complementul direct. I am asked. Ex. Ex. They will finish the work today. 7.

We laughed at John. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva: 1. 10. 5. 3. 10. 3. In acest hotel se vorbesc limbi straine. 7. 6. 4. I teach them English. This book will soon be forgotten. 2. 5. The policeman will show us the way. 8. transformând atât complementul direct cât si cel indirect in subiecte: 1. Evenimentul a fost comentat de toate ziarele. The teacher asked me a difficult question. We couldn’t account for his odd behaviour. They set fire to the shed.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 2. 8. 3. 7. Don’t speak until someone speaks to you. 3. My friend doesn’t always tell me the truth. 2. He hates being made fun of. 5. 10.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_5. The jury awarded the Romanian film director the Great Prize. Gasiti subiecte acolo unde este necesar: 1. English is spoken all over the world. 4. when I passed by. 4. They have given me a nice present. 9. People play football all over the world. Sensurile cuvintelor noi trebuie cautate in dictionar. 6. 7. 9. 15. The climber was finally discovered by the rescue party. 7. The doctor prescribed some pills to the patient. http://quintet. 2. 9. 2. 8. Treceti la pasiv urmatoarele propozitii care cuprind combinatii verb+prepozitie: 1. Has someone repaired the TV set? Will you write the letter in ink? Haven’t they told you to be here at 6 o’clock? Did the tornado frighten you? Will someone tell him the details? Have you fed the dog? Did the sight of the accident shock him? Did they tell you about the meeting? Do you think they will turn down your request? Would you have finished your work sooner if your colleagues hadn’t interrupted you? 5. The guide showed the museum to the tourists. They are building a new house round the corner. 8. I was recommended a very good doctor. Ni s-a cerut sa aratam pasapoartele. We objected to his proposal. These books mustn’t be taken away. They didn’t look after the children properly. 10. 7. 10. 13. Acest timbru nu a fost bine lipit pe plic. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 6.actrus. Muzeul a fost inchis pentru reparatii. 6. Se construiesc multe blocuri noi in cartierul nostru. Page 2 of 3 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/DIATEZA PASIVA 3. 9. Ni s-au spus lucruri foarte interesante la conferinta. This painting is admired by all the visitors of the museum. Ni se vor da instructiuni detaliate in privinta referatului. 7.html 19 of 42 12/15/04 . 5. 2. 4. The pupils will be told where to sit. 9. He hasn’t slept in his bed. 8. Aceasta informatie treuie tratata confidential.actrus. We called for the doctor. 8. Scrisoarea va fi pusa la posta cât mai curând posibil. 4. 12. 3. America a fost descoperita la sfârsitul secolului al XV-lea. A reception was held in his honour.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_5. Când a ajuns acasa si-a dat seama ca I se furase portofelul. 14. 6.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/DIATEZA PASIVA 6. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva in doua feluri. They will give me a reward. 5. Nu s-a auzit nimic despre el de când a plecat la Constanta. Cursul profesorului a fost ascultat de toti studentii. They were building a new supermarket in that district last month. The noise frightened me. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii de la diateza pasiva la diateza activa. Burglars broke into the house. I have lent John two of my books. This house has been built out of stone and cement. 6. 4. Page 3 of 3 His coworkers must do something for him. 9. 11.

He can speak English. I can make this traslation. I will be allowed/permitted to smoke in that room. I will tbe able to drive a car after I have taken a few lessons. (Stiu sa inot. nu e posibil sa. I haven’t been able to ring you up this week.html 20 of 42 12/15/04 . May/Might – s-ar putea sa Ex. I can swim. http://quintet.). might. Page 2 of 10 LECTIA VI VERBELE MODALE Can. Ex. Ar fi putut sa fie aici in timp.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. You can’t/couldn’t have seen John in the street. Can 1. Can’t/couldn’t – nu se poate sa. Pentru a reda ideea de trecut cu acest sens. prezent. S-ar putea sa fie acasa acum. Voi putea/mi se va permite sa fumez in camera aceea. Ex. conditional prezent al verbului can Negativ: could not (couldn’t) Interogativ: Could I ? Could you? etc. a fi in stare Ex. must. you may. 2. Ex.) Cu acest sens. Ex. can poate fi folosit cu sensul lui may de „a avea permisiunea". will.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6.actrus. May I smoke in this room? Pot/am permisiunea sa fumez in aceasta camera? Yes. should. Can is a model verb. It can’t/couldn’t be 9 o’clock. I was allowed/permitted to smoke in that room. need.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Voi putea veni la tine mâine.) I can speak English.) l 3. are sensul de a putea. Nu se poate sa-l fi vazut pe John pe strada. shall. to be permitted to. dar se foloseste numai dupa un alt verb la trecut (vorbire indirecta). l Nu au toate timpurile. Ex. ought to. can’t Ex.) Negativ: may not. Could you help me? Ai putea sa ma ajuti? Pentru conditionalul trecut se foloseste could + infinitivul trecut Ex. I can do this. El e in strainatate.) Spre deosebire de: I want to do this. He may/might be at home now. He could have been here in time. would. pot/am permisiunea sa iau masina ta? 4. I couldn’t come to you yesterday. Se traduce cu a sti sa. Pentru celelalte timpuri se folosesc inlocuitorii: to be allowed to. Telefoneaza-I lui John. (Da. Ex. Can = infinitiv. poti. prezent Negativ: cannot. I cannot (can’t) make this translation. Am putut/mi s-a permis sa fumez in camera aceea. Ex. Take your umbrella. Ex. He cannot (can’t) speak English. Ia-ti umbrela. N-am putut sa-ti telefonez saptamâna aceasta. I will be able to come to you tomorrow. Arata o anumita abilitate fizica sau intelectuala. (Pot sa fac aceasta. could. He said I might smoke in that room. Ex. It may/might rain. Interogativ: Can I? Can you? etc. In vorbirea familiara.actrus. 2. May 1. (Vreau sa fac aceasta. mayn’t Interogativ: May I? May you? May = infinitiv. Pentru celelalte timpuri se foloseste inlocuitorul to be able to. Ex. Ring up John. Nu se poate sa fie ora 9. Can you make this translation? Could=Past Tense. a avea permisiunea Ex. Ex. se foloseste infinitivul trecut. prezent Cu acest sens exista timpul might care reda ideea de trecut.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Nu primesc s la persoana III singular. are sensul de a putea. s-ar putea sa ploua. inlocuitorul to be able to pentru celelalte timpuri. He is abroad. can I take your car? Tata. l Nu formeaza negativul si interogativul cu „to do". timpurile se folosesc ca la punctul 1 (could pentru Past Tense si conditionalul prezent. Father. The sun hasn’t set yet. Voi sti sa conduc masina dupa ce voi lua câteva lectii. (Stiu sa vorbesc engleza. Soarele nu a apus inca. Se folosesc inlocuitori. Caracteristici generale l Nu primesc to inaintea lor si dupa ele: Ex. may. N-am putut sa vin la tine ieri. Ex.

Ex.html 21 of 42 12/15/04 . 1. aici e limita de viteza. You may/might help me when I am in need. The teacher told us it was too easy for us. Pentru redarea ideii de trecut. Probabil ca John e acasa acum. Need Exista doua verbe: l Ex. You needn’t drive so fast. Negativ: must not.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. se foloseste needn’t + infinitivul trecut. Va trebui sa termin traducerea mâine. A trebui Ex. He doesn’t need this book. we have enough time. Which dress shall I buy? Ce rochie sa cumpar? Shall I wait for you? Sa te astept? To need: verb obisnuit. Ex. interogativ. Nu a fost nevoie sa facem acest exercitiu. Nu e nevoie sa conduci atât de repede. ideea de trecut se reda prin adaugarea infinitivului trecut. Ex. Se traduc cu: ar trebui sa. I will have to finish the translation tomorrow. I must go home. Trebuie sa plec acasa. It must be late. solicitarea unui sfat. Eu dormeam când ai venit tu aseara. 3.actrus. Ai fi putut sa imi scrii o scrisoare când erai in Anglia. de asemenea. You should/ought to help your mother with housework. Must not se traduce cu „nu trebuie". dar a fost facuta. Pentru a reda ideea de trecut. El nu are nevoie de aceasta carte. Pentru a raspunde afirmativ la intrebarea de mai sus. ar fi cazul sa. Ex. It’s got late. o recomandare. avem destul timp. Hai sa-l vizitam. Hai sa mergem acasa.actrus. Probabil ca era târziu.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. prezent Nu are alte timpuri. Ex. nu e nevoie. Profesorul ne-a spus ca e prea usor pentru noi. Ex. Should. l Need: verb modal. Trebuie mentionat faptul ca inlocuitorul lui must. Probabil ca e târziu.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. S-a facut târziu. shall indica viitorul. you must! (Da. You needn’t have watered the flowers. Ex. N-ai vazut ca urma sa ploua? l Daca actiunea nu era necesara si nu a fost facuta. Couldn’t you see it was going to rain? Nu era nevoie sa uzi florile. It must have been late. I was asleep when you arrived home last night. o oferta sau o sugestie. there is a speed limit here. to have to formeaza interogativul si negativul cu ajutorul auxiliarului to do. Ar trebui sa o ajuti pe mama ta la treburile casei. cu sensul de a avea nevoie Ex. You should not/ought not to have been so rude to him. Need not se traduce cu „nu e nevoie". De ce nu ti-ai luat haina? S-ar fi putut sa racesti. Need I be here at one o’clock? Yes. Nu ar fi trebuit sa fii atât de nepoliticos cu el. mustn’t Interogativ: Must I? Must you? Must = infinitiv. Folosit cu persoana I. Cu acest sens. need se foloseste numai la interogativ si negativ. Ai putea sa ma ajuti când sunt la nevoie. trebuie!) Pentru exprimarea ideii de trecut a verbului need. Nota: Nu trebuie confundat need not cu must not. Must Page 3 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Ca verb modal. You might have written me a letter when you were in England. Let’s go home. May/might pot exprima un repros. Shall Folosit cu persoana I. notional.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Cu acest sens. exista 2 posibilitati: l Page 4 of 10 Daca actiunea nu era necesara. you needn’t. se foloseste didn’t need + infinitivul Ex. Se foloseste inlocuitorul to have to. ideea de trecut este redata prin adaugarea infinitivului trecut. se adauga infinitivul trecut. You mustn’t drive so fast. I didn’t have to finish the translation yesterday. ar fi bine sa. cu sensul de a fi nevoie http://quintet. Let’s call on him. Ex. John must be at home now. Ex. Ex. se foloseste verbul must. Nu trebuie sa conduci atât de repede. Ex. poate indica. We didn’t need to do this exercise. Ex. I had to finish the traslation yesterday. o obligatie morala. poate avea sensul probabil ca: Ex. Ought to Ambele verbe indica o actiune corecta. De asemenea. A trebuit sa termin traducerea ieri. 2. Nu. Need I be here at one o’clock? E nevoie sa fiu aici la ora 1? No. Why didn’t you take your coat? You may/might have caught a cold. se adauga infinitivul trecut.

Will. ¡ in trecut When I was a child. 8. Mama spune copilului: Vei avea o bicicleta daca vei lua examenul. She can play the piano very well. She can lend you that book. Must you be so rude? She can read and write at the age of five. Mama mea obisnuieste sa stea ore intregi privind la televizor. Can you help me? You mustn’t do this . l Actiune repetata: . You may not smoke in this room. O fi ajuns la Paris pâna acum. 8. You might write to me more often. 13. You might pay more attention to your work. You may leave earlier. 17. there is plenty in the fridge.in perioada prezenta My mother will sit for hours watching TV.actrus. This radio won’t work. You might change your mind about that. o obligatie sau o amenintare care provin de la cel care vorbeste. folosind inlocuitorii verbelor modale respective. 10. 14. my mother used to read me fairy tales. 4. please? l A voi (cu sens extins la obiecte): This child will/would not do what I say. Acest copil nu vrea sa faca ce-I spun. I must learn English. John could be a winner. This child may have another cake. 7. He ought to tell me the truth. Mother to child: You shall have a bicycle if you pass the exam. ideea de actiune repetata in trecut se poate exprima cu „used to". O fi sora ei. 12/15/04 l Presupunere: se traduce in limba româna cu o fi. cerere politicoasa: Will you/would you sit down? Will you/would you help me with my translation. 9. He should go to school everyday. Redati ideea de trecut in urmatoarele propozitii folosind infinitivul trecut in loc de infinitivul prezent: 1. 12. You can’t see a bear in this part of the country. 18. Used to eate un verb semi-modal. 1. Se poate folosi cu infinitivul trecut: He will have reached Paris by now. She will be her sister. He needn’t buy milk. shall poate arata o promisiune. He may be at home. It can’t be too late. care are numai forma de trecut. Ex. acolo unde este necesar: 1. May I walk on the grass? He may not come in wearing dirty boots. I must go soon. 12. 5. You shouldn’t go to bed so late. I cannot translate ten pages a day. Nota: In afara de „would". 2. Would l Formula de politete. He must be delayed at the office. John must be ill. 18. in timp ce la interogativ si negativ se poate conjuga atât ca un verb obisnuit cât si http://quintet. Can Jane type very quickly? Can you speak Chinese? Everybody may borrow books from this library. Un alt verb semi-modal este dare (a indrazni) care se conjuga la afirmativ ca un verb obisnuit. It might rain. 15. I must look up the words in the dictionary. You can’t be pleased with this piece of news. He must be in the garden at this time of the day. Când eram copil. It can’t be easy to learn Chinese. 19. 15. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la Past Tense Simple si Future Tense Simple. 4. 9. 3. Mother to child: You shall not get any pocket-money if you don’t pass the exam. Exercitii cu verbe modale 1. 16. 20. 20.html 22 of 42 . 6. mama obisnuia sa-mi citeasca povesti.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6.actrus. 10. When I was a child. 5. 19. Aceasta fata seamana foarte bine cu Jane. You needn’t do this. 17. my mother would read me fairy tales. 6. 11. He can swim very well.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Mama spune copilului: Nu vei mai primi nici un ban de buzunar daca nu vei lua examenul.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Page 5 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE ca modal. Page 6 of 10 Shall we meet at one o’clock? Sa ne intâlnim la ora 1? Folosit cu persoanele II si III. 7. 2. This girl looks very much like Jane. 11. 3.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. You should visit your sick friend in hospital. It must be difficult to climb this mountain. You may not speak to your mother like that. 14. 16. Ex. 13.

4. …you tell me the truth. Page 8 of 10 1. perhaps it is a good one. 3. The visitors … feed the animals in the Zoo. You probably forgot to lock the door. 2. A good knowledge of English is likely to help you a lot in your career. Perhaps he has done the exercise correctly. You probably left your umbrella in the shop. 1. 8. It is possible that he was right but I don’t think so. 1. He is probably older than he looks. 4.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 9. Man …travel through space now. When we … fly there as easily as we fly to other countries of the world. Perhaps she has returned the book to you and you have lent it to someone else.html 23 of 42 12/15/04 . holidays will be very different. 3. 5. 7. I think she was angry with you. You probably knew the lesson very well to get a 10. Perhaps she was out when you rang her up.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE 1. I … return the books before the 1 st of September. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind may + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul trecut: Model: Perhaps it snows in the mountains. But one still …breathe without extra oxygen and one certainly …stay there very long. Completati spatiile goale cu can sau can’t: Page 7 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE trecut: Model: I don’t believe you are right. Take your umbrella. You have probably forgotten his address. 5. He probably thinks I am wrong. I don’t believe it is his fault. I don’t believe you were right. I …hurry up in order not to miss the train. 5. 2. One …buy a ticket for a slow train in advance. My child …play with the cat for hours on end. Completati spatiile goale cu should sau would: 1. 3. I don’t think you will miss the train if you hurry. …you be so kind and pass me the salt. 9. 2. It is possible for her to be very late. When I was a teenager. Perhaps it snowed in the mountains It may/might have snowed in the mountains. 5. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind can’t + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul http://quintet. You…water the flowers. You …not expect everybody to obey you. She is probably a very good doctor.actrus. You … worry about money. He was probably late. 6. 3. 5. Completati spatiile goale cu shall sau will: 1. 4. I …read one book a day. You can’t be right. 2. it will soon start raining. 10. 5. perhaps it will rain. I don’t believe she has married that awful man. 2. 6. 3. but I doubt it. It is possible that I come home early.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. You …make a noise or the baby will wake up. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind must + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul trecut: Model: He probably speaks English well. please? He always made mistakes because he …never take any advice. It probably took a long time to finish this translation. 10. You …not go to bed so late at night. 6. I don’t think this is a true story. 8. I don’t believe she has learnt English in two months. they are addictive. I’ll give you as much as you want. You can’t have been right. 1. You … take an umbrella. You must have forgotten to lock the door. 6. 4. 4. I don’t think he is at the office so late at night. I don’t think the weather will change. Completati spatiile goale cu mustn’t sau needn’t : 1. 1. He …read for hours on end. 9. I don’t believe it was his fault. 2. 9. 8. 7. I don’t believe that he has passed the exam. I don’t believe she has got so fat. People … speak during the concert. 7. He …reach the Moon and walk there. I …wear my hair long. Don’t wait.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. 1. 9. 8. 6. 10. One … travel by bus without paying the fare. He … even drive on its surface. 4. 1. … you help me solve this problem? When I was young. 2. He probably came home very early. This is probably the best Romanian film of the year. 9. 5. I have bought his latest book. He must speak English well. 7. You …not eat so many sweets if you don’t want to get fat. 10. 10. 8. for once? 6. You … take sleeping pills too often. The sky is clear. It may/might snow in the mountains. 7. 3.actrus.

6. We …(wait) too long. Stiam sa cânt la pian când eram copil. 8. It’ll get stale. It …(rain) here. 30. Incercati sa gasiti un sens urmatorului dialog: "Do you think he will?" "I think he might. He has one of his own. but I forgot it was Sunday. but he himself believes he needn’t. 14. because the teacher won’t have time to read it all. The student …(write) such a long composition." "His family consider he should. which was very convenient.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE 3.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. te-ar putea ajuta un hamal. You…(lend) him your text – book. he is a very poor swimmer. Go to sleep. 5. 26. Ar trebui ca toti copiii sa faca treburi in casa. This door … not unlock. She …write an article for this magazine every week. 8. 4. 23. 11. Sunt sigur ca voi putea gasi timp sa te ajut. … you correct my exercise. He …(swim) across the Danube. 2. Nu a fost nevoie sa-I telefonez lui Jane ca sa vorbesc cu ea pentru ca urma sa vina la mine peste o jumatate de ora. 7. you …re-type it. sa astepti câteva minute? Nu aveti voie sa vorbiti in timpul examenului. dar el nu a vrut sa vina la telefon. 12. You …do this whether you like it or not. 8. I …(leave) it on the bus. 3. 3. I wrote him a letter. You …(buy) so much bread. o incuiasem chiar eu. Page 9 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE 7. 12.Completati spatiile goale cu didn’t need to sau needn’t have + forma III a verbului: I …(answer) the questions. 4. Toata lumea sa fie prezenta la sedinta. This …be John’s house. 7. 7. 20. She is away. Va trebui sa plec curând. 28. which would have saved me a lot of work. 6. 10. putem lua autobuzul sau telefericul. You …(wait) for me." 1. the road is dry. Vreti. Nu se poate sa fi fost acasa aseara. 4. 5. you…get a nice present. Unde mergem acum? Mâine va trebui sa pun scrisoarea la posta. 27. I locked the door and took the key with me. http://quintet. The child … (leave) home. 9. 24. 10. Nu se poate ca profesorul sa fi fost multumit de acest raspuns.actrus. Toti studentii pot si trebuie sa scrie aceasta lucrare. Trebuie sa-mi schimb pantofii când intru in casa pentru ca sunt plini de noroi. he was back soon. Ar fi trebuit sa insisti. 9. 6. am baut deja doua astazi. I am sorry you wasted your time. I …(answer) the questions. You …(see) Anna yesterday. 1. 4. You …(lend) him so many books. 9. Nu era nevoie sa-mi faci cafea. I didn’t hear the phone. 13. 17. 8. 2. 5. 16. Ar fi trebuit sa citesc bibliografia pentru acest seminar. Va trebui sa ma ajuti mai mult astazi. Traduceti in limba engleza. John …(do) such a thing. 9. Nu stiu sa crosetez. Probabil ca eram inca la facultate. va rog. 10. E nevoie sa urcam la cabana pe jos? Nu. folosind verbe modale sau inlocuitori ai acestora: 1. 6. De ce ai vorbit atât de tare? Iti promit ca vei avea cartea mâine. Nu a fost nevoie sa spun „multumesc" când am aflat ora exacta formând 958 intrucât stiam ca informatia e inregistrata pe banda. 21. please? This letter is full of mistakes. I …(be) in the garden. 29." "Yes.html 24 of 42 12/15/04 . 22. If you win the contest. Ai putea sa-mi telefonezi mai des când stii ca sunt bolnav. He …(be) at home. I …(buy) a new map of London as I already had one.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. 18. Nu se poate sa fi gasit usa deschisa. 19. The light was on in his room. Am cerut sa vorbesc cu directorul. he will never read them all. can’t sau needn’t + infinitivul trecut: 1. Nu e nevoie sa-ti cari singura bagajul in gara. Page 10 of 10 10. It …(take) you a long time to knit this dress. 3. Ti-am telefonat si nu a raspuns nimeni. I …(see) him for that. 15.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. I haven’t got my bag with me. 11. Profesorul mi-a spus ca pot sa lipsesc de la ora urmatoare. he is a nice boy. Completati spatiile goale cu must. 25. 2. I …(get up) so early today.actrus. 5. 10. I promise you not …be disturbed.

I wish I had been born in England. Poate fi folosit ca o modalitate de a da ordine. Cineva sa-mi aduca un pahar cu apa. a. (Era de mult timpul. de Past Tense si de Past Perfect.) It is high time. se foloseste would. to order Ex.) Ex. Ex. it is necessary that. in engleza contemporana. to insist. exista echivalenti de subjonctiv care constau in verbele should. to suggest.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Doctorul a insistat ca eu sa stau acasa. I wish I were in England now. Fie ce-o fi. Shakespeare: „If this be error"… If this is error Byron: „Though the hart be still as loving" …the heart is c. exprimând o lozinca. Everybody leave the hall. De asemenea. Ex. l Daca dorinta se refera la un moment anterior. El apare cu forme de infinitiv. 1.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. Mi-as dori sa inceteze ploaia. Subjonctiv cu forma de infinitiv a. You speak English as if you had lived in England. Ex. I wish (mi-as dori. o urare. a. apare ca were la toate persoanele. Nota: Verbul to be la subjonctivul du forma de Past Tense. se foloseste subjonctivul cu forma de Past Perfect. in situatii in care. Este imposibil ca el sa faca aceasta. to urge. It is high time you began to study seriously. God forgive you! Fie ca Domnul sa te ierte! Curse this fog! Blestemata fie aceasta ceata! b. Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Tense sau Past Perfect: LECTIA VII MODUL SUBJONCTIV Apare dupa urmatoarele expresii: In engleza contemporana. Somebody bring me a glass of water. Page 2 of 8 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri The doctor insisted that I keep indoors.. It is desirable that we finish the translation first. ar fi inlocuit cu prezentul. de parca) even if/even though (chiar daca) Ex. Ex. o dorinta sau un blestem. e) Dupa verbe ca: to propose. Mi-as dori sa ma fi nascut in Anglia. I recommended that his proposal be accepted. might.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. subjonctivul nu are formele lui proprii. Mi-as dori sa fiu in Anglia acum. to demand. to recommend. E necesar ca tu sa fii prezent. it is likely that.actrus. Page 1 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. Ex. You speak English as if you were an Englishman. 1. It is time the child went to bed. may. Am recomandat ca propunerea lui sa fie acceptata. Ex.actrus. Toata lumea sa paraseasca sala. Long live the king! Traiasca regele.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. d)It is time. se foloseste subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense. Dupa constructii de tipul: it is impossible that. Vorbesti engleza ca si cum ai fi trait in Anglia..html 25 of 42 . Vorbesti engleza de parca ai fi englez. Ex. I wish it would stop raining. ca echivalent de subjonctiv.. l Daca dorinta se refera la un moment viitor. If only I lived to be a hundred! Bine ar fi sa traiesc pâna la o suta de ani! c) As if/though (ca si cum. (E timpul. b) If only – are aproximativ acelasi sens cu I wish Ex. It is necessary that you be present. Este de dorit ca noi sa terminam intâi traducerea. I would sooner/rather (as prefera sa…) 12/15/04 http://quintet. Apare in propozitii exclamative. d. Era de mult timpul sa incepi sa studiezi serios.. it is desirable that. Come what may. bine ar fi sa) l Daca dorinta se refera la momentul prezent. E timpul sa mearga copilul la culcare. Poate fi intâlnit in poezia clasica. would + infinitiv. It is impossible that he do this.

I will ring you up. It is impossible that he should do this. Nu vad de ce sa fii atât de nepoliticos cu el. you have no right to do this. l Dupa so that. Exisa situatii când se pot folosi si alte verbe modale decât cele expuse in acest capitol ca echivalenti de subjonctiv. should – ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv (1-d) se poate folosi dupa constructii de tipul: It is impossible that. l Dupa to hope. Dupa cum se observa. Nota: In engleza contemporana exista tendinta de a se omite should dupa lest si de a se folosi subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. daca verbul din propozitia principala este la timpul prezent. Ex. May success attend you! Fie ca succesul sa fie cu tine! May you live long and be happy! Fie sa traiesti mult si sa fii fericit. l Ex.html 26 of 42 12/15/04 . Ex. whatever sau dupa formulele echivalente no matter who. fie cel cu forma de infinitiv. Oricine ai fi. I hope that he may pass the exam. a. se poate folosi fie subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense. It is necessary that you should be present. persoana care isi exprima preferinta este diferita de cea care face actiunea. 1. Wherever I may/might be. it was possible Ex. Era posibil ca el sa fi ajuns aici la timp. may.. might Ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. whenever. to be afraid Ex. Am invatat serios ca sa trec examenul.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. I was afraid that he might fail the exam. l Dupa it is possible. iti voi telefona. Nota: Dupa cum se poate observa. l De unde sa stiu unde este el acum? I don’t see why you should be so rude to him. Grabeste-te ca nu cumva sa pierzi trenul. No matter who you may/might be. should poate aparea dupa verbe ca: to propose. Mi-era teama sa nu cada la examen. iar in aceste cazuri. Sper ca el sa treaca examenul. fie in vorbirea direca. to demand. Hurry up lest you miss the train. in secundara se foloseste may. I recommend that his proposal should be accepted. Echivalenti de subjonctiv a. Oriunde as fi. fie ca se foloseste should ca echivalent de subjonctiv. I am afraid lest he should fail the exam. Ex. no matter when. The doctor insisted that I should stay indoors. iar daca verbul din propozitia principala este la timpul trecut.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. Hurry up lest you should miss the train. In exemplul de mai sus.actrus. in order that De asemenea. however.when. As prefera sa stai acasa in seara asta.actrus. verbele respective aduc in propozitie si sensul lor initial. to insist. It is desirable that we should finish the translation first. it is necessary that. How should I know where he is now? http://quintet.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. I studied hard so that/in order that I might pass the exam. you have no right to do this.. nu ai dreptul sa faci asta. Whoever you may/might be. etc. fie ca se foloseste in limba engleza subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. in aceasta situatie should este urmat de infinitivul trecut. fie in vorbirea indirecta. to recommend. Page 3 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. Este posibil ca el sa ajunga aici la timp. why. I would sooner you stayed at home tonight. It is possible that he may be here in time. It is impossible that he should have done this. l Dupa whoever. in secundara se foloseste might.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. Ex. whichever. la fel ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv (vezi 1-e). Acest tip de constructii se traduc la fel (vezi 1-d). Este imposibil ca el sa fi facut aceasta.. Ex. It was possible that he might be here in time. Dupa cum reiese din exemplele de mai sus. Page 4 of 8 Ex. echivalentii de subjonctiv sunt la origine verbe modale. to urge. Study hard so that/in order that you may pass the exam.. wherever. Ex. Intrebari introduse prin how. I would sooner stay at home tonight. l Ex. I would sooner I stayed at home tonight. Este vorba de cazul când propozitia secundara exprima o actiune anterioara celei din principala. where. Dupa conjunctia lest (ca nu cumva sa) Ex. In cazul in care persoana care isi exprima preferinta este aceeasi cu cea care face actiunea. Mi-e teama ca nu cumva sa piarda examenul.ci este necesara introducerea lui should. to suggest. Exista o situatie in care nu se poate folosi subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. Invata serios ca sa treci examenul. may poate aparea in lozinci si urari: Ex.

5. 18. As prefera sa ma scol mai devreme.. 10. I would rather you (not waste) your time! I am cold. It is high time you (start) studying for your exam. If only my telephone (work)! I wish I (not catch) a cold on the trip yesterday. Mi-as dori sa pot vorbi engleza/sa fiu in stare sa vorbesc engleza. It’s high time he (take) a job and (stop) living on his parents. 3. I regret you won’t come on holiday with me. I am sorry it rains so often. I was sorry you were out when I called. 4. I wish the weather were fine.. 3. 9. I am sorry I don’t live in Bucharest.actrus. As prefera sa merg la teatru. I would rather you (close) that window. I am sorry I didn’t win the Great Prize. 9. 7. 13. I would marry you even if you (be) a pauper. I wish I might borrow your car. I am sorry you won’t take a driving licence. 9. 2. 6. 12. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. 8. 7. 3. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + Past Tense (afirmativ sau negativ): Model: I am sorry/I regret the weather isn’t fine. I regret I am not a student. I am sorry my friend is ill. Page 5 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. It’s time I (get) a promotion! 1. 1. Don’t treat me as if I (be) a child. 10. I am sorry he won’t accept my proposal. I am sorry you were delayed at the office. I regret he will stay in hospital so long. He wishes he (have) a good English teacher in the next academic year. I am sorry he will be away for such a long time. 4. Puneti verbele din paranteze la forma corecta de subjonctiv: 1. 20. 19. I regret I won’t have a phone in my new flat. 6. I regret you didn’t win the competition. I am sorry he will not take my advice. 5.. 7. 16. I am sorry I had no money to buy that painting. Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv 1. 5. 6. 14. If only I (not forget) his phone number! He wishes his book (become) a best-seller! If only I (become) a millionaire. 1.actrus. 1. 7. Mi-as dori sa incetezi cu zgomotul acela chiar in acest moment. Bine ar fi sa fii mai ordonata! Ce pacat ca ploua! Daca n-ar ploua. 4. I am sorry I can’t play the piano. Mi-as dori sa incetezi sa te mai vaicaresti pentru ca am si eu necazurile mele. 8. I wish he would take my advice.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 8. 5. I regretted the weather was bad when I was on holiday. I am sorry you live so far away. 3. 2. Bine ar fi sa nu fi facut atâtea greseli la lucrarea de control.. I would rather he (tell) me the truth. 10. I regret I won’t be able to read Goethe in the original. 1.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. You behave as if you (own) the place. 11. 2.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. 11. 4. I am sorry I was late for the party. 3. I am sorry books are so expensive. I wish I hadn’t lost my umbrella. 6. Mi-as dori sa pot/sa am permisiunea de a imprumuta masina ta. 12/15/04 1. 5. I regret I won’t spend my holiday in England. 10. I regret I can’t go to the concert. 6.html 27 of 42 . 17. 15. As prefera sa mergi la teatru. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + would + infinitiv scurt: Model: http://quintet. I regret I have no children. I was sorry you had got a fine. 8. 2. am putea merge la plaja! Ti-ai dori sa fi fost invitata la petrecerea lui John? Ce pacat ca nu mai sunt tânar! As prefera sa te scoli mai devreme. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. He would rather his daughter (not get married) so young. 4. I regret I have only one child.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. 7. 5. 8. If only I (be) in Italy now! I wish I (enter) the faculty last year. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense sau Past Perfect: 1. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. I am sorry I will get fat when giving up smoking. Page 6 of 8 Ex. It’s time we (go) home. I regretted you couldn’t come to me yesterday. I am sorry they will not sign the contract. 9. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + Past Perfect (afirmativ sau negativ): Model: I am sorry I lost my umbrella. 9. 2. I am sorry you had an accident. I wish I could speak English. 10. I’d rather I (stay) at home and (watch) TV.

All success (attend) you! I wish I (be) there when it happened. 6. 2. If only I (have) a brother or a sister! 7. 8. 5. 5. nu ar fi trebuit sa crezi.actrus. 16. 9. 6. Vrei sa spui ca este probabil sa ne petrecem concediul in Bucuresti? Este necesar sa fiu prezent la aceasta sedinta? 1. Vorbesti ca si cum ai fi suparata pe mine. 16. Oricât te-ai stradui. El a sugerat ca noi sa cumparam aceasta casa. 10. E ora 10! Nu crezi ca era demult timpul sa te scoli si sa te apuci de lucru? 15. E timpul sa-mi inapoiezi banii pe care ti I-am imprumutat. astfel incât sa nu-l aud eu.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. 3. Este important ca tu sa stii engleza bine. Mama a hotarât ca noi sa stam acasa. I closed the window lest (get) too cold. 3. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de sobjonctiv should + infinitivul prezent sau trecut: 1. 13. 5. 15. 7. 8. 8. Vorbeste mai tare ca sa te aud (asfel incât sa te pot auzi).. 2. Oricare ar fi motivul. El a intrat in casa fara zgomot. Page 7 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. 11. Insist ca tu sa accepti aceasta slujba. It is strange that she (leave) the lights on when she left the town. 4. No matter how/however absent – minded you (be). Stiu ca tu ti-ai dori sa-ti petreci vacanta intr-o tabara. Am sugerat sa-l alegem presedinte. 12. dar eu prefer sa mergi la bunicul. 19. Ea se poarta cu el de parca ar fi sotul ei. Orice mi-ai spune. 3. I’d rather you (retire) as soon as possible. 6.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri.. nu te pot crede. 10. Este enervant ca tu sa fi uitat sa-mi aduci cartea inapoi. Da-te la o parte ca sa vad (astfel incât sa pot vedea) ecranul. 9. 4. Este imposibil ca el sa se intoarca atât de devreme. Am facut un imprumut ca sa (astfel incât sa) pot sa-mi cumpar casa. I propose that we (leave) by the 9 o’clock train. 19. 5. 17. eu voi fi acasa si te voi astepta. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de subjonctiv may sau might + infinitivul prezent: 1. 18. 8. 18.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. 14. Este posibil ca ea sa fie plecata din oras. 2.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 2. 7. El mi-a vorbit ca si cum nu se intâmplase nimic intre noi. Este necesar sa fii informat despre ce se intâmpla in tara. Este probabil ca fiul meu sa fi luat examenul.. The road is wet. 13. I have such a boring job. drive carefully lest you (have) an accident. 3. It is impossible that my sister (tell) this to you yesterday. 12/15/04 http://quintet. nu poti câstiga un astfel de concurs. Oricine ti-ar fi spus asta despre mine. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de subjonctiv should + infinitivul prezent: 1. Prietenul meu a insistat sa merg cu el la concert. 10. 7. Era ciudat ca el sa nu fi citit aceasta carte. He throws money away as if he (be) a rich man. nu ar trebui sa ma minti. Este imposibil ca el sa se fi intors atât de devreme. Page 8 of 8 12. Este foarte important ca acest contract sa fie semnat foarte curând. I’ve told you everything so that you (understand) my position. Directorul a cerut ca toata lumea sa fie prezenta la ora 8. Ea arata de parca ar fi manechin. I suggested that we (take) a taxi. Inlocuiti infinitivele din paranteze cu unul dintre tipurile de subjonctiv sau cu un echivalent de subjonctiv: 1. Jane si-ar dori sa-mi petrec sfârsitul de saptamâna cu ea. 8. I have to work hard so that my company (prosper). I wish I (find) another. Profesorul sugereaza ca noi sa citim aceasta carte. The doctor recommended that the patient (have) an operation. 9. I wish my car (not break down) last week. Directorul a propus ca eu sa lucrez in alt sector. 14. 6.actrus. 20. It is desirable that they (divorce) immediately. la tara. I closed the window so that it (not get) too cold. Oricând te vei intoarce. 7. Era demult timpul sa incepi sa citesti cartile cerute pentru examenul de literatura româna. 4. you should remember your own phone number. 6. 17..html 28 of 42 . She speaks about her son as if he (be) a genius. 4.

) He ordered the door to be locked.) Sunt situatii in care Nominativul cu Infinitivut exprima o formulare pasiva a Acuzativului cu Infinitiv: Ex. Ex. Ex. to feel.) I want John to do this. modurile nepersonale sunt urmatoarele: infinitivul. to hear. to consider. (Se spune ca el este un bun scriitor. o permisiune sau o cauzalitate: to make.) 1. to make.) I let him go out and play. (El a ordonat sa se incuie usa.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. to hate.actrus. to expect. in cazul verbelor neregulate.. (L-am vazut ca paraseste camera/parasind camera.) e. I made him study English. to believe. Acuzativ cu infinitiv Consta dintr-un verb urmat de un pronume sau substantiv in acuzativ + un verb la infinitiv.) I expected him to come in time. verbe exprimând perceptia senzoriala: to see. I rely on you to do this. to expect. Ex. to cause. Nominativ cu infinitiv Consta dintr-un subiect in nominativ + un verb la diateza pasiva sau activa + un verb la infinitiv. Diateza activa ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ infinitiv prezent simplu: to call infinitiv prezent continuu: to be calling infinitiv perfect simplu: to have called infinitiv perfect continuu: to have been calling Diateza pasiva ¡ ¡ infinitiv prezent simplu: to be called infinitiv perfect: to have been called Forma -ing. He admitted the news to be false.) f.. Ex. I saw him leave the room. to wish. to allow. to say. a. el reprezinta forma a III-a: ¡ ¡ to call – called – called to go – went – gone Constructii cu infinitivul 1. to admit. (Ei l-au declarat a fi omul anului. Page 1 of 6 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . Verbele to make si to let sunt urmate de infinitivul scurt (fara to). to count upon/on .. forma -ing (gerunziul si participiul prezent) si participiul trecut. Aceste verbe sunt urmate de infinitivul scurt (fara to). (L-am facut sa invete engleza. Ex. Diateza pasiva ¡ ¡ nedefinit: being called perfect: having been called Participiul trecut se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei -ed la verbele regulate. (Vreau ca John sa faca aceasta. (L-am lasat sa iasa afara sa joace fotbal. (Ma bazez pe tine sa faci aceasta. to know. to hear. to declare. folosit cu verbe la diateza pasiva: to see. I consider him to be a good student. to dislike.actrus. He considered the news to be false..ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. (M-am asteptat ca el sa vina la timp. Ex. Adverbe exprimând dorinta sau vointa: to want. (Vreau ca tu sa pleci acum. to like. (El a recunoscut ca stirile erau false. Infinitivul poate avea aspect. to believe.) Exista câteva tipuri de verbe care accepta acest tip de constructii: http://quintet.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. (As vrea ca el sa vina cu mine. He was made to study English. to consider. to suppose. Ex. Participiul prezent si gerunziul pot avea timpuri si diateza. verbe exprimând perceptia mentala: to think. diateza si timpuri. to suppose.) c. I consider him to be a good student. cu anumite verbe urmate de prepozitii obligatorii: to rely upon/on.) b. (Consider ca el este un bun student. He is said to be a good writer. Page 2 of 6 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA VIII MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI CONSTRUCTIILE VERBALE In limba engleza. verbe declarative: to state. to watch. to know. He is considered to be a good student.) They declared him to be the man of the year. Diateza activa ¡ ¡ nedefinit: calling perfect: having called a.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . Ex. to order. Atât participiul prezent cât si gerunziul se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei -ing la infinitivul verbelor (to call – calling). I want you to go now.) d. to understand. I’d like him to come with me. I made him study English. verbe exprimând un ordin.html 29 of 42 12/15/04 .

Exercitii cu constructiile verbale 1.actrus.html 30 of 42 . Ex: The classes being over.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.) Nota: Ultimele doua propozitii se se pot reda in limba engleza si cu ajutorul subjonctivului. I-au fost ucisi doi fii in razboi. Ex. (Trebuie sa-mi dau pantofii la reparat. to watch.) It is impossible for him to come. Acuzativ cu participiu Se foloseste cu verbe exprimând perceptie senzorial: to see.) 3.) Constructie cu participiul trecut Este formata din verbul to have sau to get + un complement + participiul trecut..) If I happen to meet him. (Este necesar ca eu sa merg acolo. aceasta constructie este asemanatoare cu Acuzativul cu Infinitiv.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8.) Aceasta constructie arata ca actiunea este facuta de catre altcineva spre avantajul sau la ordinul persoanei reprezentate de subiect. They declared him to be the man of the year. 12/15/04 http://quintet. to leave. 2. b. Este de asemenea sa apara situatii in care actiunea exprimata de participiul trecut este facuta de altcineva in detrimentul persoanei exprimate de subiect. (E sigur ca ea va veni la timp. In timp ce I saw her leaving se poate traduce numai Am vazut-o plecând. cu expresiile: to be sure / likely / unlikely / certain Ex. 1. For – phrase Consta din propozitia for + un substantiv sau pronume in acuzativ + un verb la infinitiv. am mers acasa. we shall go to the beach. precum si cu verbele to find.) This remains for him to decide.) Nota: Trebuie remarcat faptul ca expresia impersonala din limba româna se intâmpla sa este. to prove. Page 4 of 6 The news was considered to be false. (Daca se va intâmpla sa-l intâlnesc. Daca vrem sa traducem expresia personala: „Ea e sigura ca va veni la timp" o redam in modul urmator: „She is sure the she will come in time". Ex. (Aceasta ramâne sa o decida el. (Voi merge sa ma coafez. Diferenta de sens intre cele doua constructii este urmatoarea: folosirea acuzativului cu infinitiv pune accentul pe actiunea propriu-zisa.. to smell. to seem.actrus. (Ea a fost auzita cântând. Ex. (Este imposibil ca el sa vina. (S-a intâmplat sa-l intâlnesc pe strada.) She was heard singing. to hear.) In cazul verbelor de perceptie. Ex: I must have/get mz shoes repaired. (El s-a dovedit a fi un bun jurnalist. to turn out. Nominativul absolut Este o constructie participiala care are un subiect al ei propriu.) I happened to meet him in the street. to appear ¡ la diateza activa: Ex.) I heard her singing.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. Page 3 of 6 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . Cineva mi-a spart geamul din dormitor. ii voi spune unde esti. It is impossible that I (should) come. in timp ce acuzativul cu participiu arata actiunea in desfasurare.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . It is necessary that I (should) go there.. vom merge la plaja. (El a fost vazut plecând. (Am auzit-o cântând. It is easy for me to do this. Astfel: I saw her leave s-ar putea traduce Am vazut-o ca pleaca sau Am vazut-o plecând. M-am asteptat sa vii mai devreme. cu verbele: to happen.) Weather permitting.) I will have my hair done. a. I had my bedroom window broken. Ex. (Orele fiind terminate. I will tell him where you are. (E usor sa fac asta. we went home.) I left / found her crying.. He proved to be a good journalist. She is sure to come in time. Nominativ cu Participiu Este pasivul constructiei Acuzativ cu Participiu: Ex: He was seen leaving.) Nota: Din nou avem in limba engleza o expresie personala care se traduce in româneste cu o expresie impersonala. (Daca vremea va permite. Constructii cu participiul prezent 1. She had two sons killed in the war. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind constructia Acuzativ cu Infinitiv sau Acuzativ cu Participiu: 1. tradusa cu o expresie personala in limba engleza.) It is necessary for me to go there. (Am lasat-o / gasit-o plângând. He was declared to be the man of the year. I saw him leaving (L-am vazut plecând. de obicei.

This is a valuable piece of advice. She heard the hunters shooting. 8. I heard the child breaking the vase. It is necessary that you should study the matter seriously. It happened that she made three spelling mistakes in her letter. It’s time we met again. 9. El voia ca eu sa-l ajut. Reformulati urmatoarele fraze cu modul subjonctiv folosind constructia Nominativ cu Infinitiv. 10. She was thought to be a gifted child. Mama ar vrea ca eu sa devin doctor. 5. It seemed that she was satisfied with me. She heard the baby crying. we sat down to dinner.. Cred ca el e un sot bun. 4. 7. 5. I went to post it. This problem is too difficult. I saw the plane landing. Treceti la pasiv urmatoarele constructii Acuzativ cu Participiu. It’s time you started learning foreign languages. It is possible that the plane might be delayed. The match was about to begin. It is expected that he will arrive at 2 o’clock. we hurried to the beach. 4. 10. we were seared about having floods. The rain having stopped. 3. 5. 10. 3. 6. It is sure they have had an argument. 2. I could hear her typing.. 1. transformându-le in Nominativ cu Participiu: Model: I heard the dog barking. I went shopping. The plane having taken off.html 31 of 42 12/15/04 .CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . I can’t believe she said that. It is possible that I might buy a car. El m-a facut sa pierd trenul. 6. I saw her lying on the beach. I ordered a taxi. 2. 4. The dog was heard barking. 6. 1. Traduceti in limba româna urmatoarele propozitii cu constructia Nominativul absolut: 1. Weather permitting. John a recunoscut ca vina era a lui. 9. 3. Am vazut câtiva copii jucându-se in parc. You should take it. People believed he was a brilliant surgeon.actrus. I found her digging in the garden. We should have a heart to heart talk. It is recommendable that you should read this book. 12. 8. Expected that he would resign. The concert being over. 9. 6. http://quintet. 2. I have closed the window. They heard him repeat it several times. This is the main thing. 2. 10. The river having risen in the night. It is advisable that you should resign. The time has come. I-am privit jucând fotbal.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. I didn’t want her to miss the train. 9. Presupuneam ca el stie sa conduca masina. 9. We should do it now. Page 6 of 6 2. 4. 14. It is important to know the truth. 4. 8. L-am vazut vorbind cu prietena lui. 2. I stopped smoking. 3. You should bear it in mind. 4. 8. 3.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. Ea m-a facut sa inteleg ce se intâmplase. Page 5 of 6 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . at once. This translation is easy for me to make. 4. we shall climb to the top of the mountain. 6. I can’t solve it. I went home relaxed. This fact is important. 5. 13. They said she was ill. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind constructia „for-phrase": Model: This translation is easy. Inteleg ca ea e o profesoara foarte buna. 7. l. 2. The sun having risen. 6. 10. It is important that you should come to the office. It is necessary that he be present. Am auzit-o certându-si copilul. Folositi drept subiect pronumele subliniate: Model: Her parents thought she was a gifted child.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 7. I had to change them. Ma bazez pe tine sa-mi imprumuti niste bani. 7.actrus. 8. It is impossible that he should have said that. 10. You should read it. 6. 15. 5.. 8. 5. I found the boy breaking the window. The mud having ruined my shoes. I don’t want you to catch a cold. I saw her fainting. Everybody. the audience left the hali. I saw the peasants working in the field. I thought she was unable to win the contest. I cam make it. This is a strange thing. 3. 7. The people were impatient. 7. 1. 9. The decision being taken in my favour. Stiam ca el e un om foarte ocupat. Everybody being at home. Reformulati urmatoarele fraze cu modul subjonctiv folosind constructia „forphrase": Model: It is important that I should know the truth. This is a good book. 5. 11. It was proved that she was a liar. The letter being written. 3..

2. I always made. speaks. At what time does John get up in the morning? 11. 2. 20. 1 first met. he realized. 11. the sun didn’t set at 8 o’clock. I had breakfast and then I left for school. Did he forbid? Exercitiul 3: 1. 5. I didn’t hate. How often do you write to your parents? 18. Do you dream? I dream 9. you came in.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. Is it raining? 2. They hid the cards away and took out their school books. don’t understand. 8. 5. Do I love? 2. 7. Did he change? 5. 10. write. What do you do on your free days? 12. 4. Do you go? 16. We have known. she was having. Ann isn’t knitting. I got up late yesterday morning. Have you lived? I have lived. I am not having. She is packing her luggage.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. Where did you spend your holiday last summer? 15. Have you paid? 19. 14. What were you doing last Tuesday. It isn’t raining. Exercitii cu Present Perfect Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: l. Are you writing. Do you play? 5. I5. Did he think? 2. 2. 1 liked. 3. I found this old photo. You spoke. I am not going. have you been. he wasn’t wearing. He didn’t come. While it was raining. The child isn’t learning. 9. Yesterday I lost my gloves. When I go to the seaside. 17. 1t hasn’t rained.. 4. 12. 4. 6. 14. 3. 1 am cooking. 4. Why are you opening the window? I5. 8. Do they live? 8. remembers. It snows in winter. 2. Exercitiul 2: l. I don’t understand. We aren’t studying. 15. I met. I don’t have.html 32 of 42 12/15/04 . I do not study in the evening. Last week I was ill and 1 didn’t go to school. Yesterday. I was driving to Sinaia. They aren’t swimming. I slept. 9. Now I am doing my homework in English. 5. That sounded. http://quintet. Last Sunday. The secretary is just typing a report. Do you like? 8. were you going. Do I have? Exercitiul 2: l. 8. This time yesterday it was raining. I was writing. Page 2 of 4 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri 1. someone rang up.. Is my friend wearing? 7. He doesn’t go to school by underground. Page 1 of 4 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. I have’ been shopping. I didn’t go to the swimming pool. 4. were you doing? 7. What book are you reading? 10. I haven’t written. 3. 4. are you hurrying? I don’t want. When did you return from the mountains? 11. I have been asking. 1 don’t like. Does he remember? 7. He didn’t forbid. at 7 o’clock in the morning? I was preparing to go to the faculty. He hasn’t gone. Does he have? 9. She goes shopping on Saturdays. When did you buy this TV set? 12. He doesn’t remember. They didn’t drink. She doesn’t talk. You drank. You asked. Are we studying? 9. A strong wind was blowing when I left the house. 7. 11 . do you do? 3. my friends played chess. Did he come? 8. 6. he is having. He isn’t telling. The customer is just choosing a pair of shoes. I played. Do you smoke? 17. am. am taking.actrus. 8. I often read English books. 17. I like to swim a lot. He didn’t think. 9. Do I trust? 10. 6. Have you ever driven? 16. he has caught. I arrived. it is raining. Have you been? I have been. What are you doing? Are you reading or watching TV? 5. They don’t live. Is he telling? 4. Are you typing? 5. 13. she has been trying. He didn’t change. He has been fishing. is drinking. 13. the teacher was writing. I have just had. I owned. Did I hate? 4. You aren’t typing. 20. We didn’t work. Do I understand? 4. Yesterday I got up early. 5. I don’t like coffee. Did I sell? 6. Last night.actrus. Is the child learning? Exercitiul 3: l. 19. 14. Whom are you ringing up? 13. he walks. 2. Did I enjoy? 9. Have you watered? 3. Is my mother resting? 8. 6. Have you read? 18. Is Ann knitting? 10. Am I having? 3. 19. Who won the match the day before yesterday? 20. Do you know? Exercitiul 4: l. he had. He has been sleeping. 8. 5. 2. always borrow/is always borrowing. Have you ever eaten? 13. I have bought. He sat for his first exam last week. 2. He didn’t translate. I have been watering. 14. I didn’t sell. 4. 7. 9. 6. Did they drink? 3. I haven’t been. Exercitiul 4: 1. My friend isn’t wearing.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. Have you visited? 12. He hasn’t come. 16. Do you usually get. Two days ago I fell and I broke my leg. Did you sleep well last night? 3. Are they swimming? 6. My mother isn’t resting. I have lent. 10. 10. He doesn’t have. On Sundays. The boys were playing cards when they heard their father entering the house. he was-learning. The radio has been playing. 8. go. 10. He has just left.. I was talking. You don’t play. Do I always believe? 6. he doesn’t get up early. He met. I entered. 3. 19. have you been wearing? 6. 7. 18.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 16. He has always relied. Did he translate? 10. are you waiting? I am waiting. I don’t trust. he was working. I don’t always believe. What are you speaking about? Exercitii cu Past Tense Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: 1. 17. 6.. Does she talk? 3. While I was looking for my passport. 5. 18. 20. are you thinking? I am thinking. 10. I don’t love. drinks. I didn’t enjoy. 9. 7. I always have. I was watching. Exercitiul 2: CHEIA EXERCITIILOR LECTIA I TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV Exercitii cu Present Simple si Continuous Exercitiul l: 1. 9. I have already seen. 10. I have been cooking. it often rains. have you cooked? 7. Did we work? 7. the engine – drivers have gone.

We have walked 10 km so far. 6. 7. it will probably be raining. 2. 10. 6. 10. 3. had been swimming. they had finished. 2. 7. 4. I found out. they will be having their last English class.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. I have been wearing. 2. Page 3 of 4 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. 8. By this time next year. 6.. Where will you put it? http://quintet. How long have you been learning English? 5. When I arrived at the bus stop. 3. she had been cleaning and dusting. 3. she had not passed. 6. Have you been. By 10 o’clock she will have finished cleaning the house. 7. Exercitiut 2: 1. had been climbing. Exercitiul 4: 1. 4. I have been translating a text for two hours and I haven’t finished it yet. I called. I realized I had left my bag at home. 6. I didn’t phone you because I thought you had gone abroad. 10. 18. 4. 5. He will be. we had lost.. A child has broken the window. He thanked me for what I had done for him. 10. will be crying. They told me they had been living in France since 1980. 10. had spread. Because of the strike of the bus – drivers. 7. 8. 6. I have been doing. he told. I have often thought of taking a driving licence.. Exercitiul 4: 1. 3. I shall/will have finished.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. 12. I shall/will be swimming. had been cooking. two years ago. she had been studying. Exercitiul 2: 1. 8. Who did you vote for at the last elections? I didn’t go to vote. 2. 9. he had visited. we left. I shall/will have been cooking. Has John left? Yes. 6. 7. 19. 15. I have seldom walked to my office. He hadn’t done anything before he asked for my advice. I spent a month here. 4. I got. As soon as he had finished writing the paper. began. 5. I returned. we asked. it had been raining. I saw. 9. Where have you spent your holiday this year? 3. It has been raining. She has changed. she told. had left. They have been working on this house for a year and they haven’t finished it yet. 7. haven’t you seen? did you use? 2. 10. 10. will have spent. congratulated. 9. I shall/will have saved five million lei. 14. She will be watching. we realized. 9. 7. You will have seen. 2. 9. We must replace it. She had just gone out. Exercitiul 3: 1. 8. I had returned.actrus. I shall/will have read 8. You will be. she had been writing. What did you look at? It was an accident. he had caught.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. he went. Exercitii cu timpurile „Future" Exercitiul 1: 1. 9. 5. I have bought a typewriter and I shall learn to type. 9. 4.actrus. Have you seen? she left. 5. I got up. Have you been to this town before? Yes. We shall/will have taken. 9. I shall/will have been working. 3. I shall/will know. I shall/will pass. they will have been married. Have you already had breakfast? Yes. I shall/will remember. had not told. 3. 2. The child has been playing. he had got married. 4. Exercitiul 4: 1. 8. it had been raining. he had been. 10. 8. 3. between twelve and one o’clock. 4. Have you ever tried? I tried. Exercitiul 3: 1. 5. had listened.. I had met. I have lost. had been speaking. As soon as the guests had left. 2. I entered. wilt be rising. 8. Exercitii cu Past Perfect Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: 1. He will be studying. we had been walking. He has written only two letters since he went abroad. The weather has got warmer lately. 20. Page 4 of 4 Exercitiul 3: I. 8. 6. I rang him up. 4. I shall/will be having. he handed it to the teacher. On Friday. 13. The train will have left before we arrive at the station. Who has taught you to speak English so well? 2. he went. she had already been. 3. will/shall will be climbing. You will not/won’t find. It has been snowing for two hours. I shall/will be working. I stayed at home and I haven’t regretted it for a moment! 16. 11. 5. By the end of the month I shall/will have seen this film 5 times. Have you seen today’s newspaper? 17. I shall/will succeed. He will be studying in the library on Monday from one to five o’clock. We have been walking since 3 o clock. I was.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. it had been raining. Since I bought a car.html 33 of 42 12/15/04 . 6. I was sorry I had hurt him. he had thought. 8. had eaten. 3. many people will be going to work on foot tomorrow. I went to bed. 10. will have risen. You will like. The secretary told me the manager had been speaking on the phone for half an hour. 7. 2. I didn’t succeed. 10. What will you be doing tomorrow morning at 11 o’clock? I shall/will be visiting the international fair. they had been waiting. 6. he left an hour ago. They travelled to many countries after they had got married. 4. 9. he had learned/he had been learning. I shall/will have paid off. 5. 7. 5. I had it at 8 o’clock. Will you recognize? 4. they had been. Will you be needing? 5. Wil1 you remember? 9. had been having. Look what I have bought at an auction! It’s a very beautiful object. He has been. 7. He has been a Minister for two years.

4. Page 1 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/EXERCITII CU CONCORDANTA TIMPURI. they were talking. 8. I would spend. I will earn/will be earning. 7. 6. I have received.. 11. we had been digging. 10. 10. would be cancelled. 2. 2. melts. you have just told. Exercitiul 3: 1. I had read. 9. Exercitiul 7: l. you have drunk. you have read. 9. 9. 2. 8.. they would remain. 5. 7.html 34 of 42 12/15/04 . begin. 9. 9. 11. would end. he tells. 5. I had not eaten. 6. there are. is born. 4. The policeman will ask me what I have seen during the accident. he trusted. I had done. 12. 2. it would not be raining when I arrived. we reach. 9. 12. I was. 3. prices would go up. 4. 7. 5. Exercitiul 2: 1. 13.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/EXERCITII CU CONCORDANTA TIMPURI. 10. she looks. he hoped. The thief did not realize that the police had been following him for a week. they have been. 9. I promised him I would write to him when I arrived in London. 20. you see. he had to write. 10. I didn’t remember that we had met a year before. we will drink. is. is. The secretary told me the manager was busy. You had to type. 3. The car I will buy will be imported from Germany. I knew you were in Bucharest. 3. I usually read. I played/I was playing.. arrive. 3. he had just left. I didn’t stay at home to wait for you because I didn’t know when you would come. 10. you were. I would remain. I want. 12/15/04 http://quintet. he would give. 4. 4. you were. she has changed. he would not remember. 6. 6. I have been reading. they have done. she has learnt. 19. he had left. 10. 4. I had not enjoyed. 12. they had known. did not remember. he would change. Page 2 of 2 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA II Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor Exercitiul 1: 1. 2.actrus. 8. 19. you see. you see. 8. he had eaten.. he had never seen. he would have. 17. 8. she notices you have broken. he had stolen. 16. he has repaired. 7. he wanted. I finish. 20. 5. do not eat. 14. 7. was shining. he has arrived. you had been wearing. 16. Exercitiul 4: 1. Father will give me a present after I have passed the exam. 14. 4. 6. you would soon have. 13. he would pass. 3. 6. you do. 2. 5. 7. I had heard. they had been listening.actrus. 15. 2. 18. 6. he would finish. 10. he would drive. he had not expected. 17. Exercitiul 5: 1. I had lost. 5. I work/I worked. is. 8. you finish. he would win. we went. I have. He was very upset because he had lost his http://quintet. 5. I finish. He asked me how many letters there are in the Chinese alphabet and I couldn’t answer him. Exercitiul 6: 1. 7. I will tell you the truth after I have found it myself. he had been travelling. 8. 15. I read. had failed. I was. will soon move. would not go. 3. I had not decided. had already begun.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_2. 18.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_2. you spoke. I have suffered. you are reading. 3. 11.html dictionary and he was not sure he would find a new one in the bookshops.

10. she will be. 5. Mamaia would be an ideal place for a holiday if there weren’t so many people there. you had invited. he would take. He asked me if I could come to tea that afternoon. 7. 7. He asked me if I drank coffee every day. 2. He said he was going to have a nap that afternoon.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/EXERCITII CU FRAZE CONDITIONALE Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 1 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VORBIREA DIRE. 6. 10. 9. I would like the play more if it were shorter. He said she would go shopping right then. Would you have been angry if I had taken your pencil? 10. I had worked. 7. 5. He told me to open the door. 7. What would have happened if you had driven at a high speed? 4. 9. 3. If a beggar asked you for money. He asked me if my mother had been at home. What will you do if you meet John? 11. He said if he had been at home he would have answered the phone. 9. the streets would have been wet. 3. What would you have done if you had met John? Exercitiul 6: l. He said if he had enough money he would buy a car the next year.English. He asked me how long I had been learning . you take. 10. He told me not to interrupt him when he was speaking. 7. You would have caught the train if you had taken a taxi. 8. you would have read. would you give him some? 3. It would have been. 6. He asked me if 1 had been at the library the day before. 4. he leaves. He asked me if I had bought that book the day before. Exercitiul 4: l. 5. 4. 10. He asked me which of those cakes I preferred. 7. He asked me where I would spend my weekend. 3. 2. Exercitiul 1: LECTIA IV Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si indirecta 1. you will not pass. I would have answered. 8. Would you be angry if I took your pencil? 9. 4. He asked me how I had travelled. I will answer. He asked me if I would help him.html 35 of 42 12/15/04 . 7. 2. He said he had gone to England two years before. He asked me if I could lend him a book. He told me not to smoke so much. He said John had left for Sinaia two days before. He said he had seen that film a week before. He told me to write him a letter when I got to England. 6. He asked me who that man was. you will not find. 2. 3. He said the weather had been fine the day before. 2. 2. 7. he had realized. will you promise? 6. 5. We won’t go for a walk if the rain doesn’t stop/unless the rain stops. you wouldn’t have got. 9. he will get. 4.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. If dinner is not ready in time. 7. 5. I had known. 6. 8. 9. 8. I will lend. If you hadn’t shut the window I would have been cold. I saw. I will be disappointed if I don’t find out the truth. 8. I wouldn’t do.actrus. He asked me why it was so dark in that room. He asked me when I would be back. I moved. 6.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_4. 3. I were. it goes on. 9. he would not make. 8. He told/asked/ordered me not to drive so fast. If it rained. I gave up. he would have told. I will eat at a restaurant. 3. He asked me if I would like a cake. He asked me if I knew what that word meant/means. 2.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_3. 8. You would catch the train if you took a taxi. He asked me when the rain had stopped. Page 1 of 1 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA III Exercitii cu fraze conditionale Exercitiul 1: l. I knew. He asked me what I was going to do the next day. He asked me if the train had left. 12. He asked me how long it took me to reach my office. He told me to take that pill. 9. I would have answered. 12. He said he was very busy on that day. 4. 5. 11. 8. 6. He told me to read that text. Exercitiul 3: 1. He asked me if I had lived in London for a long time. If it had rained. I had not told. 10. Exercitiul 2: 1. 5.. 5. He said he didn’t remember where he had bought that dictionary.. He said he had spent his holiday at the seaside the year before. 3. you will be. 10. 8. 4. 7. he had tried. What would you do if you meet John? 12. the streets will be wet. I will greet 2. Will you be angry if I take your pencil? 8. I would not have made. 2. 11. 4. you had driven.actrus. 4. 9. you were. 10. 3. you will be. the streets would be wet. 9. Exercitiul 2: 1. He told me to be careful with his books. He told me not to cross the street on a red light. Would you buy? 4. 10 He asked me if I could speak English. I would knit another sweater if I had more wool. would you go? Exercitiul 3: l. 2. If it rains. Exercitiul 4: 1. 5. I would buy. http://quintet. He said he thought it was going to rain the next day. Exercitiul 5: 1. 6. You will catch the train if you take a taxi. I will buy. He told me to ring him up when I arrived home. 5. 3. 6. 6. 10. You will see him if you wait.

The letter will be mailed as soon as possible. very interesting things were told to us at the conference. 5. Two of my books have been lent to John (by me). 8. 7. 3. Were you told about the meeting? 9.: 3. 10. 8. The Great Prize was awarded to the Romanian film director (by the jury). Many new blocks are being built in our district. 6. We will be shown the way by the policeman. Will the details be told to him? Will he be told the details? 6. 8. 5. I have been given a nice present (by them). He hates people making fun of him. 15. 10. Foreign languages are spoken in this hotel. Don’t speak until you are spoken to (by someone). The patient was prescribed some pills (by the doctor). 6. Nothing has been heard about him since he left for Constanta. They held a reception in his honour. 6. 5. when I passed by. 8. John was laughed at (by us). Something must be done for him by his coworkers. http://quintet. 9. The missing child has been found (by someone). People will soon forget this book. Has the dog been fed? 7. Some pills were prescribed to the patient (by the doctor). The doctor was called for (by us). We will be given detailed instructions about the paper. The teacher will tell the pupils where to sit. 9. 5. They have built this house out of stone and cement. My friend will be invited to a party (by me). The museum was shown to the tourists (by the guide). 10. His proposal was objected to (by us). Football is played all over the world. 3. The work will be finished today (by them). 10. The children weren’t looked after properly (by them).ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_5. People speak English all over the world. The tourists were shown the museum (by the guide). 6. The rescue party finally discovered the climber. The event was commented on by all the newspapers. I’m not always told the truth by my friend. 7. 3. 9. A new supermarket was being built in that district last month. A difficult question was asked of me by the teacher. Was he shocked by the sight of the accident? 8. Will the letter be written in ink? 3. I was frightened by the noise.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_5. The truth is not always told to me by my friend. Were you frightened by the tornado? 5. 2. This piece of information must be treated confidentially. The Romanian film director was awarded the Great Prize (by the jury). Fire was set to the shed (by them). His bed hasn’t been slept in (by him). English is taught to them (by me). His odd behaviour couldn’t be accounted for (by us).actrus. I will be given a reward (by them). We were asked to show our passports. 8. Exercitiul 2: 1. They are taught English (by me). 4. Do you think your request will be turned down? 10. We were told very interesting things at the conference. When he arrived home he realized his wallet had been stolen. My friend recommended me a very good doctor. America was discovered at the end of the 15th century. 14.actrus. 13. John has been lent two of my books (by me). 9. 2. Exercitiul 6: l. 7.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 2. Exercitiul 3: 1. The museum was closed for repairs. Your bag has been found (by him). The professor’s lecture was listened to by all the students. 4. 4. 7. The house was broken into (by burglars). The meanings of the new words must be looked up in the dictionary. 3. 2. People mustn’t take away these books. A nice present has been given to me (by them). 4. 4. 6. A reward will be given to me (by them). My TV set will be repaired by a specialist. The way will be shown to us by the policeman. 12. 11. Has the TV set been repaired? 2.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU DIATEZA PASIVA Page 1 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU DIATEZA PASIVA Page 2 of 2 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA V Exercitii cu diateza pasiva Exercitiul 1: 1.html 36 of 42 12/15/04 . 2. I was asked a difficult question by the teacher. 5. Exercitiul 4: 1. A new house is being built round the corner (by them). Haven’t you been told to be here at 6 o’clock? 4. 7. Detailed instructions will be given to us about the paper. All the visitors of the museum admire this painting. This stamp hasn’t been well stuck on the envelope. 9. Would your work have been finished sooner if you hadn’t been interrupted by your colleagues? Exercitiul 5: 1.

2. can’t. can. 13. Everybody will be allowed/permitted to borrow. She could lend. 10. should. will. didn’t need to wait. 5. 2. I must change my shoes when I enter the house because they are full of mud. He won’t be allowed/permitted to come. She can’t have married. can’t. He needn’t have bought. can. 4. It may/might rain. Exercitiul 5: 1. 6. 4. You must have known the lesson. needn’t. 6. must have been. You must have left your umbrella. She can’t have learned English. 10. A good knowledge of English may/might help you. should. 11. 7. 4. 9. You won’t have to do. can’t have done. 11. I had to learn. can’t have seen. I may/might come home. will. 5. should. 8. She will be able to play. needn’t. will. Exercitiul 12: 1. 1. I will have to leave soon. 5. 5. You must have forgotten. 8. 14. 9. You might have changed. 2.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. needn’t. 3. 10. 7. I ought to/should have read the bibliography for the seminar. You can’t miss the train. He may/might have been right. S. 4. needn’t have answered. She may/might have been out. because she was to come to my place in half hour’s time. 12. 5. must have been. 7. 9. would. 7. 13. 4. Could Jane type? Will Jane be able to type? 17. 7. 3. You needn’t have done. 5. Exercitiul 2: 1. mustn’t. must have left. will. It can’t have been his fault.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VERBE MODALE Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 3 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VERBE MODALE Exercitiul 6: Page 2 of 3 LECTIA VI Exercitii cu verbe modale Exercitiul 1: 1. 3. He may have been. 3. 7. 10. 2. Exercitiul 11: 1. You were allowed/permitted to leave. can. we may/might take the bus or the ski-lift. You may ring me up more often when you know I am ill. 9. 2. shall. He will be able to swim. 4. 2. can’t have swum. didn’t need to buy. 3. 8. The teacher told me I might skip the next class. The weather can’t change. Did you have to be? Will you have to be? 20. This must be the best. You can’t have been. Everybody was allowed/permitted to borrow. You needn’t have made 12/15/04 http://quintet. 12. 8. 3. He could swim. needn’t have bought. can’t have rained. 7. He must think. 7. 5. All the students can and must write this paper. can. mustn’t. Exercitiul 8: l. Exercitiul 9: 1. 2. You won’t be allowed/permitted to speak. He was not allowed/permitted to come. 6. needn’t have lent. needn’t. You were not allowed/permitted to speak. He could read and write. Exercitiul 3: 1. It must have been. No. 2. She could play. 9. 17. She will be able to read and write. It must have taken a long time. 8. I won t be able to translate. You will have to help me more today. I had to go. Could you help? Will you be able to help? 9. John must have been. You shouldn’t have gone. 10. Need we walk up to the chalet? 15. The child was allowed/permitted to have. It can’t have been. 8. would. Sensuri posibile: „Do you think he will try to enter the faculty?". 3. You were not allowed/permitted to smoke. would. Exercitiul 10: 1. 4: She must be a very good doctor. 15. 10. 7. You might have written. I could play the piano when I was a child. would. 9. Was I not allowed/permitted to walk? Shall I be not allowed/permitted to walk? 11. 6. must have taken. shall. John could have been. didn’t need to answer. 6. 19. It may/might be a good one. He must have been delayed. 8. It can’t be his fault. You should have visited. Exercitiul 7: 1. 3. 5. I will have to go. She can’t have got. 12. 10. This can’t be a true story. 10. I can’t knit. mustn’t. I will have to learn. 6. Could he speak? Will he be able to speak? 18. He must have been late. 16. 4. 2. She may/might have returned. 6. He must have come home. 9. The child will be allowed/permitted to have. 6. She will be able to lend. 6. 9. She may/might have been angry. 1 am sure I will be able to find time to help you. 19. 9. 4.actrus. 6. 6. 8. shall. shall. 4. 4. He may/might have done. 10. would. Everybody shall be present at the meeting. He must be older. 2. 14. Exercitiul 13: 1. You can’t have seen. 15. 5. 18. 17. You needn’t carry your luggage in the station yourself. needn’t have waited. mustn’t. You will be allowed/permitted to leave. 20. It can t have been. I didn’t need to ring up Jane in order to speak to her. 5. 14. He can’t have passed. Exercitiul 4: l. can’t have left.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_6. 5. will. 16. 16. needn’t have written. He can’t be at the office. 2.actrus. I will have to look up. needn’t have lent. 5. should. 8.html 37 of 42 . will. 10. She may/might be very late. 7. I couldn’t translate. 3 It might have rained. He should have gone. 2. 10.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_6. „Do you think he will marry that girl?" etc. 3. 3. needn’t. 13. You will not be allowed/permitted to smoke. didn’t need to see. 6. would. 3. All the children ought to/should do some housework. mustn’t. 9. 7. needn’t have got up. You might have paid. You didn’t have to do. a porter could help you. I had to look up. 4. He ought to have told. 8. He must have been.

LECTIA VII Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv Exercitiul 1: 1. too. Will you. 6. 14. 3. S. I wish he would accept my proposal.. I wish you would take a driving licence. 20. 22. 18. his book would become. Tomorrow I will have to mail the letter.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_7. I wish he wouldn’t be away for such a long time. 2. I would rather I got up/I would rather get up earlier. his daughter didn’t get married. 16. 11. 11. 10. I got. 13. 26. I wish I were a student. You speak as if you were angry with http://quintet. 6. today. 7. I wish I had won the Great Prize. Page 1 of 2 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri coffee for me.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 24. 8. 14. It’s 10 o’clock! Don’t you think it’s high time you got up and started working? 15. I stayed. I hadn’t forgotten. Exercitiul 2: l. 19. S. 3. I didn’t need to say „thank you" when I found out the exact time by dialing number 958. I would rather you got up earlier. I promise you. 19. we could go to the beach. 16. 25. 8. 2. you started. hadn’t caught a cold. Why did you speak so loud? Somebody might have heard you. Exercitiul 5: l.actrus. Where shall we go now? 28. 10. 2. 23. I wish/If only I hadn’t made so many mistakes in the test-paper! 2. 8. I wish you had won the competition. You can’t/couldn’t have been at home last night. 7. 10. I wished you hadn’t been out when I called. The teacher can’t/couldn’t have been satisfied with this answer. I asked to speak to the manager but he wouldn’t come to the phone. 6. I had entered. 21. I wish you hadn’t been delayed at the office. I wish I would able to read Goethe in the original. I wish books weren’t so expensive. I wish my friend weren’t ill. 9. 2. 5.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_6. 10. I wish I didn’t have only one child. I were. wait for a few minutes? 30. my telephone worked. I wish you stopped that noise right away! 3. he took. he told. I wished you hadn’t got a fine. Exercitiul 3: 1. You may not speak during the exam. 8. I were. 17. I must have been still at the faculty. 3. I would rather I went/I would rather go to the theatre. You can’t have found the door open. 5. I had locked it myself 27.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VERBE MODALE Page 3 of 3 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU MODUL SUBJON. 9. I wish I lived in Bucharest. I rang you up and nobody answered. 20. 4. It’s time you paid me back the money I lent you. Do you wish you had been invited to John’s party? 7.html 38 of 42 12/15/04 . I wish you would come on holiday with me. 29. 4. She looks as if she were a model. you were. as I knew the information was recorded on tape. You ought to/should have insisted. I wish you stopped complaining because I have my own troubles. I wish he wouldn’t stay in hospital so long. I wish I wouldn’t get fat when giving up smoking. I wish it didn’t rain so often. he would have. I wish I had money to buy that painting. I wish I would spend my holiday in England. 4. you shall have the book tomorrow. 15. I wish you didn’t live so far away. I wish they would sign the contract. 4. we went. I wish I would have a phone in my new flat. 10. 9. stopped. 12. I would become. I wish you hadn’t had an accident. I would rather you went to the theatre. 7. I wish/If only I were young again! 8. 3.. 6. I wished the weather hadn’t been bad when I was on holiday. I wish/If only you were tidier! 5. 6. watched. 12. you didn’t waste. Exercitiul 4: 1. 4. you closed. you owned. I wish I could pay the piano. 13.actrus. I wish/If only it didn’t rain! If it didn’t rain. 7. 9. I wish I hadn’t been late for the party. I wished you had been able to come to me yesterday. 1 wish I had children. 9. 18. I wish I could go to the concert. please. It’s high time you started reading the books required for the exam in Romanian literature. I have already drunk two.

I insist that you (should) accept this job. 8. 9. This fact is important for you to bear in mind. he were. 18. 17. 2. It is necessary for you to study the matter seriously.. He suggested that we (should) buy this house. 4. it might not get. 1 knew him to be a very busy man. Exercitiul 5: 1. He entered the house noiselessly so that I might not hear him. 12. 2. 3. 9.html 39 of 42 12/15/04 . you retired. Mother decided that we (should) stay at home. I made a loan so that I might buy the house. 6. He wanted me to help him. 2. 4. He made me miss the train. 7. 7. Whoever may/might have told you this about me. 14. 1. 8. 3. She behaves to him as if he were his husband. It is impossible that he should have returned so early. you may/might be. 6. 5. 2. It is recommendable for you to read this book. I understand her to be a very good teacher. No matter how hard you may/might try. She could be heard typing. 5. Jane wishes I would spend my weekend with her. She was seen fainting. 4. The time has come for us to have a heart to heart talk. She (was) proved to be a liar. Mother would like me to become a doctor. 8. 20. 4. He is expected to arrive at 2 o’clock. It is necessary that I (should) be present at the meeting? Exercitiul 7: 1. 7. It is important that you (should) know English well. you shouldn’t lie to me. they (should) divorce. Speak louder so that I may/might hear you. 7. we (should) leave. She was said to be ill. Exercitiul 6: http://quintet. 9. 10. The boy was found breaking the window. 11. 10. 6. 5. 18. 14. Exercitiul 8: 1. 8. I suggested that we (should) elect him president. 9. 9. It’s time for you to start learning foreign languages. 3. (should) have. you should have. I ordered a taxi for her not to miss the train. 6. 6. My friend insisted that I (should) go to the concert with him. should have told. 10. Exercitiul 6: Exercitiul 1: 1. 12. 2. we should take. He spoke to me as if nothing had happened between us. The manager proposed that 1 (should) work in another department. Page 2 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU CONSTRUCTIIL. he were. I would find. 5. may attend. This is the main thing for us to do. you can’t win such a competition. They are sure to have had an argument.. 9. He was expected to resign. 5. I supposed him to be able to drive a car. Exercitiul 2: 1. 3. It is impossible that he (should) return so early. 3. This is a good book for you to read. This is a valuable piece of advice for you to take. I saw some children playing in the park. I have closed the window for you not to catch a cold. 7. It is advisable for you to resign. 7. I heard her scold/scolding her child. I had. He was heard to repeat it several times. 2.actrus. 10. I think him to be a good husband. 9. Move aside so that I may/might see the screen. Whatever you may/might tell me. I know you wish you would spend your holiday in a camp. 2. I had been. The teacher suggests that we (should) read this book. 4. It was strange that she shouldn’t have read this book.. Exercitiul 9: 1. 5.. I can’t believe you. The hunters were heard shooting. This is a strange thing for her to have said. Exercitiul 4: 1. 15. 8. 8. 11. Exercitiul 3: Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 2 LECTIA VIII Exercitii cu constructiile verbale 1. It is necessary for him to be present. but I would rather you went to your grandparents in the countryside. She was found digging in the garden. 7. 6. 10. 5. Whenever you may/might return. hadn’t broken down. me. 6. 4. She happened to make three spelling mistakes in her letter. It is important for you to come to the office at once. 15. 6. 4. The baby was heard crying. 17. The child was heard breaking the vase. 2. It is possible for me to buy a car. 3. It is very important that this contract (should) be signed very soon. It is possible for the plane to be delayed.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU MODUL SUBJON. It is likely that my son should have passed the exam. 3. 20. It is impossible for him to have said that. 16.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_8.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_7. you shouldn’t have believed it. It is necessary that you (should) be informed about what is happening in the country. The peasants were seen working in the field. she should have left. 8. 19. 4. 6. 5. 10. I expected you to come earlier. I will be at home waiting for you. The manager requested that everybody (should) be present at 8 o’clock. She was thought to be unable to win the contest. She was seen lying on the beach. 13. He was believed to be a brilliant surgeon. 3. you may/might understand.actrus. I watched them playing football. Whatever the reason may/might be. 7. 8. It is annoying that you should have forgotten to bring me back the book. It’s time for us to meet again. 10. It is possible that she might be away. She made me understand what had happened. This problem is too difficult for me to solve. She seemed to be satisfied with me. 2.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 8. The plane was seen landing. might prosper. I rely on you to lend me some money. John admitted the fault to be his. 5. 9. The people were impatient for the match to begin. 3. 13. 4. Do you mean it is likely that we (should) spend our holiday in Brasov? 10. 7. 19. I saw him speaking to his friend. it should get.

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