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CONTENTS

Letter of Transmittal. ......................................
The Chairman’s Foreword. ..................................
The Director’s Statement. ...................................
REAPPRAISAL AND REORGANIZATION-THE
STATUS OP SCIENCE IN
THE UNITED STATES, 1958-59 ..............................

The Federal Government and Science Policy. ...............
The President’s Science Advisory Committee. ............
Federal Council for Science and Technology. ............
Increased NSF Responsibilities. .......................
Other Changes in Government Organization for Science. .
Proposals To Alter the Federal Science Structure. ...........
Establishment of a Department of Science. ..............
Calls From the Scientific Community for Increased Efforts in
Critical Scientific Areas. ...............................
Medical Research. ..................................
Oceanographic Research. ............................
Atmospheric Research. ...............................
High Energy Physics. ................................
Changing Role of the National Science Foundation in Federal
Science Organization. .................................
A PHOTOGRAPHIC SAMPLING OF FOUNDATION-SUPPORTED ACTWITIES.
PROGRAM ACTIVITIES OF THE NATIONAL

SCIENCE FOUNDATION. ...

Support of Basic Research in the Sciences. .................
Research Programs. .................................
Division of Biological and Medical Sciences. .........
Current Research Support. ....................
Facilities for Research in the Biological and Medical
Sciences ....................................
Division of Mathematical,
Physical and Engineering
Sciences .......................................
Current Research Support. ....................
The National Observatories. ...................
Facilities for Research in the Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences. ................
Office of Social Sciences. ..........................
Current Research Support. ....................
Office of Special International
Programs-Antarctic
Research Program. .............................
Current Research Support. ....................

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PRWRAM ACTWITIES OF THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATIONContinued
Support of Basic Research in the Sciences-Continued
Significant Research Developments. ....................
Research-Related Activities. ..........................
Scientific Conferences and Symposia. ...............
Support of Travel to International Meetings. ........
Training Aspects of Research Grants. ...............
Fiscal Analysis of Research Programs. ..................
Training and Education in the Sciences. ...................
Fellowship Programs. ................................
Graduate Fellowships (Predoctoral) ................
Postdoctoral Fellowships. ..........................
Senior Postdoctoral Fellowships. ...................
Science Faculty Fellowships. .......................
Summer Fellowships for Secondary School Teachers of
Science and Mathematics. .......................
Summer Fellowships for Graduate Teaching Assistants.
Cooperative Graduate Fellowships. .................
NATO Science Fellowships. .......................
Institute Programs. ..................................
Summer Institutes. ...............................
Academic Year Institutes. .........................
In-Service Institutes. .............................
Special Projects in Science Education. ..................
Secondary School Programs. .......................
College Programs and Teacher Improvement Programs.
International Science Education Programs. ..........
Course Content Improvement Program. ................
Course Content Studies and Development. ..........
Supplementary Teaching Aids. ....................
Scientific Manpower Program. ........................
The National Register of Scientific and Technical
Personnel ......................................
Scientific Manpower Studies. ......................
Exchange of Scientific Information. .......................
Documentation Research. ............................
Studies of Scientists’ Information Requirements. ......
Research on Information Storage and Retrieval. ......
Mechanical Translation. ..........................
Research Information Center and Advisory Service on
Information Processing. .........................
Research Conferences. ............................
Foreign Science Information. .........................
Translation of Russian Scientific Documents. ........
Translation Centers. ..............................
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PROGRAM ACTIVIT~S OF THE NATIONAL

SCIENCE FOUNDATION-

Continued
Exchange of Scientific Information-Continued
Foreign Science Information-Continued
Special Information Resources. ....................
Studies and Surveys. .............................
Oversea Activities ...............................
Publications and Information Services. .................
Support of Scientific Publications. ..................
Support of Information Services. ...................
Studies and Surveys. .............................
Unpublished Research Information. ...................
Inventory of Government Scientific Reporting. .......
Unpublished Research Reports. ....................
Other Activities. ....................................
Surveys of the National Research and Development Effort. ...
Total National Activity. ..............................
Federal Government. ................................
Industry ............................................
Colleges and Universities. ............................
Other Nonprofit Institutions. .........................
Special International Programs. ..........................
International Geophysical Year. .......................
Summary of Preliminary Results of the IGY. ........
World Data Centers. .............................
Moscow Meeting of the CSAGI ....................
.......
International Geophysical Cooperation-1959.
Annals of the IGY. ...............................
U.S. Antarctic Research Program. .....................
General ........................................
Operation of the U.S. Antarctic Research Program. ...
Cooperation with International Science Activities of Other
Government Agencies ...............................
...........
International
Cooperation Administration.
Department of State. .............................

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APPENDICES

A. National Science Board, Staff,L Committees, and Advisory
Panels ...............................................
B. Financial Report for Fiscal Year 1959. .....................
C. Grants for Basic Research. ...............................
D. Grants for Other Than Basic Research. ....................
E. Grants for the International Geophysical Year Program. ......
F. Fellowship Awards. .....................................
G.Publications ............................................

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