Experiment 20 Aim: To investigate the effect of solvent volume and number of extractions on the % of extracted product Results: Assume

the volume of KA2/ cm3 = a(i) = x ; a (ii) = y ; a (iii) = z Questions: (c) 2NaOH (aq) + C2H4(COOH)2 (l) C2H4(COONa)2 (aq) + 2H2O (l)

Ma (10)/ 0.05(x) = ½ Let concentration of C2 H4(COOH) 2 = a1 x 118 (Mr) = b1 g dm-3 Therefore the mass of succinic acid in 25 cm3 = b1 x 0.025 dm3 = m1 g

(d) Ma (10)/ 0.05 (y) = ½ Let concentration of C2H4(COOH)2 = a2 x 118 (Mr) = b2 g dm-3 Therefore the mass of succinic acid in 25 cm3 = b2 x 0.025 dm3 = m2 g

(e) Total mass = m1 + m2 = m3 g (f) Ma (10)/ 0.05(z) = ½ Let concentration of C2H4(COOH)2 = a3 x 118 (Mr) = b3 g dm-3 Therefore the mass of succinic acid in 50 cm3 = b3 x 0.05 dm3 = m3 g (g) Smaller volume of extracting solvent will extract smaller amount of succinic acid (h) Less volume of solvent used will be more efficient than using single larger volume, proven by total mass obtained by comparing 50 cm3 in a (i) and a (iii).
Posted by Mdm Jennie Lau at 6:12 AM 4 comments THURSDAY, MARCH 12, 2009

Latest update: Experiment 17
Exp 17 Topic: Technique - synthesis Purpose: to determine the percetage of aluminium in a sample X by means of the preparation of a complex compoun dof aluminium wiht 8-hydroxyquinoline. Procedure: Let's assume that the result of step (a) obtained as below: mass of container + KA3/ g = x mass of empty container/ g = y

88/100 x c = m1 g therefore. 2009 CHEMISTRY FOR STPM SCHOOL -BASED ASSESSMENT : PRACTICAL CHEMISTRY EXPERIMENT 1: Equilibrium and solubility .0 g (f) Percetage of aluminium in the complex compound = 27. Cold water ensures that no precipitate will dissolve and be washed away because water with low temperature will not dissove the precipitate.88% (g) weight of aluminium produced = 5.b = c Question: (c) (i) to maximised the collision between particles and thus ensures a complete reaction (ii) to remove impurities and excess ions. the percetage of Al in sample X = m1/z x 100% = p % All the best! Posted by Mdm Jennie Lau at 2:47 PM 2 comments SATURDAY.o x 100% = 5.mass of KA3/ g = x-y = z Results: Let's the result of step (b) as below: mass of crucible + precipitate/ g = a mass of empty crucible/g = b mass of precipitate/g = a . JANUARY 17.0 / 459. (e) Mass of 1 mole of complex compound with formula Al(C9H6NO) 3 = 459. (d) the complex precipitate obtained is dried and weight a few times in the oven until the weight of the complex precipitate obtained is constant.

The following result and answers are used as guidelines for calculation and solution for the question of (c) to (g) V0 = volume of Pb(NO3)2 V = volume of KI .

(f) Average reading = (c1 + c2 + c3 + c4) / 4 (g) Increasing the concentration of lead (II) ions do not affect the value of Ksp of PbI2. 2009 CHEMISTRY FOR STPM SCHOOL-BASED ASSESSMENT : PRACTICAL CHEMISTRY EXPERIMENT 10: Ionic Equilibrium The following result and answers are used as guidelines for calculation and solution for the question of (c) to (g) Results: (b) Record and complete your readings in the table below: . JANUARY 10. Try to get almost constant reading from KA1 to KA4.Note: Kxp is not affected by the change of concentration used in each experiment. Posted by Mdm Jennie Lau at 6:27 AM 2 comments SATURDAY. (e) The values of the ionic product of PbI2 are almost constant for all the experiments.

q = m x c x change of T = (10 + 30) x 4.(d) Dilution decreases the concentration and hence increases the pH (e) Dilution decreases the concentration and hence increases the degree of dissociation (f) as shown in the table above. Precaution step: the bulb of pH meter must be immersed in the buffer solution before next measurement is being carried out. of moles of sollutions can be found by n = MV/1000 e) Ionic equations: H+ + OH... Posted by Mdm Jennie Lau at 10:42 PM 0 comments THURSDAY. (g) Dilution has no effect on Ka.2 x change of T d) no. measurement of pH should can done from the most diluted acid to the most concentrated acid in order to attain more accurate reading of pH. Experiment 6 (Thermochemistry) Purpose: to determine the hear of neutralisation of a strong acid with a strong base Questions: c) heat released of each of the experiment. 2008 Practical assessment of STPM Chemistry Check out the experiment! Will be updated from time to time.--H2O f) Heat of neutralisation: H = c)/ d) .. OCTOBER 2.

e) From the graph of EO against lg [Zn2+]. of the cell increases when the concentration of Zn2+ ions decreases.solutions must be mixed quickly to attain the maximum change of temperature. the value of Eo increases as the value of lg [Zn2+] decreases. value decreases with the decrease in Cu2+ ions. (ii) The Eo value for Al is larger than the Eocell value for zinc.Mixture of solution must be sitrred through out the exp. f) (i) with reference of Nernst Equation.m. Hence with the reference to the Nernst Equation.g) acid W is a diprotic acid h) . .m. the Eocell value will be larger/ Posted by Mdm Jennie Lau at 7:03 PM 4 comments Home . Therefore the e. Experiment 12 Question Answer provided served as reference. 0. Hence the e.f.059 [Zn2+] Ecell = EØcell + n lg [Cu2+] The value of lg [Zn2+]/[Cu2+] increases when the concentration of Cu2+ ions decreases.f.