Ppt on women and child welfare — Presentation Transcript
1. Presentation onwomen and child welfare Submitted By:- Komal Bhatia 2. Women and children are usually the main targets, who suffer in a number of ways mainly becausethey are weaker, helpless and economically dependent. 3. Women and children are the soft targets. They are the victims of capitalism, development & environment They suffer in a number of ways because they are: Weaker Helpless Economically dependent etc. Illiteracy Wide Gender Discretion 4. Dowry- Dowry is property or money that a bride brings to her husband on the day of their marriage. It is sad, but many women who bring few dowrys after marriage are killed. The dowry is said to be a source of many of the problems in India to begin with. 5. Is also known as a sexselective abortion thatfavors the male sex anddeselects the femalesex and because ofthis, India has a lowfemale sex ratio to thatof the men. 6. Health and wellbeing -- Women are notcared for in the health standards that theyshould be cared for, especially during childlabor. The maternal mortality rate is amongthe highest in the world in India. They arealso malnourished because they are forced toeat their husbands leftovers. Many womenare also not equipped with the education thatthey need to fully understand and use theirnew found rights. 7. She is just 15 yrs, her son is 18 months old 8. 60 % of the Girls are married before the age of 16Nearly 60% of the married girls bear children before they are 18 125,000 women die from pregnancy and related causes every year Maternal mortality in India is the 2nd highest in the world Domestic Violence-Domestic Violence9. isextremely high because ofthe dowry that India has setinto play. Femaletrafficking, which is sexualabuse, is a big part of theviolence problem in theirsociety today. Every 93minutes a woman is burntto death due to dowryproblem and every singlehour at least one woman israped in India Overworked - Many women in India areoverworked. They10. often work double the hoursthat the males do, but they are not even givencredit for it.•It is well known that women andchildren work in huge numbers inbidi-rolling, agarbatti-rolling,bangle making, weaving,brassware, leather, crafts andother industries.•Yet, only 3 % of these women arerecorded as laborers. 11. o The World Health Organisation estimates that 1.6 billion early deaths occur annually from cooking stove pollution.o Between 400,000 to 550,000 children less than five years and women die each year in India due to indoor smoke. Chula smoke is the third- highest cause of disease and death, after dirty water and lack of sanitation. Hence, by providing access to clean water, sanitation, food and well-ventilated homes, over half the diseases and premature deaths could be avoided in India. 12. •Divorce- Divorce is verycommon in India because itis looked down on in societycomparable to the U.S. manyyears ago. It is a signature offailure, but especially for thewomen. 13. •After losing the forest and gettingrehabilitated from their native places,men fold usually migrate to towns insearch of some job while women areleft behind to look after the familyand household with little resources•Development projects like miningplay havoc with the life of women.The National Network for Women andMining (NNWM) with about 20 groupsin different in different mining statesof India is rightly fighting for
Asyou can see.and many more. High self esteem FINANCIAL STABILITY Opportunity to Liberalize 23. beauty queens. (InternationalConvention on theElimination of all formsof Discriminationagainst Women.
. painters.85) witnessed inclusion of several women related issues on international agenda 17. Swabhiman is not anti-men. By the efforts of these women. hopefully men and women in Indiacan live in a society of equal rights and equal powerwithout the stigmas from the history in India. In this way SHGs in north Tamil Nadu are very successful to develop women empowerment and rural areas. Positivity Rising• India has worlds largest number of professionally qualified women. Swabhiman started getting an overwhelming response from the participants. train them. but it encourages women to defend themselves and escape from violence and advocates men to be a part of bringing due dignity for our girl child. United Nations Decade for Women (1975-85) included several women related welfare issues on international agenda CEDAW18. India has come a long way. professors than the United States• Indian women today are also singers. an initiative of Smile Foundation. Stress Tiredness Bad Habits MolestationDisturbed Life 25. The good practice of the women SHGs in the study area is repayment of the loan in time. On the international level. Nearly 64% of the debtor paid their monthly due with in the time. It is found that the income of the women has been increased after joining the SHGs. The Women of India These women have done so much more thanjust the few things I listed off for each individual. communities. scientists. institutions and organizations alike within a short time of its launch in Delhi & NCR. aims to bring pride and dignity for our girl. Ministry of women and child development has been made National network for women & mining (NNWM) with about 20 groups in different mining states of India is rightly fighting for a “gender audit” of India’s mining companies 16. and actors. 26. During first year of its launch Swabhiman has reached out to around 4000 beneficiaries through 50 communities and organizations Access21.• India has more doctors. Besides the government initiatives there are number. Getting Recognition Maintaining Work Life Balance Spending Quality time with family 24. Swabhiman. The displaced women arethe worst affected. Self Help GroupsAangan BadiGovt SchemesMicro FinanceSelf Employment 15. 1979)is one of the result ofthe program forprotection &promotion of women’shuman right & socio-economic upliftment 19. Nutritiousto goodeducation &healthy FOOD 22.• India has largest population of working women in the world.
a"gender audit" of Indias miningcompanies. as they do not getany compensation and are totallydependent upon the males for wages 14. educate them and help them to become economically self. even some members 19% paid their due in advance.dependent. surgeons. but there isstill work to be done. 20. of non-governmental organization (NGOs) mostly as "Mahila Mandals " to create awareness amongst women of remote village even to empower them. the United Nations Decade for Women (1975.
tortured and exploited children Children indulging in substance abuse Children affected by HIV/AIDS Children affected by natural calamities. 1990 has focused agenda for the well being of the children targeted to be achieved in the beginning of the new millennium. abuses. It also includes the right to name and nationally. Rights to protection That includes freedom all forms of exploitation. Undergo many respiratory problems due to pollution in the environment. More than one third of country’s population is below 18 years Approximately 40% of the population (around 440 million) is children 28. After the UN convention of Rights of Child. The UN General Assembly in 1959 adopted the Declaration of the Rights of Child. The right to survival emphasizes on adequately good standards of living. 35. ◦ ICDS Integrated Child Development services scheme◦ Supplementary Nutrition◦ Anganwadi Centers◦ Parent education◦ Girl child protection scheme◦ check on Child traficing◦ Children homes(shishuVihar / Balvihars)◦ Kishora Shaki yojana 33. brassware industry and pottery industry. consisting of 54 articles and a set of international standards and measures to promote and protect the well being of children in a society. consensus and religion. Mall nutrition. No education. freedom of expression.4. access to appropriate information and freedom of thought. abandoned & destitute children Missing or run-away children Street & working children Children of sex workers Abused. 1 million out of 21 million babies born every year in India are abandoned soon after their birth due to different socio-economic reasons Around 20 million children in our country are estimated to be working as child labors. inhuman treatment and neglect. CHILD RIGHTS [contd…]3. protection. A national plan of action for children has been formulated by the Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD). Water born diseases are affecting 6 million children in India Childhood cancer rates are also increasing by 6% every year Growing foetus in the mother’s womb is not safe & free from the adverse effects of environment toxins 32. held on September 30. social security and right to leisure. it became International Law in the year 1990. 1. 34. Rights to Participation That includes respect for the views of the child. Rights to Survival That includes the right to life. development and participation. abuse.2. recreation and cultural activities. Orphans. 29. Undergo many dreadful diseases like:• Pneumonia• Diarrhea• Measles• Malaria Working in hazardous places to feed themselves. nutrition and adequate standard of living. Child labour .s 36. The right to protection means freedom from exploitation.
27. emergencies and man made disasters Children with disabilities Child beggars Children suffering from terminal/incurable disease 31. development and care. The World Summit on Children. 30. the highest attainable standard of health. India has the highest number of children in the world. Government of India in which a strategic plan has been formulated for childrens welfare in the priority
. India is also a signatory to the World Declaration on Survival. some of them in various hazardous industries like the match industry. The law defines right of the child to survival. good nutrition and health. Rights to Development That consists of the rights to education. in human or degrading treatment and negligence including the right to special protection in situation of emergency and armed conflicts. firework industry. Protection and Development of Children. support for early childhood.
Education Guarantee Centre. CHILDLINE contacted their parents and brought them to the center. CARE India with branches in 11 states focus on girls’ education. education. They teach children living in slums in Delhi. and reintegration.
areas of health. 40. up gradation of home. mid. During outreach.day meals scheme. CHILDLINE has assured to provide assistance for education of the children. ◦ Enrollment of all children in school. retention and learning◦ Ensuring that there is significant enhancement in the learning achievement levels of children at primary and upper primary stage.based skills. sanitation and environment. clean and safe drinking water. Butterflies engage themselves in offering free education to poor kids. Universalization of effective access to at least primary level schooling. etc.
. Alternate School. education. Action Aid India concentrates on child education and on street and working children CRY targets underprivileged children who don’t have basic resources to sustain themselves. Provides useful and relevant elementaryeducation for all children in 6 to 14 age groupby 2010 39. and Back to School Camps◦ Retention of all children till the upper primary stage of 2010◦ Bridging of gender and social category gaps in enrolment. The parents were provided with counselling and warned not to send them for begging. 38. special emphasis on girl childs education including health and nutrition. 37. nutrition. Prayas address issues related to lack of sensitivity and infrastructure for children’s rehabilitation. walking on their hands upside down. Madurai CHILDLINE team came across 5 children in the age group of 10 to 16 years performing acrobatics such as passing their body through an iron ring. expansion of early childhood development activities including low-cost family based involvements are some of the important actions envisaged.