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CONTENTS

Letter of Transmittal. ......................................
The Director’s Statement. ...................................
STIMULATING THE NATIONAL

RESEARCH EFFORT. ...............

Progress of Research in Science. ..........................
Conduct of Basic Research. ...........................
Support Methods. ...................................
Facilities for Research. ...............................
International Participation. ...........................
Communication of Scientific Information. ..............
Development of the Individual Scientist ....................
Fellowships in Science. ...............................
Science Teacher Training. ............................
Curriculum Improvement. ............................
The Health and Growth of Institutions-Environment
of Teaching and Research ................................
Support Should Emphasize Basic Research ..............
Rise of New Types of Research Organizations ...........
Group or Individual Support? .........................
Urgent Laboratory Needs ............................
InSummary ............................................
U.S. Research Strong. ................................
Government Organized for the Job. ....................
Potential Not Realized ................................
A PHOTOGRAPHIC SAMPLING OF FOUNDATION-SUPPORTED ACTIVITIES. .
PROGRAM
ACTIVITIES
OF THE NATIONAL
SCIENCE
FOUNDATION
........................................
SUPPORT OF BASIC RESEARCH IN THE SCIENCES. ...................

Research Programs .....................................
Division of Biological and Medical Sciences. ................
Current Research Support .............................
Facilities for Research in the Biological and Medical
Sciences ...........................................
Division of Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences. .
Current Research Support .............................
Facilities for Research in the Mathematical, Physical, and
Engineering Sciences ................................
Office of Social Sciences. .................................
Current Research Support .............................
Office of Special International
Programs-U.S.
Antarctic Research Program ..................................
Program Operation ..................................
Current Research Support. ...........................
Significant Research Developments. .......................
Research-Related Activities. ..............................
Scientific Conferences and Symposia. ...................
Patents Resulting from NSF-Supported Research. ........
Fiscal Analysis of Research Programs. .....................

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POW
EDUCATION IN THE SCIENCES. .................................

Fellowship Programs. ...................................
Graduate Fellowships (Predoctoral) ....................
Cooperative Graduate Fellowships. ....................
Summer Fellowships for Graduate Teaching Assistants. ...
Postdoctoral Fellowships (Regular). ....................
Senior Postdoctoral Fellowships. .......................
Science Faculty Fellowships. ..........................
Summer Fellowships for Secondary School Teachers of
Science and Mathematics. ..........................
Extramural Fellowships ...............................
Institute Programs. .....................................
Summer Institutes. ..................................
Academic Year Institutes. ............................
In-Service Institutes. .................................
Special Projects in Science Education. .....................
Secondary School Programs. ..........................
College Programs and Teacher Improvement Programs. .
Public Understanding of Science. ......................
Course Content Improvement Programs. ..................
Course Content Studies and Development. ..............
Supplementary Teaching Aids. ........................
Scientific Manpower Program. ...........................
The National Register of Scientific and Technical Personnel.
Scientific Manpower Studies. .........................
DISSEMINATION OF SCIENTIFIC INFORMATION ....................

Coordination of Scientific Information Activities on a National
Basis .............................................
Coordination Within the Federal Government. ..........
Cooperation Among Private and Professional Organizations
intheU.S..
......................................
International Cooperation. ............................
Scientific Information Notes. ..........................
Documentation Research. ................................
Use of Mechanical Aids. .............................
Mechanical Translation. .............................
Patterns of Scientific Communication. ..................
Research Information Center and Reviews of Documentation Research. ....................................
Publications on Documentation Research. ..............
Foreign Science Information. .............................
Translations. .......................................
Importance of Foreign Scientific Literature. .............
Professional Society Survey of Foreign Scientific Literature.
Other Approaches. ..................................
Public Law 480 Translation Activities. .................
Studies on Foreign Scientific Information Activities. .....
Research Data and Information Services. ..................
Science Information Exchange. ........................
Survey of U.S. Data and Reference Services. ............
“Unpublished”
Information. ..........................
Inventory of Federal Scientific Information Activities. ....

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DISSEMINATION0F SCIENTIFIC INFORMATION-Continued
Scientific Publications. ..................................
Situation in Scientific Publishing. ......................
and
Experiments
with New Publication
Techniques
Methods ..........................................
Improvement of U.S. Abstracting and Indexing of Scientific Literature ....................................
Discipline-Wide
Studies of Communications Patterns and
Problems. ........................................
Coordination of Scientific Publications by Federal Agencies.
SPECIAL INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS. ...........................

International Geophysical Year. ..........................
IGY World Data Centers. ...............................
Annals of the IGY. .....................................
Foreign Science Program ................................
International Science Education Program ..................
Relationships with International
Science Programs of Other
Government Agencies. .................................
Liaison with Science Officers of the Department of State. ....
Cooperation with the International
Cooperation Administration ...............................................
THE NATIONAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EFFORT, 1953-1960 . .
Background of Survey Program ............................
Trends in Total R&D Effort ..............................
Basic Research Trends. ..................................
InstrumentofPolicy
.....................................
Impact of Research and Development ......................
Conclusion .............................................

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APPENDICES

A. National Science Board, Staff, Committees, and Advisory
Panels ................................................
B. Financial Report for Fiscal Year 1960. .....................
C. Grants for Basic Research .................................
D. Grants for Other Than Research. ..........................
E. Fellowship Awards .......................................
F. Publications of the National Science Foundation ............

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