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PGM Catalyst Handbook USA

PGM Catalyst Handbook USA

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Published by AFLAC ............
PGM Catalyst Handbook USA
PGM Catalyst Handbook USA

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: AFLAC ............ on Jul 11, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Sponge MetalTM

catalysts are used for many of the same

heterogeneous chemistries as PGM catalysts. The most

common type of reaction are three phase, gas-liquid-solid,

reactions. Sponge Metal catalysts can be easily separated

at the end of the reaction. For slurry phase Sponge Metal

catalysts, settling, filtration and decantation are common

ways to separate the catalyst. Other methods less

commonly used in the industry are centrifugation and

magnetic separation. (activated Sponge NickelTM


are magnetic).

Sponge Metal catalysts are prepared from alloys of

transition metals and aluminum. The aluminum is leached

from the alloy structure, leaving behind an active metal

surface covered in adsorbed hydrogen. The activated

catalysts are stored under water to protect them from

oxidation. Sponge Metal catalysts are in the fully active

form when shipped and require no preactivation prior to


Sponge Metal catalysts are used mainly in hydrogenation,

reductive alkylation and dehydrogenation reactions.

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