Inventions By Edison By:Haleigh Krantz I wrote this essay on three inventions Thomas Alva Edison created.

The Motion Picture Camera,The Phonograph, and Waxed Paper. All of these are brilliant in their own way. Waxed paper is useful for cooking adn Edison created an efficient way to make it. And what would be do without cameras and films? Then we have the phonograph which was basically an early stereo or CD player. Here is the history of these three apparatus' . The first machine patented in the United States that showed animated pictures or movies was a device called the "wheel of life" or "zoopraxiscope". Patented in 1867 by William Lincoln, moving drawings or photographs were watched through a slit in the zoopraxiscope. However, this was a far cry from motion pictures as we know them today. Modern motion picture making began with the invention of the motion picture camera. The Motion Picture Camera takes a rapid series of photographs on a strip of film,once developed it can be projected as a motion picture.Human eyes and brain merge the separate pictures together to generate the illusion,this is called the "persistence of vision".Basically,when the shutter is open, the film is illuminated. When it is completely covering the film gate, the film is being moved one frame further by one or two claws which advance the film by pulling it through the holes.One of the "Downfalls" is that most film cameras do not record sound internally; instead, the sound is captured separately by a precision audio device. The earliest known invention of a phonographic recording device was the phonautograph, invented by Frenchman �douard-L�on Scott de Martinville and patented on March 25, 1857. It could transcribe sound to a visible medium, but had no means to play back the sound after it was recorded. Seems kinda useless doesn't it? The device consisted of a horn or barrel that focused sound waves onto a membrane to which a hog's bristle was attached, causing the bristle to move and enabling it to inscribe a visual medium. Initially, the phonautograph made recordings onto a lamp-blackened glass plate. Thomas Edison announced his invention of the first phonograph, a device for recording AND replaying sound, on November 21, 1877 and he demonstrated the device for the first time on November 29 . Edison's early phonographs recorded onto a tinfoil sheet phonograph cylinder using an up-down ("hill-and-dale") motion of the stylus. The tinfoil sheet was wrapped around a grooved cylinder, and the sound was recorded as indentations into the foil. Edison's early patents show that he also considered the idea that sound could be recorded as a spiral onto a disc, but Edison concentrated his efforts on cylinders, since the groove on the outside of a rotating cylinder provides a constant velocity to the stylus in the groove, which Edison considered more "scientifically correct". Wax paper (also called waxed paper) is a kind of paper that is made moisture proof through the application of wax. The practice of oiling paper in order to make it semi-translucent or moistureproof goes back at least to medieval times. Thomas Edison claimed to have invented wax paper in 1872, but what he really invented was a cheap and efficient means to manufacture such paper. Wax paper is commonly used in cooking, for its non-stick properties, and wrapping food for storage, as it keeps water out or in. It is also used in arts and crafts. Another use of wax paper is to apply wax to objects. By rubbing the wax paper on an object the wax will rub off the paper and onto the object. This is useful for adding a slight polish or to reduce friction. As you can see,Inventions in the 1800's were amazing. Opening the door for

future inventors to improve on and perfect these devices.

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