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CONTENTS

LETTEROPTRANSMI?TAL .....................................
.........
THE DIRECTOR'SSTATEMENT.. .... ......
.............
PROGRAM
ACTIVITIES
OF THE NATIONAL
SCIENCE
FOUNDATION
.........................................
SUPPORTOF SCIENTIFICRESEARCH.............................
.........
...
Basic Research Projects . .... .... ..............
Current Research in the Mathematical,
Physical, and
Engineering Sciences ................................
Astronomy .......................................
Atmospheric Sciences ..............................
Chemistry .......................................
Earth Sciences. ..................................
Engineering ......................................
Mathematical Sciences. ...........................
Physics..............................l.....l
.....
Current Research in the Biological and Me&al
Scrences.
Molecular Biology. ...............................
Genetic Biology. .................................
Metabolic Biology. ...............................
Developmental Biology. ...........................
Regulatory Biology. ..............................
Psychobiology. ...................................
Environmental Biology. ...........................
Systematic Biology. ...............................
Current Research in the Social Sciences .................
Anthropological Sciences. .........................
Economic Sciences. ...............................
Sociological Sciences. .............................
History and Philosophy of Science. .................
Significant Research Developments. ....................
National Research Programs. .............................
U.S. Antarctic Research Program. .....................
International Antarctic Activities. ..................
Scientific Programs. ..............................
International Indian Ocean Expedition. ................
History and Organization of the U.S. Program ........
Scientific Programs. ..............................
ProjectMohole ......................................
...............................
Weather Modiication.
National Research Centers ................................
Kitt Peak National Observatory ........................
National Radio Astronomy Observatory .................
National Center for Atmospheric Research. .............
Facilities. .................................................
..
.... .
Graduate-Level Research Facilities
Sp;;,d
Biological and Me&al
kences
m
......... .. ............. ................
....
......................
University ?k&p&ng
. Facilities.

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SUPPORTOF SCIENTIFICRxsxAacn-Continued
Facilities-Continued
University Nuclear Research Facilities. .................
Oceanographic Research Vessels and Facilities. ..........
Fiscal Analysis of Research Programs .......................
INSTITUTIONAL GRANTS......................................
A PHOTOGRAPHICSAMPLINGOF FOUNDATION-SUPPORTED
ACTIVITIES.
EDUCATIONIN THE SCIENCES..................................
Special Projects in Science Education. .....................
Undergraduate Science Education Programs. ............
Special Report on the Undergraduate Instructional Scientific Equipment Program. ..........................
Research Participation and Scientific Activities for Teachers.
Specialized Advanced Science Education Projects. ........
Programs for Secondary School Students. ...............
Course Content Improvement Programs. ...................
Course Content Improvement
Studies in Mathematics,
Science, and Engineering. ...........................
Supplementary Teaching Aids. ........................
Special Report on Studies in Physics ....................
Institute Programs .......................................
Characteristics of Institute Applicant Population ..........
Summer Institutes ....................................
Academic Year Institutes ..............................
In-Service Institutes ..................................
Fellowship Programs .....................................
Graduate Fellowships .................................
Cooperative Graduate Fellowships ......................
Summer Fellowships for Graduate Teaching Assistants. ...
Postdoctoral Fellowships. .............................
Senior Postdoctoral Fellowships. .......................
Science Faculty Fellowships. ..........................
Summer Fellowships for Secondary School Teachers of
Science and Mathematics. ..........................
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Postdoctoral
Fellowships in Science. .............................
Surveys of Manpower Resources for Science and Technology. .
National Register of Scientific and Technical Personnel. ...
Scientific Manpower Studies ...........................
DJ~~EMINATIONOF SCIENTIFICINFORMATION. .....................
Highlights ..............................................
Grants as “Means” and “Ends”. .......................
A Federal Scientific Information Program. ..............
Mechanical Translation (MT) and Coordination. ........
Documentation Research. ................................
Communication
Problems and Information
Needs of
Scientists ..........................................
Information Organization and Searching. ...............
Mechanical Translation (MT). ........................
Evaluation of Information Systems and Procedures. .....
Surveys and Reports. ................................
Support of Scientific Publications. .........................
Support of Primary Publications. ......................
Studies and Experiments in Scientific Communication .....
Support of Secondary Services. ........................
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PYr
OF ~IBNTIFIC
INFoaMATIoN-Continued
125
Foreign Science Information. .............................
125
Translations. ........................................
126
Studies and Reference Aids ............................
126
International Activities. ..............................
127
Resources and Exchanges of Information. ...............
127
Research Data and Information Services ....................
127
The Federal Scientific Information System ...............
128
Data and Information Centers. ........................
129
Education and Training ..................................
131
SCIENCERESOURCES
PLANNING. ...............................
134
ASSESSING
THE NATIONAL RESEARCHAND DEVELOPMENTEPPORT. ...
134
Trend in R&D Funds, 1953-54-l 960-61. .................
138
R&D Funds by Character of Work. .......................
139
Scientists and Engineers in Research and Development. ......
140
Research and Development and the Gross National Product. ..
140
R&D Data on Foreign Countries. ........................
140
Special Economic Studies .................................
THE DEVELOPING ROLE OF THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION
145
IN INTERNATIONAL SCIENCE................................
146
The International Geophysical Year. ......................
147
United States Antarctic Research Program (USARP) ........
148
The International Indian Ocean Expedition. ...............
149
The International Year of the Quiet Sun. ..................
151
United States-Japan Committee on Scientific Cooperation .....
The Foundation’s In-house Support of International
Scientific
152
Activities. ............................................
155
APPENDICES..............................:
.................
......... ..............
A. Nattnaz Science Board, Staff, Committees, and Advisory
157
......
. .......
.......
173
B. Financial Report for Fiscal Year 1962. ..................
176
C. Grants for Basic Research. ............................
231
D. Other Basic Research Grants. .........................
299
E. FeUowship Awards Offered. ...........................
F. Patents Resulting from Activities Supported by the Na.tionaI
359
Science Foundation. ...............................
G. National Science Foundation-Sponsored
Scientific Conferences, Symposia, and Advanced Science Seminars
360
Held During Fiscal Year 1962 .......................
367
H. Publications of the National Science Foundation. .........

~SSRMINATION

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