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NATIONAL

SCIENCE

FOUNDATION

A

Photographic

Sampling

of

Foundation-Supported

Activities

x30047---GO---4

PHOTO

CREDITS

Page 21: (top) A. D. Code, University of W’isconsin: ~bottorn~ F. D. Drake, NaPages 22, 23, Bates Littlehales. National Geotional Radio Astronomy Observatory. graphic Society. Page 24: (top) J cnnic Lea Knight, Burgundy F.um Country Da) School; (bottom) E. J. Gibson and R. D. Walk, Cornrll University. Page 25: (top) Georgia Institute of Technology; (bottom) Tcsas .%sricultural and Mechanical ColPage 27: (top) M. Schwarzschild, Princeton lege. Page 26: General Mills, Inc. University; (bottom) National Science Foundation. Page 28 : (top) P. C. Mangelsdorf, Harvard University; (bottom) R. J. Menzics, Columbia University. Page 29: (top) U.S. Navy; (bottom) Corning Glass Works. Page 30: (top and bottom) H. S. Francis, Jr. Page 31: (top) Virginia Fisheries Laboratory : (bottom) Univwsit) Page 32: (top and bottom) C)klahonu State University. of Florida.

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1 1

THE A Way

CENTER vast

OF

THE in

MILKY which by spiral

WAY our sun nebula.

AS

SEEN

IN one lame

INFRA-RED of more than In mot

AND 100 the

BY

RADIO

ASTRONOMY stars, of the the Milky aalaxv.

galaxy study

is only The

million center

is under as

many

NSF-sponsored

projects. bright

above

edge-on

photograph

it appears

a typical

is at the

TEMPLE LOST The floor), Earth University Geographic At artist’s culture. top

OF CITY Temple believed and

THE OF

SEVEN THE MAYAS

DOLLS

EXCAVATED

FROM

BURIED

RUINS

AT

DZIBILCHALTUN-

of to

the be still

Seven the cover jointly

Dolls tomb the of

(named an

for

seven Maya,

small

clay is shown

figurines at left were Foundation

found during made and

beneath excavation. by the

the

important

rubble expedition Society. right

underlying by

pyramid. the National

Excavations Science

a Tulane National

sponsored

is photo

of

modern on material

Maya

restoring already

the uncovered

facade and

of on

the

temple.

Below of (See p.

is an Mayan 54.1

reproduction The Maya

based offered

a knowledge temples.

sacrifices

to

their

gods

in many

similar

22

-

.,

23

I

YOUNG Students extension year. tion for

STUDENTS in of Books the the for 800

BENEFIT elementary

FROM

TRAVELING are Science selected an this

ELEMENTARY year Library and studying Program distributed

SCHOOL science now by in the

SCIENCE books its sixth

LIBRARIES through successful Associaan

schools High School were under

Traveling the new

program of Science

American

Advancement

NSF grant.

SIMULATED Infant’s had animals lamb (See a strong were balked p. 5 1 .I

CLIFF reaction piece

USED to of on

TO height plate the on

TEST

DEPTH

PERCEPTION by top and the placing

OF a

INFANTS child over over in spite the of on the a wooden edge. glass. his Both mother’s table Children child which and and

is determined glass table the on and “safe

extending to crawl baby

placed and

coaxed side,”

stayed

coaxing.

EVOLUTION Modern to the been ings. ancestry cessfully ductive, reversal crossing corn tive eny primitive Results evolution requiring change does, markably to result and ancient recovered In

IN corn

REVERSE IA) variety, from corn quite bears cobs with ears slight resemblance (Cl of been the type. accomplished strains certain of the of of have dwellthe succave a study

of which

prehistoric fB1 have similar to

connection of corn, produced primitive, of evolution

unproThis by pop primiprogmany

prehistoric was different which so that a retain some

genetically pod corn,

characteristics, possessed traits. such is not millions occur, in short as an

combination

these agonizingly of but

demonstrates slow for can, years detectable and in

that process

rather of time.

often a re-

drastic period

modiftcationr

A

B

C

NEW

MOLLUSK

SPECIES of

DISCOVERED neopllinids, extinct up for from shell 300 the

Several fish million bottom One, the thought

specimens to have were Peru-Chile species, investigator

been dredged

years, of a new principal the

trench has been and

(See named the

p. 55.1 after ship.

t

E

F

Ncopilina (Vrma) cwingi, new species. A, Ventral view of paratype: B, dorsal view of another pamtype: C!, lateral view of paratype (specimen A) ; D, apical portion of shell of paratype ; C, F, striations on shell of paratype. Scale in millimeters. [R. J. Menzies]

28

NIKE-ASP PROJECT Project that 80,000 than mated-are active ings in high than the phases also solar as one has X-rays

ROCKET SUNFLARE Sunflare with II

LAUNCHED II results showed as high greater been in flares. may million 10 times estimated. on rocket of the

IN

i1 I i I I I r J ;) il i I ; iI I: 1. F’ / ! r ,’ t

energies volts-vastly

as

electron had

previously produced of sun that showed

estimost Findbe degrees hotter The obX-rays The as

tempemtures

atmosphere hundred about been based the solar payloads of the

Centigrade,

so far were of

estimates servations from rockets pounds miles Geophysical gram, istered Foundation.

streams

massive carried to heights as part

storms. of about as 959 of IGY

55 150 pro-

of as much

International

Cooperation-l

a continuation by the

adminScience

National

TELESCOPE The molten

MIRROR blank in cooled Arizona for total and

CAST for is seven weight

FOR the here months

KITT

PEAK telescope being

NATIONAL mirror moved

OBSERVATORY to from Patterns be located at Kitt Peak kiln, ceramic 4,000 National where cores pounds.

84-inch shown prior

Observatory

furnace in the

to annealing blank almost are

it slowly to

to delivery. which at the

placed

lessen

of the will

blank,

nevertheless

weighs

Final

grinding

polishing

be done

observatory.

SCIENTISTS ANTARCTICA At pit sity by on use tubes, meter snow left, dial

AT

WORK

IN

glaciologists thermometers at stick, various levels to obtain

in

a and

snow den-

indicated information

temperature changes and down The knowledge snow seasons Pit depth accumulation snow in

and surface

density. temperare wall gained of

Seasonal atures reelected the leads type ferent years. hvo years pit. to of

accumulation through information of accumulation and in represents of quantity at the

and dif-

successive about snow.

Below, makes After intensity), Information during the

an visual

aurora1 aurora1

observer observations

protected in

against instrument he

30-knot tower notes the of

winds raised type movement. to of

in above

-40” the

F. temperatures snow activity drift (form zone. and

becoming position

accustomed in the these from

to the sky,

darkness, and

aurora1

color,

direction projects

NSF-supported

is forwarded

data

centers

established

IGY.

E

I
SUMMER STUDENTS At search in a right, student project summer research. each of that SCIENCE AND an TRAINING TEACHERS undergraduate pries is open part an of IQoyster concenin this the sumunderstuget to the FOR

I 1 t 1 I /

trated marine program supervision mer dents working and

biology Students worked a scientist. programs

studies in under NSF for 2,200

training at 213

graduates

enabled

about institutions in of science.

experience techniques

methods

I
Below, high school teachers participating in an NSF summer institute perform a thermadynamic demonstration. Conducted in Q chemistry laboratory, their experiment illustrates that, below a given pressure called its triple point pressure, a solid can be converted During the summer 348 instiluter were held for college directly into vapor without melting. and secondary school science teachers, with from 10 to 150 participants in each institute.

, Y , ?

P

* I

CARRYING Spedally station giving gram teachers The versity Michigan Studies, car who

SCIENCE trained wagons.

TO high The that

THE school traveling

NATION’S science twcher Previous visits motivate and twenty in the of

HIGH teachers visits

SCHOOLS ore high provided schools with toward community teachers and the trained States. Oak with for this scientific science about a careers, in Oklahoma regional Institute equipment-packed week inspire science. State centers of Uniare at a time proscience

lecture-demonstrations. has to shown improve shown will State Inc. here visit University, these their

experience students stimulate used 8 Oregon, by

Foundation-supported interest at Other Ridge

instruction, of

is one 600

schools University

surrounding

Nuclear

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