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Physics Concept Maps Class IX

Motion Force and Law of Motion Gravitation Fluid Work, Energy & Power Wave Motion and Sound

Rest Motion
When object changes it position with respect to time When object changes it position with respect to time
A B

Scalar : depend only on magnitude Physical Quantities Vector : Depend on magnitude and directions

Distance

Scalar quantity ; S.I. unit metre

path-1 A B Y

Displacement

Vector quantity ; S.I. unit metre

path-2 A

Speed

Scalar quantity ; S.I. unit metre per second

Average speed

uniform speed

Non-uniform speed

Instantaneous speed

Velocity

Vector quantity ; S.I. unit metre per second

Time

Average Velocity uniform Velocity

Non-uniform Velocity Instantaneous Velocity

Y A
Acceleration Vector quantity ; S.I. unit metre per second square

a=vu t Positive Acceleration Negative Acceleration

O
Equations of motion

Time

v = u + at

s = ut + 1/2at

v u = 2as

Force
Force is push or pull acting on an object Formula F=ma Where m= mass a=acceleration Force is applied to change the shape of an object Force is applied to move an object from the position of rest Force is applied to change the speed of motion To change the direction of motion

Effect of force

CGS:-gcms Units of force


-2

-2

SI:-kgms or newton Inertia of rest

Inertia of motion Law of Inertia Inertia of direction Newton's laws of motion Rate of change of momentum is force

Every action has equal and opposite reaction

Momentum : Momentum is product of mass and velocity

CGS:-gcms Units of momentum SI:-kgms


-1

-1

Impulse : Impulse is product of time and force

Units of Impulse

kg metre per second

Wave Motion

direction of particles vibration

Mechanical waves

Non mechanicalwaves

Longitudinal waves

Transeverse waves
direction of wave propagation Transeverse waves

sound

Sound is a form of energy which is produced by a vibrating body. It travels in the fom of waves

Propagation of sound : Sound transmitted in the form ofmechanical Waves.Thus sound needs amedium to travel Wave length(l) It is the distance between two consecutive compressions or rarefractions.

Terminologies

C=region of max. density R=region of min. density


C R C R C R C

Amplitude (a) The maximum displacement of vibrating body is known as amplitude


Frequency (u) The number of oscillations produced per second. It is measured in hertz (Hz). The speed of sound wave is given by speed =frequency wavelength. Time period Time taken to complete

one vibration
Wave velocity: Distance travelled in one vibration

Loudness or Softness Terminologies related to sound Pitch

Timber or Quality

Range of Hearing : 20Hz-20KHz less than 20Hz : Infrasonic sound or infra sound More than 20 Hz : Ultrasonic sound or ultra sound Ultrasound : Produced by quartz crystal oscillator High frequency, small wavelength and high energy content

Reflection of sound

Echo

obstacle clap

Sonar

Transmitter

Receiver

echo

sound waves

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