One benefit of asexual reproduction is Your Answer: asexual reproduction ensures that a species will never go extinct because the recombination of genetic material that results from sexual activity does not occur. Correct Answer: it produces young that are likely to survive and reproduce themselves as their parents did. Incorrect. Asexual reproduction has the benefit of producing offspring that are essentially clones of the parent. If the environment is stable, the offspring are likely to survive and reproduce (see Section 8.1).
Parthenogenesis is a process whereby Your Answer: two parents of different species create an offspring that is a third and new species. Correct Answer: an offspring is created without fertilization. Incorrect. Parthenogenesis is a special form of asexual reproduction in which the ovum develops into an offspring without fertilization by a male (see Section 8.1).
Imperfect flowers are Your Answer: found on sequentially hermaphroditic plants. Correct Answer: found on monoecious and dioecious plants. Incorrect. Hermaphroditic flowers contain both sexes. Imperfect flowers are found on monoecious and dioecious plants (see Section 8.2).
Sequential hermaphrodites are Your Answer: females that produce offspring of one sex and then produce offspring of the other sex. Correct Answer: one sex first before changing to the opposite sex. Incorrect. Sequential hermaphrodites are one sex first before changing to the opposite sex (see Section 8.2).
The benefit of being sequentially hermaphroditic is Your Answer: it reduces the need for secondary sexual characteristics, such as those required to attract a mate. Correct Answer: it allows organisms to select the best sex based on environmental resources. Incorrect. By being sequentially hermaphroditic, an organism can select the best sex based on available environmental resources (see Section 8.2).
Redness in male cardinals is an example of Your Answer: combat between males. Correct Answer: intersexual selection. Incorrect. Because the male cardinal's red feathers are a signal to potential female mates, this is an example of intersexual selection (see Section 8.4).
6). For more information. Correct. For more information. Females who make large investments in their reproductive effort tend to be smaller than females who do not (see Section 8.
Fitness is a measure of Your Answer: the number of offspring produced that live long enough to reproduce.
Human babies are generally Your Answer: altricial. Correct Answer: semelparous. see Section 8.5.
. Your Answer: females choose mates based on intersexual and intrasexual competition. Incorrect. parents can produce Your Answer: a lot of young that are energetically expensive to produce.
13. parents produce either many small offspring or a few large ones (see Section 8. Correct.
Females choose mates based primarily on Your Answer: both the resources of the male and intersexual displays. This is an example of intrasexual selection in which males compete with each other for mating rights (see Section 8.
In lek species. Incorrect.7.
12. Semelparous organisms invest all their reproductive resources into one event and then die (see Section 8. see the introduction to Chapter 8. Correct Answer: a lot of young that are small in size. For more information.
Organisms that invest all their reproductive energy into one event are said to be Your Answer: polygamist.
8. see Section 8. females who invest more energy into their offspring Your Answer: tend to produce smaller offspring.
14. Incorrect. Correct.
The antlers of elk are an example of Your Answer: combat between a female and a male.7). Correct Answer: tend to be smaller than females who do not. Correct Answer: intrasexual selection.
Generally. In general.
For more information. K-strategists tend to be slow growing.
The primary strategies that organisms can possess in Grime's model are Your Answer: ruderal.Correct. Siblicide often occurs when resource levels are low (see Section 8.
16. see Section 8.
Monogamy is Your Answer: the mating between many males and many females.
19. For more information. This is an example of polygynandry.13).14). However.
17. the number of eggs laid per nesting attempt ________ with increasing latitude. Correct. Incorrect. when will siblings kill each other? Your Answer: never Correct Answer: when resources are low Incorrect.
Which of the following statements about r-strategists is false? Your Answer: They are typically short lived.
21. R-strategists do tend to be short lived.
K-strategists Your Answer: are typically fast-growing organisms.
15. and stress tolerant.9.
Among birds (and some other organisms).
Why do most trees not reproduce in the first year of their lives? Your Answer: They have not yet obtained the minimum size and thus the minimum resources. For more information. see Section 8. they do not produce large offspring (see Section 8. Correct Answer: typically produce larger offspring. However. they typically do produce fewer and larger offspring than r-strategists (see Section 8.3). Incorrect.11. For more information. Correct Answer: They typically produce large offspring.10 and Figure 8. see Section 8. Incorrect. Monogamy is the mating between one male and one female (see Section 8.
In general. competitive. Your Answer: increases Correct.13. Correct Answer: the mating between one male and one female.
18. Correct. see Section 8.13).
see Section 8.
24.12. For more information.
Garter snakes preferentially choose to shelter under rocks of intermediate thickness because Your Answer: these rocks allow the snakes to maintain their body temperature within their preferred range. Correct. They are long lived. a single female sandpiper will be paired with two or more males.
25. and characterized by stable population sizes.
What is a lek? Your Answer: a communal display area Correct. see Section 8.22. A mating system with one female and two or more males is known as polyandry (see Section 8.
Animals that are K-strategists tend to be Your Answer: make use of temporary habitats. Incorrect. highly competitive. K-strategists are typically found in more-stable habitats.13). Correct Answer: long lived. For more information.3). Many inhabit unstable or unpredictable environments. and characterized by stable population sizes (see Section 8. highly competitive.
In a rare form of polygamy.
. What is the name of this type of mating system? Your Answer: polymonogamy Correct Answer: polyandry Incorrect.