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National Science Foundation
Eighth Annual Report for the
Fiscul Year Ended Jzlne 30, 1958

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WASHINGTON, D. C., January 15, 1959. MY DEAR MR. PRESIDENT: I have the honor to transmit herewith the Annual Report for Fiscal Year 1958 of the National Science Foundation for submission to the Congress as required by the National Science Foundation Act of 1950. Respectfully, ALAN T. WATERMAN, Director, National Science Foundation. The Honorable The President of the United States.


Letter of Transmittal .................... The Chairman’s Foreword ................. The Director’s Statement .................. THE YEAR OF THE EARTH SATELLITES-THE

ii vii ix 1 3 5 6 7 8 10 10 11 15 25 27 27 27 36 41 43 46 47 49 51 54 57 67 70 70 72 74

Quality of the Nation’s Scientific Effort ........... Condition of American Education .............. President Eisenhower Alerts the Nation ............ Increased Support for Science by the Federal Government .... Federal Activity in the Field of Education ........... Recommendations of the Scientific Community ......... What Remains To Be Done ................. Basic Research-A National Resource ............ A PHOTOGRAPHICSAMPLINGOFFOUNDATION-SUPPORTEDACTIVITIES.

Support of Basic Research in the Sciences ........... Research Programs ................... Division of Biological and Medical Sciences. ...... Division of Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering ..................... Sciences Social Science Research Program ........... Scientific Conferences and Symposia ........... Research-Related Activities ............... Fiscal Analysis of Research Programs ........... Training and Education in the Sciences ............ Fellowships Program .................. Institutes Program ................... Special Projects in Science Education Program ....... Scientific Manpower Program .............. Exchange of Scientific Information .............. Research on Scientific Information ............. Publications and Information Services ........... Government Research Information ............

Exchange of Scientific Information-Continued
Foreign Science Information ............... Special Scientific Exhibits ................ Surveys of the National Research and Development Effort .... Government ...................... Colleges and Universities and Other Nonprofit Institutions . . ....................... Industry. Overall Data. ..................... Conference on Research and Development and its Impact on .................... the Economy. The International Geophysical Year .............

75 77 78 79 82 85 88



World Data Centers ................... Antarctic Operations .................. Earth Satellite ..................... Results of First 12 Months of Observations ...................... Conclusion


92 92 93 95 96 98 103

A. National

Science Board,



and Advisory 107 116 118 148 162 166 166 181 182 186 186 186 187 189 190 193 201 204 207

Panels. ....................... B. Financial Report for Fiscal Year 1958 ...........
C. D. E. F. Grants for Basic Research. ................ Grants Other Than Research ............... Grants for the International Geophysical Year Program .... Fellowship Awards. ................... Name, Residence, and Field of Study of Individuals Awarded NSF Fellowships. ................... Institutions Chosen by NSF Predoctoral Fellows ....... Present or Most Recent Institutional Affiliation of Individuals Offered NSF Postdoctoral and Science Faculty Fellowships. . G. Publications Resulting From Research Grants and Fellowships . Division of Biological and Medical Sciences. ....... ............ Developmental Biology .. Environmental Biology .............. Genetic Biology ................. Metabolic Biology ................ Molecular Biology ................ Psychobiology .................. Regulatory Biology. ............... Systematic Biology ................ Division of Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering : ................ Sciences .... Astronomy. ................... ................... Chemistry.


G. Publications Resulting From Research Grants and Feiiowships-Continued
Physical, and of Mathematical, Scienc~Continued Earth Sciences . . . . . . . . . . . . Engineering Sciences . . . . . . . . . Mathematical Sciences. . . . . . . . . Physics . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . Rubber Research . . . . . . . . . . . Conferences and General. . . . . . . . Social Sciences Research Program. . . . . . Office of Scientific Information. . . . . . . Division of Scientific Personnel and Education 1958). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Division of Scientific Personnel and Education 1952-57) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H. Publications of the National Science Foundation. Division Engineering

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Fellowships, . . . . . . (Fellowships, . . . . . . . . . . . . 219

222 224 227 228 228 228 229 232 244



Throughout this year there has been much discussion of the significance and quality of scientific research and education in our country. This has led some to recognize that a vigorous, wholesome national life requires more widespread respect for intellectual effort; they have advocated the need and satisfactions of hard mental work. But many have laid the blame for present shortcomings on unrespected, poorly supported teachers and investigators or have sought to satisfy their responsibility for the future of our country by merely advocating greater expenditures for scientific facilities and some for teachers. More adequate financial support for science is of course essential if scienceis to flourish as a basic element of our national culture; it is needed to insure the well being of our people and their security against foreign aggression. The financial support provided is no lessimportant as a measure of the value the citizens and government of our country place on science. There have been buoyant times when Americans have been encouraged to believe they could do all things. That is a pleasOne determinant of a nation’s ant delusion of immaturity. greatnessis its courage to choose between the important and the less important. A nation achieves greatness by determined devotion to the things that matter most as it sacrifices the unessential. During debates on how much our Federal, State, and municipal governments can afford to spend on scientific teaching and research, it is well to remember that the sums provided in the debated budgets represent human effort. How much of the life of the citizens of our country will be devoted to training the minds of our youth, to the discovery of new knowledge and its applications, and to the welfare of mankind depends on the will and wisdom of the people and their elected representatives in

government. If the trivial and unimportant are chosen, there will be less for ennobling, creative efforts. These are matters which have concerned the National Science
Board as they have endeavored to shape the National Science Foundation into an institution for building a better way of life. Our responsibilities far exceed the disbursement of Federal funds and the formulation of Federal programs and policies affecting science. We have the unavoidable opportunity to use our funds and functions as means for encouraging, by example and assistance, countless people and institutions to devote more of their material and intellectual efforts to science. We can thus further science as one of the great adventures of the human mind. But science is only one of those adventures on the frontiers of the mind and spirit. Science and technology have released great powers for the vast development of a material civilization. Only if scientists vigorously foster the spiritual as well as the material values of science will scientific progress make possible a life that ennobles man and is rewarding. DETLEV W. BRONK,
Chairman, National Science Board.


Now that a year has elapsed since this country was dramatically brought face to face with the need for critical exami.nation of its national effort in science and technology, it is appropriate to consider our progress and to gauge the follovdnough of the President’s stirring and realistic messagesto the country during November 1957. In particular, attention was directed to the urgent need for developing to the fullest our capabilities in science and engineering research and our education and training in science and engineering. Some notable progress has been made and some major accomplishments undertaken. The President’s appointment of a Special Assistant for Science and Technology, backed by a distinguished Science Advisory Committee, has been widely acclaimed. The National Defense Education Act constitutes a forward-looking move to assistin the improvement of our system of education. Steps were taken to increase Federal support of basic research, and plans have materialized in the formation of a new agency, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, to deal with the urgent problem of space research and exploration. Military research and technology have received increased emphasis in keeping with current national defense goals. The President has proposed plans for reorganization of the Department of Defense designed to improve materially the effectivenessof our military potential. The Government has taken these constructive steps. It is now fair to ask: are these enough? Are we as a nation proceeding forthrightly to accomplish what is necessary for maximum progress in science and technology, and for the improvement in the education and training of our young people? Furthermore, Ix

are we acting with the promptness which the situation demands? Or is there evidence that, as a rebound from our intense interest of a year ago, we are in danger of again becoming complacent? As a single illustration, one need only compare the reaction of the public to the launching of the first sputnik with that manifested at the third launching in May. The answer is that we have only made a beginning; the major job is still to be done. In the field of education, there seemsto be no immediate prospect of adequate salaries for school teachers, of adequate school buildings and facilities, nor of adequate incentives for recruiting the numbers of competent teachers we shall require. Congress shows caution about taking action, as do most of the States; the scientific and educational societies lack funds; and local attempts outside of a few wealthy suburban communities have come up against the realization that adequate funds are not available for the purpose until something is done about taxes. As for the support of scientific research, it is generally recognized that the modem dependence of a country upon its technology requires thorough attention to its progress in science, The key to the latter lies in the support of basic research. Forward thinking and plans for dealing with important areas of research have not as yet shown indication of full realization in budget terms. The immediacy here lies in insuring the health and strength of science and engineering in the graduate schools of our colleges and universities, which constitute the stronghold for basic research and for the advanced training of scientists and engineers. The pressing problem for science and engineering in universities is to secure modem laboratories and research equipment, including rather costly equipment for the larger institutions, and to provide for large capital research facilities to be used nationally or at regional centers. In the interest of training future scientists, needs extend to undergraduate laboratories and demonstration equipment. Not to be forgotten are the fundamental needs of our colleges and universities for funds freely usable for maintenance and operation; these are the most difficult of all to secure. In the meantime, the evidence from other countries and notaX

My the U. S. S. R shows a determination and a national, spirit on the part of the people tihich seems to be relatively absent from the American scene. The recent educational group which
went to the U. S. S. R. with the Commissioner of Education, and likewise the group of university presidents, came away with the conviction that the Russian people see their way clear to world leadership in science and technology. They are apparently dedicated to this-not in the senseof military competition, but rather of achieving world supremacy without the need of military domination. Among other nations, we shall ultimately have to reckon with the genius for organization and the industry of the German people, the industry and learning ability of the Japanese and the industry and potentialities of the Chinese. As a nation we appear to forget that we live in a competitive world and shall continue to do so. It seems abundantly clear that we shall rapidly lose in competition, unless we can show more determined and constructive efforts than we have during the past years. It is clear that successin the requisite effort depends fundamentally upon the understanding of the problem by our people and our determination to achieve these goals. Under our democratic system, no segment of Government, whether Federal, State, or local, can succeed in securing necessary action programs or funds to carry them out unless our citizens understand, actively endorse, and indeed participate in the steps that need to be taken. In short, the wholehearted cooperation of the people of the country is necessaryto achieve the goals which the President has pointed out so clearly. Most important here is a realization that this is not a single emergency but a continuIn this modem world there ing-possibly a permanent-one. can be no relaxation of a determination to compete SUCWSSfully and continuously. Admittedly these questions are complicated by several issues: (a) the need and extent to which the Federal Government should take action and provide funds for education and for educational institutions in the face of a traditional policy of leaving such matters to State and local authorities; (b) the development of our full capabilities for national security and world competiXI


tion without jeopardizing our economy; (c) the realization of national goals while maintaining individual initiative and achievement of individual wants and ambitions; (d) attainment of full development of individual talents and aptitudes while dealing satisfactorily with the demands for education for all. While these questions are important and should be resolved, we dare not allow these to becloud the main issue-we must progress in our science and technology and in the education and training of our citizens with all the effectiveness and thoroughnesswe can muster. We cannot afford to delay in arguments as to how we do them. During the past year the recession has brought us face to face with one of our most serious difficulties, namely, how we can develop our full capabilities and still remain financially solventin other words, how to provide for the increasingly costly technological developments necessary for national security without endangering the Nation’s economy. A grave danger here is that, for reasons of economy, we fall short of developing our capabilities in science and technology. We can only insure the possibdity of full protection of national security by giving every encouragement to scientific research (as contrasted with development and production). It is only in this way that we can achieve the ideas and the breakthroughs which promise clear superiority; it is only in this way we can insure that the developments we undertake are modem and up-todate in every detail. The results of such research, in competent hands, are never without value. Even when no breakthroughs appear, the total effort always brings a possible breakthrough closer. It should be noted that the costs of research are very small as compared with those of development. Only about four percent of national funds for research and development go into basic research. As history amply records, the most epoch-making scientific discoveries have come from basic research. But basic research, being exploration into the unknown by its very nature cannot predict exactly where these breakthroughs will occur. ThereXII

fore, comprehensive support of &search has to be undertaken in
order to overlook no opportunities. This should be regarded as an investment, the precise spots where high returns occur being unknown in advance. With full support of research, both basic and applied, we then have full exploitation of the potentialities for development and production. Incidentally, by the support of basic research we gain as an important byproduct the advanced training of young scientists. It is worth noting that during the hard times of the 1930’s forward-looking technical industries increased their research efforts and this policy paid off. Then, in order to protect the national economy, the important point is to exercise extreme care beforehand in planning for the costly development and the production which can emerge from among the possibilities identified by research, By careful selection of the developments and undertakings which have most promise and the highest priority, we contribute in considerable measure to the protection of a balanced national budget.
What has just been said in the area of science and technology seems capable of extension to our planning as a nation.. The

question is whether even under the most favorable circumstances our economy is prepared to cope with the costs in effort and money required for the increasingly many and varied opportunities that lie before us. Speaking literally, this has never been possible. The new factor which has been entering the picture by degrees and is now prominent is that as a nation we shall have to pay even greater attention to our objectives and to the priorities among them. This point is brought into sharp focus in connection with our present subject . There is an apparent lack of realization and determination on the part of our citizens to advance progress in education and in science. Without this realization and determination it is not possible to act with the promptness which is required. Although the facts have received much publicity and should be pretty generally known, it becomes increasingly clear that these do not at present appear truly to be national objectives, as understood by the people.

Perhaps what is missing is a’clear conception on the part of our citizens of what our objectives are as a nation and more importantly how we can achieve them, and most important of all, what each citizen’s responsibility is in cooperating. There would probably be found general agreement on our traditional objective of peace and prosperity-“the pursuit of happiness.” However, we do not seem to understand that it will be impossible to maintain our own prosperity and world peace unlesswe do and do promptly the things necessary to compete in a modem world. What is meant by this? Simply to develop our capabilities, both individually and collectively, to the fullest and then, in order to maintain a sound economy, identify and select the areas of endeavor which should engage our fullest attention in terms of money and effort. In science we should put maximum emphasis upon the relatively modest needs of basic research in order to learn all the possibilities of progress in technology and then choose carefully the fields for development that require large capital sums. To be sure, a preliminary responsibility lies with the Federal Government to take the lead in the solution of these problems, but to provide full solution requires the understanding and the cooperation of all citizens. The responsibility of the Federal Government then is: (a) to insure that the problem is entirely understood by the people; (b) to provide direct support according to carefully devised plans; (c) to consider seriously ways and means of increasing substantially funds from other sources. The responsibility of the people is first to give these problems their careful attention and, second, to determine, as their Government has to do, the degree to which they can contribute by thought, action, and money to our national goals as well as to the satisfaction of their personal needs and desires. In other words, each citizen should be fully and continuously aware of his active responsibilities to the Nation and to its primary goals, in time of peace aswell as war, and be prepared to make whatever sacrifices may be necessaryto achieve them. Whether our primary objective as a nation is to deter our enemies, to sustain the Free World’s leader&sip, to extend a helping hand to underdeveloped nations or merely to maintain

our peace and prosperity at home, the first essential is a real determination to achieve better education, better science-and technology and, above all, the development of quality in all fields-quality in training and quality in performance. Unless we can succeed in accomplishing these things we can maintain neither our national objectives nor the personal objectives of our people.


Director, Nationat Science Foundation.




The Year

OF the

Earth Satellites







Because of the manmade satellites now circling the earth, United States citizens recognize-perhaps with more clarity than ever before the importance of science and its contribution to their welfare and security. The achievement which brought this about was the launching of the first satellite by the Soviets in October 1957, a feat of astonishing engineering prowess. Later launchings by both the United States and the U. S. S. R. culminated a period of increasing attention in the public press to scientific and technical accomplishments, including the harnessing of nuclear energy for power as well as weapons purposes and the worldwide exploration of the universe represented by the International Geophysical Year, of which the satellites are a part. With increased awareness of the vital role of science also came the realization of the high state of Soviet science in many fields, a fact known and reported by United States scientists for many years. To the American public, however, the first launching became a symbol of competition between Russian and American science, and a sign that we.-had “lost” a “scientific race.” To the extent that the symbol became identified with such a “race, ” it was erroneous and destructive--we did not think of the undertaking in these terms, but regarded it as a part of a cooperative international scientific undertaking, the International Geophysical Year. But to the extent that the symbol called attention to certain marked deficiencies in the environment in which our scientists operate, and pointed up the need for improvements in our scientific education and strengthening of our basic research, it was accurate and useful.


of the Nation’s



The critical self-examination that followed showed that, in point of fact, United States science has during recent years been of the highest

In general, our accomplishments in research have been second to none, and United States scientists as a group have. continued to raiik high in the estimation of their colleagues throughout the world. It was pointed out, for example, that from 1943 to 1956, United States scientists received 34 of the 67 Nobel Prizes awarded in physics, chemistry, and medicine and physiology. This evaluation of domestic science also showed that the Nation has not been wholly unaware of the needs of its scientists. The growing proportion of Soviet young people being trained as scientists and engineers, as contrasted with our own, had received much publicity, as had the comparatively higher position with respect both to salaries and public esteem which is enjoyed by scientists in the U. S. S. R. Expenditures for research and development have been steadily increased by industry, by the Government, and by educational and nonprofit institutions of many types, although by far the greatest percentage of these expenditures is devoted to developmental work and applications engineering, rather than basic research. Establishment of the National Science Foundation in 1950 had been a major step in the attempt to correct the imbalance in this country insofar as the position of basic research was concerned. Public discussions following the satellite launchings brought out once again the fact that Americans customarily think of science in terms of applied work, or engineering, despite the highly significant accomplishments of research workers in the areas of fundamental investigation. Nevertheless, the connection between basic and applied research, and the degree of dependence of the latter upon the former, has become increasingly clear during the past year. In addition, the continuing reduction of the “technological lag” -the time elapsing between publication of the results of fundamental research and utilization of those results in specific engineering applications-has become more apparent. Finally, interest in the satellites and the inquiry into the status of science which they stimulated also brought to United States citizens a realization of the interrelationships of science and scientists throughout the world. Our rate of scientific progress is appreciably increased when the achievements of foreign scientists are made available to us. Similarly, the achievements of American scientists help scientists of other countries-to move on to new research, the results of which are again available to our scientists as to all others. Scientific literature is circulating more freely and more translations are becoming available. International scientific conferences are increasingly benefiting from the


participation of scientists from more and more count&~, ineluding those behind the Iron Curtain. The U. S. S. R., for example, is m.+intain;ng one of the three world data centers of the International Geophysical Year and has taken an active and cooperative part in many other IGY programs. Despite the continuing difliculty which marks political relations between the United States and the Soviet Union, scientific rclationships have improved substantially. If this interchange can continue, the world may well anticipate a measurably faster rate of scientific development in the future. The economy, health, and general welfare of mankind benefit from such international exchange of scientific accomplishment. Condition of American Education

Review of the United States position which followed the launchings also necessarily included an analysis of the educational system which must produce. the well-informed and highly competent men of science and public affairs required if our Nation is to retain its position of responsibility and leadership in world affairs. Although yesterday’s less exacting requirements for trained manpower were satisfied by the graduates of our schools and colleges, thoughtful observers raised serious questions about the quality of today’s educational system and its ability to meet tomorrow’s increasing demands for thoroughly trained men and women. Quality in the Nation’s schools was observed to be what the community and its citizens made it. So long as students disdained difficult studies in English, foreign languages, science, and mathematics; so long as they were supported by parents who derogated learning and culture with contemptuous references to eggheads and longhairs; so long as citizens were reluctant to continue to vote the increased taxes needed to provide well-equipped schools and well-paid teachers-then so long did the quality of the educational system jog along over an improvised and bumpy road. In the years immediately ahead, schools and colleges will be deluged with applicants representing the generation born in the postwar period. They will be greeted (by overworked and underpaid teachers, too hard-pressed to withstand the ‘burden of trying to maintain high scholastic standards while, at the same time, trying to satisfy the demands of an age which requires that high-ability students be provided the training to which their talents entitle them. For the National Science Foundation, policy lines were clear-un5

equivocally, ‘the Foundation progmm~ wese coflcerncd witi improving science education, a prerequisite for raising the quality of scientific manpower. As st result, so coveted have become Foundation fellowships ,for men and women pursuing science training into the doctoral area that most candidates given honorable-mention ratings have asked that their names be publicized with the announced winners of fellowshipssecure in the knowledge that other sources of support would regard them more favorably because of the acknowledged severity of standards apSimilarly, Foundation-supported institutes plied by the Foundation. (summer, academic-year, and in-service) for high school and college teachers of science and mathematics have won nationwide acclaim for their role in improving competence in subject matter training. Finally, the Foundation’s support of curriculum-improvement studies in high school physics and mathematics (with plans for similar studies in chemistry and biology) promises to point the way to measurably improved quality of course content in several fields of science, focused as these studies are on fundamental, not filigreed, science instruction. Complementing these progr+m.s of the National Science Foundation, which made a resolute attack on the science-manpower problem, were very substantial efforts extended by several private organizations. Groups such as the Ford Foundation and the Rockefeller Foundation supported broad-based programs designed to improve education in the United States; and the National Merit Scholarship program to recognize exceptional achievement at the high school level did much to publicize the need for high intellectual attainment, through the award of college scholarships. All in all, however, these efforts were confined largely to groups already aware of the problem. At the time of the satellite launchings, citizens generally had not become genuinely concerned with the pressing’problem of identifying and training prospective scientists. With Sputnik in orbit, however, the Federal Government took quick action to improve the status of science and education in the United States.



Alerts the Nation

In November of 1957, President Eisenhower made two major addressesto the Nation- “Science in National Security” and “Our Future Security”- in which he focused attention on the importance of science and technology to our security and of our failure to give high enough priority to scientific education and to the place of science in our national 6

life. He noted, as we& our failure to give priority, both public and private, to basic research, At de same time, the President appointed Dr. James R. Killian, Jr., President of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, as Special Assistant to the President for Science and Technology. A staff of scientific experts was also named as the President’s Science Advisory Committee to work with Dr. Killian to provide the President with the very best advice the scientific community could supply. Soon thereafter, in recognition of the impact of science on international policy and international policy on science, Dr. Wallace R. Brode was appointed Science Adviser to the Secretary of State. Dr. Brode is directing a reinvigorated program for sending science attach& to our embassies in those countries most scientifically advanced, to collect information and to advise our ambassadok on scientific matters.



for Science by the Federal Government

In recognition of the importance of science and the vital interest of this country in space exploration, the Congress established special standing committees- in the House of Representatives, the Committee on Science and Astronautics; and in the Senate, the Committee on Astronautic and Space Sciences. These committees will permit far more effective congressional consideration of the increasing number of problems in these areas. Actions taken by the Federal Government through the executive and legislative branches to improve our scientific position include : 1. Increased Research Appropriations.-Increased funds for research were given to the National Science Foundation for its basic research programs, to the Public Health Service for its programs of medical research, to the Atomic Energy Commission for its programs in atomic research, and to the Department of Defense. 2. Establishment of a Space Agency.-A major legislative achievement was the creation of an independent Federal agency to direct aeronautical and space research and activities, including the develop ment and use of aeronautical and space vehicles. This agency has been designated as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Space activities will be coordinated and policy set at the highest level by the Aeronautics and Space Council composed of the President, the Secretaries of State and Defense, the Administrator of the NASA, the 7

Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, and a maximum of one additional Government and three additional non-Government members. Noteworthy as well is House Concurrent Resolution 332, expressing the sense of Congress that the United States should strive for international agreements banning the use of outer space for military purposes and providing for joint exploration of outer space and the amicable settlement of international disputes arising therefrom. 3. Improved Working Conditions for Government Scientific Programs.-Strengthening the Federal Government’s own research effort was another considerable achievement. Physical scientists and engineers employed by the Government were given salary increases. Recruitment for junior scientific and technical positions was authorized at a higher salary level. Scientific and engineering personnel were made eligible to receive further training and education at Government expense. Newly appointed scientists and engineers traveling to their first post of duty now receive travel expenses not heretofore granted. 4. High-level Coordination of Research and Engineering Activities in the Department of Defense. -The position of Director of Research and Engineering was established within the Department of Defense, with rank above the Assistant Secretaries of Defense and power to manage projects of interservice character without the necessity of following the military chain of command of any of the services. Furthermore, the Department of Defense issued a significant directive stressing the importance of basic research. 5. Other Legislative Actions.-(a) The National Science Foundation was directed to begin a program of study, research, and evaluation in the field of weather modification; (b) Federal agencies were authorized to use certain foreign funds, acquired by this country in connecuon with agriculture surplus programs, for scientific activities overseas’ including collection and translation of foreign science literature; and (c) authorization to make grants, as well as contracts, was provided for Federal agencies engaged in contracting for basic research by educational and other nonprofit institutions. These agencies were also‘enabled to vest, with the institution, title to equipment procured from research funds.

Federal Activity

in the Field of Education

1. Preside&s Special Education Message to the Congress.-In January 1958, President Eisenhower forwarded to Congress’s special educa8

tion message containing recommendation for “certain emergency Federal actions to encourage and assist greater eEort in specific areas of national concern.” He said, “Because of the growing importance of science and technology, we must necessarily give special-but by no means exclusive-attention to education in science and engineering.” He recommended a fivefold increase in the appropriation for the scientific education activities of the National Science Foundation because they are regarded “as among the most significant contributions currently being made to the improvement of science education in the United States.” Also submitted were recommendations for additional temporary Federal programs to strengthen general education and to strengthen science education in our State and local school systems. These programs were to be conducted by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. 2. Congressional Response.- Probably the first action taken to improve existing conditions was the early passage of a supplemental ap propriation to the National Science Foundation of approximately $9 million permitting immediate expansion of existing programs designed to improve science education. This included the award of additional fellowships and attendance of additional high school science teachers at summer institutes. The 1959 appropriation for National Science Foundation educational programs was increased more than 300 percent to approximately $60 million, thus allowing wide expansion of existing programs and the initiation of new programs. However, the principal congressional action in the field of education was the National Defense Education Act of 1958, which constituted the first general Federal aid-to-education legislation since the Morrell Act of 1862. At the same time the act reaffirmed the principle that State and local communities have primary educational responsibility including that for supporting science and language study and for encouraging high academic standards as being in the national interest. This act provided, among other things, for loans to students to enable them to attend college; for the award of graduate felIowships; for matching grants to the States for guidance and counseling activities in the high school and for vocational programs for training highly skilled technicians requiring scientific knowledge; and for contracts with colleges for conducting foreign language institutes for elementary and secondary schoolteachers. Major administrative responsibility for 9

carrying out the provisions of this &atute wm assigned to the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. The act aiso created a !Science Informqtion Service in the National Science Foundation to develop new and improved methods for making scientific information more readily available, thus endorsing a recommendation of the President’s Science Advisory Committee. In this way, Congress emphasized the importance of the information programs presently being carried on by the Foundation pursuant to the 1950 act establishing the Foundation.


of the Scientific Community

In March of 1958, the American Association for the Advancement of Science convened a Parliament of Science of more than 100 prominent scientists and public leaders. One of their key conclusions was that Government support of scientific research should not be centralized in a single Department of Science. Among their other conclusions were: 1. Optimal progress in science requires increased support for basic research. 2. As funds for support of science increase, plans and procedures for administering the national scientific effort become increasingly important and national scientific policy bears closer scrutiny. 3. Scientists must have maximum freedom to communicate with each other and with the public in order that science may progress most effectively and may be most widely used for improving human welfare. 4. As citizens, scientists must ponder the social consequences of their findings and must inform the public of the consequences they foresee. 5. The primary goal of education is the intellectual development of the individual.

What Remains To Be Done In his Oklahoma address of November 14, 1957, on “Our Future Security,” President Eisenhower not only stressed the importance of insuring high-quality instruction in science and engineering and the early identification and encouragement of science and engineering students, but he also emphasized the “long-term concern for even greater concentration on basic research-the kind that unlocks the secrets of

nature and prepam the way for such great breakthmugbs a~ atomic Won, eIectmnics, and antibiotics.“*
While pointing out the fact that “at present our basic research, compared with any other country’s, is corsiderably greater in quantity and certainly equal in quality,” he warned of the “fast rate of increase of the Soviet effort and their obvious determination to concentrate heavily on basic research. The world will witness future discoveries even more startling than that of nuclear fission. The question is: Will we be the ones to make them?”

Basic Research-A



One month before the President’s Oklahoma address, the Director of the National Science Foundation, on October 15, 1957, transmitted to the President the report of the Foundation, Basic Research-A National Resource. In his letter of transmittal, the Director said : The report will, I believe, be informative and should prove heIp ful toward bringing about a fuller understanding concerning the desirabIe baIance between applications of science to defense, health, and the economy on the one hand, and basic research activity-the “defense in depth” for our whole technology--on the other. This report contained recommendations designed to improve the status of fundamental research in the United Stat-recommendations of far-reaching nature which warrant reemphasis here. Briefly, they are : I. Government agencies should significantly increase the support of basic research (including facilities) and of training for research, as well as ensuring that support is rendered on a continuing stable basis. 2. State Governments, with Federal assistance, should increase their support of basic research and of graduate education at State universities. 3. Federal grants and contracts for research and research training should continue to carry a minimum of restrictions on the freedom of the scientist and of his institution. 4. Methods should be devised for increasing philanthropic gifts for basic research, with no restrictions as to their use. 5. Industry should be encouraged to conduct more basic research in its own laboratories. 6. Scientists working for industry should be encouraged, both by their firms and by scientific journals, to publish their research. 7. Gloser and better relationships should be developed between mem-


bers of-Congress and scientists, in view of their respective responsibilities to each other and to the American people. Implicit in tliese recommendations is the strongly held conviction of the .scientific community and of the National Science Foundation that the Federal Government must not exercise centralized control over science. Increased Federal support does not carry with it the license to direct the research, or to set the policies, scientific or otherwise, of the institutions receiving support. Each needs the other, but they .must remain separate. Otherwise, our research institutions and our scientists might well begin to feel an erosion of the intellectual freedom which is their bulwark and our shield. For the educational and sociological barriers which are today set in the way of science, we cannot substitute legislative and administrative chains because, as we are finding out, limitations upon our scientists are limitations upon all of us. It is important to understand the reasons for this policy. The first is that intellectual freedom is a cardinal principle of democracy. The second, related to and underlying the first, is that intellectual freedom constitutes the great strength of a true democracy, Creativeness, originality, and accomplishment are at a maximum when left to individual initiative and enthusiasm. The goal of our scientific effort and indeed all our efforts must be quality-quality in native ability, quality in training, and quality in performance. Quality in native ability we have in abundance, latent among our youth, from all walks of life. But we must identify these young people early, give them every encouragement and opportunity to develop their aptitudes to the fullest, whatever these may be, for their own future and for the future of our society. Quality in training for these young people we must insist upon. This means superior teaching and superior teachers, together with the equipment and materials they should have. Quality in performance in science and technology requires that we push forward the frontiers of science with all the vigor at our command. This means full support, both financial and moral, to our competent basic research scientists and engineers for their needs. This includes the construction of essential though costly capital installations, such as those required for nuclear physics, astronomy, oceanography, and the exploration of outer space. The role of the Federal Government then is to encourage and assist efforts such as these. There is a final ingredient, however, without which effective results cannot be achieved, namely an understanding 12

and a determination on the part of our people to achieve them, and a pride in intekctual, as well as material accomplishment. When all is said and done, in the modern competitive world as in the past, it ia the determination and perseverance of a people toward its national goals and toward international cooperation which alone can bring about realization of the hopes of mankind.











RESEARCH liquid-fuel research rocket is shown Canada. being It carries fired at the IGY rocketpayload The The launching months. on each Year being

An Aerobee-Hi launching platform launching of 150 pounds tower

site; Fort Churchill, is set indoors stand, because


an instrument the winter

in a 4 to 6 cubic foot space to altitudes of the extreme to counteract program Foundation. can be tilted

of 150 miles.

cold during rocket in flight.

the effect of winds. for the International with Federal

Antennas, Geophysical coordination

side of launching This is part conducted provided through

are used in tracking States Science

of the United

the U. S. National


by the National


Optical cal bench. above-are mounted 4, at the left end of 3t left is positioning tr the light source.

elementsin wooden the bench, an opaque

onsists of a plywood base, ng thread for calibration.

two The

se by means of a rubber band. Objects as small as human hair ! in the apparent position of a of the base serves as an object.






A completely new course in high school physics has been prepared by the Physical Science Study Committee composed of outstanding physicists and experienced successful high school teachers with support from the National Science Foundation. (See page 65.1 Some of the ingenious and inexpensive equipment developed for use in this course is shown here.

A teacher holds one end of a “slinky” toy used in the study of wave motion. The photo shows a transverse wave formed by a quick lateral movement of the spring. Interesting effects of wave reflection and superposition may also be studied with this toy.

tank consists of a glassed-in window of water. The rippler is a vibrating powered by a six-volt hobby motor. from an ordinary bulb in a modifled on the floor.

frame, balanced on two chairs, containing a half inch wooden plane assembled from scraps of lumber, and In operation, the light source at top center, formed tin can, projects the ripple pattern on a paper screen









Comparison of dwarf mice-mice of normal size and appearance at birth which fail to grow-with normal mice has provided evidence that the absence of cellular granules is linked with the demonstrated absence of growth hormone produced in the anterior pituitary gland. Electron micrographs, enlarged 10,000 times, of this gland in a 21-dayold drawf mouse (lower left) shows the absence of large granules and the reduction of A microamount of cytoplasm of the dark cells (probably remnants of the acidophilesl. graph of the same part of the pituitary gland in a 21-day normal mouse shows the large granules surrounding the nucleus (lower right).







AT THE 1958


The nuclear reactor was one of 51 U. 5. exhibits installed In the International Science Section of the Fair, through the coordination efforts of the National Science Foundation. The built-in safety factors and low operating power level (1 watt1 of this small reactor It is a modifled swimming pool type using plastic permitted actual operation at the Fair. Among the public demonstrations was the irradiation of embedded Uz3j enriched fuel. silver coins to produce exhibits harmless radioisotopes. (See page 77.1 Other can be seen in the background.






Three obviously related types of frogs belonging to the Genus Rana free (al, fbl, (cl on photograph) have been classifted as different species on the basis of their pigmentation Genetic studies, however, have revealed that two of these so-called speciesdifferences. (b) and lc), are dominant mutant variants Burnsi fnonspottedl and Kandyoshi (mottled)of the common spotted leopard frog (al. was produced and mottled may indicate by crossing the nontypes are known to that it is at a selective A fourth variant fd), which is not found in nature, Since the nonspotted spotted and mottled varieties. coexist the failure to find this particular cross in nature disadvantage. The other three forms are obviously successful

or else they would

not be so prevalent.



Research Programs Foundation programs in support of basic research are conducted through the Division of Biological and Medical Sciences; the Division of Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences; and the Social Science Research Program. Research projects described here are to be considered illustrative of the research being supported. Facilities support included under these programs has been limited to specialized research facilities, where the need was urgent, was clearly in the national interest, and the necessary funds were not available from other sources. DIVISION OF BIOLOGICAL




In the area of Developmental Biology, a wide variety of research wa supported, covering chemical embryology (metabolism of embryos), plant growth (hormonal control), plant morphogenesis (shoot or root apex activity, floral induction, slime mold development), chloroplast differentiation, physiology of reproduction (ovarian, uterine, and placental physiology), regeneration (wound-healing), skin and tumor grafting, histology, histochemistry, anatomy, embryology (plant and animal), and cytology (mechanisms of mitosis). Specifically, studies are being supported on the sequence of the events which operate in limb formation in mammalian organisms by such techniques as tissue transplantation and interchange of organism parts; nucleic acid metabolism and the changes which occur in it during early development of the mammalian embryo; the mechanisms of cellular interactions, particularly their biochemical and biophysical aspects; the origin and fate of special initiator-cell members of cell populations; and microscopic structure and histochemistry of the fine structure of the skin in primates. As in previous years, the Environmental Biology program supported a wide variety of projects including various aspects of animal and plant ecology, both terrestrial and aquatic life histories, environmental physiology, paleoecology, certain phases of parasitology, and other areas of 27

biology in which the major immediate emphasis is on the interrelation-’ ships between the external physical, biological, or sociological factors and one or more organisms. Although much of American research activity in environmental biology continues to be descriptive and devoted to observations of gross physical habitat and organism survival relationships, the program has emphasized studies analyzing functional aspects of the interaction, exchanges, and adjustments of the members of the plant and/or animal community and of their physical and biological environments. Interest in population dynamics in its many aspects, including cyclic phenomena, continued to be an expanding interest. Within the Genetic Biology program, studies in the area of microbial genetics included work aimed at determining the mechanisms by which enzymes involved in biochemical syntheses are controlled genetically. Studies also were supported on gene-enzyme interrelationships, pointed toward enhancing our understanding of the interactions between gene and enzyme. Research on the genetics of higher plants included work on mutations in maize, as well as work on cotton and tobacco. Significant research relating to the theoretical aspects of quantitative genetics also was supported. Some of the outstanding research supported during the last fiscal year by the Metabolic Biology program covered the following areas : the problem of enzyme-inhibitor relationships responsible for cellular metabolic activity; elucidation of the enzymatic mechanisms occurring in fat metabolism of higher plants; and the investigation of certain aspects of protein biosynthesis. Other exciting projects supported included a study of the function of nucleic acids in growth, differentiation and induced enzyme formation, and an investigation of the basic mechanisms of mammalian carbohydrate metabolism. With the advent of the program covering metabolic processes, the Molecular Biology program was redefined to encompass studies of the physical and chemical properties of substances of biological origin; studies of individual enzymes such as isolation, purification, properties, kinetics, and mechanism of action; and such aspects of physical biology as fine structure, membrane phenomena, and chemical and physical properties of particulates. This year’s grants have been concentrated in the areas of protein structure, enzyme kinetics, bioenergetics, membrane phenomena, and photobiology, with somewhat less emphasis on biogenesis, immunochemistry, and biochemical cytology. With respect to the substance of the Psychobiology program, research covering the underlying neurological foundations and neurochemical aspects of behavior continued to be supported. The traditional interest of the program in relating newly developed quantitative techniques to 28

experimental problems in psychology was also continued through support of work on the development of psychological measurement models, and on the use of multivariate methods in psychological research. In a somewhat related area, the impact of computer technique on research in the field of psychology is illustrated by a grant aimed at developing computer techniques for handling data from the area of learning research. The program in Regulatory Biology supported outstanding research in such conventional fields as neurophysiology and endocrinology. However, exciting research in less traditional areas is illustrated by projects involved in the study of chemical processes that give rise to biological rhythms. The program also encompassed investigations of the development of regulatory processes in fetal and newborn organisms, in the chemical sensesof insects, and other regulatory processes of organisms. The areasof research in Systematic Biology is on essentially three levels of complexity. At the first level, the units of organic diversity are discovered, identified, characterized, and named. At the second level, the major task is classification -the arrangement of the otherwise chaotic mass of species into the so-called higher categories. At the third level, systematic biology is the study of the interrelationships of organisms in space and in time. During fiscal year 1958 grants were made to aid research on each of these levels. An illustration of the type of discovery and inventory-taking that occupies taxonomists in lesser known parts of the world is a study of the flora of the Lesser Antilles. Similar studies of the life of a different geological period cover research on the Triassic The application of comparatively new techvertebrates of Argentina. niques to problems of classification is demonstrated by research on the fine structure of pollen grains, on paper electrophoresis as a method in avian taxonomy, and on serological studies of the grass family. At the third level of complexity in the systematic area, valuable summarizing research is under way on the zoogeography and evolution of Pacific insects, on the speciation of amphibian populations, and on the Drosophilidae of the Caribbean region.
Significant Research Developments

WAX-EATING BIRDS PROVIDE CLUE FOR CONTROL OF TUBERCULOSIS.The honey guide, a small family of bird found primarily in Africa, presents an interesting problem in animal behavior in its symbiotic (mutually beneficial) relationship with certain mammals, including human beings. Specifically, these birds guide the mammal to the . vicinity of wild bees’ nests and, following the foraging of such nests by 29

the.mammal, feed avidly on the waxy comb, which constitutes their chief source of food. In the course of investigations on this behavior and on the unique problems of digestion and nutrition involved, a hitherto unidentified wax-splitting bacterium was isolated from the intestine tract of the bird. Although this organism, Micrococcus cerolydus, cannot by itself degrade wax in tritro, rapid breakdown of wax occurs if a mixture of ground liver, intestine, and spleen of chicks is added to the culture. Conversely, chicks, while themselves unable to dig& wax, metabolize this substance effectively if it is mixed with a culture of the micrococcus. Of particular interest is the apparent “interference” effect between the micrococcus and the tubercule bacillus, whose envelope is “waxy” or lipoidal in nature. As a result of recent studies in this connection, a protein fraction isolated from the micrococcus has been found to inhibit the growth of the tubercule bacillus in tissue culture. This apparently is a result of inhibition of the oxygen uptake of resting cells or of cell-free extracts of the bacillus. In preliminary experiments, it has been found that this protein fraction also appears to protect guinea pigs against tubercule bacillus, presumably by inhibiting the development of the infecting organisms. This investigation may not only provide an explanation of the basic mechanisms of “interference” between two microbial species and of wax digestion but also suggests important implications in the therapy and control of tuberculosis. Moreover, this work vividly illustrates how information in one area of biological sciences may lead directly to important observations in another, superficially quite unrelated area. BASIC GENETIC AXIOM REGARDINGINDMDUALITY OF GENES UNDER A firm belief in the individuality of genes underlies all (2 meant that a given research in modern genetics. By “individuality” gene will not be modified or changed in any way by external influences, except for the well-known agents, such as X-rays, which cause mutation. Although the expression of a gene can readily be affected in all kinds of ways, the basic nature of a gene is presumed to remain constant and unchanged, generation after generation, until such time as, by chance, it suffers a mutation. Then the new mutant form of the gene again persists almost indefinitely until such time as another mutational event may occur to produce still another mutant form of the gene. The first case on record which clearly violates this basic axiom about the individuality of genes has been discovered. A gene in corn-one that produces color in the kernel-can be permanently mbdified simply by bringing it into combination with a particular one of its alleles 30

When the color gene is later removed by outcrossing from the “contaminating” influence of its partner, it is found to be no longer capable of producing normal seed pigment. Further, this loss of potency is permanent; the color gene has been mutationally changed. Thus, it is now possible to modify at will a particular gene merely by making a cross of two different kinds of corn plants. Should this phenomenon be found to occur generally, an entirely new mechanism will have to be taken into account in explaining the origin of genetic variability, which itself underlies all evolutionary change. This discovery may well turn out to be among the most significant basic discoveries in genetics. In any event, the “individuality of genes” will never be the same again.
(partner genes).


PLANTS SHARE ROOT SYSTEMS.- In nature, the roots of plants of many

species or of individuals of. the same species frequently grow together in a tangled mass. It has also been reported that natural root grafts may form between one plant and another, but the significance of this botanical curiosity is poorly understood. Grafts were revealed by examining roots of trees exposed by windfalls, excavation of roots, or by detection in a tree of substances (isotopes, dyes, poisons, etc.) injected into another tree. Injection of these substances into root systems through stumps of felled trees proved to be the most effective method of determining the transfer of material between trees, and therefore the presence of a true root graft. It was discovered that more than half of the trees in one test plot were grafted to one or .more of the neighboring trees. In another test plot not only were most of the root systems grafted together, but this method revealed that many of the seemingly dead smaller trees had living root systemswhich had been captured by the large trees. These findings may bring into question one of the basic assumptions of plant ecology, namely, that most plants operate as individual entities in competition with other individual entities. These results suggest that some plants may operate as a well-knit group or unit having a common physiology. The concept of group operation could be of importance in understanding the dynamics of vegetation development.
NONNERVE TISSUE TUMOR AGENTS SPECIFICALLY INDUCE NERVE GROWTH.- Certain cancerous tissues (sarcomas) of mice contain a

diffusible agent which strikingly promotes the outgrowth of nerve fibers from spinal and sympathetic ganglia (groups of nerve cells along the spinal cord) in the chick embryo to which these sarcomas have been grafted. The tumor agent is specific in that it does not stimulate the 31

growth of any cells other than those in the spinal and sympathetic ganglia. More recently it has been found that nerve growth factors, similar to the tumor factors, are present in the salivary glands of the mouse and rat, in snake venoms, and in the venom of the Gila monster. Roth the sarcoma and venom factors are proteins which obtain their effects by stimulating the protein-synthesizing machinery of the nerve cell. As one of several examples of the influence of diffusible protein growth-promoting substances upon cell behavior, these studies advance our understanding of the control of pathological and normal growth in animals, including man.

Understanding the process of development of multicellular organisms from the original single cell, the fertilized egg, requires knowledge of the control mechanism by which cells interact (exchange information) to promote orderly growth and differentiation. A most promising technique for studying this phenomenon has been that of interposing barriers, such as filters and membranes, between interacting cellular groups. Results so far obtained show that direct surface contact between cells is not necessary for the transmission of information from one cell to another (in the form of special informationbearing molecules). There are indications that the chemical transfer of information occurs via cytoplasmic bridges connecting the cells and low macro-molecular bridges of the matrices which surround the cells.
SEX HORMONES CONTROL PLANT GRowTH.-Sex hormones not only

control sex organ formation and sexual behavior in animals and the higher plants but have been recently discovered to play a similar role in the more primitive plants (water molds and ferns). In the water molds the sexual process is composed of a number of distinct reactions which occur alternately in the male and in the female, and each reaction is directly dependent both for its initiation and regulation upon a hormone(s) produced by the plant during the last preceding stage. Particularly interesting is the isolation and chemical characterization of a specific male sex organ-inducing agent secreted by the sex cell-producing This agnt, at a stage (prothallium) of the common bracken (fern). concentration of one part in 30,000, is able to transform almost half of the cells of the test fern prothallium into male sex organ-pmch&g cells, whereas no male sex organs develop in the untreated controls. The agent which is organ specific, but not species specific, has been identified as an unsaturated aliphatic acid with a molecular weight of about 300. 32

PROTEIN-LIKE MATERIALS SYNTHESIZED DIRECTLY FROM AMINO Acms.-Proteinoids (protein-like material) have been produced by the application of heat ( 170” C.) to mixtures of amino acids. By the use of two acids-aspartic and glutamic-in excessquantities, it has been possible by adding various mixtures of the 18 amino acids which occur in natural proteins to produce substances with characteristics of proteins. The amino acids polymerize in a specific nonrandom order. By the proper selection of these amino acids, it is possible to synthesize proteinoids which contain desired pharmacological properties, etc. The sequence of reactions and products formed through thermal action on amino acids to produce proteinoids gives strength to one of the hypotheses of biogenesis- namely, that complex biological molecules originally came into existence in the presence of moderately high temperatures, possibly resulting from the intrusion of hot volcanic magma into marine waters or by the inundation of heated tidal pools.

discovery of a method for introducing sulfur in the form of sulfhydryl (-SH ) groups and disulfide (-SS-) groups into proteins and protein-like molecules has made it possible to alter at will the physical, chemical, and physiological characteristics of proteins. This development not only provides an excellent tool for probing the structure of the protein molecule, but also permits tailoring of proteins with desired medical and industrial characteristics. The reagent used is N-acetylhomocysteine thiolactone with silver as a catalyst.. The number of -SH groups introduced is controlled by varying the concentration of silver. These -SH groups are incorporated into the protein molecule through displacement of amino groups (-NH,). A nonmelting gelatin which has promise as photographic emulsion, and a nonsolidifying gelatin which might be used as a plasma extender have been prepared. Similarly a protein fraction with which antibiotics, mercurial diuretics, etc., may be conjugated to extend the life and potency of these agents has been postulated. The use of this process on aminated cotton has produced a product with a number of woollike characteristics. (SS- groups are the chief crosslinks in wool fabrics, but are absent in natural cotton.) This thiolated cotton is highly efficient for removing heavy metals from solution and is an insoluble oxidizing and reducing agent (electron exchanger).

During the digestive process enzymes, such as trypsin, break down pro33

teins into their constituent amino acids which are then absorbed into the circulsitory system through the intestinal lining. By f&ding a tq+psin inhibitor in conjunction with a prqtein, such as irmulin, intact protein molekles can be transported across the intestinal barrier into the blood without previous breakdown. These experiments may well explain the manner in which antibodies in colostrum (the early milk from mothers) are transmitted to the infant. This research also indicates a strong possibility that, through the use of digestive enzyme inhibitors, essential protein-like molecules may be introduced into the circulatory system by oral administration rather than through commonly used injection techniques. BASIC HEREDITARY AND VIRUS MATERIAL SYNTHESIZED ENZYMATIadding an enzyme obtained from bacteria (DNAase) to CALLY.-By a previously prepared mixture of nucleic acids, it has been possible to synthesize deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), the basic hereditary and virus material. The mixture required the addition of a small amount of DNA as a primer as well as magnesium ions. (The net synthesis of The enzymatiDNA exceeded that added as a primer by twentyfold.) tally synthesized product had the same structure as proposed by Watson and Crick for natural DNA (two nucleic acids chains which wind around each other in a double spiral). Chemical understanding of DNA replication increases our knowledge of heredity, and the reproduction of viruses. Since one of the hypotheses held by medical scientists is that the synthesis of DNA differs in cancer cells from that in normal cells, the key to understanding cancer may lie in just such experiments.

a vital constituent of the nucleus of all animal and plant cells, are of paramount importance since this compound is closely associated with the process of reproduction and the transmission of hereditary factors. In recent studies on the growth of a number of different bacterial species (e. g., Brucella abortus, Diplococcus pneumoniae), it has been found that addition of a mixture of bacterial DNA and deoxyribonuclease (DNAase)-the enzyme specific for its hydrolysis-to growing cultures of these organisms produces striking effects upon the selective establishment of virulent cells in an initially nonvirulent population. Two different mechanisms are operative in causing this effect-a selective inhibition of the growth of nonvirulent cells (Brucella) or a selective stimulation of the multiplication of virulent cells (pneumococci), which may be associated with increased DNA synthesis. In addition to this

strildng effect on bacterial cells, experimex~tal evidence Micathat these DNA-DNAase digests are capable of stimulating the rate of multiplication of lymphosarcoma cells in mice. Certain antagonists to the DNA-DNAase effect, such as protamines, DNA-protein antisera, and kinetin rib&de have been observed. One of these (kinetin riboside) produces increased selective inhibitory effects against virulent pneumococci and lymphosarcoma cells when administered in combination with DNA and DNAase. Information of this sort concerning the factors and mechanisms which are involved in determination of the relative virulence of microorganisms is of considerable interest because of its relationship to an understanding of the phenomena of resistance and susceptibility to infectious diseases as well as to a possible therapeutic treatment of infections and malignant disease.

Highland, the principal mountain-mass of South America north of the Amazon and east of the Andes, lies in southern Venezuela, with conspicuous extensions into Brazil, Colombia, and the Guianas. It is a spectacular area of numerous discontinuous and isolated tabular mountains characteristically ringed by high vertical cliffs whose summits are continuously wreathed in clouds of overhanging mists. Threaded by uncharted rivers, and uninhabited except for small groups of often hostile Indians, this is the “Lost World” hinted at by Conan Doyle and W. H. Hudson. Until 1944 only a few fringes of this vast unknown region had been touched by scientists. Since that time a program of exploration has taken place which, even in these modern times when the world’s surface is thought to be known, is a classic comparable to the discoveries of a century ago. A totally unsuspected mountain, now named Neblina, 50 miles long and 10,500 feet high, has been discovered by a group of scientists who have made 18 expeditions in the Guyana Highland during the past 14 years. The flora of this region, now being made known for the first time, is spectacular in the extreme, containing an extraordinary number of unsuspected native plants at the level of genus and species. Furthermore, the region appears to be the center of distribution for many ancient groups of plants. The explorers have now reached the end of a phase of their work and are turning to detailed study and evaluation of the many thousands of collected specimens. A fuller knowledge of this flora will provide biogeographers with data crucial to a knowledge of plant distribution throughout tropical America.

Facilities for Research in the Biological and Medical Sciences

During fiscal year 1958, grants were made for facilities support at a cost of slightly less than $1 million. Among these grants was one for $544,250 to the Marine Biological Laboratory at Woods Hole, Massachusetts, to cover one-fourth the cost of constructing a new research laboratory building and the complete cost of constructing 25 cottages for housing scientists and their families. The new research building will replace 3 antiquated wooden laboratory buildings and will provide additional working space. The Rockefeller Foundation is providing one-half, and the National Institutes of Health one-fourth, of the total laboratory costs. By providing additional housing, this grant will enable scientists, especially younger ones with growing families and limited incomes, to take advantage of the Laboratory’s facilities for summertime research. Many have been discouraged by the economics of the situation-in this case, the cost of rental housing in a summer resort area. A grant of $200,000 was made to the Jackson Memorial Laboratory to permit building an addition to the main building to satisfy immediate and pressing research space. The two other sizable facility grants were those to the Missouri Botanical Garden ($60,000) for herbarium and library facilities for botanical research, and to the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University ($300,000) for museum facilities for research in systematic zoology and paleontology. Somewhat related to facility support were a number of equipmenttype grants of a size beyond that normally encountered in ordinary research proposals. These varied from a grant for an ultracentrifuge to grants for the purchase and installation of electron microscopes. In all CXXS,equipment grants were made on a basis of the quality of the research program in which the equipment was to play an integral part. In the case of electron microscopes, it also was the practice of the Division to have assurances from the recipient institution that it would participate in the support of the microscope by providing for a fulltime operator whose salary was to come from the institution receiving the equipment. DIVISION OF MATHEMATICAL, PHYSICAL, ENGINEERING SCIENCES
Current Research Support


The Astronomy program, perhaps more than any other discipline, has felt the impact of the new interest in space. The excitement and importance of what was sometimes considered mere star-gazing are rapidly 36

becoming apparent. For exakple, studies of the minor planets, which number in the tens of thousands, will give their locations to the degree of accuracy required for navigation in interplanetary space. The sun, too, is the object of intensive study to answer such questions as : How does the sun eject cosmic rays ? What is the precise nature of the sun’s surface? These and many other questions have taken on new importance, and answers for them are being sought. Grants in the Chemistry program have continued to emphasize organic and physical chemistry, with support also for inorganic and analytical chemistry. The special support provided for basic research in high polymers was continued during the year, but plans have been made to incorporate this support within the framework of the existing subdisciplines. Of special interest are grants involving total synthesis and reaction mechanisms. Fields of special emphasis in the Earth Sciences program included geochemistry, which is becoming more and more identifiable with classical geology, and meteorology. The other fields have remained in about the same relative positions from the standpoint of support received, and include geology, oceanography, geophysics, and aeronomy. A new program for Atmospheric Sciences will be established in fiscal year 1959, to deal primarily with meteorology and the sciencesbasic to meteorology, including phenomena of the upper atmosphere. The research supported by the Engineering Sciences program is by its nature more nearly part of a “closed feedback loop” in that the need for further basic study is frequently brought to focus through applications of previous research. Grants were made in the fields of mechanics of solids, transfer and rate mechanisms, thermodynamics, properties of materials, fluid mechanics, and electrical theory. The Mathematical Sciences program, on the other hand, is perhaps the farthest removed from “feedback.” It continues to support research in areas of applied mathematics as well as in algebra, analysis, topology, and geometry. Mathematical research, of course, differs from research in the experimental sciences in that it cannot be done by designing and performing an experiment, but must be carried out by the mathematician thinking about the problem. The Physics program placed major emphasis on high energy physics, particularly involving the interactions of elementary particles. The program has found grants to be especially effective when they provide either for scientists in smaller institutions to work with those from larger ones, or for team attacks through which staff members of several small institutions join together on a problem. 37




CLOUD SECEDING PROVIDES BASICWEATHERMODIFICATION KNOWLEnoE.-The increasing attention paid to the possibilities of weather modification, such as production of rain to alleviate dry spells, has dramatized the lack of knowledge of the basic processeswhich cause weather and atmospheric conditions. Interpretation of the much publicized cloud-seeding experiments has largely been speculative, for the basic physics of clouds is as yet largely unexplored. A series of National Science Foundation grants have begun to make up the deficiences in knowledge in this area. In one case, clouds developing day after day in the same place, near Tucson, Arizona, were observed visually with stereographic cameras, and with radar. Areas of cloud development were seeded on certain days selected at random, and the results were compared with those of nonseeded days. Although the number of tests was not sufficient to determine statistically how effective seeding may be, the radar showed that precipitation from larger seeded clouds appeared to be greater than from similar unseeded ones. This represents a real gain in our understanding of how the seeding of cumulus clouds can result in an increase in precipitation. ULTRASONIC WAVES USED FOR NEunosuRoERY.-Because of interest in what happens as a result of intense uniform concentration of ultrasonic waves (those with frequencies which are far above normal hearing level), a neurological instrument was developed under a Foundation grant which employs ultrasonic waves rather than cutting edges. This device focuses sound waves into extremely small precise regions in the brain, permitting much more detailed study and understanding of various portions of the brain. A most important aspect of the new tool is that it may be employed to cut out tiny regions of the inner brain without disturbmg the outer structure. This type of bloodless surgery has been used in abating the tremor of Parkinson’s disease. STREAM MODEL MAY An> IN FLUID CONTROL.-Basic engineering research on the effects of underwater dunes on the roughness, velocity, and sediment-transporting capacity of a stream may well revolutionize thinking about flood control and care and use of natural waterways. A laboratory model of a stream used in conjunction with a high-speed motion-picture camera has resulted in clarification of the motion of individual sand grains in a flowing stream. The entire pattern of sand dune movement has been speeded up through use of the model. Basic knowledge has been supplied which, when applied to particular conditions in specXc streams, can bring about more efficient and soundly based flood-control programs. 38




-S.-One of the most puzzling rocks found in the earth’s crust is , called “pegmatite,” or “giant granite.” The pegmatites contain minerals commonly found in granites, but in much larger crystals. These large crystals are easily mined and separated, so that pegmatites consitute our chief source of certain mineral commodities, such as feldspar (used as an abrasive) and mica (used as electrical insulation). Also, large crystals of rare minerals in pegmatites are our principal source of elements, such as lithium and beryllium, How did such large crystals grow? Most geologists have believed that the giant crystals must, have been deposited from hot dilute solutions rich in volatiles. The excess water was presumed to have escaped upward to the earth’s surface. Recent field and laboratory studies have upset the old ideas. The hypothesis has now been evolved that pegmatites are relatively dry melts (magmas) and are closed physico-chemical systems, and that the giant crystals are formed during a “second boiling.” Early crystalliition releases latent heat and enriches the residual magma in water enough to saturate it. At this point a vapor phase is produced, which is responsible for both the transport of the material and the formation of the giant crystals. Laboratory tests have confirmed these ideas; miniature pegmatites actually have been produced. This is of great practical interest in guiding the exploitation of known bodies of pegmatite minerals and in searching for undiscovered deposits, for it shows that such deposits wil be shallow and contained within a limited area. In addition, since the phenomenon apparently applies to other types of molten rock, many other investigations are suggested which may lead to information about the origin of various ores and the discovery of additional sources of these ores. or f groups of atoms bonded together by pairs of electrons can be split to yield positive and negative ions. For example, atoms “A” and “B” bonded by two electrons can be split to yield “A” with a positive charge and “B” with a negative charge and both electrons attached to it. Another kind of split yields neutral “free radicals”, i. e., atoms “A” and “B” with one electron attached and no charge. Such free radicals are among the mostreactive species known to chemists, and have long defied study because of their extreme instability, that is, their tendency to recombine almost at once. Recently techniques have been worked out whereby the free radicals are formed and immediately trapped on cold surfaces (20” K., or -424” F.) . This freezing permits detailed spectroscopic study of their properties, and a slow warming of the surface per39

dts investigation in “slow motion” of their reactions. For example, a National Science Foundation grantee has formed such a free radical, CH2, and has brought about its reaction with ethene, ketene, and other compounds, a yield cyclopropane,, cyclopropanone, and the like-reactions which would not take place at ordinary temperatures. The combination or reaction of these free radicals produces a vast amount of energy, which, if it could be’captured, would be promising for rocket propulsion. The radicals might also be used as unique reagents to carry out otherwise unattainable chemical syntheses. GRAVITY STUDIES REVEAL EARTH SUBSTRUCTURE.-ReCent geological and geophysical work in Utah and eastern Nevada has shown that the rock structure of the area is exceedingly complex. A team of researchers under a grant from the National Science Foundation has made detailed measurements of variations in the pull of gravity throughout the area and, from these variations, has been able to chart the major contours of the buried bedrock and obtain important clues as to the configuration of fault blocks and other structural patterns. This represents a significant In addition, the advance in the technique of “underground mapping.” fact that these particular structural patterns have now been mapped may be of economic importance in determining where mineral deposits and ground water are likely to be found. These patterns are also important because of the relationship between the faults and earthquake hazards in the region. In the Salt Lake region, for example, earthquakes tend to occur along the Wasatch fault zone, which passes through Salt Lake City and was mapped in part by this survey.

chemists have long been aware that a given compound can exist in two or more forms which differ only in the geometric relationship of a given atom or group to the rest of the molecule. Only recently, however, has the vital importance of this spatial arrangement or “molecular configuration” been appreciated. very often one form will possessmuch greater biological activity than its isomers. Therefore, chemists have put much effort into learning how to manipulate molecules to produce the desired configurations. One researcher partially supported by a Foundation grant has successfully completed the total stereospecific synthesis (producing only the desired molecular configuration) of several antibiotics. The techniques devised for doing this can be applied to future syntheses, thus leading to new antibiotics. Another grantee recently announced the first total stereospecific synthesis of the alkaloid yohimbine, after four years of work. 40

Yohimbine is stx-ucturally related to reserpine, which has found use as a tranquilizer and hypertensive agent. This work thus paves the way for synthesis of the structurally more complicated reserpine, and ultimately of improved derivatives. Other workers have been studying-the molecular configurations of compounds which can undergo polymerization to yield high molecular weight compounds. One researcher has produced a substance which is identical with natural rubber in its physical characteristics, by carefully controlling the spatial relationships of the groups in the molecule. Through this control of configuration, many new synthetic substancespotential fibers, rubbers, and plastics-have already been produced and are being considered by industry for development.
Facilities for Research in the Mathematical, Sciences Physical, and Engineering

Facilities support in this area during 1958 totaled approximately $5 million. A supplemental award of $1,130,000 was made to the Associated Universities, Inc., for the construction of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory in Green Bank, W. Va. This is in addition to a previous grant of $4,000,000. Complete installation of an 85-foot Blaw-Knox equatorially mounted paraboloid telescope is expected before the end of calendar year 1958. Design of a 140-foot telescope has been completed, and a contingent contract for construction has been signed. After a 3-year program of site survey and testing, the National Optical Astronomy Observatory will be established at Kitt Peak, Arizona. The Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., has been given a grant of $3,100,000 to go ahead with construction. Plans for a 36-&h reflecting telescope and associated housing have already been completed. Designs for an 80-inch telescope are being developed. A permanent director for the Observatory, Dr. A. B. Meinel, was appointed. Three grants for computer installation were made-$50,000 to the University of Oklahoma, $50,000 to Iowa State University, and $100,000 to the University of Minnesota. Support for nuclear reactors was provided to two universities$150,000 to the University of Virginia, and $300,000 to the State College of Washington. SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH PROGRAM On August 1, 1957, a unified Social Science Research Program was established as an outgrowth of a 4-year study of the Foundation’s re41

sponsibiitics within this area. The new program replaces the program in %onvergent fields of natural and social sciences” previou$ly conducted by the two research divisions, and is concerned with selected fields in the scientific study of human social behavior. The present Social Science Research Program includes four areas: anthropological sciences, sociological sciences, economic sciences, and the history and philosophy of science.
Current Research Support

The Anthropological Sciences program includes basic research in archaeology, physical anthropology, ethnodbotany, ethnology, psycholinguistics, and related fields. One project is concerned with the utilization of electronic computers in linguistic analysis. Another grantee is studying the order and acquisition of consonant clusters in child language. An archaeological investigation and a study of an aboriginal American Indian group by a team of anthropologists, biologists, and geographers may yield knowledge of the relationships of culture, ecology, and environmental adaptation. A grantee in the Sociological Sciences is exploring new techniques in research on migration. The achievement and potential of Soviet science, as viewed by American scientists returning from Russia, is the subject of another study. In still a third area an investigator is studying problems of identification and family structure to determine how variations in parental behavior may affect the child’s personality. Problems of primary importance to the Foundation, in the light of its congressional mandate to investigate the social and economic consequences of science, are encompassed in the Economic Sciences. One grantee is investigating technological change from an econometric point of view, while another is studying the economics of invention. A third grant is mentioned below under research developments. Grants were made in the area of History and Philosophy of Science for research on early American science, on the origins of anatomy and physiology, and on the philosophical foundations of physics.
Significant Research Developments

results of a study on the use of electronic computers in analyzing current economic indicators, which has received an additional grant for refinement of techniques, have significantly advanced computer-analysis knowledge. 42


In the past, seasonal and irregular business fluctuations, usually much larger than changes in underlying cyclical or major trends, made trustworthy prediction most diflkult. The new method provides a quicker and more sensitive measure for deter@ning the stage of the business cycle and separates meaningful trends from temporary irregularities. It is already in use and has proved of value both to Government and private industry in gauging the direction and strength of current trends. Scientific Conferences and Symposia

During the past fiscal year, the Foundation sponsored and provided partial support for 34 scientific conferences and symposia. In most instances sponsorship was shared with one or more private or public agencies, including universities and scientific societies.
INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON CURRENT PROBLEMS IN CRYSTAL PXYSICSCambridge, Massachusetts, July 3-6, 1957 ; Chairman : John C. Slater, Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts; Cosponsors : Massachusetts Institute of Technology, The International Union of Pure and Applied Physics. CONFERENCE ON NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC Park, Pennsylvania, July 5-8, 1957 ; Chairman : Joseph V. Smith, Department of Mineralogy, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania; Cosponsor : Pennsylvania State University. FOURTH GENERAL ASSEMBLY AND CONGRESS OF THE INTERNATIONAL UNION OF -Montreal, Canada, July 10-l 9, 1957 ; Chairman : John S. ColeCRYSTALLOGRAPHY man, National Academy of Sciences- National Research Council, Washington, D. C. ; Cosponsors : Philips Electronics, Inc., Research Corporation, General Electric co. WORLD CONFERENCE ON PRESTRESSED CONCRETE-Berkeley, California, July 23August 1, 1957; Chairman: T. Y. Lin, University of California, Berkeley, California; Cosponsors: University of California, American Society of Civil Engineers, American Institute of Architects, American Association of State Highway Officials, American Concrete Institute, Prestressed Concrete Institute. CONFERENCE ON LIQUID SCINTILLATION COUNTINO-EVanStOn, Illinois, August 2022, 1957; Chairman: Carlos G. Bell, Jr., The Technological Institute, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois; Cosponsor: Northwestern Technological Institute. FIFTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON Low TEMPERATURE PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY-Madison, Wisconsin, August 26-3 1, 1957 ; Chairman : Joseph R. Dillinger, Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin ; Cosponsors : University of Wisconsin;Intemational Union of Pure and Applied Physics. CORDON RESEARCX CONFERENCES-NeW Hampshire, Summer 1957; Chairman: W. George Parks, Department of Chemistry, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, Rhode Island; Cosponsor: American Association for the Advancement of Science. CONFERENCE ON PHOTOCHEMISTRY OF SOLID AND LIQUID SvsTar@s-Dedham, Massachusetts, September 3-7, 1957; Chairman : Farrington Daniels, Department


of Chemistry,

University of Wisconsin, Madison, Academy of Sciences-National Research Council,




SYMPOSIUM ON SYSTEMATICS: BASIC CONCEPTSAND TECHNIQUES IN SYSTEMATICSSt. Louis, Missouri, October 25-26, 1957 ; Co-Chairmen: Carl Epling, University Cambridge, of California, Los Angeles; and Ernest Mayrl, Harvard University, Massachusetts; Cosponsor: Missouri Botanical Garden.

ON PHoToPEaxoDIsM--Gatlinburg, Tennessee, October 29-November 2, 1957; Chairman: Robert B. Withrow, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C. ; Cosponsors : None.

CONFERENCE ON THE CHEMISTRY OF SULFUR AND CHLORINE COMPOUNDS IN THE Ohio, November 4-6, 1957; Co-Chairmen: J. P. Lodge, ATMosPaaRE~incinnati,

Jr., Robert A. Taft Sanitary Engineering Center of the Public Health Service, Cincinnati, Ohio; and Waldo E. Smith, American Geophysical Union, National Academy of Sciences- National Research Council, Washington, D. C. ; Cosponsors : Public Health Service, National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council. SIXTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COASTAL ENcrluaartrNo-Gainesville, Florida, December 2-7, 1957 ; Chairman : Murrough P. O’Brien, The Council on Wave Research, University of California, Richmond, California; Cosponsors: University of Florida; The Council on Wave Research, University of California.
CONFERENCE ON HIGH TEMPERATURE BEsEARcH-Chicago, Illinois, December 1 l-

13, 1957; Chairman: Mark G. Inghram, Department of Physics, University Chicago, Chicago, Illinois; Cosponsor: University of Chicago.


CONFERENCE ON NUCLEAR SIZES AND DENSITY DISTRIBUTIONS-StaIIfOrd, CaliRobert Hofstadter, Department of fornia, December 17-19, 1957; Chairman: Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, California; Cosponsor: Stanford University. INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON THE AXIOMATIC METHOD-Berkeley, California,

December 26, 1957-January 4, 1958; Co-Chairmen: Delon Henkin and Alfred Tarski, Department of Mathematics, University of California, Berkeley, California; International Union for the History and Cosponsors : University of California, Philosophy of Sciences.

New Brunswick, New Jersey, January 24-25, 1958 ; Chairman : Alan Boyden, The Serological Museum, Rutgers, The State University, New Brunswick, New Jersey; Cosponsor: Rutgers, The State University. Massachusetts, February 5-7, 1958; Chairman: Cyrus Levinthal, Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts ; Cosponsor : The Biophysical Society. A SEMINAR SERIES ON DEVELOPMENTAL BroLoov-New York, New York, February 5-March 13, 1958; Chairman: Paul Weiss, Laboratory of Developmental Biology, The Rockefeller Institute, New York, New York; Cosponsor: Rockefeller Institute.

ScIENcEs~hicago, Illinois, February 12-13, 1958; Chairman: A. A. Albert, Division of Mathematics, National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council, Washington, D. C. ; Cosponsors: University of Illinois, National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council, University of Chicago.

Colorado, 44


17-18, 1958; Chairman:

W. G. Worcester, Engineering


ment Station, University Colorado.

of Colorado,

Boulder, Colorado;





Chairman: Jan &hilt, New York; Cosponsor:

-New York, New York, March 17-18, 1958; Rutherford Observatory, Columbia University, New York, Columbia University. ‘_

ON TEE CIXEMIOAL BASIS OF DEVELOPMENT-Baltimore, Maryland, March 24-27, 1958 ; Chairman: William D. McElroy, Department of Biology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland; Cosponsor: The McCollum-Pratt Institute of Johns Hopkins University.

Island, Georgia, March 25-28, 1958 ; Chairman : Robert A. Ragotzkie, University of Georgia Marine Biology Laboratory, Sapelo Island, Georgia; Cosponsor: University of Georgia Marine Biology Laboratory.


souri, March 1958; Chairman: Edward ington University, St. Louis, Missouri;

Pavsrcs-St. Louis,MisU. Condon, Department of Physics, WashCosponsor: Washington University.


Pennsylvania, May 19-20, 1958 ; Chairman : H. RadclyfIe Roberts, The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Cosponsor : The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. May 23-24,1958; Chairman: Reinhold Benesch, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, Massachusetts ; Cosponsors : American Heart Association, Marine Biological Laboratory.

Spring Harbor, New York, May 26-29, 1958; Chairman: Aubrey Gorbman, Department of Zoology, Columbia University, New York, New York; Cosponsor: Columbia University.
CONFERENCE ON COMPARATIVE ENDOCRINOLOoY-&~d CONFERENCE ON HYPERCONJUOATION -Bloomington, Indiana, June 2-4, 1958; CoChairmen: V. J. Shiner, Jr., and E. Campaigne, Department of Chemistry, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana; Cosponsors: Indiana University Alumni Foundation, American Cyanamid Company, Eli Lilly and Company, Esso Research and Engineering Company, Humble Oil and Refining Company.

XXIII COLD SPRINCJ HARBOR SYMPOSIUM ON QUANTITATIVE BxoLoou-Cold Spring Harbor, New York, June 3-l 1, 1958 ; Chairman: Bruce Wallace, Biological Laboratory, Long Island Biological Association, Cold Spring Harbor, New York ; Cosponsors : Carnegie Corporation of New York, Association for the Aid of Crippled Children, The National Institutes of Health.

Massachusetts, June 5-7, 1958; Chairman: Endre A. Balazs, The Retina Foundation, Boston, Massachusetts ; Cosponsor : The Retina Foundation.

1958; Chairman: James D. Ebert, The Carnegie Institution of Washington, Baltimore, Maryland; Cosponsor: The Society for Study of Development and Growth.

partment of Engineering and Engineering Extension, University of California, Angeles, California ; Cosponsor : University of California, Los Angeles.



Iwatrvrrr-U~muamr C0Npasun0r RlMlMpaxf EULOTIUML ENON 0~ Columbus, Ohio, June 19-20, 1958; Chairman: A& S. Oldacre, Stanford Research In&tute, Menlo Pa&# California; cosponsors: American Institute of Electrical Engineers Committee on Research, Ohio State University.


STELLAR SYSTEMSMadison, Wisconsin, June 30,1958; Chairman: A. E. Whitford, Washburn Observatory, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin; Cosponsor: University of Wisconain.



of Travel to International Scientific Meetings

Because direct contact among scientists is important to the advancement of scientific knowledge, the Foundation partially defrays travel expenses for a limited number of American scientists to attend selected international meetings and congresses abroad. In addition, travel grants are sometimes made for such purposes as visits to laboratory or research sites. The awards to the scientist generally amount to round trip air-tourist fare between his home institution and the location of the meeting. In 1958, 190 scientists received such grants at a cost of $113,220.
Training Aspects of Research Grants

Research grants play an important role in the training of both predoctoral and postdoctoral research assistants and associates. During 1958, approximately 1,165 in this category received advanced training through participation in research projects under the direction of many of the Nation’s most capable scientists. When this number is added to the 1,348 awards made through the Foundation’s formal fellowship programs, we find that a total of 2,515 have been given the chance to further their scientific education and to gain valuable laboratory experience while working under the aegis of seasoned and highly competent investigators.
Miscellaneous Grank

Among these are support for short-term research by medical students, an extension of the previous year’s program; grants to biological field stations to provide summer research training stipends for postdoctoral investigators, graduate students, and teachers from small colleges; grants to provide summer training for college and high school teachers who serve as research assistants to scientists; and support for an internship program in mathematical research under which postdoctoral mathematicians investigate selected fields of applied mathematics under special guidance. 46

Fiscal Analysis of Reswrih Pmgmms The Foundation during the 1958 fiscal year made grants totaling $25,049,155 for the support of basic research in the sciences, including $5,934,250 for the maintenance and construction of research facilities, These funds provided 1,120 grants in the biological, medical, mathematical, physical, engineering, and social sciences to 293 institutions in all 48 States, Alaska, Bermuda, Canada, Great Britain, Hawaii, Lebanon, Research grants for fiscal year 1958 Puerto Rico, and Switzerland. averaged $18,085 for a period of 2.09 years, or about $8,653 a year. Facilities grants were discussed in detail previously in the sections dealing with the programs of the research divisions. The following table summarizes the research grant program by subject categories. A detailed list of the grants showing institution, principal grantee, title of project, and amount is given in appendix C.
National Science Foundation Research Granh Fiscal Year 1958 by Fields of Science,
Number 48 78 57 74 78 62 70 103 35 605 Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences: Astronomy. ........................................ Chemistry .......................................... Earth Sciences. ..................................... Engineering. ....................................... Mathematics. ...................................... Physics. ........................................... Amount $604,300 953,600 711,150 1,482,350 1,609,100 968,800 1,075,280 1,036,450 440,100 8,881,130


Biological and Medical Sciences: Developmental. ..................................... ..................................... Environmental. Genetic ............................................. Metabolic .......................................... Molecular .......................................... Psychobiology. ..................................... Regulatory ......................................... Systematic. ........................................ General ............................................

33 134 70 88 72 69 466

1,017,830 2,323,900 1,246,395 1,538,400 1,242,lOO 2,139,200 9,507,825

Social Sciences: Anthropology ....................................... Sociology .......................................... Economics. ........................................ History and Philosophy of Science. ....................

22 14 5 8 49

384,100 182,100 93,300 66,450 725,950 19,114,905




5.2% Oihw


___--wFigure 1.9 Analysis of the average National Scknce Foundation Research 1958 by types of expenditures (estimated). grant in Rscal your


of Salaries

Paid From Research



Fiscal Year 1958

Principal Investigator (total) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Summer......................................... Sabbatical. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Academic. . . , , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . , . . . . . Research Associate s, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Research Assistant *. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other 4 , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Average grant, jiscar year 7958 Percent of Amount salaries $2,027 , 19. 0 (14.1) (1,503) (84) (- 8) (4.1) (440) 2,953 27. 6 30. 8 3,283 2,412 22. 6

100.0 10,675 Total. . , . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Based on Budget Estimates at the time of Board approval. s Includes post-Ph. D. scientific personnel normally spending full time on research and usually not occupying tenure positions at the institituon when they are doing the research. * Includes graduate assistants enrolled at the grantee institution and working towards a master’s degree or a doctorate. 4 Includes laboratory technicians and assistants, undergraduate assistance, miscellaneous direct labor charges and retirement charges where the grantee’s accounting system treats these as a direct charge.

From figure 1 and the accompanying table, it can be seen that salaries accounted for 67.1 percent and equipment 23.1 percent of the total Indirect costs were estimated at 13.6 percent of funds distributed. direct costs.






The program activities of the Division of Scientific Personnel and Education are directed toward encouraging policies that will insure that the Nation’s educational system will produce enough highly trained scientists, engineers, science teachers, and other scientific workers to meet our ever-increasing national needs. The most serious and urgent problem at the present time in the training of future scientists and engineers is not to find great numbers of additional students, but to provide a high caliber of training in science for the competent student who will seek it. In addition to properly motivated, capable students, a high quality of science instruction requires a sufficient number of well-trained, dedicated teachers. It also requires text and instructional materials which both reflect the current status of scientific knowledge and meet the needs of the students. Among the approximately 140,000 high school teachers of science and mathematics, there are admittedly a goodly number of well-trained full-time teachers, but a significant fraction of the total group is not adequately trained to teach either modern science or mathematics with optimum efficiency. A great many of these teachers are aware of their academic deficiencies and are eager to improve their qualifications. Evidence is provided by the fact that in the spring of 1958, 16,000 science and mathematics teachers applied for admission to Foundationsupported Summer Institutes-approximately 1 in every 9 high school science and mathematics teachers in the country. Although it is sometimes stated that the problem of providing new teachers to meet expanding enrollment is a more serious one than the upgrading of present teachers, the fact remains that these present teachers will bear the brunt of the teaching load for a number of years. Since they will be providing the leadership and much of the in-service training for their newly graduated colleagues, it is of prime importance that these already committed teachers receive the training that they themselves deem necessary. A crucial factor involved in providing a continuing high level of excellence in the training of our future college and university science 49

students is an adequate suppIy of well-qualified faculty mem&. In 1955, colleges and universities employed less than 200,000 teachers; by 1970, approximately one-half million will be needed. Evidently, financial and other inducements at present are not strong enough to attract our most capable science scholars into teaching. One NSF study has shown that in 1953-54, more than 3 out of 4 of our college and university teachers were over 34 years of age, 44 percent were over 44 years old. More than one-third were between 45 and 60 years of age; many of these will be retired when the large enrollment reaches college in the 1970’s. The prospect of progressive erosion in the quality of -faculties is real. Using the ratio of faculty members holding doctorates to the total staff, the NEA has found that this ratio for all college faculties was 40.5 percent in the 1953-54 academic year. The President’s Committee on Education Beyond the High School envisages a decline in this ratio to 20 percent by 1970-assuming generally accepted anticipated supplyand-demand conditions. Of the new faculty in all fields hired during the 1953-54 and 1954-55 academic years, 30.8 percent held doctorates; by 1955-56, the percentage dropped to 26.7 and in 1956-57, to only 23.5. During 1953-54, 18.5 percent of all newly hired faculty had less than a master’s degree. The percentage increased to 20.1 in 1955-56 and to 23.1 in 1956-57. Even if we were able to solve the problems of providing enough cornpetent teachers at all levels, the science training provided would still not be adequate. Too much of the content of science and mathematics courses in our high schools and colleges is outdated. The time lag between the discovery of new facts and their presentation in the classroom has always been a problem, but it has now become so serious as to pose a major threat to the effectiveness of our educational system. The task of modernizing the subject matter of science is one of tremendous proportions. Evaluation of this country’s scientific training needs requires the gathering and analysis of data dealing with scientific and technological personnel resources and with the educational system, especially the element which relates specifically to science education. Much of this needed information has not yet been obtained. The objective of all Scientific Personnel and Education Division programs has been and will continue to be the alleviation of the critical situation resulting from the previously mentioned inadequacies in science education. The programs fall into four categories-Fellowships, Institutes, Special Projects in Science Education, and Scientific Manpower. 50



The fellowships program is desigued to strengthe.u the Nation’s scientific potential by providing support for advanced training in the sciences, mathematics, and engineering directed toward the development of highly qualified research scientists, and for further study in the sciences directed toward increasing the competence of college science teachers. A total of 1,527 fellowships were offered in fiscal year 1958; their value was approximately $5.6 million. (Accompanying tables show distribution of fellowship awards by type, field, and State.) In 1959 about 2,500 full-year and 1,200 summer fellowships are to be awarded. National Science Foundatton Fellowship Awards,
Fiscal Year 1958
Predoctoral Field First Ye= Internediate Terminal Ye= 63 53 27 14 22 40 0 0 5 224 Postioctora ‘zySenior science Total postLoctora faculty

by Type and Field,

Life sciences. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chemistry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Engineering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Earth sciences. . . , . . . . . . . . Mathematical sciences. . , . . Physics and astronomy. . . . . Physical sciences general, . . . Natural sciences general. . . . Convergent fields. . . . . . . . . . Total. ..............

65 76 71 18 58 98 0 0 3 389

122 95 49 26 60 111 0 0 8

32 12 3 4 11 11 0 0 3 76

67 37 41 9 36 21 1 4 0 216

408 306 193 73 206 314 1 4 22 1,527


Now in its seventh year ,of operation, the predoctoral fellowships program is designed to offer support to unusually able students, thus enabling them to complete their graduate studies with the least possible delay. The prestige of these fellowships is so high that they are much sought after by top quality graduate science students. The objectives of the predoctoral fellowships program are best served by keeping these fellowships highly selective and highly competitive. From the 3,804 applications, a total of 1,084 fellowships were offered during 1958. In 1959, 1,000 fellowships will be awarded under this program. 51


Science Founddon

Fellowshtr, Adfcations Fiscal Year lb58 - Awards Region and State

and Awards,

Region and State




NORTHEAST coMecticut. ........



Maine. ............. Massachusetts. ... %;. ... NewHampshire ...... New Jersey. ......... New York. .......... Pennsylvania. ........ Rhode Island. ....... Vermont ............

106 21 283 28 205 792 373 28 11

38 7 88 7 71 235 99 11 5

Illinois. .............. Indiana. ............. Iowa. ............. Kansas. .............. Michigan. ............ Minnesota. ........... Missouri. ............ Nebraska. ............ North Dakota. ........ Ohio. ............... South Dakota. ........ Wisconsin. ...........


344 145 82 90 178 122 112 41 17 201 26 117

111 40 25 27 51 47 26 7 3 61 5 40

Alabama. ........... Arkansas ............ Delaware ............ Florida. ............. Georgia ............. Kentucky. .......... Louisiana. .......... Maryland. .......... Mississippi ........... North Carolina. ...... Oklahoma. .......... South Carolina. ...... Tennessee. .......... Texas ............... Virginia ............. West Virginia. ....... District of Columbia. ..

52 33 18 64 41 44 44 130 30 76 75 28 60 179 79 22 42

7 9 5 15 9 7 5 30 8 18 11 2 14 43 25 5 11

Arizona .............. California. ........... Colorado. ............ Idaho ................ Montana. ............ Nevada .............. New Mexico. ......... Oregon. ............. Utah ................ Washington. .......... Wyoming ............

34 493 56 25 16 8 17 73 56 112 11

6 181 13 7 2 1 3 16 18 39 5

Alaska. .............. Hawaii. .............. Puerto Rico. .........

9 9 15

2 4 2



Also in its seventh year, the regular postdoctoral fellowships program is designed to provide support to individuals who have recently received doctoral degrees in science to enable them to obtain additional high level training. In fiscal year 1958, 15 1 of the 5 13 applicants were offered regular postdoctoral fellowships. About 150 awards are planned for 1959.
Senior Postdoctoral

This 3-year-old program of senior postdoctoral fellowships provides opportunities for scientists who have demonstrated superior accomplish52

ments in a particular field to become still more proficient, by studying and doing research during a leave of absence from their regular positions. This program is kept highly individualized and variable in nature to adjust to the particular needs of the Fellow. In 1958, 76 fellowships were offered under this program selected from among 259 applications. About 75 awards will be made in 1959.
Science Faculty

The science faculty fellowships program, the newest of the Foundation’s fellowship programs, was initiated during fiscal year 1957. It is designed to improve the quality of science teaching in our colleges, especially the small colleges. Many of these instructors were drawn into teaching with very little training beyond the bachelor’s degree; others have been teaching for a good number of years with little opportunity for intellectual growth. These fellowships permit teachers belonging to either of these groups to undertake further study to increase their competence as teachers. During fiscal year 1958, science faculty fellowships were offered to 216 of the 694 applicants. Plans for 1959 call for 300 awards.
New Fellowships Programs for Fiscal Year 1959

1. COOPERATIVE GRADUATE FELLowsHIPs.-similar to present predoctoral fellowships except that applicants will apply through the participating institution of their choice. The institution will then do the initial screening with final evaluation and selection by the Foundation. The institutions will also have the responsibility of administering certain funds associated with the program. Approximately 1,000 awards will be offered under this program in 1959. 2. SUMMER FELLOWSHIPS FOR GRADUATE TEACHING ASSISTANTS.Permit graduate teaching assistants to pursue their own study programs full time during the summer months, thus shortening the time required to obtain their advanced degrees. This program should encourage more highly capable graduate students to accept teaching assistantships as a means of support during the academic year, thereby benefiting the student through the teaching experience he gains and benefiting the university through the availability of the most capable graduate students as teaching assistants. About 550 awards will be offered for the summer of 1959. 3. SUMMER SCIENCE FELLOWSHIPS FOR SECONDARY SCHWL TEACHin-service science and mathematics teachers in secondary EM.-For 53

schools,who hold baccalaureate degiees. It permits the selectedteachers to undertake a personal study program (extending over 1, 2, or 3 summers) leading to improved subject matter competence and often

to an advanced degree. Approximately

750 awards are planned.



Institutes are designed to improve the subject-matter competence of high school and college teachers of science and mathematics. During tical year 1958, they consisted of the following three types : (a) Summer Institutes for high school and college teachers, (b) Academic-Year Institutes for high school teachers, and (c) In-Service Institutes for high school teachers. Expenditures for the 125 Summer Institutes, 19 Academic-year Institutes, and 85 In-Service Institutes totaled $12.4 million. The institutes are planned and conducted by colleges and universities. Beyond providing broad, general directives and the needed financial support, the Foundation does not participate in the operation of the institutes. It makes financial grants to institutions whose plans, as outlined in the proposals submitted to the Foundation, appear practical and most likely to result in the greatest benefit to the teachers who would enroll. In order to determine efficiently and fairly which proposals would be supported, advisory panels are employed to review and evaluate the proposals received from colleges and universities. The membership of the panels is chosen from individuals recommnded by the scientific societies and other sources as being highly qualified to render judgment in questions involving education in the sciences. The membership encompasses all disciplines in the natural sciences, including mathematics. Industrial as well as educational institutions are represented. High school teachers and officials from State departments of public instruction are among the members. The evaluations of the advisory panels determine in large measure the proposals which are supported. The directive of Congress “to avoid undue concentration” in carrying out the programs of education in the sciences is heeded in the final selection. Balance is sought in geographic distribution, and in representation of the various science areas and types of host institutions.
Summer Institutes

T&e institutes ordinarily provide courses that are tailormade to fit the needs of the teachers, most of whom completed their formal course work a number of years ago and frequently teach other subjects as well


g3 their speciahy. In addition to the coursq the institutes commonly provide appropriate lecture series, opportunities for dkussions, and informal activities that add to their value to participants. Of the 126 Summer Institutes held in 1958,5 were for college teachen only; 3, for both high school and college teachers; and the remaining 118 were for high school teachers only. Three of the college institutes were for biology teachers, one was for geology teachers, and the fifth was for junior college teachers of chemistry, mathematics, or physics. The institutes for college and high school teachers were in biology, chemistry, and mathematics, respectively. Of the 118 institutes for high school teachers, 10 were in biology, 4 in c&mistry, 12 in mathematics, 6 in physics, 1 in earth science, and 5 in general science. The remaining 80 offered courses in 2 or more areas. Twelve of the institutes for high school teachers were sponsored jointly with the Atomic Energy Commission and provided w,ork in radiation biology. Summer Institutes during 1958 were held in 47 States and in 3 Territories-Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico. New York had the greatest nurnber, 7. There were 54 institutes west and 72 east of the Mississippi. There were 18 institutes in New England and New York, 3 1 in the other Eastern States and the District of Columbia, 19 in the Southeastern States, 23 in the Midwest Plains States, 18 in the Southwest including California, 13 in the Rocky Mountain and Northwest region, and 4 in the Territories. The institutes varied in length, the shortest being 4 weeks, and the longest, 12. The average was 7 weeks. The number of participants in each institute varied from 20 to 110, and averaged 50. Participant support funds not needed for travel or dependents were used by many institutes to provide a few additional stipends. In all, approximately 6,000 high school teachers and 300 college teachers received support from National Science Foundation funds in the 1958 Summer Institutes. The National Science Foundation grants provided funds for participant support. The maximum award to a participant was set by the Foundation at $75 per week for stipend, plus allowance for dependents and travel. Most institutes followed this schedule and granted the maximum allowable amounts to each awardee. (A few distributed their available funds in smaller amounts to more participants.) Many of the institutes accepted a few registrants beyond those who received stipends. The Foundation grants to each institution paid necessary tuition and fees for the stipend holders, and paid the direct costs occasioned by the 55

institute to the extent that these exceeded the amount already allowed for tuition and fees.

expansion of the Summer Institutes program is expected in 1959 to a number in excessof 300. The Foundation expects to exercise greater latitude in providing opportunities to teachers at all levels for improvement of their mastery of science and mathematics. Although most of the 1959 Summer Institutes will doubtless be for high school and junior high school teachers, relatively more will be scheduled for college teachers. This will be of particular advantage to teachers in Thus, not only the small colleges and in teacher-training institutions. will present teachers be aided, but through them, prospective teachers

-Continued PLANS.

Elementary school science teaching is in drastic need of strengthening. Therefore, a number of experimental Summer Institutes for elementary school supervisors and teachers is being planned. It may even be possible to provide for other groups of teachers not yet reached-those in technical institutes not offering the baccalaureate degree.
Academic-Year Institutes

In fiscal year 1958 the Foundation awarded grants to 19 universities for Academic-Year Institutes to be conducted during the 1958-59 school year. The courses in these institutes are based on the subject matter of science and mathematics. High school teachers are able in many cases to earn a graduate degree such as the Master of Science in Science Education. In order to enable as many of the deserving teachers as possible to earn this degree, the Foundation has made it possible for the institutes to offer summer awards which permit the selected teachers to continue their studies during the summer following the Academic-Year Institute. Foundation grants for these institutes provide a maximum stipend of $3,000, plus additional allowance for dependents and travel. Tuition and other fees are covered as well as an allowance for books. Approximately 925 teachers will be trained in the 1958-59 program, and evidence gained from past programs indicates that very few of these teachers will leave the teaching profession-proportionately fewer, in fact, than normally leave teaching. It is also worthwhile to note that appointments were available for fewer than 10 percent of those who applied.

academic year 1959-60, the Foundation plans to support about 30 Academic-Year Institutes, the maximum level it is felt this program should attain.



In-Service Institu?*s


The Foundation initiated this program to fit the needs of high school teachers of science and mathematics through courses offered on Saturday morning or during after-school hours. The successof the In&rvice Institutes program during the previous 2 years resulted in support by the Foundation of 86 such institutes dur ing the 1958-59 academic year. About 3,000 high school teachers are able to participate in this institute program which provides for their supplementary training in the subject matter of science and mathematics while at the same time, they maintain their teaching responsibilities. The institutes are located in 35 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.

of the popularity and proved value of this institute program, the Foundation plans to support about 200 InService Institutes for high school teachers of science and mathematics during the 1959-60 academic year. Considerable interest has been shown in the potential use of this mechanism to prepare teachers for dealing with the new materials being developed for teaching science and mathematics in the Course Content Improvement Program. Extending the successful pattern established by the preceding programs, the Division proposes to initiate institutes of a similar type to serve the needs of elementary school teachers in their teaching of science and mathematics. Special Projects in Science Education Program

Complementing the Institutes Program of the Foundation, this program is concerned principally with the experimental testing and development of promising new ideas for the improvement of science instruction, and with new and more effective methods of increasing the understanding of science on the part of our young people. Approximately $1.5 million was obligated in fiscal year 1958 to carry out this program. Projects fall readily into the three following types: (a) Student Participation Projects, (b) Teacher Training Projects, and (c) Course Content Improvement Studies.
Student Participation Prolects

These projects are planned to enlist the interest in and understanding of science, mathematics, and engineering by students at all educational levels. Activities in this area that have been supported by the National Science Foundation include the following :

1. The Traveling High SoAdo Scknzca Library Program.-+ many areas of the United State8 high school students with an interest in scieqce have We or no access to books about science and mathematics other than their textbooks. The primary purpose of this program is to furnish to secondary schools, on a loan basis, a carefully selected library of general-interest hooks chosen to cover a broad spectrum of science and mathematics. A secondary but important result is the stimulation of book purchases by school and other libraries in response to student demand. The program is conducted for the Foundation by the American Association for the Advancement of Science. It was started on an experimental basis in fiscal year 1956, and has been expanded each year since then. In fiscal year 1958, 54 sets of 200 books each were circulated among 2 16 high schools. Each school receives 50 books at a time. Through periodic exchange, all 200 books are made available to each school served during the academic year. In the summer, the libraries are made available to Foundation-sponsored Summer Institutes. A list of the books in the Traveling Science Libraries is published It is being used in many separately and is given wide distribution. communities as a guide to the purchase of books for libraries. A larger and more comprehensive list of science and mathematics books for secondary school and community libraries is being prepared, and a special list of science and mathematics books available in inexpensive paperbound editions is also issued to encourage students who wish to buy them for their own use. An evaluation study of the program has been conducted applicable to the 1956-57 program which served 104 schools. This developed considerable information regarding the reading habits of high school students, Outstanding among the conclusions were the following : a. In schools served by the Traveling Science Libraries, 39 percent of the students read at least one of the books. Half of these read more than three of the library books. b. Small high schools make more intensive use of the library books than large schools. c. At schools where there is a strong teacher interest in science, as determined by the number of library books checked out by the teacher, student interest in the books is more intense. d. A.majority of the schools served by the libraries subsequently added some science books to their own libraries. Lack of funds is the principal reason for not buying more books. 58

The Founc$ation plans to continzlit tkib pm k the future; &. to expand it as funds permit. are over 13,000 high schools &n the United States with a student body of less than 200 students. 2. The Traveling Science Demonstration Lecture Program.--Sup ported jointly with the Atomic Energy Commission and administered by the Oak Ridge Institute of Nuclear Studies, this program provides opportunities for secondary school students and teachers to see and hear science lecture demonstrations stressing the scientic principles involved in such subjects as solar radiation, atomic structure, nuclear reactions, space travel, and other subjects of scientific interest. Selected high school teachers are trained at Oak Ridge during a Summer Institute session and then during the academic year travel widely over the country providing lecture-demonstrations in selected high schools. The training program for 1957-58 was much like that for the first year. Seven teachers were carefully selected for participation in the program and underwent a period of preparation and special trainiig at Oak Ridge during the summer. The summer training period included courses and lectures on fundamentals of physical sciences, radioisotope techniques, science experiments, and techniques in science teaching. Six weeks of the’three-month summer session consisted of lectures and demonstrations in chemistry, physics, biology, and mathematics given by prominent scientists and teachers. Concurrently with the lecture-demonstration training, the traveling teachers designed and built many pieces of apparatus for use in their subsequent visiting lectures. Many of these inexpensive “home-made” assemblieswere used as models which later were duplicated by high school teachers working with their students. During the 1957-58 school year the traveling teachers made visits of l-week duration to 260 high schools throughout the country. They gave, on the average, one lecture-demonstration per day in the schools and were usually invited to provide many added lectures to parent and civic clubs. In addition to the schools visited, other neighboring schools were often reached while the teacher was in the community, so that a total of 892 schools (including some elementary schools) received at least one demonstration-lecture. More than 226,000 high school students and some 5,700 high school teachers were reached by this program. The activities and previsits of the traveling teachers were cooperatively planned by the high school principals and the science departments of the various high schools. This cooperation aided the high school teachers to anticipate what would be covered by the visiting lecture59


demonstrator and permitted them to arrange their w&k in the science courts to fit into the material covered by the visitor. From reports of school principals, teachers, and parents, there is abundant evidence that the high school traveling lecture-demonstration program has had increasing success. By May 1, 1958, the number of visits requested for the year 1958-59 had exceeded 3,200. The 1958-59 program will make use of a group of 19 traveling teache-7 completely supported by National Science Foundation and Atomic Energy Commission funds and at least 12 supported during the 9 months of the school year by State departments of education, with National Science Foundation funds covering the teachers’ stipends during the summer months and Atomic Energy Commission funds providing the demonstration equipment. The fact that educational systems in individual States are willing and able to include the Traveling Science Demonstration Lecture Program in their “normal” educational pattern is an indication of the , validity of the program. It is a good indication that this program will probably function smoothly when it is expanded during the coming year to provide a more widespread coverage of schools. 3. The Visiting Scientists Program.-This is a program which enables distinguished scientists to visit small colleges and universities for periods of several days to give lectures, to conduct classesand seminars, and to meet students and faculty members on a formal as well as informal basis in order to stimulate interest in science. The Visiting Scientists Program was initiated in the 1954-55 school year when the National Science Foundation made a grant to the Mathematical Association of America for a series of visits to various small colleges and universities. Since that time the program has been expanded to include similar programs in chemistry, physics, biology, and astronomy. In the past year, grants have been made to the following organizations to support Visiting Scientists Programs: American Chemical Society, American Institute of Physics, American Institute of Biological Sciences, American Astronomical Society, and the Mathematical Association of America. About 500 visits to colleges and a few high schools will have been made during the academic year, reaching an audience of over 60,000 students. The visiting scientists and the administrators of the institutions visited, as well as the faculties and students, have expressed enthusiasm for the value of the program. The present programs in mathematics, chemistry, biology, physics, and astronomy have proved so successful in arousing interest in the subject matter presented that in 1959 they will be expanded to make 60


contacts possible. In addition, new scieutific discipliues will be

included, such as the earth scieucesand engineering. \ In view of the importance of iuteresting high school students in s&ntifk careers, an active program, admhktered by appropriate scientific groups, will be developed in the next fiscal year, so that able scientists
can visit high schools, lend their stimulus to science education at that important level, and provide a better appreciation of career opportunities. 4. Science Clubs and Student Projects.-This program stimulates interest in science and in scientific and engineering careers among students below the college level by supporting extracurricular science projects under the guidance of national youth organizations. Since 1952, the National Science Foundation has been providing a limited amount of support to Science Clubs of America, administered by Science Service, Inc., a nonprofit organization with other sources of income. Approximately 19,500 local Science Clubs, composed predominantly of students of senior and junior high schools, are affiliated with ,Science Clubs of America. Each has an adult adviser, usually a science teacher. Many club members carry out individual projects which frequently culminate in exhibits displayed at a school science fair. The most worthy of these are selected for showing at a city, regional, or State science fair, and each of these in turn usually selects two finalists who are sent, with their exhibits, to the annual National Science Fair. At the National Science Fair held May 9-l 1, 1958, exhibits were shown by 281 finalists from 146 areas. The supporting fairs showed a more impressive growth rate. On the basis of reports from 98 of the 146 affiliated fairs, it is estimated that the 281 exhibits at the national fair were selected from a total of more than 468,000 exhibits at local fairs, an increase of 60 percent over the preceding year. Public attendance at science fairs is encouraged. In 1958 attendance at the national fair was over 30,000, and an estimated 4 million persons saw the exhibits at the supporting fairs. Geographic coverage of this program is extensive but not intensive. There are only three States where there are no science fairs, but few of the remaining States have anything approaching complete coverage. Of about 16 million students of the 7th through 12th grades, about 4 million would probably be interested in this kind of activity if the opportunity were available. Total membership in the 19,500 Science Clubs is estimated at about 500,000 students. A recent study of National Science Fair finalists from 1950 to 1957 reveals a very high degree of interest in higher education. Of 589


Hduals on were received, 156 were still in high school Of the remaining 410,‘95 p&cent and 23 were in militaq &ce. were taking college courses or had received a “college degree. In view of the results obtained fram this program, the Foundation
plans to continue its support of Science Clubs of America and also to explore the possibilities of science programs in cooperation with other national youth, organizations such as the 4-H Clubs, Future Farmers of America, the Boy Scouts, and the Girl Scouts. 5. Summer Training Program for Secondary School Students.-A primary purpose of this program is to encourage the scientific interests of high-ability secondary-school students by providing them with opportunities to participate in study and research programs set up especially for such students by interested college groups. Pilot programs supported for the summer of 1958 include those of two. State university short summer institutes for high school students and one research foundation’s summer-long. research participation program. In the two university institutes-“science camps”-two or three weeks were devoted to lectures, laboratory experience, visits to other laboratories or museums, and field trips, together with orientation lectures in the various branches of science and mathematics. Their aim was to acquaint the students with the many facets of scientific activity so as to provide a better comprehension of the sciences and a better basis for a choice of future careers. In the Waldemar Research Foundation summer program, high school students participated in supervised research which not only complemented their wintertime classroom instruction, but also offered them the stimulation and intellectual discipline of experimental scientific research. Both types of programs utilized high school science teachers as counsellor-participants, to the ultimate benefit of their future classes. In these 3 pilot projects, 145 students and 8 high school teachers participated. High school students also took part as members of demonstration classes in mathematics and science which were part of the program of some of the Summer Institutes for high school teachers. A number of other proposals for the summer of 1958 to aid in developing the scientific interests of high school students were received, but the Foundation was unable to support them all. However, for 1959, the Foundation expects to support as many as 80 such projects. 6. Other Student Participation Projects.-Included under this heading are projects such as support of the preparation and distribution of pamphlets and brochures describing career opportunities in the various 62

gciemk disciplines and de&gned to awaken stud&t interest; a pqqax@ to bring to science teachers and their students,by m$ans of poster.-hibits, a balanced and comprehensive understandiig of the IGY’and a constructive realization of the interdependence of the scientific disciplines involved ; studies of ways in which the Foundation can best provide a&stance to State Academies. of Science in furthering their interests in science education; production of pilot films relating to
science to be made available to American schools, not strictly as teaching aids but directed to achieving a broader understanding of science by all students; support of a 4-week summer workshop at the University of Chicago to introduce qualified college students to the field of meteorology as a subject for graduate study and as a profession, and partial support to the American Institute for Research to conduct a planning study’ for research on the identification, development, and utilization of human talents.
Toucher Training Prefects

Teaching is not a static profession in which the education attained in one’s youth can serve until retirement. In science, mathematics, and engineering, new developments of a profound nature are constantly occurring and affecting the fundamental principles in important areas of subject matter. Associated with the new discoveries are novel laboratory and demonstration procedures. Today’s teacher finds it essenital to seek periodic refresher training, or if necessary, more advanced training, if he expects to retain his competence as a teacher. The problem varies with the teaching level, but this need applies to the professor charged with graduate training, the secondary school teacher, and the elementary school teacher. Whereas the college or universityassociated teacher may hunger for recent developments at the frontiers of his field, the precollege teacher is usually isolated from contact with the broad advances in science. Thus, the refresher work required depends on the goals of the participants, and a flexible program is needed to supplement the activities of the regular institutes programs. ,, During the past year, the National Science Foundation helped various institutions to offer a wide variety of opportunities for the improvement of teachers. Conferences and symposia were supported in such diverse fields as the teaching of astronomy, recent advances in protozoology, approaches to the teaching of “freshman” chemistry, the uses of projection equipment in planetaria, selected problems in statistics, and the use of research problems at the undergraduate level. One example of the needs at a level of education which may require increasing attention was the pilot course given for teachers in technical 63

institu~ iti the theoryof lxr&s instrumentation and automatic control. Another illustration of the productive outcome of a long-standing problem was a workshop centered on the various approachesto improving the electrical engineering curriculum, attended by representatives of 100 engineering schools. The National Science Foundation also
contributed support to an important conference on problems of higher education in science and engineering, with the Scientific Manpower Commission, Engineering Manpower Commission, and the National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council as cosponsors. Many national leaders in science, industry, and education attended to discuss the issues on a broad scale, and significant results are expected. Not only the college teacher has benefited from these projects. In an effort to come to grips with the overwhelming problem of elementary school teachers for science teaching, an exploratory conference by the National Science Teachers Association was supported on this subject. In addition, two experimental approaches were tried in bringing science content closer to the elementary school teacher: one, an in-service institute for all of the interested elementary teachers in a small city; the other, an institute for elementary science teacher-coordinators who were nominated by their schools to receive this training and then return to teach and to coordinate the science programs in their own schools. Opportunities for secondary school teachers included specialized summer programs in junior high school mathematics, marine biology, and earth science. Of particular interest was a plan used in connection with several mathematics summer institutes. In order to provide the teachers.participating in the institutes an opportunity to see new mathematics concepts actually taught in class, or even to try presenting these new ideas themselves, several institutes offered demonstration classes for high school students. The Special Projects in Science Education Program supported these demonstration classes, which seemed not only to help the teachers master the subject but also brought a .stimulating experience in mathematics to several hundred superior high school students.
Course Content Improvement


Progress in the sciences has been so rapid in recent years that the courses in science and mathematics offered in most secondary schools now reflect neither the current state of knowledge nor the attitudes of mind which characterize modern scientific study. The course work in mathematics that now makes up the program of most modern high schools has been taught essentially unchanged for approximately 60 years and, therefore, does not emphasize many of the aspects of mathematics 64

now consideredimportant. Similarly, courses physics,chemistry, and in biology as taught in most secondaryschoolsnot only contain much o&so-, lete material, but-even more important-represent a point of view that has long #beendiscarded by the scientists working in these areas The basic conceptsof thesesciences have been altered beyond recognition and whole new fields, unknown a few yearsago, are now areasin which important and active contributions to knowledge are being made. Two consequences this failure of science instruction in the primary of
and secondary schools to keep pace with the growth of knowledge have been a conspicuous lack of interest in science and mathematics on the part of students and a seriously inadequate preparation for more advanced study in colleges and universities. The quality of the scientific training given our young people has so vital a role for the safety and economic welfare of this country that it can no longer be neglected if America is to maintain its position of leadership in science and technology. The seriousnessof the situation has led many eminent scientists to devote their efforts to a thorough and critical reexamination of science programs in the public schools. The Foundation has provided support for major studies of science curricula in the secondary schools in which the knowledge, judgment, and experience of distinguished scientists and skillful teachers have been welded together to produce new and imaginative approaches to science instruction. One of the most encouraging activities in high school science instruction today is the development of an entirely new course in physics for the high schools. This has resulted from the cooperative efforts of a large group of senior physicists working with a similar number of experienced and successful high school science teachers. The new course represents a drastic departure from traditional methods of instruction both in selection of subject matter and in the methods of presentation. A new textbook has been written, a new laboratory manual prepared, ingenious and inexpensive equipment has been designed for use in laboratory study, films to supplement class and laboratory instruction are being produced, a large number of monographs extending and enriching the student’s understanding of specific topics are being written, and a comprehensive guide to assist teachers in presenting the new course has been prepared. Everything possible has been done to bring maximum appreciation and understanding of the science of physics to the high school student. The new course has been tested in a number of high school classeswith most encouraging results, and preparations are now under way to have the course tried in more than 200 classesduring the next school year. 65

A skilady *a~&@+qQ ,of mathematics cu’kkula in tb~ eleentary and mndary scl+ool&as been started with Foundation supportt Pke, also, eminent natthematkians,~ar~ working cooperatively with 42qeri~ enced high school teachersto develop an approach ,to mathematics that will both reflect modern concepts in this important field and create intexest and understanding in the minds of the students. Mtithematics today is an entirely different discipline from what it was even a generation ago. Its ~applications have been so extended that scientists in many new fields use it as physicists and engineers used it early in the twentieth century. Industrial employment of mathematicians is many times greater today than was considered probable by the best informed experts of only twenty years ago. The incredible speed with which mathematics has come to play a role in almost every aspect of modern life makes imperative a thorough restudy of the teaching methods whereby young minds are brought into contact with this subject. It is the purpose of the Mathematics Study Group to so reorganize the workin mathematics in the upper levels of the elementary schools and in the high schools that it will become a way of thinking rather than a system of artificial devices to solve problems. Successful advancement of this goal could become one of the important landmarks in the history of educational progress during the twentieth century. It should be emphasized that these studies have been cooperative efforts in which scientists have sought and obtained the cordial assistance of the professional educational organizations so that the knowledge and experience of both groups could be utilized in the development of the new courses. Interest in the comprehensive studies of physics and mathematics curricula in the secondary schools has been widespread and has encouraged similar studies in other sciences. The professional scientific societies representing the chemists and biologists have approached the Foundation for the support of comparable studies in these disciplines. The Foundation provided support for a conference of college teachers of chemistry which was held early in the summer of 1958 at Wesleyan University, Connecticut. The conference discussed both the appropriate materials to be included in college courses in elementary chemistry and the most effective ways of presenting the material to

In the area of teaching aids, Foundation support has been given to the production of a series of films in which skillful teachers of mathematics DISCUSS current ideas in special subject-matter areas of mathematics. The films are designed to enlarge and enrich the grasp of mathematics of collegestudentsof this discipline. 66.

support has also been granti folpcrcperimtntof .cc&x tcltvhriosl,iiliuM hi biology becawe it S&wed that widagcale we af films and tckvisiiotz is a partialansw~ to incnasing emollments, shorn of teachgrs, and
presentation of educational experiences difficult to provide in other ways. This project enlists, under the sponsorship of the American Institute of Bioldgical Sciences, distinguished biologists and expeenced productiq personnel in presenting both factual and theoretical topics on film, together with an evaluation of the effectiveness of this type of teaching. Scientific Manpower Program

The Scientific Manpower Program is designed to provide the Federal Government with knowledge about the Nation’s resources of scientific manpower, such as supply, demand, utilization, and characteristics. This is accomplished through maintenance of the National Register of Scientific and Technical Personnel and through the conduct of Scientific Manpower Studies. Expenditures for this program during 1958 totaled approximately $352,000.
The National Register of Scfentifk and Technical Personnel

The Register provides a means for quickly locating specialized scientific manpower in case of emergency and serves as a source of data concerning scientific manpower supply and characteristics. It is maintained by the Foundation in cooperation with the Nation’s professional organizations of scientists and engineers. At present the Register lists more than 175,000 names, an increase of over 25,900 during the year. During 1958, an analysis was completed of data received during 1954-55 from 126,000 scientists. The reports are currently being processed. The data deal with a wide variety of factors, such q salary, age, level of education, field of study, professional specialization, function, and type of employer. In addition, special studies are being made of the proficiency of scientists in various foreign languages. A “Survey of Earned Doctorates” is proceeding under grant to the National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council. The object is to collect information by means of specially designed questionnaires from all individuals now being granted science or technical doctorates, as a continuing program. Statistical analysesare aready under way. Register personnel have been cooperating with the Civil Service Commission in the establishment of a special placement roster of Federal scientists and engineers in grades GS-13 and above. (The starting salary for GS-13 is $9,890.) This roster is expected to be in operation in the fall of 1958.


at the p;ist year the Register has been used to provide data~n mathematici~ in certain specialtiesto the Bureau of the Budget; salaries of scientists to the Civil Service Commission; resident scientists to the State Of Florida; older scientists to the National Committee on Aging; etc. place the Register program on a more current operating basis and extend the coverage of the Register to new fields of vital importance to the Nation, such as rocket and missile technology, communications and electronics, aeronautical science, ceramics and metallurgy. Methods of increasing the usefulness of the data currently within the Register are also under study.
Scientific Manpower Studies

This program acts as a clearinghouse for the collection, interpretation, and dissemination of information concerning scientific and technical personnel. During fiscal year 1958, at the request of the Bureau of the Budget, a major study was initiated by the Foundation aimed at the development of a coordinated program of scientific manpower data collection. An advisory panel consisting of experts in the field was appointed jointly by the Foundation and the President’s Committee on Scientists and Engineers, under the chairmanship of Dr. Philip M. Hauser of the University of Chicago. The results of this panel’s study served as the basis of the Foundation’s report to the Bureau of the Budget, “A Program for National Information on Scientific and Technical Personnel.” The Foundation indicated the many gaps now existing in scientific manpower information and the need for better planning and coordination in the operation of existing data collection programs. Among the report’s recommendations for urgent action, three general areas of need are most urgent : (a) better definitions and classification of scientific and technical manpower; (b) a continuing flow of basic employment information; and (c) projections. Other recommendations include intensive surveys of scientific manpower ch&racteristics, improvement of data collection on education, and studies of qualitative aspects of scientific and technical manpower. A key recommendation is that an appropriate Federal agency should be given the responsibility for coordinating that part of the work which involves Government support for analyzing the data produced and for making the findings known. The Foundation in cooperation with the Engineers Joint Council, the National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council, and the Scientific Manpower Commission sponsored the Conference on Higher 68

, .

Education and Technology held in Chicago, itlinois, dctobw: siNovember 2, 1957. The Western Society of Engineers was the lo& sponsor. The immediate objectives of the conference were to: (a) provide an up-to-date picture of the scientific and engineering manpower situation and its implications for educational resources; (b) highlight the unique problems of higher education in science and engineering and explore remedial measures; and (c) contribute to the general understanding of problems of higher education in technology and the need to rally our Nation’s resources to meet the challenge. The proceedings of the conference were published under the title Engineesing and Scientific Education- Foundation of National Strength. During the fiscal year 1958, the following studies were completed : Immigration of Professional Workers to the United States, 1953-56.An analysis of approximately 60,000 immigrants, classified as professional, technical, and kindred workers, who entered the U. S. for permanent residence during fiscal years 1953-56 (July 1, 1952-June 30, 1956). The papers presented at the Sixth ConScientific Manpower-1957.ference on Scientific Manpower held in conjunction with the AAAS meeting at Indianapolis, Ind., in December 1957. The conference theme was “Scientists and Scientific Research in a Changing Economy.” Reports prepared as a result of Foundation grants include Engineering Enrollment and Faculty Requirements, 1957 to 1967; Availability of Retired 0ficer.s to Teach Mathematics and Science; and Doctorate Production in United States Universities, 1936-56. Other projects included analysis of data for 1954-55 from the National Register of Scientific and Technical Personnel; analysis of data from the 1957 Survey of Doctorate Degrees; continuing analysis of information on scientific manpower in foreign countries; and special rem search on various subjects in the field of education, such as high schoolcollege attrition and qualifications and preparation of high school science and mathematics teachers. enlarge the program so as to begin to adopt urgent recommendations which have Ibeen made concerning an integrated and expanded program of scientific manpower data collection, to expand the analysis of the relative scientific manpower positions of the Free World and the Soviet Bloc nations, and to initiate a program of experimental research on scientific manpower data collection.




The ultimate goal of the Office of Scientific Information is to insure the ready availability to all United States scientists of the world’s current and past output of significant scientific information. With the everincreasing volume of scientific research throughout the world has come a proportionate increase in the body of the world’s scientific knowledge. These factors pose a severe problem in dissemination, for research, no matter how significant, is of little value unless the results are easily accessible to other scientists. The Foundation, through the Office of Scientific Information, fosters cooperation and coordination of scientific information activities among agencies of the Federal Government and among non-Government organizations engaged in activities in this field. The four major programs of this Office are: Research on Scientific Information, Publications and Information Services, Government Research Information, Foreign Science Information. During fiscal year 1958, approximately $2 million were spent in pursuit of these programs. Research on Scientific Information The objective of this program is the development of new or improved means of organizing, translating, storing, searching for, and disseminating large quantities of scientific information. Scientists need new tools to help them find and digest the material they want without time-consuming searches through the literature. The design of improved systems and the development of procedures for using high-speed machines in the processing of scientific information require thorough study of the actual information requirements of scientists, experimentation with possible ways of organizin g and searching information so as to best meet their requirements, and, finally, testing and evaluation of proposed new procedures and systems.
Machine Translation

Active research programs on the use of electronic machines in preparing translations are being carried on in the U. S. S. R. and England, 70

as well as in: the: Unfted States. The ,71 technical papers presented at a 6-day conference in Moscow in May 1958 on reseti& in mechanical ’ translation demonstrate the size of the Russian effort. The Foundation is continuing its support of the following programs in this field. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology is continuing work on methods of machine translation with emphasis on the study of sentence structure in German and English and procedures for converting German sentences into the correct English word order. At Georgetown University research continues on translation of Russian chemical papers into English. Several promising techniques which have been developed are being tested on general-purpose computers. At the Harvard Computation Laboratory a full-scale automatic Russian-to-English “electronics dictionary” will soon be in operation, and will be used as a research tool in the continuing program to develop rules for the fully automatic production of translations. The Cambridge Language Research Unit, Cambridge, England, is continuing work on the development of generalized procedures for handling syntactic structures and semantic choices in machine translation. The procedures are being tested first on punched cards.
Organizing and locating Information

Several new studies have been started and. others continued dealing A study with problems involved in organizing and locating information. of the use of a computer to prepare a coordinate index for bibliographies Western in book form was begun at George Washington University. Reserve University has undertaken a test program of chemical notation systems, which in time may be used to facilitate the preparation of indices and the use of machines in searching chemical structure files. A basic research project looking toward a systematic means of reducing the linguistic complexities of scientific publications to simpler, more uniform construction is in its second year at the University of Pennsylvania.
Operations Research Studies of Scientific Communication

Continuing support was given to an exploratory operations research study of scientific communication at the Case Institute of Technology. This project is a pilot study of the pattern of communication among A final report was chemists and their use of recorded information. received from a related study, based on interview survey methods, of scientific information exchange at Columbia University. The report discusses the occasions of information exchange and the characteristics of information-gathering patterns in a university environment and sug71

gcsts additional studies looking toward the improvement of channels of
1 information exchange.
Research Irifonnotion Center and Advisory Service

The Foundation called a series of conferences and meetings with directors of research and representatives of other Federal agencies to discuss means of facilitating research on information processing and searching, as well as on machine translation. As a result of these discussions, plans were made for the establishment at the National Bureau of Standards of a research information center and advisory service in the field of information processing (including machine translation), whose services will be available to Federal agencies and other organizations conducting or supporting research in the field. The new service is expected to be in operation early in fiscal year 1959.
International Conference on Scientific Information

Both financial assistance and staff time were given to the planning of a large international research conference on scientific information, to be held in Washington, D. C., late in 1958 under the auspices of the National Academy of Sciences- National Research Council, the American Documentation Institute, and the National Science Foundation. Approximately 75 papers have been accepted for the conference.

Publications and Information Services The principal objective of this program is to aid the dissemination of scientific information by helping to maintain, improve, and expand present means of publication, and by helping to establish and maintain information centers that provide scientists with specialized reference services, where such aid is necessary.
Support of Scientific Publications

As in the past, the Foundation granted temporary, emergency support to valuable research journals facing financial or other crises (such as the Astronomical Journal), or to help journals with a specific problem such as the publication of an extensive backlog or a cumulative index (such as the Journal of Parasitology). Support was also given to help defray the publication costs, and sometimes part of the preparation costs, of other types of significant publications that could not be published without such aid. These included monographs (such as World Monograph on 72

the Fontindaceas),

specialized bibliographies (continuation of a bibliography of the International Geophysical Year), compilations of data ( Organic Electronic Spectral Data, 1946-SS), volumes of special tables (Geographical Conversion Tables), and critical reviews of recent developments in a field (a comprehensivevolume of reviews on all aspects of phytopathology by leading experts from all over the world).
Abstracting and Indexing Services

Special attention was given this year to the problems of abstracting and indexing services. Besides giving emergency support to Mathematical Reviews and Sociological Abstracts, the Foundation provided funds and staff work for a conference of major United States scientific abstracting and indexing services. The conference met to consider operating problems of the services and to explore the possibility of increased cooperation among the various services to achieve systematic coverage of the world’s scientific literature. A major accomplishment of the conference was the formation of the National Federation of Science Abstracting and Indexing Services, which will strive to coordinate the work of the various services, seek ways to improve them, and encourage the development of abstracting and indexing services for those specialized subject fields not at present covered by such services.
Data and Reference Centers

Support was given for the establishment of an Office of Critical Tables at the National Academy of Sciences---National Research Council to coordinate the activities of the various data compilation projects now in progress in this country and of the data centers currently in operation, and to stimulate new projects and centers in areas not presently being covered. The Foundation again joined with other Federal agencies to support the Bio-Sciences Information Exchange, which collects information on current research projects in the biological sciences, organizes and classifies this information, and makes it available upon request.
Studies and Experiments

Several studies were undertaken, under grants from this program, of problems connected with publishing and disseminating scientific information. The American Institute of Physics began a major program of research on publishing problems in the field of physics, including such matters as the nature of the problems, comparisons of techniques and methods that might be used in physics, publications, and the pub73


li&tiom nec& mx$ uses of physic&


Abstracts undertook

a survey of the coverageof botanical literature by abstracting~service& ~H&ner and Company made a study of the importance of subject slanting in published abstracts, where the same papers are abstracted for scientists in different fields. Support was given to the Conference of Biological Editors for the
preparation of a style manual for biological publications, which will establish standards in such matters as literature citations, terminology, abbreviations, and preparation of illustrations. These standards will be arrived at by agreements among biological editors, and it is expected that most biological journals will adhere to them after the manual is published, thus establishing badly needed consistency and saving considerable time and effdrt of both editors and authors. The American Physical Society was given partial support for the establishment of an experimental type of journal for the rapid publication of physics research results. New editorial procedures will be used, and it is hoped that improved production methods will also be developed. The results of the experiment will be watched with great interest by other scientific groups. Government Research Information The objective of the Government Research Information program is to make unpublished results of federally supported scientific research as available to United States scientists as are the results published conventionally in journals and books.
Inventory of Government Scientific Reporting

An inventory of Government agencies has been underway to determine the quantity and subject matter of the scientific reports which they issue, the availability of these reports to scientists outside Government, and the policies and procedures of these agencies with respect to their scientific information programs. Additional agencies were surveyed during fiscal year 1958, and the data from the entire survey will be published in a series of Foundation pamphlets. The first, dealing with the Department of Agriculture, will appear early in fiscal year 1959.
Government Research Information Clearinghouse

The second year of operation of the GRI Clearinghouse saw an increase in the comprehensiveness replies to inquiries from scientists. of More than 9,000 information sourceswere cited in responseto quests

I. \

byscientists for information oa where Govemment-sponsored resarch ii being carried on and how access the resultant reports can be obtained. ’ to clearinghouse staff members,in a prototype decksification program, are searching the Armed ServicesTechnical Information Agency’s clq sified collection for significant reports that appear to be susceptible of
Subjects are selected on the basis of interest as ex.declass&ation. pressed by queries directed to the Clearinghouse. Declassification retornmendations are handled by the Office of Technical Services.
OfRce of Technical Services, U. S. Department of Commerce


Financial support of the Office of Technical Services was increased to enable it to continue and expand its vigorous program of obtaining, announcing, and making generally available scientific reports in basic research fields. As a result, OTS was able substantially to augment its automatic acquisition agreements with other Federal agencies and now believes it is receiving nearly all significant, unclassified reports in basic science issued by the Department of Defense and its contractors.
library of Congress

The Report Reference Center, established in the Library’s Science Division in fiscal year 1957, increased its work as a result of an increase in the funds granted to it, and now has the country’s principal collection of unclassified scientific reports available for general reference use. About 40,000 titles were added during the fiscal year, bringing the total to approximately 100,000. With Foundation support the Library will complete early in fiscal year 1959 its preparation of the Armed Services Technical Information Agency subject index to the unclassified reports within AD numbers 1 to 75,000. Foreign Science Information The basic goal of this program is the widest possible dissemination in the United States of the published results of foreign scientific research. To date it has been necessary to limit work toward this goal almost exclusively to Russian scientific literature, emphasizing translations into English.
Midwest Inter-library Center (MILCH

,Continued support was given to the MILC in Chicago, a cooperative endeavor of 19 major midwestern universities. The Center is establish-


ing a comprehensivecollection of foreign chemical and biological serial publications. The’Foundation grant f&r fiscal year 1958 will maintain the subscriptions to the 800 journals acquired last year and permit the addition of 1,000 in cheqistry and 500 in biology. When present gaps are filled, the holdings will make 9,500 of the world’s most signi&ant serials in these two fields available to U. S. scientists.
Translations of Russian Documents

Grants made during the year brought to 29 the number of Russian
scientific journals receiving cover-to-cover translation with Foundation support and with the cooperation of the Atomic Energy Commission, the National Bureau of Standards, and the Office of Naval Research; 14 new translation projects were begun during the year. These together with translations sponsored commercially and by other agencies make available in English by subscription more than 50 important Russian scientific periodicals. Grants were also made for the translation of 10 important Russian scientific monographs in the fields of biology, ceramics, geochemistry, geology, and mathematics. Support was granted for the fifth consecutive year for translation by the American Mathematical Society of approximately 1,500 pages of carefully selected papers from Russian mathematics journals.
Special libraries Association Translation Center

In collaboration with the National Institutes of Health, the Foundation continued to support the Special Libraries Association Translation Center of the John’ Crerar Library in Chicago. The Center’s holdings were increased during the year to approximately 20,000 titles. New titles are being added at the rate of about 500 per month.
Foreign Technical information Center

In line with its efforts to assist agencies of Government to coordinate foreign information programs for maximum effectiveness, the Foundation chaired a series of interagency meetings to plan methods for disseminating Government-prepared translations to the public. out of these meetings grew a new program which the Congress has authorized to be established within the Office of Technical Services of the Department of Commerce. The primary function of the new Foreign Technical Information Center, to begin operation in fiscal year 1959, will be to act as a clearinghouse and to channel to the public large quantities of abstracts, translations, and studies of foreign science prepared by a number of Government agencies in the course of their normal operations.

Other Activities

Other grants during the year included support for a supplement to Bibliography of Eastern Asiatic Botany, a study of the current status of Russian biological research publications and another on certain Russian engineering publications, and preparation and publication of A Selected Bibliography of J ap anese Publications in Science and Technology. Continued partial support was given to the International Council of Scientific Unions for its program of assisting international cooperation in scientific abstracting. Special Scientific Exhibits

In 1957-58 the Foundation coordinated the United States program for large-scale science exhibits in the International Science Section of the Brussels World’s Fair. Funds transferred from the Department of State paid for the conception, design, construction, and display of approximately 6,000 square feet of exhibits. The United States is represented by 5 1 displays of a total of about 500 from 15 nations. The scientific achievements of more than 100 prominent American scientists, combined with cooperation and generous assistance from 50 American industries, contributed to the production of the United States exhibits. American exhibits range from the very popular to the very technical, and include a display of manmade diamonds, an operating nuclear reactor, and an exhibit on the recent Nobel prize-winning discovery of the nonconservation of parity. With the cooperation of the Naval Research Laboratory and the National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council, 4 outstanding earth satellite exhibits were produced, which have been shown a total of 61 times in 25 States, the District of Columbia, and 3 foreign countries, as well as having had 4 television appearances. These exhibits are currently being modified to include the Explorer satellite as well as Vanguard.


* *



The vastly increased public attention given to basic science, following the launching of the Soviet sputniks, made apparent the need for more information on the present research and development efforts in the United States. Fortunately, factfinding in this area had been part of the program of the National Science Foundation for several years. Early This year <studies provided much otherwise unavailable information. the Foundation accelerated the development of a long-range plan for obtaining annual data on the volume of research and development. To carry out this program, the Foundation’s Office of Special Studies was reorganized. Four program objectives were outlined to collect and analyze data on the nature and extent of the Nation’s scientific activities, and thereby assist in the formulation of Federal science policies. These program objectives are asfollows : 1. To measure the Nation’s research and development effort. 2. To undertake such special studies as may be indicated by the analysis of the results under ( 1)) in order to throw additional light on the problems involved. 3. To appraise the impact of research and development on selected areas as well as the economy as a whole. 4. To promulgate the findings in a series of monographs and reports. Long-range statistical studies on research and development in four On an annual basis sectors of the economy are now materializing. data are being collected on the Federal sector; in the other three sectorsprivate industry, colleges and universities, and other nonprofit institutions-periodic benchmark surveys are planned with intervening annual summary surveys. The continuity of these surveys will make possible time series for the individual sectors as well as for the national totals, with accompanying analyses on the flow of funds. . Work has begun on analytical studies, including examination of the relationship of research and development to the growth of a company, and investigation of decision-making as related to innovation and to research and development expenditures. Still another will survey the trends and volume of scientific research and development expenditures 78

dnurnpowerinthesovi~~Urrion. Plansape*bGingmadctod~
~~Bpecialstudiesinthc~andunivcTsitiesareaandintht~~~ eral Government sector. During the year, the publications issued by the Foundation in this field were as follows:
Government Two studies of Federal scientific activity and one on scienti6c activity in six State governments were released during the year. These studies, along with brief comments on their findings; are noted below. Federal Funds for Science VI. The Federal Research and Development Budget, Fiscal Years 1956, 1957, and 1958.-This issue of the Federal Funds for Science series continued the annual analysis of the Federal Government’s obligations and expenditures for scientific research and development. As shown in figure 2, both obligations and expenditures for this purpose increased in the three fiscal years covered by the study. These obligations and expenditures represent the funds administered by more than 20 Federal agencies for basic research, applied research, development, and the expansion of R&D plant which accounted for 10-15 percent of the totals shown in figure 2. Of the Government’s total obligations for basic and applied research and development, more than 60 percent is for development and less than 40 percent is for research, including basic research. The Federal research and development budget, which has shown a multifold increase since 1940, includes funds for work conducted not only in Government laboratories but under contract or grant arrangements with numerous private organizations, such as industry and educational and other nonprofit organizations. In the past decade Federal expenditures for scientific research and development have advanced from around 2 percent of the total Federal budget to more than 4 percent. Funds for Scientific Activities in the Federal Government.-Along with a number of surveys of research and development initiated in 1954, a study of the Federal Government’s organization, personnel, and funds for scientific activities was undertaken. Previous publications have summarized the information developed on organization and personnel. This publication focused on Government funds applied to a wide range of scientific activities, including, in addition to conduct of research and development, amounts for planning and administering R&D, increase of R.&D plant, scientific data collection, training of scientific manpower, and scientific information. Since more than 80 percent of the total


NOtEa including

Both pay

obligations ond



expenditures include personnel of military

funds for conduct of rarearch ond dwelopment. ond incrr~r* of R 6 D in raoorch and dwalopment,



The Federal


and development





funds for scientific activities was applied to conduct of research and development in fiscal year 1954, the major emphasis in the publication is on this activity. Scientific Activities in Six State Governments.--In addition to the survey of scientific activities in the Federal Government, an exploratory study of such activities in six selected States was initiated during the same period and a summary of the findings was published. The combined expenditures of California, Connecticut, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, and Wisconsin for scientific activities amounted to $69 million out of a total of $4.3 billion for all purposes in fiscal year 1954. As shown in the accompanying table, conduct of research and development accounted for $57 million of the total scientific activity expenditures. Almost two-thirds of the funds for research and development were expended for such purposes in the Agricultural Experiment Stations and the State universities. 80

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and Univerjities and Other Non&It


Se&d reports, ofkring insight into research and deveiopment within these Wtitutions, were published during the year. These studies, basedon previous surveys, are enumerated below.
Faculty .-&Sent& Research Activities at Colleges and Universities, 1953-54 (Reviews of Data on Research G’ Development, No. 6) .This survey covered 1,120 institutions. Detailed data were reported by 180 schools out of the 190 which had large research programs, The remaining 807 responding institutions were primarily liberal arts and teacher colleges. The survey showed that the preponderance of total academic research effort is carried on in the large complex institutions-those having schools of medicine, agriculture, and engineering. The 180 large institutions reported total faculty of 46,560, of whom 30,060 were engaged in research; the 807 small institutions reported total faculty of 15,691, of whom 1,359 were engaged in research. The greatest number of faculty members and full-time equivalents (i. e., estimated equivalent of full-time faculty work performed by parttime faculty) engaged in research were in the life sciences, reflecting the large amount of medical research in academic institutions. The next greatest number were in the physical sciences, of which the largest number were in engineering fields. Funds for Research and Development at Engineering Schools, 195354 (Reviews of Data on Research &3 Development, No. 7) .-The 109 engineering schools submitting usable returns in this survey conferred 92 percent of all graduate degrees in engineering in the United States during the period covered by the survey, July 1, 1953 to June 30, 1954. The estimated total research funds spent by these schools during the year was $72.8 million. Approximately $64.4 million, or 88 percent, of this was separately budgeted for research; the remainder was for departmental research and indirect costs of separately budgeted funds. Of considerable interest is the fact that more than four-fifths of the funds for separately budgeted research in engineering schools, $53.7 million, came from the Federal Government. Most of this was from the Department of Defense. (See figures 3 and 4.) Funds for Research in Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1953-54 (Review of Data on Research &f Development, No. 8)-This survey covered the 53 agricultural experiment stations in the United States, Alaska, Puerto Rico, and Hawaii which received Federal grants-in-aid for research. 82

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Totd Number ad

fulll-tirm tquhhnh of fmdty &I SdantMc Remard~AetivMs, by flofd, Academfc Yew t 953-54 (987 Institutiod

Number in research Field Total (1) Physical sciences. . . . . . . . . . . Engineering sciences. . . . Chemistry . . . . . . . . . . . . Physics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mathematics. . . . . . . . . . All other physical sciences. . . . . . . . . . . . . Life sciences, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Biological sciences including medical preclinical. . . . . . . . . . . . s Clinical sciences. . . . . . . Agricultural sciences. ...... Psychology. .............. Social sciences. ........... Total. . . . . . . . . . . . . . a 10,450 4,168 2,179 1,517 1,214 1,372 11,332 Full-time equivalent

Percent distribution Total (3) 33 13 7 5 4 4 36 Full-time equivalent I (4) 33 14 7 5 3 4 34

5,481 2,281 1,077 837 564 722 5,679

6,560 4,772 5,139 986 3,548 31,455

3,508 2,171 3,658 389 1,327 16,534 16 3 11 100

21 13 22 2 8 100

Nor&-Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of rounding. Source: National Science Foundation.

Unlike the research in colleges and universities, the greatest amount of effort in agricultural institutions was for applied research. The academic institutions had reported that 62 percent of their research was basic, while these stations reported ,only 23 percent as basic. However, some of the land-grant universities may have had a relatively high percent of their basic research conducted by the agricultural experiment

Primary source of support for the agricultural experiment stations comes not from the Federal Government, but from the States. The U. S. Department of Agriculture contributed $13.5 million for the year, while State governments contributed $44.9. However, the Federal


funds provided to these stations con3titute the nucleus of their support, and the incentive for State and private support of agricultural research. Funds from all other sources, such as sales, industry and foundation contributions, and others, came to $15.8 million.
Research Expenditures of Foundations and Other Nonprojit Institutions, I953-54.-Included in this report are a diversegroup of nonprofit organizations such as private philanthropic foundations, health agencies, research institutes, professional societies, academies of science, science museums, and botanical and zoological gardens. These organizations, which accounted for expenditures of approximately $70 million for scientific research and development, play an important and, in some respects, a unique role in the Nation’s scientific community.

Two publications which dealt with research and development in the industrial sector were issued during the year. Research and Development Costs in American Industry, 1956.-A preliminary report of research and development costs in American Industry in 1956 was issued by the Foundation in Reviews of Data on Research and Development, No. 10. The study was conducted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and was based on a stratified random sample of manufacturing and most other nonagricultural industries. Commercial laboratories and trade associations were the subject of a separate survey. Compared with 1953, the date of an earlier study, industrial research and development costs showed a 76 percent rise, from $3.7 billion to $6.5 billion in 1956. Federal Government-financed work accounted for $1.8 billion of the increase, while privately financed work accounted for the remaining $1 .O billion. Of total industrial research and development funds, the federally supported proportion rose from 37 percent to 49 percent. Four major industries accounted for 68 percent of all research and development expenditures in 1956-aircraft and parts, electrical equipment, machinery, and chemicals and allied products. Aircraft and parts and electrical equipment alone accounted for just over 50 percent of total research and development costs. (See figure 5.)








1 i




2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 -500 1000 1500 2000 2500 MILLIONS OF DOLLARS




and development funds in fhe Unltod by industry, I953 and 1956.


by source


The largest increase in research and development occurred in aircraft and parts industry, which rose 174 percent, from $758.0 million in 1953 to $2,078.7 million in 1956. The machinery industry was next in line with a 92 percent increase, from $3 18.9 million in 1953 to $610.6 million in 1956. As for the electrical equipment industry, it increased 58 percent, from $743.3 million in 1953 to $1,173.4 million in 1956. Growth in the chemicals and allied products industry amounted to 42 86

percent, increasing from $361.1 &on in 1953 to’ $511,7 milQ~ in 1956. Expansion in rexarch and development ccsts from 1953 to 1956 Aged between 70 percent and 75 percent for fabricated metal
products and ordnance, petroleum products and extraction, and stone, clay, anti glass products. In the lower 50 percent to 60 percent range were to be found telecommunications and broadcasting, rubber products, and professional and‘scientific instruments. Four-fifths of total Federal funds for industrial research and dev$opment in 1956 went into the aircraft and parts and the electrical equip ment industries. In the aircraft and parts industry, 87 percent of their total funds were derived from the Federal Government, and in the electrical equipment industry, 54 percent was the comparable figure. By contrast, in chemicals and allied products, only $13.3 million or 2.6 percent came from the Federal Government. As figure 5 indicates, the role of Federal Government financing is expanding for the three leading industries receiving Federal Government funds-aircraft and parts, electrical equipment, and machinery. Directory of Independent Commercial Laboratories Performing Research and Development, 1957.-This is the most recent available listing of such laboratories and was compiled by Syracuse University under Foundation contract.
Number’ of Sciontlsfs and Engineers Engaged Occupational in Rosoarch Held, 1954 and Devolopmonf by Socfor and

Physical sciences and engineering Major sector Physical sciences --,!p-$! Federal Government 2. ............. Industry-oriented organizations 8. ... Colleges and universities *. ......... Other institutions s. ... f ........... Total. ..................... 45: 700 7,600 700 67,800 Enginecring Total sciences sciences

16,700 30,500 116,600 162,300 5,600 13,200 1,000 300

4,800 4,200 12,000 1,000

35,300 166,500 25,200 2,000

1 For the most part these data consist of numbers of full-time personnel plus the fulltime equivalent of personnel engaged part time in research. s Includes military personnel. s Includes research personnel employed at research centers administered by organizations in this sector under contract with Federal agencies. Source: National Science Foundation.




A synthesis of previous survey data on scientific personnel was released during fiscal year 1958. $cientists and Engineers in Research and Development, 1954.-Summary data on employed scientists and engineers in the conduct of research and development in the natural sciences (including engineering) in the United States were presented in the ninth issue of Reviews of Data on Research & Development. According to this summary, based on a number of surveys conducted in 1954, approximately 230,000 scientists and engineers were engaged in R&D activities. The following table shows a distribution of these people on the basis of their occupational fields and the major sectors of employment. Conference on Research and Development the Economy

and Its Impact on

The increase in research and development expenditures from $5.4 billion in 1953 to an estimated $10 billion in 1957 has sharpened the need for knowledge of research and development as an economic factor. To marshal such knowledge by virtue of its responsibility under Public Law 507, 81st Congress, “to appraise the impact of research upon industrial development and upon the general welfare,” the Foundation called a conference on “Research and Development and Its Impact on the Economy,” held May 20, 1958. More than 500 noted economists and spokesmen for science attended. The continuing themes of the conference, as Dr. Alan T. Waterman saw them, were the interrelationship of natural science research with the state of knowledge in economics and social sciences, the interdependence of basic and of applied research, and the interdependence of government, industry, and universities and other nonprofit institutions in furthering research and development.
Scientific Research and the State of the Economy

Many conference speakers emphasized that research is not only a good investment, but is in time of recession indispensable. Professor Sumner H. Slichter, Lamont Professor of Economics, Harvard University, outlined in detail his thesis of research as a dynamic force in a free competitive society. “Within the last thirty years,” Professor Slighter stated, “technological research has become a large activity that introduces fundamental changes into the operation of the economy. Measured in terms of the number of scientists and engineers devoting full time to it, re88

search “is more than five times as large as it was in 1930, and measured by the ratio of research expenditures to the gross national product, it
is about thirteen times as large. * * * Today it is unthinkable that anyone should attempt to construct a theory of employment or a theory of growth without taking account of technological research.” Research for profit he calls “the industry of discovery,” whose “product is knowledge.” Because the product is knowledge, its utility does not diminish as the supply increases, but rather increases as it combines with the output of other units of the industry. “One may think of knowledge as consisting of a body of tested propositions,” Dr. Slichter explained. “The larger the number of tested propositions, the more numerous are the cases in which the addition of a new tested proposition will yield new useful applications and, in addition, will suggest hypotheses useful in adding still more tested propositions to the body of knowledge. Thus, the greater the body of existing knowledge, the greater is likely to be the value of the new discoveries. * * * “It is obvious that technological research increases the capacity of Less obvious and indeed generally the economy to raise productivity. overlooked is the fact that research gives the economy the capacity to bring about planned increases in the demand for goods-both by creating new demands for consumption goods and by creating, new investment opportunities. * * *” Research, he said, tends to introduce into industry the sort of technology that must be financed by long-range plans outside the business cycle. Furthermore, technological research greatly increases the number of industries in the economy and this, in itself, is a stabilizing influence. “Hence, * + * technological research tends to moderate the cyclical movements of the economy as a whole.” The remarks of Dr. Dexter Keezer of the McGraw-Hill Publishing Company confirmed Professor Slichter’s thesis. He stated, “There is no recession in research and development. * * * Industry plans to spend billions of dollars more this year for research and development than it spent last year. Expenditure indicated is over $8 billion,”
R’elationship of Research Process to Research Resources

Several speakers emphasized that growth of our economy requires nurturing the roots of research and development. Dr. James R. Killian, Jr., Special Assistant to the President for Science and Technology, said : “We need to increase basic research now because it is through basic research as it is conducted in the universities that we educate the pro89

scientists and engineers of the future; and the Nation, in the tecbological contest it faces, cannot afford any alternative.” Dr. C. Guy Suits, Vice President and Director of Research, General Electric Company, referred to basic research as necessary “learning Along with other speakers, work” that must precede “applied work.” he particularly emphasized the high risk factor inherent in basic research, where the immediate result, knowledge, normally is years removed from profit. But, he said, “If you don’t expect to be in business five years from now, there’s no need for expenditures for scientific research, especially in the learning category.” Experience has proven that a competently staffed, well-organized laboratory can obtain commercial successover the long run from its basic research expenditures. Both Dr. Killian and Dr. Charles Hitch, the latter from RAND Corporation, expressed the view that universities continue to provide the best environment for basic research. Both also pointed out the need for innovation in institutional forms, including further development of industrywide cooperative research and the establishment of research institutes. Distribution of resources within the research and development effort was also discussed. Dr. Martin R. Gainsbrugh of the National Industrial Conference Board contended that Federal allocations of resources for research are “primarily motivated by noneconomic considerations”chiefly military. Mr. Robert E. Johnson, Western Electric Company, discussed operations research, which he defined as “research into the nonphysical aspects of our economy.” More and more operations research studies are being channeled into problems of research and development budget planning and decision making to maximize return from limited resources. Dr. Russell Ackoff, Case Institute of Technology, outlined three categories of decision-making in which tools of the social science disciplines--economics, psychology, and sociology- are all put to use along with mathematics: (a) Determining the amount of company resources to be devoted to research and development. (b) Dividing funds between basic and applied research. (c) Selecting individual projects and determining when they should start and when they should end. Mr. Ralph E. Burgess, American Cyanamid Company, touched on the same point: “It becomes clear that industry’s participation in the nation’s achieving its research needs is virtually contingent upon advances in knowledge about research as a science in itself.”

Speakexs@ressed need for effective use of human resourcesto the
avoid a research bottleneck resulting from shortages of scientific~person~ nel. Dr. M. H. Trytten, National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council, noted that our historic concern with education as a whole had by “accident” produced enough technically trained people to meet past needs. However, the present rate of growth is too great to depend on chance. The temptation to draw the best brains away from teaching was noted by Dr. Bertrand Fox, Graduate School of Business Administration, Harvard University. Dr. Suits defined the technical personnel problem as follows: “In our system we require an economic balance, and to use more technical people we have to learn how to employ them effectively. Although there is an economic limit to the numbers of technical people we can employ in industry, there is no limit to the quality of the required skills. * * * I think we should focus more attention on quality and less on quantity.” Dr. Killian noted that perhaps “more first-rate research is now done in the sciences in the United States than in any other country of the world. Our deficiency is at the very top, in the area over and above the first-rate, where the great intellectual breakthroughs occur, where great concepts and discoveries originate.” Foundation statistics released at the time of the conference demonstrated the bifurcation of industrial R&D support. The preliminary findings of a survey showed that in 1956 private industrial R&D totaled $6.5 billion; industry financing, $3.3 billion; and the Federal Government, $3.1 billion.





General The International Geophysical Year ( IGY > officially opened on July 1, 1957, with 66 nations and more than 10,000 scientists participating. This was the culmination of five years of international planning conducted by committees of scientists in many nations and the coordination of such planning by the Comitt SpCcial de 1’AnnCe GCophysique Internationale (CSAGI) . On this date, observations of geophysical measurements over the entire earth were begun at more than 2,500 stations. These observations will extend through December 31, 1958, and are being coordinated both in time and geographic coverage. The countries participating in the International Geophysical Year are : Finland Argentina France Australia German Democratic Republic Austria German Federal Republic Belgium Ghana Bolivia Greece Brazil . Guatemala Bulgaria Hungary Burma Iceland Canada India Ceylon Indonesia Chile Iran China, Republic of Ireland Colombia Israel Cuba Italy Czechoslovakia Denmark Japan Korea, Democratic Republic of Dominican Republic Malaya East Africa Mexico Ecuador Mongolian PeoplesRepublic %YPt Morocco Ethiopia

Netherlands New Zealand Norway Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Rhodesia, Southern Rumania Spain

Switzerland Tunisia Union of South Africa Union of Soviet Socialist Republics United Kingdom United States of America UIW=Y Venezuela Vietnam Democratic Republic Vietnam (Republic) Yugoslavia

The planning and execution of the United States program for the IGY is being conducted by the U. S. National Committee for the International Geophysical Year and a group of related technical panels. This committee was created by the National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council. Funding and Government coordination are provided -by the National Science Foundation. The United States is conducting observational programs in aurora and airglow, cosmic rays, geomagnetism, glaciology, gravity measurements, ionospheric physics, longitude and latitude determinations, meteorology, oceanography, seismology, and solar activity. High-altitude rockets and earth satellites are being used because they are essential for extending the coverage of geophysical measurements to the outer limits of the high atmosphere. World Data Centers

In readiness for the flow of data resulting from IGY observations, three World Data Centers have been established and are in operation under CSAGI agreements. These are World Data Center A, maintained by the United States; World Data Center B, established by the USSR; and World Data Center C, composed of eight nations of Western Europe (Sweden, Spain, France, Italy, Switzerland, United Kingdom, the German Federal Republic) and centers in Japan and Australia. The location and organization of these three centers will serve the geographical convenience of the scientists of all nations. All original IGY data is sent to one or more of the three World Data Centers, where it is cataloged and stored. The receiving Center in turn immediately makes copies of the data for the other two Centers if these have not been supplied, and provides these copies free of charge. Thus three complete sets of IGY data are coming into existence. The

World Data Centers issue periodic catalog lists of the data in their archives at the end of each six months of the period of the IGY, andany institution or individual may obtain copies of the data from a Center at a nominal sum to cover reproduction costs. - The United States World Data Center is directed by the National Academy of Sciences’Coordination Office, Washington, D. C., and is organized into 11 subcenters,each responsible for the handling of data in a particular discipline or disciplines. The location of these subcenten
are : Radio Propagation Laboratory, National Bureau of Standards, Boulder, Colorado. Institute, (2) Aurora (instrumental observations)-Geophysical University of Alaska, College, Alaska. (3) Aurora (visual observations)-Rockefeller Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. (4) Cosmic rays-School of Physics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

(1) Airglow and ionospheric physics-Central

(5) Geomagnetism, gravity, and seismology-United

States Coast

and Geodetic Survey, Geophysics Division, Washington, D. C. ( 6 ) Glaciology- American Geographical Society, Broadway at 156th Street, New York, New York. (7) Longitude and latitude-United States Naval Observatory, Washington, D. C. (8) Meteorology and nuclear radiation-National Weather Records Center, United States Weather Bureau, Asheville, North Carolina. (9) Oceanography-Department of Oceanography and Meteorology, Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas, College Station, Texas. ( 10) Rockets and satellites-National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council, Washington, D. C. ( 11) Solar activity- High Altitude Observatory, Boulder, Colorado. Time schedules for submission of data to the World Data Centers arranged by CSAGI differ widely for the various disciplines, and therefore reports on the status of flow of data differ widely among the Centers. To date, World Data Center A reports the receipt of data from 56 of the 66 nations participating in the IGY. Agreements for the interchange of data between the Centers are being met, as are those for the reproduction of copies of material to meet the demands of scientific bodies or investigators. World Data Center A has initiated several series of reports. One series for rockets and one for satellites will make available the results of rocket and satellite launchings 94


to interested scientists. Three issues of the satellite series have been published to date. Under an I(;Y General Report Series, World Data
Center A has released one issue, a report of the Antarctic atmospheric circulation from observations made at the Antarctic Weather Central, Little America Station. Responsibiities for the interchange of data include the interim publication of data in some cases, and, as part of this latter function, Center A has already published solar data entitled “Reports of Surges and Active Prominence Regions” for the months of July, August, and September 1957. Other reports are in preparation for publication.



In the fall of 1957, the Navy expedition DEEP FREEZE III, under the command of Rear Admiral George J. Dufek, USN, left the United States for the Antarctic, transporting the wintering-over team for the second year and the summer team for 1957-58, as well as materiel for the resupply of all stations. A second orientation program at Davisville, Rhode Island, was held for the second IGY scientific team. The scientific leaders named for the next 18-month period were : Laurence Gould-Director of the U. S. IGY Antarctic Program. Harry Wexler- Chief Scientist of the U. S. IGY Antarctic Program. A. P. Crary-Deputy Chief Scientist and Scientific Leader at Little America Station. Matthew Brennan-Scientific Leader at Ellsworth Station. Stephen Barnes- Scientific Leader at Byrd Station. Willis Tressler-Scientific Leader at Wilkes Station. Palle Mogenson- Scientific Leader at Amundsen-Scott Pole Station. Kenneth Salmon (New Zealand) -Scientific Leader at lallett Station. During the past year the planned program of observations at the six United States IGY stations has been under way. These observations included the fields of aurora and airglow, ionospheric physics, cosmic rays, geomagnetism, meteorology, seismology, and glaciology ; and certain preliminary findings resulting from these observations are mentioned later in this section under the heading “Results of the First Twelve In addition, during the 1957-58 summer Months of Observations.” season, 3 major traverses covering over 4,000 miles were undertaken from the Little America, Byrd, and Ellsworth Stations to study the


properties of the Antarctic icecap and other phenomena. Findings of these traverse parties supplement those resulting from observations at the 6 established stations and have added considerably to the knowledge of the Continent. The Ross Ice Shelf traverse party of 6 covered a distance of 1,440 miles in 113 days and studied principally properties of the Ross Ice Shelf. The Byrd traverse party covered 1,180 miles from November 19, 1957, to February 20, 1958. Its main purpose was to
determine the general nature of the ice and protruding mountains in Marie Byrd Land and in the Ellsworth Highland east of the Byrd Station. The Ellsworth traverse investigated the Filchner Ice Shelf and the inland ice of Edith Ronne Land. This traverse left Ellsworth Station on October 28, 1957, and traveled 1,250 miles in 81 days. The traverse parties were supported by Naval air reconnaissance and resupply groups.

Earth Satellite
Responsibility for the United States earth satellite program was assigned as follows : 1. The National Science Foundation, for Government coordination and funding of the scientific aspects of the program. 2. The United States National Committee for the International Geophysical Year, for planning of the program’s scientific aspects. 3. The Department of Defense, for provision of launching vehicles, for actual placing of the satellites into orbit, and for development of radio tracking and telemetering equipment. The program is now based upon two launching vehicles, the Vanguard developed by the Navy, described in previous Annual Reports, and the Jupiter C contributed by the Army to the program. During the past fiscal year, 6 successfully flown scientific earth satellites were launched as part of the IGY program, 3 by the Soviet Union and 3 by the United States. The following table gives information on the size, weight, and payload of the six satellites, as well as details of their launching vehicles. ( See accompanying table. ) Eleven radio tracking stations have been established by the Naval Research Laboratory at the following locations : Blossom Point, Maryland Fort Stewart, Georgia Havana, Cuba Quito, Ecuador Lima, Peru Antofagasta, Chile 96 Santiago, Chile Antigua, British West Indies San Diego, California Woomera, Australia Esselen Park, Union of South Africa

3 L O8 3 s, 64 $2 %* ii EM 48 d I
97 l

These stations werk originally equipped to track the U. S. earth satellite at a frequency of 108 megacycles per second and to use the same frequency in the receipt of scientific information telemetered from the satellites. Becauseof the use of 20 and 40 megacycle-per-second transmitters by the USSR in their satellites, several of the “Minitrack” stations have been modified to receive the 40 megacycle-per-second frequency as well as the 108 megacycle-per-second frequency. Several additional tracking and telemetry stations using the electronic circuitry designated as “Microlock” have been established by various groups. Twelve optical tracking stations have been established by the Smithsonian Institution and are in operation. These stations are located at the following sites :
White Sands, New Mexico Florida, near Palm Beach Curacao, Netherlands West Indies Arequipa, Peru Villa Dolores, Argentina Olifantsfontein, South Africa The “Moonwatch” volunteer Cadiz, Spain Shiraz, Iran Naima Tai, India Woomera, Australia Mitaka, Japan Haleakala, Maui, T. H. visual observing program being con-

ducted by the Smithsonian Institution now numbers some 240 stations of which over 140 are in the United States and more than 100 in locations throughout the world other than in the United States or the USSR. Some 50-70 stations have been established within the USSR as part of the Russian equivalent of “Moonwatch.” In addition, a volunteer radio amateur satellite observation program called “Moonbeam” has been set up, as well as a program of amateur satellite photographic tracking under the auspices of the Society of Photographic Scientists and Engineers. Some preliminary data resulting from the satellites launched so far have been exchanged, but it will take a number of months before complete interpretations of these data can be exchanged.

Results of First 12 Months of Observations
A report on the scientific results of the IGY must await careful, prolonged study and interpretation of the data. However, interesting
findings during the first 12 months of observations in the various disci-

plines have been reported to date, some of which are influencing existing scientific theories and are indicative of the values to be derived from the program.

Solar Activity

For the first time in history, the sun has been kept under continuing observation by more than 100 stations. As a consequenceof these ’ observations, the World Warning Agency (AGIWARN) issued 25 alerts, and 11 Special World Intervals had been declared as of May 26, 1958. Significant events, such as geomagnetic, ionospheric, and/or cosmic ray disturbancestook place during at least nine of theseintervals. This patrol is also maintained for solar researchpurposessuch as measuring the amount of energy released in solar flares by measuring the absolute change in tr ansmission through the ionosphere at radio frequencies, measuring the brightness of light scattered by free electrons in the electron corona, and measuring magnetic fields at the sun’s surface. Roth optical and radio techniques are used.
Upper Atmosphere

In the upper atmosphere, an investigation in cosmic ray intensity has shown that the cosmic ray equator deviates systematically from the geomagnetic equator, suggesting that there may well be important magnetic fields, probably of extraterrestrial origin, which alter the trajectories of the incoming primary particles. Likewise, X-radiation not of cosmic origin has been found in the upper atmosphere, occurring at the same time that aurorae were observed overhead. Rocket penetrations of the ionosphere and aurorae have demonstrated the presence of an additional layer of ionization at a level some 12 miles below normal layers, apparently associated with solar X-ray emission associated in turn with the occurrence of solar flares. As of early 1958, the total cosmic ray intensity had decreased to about one-half the intensity present in 1954, varying inversely with the level of solar activity. Observations indicate that aurorae occur simultaneously in the northern and southern hemispheres. Cosmic noise absorption data obtained by a joint auroral-ionospheric program show a generally progressive decrease in absorption at stations located at successively lower geomagnetic latitudes. The data begin to delineate an auroral absorption zone and ’ confirm that nighttime absorption is definitely associated with visual aurora1 activity. X-radiation now appears to be associated with the occurrence of aurorae. In the observations of whistlers (atmospheric electrical disturbances resulting in electromagnetic propagation in the audio frequency range, e. g., lightning), early experiments have demonstrated that the ion density and molecular concentration occurring at altitudes up to twice the earth’s radius must be much greater than formerly anticipated. This


may con&n the theory that the earth’s atmosphere extends far beyond the level where it had been previously thought to end and indicates that
there may be a very tenuous atmosphere-possibly the sun’s corona--

filling all the space between the earth and the sun. A program of recording of subaudiofrequency geomagnetic fluctuations reveals that a number of the wave forms of these fluctuations, if increased in frequency, bear a high similarity to the wave forms of whistlers and other atmospheric radio phenomena. Because of current belief that some of the noise associated with whistlers is due to ionized gas entering the magnetic field of the earth, it is clear that these geomagnetic studies have a close connection to the studies of the transient conditions in the nearby interplanetary medium. Studies of magnetic effects in equatorial regions tentatively confirm the existence of the equatorial electroject, the equatorial electric current, possibly of several hundred thousand amperes, which is believed to encircle the earth high in the atmosphere and which plays a role in the magnetic effects observed on earth near the equator. In the ionosphere, the vertical sounding program is giving new information about the several ionospheric layers. “True-height” determinations show that the F-layer undergoes a pronounced pinching, so that it changes from a very thick layer in the daytime to a very thin and high-density layer at night. Scatter measurements have led to the discovery of large-scale traveling disturbances in the F-region, which appear to be a kind of gigantic wave motion in the ionosphere. At times there also appear to be tilts in the F-layer that allow signal propagation over extremely long distances. The vertical sounding program in the Antarctic is aimed at determining whether the electronic clouds observed at the Pole Station during the polar night drift in from the region of the sunlit Antarctic Circle or whether a single cloud somehow persists throughout the winter. A diurnal variation is observed in the degree of ionization at the South Pole, and this variation may be related to the geomagnetic field behavior. Meteorology and Oceanography In the meteorology program, the concentration of carbon dioxide in the uncontaminated atmosphere appears to be remarkably constant over the world. As a consequenceof the surface and high altitude observations now being collected from so many stations, weather forecasting is being improved. North American weather charts of useful accuracy can now be drawn up to 100,000 feet ( 10 millibars). The

high altitude observations along the 75th meridian have improved by . 50 percent the forecasting in South America of winds aloft. Observations in the Antarctic for the first time reveal a significant warming trend of about five degrees Fahrenheit in annual mean temperature over a period of approximately 50 years,or lessthan one-half the warming trend in the Greenland Arctic. The Antarctic circulation for the first time is being plotted in considerabledetail. In oceanography, observations at the island stations cor&m that
there seems to be an exchange of water between the two hemispheres as the seasons change. The cruises and the deep current studies now being made, including the analysis of water samples, will yield valuable data on ages of water masses. The water samples also indicate that chlorophyll and productivity in the open sea may be two times as great as previously estimated. New deep currents and counter-currents are being charted. Cruise ships have run seismic profiles, taken bottom sediment samples, and made heat flow measurements. It was found that in regions of uplift the heat flow was larger than normal, while near severe downwarpings, the values were much less than expected, These findings lend support to the theory that there exist within the earth’s mantle great convection currents that bring hot material up towards the bottom of the crust in regions of uplift and return this material, which has cooled in the meantime, back down toward the core of the earth in regions of downwarp. In fact, the convection currents themselves may be the cause of the uplifted and downwarped regions.
Seismology, Gravity Measurements,

and Glaciology

In the seismology and gravity programs, detailed studies of the structures of the North American and South American continents indicate great nonuniformities and regional geographic differences in the mantle of the earth, as there are in the crustal rocks. In some regions mountains are held in isostatic balance by substructures of lighter crustal rocks extending downward into the heavier rock of the mantle. In other regions it now appears that another kind of structure may hold mountains up. A network of relatively narrow roots or veins of crustal rock may project into the mantle to depths as great as 200 kilometers. Longperiod wave measurements will yield information on the variation of elastic properties in the earth’s crust and mantle. Earth tides are being measured and sea surface gravity measurements are now extending the

gravity network.

I In the Antarctic, eaxthqub ire being measuredfrom station seismographs. These will give much information about the structure of Antarctica’ itself and are also of other interest, since the majority of earthquakes occur in Pacific borders. Seismographic pro&s obtained on the oversnow traverseslend additional information concerning Antarctic structure. Measurements of ice thickness indicate that the bottom of the ice sheet is far below sea level in various points. This may mean that the Antarctic is not a continent but may be composedof several land masses may have frozen fjords or inland lakes. Glaciologior cal and geological studies reveal that the Antarctic ice mantle is much thicker on the average than was previously assumed and that it was once about 1,000 feet thicker than it is now. It is not yet known whether the total ice massis at present increasing or decreasing.

The rocketry program of the IGY has yielded much data concerning the chemical and ion composition of the Arctic atmosphere and ionosphere, and the diffusive separation of gasesin the upper atmosphere. The distribution of temperature and pressureof the atmosphere at high northern latitudes has been partially measured. In the Antarctic, cosmic ray flights indicate that total intensity is within 5 percent of that in high northern latitudes.
Scientific Earth Satellites

In the U. S. satellitesflown so far, skin and interior temperatures have been measured, and somewhat inconclusive data concerning a low incidence of micrometeorite impacts have been obtained. The chief finding to date is that of a tremendous intensity of cosmic radiation above approximately 600 miles, which overwhelmed the sensory device. It is hoped to adapt the sensorydevices to measure this large intensity in future flights. Finally, observationsof the orbits of the several satellites flown by the U. S. S. R. indicate that the density of the atmosphere at altitudes around 225 kilometers is higher than was previously supposed from theoretical considerationsand calculations. Ionospheric measurements using radio signalsfrom the U. S. S. R. satellites have yielded considerable data, among them an interesting but unexplained phenomenon-the discovery of radio signals coming apparently from a point antipodal to the actual satellite. Certain signals have been heard over remarkable ranges and wide angles,indicating the possibility of a channeling effect at certain altitudes in the ionosphere.

The IGY program has been gratifying to all concerned, not only in the elaborateness and completeness the material preparations and the of tremendous number of observing stations involved, but also in the enthusiasm with which all scientific groups and individual scientists are participating and the great evidence of the deepest international collaboration.




National Science Board, Staff, Committees, and Advisory Panels

NATIONAL SCIENCE BOARD Terms expire May IO, 1960

ROGER ADAMS,Research Professor, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana, Ill. THEODQREM. HESBURGH, C. S. C., President, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Ind. WILLIAM V. HOUSTON, President, Rice Institute, Houston, Tex. DONALD H. MCLAUGHLIN, President, Homestake Mining Co., San Francisco, Calif. JOSEPH C. MORRIS, Vice President, Tulane University of Louisiana, New Orleans, La. MORROUGH P. O’BRIEN, Dean, College of Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, Calif. WARREN WEAVER, Vice President for the Natural and Medical Sciences, The Rockefeller Foundation, New York, N. Y. DOUGLAS M. WHITAKER, Vice President for Administration, The Rockefeller Institute, New York, N. Y.
Terms expire May IO, 1962
LAURENCE M. GOULD, President, Carleton College, Northfield, Minn. PAUL M. GROSS (Vice Chairman of the Board and Chairman of the

Executive Committee), Vice President and Dean, Duke University, - Durham, N. C. GEORGE D. HUMPHREY, President, University of Wyoming, Laramie, wyo. EDWARD J. MCSHANE, Professor of Mathematics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Va. FREDERICK A. MIDDLEBUSH, President Emeritus and Director of Development Fund, University of Missouri; Columbia, MO. SAMUEL M. NABRIT, President, Texas Southern University, Houston, Tex. JULIUS A. STRATTON, Acting President, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass. EDWARD L. TATUM, Member, The Rockefeller Institute, New York, N. Y. 107

Terms expire May IO, 1964 of the Board), President, National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council, Washington, D. C., and President, The Rockefeller Institute, New York, N. Y. LEE A. DUBRIDGE, President, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif. T. KEITH GLENNAN, President, Case Institute of Technology, Cleveland, Ohio. ROBERT F. LOEB, Bard Professor of Medicine, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, N. Y. KEVIN MCCANN, President, Defiance College, Defiance, Ohio. JANE A. RUSSELL, Associate Professor of Biochemistry, Emory University, Atlanta, Ga. PAUL B. SEARS, Chairman, Conservation Program, Yale University, New Haven, Conn. ERNEST H. VOLWILER, Chairman of the Board, Abbott Laboratories, North Chicago, Ill. * + * 46 * * *
ALAN T. WATERMAN (ex officio), Director, National Science FoundaDETLEV W. BRONK (Chairman

tion, Washington, D. C.
STAFF Director- ________ -_-_-_-__--_-__--_____ ALAN T. WATERMAN PAUL E. KLOPSTEG Associate Directors _____ --_-_-__________ JAMES M. MITCHELL WILLIAM J. HOFF General Counsel -_-_________ - _-___--__-Special Assistants to the Director---------WILLIAM G. COLMAN NEIL CAROTHERS III Secretary, National Science Board--------VERNICE ANDERSON Public Information Oficer-,---,--------CLYDE C. HALL Program Director for Social Science HARRY ALPERT

Research. Assistant Director for Biological cal Sciences.
Deputy Assistant Program.Director

and Medi-


NELSON T. SPRATT GEORGE SPRUGEL, JR. GEORGE LEFEVRE LOUIS LEVIN (ACTING) WILLIAM V. CONSOLAZIO Psychobiology --------____ - ____ - _____ JOHN T. WILSON (ACTING) Regulatory Biology ---__________-____ ARTHUR W. MARTIN, JR. A. C. SMITH Systematic Biology _____ -- _____ ----__

Director,,-----------for: Developmental Biology----- _________ Environmental Biology----: _________ Genetic Biology --__-____ -_- ________ Metabolic Biology ----________ - ____ -_ Molecular Biology,,---,-,---_______



Director for Mathematical, Physi- E. A. ECKHAFWT cal, and Engineering Sciences. Deputy Assistant Director-____________ RAYMOND J. SEEKER

Program Director for: Astronomy ---__-__-__________ -__-__ Chemistry -------------------------Earth Sciences ---______ ----__- _____ Engineering Sciences -_____ -- ________ Mathematical Sciences --___________ . ---- ______ Physics _-______-__--_-___ Assistant Director for Scientific Personnel and Education. Deputy Assistant Director ____ -- ________ Program Director for: Special Projects in Science Education-Fellowships,-,________ --_---___---_ Scientific Manpower ______ -- _________ Academic Year Institutes,,,-------,-, Summer Institutes _-________________ Assistant Director for Administration-----Comptroller ____---_---________-______ Grants Administrator ________-_-___---Head, Administrative Services ---------Personnel Officer ____________-____---Head, Ofice of Special Studies _______---Chief, Government Survey Section-----Chief, Industry Survey Section---------Chief, Nonprofit Institutions Surveys Seetion. Head, O&e of Scientific Information-----Program Director for: Foreign Science Information -_-------Government Research Information---Scientific Documentation------------Head, Ofice for the International Geophysical Year. Executive Secretary, Interdepartmental Cornmittee on Scientific Research and





ALBERT J. LEIGH (acting)



Executive Director, President’s on Scientists and Engineers. Committee ROBERT L* CLARK





Divisional ithdical





FRANK BRINE, JR., Dean of Graduate Studies, The Rockefeller Institute, New York, N. Y. LINCOLN CONSTANCE, Dean, College of Letters and Science, University of California, Berkeley, Calif. FRANK A. GELDARD, Chairman, Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Va. C. N. H. LONO, Chairman, Department of Physiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn. W. D. MCELROY, Chairman, Department of Biology, Johns Hopkins University, 1 Baltimore, Md. C. PHILLIP MILLER, Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, I Ill. C. P. OLIVER, Department of Zoology, 1 University of Texas, Austin, Tex. FRANK W. PUTNAM, Head, Department ojF Biochemistry, University of Florida Callege of Medicine, Gainesville, Fla. H. B. STEIN~ACH (Chairman), Depart- . ment of Zoology, Division of Biological I Sciences, University of Chicago, Chi . cage, Ill. KENNETH V. THIMANN, Department oif Plant Physiology, Harvard University , The Biological Laboratories, Cam,I bridge, Mass.

Couege of Mineral Industries, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pa. RWER REVELLE, Director, Scripps Insti1 tution of Oceanography, LaJolla, Calif. FREDERICK D. ROSSINI, Head, Depart1 ment of Chemistry, Carnegie Institute of Technology, Pittsburgh, Pa. IFREDERICK SEITZ, Department of Physics, University of Illinois, Urbana, Ill. II’HOMAS K. SHERWOOD, Department, of Chemical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass. ’FREDERICKE. TERMAN, Provost and Dean Stanford University, of Engineering, Stanford, Calif. tG. T. WHYBURN, Department of Mathematics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Va. JESSE L. GREENSTEIN, Mount Wilson Observatory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif. Divisional Committee sonnel and Education for Scientific Per-

H. FREDERIC BOHNENBLUST, Department of Mathematics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif. MARY I. BUNTING, Dean, Douglass College, Rutgers, The State University, New Brunswick, N. J. RALPH E. CLELAND, Dean of Graduate Studies, Head, Department of Botany, Indiana University, Bloomington, Ind. Divisional Committee for Mathematical # WARREN C. JOHNSON, Vice President and Physical, and Engineering Sciences Dean, Division of Physical Sciences, PAUL D. BARTLETT, Chemistry Depart w University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill. ment, Harvard University, Cambridge , KATHARINE E. MCBRIDE, President, Bryn Mass. Mawr College, Bryn Mawr, Pa. DIRK BROUWER, Department of Astron - HAROLD W. STOKE, Dean, Graduate omy, Yale University Observatory, Nev V School of Arts and Science, New York Haven, Conn. University, New York, N. Y. RICHARD COURANT, Department of Math RALPH W. TYLER, Director, Center for ematics, New York University, Nev w Advanced Study in the Behavioral SciYork, N. Y. ences, Stanford, Calif. ALFRED 0. NIER, Chairman, Departmen t HARRY A. WINNE (Chairman), Vice of Physics, University of Minnesota ‘, President in Charge of Engineering (reMinneapolis, Minn. tired), General Electric Co., SchenecELBURT F. OSBORN (Chairman), Dean 1% tady, N. Y. ADVISORY Advisory Panel for Astronomy HORACE W. BABCOCK, Mount Wilson and Palomar Observatories, Pasadena, Calif. GERALD M. CLEMENCE, U. S. Naval Observatory, Washington, D. C. PANELS FRED HADDOCK, The Observatory, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich. WILLIAM W. MOROAN, Yerkes Observatory, University of Chicago, Williams Bay, Wis.


PAYNE-GAPOSCHXIN, Harvard Institute, Gerontology Branch, BaltiCollege Observatory, Harvard Univkrmore City Hospital, Baltimore, Md. sity, Cambridge, Mass. Rapa 0. ERICKSON, Department of Beta C-L K. SEYP~T, Arthur J. Dyer Obany, University of Pennsylvania, Philaservatory, Vanderbilt University, Nashdelphia, Pa. ville, Term. A. M. SCHECHTMAN, Department of ZoJOEL STBBBINS, Lick Observatory, Uniology, University of California, Los versity of California, Mount Hamilton, Angeles, Calif. Calif. TAYLOR A. STEEVRS~Biological Laboraof M~RLB A. TUVE, Carnegie Institution tories, Harvard University, Cambridge, Washington, Washington, D. C. Mass. PETER VAN DE I(AMP, Sproul Observatory, ALBERT TYLER, Department of EmbrySwarthmore College, Swarthmore, Pa. ology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif. EDGARZWILLINO, Department of Genetics, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Conn. Advisory Panel for Chemistry

R~PH A. BEEBE, Department of Chemistry, Amherst College, Amherst, Mass. AONTON B. BURG, Department of Chemistry, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, Calif. STANLEY J. C R I s T o L, Department of Chemistry, University of Colorado, Boulder, Cola., FREDERICK R. DUKE, Department of Chemistry, Iowa State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, Ames, Iowa. KARL FOLKERS, Merck and Company, Rahway, N. J. FRANK T. GUCKER, Department of Chemistry, Indiana University, Bloomington, Ind. DONALD F. HORNIO, Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, N. J. DAVUD N. HUME, Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass. JOHN G. KIRKWOOD, Department of New C h e m i s t r y, Yale University, Haven, Conn. HARRY F. LEWIS, Institute of Paper Chemistry, Appleton, Wis. JOHN D. ROBERTS, Department of Chemistry, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif. PHILIP W. WEST, Department of Chemistry, Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College, Baton Rouge, La.

Advisory Panel for Earth Sciences J. R. BALSLEY, Jr., U. S. Geological Survey, Washington, D. C. CH~LES H. BERRE, Jr., Department of Geology, Columbia University, New York, N. Y. W. B. HEROY, Sr., Geotechnical Corporation, Dallas, Tex. HARRY H. HESS, Department of Geology, Princeton University, Princeton, N. J. HELMUT E. LANDSBERO, Division of Climatology, United States Weather Bureau, Washington, D. C. BRYAN PATTERSON, Division of Geological Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. R. P. SHARP, Department of Geology and Geophysics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif. HAROLD C. UREY, Department of GeoUniversity of Chicago, chemistry, Chicago, Ill. W. S. VON Aax, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Mass.


Panel for



R. E. BOLZ, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Case Institute of Technology, Cleveland, Ohio. ARTHUR B. BROWNWELL, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Mass. PAUL F. CHENEA, Schools of Engineering, Purdue University, Lafayette, Ind. Advisory Panel for Developmental Biology HARMER E. DAVIS, Institute of Transportation and Traffic Engineering, UniFREDERIK B. BANG, Department of Pathversity of California, Berkeley, Calif, obiology, Johns Hopkins University, JOHN HOLLOMON, Metallurgy and CeBaltimore, Md. ramics Research, General Electric DIETRICH H. F. A. BODENSTEIN, U. S. Company, Schenectady, N. Y. Public Health Service, National Heart 111



M. RHOADES, Department of KENNETH A. KOBE, Department of ChemBotany, University of Illinois, Urbana, ical Engineering, University of Texas, Ill. Austin, Tex. REED C. ROLLINS, Gray Herbarium, Hare FREDERICK C. LINDVALL, Division of vard University, Cambridge, Mass. Engineering, California Institute of JACK SCHULTZ, Institute for Cancer ReTechnology, Pasadena, Calif. search, Philadelphia, Pa. W. R. MARSHALL, Jr., Engineering Experiment Station, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis. JOHN S. MCNOWN, School of Engineering Advisory Panel for Mathematical Sciences and Architecture, University of Kansas, H. FREDERICK BOHNENBLUST, DepartLawrence, Kans. ment of Mathematics, California InstiW. R. SEARS, Graduate School of Aerotute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif. nautical Engineering, Cornell UniverRICHARD BRAUER, Department of Mathesity, Ithaca, N. Y. matics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. PAUL R. HALMOS, Department of MatheAdvisory Panel for Environmental Biology matics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill. MURRAY BUELL, Department of Botany, Rutgers, The State University, New JACK C. KIEFER, Department of Mathematics, Cornell University, Ithaca, Brunswick, N. J. N. Y. THEODORE H. BULLOCK, Department of Department of Zoology, University of California, Los DEANE MONTOOMERY, Mathematics, Institute for Advanced Angeles, Calif. Study, Princeton, N. J. STANLEY A. CAIN, Conservation Department, University of Michigan, Ann Ar- MINA REES, Dean, Hunter College, New York, N. Y. bor, Mich. WILLIAM J. HAMILTON, JR., Department DONALD C. SPENCER, Department of Mathematics, ‘Princeton University, of Conservation, Cornell University, Princeton, N. J. Ithaca, N. Y. ARTHUR D. HASLER, Department of Zo- JOHN V. WEHAUSEN, Department of ology, University of Wisconsin, MadiMathematics, University of California, son, Wis. Berkeley, Calif. THOMAS PARK, Department of Zoology, RAYMOND L. WILDER, Department of University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill. Mathematics, University of Michigan, JOHN F. REED, Graduate School, UniverAnn Arbor, Mich. sity of New Hampshire, Durham, N. H. JOHN H. RYTHER, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Mass. Advisory Committee for Metabolic Biology *KNUT SCHMIDT-NIELSEN, Department of Zoology, Duke University, Durham, *ROBERT S. BANDURSKI, Department of N. C. Botany, Michigan State University of Agriculture and Applied Science, East Lansing, Mich. *HARRY BEEVERS, Department of BiulogiAdvisory Panel for Genetic Biology cal Sciences, Purdue University, LafayVERNON BRYSON, Institute of Microbiolette, Ind. ogy, Rutgers, The State University, JACKSON W. FOSTER, Department of New Brunswick, N. J. Bacteriology, University of Texas, AusEVERETT R. DEMPSTER, Department of tin, Tex. Genetics, University of California, SAMUEL GURIN, Department of BiochemBerkeley, Calif. istry, University of Pennsylvania School H. BENTLEY GLASS, Department of Biolof Medicine, Philadelphia, ‘Pa. ogy, Johns Hopkins University, Balti- *STERLINO HENDRICKS, Bureau of Plant more, Md. Industries, U. S. Department of AgriHERSCHEL K. MITCHELL, Department of culture, Beltsville, Md. Biology, California Institute of TechNATHAN 0. KAPLAN, Department of nology, Pasadena, Calif. Biochemistry, B r a n d e i s University, Waltham, Mass. *Served during part of fiscal year 1958.

112 ‘

*FRITZ LIPMANN, The Rockefeller Institute, New York, N. Y. *WILLIAM D. MCELROY, McCollumPratt Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md. C. B. VAN NIEL, Hopkins Marine Station, Pacific Grove, Calif. SIDNEY ROBERTS, Department of Physiological Chemistry, School of Medicine, University of California Medical Center, Los Angeles, Calif. *KENNETH V. THIMANN, Biological Laboratories, H a r v a r d University, Cambridge, Mass.


Panel for Molecular


A. ALBERTY, Department of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis. *BERNARD AXELROD, Department of Biochemistry, Purdue University, Lafayette, Ind. *ALLAN H. BROWN, Department of Botany, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn. VINCENT G. DETHIER, Departme* of Biology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md. *FRED KARUSH, Department of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pa. *IRVING M. KLOTZ, Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University, Evanston, 111. CYRUS LEVINTHAL, Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass. DAVID SHEMIN, Department of Biochemistry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, N. Y. BIRCXT VENNESLAND, Department of Biochemistry, University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill.

of Physics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif. JAMES IRAINWATER, Department of Physics, Columbia University, New York, N. Y. NORMAN F. RAMSEY, Department of Physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. LLO~> P. SMITH, AVCO Research and Advanced Development Division, Lawrence, Mass. JAMES A. VAN ALLEN, Department of Physics, State University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa. CLARENCE ZENER, Research Laboratories, Westinghouse Electric Corporation, East Pittsburgh, Pa.

JOHN R. PBLLAM, Department

Advisory Panel for Psychobiology of LLOVD G. HUMPHREYS, Department Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana, Ill. CONRAD G. MUELLER, Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, N. Y. W. D. NEFP, Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicaga, Ill. H. E. ROSVOLD, Laboratory of Psychology, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Md. BENTON J. UNDERWOOD, Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Ill. DELOS D. WICKENS, Department of Psychology, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.

Advisory Panel for Regulatory Biology of Physiology, University of ‘Pennsylvania. School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pa. “HARRY EAGLE, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md. *RALPH W. GERARD, Mental Health Research Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich. *ROBERT E. HUNGATE, Department of Bacteriology, University of California, Davis, Calif. *CARLTON C. HUNT, Department of Physiology, University of Utah College of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah.
JOHN R. BROBECK, Department

Advisory Panel for Physics M. DENNISON, Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich. ROBERT E. MARSHAK, Department of P h y s i c s, University of Rochester, Rochester, N. Y. WOLFGANG K. H. PANOFSKY, Department of Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
DAVID *Served during

part of fiscal year 1958.


RACgYaLL Lmmm, Department of Meta .bolic~ch, Michael Reese HaspitA 1, Chicago, Ill. MACLYN MCCARTY, The Rockefelle: c Institute, New York, N. Y. *ROUND K. MEYER, Department of Bi e ology, University of Wisconsin, Madi’ . son, Wis. FOLKE K. Srcooo, Department of Botany, , University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis CARROLL M. WILLIAMS, Professor 0;i Zoology, Harvard University, Biologica 1 Laboratories, Cambridge, Mass.

Advisory Panel on Scientific Information

Manpoweg ,

JAMES W. COLE, Jr., School of Chemistry, , University of Virginia, Charlottesville, I Va. IIARoLD GOLDSTEIN, Division of Manpower and Employment Statistics , Bureau of Labor Statistics, U. S. De. . partment of Labor, Washington, D. C . ALBERT KAY, Office of Manpower Supply, , Department of Defense, Washington, I D. C. CHARLES V. KIDD, Research Planning : Branch, National Institutes of Health, 1 Bethesda, Md. RAY W. MAYHEW, Owens-Illinois GlassI Co., Toledo, Ohio. JAMES C. O’BRIEN, Department of Health, , Education, and Welfare, Washington, D. C. PHILIP N. POWERS, Internuclear Co., Clayton, MO. M. H. TRYTTEN, Office of Scientific Personnel, National Academy of Science+ National Research Council, Washington, D. C. J. FLETCHER WELLEMEYER, American Council of Learned Societies, Washington, D. C. DAEL WOLFLE, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washing, ton, D. C.

LBONARD S. COTTRELL, Jr., Russell Sage Foundation, New York, N. Y. LFXDNPESTIN&, Department of PsychoIogy, Stanford University, Stanford, Cdif. EMIL W. HAWRY, Department of Anthropology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AliZ. GEORGE P. MIJRDOCK, Department of Anthropolgy, Y@le University, New Haven, Conn. ERNEST NAOEL, Department of Philosophy, Columbia University, New York, N. Y. RICHARD H. SHRYOCIC, Institute for the History of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md. JOSEPH J. SPENOLER,Department of Economics, Duke University, Durham, N. C. , ISHERWOODL. WASHBURN, Department of Anthropology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill. SAMUEL S. WILKS, Department of Mathematics, Princeton University, Princeton, N. J.


Panel for Systematic Biology

Advisory Panel for Social Science Research I. BERNARD COHEN, Harvard Cambridge, Mass.
*Served during


part of fiscal year 1968.

JOHN N. COUCH, Department of Botany, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, N. C. .ROBERT K. ENDERS, Department of Biology, Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, Pa. *SIDNEY W. Fox, Oceanographic Institute, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Fla. ILIBBIE H. HYMAN, American Museum of Natural History, New York, N. Y. 1 DAVID D. KECK, New York Botanical Garden, New York, N. Y. 1 ROWERS MCVAUGH, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich. 4 *CHARLES D. MICHENER, Department of Entomology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kans. *HERBERT H. Ross, State Natural History Survey Division, Urbana, Ill. *KARL P. SCHMIDT, Chicago Natural History Museum, Chicago, Ill. *NORMAN R. STOLL, The Rockefeller Institute, New York, N. Y. 1 WILLIAM C. STEERE, Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.


Advisory Panel on High Polymer Research
J. H. DILLON, Textile Research Institute, Princeton, N. J. J. D. FERRY, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis. PAUL J. FLORY, Mellon Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa.

k MA=, Stanford Research Institute, Menlo Park, Calif. University of Illinois, THBRAW) MOBL~, Urbana,’ Ill. CARL MONW, Carnegie Institute of. C. Technology, Pittsburgh, Pa.

CHARLES Chtm~~oxm~ G. Polytechnic
Institute of Brooklyn, Brooklyn, N. Y.



Report for Fiscal Year 1958
EXPENSES APPROPRIATION $49,750,000 1,552,533 83 $51,302,616


Appropriation for fiscal year 1958 __________________ Unobligated balance from fiscal year 1957- ___-_______ Appropriation reimbursements ____ - __________ -___-Total __------------------------------

*. Support of science : Basic research : Biological and medical sciences _________-__-___ Mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences-Social sciences -_----------------------------Antarctic research ____________________________ Subtotal ____-_______-___--_______________


$8,541,075 9,425,158 553,750 922,800 19,442,783

Research facilities : Biological and medical sciences ________________ Mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences-Subtotal --------------------------------Surveys and reports ----------------------------Dissemination of scientific information-_______ -___ Attendance at international scientific meetings-----Subtotal, grants and contracts _________________ Program development, operation, and evaluation-,,,

987,050 5,039,OOl 6,026,05 1 192,000 1,796,099 119,900 27,576,833 1,125,829 28,702,662

Total obligations-support of science----,---------w----Support of scientific manpower : Graduate fellowships ___________ - _______________ $5,602,120 Institutes program ____---_--_______-____________ 12,212,030 Special projects in science education,-,,______ -__ 618,835 Course content improvement program _____________ 835,372 Clearinghouse for scientific manpower information,, 225,039 President’s Committee on Scientists and Engineers-,, 135,283 Subtotal, grants and contracts ____ - ____ -_---__ Program development, operation, and evaluation---19,628,679 819,400

Total obligations -support of scientific manpower _-______-___ Executive Direction and Management --------------------------Total obligations fiscal year 1958 _-__-__ -___- ____ - ______ -_ Unobligated balance carried forward to fiscal year 1959,,--,, Total __---------_---_--__---------------------------IA substantial portion of the unobligated balance represents under grants and contracts with other Federal agencies. outstanding

20,448,079 822,730 49,973,471 ’ 1,329, 145 51,302,616








Appropriation Unobligated for fiscal year 1958 _-_______________ balance from fiscal year 1957,- _____-___ Total $2,000,000 17,337,064 $19,337,064


Technical programs ““““““‘-“‘r”““‘---------$13,845,965 Administrative expenses, National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council ---------------23 g; Administrative expenses, National Science Foundation,, 3 Total obligations, fiscal year 1958 _______ - _________________ Unobligated balance carried forward to fiscal year 1959,--,,, Total --------------------____^_______ 14,197,471 ’ 5,139,593 19,337,064 payments

1 A substantial portfon of the unobligated balance represents outstanding under grants and contracts with other Federal agencies. TRUST FUND

Unobligated balance from fiscal year 1957,,-,,---,--, Donations from private sources _______________-_____ Total __-____-_________-______________________------~ $4,003 3,281 $7,284

Miscellaneous expenses --------------------------------------Unobligated balance carried forward to fiscal year 1959,--,, 66 7,218 7.824


Grants for Basic Research

PrehZstorCo Prooeseee on the (fuZf UoartaZ Iuterrela;ttone oj BtoZogicaZ and CuZturaZ Plain; 3 years ; $13,400 Change; 1 year; $15,500
G~ORQIO WASEIINQTON UNIVHIRSITY, Washlngton, D. C. ; Demltrl B. Shlmkin, The Graduate Council ; gibertan UnguWCo Analysts; 1 year ; $5,300 HARVARD UNIVERSITY, Cambridge, Mass. ; Douglas L. Oliver, Department of Anthropology ; Anthropology Study ot the flooiety ZsZantte; 3 years ; $19,200 INDIANA UNIVFJRSITY FOUNDATION, Bloomlngton, Ind. Sol Saporta, Research Center in Anthropology, Folklore, and Linguistics, Indiana University ; PsyohoZCnguistJc Analysis 01 Oonsonant CZuster8; 2 years; $20,000. Thomas A. Sebeok, Research Center in Anthropology, Folklore, and Linguistics, Indiana University ; OOmPUter Reeearoh 4n P8@OhOlhQ7Ui8tdO8; 2 years ; $20,000 UNIV~R~~ITY OB MICHIOAN, Ann Arbor, Mich. ; Richard K. Beardsley, Department of Anthropology ; Jthnographio Anatyefi of Farm UommunCtiees;2 years ; $600 UNIVERSITY OF OREGON, Eugene, Oreg. ; Luther C. Cressman, Department of Anthropology ; Oregon Ooaut PrehWory; 1 year;

ANTHROPOLOGICAL BCIBINCBIS UNIV~BSITY OP ARIZONA, Tucson, Arle. Emil W. Haury, Department of Anthropology ; UuZture lfirtory 01 the Point 01 Pines Region; 3 yeare; $19,700 Terah L. Smlley, GTeochronology Laboratories; Late PrehWory or Northern At%zona; 2 year6 ; $12,000 BRYN MAWR COLLEQE, Bryn Mawr, Pa.; Frederica de Laguna, Department of Anthropology ; EthnotogJcaZ Research Amcng the Indian8 ot Cfopper River; 5 years; $13,800 UN~PBRSITY OB CALI~QRNIA, Berkeley, Calif. ; Joseph B. Birdsell, Department of Anthropology and Sociology, Los Angeles, Calif. ; OuZture and EnuironmentaZ Adaptation; 1 year ; $10,000 UNIVB~RSITY OB FU)RIDA, Galnesvllle, Fla. ; WlIllam H. Sears, Florlda State Museum ;

Marshall T. Newman, U. 8. Natlonal Mnlenm; Aboriginal Iifatorg of the Peru&an Tooat; 1 year; $3,100 JTANBVRD UNIVIIBSITY, Stanford, Callf. ; &Ian R. Beals, Department of Anthropology ;

in Community



years ; $11,000 TIUMPLB UNIVIBRSITY, Philadelphia, Pa. ; WllLiam B. Schwab, Department of Sociology and Anthropology; Gaoeb Uv-ban Btudg; 2 years ; $5,000 TULANE UNIVERSITY 01 LOUISIANA, New Orleans, La. ; E. Wyllys Andrews, Middle American Research Institute ; Development ol Pre-CoZumbtin Culture; 2 years; $25,OOO ITNIVIURSITYOB WASIIIN~TON, Seattle, Wash. ; James B. Watson, Department of Anthropology ; New Quinea BtudZea; 1 year ; $4,100 UNIVERSITY OB WISCONSIN, Madison, Wls. ; Davld A. Baerreis, Department of Sociology ;

ASTRONOMY BRIQHAM YOTJNQ UNIVERBITY, Provo, Utah ; D. H. McNamara, Department of Mathenatics ; A Bpeotrographio lStudg of EoZdpsiftg Ilinariee and of Beta Canis Majori VarZabZes; 2 years ; $10,400. CALIFORNIA INBTITUT~ OF TECHNOLOQY, Pasadena, Callf. ; Jesse L. Greensteln, Chairman, Department of Astrophysics ; The IdentiJZcatZon ol Radio Bouroe8; 6 months; $3,200 UNIVERSITY OF CALIRORNIA, Berkeley, Calif. ; Otto Struve and C. R. Lynds, Department of Astronomy ; A Bearch for Variable #tars in GaZaotie CZueter8; 2 years ; $4,800 CARNEQIB INSTITUTION ’ OF WASHINQTON, Washington, D. C. ; M. A. Tuve, Chairman, Department of Terrestrial Magnetism ; In-

vestigation and Conrtruction 01 PhotoeZeotrio Image Tube8 For Researoh &a Astron-

omy; 16 months ; $255,OOO CA~B INSTITUTB~ 01 TECHNOL~QY, Cleveland, Ohio; J. J. Nassau, Head, Department of $6,300 Astronomy ; DCetribution of A-Type &tar8 in f?eZeoted Gala&o RegWw; 1 year; $5,900 SACRAMP~NTOSTATIO COLLEBQ, Sacramento, Callf. ; Thomas Rhys Williams, Department UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO, Chicago, 111.; G. Dusun Anthropology; 1 van Biesbroeck, Department of Astronomy ; of Anthropology; year ; $9,800 Astrometrio InveetCgation8; 1 year ; $5,200 Fla. ; SCHOOL OP AMERICAN RID~IIARCH, Santa Fe, UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, Gainesville, N. Mex. ; Fred Wendorf, Associate Director A. G. Smith, Department of Physics ; for Research ; dlO?&ahan8Ecology; 1 year; Planetary Emi88ione at Radio Frequencies; 2 years ; $20,000 $8,000 SAXITHSONIAN INSTITUTION, FORDHAM UNIVERBITY, New York, N. Y. ; Washington, Walter J. Miller, Fordham University AstroD. C. Clifford Evans and Betty J. Meggers, nomical Laboratory ; Faint Variable Btar8 in Dlvision of Archaeology ; Recon8truotion 01 the Uggnus Cloud of the Milky Wag; 2 dfigration ROtbte8; 1 year; $2,100 years ; $5,9OO


Qmtmct;l~lrsWN U~?~IWMTT, Wnsh@t~n, D. C EelIlrlc4 Ka Ekh4orn, DepnrtmeBt of AetrowmY ; Detemnirtatton of the inw BystematiQ Error8 of tb6 iwiwwn Eutiem. bad Zone8 of the Artroaraphio Gatdogut and Redetmnimattor of Itr Phte @on.

tory; Artrouwtrie 8tUu 03 Noarb Btom, 2 Y-: m7AMo
Carl K. Soyfert, Mreetor, Arthur

of the Laboratow

sp6ctrum 03 the 8un and the Yeamwema+i 19peotrum of TitonCm;
1 year ; $24,000 EIABVABD UIPIVIDB~ITY, Cambridge, Maas.

2 YHrS; $1$500 Cnrl C. Kiese, Georgetown Coilege Obervn. tory ; A tllearch lor Faint Line8 in t?u

Energy Di8tribvtion of Astronomical Radiatfon Probabilities; 2 year8 ; $9,900 tlon 8oumee; 2 years; $1%,700 T. K. Menon and H. I. Ewen, Harvard J. IQ. Mack, Department of Physics; IV&College Observatory ; Radio Astronomy Cn ter&rometrio &udy 01 Coronal Emi88iOn; 1 the Microwave Region; 1 year; $34.300
UNIVERSITY OB ILLINoIB, Urbana, Ill. ; Ivan R. King, Department of Astronomy ; The

David Layaer, Harvard College Obeervatory ; TheoreticaZ Energy LeveL and Tranri-

yeare ; $14,000 WAYNE STATID UNIV~RBBITY, Detroit, Mich. ; Bertram Dorm, Department of Physic8 ; Artrookemi&sZ Re8earuh; 2 yeara; $13,500 UNIVE~B~ITY 01 WISCONBIN, Madison, Wie. Arthur D. Code, Director, Washburn Observatory ; AbeoZ&e Ccrlilrratiua ot the

Obeervatoq ; An ZweutCqatbrc ot the #twotsro of the GaZaay Through tke 1Studtt of ths Iuarer A88oofationr of OB Star8 ; 2

Tena.; J. Dyer

DynamiooZ Evolution

of star Clustere;


years ; $4,200 JOENS HOPKINS UNIVEBBITY, Baltimore, Md. ; John D. Strong, Laboratory of AstroInve8ttgation 01 PZunetMy Nonphysica and Physical Meteorology ; High ow.; thermal Radio Emiseion; 2 gears; $21,000 Altitude Aetronomy; 1 year; $40,000 Rupert Wild& Yale Univereity ObtaervaLOUISIANA STATE UNIVERSITY AND AQRICUL- tory ; Uonstitutton of the Late-Type Btaftar TUBAL AND MECHANICAL COLLIDQFJ, Baton Atmosphere8 and Interioru; 2 yeara; $7,500 Rouge, La. ; Kenneth M. Yoss, Departmenl of Physics and Astronomy ; Retative Fre. quenoiee of G and K Giants With Weak and CHEMISTRY Strong Absorption; 2 years; $9,300 UNIWBSITY 0~ ARIEONA, Tucson, Arb. LOWELL OBS~BVATOBY,Flagstait, Ariz. ; H. L. James W. Berry, Department of ChemieGiclas, Astronomer ; Proper Motion Hurvey try : HeterowcZio Tropolonee and Troponw; of the Northern Hemkphere; 3 years; 2 years; $4,100 $29,400 Leslie Forster, Department of Chemistry ; MICHIQAN STATE UNIVEWITY OB ACWCUL. NinaZet-Triplet Traneitions in FZuid 19ystom8; TUBBYAND APPLIED SCIENCE, East Lansing, 2 years; $11,200 Department oi’ AUIZONA STATEI COLLIIIOE, Tempe, Aria. ; Mich. ; John S. Mathis, Physics and Astronomy ; The Kinematic8 oj Roland K. Robins, Department of Chemistry ;

year ; $10,700 YALE UNIVIDBBITY,‘N~~ Haven, Conn. Dirk Brouwer, Director, Yale University Observatory ; Relouation oj the YaZe Obrervatory; 1 year; $22,900 Harlan J. Smith, Department of Aatron-

the Interior

Region8 of GZobu,ZarCluetere;

of Chemietry ; A. Sleitebak, Dip’artment of Physic8 and &%reouhemistry of UataZytCoHydrogonution Astronomy ; A Spectrographic lgtudy of A- of Aromatic and HydroaromatCo Oompounde; Type @tar8 Near the Nortk Galactic Pole; 1 2 years ; $15,000 year ; $3,500 K. H. Stern, Department of Chemistry; UNIvBls81TY OF OREGON, Eugene, Oreg. ; Thermodynamic8 01 Zon Pair Formation; 2 E. G. Ebbfghausen, Department of Physics ; years ; $13,800 Au Inveett#atton of lgpectroecopb Binaries AUBUBN RES~DABCHFOUNDATION, INC., AuWith Particular Attention to th,e Detection burn, Ala. ; G. M. Koaolapoff, Department of of Change8 in the Orbital Elements; 1 year ; Chemistry ; PhyeCcaZUonetanto of Orpan+ $8,000 pho8phOru8 COmpOUUd8; 3 years ; $18,500 P~INCRITON UNIVEBBITY, Princeton, N. J. ; BRANDEI~ UNIVHIWTY, Wnltham, Mass. Martin Schwarzschild, Department of Saul 0. Coben, Department of Chemistry ; Astronomy ; H&h AZtitude Aetronomy; 3 Chemietru of Free Ra&ioaZs in BoZutZon; 3 years ; $285,000 years ; $25,400 REINSSIOLAE~POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTIU, Troy, Harold Conroy, Department of Chemistry ; N. Y. ; J. Mayo Greenberg, Department of Btructure and Theoretioal Biogenss(8 ol Physics; The Boattering of Light by NmaZZ AZkaZotde; 3 years; $34,800 Particles; 2 years ; $19,400 B~IQHAM YOUNQ UNIVEBBITY, Provo, Utah. SWABTEMOIW COLLIDQID, Swbrthmore, Pa. ; Eliot A. Butler and Keith Anderson, DePeter van de Kamp, Director, Sproul Obeerva- partment of Chemietry ; Detection ot Molecu-

able-Flat Reflector for Radio Aetrolcomy Research: 1 sear: 358.650

1 year; $2,900 NEW Mr~xrco COLLEW 01 AGBICKTLTURIU AND M~DCEANICARTE, State College, N. M. ; Clyde W. Tombaugh, Physical Sciences Laboratory ; An Obeervational PatroZ and GeophiysiocrZ Reeearch oj the Moon and the Planets; 1 year ; $25,000 OHIO STATS UNIVEBSITY, Columbus, Ohio. John D. Kraus, Department of Electrical Engineering; A Fixed Paraboloid and Tilt-

PhyeicaZ and Chemical Propertiea and HtructUre 03 CertaCn Purinee and Purine Antafionistr; 2 years; $14,400

UNIV~~~~ITY OF BEKANSAS, Fayetteville, Ark. Richard W. Fink, Department of Chemistry ; RadiochemicaE Btudieer 03 Decay PropertCe8 of Radioactive Nuclei; 2 yeara;

Ox##en Between 08y-Anion8
2 years;

Thomas C. Hoering, Department of Chemistry ; Kinetics of Exohange of Irotop4c

and Water;

$14,300 Samuel Siegel, Department


Zar Speck8 in IonSo IquiZJb*; $26,400
K. Leroi Nelson,

8 years;
of Chem-

istry ; Low Temperdture K&bet&s Cn Aprotic SoZvent8; 2 years; $20,409
BROWN UNIVERSITY, Providence, IL 1. Robert H. Cole, Department of Chemistry


Dielectric Propertiea of Imperfect Uaaea;



years ; $15,700 John Ross, Department of Chemistry ; Z%vcoadty of Gaaea; 3 years ; $14,000 BBYN MAWR COLLEGQ Bryn Mawr, Pa. ; Ernest Berliner, Department of Chemistry ;

ReZatiue Reactidtiee of PoZgnuoZear Aromatto Sgatem8; 3 years ; $11,100

UNIVERSITY oip BUFBALO, BnEalo, N. Y. ; Howard Tieckelmann, Department of Chemistry ; Syntheei% of Compound8 Related to 3 months; the VHamin B1 Pyrincidine; $4,500 CALII?OBNIA IN~TITUTID orp TBICHNOLOOY,Pasadena, Calif. John H. Richards, Department of Chemistry ; 1Sandwich Compound8 of Rtcthenium; 1 year; $2,200 John D. Roberts, Department of Chemistry ; Chemistry of Small Rfng Compounds; 3 years ; $21,200 UNIVBR~ITY OIP CALIFORNIA, Berkeley, Calif. Thomas L. Allen, Department of ChemisPropertry ; Davis, Calif. ; Thermodynamic thee of Metallic Halidea; 3 years; $9,200 Robert K. Brinton, Department of Chemistry, Davis, Calif. ; EZemeatarg aa8 Phase RadCoaZ ReactCon8; 3 years ; $11,000 Joel H. Hildebrand, Department of Chemistry ; Properties artd SoZubZZitgReZatton.8oj NoneZectroZytea; 2 years ; $16,900 CABNEGIIU INSTITITTE OR TECHNOLOGY, Pittsburgh, Pa. ; Robert B. Carlin, Department of Chemistry ; FJaoher IndoZe Syntheab; 2 years ; $14,100 CI#NTRAL STATS COLLIE, Wilberforce, Ohio ; E. Oscar Woolfolk, Department of Chemisa.nd Chromatographic try ; Identification Separation of CoZorZeaa Organic Compounds; 2 years; $6,300 UNIVBRSITY OF CHICAQO, Chicago, Ill. Robert A. Clement, Department of Chemistry ; Bronated Rate Law Applied to Organic Reaotione; 2 years; $13,000 R. S. Mulliken, Department of Physics, and W. G. Brown. Deaartment of Chemistrv : Structure, Spect& a?&$Reaction8 of Mole&: Ear Complexes; 3 years; $58,000 Stuart A. Rice, Department of Chemistry ;

James B. Cnlbertson, Department of Chemstry ; Sterio Erect8 With Substituted CyaZo‘lexane Compounds; 3 months ; $1,600 James B. Culbertson, Department of Chemstry ; St&o Eflecte With S~batituted CgcZoCexanea; 3 years; $8,500 William A. Deskin, Department of Chemstry ; Speotrophotometric Studies of Metale; i months ; $1,400 William A. Deskin, Department of Chemstry ; Complexes oj the Transition Metala; 3 years; $10,500 CORNELLUNIVERSITY, Ithaca, N. Y.

Bridgehead Compounds; 3 years; $16,200 :0~nnLL Co~Lntz& Mount Vernon, Iowa

John S. Meek, Department

of Chemfstry


Equipment Grants for High Polymer Relearoh


UNIVRJB~%I!J?X DENVER, Denver, Colo. ; Earl OIF A. Engle and 0. Howard McCormick, De?artment of Chemistry ; Determfnation of


CheZate Compounde;


nonths ; $3,500 D~PATJL UNIVERSITY, Chicago, Ill. ; Eugene Lieber, Department of Chemistry ; Reactton >f Hgdrazoic Acid With Ammono-Carbonic I&da; 2 years ; $5,500 DUKE UNIVERSITY, Durham, N. C. ; C. R. Hauser, Department of Chemistry ; RearPangementa, Eliminationa, Diaplaoementa and Uondensationa; 3 years; $19,500 EMORY UNIVERSITY, Emory University, Ga. ; R. A. Day, Jr., Department of Chemistry ; &ion Exchange StUdie8 of Metal CompZexe8; 2 years ; $12,000 FISK UNIVERSITY, Nashville, Term. ; S. P. Massie, Department of Chemistry ; I,s-

Dianilinoethane and l,%DianiZinopropane Defivativee; 18 months ; $3,500

FLORIDA STATB UNIVERSITP, Tallahassee, Fla. ; John E. Lefiler, Department of Chemistry ; Iodine a8 a b’ubetftuent; 3 years; $21,700 UNIVBRSITY OF FLORIDA, Gainesville, Fla. ; 81. E. Muschlitt, W. H. Cramer and T. L. Bailey, Department of Chemistry ; Negative lon Studies by Ma88 Spectrometry; 2 years ; $20,000 GEORGIAINSTITUTHI 01pTECHNOLOGY, Atlanta, Ga. ; Jack Hine, Department of Chemistry ;

Relative Acidity oj Hydrocarbons and Other Weak Ao6oYa;2 years; $6,700

GRINNIDLL COLLEQE, Grinnell, Iowa ; William A. Nevill, Department of Chemistry ; HaZogenated Cyclobutane Acids; 3 years; $9,500 Confgurational and Thermodynamic Proper- HARVARD UNIVERSITY, Cambridge, Mass. George B. Kistiakowsky, Department of tCe8of PoZgeZectroZytesand Polar Polymer8; Chemistry ; Unstable Intermediates Cn Gas 3 years; $31,700 Henry Taube, Department of Chemistry ; Reactions; 2 years; $15,000 Francis 0. Stone, Department of ChemisChemi8trg Of Oxygen and Oxy-Compounds; try; Chemistry of Boron; 3 years ; $24,100 3 years; $44,200 Robert Woodward. Denartment of CL~UMBONAGRICIJLTU~AL COLLEOE, Clemson, Chemistry ;B. Structure a’nd &thesis oj S. C. ; F. I. Brownley, Jr., Department of Natural Products; 3 years; $62,100 Chemistry and Geology ; Determinat4on oj HUNTEB COLLEQE, New York, N. Y.; Horst FZuortde; 2 years ; $4,400 W. Hoyer, Department of Chemistry ; EZecCos COLLEGE, Cedar Rapids, Iowa ; Frank C. trophorettc Mobility of MMiceZZea; years ; 2 Pennington, Department of Chemistry ; Neat: $12,000 Method of SgntheaizCng IndoZes; 2 years; UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS, Urbana, Ill. $6,600 &quipment Ql.ant for Hrgh PoZbmer ReUNIVEB~ITY OF COLOBADO,Boulder, Colo. search Stanley J. Cristol, Department of Chem. David Y. Curtin, Department of Chemisistry ; hieohaniesmeof Addit$on and EWmina- try; Sterti Control of Organic Reactions; tCon Reactions; 3 years; $36,400 3 years ; $20,900



a. 8. Qntoweky, $24,200

Nuclear and Qua&up016 Relawatlors;
R’OUNDATXON, Blooming-


of Chew&

try ; POW Dbpkroemecrt Reuot(orr; 8 yearm;
$21,500 IJNIVEIWITYC 0P MAW~ACHU~~TTS, Amlmmt, MaEa. ; Richard 8. Stein, Department ot Chemistry ; Relatfonahfp Betwsm Urydal
MorphoZogu and UryetaZNne High

c. Gardner



of chcmie-

2 years;


<. J. bhiner, Jr., Department of Chomls-Indiana University ; R#eot of Deutarfum 6Tubstftutfon on Rate8 of OrganJo React&~ru; 3 years; $20,300 Harrison Shull, Department of Chemistry, Indiana UniversWy ; Theoretfcal &wife8 of Atomio and hiokmutar ~trUi?tUre; 80 months ; $43,700

PoZymtwa; 2 yeare ; $12,100




Lawrence S. Bartell, Department of Chemistry ; High Precisfon Molecular &Wuaturea by Electron Diffraction; 3 years; $23,700 George 8. Hammond, Department of Chemistry ; Dffluaion Kinetics fn Thermal Decompoeftfone ; 2 years ; $19,200 KALAMAZOO COLLEW, Kalamazoo, Mich. ; Kurt D. Kaufman, Department of Chemistry; Furocoumarins; 3 years; $12,000

~mLLoN IN~TITUTBI 0~ INDWTBIA~, BmsBurca, Pittsburgh, Pa. ; P. J. Flory, Blxecutive Director of Besearch ; Propertied of PoQmm-8 ati Their Pjloluttoru; 1 year; $16,200 UNIVIWSITY 01~ MINNMW~TA, MinneapoUs, Minn. ; Maurice M. Kreevoy, Qpartment of Chemistry ; Add Cluvage ot Organomerourialu; 2 years; $5,400 NISSISS~PP~ STATIII COLLEQID, State College, Miss.; Lye11 C. Behr, Department of Chemlstry ; Reactivity 01 O@adi.woles fn &b8t&


3 years;


MONMOUTH COLLIDOIP, Monmouth, Ill. ; G. W. Thiessen, Department of Chemistry; Tibs Kolbe ElectroZyef8; 2 years; $12,200 NEWARK COLLIDGIO OF ENGINEDIDRINO, Newark, KANSAS STATE COLLEOB OB AGRICIJLTUMU of AND APPLIED SCIHINCIP, Manhattan, Kans. ; N. J.; James A. Bradley, Department Jack L. Lambert, Department of Chemistry ; Chemistry ; b’ulfonatfoon ol Aromatio UomMetal Complexea and Chelates of Aromatio Pmbna8; 3 months; $2,100 Act&a; 3 years; $14,400 UNIVI~RSITY OF NBIW HAYPSHIRID, Durham, N. H. ; Alexander R. Amell, Department of LHIHIQH UNIVERSITY, Bethlehem, Pa. ; David Chemistry ; Kinetfoa of the Qa8 Pkaae ReM. Hercules, Department of Chemistry; PentoMe ana Lumineecence of Orthohydrow Aromatfo action Between Nitrogen Borne Reducfng Age&e; 2 years; $10,000 AOid8; 3 years ; $21,000 NEW MIOXICO HIQHLAND~ UNIVIDBSITY, Las LONG BEACH STATW COLLEOID, Long Beach, Calif. ; Robert B. Henderson, Department of Vegas, N. Mex.; E. Gerald Meyer, Department of Chemistry ; Bummer Re8eatVh for Chemistry ; Summer Research for High &h002 and College Chemietry TeaCher8; 3 High School Chemfatrg Tsaohere; 3 months ; $4,300 months ; $5,200 UNIVERBITY OB LOIJISVILLIO, Louisville, Ky. ; NEW YORK UNIVERSITY, New York, N. Y.; J. P. Phillips, Department of Chemistry ; Benson R. Sundheim, Department of ChemUonstante of ErPaited Analytfcal Reagent8 Related to 8-QuZnoZino~; istry ; Dissociation Yoleculee; 3 years ; $10,100 3 years; $11,000 LOYOLA UNIVBIEWITY, Chicago, Ill. ; John L. UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA, Chapel Department of Chemistry ; Ire- Hill. N. C. Huston, J.’ C. Morrow, Department of Chemistry ; change Reactfone in Nonaqueous IonfSing Nagnetochemfcal and UryetalEographCo Bolvents; 2 years ; $13,300 &&die8 of Transitfon Metal Uompounda; 3 LUTHER COLLEGIU, Decorah, Iowa; Adrian Docken, Department of Chemistry; Uon- years ; $17,200 Oscar K. Rice, aen8ea, Five-hiembered Oarbocyclfo Xyaterne; Deoompo8itfon ofDepartment of Chemistry i; Aaomethane; 2 years 1 year; $2,000 $15,900 UNIWRSITY OF MAINE, Orono, Maine ; Robert UNIVHIRSITY off NORTH Forks, Dunlap, Department of Chemistry ; Thermo- N. Dak.; Edward J. DAKOTA, Grand DepartO’Rellly, Jr., dynamic Propertfee 01 Fluorocarbon NoZu- ment of Chemistry ; Vibrational Aeefgnmerrt tions; 3 years ; $18,300 of Symmetrically Substituted NaphthaleneUNIV~~RSITY 0~‘ MARYLAND, College Park, D-4; 2 years ; $10,900 Md. NORTHWMTERN UNIVBRBITY, Hlvanston, Ill., William J. Bailey, Department of Chemis- Fred Basolo, Department of Chemistry, try ; Pyrolysi.9 of Eetera; 3 years; $43,300 Nuclear dfagnetfo Resonance mUaft! 01 Ernest. F. Pratt, Department of Chemis- Metal Uomplexee; 2 years ; $17,100 try ; 19elective Reaction of Organio CompOUnd8 Aaeorbed on BOzfd8; 1 year; $11,400 UNIVERSITY OF NOTRH~DAMS, Notre Dame, Ind. ; of ChemMASSACHUSETTS INSTITU~P~ OB TECHNOLOQY, istry ; Louis Pierce, Department Molecular hZforowave &pectroscopy; Cambridge, Mass. Klaus Biemann, Department of Chemis- 2 years ; $18,300 try ; Boron Trifluorfde aa a Tltrcmt fl, Or- OHIO STATIU UNIVIRSITY, Columbus, Ohio. Michael P. Cava, Department of Chemganio Analysis; 3 years; $16,600 3 Arthur C. Cope, Department of Chemis- istry ; The Benzocgclobutene Eerier; Of the ReaCtant years ; $39,800 try : Btereochemfetry Melvin 8. Newman, Department of ChemUpon Ion& and Radioal Reacttone; 5 years ; istry ; Dfgerentiatfon &i IeolutZon of $98,200 Herbert 0. House, Department of Chemis- ROtamer8: 1 Year : 38.200 Melville L.Woli!r&, Department of Chemof Mfmfnation Retry ; fltereochemfstry aotfons Occurrffig 0~ YetaZ Burjaces; 3 istry ; Btructural Investfgatfon 01 PolgsacOhWfae8; 3 years ; $21y,OOO years ; $16,200



UrIvBBnrtY 011OKLAROYA RmnmAM?a 1IdTI~

hvnm; E#6otu of Zonfo Strength on tba D4otribuUon oj kIpadea of OompZw Ioru; 2
ymru ; $10,400 Osmanf STATE Commu6, Corvallir, Ores. Irvin F. Kurth, Department of Chemistry ; Uond@r Barb Lcgnin Oomponank; 8

TUT& Norman, ,Okla.: Norman Fogal, Department of Chemietry, Univemity of Okla-

.1‘ b 3. I.





. Qevrge J. Jan%, Department of Chemietry ; Raman J3pcgtra oi MoZtun BaZt8; 2 year6 ; ~28,000 Sobert L. Strong, Department of Chemistry: Primaru Photoohem~ Aot in B6ZuHan Raaoti&; 2 years ; $11,000
RM~ABCH FOUNDATIONS STATIE UXI~~PRSITT OP 38 NPW YOBE, Albany, N. Y. ; Michael Bzwarc, Department of Chemistry, College of Forestry, Syracuse, N. Y. ; OhmWry ol Free Radioak; 3 years ; $80,200 UNIVI!JE~I~ OP ROCHESTIOB, Rochester, N. Y.; A. B. F. Duncan, Department of Chemistry; IZeotronio Structure of PoZuatomio MoZeouZea; 2 years; $12,000

year%; $17,700 W. H. Slabaugh, Department trJr ; 10% EbOhatrg6 Of -pibit years ; $8,600

of Chemie-



U~~vmssrm OP Oamuo~, Eugene, Oreg. ; Terrell It. Hill, Department of Chemistry;
TPAeoreticaZ Btudiea in BtatWicaZ Uh6miaaZ ~hartn0di0t4w08; a ytxtr~ ; ~a2,soo ~~NIWYLVANIA STATS UNIVMISITY, Univer-

of Chemistry ; Redetermination of th6 Value of th% Faraday; 1 year; Oatalyzsd Reaction Rangea to AM Uoncen- $15,800 New trationa and Other Ye&a Ohangea; a years ; RUTOEBS, TAXI STATE UNIV~BSITY, Brunswick, N. J. ; Donald B. Denney, De$17,200 Maurice Shamma, Department of Chemls- partment of Chemistry ; Organio Tri- and Pentavalent Phoaphorue aompounda; 2 try; Byntheaia and Uhemi8etry of TetrahyDepartment dropyrtdinea; 2 years ; $8,000 Harry D. Zook, Department of Chemistry ; Nature and ReaotZvulty of Enoktea; 8 yearn ; $19,100 UNMR~SITY OF PENNBYLVANIA, Philadelphia, Pa. ; John G. Miller, Department of Chemietry ; Uompreasibility Factor Measurements
of Thcrmodynamio and MOZecztZar PrOpertie 03 Gaseous Miaturea; 1 year ; $11,000 POLPTFJCHNIC INSTITUTIO OB BBOOKLYN,

sity Park, Pa. Norman C. Deno, Department of Chemistry ; Quantitative Theory ReZuting Aoid-

years ; $12,000 ST. Lonxe UNIVIDRSITY, St. Louie, MO.; George W. Schaeffer, Department of Chemiatry ; Reduction oj Znorganio Bubstanoea






years ; $l%,UOO SMITH COLLEGBI, Northampton, Mass. ; Milton D. Soffer, Department of Chemistry; UNIVERSITY OP SOUTH CABOLINA, Columbia, s. c. H. W. Davis, Department of Chemistry; DeLos F. DeTar, John L. Kite,

#yntheeis ahd Btruoture of Beaquiterpenea; 2 years ; $16,600

Brooklyn, N. Y. ; C. Q. Overberger, DepartChemi8try ol l,l- and ment of Chemistry;
PO~~ONA COLLEGB, Claremont,

l,t-lubatituted Hgdrazinea and UycZio Az0 (;lompound8; a year6 ; $26,200 Bummer Reaearoh for
win Hanach, Department Calif. ; Car. of Chemistry;

Bummer Rseearch for Riglr lgchool and Cob Zege Uhemi&rg Teaohera; 3 months ; $3,000 Reaction
Department of ChemisMechanisms; 8 of Chemistry ;

Tcachera; 8 months ; $S,SOO P~INCIBTON UNIVEBSITY, Princeton, N. J. James R. Arnold, Department of Chemis try ; NaturaZ a&i Induced Radioactivities; 1 year ; $11,800 Charlee P. Smyth, Chemistry Department RotatioltaZ Isomerism and IntramoZeouZal Motion; 2 year6 ; $17,000 PUBDUEI R~PS~~A~CH FOUNDATION, Lafayette. Ind. Robert A. Benkeser, Department of Chemistry, Purdue University ; Organ<0 UhemieRobert A. Benkeser, Department of Chemistry, Purdue University ; RsduotioM by Mthium Cn AmtCna Bolventa; 2 years ;

try ; UoZZege iJhemZetr& years ; Organto $20,600

tenyl Okloride With PhengkrOetgZ6n6 and try of Igjlioon, Germanium and Tin Uom. P-Substituted PhenyZucetyZenea; 3 years ; pounda; 2 years ; $15,400 $10,800

years ; $16,000 UNIVIDBSITY 6~ SOUTHIURN CALIFORNIA, Los Angeles, Callf. Jerome A. Berson, Department of Chemistry ; Btereochemiatrg or BiphenyZ &JSt6m8; 2 years; $16,800 Norman Kharasch, Department of Chemistry ; Reaction 01 S,&DinCtro benzenesub

Reactivity Toward Free Radicals of NonBenzenotd Aromatio Hydrocarbone; 2



SOUTHERN METHODIST UNIVIDRSITY, Dallas, Tex. ; John J. Banewicz, Department of Chemistry ; i?iagnetio And EZectricaZ Proper-

Norbert Mnller, Purdue University


of Chemistry,

ties of Antiferromagnetio
years ; $9,600

Gemicoltductora; 2

; Xigh ResoZution Nuclear Magnetlo Reaonanos lSpeotrom&rg; 3 years ; $8&000
J. M. Honig, Department of Chemistry Purdue University ; Interaction Between Metal Omidea and Nitrogen DioaMe; : years ; $17,500 R. L. Livingston, Department of Chemis try, Purdue University ; Moleoular atruc

STANIWED UNIVERSITY, Stanford Calif.; Qeorge 8. Parks, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering; Heat8 of Com-

bustion or TypicaZ Ospgen Uontaining gan& Uompounda; a years; $25,600
THI~L COLL~XO, Greenville, Department Puterbaugh,


Pa. ; Walter H. of Chemistry ;

tur6 of Certain Organio Uompound8 by Eke tron Dtflraotiofi; 2 years ; $12,800

dl6chaniSm and Influence oj Metallic Cation in Organo-MetuZZi6 Raaotiona; 2 years; $5,000


!mLAm UNIVBBBITY or LouIsxAN& ,Jaw orIeaM, IA.; Joseph E Boyeq Dspemt of Ch&&try; Reaotion 6f U-Nittee Uim##amd8

$18,100 UNIVBMITY or UTAH, Salt Lake City, Utah ; Eenry Egring, Department of Chemistry; TheeretfoaZ and Esp8rinentd AYtudy of Rate Proo68868; 2 years ; $45,000 UNIvRnsITY or VIuQrnra, cimrlottelwin~ VtL; Thomas I. Crowell, Department of Chemistry ; Ktnetio Btndiee of Amllnsr; 3
years ; $14,000






)lOgy* Los Angel- CalIf.; u&elnioaz R6ob rreund or ueu Dw8ior; 2 years; $13&00 ?ANI~IUS COLLWE, BnlFaIo, N, Y.: John L. @lum,Department of Biology ; BemtaUtl( C Bomdiucn and PrototlplLon; 2 yean I IlO, ZAULBTON COLLWID, Northdeld, MLnn.; WB.lam H. Muir, Department of Blolo(ly; nit-

hlgy; Eudv u6u wau F-#an i* tlir ROM Tw; 2 Jsur: W.1~ aIlian Ii Kavanm, DepartmaIIt of p;o-

OB WASHINQMN, Seattle, Wash. B. S. Rabinovitch, Department of ChemR660istry ; Homog6neous Isom6&ation tionr; 3 years: $15,600 Kenneth B. Wlberg, Department of ChemReuotione; istry; dCeohani8m.8oj Oxidation
6 years ; $68,200

Detroit, AUch. L. Allinger, Department of EJeots In Chemistry ; Uonf ormational Ye&urn Rings; 3 years; $lS,300 Stanley Kiraehner, Department of Chemfstry; Bummer Research For High BchooZ and UoZZege tYhemirtry Teachers; 3 months; $8,300


%r6ntiation 4n Pzant Ti68W odtwe8 ot Single OsU OripC; 2 yearn ; $6,QOO JBNTRAL WASHINQT~NCOLLPOEOF EDIJCAPION, Billensbnrg, Wash. ; Janet M. LoWe, Department of Zoology : BarZy Ohiak Skwo Di~ersntiut~or and Daudopcrcsnt; 2 v6ar6; $&OOO ZOBNBLLUNIVPBSITY, Ithaca, N. Y. t Perry R. Gilbert, Department of Zoology ; Struo!uraZ and Funotional ReZatiowhis 03 Ds&opi~~ Young to lfother; 1 yeai; $3,000 %IQIQH!NNUNIVIDBSITY, Omaha, Nebr. ; Allen ponente Upon Bmbrgonio DevsZopm6nt; 2
gears ; $6,600
B. Schlesinger, Department of Biology ; B#ect ol BpatiaZZy Di8tributsd PoZk UomUNIVERSITY

Gem-Dihalides From the Hofmann Degrcrdation Reaction; 2 years; $15,400 WEST VIRQINIA UNIVEBSITY, Morgantown, W. Va. ; Chester W. Muth, Department of Chemistry ; IntramoZecuZar Oyclircation InvoZving a Nitro Group; 2 years ; $9,600 WESTERNKENTUCKY STATE COLLEOR, BowlUharacterlsation Fueion Yethodr;
ing Green, Ky. ; Ward C. Sumpter, DepartIdentifcation and ment of Chemistry;

C. L. Stevens, Department

of Chemistry;

or DIOLAWABPI, Newark, Del.; of Biologlcal Sciences ; Reproduotivs Funotion8 (0 lZa8mobranoh Fishee; 2 years; $10,000
R’ranklin C. Daiber, Department
B’LOIWA STATS UNIVRWITY, Tallahassee, Fla. ; James R. Fisher, Department of ChemParticuktes in Bea Urchin Egg8; lztry ; UeZZ 1 year; $3,000 ORINNELL COLLBIOE, Grinnell, Iowa ; GuilLermo Mendoza, Department of Biology;

of IndoZe Derivatives 2 years; $6,000


Reproduotion in hte Good&Gas; 3 years; $13,300 .

WIUSTE~N MICHIGAN UNIVERSITY, Kalamazoo, Mich., Don C. Illland, Department of Chemistry ; Ohemtstry of AZOaCetate8; A N6w CZa88of Uompounde; 3 years; $15,200 WHITWORTH COLLIDOIO, Spokane, Wash. ; James R. Brathovde. Department of Chemistry ; X-Ray Phaee and Btruoture gtudies ol N-Altphatio Amidecr; 3 years; $6,900 COLL~QR OF WOOSTER, Wooster, Ohio; Thomas El. Ferington, Department of Chemistry ; Kinetics of Vinyl PoZym6rkzatdon; 2

UNIVERSITY OF IDAHO, Moscow, Idaho ; Lorin W. Roberts, Department of Botany; A Histo&emloaZ Study of Protein-Bound BuZfhydrgl Gt~Up8 in Wound hferJetem8; 2 years ;

$5,300 UNIV~DBSITY ILLINOIS, Urbana, OF Inhibition

Meryl Rose, Department Zaria; 1 year ; $15,000

During Diflerentktion

Ill.; 8. of Zoology ; BpeoilOo

in Tubu-

years ; $6,200

ington, Ind. ; Robert Brigge, Department of Zoology, Indlana University ; NzcoZear Dtflarentiation in Embryonio OeZZ8; 8 years;




DIUWLOPM~NTAL BIOLOGY UNIVERSITY OB ARIZONA, Tucson, Ariz.; John V. Slater, Department of Zoology;



Clement L. Marker& Department of BiolNuoZeo-Cytoplasmtc Interaction8 During IntraceZZuZar Diberentiation; 2 years ; $8,000 ogy ; Biochemical Basi8 of UeZZD4#erenti6tfon; 3 years ; $35,000 BOSTON DISP~NSABP, Boston, Mass. ; QerMalcolm 8. Steinberg, Department of Btolhard Schmidt ; Embruoc!&emioaZ lStudCe8on UhemioaZ Bond8 Between Vertebrate Liptdee, Protgtns, and NuoZeio Aoide; 2 iY%ryonio UeZZs;2 years ; $12,000 years ; $lU,500 B~ANDEIS UNIVIDRSITY, Waltham, Mass. ; Maurice Sussman, Department of Biology;

ogy ; Chloroplaet Growth Procerses; 3 years ; $23,000

Andre T. Jagendorf,

Baltimore, Md. Department of Blol-

MOrphOg8?&68i8 ths UeZZuZar +?a 1SZime YOZdS; $4,000 2 years; $11,600 MABQUIETTEI UNIVEBSITY, Milwaukee, Wle.
BBOWN UNIVERSITY, Providence, R. I. ; Willlam Montagna, Department of Biology ; Walter G. Rosen, Department

LOYOLA UNIVBBSITY, Chicago, Ill. ; Boris ID. N. Splroff, Department of Biological Sclences ; Functions of the PineaZ Body; 1 year ;

UhemotropZsm oj Pollen Tub68; 2 years; Uomparative HIetoZogy and Hi8tOChemi8trti $12,000 ot the BRin of Prtmatee; 2 years; $lO,OOcl John W. Saunders, Jr., Department of BiUNIVERSITY OF CALIFOBNIA, Berkeley, Calif, ology ; Ti88ue Znteractlon.8 During OrganoWilliam A. Jensen, Department of BE genesi ; 8 years ; $27,000

of Biology;

&fAl!JSACHUt’JETTS 1aSTxTu~l~ 08’ T~CHI(OLOBY, Ph#eioZogt/ of Form&don and D%Vetopmmt ol 2 yeare; Cambridge, BWa. ; lZobert J. Hansen, I%P8ti- Egg8 or ddarhe Znwrtebrate8; ment of CM1 lnglneering ; The Form and $22,000 Funotion 01 the Foot; 2 years ; $16,000 WAYNE STATID UNIVERPJITY, Detroit, Mlch. ; MIAMI Uxuvaas~r~, Oxford, Ohio ; John R. Werner cf. Helm, Department of Biology ; Harrison, Department of Zoology; Qrozata Change8 in Berum Protein8 During Ontogeny and Diferentiation of Embryonio UhZck Tie 01 MammaZe; 2 years; $15,900 8~6 CnVitro; 2 years ; $10,300 WIUSLEYAN UNIVERSITY, Middletown, Conn. ; UNIVEBBITY OB MIAMI, Coral Gables, Fla. ; Hubert B. Goodrich, Department of Biology ; Charlotte J. Avers, Department of Botany ; UoZor Pattern Format&w& in Two TeZeoet Hi8toohem&aZ &dies 01 the DZfferenttatCng Fieh; 1 year; $2,900 Root lflpCderm48; 2 years ; $13,800 YALIO UNIVERSITY, New Haven, Corm. UNIVB~ESITY OF NEW HAMPBEIBE, Durham, Edgar J. Boell, Department of Zoology ; N. H.; Charlotte Q. Nast, Department of Developmental Change8 in dfitochondria; 1 Botany ; FertCZtzatZon Btudiee of Angio- year ; $7,000 epgmcs; 1 year ; $7,490 John P. Trlnkans, Department of Zoology ; NOETH CABOLINA STATID COLLEGES Aam- The Potencies oj Ttseue UeZZ8; 3 years ; OB CULTUBBJAND ENCINEIRINQ, Raleigh, N. C. ; $19,000 Ernest Ball, Dlvlslon of Biological Sciences ; EARTH SCIENCES NOBTHW~STERN UNIVERSITY, Evanston, Ill. ; Robert C. King, Cresap Laboratory of Biol- KURT TEICHERT, U. S. Geological Survey, ogy ; Radiation-Znduced Ovarian Tumor8 6n Federal Center, Denver, Colo. ; Studgee of 19tratigraphp and PaleoecoZogy in West at+ Drosophila; 2 years; $18,000 many; 4 months; $1,400 OOLETHORPE UNIVERBITY, Oglethorpe UniUNIVICBSITY OIP ALASKA, College, Alaska ; Arthur L. Cohen, Department versity, Ga. ; V. P. Hessler, Geophysical Institute ; Earth of Biology ; Morphogenesie in the True Potentials; 2 years ; $13,800 hfyraomycetes; 1 year; $1,700 AMHERST COLLEGJD,Amherst, Mass. ; Bruce UNIVERSITY OF PI!?!CSBUBOH,Pittsburgh, Pa. Caslmer T. Grabowskl, Department of B. Benson, Department of Physics; Oxygen Anatomy ; Organization and Cellular Differ- Isotope Variation8 in Ocean Water; 1 year _.; $15,000 enttitlon & Embryos; 2 years; $12,000 UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA, Tucson, Ariz. ; L. J. Ian M. Sussex, Department of Biological Sciences ; Morphogeneeie in the ghoot of Battan and A. R. Kassander, Jr., Institute of Atmospheric Physics ; Needing of Bummer Vascular PZante; 2 years ; $17,300 Cumulus ClZoud8; 1 year; $22,200 PRINCETON UNIVIURSITY, Princeton, N. J. ; Lionel I. Rebhun, Department of Biology ; CALIFORNIA INSTITUTIU 01pTECHNOLOGY, PasaFertilization and Cleavage in Marine Zn- dena, Callf. R. H. Jahns, Department of Geology ; vertebrate Egge; 2 years; $8,900 Laboratory &ynthesie oj PegmatJte Minerals; UNIVERMTY OB ROCHESTBIB,Rochester, N. Y. ; William B. Muchmore, Department of Blol- 2 years ; $22,600 C. C. Patterson and T. J. Chow, Division ogy ; ZmmunoohemCcaZ &%&die8 Musole Deoj of Geological Sciences ; Lead Isotope8 Cn velopment; 3 years; $24,000 the Oceans; 1 year; $10,350 SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY, Carbondale, W. B. Ray, Department of Geology ; High Ill. ; Frank J. Flnamore, Department of Preeeure Polymorph8 oj Ice; 3 years; Physiology ; BucZeCoAdd MetaboZiem Dur- $27,600 Cng Early Developmental &ages; 3 years; UNIVERSITY ov CALIIFOBNIA, Berkeley, Callf. $15,000 L. H. Adams and G. C. Kenneds. Institute STANFORDUNIVIRSITY, Stanford, Calif. ; Cllf- of Geophysics,. Los Angeles, Calif:; Rapidly ford Qrobstein, Department of Biological Running &fineraZ Transistione; 1 year ; Sciences ; UeZZ and Tissue Interaction8 Cn $20,000 Development; 2 years ; $33,100 M. N. Bramlette, Department of Geology, UNIVERSITY OF WYOYINO, Laramie, Wyo. ; Scriuus Institution of Oceanograuhy, La Charles 5. Thornton, Jackson Hole Blolog- Jolla,- Callf. ; FoesiZ uoccozithophor&Z8; 3 ical Research Station, Moran, Wyo. ; Amphib- years ; $29,000 4an Limb Regeneration; 3 years ; $6,200 Perry Byerly, Seismographic Station ; 8 TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION, Wave ol Earthquakes; 2 years ; $3,795 of Geology ; R. L. Hay, Department College Station, Tex. ; R. 0. Berry, Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairy Scl- Weathering and Diagenesis in the CZarno ence; In VJtro Culture and Low Tempera- Formation; 2 years ; $10,800 Scripps Institution of W. H. Munk, ture igtorage of Bovine FoZZicuZar Ova; 2 Oceanography, La Jolla, Callf. ; Chandler years ; $6,600 Wobble; 3 years; $17,250 TEXAS SOUTHERN UNIVERSITY, Houston, M. A. Murphy and P. Rodda, Department Tex. ; Alberta J. Seaton, Department of BlolCalif. ; Cretaceous ogy ; CutoZogCcuZ OrgandzatCon oj the Egg; of Geology, Riverside, Sacramento Valley; Rock8 of Northwestern 1 year; $4,700 2 years; $14,500 TBINITY UNIVERRITY, San Antonio, Tex. ; M. Neiburger, Department of Meteorology, Tom P. Sergeant, Department of Biology ; Los Anneles. Callf. : Cloud Drop Growth : t#rowth ZnZttating b%bbetances&s “Con&- 3 years ;$64;750 ’ Honed” Ye&a; 2 years ; $17,300 George Tunell, Department of Geology, UNIVEIRSITX!OF WABHINOTON, Seattle, Wash, ; Lon Angeles, Callf. ; Ore Forming Proceseee; Arthur H. Whlteley, Department of Zoology ; 2 years ; $22,600

arowth tn Vitro of the dhoot Ape0 of Uertain Beed Plants; 3 years ; $23,000


!l!yler, Bsrippr Inmtitution of IA Jolla, CalK. ; Volu*~, Bttutterin# Fun&ion of WaturaZ Woteru; 2 year6 ;



g4.8888 of ths strwr

B. F. acsy,


of Fzorue;


1 pear;



DetectJon ot Ice iVucZeatin# Agentr; 2 yeara ; $81,000 H. R. Byerz and L. J. Battan, Department
of Meteorology ; BeedZng of gumtner Cu9auZus CZoude; 1 year; $18,600 CITY COLLEOBP, New York, N. Y. ; C. H. Kindle, Department of Geology ; Stratigraphy ond Fauna of Western Newfoundland; 8 years;

H. R. Byerz, Department

Chicago, Ill.

Ann Arbor, Mich. ;

8. N. Dingle,

of Meteorology;

S&e Spectra;



of MeteorOlogy; $4O,OOO OF MINNm40TA, Minneapolis,
3 years;


rcative Datib

S. S. Goldich, Department of Geology and 8. 0. C. Nier. Denartment of Physics : Rod(o-

bywK/O/A)O Me&d;

d yearn ;


New York, N. Y. W. S. Broecker, Lamont Geological Observatory ; Radiocarbon A#e Deteminatione; 3 years ; $34,OOO D. B. Ericson, Lamont Geological Observatory ; Ocean Sediment Cores; 1 year; $13,000 John Imbrie, Department of Geology ; Evolution of Common Biofacies; 3 years; COLUMBIA UNIVQBSITY, $23,800

F. M. Swain, Department of Geology; Bituminous DepOUita; 1 year ; $10,250 H. E. Wright, Jr., Department of Geology; PZeistoceneLimnoZoay; 2 year8 ; $17,OOO MONTANA STATS UNIV~BSITY, Mirsoula, Mont. ; John Hower, Jr., Department of Geology ; CfeneeCe GZaUCOnite;2 years ; $16,600 of
NATIONAL ACADEMY OP SCIKINCEIS-NATIONAL RES~ABCH COUNCIL, Washington, D. C.; William R. Thurston, Division of Earth Sci-

ences ; A Study of the Feasibitity


C~LLE~Q, Lancaster, Pa. ; Donald U. Wise, Department of Geology ; Baeement Structure and Tectonics in Wyoming; 2 years ; $5,000 UNIYERSITY OF HAWAII, Honolulu, T. H. ; Thomas F. Bates, Department of Agronomy and Soil Science : Parent Rock to Clav Mln-

ability of Drilling utoio Diecontinuity;

and Derira Hole to the Xohoro1 year ; $15,000.

eraZ Alteration

6% the Hawaiian IsZa&Ze; 1

sear : $2,500 INDIANA UNIVERBITY FOUNDATION, Bloomington. Ind. : J. B. Droste. DeDartment of Geology, Indiana University ; Clay M$neraZs in Evaporite Deposits; 2 years; $11,300 JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY, Baltimore, Md. ; A. C. Waters, Department of Geology ; IronBearing Layered Silicates; 2 years; $26,000 LAWRENCEI COLLEOIU,Appleton, Wis. ; W. F. Read, Department of Geology ; Subeurface Studiee of St. Peter Sandetone; 1 year ; $900 Los AN~~LES COUNTY MUSEUM, Los Angeles, Calif. ; Theodore Downs, Department of Vertebrate Paleontology ; Uemoaoio Vertebrute8 of Imperial VaZZey; 2 years; $11,000 LOUISIANA STATE UNIVERSITY AND A~RICULTUBAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEQE, Baton of Rouge, La. : G. E. Murray, Department Studiee Cn NorthGeology ; Stratigraphio eaetern Mexico; 3 years ; $24,000 UNIVEI~SITY OF MAINE, Orono, Maine ; P. H. Osberg, Department of Geology ; Strzlcture of Pitt8ford Area, Vermont; 6 months ; $350 MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTB OF TECHNOLOQY ; Cambridge, Mass. W. F. Brace, Department of Geology and Geophysics ; Mineral PZaetZcCty and Hardneee; 3 years ; $20,000 M. J. Buerger, Department of Geology and Geophysics ; Computational Work on Urystal Structures; 1 year; $8,000 W. H. Dennen and Ely Mencher, Department of Geology and Geophysics; Geochem4caZInvestigations of Sedimentary Rocke; 1 year ; $11,000 H. G. Houghton, Department of MeteorolWY ; The Prosecution 01 Atmospheric Research in the United State8 of America; 18 months ; $52,400 UNIVERSITY OF MIAMI, Coral Gables, Fla. Cesare Emiliani ; The Marine Laboratory ; Pleietocene Ocean Temperatzcreu; 2 years ;

OF STANBARDS, Washing* H. F. McMurdie; BgZver lo&de Stidiei; i’year ; $20,000 UNIVI~BSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA, Chapel Hill, N. C. ; Virgil I. Mann, Department of Geology ; Gravity Survey in North tYaroZ2na; 2 years ; $9,200 UNIVERSITY OF OKLAHOMA RESEIARCH INSTITUTE, Norman, Okla. ; C. 0. Dodd, Department of Petroleum Engineering, University of Oklahoma; UZay AfineraZ &%-face fYhetn&try; 2 years ; $20,000 PEINNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVHIRSITY, University Park, Pa. G. W. Brindley, Department of Ceramic Technolosv : Thermal Reaction8 in Ceramio Syetems;-5 years ; $34,000 Robert N. Clayton, Department of Geochemistry ; Extraction of Ox##en for IsotopCo AnaZysi8; 1 year ; $4,000 Rustum Roy, Department of Geochemietry; Phase Rule Cn Subsolidue Mate Rea.otione; 3 years; $24,500 J. V. Smith, Department of Mlnerology and Petrology ; The iKineroZo#y of the Amphibolee; 2 years; $16,700 0. F. Tuttle, Division of Earth Sciences;


Weight Loeeee at Htgh Temperature8 and Preesures; 1 year; $7,300 Melting Temperature8 of Silicatee;
0. F. Tuttle, Division of Earth Sciences; 1 year;

$10,000 UNIVERSITY OF PBNNSYLVANIA, Philadelphia, Pa. ; E. K. Ralph, Department of Physics; Carbon 14 HaZf-Life; 1 year; $2,500 PBINCETON UNIVERSITY, Princeton; N. J. William E. Bonini, Department of Gee logical Engineering ; Setemk Study 03 FauZtlng Along the Beartooth Front; 2 years; $16,350 Franklyn B. Van Houten, Department of Geology ; Sedlmentology and Pateomagnettem of the Brunewick Shale and Lockatong AroilZite; 2 years ; $14,000
RI~NSSFJLAER POLYTEICHNIC INSTITUTE, Troy, of GeoN. Y.; Samuel Katz, Department physics ; Elastio Constants a?ut Density Ut

High Preeeure and Temperature; 6 months ;



Tex. Blehard &. Bade% Department of OceanogMpby and Meteorology; Bathymwt~ aud &d66Wnt8 Oj the Bag Of (lamp6&6; i ]resr ;
mm&a Foun~~moti,

Auqwm,mm~~ in,

htmC!HAMCAL College Station,


D. W. Hood, Department of Oceanography and Meteorolonnr : aolo&nm aarbonat6 HoIn-


Loc6z f3rouna dlotione of fitron@-lltot46n Blarthquabe8; 8 years; $%ZMO0 UII~EBIBITY or CALIF~BNIA, Berkeley, CalIf.
Werner Godamlth and Don hf. Cunningham, Department of Englneerlng Design; Investigat&m of Penetration; 2 years; $21,800 W. D. Hershberger, Department of Englneerlng, Los Angeles, Callf. ; Paramagnetiv

Pasadena, Callf,; Qeorge W. Housner and Donald 10. Hudson, Division of Englneerlng ;


Or. TlWHNOtoeX,


C. Jonas, Department

of QeOlOOy ; Bdsot oj Organ&m8; 2 year8 ; $12,800

Recronunce and the “9fa8er’* PrinoCpZe; 3

C. J. Vogt, Department of Mechanical Engineering ; LZqukZ Hydrocarbon.8 at EZe vated Temperature8 and Preerures; 1 year ; $7,J300 CABN~DGI~DINSTITUTI or TBCHNOLOQX, PlttsSTATS COLL~XU 01 WASHINGTON, Pullman, Wash. ; C. D. Campbell, Department of Geol- burgh, Pa. ; Robert F. Mehl, Metals Reogy ; Magnetization of BaraZt Lavas; 1 year ; search Laboratory ; Recoverg and RecrystalZkatton (7haracteristics ej High Purfty Iron; $6,000 2 years; $17,600 UNIVIUBSITX OF WASHINGTON, Seattle, Wash. ; DB~AB:St. Loui& CIONTBAL INSTITUTE FOR THUD T. cf. Thompson, Department of Oceanography ; Organ& aO??&pOU?tdS Bea Water; 2 MO. ; Jerome R. Cox, Jr. ; The Production oj Cn AoolcstZo Tran8Cents; 2 years, $21,300 years ; $16,600 COLORADO STATS UNIVHIBSITY, Fort Collins, UNIV~BSITY ox WISCONSIN, Madison, Wls. ; II. H. Lettau, Department of Meteorology ; Cola. Jack E. Cermak, Department of Clvll aonveotive Energy Tranujer; 15 months ; Engineering ; AtmO8phe?% lgurjaoe Lager $22,000 Phenomkna; 2 years ; $28,000 PALID UNIVEBSITY, New Haven, Corm. A. T. Corey, Department of Civil EnglK. K. Tureklan, Department of Geology ; ; Distribution or Fluid Phaues in a aru8taZ Abundance oj NiokeZ, OObaZt and neerlng Field; 1 year ; $8,000 Porous ahrorrctum; 2 years ; $19,900 K. hf. Waage, Department of aeology ; COLUMBIA UNIVEBSITY, New York, N. Y. ; Elmer L. Gaden, Jr., Department of ChemlOephaZopodFauna8 oj Fow EtZZs Formation; cal Enginering ; Kinetics oj Fermentat4on 3 years ; $8,700 Processes; 3 years ; $32,500 UNIVQBSITY OIF FLORIDA, Gainesville, Fla. Ralph W. KIuge, Department of Civil EnECONOMIC SCIENCES gineering ; TOr8iOnaZStrength 0j Prestressed ANTIOCH COLLIIJQ~D, Yellow Springs, Ohio ; Conorete; 2 years; $10,600 Julian H. Blau, Department of Mathematics ; Frank of Civil AiathematCoaZ EoonomCc8; 8 years ; $10,600 Engineering;E. Rlchart, Department Arching in Granutar EZ68tiO UNIV~D~~ITY OP CHICANO, Chicago, III. ; Zvl Media; 1 year; $7,400 arlllches, Department of Economics ; EconoJohn H. Schmertmann, Department of metrio Investigations oj TeohnoZogicaZ Civil Engineering ; shear lgtrength oj alaU8; ahangs; 2 years ; $16,800 1 year ; $9,600 UNIV~BSI!XT 01 MINNESOTA, Minneapolis, QBOBQIA INSTITUTES OF TECHNOLOGY, Atlanta, Mlnn. ; Jacob Schmookler, School of Business Ga. ; Charles W. Qorton, School of MechanlAdmlnlstratlon ; The Economics of Inven- cal Engineering ; Velocity Proplee in Nontion; 2 years ; $19,000 Z8OtheiWmZ Flow; 2 years; $6,500 NATIONAL BUBEAU OP ECONOMIC RESIDABCH, HARVABD UNIVBIRSITY, Cambridge, Mass. ; New York, N. Y. ; Millard Hastay; Use of R. W. P. King, Department of Engineering & (lomputers in Economio Analgeir; 2 years; Applied Physics ; Etectrohydrodynamics and $40,000 Related Phenomena; 2 years; $17,200 ILLINOIS INSTITUTE OF T~CHNOLOQX, Chlcage, Ill. ENGINEERING SCIENCES Lloyd H. Donnell, Department of MeAL~B~D UNIVBIBSITY, Alfred, N. Y. ; Charles chanics ; Large BheZZDfeptacement Theory; 2 years ; $8,400 H. Greene, Department of Glass Technology, New York State College of Ceramics; DiuAugust J. DnreRl, Department of Civil trJbution and Naturs oj FZawr C GZa88; 2 Englnerlng ; Embedded Grid Method oj years ; $22,000 Pltr688 AnaZg8f8; 2 years ; $16,500

Uarvmasmx or UTAH, Salt Lake City, Utah. 3. W. Berg, Jr. and K. L. Cook, Department of Geophyslce; Deep Bei8m40 Rejract46n BtudSee; 1 year; $11,000 K. L. Cook and J. W. Berg Jr., Department of C3eophyslcs; GeophysicaZ Mudi68 in Utah and Nevada; 2 years ;. $32,560 ~SIXT~QTO~ AND Llelp UNIVPIBSITY, Lexlngof * E. W. Spencer, Department G&logy ) ’ DejormatCon oj Mad&son Range, Montana; 3 years; $16,000 WA~~HINOT~N UNIVIIIBSIT~, St. Louis, MO. ; H. N. Andrews, Jr., Henry Shaw School of Botany ; PaZeozoio Plants; 8 years ; $10,250

years $43,300 Ralph Hultgren, Department of Mineral Technology ; Heat (lapadty oj AZZog8; 8 years ; $26,000 J. W. Johnson, Department of Englneerlng ; Wave8 Generated by a dfoving Presrurs Area; 2 years ; $15,900 R. S. Seban, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Institute of Engineering Research; Heat Tranejer From a Flat PZute;
2 years, $25,500


Philip CT.Hodfe, Jr., Departmmt ef Yechanies; Thgoy of Pi8a8wt88 Uaeur Pkr tddt~; 2 yetlru ; wwoo UNIvmBIwrY oc uLINOI8, urhana, Ill. Clyde I& Keskr, Department of !Cheoretical and Applied Mechanics ; Aoovnrwkrtios F&pus Damage is Uonorete; 8 yeua; $63,000

Ralph Peck, Department of Civil Eng& nuering ; IEite and IlNtti K&k; 2 years ; $16,600 STATED UNIVCII~ITI alp IOWA; Iowa City, Iowa; Hunter Rouse, Institute of Hydraulic Research, Irrotationd Flow at Wetr8 and

John Happel, Department of Chemical Engineering ; Cetalytio vapor Pb688 m&flrog8nutton ot N-f3utuns; 2 yearn f $17,400 Polpkarp MetaUaqlcal Herasymenko,

6oaald X. Weaver, Jr., Hle&rical lEa@l;eein\b t&adrature BignaJ Furwtio#8; 1 : NEW YORK UNIVII~ITX, New York, N. Y.


and 2%

UonfWt Outletcr; 2 years ; $8,400

JOHNS HOPKINS UNIV~R~ITX, Baltimore, Md. Stanley Corrsin; Department of Mechanical Engineering ; Xotion ol Particle8 in Turb&t&t Flow; 2 years ; $15,000 Stanley Corrsin, Department of Mechanical Engineering ; Isotropio Turbulence; 5 years ; $66,000 8. K. Friedlander, Department of Chemical Engineering ; Chemical Reaction8 4n Flowing AqUeOU8 Bolutions; 2 years; $16,900 MAEQUETT~ UNIVEBSITX, Milwaukee, Wis. ; Richard C. Kolf, Department of Engineering ; Vortioity in Eorizontd Orijloe Flow; 2 years ; $12,000 MA~EACHU~XWTS INSTITUTE OF TECIXNOLOQX, Cambridge, Mass. Alan S. Michaela, Department of Chemical Engineering ; Ga%Tron8mi88ion Through PoEym& FiZrns>-2 year0 ; $13,000 Edwin R. Gilliland and Raymond F. Baddour. Denartment of Chemical Eneineering ; Fldw + au888 Through Miaro;orour dolide; 2 years ; $19,000 Warren M. Rohsenow, Department of Mechanical Engineering ; Yechani8m oj Gaeeous Freeze-Out Processes; 2 years; $14,800 UNIVFJRSITX OP MICHIQAN, Ann Arbor, Mich. Lloyd L. Kempe, Department of Chemical Engineering; The EdeCt8 of Agitation on


I, F. Lee, Department of Meehadcal aeering ; Cona8n8ation mook; 2 522,800

Engii years ;

Evanston, Ill. of Metallurgy : ImperSectione 01 Metal8 at Elevated TsmJ. 0. Brlttain, Department

the Oriticol Region f&r Pure aOmPOn8nt8 and Miaturee; 2 yearn; $20,500 J. M. Smith, Department of Chemical Bingint!Wing ; H8at Trun8f8f, Ma88 Tratwjsr and Chemiaaz Racration 4n Flowing %8; 8
years ; $16,800

perotwar ; 2 yearn ; $25,400 D. F. Mason and George Thodos, Department of Chemical Engineering; Btudisr 4n



0. K. Crosser, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Oklahoma ; Thermal Conductivity 01 Baturated Ltquidr and Vapors; 2 years; $8,800 C. M. Sliepcevich, Department of Chemical Engineering, Univeralty of- Oklahoma ; Dynamio Re8pOMl8OharaoterCstius of a Uontinuou8, Agitated Reaator; 8 years ; $25,000 OREWON STATEI COLLIIOIII, Corvallis, Oreg. ; James G. Knudsen, Department of Chemical Engineering ; Heat Tran8jer and Flow Uharacterietica of

Ma88 Transler Zn Aerobic Fermentation;


Two ImmisoibZe Liwidr;


gears ; $22,000
PENNSYLVANIA STATS UNIVBIBBITX, Unlversity Park, Pa. Arthur Rose, Department of Chemical Engineering ; Vapor-Squid EquilibrZum and

year0 ; $7,500 Gordon J. Van Wylen, Department of Mechanical Engineering ; Limit Line of ;;;;%.;ated Nitrogen Vapor; 2 years;




W. F. Brown, Department of Electrical Engineering ; Rigorous UUlcUkZtiOn oj Ferromaanetic hficrostruoture : 2 vears ; g25.000 J&es P. Hartnett, Department of .Mechanical Engineering ; Free Convection 01 Liquid Metals; 2 years; $10,800 Robert F. Lambert, Department of Electrical Engineering ; Round Propagation in Moving Yedia; 2 years; $10,800 Edgar L. Piret, Department of Chemical Engineering ; Crushing and Grinding Energetice; 2 years; $19,900 UNIVEIMITX OF MI~SOTJBI, Columbia, MO. George B. Clark, Department of Mining Engineering, School of Mine8 and Metallurgy, Rolla, MO. ; Xtfe88e8 CT& HeterOflefleO%8 QeoEopicaZ Bodieu Under FOrCe8; 3 years; $29,000
Donald Electrical L. Waidelich, Engineering ;

DWiUatZon ot Fatty Aaids, E8ttw8 and AlcohoZe; 2 yeare; $i6,600 A. W. Taylor, Department of Ceramic Technology ; Znfluenue 01 Wetting Aflsntr on

CEaue; 2 years; $9,100 George J. Young, Department of Fuel Technology ; Ad8OrptiOn in the OarbonWater Byrtem; 8 years; $16,600 UNIV~DE~ITY OF PIITLIBIJBQH, Pittsburgh, Pa. ; J. G. Bassett, Department of Metallurgical Engineering ; Behavior of Hydrogen in steel; 2 years; $23,800

Brooklyn, N. Y. ; Ernst Weber, Vice President for Research ; The Linear AZgebra and

TopoZogy of Kirchoff Network8 and Bwitchin@ f%Y24it8; 15 months; $10,400


Impedunce and Equivalent Cirouit or a Probe UoiZ Near a Yot%ng Heat Bourn; Plane Uonductor; 2 yeare; $14,400



RWDABCH FOUNDATION, Lafayette, Ind. Leslie C. Case, Department of Chemical Purdue University ; Urorr Engineering, Linktng in Elastomer8; 8 years ; $14,500 R. J. Groah, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University; Theory ol

2 years; $18,000


George A. Iiawklna, Director, IPlnglneerlng Rkperlment Statlon; UonceptuaZ Study ot a Nudeor Rese&vh Rsoator; 1 year; $~30,000 G. A. Leonards, Department of Boll Mechanlce ; UonsoZidatlon CYharaoteri8ti.08 of ArtQfoiuZZg SedCme&ed (IZaus; 2 years;
$8,700 0. A. Leonards, Department of Civil Binglneerlng ; Frees/u@ Phenomena Cn FineGradned 3 years; do48; 2

Tsbe8-AfoduZutfon Uharaot@ri&ioe; 2 years ;

UNIVB~RSITY OF WISCONSIN, Madison, Wle.; Vincent C. Rldeont, Department of Blectrlcal Englneerlog ; Computer OoweZatkm of L&ear and NonZZneor l3gstemr; 8 years; New Haven,. Corm. : Robert B. Gordon, Department of Metallurgy ; PZa8tZoity of Ionic OryetaZ8; 2 year0 ; g1a,soo BIOLOGY UNIVEBSITY OB ALASKA, College, Alaska ; Laurence Irving, Biologist ; AdaptatCon to

yearu ;’ $16,400.

Science8 ; Propertie

J. C. Samuels, Department

of Stoohtwtio Suetems; Concrete SZabe; 8

of lnglneerlng

eponee of Reinjoroed
years ; $36,300

$20,200 J. L. Waling, Department of Civil Englneerlng, Purdue University ; Dynamb Re- ENVIRONMENTAL

Allenspark, Colo. ; R. W. Powell and C. J. Posey ; Open Ohannet Flow Reeearoh; 2 AMIOBICAN GEOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY, New York, N. Y. ; Calvin J. Heusser ; Radiocarbon Datyears ; $9,800 tng of Peats; 1 year; $2,900 STANFORD UNIVI~W~ITY, Stanford, Calif. AMEBICAN MUSEUM OB NATUBAL HISTORY, Stephen J. Kline, Department of Mechanlcal Engineering; Flow Models Cn Turbulent New York, N. Y. Jack McCormick; Vegetation ol the Uhf?-& Boundary Layer8 ; 2 years ; $22,900 Ray K. Llnsley, Department of Civil Engl- oahua lKountaZn8; 3 years ; $20,000 Richard 0. Zweifel, Department of Amneering ; uharaoteraetCo8 of Streamflow Hydrographe for Small Drainage BU8in8; phibians and Reptiles ; Embryon$o Temperature Adaptation in Anurane; 3 years ; $5,500 2 years; $20,000 William H. Schwarz, Department of UNIVEBSITY OF ARIZONA, Tucson, Ariz. Chemistry ; Turbulent hfi&sg; 2 years ; E. Lendell Cockrum, Department of Zool$21,300 ogy ; Biology of SOUthWeStet% Uhiropterane; STEVIDNS INSTITUTED OF TECHNOLOQY, 3 years; $18,900 Robert R. Humphrey, Department of Hoboken, N. J. ; Sidney F. Borg, Department of Civil Engineering; Wedge Entry Agronomy and Range Management ; AnaZysC8 Into a Uo?ctoaZ VC8ooue Fluid; 1 year ; $6,800 of Annual Rang Pattern8 in Deeert Shrube; 3 years; $86,600 SYBACUS~~ UNIVEBSITY, Syracuse, N. Y. Terah L. Smiley, Geochronology LaboraB). E. Drucker and K. N. Tong, Mechanical Engineering Department ; Thermodynamio tories ; Po8tgZaoiaZ Pollen Sequence in the Behavior of Initially Saturate& Vapors; 2 Southwest; 2 years ; $32,600 BOWDOIN COLLEGE, Brunswick, Maine years ; $22,700 Charles E. Huntington, Department of C. 8. Grove, Department of Chemical Enand Reproducttve Rate8 glneerlng ; Ma88 Tranefer $n Liquid Metal Biology ; &fortality Cn Ocenodroma; 6 years; $17,900 Sg8tem8; 2 years; $16,900 James M. Moulton, Department of Biology ; TEXAS ACJBICULTUBAL AND MIOCHANICAL RESPIABCH FOUNDATION, College Station, Tex. ; Relations of Sound to Behavior of Fiehee; Warren Rice, Department of Mechanical En- 2 years ; $12,000 gineering ; Tra,nefer Uoefio(ent8 in the Turbu- BBADBOBDJUNIOR COLLEOB, Bradford, Mass. ; lent Boundary Layer; 2 years; $17,300 Norman S. Bailey, Department of Natural Sciences ; Bio-Ecological lgtudiee of New UNIVERSITY OB TEXAS, Austin, Tex. David M. Hlmmelblau, Department of England Tingidae; 2 years; $5,300 Chemical Engineering ; Study of Ion4zation UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, Berkeley, Calif. COn8tant8 Ueing Radioactive Traoere; 2 William L. Belser, Scripps Institution of years; $11,000 Oceanography, La Jolla Calif. ; Btoaesay Kenneth A. Kobe, Department of ChemlTechnique jor Organic YateriaZe Zn &ea cal Engineering ; SoZubiZtty of Qasee in Water; 2 years; $10,000 Liquids; 3 years ; $18,300 Brian P. Boden, Scripps Institution of Enrico Volterra, Department of EngineerOceanography, La Jolla ; So&c-Scattering ing Mechanics ; Inter?&aZCondtraints AppZied La?/er Reeearch; 1 year ; $2,000 to Dynamlo Problems; 2 years; $19,000 Theodore H. Bullock, Department of UNIVI~B~ITY OF VERMONT, Burlington, Vt. ; Zoology, Los Angeles, Calif. ; Phy8iotogicaZ Arthur R. Eckels, Department of Electrical Ecology of Marine Invertebrates: 1 year; Engineering ; Feedback Technique8 Cn EZeo- $5,600 trobaZZi8tooardiography; 1 year ; $5,200 Wilbur W. Mayhew, Division of Llfe UNIVERSITY OB‘ VEBMONT AND STATS A~BISciences Riverside, Calif. ; CZimatCo Lgtrees CULTURAL COLLEO~, Burlington, Vt. ; J. 0. Effect8 on Desert Vertebrates; 3 years ; Outwater, Mechanical Engineering Depart$15,200 ment ; Fiber Reinjoroed Materials; 2 years ; Robert H. Parker, Scripps Institute of $14,900 Oceanography, La Jolla, Calif. ; &far&e Macro-Invertebrate Zoogeography a8 Related UNIVIXXSITY OB WASHINGTON, Seattle, Wash. to DepoeitionaZ Environments; 2 years ; Morris E. Chllds, Department of MechanlCal Bnglneerlng ; Turbulent Two-Dlmen8ionaZ $11,600 Jet ddi@ing; 2 years; $17,900 Fred B. Phleger, Scripps Institution of A. E. Harrison, Department of Electrical Oceanography, La Jolla, Calif. ; ForamCEngineering ; Traveling-Wave Microwave nife-ra and Sedlmsntology; 3 years ; $39,900

(7oZdin Arot#o Inhabitants;

1 year; $17,800



C-N CoLlsam, Northfleld, M&n.; J. Brua2 Quyselmau, Department of Zoology ; PeroWed Rhythm8 of Looomotor AotW&

a peers; $5,700

COL~BADO STAT~I UNIVEBSITY, Fort Collius, Cola. Robert R. Lecbleitner, Department of Zoology ; Dfatributio?uxZ Ecology of Cynomyr; Waldo S. Qlock, Department of Geology ; 3 years; $14,900 Tree Growth and RainfoR; 3, years ; $8,500 Richard T. Ward, Department of Botany UNIVERSITY OF MAINE, Orono, Maine ; George and Plant Pathology ; Ecotogy of Reproduo- .X Woodwell, Department of Botany ; Up= t4on in Fague Grandifolia; 2 years; $4,000 land Deciduour Forest8 01 hfains; 2 yeera ; UNIVERSITY OP COMRADO, Boulder, Colo. ; $2,600 Qordon Alexander, Department of Biology ; MABQU~TTR UNIVIIRBITY, Milwaukee Wis. ; InfZuence of Altitude Upon Orthoptera; 3 Kalph L. Dix, Department of Biology; years ; $20,100 PhytosocioZogioaZ Study 03 OruarZonda; 8 COBNELL UNIVEBSITY, Ithaca, N. Y. ; Lamont years ; $13,000 C. Cole, Department of Zoology ; Edectr of UNIVERSITY OF MIAMI, Coral Gables, Fle. ; Movements on Rodent Population Structure; Samuel P. Meyers, Marine Laboratory ; Mo2 years; $13,900 i%ne Yeasts of Biscayne Bay; 1 year; $5,300 DUKE UNIVERSITY, Durham, N. C. ~~ICHIQAN STATE UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULW. Dwight Billings, Department of Bot- -r;ls; AND APPLIED SCIINCB, East Lansing, any; Alpine Vegetation in Relation to Boil Development and Wow Patterne; 2 years; of Botany ; G. ’ W. Prescott, Department $3,000. EcologicaZ Faotore in the DfstributZon 01 C. G. Bookhout, Department of Zoology; $19,200 Influences in the DeveZop- Tropical Algae; 1 year ; Department of NatEnvironmental George C. Williams, ment of BaZanus *aupZ44; 3 years; $26,060 ural Sciences; Movements of Early Stage8 F. John Vernberg, Department of Zo- of Yaripze Fi8he8; 1 year; 34,200 ology ; Comparative Ecology of Tropical and Temperate Zone Crustaceans; 1 year ; $5,400 UNIVERSITY OF MICHIQAN, Ann Arbor, Mich. W. 5. Benninghoff, Department of Botany ; E~ABLHAM COLLEOE, Richmond, Ind. ; James Phytosoc4oZogicaZ Survey 4n Ytohigan; 3 DCstribu- years ; $23,500 B. Cope, Department of Biology; tton, Mtgration and Ortentation of ChiropL. B. Slobodkin, Department of Zoology; terans; 3 years ; $17,300 Predation, Immigration, and Environmental FLOBIDA STATE UNIVERSITY, Tallahassee, Var4atfon Cn Laboratory POpUkrtiOnU; 2 Fla. ; A. W. Ziegler, Department of Biologiyears ; $23,600 cal Sciences ; Factor8 Influencing Seasonal UNIVXI~~ITY OF MISSOURI, Columbia, MO. ; Occurrence of Water Fungi; 2 years; $9,500 W. H. Elder, Department of Zoology ; PopuUNIV~DRSITY OF FLORIDA, Gainesville, Fla. ; latlon Dynumics 01 Myotis Bpec4es; 2 years ; Archie Carr, Department of Marine Che- $6,700 lonia ; Reproduct4ve Ecology of Marine MONTANA STATED UNIVBIRSITX, Missoula, Chelonta; 2 years ; $15,500 Mont. ; Richard D. Taber, School of Forestry, UNIVERSITY 01~ HAWAII, Honolulu, T. H. and Robert S. Hoffman, Department of ZoHenry A. Bess, Department of Zoology ology ; Ecology of AZptne UommunitCe8; 3 and Entomology ; Ineect PopuZatCon Dy- years ; $13,000 n&mice; 2 years ; $12,200 UNIVERSITY or Nlw MEDXICO, Albuquerque, Leonard D. Tuthill, Director of Research ; N. Mex. ; C. Clayton Hoff, Department of BCoZogyof YarCne Midges; 1 year; $4,700 Biology ; PeeudO8COrptOn8 Ol the Rooby MountaZn Reg4on; 2 years; 34,400 UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS, Urbana, Ill. Lawrence C. Bliss, Department of Bot- NEW YORK ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY, New York, of Alpine Plant Com- N. Y. ; William Beebe, Department of Tropiany ; Productivity munittes; 2 years ; $5,100 cal Research ; B4oZogyof Tropical Avtfauna; S. Charles Kendeigh, Department of Zo- 3 years ; $16,200 ology ; Phy84oZogy and EcoZogy of Certain UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA, Chapel SubArot4o and Tropfcat Fauna; 1 year; Hill, N. C. ; William E. Fahy, Institute of $7,300 Fisheries Research ; Mer4st4o Structure8 in IOWA STATE Co~Lmala OB ACJRICULTUR~U AND Fishee; 3 years ; $19,600 MECHANIC ARTS, Ames, Iowa; Paul L. Er- NORTH DAKOTA STATED COLLECII~, Fargo, rington, Department of Zoology and Euto- N. Dak., Gabriel W. Comita, Department of mology ; Populat4on Phenomena 4% H4gher Zoology and Physiology ; Life OyoZe of a Vertebrates; 1 year ; $6,000 Cyczopoid Uopepod; 2 years; $4,300 STATB UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, Iowa City, UNIVERSITY OF NORTH DAKOTA, Grand Forks, Iowa; 0. Edgar Folk, Jr., Department of N. Dak. ; Paul B. Kannowskl, Department of Physiology ; InfZuence of Env4ronmentaZ Fac- Biology ; Ant D48trZbution in ReZatZonto Entors on Mammaldan Act4vity Rhythms; 2 vironmentaz Factore; 2 years ; $6,400 years ; $11,100 RES~ABCH FOUNDATION, Oklahoma State UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS, Lawrence, Kane. ; A. University of Agriculture and Applied W. Kuchler, Department of Geography ; Science, Stillwater, Okla. ; Troy C. Dorris, Natural Vegetat4on of the United Statee; 3 Department of Zoology, Oklahoma State years ; $36,600 University ; ProductlvZty of an Aquat4o OomKIDNTUCKY RESKIARCH FOUNDATION UNIVEB- munity; 1 year ; $4,000 INSITY STATION, Lexington, Ky. ; Richard C. UNIV~PBSITY OF OKLAHOMA Ro6lABCH STITUTBI, Norman, Okla; Elroy L. Rice and Dugdale, Department of Zoology, Univer-

sits of Kentucky ; hmei4t Bupply 01 06~ tuin AZusko Lake-a; 1 year; $8,100 L. 8. HATI~EWAY SCHOOL OF CONBEBVATI~N, South Lincoln, Mass. ; William H. Drurj, Jr., Director ; Aotivllty Pattefw olrd Yl(n‘otion; 3 geeI73 ; $rs,ooo MACALE~~T~B C~LLBQQ, St. Paul, Minn.;


William 9. Penfouud, Deputmant of Plant Sciences, UnSvemity of Oklahoma, Y&ro624mats of ~D6vck uanfmn; 1 year; $15,IOO btrwor ST~TD CoLLmom, Corvallih Oreg. H. Irgens-Moller, Agricultural Experiment

J. c. Neem =a w. a. k@eder*De-tit ti Zoology; Sol& and th6 -D48tr4bution oj
61malEAdnaZ8; 1 year; $4,099 WOOD8 How OCRANOQBAPEIC INOB-WN, Woods Hole, Mass. - John W. Kanwisher ; En6rgu R6qUhnbWt8 $17,990 Gordon Riley ; Pr6du&vitp

Station; Bootype Var4uti6n 4s DosgZabF4r;
8 years ; $12,409 Robert M. Storm, Department

~1 Yar4ss Bottom Uommsn4tie8; 2 y6a=: .


oj a Pr4dt4ve Forart; 2 years ;

of Zoology ;

U&IYRBSITY OIP OB~QON, Eugene, Ores Peter W. ‘Frank, Department of Biology, oj Prediction8 oj Populotton NumAnairy berr; 2 years ; $9,000 R. W. Morris, Department of Biology ;

0f th6 B6NhO8 oj UocMtaZWaters; 8 years ; $26,700 UNIVBBSIT~ OP WYOYINQ, Laramie, Wyo. ;

Env4ronmentaZ RelutioturhCps oj Some Made UottZd Fi8hee; 8 year8 ; $16,500

PUBDU~ RIIS~PABCH FOUNDATION, Lafayette, L. Allen, Department of Ind. ; Durward Forestry and Conservation ; Ecology of (7ani8 Lupur; 8 years ; $11,800 GENETIC BIOLOGY I~SBARCH FOUNDATIO# OF STATO UNIYBJR~ITY ALABAMA POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTII, Auburn, OP Nnw Yoag, Albany, N. Y. ; John Q. New, Ala. ; John 8. Mecham, Department of Science Department, State University Teach- Zoology-Entomology ; Qenetical and Eaologers College, Oneonta, N. Y. ; Mte ITZetorg of loaL Relationships 03 UlO8ely Related Sp66&8 Percini Peltata Peltata (Staufler) ; 2 pears ; of IIyZid Amph4Mans; 1 year ; $2,500 $%204-J ABLINGTON STATB COLLEQP, Arlington, Tex. ; New W. F. Pyburn, Department BUTGEIB~,’ Tam STATII UNIVEB~ITY, of Biology ; Brunswick, N. J. ; George E. Reid, DepartVariatiun in DietrCbution oj Vertebral SWp6 ment of Zoology; Eflects of Oonservation Uotor Gene FreqaenaCeo in Urick6t Frogs; 2 hieasurer Upon Stream Eaology; 2 years ; years ; $7,000 $12,200 B~QHAX YOUNQ UNIVERSITY, Provo, Utah; of Botany; Howard C. Stutz, Department Couuau OF ST. THOMAS, St. Paul, Mimi.; oj Secale L. an& Related Lester J. McCann, Department of Biology ; Cytogenetia stUdit? B&d DZetr4but4on and NutrJtion; 1 year ; Oraesee; 2 years ; $10,000 $1,100 CALIFOSINIA BOTANICAL Soc~u’rr, Davis, 8. Cave, Department of UHIVE~SITY OP SOUTHIIIBN CALIFORNIA, Los Calif. ; Marion Botany, University of California, Berkeley, Angeles, Calif. Calif. ; Indem to Plant Ohromosome Nww Robert M. Chew, Department of Biology; Energy Metabolism and Water Balance oj a hers; 1 year; $2,100 Dscrert Uommuntty; 2 years; $10,700 UNIVERSITY OF CALI~OBNIA, Berkeley, Calif. Louis C. Wheeler, Department of Biology ; R. W. Allard, Department of Agronomy, Abrorption oj Uertain CYat4onrby Plante; 8 Davis, Calit. ; Quantitative Geneticcs; 8 years ; $20,200 years-; $20,096 Spencer W. Brown, Department of QenetSTANFOBD UNIVBIRSITY, Stanford, Calif. ; ice ; Cytology oj State Ineeatrr; 2 years: Walter C. Brown, Department of Biological Sciencea ; HerpMojaung oj PhilCpp4ne Tropi- $11,500 Qerald E. McClearn, Department of Pssaal Forests; 8 years ; $12,100 chology ; OLenetioDeterminatZon of Learn&g TEXAS TECHNOLOGICAL COLLEQB, Lubbock, Phenomena : 2 vears : $14.000 Tex. ; William W. Miletead, Department of Curt Stein, -Department of Zoology ; D6 Biology ; InterreZationshipe of Cangon Liz- velopmenta2 #enetias of Drosophila MelunOard Species; 3 years ; $5,800 vaster; 2 years; $13,000 Frank C. Vasek, Department of Life SciUNIVERSITY OF TEXAS, Austin, Tex. Calif. ; CytogenetCc8 oj ences, Riverside, Louie 13. Kornicker, Institute of Marine 2 years; $6,700 Science, Port Aransas, Tex. ; Living Ostra- Clwkia IpxllZe; aode 4% Tea?ae Bap8; 2 years ; $14,000 DICXINSON COLLIQIO, Carlisle, Pa. ; Daniel Bassett Maguire, Jr., Department of J. McDonald, Department of Biology ; I)eZe-. Zoology ; Di8peP8d and Oolonization by ter4ous Mutation8 4n Population8 oj TriboSmall Aquatio Organisms; 8 years; $8,000 lium Oonfusum; 18 months ; $2,509 UNIVEREITY OF UTAH, Salt Lake City, Utah EMORY UNIVERSITY, Emory University Gla. ; Walter P. Cottam, Department of Botany ; Charles Ray, Jr., Department of Biology, Phyto8o6ioZogicaZ study oj the Wasatch Cytogenetia stua4es oj Tetrahymena PyriRange; 3 years ; $16,000 jormie; 2 years; $13,500 Albert W. Grundmann, Department of FLORIDA STATS UNIVERSITY, Tallahassee, Zoology and Entomology ; Paradti8m of ISOA. Oib DeBusk, Department of Bio$3,000 Fla. ; Sciences ; Enzymes and Enzyme Sys&ted Rodent Populations; 2 years; logical UTAH STATE UNIVEBSITY, Logan, Utah ; Wilterns in Mutation; 1 year; $9,200 liam F. Sigler, Department of Wildlife Man- HARVARD UNIVEBSITY, Cambridge, Masc. agement ; Population Dynamic8 of Small Paul C. Mangelsdorf, Department of BiBenthio Finh; 3 years ; $22,500 ology ; CytogenetZcs oj YutatCon8 in AfaizeTeosinte Hybrids; 2 years; $11,900 UNIVIURSITY OB WISCONSIN, Madison, Wie. Ernst Mayr, Department of Zoology; P. R. Morrison and J. C. Neess, Department of Ecology; FteM Investigat4on8 in Analysis oj VarlotCon in Two Mad&e Intert4daZ OrgansSms; 2 year8 ; $21,009 Phu84olog46aZ Eaotogy; 1 year ; $3,999

Uarth S. Kennington, Jackson Hole Biologteal Research Station ; High AZtittuio Animal Phu8iology; 8 years ; 84,600 PALID UNIVEBSITY, New Haven, Conn. ; Edward 8. Deevey, Osborn Zoological Laboratory ; Animal and Plant Id4ero30884k4n Labs Bedimento; 2 years ; $14,000

troZ ot thu ImmsbdZi6abco* Artot P8- Warp; 2 Y-; S&600 ramedum Anrelia; 2 yewe; $12,000 ~NIVRR8ITT O? PITTEtBU8QH, P#tBbU* ‘INDIANA UNIVBFI8ITT, Bloomington, Ind. ; & Pa; Elm Blngledkrt, xhputment of ie I%. Humphrey, Depaitment of Boology, Irs- logical Science6; t36nutlor mbi# P&Mokroy 01 mu Diom0b Pbono*Mcror, an4 alowu thui and Subbthal Trait6 C thu Mdaan Tranuport” fa Bautsris; 2 yearn: $W,SOO AreoZtl; 3 yeara; $5,600 PnaDnB Bmaurca RWII~DATI~N, Lafayet& JOHNS HOPEIIQI UM~~~BS~Y, Balllmore, In& Md. k E. Bell, Department of Pollltrf se% Ronald IL Cowden, Depsrtment of Biology, NuaZeur BtiouenuaZeia Aaid; 2 years; $7,000 P. HI. Hsrtman, Department of Biology;

HAvBaromcoLIaQB,Haverf;*a~~ lmw, m~wrY pepartmen ;


2bIbw& iD&

aepts Srr QuantUat4vs

ences, Purdue


in SaZmonsZZaT~pAimurCum; 2 4~ jliutagenia Sgutem6; 3

years ; $8,800 Carl P. Swanson, Department

$40,000 Jules Janlck, Department of Horticultw’e, Purdue University ; Qsrrstti of Se@ D&e+

G6n6Ua6j 3 y-

; Fh6o*st(saZ Qok


YetaboZio Faatorr

of Botany;

ton, KY. ; Herbert Parke8 Riley, Department of Botany, University of Kentucky; UytoZogy asd Evolution in South Afriaan PZant6; 2 years; $6,000 Logo Is~ah’n BIOLOQICAL ASSOCIATIOK?,Cold Spring Harbor, N. Y. ; A. Sokoloff ; Phenotypia Variation in Natural PopuZatione 01 Drosophila ; 2 years ; $9,500 Arbor, UNIVIDRSITY 0~ MICHIGAN, Ann Department oi Mich. ; Robert R. Miller, Zoology, Speciatfan in the Gent46 Poeailiopeia; 3 years ; $19,000 MINNEAPOLIS WAIT MEYO~IAL BLOODBANK, Minneapolis, Minn. : G. Albin Matson, Direc-


Oliver It. Nelson, Department of Botanl and Plant Pathology, Purdue Unltenlt~;

2 yeare;



2 year6; $10,000 1 yem :

ROCHBRTBR,Rochester, N, Y. ; A. H. Doermann, Department of Biology;

C%etio8 of Baoterial



mo8ome Dtstributlon and SpindZs Behavior in Interspeo4fia Hybrids 03 Bromus ; 2 year8 ;

BA~BABA BOTANIC GARDNIN, Sant8 Calif. ; Marta 8. Walters: Uhro-

$14,000 01 AOIIIC~LSOUTH DAKOTA STATIC COLL& ART& Brooklnga, TIJRR AND MECHANIC 8. D. ; James 0. Rose, Agronomy Department; Formation ot Homorrygour DipZoid Mutant8 in Sorghum; 2 years; $22,100 STANFORD UNIVERSITY, Stanford, Callf. ; tar; Stvdg of Hereditary Blood Faators; 1 Charles Yanofsky, Department of Biological year ; $10,000 Sciences; Genetia OontroZ 01 Wnayms Fotc mation; 18 months; $16.600 UNIVBIRSITY OF MINNIOSOTA, Minneapolis, UNIV~RSITX OF T~DXAS, Austin, Tex. MinII. Joseph G. Gall, Department of. Zoology, A. C. Faberge, Department of Zoology, Chromoeome and NucZear Structure; 1 year ; Struatural and UhemiaaZ Feature8 or Animal Cell Nuclei; 2 years ; $16,900 $2,300 T. C. Hsu, Anderson Hospital and Tumor David J. Merrell, Department of Zoology; Tex. ; MammaZCccr, Houston, Dominant Bernet Mutation in Natural Popu- Institute,

Z&On6 01 Rana PipienS; 3 years; $?,600

Uhromo8ome8 in Vivo and in Vitro; 2 years;

MO. ; Edgar Anderson, netics ; Introgreeeion in Wild and UuZtCvated Planta; 3 years; $17,000 UNIVERSITY OIP MISSOURI, Columbia, MO. ; E. H. Coe, Jr., Department of Field Corps; (fens Action Cn Yaiae; 2 years ; $8,000

St. Louis, Department of Ge-



Wash. ; Stanley M. Gartler, Department of Medicine ; Human BioahcmiaaZ G6netiu6 DtC Zi&ng Twgnns; 1 year ; $8,500 W~~LIUYAN UNIVERSITY, Middletown, Conn. ; net&o UontroZ ot Uompetenae for PCgm6nt Format4on; 2 years; $10,000
Ernst Caepari, Department of Biology; 67e-

UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN, Madison, Wis. R. Alexander Brink, Department of Genetits; InvariabZs th?betia Uhange of the R* pZoCds in the Genera OlossypCum and N(oo- (tens in Maize; 3 years ; $26,800 thm; 3 yeare; $17,000 Arthur B. Chapman and N. E. MOrtOnt H. F. Robinson and C. Clark Cockerham, Department of Genetics ; btati&iwZ AnaZysi6 Institute of Statistics ; Quantitative GenetZas in Qenetiae; 2 years; $10,700 Research in Drosophila; 3 years ; $32,000 James F. Crow, Department of Genetica; Ben W. Smith, Division of Biological Genetia Analgsie ot DDT RerCstant DrodoSciences; The Relation ot Dioeoious SeaabaZ phila; 1 year : $1,500 D. U. Gerstell & L. L. Phillips, Department of Field Crops; ArtCfieiaZ Amphidi-

Reprodzlction to the NaturaZ Oaouwenoe 01 WOMAN%I M~ICAL COLLIDO~ OP PENN~YLVAPoZypZoidy; 3 yeare; $24,000 NIA, Philadelphia, Pa. ; Max Levltan, DepartOHIO STATRJ UNIVERSITY, Columbus, Ohio ; ment of Anatomy; PopuZation Dynamie6 ot Henry L. Plaine, Department of Zoology Linked ~hromo8omaZ Variants; 3 yeara; and Entomology ; Induction of UnaontroZZed $5,900 Growth8 by Spedpa Genes 4?&Droeophila; YAL~I UNIV~~TY, New Haven, Corm. 2 years; $11,600 Norman H. Giles, Department of Botany; BenetCa UontroZ oj Adenine Biosyntheri6; 2 ~NI~~RSTY OF PQNNSYLVANIA, PhiladelGene-Wnsyme Interaatione years ; $28,900
J. ’ (3. Gots, Department of Microbiology

Cn Bacteria;

3 NucZeoogtopZa6mio Interaction;


years ; $12,000 Earl D. Hanson, Department

of ZoolOgY; 2 years ;


UNIVERSITY OB CHICANO, Chicago, Ill. A. A. Albert, Department of Mathematics; Linear Algebras; 2 years; $13,600 Saunders MacLane, Department of Mathematics ; Topic8 in TopoZogu, CIeOmetrg,Logic and Analgab; 2 years; $29,100 UNIVERSITY OF CINCINNATI, Cincinnati, Ohio : Observatory ; UomPaul Herget, Cincinnati put&g Research; 1 year ; $20,000 COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY, New York, N. Y. Harish-Chandra, Department of Mathematics ; Spherical Functions on a Semi8impZe Lie ffroup ; 1 year ; $5,000 E. R. Larch, Department of Mathematics; Integration in Functional Analyeta; 1 year; $6,500 UNIVERSITY OB CONNECTICUT, Storrs, Conn. ; Elliot 5. Wolk, Department of Mathematics; Order Compatible TOpOZOgie8; 2 years; $4,000 CORNELL UNIVERSITY, Ithaca, N. Y. : W. H. J. Fuchs, Department of Mathematics ; Topic8 in Complex VariabZe; 2 years ; $25,000 DARTMOUTH COLLEGE, Hanover, N. H. ; John 0. Kemeny, Department of Mathematics ; StochaetiG PrOGe88eS; 2 years ; $19,000 UNIVERSITY OF DELAWABHI, Newark, Del. ; Robert F. Jackson, Department of MatheReeearch; 1 year; matics ; Computing $10,000 MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA, Athens, Ga. ; M. L. Curtis, Department of Mathematics ; SubJAN 0. VAN DER CORPUT, UNIVERSITY OF CAL- group8 of the Homotopy cfroupa; 2 years; I~O~NIA, Berkeley, Calif. ; Aeymptotic Expan- $14,500 aions; 2 years ; $30.400 ;;kXayd~ TJJIV;BSITY, Cambridge, Mass. ; AMERICAN MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY, ProviComputer Laboratory ; dence, R. I. ; Tibor Rado, Chairman ; Summer Reeearoh Institute in Surface Area Theory; Computing Resekch; 1 year; $25,000 ILLINOIS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOOY, Chicago, 6 weeks ; $30,000 Ill. ; M. A. McKiernan, Department of UNIVERSITY OR BRITISH COLUMBIA, VanMathematics ; Iteration and Functional couver, Canada ; Marvin Marcus, Department of Mathematics ; Doubly Stochastic EqUat4On8; 1 year ; $4,500 UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS, Urbana, Ill. ; HowMaWoes; 2 years ; $4,700 BROWN UNIVERSITY, Providence, R. I. ; ard A. Osborn, Department of Mathematics; Local Problems in Di.#‘erentiabZe Manifolda; W. S. Massey and D. A. Buchsbaum, Department of Mathematics ; Algebraic Topologti 2 years; $13,600 and HomoZogfcaZAlgebra; 3 years ; $35,200 ;;I$?~; UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION, BloomingUNIVERSITY 01~ CALIRORNIA, Berkeley, Calif. Louis * Auslander, Department of MatheWilliam G. Bade and Frantisek Wolf, DeIndiana University ; Discrete partment of Mathematics; Theory and Ap- matics, Groups of Aflne Motions; 2 years ; $7,900 pl&ation ol Operators; 2 years ; $30,500 George Whaples, Department of MatheDavid Blackwell, E. L. Lehmann, Michel Lo&e, Jerry Neyman, and Henry ScheffB, matics ; Algebraic Number Theory; 2 years : Department of Statistics ; Research Cn Math- $15,000 ematical Statietica and Probability; 2 years ; INSTITUTE FOR ADVANCED STUDY, Princeton, $30,000 N. J. ; Frank Harary, Department of MatheEarl A. Coddington, Department of Math- matics ; Theory of Graphs; 10 montha: ematics, Los Angeles, Calif. ; Spectral Theory $4,800 01 DWerentiaZ Operatore; 2 years ; $10,500 INSTITUTE OIP MATHEMATICAL STATISTICS, J. G. van der Corput, Department of Stanford, Calif. ; I. R. Savage ; Summer ReMathematics ; A8umptOtCO Expan8iOn8; 1 search Inetitute in Non-Parametric Inferyear ; $19,200 ence; 6 weeks ; $15,000 Lowell J. Paige, Department of MathematIOWA STATFI COLLEGXI OF AGBICULTUR~ AND iCS, LOS Angeles, Calif. ; iiOn-A88OGiat%x? MECHANIC ARTS, Ames, Iowa. Algebraa; 2 years ; $6,200 John Gurland, Statistical Laboratory ; CABNE~I~ INBTITUTP~ OF TECHNOLOOY, PittsDtitributlon and B8timatiOn Theory; 3 burgh, Pa. ; Walter Noll, Department of years ; $21,200 Mathematics ; Theoretical UoWnuum YeH. 0. Hartley, Statistical Laboratory ; chantos; 3 years ; $20,100 Estimation of Parameter8 from Incomplete CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY OF AMERICA, Wash- Data; 2 years; $9,000 ington, D. C. ; Eugene Lukacs, Department Oscar Kempthorne, SJtatistical Laboraof Mathematics ; Characteristio Funotfona tory; A General Formulation of the Design and Statistfoe; 3 years; $26,400 oj Experimenta; 3 years ; $9,800 HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OB’ SCIENCE AM~BICAN UNIVERSITY OB BEIRUT, Beirut, Lebanon : E. S. Kennedy. Deoartment of Mathemaiics ; History oj. Iela~mio AatrOnomy; 2 years ; $12,600 COLUMBIA UNIVEBSITY, New York, N. Y.; Helmut de Terra, Department of History; Ear& American Science; 1 year, $3,500 ~BARLHAM COLLEOE), Richmond, Ind. ; Otto T. Benfev. DeDartment of Chemistrv : DeveZopment bj S&ctural Theory in- brganlc Ohemiatry; 3 years; $3,700 Fla.; UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, Gainesville, James A. Olson, Department of Biochemistry; Historical Study in ItaZian S&ewe; 1 year ; $700 MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTIO OIF TECHNOLOOY, Cambridge, Mass. ; Giorgio de Santillana, Department of Humanities ; Development oj Phg8C~8; 1 year ; $8,700 g;n~~s~~~ OP MINNESOTA, Minneapolis, . ; Herbert Feigl, Minnesota Center for Philosophy of Science ; PhizoaophiGaZ Foundation of Physics; 1 year ; $14,300 PALO ALTO MEDICAL RESEARCH FOUNDATION, Palo Alto, Calif. ; Charles D. O’Malley, Department of History; O&girt8 of Modern Anatomy and Physiology; 1 year ; $5,700


JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVEBSITY, Baltimore, Md.; Q. D. Mostow, Department of Mathematics ; Compact Transformatton Groups;
3 years; $23,200 UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS, Lawrence, Kans.

Computing Center; Computing Research; 1 year; $20,000 G. Baley Price, Department of Mathe2 matics ; Beometty of Function &pace; years ; $40,300 Robert Schatten, Department of Mathematics ; The Trace-Class of Operators; 1 year ; $9,400 Robert Schatten, Department of Mathematics ; The Trace-Class of Operators; 0 months ; $3,000 KENYON COLLEQE, Gambler, Ohio ; Otton Department Nikodym, of Mathematics ; Operators in HiZbert space; 2 years ; $11,700 LEHIQH UNIVERSITY, Bethlehem, Pa. ; Theodore Hailperin, Department of Mathematics ;

U. W. Hochstrasser,

Hsien-Chung matics ; TotaZZg Dfecontinuous Groups On Homogeneous spaces; 2 years: $4,300 PRINCETON UNIVERSITY, Princeton, N. J. S. Lefschetz, Department of Mathematics ;

search Computing Center; 1 year:

K. Aa. Strand,

Center; Be$11,400 Wang, Department of Mathe-



of DiflerentfaZ



Logical Principles Valid in AZZ Finite mains; 3 years; $6,200


years ; $6,800 H. D. Smyth, Department of Engineering; Computing Research; 1 year; $30,000 I?UBDUI!I RESEARCH FOUNDATION, Lafayette, [nd. Arthur H. Copeland, Jr. ; Department of Mathematics ; Afaps on TopoZogicaZ Pairs; 2 years ; $3,200 J. H. B. Kemperman, Department of MathEmatics ; The Di8tribUtiOtt of a &3QUenC8; 1 year ; $8,900 REED COLLEQJD, Portland, Oreg. ; J. B. Mathematics ; Department of Roberts, PoZynomiaZIdentities; 3 years ; $7,800


TUBAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEQE, Baton Rouge, La. ; R. D. Anderson, Department of Mathematics ; Mappings of Higher Dimensional Bpaces; 3 years; $15,300 MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OB TECHNOLOOY, Research Program in the Foundations 01 Cambridge, Mass. ; Warren Ambrose, De- Mathematics; 2 years ; $12,800 James Dugundji, Department of Mathepartment of Mathematics; Topics in TopoZmatics ; HomoZogy and Homotopy; 2 years ; ogy and Differential Geometry; 2 years; $12,200 $33,300 R. S. Phillips 6 H. A. Dye, Department of MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY OB A~RICUL- Mathematics ; Operator Theory; 2 years ; TURE AND APPLIED SCIENCE, East Lansing, $29,800 Mich. Stanford, Calif. ; Leo Katz, Department of Mathematics ; STANFORD UNIVERSITY, Diecrete Methods Cti Mathematical &‘tat,is- Solomon Feferman, Department of Mathematics ; GeneraZized Product Theories; 1 tics; 2 years ; $20,000 Lawrence W. Van Tersch and Gerald P. year ; $2,400 Syracuse, N. Y.; Weeg, Computer Laboratory ; Computfng Re- SYRACUSEI UNIVERSITY, search; 1 year; $20,000 Bruce Gilchrist, Computing Center ; UomputZng Reeearch; 1 year; $12,000 UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN, Ann Arbor, Mich. TULANE UNIVERSITY OF LOUISIANA, New Arthur W. Burks, Department of Philosophy ; Logical Design of Computer Nets; 2 Orleans, La. ; A. D. Wallace & A. H. Clifford, Department of Mathematics ; The Topology years ; $31,700 R. L. Wilder, Department of Mathematics ; of Groups and Semi-Groups; 2 years ; $35,500 Generalized Manifolds; 0 months ; $3,900 WASHINQTON UNIVERSITY, St. Louis, MO. of MatheHarvey Cohn, Department UNIVERSITP OF MINNESOTA, Minneapolis, studies Cn Pure matics ; Computationat Minn. Eugenio Calabi, Leon W. Green and Mathematics; 2 years ; $1’7,200 Allen Devinatz, Department of MatheDepartment of Mathematics ; Hidehiko, Topological and Diflerential lStructure Man& matics ; Spectral Problems in Harmon& Analysis; 2 years ; $7,600 foZd8; 2 years ; $14,800 Bjarni Jonsson, Department of Mathe- UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON, Seattle, Wash. ; matics; Lattice Theory; 1 year; $3,000 Edwin Hewitt, Department of Mathematice ; Functional AnaZysis; 3 years; $75,000 UNIVERSITY OB NEW MEXICO, Albuquerque, New Mexico; I. I. Kolodner, Department of WAYNE STATBI UNIVERSITY, Detroit, Mich. ; Mathematics and Astronomy ; Partially Felix Haas, Department of Mathematics ; Ordered Spaces; 2 years; $32,500 Non-Linear OsdZZations; 2 years ; $9,700 Nzw YORK UNIVERSITY, New York, N. Y.; UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN, Madison, Wise. ; Richard Courant, Institute for Mathematical R. H. Bing, Department of Mathematics; Sciences ; Research in Applied Mathematics; Topology in Three DdmensionaZ &pace; 18 1 year; $50,000 mos. ; $12,100 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY, Evanston, Ill. YALE UNIVERSITY, New Haven, Conn. ; Morris Department of S. Davis, Computation Laboratory ; UomputTeruhisa Matsusaka, Mathematics ; Problems in Algebraic (feom- iltg Research; 1 year ; $20,000 etry; 2 years; $4,100 Alex Rosenberg and Daniel Zelinsky, Department of Mathematics ; HomoZogicaZ AZ- METABOLIC BIOLOGY gebra; 2 years; $9,000 AMERICAN UNIVERSITY OF BEIRUT, Beirut, Maxwell A. Rosenlicht, Department of Transformation Lebanon ; John H. Schneider, Department of Mathematics ; Algebraic Biochemistry ; Synthesis of DeOW!yr$bO8e Groups; 1 year; $9,600

Angeles, Calif. Herbert Busemann, Department of Mathematics ; Convew surfaces and FinsZer Bpaoes; 2 years ; $6,300 C. C. Chang, Department of Mathematics;


iVuolecd Acid ct, Bornsal arrd RegeneraUng GOUCHBR COLLQOIP,Baltimore, Md. ; Helen B. Funk, Department of Physiology and BaeL-iver; 8 years ; $10,000 teriology ; The Role of Hemopoietic Vitamin8 BEANDEIS UNIVIDRSITY, Waltham, Mass. Lawrence Grossman, Department of Bio- In the Biospntheei.8 of Leghemoglobin; 2 ‘chemistry ; Nuclei0 Acid Metabolism 0s Eort years ; $8,200 Cells Infected with Virue; 8 years; $24,000 HAHNEMANN M~DDICAL COLLEQE, PhiladelNathan 0. Kaplan, Department of Bio- phia, Pa. ; William L. Gaby, Division of chemistry ; Enzymatio and Immunochemical Microbiology ; Role of PhO8phOZipide8in the Factor8 Regulating Cellular Activity; 8 Transport 01 Amino Acids; 1 year; $7,100
years ; $48,800 Morris Soodak, Department of Biochemistry and Biology ; BiO8gnthe8i8 of L-FUcO8e and of Thyroglobulin; 2 years ; $15,300 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, Berkeley, Calif. I. L. Chaikoff, Department of Physiology, School of Medicine ; Basio Aspects of Mammalian Uarbohydrate Metaboliem; 3 years ; $45,000 Nicholas T. Mirov, Department of Geography ; Relation Between Boron and Carbohydrate YetaboZi8m; 2 years ; $7,000 Irving Zabin, Department of Physiological Chemistry, Los Angeles ; Lipid Metabolism ot the Brain; 2 years; $17,000 UNIVIOIWITY OP CHICAGO, Chicago, Ill. William B. Martin, Department of Microbiology ; Metaboli8m 01 Itaconic and Mesaconic Acid8 by Fungi; 2 years; $6,700 Lloyd J. Roth, Department of PharmacolHARVARD UNIVERSITY, Cambridge, Mass. Boris Magasanik, Department of Immunology and B&teriology i Tranclfer 01 Blngle

Oarbon Unit8 in Hietidine and Purine Metabolism- 01 Micro-Organisms; 3 years ;-

$19,500 Alwin M. Pappenheimer, Jr., Department of Biology ; The Mode of Action of Diphtheria Toxin; 2 years; $43,000 W. R. Sistrom, Biological Laboratories ;

Composition, &?ructure, and Function of Bacterial Chromatophores; 3 years ; $14,600

T. Hastings Wilson, Department of Physiology, The Medical School; Mechaniems of

Inteetinal Abeorption of sugars and Nucleotide8; 2 years ; $16,400

ogy ; Biogeneeis and Metaboliem of Tropane AEkaZoidsin Plante; 2 years ; $9,800

Nucleic Acid8 Endowed With Bpecifcity; 3 years ; $46,000 Induced Enzyme Formation

New York, N. Y. Erwin Chargaff, Department of Biochemistry, College of Physicians and Surgeons ;

Hop81 COLLEOE, Holland, Mich. ; Philip 0. Crook, Department of Biology; Effect 01 Mammalian Hormone8 on Unicellular Orgadsme; 2 years ; $3,350 HOWARD UNIVERSITY, Washington, D. C. ; Lawrence M. Marshall, Department of Biochemistry; Role 01 the Tricarboxulic Acid

CpCZein the &mthesis of Vitamin B-lt;



Philip Feigelson, Department of Biochemistry, College of Physicians and Surgeons ;

Mammals; 2

$8,450 EMORY UNIVERSITY, Emory University, Ga. ; Elliot Juni, Department of Bacteriology and Immunology ; Bacterial Oxidation of Simple Aliphatic Alcohols; 3 years; $17,000 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, Gainesville, Fla. ; Howard J. Teas, Department of Botany, Agricultural Experiment Station, Biosynthe8i8 of Lysine and Trpptophan; 2 years; $14,000 UNIVERSITY OP GEORQIA, Athens, Ga. ; Robert G. Eagon, Department of Bacteriology ;

Sciences ; PhyeioZogicaZ and Biochemical MeChaniSm8 of the Reet Period; 18 months;

years ; $17,600 Seymour Lieberman, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; Biogen,eais 01 the steroid Hormones; 3 years ; $36,000 CORNELL UNIVERSITY, Ithaca, N. Y. Walter D. Bonner, Jr., Department of Botany ; Mechanic8 of Cellular Oxidation8 in Plant Tissuee; 3 years ; $14,000 Walter D. Bonner, Jr. and Conrad S. Yocum, Department of Botany ; Double-beam b’pectrophotometer for Research on Kinetic8 of Cellular Processes; 1 year ; $7,200 DARTMOUTH COLLEOE, Hanover, N. H. ; Frank G. Carpenter, Department of Physiological Sciences, The Medical School ; Resting Metaboliem of Immature Nerve Fibers; 3 years ; $4,300 UNIVERSITY OF DELAWARE, Newark, Del.; Bruce M. Pollock, Department of Biological

years ; $10,000 ILLINOIS INSTITUTBI OB TECHNOLOOY, Chiof cage, Ill. ; Allan H. Roush, Department Bioloes : MetaboZism of Comoounde Related to L&&n by Baeidiomy&tes; 2 years; $7,500 UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS, Urbana, Ill. I. C. Gunsalus, Division of Biochemistry; Metabolio Biogenesis and Degradation of 4 yeara; Terpenes bg Microorganisms; $73,500 R. H. Hageman, Department of Agronomy ; Physiological Bo8i8 of Hybrid Vigor $n Corn; 2 years ; $15,850 INDIANA UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION, Bloomington, Ind. Felix Haurowitz, Department of Chemistry, Indiana University ; Biosynthesis and Structure 01 Protein8 and Antibodies; 3 years ; $21,000 W. J. Van Wagtendonk, Department of Zoology; Nucleic Acid Turnover of Paramecium Aurelia; 2 years ; $13,000 KAISER FOUNDATION, Oakland, Calif. ; Mary Belle Allen, Laboratory of Comparative Physiology and Morphology ; Comparative


of Photosynthetic


2 years ; $11,200 UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS, Lawrence, Kane. ; H. J. Nicholas, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Medical Center, Kansas, City, Kans. ; Metabolism 01 Cholesterol in the Central Nervous System; 2 years ; $13,700 UNIVERSITY OB MARYLAND, University Hospital, Baltimore, Md. ; Samuel P. Bessman, Department of Pediatrics, Medical School, Baltimore, &Id. ; A Feed Back Xyetem ReZat-

Synthesi8 of PoZy8accharide by Peeudomonae Ing Glucose Metabolwm to Oxidations; FZuore8oene; 2 year% ; $tl,OOO years ; $13,000


,a Jolla, Calif. ; Grant R. Bartlett, Divinion Cambridge, Mass. LIatabolOm oj the YamGene M. Brown, Department of Biology; 0;C Laboratories; Metabolism and Function 01 B Vitamins; 3 mralian Erythrooyta; 2 years; $13,000 ETON HALL COLLEO~ OF MEDICINE AND year8 : $23,650
John M. Buchanan, Division of Biochemistry, Department of Biology ; Biosynthesk of Amino Acid8 and Polypeptides; 3 yeare;



or !ZWmNoLoBY,



Bunthesfa of Ribonucleic Acid by Call-Free iietems; 3 years ; $30,000



of Biology;

of Chemistry; lf ?y M. Bloom, Department ACole of Mevalonio Acid in Yetabolism 01 MICHIQAN STATED UNIVERSITY OF AQBICUL- FDenicillium Qrlseo-Fulvum; 2 years; $8,700 TUBE AND APPLIED SCIENCB, East Lansing, Washington. INSTITUTION, SMITHSONIAN Mich. United States z 1. c. ; Herbert Friedmann, Robert P. &heifer, Department of Botany Eiational Museum ; Metabolio Aspcots ot the and Plant Pathology ; Physiology of Para- L)igestion oj Wax; 1 year; $7,700 sitism; 2 years ; $11,000 1JNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFOBNIA, Los Harold M. Sell, Department of AgriculA ingeles, Calif. tural Chemistry ; The Biochemistry of NatWalter Mars, Department of Biochemural and GyntheNo Growth Buktancee in Thyroxine and Yaart stry & Nutrition; Higher Plants; 2 years ; $16,100 detabolism; 1 year ; $6,000 UNIVERSITY OB MICHIGAN, Ann Arbor, Mich. Sydney C. Ritteaberg, Department of Bat I. A. Bernstein. Denartment of Dermatolof Propionate by eriology ; Oxidation ogy, University kospital ; Biosyntheeis Of ‘eeudomonas Fluorescena; 2 years ; $17,800

Center, Jersey City, z IENTI~~TB~, Medical Is1. J.; R. L. Garner, Department of BioCJ hemistry ; Adaptive Fewnentatlon ol tA0 Ilrlethyl Pentoees; 2 years; $12,000 Northampton, Mass. ; StanSlaugh COLLIDOQ,

Deoxcyriboee Nucleio Add in Intact Cells; 2

years ; $14,700 0. Robert Greenberg, Department of Biological Chemistry ; BtO8ynthe8i8 Of Riboflavin; 2 years; $14,700 James F. Hogg, Department of Biological Medical School ; Enzymatic Chemistry, 2 year0 ; Pathway o! ff lyconeogeneeis; $14,000 MONTANA STATE COLLEGE, Bozeman, Mont. ; John E. Gander, Department of Chemistry;





Ward, Department of Biology; liochentical Aspects of Yorphogeneei8; 2 ‘ears ; $17,400 JNIVERSITY 01~TEXAS, Austin, Tex. Jack Myers, Department of ZOolOgY ;


Pa. ;

3hy8iology and Biochemistry

01 Algae;


kfeohaniam 01 ~luco8idic Cyanide Formation in Plants; 2 years; $7,000

UNIVERSITY OB NEBRASKA, Lincoln, Nebr. ; J. H. Pazur, Department of Biochemistry and Nutrition ; Enzymatic &#ntheets of ffalactoeyl Oligo8accharidee; 2 years ; $12,500 UNIVERSITY OR OREGON, Eugene, Oreg. ; Bradley T. Scheer, Department of Biology ;

Humoral Control of Metabolism tn Crueta.

ceans; 2 years; $23,000 PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY, Univer sity Park, Pa. Carl 0. Clagett, Department of Agriculs tural and Biological Chemistry ; Role OJ Pevtides in Plant Metaboliem; 2 years; $t3;100 Eugene 8. Lindstrom, Department of Bat. teriology ; Light Induced Phosphorglation in Photosynthetio Bacteria; 1 year; $6,000 PUBDU~ RESEARCH FOUNDATION, Lafayette Ind. Harry Beevers, Department of Biological Science8 : The OLZyoxyZateCycle in Plan1 Metabolism; 3 years ; $30,200 Henrv Koffler. Deuartment of Biologica’ Science8 ; Bios&thee;s and Function of -Cer tain Fungal Carbohydrates; 3 years ; $20,70( REED COLLEGE, Portland, Oreg. ; Helen A Stafford, Department of Biology ; Dihy

reirs ; $19,000 Lothar L. Salomon. Deuartment of Biochemistry &d Nutrition, -Medical Branch, Galveston, Tex.; The Nature, Role and Ketabolism or Adrenal Aeoorbio Aoid; 2 Tears ; $8,600 JNIVERSITY OIFUTAH, Salt Lake City, Utah ; 3ichard W. Van Norman, Department of Experimental Biology ; Relative ParticipaSon ot Chloroplaat Pigments Cn Photoegntheeis; 2 years; $13,600 VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY, Nashville, Tenn. ; Charles R. Park. DeDartment of Physiology ; _~.. ~.~ years ; $32,000 VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE, Blacks3urg, Va. ; M. Daniel Lane, Department of Biochemistry and Nutrition ; The Enzumatio years ; $17,200

5%cose Transpbrt in Mammalian - Cellal- 3

Sarboxylatfon ot Propiongl Uoenzyme A; 3

William H. Pearlman, Associate Scientific Director ; The Metabolism of CJertain Steroid Uormones; a years ; $40,000 WASHINQTON UNIVERSITY, St. Louis, MO. Theodore Cayle, Henry Shaw School of o! 04 in the Early Botany ; Distribution Product8 oj Photoeynthesi8; 2 years ; $11,000 Oliver H. Lowry, Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine; Riboflavin Enzymee; 3 years ; $48,000 UNIVERSITY OB WASHINQTON, Seattle, Wash. ; in thl Bastiaan droxyfumarate and Its DerCvatives J. D. Meeuse, Department of Carbohydrate Metabolism of Higher Plants, Botany ; 05aZb Acid Metabolism in Plante; 3 years ; $10,000 1 year ; $6,950 THBI ROCKEPELLEB INSTITUTIC, New York UNIVERSITY OB WISCONBIN, Madison, Wis. N. Y. ; Fritz Lipmann ; Yetabolio Group Aoti Harlyn 0. Halvorson, Department of Bacvation; 4 years ; $120,000 teriology ; ProteCn Biosyntheeis in Yea8t; STATE! UNIVEBSITY, Nev P 1 year; $10,000 RUTOERS, THB Glenn S. Pound, Department of Plant Brunswick, N. J. ; Henry J. Vogel, Institutl e of Microbiology ; Comparative Microbial Bio Pathology ; Physiology of Virus M&tip&Josynthesie of Amino AcCde; 3 year8 ; $25,40( 5 taon in Plants; 2 years; $9,000


Mechanfem oj Hormone Action;

WORCRISTBB FOUIDATIO#, Shrewsbury, Mass. ; Ralph I. Dorfman, Director of Laboratories;

2 years;


H. B. Steinbach,




Enzyme Activation

of Zoology;



2 years ; $13,500

$18,300 YALEJUNIVERSITY, New Haven, Conn. Morris Foster, Section of Dermatology, Yale University School of Medicine ; Physfological Studies of MeZa,?&ogenesie; years; 2 $11,300 Arthur W. Galston, Department of Botany ; The Relation of Light and Photo-

miketio Nubstance to- Growth and FlowerCnaCn Plants : 3 years : $29.000

Arthur W. - Gaiston, ’ ~ep&tment of Botany ; Light-Controlled Growth Reaction8 in Plkte; 2 years ; $16,500 C. N. H. Long. Deoartment of Phvsioloev :

Hormone Reguktion of Proteilc a6d I%$o: hydrate MetaboZC8m; 3 years; $57,000

erties oj Steroid Hormone-Protein gates; 2 years ; $17,000

Birgit Vennesland, Department of Biochemistry ; Enzyme Reaction% of Uhloroplaets; 3 years; $36,000 John Westley, Department of Biochemand Proistry ; Biochemical EnvConment tein i5tructure; 2 years ; $14,000 CITY osr HOPID MEIDICAL CENT&B, Duarte, Calif. ; Richard S. Schweet, Division of Research ; Boluble Enzyme8 Related to Protein Synthesis; 2 years; $11,600 COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY, New York, N. Y. S. M. Beiser and F. Agate, College of Physicians and Surgeons ; Biological Prop-


YIDSHIVA UNIVERSITY, New York, N. Y. San Seifter, Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein Colleee of Medicine: Forma2 years ; $15,300

E. A. Kabat, Department of Microbiology, College of Physicians and Surgeons ; Spectrophotometry in Btochemtial Reeearch; 1 year ;

Elvin A. Rabat, College of Physicians and Btudiee on Harold J. Strecker, Department of Bio- Surgeons ; Immunochemical chemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medi- PoZyeaccharidee; 3 years ; $88,000 Stanley L. Miller, Department of Biocine ; Interconvereion of Glutamio A&d and chemistry, College of Physicians and SurProline; 2 years ; $18,000 geons ; Syntheeis of Organio Compound8 on Abraham White, Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine ; the Primitive Earth; 2 years ; $16,000 David Nachmansohn, Department of Eflects of Adrenal Cortical steroids on Molecular Force8 in Nerve IW tiktabolis~ of Lymphoid Tieeue; 3 years ; Neurology; puke Conduction; 3 years; $45,000 $34,000 William L. Nastuk, Department of Physiology, College of Physicians and Surgeons; Ionic Permeability Change Produced at the MOLECULAR BIOLOGY End-Plate Membrane; 1 year ; $9,000 Dr. HUGO BAUER, NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF David Shemin, Department of BiochemHEALTH, Bethesda, Md. ; Products of Histi- istry ; Biosyntheeis and Function of Pordine &fetaboZism; 1 year ; $4,000 phyrins; 3 years; $46,000 BARNARD COLLEGB), New York, N. Y.; WilStephen Zamenhof, Department of Bioliam A. Corpe, Department of Botany; chemistry ; Introduction of Unnatural Baeee Capsular Material of Chromobacterium SPP ; Into Deoxypentose Nucleic Acid8 and the 1 year; $1,000 Genetical EfleCt8 of Such Introduction; 3 BOSTON UNIVERSITY, Boston, Mass. : Wil. years ; $32,000 liam C. Boyd, Department of Biochemistry, CORNELL UNIVERSITY, Ithaca, N. Y. School of Medicine : Antibodu-Ant&en ReacGeorge P. Hess, Department of Biochemtion8; 3 years ; $25;000 ” ” istry and Nutrition ; Structural and FuncBRANDEIS UNIVERSITY, Waltham, Mass. tional Interrelationehipe in h’naymee; 2 William P. Jencks, Department of Bio- years ; $16,000 chemistry ; Energy Transferring Reaction8 in Robert W. Halley, Department of BioBiological b’ystems; 3 years; $23,500 chemistry and Nutrition ; Bioeyntheeis oj Mary Ellen Jones, Graduate Department Proteins; 3 years; $27,000 of Biochemistry ; Biosynthetic and Transfer DARTMOUTH COLLEQE, Hanover, N. a. ; Reaction8 Involving Nitrogen Compounde; Arthur Samuels and Manuel Morales, De3 years; $22,000 partment of Biochemistry ; ImmunochemiMartin D. Kamen, Department of Bio- cal Reagent8 and Their Application to Muscle chemistry ; Photoactivation and Electron Studies; 2 years; $25,000 Transjer PrOCe88e8 %n Photoeynthetic DUQUESNE UNIVERSITY, Pittsburgh, Pa. ; Bacteria; 1 year; $18,600 Oscar Gawron, Department of Chemistry ; CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOQY, Reaction of Cyanide With Cyetine; 2 years; Pasadena, Calif. ; H. K. Mitchell, Division $6,000 of Biology ; Amino Acid-Oontainlng Lipids; EABLHAM COLLEQQ, Richmond, Ind. ; Wil3 years ; $36,000 liam K. Stephenson, Department of Biology; UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, Berkeley, Calif. lon Dbtribution and Electrical Membrane Allen 0. Narr, Department of Bacteriology, Davis, Calif. ; Biochemical Cytology of the Properties in lCiu8cZe Fibere; 2 years ; $10,000 FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY, Tallahassee, Azotobacter; 2 years ; $12,000 P. K. Stumpf, Department of Plant Bio- Fla. ; Sidney W. Fox, The Oceanographic institute ; Biogenesis: Thermat Prebiochemchemistry ; Enzymatic Mechanism8 Particiical Reactione; 2 years ; $10,000 pating Cn Fat Metabolism of Higher Plante; 3 years ; $34,400 GEORGEWASHINQTON UNIVERSITY, WashingUNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO, Chicago, Ill. ton, D. C. ; Erich Heinz, Department of Kenneth D. Kopple, Department of Chem- Physiology, School of Medicine ; Busi8 01 istry ; Peptide hiodels oj Enzymes; 3 years ; Active Traneport A#-088 a Uving &fern$25,600 brane; 1 year ; $4,700

tion oj Hydroprolin;

and Hydrd&Zyeine;


logical Function of an Inactive Ribonuoteaee, : DiflerentiutiOn
2 years ; $15,000

HAHNgIUANN WDICllt COLLEW AND HO@ PITAL, Philadelphia Pa. 116.John Boyd, Department of Biological I Chemistry ; Spectrophotometry $n Blwhem. . bal Reeearch; 1 year; $8,000 Jay S. Roth, Division of Biological Chem. ietry ; Isolation, CharacterizatiOn and Bio..


Chemistry ; Biologioal Oacdation of S-Hydro~anthranflate; 3 years;

$31,000 UNIVERSITX OF PENNSYLVANIA, Philadelphia, Pa. David L. Drabkin, Department of BiOchemistry. Graduate School of Medicine :

of k!I&bglobine;

2 Yeare;

Trorogood, Botany Department : Cambridge, Maas. James D. Watson, Department of Biology :, Legume Nodule Heme Proteins; 2 years: Structure and Function oj Bacterial Micro. $17,000 somee; 2 years; $46,000 UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBIJRQH, Pittsburgh, Pa. Morton M. Weber, Department of Bacteria Gary Felseufeld, Department of Bb ology ; Electron Transport in Anaerobic hfi, physics ; The rlctive Site in Some CopperCarrying Proteirls; 3 gears ; $23,000 croorganisme; 2 years ; $12,000 Peter S. Olmsted, Department of BioF. H. Westheimer, Department of Chem istry ; Chemical Model8 for Enzyme Systems, chemistry ; hfechaniem 01 in Vitro Polynucleotide Bwntherris; 3 years ; $30,000 4 years; $42,000 HO~ABD UNIVERSITY, Washington, D. C. ; POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTP OF BROOKLYN, Felix Friedberg, Department of Biochem Brooklyn, N. Y. ; Murray Goodmen, Departistry ; Pepticlee in Creatine Transphoephory ment of Chemistry ; Synthesis and Reactions of Peptides and Their Derivativee; 2 years; lase; 2 years; $12,500 $16,000 UNIVERSITX OF ILLINOIS, Urbana, Ill. Robert Eme.rson, Department of Botany :, PRINCETON UNIVP)RSITY, Princeton, N. J. Aurin M. Chase, Department of Biology ; Quantum Yield of Photosyntheste; 3 years : Nechanism of Enzyme ActiolL: Luciferoee; $32,000 John W. Hastings, Department of Chem,. 3 years ; $10,000 E. Newton Harvey, Department of Biistry; Luminescence in the Marine Dine, ology, Isolation and Chemical CompoeZtZonoj flagellatee; 2 years ; $16,700 1 year ; $6,900 Eugene Rabinowitch, Department 01 Cypridina Lucijcrin; e Frank H. Johnson, Department of BiBotany ; Photochemical and Photogalvaniti . ; Storage of Light Energy in Heterogeneoue ,OlOliTY Btochemistry of Luminescent Systems; 3 years ; $30,000 Systems; 3 years; $26,000 UNIVERSITY OF P~JERTO RICO, San Juan, S. Spiegelman, Department of Bacteriolom ; S@thesis of Ribonucleic Acid and Puerto Rico; David B. Tyler, Department of Deoxyribonucleio Acid in Subcellular Sye- Pharmacology ; Iiinetice and Biological Sigrtificccnce of NetaZ Complexes 01 O$‘a.loacetio terns; 3 years ; $30,000 Acid; 2 years ; $11,000 STATE UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, Iowa City, Iowa; Henry B. Bull, Department of Bio- PURD~J~ RIGSEARCH FOUNDATION, Lafayette, chemistry, CoYlege of Medicine ; Electro- I[nd. ; Bernard Axelrod, Department of Biophoresia of Adsorbed and of Dissolved PrO- (zhemistry, Purdue University ; Protein 6%. Ithesio at t?be Sub-Cellular Level; 3 years; teins; 3 years ; $45,000 MARXCREST COLLEGE, Davenport, Iowa ; Sis- $28,000 ter Helene Ven Horst, Department of Chem- REED COLLEGE, Portland, Ore& ; A. II. Livermore, Department of Chemistry ; Uyetetne istry ; Eflect of Radiation8 on Am,ino Acide; ,a& Homooyateine Deeulfhydraeee; 2 years ; 1 year ; $1,000 $13,000 UNIVERSITY OR MINNESOTA, Minneapolis, Minn . ; Rufus Lumry, School of Chemistry ; Il?~~l ROCKEFELLER INSTITUTID, New York, Reaction Kinetic8 of Hydrolytic Enzymes; N. Y. ; Edward J. Murphy ; Electrical Con/duction tn Hydrogen-Bonded Subetances; 2 years ; $12,500 2 years; $32,000 UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI, Columbia, MO. Warren R. Fleming, Department of Zo- ST. LOUIS UNIVERSITT, St. Louis, MO. ; Eliology ; Permeability Properties and the Po- inh Adams, Department of Pharmacology, tential Across the Isola,ted Fron Skin: 2 ISchool of Medicine ; Amino Acid ilfetaboliem years ; $14,000 in Bacteria; 2 years ; $53,000 Owen J. Koeppe, Department of Biochem~JNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, istry, School of Medicine; Mechanism oj Angeles, Calif. : SOWHRRN W. Eppley, Los Richard Action 01 Cflyceraldehyde-9-Pho8phute De- partment of Biology ; Active Transport Dein 1 hydrogenuses; 2 years ; $11,000 Porphyra Perforata; 2 years; $11,500 MOUNT SINAI HOSPITAL, New York, N. Y. ; Harry Sobotka and Ross F. Nigrelli, De- STATE COLLEGE OF WASHINGTON, Pullman, Department partment of Chemistry ; Digitalie-like Prod- Wash. ; Leonard B. Kirschner, ucts From Marine Animate; 2 years ; tof Zoology ; Movement 01 Water in BiologiIcal Syetcms; 2 years ; $10,000 $12,000 UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEI, Knoxville, NEW YORK UNIVERSITY, New York, N. Y. , Robert Warner Chambers, Department of , ’Term. * John L. Wood, Division of ChemisBiochemistry, College of Medicine, Synthesis 1try, School of Medicine, Memphis, Tenn. ; Purchaee of an Infrared Spectrophotometer oj Nucleotidee; 3 years ; $21,000 Paul R. Cross, Department of Biology ; ,for Biochemical Reeearch; 1 year; $14,000 Purchaee of a Spinco Ultracentrijuge; 2 7VILLANOVA UNIVERSITY, Villanova, Pa. : years ; $6,000 1 Chomas H. Doyne, Research and DevelopOKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY OF AGRICUL- I nent Division ; Crystal Structure oj Amino TURBO AND APPLIED SCIENCE, Stillwater, lcid and Dipeptide Metallic Salts; 2 years; Okla. ; L. M. Henderson, Department of i ;15,500

$20.000 Elizabeth


Ur~vrmarrr # VIRGIWIA, Charlottesville, Vs. : Donald W. Kupke, Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine ; Protein Combonent Involved In the Photochemical of ProtochZorophyZZ to i)ransformatron OhZorophyZZ-A; 3 years ; $28,000 WASHINGTON UNIVEBSITI, St. Louis, Misaouri ; Philipp Strittmatter, Department of Biological Chemistry, School of Medicine ;

CENTRAL nwrmum mt THO Du, St. Louis, MO. ; Ira J. Hlrsh, Pfsychology Laboratory; Studies in TemporaZ Perception; 3 years ; $56,200 UNIV~REITY OF CHICAGO, Chicago, Ill. Robert A Butler, Department of Psycholyears ; $26,600 I. T. Diamond, Department

ogy ; Efleots of Brain Damage on Reupons<venest to VfsuaZ and Auditory Inoentivee; 2 Behavioral AnuZy82e of the Bomatie Cartes;
of Psychology ;

2 years ; $21,600 CLEVIDLAND HEARING AND S~azca CENTER, Cleveland, Ohio ; Earl D. Schubert, Acting Which Iron I8 Incorporated Into Heme; 1 Director ; InterauraZ Temporal Dfsparity; 1 year ; $5,700 year ; $7,800 COLLEGE OP WILLIAM AND Mbar, WllliamsUNIV~B~ITY OF WISCONSIN, Madison, Wis. of Robert A. Alberty, Department of Chem- burg, Va. ; John K. Bare, Department istry ; Physical Chemical &MZies of Fuma- Psychology ; Phy8ioZogiCaZ BU8e8 of dfotivation; 2 years ; $4,600 race; 4 years ; $60,000 Stephen A. Ruby, Institute of Enzyme Re- COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY, New York, N. Y. ; search ; ATP-Tranephoephorylase Catalyzed William N. Schoenfeld and William W. Cumming, Department of Psychology ; Research ReUCtiOn8; 3 years ; $22,000 on bchedules of Reinforcement; 1 year; Edward E. Smissman, School of Pharmacy ; Bynthesls and Study of BCoeynthetCc $2,800 Intermediatee; 3 years ; $19,000 OF PSYCHICOLUMBUS STATE INSTITUTE ATRY, Columbus, Ohio ; Seymour Levine, ReYALE UNIVBIBSITY, New Haven, Conn. Studies in Drive Dtsc?%mG Henry A. Harbury, Department of Bio- search Division; nation; 2 years ; $10,600 chemistry ; Protein-ProEthetZo Group Interaction; 2 years ; $17,000 CORNELL UNIVERSITY, Ithaca, N. Y. G. Evelyn Hutchinson, Osborn Zoological William C. Dilger, Laboratory of OmiLaboratory ; Diagenetic Changes in Ptg- thology ; EthoZogfcaZ lgtudCe8 of Agaporn2c; mente in Lacuetrine Bedimente; 1 year; 2 years ; $15,600 $5,800 Eleanor J. Gibson & Richard D. Walk, Frederic M. Richards, Department of Bio- Department of Psychology ; Study of V48uaZ Depth DZscriminatton; 2 years; $12,900 chemistry ; Chemistry of the Functional J. E. Hochberg, Department of PeycholGroups of RibonucZeaee; 2 years; $12,000 2 WY : DImenefon.6 of Form Perception; YESHIVA UNIVERSITY, New York, N. Y. years ; $5,800 Henry D. Hoberman, Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medi- DARTMOUTH COLLEOE, Hanover, N. H. ; Wolfgang Kohler, Department of Psychology ; cine ; Coenzyme-Linked OxMation-Reduction Problem8 in GeetaZt Psychology; 3 years; Reactions; 8 years ; $30,000 Alex B. Novikoff, Albert Einstein College $32,000 Do~z UNIVEOBSITP, Durham, N. C. ; Kellogg of Medicine ; BiochemicaZ and Structural Department of Psychology ; Correlations of Micro8omes; 2 years ; $13,500 V. Wilson, UNIVERSITY OF WASHINOTON, Seattle Wash., Robert F. Labbe. Denartment of Pediatrics. School ot Medicine-; The MechanZsm by

Uharactet-ization of MammaZiun chromes; 3 years ; $20,000


MuZtiddlmenefonaZflttmulus flcalfng; 1 year ;




$4,900 EMORY UNIVERE(ITY, Emory University, Ga. ; Henry W. Nissen, Director, Yerkes Laboratories of Primate Biology ; The Basic Re8eUrCh

Helmut’ E. Adler, Department of Animal Behavior; Bensoru Factor8 (n Bird NavCotG Non; 1 years; $14,400 Evelyn Shaw, Department of Animal Behavior ; Development of BchooZing Behavior; 1 year ; $9,700 UNIVERSITP OIF ABIZONA, Tucson, Ariz.; Joe T. Marshall, Jr. ; Department of Zoology ; Reeearch on flpeciation; 1 year ; $4,200 B~ANDEIS UNIVEBSITY, Waltham, Mass. ; Richard Held, Department of Psychology ; Visual-Yotor Coordination; 2 years ; $21,200 --.a a. .I BROWN UNIVERSITY, Providence, R. I. ; Frances L. Clayton, Department of Psychology ; Analget of Beoondary Reward; 2 years ; $8,500 .a-- -- -. UNI&;DBSITY ok CALI&&~~ Berkeley, Calif. W. E. Jeffrey, Department of Psychology, Los Angeles : Reeearch on Dticrim&ation Learning; 2 years; $19,800 John P. Seward, Department of Psychology, Los Angeles ; Drive-Incentive InteraoHorn; 1 year ; $5,200

Program of the Perkee Laborator<es of Primate Biology; 1 year; $40,000

FRANKLIN AND MARSHALL COLLECIP, Lancaster, Pa. ; Kenneth R. John, Department of Biology; b’tudy of &hooZCng Behavior; 1 year ; $3,600 UNIVERSITY OF QEORGIA, Athens, Ga.; Qernard S. Martof, Department of Zoology ; Behavior of Amphibians; 2 years ; $9,300 HARVARD UNIVERSITY, Cambridge, Mass.; Philip Teitelbaum, Department of Psychology ; Eflect of HypothaZamCo Lesion8 on Behavior; 2 years; $17,600 UNIVERSITY OP HAWAII, Honolulu, T. H.; A. Leonard Diamond, Department of Psychol-

ogy ; ~imuZtaneou8 Brightnees Contrast;
years ; $11,000


Urbana,111 Donelson E. Dulany, Jr., Department of Reinforcement of Verba Be Psychology; havior; 1 year; $6,300 G. Robert &ice, Department of PsycholWY ; lgtudies Cn Human Condltfontng; 3 years ; $17,200


Harold W. Hake, Department of Psychology ; Role of Recognition im Perception; 3 years ; $15,700 Lawrence I. O’Kellp, Department of Peychology ; InJluence of PhyafologiaaZ VariubZea on Behavfor; 3 years; $20,000

Sciencee; Phwiologfoaal Yeohanimsw o$ Mot& vation; 3 years ; $23,500

UNIVIESITT or PENNSYLVANIA, Philadelphia, Pa. ; Eliot Stellar, Institute of Neurological

PRINCETON UNIVERSITY, Princeton, N. J. Robert C. Bollee, Department of PsycholGarth J. Thomas, Department of Elect& ogy ; BtimuZna Propertiea 01 Drives; 1 year ; cal Engineering ; Behavioral Alteratfons FOE $3,600 lowing Le8iona in the RhinancephaUm; 2 Byron A. Compbell, Department of Psyyears ; $34,000 ehology ; Methodological bwdy of the Aversive Properties of BtimuZi; 2 years ; $15,000 INDIANA UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION, Bloomington, Ind. ; W. K. Estes and C. J. Burke, De- QUEENS COLLEOIO,Flushing. N. Y. ; Eugene partment of Psychology, Indiana University ; s. Gollin, Department of -Psychology ;-DeAnalysis of Learnilog; 5 years; $68,400 velonment of Vi8uaZ and TaatuaZ RwoaniINSTITUTE! OF LIVINQ, Harfford, Conn. ; John Non) 1 year- $9,500 8. Stamm ; ldecta of Uortical Btimulation SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION. Washington. on Learning and Retention; 2 yeara ; $16,600 D. C. Martin Moynlhan, Canal Zone Blologlcal KENT STATS UNIVEBBITY, Kent, Ohio; Lepidoptera; Charles C. Perkins, Jr., Department of Psy- Area: Behavior of Neotropioal 1 year ; $4,800 chology ; study of 8timutua OeneraZtzation; Martin Moynihan, Canal Zone Biological 1 year; $7,500 Area; aomparativs Analyste oj Behavior in L~UISANA STATS UNIVERSITY AND Aaa~cot Tropical B&da; 3 years; $22,000 COLLEOID, Baton TUBAL AND MECHANICAL Rouge. La. : Donald J. Lewis. Deoartment of UNIV~RSITX OF SOUTHIORN CALIFORNIA, Los Psy<hhology; Perabtence of &&warded Re- Angeles, Calif.; W. W. Grings, Department of Psychology ; &lmulua Patterning in aponaea in Human Adulta; 3 years ; $21,300 Learning; 1 year; $5,000 MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTIU OF TECHNOLOOY, UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS, Austin, Tex. ; Robert Cambridge, Mass. ; Walter A. Rosenblith, Department of Electrical Engineering ; Re- K. Young, Department of Psychology ; &tudiea of Verbal Learning; 2 years ; $5,000 search on gpeech Perception; 2 years; TULANIU UNIVERSITY, New Orleans, La. $50,400 Abram Amsel, Department of Psychology, MCGILL UNIVERSITY, Montreal, Canada ; HerNewcomb College: Factor8 in Reward Bitt&bert H. Jasper, Montreal Neurological Institute ; Neurophysiological Research; 2 years ; ations; 2 years; $12,600 Edward A. Bilodeau, Department of Pay$21,400 chology; studfee oj Learning and RatenUNIVERSITY OF MICHIOAN, Ann Arbor, Mich. tton; 3 years ; $14,900 Mathew Alpern, Department of OphthalUNIVH~RSITY OF VIROINIA, Charlottesville, mOlOgy; gtudiea oj (lontraat Phenomena; 2 Va. ; Frank W. Finger and L. Starling years ; $15,200 John E. Bardach, Department of Fish- Reid, Department of Psychology ; Research eries ; Behavior oj Reej Fiahee; 6 months ; on Induced Drive Btatea; 3 years; $16,800 UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN, Madison, Wise. ; $600 W. J. Brogden, Department of Psychology; Donald G. Marquis and W. Crawford Clark, Department of Psychology ; Temporal Learning and Conditioning; 3 years ; $30,700 0haracteri8tioe of the Vi8uaZ Byatem; 1 year ; YALI UNIVDRSITY, New Haven, Conn. $5,200 William N. Dember, Department of PsyRobert W. Storer, Department of Zoology ; chology ; Study of Perception and Learning; Uomparativs Behavior oj Qrebea; 4 years; 1 year : $5,600 $14.100 Frank A. Logan, Department of Psychology ; Conditions oj Retnjoroement; 1 year ; UNIVERSITY OB MINNESOTA, Minneapolis, Minn. ; Kenneth MacCorquodale and Paul $6,000 Fred D. Shetlleld, Department of PsyE. Meehl, Department of Psychology ; &&die8 chology ; rgtudles in Oonditloning; 2 years; of Reinforcement; 1 year; $6,900 $9,100 MONTANA STATIU UNIVERSITY, Mlssoula, Mont. ; Clyde E. Noble, Department of Psy- YESHIVA UNIVERSITY, New York, N. Y. ; Seth chology ; AnalysCa oj Trial-and-Error Learn- K. Sharpless, Department of Pharmacology ; Biochemical Correlates of Behavior; 2 years ; ing; 2 years ; $15,400 NATIONAL ACADEMY 01 SCIENCES-NATIONAL $23,900 RESEARCH COUNCIL, Washington, D. C. ; Glen Finch, Executive Secretary, Division of PHYSICS Anthropology and Psychology ; International Directory of PeychologC8t8; 1 year ; $2,000 BOSTON UNIVERSITY, Boston, Mass. ; Robert. NEW YORK UNIVERSITY, New York, N. Y.; K. Nesbet, Department of Physics ; Bern& Leo M. Hurvich, Department of Psychology ; Emoirical Calculation of Yolecular-EleoZnveetigation of the ViauaZ Reaponee troko Wave Functions; 2 -years ; $11,800 Processes; 3 years ; $32,000 BRANDEIS UNIVERSITY, Waltham, Mass. Max Chretien. Deoartment of Phsslcs: OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY, Columbus 10, Ohio ; Donald R. Meyer, Department of Psychology ; Elementary Particle ‘Btudiea With lkbbla Btudiee in Primate Learning; 1 year; Chambere; 2 years; $16,400 Silvan 5. Schweber, Department of $17,000 Physics ; Quantum Theory oj Fieliie; 2 yeara ; PENNSYLVANIA STATB UNIVIDRSITY, Unlver$10,300 sity Park, Pa. ; John F. Corso, Department of Psychology ; Neural Quantum Theory oj BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY, Provo, Utah ; John H. Gardner, Department of Physlccs; Hearing; 1 year; $9,300


Qyromagnetto Ratio of the Free Bleotron 2 years; $22,000

Wave Btudu Vibrat4onat l2c4tatbns in Gasee; 2 years; $19,100

BROWN UNIVERSITY, Providence, R. I. HARVARD UNIVERSITY, Cambridge, Mass. Philip J. Bray, Department of Physicn; Francis M. Pipkin, Department of Physics ; Nuclear Re8OnUnce&u&es of Electron Die- Radio-Frequency Alignment 01 Nuclear tributions and Cryetat Btructure; 2 years; Spine; 2 years ; $25,700 S16.200 Norman F. Ramsey, Department of David Feldman, Department of Physics; Physics ; Molecular Beam Studies; 2 years ; Theoretical High-Energy Phyetce; 2 years ; $56,600 $26,800 JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY, Baltimore, CALIB~RNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, Pasa- Md. ; Hans Meissner, Department of Physics ; dena, Calif. ; Harry A. Kirkpatrick, DepartStUdie8 on kluperconductivCty; 2 years ; ment of Physics ; Predeion dleasurements of $17,500 Certain Fundamental Natural Constants; 2 UNIVERSITY 01 ILLINOIS, Urbana, Ill. : Fredyears ; $26,400 crick Seitz, Department of Physics; imperUNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, Berkeley, Calif. fections in Crustalline Material8: < 2 vears , : V~ Robert Karplus and Malvin A. Ruderman, $15,600 Department of Physics ; EZementary ParSTATE City, Iowa ; ticlee and High Energy Interactions; 2 J. M. UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, Iowa Physics; Jauch, Department of A years ; $30,900 Study of the Scattering Matris; 2 years; W. A. Nierenberg and G. 0. Brink, Department of Physic8 ; Hyperfine Structure $16,500 MARQUETTE UNIVERSITY, Milwaukee, Wis. ; Anomaliee of Zeotopee; 2 years ; $18,200 A. G. Barkow. DeDartment of Phvsics: EleM. Tinkham, Department of Physics; studies oj Bolido at Millimeter and Sub- mentary Particle keactions; 2 years ; $8,600 MiZZimeter B’aveZengthe; 2 years ; $23,500 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND, College Park, Md. Lauren8 Jansen, Institute of Molecular C!~ax~o:s INSTITUTBI OB TECHNOLOQY, PittsPhysics ; Phys(ca1 Propertiee of Condensed burgh, Pa. Robert T. Schumacher, Department of Non-Polar Gaeee; 2 years ; $160,000 Joseph Weber, Department of Physics; Physics ; Magnetic Re8OnanCe Studies; 2 Reeearch on Relativity Theory; 2 years; years ; $18,000 $8,700 8. A. Friedberg, Department of Physics; Inveetigation of Solids at Low Temperatures; MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOI,OOY, 2 years ; $13,400 Cambridge, Mass. ; Bruno Rossi, Department of Physics ; Cosmic Ray Air Shower ReUNIVERSITY OIP CHICAOO, Chicago, Ill. search; 2 years ; $134,300 A, W. Lawson and M. H. Cohen, Denartment of Physics ; Solid State Proaertk of XICHICAN STATE UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULBismuth, Antimony, and Areenic; 2 years ; TURE AND APPLIED SCIENCE. East Lansing.-. $30,800 Mich. Marcel Schein, Department of Physics ; Joseph Ballam, Department of Physics ; Interaction 01 Hyperon and Heavy Meeons; : Properties of Heavu Meeons and Huoerone z I_~ 2 years ; $23,000 2 years ; $28,800 Marcel Schein, Department of Physics ; Sherwood K. Haynes, Department of Cooperative Emul8ion Flight lor High Physics ; Beta-Rag Spectroscopy at Very Low Energy Events; 3 years; $450,000 Energie8; 2 years ; $17,600 CLARKSON COLLE~P~ OF TECHNOLOQY, Pots- MIDWESTERN UNIVERSITIES RESEARCH Asdam, N. Y. ; John Weymouth, Department of SOCIATION, Madison, Wis. ; Keith R. Symon, of Wisconsin ; High Energy Physics ; Thermal Difluse X-Ray Scattering The University Acelerator gtudiee; 1 year; $160,000 of Solide; 2 years; $11,800 MONTANA STATE COLLEGIE, Bozeman, Mont. ; COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY, New York, N. Y. Henry A. Boorse, Department of Physics ; Hack Arroe, Department of Physics ; HyperReeearchee in Low Temperature Phg8iC8; 3 ffne Structure in At0mi.c Spectra; 2 years; $19,400 years ; $73,300 Gerard G. Harris and Jay Orear, DepartMEXICO COLLEGIO, State College, N. EN; ment of Physics ; Propertie and Interac. ; Robert E. McDaniel, Department of tions of Elementary Particles; 2 years ; Physics; Heavy Nuclei Component of Uoe$21,600 nzic Iladintion; 2 years, $4,800 CORNELL UNIVERSITY, Ithaca, N. Y. ; Robert UNIVERSITY OF NEW MEXICO, Albuquerque, M. Cotts, Department of Physics ; A Nuclear N. Mex.; John R. Green, Department of #pin Re8OnUnCestudy of Solids; 3 years ; Physics ; Penetratang fJhOWer8Produced in $45,100 Ught Elements; 1 year; $9,800 DARTMOUTH COLLEQB, Hanover, N. H. ; J. W. UNIVERSITY OIF NORTH CAROLINA, Chapel Hill, N. C. Dewdney, Department of Physics ; Energy Bryce S. Dewitt, Department of Physics; Distribution 01 PhotoeZectrone; 2 years ; Grav0ationaZ Field Theory; 2 years; $12,500 $13,400 FLORIDA STATH~ UNIVERSITY, Tallahassee, R. I% Glover, Department of Physics; Fla. ; H. S. Plendl, Department of Physics ; Superconductivity in Thin Films; 2 years; Nuclear spectroecopy; 3 years ; $19,600 FRANKLIN INBTITUT~, Philadelphia, Pa. ; OHIO STATB UNIVERSITY, Columbus, Ohio F. R. Metzger, Bartol Research Foundation, John G. Daunt, Department of Physics; Swarthmore, Pa. ; Nuclear Resonance Fluo- Physical reecence Studies Using a Centrifuge Method; peraturee; Phenomena at Very Low Tem6 years ; $208,000 2 years ; $43,600 R. L. Mills and A. M. Sessler, Department GEOBGETOWN UNIVERSITY, Washington, D. C. ; of Physics ; Theoretical Problem8 4s Nuclear Robert N. Schwartz, Department of Physics ; Phg8iC8; 2 years; $28,000



UNIVE~~IXX 0E OKLAHOI~A KE~EABCH INBT~ TUTID, Norman, Okla. R. 0. Fowler and 0. H. Theimer, Department of Physics, University of Oklahoma; Chun C. Lin, Department of Physica;

InfZuence 03 the Debye 19hieZding Eflect oy lStrong PZasma8; 2 years; $13,000 Pressure Broadening of Microwave GpectraZ Ihee; 2 years; $6,600

‘JNIVERSITY 0~ W18coEsxE, Madison, Wis. : lulian E. Mach, Department of Physics ; Wueture ol Atom& Gpwtra; 2 yeara; S31,600 UNIVE88ITX OF WXOMINO, Laramie, WyO. ; Prederick J. Bueche, Department of Phye-

c8; Mechan4caZ Propertie

ot High PoZ#-

Wt-8; 2 yetU8;

J. R. Nielsen and 0. H. Theimer, Department of Physics, University of Oklahoma; VibrationaZ lgpectra of Cryeta& and PoZymer8; 2 years ; $13,600 UNIVERSITY OF OBECON, Eugene, Greg. ; Bernd Crasemann, Department of Physics ;

~er4mentaZ Research in Low Temperature Phg8fC8; 2 years; $2.9,400

HALF, UNIVERSITY, New Haven, Conn. ; Henry L. Fairbank, Department of Physico : Ee-

Electron Oapture Branch4no Ratio8 FZUOre8Ce?wesYield8;3 years! $16,100


PENN8YLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY, UniverDesity Park, Pa. ; Edwin R. Fitzgerald, partment of Physics ; Dynamio Properties of Metals; 3 years; $23,300 UNIVERSITY OF PITT8BURoH. Pittsburgh, Pa. C. Dean and G. A. Jeffrey, Department of study of Crystal and Molecular Physics; Btructure: 2 years : $10.300 T. M. Donahue, Department of Physics;

Knot Nematode8 Parasltio
months ; $800

XEGULATORY BIOLOGY VICTOB H. DROPKIN, Nematode Research Laboratory, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Seaford, N. Y. ; A Bioassay of Root-

on PZants; 6

Oxygen and Boddum $n the Upper Atmosphere; 1 year; $8,100

COLLEQII OF PU~ET SOUND, Tacoma, Wash. ; Martin E. Nelson, Department of Physics ;

Prtmary CoemCoRag stUd4e8 U84ng Nuclear EmuZ84ons; 2 years ; $7,100

PuEDIJE RESEARCH FOUNDATION, Lafayette, of Ind. ; Kenneth L. Andrew, Department Physics, Purdue University ; The speotra of

UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA, Tucson, Aria. : William J. McCauley, Department of Zoalogy ; The Water Balance and Reepiratorg Metabolism of the ctcla Monster; 8 yeara; $12,000 UNIVERSITY OF ARKANSAS, Fayetteville, Ark. ; Charles D. Wood and Joseph El. Stone, Department of Physiology and Pharmacolto om ; ALtera~tions Produced by Drug8 ‘he Central Nervous Syaterta; 2 years; $20,100 BARNARD COLLEQE, New York, N. Y. ; Aubrey Gorbman, Department of Zoology :

ComparatCvs PhV8iOZOVgof Thyro4d Funo-

the Carbon Group and The4r Analyses;


years ; $10,200 REED COLLEOE, Portland, Oreg. ; R. L. Martin, Department of Physics ; OptZcaZPropertie8 ol silver HaZidee; 2 years ; $10,100 UNIVERSITX OF ROCHESTER, Rochester, N. Y. ; 11. Parker Givens, Institute of Optics ;

A Study of the OptiCal Constants of Metals;

Radionuclide a Precision

2 years; $18,700 SEATTLE PACIFIC COLLEGE, Seattle Wash. ; Donald D. Kerlee, Department of Physics ; Pr4mary UoemCo Rag igtUd4e8 Using Nuclear Emuts~on8: 2 years ; $12,000 SEATTLE UNrvE881xx, Seattle, Wash. ; Paul S. L. Luger, 8. J., Department of Physics ;

Alfred B. Chaet, Department of Physfology, School of Medicine ; TOXICFactor8 Cn Heat; 2 years; $13,050 Rae Whitney, Department of Biology: $1,150 BUCKNELL UNIVERSITY, Lewisburg, Pa. ; Roger H. Bowman, Department of Biology;

mu8 to the Gonadotrophio Aotidt4t?8 Pdtu4targ; 3 years ; $17,100

t4on; 3 years; $28,700 BOSTON UNIVER8ITX, Boston, Mass. ; John D. Ifft, Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine ; Relationehtp ol the Hgpothalaof


Reeponse8 to Homo-Transplan~ts in HamRters a8 a Function of Inbreeding; 1 year;

Radiation Theory in Generat Relativity EZwtrodynamice; 2 years ; $22,000

years ; $3,200 SYRACUSE UEIv8881xx, Syracuse, N. Y.; Peter G. Bergmann, Department of Physics ;

Growth Hormone Content of the Pltuitarg Half-Life Neaeurement With a8 Affected by Age; 2 years; $5,500 Recording Electrometer; 2 UNIVERSITY OF BUFFALO, Buffalo, N. Y. ; and

UNIVERSITX OF TENNESSEE, Knoxville, Tenn. ; D. T. King, Department of Physics ; Multiple Meson Production in Energetic OoZZ&dons Nucleons; 2 years ; $27,000 of TRINIXX COLLEQIO, Hartford, Corm. ; Robert Lindsay, Department of Physics ; Magnet&

zat4on Studies of Antiferromagnetic

stancee; 2 years; $11,600 :$$4 FLYBE OF SXRACU8E UNIVER8ITX * Peter Fong, Department 01 Physics ; ’ Tiiory of Nuclear F4884on; f years, $6,500 WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY, St. Louis, MO. ; J. P. Hurley, Department of Physics; Pho.

Davis ; Uptake, Dietribution, and Hub, 18otoPicaZly Labeled Compound8 tn Fate of Plants; 2 years ; $6,700

Simon Rodbard, Chronic Disease Research Institute ; Regulat4on of the Uirculating Pluema Volume by the AutonomCo NervoUs Byetern; 2 years; $12,400 CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOQY, Pasadena, Calif. ; C. A. G. Wiersma, Division If Biology; Integrative Action of the Crwtacean Nervoue f&stem; 3 years; $39,900 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, Berkeley, Calif. Alden S. Crafts, Department of Botany,

Thomas Theodore Jahn, c Department W.of James and Los Angeles,L. Calif., Zoology, , &“ynchronously Divid4ng Celle; 3 years ;

ton Splitting year ; $9,000

by the Coulomb Field;

3 tion of an Unknowlt Lethal VImc8 of lgwfne:
2 years; $18,600

S. H. Madin, Department of Bacteriology, Naval Biological Laboratory ; Characteriza-

Beatrice M. Sweeney, Biology Division, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, Callf. ; Endogenour Diurnal Rhythm 3 years;

John H. Phillips, Department of Bacteri- Me8; Re848ta%oe 03 the wheat PZad to OIORS The Immune Meahani8~ of Issvtwte- Attack W the Heaim : FZvy; 3 years ; $8,700 bra?-&; 2 years ; $19,100 UNI~ER~I!~Y OF KANSAS, Lawrence, Kana.; Charles H. Sawyer, Department of An- H. W. Barrett, Department of Biochemistry; atomy, School of Medicine, Los Angeles; 2 yearn; InteetinaZ Ab8Of-ptiO% or Peptidea; Uentrnl Nervous Mechanisms OontroZZing $8,700 the Neurohypophy848; 3 years; $21,300


in UeZZDiv48ion in Yarine DinofageZZate8;
$14,100 York, of BiCOLLEQ~P OF NEW YOBK, New

EZectrophysioZogicaZ Studier Mucosa; 3 years ; $35,300

Warren 8. Rehm, Department

Louisville, Ky.; of Physiology ;



N. Y.; William Etkin, Department ology ; &Jecretory Fun&ion of the Pituitary

and Plant Pathology; Virabe MuZtipZ4oation in the Ab8enCeof it8 Nerve 1suppZy; 2 years ; a8 Influenced by Inherent Resiutance of the Plant Hoet; 2 years ; $13,000 $16,900


COLORADO STATE! UNIVERSITY, Fort Collins, of Cola. ; Frank B. Salisbury, Department Botany and Plant Physiology; The Influence

01 Growth Regulator8 Upon Flowering;


years ; $13,400 Colo. ; Robert Samuel& Department of Nicroblology, Medical Center, Denver, Colo.; Nutrition of Tr4tr4chomona8 Augusta; 2 years ; $8,800

iem in Vitamin Nutrition
3 years;

Thomas D. Luckey, Department of Biochemistry ; Role of Inteetinal Microorgan-

ological Bore48bj Resbtance oj kiant8- to Frost and Drought; 2 years: $12.500 in the Chicken:

J. Levitt.


Columbia, MO. of Botanr : Phffsi-

ology ; Fundamental Mechanisms of BioeZea- CULTURB) AND ENQINEERINQ, Raleigh, N. C. ; tr4o Act4vity; 5 years; $75,900 Robert P. Upchurch, Department of Field Beatrice C. Seegal, Department of MicroCrops ; Uptake or Organic Bubetancee by biology ; ImmunoZogicaZ diechaniems in EQJ- Plant Roots; 3 years; $23,900 perimental Nephritb; 1 year; $12,880 OHIO STATKI UNIVERSITY, Columbus, Ohio ;

Herbert Elftman, Department of Anatomy ; Ecbect of Tron8pZantatiOn on the Uytology of the Pituitary; 1 year; $5,400 Harry Grundfest, Department of Neur-

rgpeoiee, Age, and 19eaeonaZ Variation fn Amphibian Blood Compoeition; 3 years; $8,400

$28,400 NEW YORK UNIVERSITY, New York, N. Y. ; William B. Hebard, Department of Biology ;







of Zoology ; Functional Wgniflcance 01 the UastroZntestinaZ Argentafln OeZZs;3 years ;

Conn. ; John F. Kent, Department

ology ; Movement of DieeoZved Material8 Between thte Circulating BZood and Cells; 2
years ; $25,800 OBEQON STATS COLLEQB, Corvallis, Oreg. ; Carroll W. Fox, Department of Dairy and Animal Husbandry ; Dietary Influence8 on Fertility; 1 year; $6,100 Austin Pritchard, Department of Zoology ;

Leo A.



of Physi-

ology ; Natural Growth Regulator8 and Intermediary Nitrogenous Compound8 in Growth and FZower Initiation; 2 years;
$11,800 A. van Tienhoven, Department of Poultry Husbandry ; Neural CoMroZ of Ovulation; 3 years; $12,100 DID PAUL UNIVERSITY, Chicago, Ill.; John Department of Biological R. Cortelyou, Glands Zn Anuran Sciences ; Parathyrotd Amphibtane; 2 years; $8,300 DUKE UNIVERSITY, Durham, N. C. John W. Everett, Department of Anatomy ;



Ithaca, N. Y. Department of


Action of Thuroid Hormone in Embruonio Sharke; i year; $1,200

UNIVERSITY or OREQON, Eugene, Oreg. ; George M. Austin, Division of Neurosurgery Medical School. Portland. Oren. : BZnoZe CeZZ

&tivity of 8pinaZ Cord 4; Relation to Intra8pinaZ rgproutdng 01 New Terminale; 2

NeuraZ Mechanism8 Controlling the Pituitarg Gland; 2 years; $16,780

Talmage L. Peele, Department of Anatomy ; Interdependence of Amygdala and Hgpothalamue; 2 years ; $20,000 ogy ; Phy8ioZog4caZ and Chemical Btudy of G~OBQE WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY, Washingthe Yechanieme ol BioZogicaZ CZocke; 3 ton, D. C. ; Eugene M. Renkin, Department of Physiology, School of Medicine ; ReguZa- years ; $30,000 tory bfeChoni8m8 in Blood OCrcuZation; 2 PUE~DUEI RIMJEABCH FOUNDATION, Lafayette, years ; $15,500 Ind. George A. Gries, Department of Botany HARVARD UNIVERSITP, Cambridge, Mass. ; seneecence of PZant Frederick L. Hisaw, Department of Biology ; and Plant Pathology; Reproductive Hormonal Processes in Blase Roots; 1 year ; $900 Richard C. Sanhorn, Department of Biomobranch FOhe8 and A8c4dian8; 2 years; logical Sciences; The Extracellular Fluid ol $9,400 Arthropods; 2 years ; $12,100 KANSAS STATE COLLHIO~ OF AGRICULTURIO AND APPLIED SCIENCE, Manhattan, Kans. ; UNIVERSITY OB ROCHIDSTER,Rochester, N. Y. ; of PhysiByron 8. Miller and John A. Johnson, De- Terence A. Rogers, Department partment of Flour and Feed Milling Indua- ology, School of Medicine and Dentistry;

years ; $24,100 UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA, Philadelphia, of Pa. ; William 8. Yamamoto, Department Physiology, School of Medicine ; ReguZation oj the ArteriaZ UO, Concentration; 3 years; $13,100 PRINCETON UNIVERSITY, Princeton, N. J. ; Colin S. Pittendrigh, Department of Biol-


LWtribution of Mapneuiur, in TcSwsr; 1 SOCIOLOGICAL SCIENCES year ; $7,600 UNIVERSITY 0~ CALIIY)BNIA, Berkeley, Calif. ; RUTQERS, THEI STATS UNIVERSITY, New Richard C. Atkinson, Department of PsyBrunswick, N. J.; W. Rel Robblns, Departchology, Los Angeles, Cal& : YuZtCPeraon ment of Plant Physiology ; Phy&olopically Deaision Proceaaer; 1 year; $5,000 Forma of Iron fn Active and -Inactive UNIVERSITY OF CHICAQO, Chicago, III. ; RevPZantu; 1 year ; $2,000 erly Duncan, Population Research and ST. JOHN% UNIVEBBITY, Brooklyn, N. Y. ; Training Center ; MetropoZitan ReeMentiaZ Daniel M. Lilly, Department of Biology ; Btructure; 2 years ; $10,000 Growth and Nut&ion in Hypotrichous CORNELL UNIVDRBITY, Ithaca, N. Y. ; Urie Ciliater; 2 years ; $14,000 Bronfenbrenner, Department of Child DeSOUTHWESTERN LOUISIANA INSTITUTR, La- velopment and Family Relations ; Identillfayette, La. ; Velvl W. Greene, Department cattin and Family &Uructure; 1 year ; $9,500 of Bacteriology ; Interaction of Pure bltraine HARVAED UNIVERSITY, Cambridge, Mass. of Laotio lgtreptococoi; 2 years; $5,300 R. Duncan Lute, Laboratory of Social UNIVIUI~SITY OF TEXAS, Austin, Tex.; Sidney Relations ; Mathematics of Imperjeot D(rOchs, Department of Physiology, Medical crimination; 1 year ; $7,300 Branch, Galveston, Tex. ; fJurjace Reaponsee R. Duncan Lute, Laboratory of Social From the Cerebral Cortw Elicited by Btimu- Relations ; Individual fJhoice Behavior; 3 lation; 3 years; $9,600 years ; $24,500
UNI~RSITY D. 5. Van OB TORONTO, Toronto, Canada ; JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY, Baltimore, Fleet, Department of Botany ; Md.; Clinton De Sota, Department of PeyCell Division and Diflerentiation in Plants; cholopy ; Conceptual Learning oj ReZation1 year ; $2,350 ships; 2 years ; $7,100 TRINITY UNIVERSITY, San Antonio, Tex. ; MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTIO OP TBCHNOLOOY, William A. Kratz, Department of Biology ; Cambridge, Mass. Thermal Tolerant and Thermophilfo Algae; Daniel Lerner, Center for International 2 years ; $7,100 Studies ; Lgoviet Science; 1 year ; $13,800 TULANE UNIVERSITY OIP LOUISIANA, New OrMarvin E. Shaw, School of Industrial leans, La. ; Harold Baer, Department of Management ; Use of Information in SmaZZ Microbiology, School of Medicine ; Propertiecr Q-roupa; 2 years ; $9,700 and Uaea oj FZuOre8CWt Antibodies; 2 UNIVP~BSITYOF MICHIQAN, Ann Arbor, Mich. ; years ; $17,000 Robert B. Zajonc, Research Center for Group UNIV~~RSITY OF UTAH, Salt Lake City, Utah ; Dynamics ; lSeZective FaCtOr in Cognition; James R. King, Department of Experimental 3 years; $26,200 Energy Yetaboliam; 3 UNIVIQESITY 01 MINNIUSOTA, Minneapolis, Biology ; Avian years ; $15,000 Minn. ; Harold H. Keller, Laboratory of ReVALPABAISO UNIVERSITY, Valparalso, Ind. search and Social Relations ; Patterns oj W. C. Gunther, Department of Biology ; Interdependency in BmaZZQroupe; 3 years; Rea8onaZ Variation oj Reproductive Organ8 $20,300 and Endocrine GZand8: 1 vear : $1.600 UNIVEBSITY OF NOBTH CABOLINA, Chapel Robert J. Hanson, Depa&nent of .Blology, Daniel 0. Price, Institute for The Phapooytoaia of Influenza Virus; 3 Hill, N. C. ; Social Science; Uomputer ReResearch in years ; $8,880 eearch in Demography; 1 year; $9,900 WALDIOMAR MEDICAL RESEARCH FOUNDATION, UNIVERSITY OP PENNSYLVANIA, Philadelphia, INC., Port Washington, Long Island, N. Y. ; S. Thomas, Department of Norman Molomut, Scientific Director ; The Pa. ; Dorothy SOCiOiOgy ; YigtWiOn Df&?rentfaZU; 2 years ; Edecta oj Neuropenio Btreae on Tiseue Re- $20,200 generation; 18 months ; $14,500 WAYNIO STATB UNIVERSITY, Detroit, Mlch. ; RUTOIRS, THUD STATII! UNIVIDBSITY, New N. J.; John W. Riley, Jr., De4 Walter Chavln, Department of Biology ; Brunswick, partment of Nature and Role of the Thyroid Hormone for LVooiaZ Sociology ; BtatiatCcaZ Method8 Byetern Data; 3 years ; $14,600 in PrCmttive Vertebrates; 2 years; $13,000 SYSTEMATIC BIOLOGY ALLEQHENY COLLEOBI,Meadville, Pa. ; Robert E. Bugbee, Department of Biology ; ReVj8COn

WILKES COLLEOE, Wilkes-Barre, Pa. ; Charles B. Reif, Department of Biology ; Protoplaem40 Bimilaritiee Between Green and UoZorZeas Forma of Euptena; 2 yeare ; $7,400 UNIVERSITY OB WISCONSIN, Madison, Wis. Harold R. Wolfe, Department of Zoology ;


AM~BICAN MUSEUM OP NATURAL HISTORY, of Zoology ; New York, N. Y. Phya~oZogicaZFactor8 Inpuenoing Migration Joseph C. Moore, Department of Mammals; Revision of the Indomalayan Bciuand Molt i?s Birds; 2 years ; $6,500 ridae; 1 year ; $2,700 YALE UNIVERSITY, New Haven, Conn. Nicholas 8. Obraztsov, Department of InPhilip B. Cowles, Department of YicroBacteriophagy and Bacteriocino- sects and Spiders ; Revision oj North Am& biology ; can Tortricidae; 2 years ; $12,000 peny; 2 years; $11,000 AMHEBST COLLEOBI,Amherst, Mass. ; Albert Jerome P. Sutin, Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine; Uentral Nervous Bya- E. Wood, Department of Biology, Evolution tern ddechanisma Regulating Food Intake; oj Early Rodent8 and Lapomorpha; 3 years ; 3 years; $26,999 $8,000 years ; $18,000 Charles M. Welse, Department

oj Age to Antibody

oj North Amerkan Hpeoiea oj Eurptoma; Reaponae; 2 years ; $2,000



UNIV~BSITY 01 ARKANSAS, Fayetteville, Ark. ; Herndon 0. Dowling, Department of Zoology ; American Specie8 of Elaphe (Reptilia) ; 2 years ; $0,000 BEBNICE~ P. BISHOP MU~EUY, Honolulu, T. H.; J. Linsley Gressitt, Department of Entomology ; Zoogeography and Evolution o] PacifZc Inseote; 2 years ; $25,000 BOSTON UNIVERSITY, Boston, Mass. ; Arthur G. Humes, Department of Biology; Cope-

A Systematio Study of the ffenu.8 Amorpha (Leguminosae) ; 2 years ; $4,600
FLORIDA STATIUUNIVEBSEFY, Tallahassee, Fla. Robert K. Godfrey, Department of Biologid cal Sciences ; Vascular Plant8 of Aquatic

Robert L. Wilbur,


of Botany;






poda (Cruetacea) of Africa and Madagaecar;
1 year; $4,800

OF CALIFORNIA, Berkeley, Calif. Systematic8 and Evolution of the Amphfbia; Martin W. Johnson, Scripps Institution of 2 years ; $2,400 Oceanography, La Jolla, Calif. ; Taxonomdo William J. Riemer, Florida State Museum ;

years ; $6,000 Robert B. Short, Department of Biological Sciences; Taxonomic Studies of Diccye. mid Yesozoa; 2 years; $6,300 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, Gainesville, Fla. Coleman J. Goin, Department of Biology ;

3 years; $7,400 Maynard F. Moseley, Department of BotMinter J. Westfall, Jr., Department of any, Santa Barbara College, Goleta, Calif. ; Biology ; Systematio b’tUdie8 of North Morphologtial EM&es of Nymphaeaceae; 3 Americalz Zygoptera; 3 years; $15,000 years ; $8,000 Iowa. Irwin M. Newell, Division of Life Science, GRINNELL COLLEOIU,Grinnell, Department Kenneth A. Christiansen, of River&de ; Correlation of Larvae and Adults Biology ; Sy8temati.o Studiee of ColEemboZa; of Polytr+chous Trombidiform Mites; 3 2 years ; $5,400 years ; $16,800 Norman H. Russell, Department of BiolRuben A. Stirton, Museum of Paleontology : 2 years The Genus Viola in North America; 3 Tertiary &fammale of Auetralia; WY : ; $11,600 years ; $7,100 HARVARD UNIVERSITY, Cambridge, Mass. CANISIUS COLLEOI, Buffalo, N. Y. ; John L. Richard A. Howard, Arnold Arboretum; Blum, Department of Biology ; Composition Flora of the Lesser Antilles; 3 years; and Phytogeography of the Coastal Vaf& $21,000 cheria Belt; 2 years ; $3,800 I. Mackenzie Lamb, Farlow Herbarium ; F~~ICAQO AcADsaf Y OB SCIENCES, Chicago, New Index of Lichens; 2 years ; $3,900 Herbert W. Levi, Museum of Comparative . ; Dr. Howard K. Gloyd, Director; The CroMid wake Genue Agkistrodon; 2 years; Zoology ; Type Specie8 of Rare Spider Qenera; 1 year; $2,200 $4,400 Alfred S. Romer, Museum of UNIVERSITY OB CHICAOO, Chicago, Ill. ; Bar- Zoology ; SStudyof Carboniferous Comparative Tetrapode; bara F. Palser, Department of Botany; 2 years ; $7,800 Floral Morphology of the Ericales; 2 years; Alfred S. Romer, Museum of Comparative $10,000 Zoology ; Triassic Vertebrate8 of Argentina; CLARPMONT GRADUATE SCHOOL, Claremont, 1 year ; $3,000 Department of Calif. ; Sherwin Carlquist, Ernest E. Williams, Museum of ComparaBotany; Wood Anatomy of Compositae; 3 tive ZoologJ‘; Syatematics and Ecology of years ; $7,300 Anolie in Cuba; 2 years ; $9,700 COLLEQIU OIP MEDICAL EVANOELISTS, Loma UNIVERSITY OF HAWAII, Honolulu, T. 1~. ; Linda, Calif. ; Bruce W. Halstead and Leonard D. Tuthill, Department of EntoF. Rene Modglin, Department of Biotoxi. mology ; Insects of Hawaii; 3 years ; $37,500 cology ; Phylogenetic Relationships in Sting- IDAHO STATE COLLEQE, Pocatello, Idaho ; rays; 2 years; $9,000 Marie L. Hopkins, Department of Zoology ; Bison Latifrona and Aesociated Pleistocene COLORADO STATB UNIVIIIRSITY, Fort Collins, of Fauna; 3 years; $4,800 Cola. ; Tyler A. Woolley, Department Zoology; Bystematics of Oribatid Mites; 3 UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS, Urbana, Ill. years ; $12,000 Donald P. Rogers, Department of Botany ; UNIVERSITY OB CONNHCTICUT, Storrs, Conn. ; Lower Baeid$omycetes of Oregon; 2 years; James A. Slater, Department of Zoology and $10,000 Milton W. Sanderson, State Natural HisEntomology ; Systematio Studies of the Family Lygaeidae (Hemiptera) ; 4 years ; tory Survey Division ; Weet Indian Specie8 I$ 8;$gZlophaga (Coleoptera) ; 3 years ; $18,000 CORNELL UNIVERSITY, Ithaca, N. Y. Wilson N. Stewart, Department of BotHelen J. Illick, Biology Department, RusFO88il.3 of the Penney& any ; Petrifaction sell Sage College, Troy, N. Y. ; Morphology vania period; 3 years ; $10,000 ot the Lateral-Line System in Cgprinidae; 1 STATE UNIVERSITY OF IOWA, Iowa City, Iowa ; year ; $1,750 of Botany; Edward C. Raney, Department of Con. Robert F. Thorne, Department aud Speciation in Vaecular Plants of Zowa; 3 years; $10,000 servation ; Systematic8 KAISER FOUNDATION, Oakland, Calif. ; BenFishee; 1 year ; $8,300 Charles G. Sibley, Department of Con- jamin G. Chitwood, Laboratory of Comparaand Morphology ; Marine servation ; Paper E~ectrophoresie A8 a tive Physiology Method in Avtan Taxonomy; 1 year ; $5,400 Nematode8 and Other Scolecidans; 2 years; $12,000 DUKE UNIVERSITY, Durham, N. C. OB H. L. Blomquist, Department of Botany ; KXNSAS STATE COLLEQH~ AQRICULTUR~ AND APPLIED SCIENCXI, Manhattan, Kans. ; RegiSyetematiccs of Sphagnum CnNorth America; nald H. Painter, Department of Entomology ; 2 years; $8,400

and Zoogeographic Studies (Oruetacea) ; 1 year ; $2,100


Copepoda Herepetofauna

of the ApaZachicoZa Baain;

Austin B. Williams, Institute of Fisheries Research ; Decapod Cruetaceana of the Bosrtheastern United Matee; 3 years; $8,000 C~NIVEESITY OR KANSAS, Lawrence, Kans. Robert W. Baxter, Department of Botany : OKLAHOJIA STATB~UNIVERSITY AND APPLIED The Pennsylvanian Fossil Flora 01 Eaetern SCIIaNCBI,Stillwater, Okla. ; George A. Moore, Department of Zoology ; Comparative Xorphgansae; 3 years ; $11,600 E. Raymond Hall, Department of Zoology : OloQy of &Lnjiehes; 2 years ; $7,000 systematic8 Btudfes of North Americas Mam- UNIVERSITY OR OKLAHOIXA RESEARCH INSTImals; 3 years ; $11,000 TUTE, Norman, Okla. : Norman H. Boke, DeRonald L. McGregor, Department of Bat. partment of Plant Sciences, University of any ; A BiO8y8tematCO BtudQ 01 Echtnaceo Oklahoma ; Developmental Anatomy of Cac(Compoeitae) ; 2 years; $5,300 taceae; 3 years; $16,200 UNIVERSITX OA MAINE, Orono, Maine. OREGONSTATS COLLIDGE,Corvallis, Oreg. Gordon E. Gates, Department of Zoology ; Harold J. Jensen, Department of Botany of Oligochasta; 4 years j nud Plant Pathology ; Survey 01 Marine Claesilication $26,000 Nematodes; 3 years; $9,900 Martin A. Rosinski, Department of Bat. Herman A. Scullen, Department of Entoany and Plant Pathology ; MorphoZogQ and mology ; Tazonomic Studiee of CercerCnf; 2 Cytology of Ceratocyetis; 2 years ; $3,700 years ; $5,800 William P. Stephen, Department of EntoUNIVE.RSITY OF MARYLAND, College Park, Md. ; 0. W. Wharton, Department of Zool- mology ; &‘ystematio Studies ol Apidae; 3 ogy ; Baeic Research in Acarology; 3 years ; years ; $9,400 RANCHO SANTA ANA BOTANIC GARDEN, Clare$27,800 mont, Calif. ; Philip A. Munz, Director ; UNIVEIZSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS, Amherst, Mass. ; Charles P. Alexander, Department of Cytological a,nd Systematic Investigation8 of Entomology ; Crase-Fliee of Western North Onagraceae; 3 years ; $10,600 UNIVERSITY, ~tOOSEVELT Chicago, Ill. ; America; 2 years; $3,200 MICHIGAN STATS UNIVERSITY OF AQRICITL- Charles II. Seevers, Department of Biology ; Systematic8 and Evolution of the StaphyTURBI AND APPLIED SCIHINCE, East Lansing, Mich. ; Henry A. Imshaug ; Department of linidae; 3 years; $6,900 Botany and Plant Pathology ; Taxonomic and RUSSELI, SAGE COLLEGE, Troy, N. Y. ; Geneva Phytogeographic b’tudy ol Weet Indian Savre. Deuartment of Biolorrv : Nomencl.atube and *Claseiflcation 03 B&ophytes; 1 L&hens; 3 years; $19,000 year ; $8,500 UNIVERSITY OF MICHIOAN, Ann Arbor, Mich. RUTGERS, THID STATE UNIVICRSITY, New Claude W. Hibbard, Museum of Paleontology ; PleCetoce?teFaunas of the High Plaina Brunswick, N. J. Ruth E. Gordon, Institute of Microbiology ; Region; 3 years; $18,600 Warren H. Wagner, Department of Bot- Taxonomic Stud@ of Actinomycetes; 3 years ; $20,000 any; Fern Taxonomy; 1 year; $8,000 Marion A. Johnson, Department of BotUNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA, Minneapolis, nny ; Serological Btudy of Festuceae; 3 Minn. ; A. Orville Dahl, Department of Bot- years ; $15,000 any ; Fine Structure 01 Pollen Graina; 2 ST. JOHN FISHER COLLEGE, Rochester, N. Y. ; years ; $11,000 Ross H. Arnett, Jr., Department of Biology ; MISSOURI BOTANICAL GARDEIN, St. Louis, Npeciation of Oedenterid Beetles; 2 years; MO. ; Julian A. Steyermark, Research De- $3,500 partment ; Revised Catalogue oj Missouri INSTITUTION 9 Washington, SMITHSONIAN Flora; 1 year; $1,750 LJ. c. UNIVERSITY OF NEW HAI~PSHIRE, Durham, Carl J. Drake, Department of Zoology; N. H. &fonogra,phic studies of Tingidae and PresMarian H. Pettibone, Department of Zool- &due (Ziemiptera) ; 2 years ; $19,000 WY ; Polychaetoue Annelide 01 New En@Mason E. Hale, Jr. ; Department of Bat. land; 4 years ; $15,000 1 year; w ; Lichen8 oj West Virginia; Emery F. Swan, Department of Zoology ; $1,650 ffrowth and Variation in Sea Urchins (EchiPorter M. Kier, Department of Geology noidea) ; 4 years ; $18,600 Studies of Cassiduloida (Echinoidea) ; 1 N~cw YORK BOTANICAL GARDEN, New York, grar ; $2,700 N. Y.; David D. Reck ; Assistant Director Floyd A. McClure, Department of Botand Head Curator; Studies Cn Syetematic lny ; Taxonomy 01 the Bambooe; 2 years; Botany; 1 year ; $30,000 e14,ooo Nqw YORK ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY, New York, L~NIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA, Los N. Y. ; Myron Gordon, Genetics Laboratory ; Bnrreles. Calif. : John S. Garth. Denartment A Biological &&r&thesis of the Poeciliid If f<ioldgy ; Xakthidae of the kacijc AmcrFishes; 2 years ; $11,000 ban Coast; 2 years ; $11,500 NORTII CAROLINA STATS COLLEGE or AGRI- SOUTHWESTERN LOUISIANA INSTITUTE, LaCIJLTUBE AND ENGINEERING, Raleigh, N. C. ‘ayette, La. ; William D. Reese, Departmeut Clyde F. Smith, Division of Biological )f Biology ; The Mo88 Genus Calymperee Cn Sciences ; Catalogue 01 the Homoptera of the gouth America; 2 years; $3,300 World; 1 year ; $6,900 STANFORD UNIVERSITY, Stanford, Calif. ; Theodore B. Mitchell, Division of BiologiGeorge S. Myers, Natural History Museum ; Cal Sciences; Native Bees 01 the Eastern ?Qetematic igtudy of Zeomorph Fishes; 3 United States; 3 years; $34,000 rears ; $16,000 UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA, Chapel UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE, Knoxville, Term. Arthur C. Cole. Jr.. Denartment of EntoHill, N. C.; Albert E. Radford, Department of Botany ; Flora of North and Routh Caro- nology ; The Ant Genus Pogonomyrmex; 2 rears ; $6,000 lina; 2 years ; $16,000

Tasonomdc .Htudy of Poeoilanthrw tera) ; 2 years ; $2,000



Sla,ooo TEXAS RES~AECE FOUNDATION, Renner, Tex. ; Donovan 8. Correll, Botanical Laboratory ; Se&ion Tuberariwm oj Solannm in North, Central and South America; 2 years ; $14,000 UNIVERSITY OF TBXAS, Austin, Tex. W. Frank Blair, Department of Zoology; Speciutiolr (n AmphMan Populations; 8 years ; $15,300 Harold C. Bold, Department of Botany: Algae oj Texa8 80218; 1 year; $6,000 Clark Hubbs, Department of Zoology, S&yii;on Zn F&h Popuktfon; 3 years ; Wilson S. Stone and Marshall R. Wheeler, Department of Zoology ; Drosophilldae of the C?Wibbean Regione; 3 years; $26,000 UNIVERSITY OIP TULSA, Tulsa, Okla. ; Albert I?. Blair and Hague L. Lindsay, Jr., Department of Life Sciences ; Population Studice of Plethodontid Salamandere; 2 years ; OP UTAH, Salt Lake City, Utah ; George F. Edmunds, Department of Zoology and Entomology ; Higher CZassjjZcatZon oj Ephemeroptera; 2 years ; $6,300 VALPARAMO UNIVERSITY, Valparaiso, Ind. ; Carl H. Krekeler, Department of Biology;

VawuZar Plant8


J. Sharp, Department

of Tenneesea; 3 yews;

of Botauy ;

5xeeutive Dtmction
?~ATXO~ALACADEMY 01 ScnPn~~s-NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL, Washington, D. C.; 3. D. Meid, Business Manager; Commtttee )n Polar Re6earch; 1 year ; $30,000


ton, D. C. ; H. Arnold ~10,000

Zuct o! Qeomagnetism Program;

Karo, Director

2 years ;

; Con-

I3ZadoZogy 4ac~lc INSTITUTIU OP NOBTH AMBRICA, New Ilork, N. Y. Walter A. Wood, Director ; Conduct of 1Program in Traverse SeZsmoZogy; 2 years;
: 642,000

Walter A. Wood, Director; Conduct ot Station and Traverse GZadoZogy; 2 years ;

Iono8pheric Phyeics NATIONAL BUREAU OB STANDARDS, Washington, D. C. ; A. V. Astin, Director ; Conduct 01 lOnOSPhe?% Phy8i~8 Program; 2 years ; 6109,300

Veteorology CoZeop- [J. S. WEATHER BUREAU, Washington, D. C. ; F. W. Reichelderfer, Chief ; Conduct of UNIVERSITY OF VERMONT AND STATED A~RICULweteorology Program; 2 years ; $301,000 Spetematic Studies o$ CaVerniCOZOu8 tera; 3 years ; $4,500 of Prlngle’e Undistributed Zectione; 2 years ; $6,400
TURAL COLLEOBI,Burlington, Vt. ; Hubert W. Vogelmann, Department of Botany; A Study



WOODS Ho~ar OCEANOQRAPHIC INBTITUTION, Woods Hole, Mass. ; John McGilvray, Busiless Manager; Procurement of Deep Water Large Sampte BOttZe8; 1 year ; $2,000

-S43018 %I&~&I&tsNI ~INH~G~x.X’IO~ VINIOXIA burg, Va. ; Perry C. Holt, Biology Department ; Systematic Studies 01 BranchiobdelZidae; 2 years ; $5,800 UNIVERSITY OF WASHINOTON, Seattle, Wash. ; Paul L. Illig, Department of Zoology ; Byetematdce of Crustacia; 2 years ; $17,700 WASHINGTON UNIVEREIITY, St. Louis, MO. ; Carroll W. Dodge, Henry Shaw School of Botany ; Lichen Flora of the Antarctio Uontine&; 2 years; $13,100 UNIVMRSITY OB WISCONSIN, Madison, Wis. ; John W. Thomson, Department of Botany:

Station Seiemologp

A Manual of

years ; $8,000 YOUNGSTOWN Ohio ; Fred H. year ; $1,300 CONTINUING

gy ; The Aortto Arch S’ystem ot Bird8:

CALIFORNIA INSTITUTIU OF TECHNOLOGY, Pasadena, Calif. ; Frank Press, Director, Seismological Laboratory ; Seismology Observation8 at WCZkee Station; 2 years ; $2,500 COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY, New York, N. Y. ; Maurice Ewing, Director, Lamont Geological Observatory ; Seiemology Obeervations at Hallett Station; 2 years ; $2,500 American Arctic L&hens ; 2 U. S. COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY, Washington, D. C. ; H. Arnold Karo, Director ; Seiemologg Ob8ervations at Byrd and South UNIVERSITY, Youngstown, 2 years ; $5,000 Glenny, Department of Biolo- Pole stationa;




Field Operation8


UNIVERSITY OIP ARIZONA, Tucson, Ariz., Kenneth F. Wertman, Department of BacAurora and AirgZou, teriology ; PUrCha8e of an Electron MCcroARCTIC INSTITVT~D OF NORTH AMERICA., New 8cope jor BaadoReeearch; 1 year ; $30,200 York, N. Y.; Walter A. Wood, Director ; BAYLOR UNIVERSITY, Waco, Tex. ; Stanley W. Conduct of the Aurora and Airglow Pro- Olson, Dean, College of Medicine, Texas gram; 2 years ; $20,000 Medical Center, Houston, Tex. ; Short Term Research bg &fedicaZ Students; 3 years; Biology and dledicine $12,000 ARCTIC INSTITUTIU OB NORTH AY~BICA, New York, N. Y. ; Walter A. Wood, Director ; BERMUDA BIOLOGICAL STATION, St. George’s Eetablishment of a BiOlOgiCal Laboratory at West, Bermuda; W. H. Sutcliffe, Jr., Director ; Research at the Bermuda BioZogicaZ the Antarctio hfolliurdo Base; 2 years; Station; 5 years; $12,500 $82,000

U. S. WIDATHER BUREAU, Washington, D. C. ; F. W. Reichelderfer, Chief; CJondUct of Antarctic Field Operatione; 2 years ; $51,600

Program of Summer Reeearch for Teacher8 of COZZt?gt3 Php8fOZOQg;1 year; $50,000

D. C. ; Louis

N. Katz,

WashPresident ;

w dledicaZ Btudcrrt8; 3 years ; $12,000 DUKB UNIVEBSITY, Durham, N. C. ; Kennetl E. Penrod. Assistant Dean, School of Medi, tine ; Bhort Term Research b Mediaa Btudent8; 3 years ; $10,800 UNIVERSITY OB FEPU)BIDA, Gainesville, Fla. George T. Harrell, Dean, The College 01 Medicine; Bhort Term Research b Medic& tJtudent6; 3 years; $3,600

COLUMBIll UxrvmB8fTP, New York, Willard C. Rappleye, Dean, College sic&us and Surgeons ; 8hort Term


N. Y. of Phy

dne; 8hort Term Re6eareh b# dent8; 8 yeara; $12,000


8twWia. ;


F. IIZ Shideman, Chairman, Committee on Scholarships and Fellowships of the Medical School; Bhort Term Research b AtadioaZ Btudents; 3 years ; $12,000 land, Executive Director : Distilling Equip ment for Hasardouo VoZatiZs 8oZvents; 1

Bummer Research at the GuZf Coast Research Laboratory; 2 years ; $12,000


Miss. ; Gordon



year ; $4,500 YESHIVA UNIVQBSITY, New York, N. Y. ; Marcus D. Kogel, Dean, Albert Einstein College of Medicine ; Bhort Term Reeearoh by YedioaZ 8tudentr; 3 years ; $12,000

Associate Dean ; Bhort Term Research b& FACILITIES YedZcaZ Btudents; 3 years; $12,000

An Electron Micro8cope for BitiZogicaZ Re search; 1 year; $32,800

F. M. Carpenter,

Cambridge, Mass. ; Department of Biology;

HIGHLAND BIOLOQICAL STATION, INC., High. lands, N. C. ; Thelma Howell, Executive Director ; 8ummer Reeearch at the Highlands Biological Btation; 3 years; $17,400 UNIVEBSITY OB KANSAS, Kansas City, Kans. ; Alvar A. Werder. Chairman of the Research Committee, Schobl -of Medicine ; 8hort Term Research by hZedicaZ Btudents; 3 years; $10,300 UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN, Ann Arbor, Mich. ; A. H. Stockard, Director, University of Michigan Biological Station ; summer Researoh at the University of Michigan BZoZogCoaZ Bta-

BOTANICAL Soc~ln~m OF AMERICA, INC., Pasadena, Calif. ; F. W. Went, President ; Fea6ibitity Study-jor Uonstruction of a Controlled Environment FadZitu : 1 vear : $20.200 UNIVERSITY OF CAL&RN& Be%eley, Calif. ; Stanislavs Vaeilevskis, Lick Observatory ; Deeign of Equipment UonsisHng 01 an Auto-

motto Machine for iUea6uring Aetrographio Position6 and Magnitudes; 1 year; $67,200

tion; 2 years ; $16,100

IOWA STAT~P COLLEOBI, Ames, Iowa; R. M. Stewart, Department of Physics ; (lonstruotion of a High Bpeed Digital Computer; Term Reeearch by Medical Btudentr; 3 1 year; $50,000 I MARINE BIOLOQICAL LABORATOBY, Woods Hole, years ; $12,000 NOBTHWESTEBN UNIVERSITY, Evanston, Ill. ; Mass. : PhiliD B. Armstrong. Director : UolzRichard H. Young, Dean, The Medical School, p&u&ion oj^ a Research %uiZding and of Chicago, Ill. ; 8hort Term Research by Medi- Hourring for Baeio BioZogicaZ and Medical Sciencea; 8 years; $544,250 CaZ8tUdent6; 3 yeara; $12,000 UNIVERSITY OB ROCHESTEB, Rochester, N. Y. ; UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA, Minneapolis, uinn. ; 8. E. Warschawski, Department of Donald G. Anderson, Dean, School of Medicine and Dentistry ; Bhort Term Re6earOh by Slathematics ; Acquieition 01 a High Bpeed Digital Oomputer; 1 year; $100,000 Medical Btudents; 3 years ; $12,000 UNIV&RSITY OF OKLAHOMA, Norman, Okla. ; UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFOBNIA, Los 3erald S. Tuma, School of Electrical EngiAngeles, Calif. ; Frederick J. Moore, Research Committee, School of Medicine; short Term leering ; Oonetruction of a High Bpeed Digital Computer; 1 year ; $60,000 Research by MedicaZ Btudents; 3 years; $12,000 UNIVERSITY OR VIRGINIA, Charlottesville, Va. UNIVEBSITY OF TEXAS, Austin, Tex. ; John B. Horton H. Hobbs, Jr., Director; ImproveTruslow, Executive Director, Medical Branch, nent of Reeearch FfZCiZiti66 at the hfountain Galveston, Tex. ; Bhort Term Research by Lake BIological Btation; 1 year; $5,200 Lawrence R. Quarles, Dean of the School Medical 8tudent6; 3 years ; $12,000 )f Engineering ; Researoh Reactor FacZZity; TULAN~D UNIVERSITY OB LOUISIANA, New Orleans, La. ; M. E. Lapham, Dean, The ! years; $160,000 School of Medicine ; 8hort Term Research by STATE COLLEGE OB WASHINGTON, Pullman, Medical Btudents; 3 years ; $12,000 of rash. ; Harold W. Dodge& Department :hemistry : Reeearoh Reactor FaciZCty; 2 UNIVBRSITY OF UTAH, Salt Lake City, Utah; rears ; $300,000 Philip B. Price, Dean, College of Medicine; Bhort Term Research by MedioaZ 8tUdent6; SALK UNIVEBSITY, New Haven, Conn. ; Edgar 8 years; $12,000 1. Boell, Department of Zoology ; Fauitity Be&Water Bystem; 1 VANDERBILT UNIVEBSITY, Nashvllle, Tenn. ; !or a Recircukting ‘ear ; $4,700 John B. Youmans, Dean, The School of Medi-

UNIVERSITY 0~ MINNESOTA, Minneapolis, Minn. ; Robert B. Howard, Associate Dean, The Medical School; 8hort Term Research by hfed2caZ8tudente; 3 years ; $12,000 NEW YORK UNIVERSITY, New York, N. Y.; W. N. Hubbard, Jr., Associate Dean, New York University College of Medicine ; Bhort

HABVARD UNIVERSITY, Cambridge, Mass. ; Alfred 8. Romer, Director, Museum of Comparative Zoology ; Museum FadZitics for Re search in Byetematio Zoology and PaZeontoZogy; 5 years; $300,000 UNIVEXSITY OF HAWAII, Honolulu, T. H. ; A. H. Banner, Acting Director ; Improvement 01 Reeearoh FaoiZitCes at the Hawaii Mar2116 Laboratory; 1 year; $13,500 INDIANA UNIVERSITY, Bloomington, Ind. ; Ralph E. Cleland, Botany Department ; A

Dontrolled Environment Room for BotanicaZ Re8earCh; 1 year; $25,000

Grants Other Than Research


FISCAL YEAR 1958 PJympostum on Comparative Endrocrinol;~fX&f”YtNC!IUSIN SUPPORTOlIF

ogy; $14,300 C~~JNCIL ON WAVE RESBARCH, Richmond, Uonference on Calif. ; Kixth Internutfonat

ology in Private Inetitution8; $6,000


Coastal Engineering;


In Architecture;

AMERICAN INSTITUTE op ABCHITECTS, Washington, D. C. ; Conference on Ba8iO Reeearch



International #‘ymposCum on Enzyme Uhemistry; $10,000 $0,000

The PhysiologicaZ Relation8 Between Nucleus and Cytoplasm; 1 week; $2,900 Conference on ExtrachromosomaZ Eeredity; 5 days; $3,600 N. Y. ; Industry-University Oonference 0% Research on Elect& ca2 EngWeering; $2,500

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY, Schenectady, N. Y.; Conference on the Properties of

Metals at Low Temperatures; nettifce; $20,000
Montreal, ington,

GENETIC% SOCIETY OF AMERICA, Madison, Uongrese of Gewis. ; Tenth International

Tenth InternationaZ

Clongress of Genetioe,

Tex. ;

AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGIST’S UNION, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. ; Recent Advance8 in


in Ctl;iZ Engineering;

WashD. C. ; Conference on Ba8Zo Researoh

Canada ; $26,000 UNIVEBSITY,


AMERICAN Connecticut tion, New

Ga.; UonPHYTOFATHOLOGICAL SOCIETY, ference on Bait Marsh Research; $10,800 Agricultural Experiment Sta- UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS, Urbana, Ill.; FunHaven, Conn. ; &@mposium on damentat Research dn PlaZn (loncrete; Plant Pathology; $3,400 $8,400 AMHIRICAN SOCIETY OF CIVIL ENGINEERS, INDIANA UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION, BloomNew York, N. Y. ; Joint Meeting of the ington, Ind. ; Hyperconjugation; 3 days ; International Aesociatfon for Bridge and $2,000 Btructurat Engineering and the structural INTXUBNATIONALUNION OP PUREI AND APPLIED Division of the American society of UMZ CHEMISTRY, Basel, Switzerland ; 40th Meetlhgineering; $8,000 ing of the Emecutive Committee oj the InBIOLOGICAL ABSTRACTS, Philadelphia, Pa. ; ternational Union of Pure and Applied UOnje?WWe0% U. 19. &!ient$flo Abstracting Chemistry; $5,000 and Indexing Services; $11,400 JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY, Baltimore, BIOMETRIC SOCIBTY, Eastern North AmeriMd. ; The Chemicat Ba8i8 of Development; can Region, Blacksburg, Va. ; Fourth In- 1 week; $6,500 ternational Biometrio &mpos(um on Bio- LONQ ISLAND BIOLOQICAL ASSOCIATION, metrio Genetics; $2,500 Cold Spring Harbor, N. Y. ; 8.Wd Cold &?pring Harbor KymposCum on QuantZtative HIOPHPSIC~I, SOCIETY, Cambridge, Mass.:

OrrabthoZogicaZ Reeearch; $2,800


r9ymposla on the &Ztructure and Function of Biology; $6,500 MicrosomaZ Particle8 and on the Nature oj MARINB BIOLOQICAL LABORATORY, Woods Muscle Protein; $5,000 Hole, Mass. ; #ymposCum on Sulfur in ProUNIVPIRSITY OIT CALIFORNIA, Berkeley,

Uonferenoe on the Axiomatio Method in Gebme’trg and Physics; $17,250 Symposium on &atietioaZ YethOd in Radio Wave Propagation Inveetigations;
$2,000 UNIVP~RSITY OF CHICAQO, Chicago, Ill. ; Conference on High Temperature Research;


teina; $9,000 MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OB TIUCHNOLOOY, Cambridge, Mass. ; Conjerence for Uourse Content Btudtes Cr, ilfathematios; 2 days; $6,000 ~IILJWEST RBSEARCII INSTITUTE, Iiansas City, Bcattering From MO. ; Small Angle X-ray

Metals; $4,600



Uonfersnoe on Engineering Science Research

Colo. ;

$5,000 COLU~RIA UNIVBIBSITY, New York, N. Y. Symposium on Uelestial Yechanios ; $8,000

MISSOURI BOTANICAL GARDEN, St. Louis, MO. ; Taxonomic Coneequencee 01 Man’s dctivities; $1,500 NATIONAL ACADE~XYOF SCIENCES-NATIONAL RWSEARCH COUNCIL, Washington, D. C. W. W. Atwood, .lr., Offlce of International Relations ; A New International Council of


&9entiflo Unions Oommittee, #‘Bpecfal Committee on the Contamination of Extra Ter. restrial Bodies (UETEX)“; $15,000 Oonference on Atmospheric Chenristty of Sulphur and Chlorine; $4,000 Fracture Colloquium; 4 days; $7,000 InternationaZ Congrees of Radiation Ice search; 0 days; $7,l500 Stopping Power Conference; $6,500 ference on the lStructure of Mucopolyeac charide8; $6,000
RETINA FOUNDATION, Boston, Mass. ; Con-

Teacher8 of &oienca and Mothemotias;
months ; $247,100


Academic-Year Institute for High L3ohooZ Teacher8 of B&enca and Math@matics; 10 months; $26U,OOO OREGON STATE COLLEGID, Corvallis, Ore& ; Academic-Year Institute for High Sohoot Teacher8 of Science and AiathematiC8; 10
Okla.; months ; $248,000 PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVH~RSITY, Unlversity Park, Pa. ; Academic-Year Institute for High School Teacher8 of the Soiences; 10


UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER, Rochester, N. Y. International Uonfermce on gemiconductor8;5 days; $5,000 THY ROCKIDFELLER IN#TITUT& New York, N. Y.

monthe; $286,000

STATE UNIVERSITY OR SOUTH DAKOTA, Vermillion, S. Dak. ; Academic-Year Inetitute for High School Teacher8 of &‘&ence; 10 $23,000 months ; $250,000 RUTGERS, THE STATE UNIVERSITY, New SYRACUSE UNIVERSITY, Conference on Biochemi- .Jcadentio-Year Institute Syracuse, N. Y.; Brunswick, N. J. ; for cal and Serological Characterization of Pro- Teacher8 03 Science; 10 months High School ; $280,050 teins; $1,000 UNIVERSITY OR TEXAS, Austin, Texas ; AcaSOCIETY FOR THM STUDY OIF DEVELOPMENT demic-year Institute for High &JchooZ TeaohAND GROWTH, Washington, D. C.; Xeuen- er8 of Science and Mathematics; 10 months ; teenth Growth Sympoeium; 1 week; $5,700 $270,000 SOCIETY OF SYSTEMATIC ZOOLOGY, Chicago, UNIVERSITY OF UTAH, Salt Lake City, Utah ; Ill. ; TWO Hundred Yeare 01 Progress in Academic-Year Institute for High Schoot &8tematic Biology; $2,600 Teczchers of Science and Mathematics: 10 WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY, St. Louis, MO. : months ; $2’60,000 The Midwest Conference on Theoretical 1UNIVEKSITY OF VIRGINIA, Charlottesville, Va. ;

A seminar series on Developmental Bi01ogp; $2,000 Sympoeium on Elementary Proceeees in Nerve Conduction and Muscle Contraction;

School Teacher8 of Science and Mathematics; 10 months; $265,500

UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA, Philadelphia, Pa. ; Academic-Year Znetitute for High

Phpeics; $1,500

Wis. ; Teacher8 or Science and MathematiOU; 10 Analysis oj Composite Radiation From Stel- months ; $260,000 lar Byeterns; 1 day ; $980 WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY, St. Louis, MO. ; ~JNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN, Madison,

Scademic-Year Institute

for High


ilcademic-Year Inetitute for High School Tea.ohers of Boience and Mathematice; 10
months ; $269,950 UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN, Nadison, months ; $261,000

IN THE SCIENCES Academic-Year Institute8 UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGIO, Chicago, Ill. ; A(,ademic-Year Institute for Ifigh School 10 months ; Teacher8 of Mathematice; $185,150 UNIVERSITY OIT COLORADO, Boulder, Colo. ;


Academic-Year Znetitute for High School Teachers or Science and A.fathomatice; 10

Wis. ;

In-Service Institutes dcademic-Year Institute for Higlt School UNIVERSITY OF AKRON, Akron, Ohio ; Infor Secondary School Teacher8 of Science and Mathematics; 10 Service Inetitute Teachers of Science; 10 months; $3,900 months ; $267,000 HARVARD UNIBERSITY, Cambridge, Mnss. ; AMERICAN UNIVERSITY, Washington, months ; $9,040 ANTIOCH COLLEGE, Yellow

School Teacher8 of Science and Mathema-

months ; $264,950 UNIVERSITY OR ILI,INOIS, Urbana, Ill. ; AcaInstitute for High School demic-Year 10 months ; Teclchers oj Mathematics; $260,000 IOWA STATD TEACHERS COLL~QE, Cedar Falls, for High Iowa ; Academic-Year Institute

Academic-Year Institute for High Sc71ooZ In-Service Institute for Secondary School Teacher8 of Science and Mathematics; 10 Teachers of Science and Mathematics; 10

D. C. ;

Inetitute jor High School Teacher8 of Science and Mathematioe; 10 months;

Ohio ;

tics; 10 months; $260,000 UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN, Ann Arbor, Mich. ; In-Service

BALL STATE TEACHFJ~S COLLEGE, Muncie, Ind. ; In-Service Institute for High School Teachers of Mathematics; 10 months ; $9,600 High School Tenrlzers of Rr9cnce and Eathe- BOSTON COLLEGE, Chestnut Hill, Mass. ; Inmatics; 10 months; $266,800 Service Inetitute for High School Teacher8 OHIO STATID UNIVERSITY, Columbus, Ohio ; of science and dlathematice; 10 months; Academic-Year Institute For High 19chooZ $9,200

months ; $265,000 UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA, Chapel Hill, N. C. ; Academic-Year Inetitute for

Institute for ZIigh School and Academic-Year Institute for Hiah School Junior High School Teacher8 oj MatheTeacher8 of science and ViWathematic8; 10 matice; 10 months ; $5,920

$13,060 ARIZONA STATE COLLEGE, Tempe, Arie. ; InService Institute for High School Teacher8 of LTcienoe and Mathematioe; 10 months; $9,740 UNIVERSITY OF ARKANSAS, Fayetteville, Ark. ;



Eigh School Teacher6 of Science und Mathematics; 10 months ; $7,360

Gaman STATEI UNIVIOBBIT~, BowlGreen, Ohio ; In-Service ZnstZtuts for

HMACTJLATID HWBT COLLIDQ~, Los Angeles, !allf. ; In-Servic6 Znatitute for High School

‘eachera of Science aM Yathematiu6;


Service Institute for High SchooZ Teachers of Science and Yathematica; 10 months; $8,750

B. I. ; Zn-

veeks ; $7,250 NCABNATE WORD COLLEOIB, San Antonio, !ex. ; Zn-Service Znetitute for High SohooZ

reacher6 ot Biology reeks ; $11,040




Service Institute for High SchooZ Teacher8 of Physice; 10 months; $11,370 Service Znetitute for High SchooZ Teachers 01 Yathematice; 10 months ; $6,090 In-Service Institute for Secondary &hoot Teacher8 of Mathematics, at Los Angeles;
UNIVEJRSITY OB CALIFORNIA, Berkeley, Calif. ; N. Y.; In-

Pa.; Is-

NDIANA STATS TEACHERS COLLEQ~I, Terre Iante, Ind. ; In-Service Institute for High lchooZ Teacher8 of Science; 10 months ;


JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVEBSITP, Baltimore, dd. ; In-Service Institute for High School reachers of Science; 10 months; $9,060 ;adu;s STATE TEACHEB~ COLLEQE, Emporia,

10 months ; $7,140 TRACHERS COLLEQ~ OF COLUMBIA UNIVERBITY, New York, N. Y. ; In-Service Institute PI; gTsegacher6 Mathematics; 10 months ; oj DARTMOUTH COLLBIQE, Hanover,
Service Znetitute for HCgh School Teacher6 oj Chemistry and Biology; 6 montha ; $5,000

* In-Service Instatute for Secondary bhooi Science and Mathematics Teachers;
10 months; $13,500 KESTERN KENTUCKY STATE COLLIDGB, Bowlng Green, Ky. ; In-Service Znetitute for Ill. ; In-&r&e

N. H. ; Zn-

Yigh School Teacher8 of Science and Mathenatics; 10 months; $5,250
INOX COLLEGQ, Galesburg,

UNIVEREIITY OB DENVRR, Denver, 10 months; $11,600 UNIVERSITY OF DBITROIT, Detroit,

Service Znetitute for Hdoh School Teacher6 ij Biotogy, Chemikry a& General Science; Service Znetftute for Secondary School Teacher8 of Mathematics; 10 months ; $8,750 Service Institute for Secondary School Teacher8 of Science and Mathematics; 10
Ga. ; Iowa : ZnMich. ; Zn-

Colo. ; Zn-

‘nstitute for Secondary School Teacher8 oj Phg8iG8; 10 months ; $7,300


LONQ BEACH STATEI COLLEGD, Long Beach, for Secondary Jallf. ; In-Service Institute reacher8 of MUthemUtiC8 and Science; 10 nonths ; $5,550 CENTENARY COLLEGE OR LOUISIANA, Shreveport, La. ; In-Service Znetitute for High Schoot Teacher6 of htathematics; 10 months ;


In-Service Znetitute for Secondary School Teacher6 of Mathematice and Sciencea; 10
months ; $13,000 EVANSVILLE COLLEGEI, Evansville,

months ; $9,630 EMORY UNIVBRSITY, Emory University,

‘n-ServicaZnetitute for High School Teacher6 lt Mathematics; 10 months; $6,400 rnstitute jor Secondary School Teacher8 of Science and Yathematice; 10 months ; $5,140 ~ZARQUETTE UNIVERSITY, Milwaukee, Wls. ; In-Service Znetitute for Secondary School Teacher8 of Science; 10 months; $4,400


Ky. ;

Service Znetitute for Teacher8 of Chemistry;

FISK UNIVERSITY, Service Znetitute for High School Teacher8 of Chemietry; 10 months; $4,730 FORDHAM UNIVRRSITY, New York, N. Y.; In-Service Znetitute for Hioh School Teachere of Mathematics; 10~mOntbS ; $4,350 GEORGR PEABODY COLLEQ~ FOB TEACHPIRS, Nashville, Tenn. ; In-Service Znetitute fot High School Teacher6 of Physics; 10 months t

10 months; $4,380 Nashville, Tenn. ; In-


Ind. ; Zn-


lnst$tute for Secondary Schoot Teacher6 in the Biologica Sciencee; 10 months; $6,800 In-Service Institute for High SchooZ Teacher8 of Science and MUthematk8; 10 months ; $7,250
Coral Gables, Fla. ;

Ohio ; In-Servbe


GEORGP~ WaswINQyoN UNIVERSITY, Washing ton, D. C. ; In-Service Institute for High School Teacher8 of Chemistty; 10 months



Service Znetitute for Secondary Schoo, I Teacher8 of ScCence; 33 weeks ; $5,000 Znet4tute for Secondary School Teacher8 o; Mathematice; 34 weeks ; $6,700
Ohio ; In-Service



COLLRQIO OB THB HOLY CROSS, Worcester In-Service Institute for High SchooZ TeachMass. ; In-Service Znatitute jor High Schoo er-8 of Mathematics; 10 months; $6,180 Teacher8 of Mathematics; 10 months ; $4,40( MURRAY STATE COLLEGE, Murray, Icy.; InILLINOIS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOQY, Chicago Ill. ; In-Service Institute for Secofldarl Service Znetitute for Teacher8 of Secondary School Science and MUthematiC Teachere; School Teacher8 of Mathematics; 38 weeks 10 months ; $6,700 $7,000 UNIVERSITY OF NEW Msx1C0, Albuquerque, NORTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY, DeKalb Znetftute for High Ill. ; In-Service. Znetitute for Secondaq; N. Mex. ; In-Service School Teacher8 oj Science; 10 months ; School Science and Mathematic Teachers: i6 months; $6,720 $7,660

EASTERN MICHIQAN COLLEQQ, Ypsilanti, Mich. ; In-Service Institute for High School Teacher6 of Phg6iC8; 10 months; $7,540 MICHIGAN STATBI UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURHI AND APPLIED SCIENCBI, East Lansing, Mich. ; In-Service Institute for High School Teacher8 of Science and hfathematiccs; 10 months ; $5,900 UNIVERSITY OP MINNESOTA, Minneapolis, Minn. ; In-Service Institute for High School Teacher8 of Physice; 10 months ; $6,000 MONTCLAIR STATR COLLEGE, Montclair, N. J. ;

NBW YOBK UXUIVBRSITY, New York, N. Y.; In-8&s In&tutu for Bacondary BchooZ Teacher%ot MathematZo; 10 months ; $6,900 In-1Seruioe Inetttute for High &hooZ Teuchers 01 Earth Sciences; 10 months;

h.; In-&m?ios h6titlbt6 t6r High &~l)oo~ Teocherr of Science; 10 months; $5,880
SPRING HILL COLLEOB, Spring Hill, Ala.; In-&rvice Inetituts jor High &hooZ Teuaher8 of 6WesCeand Afathematiou; 10 months ; $5,440 STATB UNIVERSITY TEACHERS COLLBOII, Oneonta, N. Y. : In-b-uice Institute for Hioh Bch&oZand junior High BchooZ TeiLcher8 ,I ddathematics; 10 months ; $5,700 TEMPLE UNIVERSITY, Philadelphia, Pa. ; InUNIVERSITY 01 TENNESPLIEB, Knoxville,

In-Service In8WUte for High Bohool Teacher-8 of Mathematicu; 10 months; $4,000


N. Y.; In-et~~; BChOOZ

I?b$titute lor lgecondary M&hem&ice; 10

Beruice Institute for secondary GohooZ Teacher8 of Physice; 10 months; $7,000
Tenn. ;

service In8titute for 19econdary GchooZ months ; $8,400 Teacher8 oj &ience and Mathematice; 10 AGRICULTUBAL AND MECHANICAL COLLQGEI01
MO. ; InTIOXAS, College Station, Tex. ; In-1SeruZce In-

In-BervZce Institute for Beoondary BchooZ Teacher8 of Bdence and ddathematiocr; 10

L4eruice Inetitute for Secondary BchooZ ogy; 5 months ; $3,480 Teacher8 of Mathematic and bience; 10 UNIVERSITY OF UTAH, Salt Lake City, Utah; months ; $4,110 In-Beruice Inetitute for Junior and #enior UNIVERSITY OF OKLAHOMA RESEARCH INSTIHiah &hooZ Teacher8 of Mathematioe: 10 months ; $7,860 TUT& Norman, Okla. ; In-Service Institute for High A’chool Teacher8 of Ebience and UTAH STATS UNIVERSITY, Logan, Utah; Inddathematice; 36 weeks ; $4,790 Service Institute jor secondary BchooZ UNIVERSITY 01 ORBIGON,Eugene, Oreg. ; In- Teacher8 of &fathematiCU; 10 months ; $7,950 Service Institute for igecondary BchooZ VILLANOVA UNIVERSITY, Villanova, Pa. ; InMathematic Teachers; 10 months ; $3,250 Service Institute for Hioh BchooZ Teacher8 In-getvice Institute for High BchooZ Bdence and ddathematios Teachere; 10 months;
UNIVEBSITY OF PITTSBURQH, Pittsburgh, Pa. ; oj Biology; 10 mohths; $4,650 UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA, Charlottesville,

etitute for High school Teacher8 01 OLeoE

Inutitu.te for High BchooZ Teacher8 oj Sci- service Znetitute for secondary ElchooZTeach* ence and Mathematics; 10 months ; $10,300 ere of science; 10 months; $8,100 In-1Service Institute for Secondary School Teacher8 of Mathematice; 10 months ; $7,150

$13,400 &k&her8 of Mathematice; 10 months ; $4,400 UNIVERSITY OF PUERTO RICO, Mayaguez, STATE COLLEGB OF WASHINGTON, Pullman, Puerto Rico. ; In-Bervice Institute for 8ec- Wash. ; In-service Institute for Junior and ondarg School Science and Mathematics High BchooZ Teacher8 of MathematiCU; 10 Teachers; 10 months; $10,370 months ; $4,000 UNIVERSITY OF REDLANDS, Redlands, Calif. ; WAYNE STATBI UNIVERSITY, Detroit, Mich. ; In-Service Institute for High BchooZ Teach- In-Service Inetitute for Secondary school Teaohere of Yathematice; 10 months ; $7,600 er8 oj science; 10 months ; $3,550 REED COLLEGE, Portland, Oreg. : In-Bet-vice WILLIAM JEWELL COLLEGE, Liberty, MO. ; 1% UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN, Madison, Wis. ;

* In-&%-vice Inetitute

jor High GchooZ

In-service Inetitute for lgecondarg &hooZ Teacher8 oj Yathematice and i9cience; 10

months ; $12,550 In-Bervice Institute for Secondary BchooZ WORCESTER POLYTECHNIC I N 8 T I T u T ID, Teacher8 of science and Mathematics; 10 Worcester, Mass. ; In-aeruice Inetitute for High GchooZTeacher8 of Science; 10 months : months ; $11,500 $8,860 SAN JOSE STATBI COLLEGE, San Jose, Calif. ; er8 oj Bcience and dfathematiC8; 10 months ; $9,120 UNIV~~RSITY OB SCRANTON, Scranton, Pa. ; In-Service Institute for High &hooZ Teachere of &fence; 10 months; $4,210 SOUTH DAKOTA SCHOOL OF MINIOS AND TECHNOLOGY, Rapid City, S. Dak. ; In-Hervice In-

In-rService Inetitute

for High BchooZ Teach-

summer Inetitutes

Bummer Institute in Radiation Biology and Chemistry /or High &hooZ Teacher8 of lscG ence; 6 weeks, $45,800
ALABAMA COLLEGE&Montevallo, Ala. ; &urn-






for b’econdary School Teacher8 oj

mer Inetitute for High BchooZ Teacher8 oj Science; 6 weeks ; $55,600
UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA, University, Ala. ; Summer Institute for High 19chooZ Teacher8 oj Bcience and Yathematice; 6 weeks;

b’cience; 10 months ; $9,300 SOUTHEASTERN STATBI COLLEGE, Durant, for Secondary Okla. ; In-Service Institute

&hooZ Teacher8 of LScience Mathematice; and


10 months ; $4,650 SOUTHEBN METHODIST UNIVERSITY, Dallas, Tex. ; In-Bervice Institute for High school Teachers of science and Mathematice; 10 months ; $15,360 SOUTHERN UNIVERSITY AND AGRICULTUEAL AND MECHANICAL COLL~DGIO, Baton Rouge,

Summer Inetitute jor Hfgh BchooZ Teacher8 of &ience and Mathematics; 8 weeks; $68,600
ALLEQHENY COLLEOI, Meadvflle, Pa. ; #ummer Institute for High /School Teacher8 of Science and iUathematic8; 8 weeks ; $58,700


Alaska ;



D. C. ; Teacher8 of Bctence and MathematJou; 8 PJummerInstCtute jar High School Teacher8 weeks ; $73,200 Bummer Institute for High Bahool of Chemistry and Physic8 ; 8 weeks ; $64,600 ANTIOCH COLLEBBI, Yellow Springs, Ohio ; Teacher8 of Batenat?; 8 weeks; $1,000 l3ummer Inetitute jor High School Teacher8 UNIVERSITY OB‘ COLORADO, Boulder, Colo. ; Summer Inetitute for High School Tea&era oj OLeneral Bdence; 8 weeks; $80,600 TJNIVER~ITY OF ARIZONA, Tucson, Arlz. ; #urn- gj i3cience; 6 weeks; $45,100 mer Institute jor High School Teachers of UNIVERSITY OF CONNECTICUT, Storrs, Conn. ; r3cience and hfathematice; 5 weeks; $42,450 Summer Institute ilr Phgeics for High Xohool Teacher8 of Physioe; 6 weeks; $65,450 UXIVEESITY OB ARKANSAS, Fayetteville, S. C. ; Ark. ; lgummer Inetitute for High BchooZ CONVERSE COLLEGE, Spartanburg, g’eachere of science and Mathematics; 6 Summer Institute for High School Teachera ,f Biology, Ohemietry, and Physics; 8 weeks ; weeks ; $71,500

mer Inet$tute for High 19chooZTeacher8 of Science and Mathematics; 9 weeks; $64,700 BAYLOE UNIVERSITY, Waco, Tex. ; Hummer Institute $?a&ience and blathematice and Radiation Biology for High &hoot Teachere of &ience and Mathematioe; 8 weeks;
$73,000 BOWI)OIN COLLEGE, Brunswick, Maine ; gpe-




Ga. ; Bum-

$72,650 CORNELL UNIVERSITY, Ithaca, N. Y.; Bummer Inetitute in Earth b’dencee for High School Teacher8 of kWe?zce; 6 weeks; $53,250 UNIVERSITY OP DELAWARIO, Newark, Del. ; $19,600

Summer Inetitute jor High lgahool Teacher8 of Science and aathematics; 6 weeks;

&al Hummer Inetitute for High School Phus- UNIVERSITY OF DENVER, Denver, Colo. ; ice Teacher8 in the Program of the Physical Hummer Institute for High iSchool Teachers lgcience fitudy Committee; 6 weeks; $51,550 of science and Mathematice; 9 weeks ;
$45,500 DILLARD

BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY, Provo, Utah ; Kummer Inetitute in Radiation Biology for High School Teacher8 of Bcienoe; 5 weeks ; $12,300 BROWN UNIVERSITY, Providence, R. I. ;

Summer Institute for High School Teacher8 of Science; 6 weeks ; $29,000
Des Moines, Iowa ;




La. ;

$50,700 BUCKNELL UNIVERSITY, Lewisburg, Pa. ; Summer Inetitute for High School Teuchere of Science and Mathematics; 6 weeks; $51,150 UNIVHIRSITY OF BUFFALO, Buffalo, N. Y. ; Hummer Insthhute for High School Teachers oj Mathematics; 4 weeks; $39,800 UNIVERSITY OB CALIFORNIA, Berkeley, Calif. 8ummer Institute for High School Teachers of Science and kathemdtics, at Los Angeles ; 6 weeks ; $74,850 for High School summer Institute Teacher8 of Xcience; 7 weeks, $120,550 in Radioactivity and Bummer Institute Biology for High School Teacher8 of Xciencee; 6 weeks; $14,500 CABLETON COLLEGE, Northfield, Mlnn. ; Sum-

Bummer Institute for High .&hooZ Teacher8 Summer Institute for High School Teacher8 of b’cience and Mathematics; 6 weeks; of Science; 6 weeks ; $47,100
DUKE UNIVERSITY, Durham, N. C. Summer Institute for High School Teacher8 of b’cience and dlathematics and 9 weeks ; Elementary School Supervisorcl; $97.900 summer Institute in Radiation Biology for High Echoob Teacher8 of Science; 8 weeks; $19,000 FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY, Tallahassee, Fla. ; Hummer Inetitute for High School


Teacher8 of Bcience and Mathematics;
weeks ; $75,800 E’ORDHA~~ UNIVHIRSITY, New York,


Summer Inetitute for High School Teacher8 of Mathematics; 6 weeks ; $47,050
UNIVERSITY OB GEORGIA, Athens, Ga. ; Bummer Institute for High &hoot Teacher8 of Sofence and Mathemattie; 6 weeks ; $47,700 HARVARD UNIVERSITY, Cambridge, Mass. ;

N. Y.;

mer Institute Mathematics;


Summer Institute in Nuclear Science and Biology for High &hooZ and College Teacher8 oj Science; 8 weeks ; $19,000 &hoot UNIVERSITY OB HAWAII, Honolulu, Gummer Irtstitute for High T. H. ; Teachers of Chemistry; 6 weeks; $63,050 ITummer InsWute for High School Teacher8 summer Institute for High Bohool of Science and Mathematics; 8 weeks ; Teacher8 of Mathematics; 6 weeks ; $33,100 $90,860
UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO, Chicago, Ill. ; b%mmer Institute for High school Teacher8 of

for High School Teacher8 of 6 weeks, $50,650


summer Institute for High &hool and HOWARD UNIVERSITY, Washington, D. C. ; Julzior College Teacher8 of Biology and Gen- Summer Inetitute Jn Radiation Biology for eral Science; $48,550 High School Teacher8 of science; 8 weeks ; r3chooZ Teacher8 of Science and MatheCLARKSON COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY, Potsfor High dam, N. Y. ; Summer Institute

6 weeks ; $57,550 CLAREMONT COLLEGE, Claremont,

Hummer Instb?ute for High BchoQl Teacher8 of Science and Mathematics; 6 weeks ;


Tex. ;

Calif. ; $47,550

matics ; 8 weeks; $66,550 COLBY COLLIGE, Waterville, Maine ; Summer $63,050 Institute for High L3chool Teacher8 of ILLINOIS WESLEYAN UNIVIURSITY, BloomlngScience and Mathematics; 6 weeks, $49,400 ton, Ill. ; summer Inetitute for High School 8 COLORADOCOLLEGE, Colorado Springs, Colo. Teacher8 of Bcienos ancl Mathematice; Bummer Institute for High School weeks ; $63,700

Summer Inetitute oj &ience and



for High b’ohool Teacher8 Mathematics; 8 weeks;


Idaho ;


mer Institute for CoZZege Teaoheru of QeoZ- Summer Inetitute for Htgh SohooZ and OoE egg; 8 weeks; $37,600 Zege Teacher8 of Chemietry; 6 weeLs;








Summ6r In8tZttbte for High BchooZ Teacher8 of Biology; 6 weeks ; $33,400



Ind. ;

Institute in Radiation BC ology and Biology for Hivh SchooZ Teaoher8 of Biology; 8 weeks ; $36,100
Nont. ; Summer



Institute for High School Teachers of BioZ- MOBIJAN STATB COLLQGE, Baltimore, Md. ; ogy and GenWaZ fhience; 8 weeks; $57,750 Summer Z?batitute jor High SchooZ Teacher8 8 weeks; IOWA STATS COLLEXXU 01 AGBICULTURB~ AND of Science and Mathematios;

Ky. ; STATID COLLEGE, Nnrray, for High School Teai7her8 IOWA STATE TEACHERS COLLEQE, Cedar Falls, of Science; 8 weeks ; $75,450 Iowa; Summer Institute for Junior HCgh UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA, Lincoln, Nebr. ; School Teacher8 of General Sctence; 8 Summer Institute for High SchooZ and weeks ; $63,050 Junior High School Teachers of Science and KANSAS STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE, Emporia, hfathematiC8; 8 weeks ; $35,600 for High School Kans. ; Summer Institute UNIVERSITP OIP Naw HAM~SIIIRE, Durham, Teacher8 of Science; 6 weeks; $51,900 N. H. ; Summer Inatitute for High SchooZ UNIVI~IBSITY OB KANSAS, Lawrence, Kans. ; Teachers of Chemistry and Physics; 8 Summer Inetitute for High School and CoZ- weeks ; $73,360 lege Teachers of dlathematioa; 8 weeks; NEW MEXICO HIGHLANDS UNIVERSITY, Las $74,700 Vegas, N. Mex. ; Summer Znatitute for High LAFAYETTE COLLEGE, Easton, Pa. ; Summer School Teachers of Science; 8 weeks ; Inetitute for High SchooZ Teacher8 of $63,250 Chemi8trg and Physics; 6 weeks ; $25,100 01r NBw MEXICO, Albuquerque, LOUISIANA STATJI UNIVERSITY AND A~BICUL- UNIVERSITYSummer Inatitute N. Mex. ; in Radiation TUBAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE, Baton High for High Biology for $19,000 School Teachers of Science; Rouge, La. ; Summer Institute School Teacher8 oj Science and Mathe- 8 weeks; NORTH CAROLINA COLLEGB AT DUIWAM, matics; 9 weeks; $68,300 MABQUEITTIOUNIVERSITY, Milwaukee, Wise. ; Durham, N. C. ; Summer Inatitute for HCglb of ScCence and bfatheSummer Inetitute for High School Teacher8 School Teacher8 $00,300 matics; 6 weeks; of Biology; 6 weeks; $43,550 OB NORTH CABOLINA, Chapel UNIVEBSITY OF MARYLAND, College Park, ~~BN~IT$ * Summer Instttute jar High Summer Institute for High SchooZ Md. ; SchioZ ‘TeGhera of Science and MatheTeachers of Science; 6 weeks; $47,650 ,ntatice; 6 weeks; $72,200 MICHIQAN STATS UNIVERSITY 01~ AGBICULUNIVEBSITY OF NORTH DAKOTA, Qrnnd Forks, TUBBI AND APPLIED SCIENCE, East Lansing, N. Dak. ; Summer Znstitute for High School Mich.

for High SchooZ Teacher8 of and Mathematics; 6 weeks ; $59,200

ABTs, Ames, Iowa;




$63,700 MUBBAY

Summer Institute

weeks ; $51,000 NOBTHBIBN MICHIGAN COLLEQ~, Marquette, Mich. ; Summer Institute for High School

Summer Institute for High School Science Teachers; 6 weeks; $51,000 Summer Institute for Junior College Teacher8 of Science and Yathematice; 6

Teacher8 of Science and Yathematioe;


for High School l’eachera of General Science; 10 weeks ; $78,700

weeks ; $62,300 NORTHEAST MISSOURI STATHI T~ACHEBS COLLEO~, Kirksville, MO. ; Summer Institute

6 toches, La. ; Summer Inetitute for High weeks ; $45,250 SchooZ Teacher8 of Biology and Chemietrv; 9 weeks ; $61,500 WEBTHBN MICHIGAN COLLEGEI, Kalamazoo, Mich. : Summer Inetitute for High &hoot UNIVERSITY OIF NOTBJD DAME!, Notre Dame, Teacher8 of Mathematice; i3 weeks ; $48,250 Ind. ; Summer Inatitute jor High SchooZ UNIVBIESIT~ OF MINNESOTA, Minneapolis, ‘I’eachers of Mathematics; 7 weeks ; $98,600 Summer Inetitute for High School Teaoh- OAK RIDGE, INSTITUTE OF NUCLBAB STUDIES, er8 of Chembtry, Mathematice and Physice; INC., Oak Ridge, Tenn. High School TeachSummer Inatitute for 8 weeks; $34,850 er8 of Science and MathematiC8; 4 weeks ; Summer Irwrtttute for HZgh Schoot Teachers of Science and Mathematice; 5 weeks; $31,250 Summer Inetitute for High School Speciat $S5,9kO Teacher8 in the Program of the Phyaioal Special Summer Inetitute for High SchooZ Phuaios Teacher8 ifl the Program of the Science Study Committee; 8 weeks; $46,700 Phyeioal Sdelcce Study Committee; 8 weeks ; OBERLIN COLLEGE, Oberlin, Ohio ; Bummer Institute for High School Teachers of $60,300

Teacher8 of Science and Mathematioe;

Xathematice; 8 weeks ; $79,400 University, UNIVERSITY OB MISSISSIPPI, Miss. ; Summer Institute for High &hoot OHIO UNIVEBSITY, Athens, Ohio ; Hummer Teacher8 of Science and Yathematice ; 11 Institute for High School Teacher8 of weeks ; $128,350 Science and Mathematice; 6 weeks ; $60,600 UNIVERSITY OF MISSOUBI, Columbia, MO. ; Summer Institute for High School Teaoh- OHIO WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY, Delaware, em of Science and hiathemUtio8; 8 week8: Ohio; Summer Institute for High SohooZ Teacher8 of Sctence; 8 weeks ; $54,000 $60,000



fW High’ Bummer Institute for RCgh School Teaahera ville, Tenn. ; 8UfMMV In6titUt6 School Teacher6 of Betewe and hfothematof &ianoe; 8 weeks ; $42,500


Okla. ;


Summer Institute Biology; 6 weeks; Summur Institute er8 of Science and

for CoZZege Teacher6 of $48,450 jar High SchooZ Teachkathematics; 8 weeks;


ica; 8 weeks ; $69,600 TEXAS SOUTHEBN UNIVIDBSITX, Houston, for High School Tex. ; Summer Institute

weeks ; $72,600 UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS, Austin,

Teacher6 of Science and Mathemotic6;


UNIVERSITY 0~‘ OREGON,Eugene, Oreg. ; Xummer Inetitute jor College Teacher8 oj Bfology; 8 weeks ; $29,000 PENNSYLVANIA STATIU UNIVERSITY, University Park, Pa.; Summer Inetitute jor High School Teacher8 oj Science; 6 weeks;

mer Institute for High School Teacher6 of Natural Science and Mathematics -: 6 weeks :

Tex. ; Bum-

mer Inetitute for High SchooZ Teacher8 of Science and diathematic6; 6 weeks; $49,650

Mass. ; Bum-

TUSKEGEIU INSTITUTE, Tuskegee Institute, for High School Ala. ; Summer Institute Summer Inetitute jor High Schoot Teacher6 Teacher6 of Chemistry; 8 weeks; $54,300 of Chemistry; 6 weeks; $7,500 UNION COLLEGE, Schenectady, N. Y. ; Bummer Institute for High SchooZ Teachers oj UNIVERSITY OF PUERTO RICO, Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico ; Summer Institute for High Science and dlathematice; 6 weeks; $50,250 School Teacher8 of Science and Mathemat- UTAH STATIC UNIVERSITY, Logan, Utah ; Bumics; 6 weeks ; $52,650 mer Institute for High School Teacher6 oj Chemietry, Physics and Mathematice; 10 PURDUE RESEARCH FOUNDATION, Lafayette, Ind. ; Summer Institute in Biology and Ra- weeks ; $62,750 diation Biology for High School Teacher8 UNIVERSITY OB VBBMONT AND STATEI AQBIof Science; 8 weeks ; $80,100 CULTURAL COLLEGE, Burlington, Vt. ; Bummer Institute for High School Teacher-o oj RANDOLPH-MACON WOMAN’S COLLEGE, Lynchfor High dlathematics; 7 weeks ; $57,000 burg, Va. ; Summer Inetitute SohooZ Teacher8 of Science and Mathemat- VIBGINIA POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTBI, Blacksfee; 6 weeks ; $60,450 burg, Va. ; Summer Institute for High School REED COLLEGE, Portland, Oreg. ; Speciat Teacher8 of Scienoe; 8 weeks ; $61,200 b%mmer Inetitute for High School Physics VIRGINIA STATS COLLEOI, Petersburg, Va. ; Teacher8 in the Program of the Physical Summer Institute for High School Teacher6 Science Study Committee; 7 weeks; $47,000 of General Science; 6 weeks; $52,250 RENSSELAER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE, Troy, STATIU COLLEGE OIF WASHINGTON, Pullman, N. Y.; Summer Institute for High SchoaZ Wash. ; Summer Institute for High School Teacher8 of Science; 8 weeks; $110,250 Teacher8 of Science and Mathematics; 8 RIPON COLLEQE, Ripon, Wise.; Summer In- weeks ; $63,900 etitute for High School Teacher8 of Science WAYNB STATS UNIVERSITY, Detroit, Mich. ; and Mathematice; 6 weeks; $33,500 Summer Institute in Radiation Biology for RUTGERS, The State University, New Bruns- High School Teacher6 of Science; 8 weeks; wick, N. J. ; Summer Inetitute for High $19,000 School Teacher8 of Mathematics; 6 weeks; WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY, Middletown, Conn. ; PRINCETON UNIVERSITY, Princeton, N. J. ;

mer Inetitute for High School Teacher8 oj Ohemietry; 6 weeks; $27,800


Summer Institute jor High Sohool Teacher8 of Science and hiathematics; 6 weeks;

Summer Institute for High School Teacher8 Teacher8 of Science and Mathematic6; weeks ; $47,450 of General Science; 6 weeks; $46,750


WEST VIRGINIA UNIVEBSITY, Morgantown. W. Va.; Summer Institute for High BchooZ


‘WILLIAB~S COLLEGIO, Williamstown, Mass. ; SOUTH DAKOTA STATE COLLEGE, Brookings, 5. Dak. ; Summer Institute jar High School Summer Institute for Junior College and Teacher8 of Science and Mathematics; 8 College Teacher6 of Biology; 6 weeks; $41,600 weeks ; $52,750 UNIVERSTY OF WISCONSIN, Madison, Wise. ; STATE UNIVERSITY OF SOUTE DAKOTA, Vermillion, S. Dak. ; Summer Institute for High Summer Inetitute for High School Teacher6 School Teacher8 of Science and Yathemat- of hiathematics; 8 weeks ; $72,900 WORCESTER P 0 L Y T E c R N I c INSTITUTE!, &T;;8 weeks ; $62,400 for Mass. ; Summer Institute UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA, Los Worcester, Summer Institute for High IIigh SchooZ Teacher6 01 Physics; 6 weeks; Angeles, Calif. ; ;;;o$o Teacher8 of Chemistry; 6 weeks; $38,QOO UNIVERSITY OF WYOMING, Laramie, Wyo. Summer Institute in Biology and RadiaSOO(TH~RN METHODIST UNIVERSITY, Dallas, for High School tion Bioloau for Hiah School Teacher8 of Tex. ; Summer Institute Teacher6 of Science and Mathematic8; 6 Biology; 8”weeks ; $72,600 Summer Institute for High School Teachweeks ; $37,800 STEPHEN F. AUSTIN STATE COLLEGB~,Na- ers of hiathematice; 8 weeks; $68,100 cogdochea, Tex.; Summer Institute for High

School Teacher8 of Science and Mathemat-


Ccc; 6 weeks; $52,200 STEVENS INSTITUTE. OF TECRNOLOCY, Hoboken, N. J. ; Summer Institute for IIigh School Teacher6 of Science; 6 weeks; $57,050

ALFRED LANDE, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio; A New Approach to the Teaching of Quantum Mechanice; 4 months ; $1,000


AYEBICAN ASTRONOMICAL SXIEEY, Pass ,dena, Calif. Vi&inn dutronomer6; 1 year : $11,0215 Profeseoru in hrtrokom~; i year ; +isitini $17,000 ANEIUCAN CHENICAL SOCIETY, Washington D. C. ; Viuiting Bcientiete; 1 year ; $19,550



Buffalo, N. Y. $49,000

Production ot Films lor Improving OOL legiate Afathematical Inrtruotion; 2 years;

ENCES, WaShingtOIl,

$NFCAN 1 year;

TV-Film6 49sUndergraduate 6 MEDICAL COLLEGE OF VIRGINIA, Richmond, Va. ; Research Activities and Science TeachBtologg; 1 year; $47,800 ing in the Undergraduate Institution6 ol Vfsiting BioZogCsto; 1 year; $25,415 Virginia: 2 days; $5,650 Eznerimental --_

D. C.

A Pilot Program oj Vtsfting Lectureahfpr to Secondary School8; 2 years; $47,700 Program Review and Action PJanntng Meeting; 6 weeks; $7,500


Viefting iscientists to High f3chooZs Pro gram in Phyeice; 1 year ; $24,265


ScCentCstsProgram in Physics. ;

Conference on the Teaching of Physioe (A the High Schoole; 5 days; $5,750


NATIONAL BUREAU OF STANDARDS, Washlngton, D. C. ; Training Program in Numerical 2 days; $3,500 Stafl; 4 AnalU8i8 for senior ~dVer8it~ BRANDEIS UNIVERSITY, Waltham, Mass. ; months : $63,600 Brandeb University Inetitute in Photo NATIONAL SCIENCB~TEACIIERS ASSOCIATION, biology; 6 weeks ; $8,000 Washington, D. C. : Exploratory Conlerenoe UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, Berkeley, Calif. : on Science in the Elementary School; 3 Summer Conference lor Teacher8 of Autron days ; $4,860 omy; 6 weeks; $20,700 DAK RIDGP~INSTITUTB OF NUCLEAB STUDIEIEJ, CASE INSTITUTB OB T~XNOLOQY, Cleveland, , INC., Oak Ridge, Tenn. ; Program of AsststOhio ; Pilot Course in Procees Inetrumenznce to Science Teaching in Secondary tation and Automatic Control for Post-High ’ iSchoole; 1 year; $116,025 $);io Engineering Teachers; 3 weeks ; OHIO ACADEMY OF SCIENCE, Akron, Ohio; A

Wash ington, D. C. ; Workehop on the Teaching o, Undergraduate Physiology; 10 days ; $3,151 AMERICAN SOCIETY OF ZOOLOGISTS, Chicago t Ill. ; A Refreeher Course Dealing With Re

Completion of the Preparation of a Num7 months ; ber of PubZication6 for Biologiste; Prototype Poster Exhibit; 6 months;

cent Advance8 in the Biology of Protozoa, ,.

mer Workshop for Introducing Science Students to the Field of Meteorol. egg; 4 weeks; $14,400 In-1Service Program for Elementary Teachers; 32 weeks; $1,125

UNIVERSITY OF C’RICAQO, Chicago, Ill. ; Sum-

Qualified ,
Colo. :; ’

ISympoeCum on ’College General

Trend6 in the Teaching of Chemietry; 3 days; $400


ISouthern Regional (Iraduate Summer 4 @ionin Stati8tice; 6 weeks ; $5,300

OKLAEIO~~A STATIU UNIVERSITY, Stillwater, Dkla. ; Symposia in Conjunction With the UNIVERSITY 0~ OREGON, Eugene,


Workshop jor High School Science and . Summer Program for Secondary School SC& ’Mathematica Teachere; 1 year ; $2,210 UNIVERSITY OB PUERTO RICO, Rio Piedras, ence Teachera; 2 months; $19,550 CRANBROOK INSTITUTEI 01p SCIENCE, Bloom- , 1Puerto Rico ; Combined Twelve-Month Infield Hills, Mich. ; A Symposium on the Ed% ’Service and Summer Znetitute for High cational Use of Projection Planetaria; 3 iSchool Teachers 01 Science and Mathematics; 49 weeks; $72,000 days ; $7,000
N. Y. ;

Oreg. ;

TESTING SERVICE%Princeton, * Horizon8 of ScienCe; 6 months;

i&,&b FLORIDA STATIC UNIVERSITY, Tallahassee, Fla. ; Mathematic Summer Camp for High School Students; 6 weeks ; $9,300 GULF COAST RESEARCH LABORATORY, Ocean Springs, Miss. ; Support for Teacher6 in Biology and Geology; 8 weeks ; $S,OOO INDIANA UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION, Bloomington, Ind. ; High School Science Student8 Institute; 2 weeks; $6,560 UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS, Lawrence, Kane. ; ;;l,et?; and Mathematics Camp; 3 weeks;

orovement and AnaZg8i8 of a uaeter’e ProYZZitary Ollecers 1lram To Prepare Retiring : Fo Teach Basic Coureee in ddathematics (n 7oZZeges and Vniverettiee; 1 year; $7,000



Ind. : Im-

ROCHESTER INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, Roch1 ?ster, K. Y. ; Follow-Up Survey of Graduate6

?f Rocheeter Institute

of Technology;


1 nonths ; $800 [JNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER, Rochester, N. Y. ; 1 4 1 Su.mmerScience Workehop for Elementary School Teachere-Coordinator8; 6 weeks;

Ur&%nsr!r~ OF MARYLAND, College Park, Md. ; A Summer Institute on Junior High nental Program To Supplement the TrainSchool Mathematics; 4 weeks ; $20,000 MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, ifng of High School Students in the BioZogioaZ $7,600 skiences; 3 months; Cambridge, Mass. Curriculum Workshop in Electrical Engi- VVESLEYAN UNIVERSITY, Middletown, Conn. ; !onjerence for the Bxamtnatfon of New or C neering Education; 10 days ; $7,500

SCIENCE SERVICB, Washington, D. C. ; gdence Clubs of America; 1 year; $25,000 1 1WALDE~IARMEDICAL RESEARCH FOUNDATION, [NC., Port Washington, N. Y. ; An ExperG 1

The Teaching 01 Physical Science Cn the Seaondarg Schools; 1 year ; $500,000

; fhemietry; 10 days; $16,675


Approaches to the Teaching



Higher EducatJon +n Bdence and Engineerhg; 3 days; $6,050

WBBTIBBBI SOCIETY OF ENGINEEBB, Chicago, Ill. ; National Uonjerence on Problem6 of OB WISCONSIN, Madison, Wis. ;

A Demonstration ala86 for Eighth Grade bVudent6 To Be HeZd Cn Uonnectton With the National Science Foundation B%mmqr Institute; 6 weeks ; $500 YALTA UNIVERSITY, New Haven, Corm. ; BchooZ MathematiC &udy Group; 1 year ; $100,000


Howard neers;

dent’8 Committee on &ientt8t8
11 months; STUDIES $120,000

L. Bevis,


The Presiand Engi-


vey of Research Potential and Training in the Mathematical sciences; 18 months;


OF CHICAQO, Chicago, Ill.;


N. C. : Editing. Printino and Distribution of 6%~ l&al Reyorts and” a &‘ummary Repoyt of a study oj &ientipc Activities h 6%~ State Governments; 10 months; $7,000



the Nattonal Regbter 01 bcientiflo and TechnCcaZPersonnel 4n the Field of Biology; 1
year ; $34,500 N. Y.;

INSTITTJTP~ OF BIOMMICAL ENCES, Washington, D. C. ; Maintainkg

Maintaining the NatZonaZ Regietetr OJ’b’cientifto and Technical Personnel in the .FieZdeof Physics and Astronomy; 9 months ;




Register of and Technical Personnel in Psychology; 2 years; $6,350


D. C. ; National


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Annual Meeting Commission on Education of International Institute of Refrigeration, Paris, France: W. R. WOOLRICH, University of Texas, Austin, Tex. Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advance of Science Symposium on Wood

Anatomy, Adelaide, Australia; F. M. SCOTT, University of California, Los Angeles, Calit. Commission on Proteins of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Vienna, Austria : of Washington, H. NEURATH, University Seattle, Wash. J. W. WILLIAMS, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis. Conference on Interactions in Ionic Solutions. Oxford. England : H.. 8. FRANK, tiniversity of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pa. W. R. GILKERSON, University of South Carolina, Columbia, 5. C. H. S. HARNED, Sterling Chemistry Laboratory, New Haven, Conn. Conference on Magnetism, Grenoble, France : R. M. BOZORTH, Bell Telephone Laboratories, Inc., Murray Hill, N. J. Conference on Physical Problems of Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy, Moscow, Russia : 0. H. DIEKIU, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md. Configurations and Interactions of Macromolecules and Liquid Crystals, London, England : S. A. RICH, University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill. Cryogenic Physics Meeting of International ;;$ute of Refrigeration, Delft, Nether: F. G. BRICKWEDDE, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pa. Eighth Annual International Conference on High Energy Physics, Geneva, Switzerland : R. P. FEYNMEN, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif. A. KLEIN, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa. J. SCHWINGER, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. C. N. YANG, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, N. J. Enzyme Commission of the International Union of Biochemistry, Vienna, Austria : A. L. LEHNINGER, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Md. Fifteenth International Zoological Congress, London, England; E. G. BUTLHIB, Princeton, University, Princeton, N. J. Fifth Congress of the International Association of Quaternary Research, MadridBarcelona, Spain : C. EMILIANI, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Fla. J. B. GRIFFIN, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich. E. B. LEOPOLD, U. S. Geological Survey, Denver, Colo. H. E. WRIGIIT, Jr., University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn. First International Conference for Insect Pathology and Biological Control, Prague, Czechoslovakia : E. A. STEINHAUS, University of California, Berkeley, Calif. First International Congress of the Society of Bioclimatology and Biometeorology, Vienna, Austria : N. L. MINTZ, Brandeis University, Waltham, Mass. T. L. NOAFSINGER, Purdue University, Lafayette, Ind. R. B. PLATT, Emory University, Emory University, Ga.


__ Fourth International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation EngIneerIng, London, England : A. R. JUXIKIS, Rutgers. The State University, New Brunswick, N. J. G. A. LEONABDS, Purdue University, Lafayette, Ind. R. B. PECK, University of Illinois, Urbana, Ill. Fourth International Congress of BioVienna, Austria : AMERICAN chemistry, CHEMICAL SOCIETY, Philadelphia, Pa. (American Biochemists) Fourth International Ethological Conference, Freiburg, Germany : F. A. BEACH, Yale University, New Haven, Conn. K. D. ROEDER, Tufts University, Medford, Mass. General Assembly of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics, Rome Italv. R. H. BOLT, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass. R. B. BRODB~, University of California, Berkeley, Calif. H. H. NIBLSEN, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. J. H. VAN VLIUCK, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. International Association of Limnology, Venice, Italy : J. HEDQPETH, College of the Pacific, Marin County, Calif. International Commission for the Nomen. clature of Cultivated Plants, London, Eng land : M. G. WEISS, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Md. International Conference on Coordination Compounds, Rome, Italy : J. C. BAILAR, JH., University of Illinois, Urbana, Ill. F. BASOLO, Northwestern University, Evanston, Ill. International Conference on Elementary Particles, Padua, Italy : J. ASHKIN, Carnegie Institute of Technology, Pittsburgh, Pa. H. PRIMAKOFF, Washington University, St. Louis, MO. International Conference of the International Pharmaceutical Federation, Brussels, Belgium : SPECIAL LIBRARIES ASSOCIATION, Squibb Institute for Medical Research, New Brunswick, N. J. International Conference on Nuclear Structure, Rehovoth. Israel: L. WILIOTS. Los Alamos ScientI& Labortary, Los Alamos, N. Mex. International Congress of Mathematicians, Edinburgh, Scotland : A. A. ALBERT, University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill. R. D. ANDERSON, Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical Cal, lege, Baton, Rouge, La. R. H. BING, Institute for Advanced Study Princeton, N. J. R. BOTT, University of Michigan, Am Arbor, Mich. R. H. BRUCK, University of Wisconsin Madison, Wis. S. CHERN, University of Chicago, Chi cage, Ill. K. L. CHUNQ, Syracuse University, Syra cuse, N. Y. A. CHURCH, Princeton University, Princeton, N. J. H. F. FJDHR. Columbia University, New S!ork, N. Y. 5. H. GOULD, American Mathematical Soziety, Providence, R. I. J. G. KEYENY, Hanover, N. H. S. C. KLEENE, University of Wisconsfn. Madison, Wis. D. H. LEHMER, University of California, Berkeley, CalIf. T. MATSUSKA, Northwestern University, Evanston, Ill. J. W. MILNER, Mathematical Institute, Dxford, England. E. E. NOISE, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich. M. NAQATA. Harvard University, CamIrIdge, Mass. J. NASH, Massachusetts Institute of Techlology, Cambridge, Nass. C. L. PERRY. Stanford Research Institute, Menlo Park, Calif. W. RUDIN, University of Rochester, Rochzter, N. P. M. M. SCHIFFER, University of Amsterlam, Amsterdam, Holland. E. H. SPANIER, University of Chicago, 3hicago, Ill. A. TARSKI, University of California, Berkeley, CalIf. W. J. TRJITZNSKY, University of Illinois, Urbana, Ill. II. C. WANO, Northwestern University, Evanston, Ill. J. WOLI~OWITI, Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y. 0. ZABRISKI, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. International Federation of Electron Microscope Societies, Berlin, Germany : T. F. ANDERSON, Naloney Clinic, Philadelphia, Pa. C. MORQAN. Columbia University, New York, N. Y. State UniverE. MUIOLLER, Pennsylvania sity, University Park, Pa. R. R. PORTER, The Rockefeller Institute, New York, N.Y. F. 0. SCHMITT, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass. H. SWIFT, University of Chicago, ChIcage, Ill. J. H. L. WATSON, Edsel B. Ford Institute for Medical Research, Henry Ford HospItal, Detroit, Mich. International Geographical Union Regional Conference, Tokyo, Japan : W. G. MCINTIRBI, Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College, Baton Rouge, La. G. B. CRESSBY, Syracuse University, Syracuse, N. Y. International Institute of Refrigeration, Moscow, Russia : C. F. KAYAN, Columbia New York, N. Y. University, International Institute of Welding, Vienna, Austria: R. D. STOUT, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pa. International Symposium on Atmospheric Diffusion and Air Pollution, Oxford England : H. E. CRAMER, Massachusetts Institute of Round Hill Field Station, Technology, South Dartmouth, Mass. A. J. HAAOEN-SYIT, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CalIf.


International Symposium on Macromolecular Chemistry, Prague, Czechoslovakia : H. MOBAWETZ, Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn, Brooklyn, N. Y. R. SIMHA, New York University, New York, N. Y. R. 8. STEIN, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Mass. International Symposium on Passivity, Darmstadt, Germany : N. HACKEBMAN, University of Texas, Austin, Tex. of H. H. UHLIG, Massachusetts Institute Technology, Cambridge, Mass. Kamerllngh Onnes Conference in Low Tern perature Physics, Lelden, Netherlands : R. M. BOZORTH, Bell Telephone Laboratories, Inc., Murray Hill, N. J. F. 0. BRICKWEDDB), Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pa. L. N. COOPER,Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. R. P. FEYNMEN, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Callf. 1. F. HAMMEL, Jr., Los Alamos Sclentifit Laboratory, Los Alamos, N. Mex. Meeting of Commission on National Atlases of the International Geographical Union, Moscow, Russia: C. P. BARNES, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. Meeting of Joint Commission on Spectros copy, Moscow, Russia : R. 8. MTJLLIKIN, University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill. Ninth International Astronautical Congress, Amsterdam, Holland : A. MIELBI, Purdue Unlverslty, Lafayette, Ind. Ninth Pacific Science Congress, Bangkok, Thalland : T. P. BANK, II, University of Mlchlgan, Ann Arbor, Mlch. M. R. BRITTAN, Sacramento State College, Sacramento, Callf. F. El. EOLER, Aton Forest, Norfolk, Conn. G. W. GRACIO, Yale University, New Haven, Conn. J. H. JOHNSON, Colorado School of Mines, Qolden, Colo. H. POPENOIO, University of Florida, Galnesville, Fla. P. C. SILVA, University of Illinois, Urbana, Ill. H. S. SWINQLE, Alabama Polytechnic Institute, Auburn, Ala. I. B. TAEUBEB, Hyattsvllle, Md. Occipital Lobe Function, Frelburg, Germany : H. TE~BER, New York University of Medlclne, New York, N. Y. Seventh International Congress of Mlcrobiology, Stockholm, Sweden : AMERICAN INSTITUTE ov BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, Washlngton, D. C. (partial support of l&20 Amerlcan microbiologists). Sixth International Conference on Low TemReruture Pl~sslcs. Lelden. Netherlands : C. F. SQUIRE, Rice Inatltute, Houston, Tex. Solvay Conference, Brussels, Belgium : A. R. SANDAOE, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Pasadena, Callf. H. SHAPLEY, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. Special Session of the International Statistical Instltute, Brussels, Belgium :

Cl. M. Cox, North Carolina State College of A&culture and Engineering, Raleigh, N. C.B. B. DAY, Washington, D. C. Summer School on Information Theor% Varenna, Italy : .I. W. LEE. Massachusetts Institute of Te&noIogy, Cambridge, Mass. E. B. NEWMAN, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. Symposium on Microchemistry, Birmingham, England : A. A. BENEDETTI-PICHLICB, Queens College, Flushing, N. Y. University, F. J. WELCHER, Indiana Bloomington, Ind. P. W. WEST, Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College, Baton Rouge, La. Symposium on Rarefled Gas Dynamics, Nice, France : M. Z. v. KRZYWOBLOCKI, University of Illinois, Urbana, Ill. Symposium on the Utilization of Nitrogen and its Compounds by Plants, Reading, England : F. C. STEWARD, Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y. G. C. WEBSTEB, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. Tenth Assembly of the International Astronomical Union, Moscow, Russia : L. H. ALLER, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mlch. E. F. CARPIONTER, University of Arlzona, Tucson, Arlz. T. GOLD, Harvard College Observatory, Cambridge,. Mass. of California, G. E. KRON, University Mt. Hamilton. Callf. 0. P. KU&OR, Yerkes Observatory, Williams Bay, Wls. D. LAYZER, Harvard College Observatory, Cambridge, Mass. Laboratory, CamJ. NEYMAN, Statistical bridge, England. E. K. RABB, Cincinnati Observatory, Cincinnati, Ohio. W. 0. ROBERTB, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colo. M. SCH WARZSCHILD, Princeton University Observatory, Princeton, N. J. C. K. SEXFERT, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn. P. VAN DE RAMP, Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, Pa. Third International Congress on Prestressing, Berlin, Germany : T. Y. LIN, University of Callfornla, Berkeley, Callf. Thirtieth Session of the International Statistical Institute, Stockholm, Sweden : J. CORNFIELD, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md. : J. H. CUMBERLAND, Unlversity’of Maryland. College Park. Md. E.’ LUKA~S, Catdollc University of America, Washington, D. C. Thirty-Third International Congress of Amerlcanlsts, San Jose, Costa Rica : M. S. EDJIONDSON, Tulane University of Louisiana, New Orleans, La. D. W. LATHRAP, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. E. B. RICKETSON, Tulane University of Louisiana, New Orleans, La. P. B. TAYLOB, JR., Tulane University of Louisiana, New Orleans, La.


Twelfth Annual Congress of the Interna+ tional Science Film Association, Moscow, Russia: R. H. WHALEY, National Aoademy of Sciences-National Research Council, Washington, D. C. Twelfth International Ornithological Congress, Helsinki, Finland : P. H. BALDWIN, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colo. D. S. FABNBIR, State College of Washing ton, Pullman, Wash. M. H. MOYNIHAN, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C. R. S. PALMER, New York State Museum and Science Service, Albany, N. Y. C. G. SIBLEY, Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y. A. WOLFSON, Northwestern University, Evanston, 111. Twenty-Third Annual Conference of the International Federation for Documentation, Paris, France: H. H. HENKLIO, John Crerar Library, Chicago, Ill. Visit to the Institute of Ophthalmology in London, England: R. G. JAMES, State University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa. Visit to the Soviet Academy of Construction and Architecture ; Research Laboratories ; Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia : B. BRESLER, University of California, Berkeley, Calif. Visit to Two Scientific Meetings in Europe, and a Report on Public Information Procedures : S. S. NEOUS, Medical College of Virginia, Richmond, Va. SCIENTIFIC INFORMATION EXCHANGE GILBERT W. KIN& International Business Machines Corporation, Yorktown Heights,

turs ot txa88 Held JR L6ningrad, ivooember 2347,2963; 1 year; $7,060 AMERICAN INSTITUTP OF BIOLOGICAL SCIBNCES, Washington, D. C. ceedinQ8 03 the Academy of Science8 o! the USSR-Biochemtstry Section; 1 year ; Engli8h Edition8 of Three Rudsian Journals: blicrobiology, Plant Physiology, and Doklady (Biological Science8 and Botanical Information on Biological Research and Publication8 in the USSR; 1 month; $9,175 Preparation of a Supplement to the
science Sections) ; 1 year ; $13,170 $15,050

Soil &fence; 1 year ; $36,575 An Enfllish Edition of the Russian Pro-

An English Edition of the Russian Journul

E. D. Merrill and E. H. Walker; _ 1 year; _ $28,266 Publication of an English Tranelation Manuscript of a Russian Monograph, X-rays and Plants, bv L. P. Breslavete; t3 months ; $7,370 Publication or an Bngli8h Translation Manuscrint of Arachnida. Vol. IV. No. 2. Fauna of-the USSR, by B. I. Pomerantzev; 6
months ; $10,300

of Eastern




Fauna of the USSR ; 6 months ; $7,230 years ; $11,500

Publication of an English Tranelation Manuscript 01 Arachnofdea, Vol. VI, No. 1, Style dianual jor Biological Journale; 2

tion of Antagonists of Actionmycetes, 0. F. Gauee; 6 months ; $6,320

The Translation and Publication ot a Ru8eian Monograph, Problems in the Classiflcabg
New York,

N. Y.

N. Y. : Visits to the Cambridoe Lanauaoe Re- tions: Journal of Technical Physics, Doklady search Unit at Cambridge; England: and (Physics Section) and Journal of Acoustics ; Other Center8 oj Reeearch in Information 1 year; $37,500 Retrieval in London and Paris (Beginning An Englieh Edition of the Rueeinn JourFebruary 9, 1958) ; 2 weeks ; $770 ; 1 year ; $19,000 nal Crystallography An English Edition of the Russian AetroHERBERT B. WEAVER, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, T. H. ; Travel and Subeietence nomical Journal; G months ; $19,900 Study of the Physic8 Publishing Problem; Expense8 in Connection With Visit8 to Paychological Laboratoriee and Research Factl- 18 months ; $29,700 ittee; 6 months; $1,700 AMERICAN MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY, ProviACTA

The Journal of Chemical Phyeice; 1 year ; $35,000 English Edition8 of the BueRfan Publica-

The Physics of Metals and Metallography and The Journal of Abstracts-Metallurgy ; 1 year; $23,710 UNIVERSITY OB ALASKA, College, Alaska;

For Preparing and Distributing Selected Translations of Ruesian Mathematice Articles; 1 year; $24,537 Mathematical Review8 : 2 years : $40.000 Preparation of a 15.Year Cu-mulative Index Traveling and Subeistence Expenees in Con- to Mathematical Reviews; 6 months; $6,600 nection With Visits to Biological Labora- AMERICAN PHTSICAI, SOCIETY, Charlottestoriee and Research Facilitiee of the Univer- ville, Va. ; Establish an Experimental Type of Journal for Rapid Publication of Physics sity 01 Ala&a; 3 months ; $2,500 Research; 6 months ; $21,000 AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR THEN ADVANCEPHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOCIETY, MENT OF SCIENCE, Washington, D. C!. ; Par- AMERICAN Ind. ; 60th Anniversary Volticipation and Adminietration of the Na- Bloomington, tional Science Foundation Colloquia Series; ume of Review8 of PhptOpathOlOQg; 2 years ; $22,250 2 years ; $4,000 Enolish Editions of Two Russian JOUrnal8:



N. Y.;

dence, IL. I.


dena, Calif.


Publication of the Aetronomical Journal; 3 years; $15,000 Supplement8 to the Aetrophysical Journal; 3 years; $7,500

Publication $35,000


Y.; Translation and the Rueeian Journal of Apand Mechanics;



plied Mathematics

1 year;

Prooeedfnge oj the Symposium on the Struo-

AMERICAN CERAMIC SOCIETY, Columbus, Ohio; Translation and PublicatZon of the

Galesburg, Ill. ; Cumulative Index te Volume8
of Parasitology ; 18



$6-40 01 The Journal months ; $3,410


Proceeding8 ot the 1966 General ConvenPublication of a SeZected Bibliography oj tion 01 the AatronombaZ Leizgue; $300 Japaneee Serial Publications in Science and BIOL~UICAL ABSTRACTS, Philadelphia, Pa. ; Technology; 6 months; $2,200 A Subject Index to the ASTIA TitZe AnThe Uoverage of the Botanical Uterature by Abstract&g and Indexing ServZcee; 4 nouncement Bulletin; 6 months; $4,000 months ; $2,550 Compilation of a& Acce88ion8 List of SdBROOKLYN CoLIm-m, Brooklyn, N. Y.; entific and Technical Serial8 of the Library
Soclologfcat Ab8WaCt8; 1 year ; $5,000 UNIVEB~ITY OIF CALIFOBNIA, Berkeley, Calif. of Uongrees; 1 years ; $5,000


D. C. :




D. C.

Reference Uenter for Report8 on QovernPreparation oj an Index Catalogue of men&Supported Scientific Reeearch; 1 year ; $29,600 Double Stare; 1 year; $6,200 Continuation of PreparaHon of a BibliogWorld Bibliography or FoesiZ Vertebrate8 OLeophysicaZ and Paleolithic Anthropology, Volume 6; 2 raphy on the International Year, and Preparation of Index Entries for years ; $5,900 Experimental Printed Coordinate CAMBRID~IULANGUA~I~ RESEARCH UNIT TBUST, an the BibZiography; 1 year; $14,000 Index to Cambridge, England; Research on New LogCco-Mathematical Method8 for the Analy8i8 LONG ISLAND BIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION, Cold 01 Language8 for Machine !l’ranslation; 1 Snrine Harbor. N. Y. : The Hutants of Droso&la XIelanogaster; i years ; $11,3Ob year ; $33,000
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Cambridge, Mass.



lation of the Economic Atlas of Japan; 1 naZ8: Radio Engineering, Radio Engineering $7,000 and Electro-Communicaand Electronics, DNPAUW UNIVERSITY, Greencastle, Ind. ; Pub- tions; 1 year; $70,000 lication of a Monograph of the FontinalaMethod8 of Translating Language8 by ceae; 3 years ; $3,700 Machine; 1 year; $41,400 GEOCHEB~ICAL SOCIETY, Madison, Wis. ; An ASSOCIATION 01 English Edition of the Ruseian Journal Geo- MATHEMATICAL ; Preliminary Studg AMERICA, of NonBuffalo, N. Y. chemistry; 1 year ; $15,000 Teaching Mathematical Employment; 4
OF MICHIGAN, Ann Arbor, Mich. ; of the Marine AZgae of Tropical Principles of Pararrenesis of Minerals. 2111 D. S. korzhinakll, &d The Geochemistry iyf Eaetern America; 2 years; $14,000 CENTER, Chicago, Rare and Dispersed Elements in Soils, bg MIDWEST INTER-LIBRARY Center; 1 year; Ill. ; Scientific Journals A. P. Vinogradov; 1 year; $10,780 $22,970 GEORQE WASIIINGTON UNIVERSITY, Washington, D. C. ; New Coordinate Indexing ddethod MINERALOQICAL SOCIETY OB AMERICA, Chiof Bound Book Form BibliogrQphies; 1 year ; cago, Ill. ; Index to Volumes 31-40 of The American Mineralogist ; 1 year ; $4,500 $14,000 NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES-NATIONAL GEOROETOWN UNIVIORSITY, Washington, D. C. Mechanical Translation; 1 year ; RNSEARCH COUNCIL, Washington, An EngZi8h Edition 01 the Russian Ab%";*6%0 stract Journal : Geology Series ; 1 year; HARVARD UNIVERSITY, Cambridge, Mass. Research on Automatic Translation oj $36,770 A Survey of Intereet in and Feasibility oj Russian into Englieh; 6 months; $29,150 an International Journal 01 Geological AbRe8earch on Automatic Translation 01 ; Russian Into English; 4 months ; $26,200 stracte; 1 year of$7,500 Publicatiorc Proceedings of the Fifth Proceesing oj Ethnographic Film Data; National Clay Minerals Conference ; 1 year; 2 years ; $19,500 $5,000 INSTRUMENT SOCIETY OF AMERICA, PittsPlanning Yor an International Conjerence burgh, Pa. ; English Edition8 of Three Rus- on b’cientifio Information; 1 year ; $24,000 8Zan JournaZ8: Instruments and Experimental Publication of an International aeology Techniques, Measurement Techniques, and Review; 1 year ; $53,545 Factory Laboratory ; 1 year; $93,500 Revision of Study on Soviet Professional 2Cianpower in Soviet Satellitea; 15 months ; INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR PLANT TaxONOMY, Cambridge Mass. ; Revision of Liet oj $28,000 The Biology Code and Key and an AnalqtNomina Conservanda in the InternationaZ icab History of the Chemical-Biological CoorUode 01 Botanical Nomenclature; 1 year; d,ination Center; 6 months ; $5,000 $1,300 The Ofice 01 Critical TabZe8; 1 year; INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL OB SCIENTIFIC $48,600 UNIONS, London, England ; InternationaZ AbTranslation and Publication 03 Two Ruastracting Board; 1 year; $7,250 aian Book8 in the Field 03 Geology: Facies INTERNATIONAL GEOGRAPHICAL UNION, WashStudies, by D. V. NaZivWn, and Fundamental ington, D. C. ; BeographicaZ Conversion Problems in Tectonics, by V. V. Bezoueov; 1 Tablee; 1 year ; $6,100 year ; $41,460 JOSIAH MACY, JR., FOUNDATION, New York, ORQANIC ELECTRONIC SPECTRAL DATA, INC., N. Y. ; First Conference on the Ceni?raZ Nerv- Silver Spring, Md. ; Organio EZectronio Specou8 Byeterns and Behavior; 1 year ; $15,000 tral Data, 1946-1955; 1 year; $11,750 UNIVERSITY

on Scientific and Engineering the USSR: 8 weeks : $6.030 English Edition8 oj Th;ee Ruseiah ’ JbUrin

Tranelation and Publication of Two Russian Book8 in Geochemi8try: Physico-Chemical


D. C. ;

months ; $8,000 Manual


UNIVEBSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA, Philadelphia, Pa. ; Inuestigation ot Littgui8tfo TraneformatZon8 for Information RetrievaZ; 16 months ;



aentation 6750


N. J. ; Survey ot Soientillo DoanTraining Facilities; 0 months ;









Some Problems ol Chemical Kinetic8 and Reactivity; 1 year; $1,500 The TraneZation From the Ruesian of the Book Entitled The Problem of Stability of Nonlinear Control Systems, by Academician
A. M. Letov; 6 months ; $2,000

N. J.

Biological Sc&mcee Information :hange; 1 year ; $25,000 BIological Sciences Information change; 1 gear ; $28,000



ExEaLa. ;

Reeearch Needs in High Temperature Science; 6 SOCIETY FOR INDUSTRIAL AND APPLIED MATHIMATICS, Philadelphia, Pa. ; An EngZidh Edimonths ; $10,000 tion oj the Russian Journal Theory Of ROBERT S. PEABODY FOUNDATION FOR ARIts Applications ; 18 and CHAEOLOGY, Andover, Mass. ; Radiocarbon Probability months ; $72,240 Samples and Their Datee; 18 months;

Preparation oj Han,dbook of Middle American Indians; 4 rears ; $140,700





Gene Bibliography;

1 year;


Teat Program To Evaluate Notation Syetems for Chemical! Structara.Z FormuZa8; 1 year; $27,600


Grants for the Mernational Geophysical Fiscal year 1958 Year Program




Procurement of Miscellaneone Supplies ______--_-_________ Operations at Sacramento Peak and Tonanzintla ____________ UNIVERSITY OF ALASKA : Operational Cost of Aurora1 Observations and Measuremente, Operational Cost for Radio Wave Absorption and COSIDiC Noise Method--,-----,,-__,_,,___

$3,750 1,000 123,100 22,500

Study of the Isotopic Constituat tion of Cosmic Radiation Balloon Altitude8 ___________ FRANKLIN INSTITUTE : Correlation of Solar Activity with High Altitude Primary Cosmic Ray Intensity ________ Construction of a Neutron Monitor-shipboard _____ -__---__ Construction and Operation of a Neutron Monitor, Thule, Greenland -----------_-----STATE UNIVERSITY UNIVERSITY OB IOWA:


20,140 1,720 2,940 37,663 16,700 10,000 25,000 2,800

High Altitude Cosmic Ray Neasurements in the Arctic-,---,

Operational Cost of the Aurora1 Program in the Antarctic---,,

55,250 11,000 4,000 6,900 32,000 30,000 23,414 10,300 1,100 11,500

Headquarters for All-Sky Cameras in the United Statea,,,,, Radar Observations at Ithaca,,, All-Sky Camera Operations of Six U. S. Station8 __-________ The Preparation and Processing of Aurora1 Data ____________ NATIONAL BUREAU OP STANDARDS:

Study of High Speed Cosmic Ray Fluctuations ___________ Reduction of Cosmic Ray Counter Data-,-,___,______,__-_,__

Monitoring Cosmic Ray Intensities at High Altitude ________ Trajectory Computation and Study--------------------_

Airglow Data Reduction ________ Operational Costs and Coordination of Northern Stations--,,

Measurements of Zenith-Angle Dependence of High Energy Musons-- -----------------_


Operntions of Western United States Radar Stations---,--, Development of Equipment for Meteor Observations in the Antarctic -L ___________ -_-__ Operation Cost for Radio Absorption and Cosmic Noise Nethod in Western United States---COSMIC RAYS CALIFORNIA INSTITUTIU OB TIDCHNOLOOY:

Construction of Two, Triple Coincidence Geiger Counter Telescopes --------------------Construction of Neutron Monitor -________ “_ _______ -_

12,835 8,520 5,229

Reduction and Study of Neutron Intensity Time-Variations---OF NEW MEXICO:

investigation of the Semi-Diurnal Planetary Variation of Atmospheric Pressure ____ -___--___

1,800 15,600 14,200

Balloon Flights to be made in the Antarctic _______________

7,600 2,300 28,850

Construction of Air Shower Detectors --- ______ --_---____ Procurement and Modification of Neutron Counters and Associated Equipment __________ -__

Construction of a Neutron Monitor to be used in Alaska-,--Studies of the Primary Cosmic Ray Spectrum ______________ Construction of Equipment for Measurement of Neutrons of Solar Origin at High Altitudes-,-_-_,,__--__-_______

15,200 2,000


Studies ____ -- _______

Reduction of Cosmic Ray Ionization Chamber Data ________ UNIVERSITY OF CHICANO: High Altitude Measurements of Cosmic Rays ________________

12,000 8,706


Operation of Jarvis and Palmyra Magnetic Stations ___________




Operation of South American Five-Station Network ________ u. S. COAST AND GEODETIC SUBVEY : Expenses of Coordinating and Administering the Geomagnetism Program ___---___ - _____ Operation of Nagnetic Observatories at Three Antarctic Stations---------------------Procurement of Equipment and Supplies for Nagnetic Stations-western Pacific----,,Operation of East-West II. S. Network-- _________________ Operation of North-South Chain Magnetic Stations in Alaska-Magnetic Gradient Study in Alaska-------------------Operation of Rapid-Run Auxiliary Magnetographs _________ Observations at Knox Coast Station ln the Antarctic ________ GLACIOLOGY

: Observation of Mean Rigidity the Earth _--_-----_ 21,000


of -


45,200 7,000 16,000 14,185 6,600 20,000 16,600 3,000

?rocurement and Construction of Pendulum Equipment for Submarine Pendulum--- _____ Zeduction of Gravity Measurements _____________________

49,690 9,809

Procurement of a Gravimeter for Measurements in the Antarctic _----__---_________Antarctic Data Reduction and Publication __-_-______-__-__ sravimeter Measurements,,-,,~VOODSHOLY OCEANOGRAPHIC INSTITUTION :

6,559 21,760~ 22,000

Pendulum Gravity Surveys in Australia and New Zealand-, [ONOSPHERIC PHYSICS




Glacier Observations in Southern Alaska-------------------ARCTIC INSTITUTE OF NORTII AMERICA : Procurement of Glaciological Equipment ---____ - ________Recruitment, Hiring and Travel of Scientists in the AntarcticEstablishment and Operation of the Headauarters Unit to COordinate the Glaciology Program---------------------Procurement of Equipment for use on Mt. Michelson- ___---Study of Antarctic Glacial Geology-------,---------------

Ionospheric Absorption-Cosmic Noise Method in Alaska-,-Operation of an Atmospheric Whistler Station in Alaska,, Fixed Frequency Backscatter in Alaska,__,---,--,----,,,,-,

7,700 18,000 8,450 9,455

Amateur Participation in Ionospheric Physics __-------_--36,750 99,365

11,000 25,500 8,900 5,000

Establishing the Latitude Dependence and Occurrence at Conjugate Geomagnetic Locations of Whistlers in the East, Ionospheric Absorption, Cosmic Noise Method in the East---NATIONAL ARM3 : BUREAU OF STAND-

48,800 2,900

Logistic Equipment and Supplies _____ -_- ___-----__---DEPARTMENT OB THY ARMY : Procurement of Deep Drilling Equipment and Supplies for Antarctica __--__----------CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE NOI.OGY : OB TECH-


Glacier Dynamics on Blue Glacier Olympic Mountains- ____----Antarctic Ice Sampling-Isotope Ratios ____________________OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY :

5,000 10,150 76,755

Operation of Six Antarctic Stations ----- ---------------Ionospheric Quality Control and Training- _______-__------_Equatorial VHF Ionospheric Forward Scatter Measurements,, Procurement of Three Atmospheric Radio Noise RecordersFixed Frequency Backscatter Measurements _____________VHF Oblique-Incidence SporndicE Fired Strength Measurements,,-,-----------------Ionospheric Physics Data Processing _--- ___-__----------OFFICXJ OF NAVAL RICSEARCH :

176,900 36,300 39,500 8,900 10,200 22,500 63,285 8,893

Antarctic Data Reduction and Publication ___________----UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON :

Ionospheric Absorption, Cosmic Noise Method in Alaska-,-,PENNSYLVANIA SITY : STATN UNIVER-

Meteorological Studies in Western United States (Blue Glacier) __-------------------UNIVERSITY 01 WISCONSIN : Procurement of Antarctic Portable Gravimeter ________---GRAVITY MEASUREMENTS INSTITUTEJ OF NORTH

Absorptlon-Pulse Ionospheric Method___--,-------,-----True Height Determination---STANFORD UNIVERSITY :

8,800 47,758 35,907 45,300

Logistic Support in the Atmospheric Whistler Program---Backscatter Fixed Frequency Measurements _-__---------UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA :


Recruitment, Hiring and Travel of Scientists for Antarctic---

Procurement, Construction, and Testing of Radio Astronomy Equipment - _________-------





U. 5. COAST AND GE~DBITIC SuaLongitude and Latitude Measurements in Alaska ________ METEOROLOGY U. S. WBIATHER BUX~~AU: Data Reduction and PublicationProcurement of Equipment and Supplies in Antarctica,---,, South American Upper-Air Me* teorological Observationa---, Oneration at the Antarctic Wea-ther Central ________________ Arctic Ice Floe Meteorological Station8 _______________ :-,, Antarctic Geochemical Measurements of Carbon Dioxide and Surface Ozone ______________ Reduction and Preparation for Publication Meteorological Data---------------------OCEANOGRAPHY UNIVIU~SITY 0~ CALIFORNIA: Procurement of Equipment for 2188 in the Ieland Observatories Program -____________ Related EXpen8e for Deep Current Program in the Pacific-, Procurement of Equipment for Radio-Chemistry Analysis---COLUMBIA UNIV@XMITY:

ROCKETRY U.S. D~PABTYBNTOFTHBABMY: Procurement of Rocket8 and Equipment and Partial Operational Costs on Guam _______ 6, ooc

19,65a 98,01(1 43,soc 36,7oa 81,5oa 20,000 14,670

Planning and Operation in Connection with Rocketry Program in the Arctic _______________ OFFICM OP NAVAL RESBAEWH: Pacific Solar Eclipse ExpeditionSEISMOLOGY AMERICA : Seismology Personnel in the Antarctic- _____ - ____ -- ______

Procurement of Strain Seismographs for the Study of Crustal Strain Accumulation-------Procurement of Equipment for use in the Antarctic _________

3,600 3,000

25,005 16,000 27,000 31,400 87, 075 20,000

Seismic Exploration of Continental Structure ______ - ________ U. S. COAST AND GEODETIC


Seismography Measurements on the Pacific Islands _____ - ____ An‘tarctie Teleseismic Measurements ________________ -- ____

7,800 13,000 3,000 5,600 4,200 9,220 47,255 31,900

Operation8 of Island Observatories in the Atlantic-----Operational Costs of Deep Current Oceanography Program in the Atlantic ____________ Operational Costs for Radiochemistry Analysis ______________ U. S. DIUPAIZTMENT OP THB NAVY: of BathythermoProcurement graphs for Deep Current Program------,--------------Reduction of Bathythermographic Data----,-----,---,-,,-,-----TIUXAS AGEICULTURAL AND MnCHANICAL COLLEQIO SYSTEM:

Procurement of Equipment for use in the Antarctic-_______ Seismic Measurements in the Atlantic ____ -- ________ ---___ Operational Costs for Long Period Wave Studies--,,,,,, Data Reduction and PublicationUNIVERSITY OIP WISCONSIN:

421 30,000

Antarctic Data Reduction and Publication ____________ - ____ Seismic Exploration of Coastal Areas------------_-,-__,,,, SOLAR ACTIVITY

Operational Cost of Deep Current Oceanography Program in the Atlantic ____________________ Radiochemistry Analysis of Sea Water in the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico __________________

2,000 14,000


7,565 2,738 6,000 3,200 6,250 6,250 13,000

Operation of the Deep Current Oceanography Program in the Pacidc---------------,-----Procurement of Carbon Dioxide Measuring Equipment _____ -__ Arctic Sea Ice Studies _________

28,058 13,042 4, 325

Development of Three Indirect Flame Recorders---____ -___ Visual Observations ___________ Rapid Data Presentation------UNIVERSITY op MICHIGAN : Eigh Resolution Profiles of H-alpha in Solar Flames----Operational Costs of McMathHulbert Observatory ____ -__-_
~ATIONALBUREAUORSTANDARDS: Data Reduction and Publication-


Operational Costs and Related Expenses in the Deep Current Oceanography Program in the Atlantic ____________________ Radiochemistry Analysis of Sea Water __________ - __________ Operational Cost8 of Oceanography Program in the Arctic-,

29,450 16,250 4,000


3peration Warning

of U. S. and World Center ______ - ______ 6. =.:.



QENlRAL RELATED SCIENTIFIC SUPPORT S. DEPARTMENT OB THB u. ABMX : Trail Rations for Oversnow Traverse Parties ____________


Measurement of the Meteoric Dust Erosion of the Satellite Skin --------_---__--------10,416


Interferometer and Doppler Measurement8 ____________--Electron Density Proflles ____--OFFICIU OF NAVAL RESIDABCH :

‘2 9!io”
30,000 1,400 i

Coordination and Editorial Offices-International Special Committees----_____ -- _____ Publication of Technical Manual8 and Other Documents for the World Wide Standardization and Coordination of Scientiilc Measurements -----___---__of Polar Operations Support Staff---------------------Support of the International Geophysical Year Polar Operations Staff----------------U. S. WEATHER BU~~UAU : Antarctic Planning Staff------Procurement of Equipment and Supplies-Antarctic ProgramWORLD DATA CENTER


Solar Radiation MeasurementsSpecial Equipment and Engineering Services for Scientllie Experiments-----____-----PENNSYLVANIA SITY: STATIO UNIVER-

40,620 68,600 70,000 92,313

from Measurements Doppler Spaced Locations-- ______--RESEIARCH INSTITUTEI VANCED STUDIES: FOB AD-


Determination of the Flux of Heavy Primary Cosmic Ray Nuclei _______ -_-_-_- __----STANFORD UNIVERSITY:

61,750 112,000 66,700

14, ooa Electron Density and Radio Propagation Studies--- _________UNIVERSITY ORWISCONSIN:


Rocket and Satellite World Data Center A- ______ ---__-_- ____

Archives in Alrglow and Ionosphere -- ____ ---___------_-U. 5. WEATHERBUREAU: Archives in Meteorology ___---EARTH TIFIC SATELLITE-SCIENEXPERIMENTS

Telemetry Recording and Technical Assistance ______________ 21, 425 32,500

30,980 CO-




Propagation Polar Satellite Measurements--------------UNIVERSITY OF ALASKA:

25,000 167,900

Operating Expenses of Program Coordination Staff __________ Scientific Coordination of the Earth Satellite Program,--,EARTH ING SATELLITE-OPTICAL

72,800 102,000 TRACK-

Aurora1 U. S.

Zone Phenomena-----DEI'ABTMENT OF THE

Meteorological Observation8 From an Earth Satellite,---CALIFORNIA NOLOGY: INSTITUTE OF TECH-

U.S. DEPARTMENTOFTHEARMY: 222, ooa Establishment of an Interim Optical Network-----------SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION:

121,200 100,200 778,325 80,500 351,800 234,000

Special Equipment and Engineering Services-----------____


Determination of the Flux of Heavy Primary Cosmic Ray Nuclei _--_--_- ____ -- _______

15,000 46,250

Radio Interferometry and Data Analysis - _____ --_---_-__-STATE UNIVERSITY OB IOWA:

Cost of Optical Tracking Stations---------------------Operation of Optical Tracking Stations __________________Administration of a Visual Observing Program ___________Observation Reduction, Analysie, and Central Operation---,,Direct Administrative Costs---,

and Testing of Construction Equipment and Supplies for Cosmic Ray Observations---LINFIELD RESEARCH INSTITUTE:

71,015 42,000

Volunteer Photographic ing-----------------------

Track18,000 6,526,658

Absolute Signal Strength and Frequency Measurements-----


Fellowship Awards-Fiscal Year 1958 Awarded

NameA, Residences, and Fields of Study of Individuals National Science Foundation Fellowships

COULTER, C. ALTON, Phenix City, Physics. ELDER, JOHN W., S. J., Mobile, Chemistry. MAHOWALD, ANTHONX P., S. J., Mobile, Zoology. SANDERSON,JACK T., Birmingham, Physics.

Bctence Faculty
BAILEY, WILFORD S., Auburn, AgrlcuIture. PATRICE, KEITH H., Auburn, Agriculture. WATSON, RAYMOND C., Jr., Annlston, Englneering. ARIZONA

BALL, JAMES S., Albany, Physics. O., Sacramento, Earth BANKS, PHILIP Sciences. BERLOWITZ, LAURENCE J., Los Angeles, Zoology BOULWARE, DAVID G., Lafayette, Physics. BROSEMER, RONALD W.,l Oakland, Biochemistry. BROWN, LOWELL S., Visalla, Physics. BROWN, ROBERT T., Riverside, Physics. BROWN, STEPHEN L., Palo Alto, Physics BURNS, JOHN M., Berkeley, Genetics. CHRISTENSEN, MARK N., Berkeley, Earth Sciences. Cogig3, GEORGEF., Jr., Los Angeles, ChemCZAMAX&!& GERALD K., Stanford, Earth Sciences. DALTON, EDWARD K., Riverside, Physic& DAY. GENE F.. Alameda. Phvsics. DAY~E~.L, MEL&N D., Pasadena, Physics. DEVOTO, RICHARD H., Palo Alto, Engineering. DEAL. PAUL H.,’ Sacramento, Zoology. DODD; JAZZES R., Pasadena, Earth Sciences. EGGER, M. DAVID,~ Bakersfield, Psychology. EISENBERO, JOHN, Berkeley, Zoology. ENDERTON, HERBERT, San Jose, Mathematics. FISH, ROBERT A., Los Altos, Chemistry. FONO, PAUL, San Francisco, Mathematics. FOSTER, EDWARD M., Gardena, Mathematical Economics. GAOE, DOSALD H., Durham, Engineering. GILLESPIB, BARBARA, Arcadia, Botany. GIULIANO, CONCETTO R., Gardena, Chemistry. GOLDENBERO.H. MARK, Los Angeles, Physics. GOLDSBOROUGH,JOHX, Stanford, Physics. GRIFFITH.& ROBERT B., Sunnyvale, Physics. GUNCKEL, THOMAS L., II.1 Pomona, Englneering. HAGGI, DONALD E.,’ Berkeley, Physics. HAND, LOUIS N., Palo Alto, Physics. HAUGIN. RUTH M.. Pasadena. Psychology. HOLLAND, JEROMID .T., La Miradai Mathematics. HOLLIDAY. DENNIS, Alhambra, Physics. HONE, DANIEL W., San Francisco, Physics. HONSA~ER. JOHN L.. Pasadena. Physics. HULTGREN; -GLEN 0:. Berkeley, Chemistry. HUNDLEY, RICHARD O., Pasadena, Physics. IRVINE, WILLIAM RI., Beverly Hills, Physics. JORDAN, PETER C. H., Los Angeles, Chemistry. JOSEPHSON, ROBERT K., Los Angeles, Zoology. KAPLAN, DAVID, Granada Hills, Philosophy of Science. Monterey Park, BEATRIC~~ L., KELLY, Microbiology.

ROBERT B.,l Phoenix, Engineering. JUSTICE, KEITH E., Tucson, Zoology. RAUCH, HERBERT E.,l Tucson, Engineering.

HALE, KENNKITH L., Tucson, Anthropology.

Bdence Faculty
HALL, DAVID J., Tucson, Engineering. ARKANSAS

EVERETT, WAYNBI, Benton, Biochemistry. HILL, JOHN W., Fayettevllle, Chemistry. LOCKHART, ANDREW P., Van Buren, Engineering PAQB, LEROY E., Springdale, Engineering. RUSSELL, CHARLES D., El Dorado, Chemistry. STALLINOS, JOHN R., JR, Morrilton, Mathematics.

WASSON, JOHN T., Springtown, Sdence

Chemistry. AgrlcuRure.




NORMAN W., Pasadena, Physics. ALLEN, MARCIA K., Stanford, Genetics. ALMOND, CABOLYN, San Leandro, Mlcrobiology. 1 Declined.

KIEFQU, EWAB F., Pasadena, Chemistry. !HIEBAUf, ‘1 &fAIt’MAL &., JR, Whlttiu, KLEINMAN, LEONABD, Berkeley, Physics. Physics. LARSEN, JIM, Pomona, Earth Sciences. !IYHIPBSEN, WILLIAM ID., Oakland, Chemietry. LEBOVITZ, NOBBUN R., Los Angeles, Physics. ‘J ~INDERHOLT. VICTOR E.. Santa Monica, LEESON, Dav~u B., Los Angeles. Engineering. Genetics. LICITWEB, PHILIP, Orinda, Zoology. 7TOGEL, IUARTIN, Los Angeles. Chemistry. LIRBY. WILLIAN J.. Berkeley, Genetics \ VAONER, WILLIA%I G., South Pasadena, LINDEN, DONALD A., San - Francisco, EnPhysics. giueering. Bin‘IVATTENBURO. WILLABD H.. Greenville. LINDSAY, ROBERT, Hillsborough, Engineering. gineering. . LOO&IIS. ALDEN A.. Palo Alto, Earth Sciences. 1 WEBB, SAWNEX D., Los Angeles, Zoology. MACIEL; GARY E., .Livermore, Chemistry. 1 PEDDLE, OBVILLII H., Granada Hills, MedMACMILLAN, ARCHID J., Long Beach, Engiical Sciencea. neering. WERTHANF,R, N. RICHARD, Encino, Physlca. MANJARREZ, VICTOR, 23. J., San Francieco, :WILCOX, WILLIAM R., Albany, Engineering. Mathematics. 1 WILLIS, JOHN S., Pasadena, Zoology. J. HOWARD, III, MARSIIALL, Pasadena, 1 ~VILSON, DONALD M., Los Angeles, Zoology. Physics. 1 WILSON, GARTH H., Oakland, Engineering. MASON, DAVID, Berkeley, Botany. 1 WOOLFOLK,ROBERTW., Riverside, Chemistry. I\ICcONKEY, EDWIN H., Berkeley, Zoology. 1IVULFB, DANIEL L., Altadena, Chemistry. MCCITEN. PETER A., Bakersfield, Engineering. YOUNG,LAEL N., Mentone, Mathematics. M&USE, DELBERT C., Saratoga, Botany. 1 MILLER, ROGEI~ H., Palo Alto, Physics. MONK, JAIIES D., Danville, Mathematics. 1 BARTH, CHARLES A., Jr., Encino, Physics. MORLAN, GEORGED.,l Pasadena, Mathematics. 1 BREINAN, LEO, Berkeley, Mathematics. MKAZEK, ROBERT V., San Bernardino, En- 4 JADE, TohI J., Glendale, ZOOiOgy. gineering. ~AIIPBELL, ALLAN M., Stockton, MicrobiolMUFFLER, L. J. PATBICK,~ Claremont, Earth I 069. Sciences. 1 FEINSTBIIN, ANIEIL, Nenlo Park, MatheAngeles RICHARD S., Los M uLLER, matics. Engineering. HENRY, DAVID W., Los Angeles, Chemistry. NANDI. JEAN. Berkeley. ZooiOns. 1 &RATA, ARTHUR A., Los Angeles, Biochem~EKH'BOB, JA~IEs E., Lafayette, Physics. istry. NEVILLE, DONALD E., Los Angeles, Physics. - :KOMIIEBSA’ND, MAX H., La Mesa, Botany. NEVILLE, RICHARD C., South Gate, En MASON, RICHARD A., Davis, Agriculture. gineering. MUNZ, FREDERICK W., Claremont, Zoology. OGLESBY, LARRY C.,l Atascadero, Zoology. IOLANDICB,HARVBY, Davis, Agriculture. OHBACH, RAY~IOND L., Los Angeles, Physics . PEVIIIOUSE, BYRON C., San Francisco, MedlORIANS,. GORDON H., Albany, Zoology. cal Sciences. ORTESBURGEB,IRENE B.,l Los Altos, Physics ,SHREVE,RONALD L., Big Pine, Earth Science& I PARKER, EVELYN D., San Francisco, Bio SMITH, DARWIN W., Pasadena, Chemistry. chemistry. SPARKS, RO~EBT A., Los Angeles, Chemistry. PARKER, RONALD B., Berkeley, Earth Sciences Angeles , SI-ENCER, GLENN H., Lafayette, Chemistry. RICUABD J., Los PICCOLINI, TANQHEBLINI, FRANK R., Palo Alto, Physics. Chemistry. UBETSKY, JACK L., Albany, Physics. PROSCHAN, FRANK, Sunnyvale, Mathematics WEITZNER, HAROLD, San Frnncisco, Physics. PBUITT, WILLIA~U E., Stanford, Mathematics E., JR., Sacramento PURVES, WILLIAM Senior Poetdoctoral Botany. ALPEN, EDWARD L., San Mateo, Biophysics. QUINN, EDWARDP.,l Berkeley, Engineering. REINECKE, MANPHED G., Albany, Chemistry ‘. BADE, WILL,IAN G., Berkeley, Mathematics. RENEAU, LEON R., San Mateo, Engineering :. BERN, HOWARD A., Berkeley, Zoology. BERSON, JEROB~EA., Los Angeles, Chemistry. RICHARDS, PAUL L., Riverside, Physics. ROUEICTSON,BALDWIN, Los Angeles, Physics 1. CUSHINQ, JOHN E.,f Santa Barbara, General Biology. North Hollywood ‘, ROSENBERG, DAVID, EDELMAN, ISIDOI~II S.,* San Francisco, BioGenetics. chemistry. ROYCE, EDWIN B., Pasadena, Physics. FUHRMAN, FBEDEBICE A., Stanford, Zoology. SCHULTZ, CLAUDE H.,l Davis, Physics. SEDEBHOLM, CHAELI$S H., Concord, Chemis 1- GOODWIN, WILLARD E., Los Angeles, Medical Sciences. try. SHAIN, STEPHEN,~ San Anselmo, Engineer I- GBOOAN,RAYMOND cf., Davis, Botany. ing. JEFFRIES, CARSON D., Berkeley, Physics. SLAGGIE, E. LEO, Albany, Physics. NOBBECK, EDWARD, Berkeley, Anthropology. SIIITH, RICHARD G.,’ Glendora, Engineering :. ROYDEN, HALSEY I,.. Los Altos, Mathemntics. S~IITH, ROBERT B.,l Vista, Chemistry. SCHWIML~MEB, SIO&IUND, Berkeley, BiochemSTONE, CHARLES J.,l Van Nuys, Mathematics .l istry. Economics. WOLFF, JAN, San Anselmo, Medical Sciences. STONE, JEREJIY J., Menlo Park, Mathemati iScience Faculty cal Economics. STBANG, WILLIAM G., Los Angeles, Mathe L BARRETT, E. OTTO, El Sobrante, Astronomy. matics. BEEKS, RICHARD M., Claremont, Botany. STRO~XBOTNE, RICHARD I,., Berkeley, Physics 5. BLACK, ARTHUR L., Davis, Biochemistry. SWANSON. DARWIN L.. Bakerstield, Physic8 1. COAD, PETEB, Orange, Chemistry. TAYLOR, HUGH P., Jr., Los Angeles, Eartk '1 GORMAN, CHARLES M., San Francisco, Sciences. Chemistry. THACHEB, PHILIP D.,l Auberry ,Physics. HABVILLII, JOHN P., Los Gatos, Zoology. LARSEN, CHABLIIS M., Santa Clara, Maths matics. 1 Declined.


PBIQUEQNAT,WILLIS El., Claremont, General Biology. PHILLIPS, EDWIN A., Claremont, Botany. PILLSBUBY, THOMAS S., Concord, Blochemlstry. PITTS, THOMAS D., Los Angeles, Zoology. COLORADO

SIE~~~L, JOHN H., New Haven, Medical Sclences. STILLINOER, FUNK H., Jr., New Haven, Chemistry. TIBBT, WILLIAM G., Seymour, Astronomy. WOXONICK, CHABLES L., Merlden, Biochemistry.

He&or Postdoctoral
KLINE, DANIEL L.,l Bethany, Zoology. SCHAFHIX, RICHARD D., New London, Mathematlcs.

IXWIN, CYNTHIA, Morrison, Anthropology. LONOLIDY,WILLIAM W., Jr., Boulder, Physics. NEIIIPEB, DONALD A., Monte Vista, Physics. SAKAKUBA, ARTHUB Y., Boulder, Physics. SPENCER, ALBBET W., Fort Collins, Zoology. TEN BROEK, BEBNARD J., Boulder, Zoology. VIEBXK, ELEANOR G., Boulder, Zoology.

Science Faculty
CLEVERDON, ROBERT C., Coventry, General Biology. RHODES, MARION B., Woodstock Valley, Chemistry. SAMUELSON, HENBY H., Storrs, Physics. SCEIAIFEX, ALICB~ T., New London, Mathematics. THOMSON, BETTY F., New London, Botany. DELAWARE

HERIN, REQINALD A., Jr., Ft. Collins, Agrlculture. POTTASCH, STIJABT R., Boulder, Astronomy.

Be&or PostdoctoraZ
PBITIDRSEIN, WILLIAM, Boulder, Demography.

DAY, BENJAMIN D., Newark, Physics. JENNINOS, U. DUANE, Wilmington, Englneerlng. LORAND, JOHN P.,l Wilmington, Chemistry.

Bdence Faculty
ESTLOW, WILLIS L., Boulder, General BlolWY. KOCH, WILLIAM G., Greeley, Chemistry. TULIN, L~IONAXDG., Boulder, Engineering. CONNECTICUT

Science Faculty

BALDWIN, DAVID E., West Hartford, Physics. BOWIOX,GORDONH.,l New Haven, Psychology. BINQHAM, CHBISTOPHB~R,~ Colchester, Mathematics. BUYRN, AUDREY B., Hartford, Physics. CHURCHILL, LINDSEY, Jr., Merlden, Mathematical Sociology. DOANBI, WINIBXED W., West Haven, Genetics. DOLLARD, JOHN D., Hamden, Physics. FARNHAM, ANN E., Storrs, Microbiology. FOOTEI, CHRI~T~PHDR S., West Hartford, Chemistry. FXASE~X, EDWARD C.,l Simsbury, Engineering. HIC+BIE,PAUL R., West Hartford, Physics. HILBER, S. ROBERT, New Haven, Zoology. KAHN, DONALD W., Bethany, Mathematics. KAHN, PHYLLIS, Bethany, Biophysics. MCCARTHY, CHARLES A., New Haven, Mxthematlcs. MCCOLM, DOUOLAS, New Haven, Physics. MERMIN, N. DAVID,~ New Haven, Physics. MILLER, JOHN H.. New Haven. Botanv. POLINS~Y, MARTHA I. V., New’Haven,l ZoolWY. SCOVILLID, RICHARD, Torrlngton, Mathematics. SELTZER, RICHARD J., Hartford, Chemistry. STIQPHQNSON,R. RHOADS, Mt. Carmel, Englneerlng. TANENBAUM, B. SAMUEL, New Haven, Phys1CS. WEBBER, BROOKB, B., Bridgeport, Genetics. WILLIAMS, FREDERICK N., New Haven, ZoolWY.

BRANT, DAVID A., Chemistry. DADE, EVIXETT C., Mathematics. EHXMAN, JOHN R., Physics. FELTON, RONALD H., Chemistry. HACKMAN, MATTHEW, Mathematics. KOBBMAN, FREDERICK, Mathematics. HOYME, LUCILIO E., Anthropology. HUBBARD, ROBERT L., Physics. OLIVER, DAVID W., Physics. PXESNALL, DEAN C., Earth Sciences. Science Faculty BUTCHES, GEORGEH., Mathematics. FLORIDA

BOND, FREDERICIC T., Jr., Tavernier, Chemistry. BROCKMAN, HERMAN E.. Tallahassee. Genetics. TOX, EVELYN, Miami Beach, Physics. IRWIN, CAX~L A., Jacksonville, Anthropology. X~ALY, DAVID L.,l Sarasota, Chemlstrs. ?ITTMAN, RICHARD G., Jr., Jacksonville Beach, Chemistry. RALPH, PETEX,~ Avon Park, Physics. ROSEN, GERALD H., Surfside, Physics. SCHWA~~B, FRANK E., Miami, Physics. WAGNER, ALVIN, Tallahassee, Zoology.

HUBBARD, PAUL Physics. S., Jr., St. Petersburg,

JACOBSON,ROBERT A., Waterbury, Chemistry. MEIGS, ROBERT A., Newlngton, Biochemistry. 1 Declined.

Senior Postdoctoral
FEDEX, WI’LLIAM A., Orlando, Botany. PEPPY, THOMAS O., Gainesville, Genetics.

Science Faculty
SCOTT, LINUS A., Gainesville,





BBADL~Y, NEAL E., Decatur, Mathematics. BUTLER, JAMES R., Macon, Earth Sciences. DOWNS, JAMES P., Savannah, Earth Sciences. How& JOHN A.,1 Blue Ridge, Chemistry. JOHNSON, CHABLE~ S., Jr., Albany, Chemistry. MCMILLAN, D. RUSSQLL, Jr., Atlanta, Mathematics.

UILBERT, THOMAS F., Athens, Psychology.

CLEIMMONS, JOHN B., Savannah, Mathematics. HALL, ALEXANDIDR A., Albany, Physical Sciences General. IDAHO

BRANDVOLD, GLEN E., Coeur d’Alene, Engi neering. BURDICK, GLENN A., Pocatello, Physics. NIELSON, CLAIR W., Pocatello, Physics REMSBERQ, LOUIS P., Jr., Caldwell, Chem.istry. WILLMORTH, JOHN H.,l Boise, Engineering *

lgenior Postdoctoral
TISDALPI, EDWIN W., Moscow, ILLINOIS Agriculture -

BASS, HYMAN, Chicago, Mathematics. BERKSON, EARL R., Chicago, Mathematics. BJORKEN, JAMES D., Park Ridge, Physics. BLISS, JAMES C., Chicago, Engineering. BODINE, ALAN G., Macomb, Physics. BRESNAHAN, TIMOTHY M., Chicago, Genera 1 Biology. BREWER, RICIIARD D., Murphysboro, Zoology ‘. BUCCINO, ALPHONSE, Chicago, Mathematics I. BUDDEMEIER, ROBERT W., Urbana, Chemistry ‘. CARPENTER, WAYNE, Champaign, Chemistry ‘. CHASE, STEPHE’N U., Chicago, Mathematics I. CHILTON, FRANK M., Jr., Chicago, Physics. COLEMAN, SIDNB~Y,Chicago, Physics. CORRELL, DAVID, Lombard, Zoology. DOVE&WILLIAM F., Jr., Oak Park, Biochem .istry. ECKSTEIN, SHULAMITH G., Chicago, Physics I. EDWARDS, HAROLD M., Jr., Champaign 4 Mathematics. FOODEN, JACK, Chicago, General Biology. FRAENKEL, DAN G., Urbana, Medical Sciences I. FREIPELDER. DAVID M., Waukegan, Bia Iphysics. . GA~~IOLI, RICHARD A.,1 Highwood, Engj Lneering. GINSBERO, DONALD M., Chicago, Physics. GOLDBERO,JAY M., Chicago, Psychology. GRINN~ULL,ALAN D.,1 Carbondale, Zoology. HAOEN, CARL R., Chicago, Physics. HAHN, FRANK J., Champaign, Mathematicr I. HANNAUER, GEOROE, III, La Grange, Maths ?matics. HARBKE, RICHARD C., Wood River, Eart h Sciences. HARRISON, MICHAEL J., Chicago, Physics. 1 Declined.

istry. [ILL, ROB~IBT N., Evanston, Physic& IOOAN, JERRY A., Chicago, Psychology. AMESON. A. KWTH. ChamDai&rn. Chemistry. OSEPH, DAVID W., Wheat&, Physics. LALTENBRONN, JAMES S., New Baden, Chemistry. :APLAN, CECILI, Chicago, Chemistry. ;ERMICLE, JERRY L., Dundus, Genetics. :ERTICSZ,DENIS J., Glenview, Chemistry. ;INOSLEY, JACK D., Champaign, Physics. &EMENT, WILLIAM, Jr.,l, Bensenville, Physics. Lr~~~~~E~o, MILTON, Chicago, Chemistry. =X~INE& MICHAEL J., Chicago, Physics. I ,LOYD,RONALD M., Oak Park, Earth Sciences. SEYMOUR N.,l Chicago, Engineering. 1&OTSOIFF, n IACLEAN, DAVID, Winnetka, Chemistry. nIILLER, DONALD A., Mt. Prospect, Engineering. nIINN, FREDERICK L., Waukegan, Chemistry. a ,~OORHEAD,LYNN, Poplar Grove, Biochemistry. B YIORQAN, ROBERT L.,l Chicago, Chemistry. n~OTTERSEIEAD, THOMAS,~ East St. Louis, Physics. NELSON, DALE,’ Ottawa, Mathematics. : ~LORSON,ROY A., Chicago, Chemistry. 1 ?ARTOS,RICI-IARD, Chicago, Chemistry. 1 ?AULIKAS, GEORG~U Champaign, Physics. A., I ?AULUS, HBINRY P., Winnetka, Biochemistry. IXENICK, REBECCA J., Manhattan, Chemistry. 1 XESING, HENRY, Chicago, Chemistry. 1 REYNOLDS. JOHN C.. Glen El&n. Physics. XOGERS,KENDAL T.; Urbana, Physics. 1 %OSIN, ROBERT F., Highland Park, Mathe1 matical Psychology. 1 ZUST. JAnfw IL. Pekin. Enaineerinn. ,SC~~ESSINGER, DAVID,. Chicago, Biochemistry. !~HREFFLER, DONALD C., Kankakee, Genetics. ,SORENSEN,HANS O.,l Chicago, Engineering. 4 MatheSTEARNS, RICHARD E., Wilmette, matics. I~ALBOTT, RICEIARD, L., Elmhurst, Chemistry. ITANGORB, MARTIN C., Evanston, Mathematics. fTILLSON, MARTHA A., LaGrange, Zoology. ’TINKLER, JACK D., Lansing, Engineering. 1 IOWBER, JACOB, Chicago, Mathematics. ;TROZZOLO, ANTHONY M., Chicago, Chemistry. VRENTAS, JAMES, Danville, Engineering. WALL, ROBNRT E., Mulberry Grove, Chemistry. WARD, EIAROLD N.,* Evanston, Mathematics. WARDEN, JOHN C., Danville, Botany. WEINER, DANIEL, Chicago, Physics. 1 WEINER, GEORGE T., Chicago, Mathematical Economics. WENTZEL, DONAT cf., Chicago, Physics. WOI,A, JOSEPII A., Chicago, Mathematics. YO’IJNQDAHL,CARL I<., Chicago, Mathematics. YUND, RICI-IARD A., Farina, Earth Sciences. %I&1 nfER, RUSSEL L., Springfield, Zoology. ZIMMERMAN, STEVEN B., Chicago, Biochemistry.

ARONSON, ARTHUR I., Champaign, Microblology. BAUR, MARIO E., Chicago, Chemistry. FEDER, WALTER, Chicago, Medical Sciences. GLASKY, ALVIN J., Chicago, Biochemistry. GOLUB, GENE H., Chicago, Mathematics. IKEDA, RICHARD M., Champaign, Chemistry. LEPLEY, ARTHUR R., Peoria, Chemistry.


Lxwy, H. Sciences.




Se&or Pmtdootorat
SHINER, VEBNON J., Jr., Bloomin6toq istry. WRUB~L, MAI~SHAL H., Bloomington, omy. ChemAetron-

Be&or PostdoctoraZ
BECKER, ROBERT A.,1 Urbana, Physics. KING, ROBERT C., Evanston, Genetics. SEQAL, IRVINQ E., Chicago, Mathematics.

&ience FacrlZty
BAUM~ART, JOHN K., North Manchester, Mathematics. DYER-BENNET, JOHN W., Lafayette, Mathematics. JONES, HOBART W., Lafayette, Agriculture. SCHLEIUF, DANIEL J., Lafayette, Engineering. IOWA

Bdence Faculty
GALL, HAROLD J. F., ChiCagO, Zoology. JOHNSON, VERNOY A., Chicago. Mathematics. MATHERS, CAROL K., De Kalb, Zoology. PBURT, ROBERT M., Urbana, Engineering. PHIPPS, HABRIS E., Charleston, Chemistry. STEIN, HOWARD, ChiCa60. Mathematics. VAN LAER, JOHN, Chicago, Psychology. WATSON, WALTER W., Chicago, Physics. INDIANA

ANDERSON, WILLIAM J., Ames, Engineering. BELL, JERRY A., Bettendorf, Chemistry. CHRISTENSEN, STANLEY H., Ames, Physics. ECKER, RICHARD E., Ames, MiCrObiOlogy. FORBES, NILTON L., Iowa City, General Biology. GOODRICH,KENNETH P., Iowa City, Psschol-06Y. GRAHAM, JOHN B.,l Brooklyn, Engineering. ROBERTS, WALDEN K., Lamoni, Chemistry. ~ELIM, ROBERT G., Lan.von. Chemistrv. STUDIER, F. WILLIAM, waverly, Biop&sics. SUNDQUIST, BRUCE, Davenport, Engineering. WAONER, ALLAN R., Davenport, Psychology. WATSON, PATTY J., Sheffield, Anthropology. WOOLDRIDOE,CHARLES E., Mason City, Engineering.

ALLTOP, WILLIAM O., Indianapolis, Mathematics. BARONOWSKY, PAUL E., Evansville, BiochemistSy. BELINFANTE, JOHAN, West Lafayette, Physics. DAVIDSON, EENEBT R., Terre Haute, Engineering. FALLER, JAMES E., Mishawaka, Physics. FASSNACHT, ROBERT,* South Bend, Physics. FISH, FEROL IF., Jr., East Chicago, Earth Sciences. FISHER, ROBERT T., Indianapolis, Physics. FRANCIS, GEORGE K.,l South Bend, Mathematics. HUEBER, FRANCIS M., Indianapolis, Earth Sciences. HUNTER, RALPH E., LaPorte, Earth Sciences. JBINKINS, THOMAS M., Indianapolis, Mathematics. KLEIN, ATTILA O., Bloomington, Botany. L~oo, JABIES C.,l Windfall, Physics. LUNDY, RICHARD A., Connersville, Physics. MERCER, EDWARD IQ., West Lafayette, Chemistry. PARICER, RICHARD B., Hanover, Zoology. PoHL, WILLIAM F., Michigan City, Mathematics. PRAIRIE, RICHARD L., Fort Wayne, Biochemlstry. RAGLAND, THOMAS E., Bloomington, Biochemistry. RAY, CLAYTON E., Indianapolis, Earth ,Sciences. SANE, JA&~ES O., Hammond, Engineering. SCHERER, KIRBY V., Jr., Evansville, Chemistry. SCHRENK, GEORQEL., Seymour, Physics. SHIELDS, JAB~ES E., Marion, Biochemistry. SIB%% CHARLES C.,l Elkhart, Mathematics. STARBUCK, WILLIAM H., Portland, Mathematics and Social Sciences. VOUOHT, ELDON J., South Bend, Mathematics. WEIL, JON D., Evansville, Genetics. WILT, FRED H., Syracuse, Zoology.

LLOYD, MONTE, Sioux City, ZOOlOgy. MARTIN, DEAN F., Grinnell, Chemistry.

Senior Poetdoctorab BOLI~ VICTOR W., Ames, Engineering.
EYRINO, LEROY, Iowa City, Chemistry.

Science Faculty
GILBERT, WALTER M., Ames, Mathematics. GREEN, ROBERT W., Ames, Physics. EARRENSTI~IN, HOWARD P., Ames, Engineering. SORENSON,MAUD~ J., Whiting, Physics. WILD, WAYNE G., Storm Lake, Physics. KANSAS

BEAM, JOHN El.,1 Ottawa, Physics. DALY, HOWELL V., Jr., Lawrence, Zoology. DAVIES, HAROLD W., Emporia, Botany. DAVIS, JOHN A., Jr., Topeka, Engineering. FRANZEN, Huao F., Lawrence, Chemistry. KAINES, HOWARD B., Kansas City, Zoology. BALL, JOHN B., Mission, Medical Sciences. HANSON, DAVID L., Wichita, Mathematics. KEIDEB, KARL G., Lawrence, Anthropology. HOBBS, CHARLES F., Lawrence, Chemistry. JACKSON, THOMAS C.,l Hutchinson, Engineering. KING, WYNETKA A., Emporia, ZOOlOgy. RAMSAY, ARLAN,~ Dodge City, Mathematics. RETTENMEYER, CARL W.. Lawrence, Zoology. RICHERT, STUART, Wichita, Physics. ROGERS, GARY B., Manhattan, Engineering. SCHLA~ER, GUNTHER, Lawrence, Zoology. SIN~~~~;N, RICHABD D., Wichita, MatheSOMM&R,’ WARREN T., Manhattan, Physics. STBATTAN, ROBEBT D., Newton, Engineering.

BLOCK, RICHARD E., Bloomington, Mathematics. STILLER, MARY L., Connersville, Biochemistry. 1 Declined.

STEICKLEB, STICWABTJ., Hutchinson, W~!f?k. RICHABD D., Minneapolis, neering.


FABRAB. THOMAS C., Wichita, Chemistry. QASTON, LAMONT W., Lawrence, Medical

EAUK, PETER, Chevy Chase, Chemistry. EAUK. ROSALIND, Chevy Chase, Medical S&&es. Park, EESA~EB, MATTHQW E., Takoma Chemistry.
KAUBBIANN, KtJRZWE:o. JOHN EL, Towson, Zoolom. Silver Spring, ULRICH H.,’




S., Salina, Mathematics. BOB L., Manhattan, Engineering.


PredoctoraZ COOK.MAUBICE G., Hatton,

Agriculture. J., Jr., Covington, Chem-

THOMAS R., Henderson, General . LIXD, JOHN E., Jr., Louisville, Chemistry. RIQQSBY, W. STUART, Ashland, Biophysics.

Physics. EnMORTENSEN, GLEN A., Poolesville, gineering. SHARNOFF, MABK, Chevy Chase, Physica. SIGER, ALVIN, Baltimore, Biochemistry. STAGNER, MARILYN L., Bethesda, Zoology. TAEUBER, KARL E., Hyattsville, Demography. TBUYBORIU, ROQERH., College Park, Zoology. VAN TREES, HARRY L., Jr.,1 Glen Burnle, Engineering. VLASES, GEORGE C., Pikesville, Engineering. WARNER, JONATHAN R., Bethesda, Biophysics. WHITLOCK, HOWARD W., Jr., Unlverslty Park, Chemistry. ZDANIS, RICHARD A., Baltimore, Physics.

DIXON, Joe B., Fulton, Agriculture. H., Covington, Engi-

&dence Faculty

GOLDSNITH, TI~~OTHY FL, Silver Spring, Zoology. C., Baltimore, BioRHODES, WILLIAM chemistry. Medical Rockvllle, STEINRERGEB, EMIL, Sciences.

Senior PoetdoctoraZ
PAYNIO, LAWRENCE E., Olney, Mathematics.

Physics. GUTSCHEI, GRAHAM D., Annapolis, Physics. WHITE, ELIXABETIX L., Baltimore, History of Science. MASSACHUSETTS

HAMILTON, JOSEPH H., Jr., Tallulah,

lS&nce Faculty
CROW, A. BIGLER, Baton Rouge, Agriculture. DANTIN, ELVIN J., Baton Rouge, Engineer, ing. STONE, EDWARD J., Baton Rouge, Agricul ture. TIJLLIER, PETER M., Jr., Lafayette, Mathe, matics. MAINE

ALTIERI, BARBARA L.,’ Watertown, PsycholANOD~E~RSON L Brighton Earth Sciences. DON AVERELI,. ~O,N P:: Boston, Physics. BAY&~, GORDONA.; Plttsfield, Physics. BENEDICT, MARY H., Weston, Chemlstry. BIENENSTOCI~, ARTHUR, Cambridge, Physics. Bsootis, RODNEY A., Somerville, Physics. MatheBROWN, THO~~AS A., Cambridge, matics. COOPER,BERNARD R., Hyde Park, Physics. COTTER, EDWARD, Chelsea, Earth Sciences. COLXY, FRANCES,* Wollaston, Physics. Medical DIA~~OND, JARED M., Brookline, Sciences. DIXON, WILLIAM B., Fall River, Chemistry. EVENS, LEONARD, Brookllne, Mathematics. FABENS, AUQUSTUS J., Salem, Mathematics. FULTON, RORERT L., East Weymouth, Chemistry. GIBBS, SARAH P., Lexington, Zoology. GILLEN, Rosro E., New Bedford, Medical Sciences. GOLD, L. PETER, Brockton, Chemistry. GOLD~~AN, LAWRENCE:, Peabody, Zoology. GOLDSTEIN, RUBIN, Cambridge, Physics. G~SSARD, ARTHUR C., Quincy, Physics. GI~ANT, WALTER J. C., Lawrence, Physics. GRISWOLD, ROBERT, New Bedford, Chemlstry. HARRISON, JEAN B., Belmont, Zoology. HEARTH,ROBERT L., Cambridge, Biochemistry. HOBEY, WILLIAMS D., Peabody, Chemistry. HOLM, RICHARD H.,l Falmouth, Chemlstry. HOWARD, WEBSTER E., Jr., Cambridge, Physics.

BERKELMAN, KARL,: Lewiston, Physics. JENNESS, JONATHAN, North Bridgton, Anthropoiogy. KNIOHT, WILLIAM S., Auburn, Chemistry. LARY, EDMUND C., West Scarboro, EngineerW%u, CAROLYN R., Portland, Zoology.

BRUSH, STEPHEN G., Orono, Physics.

Sc4ence Faculty
SCOTT, ALLAN C., Waterville, ology. MARYLAND General Bi,

BROWN, ROBERT L., Kensington, Chemistry CARSON, DANIEL H.,l Baltimore, Psychology CURTIS, EDWARD B., Annapolls, Mathematics DORBMAN, JAY R., Baltimore, Chemistry. Engineering GOREN, SIMON L., Baltimore, 1 Declined.


JAMIOS, E~T~LLB M., Revere, Mathematics Economics. KAYTO& MYBOH, Lowell, Engineering. KNAPP, THOMAS B., Arlington, Mathematics KOLIIIIKOW, ROBERT, Cambridge, Physics. LANBFOBD, COOPIIR H., Holyoke, Chemistry Engineer LPCHNIIB, ROBIIRT J., Watertown, ing. L~VIN, ALAN D., Brighton, Psychology. LIANIDICS, SYLVIA P., Lynn, Medical Sciences McGo~[FI, DAVID J., Somerville, Engineering MCPHEBSON, KBINNETH,’ Revere, Medica: Sciences. OFEIN~AND, JAMES, Taunton, Microbiology. PARSONS, MAR~AEIIT C.,l Cambridge, Zoology, PIIIBBIIAN, PBTEB S., Cambridge, Physics. POULTNBIY, S H II R M A N K., Leonminster. Physics. RBIYNOLDB, DAVID V., Attleboro, Psychology, ROZIN, PAUL, Cambridge, Psychology. SAKLAD, MALCOLM H.,’ Boston, Chemistry. SCHLESINQEB, JAMES W., Cambridge, Mathe. matics. SCHWALBTZ, LOWELL M., Watertown, Engi. neering. Sc~I~~;;;fz~ua, PETER E., Cambridge, MatheWHARTON, LENNARD, Brookline, Chemistry. WHITNEY, PHILIP R., Marshfleld, Earth Sciences. WILLIAMS, DAVID C., Belmont, Chemistry. WILLIAMS, RICHARD B., Cambridge, General Biology. WILSON, KENNETH G.,l Concord, Physics. WYLIE, RICHARD M.,* Hingham, Zoology.


ISABEILLIO B., South Hadley,


JOHN T., Boston, General Biology.

BACHB~ANN, ROWERW., Ann Arbor, Zoology.

BISQUE, RAIKON E., Iron River, Earth Sciences. BORGESON, DAVID P., Muskegon, Zoology. BOUW~MA, WARD D., Grand Rapids, Mathematics. BBAKII, JOHN R.,l Stanton, Agricultural Economics. BUTCHEB, SAMUEL S., Gaylord, Chemistry. CLOSSON, WILLIAII D., Pontiac, Chemistry. COATS, KEITH H., Ann Arbor, Engineering. CO~~;,~ CHARLES C., Royal Oak, MatheCUa~~ss,‘L~~az~cio E., Hastings, Physics. DENTON, JOHN S., Jr.,2 Jackson, Mathematics. DIE~CKS, KAY J.,* Ypsilanti, Psychology. DRAOT, ALEX, Grand Rapids, Physics. FARRAND, WILLIAM R., Ann Arbor, Earth Sciences. FISCHEIR, PATRICK C.,l Ann Arbor, Mathematics. GAMSON, WILLIAM A.,1 Ann Arbor, PsycholGARLAND,HOWARD,’ Detroit, Mathematics. ~ARWOOD,DONALD C., Cassopolis, Chemistry. GRAESSLBY, WILLIAM W., Ann Arbor, Engineering. HAMELINX, RONALD C., Holland, Mathematics. KNOLL, GLENN F., Frankenmuth, Engineering. LITWIN, GEOR~HI H., Detroit, Psychology. LOVETT, JAMES S., East Lansing, Botany. MOHR, CHABLES M.,* South Haven, Engineering. NELSON, FREDERIC F., Grand Rapids, Chemistry.RUSKIN, ARNOLD M., Saginaw, Engineering. SANDEL, VERNON, L’Anse, Chemistry. SCHRIBER, THOMAS J., Muskegon, Engineering. SHIELDS, PAUL C., South Haven, Mathematics. ~INCIUS. JOS~UPH A., East Lansing, Chemistry.~TASHEFF, JAMES,~ Ann Arbor, Mathematics. ~TENGEB, ROBERT A., Midland, Chemistry. VAN DYK, JOANNE, Hancock, Zoology. WIDEMAN, JAMES Ed., Detroit, Zoology. WISER, NATHAN H., Detroit, Physics. I~OUNQDALE, GILBERT A., Detroit, Chemistry.


ALLIUN, DAVID W., Watertown, Medical Sci. ences. CHOMSKY, AVRABZ N., Cambridge, Mathe. matics & Linguistics. DAVIS, ROBERT E., Cambridge, Chemistry. DAVIS, ROWLAND H., Cambridge, Genetics. DIETER, NANNIELOU, Cambridge, Astronomy. ERVIN, SUSAN M., Cambridge, Psychology. FE~SENDIIN, RICHARD W., North Amherst, Chemistry. LAW, JOHN H., Jr., Cambridge, Biochemistry. PALAIS, RICHARD S., Brookline, Mathematics. RUDOLPH, EMANUIIL D., Wellesley, Botany. SCHNEPS, JACK, Cambridge, Physics. SEIDEL, GEORGII M., Woronoco, Physics. WHILLS, HBRBEBT, Brighton, Medical Sciences.

iYenior Postdoctoral
AKUTOWICZ, EDWIN J., Cambridge, Mathematics. ATLAS, DAVID, Newton Center, Earth Sciences. COHIIN, SAUL G.,l Lexington, Chemistry. FALKOFIF, DAVID, Auburndale, Physics. KBAMER, SOL, Woods Hole, Zoology. MAR, JAMES W., Lincoln, Engineering. MABTIDLL, ARTHUR E., Northboro, Chemistry. So~smn, MILTON D., Haydenville, Chemistry.

COLEMAN, JOSEPH E., Birmingham,

Medical MatheMathe-


Boteme Faculty
COLEMAN, JAMH~SA., Springileld, Astronomy. CBAWFORD, JEAN V., Wellesley, Chemistry. DUBHAM, MARCIA J., Hingham, Anthropology. FLAVIN, JOHN W., Chestnut Hill, Zoology. HILL, SARAH J., Wellesley, Astronomy. NICKERSON, NORTON H., South Dennis, Botany. SAVAOE,RICHARD L., Arlington, Engineering. l Declined.


A., Ann



Jenior Postdoctoral
‘NSULL, WILLIAM, Jr., Zeeland, Medical Sciences. (ANNICY, DAVID L., Ann Arbor, Genetics.

Science Faculty
LAKER, JOHN H., Grand Rapids, Physics. BJORK, CLARENCE M., Marquette, Mathematics.


Hafuoa, BIDETB~Y, Ann Arbor, IDngineering. LI~JSLZJY, ROBEBT M., Traverse City, Earth Sciences. MICHELSION, FINN C., Ann Arbor, Engineer-


LANQBI,JOHN E., St. Cloud, Mathematics. LANOSJOEN, ARN~I N., St. Peter, Chemistry. %AMID!ITQ,RICHARD W., Northfleld, Chemistry. L’RUSK,AYBBO~~, Wluona, Chemistry. KIssIssIPPI

RINQO, BOYD C., East Lansing, Engineering. ROSE, FRANK E., Flint, Physics. SMITH, WAYLAND P., East Lansing, Engineering. TEODOBO, ROSARIO R., Detroit, Microbiology. WOODBY, LAUNUN G., Rosebush, Mathematics. MINNESOTA

ZERNY, JOSEPH, III, Ozford, Chemistry. JLIBURN, J. WILLIAM, Hattiesburg, Zoology. GROW,TERRY T., Amory, Physics. DAVIS, JAMES E., State College, Chemistry. KNOPP, PAUL J., S. J., Pass Christian, Mathe matlcs. HANGUM, BILLY W., Mlze, Chemistry.

ACKERB~BO, ROBERT C., Minneapolis, Engi-

AN:::%, ROBEBTA K., Carlton, MicrobiLEWIS, JESSIE C., Tougaloo, Mathematics. ology. APPQLBAUM, ELIZABETH, St. Paul, General WEIITIU, JESSEI S., Cleveland, Zoology. Biology. BLOOMQUIST, CAROL, Hutchinson, Chemistry. -dISSOURI BRETHOWER, DALHI M., Nevis, Psychology. CULBEIRT, PATRICK, Minneapolis, Anthro. Vedoctoral pology. ~LACKBURN, THOMAS R., Webster Groves, ERICKSON, GLEN W., Minneapolis, Physics. Chemistry. GALVIN, FRED, St. Paul, Mathematics. BLAIR, JAB~ES E., Kansas City, Chemistry. GUTTMAN, BURTON S.,l Minneapolis, Zoology. Earth ~J~HIN~, EDWARD J., Steelville, HAAKB, PAUL C., Winona, Chemistry. Sciences. HANNA, MELVIN W., Minneapolis, Chemistry. HOLMES, JOHN C., South St. Paul, Zoology. ~REITLEIN, JOSEPH F., Ferguson, Physics. HUBIN, ALLEN J.,l Sandstone, Chemistry. Fox, Sr. M. ALICIO MARIE, B. V. M., St. JORDAN, THOMAS F.,1 Duluth, Physics. Louis, Zoology. JUNTAS, ROBERT L., Mountain Lake, Medi- >RAY, DAVID L., Kansas City, Engineering. cal Sciences. JONES, M. THOMAS, Jennings, Chemistry. KIRCHNER, ROGER B.,l Edina, Mathematics. KLOCK, PAUL W., St. Louis, Engineering. LARSON, JANB, Minneapolis, Chemistry. LHIYINO, HOWPJLLE., St. Louis, Physics. LAURANCEI, NEAL, Winsted, Physics. MIDGLHIY, JAMI~S El., Kansas City, Physics. MILLQR, FRANK C.,’ Little Falls, AnthroMONTGOMERY, DAVID, Milan, Physics. PALMER, THEODORID W., Webb City, MathePologY. MOFFIT, ALAN T., Rochester, Physics. matics. MUELLER, AUQUST P., Mahnomen, Zoology. PITTMAN, WILLIAM H., Columbia, Chemistry. OSTBIRKAMP, DARYL L., Minneapolis, Chem- PRATT, RICHARD L., Jefferson City, Matheistry. matics. RADLOFF, LENORE, Minneapolis, Psychology. SCHAB~BFER, KATH~RINEI M. M., Clayton, REIUD, FRANCIS K., Austin, Engineering. Earth Sciences. RICHARDS, J. IAN, St. Paul, Mathematics. SC;;;;;L, STEPHIN H., Kirkwood, MatheROISELAND, DONALD, South St. Paul, Physics, SCHWAR~, ROBERT, South St. Paul, Chem. SLOAN, MARTIN F., University City, Chemistry. istry. SPANGLER, JOHN D., Atwater, Physics. THOILIPSON, JOHN G.,l JelIerson City, MatheSWEBNB~Y,CAROL C., Winnebago, Chemistry. matics. TCJRGERSON. RONALD, Minneapolis, Physics. VISTE, AR~EN If.,1 Austin, Chemistry. Postdoctoral WALL, ROBERT E., St. Paul, Earth Sciences. WOOD,GALPIN, T., St. Louis, Physics. WALSTEDT, RUSSELL E.,l Mound, Physics. WATKINS, MARGARET J., Minneapolis, Zo- Ye&or Poetdoctoral ology. PFANDEU, WILLIA~M. H., Columbla, Zoology. WILLDTT, ROGERD., Northfield, Chemistry. VARNBIY,ROBEBT N., St. Louis, Physics. W;roEhSr. ESPERANCID,C. S. J., St. Paul, YOUNIX&T, MARY J., Balaton, Chemistry. Psy

Science Faculty

Science Faculty
EAMILTON, JOHN M., Parkville, Zoology. MILLIR, OWEN W., St. Louis, Engineering. PUTERBAUOH,MILTON P., Kansas City, ChemTA:~~YER WILBUR P., Bolivar, Chemistry. TUDOR, Jai&X3 R., Columbia, Engineering. MONTANA

CO~;&I;~~,~RAYMOND O., Jr., St. Paul, LOVRIBIN, RBIX, Minneapolis, Chemistry. WINCH, BBADLEY L., Minneapolis, Chemistry.

&ielzce Faculty
BARRY, DAVID G., Mankato, Philosophy of Science. CAHOON, MARY ODILQ, Duluth, Microbiology. l Declined.

KEMP, DANIEIL S., Missoula, Biochemistry. WOODWARD, LEWD Missoula, Earth Sciences. A.,


DOMINGO, JOHN J., Weeping Water, Physics. HAYES, JOHN B., Omaha, Earth Sciences. QUIST, ABVIN S., Blair, Chemistry. VAN VLECK, LLOYD D., Clearwater, Agrlculture.

JENSEN, DONALD D., Osceola. Psychology. YANDEBS, ABDAONF., Falls City, Genetics.


FOLEY, RLCHABD J., Durham, Engineering. KING, R. BRUCIO, Rochester, Chemistry. LYNCH, DAVID D.,’ Penacook, Physics. ROBINSON, PETEB, Hanover, Earth Sciences.


KIN& CABY J., III,1 Princeton, Englneerlng. KLAUDEB, I.~JIS T., Jr., Moorestown, Physics. LAIDLAW, WILLIAM J., Fair Lawn, PsychoIWY. LABBEN, DAVID, Hawthorne, Physics. LISSNBR, DAVID, Upper Montclair, Mathema tics. MARIK, ROBERT H.,l Westfield, Engineering. MATHEB, WILLIAM B., Jr., Princeton, Chemistry. MCLEAN, MARQARET C., Glen Ridge, Zoology. MEANS, WINTHROP D., Summit, Earth Sciences. MENNITT, PHILIP G., Bayvllle, Chemlstry. O’BBIEN, PAUL J., Haddonfleld, Biochemistry. RADOSKI, HENRY R.,l Jersey City, Physics. REICHLE, WALTER T., Bloomfield, Chemistry. RICHTER, WAYNE H., Leonia, Mathematics. RICHIPJ, ROBERT W., Princeton, Mathematics. RUSKIE, HOWARD E., Westwood, Chemistry. SCHNITZER, HOWARD J., Newark, Physics. SILVESTRI, ANTHONY J.2 Glassboro, Chemistry. TRETIAK, OLEH J., Passaic, Engineering. VANDEB VEN, NED S., Princeton, Physics. VAN ZANDT, LONNIE L.,l Plainfield, Physics. VAUGHAN, WORTH E., Tena5y. Chemistry. WALDRON, SIDNEY R., Ringwood, AnthropolWAXMAN, NAHUM J.,l Vlneland, AnthropolWY. WEISBEB~, ROB~BT A., Bayonne, MicroblolWESNER, JOHN W., Jr., Berkeley Heights, Engineering. WEYMAN, RAY J., Princeton, Astronomy.

ADLER, ROBERT J., Westfleld, Engineering. ALBERSHEIM. PETER, Madison, Biochemistry. ANDEBSEN, KENNETH K., Fords, Chemistry. BAI.DESCHWIELEB, JOHN D., Cranford, Chemistry. BARAFF, GENB A., Maplewood, Physics. BA~~;~T, NYLE~ N., West Orange, MatheBARTH, ROBERT H., Jr., Ridgewood, Zoology. BOOTH, MARY L.,l Boonton, Mathematics. BBAULT, JAMES W., Princeton, Physics. BROWN, W. STANLEY, Princeton, Physics. BBOWNBI, GERARD M., Jersey City, Physics. BIJRKB, JAMES A., Andover, Physics. CALDWELL, DENNIS J., Penns Grove, Chemistry. CARLSMITH, JAMES M., Summit, Psychology. CIECIUCH, RONALD F. W., Jersey City, Chemistry. D’HEEDENE, ROBERT N.,l New Vernon, Mathematics. DOLOTTA, THEODORE~ Vineland, EnglneerA., lng. DONNELLY, THOMAS, Pdnceton, Earth Sciences. DREISS, GERARD J., Union City, Physics. FITEGEORGE, Joxcn R.,’ Trenton, Botany. FLIUTCHER, JOHN Q., Princeton, Physics. FOREB, ARTHUR, Trenton, General Biology. FRENCH, BNVAN M., Nutley, Earth Sciences. GIF;~,~VILLIAM B., South Orange, Mathe. GILL% JOHN C., Teaneck, Earth Sciences. GOODYmAR, WILLIAM F., Jr., New Brunswick, Chemistry. GBEENLEAF, NEWCOMB,~ Short Hills, Mathe matics. HmARSr, JOHN E., East Orange, Chemistry. HESS, GEORGEB.,l Princeton. Physics. EAY, ELIZABETH M., Leonia, Earth Sciences. 1 Declined


KLEITMAN, DANIEL J., Morristown, Physics. LEMAL, DAVID M., Fanwood, Chemistry. PHILLIPS, JAMES C., Morristown, Physics. SHUSTER, CHARLES W., Glen Rock, Blochemistry. WAITE, THOMAS R., Morristown, Physics.

igedor POUtdOCtOral
GILLISPIE, CHARLES C., Princeton, History of Science. KULP, J. LAURENCE, Demarest, Chemistry. RAUCH, HARRY E., Trenton, Mathematics.

Science Faculty
GREENSPAN, BERNARD, Florham Park, Nathematlcs. IMRRIE, JOHN, Leonla, Earth Sciences. STIVALA, SALVATOBE S., Nerchantvllle, Chemistry. NEW MEXICO

COOPEB, JAMES A.,1 Albuquerque, Englneerinr. PIERRE, ALLAN D., Las Cruces, Physics. SWAIN, GEORGE R., Albuquerque, Englneerlng. NEW YORK

ADELBERQ, ARNOLD M., Brooklyn, Mathematics. ALCALAv, DAVID, New York, Mathematics. ANDERSON, CHARLES H., Briarcliff Manor, Physics.


BAOEB, VICTOR J., White Plains, C&n&try. BAUX, PAUL F.. New York, Mathematics. Bicnlc~!. RONALD J., Buffalo, Mathematics. BEB~OZOBN, MALCOLM, New York, Chemistry. B~oor& DAVID DA.. New York. Mathematics. BOCK, ~VALTEB, \?oodbaven, ioology. Bor~~ss, ROBEUT S., Brooklyn, Chemistry. BOLGER, JUSTIN C., Brooklyn, Engineering. BRAY. RICHARD C.. New York. Blocbemlstr~. BRU~ER, ARbrAND.~Brooklyn, Mathematics. BGHRER, CARL F., Hempstead, Chemistry. BUTENSKY, MARTIN, Brooklyn, Engineering. BUXBAUM, PAUL J.,’ Flushing, Engineering. CARROLL, ALAN S., Rochester, Physics. CATANIA, A. CHARLES, New York, Psychology. CHINOWSKY, STANLEY, Brooklyn, Englneerlng. CLOUGH, QARRETT C., Newburgh, Zoology. COLLA, COLEBSAN, Buffalo, Engineering. CONSIDINE, JAbfEs P., New York, Chemistry. D~WSON, ROBERT L., Rochester, Chemistry. DE PILLIS, JOHN, Jamaica, Mathematics. DE VOE, HOWARD, Pleasantvllle, Chemistry. Drcx, STANLEY, Brooklyn, Botany. DITTNER, PETER F., Long Island City, Physics. DOLEN, RICHARD,~ New York, Physics. DOLLIVER, JAMES S.,l Ithaca, Botany. DOUOHERTY, HAEBY W., Brooklyn, Biocbemistry. DUBNAU, DAVID,* Brooklyn, Zoology. DWORIN, LOWELL, Brooklyn, Physics. ECKERT, ROWERO., New York, Zoology. EICHBERO, JOSEPH, Jr., Great Neck, Medical Sciences. EISENRERO, JUDAH, Forest Hills, Physics. ERWIN, JOSEPH A., Brooklyn, Zoology. FAOAN, JOAN J., Ridgewood, Earth Sciences. FALB, PETER L., Brooklyn, Mntbemntlcs. FARLEY, DONALD T., Jr.,1 Ithaca, Pbyslce. FEHLNER, FRANCIS P., Dolgeville, Cbemlstry. FEINLEIR, JULIUS,~ Brooklyn, Physics. FELDJIAN. MARTIN. New York. Cbemlstrs. FELDMAN; MARTIN; Brooklyn,’ Physics. FELDAI AN, MARVIN, Brooklyn, Engineering. FERZIGER, JOEL H., Brooklyn, Engineering. FLINT, OLIVER S., Jr., Slatervllle Springs Zoology. FRANCO, VICTOR, New York, Physics. FRANREL, RICHARD A.,’ New York, Chemistry . FREED. JACK.’ Brooklvn. Enrrlneerlnrr. FUDGE; MOLLY W., Manilus, ~oology~ GALLANT, JONATHAN, Mount Vernon, Blo chemistry. GARDIHER, WILLIAM, Niagara Falls, Cbem lstry. GASSNER, HENRY P.,l Staten Island, Matbe matlctll Economics. GASTWIHTH, JOSEPH L.,l Rego Park, Matbe !matics. GELB. ARTHUR, Brooklyn, Engineering. GERSTEIN, IRA, Rego Park, Physics. GIBBS, JAblEs L., Jr., Ithaca, Anthropology ‘. GILINSHY, VICTOB, Bronx, Physics. GL;,‘;~~ HERMAN R.,l New York, Matbe c . GOLDBERG,ABRAHAM, Staten Island, Physics I. GOLDMAN, MICHAEI, A.,1 Brooklyn, Physics I. GOLDSTEIN, PAUL, Brooklyn, Chemistry. GROSSJIAN, EDWARD J., Brooklyn, Blocbem Ilstry. GRUHN, RUTH, Cornwall on Hudson, Anthro ,polog:y. HALL, DASIEL N., Bronxville, Cbemlstry. HARHINGTOX, DAVID R., North Tonawands 4 Physics. 1 Declined.

IARRI8, MORTON If Brooklyn, MathWmtiUL : ZARTI, KENNETH J., Troy. Pbysic8. I IERXBBRO, NOBYAN P,,l Brooklyn, Matha

I 30~~. MABCIAN E., Jr., ROChe8ter, Enginee@

I ~OFFYANN, ROALD,~ Jackson Heights,

Chemistry. IORINO, NORMAN J., Brooklyn, Pbysice. : 30~0~1~8, EDWIN B., Jamaica, Biopbyeice. I IOBTMANN, ALFRED G., Woodside, Chemi8tXy. I IRITE, JANE AX., Hornell, Chemistry. I XUQHE~, THOA~AS H.,l Mt. Elsco, Engineering. JIOHNSOARD, PAUL A., Ithaca, Zoology. KADANOFB.LEO. New York. Pbvslce. : <AHN, DA’NIEL S., Brooklyn, M8tbematlce. I CAISER, ROBERT, New York, Engineering. I RANDALL, GEOFFREY A.,’ Far Rockaway, Mathematics. 1IAKDEL, ROBERT S.,l New York, Astronomy. 1<APLAN, STAWLET,~ Brooklyn, Matbematlce. 1ZARQ, GERHART, New York, Chemistry. IARRASS, ABRAHAM, Brooklyn, Mathematlce. :KATZ, THOMAS, Forest Hills, Chemistry. 1KESSLER, DIETRICII, Hamilton, Mlcroblology. 1 ~NEUER, JOSEPH G.,l Massapequa, Englneerlng. 1 ZORENMAN, VICTOR, Brooklyn, Physics. 1 LAMRERT, LOBETTA, North Bellmore, Medical Sciences. 1 LANL)E, ALEXANDER, New York, Physics. 1 LANDSMAN, EMANUEL, New York, Englneerlng. 1 LARCHAB, ROBJCRT H., New York, History ot Science. 1 LARRABE~. ALLAN R.. Great Neck, Blocbemlstry. ILEERMAKERS, PETER, Rochester, Chemistry. 1 LEIBOWITZ, GEBALD M., New York, Mathematics. ILEKT, ARNOLD, New York, Engineering. LEVIKN, ROVER E., Brooklyn, Engineering. 1 1 LEVINE, IRA N., Brooklyn, Chemistry. LE\‘ISE, ISAAC, New York, Chemistry. LEVIXE, JEBOM~: P., Mount Vernon, Matbematlcs. LEVY, PETER M., New York, Engineering. LIOHT, JOHN C., Mount Vernon, Cbemlstry. LONOOSZ, EDWARD J., Rochester, Chemlstry. LUBIN, JONATHAN D., Staten Island, Mathematics. MACE, ROSBI cf., New York, Microbiology. Hills, EnNARCUS, DANIEL H., Forest gineering. MARVIN, DONALD A., Osslning, Biopbyslca. MAYER. ALAN. Flushlna. Mathematics. MCCABE, JOHN P., New. York, Mathematics. McLEOD, DONALD W., Rochester, Physics. MELTZER, HERBERT,’ Brooklyn, Chemistry. MENBIS, JACK, Flushing, Engineering. MEYER, STUART L., New York, Physics. MILLER, RICHARD W., Buffalo, Biochemistry. MINEKA, JOHN, Ithaca, Mathematics. MINKUS, JEROME, Brooklyn, Mathematice. MONSKY, PAUL, Queens, Blathematlcs. NOSHER, ROBERT E.,l Larchmont, Matbema tics. MTEUS, ROBERT A., Mount Vernon, Physice. NILSSON, WILLIAA~, Middle Village, Chemlstry. NORDLANDER, J. ERIC, Schenectady, Cbemlstry. NOVIN, DONALD, Brooklyn, Psychology. O’DONNELL, DAVID V.,’ Bellerose, Chemlstry. OLSEX, MARY J., Northport, Genetics. OSOE’SIZY, A~adn~bf J., Cbeektowaga, Engineering.


PAOLILLo, DOar1nxc9 J., Jr., Delhi, Botany. PE[IKOFB; ARTHUB, Jamaica, Engineering. PHINNBY, BOBCAT A., Rochester, Earth Sciences. PIERSON, EDWARD S., Syracuse, Engineering. PLATBK, Warms A., Buffalo, Chemistry. POULSON, THOMAS L., Manhasset, Zoology. PBICE, STEVEN, Valley Stream, Zoology. RAFB, ALFBIOD I.,1 Brooklyn, Engineering. RAPPAPOBT, RHODA, New York, History of Science. RICHTER, ALAN, Brooklyn, Genetics. RIND, KENNETH, Brooklyn, Chemistry. RINDE, JOHN J., New York, Engineering. ROMBEBO, BERNHARD W., Rochester, Mathematics. SACKS, GERALD E., Ithaca, Mathematics. SALZMAN, ALICE, Bronx, Chemistry. SANDY, EhANK, New York, Phyaici. SCADUTO, FLOBENCB C., Seaford, Chemistry. SCHEELE, GEORGE F., Yonkers, Engineering. SCHEINBAUM, MONTB L., Brooklyn, Chemistry. SCHILDKBAUT, CARL, Woodmere, Chemistry. SCH~IEIX, EUC~ENIU Flushing, Chemistry. IL, SCHU~, ROY L., Geneva, Physics. SCHULTZ, JONAS, Brooklyn, Physics. SCHUSTER, DAVID I., Cedarhurst, Chemistry. SCHWEITZER, PAUL A., Pelham, Mathemati&. SEECOIF,ROBEBT. New York. Genetics. SHAKI~, CARL, New York, Physi&. ~SHAPIBO, ELLEN,’ New York, Mathematics. SHAPIRO, ROBERT, New York, Chemistry. SHAW. RO~EB W.. Buffalo. Phvsics. SHEP~, LAWBEN&, Brooklyn,” MathematiC8. SHURJ& FRED C., New York, Physics. SILVERT, WILLIAM,~ New York, Physics. SKLAB, LAWBBNCB),~Laurelton, Physics. SMITH, DAVID Y., Schenectady, Physics. SOVERS, OJABS, Brooklyn, Physics. STAI~?+~RD, FRED E., Bronx, Chemistry. STARK, GEOBQ~~ New York, Biochemistry. R., STEBNBEBO, SAUL H.,l Bronx, Mathematical Psychology. STBBNHEIM, MORTON M., New York, Physics. STBIWABT, DARYL G., Ithaca, Agriculture. STRAUSS, HEBB~BT L., Kew Gardens, Chemistry. STRAUSS, WALTER A., Kew Gardens, Mathematics. TAYLOR, T~KLA, New York, Mathematics. TEIOEB, MARTIN L.,* Brooklyn, Physics. THOMPSON, PHILIP A., Berlin, Engineering. THORNDIKE, EDWARD H., Montrose, Physics. TOBIAS, IRWIN, Brooklyn, Chemistry. TUITIU, ROBERT J., Rochester, Chemistry. VINCOW, GEBSHON, Brooklyn, Chemistry. VOOEL, JOSEPH L.,l Richmond Hill, Physics. VOZICK, MICHAEL W., New York, Biochemistry. WAHLIQ, MICHAEL A., Woodside, Physics. WALL, TH~ODOBE T., New York, Chemistry. WARNER, ROBERT E., Rochester, Physics. WATSON, Garo~a~l PI., III, New York, Zoology. WEBB, JULIAN P., Rochester, Physics. WBIHN, DONALD, Brooklyn, Mathematics. WEININOEB, STEPHEN, Whitestone, Chemistry. WHINBTON, ANDREW, Flushing, Mathematical Economics. WIMM~B, GERTRUDE, New York, Botany. WOr%TIS, MICHAEL,~ New York, Physics. WYTTHINBACH, CHARLES R., Elmira, Zoology. ZIPS~B, DAVID,~ New York, Botany. ZWICKEL, ALLAN M., Lynbrook, Chemistry. 1 Declined.

BBENNEB, JOSEPH E., New York, Chemistry. DUBINS, LE~TEB E., Bronx, Mathematics. F’EIT, WALTER, Ithaca, Mathematics. GELLEB, MURRAY, Brooklyn, Chemistry. GLASHOW, SHELDON L., New York, Physics. HIRSCH, MORRIS, New York, Mathematics. JACOBSON, CLAIRE, New York, Anthropology. JENSEN, DONALD W., Niagara Falls, Chemi8tl-y. KLEPPNER, DANIEL, New Rochelle, Physics. KLOTZ, TILLA S., New York, Mathematics. LUBKIN, ELIHU, Brooklyn, Physics. MAZUB, PETER, New York, Zoology. POPPER, JULIET, Brooklyn, PByChOlOgY. SCHAEFER, JOHN P., Springfleld Gardene, Chemistry. SNYDP)B, JOAN, New York, Anthropology. TAUSNER, MENASHA J., Bronx, Physics. ULRICI~, WERNER, New York, Engineering.

Rentor Poetdoctoral
GIBSON, JAMES J., Ithaca, Psychology. MILLER, JULIAN M., New York, Chemistry. SACHS, ALLAN M., Dobbs Ferry, Physics. WOLBSBEBO, MAX, Upton, Chemistry.

Science Faculty
BERNARD, FRANCIS J., New Rochelle, General Biology. BOYD, ROBERT N., New York, Chemistry. CARROLL, BENJAMIN, New York, Chemistry. CHICCARELLI, JOSEPH B., New York, Mathematics. COSTJSICK, PAUL, Buffalo, General Biology. CRIPPEN, FRANK B., New York, Mathematics. HARRISON, WILLIAM P., Potsdam, Engineering. HEBREY, ERNA M. J., Flushing, Physics. LENEB, WALTER, Geneseo, General Biology. LEVI, HOWARD, New York, Mathematics. MATTERN, JOHN A., Buffalo, Chemistry. Nmpo;; ABBA V., Poughkeepsie, MathePRYOR, MARVIN J., Coeymans, Physica. SCHNELLER, MARY B., Brooklyn, General Biology. WORTH, DONALD C., New York, Physics. NORTH CAROLINA .

BRYANT, DAVID, Greensboro, Chemistry. Bu~~~~ ROBERT C., Chapel Hill, Mathe. HORNER, SALLY M., Chapel Hill, Chemistry. JORDAN, WADE H., Jr., Edenton, Chemistry. LINDSLEY, DONALD H., Asheville, Earth Sciences. PITERSON, JAMES M., Clinton, Chemistry. POSTMA, HERMAN, Wilmington, Physics. ROSSEB, GORDON H., Jr.,l Durham, Mathematics. ROY, DONALD H., Raleigh, Engineering. SNIPBS, CHARLES A., Sylva, zoology. SNrPms, RAYMOND F., Reidsville, Chemistry.

STINEBPRINQ, W. FOBB~BT, Durham, matics. Matho-

Be&Or Po8tdoctoraZ
NAYLOB, AUBBEY W., Durham, Botany. cox, EVELYN M., Greensboro, General Biology.


J., Jr., Greensboro, Mathemalice. OWEN, HAEBY A., Jr., Durham, Engineering.

I).. Jr., Bay Villa% Physica. ~OYCQ, PAUL C., Cleveland, Medical Sciences.

‘e&or Postdoctoral





THOA~AS, PAUL E., Fargo, Mathematics.


Wence Faculty
LCKER, GEOR~B G., Bowling

Science Faculty
ANDERSON, EDWIN M., Fargo, Engineering. THOMPSON, JOHN C., Dickinson, Mathematics. OHIO

Green, ChemGreen, ChemZool-


K., Bowling

KENN~DTH B., Steubenville,

5m??’ JACK L

BAMBAKIDIS, GUST, Akron, Physics. CABNAHAN, BRICQ, New Philadelphia, Engineering. CARRUTHERS, PET~QB Middletown, Physics. A., CHRISTENSEN, JULIEN M., Dayton, Psychology. CLARK, ALLAN H., Cincinnati, Mathematics. CLARK, THOMAS J., St. Marys, Chemistry. EK, FREDERICK L., Cuyahoga Fnlls, Physics. Heights, ELDER, CAROL-AXN, Cleveland Botany. Olmsted, ERNEST, JEAN~ETT~ R., North Zoology. FOOTE, J. LINDSLQP, Cleveland, Chemistry. FROMMBR, GABRIEL P., Cincinnati, Psy. chology. HELLING, MARTIN, Canton, Mathematics. H~IRSNMAN, ARNOLD, Cleveland Heights, En, gineering. HUFF, ROBERT W., Canton, Physics. KOENIG, DONALD F., Cuyahoga Falls, Bio physics. KRAA~ER. DAVID A.. Cleveland, Physics. KRAPP, PAUL J., Springfield,’ Chemistry. KREIMER, H. FREDERICK, Jr., Cincinnati Mathematics. LIBOR, ANDREW S., Cincinnati, Physics. LDNHERT, P. GALEN, Arcanum, Biophysics MALONEY, WILLIAM T., Jr., Nile% Engineer ing. MARSI’IALL, TROIKAS C., Cleveland, Physics MAWBY, JOHN E., Dayton, Earth Sciences. MERKL, ARTHUR W., Cincinnati, Chemistry NICHOI~S, LARRY D., Xenia, Chemistry. NICHOLS, TEIOMAS S., Batavia, Chemistry. NORCROSS, BRIJCB E., Columbus, Chemistry Oaa, ANDREW P., Bowling Green, Mathe matics. POWELL. DAVID L.. Mansfield, Chemistry. RENKEN, JAMES H.,l Columbus, Physics. Heightr ROSEN, RONALD H., Cleveland Mathematics. SIMPSON, ANNA L., Oberlin, Psychology.
SLAYMAN, CLIFFORD L., Jr.,1 Canton, Zoology

3oni~os, HE&!, Engineering.

Columbus Biochemistry. Jr., Cleveland Heights,

IAVIS, RICIIARD C!., Akron, Mathematics. CICHEN, ERWIN, Columbus, Engineering. PINKBEINER, DANIEL T., II, Gambler, Mathe-


A., Wllberf’orce,


:LASOQ, PAUL K., Springfield, Chemistry. JOTTSCHANO. JACK L.. Cincinnati, Zoology. KESSLER, I&TON A., Columbus, Zoology. ~AVHI, FLOYD R., Springtleld, Earth Sciences. ?ARR, GEORGE K., Athens, Anthropology. &UI.NBERRY, ROVER C., Athens, EngineerATOLL, ROBERT R., Oberlin, Mathematics. YOZWIAK, BERNARD J., Youngstown, Mathematics.

3KLAHOMA Engineering. ENGLEMAN, MAHIC,~ Woodward, Botany. FRETWBLL, LYMAN J., Jr., Tulsa, Physics. KRUOER, CHARLES H., Oklahoma City, Engineering. LAND, HUGH C., Norman, Zoology. PARKIR, J~RALD D., Stillwater, Engineering. SCHMALBERGER, DONALD C., Stillwater, Astronomy. Rcieftice Faculty
BLEAKLEY, WILLIAM B.,l Tulsa, WALLER, EDWIN J., Stillwater, Predoctoral DENISON, GILBIERT W., Norman,

Engineering. Engineering.


AMMANN, EUGENE O., Portland, Engineering. COLE, GLEN H., Portland, Anthropology. DQ BAR, ROQER B., Eugene, Physics.

S%~ALLWOOD,RICHARD D.,l Dayton, Engi neering. SWEENEY, THOMAS I,.,’ Cleveland, Engi neering. TAYLOR, LYNN, J., Cuyshoga Falls, Chemis



neering. YOUNQ, ANDREW T., Massillon,

Astronomy. Antbropol

FREED, STA’NLEY A., Springfield,

DIXON, RICHARD W.,l Woodburn, Engineering. GOSE, EARL E., Portland, Engineering. KIND. PHYLLIS D., Portland, Microbiology. KUE~L, LEROY, Corvallis, Biochemistry. LEEPER, EDWABD, Eugene, Physics. MOURSUND, DAVID G.,l Eugene, Mathematics. NEWTON, RICHARD M., Corvallis, Biochemistry. OHLSEN, GERALD G., Eugene, Physics. PERSON, JAMES C., Salem, Chemistry. RUSSELL, DALE A., Enterprise, Earth Sciences.

OETY. 1 Declined.

STROMBERG, KARL R., Troutdale,




Boience Faoulty

LEWIS H., Portland,


MA~ID, LBO~AED Y., Philadelphia, Ing.


AARON, RONALD, Philadelphia, Physics. ANDI~BBON, ANGEL C.. North Warren, Physics. BEBMON, STUART, Philadelphia, Physics. BERTBAM, WALTER J., Jr., Pittsburgh, Physics. BIDWELL, LEONARD N., Philadelphia, Mathematics. BLUMENTHAL, SAUL, Philadelphia, EngIneerIng. BODOIA, JOHN, Pittsburgh, Engineering. BOHACHEVSKY, IHOB 0.. Philadelphia, Mathematics. BBICE, MARTHA C., Glensiae, Zoology. BURGIN, WALTER H., Jr., Camp Hill, Mathematics. BURTNER, ROGERL., Hershey, Earth Sciences. Cox, DAVID J., Swarthmore, Biochemistry. COX, WALTER M., Glenside, Earth Sciences. DAVIES, K. THOMAS R., Pittsburgh, Physics. DIU COURSEY, PATRICIA J., Paoli, Zoology. DELANEY, THOMAS J., Havertown, Engineering. B)ABDLIUY, DAVID B., Pittsburgh, Engineering. EARLE, CLIIPBORD, Jr., Abington, Mathematics. EVANS, DAVID W., Erie, Agriculture. EYDIU, RICHARD H., Lancaster, Botany. FANTI, RONALD L., Philadelphia, Engineering. FLEMING, GORDON N.,’ Pittsburgh, Physics. FLIEGEL, HENRY F., Havertown, Astronomy. FRBNCH, TEAYE:~ C.. Sewickles. , Biochemistry. GOODRICH, ROBBBT L., Pittsburgh, Physics. GREEN, JOHN P., Jr., Philadelphia, Engineering. GRENDEB, GORDON C., State College, Earth Sciences. GRIM, SAMUEL O., Dallastown, Chemistry. GROOM, DONALD E., Turtle Creek, Physics. HALL, ROBERT D., Philadelphia, Psychology. HATCH, THEODORE! F., Jr., Pittsburgh, Mathematics. HENDRIX, THOMAS E., Landisville, Earth Sciences. HILL, E. ALEXANDDR, III, Carnegie, Chemistry. HIRSCHBIELD, JUDITH B., Pittsburgh, Mathematics. HOHMANN, JERBI W., Volant, Engineering. JOHNS, LEWIS E., Jr., Pittsburgh, Engineering. JONES, RICHARD H., Ridley Park, Engineering. KAMPMEIEB, JACK A., Wyncote, Chemistry. KAUFFMAN, MARVIN E., Lancaster, Earth Sciences. KAUFFMAN, JOEL M., Huntingdon Valley, Chemistry. KRAMER, J. DAVID R., Jr., Philadelphia, Engineering. LAISON, GARY, Ph!ladelphIa, Mathematics. MCFADDEN, JAMES T., State College, Zoology. MCNUTT, DOUGLAS P., Philadelphia, Physics. MCWILLIAMS, IAN G., Philadelphia, Physics. 1 Declined.

MOLLENAUER, JAXICEF., Radnor, Chemistry. MOEAN, PAUL R.,* Coudersport, Physics. MORRISON, JAA~ES L., Pittsburgh, Physics.

OI*SHEMB, VIRGINIA B.,l Philadelphia, Chemistry. REILLY, BERNARD E., Conneaut Lake, Medical Sciences. SARTOBY, WALTEE K., Pittsburgh, EnglneerIng. SEIDERS, VICTOR M., York, Earth Sciences. SHAFBER, RUSSELL A., Philadelphia, Physics. SHAW, LEONA-, Lafayette Hills, Engineering. SHEPPABD, RICHARD A., Lancaster, Earth Sciences. SILVERSTEIN, MARIANNE, Philadelphia, Mathematics. SMITH, GEORGEE.,l Upper Darby, Physics. SNYDER, EUGENE I., Philadelphia. Chemistry. SQUIRES, ROBERT 0.. Ambridge, Engineering. STEIN, FRED P., Dallastown, Engineering. STONER, JOHN 0.. Jr., Berlin, Physics. THOMSON, GEO~GIUH., Philadelphia, Chemistry. THORNTON, H. FEANCI~, Philadelphia, Mathematics. VAISNYS, JUOZAS R., Philadelphia, Chemistry. VAN VALEN, LEIGH, Harrisburg, Zoology. WELSH, ROBEBT E., Pittsburgh, Physics. WOOD,DON, Carry, Engineering. WOODS, ROBERT M., Jr., New Wilmington, Physics. ZARTMAN, ROBERT E., LItItz, Earth Sciences.

ALEXEBF, IGOR, Pittsburgh, Physics. BRILL, ARTHUR S., Philadelphia, Biophysics. COMFORT, W. WISTAB, Bryn Mawr, Mathe matics. GEIPFEN, DONALD A., Pittsburgh, Physics. ENOBLER, CAROLYN B., State College, Chemistry. LINDENMAYER, ABISTID, Philadelphia, Logic & Biology MUNSON, RONALD A., Lancaster, Chemistry, PETERSON, DONALD B., Erie, Chemistry. SAWYER, RAYA~ONDF., Bethlehem, Physics. SORENSEN, RAYafoND A., Pittsburgh, Physics. WINDGASSEN, RICHARD J., Jr., Allison Park, Chemistry.

senior Postdoctoral
ASHKIN, Jumus, Saxonburg, Physics. BATES, THOMAS F., State College, Earth Sciences. GERSTENHABER, MURRAY, Philadelphia. . Mathematics. KUHN, HAROLD W., Secane, Mathematical Ecohomics.

b’cience Faculty
BEICHL, GEORGEJ., Philadelphia, Chemistry. BEBATAN, LEON L., Philadelphia, Engineering. BI~;;~;B, BARNARD H., Annville, MatheCBISLEY,’ FRANCIS D., Pittsburgh, Mlcrobiology. EARTZLER, EVA R., Belleville, Chemistry. LEWIS, DOROTHY S., McDonald, Chemistry. MILLER, BERNARD L., Havertown, Physics. MOBRILL, BERNARD, Swarthmore, Engineering. NEE, M. COLEMAN, Scranton, Mathematics.






BHODE ISLAND J’f6doctC?‘& BEAIJD~, ROBEBT Woonaocket, Chemistry. A., BUILTON, PAUL E., Warwick, Chemiatrp. FLYNN, GEORQE Warren, Chemistry. P., FEEYD, PICTEB? Providence, Mathematics. EngiJACOBS, NOEMAN A.2 Providence, LN#&AIEN,NORMA., Providence, Chemistry. MOULTON, DAVID M., Providence, Chemistry. PoetdoctoraZ
EINST~N. JULIAN R.. Providence. Medical Scienca GOBWN, JOHN E., Providence, Chemistry. neering.

&ONS, HOWABD DaIias, Cherntiw. L., bsaax, NIL, Dalhart, Physics. BAKIDB, WILLIP A., Jr., Austin, Chemistry.
BIPCHTEL,NOBBERT G., Jr., Groves, EngineelF Ing. BLAND, RICHABD P., Farmersville, Mathb matics. BRANS, CABL H., Jr., Dallas, Physics. COLE, DAVID, Brownwood, Chemistry. COLQATBI, SAM O., Amarillo, Chemistry. IAH& DAVID M., Dallas, Physics. BOSS, MEREDITH G., Jr., Amarillo, Earth Sciences. [AREIS, DONALD P., Austin, Engineering. [YDER, MONTB L., Rockdale, Chemistry. ONES, BENJAD~IN F., Houston, Engineering. ESIKAR, ARNOLD V., Houston, Physics. ,OWPI, MILDRED E., Galveston, Zoology. ,OWBY, JOHN T., Jr., Laredo, Biophysics. MANUEL,THOMAS A., Austin, Chemistry. [ONOER,JOANNE, Beaumont, Mathematics. ISBORNE,ZACK, Pampa, Physics. ‘ECK, CHARLES W., Freer, Physics. LOBERTS, LARRY S., Dallas, Zoology. #TBEETER, STEPHEN, Ellrtb Houston, Sciences. TUBBLEBIELD, TRAVIS El., Denton, MedIcaI Sciences. VEIR, MORTON W., Austin, Psychology. VILSON, ROBERT W., Houston, Physics. VISDOM, NORVELL E., Jr., Crane, Chemistry. ~VBBALL,JOHN E., Austin, Psychology.

Bchmce Faculty
CLAPP, LI~ALLYN B., Providence, Chemistry. FERRANTIC, W~LLIAY R., Providence, En& neering. SOUTH CAROLINA

KIN& HABOLYN, MarIon, Chemistry. General

Ndence Faculty
RoACHE, Lowxrd Biology. SOUTH DAKOTA C., Orangeburg,

PredoctoraZ MACEK,ROBERT, Faulkton,

fcience Faculty
LNDERSON, MILES E., Denton, Physics. !ARAWAY, PBENTICSI A., Stepbenville, ZoolWY. IAMMOND, MELVIN A. R., Austin, Natural Sciences General. IENDERSON, LAVANI~IL L., Sr., Washington, Botany. ;A Row, RACHAEL A., Terrell, Mathematics. ;ANDEQREN,GUSTALB F., Beaumont, Physics. E., Jr., San Marcos, ?ORBIS, WILLIAM Botany. ~OYES, THEODORB A., Bryan, Engineering. I!ERWEY, PIUTER, Jr., Beaumont, Mathematics. VINCENT, LLOYD D., Baytown, Physics. YOUNQ,PHILLIP L., Nacogdoches, Zoology. UTAH

Physics. MINEHABT, RALPH C., Mitchell, Physics. PIERCE& ROBERT L., Huron, Mathematics. RASMU~SON, GABY, Clark, Chemistry.

ESSLEB, WARBEN O., Brookinga, TENNESSEE Engineering

COOK, CLARENCI~ E., Jefferson City, Chem istry. HUYPHRBYS, TOM D., Arlington, Zoology. NUNNALLY, DAVID A., Nemphis, Zoology. REKEYEYER, MARY L., Oak Ridge, Genetlcr WALLACE, WILLIAM J., Clinton, Chemistry. W;;ry~~, BEULAH M.,l Nashvflle, Biochem .

BLANKICNBECLEB, RICHABD, Kingsport, Phyr Its. Cox, JAMES R., Jr., Cookeville, Chemistry. MABTIN, MICHAEL M., Nashville, Chemistq SHIMONY, ABNEBE., Memphis, Philosophy a Physics.

BNDEBSON,LORAN C., Logan, Botany. E., Salt Lake City, BERQ~SON, HA-N Physics. BILLS, JAD~ESL.,* Salt Lake City, Chemistry. EVERETT, GLBN E., St. George, Physics. ISRAELSEN, BOYD P., Logan, Engineering. MUIRBROOK, NEWELL K.,l Ogden, Engineering. PARKEB, PIERCE D., Salt Lake City, Earth Sciences. Earth Orem, PICKERING, RANABD J., Sciences. PINCOCK, RICHARD E., Ogden, Chemistry. Ross, KENNETH A., Salt Lake City, Mathematics. BUNNELL& DONALD D., Salt Lake City, Earth Sciences. SHAW, ALAN W., Brigham, Engineering. SIMMONS, JOHN R., Logan, Biochemistry.

&?imCS Faculty
SCHWPITZER, GBOB~BIK., Kuoxville, Philosc phy of Science. SMITH, CHARLES H., Memphis, Chemistry. WADDELL, H~NBY T., Troy, Botany.

TEXAS PredoctoraZ
ABBOTT, WALTEB P., Austin, Zoology. ANDEBSON, Louis W., Houston, Physics.

1 Declined.


COLIU,DALB W., Seattle, Agrlcnlture. CBAVIPN, JAMES M., Seattle, Chemistry. EVANS, ROBIOBTJ., Seattle, Chemistry. FIDDLEB, RICHARD W.,l Klrkland, EnglneerScleneee. lng. LABBEN, WESLEY P., Salt Lake City, Zoology. FLUHARTY, ARVAN L., Seattle, Biochemistry. TBUJILLO, AI,FON~O R., Price, Chemistry. GUARD, JAMES R.,l Seattle, Mathematics. EELLIWELL, THOMAS M., Kirkland, Physics. EILLIER, FREDERICK S.,l Aberdeen, EnglneerVERMONT lng. KNUDSON, JANICE M., Walla Walla, Medical Predoctoral Sciences. FINB~&~AN, JOSEPH C.,l Shaftsbury, Physics. LIPSI!, PAUL, Seattle, Chemistry. SMITH; DOUGLAB L., Marshfleld, Chemistry. LINSTROILI. CAROL J.. Tacoma. Mlcrobloloas. MCIVOR, IVOR K., Kirkland, Engineering.-Science Faculty Chem? MCNEILL, DALE, Tacoma, Physics. INSKEEP, RICHARD G., Burlington, MERCHANT, HOWAI~DC., Bothell, Engineering. lstry. MOTTELER, ZANE C.,l Olympia, Mathematics. TOBCH, REUBEN, Burlington, Zoology. ROE, DAVID K., Tacoma, Chemistry. RUPLEY, JOHN A., Seattle, Biochemistry. SAQLE, ARTHUR A., Seattle, Mathematics. VIRGINIA SEEDS, ROBERT B., Vancouver, Englneerlng. TONKYN, RICHARD G., Seattle, Chemistry. Predoctoral YOWELL, CAROL E., Seattle, Physics. ADAMS, J. BABCJ~AY,Charlottesville, Physics. Poetdoctora,Z ANDERSON, MARY M., Arlington, Chemistry. BOBERO, THOMAS C., Falls Church, EngineerBLANK, H. RICHARD, Jr., Seattle, Earth Scling. ewes. COLBMAN, SAMUEL H., Roanoke, MathematHAR&~ON, KENNETH M., Seattle, Chemistry. ics. HUGHES, DANIEL R., Bothell, Mathematics. Chem- PHELPS, ROBERT R., Seattle, Mathematics. EANEB, EDWARD D., Williamsburg, istry. WILCOX, WESLEY C., Seattle, Medical SclGARRICK. MICHAEL D., Hampton, Blochemences. lstry. Senior Postdoctoral GRISWOLD, RALPH E., Arlington, Englneerlng. FLEAGLE, ROBERT G., Seattle, Earth Sciences. HALEY, JOSEPH A., Ashland, Mathematics. RENLEY, ERNEST M., Seattle, Physics. HANSON, CHARLES L., Alexandria, Zoology. H~ATWOLE, HAROLD F., Waynesboro, Zoology. Science Faculty JOLLY, H. PAUL, Jr.,l Richmond, Physics. CANARIS, ALBERT G., Everett, Zoology. KONRAD, MICHAEL,~ Virginia Beach, Blo- CARLSON, DALE A., Aberdeen, Engineering. physics. CO.~TI~S, VINC~JNT L., Centralla, Mathematics. LIOHT, ROBLEY J., Roanoke, Chemistry. MALMAR, CONSTANCE M..l Rapldan, Chemistry. WEST VIRGINIA MURRAY, J. JAMIDS, Jr., Lexington, Zoology. Chem- Predoctoral NORTHROP, RALPH C., Jr., Arlington, lstry. BURDICK, DONALD S., Huntington, MathePHINNISTON, JOHN T., Fairfax, Biochemistry. matics. STARNBS, WILLIAM H., Jr., Ewing, Chem- FRAMIII, ROBERT A., Jr., Charleston, Chemistry. istry. TBRBORGH, JOHN W., Arlington, Zoology. Earth THOMAS, WILLIAM A., Blacksburg, Science Faculty Sciences. DUKE, JOSEPIT A., Wheeling, Chemistry. Earth Llnvllle, WAMPLER, JESSE M., PAINTER, JACK T., Kingston, Engineering. Sciences.

&ienoe FaiwZty BAOLBIY,JAY MBBBILL, Logan, Engineering. BAHL~W. THOMAS L., Logan, Medical

ZTJCHELLI, A. JOSBIPH, Jr., Charlottesville, Physics. WISCONSIN

AITKEN, DONALD W., Jr., Madison, Physics. BUSHNELL, WILLIAM R., Madison, Botany. FRAUTSCHI, STEVEN, Madison, Physics. ROBERT A., H~nEn~rnou, Wauwatosa, Physics. HtlRTnIAN, THOMAS F., Oshkosh, Psychology. HENSEL. GUSTAV. Shebosaan. Mathematics. HOUGEN’, JON T.,’ Sheboy-gin,. Chemistry. HUNDHAUSEN, ARTHUR J., Wausau, Physics. JACOB, RICHARD, Rlpon, Physics. JONES, EVAN T., Madison, Chemistry. KBDLEC, ROBERT, Raclne, Engineering. Earth LAUDON, RICHARD B., Waunakee, Sciences. Maeous, WALTER,= Wauwatosa, Psychology. Mathematics. AfARDEN, ALBPJRT, Milwaukee, MEYB~R, RICHARD T., Madison, Chemistry.

rgdence FaGUZtg
MONCURE, HENRY, Jr.,1 Charlottesville, Chemistry. Chemistry. WALL, ARTHUR A., Portsmouth, WASHINGTON

BIRKIOLAND, PBTER W., Bellevue, Earth Sclences. BROWN, RONALD E., Everett, Physics. BUCHANAN, CHARLES D., Stellacoom, Physics. BURK, HAROLD W., Tacoma, Psychology. CHANO, DAVID B., Seattle, Physics. 1 Declined.


MILLEB, GBBALD R., Milwaukee, Chemistry. GEORGE N., Beloit, Engineering. O-EL, PABKEB, DAVID J., Madison, Chemistry. PETERSON, LAUBIONCIO,River Falls, Physics. PBEBFEBKOBN, ELMIP~ R., Manitowoc, Medical Sciences. PoMBANINO, GEBALD C., Oshkosh, Engineering. REESE, WILLIAM,~ Bellevue, Physics. ROESLEB, FRED L., Wauwatosa, Physics. SCHWARTZ, RICHARD J., Waukesha, Engineering. SHARP. TERBY E.. La Crosse. Chemistrv. SIMPSON, JAME; E., Milwaukee, Mathematics. STFXGELNANN, EDWARD F., Milwaukee, Chemistry. SUTTON, PAUL W., Sparta, Chemistry. TOBEY, STEPHEN W., Madison, Chemistry. TREICHEL, PAUL M., Jr., Madison, Chemistry. WRIGHT, CHARLES R. B., Madison, Mathematics. ZIEGLER, JUDITH A., Eau Claire, Psychology.


BUCKINOHAM, WJLLIAX J., Kemmerrer, Mathematics. KINDERSHOTT, MTRL C.,l Lander, Physics. KLEINDIQNST, MAXINB R., Superior, Anthropology. TALBIORT, WILLABD L., Jr., Casper, Physics. ALASKA

Bdence Faculty
KOSKINS, JOHN R., College, Engineering. RICIU, ELBIUBT F., Jr., College, Engineering. HAWAII

FURUNOTO, AUGUSTINE S., Honolulu, Sciences. IZUNO, TAKUNI, Wahiawa, Genetics. Earth

Senior Postdoctoral
FERRY, JOHN D., Madison, Chemistry.

Science FacuZty
FRODYNA, MICHAEL M., Honolulu, PUERTO L~vINs, RICO RICHARD, Yauco, Genetics. Chemistry.

Science Faculty
FEIEREISEN, WILLIAM J., Madison, Engineering. F~LDBALLE, M. ELAINBI, Madison, Zoology. LOY, WAYNE R., Plattsville, Chemistry. MATAR, JOSEPH E., Milwaukee, Engineering. WARNER, ELDON D., Wauwatosa, Zoology. 1 Declined.

Predoctoral Science Faculty
PICO-BAUERMEISTER, CARAVAN A., Santurce, Mathematics.


Chosen By NSF Predoctoral
GernTt 2 1 2 2 6 1 65 68 1 16 1 13 1 54 1 4 30 24 ; 6 4 1


Alabama, University of, University, ,----- --_____ --_Ala -----_--_-_-Arizona, University of, Tucson, Ariz-Arkansas, University of, Fayetteville, Ark-- ~_~~_-_-~--_-_-~__--~~~~~~ Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute of, Brooklyn, N. Y---------______ -__ Brown University, Providence, R. I--Buffalo, University of, Buffalo, N. Y-California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif-------.-----------California, University of, Berkeley, Calif- ______ -__- ____ -----___--___ California, University of, Davis, CalifCalifornia, University of, Los Angeles, Calif __--________-------_-------California University of Southern, Los Angeles, Calif-------------------Institute of Technology, Carnegie Pittsburgh, Pa------------------Case Institute of Technology, Cleveland, Ohio _____ -___--__----_-___Chicago, University of, Chicago, Ill-Colorado School of Mines, Golden, ColoColorado State University, Fort Collins, Cole----------------------------Colorado, University of, Boulder, ColaColumbia University, New York, N. YCornell University, Ithaca, N. Y----Dartmouth College, Hanover, N. H ____ Delaware, University of, Newark, Del-Duke University, Durham, N. C ______ Florida State University, Tallahassee, Fla ______________-----_--------Fordham University, New York, N. Y--

IC)nRstitute of Technology, At2 __-_--___________------Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass- 129 1 Idaho, University of, Moscow, Idaho-, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chi1 cago, Ill- _______ - _______________ Illinois, University of, Urbana, Ill--2,O Indiana University, Bloomington, Ind5 Iowa State College of Agriculture and 4 Mechanic Arts, Ames, Iowa ________ lowa, State University of, Iowa City, 8 Iowa ----------__---------------Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, 17 Md -----------__------_--------Kansas State College of Agriculture and 1 Applied Science, Manhattan, Kans--6 Kansas, University of, Lawrence, KansKentucky, University of, Lexington, 1 KY -------------_---------------1 Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pa--,,, Loyola University. Chicago, Ill-----1 Maryland, University of, College Park, Md-,--------------------------3 Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 84 Cambridge, Mass _________ - __-_____ Michigan State University of Agriculture and Applied Science, East 5 Lansing, Mich --________ - _---_____ Michigan, University of, Ann Arbor, Mich---,--,,-------------------28 Minnesota, University of, Minneapolis, 14 Minn _--------__-------__------Mo;~~‘I’I- State University, Missoula, 1 ---------------_---------1 Nebraska, University of, Lincoln, Nebr-


Dame, Ind ____-__________________ Ohio State University, Columbus, OhioOklahoma, University of, Norman, Okla ---------------------------Oregon State College, Corvallis, Oreg,, Pennsylvania, University of, Philadelphia, Pa _________________________ Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pa _____________________ Princeton Upiversity, Princeton, N. J,, Purdue University, Lafayette, Ind----Radcliffe College, Cambridge, Nass---Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, N. Y---,-,--,,,-,--,,,-,,,,,,,------Rice Institute, Houston, Tex- ________ Rochester, University of, Rochester, N. Y-,-----,-,,-,__-___-,,,,,-_, Rutgers, The State University, New Brunswick, N. J- ----------------St. Louis University, St. Louis, No ____ South Carolina, University of, ColumStanford University, Stanford, Calif,, Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, N. J-------,,--,,-,,_,,-,, Syracuse University, Syracuse, N. Y--Tennessee, University of, Knoxville, Tenn -----------------___-------Texas, University of, Austin, Tex __-__

North Carolina, University of, Chapel Hill, N. C --___-__--______________ Northwestern University, Evanston, 111, Notre Dame, University of, Notre

FtttbW8 New Hampshire, University - of.I Durham. Tufta University, Medford, &tara,,,-,, N.H- ---------------------------Tulane Universitv of Louisiana.TVNew -Orleans, La ---------------------New York University, New York, N. YNorth Carolina State College of AgriculUtah State University of Agriculture and Applied Science, Logan, Utah-,, ture and Engineering, Raleigh, N. CUtah, University of, Sait Lake City, Utah ____________________________ Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Term, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Blaeksburg, Va,-,,---,,,,,-,,,,,_,,,_,, Virginia, University of, Charlottesville, Va,,,-,,-,,_,,,_,,,,_,,,,,,,,,,, Washington University, St. Louis, MO,, Washington, University of, Seattle, Wash ---------------------------’ Wayne State University, Detroit, MichWestern Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio _______________________ Wisconsin, University of, Madison, Wis, Yale University, New Haven, Corm,,,,,

1 1
2 1

1 6 4 1

2 7

6 6:
3 10

1 1 47


Foreign Inetituttons
University of, Birmingham, England ____________________ Bristol, University of, Bristol, England Cambridge, University of, Cambridge, England __________________________ Goettingen, University of, Goettingen, Germany _________________________ Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan _______ London, University of, London, England Oxford, University of, Oxford, EnglandParis, University of, Paris, France--,, Stockholm, University of, Stockholm, Sweden,--------,---,,--,-__,,___ Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland _______________ 1 1 2

3 Birmingham, 6

2 4: 1


4 2

bia, S. C________________________





Present or Most Recent Institutional Alqiliation of Individuals Ofered National Science Foundation Postdoctoral and Science Faculty Fellowships
Fellows REGULAR POSTDOCTORAL California, University of, Berkeley, Calif ____________________________ 7 3 California, University of, Davis, CalifCalifornia, University of, Los Angeles, 8 Calif _______________ -_-_-__- _____ California, University of, San Fran1 cisco, Calif _______________________ California Institute of Technology, 3 Pasadena, Calif ________________-_ Caln&idge University, Cambridge, Eng----------------------------1 Carnegie Institute of Technology, Pitts3 burgh, Pa ________________________ 8 Chicago, University of, Chicago, Ill---1 Colorado, University of, Boulder, Cole-Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Co10___-______-_____________ 1 4 Columbia University, New York, N. Y-1 Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y ______ 1 Duke University, Durham, N. C_______ Florida State University, Tallahassee, Fla-------------,_-,__,,_,,_,_-__ 1 Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass-, 20 9 Illinois, University of, Urbana, Ill-,-,, 4 Indiana University, Bloomington, Ind-Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton,N. J--,,-,---,,--_______,,_,_ 1 Institute for Theoretical Physics, Copenhagen, Denmark _____________ 1 Iowa, State University of, Iowa City, Iowa ---------------------------2
Johns. Hopkins University, Baltimore, Nd,-,,~,,,,---,,--,,~~---------~ of, Lawrence, Kansas, University Rana--------,--,--,,-------,--,, Leeds, University of, Leeds, England-,, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass -__-__-__ - ________ Michigan, University of, Ann Arbor, Nich _ __-----------_------------Minnesota, University of, Minneapolis, Ninn ---------------------------Nebraska, University of, Lincoln, NebrNew York University, New York, N. Y-, Northwestern University, Chicago, Ill-, Ohio State University, Columbus, OhioOregon, University of, Eugene, Oreg:-,, Oxford, University of, Oxford, EnglandPennsylvania, University of, Philadelphia, Pa--- -------------------Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pa __________________ Pittsburgh, University of, Pittsburgh, Pa -----------------------------Princeton University, Princeton, N. J-Purdue University, Lafayette, Ind--,, Radcliffe College, Cambridge, Mass-,,-Rochester, University of, Rochester, N. Y ---------------------------Stanford University, Stanford, Calif,,, Syracuse University, Syracuse, N. Y-,,


Te;i;zee, University of, Knoxville, ----------------------‘--‘------


Texas, University of, Austin, Te&,-, yir,ria, University of, Charlottesville, --------------------*--------University of, Seattle, Washington, Wash,--,-,,,,,------,-----------Washington University, St. Louis, MO, Wayne State University, Detroit, Nich, Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio----------------------------Wisconsin, University of, Madison, Wis, Yale University, New Haven, Corm,,,, SENIOR POSTDOCTORAL Air Force Cambridge Research Center, Cambridge, Mass __________________ A;y;nne National Laboratory, Lemont, _____-------------------------Brandeis University, Waltham, Mass,, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, Long Island, N. Y ____________ Bryn Mawr College, Bryn Mawr, Pa-University of, Berkeley, California, Calif ________--_________________ California, University of, Davis, Calif,, California, University of, Los Angeles, Calif ____--______________________ California, University of, San Francisco, Calif _____--________________ California, University of, Santa Barbara, Calif _______________________ Ca;;;;e pastitute of Technology, Pitts-----------------------Chicago: University of, Chicago, Ill-Clark University, Worcester, Mass--Colorado, University of, Boulder, Cola,, Columbia University, New York, N. Y-, Connecticut, University of, Storrs, Corm------,--,,--,,------------Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y ______ Duke University, Durham, N. C ______ Florida, University of, Gainesville, FlaIdaho, University of, Moscow, Idaho-, Illinois, University of, Urbana, Ill---Indiana University, Bloomington, IndIowa State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, Ames, Iowa ________ Iowa, State University of, Iowa City, Iowa---------------------------Maryland, University of, College Park, Md--,--------------------------Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass -________________ Michigan, University of, Ann Arbor, Nich-_-------,--------,--,,--,-----Missouri, University of, Columbia, NoNational Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Nd ______________________ New York University, New York, N. YUniversity, Evanston, Northwestern 111-----------------------------Oregon, University of, Eugene, Ore& Pennsylvania, University of, Philadelphia, Pa __-- __-_ ----_---_------_ Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pa ____ - _______________ Princeton University, Princeton, N. J-Rockefeller, Institute, New York, N. Y,, Smith College, Northampton, Mass---Southern California, University of, Los Angeles, Calif ----_____________-__ Stanford University, Stanford, Calif--U. S. Department of Agriculture, Berkeley, Calif ________________________ U. S. Department of Agriculture, Orlando, Bla,-,--------------------

U. 8. Department of Agriculture,

hattan, Kane _____________________ U. S. Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory, San Francisco, Calif ___-- --Utah State University of Agriculture and Applied Science, Logan, Utah--Virginia, University of, Charlottesville, Va.,,,,-,--,,,,,,,-,,,,,,,-,----------Walter Reed Army Research Institute, Washington, D. C _______ - ______--Washington, University of, Seattle, Wash ------------------_--------Washington University, St. Louis, MOW;;forn Reserve University, Cleveland. ----------^-----------------Wisconsin, University of, Madison, Wis-- --------------_____-------Woods Hole Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, Mass ________-Yale Medical School, New Haven, Corm-

FSllOWb Ma&




1 1


SCIENCa FACULTY Akron, University of, Akron, Ohio-,,, Alabama Polytechnic Institute, Auburn, Ala,,- -------------_-_---------Alaska, University of, College, Alaska, Albany State College, Albany, N. Y-Allegheny College, Neadville, Pa--,,, American International College, Springfield, Mass __________ - ____________ Arizona, University of, Tucson, Aris-Arkansas Polytechnic College, Russellville, Ark _______ - ________________ Barnard College, New York, N. Y---,, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Mass--Boston University, Boston, Mass---Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio --___ ----- _______Brown University, Providence, Ii. I---Bucknell University, Lewisburg, Pa-, Buena Vista College, Storm Lake, Iowa Buffalo, University of, Buffalo, N. YCalifornia, University of, Davis, CalifCarbon Junior College, Price, Utah-Carleton College, Northfleld, Ninn-,,, Carroll College, Waukesha, Wfs ______ Case Institute of Technology, Cleveland, Ohio-- ____ - ____________-__Central Christian College, Bartlesville, Okla _-------------_____--------Central Michigan College, Mount Pleasant, Nich- _____________ - _____-__Centralia Junior College, Centralia, Wash --------------___----------Ce;;il -State College, Wilberforce, _- -------------------------Chaffey Junior College, Ontario, Calif-, Chapman College, Orange, Cnlif -----_Chicago, University of, Chicago, Ill,--CiTncrati, University of, Cincinnati, ------------------_---------Clarkson College of Technology, Potsdam, N. Y-------,-,--,,,-,----,-, Colby College, Waterville, Maine ______ Colgate University. Hamilton, N. Y,-,, Colorado, University of, Boulder, Cola,, Colorado State College, Greeleg, Cola-.., Columbia University, New York, N. Y--, Connecticut College, New London, ConnConnecticut, University of, Storrs, Corm----,,-----,---,-,---------, Contra Costa Junior College, Richmond, Calif ----------------------------Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y -__---Dartmouth College, Hanover, N. H-----

1 2
1 1 1 :

1 1 1 1 li



8 2 2 2


Delaware, Unlverslty of, Newark, Del-Delaware State College, Dover, Del--Delta State College, Cleveland, Miss---Dominican College, San Rafael, Cal&, Drew University, Madison, N. J --____of Technology, PhllaDrexel Institute delphla, Pa _______________________ Duke Unlversity, Durham, N. C ________ D’Youvllle College, Buffalo, N. Y ______ Charleston, Eastern Illinois University, Ill ---_--------------------------Edgewood College of the Sacred Heart, Madison, Wls _____________________ Emmanuel College, Boston, Mass ______ Everett Junior College, Everett, Wash-Florida, University of, Gainesville, FlaFordham University, New York, N. Y-, General Motors Institute, Flint, Mlch-Grand Rapids Junior College, Grand Rapids, Mlch _______________ -__-__ Gustavus Adolphus College, St. Peter, Minn ---------------------------Hampton Institute, Hampton, Va----Hastings College, Hastings, Nebr-,--Hollins College, Holllns, Va ___________ Huston-Tlllotson College, Austin, Tex,, of, Moscow, Idaho--Idaho, University Illinois, University of, Urbana, Ill---Indiana, University, Bloomington, Ind-International Christian University, Tokyo, Japan -------------------__ Iona College, New Rochelle, N. Y------Iowa State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, Ames, Iowa _________ Jacksonville State Teachers College, Jacksonville, Ala _______ -- ____ --___ Junlata College, Huntingdon, Pa-----Kansas University of, Lawrence, KansKansas City, University of, Kansas City, MO_____ --- _________ - _______ Kansas State College of Agriculture, and Applied Science, Manhattan, Kans_--_--__________-----------Ka;;ys Wesleyan University, Salina, -----------------__-________ Kenyon College, Gambler, Ohio _______ Lamar State College of Technology, Beaumont, Tex---- _____________ -Laredo Junior College, Laredo, Tex---Lebanon Valley College, Annville, Pa--Louisiana Polytechnic Institute, Ruston, La,----_,__,-_,,,__-_____,__ Louisiana State University and Agrlcultural and Mechanical College, Baton Rouge, La -_-_-___-_________ Loyola University, Los Angeles, Calif-Manchester College, North Manchester, Ind,-,,----__,,____,____________ Mary Hardln-Baylor College, Belton, Tex--------------------------Massachusetts, University of, Amherst, Mass --__---_-__ -__---_-_------__ Michigan, University of, Ann Arbor, Mlch---------------------------Michigan State University of Agrlculture and Applied Science, East Lansing, Mlch-- ----________ - _________ Minnesota, University of, Minneapolis, Mlnn__,,________,_______________ Missouri, University of, Columbia, MOMonterey Peninsula College, Monterey, Callf ---------------------------Mount Holyoke College, South Hadley, Mass--_,,-,__,_________________, New York, State University of, Ithaca, N. Y,,~,~,,~~~,~--~~,~~~~~~~~~~~ New York University, New York, N. Y-

F&o W8
i 1

1 1 1






1 1 1 1

4 2
1 1 1 1 1 1

North Carolina, Agricultural and Technical College of, Greensboro, N. C,,, North Carolina College at Durham, Durr ham, N. C-----------------,-,,_, North Dakota State College, Ellendale, N. Dak -------------------------Northeastern University, Boston, Mass, Northern Illinois University, De Kalb, Ill__-___-_,________________,,__, Northern Michigan College, Marquette, Mlch----------------____,_______ Northern Oklahoma Junior College, Tonkawa, Okla ___________________ North Park College, Chicago, Ill _______ Notre Dame, University of, Notre Dame, Ind--__----_____--_------------Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio _________ C)hlo State University, Columbus, OhloOhio University, Athens, Ohio ________ Oklahoma State University of Agrlculture and Applied Science, Stillwater, Okla____-__-____________,__,____ Park College, Parkvllle, MO_____ -_-__ Pennsylvania, University of, Phlladelphia, Pa ____________ - ________ -__Pittsburgh, University of, Pittsburgh, Pa__-___________----____________ Pomona College, Claremont, Calif----Prairie View Agricultural & Mechanical College, Prairie View, Tex ______ --Princeton University, Princeton, N. J-Purdue University, Lafayette, Ind--,aueens College, Flushing, N. Y _______ Reed College, Portland, Oreg---- _____ Rhode Island, University of, Kingston, R. I----~~~~~~~-~~~~__~___,,,___, Rockford College, Rockford, Ill __-____ Rose Polytechnic Terre Institute, Haute, Ind _______________________ Rutgers, The State University, New Brunswick, N. J _______ -___- _______ St. John’s University, Collegevllle, Mlnn ---------------------------St. Joseph’s College, Philadelphia, Pa-, St. Joseph’s College for Women, Brooklyn, N. Y__--__-___---_---------St. Mary’s College, Wlnona, Minn _____ St. Olaf College, Northfleld, Mlnn _____ St. Scholastica, College of, Duluth, Minn____________--______________ San Francisco, University of, San Francisco, Callf __________ --___-___-___ San Jose State College, San Jose, CallfSavannah State College, Savannah, Ga-__---__---_-___-------------South Carollna State College, Orangeburg, S. C -------_____________ --_ South Dakota State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, Brooklngs, S. Dak____-______,_____,_________ Southern State College, Magnolia, Ark-Southwest Baptist College, Bollvar, MO--- -------------------------Southwest Texas State Teachers College, San Marcos, Tex ----------------__ Southwestern Louisiana Institute, Lafayette, La- --------------------_ Stanford University, Stanford, Calif-State Teachers College, Dickinson, N. Dak ----------------------------State Teachers College, Mankato, MlnnState University Teachers College, -Albany, N. Y ______________ -___-_-_ State University Teachers College, Geneseo, N. Y _____________________ Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, Pa-,


1 1 1


Fellows Tarleton State College, Stephenvllle, 1 Tex ----------------------------Tennessee, University of, Knoxville, Term---------------------------2 Texas, Agricultural Be Mechanical Col1 lege of, College Station, Tex-- ______ TeFe; Southern University, Houston, -------------------_--------1 Teg,; Technological College, Lubbock, _^~--_-~~~--~--_---__________ Trenton Junior College, Trenton, N. J-Tufts University, Medford, Nass ______ Tulsa, University of, Tulsa, Okla ______ United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md--- __----- ---___-- ________ Utah State University, Logan, Utah--Vassar College, Poughkeepsle, N. Y---, Vermont, University of, Burlington, VtVirginia Polytechnic Institute, Blacksburg, Va-------------------------

Virginia, University of, Charlottesville, Va ----__--__________-_---------Virginia State College, Norfolk, Va-,-University of, Seattle. Washington. Wash: ---_-_______________------Washington University, St. Louis, No-, Wayne State University, Detroit, MlchWellesley College, Wellesley, Mans----Wheaton College, Wheaton, Ill ____---Wheeling College, Wheeling, W. Va---Wiley College, Marshall, Tex __-_-_--University of, Nadlson, Wisconsin, Wls----------------------------Wisconsin Institute of Technology, Plattevllle, Wls--- ________ - ____ -__ Wlttenberg College, Sprlngfleld, Ohio-Woman’s College of the University of North Carolina, Greensboro, N. C--Touugsto\vn University, Youngstolvn, Ohio-----------------------------



Publications Resulting From Research Grants Fiscal Year 1958 and Fellowships

This bibliography of some 1,3 15 items lists all papers published by NSF grantees and fellows for which the Foundation received publication information during fiscal year 1958. Notification of publication was usually in the form of a reprint or a copy of the paper or book. Approximately 170 grantee institutions and 50 fellowships are represented. Because of timelags between completion of research and publication of results, much of the experimentation covered by these papers was carried on prior to fiscal year 1958, while the results of a great deal of research during fiscal year 1958 will be reported in papers appearing in later lists. The arrangement of entries is designed

to facilitate reference use of the compilation. Grantee items are grouped by National Science Foundation divisions or offices, by programs within each division, and alphabetically by grantee institution within each program. Papers by fellows are listed in “Division of Scientific Personnel and Education.” The fiscal year 1958 papers are listed under the issuing Journals which are arranged alphabetically, with fellows listed alphabetically under the Journal. Because this listing is the first to include fellowship reprints, a supplement is included to cover the years 1952-57. Items in this group are arranged alphabetically by fellow.


of Biological

and Medical




The Effect of Gibberell&n Lang, Anton. upon Flower Formation. Proceedings of the
National Academy of Sciences, 43: 709-717 (Aug. 1957). Sachs, Roy M., and Anton Lang. Edect of Qibberellin on Cell Division in Hyoscyamus. Science, 125: 1144-1145 (June 1957). UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO, E. C. OLSON-Olson, Everett C., and Robert L. Miller. Morophological Integration. 317 pp. Chicago, Illlnols, University of Chicago Press, 1958.

bllcazloni Stazione Zoologica, Napoll, 27: 128-145 (Dec. 1955). -, Albert0 Monroy, and Charles B. Metz. Fertilization of Fertilized Sea Urchin Bulletin, 110: 184-195 Eggs. Biological (Apr. 1956).

Treatment of Eggs on Homologous and Croee-Fertilizatiost in Sea-Urchine. Pub-

Tyler, A., and C. B. Metz. Effects of If’ertilixin-Treatment of #sperm anal Trljpsin-


-. BpeciPc Egg and Sperm b’ubstancee Journal of Protozoology, 4: 164-168 (1957). -. Correlation between the Molting and Activation of the Egg. pp. 23-69. In: Period of Cryptocercus and Bexuality in It8 The Beginnings of Embryonic Development, Washington, D. C., American Association for Protoxoa. Journal of Protozoology, #: X68the Advancement of Science. 1957. 175 (1957).

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1 BBANDEIS UNIVERSITY, R. HIDLD and Norman Gottlieb. Held, Richard, :Z’echnique for Studying Adaptation to Df8CoordfflatCon. Per(m-ranged Hand-El/e (:eptual and Motor Skills, 8: 83-86 (1958). and Alan V. Hein. Ada.ptatCon oj jDiearranged Hand-Eye Coordination CO?+ 1 tingcnt Upolz Re-A&%?%! LStimuZation. Perp-Hydroxycinnamic Acid and Its Deriaativee. (:eptual and Motor Skills, 8: 87-90 (1958). Journal of the American Chemical Society, 79: 4114-4116 (Aug. 1957). 4 CALIFORNIA INBTITUT~~ OR TECRNOMQX, R. 1 SPERRY-Sperry, Roger W. Espet’ime?lt8 W. YALE UNIVERSITY, H. A. IIAREIJRY-H&Whurv. Henrv A. Oxidation-Reduction Poten- 3n Perceptual Zntegratio?c in Animals, pp. 151-160. In: Psychiatric Research Reports tials of Hirseradish Peroxidase. Journal 6, American Psychiatric Association, Oct. of Biological Chemistry, 22 5: 1009-1024 1957. (Apr. 1957). UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, Berkeley, D. YALE UNIVERSITY, G. B. PINCHOT David, Mark Ii. HosenPinchot, Gifford B. A PoZynucZeotide Co- KaEcrI----Krech, Dintenaions ZW&X, and Edward 1,. Btlnnctt. enzyme of Oxidative Phosphorylation. JourO$ Discrimination and Level Oj Ch,OZine8nal of Biological Chemistry, 889: l-9 (Nov. teraae Activity in the Cerebral Cortex oj 1957). Jo~lrIl~~l of C’onipnrrl tive and the Rat. A PoZynucZeotQde Coenzyme of 0x6 dazPho8phorvZation IT. Journal of Bio. Physiological Psychology, 49: 2(3X--268 (June logical Chemistry, 229: 25-37 (Nov. 1957). 1956). A Rapid Method for Measuring UNIVERSITY OB CALIFORNIA, Berkeley, hf. R. Phzorylation Coupled to the Oxidation oj Ros~~zwl~ro-Iioscuzwcif, nnd Mark, Nuc2eotCde. Dwight Sutton. Biaaurul Interaction in LntDiphosphopyridtne Reduced of R’euroJournal of Biological Chemistry, 289: 11-23 cral Lem.niscns of Cat. JOllrnnl physiology, 21: 17-23 (1958). (Nov. 1957).

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A Second Type fn the Pigeon. American Clyde E. Humalz Triat-andJournal of Psychology, 70: 308-311 (June NoBLrc-Noble, Error Learning. Psychological Reports, S: 1957). 377-398 (1957). -,-. Some Factor8 Involved in the Stimulus Control of Operant Behavior. UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN, J. E. BARDACH Bardach, John E. On the Movement8 of Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Certain Bermuda Reef Fishes. Ecology, $9: Behavior, 1: 103-108 (Jan. 1958). Skinner, B. F. The Experimental Anal- 139-146 (Jan. 1958). -and David W. Menzel. Field and ysis of Behavior. American Scientist, 65: Laboratory Obeervatione on the Growth of 343-371 (Sept. 1957). Proceedings and W. H. Morse. Concurrent Ac- some Bermuda Reef Firhes. tivity under Fixed-Interval Reinforcement. of the Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Instiof Superstition
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Different Magnitude8 on Runway Behavior

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lournal of the Experimental Analysis of Besavior, 1: 25-30 (Jau. 1968). UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON, Seattle, M. H. SMITH, Jr.- Smith, Moncrieff, and Michael Duffy. Evidence jor a Dual Reinforcing Effect of sugar. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 50: 242-247 (June 1957).

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UNIVERSITY 01 WICHITA, N. H. PBONKO Herman, David T., and Raymond Eng strand. Order E#eot in Problem BoZving Psychological Reports, 8: 623-626 (1957) -, Richard H. Lawless and Richard W Variables in the Edect oj Lan Marshall. guage on the Reproduction of Vieually Per oeived Forms. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 7: 171-186 (1957). Bpeeoh Leith, W. R., and N. H. Pronko. Under Stre88: A Study of It8 Disintegra. tion. Speech Monographs, gj : 28G291 (Nov. 1957). Pronko, N. H., and Louis Wehrenberg, Jr. A Maze for Planaria. American Journal of Psychology, 70: 128 (Mar. 1957).

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Miles, James English, and H. Enger Rosvold. The Effect of Prefrontal Lobotomy in

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The RoZa y-Amino Butyrio Acid in CYortioaZ Regions Behavior. ot Incremed Vamular PetwbeabiHty. Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine, 97: 348-353 (1958). PhysCoZogfcaZ and Harry Grundfest. and Pharmacological Conaequencee of Dif-

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Hi8tolOg~ in the Male Gambel’s Sparrow. Anatomical Record, 128: 699-713 (Aug.

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perlmental Biology and Medicine, 95: l-5 STATB COLLEOE, B. S. MILLER AND (1057). PRINCETON UNIVERSITY, W. W. SWINGLE J. A. JOHNSON-Grossman, R. M., B. S. MilSwingle, W. W., L. J. Brannick, and ler, E. T. Jones, and J. A. Johnson. A Laboratory Technique for Obtaining Quan- A. F. Parlow. Erect 03 E-Methyl-9 AZpha 1058).

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IIypothaZamio Control of Pituitary Function and Corpus Luteum Formation in the Rat. Proceedings of the Society for Ex-

tities of Oomnarable Heasian-Flu Infected and Uninje8te; Wheat Plants. Journal of

High Potency ot 9Methyl-g-a FZuoro-Hydrocortisone for Life I4ain tenance and Re viva1 from Ineuficiencu 01 Adrenalectomixed Dogs. Endocrinology, Photokinesis 01 the igtarfleh, A8teriU8 forbesi. 60: 658-663 (May 1957). Biological Bulletin, 113: 353-354 (Oct. and Walter Barrett. 1957). Frzo’nsT Commercial Pitreaein Which MICHIGAN STATII UNIV~SITY, E. HACKIOL Release ACTH. Proceedings of the Society Elution ot Anti-U for Experimental Biology and Medicine, 02: Emanuel. Hackel, porn 88 and 88 Celle. Journal of Blood 540-543 (1956).
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Economic Entomology, 50: 683-600 (Oct. 1957). UNIVE~SI!~Y OF KANSAS, D. G. FLEMINOFleming, David G. A Conotant Current Apoaratue for the Production of Eleotrolutio and C!linieefons. - Electroencephalography lcal Neurophysiology Journal, 8: 551-554 (Aug. 1957). MARINIO BIOLOGICAL LABOBATORY, M. ROCKSTEIN-Rockstein, Morris, and Melvin Rubenstefn. The Biochemical Baeie for Poeitive

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A Note on the hfeaeurement of VerB of Medical ; Bones. Irish Journal

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The Qenua Paratettix a8 k’oundn=ih America (Orthoptera; AC+ 1 tZoidea; Tetrigidae). Proceedings of the ’Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia ’209: 247-319 (Dec. 1957). ~&IIX~ICAN MUSEUM OB NATURAL HISTOBP, A ;J. C. Muo~m Moore, Joseph Curtis. A new Specie8 UUd I 2edefinition of the Squirrel Qenus Prosclu,111~sof Celebee. American Museum Novlt’ates, No. 1890, Mar. 1958, 6 pp. Ne,w Striped Tree Squirrel8 jrOm lurmcc’ and Thailand. 1 American Museum govltates, No. 1879, Feb. 1958, 6 pp. 1
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X. Growth Responses of Biochemical Mu tante. American Journal of Botany, 48. :
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Hatching on Subsequent Antibody Produc night, and Marie L. Goodnlz;; t2on. Journal of Immunology, 79: 147-16: 3 Micronesia, Scorpionida
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I?. F. SCHOLANDER Scholander, P. F. Oxygen l)isaociatio~ Curve8 in Fi8h Blood. Aeta Physiologic; Scandlnavlca, 41: 340-344 (1957). Countercurren and John Krog.

Museum, Insects Bernlce P. Bishop Micronesia, v. 3, No. 2, 1957, 16 pp. Gressltt, J. Llnsley.

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Chryaomelidae oj

Guinea, 8: 205-324 (Dec. 1957). 405-411 (May 1957). Zoogeography oj Insects. Annual Rez of Entomology, 8: 207-230 (1958). YALE UNIVERSITY, G. E. PIC!KBORD Kohl& Glen M. Insect8 0j Miaroneria, Bondy, Philip K,, G. Vlrglnia Upton, an d Demonetration of aorv- Acar4na: Iwodoidea,. Bernlce P. BiBhop MuGrace B. Pickford.

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of the “ABelcoy” Expedition to the Panama Bight. American Museum Novitates, No.

Pacific Science, 11: 396-466 (Oct. 1957). UNIVERSITY OB SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA, J. S. GARTH-Haig, Janet. The Porcellanid Crab8

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A new Rhyncogonus from Oahu, Hawaii (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) . Proceedings of the HawaiZimmerman, Elwood C. Society, 16: 165-169

1841, Sept. 1957,17 pp. -. Description 03 a New Npeciee 01 COLORADOSTATE UNIVERSITY, V. B. SCHEFVictor B. Seals, Sea Lions, Elstrurus and a Catalooue of the Known I?ER-Scheffer, A Review of the Pinnivedia. and Walruses. Specie8 (Coleoptera: C&M&nidae: OtioStanford Unlrhynchinae). Pacific Science, 10 : 286-295 179 pp. Stanford, California, versity Press, Apr. 1958. (July 1956). COLORADO STATE UNIVERSITY, T. A. WOOLL~Y -. Dryotribodee (Cal., Curculionidw) Woolley, Tyler A. Redescriptiona of Ewin Hawaii. Entomologist’s Monthly Magaing’s Oribatid Mites, I-Familiee Zetorzine, sa: 276-278 (July 1956).

ian Entomological (July 1956).

Five New specie8 and One Redescription of the Neotropical Cfenue Armitermes Wasmann (Ieoptera, Termitidae, Na.rutitermitinae) . American Museum Novitates, No.

(Acarina: Orf-. Formosan Cossonine Weevil8 of chestidae, Hermanniellidae News, 68: 89-96 Bamboo (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Oo8- batei),. Entomological
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soninae). Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 107: 13-23 (1957). and D. 5. Fletcher. Heliothti Cn Hawaii (Lepidoptera: Phalaenidae). Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society, 16: 170-176 (July 1956). Insects 01 Hawaii. v. 6. Ephem-

Redeecriptions of Ewing’8 Oribatid II-Family Carabodidae (Acarina: Oribatei). Entomological News, 68: 113Mites, 117 (May 1957).


eropter’a-Neuroptera-Trichoptera and plement to v. 1-5. 209 pp. Honolulu,
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-. Redesciptione o$ Ewing’s Oribatid Mitee, III-Family Eremaeidae (Acarina: Oribatei). Entomological News, 68: 147156 (June 1957).


to Our Beetles. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London, 107: 67-68 (1955).

-. Knowledge of the Anthribid

Press, 1957. Karl JoTdon’ Contribution

-. Note8 on Conarthrus, Eutornicus and Macrancglue Weevil8 (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Cossoninae). Entomologist, 89:
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Redeac~iptione of Ewing’8 Oribatid MiT&-Familv Achiv,teriidae ( =NotaeoC Zidaej (Acarina:” Oribitei) . I&~omoiogi~al News, 68: 177-182 (July 1957). -. Redescriptiolzs of Ewing’8 Oribatid Mitee, V-Families Belbidae and Opiidae (Acarina: Oribatei). Entomological News,
68: 211-221 (Oct. 1957).


Notes on Pseudostenotrupis (CurCoesoninae) . Coleopterlsts’

-. Redescriptions 01 Ewing’s Oribatid Mites, VI-Family Liacaridae (Acarina: Oribatei). Transactions of the American

10: 61-62 (1956).

Society, 77: l-10

(Jan. 1958).

On Trachyphloeo8oma and a New SpGG’ from Hawaii (Coleoptera: UurColeopterlsts’ Bulletin, 10 : oulionidae).

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Proposed addition to the “Oflcial Lietj Generic N&me8 in zoology” of the Generic Name8 “Oebia” Hubner, [18?25], and <‘HelMa” Buenee, 1845 (Clues Insecta, Order Bulletin of Zoological I’;oLepidop tera).
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The Portulaca Leafmining Weevil, HuGu’s Bertrandi. in Hawaii (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Ceutbrhynchinae): Annals of
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and TaxoCharles G. The Evolutionary comic Significance of Sexual Dimorphism and EIybridixatiolt in Birds. Condor, 59: 166191 (May-June 1957). DARTMOUTH COLLEQE, H. CROASDALEJroasdale, Hannah T. Freehwater Algae 01 Alacrka I. Borne Desmide from the Interior. Part 3: Uoemariae Concluded. Transactions of the American Microscopical 16: 116-158 (Apr. 1957). Society,

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(Hgmne, Apoidea, PanurBorml Itcpnticac, Schuster, Rudolf N. t‘rom&gentina Entomological Xews, 69: 43-48 a Manual of the Lit’erworts of Ni!tnesottc (linae). and Adjacent Regions. 11 h’cology. .4111eiri- (Feb. 1958). can Midland Naturalist, 57’: 203-256 (Jan. 1 ;OTOLA UNIVERSITY, W. 0. Nootuv-Noore, 1937) 257-290 (Alar. 1’35’7). \ G. studies on the Laboratory culNote8 on k;eurctic Ilepnticae. XIII. Transactions of the ixre of Antostraca. in 1 Thxnu8 Tritomaria (Lop/ioziaccoc) Qmerican Microscopical Society, 76: 159-178 Arct io Cawdn. Canadian Journal of Bot- (Apr. 1957). any, (96: 269-285 (1958). UNIVERSITY OF MICIIIGAN, A. H. SMITH 1 Notes on Nearctio Hepaticae, XV A Contribution Smith, Alexander Il. Revue Bryologiquc et Lichen- 1 Herberta. !ozoard a Monograph of Phaeocollybia. Britologique, 26: 123-145 (1957). :onia, 9: 195-217 (Nov. 1957). 1 FLORIDA STATEI UNIVERSITY, It. 1~. Gon,Iddiliotbcrl NPIO or l’~1~8ual North FREY--Godfrey, R. 1~. Some Identities in Imzan Agaricx. Sydowia, Annales NycoRhodora, 60: 86- ;logicl, Beiheft Halesia (Styracaceae). I. Festschrift fur Franz 88 (105s). Petrak : 48-61 (1957). 1 HARVARD UNIVERSITY, R. C. ROLLINS AND1 1UNIVERSITY OP MICHIGAN, F. K. SPARROW C. E. WOOD, Jr.-Wood, C. E., Jr., and Sparrow, Frederick K. Obeercations on Pinguicula (LentibulariIt. K. Godfrey. of Phanerogam8. IChytrid%aceous8Parasite8 acea) in the Soutlbeastern United Statce.
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On tlbe Cfenue Aribg808age Brethes

Rhodora, Baird,

Spine Ob8erz:utiotra ON C’il~jjtI%iuccOu8 from the Petbn8ylva,nian of West Virginia. PaGGe8 of Phalterogclnb8. VI. Re8ting Journal of Paleontology, 81: lOlO-101s ; /Spore Cfcrminatio9b iib Pli~8odermn ( UrOp?bNycologia, #9 : (Sept. 1957). lp%28) Pturiannulatwm. New Record8 of Paleozoic Diplopod 1 426-429 (Nay-June lQ57). Journal of Paleontology, 52 I Obscroationw o)i Clijjtridiaceoue Myriapbda. 239-241 (Jan. lQ58)f. Pazie8 of Phanerogarjln. VII. A PhgRoon L2/copus Attbcric:rrf I(w. American INDIANA ~JNIVERSITY, C. B. IIEISER-H&3W , (dcrma Journal of Botany, 44: Nil-665 (Oct. I Charles B., Jr. A Keviclion of the South America.n S’pecies of Helianthite. Brittonia , 1957).

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V. The Occurrence of Physoclerma Butomi und P. Vagane in the United States. Mycologica, 48: 7G5--7(iU
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Development 1 Scherv. Flora of Panama. Part VII, Ij ip’O7-OCv8t8 of the Turtle Lung Fluke,, FasEiEle 1 (Passifloraceac to Cacta,ceae). Heronimus chelydrae NacCallum (Trema Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, I’roceedings of the3 v. 45, Feb. 1058, 91 PD. Heronimidrse). toda: Iowa Academy of Science, 64: 601-61: 1 Flora of Panand Others. (Dec. 1957). amTbart VZI, Fascicle a (Thymelaceaceae UNIVERSITY or I<ANs..LF+, H. B. HUNGERFORK ) to Myrtaceae) Annals of the Missouri BOfron 1 tanid Hungerford, Il. B. A New Qerrid Gardeu, v. 45, Nay lQ5S, 108 1~. Journa 1 NATIONAL ACAWMY OR S(,IEN~‘EX-NATIONAI. China (Uerridae, Hemiptera) ,
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I% CLOUD, Jr.-De-




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Annual Report of the Pactfk Sdence Board 1956. 50 PP. National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council, 1956.

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Oomment8 on the PhyZogw ad Skull oY the Paeserijorme8. Auk, 75: 26-36

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North American Genera turn VIII. University of Wyoming Publicaof the Family Orbinildae (Annelida: Polg- tions, El: 156-167 (July 1957). chaeta) with Description of New Species. SD~ITHSONIAN INSTITUTION, J. CUATRECASAS Journal of the Washington Academy of Cuatrecasas, Jo&. A sketch of the VegeSciences, 47: 159-167 (May 1957). tation of the North-Andean Province. ProCOLLEGE OR NEW ROCIIELLE, M. D. ROGICKceedings of the Eighth Pacific Science ConRogick, Mary D. studies on Freeh-Water gress, I: 167-173 (1957). Bryozoa, XVIII Lophopodella cateri in Ken-. Prtma Flora Colombiana 1. Burtucky. Transactions of the Kentucky Acad- seraceae. Webbfa, 12: 375-441 (Mar. 1957). emy of Science, 18: 85-87 (Dec. 1957). -. The Am,ericrrn Species of Dacryodes.

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The Colombian Species of TetrorIllustrated Brittonia, 9: 76-82 (July 1957). Book 5, 1946-1957, 246 pp. SMITHBONIAN INSTITIJTION, F. A. MCCLURE-. Plora Hawaiiensis or New Zllus- McClure, F. A. Typification of the Genera trated Flora of the Hawaiian Zxland8, Book of the Bambusoideae. Taxon, 6: 119-210
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The Tadonomic Btatus and Qeographtc Dietribution of Philocrga 59: 161-167 (Sept. Bspera. Bryologist,
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COIJ~~D, N. A. WEBER Neal A. Fungus-OrowCng


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Cole, A. C. A New Leptothorax from Texas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science, $2: Boke, gene848of the Areoleo 4%Homalocephala and 42-45 (Jan. 1947). -. A Remarkable New Specie8 of Echinocactus. American Journal of Botany, Lasiux (Chthonolusius) front Californin 44: 368-380 (Apr. 1957). (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) . Journal of -. Developmental Anatomy and the the Tennessee Academy of Science, 38: 75Validity of the Genus Bart8chella. American 77 (Jan. 1958). Journal of Botany, 4s: 819-827 (Dec. 1956). -. Another New Leptothorax from UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, M. T. JOLLIE I’eca,e (Hymcnoptera: Fornaicidne). Journal Jollie, M. Avfan Anatomy and the Anato. of the Tennessee Academy of Science, 3%: micrt. C o n d o r, 59: 394-397 (Nov.-Dee, 213-215 (July 1957). 1957). -. De8CriptiO?t8 Of fiexual Ca8te8 of -. Uomments on the Bird BenU8 Aquila Some ant8 in the Genera Myrmica, Manica
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Btatee (Rymenoptera: FormicMae). Jour- tera: Ametropodidae) . Canadian Journal nal of the Tennessee Academy of Science, >f Zoology, 85: 161-162 (1957). The P+?tematfo Retationehlps of 38: 203-213 (July 1957). h~~eantarotic Biphlonwridaa (Zncludfsg Paran~yrmioa, A New lVorth AmeriEntomoeo?bychiidae) (Ephemeroptera). oa~enuo of And8 AWed to Myrmioa )glcal Society of Washington, 69: 245-246 (Hymenoptera: FormicMae) Latreille
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Hubbs, Clark, and Victor G. Springer. ; A Revision of the Gambusla nobllls Bpeciea with Descriptions of Three New, aroup, rgpecies, and Note8 on Their Variation, EcolTexas Journal of WY9 and Evolution. Science, 9: 279-327 (Sept. 1957). SurvZval of F1 and Kirk Strawn.

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Kunda and T,wo Other Spccics dttacking 1 Pan-Paclilc EntoHybrids between Fishes of the Subfamily (~~~~ls~,~~a: California. (Apr. 1957). 59-70 I ’ Journal of Experimental Etheostominae. l\rolrrc:nclatutvrZ Cltcltrycn clntl Type: Zoology, 1.94: 33-62 (Feb. 1957). Designation8 of Some New World AgromyThe EJecte of Light and, i aidae (Diptera). Annals of the EntomologTeG;utK& the Fecunditu of the areem ical Society of America, 50: 198-205 . ; throat Darter, Etheostorna Lepldum. Ecol. (Mar. 1957). ogy, $8 : 596-602 (Oct. 1957). WEST VIK~INI.% UNIVERSITY, M. E. HALE,

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of Scientific


and Education





~AOLE, ARTHUR A.-Sagle, Arthur A. A OSTER, IRWIN I. Modification of X-RaU Relationship betweelt Bemi-Magic &pare8 Oster, Irwin I. Mutagenesis in Drosophila. Relutive Bensd- end Permutation Matrices. 64 (Nov. 1957) tivity of Spermntide and Matzcre Spermatozoa. Edinburgh, 1957. Principles of 1MERICAN NUMEBALOGIST and E. J. Muller. Back Mutations as Observed in Droaoph.ila SIEVER, RAYMOND-Siever, Raymond. The and Other Organisms. Edinburgh, 1957. jlilica B&get in the Sedlmcntary Cycle. CF.?: 321-841 (Nov.-Dec. 1957)

AMERICAN ANTIQUITY The Zsland $5 Mastod.on: Zt8 Bearing on the BKEYER, ARTHUR--EIw’w, Arthur, and Wil. salting-Out ChromatogAge of Archaic Culture8 in the EU8t. S?g liam Riemun III. (Apr. 1957). mphy. IV. Aldehydee and Ketonee. 18
(Mar. 1958) AMERICAN JOURNAL OF ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY MATHnMATICS HTJQHICS, R.-Hughes, D. R. ParticLZ Diff- STARK, GEORGE R.- Stark, George 8., and D. Charles R. Dawson. fipectrophotometrio ference Xets. 78 (July 1956) WILLIAMS, STEPREN-WilliamS, Stephen. \NALYTICA CHIMICA ACTA


Worodotormination using 04aida8e8





iai-194 (Feb. isas)






Bade, William


Relation: S-Matrix jar Klein-Uordon Dirac Ftetde. 3 (Jan. 1958)
2: 525403

K~~IORT, JAMEE M.-Knight, James M., and Caueality and the Dispersion John S. Toll.


MISNER, CHAELES W.-Mlsner, Charles W., and John A. Wheeler. Geometrodynamtoe.

tion of DispersCon Foroee. I. ueneraz Theory. 27: 1280-1284 (Dec.1957) and J. G. Kirkwood. Drude-Model Ualculatkm oj Diepereion Forces. II. The LinearLattice. 27: 12844288 (Dec.1967) -. Drude-Model Calculation ol Dieperaion Forced. III. The Fourth-Order Contribution. 28: 282-284 (Feb. 1958)
DICKERSON, RICHABD E. Dickerson, R. E., and William N. Lig womb. Lea8t SquWee Rejkemente oj Blo 87: 209-211 (July BAW and B,H,.






Adenohgpophgeb (1958)

ROYCID, PAUL C.-Royce, Paul C., (3 e o r g e Sayere, and El. S. Redgate. Hypothalamue,

and AdrenaZ Oortex.


JOURNAL C.-Erlckeon, William



A Meohantem of Non-Thermal
186 (Nov. 1957) AND BIOPHYSICS


-, Peter J. Wheatley, Peter A. Rowe& nnd William N. Lipscomb. Boron Arrangelnent in c) Bo Hydride. 25: 606-607 (Sept. 1958) Crystal and Mo-, -, -, -. :ecuZar Structure of BJ&. 27: 200-209 (July 1957) JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY Norman ANDERSON, NORMAN H.-Anderson, H., and David A. Grant. A Te8t or a St& tistical Learning Theory Model for Two-

-, -. SemitopologicaZ Approach to Boron-Hydride Struoturee. 27: 212-217 (July 1957)



ACTS MEY~B, WALTEB L.-Meyer, Walter, L., K. H. Loke, G. F. Marrlan, W. 5. Johnson, and D. D. Cameron. XeoZation and Identification of 18- Choice Behavior with Double StimuZue Hydroxyoeetrene from the Urine 01 Pregnant Bvente. 64: (Nov. 1957) Women. 88 (1958) ROZEBOOB~, WILLIAM W.-Rozeboom, William W. Secondary Extinction of LeverBRYOLOGIST

Preesircg Behavior in the Albino %at.
280-287 (1957) OF EXPERIMENTAL Earl


New Specie8 and a New Combination OaZgmperee. 60 (Dec. 1957)





A of




Aepecte oj the Quantitative Study of Cytoplaemic Particles: Mixed Population 01 Kappa in Parameoium AureZio Variety 4?
2.95: 29-53 (June 1957) JOURNAL OF MORPHOLOGY


and Small-Scale Lower Pennsylvanian Overthrurting Zn Southern Illinoi.8. 41 (Dec.

POTTER, PAUL E .-Potter,

Paul E.



JOURNAL D. R.-Hughes,

OF MATHEMATICS D. R. A Ulaee of Planes. a:

eration in Triturus 521 (Nov.1957)

GLADBI, RICHARD W.-Glade, Richard W. The E#ect oj Tail Ti88Ue on Limb Regen-


101: 477-

378-388 (1957)




MATTHISON, DONALD S.-Matteson, Donald DISSERTATION ABSTRACTS S., and H. R. Snyder. A PracticaZ Sgntht+ at: 1500 ~~;WORTH, ROB~PBTC.-Woodworth, Roh- 828 of Thieno (3,&b) Pyrrole. . The StereochemWrg oj Some Yedi- (1957) cal and Carbene Additions to the 2-Butenea. MEYER, WALTEB E. Walter E., and Wyman R. Meyer, 17 (1957) 1,5-DiaryZ-2&PyrroZidinedlonee. Vaughan. VIII. Sgmtht?8i8 and Structure Proof. 82: 1554 (1957) JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS


GOSB, EABL E.--Qose, Earl E., Eugene E. ne8. Peterson, and Andrea8 Acrlvos. On the Rate 1560 01 Heat Tran8~er in Liquid8 with Ua8 Injec-, tion through the Boundary Layer. 28: 1509 neu. (Dec. 1957) 1565



1,6-Diary&#,S-PywoZidinedioReaoeignment of Structure. es:

-. l,d-DlaryZ-~,J-PyrrolCdQned~X. Phenylhydraxine DerzVativee. 22:





IPHPBIOLOQIA PLANTABUX 4 Jartax, Gmouole M.-Curry, George M., Kin-

BAIBD, R. Baird, R.,

ZeoZattow i Wwature

and Behavior of spire (9,s) S-one. 79: 4238 (1957)


Seth V. Thlmann, and Peter Ray. The %@80 Response of Avena fJ6edztngU. t0 1 !he UZtravtoZet. 9: 429-440 (1956).

1 PLANT PHYSIOLOGY Mary, J. W. Bradt~TILLEB, M&By--Stiller, LITTLE, JOHN C.-Little. John C., Nelson J. jeer, and S. L. Ranson. Matate l3yrtha848 Condensation ::n CraesuZacean Leavee. I. Tha DlsUbuLeonard, and Jerry Kresge. Product8 of Cyclic l,?!-Diketonee with Ition 01 Ul4 In Malate of Leaves EoFpoeedt0 Benzylidene-bi8-piperidine and Their lgpeciaZ fF*OS in the Dark. 35: 66-70 (Jan. 1958) Properties. 79: 6436 (1957) MALOEID, ELLINQTON M .-Magee, Ellington M. PROCEEDINGS OF THE AMERICAN The Deuterium Isotope Edect ol the Rate 1 SOCIETY ot Reaction oj EIydrogen and Zodine. 79: :MATHEMATICAL 1 KUGHES, D. R.--Hughes, D. R. Regubr 3379 (1957) 8: 165-168 (Feb. t:oZZCneation Qroupa. MATTESON, DONALD S.-Matteson, Donald S., 1 1957). and H. R. Snyder. The Sglntheate oj the James A. A BUMMEL, JAMP;S, A.-Hummel, I-Amino-S-(S-indoZyZ)-butyric Adds (B- 1 1 Variational Method for BtarlCke Funotions. Methyltryptophancr). 79: 2217 (1967) !b: 82-87 (Feb. 1968). WETLAUFEB, DONALD B.-Wetlaufer, Donald, , and Mark A. Dyshmann. &oZubiZity and ISTEIN ELIAS M Stein, Elias M. Note on Mechani8m oj Dye-Uptake in Protesn-Dye Singular Zntegrils. 8: 250-204 (Apr. 1957). BaZt8. 80: 1493 (1968) 1 PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL WOODWOBTH, ROBERT C. Woodworth, Robert C. fltructure of Car- BCADEMP OF SCIENCES bene, CH*. 7s: 4496 (1966) IRIGID, WILLIAM H.-Reid, Willlam Ii., and t5. -and Philip S. Skell. The Reacttone 8 Chandrasekhar. oj On the EiIWn8iOn

-, -. The Formation of Dianones through At-l; Participation. 79: 756 (1957)

of Bivalent Carbon E3peciee. AdditCon oj Function8 Which b’atisfy Four Boundam DZhaZocarbenee to l,J-Butadiene. 79: 2542 fConditions. 43: 621-627 (June 1967).

1 PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY JOURNAL OF WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT ,SHAPPIBIO, DAVID G. WATEBS, THOMAS F.-Waters, Thomas F., Shappirlo, David G., and C. M. Wllllams. Time Application to a The Cytochrome Bgetem 01 the Oecropia and Robert C. Ball.

Boft-Water Unproductive Lake in Northern r /Silkworm--Z. lgpectroeoopio dltudfee on In(1957). ,dividuaz Tissues. 147: 218-232 Michigan. gl: 385-391 (Oct. 1957) The Cytoohrome Byetern of ,CeaaBilkurorm-ZZ. dlpeotrophotometrio MATEMATISK-FYSISKE MEDDELELSER /Studies ot OxidatCve Ensyme Gyetems In the UDGIVET OF DET KONGELIGE DANSKE I Wing Epithelium. 147: 233-246 (1957).
VIDENSKABERNES SELSKAB WIQHTMAN, ABTEIUB S.-Wightman, Arthur 8 PSYCHOLOGICAL REVIEW El.. and D. Hall. A Theorem 0% Znvariani : ROZEBOOM,WILLIAM W.-Rozeboom, tlnalytio Function8 with Application8 to1 : William



FieZd Theory.

ie LearnedY-An 51 W “What Eiigma. 66: 22-33 (1958).


NATURE CUBBY, GEORQE M.-Curry, George M., and L Hans E. Gruen. Nega five Photo tropism ojr Phycomycee in the Ultra-Violet. 179: 10281029 (May 1957) NORTHWEST SCIENCE KING, JAMES R.-King, James R.

REPORT ON INVESTIGATIONS-ILLINOIS STATE GEOLOGICAL SURVEY Paul E., and HerPOTTEB,PAUL E. -Potter, bert D. Class. Petrology and Hedtmentat$on

of the Penneylvanian Bed4mentein #outhern Illinoie: A Vertical ProPZe. eOJ (1938)c.

t Uommelatc MECHANIK f on the Theory of Indirect Calorimetry ad EAKIN, RICHABD M.-Eakin, Richard M., and Applied to Birde. Sl: 155-169 (1957) An EZeotronm&roecopCo F. E. Lehmann. Study of DeveZoping Amphibian Rotoderm.


160: 177-198 A


The CoeDdent Region8 of BtarZlke Bunt. tjOn8. 7: 1381-1389 (1987).
REVIEW GERALD-Feinberg, Gerald. #e Zection Rule8 Implied by UP Inuarianoe . 108: 873-881 (Nov. 1967).

86: 284-296


tfone and ffeneralized Incidenoe Yatricea. Zatton of Linear
(Nov. 1956). (Nov. 1957). STEIN, ELIAS M.-Stein, Ellas M.





Division of Scientific Personnel and Education
ALBUBQEB, DAVIDHI. Alburger, David fl. The Isomeric Tranei

(Fellowshifis) , 19.5257

BATE, GEORGEL. Bate, George L., f. Laurence Kulp, and tion oj Pbm a8 an Energy Standard in Betc Wallace S. Broecker. Present status of the BptWtrO8COpg. Physical Review, 912: 1257- Lead Method oj Age Determination. Amer1259 (Dec. 1953). ican Journal of Science, 858: 345-365 (June and M. A, Grace. The Diehategratiofl 1954). oj Cobalt 57. Proceedings of the Physica: A -, H. L. Volchok, and J. L. Kulp. Society, A, 67: 280-283 (1954). Low-LeveZ Radon Counting System. Re and Arne Hedgran. Internal Con. view of Scientific Instruments, 25: 153-157 Ver8iOn of the Zero-Zero Trancrition in RaU (Feb. 1954). Arkiv f6r Fysik, 7: 423-425 (Sept. 1953) BATTLEY, EDWIN H. and M. H. L. Pryce. Isomerism in Battley, Edwin H. A Contribution to Pb’O6. Physical Review, 98: 514-515 (Ott, Study oj the Thermodynamics of Growth the oj 1053). Yicro-Organiclms. Dissertation Abstracts, -, -. Energy Levels in Pbwe jrom the Decay of BW. Physical Review, 95. 16 -.(1956).. Carbon Determination with AZka1482-1499 (Sept. 1954). line Persulfate in the Warburg Manometer. ALEXANDER, MARTIN-Alexander, Martin, and Journal of Biological Chemistry, 186: 237P. W. Wilson. Enzyme Localization in 239 (May 1957). Azotobacter Vinelandii. Proceedings of the BECKER, ROBERT L.-Becker, Robert L., National Acndemy of Sciences, 41: 843-845 R. E. Fields and R. K. Adair. Meaeurement (Nov.1955). of the Neutron-Proton Cross Section at 1.0 ALLE~N DAVID W .-Allen, David W., and W. and 8.5 Mev. Physical Review, 94: 389A. Schroeder. A Comparison of the PhenyZ. 398 (Apr. 1951). alanine Content of the HemogZobin OJ Normal and Phenylketonuric I&t%viduaZi. BEDARD, FERNAND Bedard, Fernand, and Hans Meissner. Determination by Ion Exchange Chromatogof Contact Resistance be&feasurements raphy. Journal of Clinical Investigation, t,ween Normal and Super-conducting Netals. S6:1343-1349 (Sept. 1957). Physical Review, 101: 26-30 (Jan. 1956). ALLINOER, NORMAN and George Owen. InvestigaAllinger, Norman. The NucZear Magnetic Electron Emission from &WperconResonance spectrum of HeZvoZicAcid. Jour- tiozi ductors. Physical Review, lo??: 667-670 nal of Organic Chemistry, 11: 1180 (1956). (May 1956). The Relative Stabilities of die an-d Philip 0. On CerTransi8omera. II. The Decalin and Hy- BBLL, PHII.IP O.-Bell, drindan Ring Nyeteme. Journal of Organic tain Limit Point8 Determined by Mean8 oj a Prescribed Metric at a Generic Point of a Chemistry, El: 915 (1956). Curve. Bulletin of the American MathematANDERSON, NORMAN. H.-Anderson, Norman lcal Society, 59: 71 (Jan. 1953). H.. Frederick H. Kresse. and David A. Grant. Eject of Rate oj Autom.aticaZZy-Paced Train- BERMAN, ALVIN L. Davies, Philip, Alvin L. Berman, and Vering in a MuZtidimensionaZ Psychomoto? Functional Anal@8 of non B. Mountcastle. Task. Journal of Experimental Psychology, First Somatic Area of Cat’8 Cerebral Cortex 49: 231-236 (Apr. 1955). in Term8 of Activity of SingZe Neuron,s. AUSLANDER, LOUIS. American Journal of Physiology, 183 (Dec. Auslander, Louis. Example8 of Locally A.@ne S’paces. Annals of Mathematics, 64 1955). Mountcastle, Vernon, Alvin Berman, and (Sept. 1956). Topographic Organization Four Dimensional Compact Locally Philip Davies. -. in First SoHermitian Manifolds. Transactions of the znd Nodalitg Representation matic Area of Cat’8 Cerebral Cortex bl/ American Mathematical Society, 84: 379Method of Single Unit /\ mcric.nn 391 (Mar. 1957). On Holonomy Covering Spacee. Journal of Physiology, 185: (Dec. 1955). Pr&&&?s of the American Mathematical BERNSTEIN, GERALD S.-Bernstein, Gerald S. Society, 73685-689 (Aug. 1956). Effect oj 9,4-Dinitrophenol on sea-Urchin and M. Kiranishi. On the HoZonom.y Yperm. Proceedings of the Society for ExGroup of LocaZly Euclidean spaces. Annala ?erimental Biology and Medicine, 90: 28-31 of Mathematics, 65 (May 1957). (1955). BACKUS, GEORQE-Backus, George. The Aml- BOSWELL, GEORGE A .-Boswell, George A., symmetric Self-Excited Fluid Dynamo. As- William G. Dauben and Gerhnrd J. Fonken. trophysical Journal, 135 (Mar. 1957). The Bioe$.#nth,etic Precursor oj the Extra BAILY, WALTER L., Jr.-Baily, Walter L., ?arbon Atom in the Side-Chain of Steroids. On the Quotient of an Analytic bfani- Journal of the American Chemical Society, $id by a Uroup of Analytic Homeomorph- 79: 1000 (1957). i8m8. Proceedings of the National Acad- BOTTINI, ALBERT T. emy of Sciences, 40: 804-808 (Sept. 1954). Bottini, Albert, and John D. Roberts. BASTIAN, J. W. Mechanisms for Liquid Phase Hydrolysee oj Bastian, J. W., and M. X. Zarrow. :hZorobenxen,ea,ndHalotoluenes. Journal of BZockade of Ovulation in the Hen with :he American Chemical Society, 79: 145%


and Para8ynpntholytic


Proceedings of the Society for Experimental (1953). Biology and Medicine, 84: 457-459

-t -. Stimulation of the b’ecretory Glands of the Skin of the South African Frog. Endocrinology, 61: 116-117 (Jan.

American Chemical Society, 78: 5126 (1956). -, -. The Nuclear Magnetic Reswaance Spectrum of Feiet’8 Acid. Journal If Organic Chemistry, 81: 1169 (1956).

-, -. The Nitrogen Inversion Freluency in Ggclic Imines. Journnl of the

1462 (1957).


-. -. The Product8 from the Re- C HARW, DAVID td. Chase, David N. The Equation8 of NotJO* action bf N-(1-Bromoallyl)-Et&Zamine with t Charged Test Particle8 is OLer&eraZ ReZaSodium Amide. Journal of the American
Chemical Society, 79: 1462-1464

E. Earl Royals.

Hudrorymethglene Ketones. oj II. Orien.tation in tke Condr%eution Methyl Ethyl an.d Methyl n-Propgl Ketone8 with Methyl Formate. Journal of the Amerl+
can Chemical Society, 76: 1180 (1954). C!%~.\RLES---Brokaw, Charles BHOKAW, 1957). BROWER, JANE V. X.-Brower,
444 (Aug. 1957). BROWN, Huca N.

(1957). Kent C., and

Ivity. Physical Review, 95: 245-246 (July 954). EZastic Scattering Of and E’. Rohllck. Physical Review, 91: ‘rolotls by Nuclei. ap l-86 (Apr. 1954). ‘BEN, PHILIP, Jr. C Jorgenson, Soren, and Philip Chen, Jr.

Electra-Chemical Orientatio?a of Bracken Spermatozoids. Nature, 179: 525 (Mar.


EWymio Determination of Adenine NuczeoScandinavian Journal of ti idea in Blood.

ExperCmenta,Z Studies 03 Mimicry in Some North American Butterfiiee. Nature, 180:
Brown, Excitation Hugh
of of

Jane V. 2.

and Laboratory 145-154 (1956). Formation



roxdzne aan Blood.
2: 369-378

Arta Pharmacol. (1956).

oj Rglpoaanthine Triphoephate in Shed HUet ToxiCol.,

328 (Apr. 1953). -. W. L. Bendel. I?. J. Shore and R. A Becker.’ ‘.Disi!*tegratibn. of ,2$-Minute Agl”, Physical Review, 90: 888-890 (June 1953). N BROWN, LAURIH M.-Brown, Lnu rie Grain Density in Nuclear Emulsions. Physl cal Review, 9 0: 95-97 (Bpr. 1953). B~RFORD, TIIO&~AS M.-Burford, Thomas M

bq~ Capture

a 16-Nicroscco~~d State in Tnl” Bremsstrahlung. Physical Re.

N., and Robert

A. Becker,

10s FGld During Breakdown oj ATP n Blood. Acta Pharmacol., et Toxicol., 18: 2-21 (1957). !LARKE, EDITH C.-Clarke, Edith C. Aopederatlon Proceedings, 16: 193 (Mar. ,955). ~OIIEN, CAROLYN-Cohen, Carolyn and RichIIelicaZ Polypeptide Chain trd S. Bear. !onjlgWation in Collagen. Journal of the 1merlcan Chemical Society, 76: 2783 11953).


Put-be Uom-

ion of Thyroxine

on Succin.ate OxidatCofl.


Diflerential Equations. Journal of Appllec Physics, 2 5 : 1145-1148 (Sept. 1954). BtlTZeL, HENRY M., Jr.-Butzel, Henry M.

of Systems Involving


Cohen, Melvin J., Susumu Haglwara, and The Response Spectrum irngve Zotterman. ,f c Taste Fib-es in the Cat: A Single Fibre i .7r. Mnti?lg Type Mutations in Variety 1 o, I4nal@8. Acta Physiologica Scandlnavlca, Paramecium Aurelia, and Their Bearin! 7 !33: 316-332 (1955). Upon the Problem of Mating Type Determina k S. Landgren, L. Strom, and Y. IZotterr;lnn. CorticaZ Reception of Touch tion. Genetics, 40: 321-330 (May 1955). znd Taste in the Cat. A StoLdy of Single CABIPEEI,L,BYRON A. Cortical Cells. Acta Physlolo@ca Scandl. Campbell, Byron A. Auditory and Aver sion Threshold8 of Rats for Ba,nds of Noist !. Inavicn, 40 (3957). ,COHEN, WrLt.Ianl C.-Cohen, Science, 125: 596-597 (Mar. 1957). William C., The Reinforcement Difference I,<i- ilnd Ernest I?. Johnson. Dynamic Uharaa-.

(RDL) Fultclion

Journal of Experlnlental Psychology, 52 : 258-262 (Oct. 1956). CAMPRELL, DONALD R.-Campbell, Donalc R., John 0. Edwards, Gerrit Lcvey, ant : The Exchange Beh,avior o, Jane Maclachlan. f Monosubstituted Pcrosidcs. Journal of thl c American Chemical Society, 79.’ 179%179! D (1957). CAPEL, CEIARLWS I”.-Capel, Charles W. In verse Limit Spaces. Duke Mathematlca :i Journal, 21: 233-246 (June 1964). CAPPS, R. H.-Capps, R. H., and R. Gi. Sachs. Scattering of Gamma Rays by Nu1cleans. Physical Review, 96: 540-641 (0~1 t.

for Shock Reduction '* 2 ‘eristics 01 Double-Pipe Heat ~~xchangcrs.
:ndustrlal and Engineering 1 1 !031 (June 1956).



P. E. The Green’8 Neumann’8 Problem8 for DiflerentiaZ ProIForms on Riemannian Manifold& Academy of leedings of the National c !Jclences, 40: 1151-1155 (Dec. 1954). Robert L., (:ONNER, ROBERT L.-Conner, 1 J. van Wagtendonk, and C. A. Miller. q. 5 f’he Isolation jrom Lemon Juice 01 a Growth Factor of Steroid Nature Required ;for the Growth 01 a Strain 01 Paramecium A 4urelia. Journal of General Microbiology, !9: 434-439 (Dec. 1953). 1964). ICOOJTER, LEON N.-Cooper, Leon N., and Deuteron Stripping and the W. CARLSON, Jorr~ B.-Carlson, John B. Cytc )- T Tobocman. histological Responses oj Plant &feristem 8 Problem of Nuclear Radii. Physical ReIowa State Colleg ‘e view, 97: 243-244 (Jan. 1955). to Male& Hydra&de. ~ONNIR, P. E.-Conner, of Science, 29: 105-128 (Aug. 19541‘WILLIAN A.-Cassidy, William .!L. Auatralite In,veatigationa and Their Bearin 9 1I: on the Tektite Problem. Meteorltlcs, 426-437 (1956). CENTURY, BERNARD-Century, Bernard, L. 1D. ElIlngwood, J. D. Rohll, and J. M. Cool ;


Cox, JA>~IGS It.; Jr.-Cox, James R., Jr., Kumamoto, and I?. H. Westhelmer. Journal of Barium Eth.ylene Phosphate. ,the American Chemical Society, 78: 4858 (1956). CULBERSON, WILLIAM L.-Culberson, WlThe Syetemliam, and Chiclta Culberson. Distribution and Excretion of fY4-Labele atics #n Priscoline-Hi71 in Rats. Journal of Pha: r- North of the Parmelia Duhia GroupBotAmerica. American Journal of 8. macology and Experimental Therapeutic any, 678-687 (1956). 109: 318-327 (Nov. 1953).


ZWnr. Chemical Blngineering Progrees, 50: 87-93 (Jan. 1954). EIWLER, JEAN-Engler, Jean, and Jamee T. Freeman. Perceptual Behavior a8 Related to Factors of A86OdatiVe and Drive #tren@th Journal of Experimental Psychology, 61 (1956). ESPLIN, DON W.-Esplin, Don W. Eflects 01 (Aug. 1956). Diphenylhydantoin on gynaptio Transmi8eion Zn the Cat. Federation Proceedings, $4 DAVIS, ROBERT J. Davis, Robert J. al-centimeter Obeerva- (Mar. 1955). tie?&8Near Galactio Longitude l&!O’. Astro- EUWEYA, ROBEBTN.-Euwema, Robert N., physical Journal, lu?5: 391-407 (Mar. 1957). and John A. Wheeler. Firrt-Order Vaouum -. UlWaVtOZet &e&w Magn(tUde8. Polarizability from the Principle oj Uau8aE Scientific Uses of Earth Satellites, 157-165 ity. Physical Review, 203: 803-806 (Aug. (1956). 1956). DESEB, STANLEY EVANS,DAVID R. Deser, Stanley. General Relativity and Evans, David R., and V. G. Dethier. The the Divergence Problem im Quantum Field Regulation of Taste ThreehoZds lor &Jug&r8 Theory. Reviews of Modern Physics, (July in the Blowfly. Journal of Insect Physiol1957).

CULVAHOUSE, W.--CulvaPouse, J. W., and1 J. F. M. Pipkin. Mea8urement of the Hpin and1 (;Tyromagnetio Ratio at AR 7%. Physical Re view, 106: 1102-1104 (June 1957). DANIELSON, ROBEBT E.-Danielson, R. E., P. 8. Freier, J. E. Naugle, and E. P. Ney, Heavy Prtmatg Cosmic Radiation at tht ! Equator. Physical Review, 10s: 1075-1081

DESSY, RAYMOND E. w&h Organometallic Compound8. V. The Reaction of Diethylmagneaium with Hemyne 1 in the Preeence 03 Magnesium Bromide. Journal of Organic Chemistry, 81: 1063 (1056). -, -, -. The Reaction of 1.. AZkyne8 with Organometallic Compounde. II. The Relationship between Decompoaltton ' Potential8 of Qrignard Reagent8 and Their Relative Reactivity toward Terminal Acetylenes. Journal of the American Chemical Society 77: 4410 (1955). The Reaction of l-Alkynes -9 -, with Organometallic Compounde. I. IHexune with Borne Alkyl and Alkenylmagneskm Halides. Jourhal of the American Chemical Society, 77: 103-105 (1055). -, -, -. The Reaction oj lAZkgnes with Organometallic Compound8. III.1. The Reactivity of Ethylmagneeium Bromide toward 8ome Mono8ubstituted Acetylenes. Journal of Organic Chemistry,
80: 1545-1549 DeStaebler, (Nov. 1955). Dessy, Raymond, C. A. Hollingsworth, and John H. Wotiz. The Reaction of I-Alkynee

and M. V. Rhoades. Borne Paz Controlling the Inge8tion of Carboigdratee by the Blowfly. Biological Bulle:in, 211: 204-222 (Oct. 1956). DYOES, LEONAR*Eyges, Leonard. Borne VoneeparabZe Boundary Value Problem8 and the Many-Body Problem. Annals of Physlcs, 2: 101-128 (Aug. 1957). 1 FANTA, PAUL k .-Fanta, Paul E. OhemieItry 03 Ethylenoimine. Part III. CgcZojlPenteneimine or 6-Asabicyclo 3 :l :0 hexane.
Journal of the Chemical Society, $74: 14411442 (Mar. 1957).

,gy, 1: 3-17 (Oct. 1957).

Nathan J. On the Distribution of Certain &me. NuoZear Ab- L8ymptotio : ?roceedings of the American Mathematical sorption 01 Negative K Particlee. Physical E society, 5: 243-252 (Apr. 1954). Review, 95: 1110-1111 (Aug. 1054). -, H. S. Bridge, H. Courant, and B. I PITT&DONALD D. Rossi. Po88dbze Exampte of the Annihilation Fitts, Donald D., and John 0. Kirkwood. of a Heavy Particle. Physical Review, 95: 1‘he Optical Rotatory Power 01 HeZicaZ 1101-1103 (Aug. 1954). dfolecules. Proceedings of the National DEVLIN, THOMAS-Devlin, Thomas. Oxida. eacademy of Sciences, 49: 33-36 (Jan. tive Phoephorylation in an Enzyme Fraction 1956). from Mitochondrial Extracts. Biochimica -, -. The Optical Rotatory Power et Biophysics Acta, 18: 159-160 (1955). 0 I PoZyamino Acid8 and Proteine. Journal 0f the American Chemical Society, 78: 2650 ELIASON, MORTON A. Eliason, Morton A., D. E. Stogryn, and J. (,1956). -, -. The Theoretic&Z Optical Ro0. Hirschfelder. Borne Molecular CollieJon



Gary. A Refinement of the iPauling Theory of Ferromagnetiem. Pro(teedings of the National Academy of :sciences, 60: 145-149 (Mar. 1954). -. The EJtructure 01 the Chlorocuprate inion. 1 Proceedings of the Royal Society, 1 236: 506-i-514 (1956). i, I FERBIS, V. R .-Ferris, V. R. A Note on the 1 PZagelZation 01 Phytophthora Infeetans ir5cg.) Debary. Science, 180: 71-72 (July Felsenfeld,

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for Point Attraction and Repulsion
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Royal Society, A, 880: 312-321

American Mathematical Society, 59: 85 (Jan. 1953). Excited Electronic Etatee of 1, S- PASSANO, L. M.-Pas8ano, L. N., and C, I?. Proceedings of the Royal Soci- A. Panten. Buz&e. MechaaicaZ dttmutation in the ety, A, BSO: 322-330 (1955). ProSea-Anemone CaZZiacti6 Paraettfca. Pople, J. A., and Robert K. Nesbet. 3eZf- ceedings of the Royal Society, B, l/J: 226Consietent Orbital8 jOr Radicals. Journal 238 (1955). of Chemical Physics, 22: 571-572 (Mar. PECK, HARRY D., Jr. 1954). Gest, Howard, and Harry D. Peck, Jr. A New Procedure for Aseay or Bacterial NOVEY, T. B. 71: Albers-SchBnberg, H., E. Heer, T. B. Novey, Hydrogenasee. Journal of Bacteriology, Die hiessung de8 Kern- 70-80 (Jan. 1956). and P. Scherrer. (1955).

Conpguratiota Znteractton in Orbital Theoriecr. Proceedings of the

Principle for UertaCn Unilorm Probability Limit Theorems. Bulletin of the


quadrupoZmoment8 de8 Ercrten Angeregten &stand8 de8 CD I11 mit Hilfe der y-y &ohtungskor-Relation. Helvetica Physica Acta,
97: 547-571 (1954). Alder, Kurt, H. AlbereSch5nberg, Ernst Heer, and T. B. Novey. The Yeaswement
oj Nuclear Moment8 oj

-, -. A Study 01 the Hydrofen. Zyase Reaotion with Byeterns Derived from NormaZ and Anaerogenio UoZi-Aerogenes BaOteria. Journal of Bacteriology, 70: 326-334
(Sept. 1955).

Angular Correlation ca Physica Acta, 86: 761-784 (1953). Nitrogen Metabolism, 298-316 (1956). -, -. Enzymio Reduction of PyriOLSON, JOHN M.-Olson, John M., and ArDiffusion Coeficietbt of Hem- dSn6 Nucleotidee by MoZecuZar Hydrogen. thur S. Brill. Biological Bulletin, 10 5: 371 Biochimica et Biophysics Acta, 16: 687488 erythrin. (1954). (Oct. 1953). -, -. Fumarate Reduction by dfoOBDIN, LAWRENCE lecular Hydrogen in OeZZ-Free Igyeteme. Grdin, Lawrence, Thomas Applewhite, and Bacteriological Proceedings, (May 1954). Auxin-Znduced Water UpJames Bonner. -, -. New Procedure for Aeeay take by Avena CoZeoptiZe Bectione. Plant ol HydrogenaseA Activity. Bacteriological Physiology, S1: 44-53 (Jan. 1956). Proceedings, (1955). and James Bonner. Permeability of Peck, Harry D., Jr., Anthony San Pietro, A.vena CoZeoptiZe fleetions to Water Mea8Ured by Diffu8ion of Deuterium Hydroxide. Plant and Howard Gest. On the Yechanism 01 Hydrogenase Actiors. Proceedings of the Physiology, 81: 53-57 (Jan. 1956). National Academy of Science& 48: 13-19 -, Robert Cleland and James Bonner. Influence of Auxin on CeZZ-WallMetabolism. (Jan. 1956). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sci- PENNER, SAMUEL----Penner, Samuel. Photoproduction of Charged Meeone from Deuences, 41: 1023-1029 (Dec. 1955). Physical Review, 106: 1113-1116 terona. PALAIB, RICHARD S.-Palais, Richard 8. A (Feb. 1957).

-, -. Reduction of MoZccuZar NiExcited Btrc’-a by trogen and ReZationehip8 with PhotosynMethods. I. Ir Ia- the848and Hydrogen Metabolbm. Inorganic

Dsj%tfon of tho Eaterior Term8 ot Lie Derivatives.

the American Mathematical 908 (Dec. 1954). PABSHALL, GEORQB W. Fuson, Reynold C., Wflliam D. Emmons and George W. Parshall. Reaction8 Of arigJournard Reagent8 with p-Duroylphenol. nal of the American Chemical Society, 78:

Don L., and Polarization of the 1860 A. Band 0s Amides. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 77: 3929 (1956). POIRIEB. JACQUB~ C.-Kirkwood, John G., The BtatlstioaZ and Jacques C. Poirier. Mechanical BaSi8 of the Debye-HiickcZ Theory of strong EZectroZytee. Journal of Physical Chemistry, 58: 591-596 (1954). 5466-5469 (1954). POWEHS, HARRY IL., Jr.-Powers, Harry R., -, William C. Friedlander and George Jr. The Yeohanism of Wilting in TO&MU0 PhytoDispZacement 01 NucZeav PZantr Affected by Black shank. W. Parehall. pathology, &#: 513-621 (Sept. 1964). Halogan Atom8 Cn Hindered AryZ Ketowd Proceeding of Society, 6: 902W. T. Simpson.



PETERSON, DON L.-Peterson,



Ooidase. Archives of Blo. chemistry and Blophyslcs, 47: 314-324 (1953). and R. 1. Davles. Active Transport of Water by Mitochondria. Proceedings of the Biochemical Society, 58: 17 (July 1954). A. Fonnesu and R. E. Davies.

PRICE, CARL A. Price, Carl A.

Malonate Inhibfttcin

I plinQ8 in EloUd Brom4dee and IodZdes. oj Journal of Chemical Physics, 38: 5114515
(Mar. 1954). ROONEY, L4WRENCE F.-Rooney, Lawrence F. Organic Carbon in Phosphoria Formation. Bulletin of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, 40 (Sept. 1956). ROSEN, WALTER G.-Rosen, Walter G. Plant Growth Inhibition bu Btrevtomucin and It8 Prevention by hfanganese. Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine, 85: 385-388 (1954). ROSLEB, LAWRENCE-Schultz, H. L., C. F. Pieper, and L. Rosler. Multichannel &ye-

Yozents of Water and Ion8 in blitochonJournal, 64: 754-768 dria. Biochemical
(1956). -

terns for Pulse-HeiQht and Time-of-Flight (Nov. 1954). Review of Scientific Instruments, -, -. The Eetimation of Dehyclro. Analysis. 27: 437-445 (July 1956). genaees in Plant Tiesue. Plant Physiology,
495-500 19: 113-124

Dehydroand Kenneth Thimann. Qenase Activity in Respiration; A Quantitative Comparison. Plant Physiology, 89:

min H., Jr.

Chemical Physics, &E: 1094-1103 (June 1954). ROZEBOOM,WILLIAM W. Rozeboom, William W. Mediation VariaCalcium on the Retention and Fixation 01 bles C9z Sciell.ti/ic Theory. Psychological Phosphorue b2/ Clap Fraction8 of soil. Soil Review, 61: 249-264 (1956). Science Society of America Proceedings, 21: and Lyle V. Jones. The Validity of 261-264 (May-June 1957). the &?kccessive Intervals hiethod of Psycho21: -165Pre- metric Bcaling. Psychometrika, RAY, CLAYTON E.-Ray, Clayton E. 183 (June 1956). Uolumbian Horses from Yucatan. Journal of Mammalogy, 58: 278 (May 1957). RUBY, P. R.-Smith, Walter T., Jr., and RBIDFIELD, ALPRED G.-Redfield, Alfred 0. P. R. Ruby. Nitration of Benzo (c) CinnoJournal of the American Chemical An Electrodynamic Perturbation Theorem, line. With Application to Nonreciprocal t&stems. Society, 76: 5807-5808 (1954). Journal of Applied Physics, 25: 1021-1024 RUCK, PHILIP-Ruck, Philip. Electrical (Aug. 1954). Studies on the Compound Eye of Ligia OcciREDHEFFER, RAYMOND M.-Redheffer, Ray- dentalis Dana (Crustacea: Isopoda). Journal ” General Physiology, 57: 825-849 Initial mond M. The Riccati Equation: (J / 1954). Values and Inequalities, Math. Annalen, ILI,DNRMAN, M.-Ruderman, 1.9s: 235 (1957). M. Pseudoof John C., Jr. scalar Beta-Decay and RaE. Bulletin REED, JOHN C., Jr.-Reed, Uatoctin Formation near Luray, Virginia. the American Physical Society, 28: (Jan. Bulletin of the Geological Society of 1953). SAGAN, CARL-Sagan, Carl. Radiation and America, 66: 871-896 (1955). 1: 40L., A. K. Mann, the Origin of the Gene. Evolution, REIBEL, KURT-Cohen, -55 (Mar. 1957). B. J. Patton, Kurt Reibel, W. E. Stephens, R. D., J. V. Photoprotons from Ba, SAGERS, RICHARD D.-Sagers, and E. J. Wlnhold. A C, and 0. Physical Review, 10.4: 108-114 Beck, W. Gruber, and I. C. Gunsalus. Tetrahydro-Folic Acid Linked Formimino (Oct. 1956). REIFF, HARRY E.-Parham, William E., and Transfer Enzyme. Journal of the American Ring Expansion during the Chemical Society, 78: 694 (1956). Harry E. Relff. Reaction of Inden,ylsodium and Chlorojorm. SALSBURG, ZEVI W. Kirkwood, John G., and Zevl W. Salsburg. Journal of the American Chemical Society, The Statistical Mechanical Theory of Mo77: 1177-1178 (1955). lecular Dietribution Functions in Liquids. RICHTEIB, BURTON-Bitter, F., S. P. Davis, Faraday Society Discussion, No. 15: 28-34 Burton Richter, and J. E. R. Young. Optical studies of Radioactive Mercury. (1953). Salsburg, Zevi W., and John 0. Kirkwood. Physical Review, 96: 1531-1539 (Dec. 1954). Journal of Comparative and PhysPsychology, 49: (June 1956). RAOLAND, JOHN L.- Ragland, John L., and W. A. Seay. The Effect8 of Exchangeable iological



Transport Processes. VIII. Quantum The Facilitation Diecrimination Reversal by Over- Theory of Transport in Gases. Journal of

(Mar. 1954). H., Jr.-Pubols,

Benjaof Visual and

Ross, JOHN-ROSS John, and John G. Kirkwood. The ,gtatistical-Mechanical Theory of

RINEHART, KENNETH L., Jr.-Carson, James, Binary &fixtures. Journal of Chemical Kenneth L. Rinehart, Jr., and Stephen D. Physics, 91: 2169-2177 (Dec. 1953). Thornton, Jr. The Preparation of f3-Keto -, Robert W. Zwanzig, and John G. E8ter8 from Eitriles and a-Bromoesters. Kirkwood. Molecular Distribution FuncJournal of Organic Chemistry, 18: 1594- tions in a One-Dimensional Fluid. Journal 1600 (Nov. 1953). of Chemical Physics, 81: 1098-1107 (June 1953). ROBINSON, HUGH G. Dehmelt, H. G., H. G. Robinson, and Walter SAVEDONN,MALCOLM P. Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance oj Gordy. Savedoff, Malcolm P. Note on the LumiHgzOl. Physical Revlew, 9s: 480-482 (Feb. nosity of Cepheids and the Discrepancies 1954). in the Pulsation Theory. Bulletin of the Robinson, Hugh G., H. G. Dehmelt, and Astronomical Institutes of the Netherlands, Walter Gordy. Nuclear Quadrupole Uou- No. 446: 59-60 (1953).


of the Free Volume Theory oj


and A. Blaauw. A Possibte PeriodLnmkositg Relation anwng fl Canis Afajod.8 Stars. Bulletin of the Astronomical Institutes of the Netherlands, 18: 69-72 (Nov. 1953).

t we of HEa+ 618: 6-18 (Apr.

and H. M. Foley. Evperfrne &trueand HE’. Phyelcal Review, lDS5). The Rektivktic COff6CtaOu Energy ol HeRUm. 2,otha( (3round-State
1 Physical Review, 98: 1321-1322


Content and Mitotic Activity ol Vagho-Cervfcal Epithelium in CoZchicin.e-Treated bfice DurZng Estrus. Proceedings of the Society

Gilman, Richard A., Karl P. Klassen, and Dante G. Scarpelli, Bducous Gland Adetaoma American Journal of Clinical of Bronchus. Pathology, t6 (Feb. 1956). Scarpelli, Dante G. Deoxyribonucldo Acid

Spin-Spin Interaction 0t ~k~dns~i ths Ionization Energy 01 Kelium. Physical Review., 98: 1321 (Dec. _~~ -, -. Stattetical Atom with Angu-

(Dec. 1953).


for Experimental Biology and Slcdicine, 9s: * 351-354 (1956). -. Fat NeCrO8i8 Of Bone MarrOW in American Journal of I Acute Pancreatitis. Pathology, 6%: 1077-1087 (1956). von Haam, E., and Dante G. Scarpelli.

X-Ray Dtflraction a nd G. B. Carpenter. Study of the Cubio Phase of Ice. Journal
~5~~mical Physics, 96: 782-784

[ar 1 hfomentum. Physical Review, 96: 368i368 (Oct. 1954). Frank V., S ,HALLCBOSB, F. V.-Shallcross,

1” . IHAPIRA, JacoB---Ctcrskon, Herman, Jacob S ihapira, John 5. Muk, and Karl Dittmer. E Deoxyribonuclek Acid Content ot Cervical i 2‘he Syntheses and iUicrobiological Prop* Bquamoua Cells During Experimental Inpamsm ertfes oj Acetylenic Amino Acide. Propar mation and Carcinogenesis. Proceedings oir 0rylglpcine and 2-Amino S-Methyl -)-Penthe American Association for Cancer Re - t ynoCc Acid. Journal of the American
search, 6 (Apr. 1956).

Carcinoma o;[ : ~HER, IRVING H.-Sher, Irving H., and M. F. Federation Proceedings, It Ir Purification and Studp 01 I-ArgtKallette. (Mar. 1956). tine Deoa.rboxgZaee from Escherichia coli SCHMIDT, PAUL W.-Schmidt, Paul W., Pau 9. Archives of Biochemistry and Bio4 Kaesburg, and W. W. Beeman. Small-Angh lhysics, 5s: 370-380 (Dec. 1954). s ’ X-rtcv Scutterin!~ from !l’flrn,ip Yellow NoNVi( . 1 J. Richnrd. Virue. Hiochimica et Biophysicn Acta, 14 SMITH, J. olRICHARD-Smith, Il.&Rev Neutron8 in Helium, 9cattering l-11 (1954). hydrogen, and Nitrogen. Physical Review, SCHUBERT, JACK-Schubert, Jack. Einigc 15: 730-735 (Aug. 1954). g Medfzinische und BiOkgi8Che Anwendunger : E JTOCKELL, Anne, and Emil von Chclntkomplese~l.. Chimia, 11: 113-124 L I ;. Smith. ANNE-Stockell Panain Action 1. Kinettc8 of (1957). Bezxopl-L-Argininamide. ~fJdrO&8%8 0j SCT-IWARTZ, Ml~r.viN--Budde, R., M. Chretien ’ : lournal of Biological Chemistry, 887: (July J. Leitner, N. I’. Anmios, Melvin Schwartz ’ 1 ,957). Properties ot Heavt I STRUT, GEOR~ID H.-Yates, and J. Steinberger. Peter, and Unstable Particle8 Produced by 1.3 Bev u; :George H. Stout. The Oxidation 01 Tetra 182: 106: Review, Physical Mesons. cyclone with Nitrtc Acid. Journal of the C (1956). 4merican Chemical Society, 76: 5110-5115 1 SCHWEBER, S. S.---Schweber, S. S. Uovarl :- (1954). ant Formulation of the Tamin-Dancoi 7 : Physical Review, $4: 1089 (Ma; Y ’STRAW, RICFIARD M.-Straw, the Richard M. Meth,od. of Penetemon iddaptive Morphology 1954). 6: 112-119 Phytomorphology Flower. SCRIBNER, RICHARD M.-Smith, Lee Irvin an a i(July 1956). Cyclopropanes1. 4 Scribner. Richard M. SWIHART, THOMAS L. II. I-Benxo$/l-6-Nitro-Bicyclo(3,1,0)-Hexane Swlha.rt, AsRooiation I Behavior toward Alkaline Reagent8. JOUI.e tff erminorum.Thomas L. The Journal, 181: . Astrophysical nal of the American Chemical Society, 78
3412 (1956).

-, -. the Cervix.



Society, 76: 3484 (1954).

139-153 (Jan. 1955).

B.-Selander, Richarl a $$&a1 Journal, 118: 577-579 (Nov. B. Th,e Biology of Zonitis Atripennie Flo Cvida Leconte (Coleoptera: Yeloidae). Waf 1- TANNENBAUM, EILEEN mann Journal of BioIogy, 1z: 227-24 3 ’ Tannenbaum, Eileen, Borge Bak, D. (1954). and Lise Hansen-Nygnard. Christensen, ufinu~.rr,CLYDm M. Microwave Determination of the Structure Seng&, Clyde M., and Ralph W. Macy. d oj Fluoroben.zene. Journal of Chemical NM -ndaenetic Trematode’ (Cephalouterln -. -._ _y. . Physics, 86: 134-137 (Jan. 1957). Dicamptodoni N. G., N. Sp., Pieurogenetinae -, Microwave Ds--. Journr from the Pacific Giant Salamander. termination of the Structure of Trifuoroof Parasitology, 39: l-4 (June 1953), butune. Journal of Chemical Physics 96: -. Notes on the Growth, Developmen 241-243 (Feb. 1957 ) . and Survival of Two Echinoetome Tremc and John Rastrup-AnParasitology, 3: 491 tones. Experimental de2 &bwG Spectra of Thtophene 2496 (Nov. 1954). and 6-Monodeutero-, S,.Y’-Dicleutero- and Xiphidiotrcma Lockerae, Gen. et S; P. Structure of the Nov. (Trematoda: Troglotrematidae) Ire: m Tetradeuterothiophene. Journal of Chemical al Thiophene ddolecule. Shrew8 in the Northwestern U. S. Journ of Parasitology, 39: 341-343 (June 1953; 1. Physics, $5: 892-896 (Nov. 1956). TEEM, JOHN M.-Kruse, U. E., John M. SESSLER, A.M. Proton-Proton Teem, and N. F. Ramsey. Sessler, Andrew M. hfeeo?c& Coweotion to the Quadrupole Moment 03 the Deuterol L. Scattering from 40 to 95 kfov. Physical RePhysical Review, 96: 793-796 (NOV. 1954: I. view, 94: 1795-1796 (June 1954).

Siriue and the Carbon Cycle. As-


Proceedings of the ology, 30: 297-303 (July 1955). National Academy of Sciences, 43: 816-820 VON HIPPaL, PmT10a H.-von Hippel, Pete1 (Sept. 1957). H., and David F. Waugh. Caeein: diono. ' 7 !VILSON, JAMES F.-Wilson, James F., Winsmers and Polymere. Journal of the Ameri. .ow R. Briggs, and Richard D. Tocher. can Chemical Society, 77: 4311-4319 (1955). * 1 A Phototropto Auxin Redietribution in Corn WARTEB~, WILLIAM D.-Warters, William D. ?oleoptiles. Science, 126: 210-212 (Aug. EZaetfo &uttering of Proton8 by LlT. Bul. . 3 1957). letin of the Americnn Physical Society, 87: KILSON, VICTOR J. (Dec. 1952). Wilson, Victor J. Post-TetanZo PotentiaWATEBS, THOMAS F .-Waters, Thomas F. iion of Polysynaptio Rejlexes of the #pinal The Eflectr of Lime Application to Add (Yard. Journal of General Physiology, 89: Bog Lake8 in Northern Michigan. Trans- 3 197-206 (Nov. 1955). actions of the American Fisheries Society, -. Slow and FU8t Reeponaes in Cock86: 329-344 (1956). -ouch Leg Yuecle. Journal of Experimental WEIL, EDWARD D. r3iology, 81: 280-290 (June 1954). Marvel, C. S., and Edward D. Well. The TVILT, J. W.-Urry, W. H., and J. W. Wilt. structure of Propylene Polyeuljone. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 76: 61- 1‘hotochemical Reaction8 of Methyl Dta21 ‘oacetats with PolyhaZomethane8. Journal 69 (1954). aIf American Chemical Society, 76: 2594 -, -, L. B. Wakefleld and C. W. Fairbanks. The dtructure of the PoZymer8 01 ( 1954). Alpha-Haloaorylatee. Journal of the AmeriFWOLFE,BERT~AM can Chemical Society, 76: 2326-2330 (1953). DeWire, D. W., A. Silverman and B. WEINBERQ, STEVEN-Weinberg, Steven. N-V FWolfe. ElU8tiO Photoproduotion of ~“8 from Physical Review, 98: 52.0-521 Potential in the Lee dfodel. Physical Re- Lbeuterium. ( Oct. 1953). view, 1OC: 285-289 (Apr. 1956). -, -, -. IIigh-Energy (‘y, d) WBISER, ROBERT B .-Weieer, Robert B., and Christie J. Geankoplis. Lactio Acid Puri- Iilea&ions. Physical Review, 98: 519-520 fication by Extraction. Industrial and En- ( Oct. 1953). gineering Chemistry, .47: 853-363 (Apr. PWOLFF, EDITH C .-Wolff, Edith C., and Elric 0. Ball. The Action or Thyroxine on 1955). JourWQST, ROBERT C., Jr.-West, Robert C., Jr., cMdation of fJuccinate and dlalate. and Eugene G. Rochow. AZkyldilthium Uom- 1Ial of Biological Chemistry, 864: 1083-1098 (‘Feb. 1957). pound8 and Organosilicon b’ptranee. Sonderdruck aus die Naturwissenschaften, 40: 142 1VOODIN, HOWARD El .-Woodin, Howard IO., (1953). EU8t a.nd Alton A. Lindsay. Juniper-Pinyon
f the UontinentaZ Divide, a8 AnaZyaed by JOHN L. t”he Lina&%p Method. Ecology, 86: 373Westley, John, and Joseph Ceithaml. &nthe8i8 Of Ei8tid4ne Q W. tY0U. I. BCo- 3889 (Oct. 1954). WMTLBIX,

Eftect 01 iSoiZ-Moisture Content on the Rate of PhOtO8Unthe8i8 and Reepiration in Ladinc ' UZovet (TrifoUum Repens L.) Plant Physi.

Society, A, 68: 253-259 (1955). TOLLIN, GOLDEN-Tollin, Gordon, and Melvin Calvin. The Lumineecence ol ChlorophyllUontaining Plant Material. Proceedings oi ; the National Academy of Sciences, 55: 896 908 (Oct. 1957). UPCHUBCH, ROBICRT P.-Upchurch, Roberl t P., M. L. Peterson, and Robert M. Hagen I

Paramagnetic Resonance Abeorptfon by tht PozPartZcie. FerrOU8 Ion. Proceedings of the Physical 1 e$54 (1955).

Astrophysical Journal, 186: 208-212 (July 1957). THIIEIS, Roama E .-Thies, Roger E., and1 1 Francis D. Carlson. Conduction Velocity inb WHITID, G~ORQE R. Fry, W. I., and George R. White. NegcE the Want Aaron oj the lPquCd(LoZogo PeaUi) #% DzO. Biological Bulletin. 111: 295-298 I 'Muuu;i$n Meeon DeCUU8 in Photographic A Physical Review, 93: 1427 (Mar. (Oct. 1956). 1954). * T~NKHAIK, MICHAEI-Tinkham, Michael, Won-Mesonic Decay of a

TIWL’BCH,Woanaa B. Arnowitt, R., and W. B. Teutsch. Deua~ V of Uharged K Me8on.u. Physical Review't 106: 285-287 (Jan. 1957). Teutech, Werner B. Hyperlmne &Wuotur~ I 01 HeZium-6 in the Metastabk Triplet &tote I. Physical Review, 95: 1461-1463 (Sept:. 1954 1. and Vernon W. Hughes. Eflect o.1 an Electrio Field on Positron&m Formatio? ' in Ga8e8: Theoretical. Physical Review , 108: 1266-1281 (Sept. 1956). and William F. Love. RaZZ aO#ecl t and Re&rtance of Dilute Gold-Ohromiurn AZloy8 at Low Temperatures. Physical Re' view, 106: 487-490 (Jan. 1957).

chemk?izZ W&ant Btudie8. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 66: (Jan. 1956). -, -. blyntheri8 al PlicrtZdZne in E8-

of Methyl Orange Anion8 with tysine PoZg(Journal of Biological Chemistry, 120s: 117-126 (July 1953). WEYMANN, Ray-Weymann, Ray. Inhomo1 geneous Stellar hiodeZ8. VI. An Improved 1 Solar Yodel with the Oarbon OycZeIncluded. Qeptides. >

319 (Mar. 1956). W~~LAUF~~B, DONALD B.-%Vetlaufer, Donald B., and Mark A. Stahmann. The Interaction

BtUdie8. Journal




of Biological




Ii Nnovo Cimento, 2: 551-


4n the Lower 1:oric Settlement



;Noeed Ood Yaek in EU8te#% United Matee. .Missouri Archaeologist, 18 (Oct. 1956). ithe Origin oj POtentCal i Rotation in Moleoulee.

i2-62 -

Patterns in the New World, (1956). and John M. Qoggin. The Long E. Bright.. On

t3ettZement Pattern8 Miaeeissippi Valley. Prehis-

WILSON, E. BRIaH!c-Wilson,

&Wrier8 to Internal



Philip P., and Robert C. Woodwortb. The Btereochemistty o)t Radical-Olejln Additton ReaotJone. with Ret&ions of ciu- and trane-t-Bwtenea Bromo-Trtchloromethane. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 77: 468S-4642 (1955). ZUCHELLI, A. J. Landes, H. S., 5. Berko, and A. J. Zuchelli. Edect of &felting on Positron Llf6time. Physical Review, 103: 828-829 (Aug. 1956). Zuchelli, A. Joseph, and Walter Aron. Uontribution to Lamb 8h+ft Due to Finite Proton #tie. Physical Review, 101: 1681 (Mar. 1957). and Stephan Berko. Free-Radiool Quenching ot Poeitron Lifetimes. Physical Review, 108: 724-728 (May 1956).

BOOKS AND OTHgDB PUBLICATIONS ALB~EWJB, DAVID I!& I#reqw Levsk of PF jmm the Decay of BSIO”, pp. l-20. In: Beta and Gamma-Bay Spectroscopy, North Holland Publishing Company, 1955. Y-RodWion porn Charfled Porthole Rezne. In: Beta and Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy, North Holland Publishing Company, 1955. HOROWIC~, PAUL, AND NABTIN 0. L~aarslum. QEucoeecrnd Oxygen UtUCsation in Gynrpa* thetic GangZk I. Eflects or dtaeethetio8. II. kdbatrated lor Oarfdation at Reut and in Activity, pp. M-107. In: Nolecular Strut ture and Functional Activity of Nerve Cells, American Institute of Biological Sciences, 1956.


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These reports contain data on the ex. tent and nature of scientific research and development in the United States. The publications marked with a price may be obtained from the Superintendent of Doc- . uments, Government Printing Office, , Washington 25, D. C. A Selected Bibliography of Research and Development and Its Impact on ther Economy. Advisory and Coordinating Mechanisms for Federal Research and Develop. . ment, 1956-57. Directory of Independent Commercial Laboratories Performing Research and Develo$ment, 1957. 40 cents. Organization of the Federal Government for Scientific Activities. $1.75. Research and Development by Nonprofit Research Institutes and Commercial Laboratories, 1953. 50 cents. Research by Cooperative Organizations. 35 cents. Research Expenditures of Foundations and Other Nonprofit Institutions, 195354. Science and Engineering in American Industry. Final Report on a 1953-54 Survey. 70 cents.

These reports, published in leaflet form at irregular intervals, are devoted to spe1 cific aspects of research and development. The following issues are available from the National Science Foundation, Wash1 ington 25, D. C. Expenditures for Research and Devet,opment in the United States, 1953. Funds for Research and Development in 1 Colleges and Universities, 1953-54. Funds for Research in Medical Schools, 1953-54. Exchange of Foreign and American Graduate Students in the Sciences, Engiteering, and Other Fields. Funds for Basic Research in the United States, 1953. Faculty Scientific Research Activities at zolleges and Universities, 1953-54. Funds for Research and Development in Engineering Schools, 1953-54. Funds for Research in Agricultural Experiment Stations, 1953-54. Scientists and Engineers in Research and Development, 1954. Science and Engineering in American Industry, 1956.

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Resources in Psychology,

The Scientific Manpower Series consists of reports on the supply and characteristics of scientific and technological manpower in various fields of science. The reports were based originally upon data developed through the registration program of the National Scientific Register, which functioned under the policy and fiscal direction of the National Science Foundation and was operated by the Federal Security Agency, Office of Education. Following the transfer of registration operations to the Foundation, the reports were continued in cooperation with the United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. These reports may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C. Research and Development Personnel in Industrial Laboratories, 1950. 15 cents. Manpower Resources in Physics, 1951. 20 cents. Manpower Resources in Mathematics. 20 cents. Manpower Resources in the Earth Sciences. 45 cents. Manpower Resources in the Biologica Sciences. 40 cents. Education and Employment Specializa. tion in 1952 of ] une 1951 College Graduates. 35 cents.

Manpower Resources in Mathematics, ‘951. Highlights of a Survey of June 1952 7ollege Graduates. Manpower Resources in the Gsophysi:a1Sciences. Manpower Resources in Meteorology, !951. Highlights of a Survey of Graduate student Enrollments, Fellowships, and 4ssistantships, 1954. Shortages of Scientists and Engineers ‘n Industrial Research. Employment Profile of Scientists in the National Register of Scientific and Techdcal Personnel, 1954-l 955. Immigration of Professional Workers to !he United States, 1953-1956.

Since December 195 1, the National Science Foundation has sponsored an annual conference on scientific manpower in conjunction with the annual meetings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. In view of the widespread interest in these meetings, a limited number of copies of the PROCEEDINGS have been issued. Copies listed below may be obtained upon request to the Division of Scientific Personnel and Education, National Science Foundation, Washington 25, D. C. III. Boston, December 1953. IV. Berkeley, December 1954. V. New York, December 1956. (Contained in Scientific Manpower-l 956.) SCIENTIFIC MANPOWER BULLETINS VI. Indianapolis, December 1957. (Contained in Scientific ManpowerThis series of leaflets was also estab1957.) lished as a means for releasing scientific manpower information gathered in connection with the scientific registration OTHER SCIENTIFIC MANPOWER AND Copies of BULLETINS still program. EDUCATION REPORTS in print may be obtained upon request to The publications marked with a price the Division of Scientific Personnel and may be obtained from the Superintendent Education, National Science Foundation, of Documents, Government Printing OfWashington 25, D. C. Manpower Resources in Chemistry, fice, Washington 25, D. C. 1951. Trends in the Employment and Train20 cents. Manpower Resources in Physics, 1951, ing of Scientists and Engineers. Manpower Resources in Chemical EnScientific Personnel Resources. 50 gineering, 1951. cents. Military Status and Selective, Service Scientific Manpower in the Federal Classification of June 1951 College Grad- Government, 1954. uates. Federal Support for Science Students Manpower Resources in Geology, I951 q in Higher Education, 1954. 30 cents.

Graduate Studsnt Enrollment port in Amsrican Wversities k?gSS, 1954. $1.50.

and SupFederal Financial Sufiport of Physical and COG Facilities and Major Equipment for ths


Conduct of Scientific Research. Publications Resulting from National Science Foundation Research Grants, Through Fiscal Year Ending Jun6 30,
1956. 30 cents.

In connection with its program for exchange of scientific information, the National Science Foundation has published or sponsored the publication of rpaterial of interest to American scientists and scientific librarians.

Report of the Advisory Commit&e on Minerals Research to ths National Science Foundation, 1956. Report of the Advisory Panel on HighEnergy Accelerators to the National SciList of International and Foreign Scicn- ence Foundation. tific and Technical Meetings. Quarterly.

May be ordered from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C. Subscription price : $1 per year, domestic; $1.25 per year, foreign. Single copy price: 25 cents,


Govcernment Research Information, a Program of ths ofice of Scientific Information. A brochure describing an NSFsponsored program designed to make unclassified scientific reports on Government-supported research readily available to United States scientists. Available upon request from Office of Scientific Information, Attention GRI, National Science Foundation, Washington 25, D. C.

Soviet Professional Manpower-Its Education, Training, and Supply, by Nicholas Dewitt. May be ordered from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C. $1.50.

Non-Conventional Technical Information Systems in Current Use. Current Research and Dev6lopment in Scientific Documentation, No. 2. ,
There are 29 Russian scientific journals which are currently being translated with National Science Foundation support. A listing of these journals, as well as journals being translated with support from the National Institutes of Health and commercial translation agencies, is available upon request to the Office of Scientific Information, National Science Foundation, Washington 25, D. C.

A guide for the submission of research proposals and the administration of National Science Foundation research grants.

Announcements of the National Science Foundation fellowship programs, with instructions for applying.


Publications marked with a price may be ordered from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C. Basic Research-A Nationat Resource. 45 cents.

Government-University Rv1ationshij.s in The Interdepartmental Committee on Federally Sponsored Scientific Research Scientific Research and Development. and Development. 40 cents. The President’s Committee on ScienBibliography for the International Geotists and Engineers. physical Year. 25 cents.

These publications describe the activities of two committees established by Executive order with staff services provided by the National Science Foundation. The publications may be obtained from the Public Information Office, National Science Foundation, Washington 25, D. C.