Course of Study 2068 Sociology and Anthropology

Unit I Introduction to Sociology and Anthropology A) Anthropology • Major sub-fields, nature and scope • Relations with other disciplines (history, political science, economics, biology, archaeology, sociology, population studies and psychology). • Development of anthropology in Nepal B) Sociology • Major sub-fields, nature and scope • Relations with other disciplines(history, political science, economics, biology, anthropology, population studies and psychology) • Development of sociology in Nepal Unit II Theoretical Perspectives • Evolutionism(L. H Morgan and E. B. Tylor) and Diffusionism (F. Boas and G. E. Smith) • Structural- functionalism(E. Durkheim, B. Malinowski and Radcliff-Brown) • Conflict Theory(K. Marx, and L.A.Coser) • Cultural Ecology( J. Steward and Marvin Harris) • Theory of social system(E. Durkheim, Max Weber and H. Spencer) • Ethnomethodology (H.Garfinkel), phenomenology(E. Husserl) and symbolic-interactionism(H.Blumer) Unit III Basic Concepts on Society and Culture • Society, culture, sub- culture, values and norms, status and role, • institution, community, secularism, pluralism, diversity, Identity, fatalism • Class, caste, ethnicity, marriage, family, kinship, custom, religion, indigenous knowledge Unit IV Socio-Cultural, Economic and Political Institutions • Family- types, function and importance • Kinship-types, kinship usages • Marriage-types, and importance • Religion-function • Gift, exchange and transaction • Function of economic institutions (production, distribution, consumption and exchange) Unit V Social Process, Stratification, Social Control and Social Groups • Socialization-concept and process • Agents and stages of socialization • Factors of stratification(education, occupation, caste, ethnicity, class, gender, religion, regional etc) Nature, types and objectives of social control • Agencies and institutions of social control • Structure and characteristic of social groups

characteristics. illiteracy.Rostow and N.Baran • World system-I. MacIver and Page. sustainability. land reforms and co-operative movement • Traditional labor organizations.R. self-reliance. health and sanitation) Unit VII Research Methods • • historical etc. localization etc. urbanization etc) Social problems(untouchability. discrimination. third world. multilinear. observation.J. unemployment. • Traditional socio-economic organizations. participatory development. • Village economy. innovative development. poverty • Planned/ induced development. Proposal writing for basic research and applied works Unit VIII Basic Concepts and Process of Development • Underdevelopment. industry. migration.Frank and P. cross-cultural. exclusion.Amin Unit X Development Approaches in Nepal • State-led development approach • Market-led development approach • NGO/INGOs-led development approach • People/community-led development approach Unit XI Society and Economy of Nepal • Sectoral structure of production-agriculture. assimilation. diagram. inclusion. environment and development. kamaiya. Sorokin and Cooley Characteristics and functions of primary and secondary social group • • • • Unit VI Social Change and Rural. rodhi and bheja • Trends of land tenure system and changes in mode of production and sources of income . employment.jajmani. human right and development • Modernization.• • Classification of group-Lester ward. mean. gender bias. transformation • Federalism. alienation) Economic problems(poverty. beggary. halia. decentralization. tourism.Smelser • Dependency-A.A.G. advantages and disadvantages Methods of data collection-interview.Urban Problems Conceptual model (Evolution-unilinear. innovation. political economy.Wallerstein and S. formulatory/exploratory. cyclical and Diffusion) Processes of social change(acculturation. Parma etc. women and development. Sampling-types.guthi. questionnaire. pie-chart. experimental. development from below and above • Equitable development. • • • frequencyetc. dhikuri. malnutrition. social crime. median. mode. • Importance and uses of social research Research design-descriptive. Unit IX Theories on Development • Modernization-R. case study Data analysis and presentation-tabulation. forest etc. sanskritization. indigenization.

pluralism. exclusion. religion. factors.• Rural. language etc. • Gender and development. .urban and regional differences in economy Unit XII Society and Industrial Relation • Cultural and social aspect in industrial society • Relation between community and industry • Impact of community on industry and vice-versa • Trade unions and their functions • Approaches to industrial relations and role of government • Development of industrial relation in Nepal Unit XIII Industrial bureaucracy and conflict • Concept. human right and development • Inclusion. caste/ethnicity. types and characteristics of industrial bureaucracy • Merits and demerits • Causes and characteristics of industrial conflict • Prevention and settlement of disputes in industrial sector in Nepal Unit XIV Structure of Nepali Society and Current Issue • Population composition by age and sex. a) insects c) society b) man d) all of above 2) Which is not the sub field of anthropology? a) archaeology b) physical anthropology c) ethnology d) geology 3) Sociology is the science of. types and consequences of migration Unit XV Role of Sociologists and Anthropologists as. • Animation and matchmakers • Motivation(change agent) and facilitation • Mediation and advocacy • Social and cultural interpretation Some Model Questions 1) Anthropology is the study of. diversity and identity politics • Trends.

a) society c) history b) culture c) animals 4) The structure of social system involves. a) similarity b) differences c) both of above e) non of above 5) Conflict theory of Marx is based on. a) economic determinism b) environmental determinism c) political determinism d) communism 6) Exchange of rings is a symbol of the institution of. a) family b) church c) marriage d) court 7) Social status may be. a) ascribed c) both of above 8) Family is. a) process of socialization c) stage of socialization 9) Socialization is defined as. a) learning process c) changing process b) achieved d) non of above b) agent of socialization d) all of above b) development process d) controlling process 10) The segmental division of society is called. a) stratification b) acculturation c) integration d) assimilation .

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