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Offshorable Optics Outernet Overparenting Oversharing Overworking class Password fatigue


Recessionista Road rage Robocall Sandwich generation Screenager Sitcom Slumdog

Something that can be done or produced in another country, especially at reduced costs. The way a situation appears to the general public, or the impression it gives. Traditional media (newpapers, magazines, radio, television) as opposed to the internet. Being excessively protective of one's children in order to guarantee their safety and ensure their success in life. Providing too much information on the Internet (credit card details, personal information, etc.) especially through social network sites. A segment of today's working population where there is a desire or need to work long hours. Being tired of having to remember a large number of passwords for different electronic devises. A blend of the adjective 'fantastic' and the prefix 'quin'. An informal way of referring to a person who is aged fifty or over but remains sexy, smart, energetic and successful, especially someone famous. In August 2011 President Barack Obama will become a quintastic. Popular new term for a person who succeeds in dressing stylishly on a tight budget. Aggressive habits often resulting in violence against other drivers. Commercial telemarketing call which plays a recorded message. A generation of people who care for the needs of their children as well as those of their own elderly parents. A young person or teenager who spends a lot of time in front of the computer screen. Blend of 'situation' and 'comedy'. A drama, on television, based on humorous everyday situations. Very poor, underprivileged person who lives in an overcrowded squalid area of a city called a slum. Blend of 'smoke' and 'flirt' Smoking prohibition laws have led to a new sort of social pastime : 'smirting', smokers getting to know each other when outside on the pavement. The standard system of delivering mail which is very slow in contrast to electronic mail. Stay home and use the internet, phone or other electronic device to communicate with people (social networking, chatting, tweeting, etc.), rather than go out and meet them face to face. The language used by spin doctors, spokes-persons, campaign managers, etc. when trying to present information in a favourable light. A vacation in which you stay at home and relax or visit places close to where you live. Sending text messages to mobile phones which insult or abuse people. Jumping or diving into water from a dangerously high place such as a hotel balcony, a cliff, bridge, wall, roof, etc.


Snail mail


Spinnish Staycation Textual harassment Tombstoning

Trashion Trekkie

Blend of 'trash' and 'fashion'. Fashionable items created from old, used and recycled elements. A fan of the TV science fiction series Star Trek. Marketing strategy which consists in using the social behaviour of certain groups ('tribes') of consumers (e.g. surfers, rappers) to promote a product or service. Very often used by clothing and accessory brands. People who 'tweet' send short messages via the microblogging service Twitter. A user of the Twitter service who is very popular or admired, or with whom other users communicate a lot. Teach an employee new or additional skills. Person who is very interested in watching videos and making recordings, and values high-quality results. Marketing strategy that consists in encouraging people to pass along information to friends, family and colleagues through e-mail messages, blogs, video-sharing, etc., so that the marketing message spreads like a virus. A combination of video, text, images and social streams in an electronic book. Anger or frustration as a result of difficulties or problems encountered when using the Internet. Presentation or seminar conducted over the web. A form of English that is used on the web (use of abbreviations, acronyms, small letters, absence of punctuation and hyphens etc.) Also known as : webspeak, netspeak, internetese. Blend of 'window' and 'gadget'. A small application or tool that can be installed and executed within a web page. Blend of 'winter' and 'festival'. A festival that takes place in winter. The words of a piece of text arranged into a sort of graphic. The more frequent a particular word appears in the text, the bigger its size in the wordle. (Also called 'word cloud' or 'text cloud'.)

Tribal marketing

Tweet Tweetheart Upskill Videophile

Viral marketing

Vook Web rage Webinar Weblish

Widget Winterval


Flame war

Flash mob

A period during which angry or rude email messages are exchanged. A crowd that gathers in a pre-determined place, performs an action then disperses very quickly. The mob is not told exactly what to do until just before the event. A vegetarian who sometimes eats meat or fish A woman who is happy to stay single and independent so that she can do what she wants when she wants. Blend of 'flight' and 'nightmare'. Unpleasant air travel experience (lost luggage, missed connections, etc.) A blend of 'food' and 'memoir'. An account of someone's life or personal experiences, with a strong emphasis on food, often including recipes and cookery advice. A blend of 'fun' and 'unemployed'. Someone who enjoys not having a job because they have more time for leisure and fun activities. A form of energetic step aerobics that mixes exercise and soul music. A pub which, in addition to beer and alcoholic drinks, offers gastronomic cuisine. A new generation of men who see cooking more as a hobby than a household chore, and use their cooking skills to impress friends and potential partners. Blend of 'glamour' and 'camping'. Luxury camping : sleeping in the open but with every comfort including cooking equipment. Going on holiday or vacation with grandparents in order to reduce the cost. Blend of 'guess' and 'estimate'. A rough estimate without any claim of accuracy. A person who manipulates information on the internet in order to transmit a message, usually political. A person, especially a youth, wearing a hooded top. Location in which wireless Internet access is available for example airports, hotels, train stations, etc. Constantly checking and responding to email and text messages. Blend of 'information' and 'entertainment'. Online services connected to information and leisure activities. High-priced designer handbag that is the bag "of the moment", or a "must-have" item.

Flexitarian Freemale



Funemployed/ Funemployment Funkinetics Gastropub



Greycation Guesstimate Hacktivist Hoody or hoodie Hotspot Infomania Infotainment

It bag

It girl


Landline Locavore Mailbomb

A girl who has become a celebrity more through intense media coverage than through any personal achievements (e.g. Paris Hilton). Blend of 'jumbo' and 'umbrella'. Very large umbrella set above tables outdoors at a coffee shop, pub or restaurant. A telephone connected to wires in a fixed location as opposed to a mobile or cell phone. A person who only eats food produced locally. To deliberately try to disrupt another computer system by sending massive amounts of email to it. The idea that merit and individual effort determine ones success rather than wealth or birth. Non-alcoholic drink that looks like a cocktail. A temporary tattoo applied to the nails. Small laptop computer which weighs less than 3 pounds and has a 7 to 10 inch screen. Blend of 'network' and 'etiquette'. Set of rules governing appropriate behaviour and courtesy on the internet. Blend of 'internet' and 'citizen'. A person who spends an excessive amount of time on the internet. A person who continues to work after they have reached the age of retirement. A new member of any group, community, or activity. Someone who rarely or never uses the Internet, usually because they cannot access it. New Google employee. An area where there is slow Internet access or no connection at all. The years between 2000 and 2009 which contain a 'nought' (zero), in the same way as other decades are called the 'thirties', 'sixties', etc .

Meritocracy Mocktail Nail tat Netbook



Nevertiree Newbie Nonliner Noogler Notspot




Alcopop Audiophile



Burkini or Burquini






A blend of 'affluence' and 'influenza'. A social disease resulting from extreme materialism and excessive consumerism: earning more money and consuming more, which can lead to overwork, debt, waste, stress, anxiety, etc. A form of tourism in which tourists stay on farms or in agricultural villages, and often participate in farm activities. Fruit drinks fortified with alcohol, designed and marketed to appeal to young people. Person who loves and collects high-quality audio equipment. Blend of the words 'bag' and 'aggravation'. A feeling of annoyance and frustration at the airport when your baggage has not arrived but the other passengers' bags have. A navigation technique which helps users by displaying a list of links to the pages they have visited when exploring a website e.g. home >>vocabulary>>transport. Blend of 'burqa' and 'bikini' A swimsuit worn by Muslim women which covers the whole body i.e. the arms to the wrist, the legs to the ankle, with a hood to cover the hair and neck. Performing on the streets and other public places, while soliciting donations. Busy urban areas will attract street performers (buskers) who sing, play, juggle, etc Excited interest or attention surrounding, for example, a new invention, a recent event or something that has become fashionable. A new word or expression that is commonly used in specialized work environments or age-groups, and has become fashionable. Terms used in advertising can often convert into buzzwords and become widely used. Completely Automated Public Turing Test To Tell Computers and Humans Apart. A distorted image of letters and numbers used to ensure that a response is not generated by a computer, in order to prevent spamming. Blend of 'car' and 'hijacking' When a car driver is forced to give up his vehicle or drive to a

destination designated by the attacker. Areas on the internet where people can communicate by exchanging typed messages. Books, usually featuring female characters, written by women on contemporary themes and issues that appeal more to women than to men. News collected and reported by ordinary people, especially through the use of blog software. A computing service which enables access to a shared pool of resources (servers, data storage, applications, etc.) over the Internet. For example, users can access and use tools or applications through a web browser without having to install them on their computers. A website that publishes large amounts of lowquality content, or content copied from elsewhere, in order to attract visitors and improve its search-engine rankings. Opposite of copyright. Whereas copyright imposes restrictions on the distribution of a work or publication, copyleft eliminates restrictions and allows freedom of use for all. Very young child who spends a lot of time watching television. (cot = a baby's bed) A person who spends a lot of time sitting in front of the television. A trip or short vacation which lasts only one day daycationers do not stay away overnight. Euphemism for laying-off staff or downsizing a company. Blend of <documentary< font="">'documentary' and 'soap'. (soap opera: sentimental TV serial) A 'docusoap' is a reality television programme in the style of a documentary.</documentary<> Combination of 'drama' and 'comedy'. A film, play or TV programme that mixes drama and comedy. A tune that keeps repeating itself over and over again in our heads. Online recruitment of employees, including online submission of resumes and cover letters. A professional person who works from home and provides services on the internet.


Chick lit

Citizen journalism

Cloud computing

Content farm


Cot potato Couch potato Daycation Decruitment


Dramedy Earworm E-cruitment



E-piracy E-stalk E-waste

A blend of 'emotion' and 'icon'. A symbol, used in email messages, which is made out of punctuation marks and resembles a human face. Electronic piracy Illegal downloading of material found on the internet (films, music, etc.) To stalk (follow) someone using Internet searches and email. Electronic material and devices that have been thrown away. Person who dresses according to the latest fashion trends.


A abide by account for add up advise against agree with aim at allow for answer back

respect or obey. (the law, a decision, a rule) explain, give a reason make sense, seem reasonable recommend not doing something

If you want to stay at this school, you must abide by the rules. I hope you can account for the money you spent! Her story just doesn't add up. The doctor advised him against carrying heavy loads.

I agree with you. I think she deserves the award have the same opinion as somebody else. too. point something in the direction The policeman aimed his gun at the hijacker. of a target take into consideration, You'd better leave early to allow for traffic jams. include in a calculation reply rudely Don't answer back your mother! 1) The organizers appealed to the crowd to stay calm. 2) A trekking holiday doesn't appeal to me. He applied for the job he saw advertised in the newspaper. When the company is privatized, you should avail yourself of the opportunity and buy some shares.

1) plead or make an earnest appeal to request 2) be attractive or interesting make a formal request for apply for something (job, permit, loan etc.) avail take advantage of something (oneself) (an opportunity) of

B back away

move backwards, in fear or dislike

When he saw the dog, he backed away.

back down withdraw, concede defeat

back up

bail out

bank on beef up black out block off

Local authorities backed down on their plans to demolish the building. 1) give support or 1) If I tell the boss we've got too much work, will you back me up? encouragement 2) make a copy of (file, program, 2) It is recommended to back up all files in a etc.) secure location. 1) pay money to secure 1) When he was arrested, his family refused someone's release to bail him out. 2) rescue from financial 2) The government bailed out the bank. difficulties base your hopes on Don't forget the date. I'm banking on your help. someone/something improve, make more substantial faint, lose consciousness Separate using a barrier. He beefed up his presentation with diagrams and statistics. When he fell off the horse he blacked out.

blow up

The area was blocked off during the demonstration. 1) The terrorists said the bomb would blow up at 1) explode; 9 o'clock. 2) be destroyed by an explosion 2) The car blew up but luckily there was nobody in it. The problem boils down to a lack of money.

boil down be summarized as to

boot up break away break down

start a computer by loading an operating system or program. escape from captivity

Just give my a few minutes to boot up the computer. A few horses broke away from the paddock.

1) John's car broke down so he had to take the 1) go out of order, cease to bus. function 2) The parents broke down when they heard the 2) lose control of one's emotions bad news. Burglars broke into the house around midnight. Rioting broke out as a result of the strike. Three prisoners broke out of jail. After her marriage broke up, Emma went to live in London. She stopped working in order to bring up her children. Mary had to brush up on her Spanish before going to South America. Pedro bumped into his English teacher at the supermarket. 1) The fuse has burnt out. 2) Tom will burn himself out if he doesn't slow down. It's rude to butt in on a conversation like that!

break into enter by force break out break out of break up bring up brush up on start suddenly escape from a place by force come to an end (marriage, relationship) raise (a child)

improve, refresh one's knowledge of something meet by accident or bump into unexpectedly 1) stop (something) working burn out 2) become exhausted from overworking butt in (on interrupt impolitely sthg)

C call back call off call on/upon sby calm down carry on

return a phone call cancel formally invite or request become more relaxed, less angry or upset continue 1) do something as specified (a plan, an order, a threat) 2) perform or conduct (test, experiment)

I'll call you back as soon as possible. The meeting was called off because of the strike. I now call upon the President to address the assembly. He was angry at first but he eventually calmed down. He carried on gardening in spite of the rain. 1) The plan was carried out to perfection. 2) Tests are carried out to determine the efficiency of a new drug. As regards holidays, can you carry over any days from one year to the next? For security reasons you have to check in two hours before your flight. 1) Is Mr. Blair still at the hotel? No, he checked out this morning. 2) I don't know if the address is still valid. I'll check it out.

carry out

carry over postpone until later check in register at a hotel or airport

1) pay one's bill and leave (a check out hotel) 2) investigate

clam up clamp down on close down come across come forward come up against conk out count on cross out cut down on cut out

refuse to speak act strictly to prevent something stop operating (company, restaurant, cinema). 1) find by chance 2) appear, seem, make an impression present oneself be faced with or opposed by 1) stop working 2) stop or fall asleep (from exhaustion) rely or depend on (for help) remove by drawing a line through reduce in number or size 1) remove using scissors 2) stop doing something

When the teacher arrived she clammed up. The government has decided to clamp down on smoking in public places. When the factory closed down, the employees lost their jobs. 1) Julie came across some photographs of her grandparents in the attic. 2) The candidate came across as a dynamic person during the interview. The police have asked any witnesses to come forward. The project came up against a lot of criticism. 1) The car conked out on the motorway. 2) He was so exhausted, he conked out in front of the TV. I'm counting on the taxi driver to find the theatre. In some exercises, you are asked to cross out the incorrect word. The doctor told him to cut down on cigarettes. 1) She cut out a picture in a magazine. 2) I'm going to cut out eating between meals.

D deal with die down

handle, take care of (problem, The manager is good at dealing with difficult situation) customers. calm down, become less strong When the applause died down, she started to sing. The shops are closed so we'll have to do without sugar. We expected a short speech but it dragged on and on! An agreement was drawn up and signed by the two parties. 1) Do people dress up to go to the opera in your country? 2) Children love to dress up at Halloween. I sometimes drop in to see my grandparents on my way home from school.

do without manage without drag on draw up dress up drop in drop off drop out last longer than expected write (contract, agreement, document) 1) wear elegant clothes 2) disguise oneself visit, usually on the way somewhere

1) deliver someone or something 1) I'll drop you off at the bus stop if you like. 2) Granddad often drops off in front of the TV. 2) fall asleep leave school without finishing She decided to go to art school then dropped out after the first term.

E ease off

reduce, become less severe or After Christmas the workload generally eases slow down off. (pain, traffic, work)

end in end up even out

finish in a certain way; result in finally reach a state, place or action 1) eliminate differences of opinion. 2) become level or regular

Their marriage ended in divorce. If he continues his misconduct he'll end up in prison. 1) After a long discussion they managed to even out their differences. 2) The road was evened out to make it safer.

fall through figure out fill out find out focus on figure out

fail; doesn't happen understand, find the answer complete (a form/an application) discover or obtain information concentrate on something understand; find a solution

Our planned boat trip fell through because of the storm. I'm trying to figure out how to assemble the bookshelves. Please fill out the enclosed form and return it as soon as possible. I'm going to call the cinema to find out what time the film starts. The advertising campaign will focus on the quality of the product. We'll have to figure out a way to deliver the goods faster.

get along be on good terms; work well (with) with get at get away get by get in get into (+noun) get off get on imply escape manage to cope or to survive enter enter 1) leave (bus, train, plane) 2) remove board (bus, train, plane)

I get along (well) with my mother-in-law. What exactly are you trying to get at? The robbers got away in a black car. It's difficult to get by on a low salary. How did the burglar get in? How did the burglar get into the house? 1) You should get off the bus at Trafalgar Square. 2) She can't get the stain off her sweater. You can pay when you get on the bus. Be quiet and get on with your homework. I get on very well with my colleagues. How did he get out? How did he get out of the house? Some husbands manage to get out of doing any housework.

get on with continue to do; make progress (something) get on (well) with have a good relationship with (somebody) get out leave

get out leave of (+noun) get out of avoid doing something

get over get rid of get together get up give up

recover from (illness, disappointment) eliminate meet each other rise, leave bed stop doing something

My grandmother had pneumonia but she got over it. It's difficult to get rid of old habits. Let's get together for lunch on day. I usually get up at 7 o'clock. Sarah gave up smoking 5 years ago. Pete went through a lot of pain after the accident.

go through experience grow up

spend one's childhood; develop; He grew up in a small village in the mountains. become an adult

H hand in hand out hang out hang up hit at hit back hit on/upon hold on

submit (report, homework) distribute

All application forms must be handed in before the end of the month. Samples will be handed out at the end of the demonstration.

spend time in a particular place, Where does he hang out these days? Who does he hang out with? or with a group of friends end a phone conversation aim a blow at retaliate; reply to an attack find unexpectedly or by inspiration -wait -grip tightly be quick, act speedily "Don't hang up. I haven't finished yet." He hit at the wasp with the newspaper. When he was attacked by the others, the boy hit back. She hit upon an idea for her new collection. - 'Hold on please. I'll put you through to Mr. Brown." - She held on to the railing as she crossed the bridge. Hurry up! We'll miss the bus.

hurry up

I iron out

resolve by discussion, eliminate The meeting tomorrow will be an opportunity to iron out difficulties. differences

J join in


She was too shy to join in the game.

join up

jot down

- John was in the Army and Tom joined up as -engage in, become a member soon as he left school. of - The two groups of tourists joined up at the - meet and unite with hotel. I jotted down the address while watching the take quick notes programme on TV.

K keep on keep up with kick off

continue doing something stay at the same level as someone or something begin, start

It told him to be quiet but he kept on making noise. Bill walks so fast it's difficult to keep up with him. The football match kicked off at 3 o'clock.

L leave out let down look after

omit, not mention disappoint take care of

The child's name was left out of the report. You promised to come to the party, so don't let me down! A babysitter looks after the children when they go out. It's time to forget the past and look ahead. He tends to look down on anyone who is not successful. Billy didn't take part in the fight. He just looked on. Jane went to the shops to look for a pair of shoes.

look ahead think of the future look down consider as inferior on look on look for be a spectator at an event try to find something

look await or anticipate with pleasure I look forward to seeing you soon. forward to look up to admire He was a wonderful teacher and many students looked up to him.

make fun of make up mix up move in move out

laugh at/ make jokes about invent (excuse, story)

The old lady dresses so strangely that the kids make fun of her. Some employees make up excuses when they arrive late for work.

mistake one thing or person for I don't know my neighbours' names yet. I keep mixing them up. another arrive in a new home or office leave your home/office for another one. You've bought a new house? When are you moving in?. My neighbour is leaving. He's moving out next Saturday.

N nod off

fall asleep

My grandfather often nods off in front of the television. I'll call the station and note down the departure times.

note down write something

O opt out own up

leave a system or decide not to I enjoy tennis but I'm so busy I had to opt out of participate the tournament. admit or confess something The boy owned up. He said he kicked the ball through the window.

P pass away die pass out pay back put off put on put out put up pick up point out faint reimburse postpone, arrange a later date turn on, switch on extinguish

The old lady passed away peacefully. She passed out when she heard the bad news. I'll lend you 20 provided you pay me back before the end of the week. The meeting was put off because of the strike. Could you put on the light please? It took a long time to put out the fire.

accommodate, give somebody a We can put you up if you'd like to come for a bed week-end. collect somebody indicate/direct attention to something I'll pick you up at the station when you arrive. She pointed out the mistake.

R rely on rule out run away run into

count on, depend on, trust eliminate

Don't worry. You can rely on me. I can keep a secret. The police ruled out political motives.

escape from a place or suddenly He ran away from home at the age of fourteen. leave meet by accident or unexpectedly (also: bump into) Sophie ran into Maria at the shopping centre. What a nuisance! We've run out of coffee.

run out of have no more of something.

S set off set up shop around show off show up

start a journey; start a business compare prices brag or want to be admired appear/arrive

Early Saturday morning we set off for the ski slopes . She set up her own company 10 years ago. It's always wise to shop around before buying anything. There's David showing off in his new sports car! We expected David to come but he didn't show up. Oh shut up, you idiot!

shut up be silent, stop talking (impolite)

sit down stand up stick up for

take a seat rise from a sitting position defend

Please come in and sit down. The pupils stood up when the headmaster arrived. It's important to stick up for one's principles.

T take after take care of take off take on take out tell off

resemble, in appearance or character look after leave the ground hire or engage staff remove; extract reprimand/criticize severely

Jamie really takes after his dad. I'll take care of your plants while you're away. The plane took off at 6 a.m. Business is good so the company is taking on extra staff. She took out a pen to note the address. The teacher told her off for not doing her homework. I'll have to think over the proposal before I decide.

think over consider try on

wear something to see if it suits I'm not sure about the size. Can I try it on? or fits I couldn't turn down an offer like that!

turn down refuse

U use up

finish a product (so that there's none left)

The kids have used up all the toothpaste.

V vouch for

express confidence in, or guarantee something

You can give the keys to Andy. I can vouch for him.

W watch out be careful wear out work out wipe off 1) become unusable 2) become very tired 1) do physical exercise 2) find a solution or calculate something clean (board, table).

Watch out! There's a car coming. 1) Julie wore out her shoes visiting the city. 2) At the end of the day Julie was worn out. 1) I work out twice a week at the gym club. 2) It's expensive but I haven't worked out the exact cost yet. The teacher asked Lee to wipe off the board.