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Published by Kiran Babu Satuluri

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Published by: Kiran Babu Satuluri on Jul 12, 2012
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07/12/2012

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Analysis of Rankine Cycle: Techno-economically Feasible Thermodynamic Model

By P M V Subbarao Mechanical Engineering Department I I T Delhi

Αn appropriate selection of operational parameters & Processes
P M V Subbarao Mechanical Engineering, IIT Delhi

Optimal Design of Vapour Power Plant

Parametric Study of Rankine Cycle

η

P max

Parametric Study of Rankine Cycle

w, kJ/kg

Pmax, MPa

Parametric Study of Rankine Cycle

η

Tmax

Parametric Study of Rankine Cycle

w, kJ/kg

150

250

Tmax, 0C

45 0

550

650

Optimal Design of Vapour Power Plant

C o n d e n s e r T e m p e r a tu r e V s E ffic ie n c y
0 .4 6 0 .4 4 0 .4 2 0.4 0 .3 8 0 .3 6 0 .3 4 0 .3 2 0.3 0

Eff

20

40

60 Tc

80

100

120

C o n d e n s e r T e m p e r a tu r e V s Q u a lity
0 .8 2 0.8 0 .7 8 0 .7 6 0 .7 4 0 .7 2 0.7 0 .6 8 0

x4

20

40

60 Tc

80

100

120

0 .3 1 0 0 .3 0 5 0 .3 0 0 0 .2 9 5 0 .2 9 0 0 .2 8 5 0 .2 8 0 0 .2 7 5 0 .2 7 0 0 .2 6 5 0

X4.Eff

20

40

60 Tc

80

100

120

3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 0 20 40
Τc Wnet Qin

60

80

100

120

M e a n E ffe c tiv e P r e s s u r e
800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 0 20 40 60 Tc 80 100 120

p, kPa

46

tc=20 c ( 18 m H m g) tc=27 C (50 m H m g) tc=36 C (75 m H m g)

Efficiency,%

44 42 40 38 36 34 0 20 40 60 80 100

120 140

Pressure,bar
Effect of inlet steam pressure (P) and condenser pressure on Rankine efficiency with constant inlet steam temperature of 470o C

M e a n E ffe c tiv e P r e s s u r e
800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 0 20 40 60 Tc 80 100 120

p, kPa

If Carnot Studies The Rankine Cycle !

smin

smax

Equivalent Carnot Model of Rankine Model
• Heat Addition in Steam Generator, qin
 ∂h  qin = ∫Tds = ∫   ds = ∫ dh = h3 − h2 ∂s  p 2 2 2
3
3 3 3

• Mean Effective Temperaturesof heat addition for equivalent ∫Td h3 − 2 h isothermal process. = 2 Tm ,in = 3 s3 −s2 ∫ds
2

Equivalent Carnot Model of Rankine Model
• Heat rejection in Steam Condenser, qin
qout  ∂h  = ∫Tds = ∫   ds = ∫ dh = h1 − h4 ∂s  p 4 4 4
1
1 1 1

• Mean Effective Temperature of heat rejection for equivalent ∫Tds s h 4 isothermal process. h1 − 4 =Tcond ( s1 − 4 ) =T Tm ,out = 1 = cn od s1 −s4 s1 −s4 ∫ds
4

Equivalent Carnot Model of Rankine Model

Tm,in

Tm,out

smin

smax

Analysis of Equivalent Carnot Model
• Net work out put =

Wnet = ∫TdS
S max

• Heat Input =

Qin =

S min

∫ TdS

wnet = ( S max − S min ) ×(Tm ,in −Tm ,out
Qin = ( S max − S min ) ×Tm ,in

)

Efficiency, ηRankine

Tm ,in −Tm ,out Tm ,out Wnet = = =1− Qin Tm ,in T m ,in

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