o
= Magnatic Constant, permeability of Vacuum =
410
7
H/m
Short Circuit Force Calculations
Calculation are based on IEC 8651 (1993)
FOR FLEXIBLE CONDUCTORS
fin
o
l
cl
d
c
l
a
s
A
'
s
m
s
d
s
m
s
l
s
a
st
F
E
"
3 k
I
n
1 k
T
n
g
c
s s
c
c c
s sc
nl
m n
nl
m n
m m + + = ' '
=
c
n
=
c
m
=
s
n
=
sp
l
Page 8 of 29
Annexure1
CASE 3.
Short Circuit Force Calculations
= 30.62 N/m
= 0.4962
= 26.3888 Deg
= 3.9315 m
= 3.5577 Sec.
= 3.4125 Sec.
= 1.18E07
= 3.50E+10
N/m
2
From eqn. 24, Resulting period of the conductor oscillation during the short circuit current flow,
From eqn. 25, The stiffness norm
Where the actual Young's modulus is given by
From eqn. 22, Equivalent Static Conductor Sag at mid span,
From eqn. 23, Period of Conductor oscillation,
From eqn. 21, Angular direction of the force,
From eqn.19, Characteristic electromagnetic force per unit length on flexible main conductors,
From eqn. 20, the ratio of electromechanical force on a conductor under short circuit condition to gravity,
( )
l
l
a
I
F
c k
=
2
"
3 0 '
75 . 0
2t
n sc
g m n
F
r
=
'
'
r
1
1
tan
= o
st
n sc
c
F
l g m n
b
8
2 '
=
n
c
g
b
T 8 . 0 2t =
(
(
+
=
2
0
1
2
4 2
90 64
1 1
o t
r
T
T
res
s s
A nE Sl
N
1 1
+ =
>
s
(
(


.

\

+
=
fin
s
st
fin
s
st
fin s
st
s
nA
F
for E
nA
F
for
nA
F
E
E
o
o
o
0
90 sin 7 . 0 3 . 0
Page 9 of 29
Annexure1
CASE 3.
Short Circuit Force Calculations
= 1.78E+00
= 33.4389 Deg
= 0.7266
= 53.3986 Deg
= 0.3490
0.00
= 0.7453
= 2772.1832 Kg
From eqn. 31, Maximun swing out angle
From eqn. 32, Load Parameter
From eqn. 33, The factor , can be calculated as a real solution of the equation,
From eqn. 34, the tensile force is given by,
From eqn. 29, Swing out angle at the end of the shortcircuit current flow
From eqn. 30, factor
From eqn.28,The stress factor of the main conductor is given by :
>
s
(
(


.

\

+
=
fin
s
st
fin
s
st
fin s
st
s
nA
F
for E
nA
F
for
nA
F
E
E
o
o
o
0
90 sin 7 . 0 3 . 0
( )
N F
l m ng
st
sc n
3
2
'
24
= ,
>
s s
(


.

\

=
5 . 0 2
5 . 0 0 360 cos 1
1
1
1 0 1
1
res
k
res
k
res
k
k
T
T
for
T
T
for
T
T
o
o
o
>
s s
=
90 1
90 0 sin 1
k
k k
f or r
f or r
o
o o
_
<
< s +
s s
=
985 . 0 180
766 . 0 985 . 0 arccos 10
1 766 . 0 arccos 25 . 1
0
_
_ _
_ _
o
f or
f or
f or
m
( )
( )
< +
> +
=
4
1 cos sin 3
4
1 1 3
1
1
2
res
k k k
res
k
T
T f or r
T
T f or r
o o
( ) ( ) ( ) 1 0 0 2 2 1 2
2 3 2
s s = + + + + + , , ,
( )
( )
> +
= +
=
conductor bundle for n for F
conductor Single for n for F
F
st
st
t
2 1 1 . 1
1 1
Page 10 of 29
Annexure1
CASE 3.
Short Circuit Force Calculations
= NA
Kg
= 8.9363E04
=
1.45828E04
=
1.1190E+00
=
1.05
=
2.0531
=
2.8938E+00
From Eqn. 36, The elastic expansion is given by,
From Eqn. 37, The thermal expansion is given by,
From Eqn. 38, Factor C
D
is given by,
From Eqn. 39, Factor C
F
is given by,
From Eqn. 41, Maximum Horizontal Displacement within a span with strained conductors is given by,
From Eqn. 42, the distance between the mid points of the two main conductors during a linetoline twophase
short circuit,
From eqn. 35, the tensile force after short circuit caused by drop (drop force)
Horizontal Span Displacement b
h
and Min. air clearance a
min
0
0
70 6 . 0
180
8 1 2 . 1 > > + =
m
m
st f
r for F F o
o
,
( )
st t ela
F F N = c
<
(
>
(
=
4 /
4 / 4 /
1 1
2
"
3
1
2
"
3
res k k
s
k
th
res k res
s
k
th
th
T T f or T
nA
I
c
T T f or T
nA
I
c
c
( )
th ela
c
D
b
l
C c c +
(
+ =
2
8
3
1
>
< < +
s
=
8 . 1 15 . 1
8 . 1 8 . 0 1 . 0 97 . 0
8 . 0 05 . 1
r f or
r f or r
r f or
C
F
<
>
=
1
1 1
sin
sin
o o o
o o o
m m c D F
m c D F
h
for b C C
for b C C
b
h
b a a 2
min
=
Page 11 of 29
Annexure1
CASE 3.
Short Circuit Force Calculations
= 4.2760
= 12.2951
V
2
= 1.5721
=
0.2133
= 7862.0971
Kg
= 0.7313
= 2.1267
= 1.1083
If j < 1 : The subconductors reduce their distances but do not clash
The factor a
s
/d
s
is equal to
Factor V
2
can be given by fig. 8 as function of V
1
From eqn. 45, Short circuit current force
Factor V
3
can be given by
From eqn. 47 & 48, Strain factor characterizing the contraction of bundle condoctor
If j > 1 : The subconductor clash
From equation 46, the factor v
1
is given by,
Subconductor are considered to clash effectively if the clearence a
s
between the mid points of adjacent sub
conductors, as well as the distance l
s
between 2 adjacent spacers fulfil either equation (43) or (44)
SUBCONDUCTORS ARE NOT EFFECTIVELY CLASHING
( )
( ) 44 70 5 . 2 /
43 50 0 . 2 /
s s s s
s s s s
a l and d a
a l and d a
> s
> s
( )
s
k
sc s s
a
n
n
I
m d a
n
f v
1
2
180
sin
1
2
"
3 0
'
0
1


.

\

=
t
( )
3
0
3
3
180
sin 375 . 0


.

\

=
n d a
N l F
n
s s
s v
pi
c
( )
2
0
2
2
180
sin 5 . 1


.

\

=
n d a
N l F
s s
s st
st
c
st
pi
j
c
c
+
=
1
( )
3
2
2
"
3 0
2
1
v
v
a
l
n
I
n F
s
s k
v


.

\

=
t
1 arctan
1
180
sin
3

.

\


.

\

=
s
s
s
s
s
s
d
a
d
a
n
a
d
V
Page 12 of 29
Annexure1
CASE 3.
Short Circuit Force Calculations
= 5514.861767 Kg
0.00
. = 1.082580058
= 1.1872
= 1.13E+01
= 5514.861767 Kg
From equation (51), is given by the real solution of
SUBCONDUCTORS ARE CLASHING
If j 1, From eqn. 50, the tensile force is given by
Therefore design force in kg (Maximum of F
t
, F
f
& F
pi
)
From eqn. 52,
From eqn. 53,
TENSILE FORCE IN CASE OF CLASHING SUBCUNDUCTORS
( )
s s s
s s
d a a
d a
v
=
q
q
4


.

\

+ =
c
st
e
st pi
v
F F 1
0
2 3
= +
pi st
c c
( )
2 / 1
4
4
3
4
0
4
2
2
3 0
4
1 arctan
1
180
sin
.
"
2
1
8
9
2
1
(
(
(
(
(


.

\



.

\


.

\

+ =
v
v n
d a
l
v N
n
I
n n v
s s
s k
e
t
s
s s
d
d a
v
=
4
Page 13 of 29
Annexure2 CASE 1.
System Voltage V = 420 kV
1 Basic Wind Speed = V
b
= 47.00 m/s
As per IS 802: 1995, basic wind speed is based on gust velocity averaged over a short time interval of 3s.
Wind Zone as per IS: 802, Part 1, Sec 1 4
Risk Coefficient as per Table 2 of IS: 802, Part 1, Sec 1
{For all Zones & for Reliability level 1(Voltage level upto 400kV)} =
K
1
= 1.07
Terrain Category 2
Terrain roughness coeficient (For different Terrain Category) = K
2
= 1.0000
Factor to convert 3 second peak gust speed into
average speed of wind during 10 minutes period =
K
0
= 1.3750
Meteorological reference wind speed = V
b
/K
0
V
R
= 34.1818 m/s
Design wind speed = V
R
x K
1
x K
2
V
d
= 36.5745 m/s
Height of conductor above ground 15.3000 metre
Gust Response Factor for conductor Gc = 1.9837
2 Design Wind Pressure =0.6 x V
d
2
/g Pc = 81.8164 kgf/m
2
Weight of individual spacer = WSP = 3.0000 kgf
Separation between two spacers = SSP = 6.0000 metre
Weight of subconductor per metre= W1 = 2.9100 kgf/m
No. of subconductors  single/twin/tri/quad = r = 2
Diameter of subconductor = d = 3.6600 cm
Cross Sectional Area of subconductor = A = 7.9487 cm
2
Modulus of Elasticity of subconductor = ey = 608200.0000 Kg/cm
2
Coefficient of Linear Expansion = a = 2.3000E05 /
o
C
Maximum Ambient Temperature at site = t1 = 50.0000
o
C
Minimum Ambient Temperature at site = t2 = 0.0000
o
C
Rise in temperature = t3 = 35.0000
o
C
Distance between centre line of beams (for conductor span) = la = 100.0000 m
DIameter of disc = di = 0.2800
Nos. of Insulator Strings in one side of conductor span (Single /Double) Ni = 4
Weight of complete string insulator including hardware W
iT
= 1056.0000
Weight of single string insulator including hardware Wi= 264.0000
Length of insulator string = li = 4.6000 m
Width of beam on which conductor is strung = Bw = 1.5000 m
Tension per SUBCONDUCTOR under max. wind and min. temp. conditions = Ten1= 1000.0000 Kg
Drag Coefficient C
dc
= 1.0000
3 Effect of Ice formation
Radial Thickness of ICE over the conductor Th
ice
= 0.0000 cm
Effective dia of the conductor considering ICE effect = d+2*Th
ice
D1= 3.6600 cm
Increase in Conducter weight due to effect of Ice formation w3= 0.0000 kg/m
4 Total weight of subconductor per phase = Wc = W1+WSP/(r*SSP)+w3 = 3.1452 Kg/m
5 Wind Load on conductor as per IS 802 & IS 5613 = Pcc =
Pc * (d/100) * C
dc
* G
c
= 5.9401 Kg/m
CALCULATIONS FOR SAG AND SWING OF STRUNG CONDUCTOR
Page 14 of 29
Annexure2 CASE 1.
6 Clear span of conductor = L = la(2*li)ltBw = 89.3000 m
7 Loading factor during max wind condition = Q1= (1+(Pcc/Wc)
2
) = 2.1371
Loading factor during no wind condition = Q2 = 1.0000
8 SAG CALCULATIONS DUE TO CONDUCTOR
8.1
Under minimum temperature and maximum wind condition condition, the sub
conductor experiences a stress of f1
f1 = Ten1/A = 125.8071 Kg/cm
2
Weight of sub conductor per m per cm
2
= S = Wc/A = 0.3957
GB = (S * L * Q2)
2
* ey/24 = 3.1640E+07
F = f1  GB * (Q1/(f1*Q2))
2
 a * ey * (t1+t3t2) = 10192.9819
To solve the following equation:
The working stress F at tempature t1+t3, is given by the cubic equation
f2
2 *
(f2  F)  GB = 940491268.11
we get f2 = 304.3152 Kg/cm
2
8.2 Tension in conductor at maximum temperature and no wind
condition = Ten2 = f2*A = 2418.9041 Kg
Max sag due to conductor = Wc*L / (8*Ten2) Sc= 1.2961
9 SAG DUE TO INSULATOR
From Fig 1, we get
Tension per insulator string = Ten2* r / Ni Teni1= 1209.4521
Weight of conductor per String Insulator = Wc*r/Ni Wci= 1.5726
U1 = (li
2
+ (di/2)
2
) = 4.6021 m
U2 = ((li/2) + (di/2)) = 2.3043 m
= Tan
1
[(di/2)/li] = 0.0304
= Tan
1
[di/li] = 0.0608
Taking moments at 'P'
Teni1 * U1 *Sin( + ) = (Wci * L/2) * U1 * Cos( + ) + Wi * U2 *Cos( + )
Simplifying :
TP1 = (Wci*L/2) * U1 * Cos + Wi*U2*Cos  Teni1*U1*Sin = 760.8692
TP2 = Teni1*U1*Cos + Wci*(L/2)*U1*Sin + Wi*U2*Sin = 5610.2697
= Tan
1
(TP1/TP2) = 0.1348
Sag due to Insulator = Si = U1*Sin( + d) = 0.7569 m
Page 15 of 29
Annexure2 CASE 1.
10 Total maximum sag of moose conductor = Sc+Si = Stot = 2.0530 m
11 Height of conductor above ground 15.3000 m
Height of jack bus/equipment below conductor 8.3000 m
Minimum Phase to phase clearance = 4.0000 m
Total maximum sag of moose conductor = Sc+Si = Stot = 2.0530 m
Therefore, available margin excluding subconductor spacing = 0.9470 m
SWING CALCULATIONS
1 SAG DUE TO CONDUCTOR
(under maximum temperature rise in temperature and maximum wind conditions):
SGB = (Q1 * S *L)
2
* ey/24 = 1.4450E+08
SF = (f1SGB/f1
2
)  a*ey*(t1+t3t2) = 1.0193E+04
To solve the following equation:
f21
2 *
(f21  SF)  SGB = 1.11E+10
we get f21 = 1002.7182 Kg/cm
2
Tension in conductor at maximum temperature and maximum wind
condition = Ten21 = f21*A= 7970.2854 Kg
SAG due to conductor = Sc1 = Wc*L
2
/(8*Ten21) = 0.3934 m
2 SAG DUE TO INSULATOR
From Fig 1, we get
Teni2 = Ten21*r/Ni 3985.1427
U1 = (li2 + (di/2)2) = 4.6021 m
U2 = ((li/2)2 + (di/2)2) = 2.3043 m
= Tan
1
[(di/2)/li] = 0.0304
= Tan
1
[di/li] = 0.0608
Taking moments at 'P'
TenI2 * U1 * Sin( + ) = (WcI*L/2) * U1 * Cos(+ ) + Wi * U2 *Cos(+ )
Simplifying :
TP1 = (WcI*L/2) * U1 * Cos + Wi*U2*Cos  TenI2*U1*Sin = 372.2725
TP2 = TenI2*U1*Cos + Wc*(L/2)*U1*Sin + Wi*U2*Sin = 18378.4466
= Tan
1
(TP1/TP2) = 0.0203
SAG due to Insulator = Si1 = U1*Sin( + ) = 0.2331
Page 16 of 29
Annexure2 CASE 1.
3 SWING DUE TO CONDUCTOR (SWC)
Wind load acting on span = Pcc * L*r = 1060.9103 Kg
Weight of conductor = Wc * L *r= 561.7260 Kg
From Fig 3:
Tan Y1 = (r*Pcc * L/r*Wc * L) = 1.8887
Y1 = Tan
1
(Pcc/Wc) = 1.0838
SWC = Sc1* Sin Y1 = 0.3476 m
4 SWING DUE TO INSULATOR (SWI)
Wind load on insulator = Wpi = (Pc/2)*di*li *Gc*C
dc
= 100.1105 kg
Y2 = Tan
1
(Ni*Wpi/Ni*Wi) = 1.5708
SWI = Si1 * Sin Y2 = 0.2331 m
5 Total Swing = Swtot = SWC + SWI = 0.5808
6 Phase to phase spacing provided between phases = 7.0000 m
Subconductor spacing = 0.4500 m
Minimum Phase to phase clearance = 4.0000 m
Phase to phase spacing required = 5.0308 m
Therefore, available margin = 1.9692 m
Page 17 of 29
CASE  2 ANNEXURE  2
CASE 2.
NAME OF PROJECT:
CONDUCTOR TYPE: TARANTULLA
NAME OF BAY: 0.35
SPAN LENGTH (Centre Lime distance between beams): 100.00 m
MINIMUM STRINGING TEMPERATURE: 10.00 Deg C
TEMPERATURE RANGE FOR DRAWING STRINGING CHART:
MINIMUM: 0.00 C MAXIMUM: 50.00 C
WIND PRESSURE ON CONDUCTOR PER M RUN: 0.00 kg/m
OVERALL DIA OF THE CONDUCTOR: 3.660 cm
CROSS SECTIONAL AREA OF CONDUCTOR: 7.949 cm
WEIGHT OF CONDUCTOR PER METER: 2.910 kgf/m
COEFFICIENT OF LINEAR EXPANSION: 0.00002300 per C
NO. OF CONDUCTORS PER PHASE: 2
TENSION PER CONDUCTOR UNDER MIN TEMP & MAX WIND CONDITION: 1000.00 kg
MODULUS OF ELASTICITY: 608200.00 kg/cm2
NUMBER OF INSULATOR STRING(S): 4.00
LENGTH OF INSULATOR: 4.600 m
DIAMETER OF INSULATOR: 0.280 m
WEIGHT OF INSULATOR: 264.000 kg
INSULATOR AND TURNBUCKLE DATA
SAG TENSION CHART
GENERAL DATA
CONDUCTOR DATA
Page 18 of 29
CASE  2 ANNEXURE  2
MAXIMUM CLEAR SPAN OF CONDUCTOR: 89.30 m
S.NO. TEMPERATURE
TENSION PER
CONDUCTOR
CONDUCTOR
SAG
INSLULATOR
SAG
TOTAL SAG
1 42 587.17 3.8 1.68 5.48
2 12 624.61 3.57 1.59 5.16
3 14 621.89 3.59 1.6 5.19
4 16 619.21 3.6 1.61 5.21
5 18 616.56 3.62 1.61 5.23
6 20 613.94 3.63 1.62 5.25
7 22 611.36 3.65 1.62 5.27
8 24 608.81 3.66 1.63 5.29
9 26 606.28 3.68 1.64 5.31
10 28 603.79 3.69 1.64 5.33
11 30 601.33 3.71 1.65 5.36
12 32 598.9 3.72 1.65 5.38
13 34 596.5 3.74 1.66 5.4
14 36 594.13 3.75 1.66 5.42
15 38 591.78 3.77 1.67 5.44
16 40 589.46 3.78 1.68 5.46
RESULTS
Page 19 of 29
Type Al Strands Steel Strands Al Strand Dia St strand dia Cross sec. Diameter Weight Young's Mod.
Kg./Cm
2
Young's
Modulus
(N/sq.m)
Drag
Coefficient
DC
Resistance
Coefficient of
Linear
Expansion
sq.m m kg/km Kg./Cm
2
BEAR ACSR 30 7 3.350E03 3.350E03 3.2612E04 2.3450E02 1.229 7.870E+05 8.02E+10 1 0.1093 0.00001843
BEAVER ACSR 6 1 3.990E03 3.990E03 8.7525E05 1.1970E02 0.303 8.090E+05 8.25E+10 1 0.3825 0.00001931
BUX ACSR 30 7 4.500E03 4.500E03 5.8846E04 3.1500E02 2.196 7.870E+05 8.02E+10 1 0.0569 0.00001843
CAT ACSR 6 1 4.500E03 4.500E03 1.1133E04 1.3500E02 0.385 7.350E+05 7.49E+10 1 0.3007 0.00001931
COYOTO ACSR 26 7 2.540E03 1.900E03 1.5159E04 1.5860E02 0.521 7.870E+05 8.02E+10 1 0.3035 0.00001954
DEER ACSR 30 7 4.270E03 4.270E03 5.2984E04 2.9890E02 1.977 7.870E+05 8.02E+10 1 0.0673 0.00001843
DOG ACSR 6 7 4.720E03 1.570E03 1.1854E04 1.4150E02 0.394 7.350E+05 7.49E+10 1 0.2733 0.00001992
FERRET ACSR 6 1 3.000E03 3.000E03 4.9480E05 9.0000E03 0.171 8.090E+05 8.25E+10 1 0.6766 0.00001931
FOX ACSR 6 1 2.790E03 2.790E03 4.2795E05 8.3700E03 0.1489 8.090E+05 8.25E+10 1 0.7822 0.00001931
GOAT ACSR 30 7 3.710E03 3.710E03 3.9998E04 2.5970E02 1.492 7.870E+05 8.02E+10 1 0.0891 0.00001843
GOPHER ACSR 6 1 2.360E03 2.360E03 3.0620E05 7.0800E03 0.106 8.090E+05 8.25E+10 1 1.0933 0.00001931
GUINEA ACSR 12 7 2.920E03 2.920E03 1.2724E04 1.4600E02 0.59 1.055E+06 1.08E+11 1 0.2630 0.00001584
LARK ACSR 30 7 2.920E03 2.920E03 2.4777E04 2.0440E02 0.922 7.870E+05 8.02E+10 1 0.1350 0.00001843
LEOPARD ACSR 6 7 5.280E03 1.760E03 1.4840E04 1.5840E02 0.493 7.730E+05 7.88E+10 1 0.2184 0.00001954
LION ACSR 30 7 3.180E03 3.180E03 2.9386E04 2.2260E02 1.097 7.870E+05 8.02E+10 1 0.1213 0.00001843
LYNX ACSR 30 7 2.790E03 2.790E03 2.2620E04 1.9530E02 0.844 7.870E+05 8.02E+10 1 0.1576 0.00001843
MINK ACSR 6 1 3.660E03 3.660E03 7.3646E05 1.0980E02 0.255 8.090E+05 8.25E+10 1 0.4546 0.00001931
MOOSE ACSR 54 7 3.530E03 3.530E03 5.9699E04 3.1770E02 2.002 6.860E+05 6.99E+10 1 0.0547 0.00001991
OTTER ACSR 6 1 4.220E03 4.220E03 9.7907E05 1.2660E02 0.339 8.090E+05 8.25E+10 1 0.3419 0.00001931
PANTHER ACSR 30 7 3.000E03 3.000E03 2.6154E04 2.1000E02 0.976 7.870E+05 8.02E+10 1 0.1363 0.00001843
RABBIT ACSR 6 1 3.350E03 3.350E03 6.1699E05 1.0050E02 0.214 8.090E+05 8.25E+10 1 0.5426 0.00001931
RACCOON ACSR 6 1 4.090E03 4.090E03 9.1968E05 1.2270E02 0.318 8.090E+05 8.25E+10 1 0.3640 0.00001931
SHEEP ACSR 30 7 3.990E03 3.990E03 4.6263E04 2.7930E02 1.726 7.870E+05 8.02E+10 1 0.0770 0.00001843
SPARROW ACSR 6 1 2.670E03 2.670E03 3.9193E05 8.0100E03 0.135 8.090E+05 8.25E+10 1 0.8540 0.00001931
SQUIRREL ACSR 6 1 2.110E03 2.110E03 2.4477E05 6.3300E03 0.085 8.090E+05 8.25E+10 1 1.3677 0.00001931
TIGER ACSR 30 7 2.360E03 2.360E03 1.6185E04 1.6520E02 0.604 7.870E+05 8.02E+10 1 0.2202 0.00001843
WEASSEL ACSR 6 1 2.590E03 2.590E03 3.6880E05 7.7700E03 0.128 8.090E+05 8.25E+10 1 0.9077 0.00001931
WOLF ACSR 30 7 2.590E03 2.590E03 1.9494E04 1.8130E02 0.727 7.870E+05 8.02E+10 1 0.1828 0.00001843
ZEBRA ACSR 54 7 3.180E03 3.180E03 4.8448E04 2.8620E02 1.623 6.860E+05 6.99E+10 1 0.0674 0.00001991
ANT AAC 7 3.100E03 5.2834E05 9.3000E03 0.144 6.187E+05 6.31E+10 1 0.5419 0.000023
BLUE BOTTLE AAC 7 3.660E03 7.3646E05 1.0950E02 0.201 6.187E+05 6.31E+10 1 0.3887 0.000023
BUTTERFLY AAC 19 4.650E03 3.2266E04 2.3250E02 0.886 6.082E+05 6.20E+10 1 0.0892 0.000023
CATTERPILLAR AAC 19 3.530E03 1.8595E04 1.0590E02 0.511 6.187E+05 6.31E+10 1 0.1547 0.000023
CHAFER AAC 19 3.780E03 2.1322E04 1.8900E02 0.586 6.082E+05 6.20E+10 1 0.1349 0.000023
CLEGG AAC 7 4.170E03 9.5600E05 1.2510E02 0.261 6.187E+05 6.31E+10 1 0.2995 0.000023
COCKROACH AAC 19 4.220E03 2.6575E04 2.1100E02 0.73 6.082E+05 6.20E+10 1 0.1083 0.000023
EARWIG AAC 7 3.780E03 7.8555E05 1.1340E02 0.215 6.187E+05 6.31E+10 1 0.3644 0.000023
FLY AAC 7 3.400E03 6.3554E05 1.0200E02 0.174 6.187E+05 6.31E+10 1 0.4505 0.000023
GRASS HOPPER AAC 7 3.910E03 8.4051E05 1.1730E02 0.23 6.187E+05 6.31E+10 1 0.3406 0.000023
IRIS AAC 7 2.480E03 3.3814E05 7.4400E03 0.092 6.187E+05 6.31E+10 1 0.8467 0.000023
LADY BIRD AAC 7 2.790E03 4.2795E05 8.3700E03 0.117 6.187E+05 6.31E+10 1 0.669 0.000023
LOCUST AAC 19 5.360E03 4.2872E04 2.6800E02 1.176 6.082E+05 6.20E+10 1 0.0671 0.000023
MAYBUG AAC 37 4.090E03 4.8611E04 2.8630E02 1.343 5.976E+05 6.09E+10 1 0.0593 0.000023
MOTH AAC 19 5.000E03 3.7306E04 2.5000E02 1.025 6.082E+05 6.20E+10 1 0.0771 0.000023
PANSY AAC 7 2.780E03 4.2489E05 8.3400E03 0.116 6.187E+05 6.31E+10 1 0.6738 0.000023
ROSE AAC 7 1.960E03 2.1120E05 5.8800E03 0.058 6.187E+05 6.31E+10 1 1.3556 0.000023
SCORPION AAC 37 4.270E03 5.2984E04 2.9890E02 1.464 5.976E+05 6.09E+10 1 0.0544 0.000023
SPIDER AAC 19 3.990E03 2.3757E04 1.9950E02 0.652 6.082E+05 6.20E+10 1 0.1205 0.000023
TARANTULLA AAC 37 5.230E03 7.9487E04 3.6600E02 2.91 6.082E+05 6.20E+10 1 0.0363 0.000023
WASP AAC 7 4.390E03 1.0595E04 1.3170E02 0.29 6.187E+05 6.31E+10 1 0.2702 0.000023
SHIELD WIRE 7/9 SW 7 3.660E03 7.3646E05 1.2180E02 0.583 1933000 1.97E+11 1.2 0.000012
SHIELD WIRE 7/8 SW 7 9.0500E05 1.2180E02 0.706 1933000 1.97E+11 1.2 0.000012
BLANK SW
disc insulator x
Creepage Diameter of
Disc
Weight of Disc Length of
Disc
120 440 0.28 8.3 0.145
xx
SKIN EFFECT TABLE
Sl No. X K
1 0.00 1.00000
2 0.10 1.00000
3 0.20 1.00001
4 0.30 1.00004
5 0.40 1.00013
6 0.50 1.00032
7 0.60 1.00067
8 0.70 1.00124
9 0.80 1.00212
10 0.90 1.00340
11 1.00 1.00519
12 1.10 1.00758
13 1.20 1.01071
14 1.30 1.01470
15 1.40 1.01969
16 1.50 1.02582
17 1.60 1.03323
18 1.70 1.04205
19 1.80 1.05240
20 1.90 1.06440
21 2.00 1.07816
22 2.10 1.09375
23 2.20 1.11126
24 2.30 1.13069
25 2.40 1.15207
26 2.50 1.17538
27 2.60 1.20056
28 2.70 1.22753
29 2.80 1.25620
30 2.90 1.28644
31 3.00 1.31809
32 3.10 1.35102
33 3.20 1.38504
34 3.30 1.41999
35 3.40 1.45570
36 3.50 1.49202
37 3.60 1.52879
38 3.70 1.56587
39 3.80 1.60314
40 3.90 1.64051
Source : Electrical Transmission & Distribution Reference book by Central Station Engineers of Westinghouse Electric Corporation
Source : Bureau of Standards Bulletin No. 169 on pages 2268
Source : TNEB HANDBOOK
Source : Electrical Transmission & Distribution Reference book by Central Station Engineers of Westinghouse Electric Corporation
Doc. No. : YN1H300126403, Rev. A
n
f 50 Hz as
k 1.81 As per IEC909 ds
k 1.81 as/ds
1/t 22.55772088 ds/as
t 0.04433072
1.499079658 Sqrt((as/ds)1)
fT
pi
3.410369262 v
3
2tfT
pi
21.41711897
ft 2.216535982 q
c st
c pi
v
1
4.276003 y
a
v
2
1.572075 a
s
v
3
2*y
a
/a
s
A 0.023040059
sqrt[(12*ya/as)/2*ya/as]
B 0.616802478 a
sw
C 0.285149187 fq
D 0.312916328
E 0.040923867
F 0.214715018
G 6.22057E17
V2 1  A + B  C*[( D + E)*F + G ]
1.572098266
0.00002
103559003.xls.ms_office Page 24 of 29
Doc. No. : YN1H300126403, Rev. A
2
0.45
3.66E02
12.29508197
0.081333333
3.36081567
0.213286608
0.629148847
7.31E01
2.13E+00
9.50E02
0.095978973
0.422021926
1.170275665
0.287831932
0.333454919
6.49E06
103559003.xls.ms_office Page 25 of 29
Annexure2 CASE
System Voltage V = 420 kV
1 Basic Wind Speed = V
b
= 0.00 m/s
As per IS 802: 1995, basic wind speed is based on gust velocity averaged over a short time interval of 3s.
Wind Zone as per IS: 802, Part 1, Sec 1 1
Risk Coefficient as per Table 2 of IS: 802, Part 1, Sec 1
{For all Zones & for Reliability level 1(Voltage level upto 400kV)} =
K
1
= 1.07
Terrain Category 2
Terrain roughness coeficient (For different Terrain Category) = K
2
= 1.0000
Factor to convert 3 second peak gust speed into
average speed of wind during 10 minutes period =
K
0
= 1.3750
Meteorological reference wind speed = V
b
/K
0
V
R
= 0.0000 m/s
Design wind speed = V
R
x K
1
x K
2
V
d
= 0.0000 m/s
Height of conductor above ground 15.3000 metre
Gust Response Factor for conductor Gc = 1.9837
2 Design Wind Pressure =0.6 x V
d
2
/g Pc = 0.0000 kgf/m
2
Weight of individual spacer = WSP = 3.0000 kgf
Separation between two spacers = SSP = 6.0000 metre
Weight of subconductor per metre= W1 = 2.9100 kgf/m
No. of subconductors  single/twin/tri/quad = r = 2
Diameter of subconductor = d = 3.6600 cm
Cross Sectional Area of subconductor = A = 7.9487 cm
2
Modulus of Elasticity of subconductor = ey = 608200.0000 Kg/cm
2
Coefficient of Linear Expansion = a = 2.3000E05 /
o
C
Maximum Ambient Temperature at site = t1 = 40.0000
o
C
Minimum Ambient Temperature at site = t2 = 0.0000
o
C
Rise in temperature = t3 = 0.0000
o
C
Distance between centre line of beams (for conductor span) = la = 100.0000 m
DIameter of disc = di = 0.2800
Nos. of Insulator Strings in one side of conductor span (Single /Double) Ni = 4
Weight of complete string insulator including hardware W
iT
= 1056.0000
Weight of single string insulator including hardware Wi= 264.0000
Length of insulator string = li = 4.6000 m
Width of beam on which conductor is strung = Bw = 1.5000 m
Tension per SUBCONDUCTOR under max. wind and min. temp. conditions = Ten1= 1000.0000 Kg
Drag Coefficient C
dc
= 1.0000
3 Effect of Ice formation
Radial Thickness of ICE over the conductor Th
ice
= 0.0000 cm
Effective dia of the conductor considering ICE effect = d+2*Th
ice
D1= 3.6600 cm
Increase in Conducter weight due to effect of Ice formation w3= 0.0000 kg/m
4 Total weight of subconductor per phase = Wc = W1+WSP/(r*SSP)+w3 = 3.1452 Kg/m
5 Wind Load on conductor as per IS 802 & IS 5613 = Pcc =
Pc * (d/100) * C
dc
* G
c
= 0.0000 Kg/m
CALCULATIONS FOR SAG AND SWING OF STRUNG CONDUCTOR
Page 26 of 29
Annexure2 CASE
6 Clear span of conductor = L = la(2*li)ltBw = 89.3000 m
7 Loading factor during max wind condition = Q1= (1+(Pcc/Wc)
2
) = 1.0000
Loading factor during no wind condition = Q2 = 1.0000
8 SAG CALCULATIONS DUE TO CONDUCTOR
8.1
Under minimum temperature and maximum wind condition condition, the sub
conductor experiences a stress of f1
f1 = Ten1/A = 125.8071 Kg/cm
2
Weight of sub conductor per m per cm
2
= S = Wc/A = 0.3957
GB = (S * L * Q2)
2
* ey/24 = 3.1640E+07
F = f1  GB * (Q1/(f1*Q2))
2
 a * ey * (t1+t3t2) = 2432.7896
To solve the following equation:
The working stress F at tempature t1+t3, is given by the cubic equation
f2
2 *
(f2  F)  GB = 6319246.35
we get f2 = 121.8959 Kg/cm
2
8.2 Tension in conductor at maximum temperature and no wind
condition = Ten2 = f2*A = 968.9115 Kg
Max sag due to conductor = Wc*L / (8*Ten2) Sc= 3.2357
9 SAG DUE TO INSULATOR
From Fig 1, we get
Tension per insulator string = Ten2* r / Ni Teni1= 484.4558
Weight of conductor per String Insulator = Wc*r/Ni Wci= 1.5726
U1 = (li
2
+ (di/2)
2
) = 4.6021 m
U2 = ((li/2) + (di/2)) = 2.3043 m
= Tan
1
[(di/2)/li] = 0.0304
= Tan
1
[di/li] = 0.0608
Taking moments at 'P'
Teni1 * U1 *Sin( + ) = (Wci * L/2) * U1 * Cos( + ) + Wi * U2 *Cos( + )
Simplifying :
TP1 = (Wci*L/2) * U1 * Cos + Wi*U2*Cos  Teni1*U1*Sin = 862.3686
TP2 = Teni1*U1*Cos + Wci*(L/2)*U1*Sin + Wi*U2*Sin = 2275.2868
= Tan
1
(TP1/TP2) = 0.3623
Sag due to Insulator = Si = U1*Sin( + d) = 1.7612 m
10 Total maximum sag of moose conductor = Sc+Si = Stot = 4.9969 m
11 Height of conductor above ground 15.3000 m
Height of jack bus/equipment below conductor 8.3000 m
Minimum Phase to phase clearance = 4.0000 m
Total maximum sag of moose conductor = Sc+Si = Stot = 4.9969 m
Therefore, available margin excluding subconductor spacing = 1.9969 m
SWING CALCULATIONS
Page 27 of 29
Annexure2 CASE
1 SAG DUE TO CONDUCTOR
(under maximum temperature rise in temperature and maximum wind conditions):
SGB = (Q1 * S *L)
2
* ey/24 = 3.1640E+07
################
SF = (f1SGB/f1
2
)  a*ey*(t1+t3t2) = 2432.7896
To solve the following equation:
f21
2 *
(f21  SF)  SGB = 93728283.38
we get f21 = 217.4941 Kg/cm
2
Tension in conductor at maximum temperature and maximum wind
condition = Ten21 = f21*A= 1728.7905 Kg
SAG due to conductor = Sc1 = Wc*L
2
/(8*Ten21) = 1.8135 m
2 SAG DUE TO INSULATOR
Page 28 of 29
Annexure2 CASE
From Fig 1, we get
Teni2 = Ten21*r/Ni 864.3952
U1 = (li2 + (di/2)2) = 4.6021 m
U2 = ((li/2)2 + (di/2)2) = 2.3043 m
= Tan
1
[(di/2)/li] = 0.0304
= Tan
1
[di/li] = 0.0608
Taking moments at 'P'
TenI2 * U1 * Sin( + ) = (WcI*L/2) * U1 * Cos(+ ) + Wi * U2 *Cos(+ )
Simplifying :
TP1 = (WcI*L/2) * U1 * Cos + Wi*U2*Cos  TenI2*U1*Sin = 809.1771
TP2 = TenI2*U1*Cos + Wc*(L/2)*U1*Sin + Wi*U2*Sin = 4023.0083
= Tan
1
(TP1/TP2) = 0.1985
SAG due to Insulator = Si1 = U1*Sin( + ) = 1.0443
3 SWING DUE TO CONDUCTOR (SWC)
Wind load acting on span = Pcc * L*r = 0.0000 Kg
Weight of conductor = Wc * L *r= 561.7260 Kg
From Fig 3:
Tan Y1 = (r*Pcc * L/r*Wc * L) = 0.0000
Y1 = Tan
1
(Pcc/Wc) = 0.0000
Page 29 of 29
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