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CONTENTS

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Letter of Transmittal .................... The Chairman’s Foreword ................. The Director’s Statement .................. THE YEAR OF THE EARTH SATELLITES-THE
EDUCATION IN THEUNITEDSTATES. STATUS OFSCIENCE AND .............

ii vii ix 1 3 5 6 7 8 10 10 11 15 25 27 27 27 36 41 43 46 47 49 51 54 57 67 70 70 72 74

Quality of the Nation’s Scientific Effort ........... Condition of American Education .............. President Eisenhower Alerts the Nation ............ Increased Support for Science by the Federal Government .... Federal Activity in the Field of Education ........... Recommendations of the Scientific Community ......... What Remains To Be Done ................. Basic Research-A National Resource ............ A PHOTOGRAPHICSAMPLINGOFFOUNDATION-SUPPORTEDACTIVITIES.
PROGRAM ACTIVITIES OF THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION ...

Support of Basic Research in the Sciences ........... Research Programs ................... Division of Biological and Medical Sciences. ...... Division of Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering ..................... Sciences Social Science Research Program ........... Scientific Conferences and Symposia ........... Research-Related Activities ............... Fiscal Analysis of Research Programs ........... Training and Education in the Sciences ............ Fellowships Program .................. Institutes Program ................... Special Projects in Science Education Program ....... Scientific Manpower Program .............. Exchange of Scientific Information .............. Research on Scientific Information ............. Publications and Information Services ........... Government Research Information ............

Exchange of Scientific Information-Continued
Foreign Science Information ............... Special Scientific Exhibits ................ Surveys of the National Research and Development Effort .... Government ...................... Colleges and Universities and Other Nonprofit Institutions . . ....................... Industry. Overall Data. ..................... Conference on Research and Development and its Impact on .................... the Economy. The International Geophysical Year .............

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75 77 78 79 82 85 88

General.

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World Data Centers ................... Antarctic Operations .................. Earth Satellite ..................... Results of First 12 Months of Observations ...................... Conclusion
APPENDICES

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92 92 93 95 96 98 103

A. National

Science Board,

Staff,

Committees,

and Advisory 107 116 118 148 162 166 166 181 182 186 186 186 187 189 190 193 201 204 207

Panels. ....................... B. Financial Report for Fiscal Year 1958 ...........
C. D. E. F. Grants for Basic Research. ................ Grants Other Than Research ............... Grants for the International Geophysical Year Program .... Fellowship Awards. ................... Name, Residence, and Field of Study of Individuals Awarded NSF Fellowships. ................... Institutions Chosen by NSF Predoctoral Fellows ....... Present or Most Recent Institutional Affiliation of Individuals Offered NSF Postdoctoral and Science Faculty Fellowships. . G. Publications Resulting From Research Grants and Fellowships . Division of Biological and Medical Sciences. ....... ............ Developmental Biology .. Environmental Biology .............. Genetic Biology ................. Metabolic Biology ................ Molecular Biology ................ Psychobiology .................. Regulatory Biology. ............... Systematic Biology ................ Division of Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering : ................ Sciences .... Astronomy. ................... ................... Chemistry.

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G. Publications Resulting From Research Grants and Feiiowships-Continued
Physical, and of Mathematical, Scienc~Continued Earth Sciences . . . . . . . . . . . . Engineering Sciences . . . . . . . . . Mathematical Sciences. . . . . . . . . Physics . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . Rubber Research . . . . . . . . . . . Conferences and General. . . . . . . . Social Sciences Research Program. . . . . . Office of Scientific Information. . . . . . . Division of Scientific Personnel and Education 1958). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Division of Scientific Personnel and Education 1952-57) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H. Publications of the National Science Foundation. Division Engineering

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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Fellowships, . . . . . . (Fellowships, . . . . . . . . . . . . 219

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