Paññásástra University of Cambodia Subject: Labor and Industrial relation Lecturer: Io RO “Take Home Mid-Term Exam” Prepared

by: Sor Atithvity ID: 11137

labor law. interest of difference pay. Normally. discipline and grievance handling. collective bargaining. contract administration. industrial disputes and interpretation of labor laws and rules and code of conduct.Name: Sor Atithvity Pannassastra University of Cambodia Answer Sheet I What is labor and industrial relation? A. and conflict between union and employees. Industrial relation is a multidisciplinary field that studies the employment relationship. union organizing. Labor relation is the study and practice of managing unionized employment situations. So Labor and industrial relation refer to the relationship between employers and employees which are enclosed under the collective bargaining agreement and industrial relation law. It is frequently a subarea within human resource management and it typically cover labor history. not just ones with a unionized workforce. bargaining. . Industrial relations studies examine various employment situations. workers’ participation in management. and important contemporary topics. the term industrial relations is used to cover such aspects of industrial life as trade unionism. There are power resource available.

b) Enterprise or Employer Association: Plan management. just like a city need road. c) Government Institute: look after all the employee from cheating or working over time without paying properly or we call it government intervention.Name: Sor Atithvity Pannassastra University of Cambodia II. enough . when there is problem occur there have to observe and investigate and find the justice for them. e) Arbitration: a man that stay in the middle between the employee and the employer. employer (Association). Worker& Management. Prevent damaging or waste the company asset. There are five parties who involve in labor and industrial relation which are employee (labor union +Trade Union). obey all of it. Provide information for the employee. Address the role of key parties involved in labor and industrial relation? A. allocate all the people with their skill. and be on time making sure that you know when the meetings will is occurring. And try to make more investor to invest in Cambodia in order to create more jobs and increase government budget. d) Workers and Management: worker needs a man to talk with their boss they cannot go directly to the boss’s office because it will make your boss scare and just ignore the entire offer. and arbitration. a) EMPLOYEE (labor union + Trade): understand all the internal regulation. So we need to create a union to protect them self and to negotiate with the boss. government.

and the opportunities to seek redress or remedy in the event that one party fails to live up to the obligations stipulated within the contract terms. Also known as a labor agreement. or based on the requirements of the organization. Volunteers. b) Unspecified Contract or Undetermined Contract: is considering as a season or period work performance. The terms of the contract include both the rights and the responsibilities of each party. a labor contract is a binding legal agreement that establishes the rules and regulations that will govern the relationship between an employer and an employee. Explain specific and unspecific labor contracts? A. . the specified contract can be terminated prematurely only if. A downturn in the organization’s finances constitutes a valid reason for termination. And it is not longer than 2 year. it is opposite with specific contract if any of the condition like the specific contract it will not count as unspecified contract. Termination of Unspecified duration contracts An employer can terminate an UDC for any reason relating to the employee’s aptitude or behavior.Name: Sor Atithvity Pannassastra University of Cambodia III. The contract is defined as specified contract unless. An employee can terminate an UDC for any reason. made in writing and signed in the presence of the labor inspector. Contract can be written or oral and classified in to two types known as Specified contract (Determined Contract) and unspecified duration contract (undetermined duration contract). Casual Employee. interns. and trainees. on the other hand. furthermore. unspecified contract can be included as: Part-time employee. a) Specific labor contract or determined contract: is the contract that has revealed the start and the leaving condition. both parties are in the agreement. including any renewal period does not exceed two year. the contract is written and retains precise commencement and termination date. duration. Both the employer and the employee must give prior written notice when terminating an UDC.

The law is silent on the consequences of the employee failing to give proper notice. . 2 years to 5 years of service: 1 month notice. 6 months to 2 years of service: 15 days notice. it must pay the employee the wages that would have been earned during the proper notice period. each party is obligated to perform their contractual duties.Name: Sor Atithvity Pannassastra University of Cambodia The notice period is determined by the length of continuous service as follows: • • • • • Less than 6 months of service: 7 days notice. If the organization terminates the contract without observing the proper notice period. 5 years to 10 years of service: 2 months notice. 10 years and greater: 3 months notice Throughout the notice period.

lower needs. In capsule form. acceptance by others. They join with the hope of gaining and retaining positions of authority within the union officer hierarchy. Some people want to have a direct voice in union election procedures. According to Maslow. in decisions that affect them in their working environment. Social needs -belong.Name: Sor Atithvity Pannassastra University of Cambodia IV. safety. A limited number of employees seek participation in the union for status and self-fulfillment. . we are most actively motivated by our unsatisfied needs. Social. When a need is more and more People need higher level of need which up until then have failed to motivate simply because man’s attention has been devoted to satisfying his more pressing. Self-esteem needs has motivated many workers to join unions. Social pressure has also been instrumental in causing workers to join unions. Self-fulfillment needs for realization of one’s own potential and for being as creative as possible. Research has also shown that employee dissatisfaction with the extent of gratification of Safety. Maslow’s theory addresses the need to satisfy physiological needs. association. Maslow’s theory points out why workers join unions. Why worker join unions? A.

Explain fundamental principle of labor union? A. . . There are four fundamental of labor unions which are:  Legitimacy (law): in order to work well between employer and employee we need law to expressed that they can extend their work with the belief that they could use legitimacy as a lance to see the labor movement a new. so if it was owe by someone it will no longer useful.  Solidarity: honest.Name: Sor Atithvity Pannassastra University of Cambodia V. Democracy: is the way of expressing their opinion just like voting for a representative of a union majority was needed the most and all the employee have their right to choose.   Independent: labor union was created in the purpose of helping and protect employee. sharing value of working is the thing that needed the most in the work place. All the employees need to be honest with company so that the company can be survive in long term and the employee can save their job instead of afraid of losing their job.

Name: Sor Atithvity Pannassastra University of Cambodia VI. and vote for a representative for them. It gathering all the factory or work place in the province or city. on the other hand. There are three level of Organization and establishment for labor union and employer’s association in Cambodia such as: a) Local: it is a ways of gathering people around your factory or work place to create 1 union in order to protect or negotiate with your boss. . Explain an organization and establishment of labor union and employer’s association in Cambodia A. it talking about the representative of the nation of a specific product or company. b) Union federation: it is way bigger than local. c) national union confederation: it is way bigger than both Local and Union federation.

Once both sides have reached a contract that they find agreeable. procedural agreements are put into the company rule book which provides information on the overall terms and conditions of employment and codes of behavior.Name: Sor Atithvity Pannassastra University of Cambodia VII. benefits. This will normally include procedures in respect of individual grievances disputes and discipline. most commonly three years. Collective bargaining is a type of negotiation used by employees to work with their employers. What is collective bargaining? A. Frequently. to reflect the fact that it is the result of a collective bargaining effort. . The final contract is called a collective bargaining agreement. it is signed and kept in place for a set period of time. wages. During a collective bargaining period. workers' representatives approach the employer and attempt to negotiate a contract which both sides can agree with. Typical issues covered in a labor contract are hours. working conditions. and the rules of the workplace.

Prepare: a) the first phase involves composition of a negotiation team. strategic planning and negotiated change. b) A process well begun is half done and this is no less true in case of collective bargaining. 2. b) The negotiation team should consist of representatives of both the parties with adequate knowledge and skills for negotiation. The collective bargaining process comprises of five core steps: 1. .Name: Sor Atithvity Pannassastra University of Cambodia VIII. Settlement: This stage is described as consisting of effective joint implementation of the agreement through shared visions. Explain the collective bargaining process? A. c) An environment of mutual trust and understanding is also created so that the collective bargaining agreement would be reached. Propose: ‘brainstorming’. 5. 4. c) In this phase both the employer’s representatives and the union examine their own situation in order to develop the issues that they believe will be most important. Bargain: negotiations are easy if a problem solving attitude is adopted. The exchange of messages takes place and opinion of both the parties is sought. Discuss: a) the parties decide the ground rules that will guide the negotiations. 3. This stage comprises the time when ‘what ifs’ and ‘supposals’ are set forth and the drafting of agreements take place.

naukrihub.Sloan.pdf Book Labor and Industrial relation.Name: Sor Atithvity Pannassastra University of Cambodia References http://industrialrelations. .org/wiki/Solidarity_(Polish_trade_union) http://library. Arthur A.fes.html http://en. Fred Witney 12 th

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