Characteristics

System
Napster Gnutella

Description
MP3 file sharing. File sharing of all types. File sharing of all types File sharing of all types Peers connected to a centralized server

Purpose

FastTrack Freenet Napster

Gnutella Architecture FastTrack

Flat/Ad-hoc

network

of

peer

servents (Pure P2P) Decentralized hierarchical network of group-leader peers and ordinary peers Freenet Decentralized hierarchical network of search peers, index peers and ordinary peers Napster The system is highly centralized. Peers are connected directly to the central index server. Decentralization Gnutella The system is highly centralized. The topology is flat and each peer is truly equal. FastTrack The system is decentralized in the sense that there is no explicit central server. However, in each group, the ordinary peers are still connected to their group-leader peer in a centralized manner. three-level two-level

The network structure is very much like FastTrack, only

Freenet is slightly more optimized for performance. The system is not scalable one

because

having

every

connected to the directory server is bottleneck prone.

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